If the zamiokulkas has just been brought into the house from the store and is in a transport pot, after 2-3 weeks of stay in the house it will have to be transplanted.
There are several reasons for this:
- Young plants planted in a peat substrate in such a soil can be easily poured in or, on the contrary, can miss the moment when the plant needs moisture.
- In addition, inside the shipping container there is often no drainage layer, and its role is played by large openings at the bottom, through which zamiokulkas roots easily penetrate. This makes it difficult to care, future transplant and adversely affects the health of the green pet.
A detailed video about transplantation of zamiokulkas at home will provide comprehensive material for its implementation. And even an inexperienced florist can easily cope with an important task.
Choosing a pot and preparing for transplanting zamiokulkasa
If transplanting zamiokulkasa after purchase is carried out regardless of the season, then it is better to schedule a regular procedure for the time when the plant is preparing for active growth. In the conditions of central Russia, this period falls on the spring months.
Zamiokulkas transplantation in the spring allows the tubers to better acclimatize to new conditions and, taking advantage of hitting the fresh nutrient substrate, it is faster to increase the green mass.
Transplantation is preceded by the choice of a pot for the plant. In the case of zamiokulkas, it is important to choose a container that will be suitable in size, but also in terms of material. Powerful roots have such strength that they can break a container of thin plastic or cause cracks on fragile ceramics or glass.
Best of all when cultivating Zamiokulkas, clay unglazed pots have recommended themselves. They are strong enough, but at the same time the porous surface of the clay does not interfere with the penetration of air into the air and the removal of excess moisture from the soil.
The diameter of the pot is chosen a little more than the planted tuber. The roots of the plant, in nature accustomed to obtain moisture is not in the most accessible places, willingly grow deep into. Before transplanting zamiokulkas at home, as if it were on video, it is necessary to remove it from the old container without damage. In the case of roots that have grown to a great depth, this will be extremely difficult. Therefore, spectacular high pots need not less than a quarter to fill with large expanded clay:
- Young Zamiokulkasa are transplanted, or rather transported, without breaking the earthy coma, each year, consistently increasing the size of the new pot.
- Adult specimens so often do not worry. With age, growth slows down somewhat, so these plants can change their place of residence once every 2-3 years as needed.
If, when removing a large plant, it is found that the bush consists of several parts formed by individual tubers, it is better to carefully divide such a zamiokulkas. This is easier to do if you rinse the roots, clearing them from the old substrate.
How to transplant Zamiokulkas, step by step and very accessible about this video will tell.
What land is needed for Zamiokulkas
In nature zamiokulkas lives on stony with admixtures of sand and a small amount of humus soils. The plant has difficulty in obtaining nutrients and moisture, as evidenced by tubers and strong roots.
What land is needed for a zamiokulkas growing in a potted pot? In some sources for the plant, it is recommended to take mixtures based on humus, garden soil and peat. Such a substrate will give the plant the opportunity to quickly increase the aerial part, but an excess of nutrition and moisture will lead to a greater risk of rotting of the zamiokulkas root system - the main problem in growing this spectacular room culture.
The soil for transplanting zamiokulkas should be moderately nutritious, but very loose, air-and moisture-permeable.
As a ready-made substrate, you can offer a soil for succulents. If you purchased a universal mixture for ornamental crops, add at least one third of the volume of fine expanded clay, washed river sand and perlite, crushed to small fragments of charcoal and granite chips.
How to transplant Zamiokulkas: a step by step guide
The easiest way to transfer plants. At the same time, there is no risk of damage to the roots, and the zamiokulkas that have fallen into the new soil continues to grow without loss.
If we are talking about an adult plant, before home transplanting zamiokulkas, as in the video, you need to clean the root system of the remnants of the old substrate:
- A plant consisting of several tubers and shoots departing from them can be separated and, having turned into several independent plants, planted in their pots. This will simplify the care of Zamiokulkas and increase the home grower collection.
- At the bottom of the pre-selected pot with drainage holes to drain the excess moisture poured a layer of large clay.
- A little wet substrate is laid on top of it so as to completely cover the drainage and leave room for comfortable placement of the root system of the zamiokulkas.
- Root filling is carried out in such a way that the apical parts of the roots and tubers are on the surface of the soil. At the end of the process, the substrate is carefully compacted.
- On top of the soil to save moisture and protect the soil from excessive compaction spread clay, pebbles or other suitable mulch material.
If you correctly transplant zamiokulkas at home, and then pay a little attention to the plant, it will grow well and will delight you with decorative green foliage throughout the year.
Biological characteristics and features of care
Zamioculkas is an evergreen herb with thick tubers and fleshy pointed leaves. With proper care at home, mature plants can bloom. The flower has the shape of a corn cob and hides in the axils of the lower leaves. For its similarity with a palm tree, it is called the emerald palm or the Zanzibar pearl.
How to understand that Zamiokulkas needs a transplant
There are several signs by which it is clear that the plant needs a transplant.
- The roots do not fit in the pot, close to them,
- The landing capacity of expanding roots is deformed and cracks,
- The soil is strongly compacted, not friable, does not allow air to pass,
- The plant stops growing
- Moisture-saving tuber begins to increase,
- The leaves curl, wither and dry.
There are 3 mandatory transplants:
- after the purchase,
- annual transplant of young plants
- transplanting old plants every 3-4 years.
When is the best time to transplant
The best time for transplantation for both young and mature plants is spring, the most favorable months are March and April.
Experienced growers wait until the end of flowering plants, and only then begin to transplant, otherwise the plant will drop all the flowers.
Young plants are transplanted annually, as their growth in the period up to 3 years is intensive. It is necessary for them not only to change the size of the tank, but also the soil because of its depletion.
Mature specimens try not to disturb so often, especially since plant growth slows down with age, so they are transplanted every 3-4 years.
If the moment is missed, transplantation can be done at the beginning of summer.
Some fans of indoor plants believe that the autumn transplant is possible without much discomfort for the flower, although experts believe this is wrong. During this period, the flower prepares for a state of rest for the winter and all processes in the plant are inhibited, therefore, there will be no good survival.
Ways to transplant
Any houseplant needs a transplant. Transplants are:
Planned transplants are necessary when the soil is depleted, the plant has a small pot, or the flowers have stopped growing.
Emergency transplantation is carried out if there is a suspicion that root rotting has begun or any diseases or pests have been detected.
According to the method of transplantation, there are 2 types: the actual transplant and transshipment.
Transplanting is moving to another pot with the complete elimination of the old soil.
The roots are completely cleaned from the ground, washed, pruned, if necessary, and placed in a new container with a fresh soil mixture. With this method, the plant is ill for a long time.
Handling is a way in which a clod of earth is not disturbed, the plant is moved to a larger pot, and all gaps are covered with earth. With this method, the plant is not sick, quickly increases the root system and leaves.
Zamioculcas transplanted only transshipment. The exception is the transfer of the transport mix. This is dictated by the fact that the roots of the plant are very fragile and can be deformed with another method of transplantation. For less damage to the roots, a clod of land is poured with water before transshipment.
Basic requirements for soil:
- Must be light and loose, with good air access,
- Possess drainage properties (the earth is mixed with fine expanded clay or screening),
- The composition of the soil: turf soil, leaf soil, peat, sand in the same proportions, or a soil mixture for cacti and succulents, it is possible to add a small amount of humus,
- Do not use clay soil, this leads to rotting of the roots due to its poor patency,
- Do not use a very nutritious land, the plant can get sick due to an overdose of fertilizers in it,
- Before transplantation, disinfect with boiling water or roasting in the oven.
Transplant process step by step
- Prepare a new tank, drainage, soil mixture in advance.
- 24 hours before transplanting, spill the plant with water so that the earth is wet.
- When using a new earthen pot, soak it in water for several hours, so that it does not take water from the soil, disinfect the plastic pot.
- Fill the clay pot with a layer of 2-3 cm.
- Pour the prepared ground. It is advisable to heat it to 25-30 degrees, this will reduce the stress for the plant.
- Carefully remove the dollar tree from the old container.
- Conduct a thorough inspection of the root system. Remove damaged or rotted roots, divide overgrown roots for further reproduction.
- Lower the zamiokulkas into the pot, straighten the roots and cover with soil, lightly tamping down, and the tubers should be slightly on the surface (0.5 cm).
- A small amount of expanded clay is laid on the soil above.
- Do not water the plant for 2-3 days.
Caution! Zamiokulkas leaves contain poisonous cell sap, so you need to be careful and work only with gloves, allergic reactions are possible.
When to transplant a dollar tree
Even with the most careful care, zamiokulkas at home does not grow too fast, so there is no need for frequent transplants. Young plants should renew the substrate annually, and adults should be replanted every 2–4 years, as the root system grows. The procedure is carried out in spring or summer. Sometimes the roots of the plant grow so much that it becomes difficult to remove it from the pot - in this case, the container must be carefully cut with scissors.
The first transplant is carried out immediately after the purchase of the plant. The fact is that many indoor flowers (including zamiokulkas) come to us from other countries. So that during transportation the roots of the plants are not injured, the pots are filled with a special substrate unsuitable for permanent growth, and if the flower is not transplanted in time, it will inevitably die. Even if the purchased plant blooms, it still needs to be transplanted into a new ground - most likely, the plants will drop the flowers, but it will be easier to take root in the new conditions. And if in the future to provide the plant with good care, it will surely please you with flowering.
What you need to transplant Zamiokulkas at home
In matters of transplantation, a dollar tree is quite capricious, so you should competently prepare for the event and stock up on everything you need:
- Zamiokulkasa pot must not only correspond to the size of the root system, but also be made of a suitable material. The fact is that the roots of the plant are very powerful - they can break thin plastic, damage glass or ceramics. Therefore, it is better to choose unglazed clay containers, which are rather strong and at the same time do not interfere with air access to the root system. Make sure there are drainage holes in the bottom. The pot should not be too wide (a couple of centimeters more than the tuber to be planted), but deep, since zamiokulkas roots grow deeper and not in breadth. Take care that the tank is filled with drainage not less than a quarter - otherwise it will be very difficult to remove the overgrown roots with the next transplant of zamiokulkas.
- Since the plant lives in nature on poor stony soils with a small amount of sand, an overly nutritious soil for zamiokulkas will not work. At home, it is best to plant a flower in special substrate for succulents. You can buy a universal priming mixture, but then you will need to add at least one third of the volume of fine expanded clay, crushed perlite, granite chips, washed river sand and charcoal. If you are not a grower with experience, avoid using soil mixtures based on garden soil and humus - an excess of nutrients will cause active growth of green mass, however, in the end, the plant will almost certainly die.
- A healthy plant needs to be rolled over to a new pot along with an earthy ball. If you start to scrape off the old substrate from the root system, it will inevitably cause damage to the delicate roots. As a result, zamiokulkas will be very sick and take long to settle down. Completely remove the old substrate is necessary only if the flower is affected by root rot.
Zamiokulkas Transplant - A Step-by-Step Guide
So, you have acquired a special soil mixture and got a suitable pot - it's time to start the procedure.
- The first thing to do is sterilize the substrate in the microwave oven (15–20 min at medium power), oven (60–90 min at 150 degrees) or above steam (about an hour). It is necessary to destroy the eggs of pests and fungi spores that may be present in the soil. Drainage is also treated in the same way.
- If you bought a new one pot, rinse it with water and pour boiling water. The tank, in which any plant has already grown, should be thoroughly washed without using aggressive detergents, and then rinsed with boiling water. If salt builds up on the pot, soak it for several hours in a solution of citric acid.
- Pour zamiokulkas and wait until the water is completely absorbed, then carefully remove the plant from the pot.
- Inspect the root system. If the plant is healthy, it is simply rolled over to another container, if signs of rot are visible on the roots, you need to completely clear them of the ground, remove all damaged parts with a sharp sterilized knife and treat the cut sites with crushed coal. By the way, if you want to multiply Zamiokulkas at home, this can be done during transplantation, carefully separating the plant nodules. However, such manipulations can only be carried out with a strong flower that has reached at least one year old.
- Sprinkle on the bottom of the pot drainage layer, and above - a little wet substrate. Drainage should be completely covered with soil.
- Place the plant in a pot and sprinkle the roots with earth, periodically shaking the container to distribute the substrate evenly. Tubers are not fully buried in the soil - their upper part must remain above the ground surface. When the pot is full, lightly crush the substrate.
- Put the flower in its place. Watering it after transplanting is not necessary - the first watering is done only after a week, when the plant will recover a little from stress.
Care after transplant
After the landing events are completed, the zamiokulkas are left alone for at least a week - they do not water it, they do not move it from place to place, and, in general, they don’t touch it again. If the plant has a damaged root system (for example, due to rot), it is not watered for a week or two or two, and later fungicidal preparations are added to the water for irrigation.
Within a month after transplantation, you can spray the hawser with a weak solution of Appin, so that he quickly recovered. The procedure is carried out once a week.
After the flower is fully acclimatized, it is followed by standard care, which consists of proper watering and regular dressing, as well as maintaining a comfortable temperature. It is especially important to observe the irrigation regime - Zamiokulkas reacts extremely negatively to excess moisture, and quickly rots. Therefore, in the summer the plant is watered with a small amount of water, waiting for the substrate to dry completely, and during the cold season they reduce the amount of watering to a minimum.
Home zamiokulkas feels best at a temperature of + 15- + 24 ° C. Допустимы и небольшие отклонения от этих пределов в обе стороны, однако, важно не допускать резких перепадов.
Fertilize the plant can be at least four weeks after transplantation, and only if it is completely healthy. Top dressing bring during all vegetative period, that is from the beginning of spring to the middle of autumn. In winter, zamiokulkas rests, so you do not need to feed it. If you do not know what kind of fertilizer the plant needs, purchase a ready-made feed for succulents or consult with the retailer.
Zamioculkas: transfer after purchase
Zamioculcas grows slowly, like many succulent. Young plants are transplanted annually in summer or spring. It is especially important to do this immediately after purchase, in order to replace the soil with a more suitable one, to check the root system of the plant.
To transplant, you need to prepare a new flower pot and soil.
Selection and size of the pot
For a zamiokulkas, the size of a pot is chosen a little more than the size in which it grows at present. Too large planting capacity is better not to use, it is easy to pour the roots into them, and they will start to rot.
In a flower pot that is much larger than the size of the root system, the plant will grow its roots for a long time, and its leaves will stop growing.
Zamiokulkas has a strong root system, it is desirable that the pot be high, resistant from plastic or ceramics. If there are no holes at the bottom of the new plastic pot, they must be made.
Preparing a flower for transplanting
Transplant after buying a plant is needed after 2 or 3 weeks. Having brought zamiokulkas from the store, it is sprayed with any insecticide and fungicide to prevent diseases and pests, or they are watered at the root with systemic preparations. Do not need to pour water abundantly on the plant.
After the "quarantine" proceed to transplant, choosing a favorable day for this.
What soil is suitable for the plant?
The soil for transplantation should be of neutral acidity (pH 6-7), well drained, mixed with small stones or sand.
Suitable universal soil from the store with perlite. You can use a special earth mixture for cacti and succulents. For self-preparation of planting soil, peat, sand, sod and leaf earth are taken in equal parts. Add pieces of charcoal.
Leaf cuttings for rooting can be planted in a coconut substrate or vermiculite. The soil should be comfortable for irrigation and fertilizer, breathable. Planting in vermiculite or coconut substrate will insure the plant against many diseases and harmful insects.
Step-by-step guide on how to transplant Zamiokulkas
For a start, prepare the workplace - lay a table with oilcloth, put everything you need next to it.
All manipulations are carried out in rubber gloves - Zamiokulkas juice is poisonous and causes skin irritation.
Zamiokulkasa transplant at home, step by step instructions:
- At the bottom of the pot pour drainage of expanded clay (1/4 of the height) and sprinkle it with prepared soil.
- The plant is taken from the old pot, clasping its hand at the base of the leaves. It is desirable to moisten the soil on the eve to make it easier to remove overgrown roots. If you can not make it painlessly, the pot is cut.
- The whole earth is carefully removed from the roots. If the zamiokulkas are large, with a powerful root system, the ground can not be shaken off so as not to injure the plant.
- Healthy roots are treated with a growth promoter (for example, zircon).
- The rotted roots are cut, washed, treated with fungicide.
- Put the plant in a new pot, trying to put in the center.
- Tubers are not deeply buried, only slightly sprinkled with earth.
- The voids in the pot are filled with fresh substrate, slightly compacted.
- After transplantation zamiokulkas do not water.
The first watering is done after 2 days, if the plant is healthy, with sick roots - after 7 days.
When you need a transplant of a dollar tree
In addition to the obligatory transfer to the fresh ground of the purchased zamiokulkas, there are regular and emergency transplants.
An adult plant can be transplanted 1 time in 2 or 4 years, as far as filling the roots of the pot. The more often it is done, the faster it will grow. Therefore, young Zamiokulkas recommend replanting annually.
To relocate the plant to a fresh substrate is necessary if the root begins to rot. Such a misfortune happens to the indoor Zamiokulkas, who the hosts “have loved” by watering too often. Emergency transplant can save the flower from imminent death. Determining the onset of the disease is not always easy - dense, green leaves may not even change their color when the roots begin to rot. Should be alerted by a stunted growth and an unpleasant smell from the soil in a flower pot.
In an emergency transplant, all the rotten roots cut off with sharp scissors to healthy tissue, treated with a fungicide.
Transplant after purchase
This exotic plant comes to us from other countries and the containers in which it is transported, filled with a special transport substrate intended for temporary "residence". If the flower after purchase is not transplanted in time, it may die. Therefore, once in the new fertilized soil, the plant will delight with its presence for a long time.
When is transplantation of zamiokulkas still required? At home, it grows very slowly, so young plants are subjected to this procedure every year as the roots grow. More mature flowers transplanted every 2 - 4 years. If the root system has grown very much, it must be done immediately.
Secrets of a successful transplant zamiokulkasa
To transplant Zamiokulkas at home was held for him less traumatic, should follow certain rules:
- Since the root system of a plant is very sensitive, the procedure of moving it to another pot should be carried out by the method of transshipment.
- In order to less painfully separate the roots from the container, it is necessary to hold it a little with hands, after which the plant itself is removed.
- In no case can not rid the roots of the old land. This contributes to their damage and the occurrence of diseases. Therefore, transplantation of zamiokulkas should be carried out in such a way that the root system is not affected and the earth does not change.
- The flower does not tolerate excess moisture, which can destroy it. Before transplanting it into another pot, you should prepare high-quality drainage. In this case, the bottom of the new container is covered with a layer of expanded clay, 3 cm high, and earth is poured over it.
- The resulting voids after moving the plant to another pot must be filled with soil. Deepen the roots completely into the soil is not necessary - they should be seen a little above its surface. After transplanting zamiokulkas do not need to be watered, it is recommended to do it a week later.
How to choose a pot?
When choosing an exotic plant a new pot, you must remember that its size should be slightly larger than the root system of the flower. The ground part of the zamiokulkas will not develop until the roots completely fill the ground. Therefore, new capacity should be 10 - 15% more than the previous and be sure to have drainage holes.
From which material to choose a pot - the owner of an exotic flower must decide. In clay, the soil dries much faster, which favorably affects the root system, and in plastic conveyors it is easier to determine when it is necessary to replant the plant. In addition, it is much easier to extract it from such a container.
Let us consider in more detail the process of transplanting plants at home.
To move the plant to a new place should be in the most favorable for this time of year, which is considered to be April. The first time after such a procedure at home, the flower will not grow, but it is considered normal, because it gets used to the new soil, which should be rich in humus. To prepare it, take the forest and garden land in equal proportions and add a little sand and humus to it.
In the pot required there must be a drainagewhich is used to divert excess water and improve aeration. They fill about a quarter of the capacity.
As a drainage is used:
The latter is able not only to absorb moisture, but at some point to return it to the root system.
As soon as all materials are prepared, proceed to transplant the plant into a new pot. First, the zamiokulkas are carefully removed from the pot. To keep the roots intact, use the method of transshipment.
Drainage is laid in a prepared pot, a soil mixture is poured on top, and a plant is placed in it. The remaining space is filled with primer. It is necessary to replant zamiokulkas to the same depth as in the old pot. After completion of the procedure, the flower is removed in partial shade.
Since the plant contains poisonous juice, it is necessary to use rubber gloves during manipulations. At home, it should be kept as far as possible from children and adults.
Plant care after transplanting
After such a procedure, zamiokulkas must be left alone for some time to take root in the new soil and adapt to it. After that, he is treated, which is as follows:
- regular watering
- comfortable temperature
- the implementation of feeding.
Zamioculcas is a type of plant that do not like excessive moisture. Watering in spring and summer should be moderate, and in winter this process is minimized. It is important to ensure that between waterings earthen room completely dry. Since at home the moisture evaporates rather slowly, the excess water begins to stagnate in the pot, causing the appearance of various diseases.
This exotic plant feels comfortable at a temperature of from +15 to +24 degrees. The main thing is to avoid sudden temperature changes.
The soil must be enriched with fertilizers. They should be made from spring to autumn, i.e. during the growing season. In winter, the flower is resting, so feeding it is not required.
Thus, we have disassembled when and under what conditions should such an exotic plant, such as zamiokulkas, be transplanted. It is necessary for its normal growth and development. It does not require any special care, grows well at room temperature, pleasing the owner with its beautiful appearance.
Peculiarities of home content
With all its presentable and luxurious look, zamiokulkas, or dollar tree, is very easy to maintain. No wonder it is called a plant for lazy housewives.
Zamioculcas is very popular in indoor floriculture
Having perfectly adapted to the conditions of our apartments, the zamiokulkas with ease transfers even the heating season. And if the handsome is completely indifferent to spraying, then wiping the leaves with a wet napkin or infrequent bathing in the shower will accept with gratitude. Such procedures will free from accumulated dust and help the plant manifest itself in all its glory.
The plant is also not particularly demanding for lighting, it feels great in bright (but from the direct sun it is still necessary to shade a little) and diffused light. In the summer, willingly grows in the fresh air. But in winter it is better to place the zamiokulkas closer to the window, so that in a short light period the plant does not lose the saturated color of the leaves.
Zamiokulkas loves to spend summer outdoors
A native of the hot African continent loves warmth. Therefore, when the thermometer creeps to the mark of + 30 ° C, the zamiokulkas feels quite normal. But still, a comfortable temperature in summer should be + 20 ... + 25 ° С. In winter, it is preferable to keep the plant in cooler conditions, at + 16 ... + 20 ° С. The critical temperature in winter is not lower than + 12 ° С.
Watering zamiokulkas need to be careful, because of the ability to accumulate water in the roots of the plant often suffers from waterlogging. In the summer, before the next watering you need to wait until the soil in the pot dries out half. In winter, when kept in a cool room, watering is reduced to a minimum, producing regular moisture almost after the substrate dries completely, which can be determined by the color of the soil - the dried soil has a lighter shade.
During the growing season, from March to September, Zamiokulkas are fertilized 1 time in 2 weeks. Feeding need to choose carefully. Compounds containing nitrogen can damage the root system, as well as a high concentration of the solution. For zamiokulkasa better to use fertilizers for succulents and cacti, spreading the dose in more water than indicated.
Top dressing is brought only in the moistened soil.
Feed zamiokulkas should be carefully, reduced doses
We select the soil and pot
When selecting a soil for planting or transplanting zamiokulkas, one should take into account its ability to accumulate water by its roots and natural growing conditions. Therefore, the soil for the plant must meet the following requirements:
- To be very loose, so that after watering the water freely seeps through the soil and is not overloaded with nutrients.
- Have good air permeability so that the roots do not experience a lack of oxygen.
- Have a neutral acidity.
Buying soil in the store, you need to choose soils designed for succulents. But it is also desirable to add brick chips, vermiculite or drainage of the smallest fraction as a baking powder. And yet, take the time and effort to prepare the right substrate yourself. Moreover, for its components do not need to go to Africa, they can be easily found in a flower shop. You will need to mix in equal proportions:
- sod land
- leaf ground
- coarse sand.
A handful of charcoal will be a good addition to the composition: it absorbs excess moisture and prevents the development of pathogenic fungi. It is strictly forbidden heavy, clay-containing earth. Water in it will stagnate, and the roots - to experience a lack of oxygen. The result will be deplorable - Zamiokulkas will die.
Be sure to disinfect the soil. You can do this in the oven or in the freezer. High and low temperatures are equally destructive for pests and disease causing flora.
Choosing a pot is no less a task than preparing the soil. Zamiokulkas is a rather big plant, and its root system is capable of greatly increasing in size. Plastic containers are suitable only for young plants. For adult specimens you need to choose resistant pots of ceramics. The presence of drainage holes required!
The pot must be high so that the drainage layer can take at least of the total volume. According to the form, it is better to choose narrowed downwards, but with wide-top vases so that it is more convenient to remove the plant when transplanting. The size of the new capacity should be different from the old by a few centimeters. Do not think that too big a pot is good. Only the underground part will develop in a large volume, and the green mass will only have to wait patiently when the roots have mastered the space.
Zamiokulkasa pot select a high, with a wide top
When is it best to replant
The best time for a transplant is, of course, spring. But if you missed the moment, you can postpone the process to the beginning of the summer. Slow-growing flower is rarely transplanted - once every 3-4 years, when the roots become crowded and the growth of the flower stops. Young plants need annual transshipment.
If you purchased zamiokulkas in a store in the fall, then give it a couple of weeks for acclimatization, and then transfer it to a new container. This is done for 2 reasons:
- As a rule, in the transport pots of the plant is already crowded. This can be determined by the deformation of the plastic container.
- The soil in which zamiokulkas is acquired is not suitable for the plant. It is based on a lot of peat, which retains moisture, and this plant does not need anything.
Autumn transplantation will not cause any discomfort for the myocolucus.
Step-by-step transplanting instructions
- Fill a new pot with a quarter of the volume of drainage. Pour some prepared substrate on top.
- We begin to carefully remove the zamiokulkas from the old pot. Sometimes it is very difficult to do because of the overgrown root system. To facilitate the task, the plastic container can be held in hands. Then put the pot on its side, with one hand hold it to the bottom, and the other try to clasp all the leaves closer to the soil and gently pull. If the process went easy - well, but if the plant is tightly seated in a pot, then there is nothing left but to cut it.
If the roots have grown heavily, the pot is best cut
Transfer zamiokulkas method of transshipment
Thanks to this method, the roots remain intact and the plant quickly takes root.
Zamiokulkas Transplant - Video
If you transplanted into dry soil, you can pour a little, but always drain the accumulated fluid in the pan. Если же грунт влажный, поливать можно только на 2–3 день после пересадки.
Большому экземпляру в первое время может понадобиться опора. Лучше всего использовать разборную круговую, чтобы удержать раскидистые листья.
Некоторые нюансы пересадки
- If you decide to inspect the roots of the purchased zamiokulkas and free them from the transport soil, this can be done by soaking the roots in the basin of water. The peat substrate will be sodden and easily come down from the roots, then gently wash the roots in clean water.
- Carefully cut the affected areas with a sharp knife, sprinkle the wounds with crushed activated carbon and allow the treated areas to dry for 24 hours. Planted plants do not water for about a week. During this time, the roots must be restored, using the moisture that has accumulated in the tubers.
Table: Possible problems associated with transplantation and their elimination
- To find out the cause, carefully study the substrate. If it is too dry, water the plant.
- Too wet substrate before the next irrigation, let dry well.
- If the soil is not up to standard, the plant must be immediately transplanted into a suitable substrate.
If during the transplant the leaf of the zamiokulkas broke, it does not matter, it can be rooted
As you already understood, transplantation is not as scary as it seems at first. The main thing - to choose the right soil, pot and perform work in stages. And in gratitude for the work done, Zamiokulkas will surely thank you with gorgeous leaves, and possibly flowering.
Castle: change after purchase
Zamiokulkasa transplant can not be carried out immediately after purchase. Having brought the flower home, he is, first of all, recommended to arrange a quarantine. To do this, it must be placed for several weeks in a room where there are no other colors. At this time, watering should be carried out as necessary and monitor the condition of the new pet.
Buying, plants in the store, you can often not notice the presence of diseases and pests. If they are found during quarantine, an appropriate treatment is urgently needed.
At the end of the quarantine period, zamiokulkas must be transplanted. The fact is that the soil in which the plants are located in the store is transport. It does not contain those substances that are required for the proper development and active growth of flowers.
At the same time during transportation and maintenance at the point of sale, watering is carried out by special means. This soil absorbs water poorly, which can trigger the development of various diseases of the root system. Therefore, when transplanting, this substrate must be replaced with a nutrient soil mixture.
Transplantation of zamiokulkas preferably in the spring. But, if a flower is bought at another time, you should not follow this rule, need to transplant it no later than 3 weeks after purchase.
If zamiokulkas blooms, then the buds are likely to fall off.
There is nothing terrible in it; on the contrary, the plant will have more forces to acclimatize.
The next flowering, as a rule, with proper care comes in the prescribed period.
Soil and drainage
Zamioculkas requires a nourishing, loose soil. You can compose it yourself using the following components:
- Sodland - 3 parts,
- Leafy ground - 2 parts,
- Peat - 1 part,
- Humus - 1 part,
- Coarse sand - 1 part.
The resulting soil mixture should be thoroughly mixed and add a small amount of crushed charcoal to it.
You can also purchase special soil for cacti and succulents and add a small amount of coarse sand and perlite to it.
This will increase the moisture and air flow of the substrate.
What is a pot for a plant
When choosing a pot for planting and further transplanting zamiokulkas you need to follow certain rules that will allow you to get a large and strong flower:
- The diameter of the tank should not exceed 5 centimeters in size of the root system. If the pot is too large, the growth and flowering of the transplanted flower will slow down until the roots cover most of the soil. Frequent overmoistening of the soil may also occur, which adversely affects the condition of the flower,
- The most suitable for planting this flower are low, wide containers with a large number of drainage holes. From pots with this shape it will be much easier to extract large specimens during subsequent transplantation,
- Since the slightest damage to the tubers or rhizomes of the zamiokulkas has a negative effect on his condition during transplantation, one should carefully consider the material from which the pot is made.
Of course, ceramic containers are the most moisture and breathable. But, if during transplantation it is not possible to easily extract a plant from them, they have to be broken up, as a result, the fragments damage the root system. Plastic pots in this case, you can carefully cut and free the flower without any problems.