The name lyre ficus was due to the shape of the leaves, similar to the lyre. Sometimes the plant is also called ficus violin. The unusual form of foliage and the overall spectacular appearance of the plant made it popular for growing both at home and in offices.
Occurs native flower from the mulberry family, found in nature in the African jungle. In the wild, the plant can reach 30 meters, but, of course, at home it grows much smaller. The maximum recorded height in the room is 2.5 meters.
We learn what conditions and care the plant needs for rapid growth and prosperous development.
Ficus lyrate or lyrate is an evergreen plant with a straight gray trunk with a rough, uneven texture, sparse branches, huge leaves. That foliage is the main decorative feature of the flower.
The leaves grow very large: sometimes their length reaches 45 cm. To the touch they are leathery, have a pleasant green tint, a shiny surface. The edge of the leaves is slightly wavy, the shape resembles a gracefully curved lyre (see photo).
The plant is also able to bloom, however, to observe this process at home can be extremely rare. And the flowers themselves are rather inconspicuous.
All work with lyre-like ficus should be done with gloves, because its milky juice is rather caustic and can cause severe allergies. The maintenance of this plant is not recommended if there are people in the house suffering from bronchial asthma.
Location and lighting
Tropical flower needs plenty of light. However, since in nature, the ficus grows on the lower and middle tiers of the jungle, it is not used to direct lighting, but scattered light. Optimum fit windows from the west, east side. On the south window, ficus will need shading: sunlight with direct contact is fraught with leaf burns.
On the north side, it is better not to plant the plant, since the light there will not be enough for him. However, if there is no other way out, provide additional illumination: especially in winter.
Tip: immediately determine where the ficus will stand. This plant does not like to change places, so it is very important to immediately find a permanent "angle" for it.
Ficus lyre is a thermophilic flower, therefore low temperatures are categorically inappropriate for it. The optimal range is as follows:
- summer + 20-25 degrees
- in winter + 15-20 degrees.
You can not allow sudden changes in temperature in the room where the ficus is located: the flower does not adapt well, so it reacts to such changes in a very negative way.
If the plant is large and stands on the floor, in winter, place a stand under the pot. Otherwise, the roots can be supercooled, which will lead to sad consequences. From drafts flower, too, must be protected.
Especially important is the optimum temperature in winter. We can not allow it to fall below +12 degrees: the ficus can not survive. Complicated situation if the plant is in a wet ground. But if the ground is dry, the ficus will be able to survive a short-term cooling even up to +10 degrees.
Lyric ficus is much better at high humidity. You can create tropical-like conditions by wiping the leaves with a damp cloth, sprinkling them, including a humidifier. You can also put a container with water next to the ficus. In winter, keep the plant away from working radiators: they are very dry air.
The composition and structure of the soil
Growing ficus should occur in the soil fertile, loose, having a neutral reaction. You can either buy a ready-made substrate, or, if you like, make it with your own hands. The following composition is optimal:
- turf soil - part 1,
- sheet soil - 1 part,
- perlite or coarse sand - 0.5 parts,
Add some charcoal to the cooked substrate.
Important: if you prepare the soil from the components taken from the street, be sure to calcine them or scald with boiling water. Otherwise, the plant may be infected by larvae of pests or fungi, viruses preserved in the soil.
We find out what kind of care is necessary for homemade ficus at home.
The ficus is very sensitive to watering, so at the moment it is necessary to pay special attention: the plant may die from improper moisture.
It is necessary to water a flower only if the soil dries in a pot. The optimal frequency in the warm season is 2-3 times a week. When watering, make sure that water earthen clod soaked well. In winter, watering should be less: once a week will be enough.
Use only water at room temperature or a little warm: the roots may get rotten from cold water. In addition, make sure that the water is defended before irrigation.
Ficus lyre is a fast-growing flower, so it requires quite a lot of nutrients. Especially needs a plant in nitrogen: the mineral is necessary for lush green, bright leaf color. The best source of nitrogen is urea: fertilizer should be used strictly according to the instructions.
Necessary plant and phosphorus. This mineral is good for the roots: it makes them stronger, more powerful, branched. A popular source of phosphorus is superphosphate fertilizer.
Potassium is also needed by the ficus: the mineral maintains the water balance in the tissues, improves immunity, helps to recover from diseases and injuries by pests. Wood ash is a good and environmentally friendly source of potassium. To prepare fertilizer with ash should be this way: in half a liter of boiling water, dilute half a tablespoon of the substance, insist a week.
It is also convenient to use complex mineral compounds, in which there are already all the micronutrients necessary for ficus. Florists advise such complexes as Rainbow, Biohumus, Bon Forte.
It is recommended to feed ficus during watering, the frequency of fertilizer application is twice a month during the active growing season.
As the ficus grows quite quickly, it needs pruning to maintain a beautiful, neat shape. Formation of the crown implies cutting of the shoots about 1 cm above the leaves. The procedure provokes the formation of new shoots, therefore, a more lush, bushy plant.
Use sharp scissors or pruning shears for cutting: cuts should be done at one time, avoiding breaking of the stems. Treat the sections after the procedure, sprinkling them with wood ash: this will protect the plant from infection in its tissue.
Attention: spring time is more suitable for the procedure, since it is the spring that the ficus is rapidly growing.
Adding quickly to growth, the ficus periodically needs a new, more spacious pot. When the plant is just the beginning of its life, the procedure must be carried out annually. In more adult age - once in 2-3 years.
To understand that the time has come for a regular transplant can be done along the roots sticking out of the drainage holes: this means that the earth bed is already completely braided. That is, there is no space left for further development for the flower. Pick up a new container so that its diameter is a couple of centimeters higher than the diameter of the old one.
If the ficus is bought in a store, it must also be transplanted into another pot. However, give the plant time to adapt, and after five to seven days you can repot.
Transplantation should be carried out very carefully, trying to prevent damage to the roots. It is recommended to water the plant well before the procedure: it will be much easier to remove it from the pot in this way.
Since the flower does not adapt well, after a transplant for a week or two, leave the ficus alone. Place the plant in a quiet, dark and moderately hot place. It should be watered during the adaptation period only as needed, and you should not fertilize at all.
Attention: it is better to conduct a scheduled transplant in the spring, unplanned will have to be done at any time.
Ficus lyre can theoretically be propagated in several ways:
In practice, usually used variant cuttings, at least - layering. But consider all the methods in more detail, so that you yourself can choose the right one.
This method is extremely long and is rarely used at home. In addition to the long wait, the process itself is still quite troublesome, time consuming. Seed propagation is therefore usually used only for scientific purposes.
If you choose this option, keep in mind that only after 2-3 months seedlings emerge from the seeds. And in order to bring sprouts to the level of an adult plant, it will take more than one year.
The most popular breeding variant of lyric ficus. Cuttings are made in spring: the mother plant must be healthy and fully grown. The length of the stalk should be 15 cm, have two or more leaves. Milky juice is removed from the cut, the stalk is dried for two hours. After drying, the lower part of the stalk is soaked in a glass of water.
Tip: To prevent the water in the tank from souring, add a tablet of activated charcoal to it.
In order for the sprouting of the roots to go at a faster pace, we also recommend adding a little stimulator to the water. The leaves on the handle are half cut off so that the plant does not spend on maintaining their strength, and directed them to the formation of roots.
Cover the container with a cutting of plastic to form a greenhouse microclimate inside. In a month, approximately the roots will grow back. The optimal size of the pot for cuttings of ficus - a diameter of 12 cm.
Rooting can be carried out immediately in the substrate: but the soil for this must be very light, loose and permeable. You can root in the wet sand.
Attention: according to the cutting principle, you can reproduce the ficus and leaf.
The second most popular breeding option for ficus. This method is more suitable for experienced flower growers.
To obtain high-quality cuttings choose a young shoot, which has not yet had time to woody. Bottom leaves are removed from it, and an incision is made about 5 cm from the base: a milky sap should go.
The appeared milk is washed off with water, then the incision is washed with a root stimulator. The incision site is covered with wet moss, then packaged in plastic wrap. In a humid, warm atmosphere, the roots will grow quickly, after which the cuttings can be detached from the parent plant. Then the young ficus is planted in a separate pot.
This problem occurs due to insufficient flower nutrition. Urgently feed the plant: in order for the ficus to recover faster, fertilizing needs to be done both root and extra root. In addition, it does not hurt to make sure that there is enough space in the plant pot: if the ficus is cramped, the foliage may also shrink because of this.
Most often, the ficus reacts in a similar way to a change in its place of stay. The plant has poor adaptive properties, so any change for him - a strong stress. Try to minimize the movement of the pot in the apartment, and carry out transplants according to plan.
If you notice brown small specks on the leaves, most likely the plant has a sunburn. Remove the ficus out of reach of direct sunlight, so that the problem no longer occurs.
Of all diseases, ficus lyre is most susceptible to fungal infections. The symptom of the fungus - dark streaks, suspicious scratches and bloom appearing on the surface of the leaves. The problem usually arises in the conditions of systematic waterlogging of the plant, its content in the cold, dampness. Get rid of the fungus with fungicides, disinfection. In severe cases, an unplanned transplant may be required.
Most often the flower is affected by aphids and spider mites. At home, it is convenient to use environmentally friendly decoction of cyclamen to combat harmful insects. However, if the damage is strong, it is better to take chemicals: Mavrik, Vertimek or others.
It is also good to get rid of aphids by washing the leaves with a tobacco-soap solution. To precisely kill the insect, you need to carry out the procedure weekly, until the result is achieved.
Tip: immediately isolate the pest-infected flower from other plants so that insects do not spread further.
We got acquainted with the conditions of cultivation of tropical handsome ficus lyre. Despite the rather capricious nature, care of this plant is not so difficult. Adhering to the tips from the article, you can easily grow a magnificent flower to decorate your own interior.
The ficus comes from the Mulberry family and grows primarily in the tropics. Much less often subspecies can be found in the temperate climate zone. Homeland is considered Southeast Asia. It is a useful plant. Practically all the ficuses are rubber (therefore the second name of the ficus is the rubber tree), some produce edible fruits, are used as a medicinal raw material.
Ficus - an ancient plant, which was known in ancient Egypt. He is about five thousand years old. During this time, he adapted to all living conditions, so it is not so difficult to maintain him. In India, the ficus is called the sacred plant, often found in temples. It is believed that he gives spirituality and enlightenment.
There are more than two thousand varieties of this tree.
Types of ficus
Of course, to list all two thousand species is not possible. Among the most popular and common: Benjamin's ficus, Melanie's ficus, creeping dwarf ficus, Lyric-shaped ficus, Natasha's ficus, Microcarpus ficus, Robusta ficus, Kinki ficus, Ficus Bengal, Ficus Moklame. All these varieties can be grown at home. In the content of ficuses there are both common moments and particular ones for each species. In more detail - about Fikus lyrata, or a ficus of lyre.
In captivity, lyre ficus grows to a maximum of two and a half meters. The tree has a straight, rough trunk with a brown-gray bark that is trimmed with leaves - wavy, large (up to 50 centimeters in length), dark green, with lighter veins. They can not be cut off. Lyric ficus larger than their comrades. Its flowers are not very beautiful, and large fruits, unlike fruits of some other species, are inedible, green. To achieve flowering of this plant is problematic.
Lyre Ficus: home care
This type of ficus is somewhat more capricious than others. Caring for them is more difficult, and under inadequate conditions Fikus lyrata will begin to shed its leaves. It is best to buy it in the warm season, in spring or summer.
The most important thing to remember is that all ficuses, including the lyre-like, are light-requiring. In nature, they fight for "a place under the sun", so in captivity you need to carefully consider where the plant will be located. His residence should be well lit, but protected from direct sunlight. In the winter evenings, the lyric ficus will not refuse from additional illumination.
The most ideal place is the western and eastern sides of the apartment. If you have a ficus pot from the south, then you need to do it at a distance from the window. Particular attention should be paid to the fact that if the plant has little light, the leaves will fall off and the roots will stretch, the tree will stop growing. As mentioned above, the ficus does not like neighbors, so there should not be any other plants next to it.
You can not put the pot straight on the cold floor, on the windowsill. In no case should not allow the overcooling of the tree, and also should avoid drafts. Lyric ficus is thermophilic, so the optimum temperature for it is not less than twenty degrees above zero (in the cold season, a drop to fifteen degrees is permissible). It reacts very painfully to temperature drops, to such an extent that dark spots can form on the leaves. The room where the plant stands, you need to systematically ventilate.
Caring for a ficus lyre-like means periodically spraying a plant and wiping its leaves with a rag, since it is quite sensitive to the issue of air humidity. If the ficus is too rich in leaves, you can do the following: tightly cover the soil with polyethylene and simply wash the plant. Water, which is wiped and sprayed with wood, must be clean, settled and room temperature - not cold in any case, without any impurities. To increase the humidity, you can also use a container with water, located near the ficus, or a humidifier.
Trimming Lyric Ficus
An indispensable condition for the normal existence of a tree is its pruning. This is done to ensure that the plant has correctly developed the crown, it was thick and branched. When extra shoots are removed, the lower buds are activated, which were previously “asleep”, but now they begin to grow.
The formation of lyric ficus takes place once every two to three years, more often it is not necessary. You can cut off not only the branches, but also the trunk, when it reaches its limiting size. We must remember that the incision is made diagonally on the trunk, and on the branches - straight. Орудовать можно как ножницами, так и секатором, главное, чтобы инструмент был продезинфицирован.
Важный момент: производить процедуру формирования кроны необходимо очень аккуратно. Фикус выделяет белый сок, который вызывает раздражение кожи. Therefore, it is best to work with gloves. If the juice gets on the leaves, they should be immediately wiped.
Proper irrigation of plants depends on the time of year. In summer it should be more abundant than in winter. It is necessary to endure such a time between watering, so that the soil of the plant is slightly dried (but not completely). Water, as in the case of spraying and wiping, must be warm and fill the entire surface of the pot. It is important not to pour the tree, otherwise it may die. Excess moisture drains into the pan, from there they must be drained.
Transplanting and feeding
Plant like mineral fertilizers. You can feed him every two weeks during warm seasons. Any mixtures for indoor plants will do, but it is best to give the ficus a dose lower than recommended in the instructions. It is not necessary to feed the tree during the cold season. It is also permissible to alternate between mineral and organic fertilizers.
Replant the plant advised in early spring. If it is young, this should be done annually, if an adult (a tree older than four years is considered as such) - in the event that its roots are no longer included in the pot. New capacity should be not much more than the previous one. Do not buy a pot whose size is twice the old one.
The most ideal soil for lyric ficus is a mix of peat, perlite and sand. Also suitable soil of peat, sand and leafy ground. You can either bring the right mixture yourself, or buy a ready-made substrate in the store. Adult plants require a denser soil than younger ones, so they can be supplemented with humus or sod. Also in the ground put bone meal. At the bottom of the pot must be drainage, usually from charcoal, expanded clay, broken bricks.
Before you transplant the plant, you should water it well - then he will part with the old “house” without any problems. Carefully, in order not to accidentally hit the roots, the ficus must be taken out and transferred to a new pot. Then you can add pre-prepared land.
Diseases and pests
The main disease of lyciform ficus is considered to be a fungus. It is characterized by the appearance of dark spots and dots on the leaves of the plant. Special chemicals help to fight fungal infections, but the best thing is not to bring it up, but to prevent the disease - with appropriate humidity and temperature conditions, the ficus fungus will not be affected.
The tree suffers from spider mites. The leaves turn yellow, they speckled specks. This can be prevented by simply keeping sufficient moisture in the room with the tree. In addition, it is permissible to periodically process the plant with special solutions. Another infection, the mealybug, is eliminated with alcohol. You just need to wipe the ficus with a tampon soaked in it.
Ficus leaves may turn yellow due to changes in temperature, low light, too wet soil. For all of this you need to constantly monitor closely.
Can I keep at home ficus
It would seem that the ficus is a wonderful plant that is not only very beautiful, but also capable of purifying the air. Of course, you need to breed it! However, there are many different signs. So, some believe that the ficus contributes to the development of vices - envy, jealousy. Slavic beliefs said that in the house where there is a ficus, there is no love. Ficus is also called undesirable for single women - allegedly he drives away possible cavaliers.
But all foreigners, on the contrary, say only good things about the ficus. He is considered an ideal plant for strengthening family relationships, as it has a positive effect on the atmosphere in the house. The Chinese believe that the ficus gives comfort and helps in solving family problems and needs, as well as cleans the aura of negative influences. And the ficus helps to get pregnant because it is the keeper of the home.
To start or not to start a ficus, to believe or not to believe in one way or another, everyone decides for himself. But one thing is indisputable: it is a truly spectacular plant that will please the eye all year round.
The variety was bred in 1956. It has a compact crown, the leaves reach a length of 34 cm.
Ficus lyrate has a positive effect on the energy of the house, improves mood. Since ancient times, it was noticed that people who grow this tree in their homes are less likely to get sick, recover faster.
In order for family relationships to be harmonious, as well as to add a family, it is believed that in the bedroom you need to put a pot with a ficus.
How to care for lyre-ficus at home?
When choosing a location, preference should be given to placing near the window. The plant needs high humidity, but when watering the soil substrate on the surface of the leaves brown spots appear, then the leaf blades fall. Ficus leaves should be regularly cleaned with a damp, soft cloth.
When caring at home, the optimum temperature should be in the range of + 18 ... + 24 degrees. A young tree is transplanted in the spring, when the roots are cramped in their pot. Ficus, which is older than 4 years, transplanted 1 time in 3 years.
Initially, you need to cut rotten and broken roots. A new pot should be more than the previous one by 20%. For a large plant you need to buy a steady heavy capacity.
Ripened tops of shoots should be cut once a year. In winter, the plant needs additional illumination, in the room it is necessary to maintain a temperature of about +15 degrees.
The leaves turn yellow and fall: what to do?
The reasons for this phenomenon:
- Change of temperature, irrigation, light regime.
- The pot does not match the size of the ficus.
- Nutrient deficiency.
- The pot should be in a permanent place, it can not be transferred from a warm place to a cold one.
- It is recommended to replant no more than 1 time per year.
- Avoid direct sunlight, and in the winter time to organize additional lighting with special lamps.
- New capacity should be more than the previous 20%.
- Ficus feed complex fertilizers.
Crown formation and trimming
The main purpose of cutting ficus lyrate is to stimulate the formation of lateral shoots. When the tree reaches a height of 70 cm, the tip is cut above one of the internodes. Thick shoots should be cut diagonally, thin - straight. The knife or razor needs to be sharpened and sanitized.
Other crown formation methods:
- nipping the top - one sprout is formed,
- The tip is bent to the surface of the soil and secured. After the formation of lateral shoots, the plant returns to its original position,
- the trunk of the tree needs a third to pierce the needle to stimulate the formation of additional shoots.
How to transplant?
After buying ficus lyre for 2 weeks passes adaptation. For planting use a special soil substrate. Initially, the roots should be completely cleaned from the transport ground. The pot is purchased based on the size of the root system. To facilitate the regulation of the mode of irrigation at the bottom of the pot pour a layer of drainage.
Ficus is replaced in the spring (in April). The pot is selected with a diameter of 2 fingers more than the previous one, the optimal material for the manufacture of the container is clay.
How to multiply lyre ficus?
It is best to propagate the apical cuttings. For this, ¾ of the area of the leaf blade must be cut to prevent evaporation of moisture. The stalk is placed in a container with water, after 30 days the roots are formed. After that, the seedling is planted in a pot with a soil substrate.
Also, the tree propagated by air layering. To do this, on a growing shoot (lateral or central) 15–25 cm long, leaves are removed, leaving 1–2 pieces and a growth bud. The length of the bare area should be about 10 cm. Under the sheet node located in the center of the site, make a notch. This place is wrapped in pre-moistened moss, on top of a polyethylene film, the edges are fixed with wire. After the formation of the roots of the shoot cut, planted in a special soil substrate.
Variety of species
In natural conditions, more than a thousand species of this plant grow. Their main difference is the height and size of the leaves. At home, bred several varieties of lyric ficus:
- "Columnaris" - differs in the big sizes and kolonovidny form. It is used for decoration of spacious halls and offices, since it takes a lot of space and in a short time it reaches a great height.
- "Little Fiddle" - Lyric ficus medium size,
- "Bambino" - compact dwarf plant, which is perfect for keeping at home.
It should be noted that this species does not tolerate the neighborhood of other colors, so it is recommended to place it separately.
Lirata from the tropical forests of Africa. In nature, it reaches 13 m high At home, pruning the crown, achieved a compact form of the tree. Growth can also be reduced by placing the ficus in a small pot. On average, it grows up in height of 2.5-3 m.
The name ficus "Lirat" was due to the similarity of the leaf with the silhouette of the lyre. It has wide leaves with distinct veins and wavy edges. Streaks of light green color stand out against the dark background of the sheet.
The base of the leaf is narrower, the top is rounded. Leaf grows 35-50 cm long and 22-25 cm wide. The surface of the sheet is glossy, requiring constant care.
Foliage it is necessary to spray every 2-3 days or wipe with a damp cloth. The trunk of the ficus "Lirat" is straight, rough, brown in color with a gray tinge. Rare aerial roots depart from the trunk, eventually growing into the ground.
Care after purchase
Before buying ficus "Lirata" you need to decide where it will be. He does not like to move.
This can cause foliage drops. As a permanent place suitable solar space, which is constantly aired. Direct sunlight should not fall on the foliage. It is best to place the pot at a distance 1-1.5 m from the window.
Be sure to transplant the tree in the new soil, as the store soil is not suitable for permanent growth. It is necessary to transfer into a new pot carefully, without destroying an earthen room and without breaking the root system. Do this no later than 5 days after the purchase. After transplantation, special attention should be paid to soil and air moistening.
Since “Lirat” is from tropical forests, watering should be abundant. Pour water until it appears in the pan, the excess remove after 20 min. Moisturize the soil when the top layer dries.
Optimum air humidity for ficus lyre – 70%. To maintain the humidity of the air regularly spray the leaves. In winter, wipe them with a damp sponge. You can also put a container with water next to the tree.
Ficus blooms rarely. The flowers themselves are homely. They are hollow spherical inflorescences - syconia, inside which are male, female and gall flowers. Poll is a wild wasp.
They enter the inflorescence through a hole at its top. At home, even with rare flowering, pollination does not occur.
Lyric ficus is in demand for home gardening thanks to its unusual leaves. But he is capricious: from factors unfavorable to it, the ficus sheds leaves and because of this its decorative effect is lost.
Therefore, the flower needs a comfortable, close to natural, conditions for growth, which depend on:
- the right temperature for keeping it
- room humidity
Description, the nuances of growing
In the natural habitat, the ficus lyroid with a height of 12 m is an epiphytic plant that lives in the lower tier of tropical forests under the broad crowns of trees and quite often blooms. At home, the culture does not exceed 1.5 m. Leathery leafy plates of green color are attached to the shoot in a spiral-like manner with the help of petioles. The culture in the residential environment does not like to be in company with other representatives of the flora and pleases flower growers only with beautiful greens, without having the ability to form buds and bloom.
Ideal conditions for keeping ficus
Undemanding plant, ideal for planting green space for various purposes, but in order to maintain the high qualities of the decorative needs to create optimal conditions for the content.
- Lighting and location. To prevent the plant from being affected by direct sunlight in the summer, when the sun is too active, it is recommended to place a pot with it on the windowsills of the east and west directions. Duration of daylight hours for active vegetation of ficus is 8 hours, therefore, with its reduction and the absence of additional lighting of the culture, a stage of stagnation is noted.
- Requirements for the ground. The composition of the soil ficus lyre is undemanding, but requires a loose structure and good drainage of the soil. To make a suitable soil mixture for a flower grower, it is enough to take sod land, peat and sand in a ratio of 3: 1: 1.
- Temperature. Creation of comfortable conditions for the growth of ficus-lyciform provides for maintaining the temperature regime during the summer period at the level of 22 - 25 ° C, and in the winter - 16 - 18 ° С. A thermophilic plant does not tolerate temperature changes and lowering the mercury table of the thermometer below the value of 12 ° C. This can lead to the development of leaf disease.
- Humidity. The inhabitant of the tropics likes an increased level of humidity, which is easy to provide by organizing an additional spraying of green ficus, as well as installing a container with water next to the pot. To maintain the cleanliness and beauty of the leaf plates, you should clean them of dust with a soft sponge.
Planting and transplanting
It is necessary to replant the ficus "Lirat" every spring. Adult tree transplanted once in 2 years. The pot is chosen a little more than the previous one. The bottom must be laid drainage. For this you can use expanded clay or charcoal.
After the transfer of ficus to the new soil fertilizer must be made. In the spring and summer months fertilize the soil once every 14 days.In the autumn sufficient once a month. In the winter months it is worth refusing to fertilize the soil.
Benefit and harm
When contacting the plant, it is advisable to use protective gloves. Ficus juice can cause an allergic reaction.
But still this tree plant does more good than harm.
On the basis of the juice of lyric ficus produced a lot of drugs and ointments. They are used to treat female diseases. Hemorrhoids, sciatica, osteochondrosis, arthritis are also treated.