Fresh idea in the garden decoration - planting the silver sucker. Care of the culture is trouble-free, and interesting compositions with a spectacular shrub will bring revival to any corner of the site. Especially beautiful is the ever-changing pattern of silvery leaves of the shrub in windy weather. In the second half of the summer, small, silver-colored oval berries give a decorative effect to the plant. The sucker is somewhat similar in appearance to both the leaves and the fruits of the cultivated olive trees. Hence, the official name of the family of Lokhovs, which includes 50 plant species, is Elaeagnaceae.
The picturesque tree comes from North America, the most common in landscape gardening, not only because of the charming shade of leaves and berries, but also because of its stability:
- tolerates severe frosts (up to -40 degrees)
- in comparison with the sucker is less drought-resistant,
- adapts to the conditions of air pollution in the city, it can be planted even along roads loaded with transport.
A young tree grows slowly: only 15 cm per year. But the plant is durable, lives about 80 years.
The sucker silver is a wonderful decoration of the landscape during flowering. The plant attracts bees and is an excellent honey plant. Honey from the flowers of the sucker silver is useful for brain vessels.
The plant is characterized by a dense branching crown, especially well-dressed when flowering. Its diameter can reach 5 m. Trees often grow in several trunks, taking on the appearance of shrubs. In height they rise to 4-5 meters.
Branches in this species without thorns, thin, gracefully curved and intertwined. Young shoots and in the cold season are decorative, delight the eye with its reddish bark. On the old branches of the bark of gray-brown.
Narrow, leathery leaves are elongated, egg-shaped, with silver color above and below. On the lower side of the leaf blade there are brown small scales. Leaves up to 10 cm in length, on short petioles, arranged alternately. They keep their original metallic shade until November.
The fragrant flowers are small, yellow inside and silvery outside. They are located in the leafy sinuses. Bloom for almost three weeks in June and July. The plant is self-pollinated. Fruits are round, small, silvery scales on the surface. The pulp on the drupes is very thin, mealy, sweet, but unpleasant to the taste.
This shrub tree grows wild in the south of Russia and can rise to 10 m in height. No less picturesque than the silver goof. The trunk and branches are twisted, with long, up to 3 cm, prickles. The shoots pubescent, covered with silver hairs. The leaves are elongated, up to 8 cm, lanceolate, with a sharp tip. Above the lamina is matte, gray-green, and from the bottom - with a silver tint. Flowers are also arranged in the axils of the leaves, on top of yellow, very fragrant.
Blooms narrow-leaved sucker for two weeks. Oval drupes are covered with a thin layer of tart, powdery, sweetish pulp.
The tree also has positive characteristics for use in plantations:
- not as hardy as a silver goof, but quickly recovering after freezing,
- tolerates drought well, but withstands urban conditions of smoky air,
- narrow-leaved Loch is developing rapidly.
Planting a sucker at the site helps to improve the composition of the soil. On its roots there are nodules with bacteria that fix nitrogen. Mineral gradually accumulates and enriches the soil.
Application in design
Due to the decorative leaves of the sucker silver can be used as a revitalizing element for many compositions. Plants are planted alone and in groups.
- They create expressive hedges, carefully cutting the bushes and controlling the growth of root shoots.
- Landings visually expand the space thanks to openwork crowns.
- The bush enlivens the cool and strict wall of conifer plantations. It looks especially interesting with blue spruces.
- It is harmoniously combined with deciduous shrubs and trees, which have leaves with purple and golden shades.
- The sucker silver is a wonderful background for flower beds where purple, blue, pink or white flowers are planted.
- The Mediterranean style is recreated in our latitudes, using the similarity of the narrow-leaved sucker with olive trees.
- In late autumn and winter, the decorativeness of the shrub is supported by original silvery fruits and a distinct graphic pattern of branches.
For reproduction sucker silver there are several methods. Trees are grown by planting root shoots, rooting cuttings and cuttings, sowing seeds.
- The shoots are transplanted in spring and autumn, even in summer in rainy weather. In this case, the roots should be kept in a humid environment during transportation, protecting from drying out.
- Reproduction by seeds is also considered a convenient and guaranteed way to get young seedlings.
- Cuttings are not all rooted or subsequently take root.
- To get the cuttings in the spring, bend the lower branch and sprinkle one of the middle parts of its top with earth. Part of the branches, sprinkled with earth, with regular watering takes root. The developing apical shoot will become a sapling. It is possible to dig up the escape this autumn, but it is better to leave it for spring planting.
How to propagate by seed?
The fresh fruits are used to extract the drupes and sow them to the selected area before winter. For spring sowing, seeds need stratification for at least 4 months.
- Grooves deepen by 3-4 cm.
- The bed is mulched with a thick layer so that the seeds are not frozen.
- The saplings that have risen to 20 cm are already ready for transplantation.
Choosing a place
Landscape designers are attracted by the unpretentiousness of the silver sucker, its frost resistance, its ability to survive drought quite well. Loch narrow-leaved - fast-growing shrub, amenable to formation, and the same decorative.
Both species should be planted in a sunny place. Trees are undemanding to the sight of the soil, but develop better on loam and sandy loam. High acidity of soil inhibits the plants. Trees prefer small elevations, southern slopes. They are often planted to strengthen the road slopes.
For a silver sucker, the area should be well loosened and moistened, because it has a fibrous, shallow root system.
The roots of the sucker narrow-leaved are well developed and penetrate deep into the ground. With a low hairstyle, the tree gives thick shoots, suitable for a hedge. It is necessary to dig into the ground limiters for the spread of the roots.
How to plant a tree?
The soil with an acidic reaction before planting the silver sucker is smelled by adding dolomite flour (up to 700 g per 1 sq. M) or 300-500 g of lime.
- Prepare spacious holes: 1.0 x 1.0 m, a depth of 0.5 m.
- At the bottom of the stack drainage.
- The top layer of the removed soil is mixed with humus, compost and fertilizers: 1 tablespoon of nitrogenous agent, a glass of double superphosphate, 2 glasses of wood ash.
- Between the holes retreat 2-3 m.
- The root collar is buried a few centimeters.
- The landing site is mulched.
Having put nitrogen fertilizers in the hole, the silver sucker is not fed by them, because its roots contribute to the release of nitrogen into the soil. The plant is immune to diseases and pests.
In the care include watering, if there is no rain for a long time. Then the trunk circle is mulched.
For better development, the plant is fed annually with humus, wood ash and double superphosphate.
The sucker is silvery plastic, it can be formed by choice: with a stem or a bush.
- In the spring and autumn remove weak and damaged branches.
- Shorten overgrown shoots, giving the desired shape.
- Hedges set in order in late spring and autumn.
- Fifteen-year-old trees undergo anti-aging pruning, removing the oldest skeletal branches.
- Proper care involves controlling the growth of root offspring, which can turn planting of exquisite trees into wild thickets.
Planting a goof for a hedge, plants are placed in a checkerboard pattern. Between planting trenches retreat 40-60 cm.
Preparing for the winter
After trimming, the shrub is covered with branches from other trees and bushes, and later snow is thrown to the stem. Young seedlings are warmed with spruce branches. In cold regions, the silver sucker trunks are harboring annually.
Caring for a colorful plant is simple, as is its reproduction. A plot after planting silver Loha will acquire an intriguing stylish look.
Variety of species
In the wild, about 100 species of this shrub will grow. In the temperate climate of our country, several varieties of this plant are bred.
- Sucker umbrella. It grows in eastern Asia. This is a heat-loving plant that does not tolerate even a slight drop in temperature. The adult plant reaches a height of 4 meters, has a broad crown. The leaves are small, light green, slightly elongated shape. The flowers are small, pale yellow in color with a pleasant aroma that attracts bees. Fruiting umbrella sucker begins at the age of ten.
- Sucker spiny. This is an evergreen shrub whose height reaches seven meters. The branches are thick spreading, covered with long spines. The leaves are dark green in color, oval-shaped, the edges of the leaf plate are wavy. On the branches of the sucker prickly long shoots can develop that cling to the surrounding plants. The flowers are small in size. This variety is very often used by landscape designers to form hedges.
- Loch multicolored. Shrub, whose height reaches one and a half meters. The trunk and branches are covered with bark of a brown-red color. This species does not have spines. The leaves are oval or slightly oblong. The leaves have a two-tone color: on top they are silvery, from the bottom - silvery-brown. The flowers are small, light yellow color, looks like bells. Fruits - large red juicy berries with a sour taste.
- Sucker silver. Under natural conditions, this species grows in North America. The stalks of the shrub are covered with silver bark and lack thorns. Leaves are dense leathery, the lower part is covered with brown scales. The flowering of the Chilean Loch begins at the beginning of summer and lasts 20 days. Shrub poorly tolerates the lack of moisture, but compared with other types of resistant to low temperatures. It grows slowly.
- Loch narrow-leaved. Shrub grows in Central Asia along the banks of reservoirs. This is a deciduous plant, reaching a height of 10 meters. The bark of the trunk has a reddish-brown color and scaly surface. The trunk is covered with spines. The leaves are rather large, narrow and long. The surface of the sheet plate is painted in light green color, the lower part of the sheet has a silver color. This type of plant has a well-developed root system, so the bush grows very quickly. It is highly resistant to lack of moisture, low temperature, polluted air. It is often used for landscaping streets in large cities, as well as for the decoration of a hedge on a private plot.
The special properties of the plant
Sucker silver different healing properties. Decoctions and infusions of this plant are widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of diseases of the heart and blood vessels, as well as an expectorant.
Wood tree The sucker is used to make furniture and musical instruments.
Plant leaves Loch contain a large amount of tannins, so they are used for dyeing fabrics and leather goods.
Of fruits lokhovnikov jam jam and make wine and tinctures.
Home care for the plant
The silver loch is unpretentious in the conditions of the house maintenance and does not demand creation of special conditions.
Before planting shrubs need to dig deep soil. If the soil is acidic, dolomite flour or lime should be added. In the roots of plants, nitrogen-fixing microorganisms develop, which enrich the soil with nitrogen. In this regard, the silver goof can grow even on poor soils.
Silver Loch refers to light-loving plantstherefore, it is planted in well-lit areas that are protected from cold wind and drafts.
Planting is carried out in spring and autumn. Since at this time in the soil contains a significant supply of moisture, the plant takes root very quickly.
Landing sucker is held in a pre-prepared landing. 0.5 meter deep pit, on the bottom of which a drainage layer of pebbles, expanded clay or fine gravel is laid. You should also put a mixture of organic and nitrogen fertilizer, wood ash and soil.
When planting, do not deeply deepen the basal neck. After planting, the plant is watered abundantly and a layer of mulch of sawdust or fallen leaves is laid to prevent evaporation of moisture and weed growth around the tree.
Annually in spring or autumn sanitary pruning is carried out, during which damaged and dry branches are removed. Once in 15 years, rejuvenating shrub pruning is carried out.
Lokhovnik watering is carried out only in hot dry weather. After watering the soil immediately mulch.
Reproduction sucker silvery
Shrub propagated by layering and cuttings.
This breeding method is very laborious and rarely brings a positive result. In the summer, harvesting is carried out. Rooting will require cuttings 15 centimeters long with four sheets. Before planting, they are treated with a solution of a biostimulant and planted in a tank filled with sand. Care is a systematic abundant watering and maintaining a constant air temperature.
In this way, the plant is propagated in the spring before the beginning of the period of active growth. In the lower part of the plant should choose strong healthy shoots. Layers bend down to the ground, fix and sprinkle with soil. After rooting, they are separated from the main plant and deposited.
Best time to land
The time for planting a silver sucker depends on the chosen method of its reproduction: seeds are usually planted in autumn (less often in spring), the division by layering is carried out in early spring, cuttings - in early summer.
As for planting seedlings, two options are possible: early spring or late autumn. The main thing is that by the time of planting the soil is as filled with moisture as possible, since the plant, especially at the initial stage, is in dire need of it.
Planting young seedlings
Agrotechnics planting seedling Loch silver suggests preparing a pit 0.5 m deep and 0.5-1 m in diameter (depending on the size of the seedling); drainage is placed at the bottom of it (sand, screenings, crushed stone or other material can be used for this purpose, which can protect the seedlings from rot due to stagnation of water), and then a layer of fertile soil extracted from the pit, mixed with compost, humus or sheet soil. You can add a little wood ash and 0.2–0.3 kg of double superphosphate to the soil.
Then a sapling is placed in the pit and gently sprinkled with the remaining earth so that the root neck is 5-8 cm deep. The distance between seedlings should be at least two meters.
Care in the process of growing the silver sucker
Further care of the silver sucker does not present any particular difficulties. This plant is not only unpretentious to the composition of the soil, but is also not affected by the pests and diseases that are most common in our climate zone. In order for the plant to develop well, it is enough to observe the conditions of irrigation and loosen the soil around the trunk (the last procedure can be avoided if the area has been previously ground with dry grass or sawdust).
The silver sucker is considered a drought-resistant plant, and yet it endures a long drought poorly, especially at a young age. This is due to the peculiarity of the structure of the plant's root system: being located near the surface, the roots cannot reach the deep layers of the soil and independently obtain moisture. Therefore, the lack of fluid due to the long absence of rain or too high temperature must be filled with moderate watering, while avoiding stagnation of water in the soil (surface roots of the sucker may undergo rotting processes).
Especially feeding the shrub is necessary only on very depleted and infertile soils. Usually fertilizers applied simultaneously with planting are sufficient for the normal development of the sucker throughout the year. Later, once a season, you can feed the shrub with organic matter (wood ash, compost, humus) and, if desired, double superphosphate. Loss silver does not need nitrogen fertilizers.
Trimming and Shaping
The sucker silver has a significant drawback - slow growth. However, if the soil is fertile, the plant can increase in height to half a meter per season and even more. Обрезку и формирование кроны оно переносит хорошо, поэтому, в зависимости от желания садовода растение можно оформить как штамбовое деревце, либо сохранить в форме кустарника.
Like people, the “haircut model”, which fits best into the design of your particular site, should be selected in advance, having thoroughly studied the photos of the most successful choker formation options.
Wintering sucker bushes silvery
The sucker silver is a frost-resistant plant: the cold it suffers much better than drought, therefore, it is necessary to think about the special preparation for winter only in the first year after planting the seedling in open ground, since the plant can really freeze before a firm rooting.
To protect the bush from frost, it is enough to cover it with needles, brushwood or other material for the winter. If the winter is snowy, you can nest a snowdrift around a young bush, this will save it from frost and provide moisture in the spring. However, in this case, it is imperative to make sure that the snow around the bush does not melt and does not become covered with ice.
In more severe climatic conditions, it is worth covering the silver sucker bushes not only in the first winter after planting, but also in subsequent years.
Use in landscape design
The silver sucker is a very beautiful shrub. Its original foliage of a metallic shade rests on branches, without changing color, almost until winter, but even after it has fallen, the large silver fruits remaining on the shrub give it a new unique charm.
Moreover, unlike other deciduous plants, the silver sucker retains its amazing decorative qualities even in winter, thanks to its strong branching and elegant lines, the plant does not look bare and lonely, especially if it is shaded by evergreen trees.
The silver sucker, thanks to the decoratively decorated crown, beautiful metallic shade of leaves and fruits, can add fashionable bright colors to the garden or flower garden design, which will be especially interesting if you plant it next to plants that have flowers or leaves of contrasting shades (dark green, red , golden, white).
Very good Loch looks in a group with conifers and shrubs (spruce, thuja, juniper). With the help of the sucker, you can also fix the slopes, to form artificial groves.
Silver Loch: description, photo
This thorny shrub with a medium-sprung crown resembles a tree in appearance. Height of an adult plant reaches 4-5 m.
Every year the tree grows 15 cm.
Its grayish branches are decorated with an openwork pattern, the leaves turn reddish in autumn. They are characterized by silvery scales and oval shape. The leaves of the shrub, very similar to eucalyptus, are kept on it until November.
In June-July, the silver loch blooms for 20 days. Yellow flowers of a plant of a round form, with pleasant aroma. They are placed rosettes of three flowers in the axil of the leaves.
The plant begins to bear fruit for 6-8 years after planting. The oval-shaped fruit is covered with silver scales, with a powdery, powdery pulp inside. Because of the fruits of the shrub nicknamed "silvery berries."
Subspecies and varieties of sucker silvery
There are approximately 45 species of this woody plant. They can be found in Europe, North America, Asia. The only species cultivated in Russia is the sucker is silvery. Along with him there are other types of shrubs.
Narrow-leaved lochalso known as the willow of jerusalem.
The height of the silver fox, which sheds its foliage, can be 10 m. This shrub bears fruit and yields edible fruit, is immune to drought and tolerates winter frosts.
Multiflowered Loch of Chinese and Japanese origin - it is a fruit and berry shrub that rises to a height of 2 m, blooms in May, bears fruit, ripens in early autumn and is vulnerable to frost and prolonged cold weather.
Planting sucker silvery
The plant is very light-requiring and needs a well-lit area, which is well protected from the wind. Best of all, the silver fox grows in elevated areas near the buildings.
The tree can be planted near roads: it is immune from heavy dust and smoke. Silvery Loch Shrub is afraid of strongly acidic soils, therefore the acidic earth at the site needs to be diluted with lime.
The plant is good because it does not have to be fed: the sucker improves the soil on which it grows!
A characteristic feature of the shrub is the fibrous root system located on the ground.
- Before planting a silver sucker, the territory for him must be deeply dug up, cleared of litter, stones, weeds.
- After digging the soil should be leveled with a rake.
- The wells under the plant are digging up to 1.5m wide and buried by 0.5m.
- At the bottom of the pits equip the drainage of rubble and expanded clay, so as not to stagnate water, which is a threat to the roots of the sucker.
- It is necessary to add compost or humus to the wells.
As a fertilizer, you can use a mixture of:
- 30 grams of nitrogen compounds
- 200 grams of double superphosphate and
- 500 grams of wood ash.
The silver sucker is planted in early spring, and in the late fall, when the ground is sufficiently wet and the seedlings take root well.
Optimally plant them at intervals of 2-3 m, deepening the top of the rhizome by 5 cm.
Planted shrubs need to generously pour and cover the surrounding soil with mulch. This will ensure the preservation of moisture in the ground on hot days, and also prevents the development of weeds.
Care for silver sucker after landing
It is very important to regularly water the shrub, especially on hot days.
When it rains, the plant gets enough water. Due to the fact that the silver sucker nourishes the soil itself, you can not feed it. But in order for the bush to develop better, abundantly and often bloom, it is necessary to enrich the soil with shrubs with tree ash and double superphosphate.
It is not necessary to feed the seedlings barely planted in the ground. This plant belongs to winter hardiness, but at very low temperatures its shoots sometimes die. In order to avoid damage to the shrub it must be insulated.
- when the fruit is gathered from the bush, it is surrounded with pegs, which are driven into the ground,
- pegs gently bend down to the ground and fix,
- The plant is covered with dry leaves, straw, sawdust and tied with foil.
Under this cover, which is visible in the photo, the shrub of the silver sucker is reliably protected from severe frosts until spring, with the onset of which you need to remove the insulation from it in time. Otherwise, devoid of air and under the influence of condensate, the silver sucker will begin to rot. Best shot at the end of April.
For a more aesthetic type of shrub need to control the growth of its root shoots. Silver chopper tolerates a haircut excellently, and it helps to form a bush. If the plant is properly placed on the site, all the rules for caring for him are followed, then it begins to bear fruit for 5-6 years.
At first, the fruits of the silver sucker are slightly up to 4 kg, but in a couple of years you can count on a harvest of up to 30 kg of berries annually. The taste of the fruit of the plant is unusual, reminiscent of pineapple and cherry. They are valued for the healing properties and vitality.
The berries are suitable for freezing, drying and eating fresh. Of them make jam, compotes, juices.
Reproduction by cuttings
This method of reproduction of the silver sucker is risky: usually no more than one third of the cuttings take root. Material for landing is prepared in the summer.
To this end, the shoots are cut into pieces approximately 15 cm long each, leaving 4 or more leaves on them. On slices of cuttings put crushed coal, after which the cuttings are immersed in solutionsCornevin" or "Epin».
Since the planting material is stored indoors on winter days, it is better to plant cuttings in containers filled with raw sand. The temperature in the room, where cuttings root in winter, must be maintained within 3-5C.
Reproduction by layering
This method allows the plant to propagate in early spring. At the bottom of the bark choose a healthy shoot, bending down to the ground, and pinch it with wire. Layers covered with earth and watered. It is simple to care for him - it is enough to water so that the earth is not too wet and does not dry out. A new plant is separated from the parent at the end of spring.
Reproduction of shrubs with seeds
Using this method of propagation of a plant, freshly harvested seeds are sown in September-October. You can plant them in the spring, if you stratify before planting. Seed stratification continues for three months at a temperature of 10 ° C. Autumn seedlings protect from the cold, covering with humus, foliage, sawdust.
Plant in landscape design
The landscape designer Loch Silver fell in love with the unusual color of foliage and the original shape.
It is used in single plantings or planted in company with other plants. This shrub is used to form color spots in the garden.
His foliage looks very interesting in a company with golden or red leaves. The plant often serves as a backdrop for perennials with white, colored or silver leaves. A special effect can be obtained using the sucker and coniferous plants.
Often there is a hedge of silver sucker. The groves, made only from its bushes, look impressive.
The most valuable component of the plant is a fruit-rich fruit that ripens in late September. They are known for their antiviral, antibacterial effect, have an astringent effect.
- Used as a diuretic, facilitate the flow of malaria in the patient, enhance memory.
- Shrub berries - helper for cores, they are used as a tonic and immunostimulant.
- When radiculitis, rheumatism, gout for treatment using infusions from the leaves of the sucker silver.
- At a temperature and cold - their broths.
- From the flowers of the sucker receive effective antihelminthic drugs and wound healing agents.
- They are prescribed for hypertensive patients, patients with fever, colitis, bronchitis.
Funds from the berries of sucker silver, foliage and flowers have almost no contraindications. But lactating and pregnant women should use them only as directed by a physician.
Loch silver in the design of the garden - like a diamond in the royal crown!
Buy a small silver sucker bush in Moscow or the Moscow region and plant on your site to make the territory more beautiful. The plant will give the garden a charming look and will be successfully combined with a variety of buildings.
Varieties and varietal forms
A loch is a genus of plants with at least 40 species. Among them are trees and shrubs. Especially valuable as an ornamental plant: its leaves have a beautiful silver shade.
In June and July, attractive fragrant flowers bloom. In August it forms edible fruits of rich chemical composition. The taste of the berries is pleasant, but they are rarely eaten because of the large bone and a small amount of pulp.
Attention. On the roots of these plants are nitrogen-fixing bacteria (like legumes), they enrich the soil, improving its composition and structure. Thanks to this feature, the sucker can grow even on the poorest soils.
The type of plants of the genus Loch, which has won the greatest popularity, is the silver loch. It is a shrub or a small tree with a height of not more than 4 m. Forms a spreading crown. The shoots are colored brown-red, the leaves are dense, leathery, silvery. The flowers are small, exude a strong honey aroma, bloom in mid-summer and last for about 20 days. The sucker silvery is a highly decorative plant, beloved by phytodesigners. Rate all the attractiveness of appearance is best in the photo. Above this species is a selection work, interesting varietal forms are derived:
When choosing a site, it is better to stop your choice in a well-lit place without a shadow, but partial shade is also possible. The composition of the soil sucker undemanding. If possible, try to protect the plant from the icy winds. Soil preparation is a deep digging. If necessary, on acidified substrates, make lime or dolomite flour. In very heavy and floating soils, sand is added to improve the structure.
Landing can be made both in the spring, and in the fall. A 50 x 50 cm planting pit is prepared, where fertile leaf soil, compost or humus are introduced. If the soil is clay, with the danger of stagnation of water, a drainage layer is arranged at the bottom of the pit. For this is suitable crushed stone, broken bricks and other materials. The root neck of the seedling is slightly buried (by 5-8 cm), the planted plant is watered abundantly, mulched with herbal mulch, compost, sawdust.
Plant care, fertilizer and fertilizing, susceptibility to diseases and pests
The sucker does not require any special tricks in the care. Mineral fertilizers are applied only on the poorest, depleted or degraded soils. In other cases, in the cultivated garden soil the plant feels very good. Once per season, feed with wood ash, compost or organic matter.
The sucker is distinguished by good frost resistance, only the shoots of the current year are frozen. However, in the middle lane, a device for a light cover for the winter is recommended.
The growth rate of the silver sucker is slow, it lends itself well to pruning. However, on very fertile soils the annual sprouts can be more than half a meter. You can form it in the form of a stem tree or shrub. Worth to see photos of well-designed suckers. The plant gives the root growth, in good conditions, abundant, requiring control. It is recommended to carry out anti-aging pruning at 15 years of age. Then the sucker, without losing decorativeness, will be able to grow 25-30 years in one place.
A prolonged lack of water is poorly tolerated: the root system is fibrous, superficial, unable to extract moisture from the deep layers of the soil. In hot weather and dry weather, watering is recommended. The silver sucker not only can develop on depleted soil, in areas with poor ecology, it still does not attract pests. Diseases common in our latitudes, it is also completely not affected.
You can multiply the sucker silver
- root suckers
- division of the bush.
Seed propagation most popular. Sowing is recommended in the fall - in September or October. Freshly harvested seeds show the best germination rate, but in general it lasts up to 2 years. Crops are recommended to mulch sawdust, humus or other material to protect from the cold. However, it is possible to sow in spring, but this is more laborious, since seedlings will not appear without stratification. This process in suckers is quite long - more than 3 months, it should be maintained all this time at a temperature of about 10 ° C.
To receive layeringIn early spring, choose a healthy shoot, located in the lower part of the crown. They bend it to the ground, pin it down and fall asleep with soil. During the growing season moderately watered. At the end of the season will form a new plant, ready for separation from the parent.
Breeding grafting quite difficult, according to experienced gardeners, rooted only 30% of planting material. The cuttings are harvested in summer: they cut shoots about 15 cm long with four leaves. Before disembarking, they are treated with rooting stimulants. Rooting is carried out in wet sand. It is convenient to place the cuttings in a box, since for the winter they need to be stored indoors, in the cellar, preferably at a temperature of 3-5 ° C.
The sucker silvery plant, absolutely undemanding in leaving. Its flowers have a pleasant aroma, the plant serves as a wonderful honey plant. In addition, it can enrich the soil with nitrogen. It is possible to decorate with success with it small areas, you only need to control the root growth.
Description of the sucker silver
The plant is more like a shrub, but in its height it can rather be attributed to the trees, as it reaches 4-5 meters. The sucker grows very quickly, adding annually by 15 cm.
- Sprigs of gray-brown color have an elaborate openwork pattern, becoming slightly reddish by autumn, which makes the sucker even more attractive and more decorative.
- The leaves are egg-shaped rather resemble silvery scales and eucalyptus foliage. Their color does not change until the leaf fall, until November.
- Flowering occurs in June and lasts almost 20 days. Flowers of yellow color are collected in bunches of three things and are in the leaf sinuses. The flowers are very fragrant, have a lot of nectar, so they attract bees to the site.
- Fruits in the form of an oval or a ball are covered with silver scales, sweetish and mealy to taste. Maturation occurs not earlier than the end of August - beginning of September. Only for 6-7 years you can see the fruiting of this plant.
The natural conditions in which the plant grows, allow the tree to quickly enter into force and form side lateral shoots in the fourth year of life. His birth is Ukraine, Central Asia, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan. The silver sucker is capable of forming impassable thickets, the so-called “tugai forests”, it also grows in urban conditions, perfectly cleans the air from gas pollution.
The main feature of the growth of doha is his love for the light, so choose a place for him on the site, you need based on these requests. Не будет проблем с близким расположением построек или автодорогой, он легко справляется с пылью, газом и другими выбросами современного города. По этой самой причине ландшафтные дизайнеры любят высаживать дерево лоха в парках, городских скверах, бульварах и дворовых территориях.
Under the conditions of the garden, it is better to choose a bright separate place for the sucker, protected by the wind, so that there are no other trees nearby, creating a shadow for it, then it will truly adorn the plantings.
The soil necessary for the sucker should not be strongly acidified, but if the earth is just like this, it must be lime. In the future, the sucker is able to serve himself on the subject of soil fertility and he will not even need to be fed. It releases nitrogen, thereby ensuring favorable growth conditions.
The root system of the shrub has a fibrous shape and is not located deep in the ground, so when planting a shrub, it is best to prepare it in advance:
- Requires deep digging of the soil and cleaning it from foreign objects: stones, weeds, and other debris.
- After digging the surface should be raked.
- Dig a landing pit at least one and a half meters in width, and half a meter in depth.
- Drainage is made in the pit with the help of small pebbles or expanded clay, this is necessary so that water does not stagnate in the roots.
- Compost and humus, 200 g of superphosphate, 500 g of ash, and 30 nitrogen fertilizers are brought to the bottom of the planting pit.
- The root neck during planting should be deeper into the ground by no more than five centimeters.
- After planting, the ground should be well watered and covered with a mulch of sawdust, mowed grass or other natural material. It will allow to keep moisture for roots longer, will prevent emergence of weeds.
That's all that is required for this beautiful shrub for a long period. Planting it should be done in early spring or late fall, this is due to the high moisture content in the soil, and this is what is needed for a good survival of the plant. If you plant several plants, then you should observe the necessary distance, not less than three meters from each other.
It is a tree shrub with a medium-sized crown. Science has 40 varieties of elegant wood. It reaches a height of 5 m, each year adds in the amount of 15 cm.
Gray branches of the sucker line up in an unusually beautiful pattern, changing the shade to the beginning of autumn to red. This feature is often used in landscape design. Egg-shaped leaves remain on the tree until mid-autumn, without changing color.
In the seventh year of life, the shrub begins to bear the fruits of a spherical shape. They are covered with silvery scales, and inside is a sweet flesh. However, the berries are rarely eaten.
In the first months of summer, the silver sucker begins to smell sweet and dissolve fragrant golden flowers, which are located in the axils of the leaves of 3 pieces each.
Growing a tree brings tremendous benefits to the health of the soil, since nitrogen-fixing microorganisms live on its roots, giving special enzymes to the soil and improving its structure. Therefore, the silver sucker is capable of settling down on the most poor land, delighting with flowers and fruits.
Gallery: silver sucker (25 photos)
To ensure a comfortable growth environment, choose areas that are well lit and protected from wind gusts. The most suitable place for planting a silver sucker bush will be a small hill next to the building. Since the plant with beautiful flowers and leaves easily copes with gas pollution and smoke, it is allowed to place it even along the roadway.
Make sure that the soil is not too acidic, as the shrub is not able to settle down on this ground. To reduce pH, use lime. This is one of the most important conditions. The loquate silvery root system is located on the surface and requires special soil preparation if you want a plant of beauty and longevity.
- Dig a pretty deep pit. Its width should be 1.5 m, and depth - 0.5 m.
- Clean the landing area from weeds and debris.
- The surface of the excavated land should be buried with a rake.
- Be sure to fill the bottom of the fossa with expanded clay and pebbles. If this is not done, the fluid will accumulate at the roots, which will lead to diseases of the leaves, branches and flowers of the sucker.
- It is also necessary to make a large amount of humus and compost.
- If possible, add nitrogen fertilizers, phosphates and wood ash to the pit.
- Deepen the sapling 5 cm and pour it abundantly. Scatter the mulch materials around the tree to protect the plant from parasites and weeds. In addition, this procedure helps to retain moisture during the drought.
It is possible to plant the sucker silvery both in the beginning of spring, and in the end of the autumn period. At this time, the soil is saturated with a large amount of moisture, which allows the plant to settle down more easily. Place the bushes 2.5 m away from each other if you want to decorate the garden with a whole colony of elegant wood. In the future, when the silver sucker masters in a new place, he will enrich the soil with nitrogen compounds. An established plant does not require feeding at all.
The silver sucker loves water very much, especially during dry seasons. When it rains, you can forget about watering. Trees themselves saturate the soil with useful minerals, so they do not need special feeding. However, if you want a better development, double superphosphate and ash should be introduced into the soil.
Silver foers well withstand cold, but in severe cold their shoots may die. To avoid this trouble you need to warm the crown of the tree.
- After all the flowers of the silver sucker are formed and assembled, stakes are driven in around the shrubbery.
- Next, the branches are bent to the ground and fixed with the help of ropes.
- Finally, it is necessary to wrap the tree in dry foliage or straw, and then covered with foil.
Now you can not worry that the sucker will suffer harsh winter. When the thaw comes, the protective matter should be removed at the right time (at the end of April), since the lack of oxygen and excess moisture will cause the branches and buds to rot. If an amateur wants his silver sucker to have a magnificent crown, he should conduct a timely process of arresting the branches. The tree itself is well tolerated by this procedure.
Subject to all the rules of location, care and planting in the fifth year, the plant will begin to generate fragrant fruits. At first they are few, but as the tree grows, it will be possible to harvest up to 30 kg of crop. The fruits have a specific taste, reminiscent of the synthesis of apple, pineapple and cherry. They contain a large amount of vitamin enzymes that have a medicinal effect. The berries are frozen, dried or consumed fresh. They are great for making juices, compotes and preserves.
The benefits of sucker silver
The most useful organ of a tree is its tasty fruit enriched with vitamins. They ripen in mid-autumn.
- In folk medicine, these berries are used as an antibacterial and astringent. In addition, they have a diuretic and expectorant effect.
- Consumption of the fruits of the sucker silver improves memory and helps to cope with signs of malaria. Shrub berries strengthen the cardiovascular system and tone up the body's cells.
- From the leaves of the tree make infusions, effectively coping with the manifestations of rheumatism, sciatica and gout.
- Broths are able to defeat colds and reduce body temperature.
- Medicine has learned how to synthesize wound healing and anti-impotence preparations from leaves and berries of the sucker. Such substances are used at elevated pressure and fevers. The drugs are effective when the patient suffers from bronchitis and colitis.
Infusions and decoctions based on flowers and leaves have no contraindications. However, pregnant and lactating mothers should consult a doctor before use.