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Garden beauty of Asia - camellia: description, planting and care

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Camellia flowers are very beautiful, like roses or peonies. But, unlike them, they have no smell. Another feature is the dense, as if wax, petals. Coloring of flowers - from scarlet to pale pink and cream.

Camellias with creamy white color are often confused with gardenia. But the shape of the flower is somewhat different.

Leaves are leathery and shiny, oval-shaped. The culture is grown Japanese camellia, mountain and oil. Plants have the appearance of shrubs or small trees. Great for forming hedges. Being molded by shearing. There are curly forms that can be used in the design of arbors or verandas.

The period of flowering in natural conditions falls on a short light day, that is, winter. In this regard, breeders for the conditions of central Russia have brought varieties in which the budding takes place in spring, and flowering continues in summer.

Origin

The plant belongs to the family Tea. Camellias come from mountainous Asian regions, therefore low temperatures tolerate well. In the wild form are widely distributed on the islands of Japan and Taiwan. Currently, there are varieties that can withstand freezing temperatures even -20, but still these tests are not for southern "immigrants".

If there is no confidence in the frost resistance of the variety, it is better to grow plants in pots, and in the winter to contribute to the veranda or balcony. At the same time, if heating devices are directly located in the indicated premises, then Camellias should not be located side by side, and preferably at the maximum distance from them.

Culture prefers humid air, therefore it needs to humidify the air during the heating season in apartments.

Variety selection

For planting you need to choose resistant to cold and frost varieties of camellias. It is better to take plants with already lignified stems, that is, the third or fourth year of life. Flowering is not a hindrance to planting and transplanting, as it occurs in a dormant period.

  • Hagoromo - camellia variety with white flowers.
  • General Colletti has scarlet flowers with white inclusions.
  • Freedom Bell - densely branched, well-suited for the formation of artificial fences.
  • Donation - plants with large flowers, abundant flowering and slow growth.
  • Debbie is distinguished by the same abundant flowering, as in the previous variety, somewhat smaller flowers, but it is resistant to the vagaries of the weather.

For planting you need to prepare the ground. Suitable for camellias is a mixture of equal parts of humus, sand, peat and coniferous earth. For greater acidification (optimal for plants is acidic soil pH 4.5) add spruce or pine bark. You can buy ready-made nutritional formula for camellias in garden stores.

Planting in open ground is carried out in late autumn or early spring. Place for planting should be chosen so that it was not subject to drafts and that the plant was in partial shade. The direct rays of the sun burn the leaves of camellias. You can plant them next to large trees that give shade or near the walls of buildings or fences.

The landing pit where the earthen clod with the seedling roots is placed should be twice as large as it and provided with a drainage layer. The roots are filled up with the prepared soil, leaving the neck of the trunk above ground level. Abundantly watered. Camellias love well-moistened soil, but do not tolerate stagnant water. After watering, the ground under the planted plant is mulched with needles or sawdust to better retain moisture.

The plant requires regular watering and feeding. Water preferably with soft water with low salt content. Often, tap water is highly rigid. Therefore, it must first be prepared - boil and cool.

During watering, if it is made from a hose, it is necessary to ensure that the jet does not fall on the buds - this may cause them to fall off.

Feeding is carried out by complex fertilizers with microelements (iron, manganese, molybdenum, boron), they should not contain magnesium and calcium. The dosage of fertilizing is reduced by half compared to the recommended fertilizer manufacturers. Do not feed the plants in the fall, because then it will give young shoots that do not have enough endurance to withstand the coming cold weather, and will die at the first frost.

To form a shrub, pruning is done in late autumn or early spring, depending on the flowering season. If varieties of camellia are grown in the open field or in a tub method with a summer flowering period, then in order to prevent cutting and damage to flower buds, the operation is carried out in the autumn.

Pests and diseases

Garden aphid and spider mite are the main pest enemies for culture. Spider mite spreads especially quickly and dangerously when wintering in heated rooms. In this case, camellia leaves are treated (smeared with soap and water for several hours, which is then rinsed with running water). In most cases (as the pest spreads quickly and in large quantities) it is necessary to use toxic chemicals - insecticides.

Viral damage to leaves, in which they become spotted (white-green), is not dangerous. Fungal diseases can also affect these plants. It appears brown or brown spots on the foliage.

Preparing for the winter

Frost-resistant varieties can be left for the winter outside, taking care that the soil is well covered with a layer of dry grass, pine needles or sawdust. Camellia varieties that are not winter-hardy will have to be brought into the house, where they should remain in big tubs until spring, away from central heating batteries.

Camellia Garden: origin and description

It was considered to be that it is a symbol of cold women, breaking hearts of men who fall in love with them unrequitedly.

Evergreen, noble camellia of the Tea-family was loved by many for bright and delicate flowers, often compared with roses. The flowers of most varieties are odorless.. They can be of different sizes and a wide variety of colors: from white, yellow, pink and red to variegated combinations in hybrids. No less magnificent are the leathery, glossy, oval-shaped leaves with a pointed tip.

Depending on the height of the plant, its conditionally divided into:

  • bush camellia up to 2 meters high,
  • Camellia tree height from 2 to 10 meters.

Tree camellia can be found in its natural habitat: Japan, China and the countries of Southeast Asia. In Russian gardens and homes growing camellia bushstriking with its grace and refinement.

Camellia Garden blooms in the cold season at a temperature not higher than 12 ° C and is able to delight with colors of its blossoming inflorescences up to the onset of the first spring days. Despite this, shrubs traditionally feel comfortable mainly in the southern regions, where the winter is short and fairly warm. However, scientists came up with varieties of camellias capable of withstanding temperatures as high as -25 ° C, which makes it possible to grow them even in the northern regions of Russia. After the flowering period is over, small five-section fruits, resembling capsules filled with seeds, begin to ripen in the shrub.

Breeders have done a tremendous job, which resulted in the emergence of many varieties and hybrids of this rather capricious plant, characterized by higher resistance to frost and a longer flowering period, as well as a variety of shapes and sizes. Today, the genus Camellia has more than 200 varieties, united by external signs, the period of flowering and flower color in 8 species.

Camellia Garden: a variety of species and their characteristics

On the territory of the Russian Federation, the most common varieties of garden camellia have mosthigh frost resistancecan be called with confidence:

Japanese Camellia (Camellia japonica)

It belongs to bush camellias and is considered the most widespread species, which became the basis for breeding by breeders of new original hybrids of various forms, colors and sizes

It is a low shrub, the height of which does not exceed 1 meter, with large flowers, blooming, like in other varietal species, in the winter period.

Most comfortable camellia japanese feels in the greenhouse or winter garden with the duration of daylight hours at 12-14 hours. In order for the plant to bloom, it is also necessary to provide it with increased air humidity. For these purposes, you can use the tools at home and household appliances or irrigate its crown with water using a spray gun.

At the stage of formation of buds, the plant may need enhanced fertilizing. For this you need to feed it with complex fertilizers every 2 weeks.

During the flowering period will require no less careful care. Watering should be done with care.to avoid stagnation of cold water in the soil, as sometimes determine the degree of moisture of the roots is not so easy. Otherwise, it will be practically difficult to avoid damage by rot and other fungal infections.

If Japanese Camellia is grown in room conditions, periodic oxidation of the soil to pH 3-5 will be necessary. For this purpose, you can use all the same, diluted with vinegar or lemon juice, water, or else at the planting stage, apply a special soil for azaleas. To give brightness to blossoming flowers, it is recommended to add a little natural vinegar or lemon juice to the water for irrigation.

Mountain Camellia ("Sazanka")

It is one of the earliest varieties.whose bloom lasts from November to March. Growing on the mountain slopes of the islands of Okinawa and Kusyu, the "sazanka" was nicknamed by the Japanese as the "Flower of the winter sun".

Unlike the Japanese relative, the Camellia mountain is rather large in size and can reach a height of 3-4 m. The oblong leaves with small teeth on the edges have a dark green color. For flowers of this species is characterized by a slightly perceptible scent, and their color practically does not differ from traditional colors for Camellia. Currently, there are about 100 varieties of Camellia mountain, which bloom in gardens and cool indoor areas.

Camellia (Camellia oleifera)

It is an evergreen tree growing up throughout Asia up to 10 m high with glossy, leathery, ovate leaves and white flowers, the fragrant aroma of which can be enjoyed from September to the very spring.

On the territory of Russia, the plant height does not exceed 1 m and feels most comfortable in places lit with bright sunshine with loose and acidified soil.

Of particular value are located in a large box of fruits plant seedsrich in thick, viscous oil, widely used in Vietnam, China and Japan, and called the olive oriental oil. Leaf extract has been used in cosmetology as an antiseptic.

Site selection, outdoor planting and breeding

In order to preserve the characteristics of the plant, its recommended to propagate by cutting. To do this, in the first half of summer, small cuttings 5–7 cm long with beveled cuts and removed lower leaves are cut from the stiffened shoots.

Before you start planting, you need to carefully approach the choice of place for these purposes.

Preference should be given to places in the penumbra, protected from strong wind and well enough illuminated, but not exposed to direct sunlight. It is believed that Camellia Garden prefers the afternoon sun, and therefore it feels most comfortable in the western parts of the garden plots. The scorching morning sunlight can have a negative effect on the flowers of the plant, which take on a brownish tint and begin to fade quickly.

Despite the fact that garden camellia is afraid of windc, you need to take care of providing it with fresh air and not surround it on all sides with larger plants or structures.

In order for flower buds to begin to form, The following conditions must be met:

  • light day, lasting at least 13 hours
  • air temperature within 17-21 ° C,
  • acidic, drained and well-moistened soil,
  • avoid places in the lowlands where rainwater accumulates, the stagnation of which causes decay.

Since the peak of active growth of Camellia Garden falls on April-August, late autumn is considered to be the best time for its transplantation.

Preference should be given to a mature plant that has reached the age of four, with a stiff stem. For transplant favorite specimen need to prepare the soil and the pit.

To do this, take 0.5 parts of sand and 1 part of peat, leaf and coniferous soil. The pit for planting should be 2 times wider and deeper than the root system of the seedling, and its bottom should be covered with a small layer of sand or fine crushed stone.

Then carefully remove the plant from the pot, trying not to damage the fragile roots. A root lump is placed in the prepared well and sprinkled with the substrate to the level of the neck, which, in order to avoid the death of the flower, cannot be buried in the ground.

The area around the trunk should be covered with sawdust, peat, pine needles or dry grass - this helps retain moisture and maintain the desired level of soil acidity. Preparing for the winter period, it is recommended to double the coating layer, which is designed to protect the root system of the plant.

Watering and feeding

When watering a garden camellia moderation is necessary. On the one hand, it needs regular moistening, and on the other hand, intensive and rare watering can cause unique damage to its root system. If you allow the soil to dry out or bog, the leaves and flowers may peel off. Watering the plant is recommended only at a positive ambient temperature with tap water, settled for several days.

Fed camellia in the spring and summer, every 2 weeks, pre-moistened soil. Complex fertilizers based on phosphate and nitrogen components with boron, iron, potassium, manganese, copper, sulfur and zinc content are used. Calcium and magnesium, present in the required amount in tap water, should be avoided, the excess of which promotes alkalization of the soil.

At the end of the summer, the soil is fertilized with granulated chicken manure. In the fall, you should not fertilize the garden camellia, as this may delay the onset of the period of hibernation and lead to subsequent death. Pruning and disease prevention

Cutting off plant shoots is one of the prerequisites for proper care. This process should be started after the end of the flowering period, but before the growth of new shoots begins. With the help of trimming update old copies or shape young.

Camellia is used as a hedge or to create a variety of shapes and heights to decorate gardens and interiors.

She is not prone to disease, but with improper care may suffer from aphids or spider mites, which are disposed of with soap and emulsion based on oils, respectively.

Viral lesions, characterized by the appearance of white spots on the leaves, branches and flowers, are considered safe for the plant. And some gardeners intend to be infected to give it an unusual look.

In conclusion, it should be noted that the camellia, with proper care, is able to please gardeners with its luxury and tenderness of flowers for many years, to serve as a pleasant reminder of summer.

Choosing a place on the site

A suitable arrangement of camellia will guarantee its growth and lush flowering. Bright sunlight is unpleasant for this plant. It should penetrate to the flower through the lace of the branches, it is good to light, but not to burn.

The eastern or western part of the garden will be comfortable. When located in the south side, camellia is planted among trees and bushes, in their light shade.

The danger is a strong wind and draft acting on the camellia bushes. It is necessary to provide protection against such effects. It is unacceptable to plant a flower in places with close bedding and stagnation of water.

This causes the roots to rot, and the plant dies. Camellia is planted on small elevations, so that the roots are not soaked.

It is convenient to plant a plant along the fence of the site or at the east, or at the western wall of the house. It is appropriate to plant climbing curly camellia. It will elegantly decorate even an unsightly fence, decorate the arbor or terrace.

Soil preparation

Camellia needs acidic soil. When preparing a place for its landing, you need to take this into account. For planting flowers in containers using the soil, bought in specialized stores.

Suitable for azaleas and rhododendrons.

The best will be the composition of equal parts:

  • high peat,
  • humus,
  • coniferous land
  • sand,
  • vermiculite or perlite.

When planting in the ground need to provide the same soil. For drainage on the bed add expanded clay, fine gravel. Следят за кислотностью почвы. Для подкисления куст мульчируют сосновой или еловой иглой или измельчённой корой этих деревьев.

Выбор растения

When choosing planting material, do not forget that this is quite a heat-loving plant and grows in a climate with a relatively mild winter to -10 degrees. If you live in a climate with colder winters, and plan to grow it in a garden plot, then you should pay attention to the frost-resistant varieties of this species. For growing a flower in a flowerpot, fit almost all varieties, subject to proper adherence to temperature during the rest of the plant.

It is advisable to buy an already flowering plant, or already with established flower buds, since the camellia blooms only for 4-5 years.

Camellia has about 200 species and the photos of these flowers are truly fascinating: The flowers are different in shape and size: double, semi-double, simple, large, small. And what a varied color palette: from snow white to fiery red. With such a variety of colors and shapes, it’s just the perfect flower for landscape design.

Camellia is tree-like, reaches up to 20 meters in height and causes only admiration. A flowering tree covered with pale pink large flowers may well compete with the beautiful sakura.

And as a charming camellia enchantingly gracefully decorating garden fences and gazebos, dunks us into a romantic atmosphere, making us a character in a love story.

This is the rare case when a flower is so delightful that a variety of another flower is named after it. Balsam with terry flowers was named camellia.

Planting and care

Camellia is suitable for cultivation on the street and in the apartment. To grow a flower in the open field, special attention should be paid to the choice of location. Camelia does not tolerate drafts and sunny places. The best place to fit in the shade of a tree or shrub with a discharged crown. Japanese beauty prefers a shaded location, but not without light. Planting should be done during limited sap flow, the plant is at rest from mid-autumn to February. This time coincides with flowering. The period of intensive growth is in April and July-September. During flowering, it is better not to perform any manipulations with the plant, as this will lead to the “stress” of the green pet and a long arrest of its growth.

Mail selection

Ordinary garden and clay soils for growing camellias are not suitable. The soil should be:

  • with acidic medium.
  • moderately loose and well ventilated.
  • with good drainage system.

At the bottom of the hole or pot, put 4-5 cm. Expanded clay or natural pebbles. This will help the moisture not to linger in the ground and avoid overwetting the soil. The substrate can be purchased ready-made or made independently from a mixture of coniferous, peaty earth, sand, and moss sphagnum or sawdust in equal proportions.

Remember, the root system of camellias is very fragile, therefore, in order to avoid injuries of the seedling, it is necessary to transplant together with a clod of earth. When transplanting it is important that the root neck (located between the trunk and the roots) is located above the ground, otherwise the flower may stop blooming. Young plants need an annual transplant, subsequently, it is enough to transplant every few years.

Temperature conditions

All varieties of camellias, whether treelike, climbing or bush, require the same air temperature. During the growth of the plant, the ambient temperature should be 18-22 C, and during the flowering period 8-10 C. If your green pet grows in room conditions, it is very important to provide him with an appropriate temperature regime. In winter, grow in a cool and non-draughty place without direct sunlight, in the summer in a well-ventilated shaded room, with high humidity.

To grow a beautiful garden camellia, it is important to monitor soil moisture. It should be well hydrated, but not flooded. Watering is best done as the top layer dries. Well, if it is thawed and defended water. Every six months, it is recommended to acidify the soil with a weak solution of vinegar or lemon juice.

If we are talking about a houseplant, it is possible to moisten the soil, use a tray with water, in which put a pot with a flower. Thus, the soil will be moistened as it is poured, and the moisture evaporating from the pan will be a natural air humidifier.

In their natural habitat, these evergreen shrubs grow in light forests with high humidity. In order for camelia to please you with well-groomed foliage and an abundance of beautiful flowers of good soil and timely watering is not enough, it is important to monitor the level of humidity. The plant requires frequent spraying, during flowering, it is desirable that when spraying water does not fall on the inflorescences.

Camellia does not require frequent fertilization of the soil, like many houseplants. A favorable period for fertilizing the soil is the period before the ovary of flower buds from August to October. It is important that fertilizers be balanced. Alternate organic and mineral fertilizers to the soil.

As organic fertilizers can be cleaning from vegetables and fruits, tea brewing. A convenient way to apply organic fertilizer is to make a small dimple, a groove that, after fertilization, is covered with earth.

Breeding

Reproduction occurs in two ways:

Remember, camellia seeds, due to their excessive oil content, tend to deteriorate quickly, so you need to sow them immediately. Before planting, soak the seeds for several hours in a solution that stimulates germination. Planting should be carried out in a wet mail with a temperature not lower than 18 C. The substrate should consist of equal parts of sand and humus, make sure that the soil temperature is not lower than 18 C, this will provide the best germination of seeds. Be patient, seeds germinate for several months. After the emergence of the first shoots, protect the young growth from drafts and ensure moderate watering and the temperature is not lower than 21 C. Pick up the plant should be done in phase 2-3 of the formed leaves and plant the plants one by one in pots with a diameter of 5-7 cm. loss of varietal traits.

Vegetative reproduction

For propagation by cuttings, non-stiff shoots of a flower with three buds are used. Cut the young tops at an angle of 45 degrees, the slice is treated with a solution that stimulates rooting and planted in a small greenhouse. Rooting takes from three months to six months. It is important to ensure that the air temperature does not fall below 21 C. Care for rooted cuttings is the same as for an adult plant.

Description of camellia garden: types and varieties derived from them

Camellia came to Europe from China, Korea and Japan, where this flower is deified, attributing to it healing properties. In the wild, it grows on the forest edges, near water bodies, therefore it is picky about watering and loves scattered light.

There are 3 known types of camellia garden:

  • oilseed, which feature - autumn flowering and height up to 10 m. Real tree!
  • mountain, which is a spreading bush with flowers of a simple form. Height - up to 5 m,
  • Japanese, characterized by large flowers (there are terry variants), rich dark foliage and compactness of the bush.

It was from the Japanese camellia that many hybrid varieties were created that are used by growers. Their advantage is a long flowering period, frost resistance and a variety of flowers (in form of bud, size and color). Attention can be paid to the varieties:

  • General Colletti - rich scarlet terry flowers with white divorces,

  • Freedom Bell is an upright shrub that tolerates pruning. Feature - coral flowers,

  • Hagoromo - undersized bush (up to 1.5 m) with milky flowers. Attracts with refinement and nobility.

Interesting! Do you like tasty and fragrant tea? Not only dried leaves, but also camellia flowers are perfect for this. Add a little mint, linden - and get a kind of exotic composition!

Planting camellias: features

So you got the plant. It is necessary to give him life, that is, to land in open ground. And then do not forget about watering, lighting and dressing.

In order to land a beauty-camellia, you must:

  • pick a place. The best option is a well-lit area (but the one where half the day is the sun, half is shade is quite suitable), sheltered from the winds, that is, the area near the fence or LFA,

  • pay attention to the soil. Camellia garden, unlike many other residents of the site, prefers acidic soil. This can be achieved by applying special organic and mineral fertilizers,
  • dig a hole that will be 2 times larger than an earthen clod of plants. Camellia roots are fragile and tender, so the landing should be done carefully. With proper care, the bush will grow in 14-21 days,
  • water the plant after planting and mulch with humus, sawdust or straw. This will give the roots the necessary moisture and protect the soil from weathering,
  • shade from direct sunlight in the first week of growth.

It remains to provide the shrub with proper care and enjoy a healthy plant!

Care camellia: TOP 5 rules

Care camellia - this is watering, fertilizing fertilizer protection from pests and diseases. But each of the items has its own characteristics. Here is general information and specific points. They are as follows:

  • Fresh air, but not wind. It is better to save the bush and protect it by planting near powerful trees.
  • Bright light, but it is not direct sunlight, but scattered. You can pull a special shading net over young plants.

  • Watering. Uniform and regular - this is what an overseas beauty wants. An excellent solution for maintaining Camellia health is spraying the leaves with distilled warm water.
  • Trimming and shelter for the winter. The first, which can be carried out both in spring and in autumn, will help to form a compact and interesting bush, the second - to protect the plant from freezing in the absence of snow and the presence of frost winds.
  • Top dressing mineral and organic fertilizers. Camellia in response will please with friendly and abundant flowering throughout the season.

Preparations for pests / diseases "plus" top dressing: on the way to a healthy shrub

It cannot be said that camellia is too susceptible to diseases. The only ones are fungal, which can be seen on the leaves: they turn yellow, turn brown, dry and fall off. It will help any fungicide for flowers purchased in a specialty store.

Pests rarely bother a shrub, but one can notice spider mites and even aphids during dry periods. In the fight against them will help drugs "Akarin", "Fitoverm" and the like.

However, the best remedy for pests and diseases is prevention, which includes not only proper care of the plant, but also fertilizing. The flower will appreciate fertilizers acidifying the soil. An excellent solution can be those fertilizers as for rhododendron.

Combinations with other plants, or impeccable landscape design

Camellia will look great with any flowers, shrubs and even trees in the garden, harmonizing with a rich green shade of foliage and striking the beauty of large flowers when, for many, flowering is no longer typical. The only condition is soil acidity, which is difficult to achieve in mass plantings.

The solution is to grow a camellia in a tub, which can not only be located anywhere in the garden, but also brought into the room during frosts, for example. However, in this case it is worth more often to feed the plant and monitor the state of the foliage.

Camellia, which decorates your territory, will be to the taste of everyone, both guest and household. It will be necessary only to install a swing nearby and enjoy the beauty and the scent of flowers!

What is unique Camellia Garden

This plant belongs to the evergreen ornamental shrubs, loved and known throughout the world. You can talk for hours about the aristocratic beauty of these colors. Romantic beauties in antiquity pinned a camellia flower to her hair or a dress, and this was the best decoration for a woman.

  • The homeland of the plant is considered to be China and Japan, where camellia was grown not only because of the amazing flowers, but also added its petals to tea, giving it an extraordinary taste and aroma. It is thanks to the taste qualities that the flower has gained wide popularity in antiquity.
  • The Philippines, Korea and southeast Asia are also familiar with this beautiful bush. And it was brought to Europe for the first time and was given a description in the 18th century from the Philippines by a monk Georg Joseph Camelius. In honor of him, and this is the name of this plant, given later by Carl Linna.
  • In Germany, in the park of Dresden there are bushes of camellias, which are more than 2 centuries old. And they continue to bloom and delight visitors.
  • In camellia garden there is a middle name - Cold (Heartless) Beauty. And the name is given due to an unusual flowering period - from the second half of autumn to spring.
  • The height of the bush usually does not exceed a few meters and is increasingly used by gardeners and landscape designers as a hedge.
  • Previously, this plant could be grown only in the southern regions, as cold winters were a hardship for a flower (-10 is the limit for camellia). But the work of breeders has borne fruit, and now it is possible to grow this amazing plant in more northern regions, since - 25 degrees is already quite acceptable temperature for new varieties.
  • The decorativeness of the bush is expressed not only by excellent flowering, but also by emerald leathery and glossy sheets, which can be quite large - up to 16 - 18 cm in length. And the elongated shape gives shrub spectacularity.
  • The flowers on the shrub are represented by various shades: white, pink, red, yellow and terry. New varieties can be with variegated flowers. Depending on the variety of camellia, the size of flowers varies from one centimeter to 12 cm.
  • Camellia blooms from autumn to spring and this is different from all plants.
  • Garden beauty reproduces in two ways: by seeds and cuttings.

Experts recommend planting a bush in a tub in the northern areas with very cold winters and cleaning the premises for the winter.

Popular varieties

There are such types of camellia as oilseed, Chinese, mountainous. But the best varieties and hybrids, known to us, are obtained from Japanese camellia.

Frost-resistant grade. This shrub grows pretty quickly and looks great. Against the background of dark green shiny leaves bloom bright wax crimson - pink multilobed flowers. The plant is characterized by abundant and long flowering.

It differs from the previous variety in larger flowers, and having a terry structure of a flower. Compared with other species and varieties, this camellia is quite unpretentious, it grows a little slower than the others. Recommended for growing novice gardeners.

Freedom bell

Pointed, regular-shaped petals of this sort of camellia seem to be carved by the sculptor, and the scarlet color simply does not let such beauty pass by. The bush itself has straight branches and thick, glossy, large-sized foliage of a rich green color.

This camellia grows slowly, the bush form is lush and thick, and the flowers, on the contrary, are graceful and have a pure shade of white with a yellowish core, the petals seem to be porcelain.

General colletti

This variety differs simply extraordinary flowers - red - white petals will be a bright accent and decoration of every corner of the garden or flower garden.

All these varieties remain green throughout the winter, and the flowering of each variety, although different in petal structure and shades, no doubt confirms another name of camellia, the Empress.

Choosing a landing site

From where you decide to plant this shrub in your garden or flower garden, its further growth and flowering depend.

  • It is best to have a camellia on the western or eastern side of the site, where there is not only the sun, but also diffused light, and at times penumbra. On the northern side of the sun is not enough to begin the process of budding, and too strong scorching sun rays can be aggressive.
  • There should be no cold winds and drafts in the intended location.
  • It will be more comfortable to shrub on a small hill or hill, especially if the groundwater in your area flows close to the soil surface. And stagnant water and dampness are contraindicated for camellia and can cause rotting of the root system.
  • A small penumbra from large garden trees or bushes will only benefit Camellia.

Soil composition

The shrub likes a neutral or sour soil composition. Mix for planting can be purchased at a special store or make your own. Usually, coniferous soil is added: for the drainage layer, coarse-grained river sand (sometimes bark of coniferous trees is added for acidification), peat, perlite and vermiculite.

Organic material and a small amount of gravel added to the drainage layer will provide better ventilation of the root system and uniform supply of oxygen to it.

Planting camellia in open ground

  1. First, you must dig a hole the size of which is several times larger than the root system of the seedling, together with the earth clod.
  2. At the bottom of the hole lies the drainage layer.
  3. Above the hillock piled prepared substrate.
  4. A sapling is laid out on it carefully, and the root is laid out.
  5. Сверху насыпается остальная почва, которая потом немного уплотняется.
  6. Куст хорошо поливается, а сверху ложится слой мульчи из сосновой хвои.

Первое время растение особенно уберегают от прямых солнечных лучей и сквозняков. Можно придумать какое — нибудь временное затенение, пока камелия не приживется.

Peculiarities of care

Care for shrubs is not difficult, the main thing - do not forget the main points. Let's take a look at the order that Camellia needs most for adaptation after planting and good development.

For moistening, it is necessary to prepare water separated for several days. Watering schedule is moderate, do not flood the plant, but do not allow dryness either.

Camellia should receive nutrients for growth and flowering.

Fertilizers and fertilizing

The feeding procedure is carried out from late spring to mid-summer. Suitable for this special fertilizer for camellia or half the dose of the nutrient mixture for rhododendrons, rich in iron, boron.

Potassium and magnesium should not be included in top dressing. The solution is poured at the root. Then you need to carefully water the plant.

In the spring they make sanitary pruning - they clean dry, diseased or broken branches. Also, a formative one is needed, which consists in cutting and pinching the upper parts of the camellia shoots.

How to prepare for winter

If the winters are very cold, then the Asian beauty must be securely wrapped and prepared for frost. To do this, a circle is made around the bush from the grid around the perimeter of the trunk, then foliage is piled between the trunk and the circle.

The soil near the trunk is mulched with peat. On top of the bush lay a nonwoven fabric. In such a shelter, a camel bush will winter very well.

Selection and preparation of planting material

When purchasing planting material, the following conditions should be observed:

  1. To purchase seedlings in specialized nurseries and garden centers. Plant breeding should be handled by experts.
  2. The selected material should be at the age of 4 years and have lignified shoots.
  3. Choose varieties suitable for growing in your climate. For the middle zone, choose winter-resistant varieties, if you do not plan to replace the flower in pots for the winter and transfer it to the room.
  4. Perform an external inspection of the seedling. It should not be signs of the disease, the leaves - clean and green. When buying plants in a pot, make sure that the root system braids its entire volume.

Planting technology of camellia garden in open ground

The flower is planted in open ground from April to mid-June. The plant to the onset of cold weather will gain strength and take root well.

On the prepared bed dig out the landing pits. Their volume should be twice the volume of the earthy coma with the roots of the plant. At the bottom lay a layer of drainage of expanded clay or fine gravel with a thickness of 20 cm.

Next, pour a hill of land of the required composition. We place a seedling on it, carefully straighten the roots and sprinkle it with a layer of earth. The root neck of the seedling should not be covered with soil.

Soil near the trunk compacted and pour water. We mulch with peat.

Care garden camellia

Planting and care of garden camellia should be subject to certain rules. Consider them in more detail.

Watering rules

The plant needs regular watering. This is especially important in summer, in dry and hot weather. No need to keep the soil constantly wet. In extreme heat spraying camellia.

This should be done with care so that water drops do not fall on the flowers.

Water used for irrigation is not hard, well settled. It is useful to combine watering with dressings. To do this, use a weak solution of fertilizer.

If the plant is transplanted into a container for wintering and stored in a cool place, it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out. Watering is needed not frequent, but still it is necessary.

Loosening and mulching

Loosening is done after watering, it helps to avoid the formation of a soil crust. To the ground in the summer did not dry out, it is useful to mulch it with mowed grass, humus, bark or sawdust.

These materials increase the acidity of the soil, which is very useful for the plant. In any case, the root neck must be opened to prevent its rotting.

Selection and timing of fertilizer application

Camellia has a good root system, which effectively absorbs nutrients from the soil. This crop requires a minimum amount of fertilizer.

Overfeeding will bring more harm to the flower than good. Before feeding, be sure to pour water over the soil.

It is necessary to fertilize in April, when the plant begins to grow rapidly, and new shoots are formed. To do this, use a complex composition of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur.

Moreover, the solution should be prepared two times weaker than indicated in the instructions for the composition. A good feed will be an infusion of chicken litter. Compounds suitable for rhododendrons and azaleas will do.

Fertilize the plant twice a month until the end of summer. Autumn feeding is not allowed. Enhanced nutrition will cause rapid growth of shoots. They will not have time to wood up before the onset of cold weather and die. A young plant may freeze.

They cut the camellia to form a crown, better branching and get a beautiful shape. This is done in the spring, pinch the tops of the shoots.

To stimulate the growth of axillary buds, autumn pruning of shoots is performed. This allows you to get a beautiful ornamental shrub.

Treelike camellias are also used along with bush varieties. A beautiful tree reaches a height of 15 m. Pruning for these species is done in the same way.

Pruning can be done after the flowering period. Do not prune the plant too hard. This will weaken him and require more care.

"Particular attention should be paid to pruning curly camellia."

Another important point when caring for camellia is transplanting it. House flower to move from pot to pot need every two years. When growing in the garden this condition is optional.

The plant should be transplanted, if there is a weak growth and flowering, you may have chosen the wrong place for it. The transplant is made during the rest period of the plant. The best time will be late autumn before the onset of frost.

Diseases and pests

Disease is easier to prevent than to cure, so pay close attention to your exotic flower. At the first manifestations of the disease or harmful insects, it is necessary to treat and remove the damaged parts of the plant.

Among the pests camellia precipitated:

Aphid. Small insects stick around shoots and leaves that dry up from it. With a large number of aphids, the plant may die altogether. There are various ways to remove the pest.

Photo: © David Perez

The easiest is to rinse with soapy water. It should be fed to the plant under pressure. You can use a biological solution phytomerm.

Spider mite Covers the plant with a web containing small larvae. They damage the leaves, causing them to dry. The tick multiplies rapidly, and if you do not get rid of it in time, the plant will die.

Photo: © Guest Author

It is preferable to use biological products phytoverm, bicol, bitoxibacil, created on the basis of bacteria and microorganisms, which are not harmful to humans, to combat the tick.

Acarin may be used. It is a low toxic, fast acting chemical.

An unpleasant phenomenon when grown in a camellia garden can be the appearance of various fungi on the leaves and shoots. Fight them hard. To prevent disease, you need not to overwet the soil and to provide ventilation of the bushes.

With the onset of winter, Camellia is well treated with copper sulphate, Bordeaux mixture, the drug "Saporol".

Cuttings

In early August, half-woody shoots are cut from the bush. The stalk should be no longer than 8 cm and have five leaves. In the future, the escape must be rooted.

To do this, prepare a substrate consisting of a mixture of peat and sand in equal proportions. Rooting is best done in separate pots.

The soil is well moistened. The tip of the handle is useful to dip in the phytohormone. The required soil temperature is 25 ° C. Cover planting transparent capacity to create a greenhouse effect and facilitate the formation of roots.

Two months later, the shelter is carefully removed and continue to care for camellia as if it were a house plant.

Camellia seeds ripen in mid-October. Immediately begin their landing.

You should know! "That camellia seeds contain a large amount of essential oils, which is why they germinate for a long time."

For sowing seeds using wooden boxes filled with a mixture of peat and sand. Peat creates the necessary acidic environment, and sand provides soil looseness and drainage.

For active germination of seeds and their further growth, it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the room at 20 ° C. This process lasts for a year. Only after the appearance of two leaves, seedlings are transplanted into separate pots, 7 cm in diameter.

Camellia seedlings obtained from seeds are much more stable and adapt well to further growth. They bloom in the fifth year, but there have been cases of earlier flowering - after three years.

Cold-resistant varieties of camellia

A very beautiful exotic flower could not help but attract the attention of breeders. Were created varieties that can withstand the winter cold to -20 ° C when growing flowers in open ground.

Consider the best cold-resistant varieties of camellia. They begin to bloom in early spring and retain green leaves in the winter frost.

Donation is an ornamental shrub with fragile tender flowers of pink purple. The rounded shape of the petals are reminiscent of orchids.

The bush grows slowly, but allows small blemishes when grown. Even an inexperienced gardener will be able to care for him. The bush has a lush dark green crown, covered with large bright flowers.

Camellia variety Debbie bears on itself purple-pink flowers of rich tone. The shrub grows quickly and blooms profusely. He has terry rounded petals, similar to flowers of the Donation variety.

The plant of this variety is resistant to the surrounding climate, not afraid of rain and frost in late spring. Suitable for people who first encountered such a plant.

A variety of Japanese breeders Hagoromo blooms with pearl-pink buds. These flowers are chameleons. Increasingly, they turn white. Beautiful and delicate flower.

FreedomBell carries flowers of coral-red hue with overflow, decorated with bright stamens. He has large decorative glossy leaves. This variety tolerates pruning, shoots can be greatly shortened when freezing.

Any type of garden camellia, whether it be a bush, tree variety or a climbing vine, will decorate the home garden. This magnificent plant is a winning accent in the design of any landscape.

Camellia is not for nothing called the "Empress of garden flowers." You can create a secluded gazebo twined with climbing camellia. Planted along the fence bushes form a natural hedge.

A bush or a magnificent tree will create a bright accent among the lawn. In winter, on white snow, the bright green of an evergreen shrub will look fabulous and unique.

Her garden camellia is compared to rose, balsamic and even ranunculus. Yes, they are similar, however, this plant is a shrub that blooms all season and does not shed leaves for the winter. It is these qualities that have become fond of flower growers who are engaged in growing a flower on their site. Want to try? It is necessary to study the characteristics of planting and the basics of care, because the agrotechnology of growing camellia is different from the agrotechnology of growing other crops. Select a grade for the photo, and make out the front garden!

Description of camellia garden: types and varieties derived from them

Camellia came to Europe from China, Korea and Japan, where this flower is deified, attributing to it healing properties. In the wild, it grows on the forest edges, near water bodies, therefore it is picky about watering and loves scattered light.

There are 3 known types of camellia garden:

  • oilseed, which feature - autumn flowering and height up to 10 m. Real tree!
  • mountain, which is a spreading bush with flowers of a simple form. Height - up to 5 m,
  • Japanese, characterized by large flowers (there are terry variants), rich dark foliage and compactness of the bush.

It was from the Japanese camellia that many hybrid varieties were created that are used by growers. Their advantage is a long flowering period, frost resistance and a variety of flowers (in form of bud, size and color). Attention can be paid to the varieties:

  • General Colletti - rich scarlet terry flowers with white divorces,

  • Freedom Bell is an upright shrub that tolerates pruning. Feature - coral flowers,

  • Hagoromo - undersized bush (up to 1.5 m) with milky flowers. Attracts with refinement and nobility.

Interesting! Do you like tasty and fragrant tea? Not only dried leaves, but also camellia flowers are perfect for this. Add a little mint, linden - and get a kind of exotic composition!

Reproduction and planting of a camellia, or nothing is impossible

Deciding to decorate your own plot with an exotic shrub, you need to purchase a bush in a container or grow it yourself. This is a task that even an aspiring grower can handle.

History of growing and caring for camellia in the garden

In Europe, the first specimens of camellias appeared in the first half of the XVIII century. Over the past years, gardeners have learned to care for the crop, there are numerous varieties and hybrids:

  • which have become more resilient than wild species to frost,
  • with a longer flowering period,
  • with corollas unique in shape, size and variety of colors.

The oldest specimens of camellias, once exported from Japan and China, can still be seen in the greenhouses of Britain, in the garden of the old royal residence in Dresden and in the parks of Spain.

And at the disposal of modern lovers of flowering shrubs, garden camellias, as in the photo, with flowers resembling peonies, roses of various kinds, and even anemones. Among camellias there are trees and bush forms.

Plants are able to withstand considerable cold, but it is unlikely that Camellias can survive at temperatures below –20 ° C. The most winter-hardy today are considered varieties: Donation, Jury’s Yellow, Debbie, Hagoromo. The flowering of these species is delayed until spring, but in winter they also retain bright green foliage.

Conditions for the care and cultivation of the garden camellia

But such cold-resistant plants will not be able to withstand the cold weather in the middle zone of the country. Therefore, here camellia plants are grown in large containers, entering into a cool room, a terrace or a greenhouse for the winter.

Camellia in pots feels good at a temperature of 10–15 ° C. If the plant is provided with good but diffused illumination for 12–14 hours a day, then caring for camellia when grown in a garden is easy. The shrub in time will pick up the color and please the gardener with an abundance of wonderful flowers.

In regions with milder winters, evergreen bushes cover, and in the subtropical zone, camellia garden, as in the photo, from February to mid-spring is covered with many spectacular flowers with a diameter of up to 10 cm.

Camellias blooming in the garden can suffer not only from frost, but also from the bright winter sun, which is active in the morning hours.

To the foliage and flower petals do not turn black or die, thawing after the night, it is better to shade the plants or cover for the night with non-woven material. The same measure will help to preserve shrubs if cold winter winds are frequent on the site.

Since the garden camellias, in the photo, are well tolerated by the penumbra, then the crowns of garden trees can protect them from the negative effects of the environment. When selecting neighbors for decorative culture, it is only important to take into account that camellias love sour soil, which not all garden residents like.

Camellias grow well under the shelter of fences, near the walls of houses and outbuildings. With the help of supports and trellis, gardeners successfully grow a curly camellia in the garden, which, with the help of painstaking shaping, gives a flat vertical shape.

Watering and fertilizing the camellia during care and planting in the garden

Top dressing of garden camellias is carried out from spring to the end of July. Shrub well perceives the introduction of complex additives, which can be replaced with a one-time feeding with granulated bird droppings in early summer.

The plant, like other inhabitants of the garden, needs water. The most abundant and frequent irrigation - in spring and summer, but in the fall, together with a restriction in fertilizers, reduce soil moisture. This measure of care when growing camellia in the garden stimulates the appearance of buds.

So that all the efforts spent on planting and caring for camellia in the garden are not in vain, when buying planting material it is important to make sure that the selected variety is able to survive in winter conditions in the open field. If there is any doubt, it is more reasonable to choose a suitable container for the seedling and grow camellia as a pot plant, which in winter will have to be transferred to a cool room.

Camellia's festive bloom - video

The camellia, common in the southern tropics from Japan to the Philippines, governs evergreen forests in southern Russia. Gorgeous and sophisticated, she can not not like. Her flowers, vaguely reminiscent of roses, amaze with their royal beauty. Camellia, a very demanding culture, to grow it in the dacha will require some knowledge, but a responsive to care and feeding, the princess will reward with a long holiday firework of flowers. Giving luxurious flowers, camellia garden needs care and care.

Evergreen Camellia: Description

Род камелия семейства чайные насчитывает до 80 разновидностей, представляющих собой вечнозеленые кустарники или деревья. Украшением кустарника являются листья – глянцевые, кожистые овальные, заостренные одиночные или сросшиеся у основания, а также цветы всех оттенков бело-розово-лиловой гаммы. Many species are widely distributed due to their high decorative qualities. The camellia shrub garden in winter, when the thermometer does not exceed 12 ° C. Surprising and the duration of flowering shrubs. It ranges from 1 to 3 months. Each flower can not fade for about a month. On this amazing shrub flowers appear in the winter at the ends of the shoots. A blooming camellia garden, the photo of which is presented, is a festive and solemn spectacle. It can radically change any, even the most dull and unpromising area. That is why landscape designers camellia is on a high pedestal. These magnificent shrubs are invaluable in landscaping interiors, creating park and garden compositions. The most interesting object in the creation of landscape masterpieces is the camellia Japanese garden - an evergreen tree or shrub reaching 10-15 m in height, common in the subtropical forests of Japan and China. A distinctive feature of the Japanese camellia is the presence of large red single flowers, located in the sinuses and at the tops of the branches. Flowering - spectacular and durable. In a culture of up to 1000 different garden forms and varieties with a variety of double and semi-double flowers with a diameter of 4 to 15 cm. The Japanese camellia is light-requiring, but tolerates a little shading.

Camellia Garden: planting and care

The easiest way to breed Camellia - seeds. Usually, freshly harvested seeds are sown, the germination rate of which is 80-90%. They are not stored, as they rapidly lose their ability to germinate. The ideal soil for sowing is a mixture of river sand with peat in equal proportions. To speed up seed germination, the air in the room where the seedlings are grown is heated to + 22 ° С. Seedlings germinate and root throughout the year. It should be remembered that the young saplings obtained are distinguished by a low level of resistance to adverse effects, but with high-quality care they develop intensively, increasing the degree of winter hardiness, which is different for garden camellia. Care and cultivation ends with flowering, which usually occurs in the fifth or seventh year, sometimes after 2-3 years.

Care camellias

Camellias grow well in humid and temperate climates. They are quite winter-hardy and can withstand temperatures down to -20 ° C, prefer shading, and in areas with dry hot summer - a shady location. Camellias especially like to be located next to the fence, wall or other higher culture, i.e. support, protecting from the winds and the bright sun. The flowering time of the plant is unusual: autumn - winter - the beginning of spring. These are the biological features of this genus: for the formation of high-quality buds and flowering shrubs requires a short day of light and coolness. Comfortable air temperature for laying flower buds is 18-20 ° C, for flowering - 8-12 ° C. Camellias love ambient light, but not direct bright sunlight. Blooming representatives of the tea family are not afraid of night frosts, but with the quick thawing of flowers in the morning sun, they lose their appearance and die. Therefore, Camellias are usually not planted on the eastern slopes.

Form the crown of Camellia in the spring, pinching the tops of the shoots. This is done to better camellia branch garden. Planting and caring for the bushes are not complicated operations. In late autumn, pruning of the shoots is necessary to ensure the growth of the axillary buds. Repeating this operation annually, you can achieve excellent decoration and flowering bush.

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