Each modern well-furnished cottage is necessarily decorated with either a garden or various kinds of flower gardens. At the same time, the size of the summer cottage should not be huge at all in order to embody even the most audacious ideas. Nothing prevents and to create something beautiful, unusual and elegant in a small area. For example, a miniature alpine slide, which is easy to make with your own hands when using the available materials, even by novice gardeners.
Such a compact rock garden has several advantages over the usual flower garden. Firstly, it looks much more original. Secondly, it takes up little space, and, thirdly, it does not require complex care. For those who seek to master the arrangement of alpine slides, the creation of a miniature version will be a great practice.
What is the difference between rock garden and rock aquarium?
Rock garden and rockeries are two different ways to design a flower bed, which have much in common. Due to the large number of identical characteristics, sometimes even gardeners with great experience are confused in these terms. Both of them represent a flower garden, for arrangement of which flowers and stones are used. What is the main difference between them?
Rockery is a garden of stones in its purest form. Creating it, apply exclusively one breed of stones. They are laid in two ways: chaotically, without observing any order, or in parallel rows. It helps to create a visual effect of wildlife. The secondary element of the composition are plants and flowers, which in this case serve only as a natural floral background.
It is the role of plants in the flower garden and is the main distinguishing feature between the alpine slide and rock arias. In this form of stone garden, like rock garden or mini rock garden, the main focus is on the plants. His composition consists of various types of colorful, unusual colors and their combinations, turning the flower garden into a small magical world, from which it is impossible to take your eyes off.
Rockery differs from the alpine slide by focusing on the natural beauty of the stones, the flowers in this case serve only as a supplement
The perfect place to create a small rock garden.
Also, when choosing a place for a rock garden, it is important to consider not only how it will look, but also pay attention to other points related to its placement:
- Illumination. The place must be sunny so that the plants receive the necessary amount of light. A shaded place will cause the flowers to fade and stretch.
- The lack of a number of trees and drainpipes. When the flower bed is under a tree, the leaves from it will crumble and spoil the appearance of the whole composition. Rainwater from the drainage system can cause erosion of the ground.
- In the flower garden should be placed "neighbors" who get along with each other and have similar conditions of care and cultivation.
Options for the execution of a small alpine slide
Getting to work on a miniature rock garden with your own hands, you need to think about the choice of style in which it will be decorated, it completely depends on the desires and imagination of its creator. Photos of the most spectacular and colorful mini-rock gardens can help to focus on a particular option, for example:
- Common alpine slide in miniature. It is a stepped design that is installed directly on the ground. It can be a wonderful decoration of the whole flower garden.
- Mini-rock garden, combined with the pond. The amazing effect is achieved due to the presence of even a small bowl at the base of the stones, which will imitate a body of water. Such an element of the composition will make it even more charming and attractive. A supplement in the form of a mini-waterfall or a fountain will make this place the most attractive throughout the country territory.
- Small alpine slide in a flowerpot. The perfect solution in the absence of free land. You can always find a lot of photos of such mini-rock gardens and not only in flowerpots, but also in other various containers.
Materials for clearance
To create a small, very simple alpine slide, even beginning gardeners do not need a lot of skills and great efforts. The main thing - to tune in a creative way. The process itself does not take much time, since the mini-rock garden is a completely small and easy project.
Organic stone laying creates the impression of a natural landscape.
If you decide to build a small rock garden with your own hands, you will need quite a bit of material that is exactly at any country house:
- several large stones
- ceramic shards.
Sometimes even old sinks or pots with holes can act as scrap materials. They also really transform into a true floral masterpiece.
To make the composition more interesting and original even with a minimum of vegetation, one should prefer stones with an unusual shape and color. Cobblestones common gray color is desirable to surround with gravel of different shades or bushes with bright blooms.
Choosing plants for a small alpine slide
What plants will be the composition of a mini-alpine slide, is determined by the area that the latter will occupy. In the case of small areas, miniature plant species are also required. The most suitable are conifers of dwarf sizes, as well as rocky species, which grow slowly. Among them you can choose:
- erica grassy
- subulate phlox.
If we want to dilute the composition with bright colors, we should plant low-growing plants that have small flowering, for example:
In the case when a mini-garden of stones will not remain for the winter, then it is permissible to include cacti and succulents in its composition, for example, jade or agave. A miniature rock garden in a flowerpot with the arrival of autumn is enough to remove from the street into the room.
The sequence of creating a mini-rock garden for novice gardeners
In various sources you can find a lot of schemes and step-by-step instructions with photos on the creation of mini-rock gardens. The simplest sequence of actions that is easy to translate into reality and a novice in gardening, is as follows:
- marking of the site for mini-alpine slides,
- placing the stones and fixing them in the ground,
- planting plants between the stones.
Starting the arrangement of the flower garden, it is necessary to remove all weeds and roots from the plot intended for it. It will save time and energy in the future.
Since the mini-rock garden occupies a small area, a pit of about 50 cm in depth will suffice. A similar hole should be dug in the place where most of the stones are planned to be located, and fill it with drainage. As the latter, normal non-toxic debris may be suitable. After compaction, it is covered with earth. It is important to produce intermediate watering of the earth with water, which is added in layers. Such a measure contributes to better compaction and prevents subsidence of your creation in the future. To mark the levels of rock garden, used twine and stakes.
Placement of stones
Quite often in the middle of the flower bed have one of the most impressive stones. It is installed on a special substrate, which is buried in the ground so that its base is flush with the ground. The support may be a plaster bowl or a substrate made of cement mortar. First you need to install a support in the right place, drowning it in the ground, and then lay a stone on it. It is possible to make placement of a stone reliable, having resorted to the help of cement mortar or plaster.
Further, on a similar principle, you should do the placement and securing of smaller stones. When creating an alpine mini-slides most often used: shell rock, dolomite and tuff. Particularly elegant look patterns with a natural color and structure, although modern methods of landscape design allow the coloring of stones, the appearance of which is badly combined with the overall composition. Usually, doing design of miniature rock gardens, try to use small samples of stones of the same color range, but it is quite possible to use bright colors that create a contrast to the main background. This will give gloss and elegance to the flower garden.
Stones that have an even and flat shape should be laid out in layers, and round ones should be placed one or more together in addition. The main thing is that the number of stones in the group should be odd, and it is necessary to focus on one of them.
In the process of placing and installing the stones, it is important to leave a space between them, which will later be occupied by plants selected for the mini-rock garden. These intercalamen gaps must be filled with fertile soil. Planted plants and flowers can be not only between, but also around the stones. First of all, the largest plants should be placed. As for dwarf trees that have a sufficiently powerful root system, they must be planted when the first stones are still being laid. At the end, medium and small plants are planted. At the end of all the work flower garden is worth watering. After that, it remains to put the last designer touches. To do this, you need sand, small pebbles and any elements of garden decor.
How to install a miniature pond
However, you can build such a container yourself from scrap materials, such as an old pelvis. First you need to knead the cement solution with a consistency similar to sparse sour cream, and add to it small crushed stone. Inverted pelvis should be evenly coated with the mixture with a layer with a thickness of 1-2.5 cm.
When creating a rock garden with a pond, it is not at all necessary to purchase expensive structures, you can use unnecessary containers, for example, a bath or a basin
Not be amiss to create additional decor. They may be a pattern, scratched on the outside, or lined mosaic. Ceramic shards, broken glass, seashells and tile tiles are suitable for the mosaic. Decor should be made when the cement mortar is still wet. In this embodiment, it is not necessary to add crushed stone to the solution.
Now you should prepare a place to install the dried container. To do this, a pit is dug, at the bottom of which expanded clay or gravel is poured as a drainage, in a layer of 5-7 cm. The capacity itself is set into the pit. On the edge of the created pond, you can beautifully put small pebbles.
Below are a number of useful recommendations that will help avoid novice gardeners mistakes when making a mini-rock garden:
- The right choice of plants. Playing an important role in the composition, not all flowers are suitable for this type of flower garden. For example, ordinary garden flowers, such as phlox or daylilies, do not look the best way among a pile of stones. It should be noted that for garden types of flowers, extensive open spaces are required, while at a mini-rock garden the soil is rather poor. As a result, the plants simply can not normally exist. Your choice of plants for a miniature alpine slide should be stopped on those species that have compactness and winter resistance.
- The final overall view. When planning a future mini-flower garden, it is important to consider how it will look in the end. The higher the hill, the more stones should be in its composition. So, plants, especially in the upper tier, will be protected from freezing. Everything turned out right, if your creation resembles a mountainous landscape with rocky stones, fertile gentle slopes and shaded hollows.
Choosing a place for an alpine slide
When choosing a place for an alpine slide, it is important to consider the following conditions:
- Open location - the slide should be visible from all corners of the garden.
- The rock garden is located on a bright, sunny, not shaded by tall trees, place.
- It is better to build a rocky hill in a place isolated from the wind.
In landscape design there are many styles of garden design, including elements of the desert landscape, stony gardens, ponds and bridges, which must be in harmony with the erected slide.
The device slides with their own hands most preferably in the design of the garden. With independent work, you can avoid high costs for the services of a landscape architect. Having step-by-step photos and schemes of arrangement of a hill, it will not be difficult to perform works on the construction of a rock garden with your own hands.
Alpine slide - preparation
First you need to determine the place on the site where the slide will be located. Nearby must not grow perennial shrubs and trees, which can eventually shade the plants on the hill. A place open to all sides of the garden must be dry. The high level of groundwater will adversely affect the durability and strength of the base of the slide. The groundwater level in this case is required to be lowered by means of special drainage.
Drainage under the alpine hill with their own hands (step by step guide).
- The drainage device begins with digging a pit, the dimensions of which are equal to or slightly larger than the area of the hill. Before you should make a markup with the installation of pegs and pulling the cord. The degree of reliability of the drainage depends on the durability and strength of the construction of the slide, therefore the depth of the pit should not be less than 0.8 m.
The scheme of arrangement of the alpine hills
While natural shrinkage of the soil occurs, you can make a diagram, determine the location on the hill of boulders and stones, choose the type of vegetation for planting. To create a rock garden you will need:
- natural stones, including - pebbles,
- coarse sand,
- ornamental plants and flowers, including miniature trees and shrubs,
- sphagnum moss.
The scheme and the detailed plan for the creation of a rock garden should take into account that the construction of the slide is carried out at a height of 1 to 3 m.
Tip With a height of rock garden over 1 meter, a slider core device is required.
Alpine slide is a very unusual element of the garden, changing its appearance several times during the season.
Stones for rock garden - choose the right
Usually, natural stones of rocks are used in the construction of slides: basalt, granite, sandstone, limestone, as well as rare rocks characterized by low porosity and strength. It is undesirable to use tuff, shell rock and dolomite for the device. These rocks strongly absorb water, as they are porous, so the stones quickly collapse.
Of great importance are the shape and color of stones. It is worth avoiding round-shaped stones, as well as overly acute boulders. Stones of different tones look harmoniously only on a certain type of alpine hills. The classic version of the arrangement of the hill involves the use of stones of the same breed, but of different shapes.
They have stones on the hill in such a way that the edges in the viewing area have the most attractive shape. It should disguise the stones with defects, placing them in the most favorable way. Stones should be laid taking into account size and weight, following the most harmonious appearance of the slides being created. Stones should be placed randomly, most naturally, therefore it is better not to use stone blocks and artificial boulders made industrially.
Alpine hill do it yourself - selection of plants
The device of the alpine slide, especially the selection of plants, requires additional knowledge about plant varieties and agricultural technology. Plants are selected depending on the type of slides. A rocky hill for sunny places requires certain drought-resistant plants. The classic version of rock garden provides for planting miniature trees and shrubs, perennial grasses and flower crops.
Perfectly established themselves when planting in rockeries: fescue, lavender, rock crab, geranium, stonecrop, iberis, young, backache. Finely-bulbous plants planted on small stony grounds, planted in small groups: crocuses, Scylla, miniature hyacinths, low-growing tulips and hazel grouses. Small-leaved plants dissolve flowers in spring, when few more plants bloom and the hill looks unpresentable. Everything changes when bright, blooming crocuses appear from under the snow.
To create a highly decorative slide, it is required to provide for planting of perennial plants with different flowering periods. Then the slide will look unusual and decorative throughout the period. A riot of colors of flowering plants will delight the eye from spring to autumn.
It is especially important to consider the height of the plants used when planting in rockaria. Слишком высокие экземпляры не должны угнетать низкорослые сорта, тем самым влияя на их полноценное развитие. Яркие растения следует располагать на переднем плане, в зоне обозрения.
The basis of the composition are miniature trees, especially conifers: spruce, juniper, cypress, pine. These plants have a different shape of the crown and look great on an alpine slide.
Ornamental flowering shrubs used for Alpine gardens: rhododendrons, Erica, blueberries and lingonberries.
Of the perennial cultures perfectly complement the alpine slide: Badan, astilbe, daylily (short), drooping reed.
How to care for rock garden?
In the first year, it will take several times to fill up the soil, which is washed out during irrigation and precipitation, and also to produce, if necessary, the strengthening of stones. Viewing various videos and photos taken by professional landscape designers will help you do this work correctly. The soil is gently poured and compacted.
Plant care is the timely watering, removal of faded flowers, damaged leaves, pruning. During the season several plants should be fertilized with appropriate fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers should not be used, they cause rapid growth of the plant, which, when planted on a hill, should be avoided.
Tip Do not overfeed on an alpine hill. Plants should not be overgrown.
Watering plants carefully produce from a hose or watering can with a sprayer, while ensuring that the soil is not washed away.
Loose and falling stones, it is desirable to strengthen.
If necessary, the plants are treated with means of pests. Sick plants that cannot be cured need to be removed, replacing the soil at the growth site.
When transplanting plants, you can use a special drug, epin, to relieve stress.
Alpine slides in landscape design
Registration of park areas more often includes the creation of decorative rock gardens. Rockery is a continuation of rocky gardens, in perfect harmony with ponds, bridges, decorative lanterns, lawns and vertical gardening. Creating an alpine slide with your own hands on the dacha, perfectly decorate the area, will bring charm and diversity to the landscape design of the site.
Alpine Hill: photo
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I especially liked the option on the photo "Alpine slide surrounded by a lawn", it looks so fabulous! The waterfalls are also beautiful, but it will be difficult for me ... Everything is written very detailed and understandable, but I have a question: where do they usually take stones to create an Alpine slide and how to calculate the desired amount (number) of stones?
Everything is so beautifully done, I want to try it myself, but I'm afraid it will not work out so masterfully. But one thing is very interesting: did you try to sow Chinese seeds for a lawn? I ordered the seeds on the online store, but I don’t know how to do everything so that the lawn grows beautifully. My site is also beautiful, but to such an extent. Alpine slides look very elegant, I really want such a plot.
The distinctive features of the alpine slide
The first mixed compositions of wild-growing exotic plants and stones appeared in Europe in the second half of the 18th century. The desire to recreate the natural uniqueness of the wild nature, determined the choice of green spaces - preference was given to the representatives of the flora that were not cultivated by breeders. The plants of the mountainous alpine regions were perfectly suited for this purpose. The meadows, located at a height of 2 to 3 thousand meters, were abundant in various undersized vegetation, including ground cover species forming “grass cushions”. Slightly lower, at an altitude of 1.5 to 2 thousand meters, century-old coniferous forests grew in the subalpine belt. The brought plants were distinguished by their particular unpretentiousness and frost resistance, since rather severe climatic conditions are characteristic of mountainous areas - the possibility of frosts is not excluded during the year.
So, thanks to the natural habitat of plants - the Alpine ridge, artificially created compositions of greenery and stone blocks got their name. The design of the alpine slide is fundamentally different from other areas for the cultivation of flowering plants, and a feature not only in the presence of stones. For example, rockeries (rocky hill), also suggests that a significant part of the soil surface is occupied by relatively large stones, arranged in a chaotic manner. The principal difference between these two types of flower beds is that the landscape composition of rock garden imitates a mountain landscape, with the center of a group of stones, surrounded by small platforms (terraces) with plants typical of mountainous terrain.
It is the correct, harmonious selection of plants - flowering, shrubs, conifers and their successful composition on stone terraces that distinguish the alpine hill from other flower gardens.
Technology create alpine slides do it yourself
Depending on the occupied area, the rock garden can be the most varied - starting with miniature fragments occupying no more than 1 square meter, ending with the largest, located on dozens of square meters. The size of the flower bed should be proportional to the size of the plot and depends on the overall landscape. Directly from the area of the alpine slide depends on its height - on a small space does not make sense to imitate the mountain slopes. As a rule, in mini-rock gardens with an area of up to 3 sq. M, elevation is not erected, with an area of 6-10 sq. M - simple alpine slides, the height is allowed up to 1 m. We suggest to consider the technology of creating an alpine slide with your own hands process at logical stages, will help to better comprehend and plan an independent device rock garden.
Video "Alpine hill with their own hands"
Site selection and planning
When thinking about how to make an alpine slide with your own hands, it is important to understand that the only requirement that it must meet is an imitation of the mountain landscape and its specific vegetation. And how to achieve this, what tools will be needed, what plants to pick up - depends only on your design and on the specific backyard. You can build an alpine slide with your own hands in almost any part of the garden, but most often it is placed near the front side of the estate. If you wish to grow light-loving species, the chosen place should be well lit. Regardless of the location, the stone composition should be in harmony with the general style of the backyard, the main buildings and be easily visible.
The variety of the composition created largely depends on the terrain features. The ideal option is the presence of natural irregularities or a steep slope on the backyard area, which will make it possible to build tiered terraces in harmony with the overall design. If the terrain is flat, the mound with the stones will have to be created artificially. After the final choice of location, it is necessary to determine the size and total area, which is planned under the rock garden. To present the future construction directly on the ground, wooden pegs hammered along the perimeter and a string stretched between them will help.
Selection of stones and earthworks
More often than others, when creating a rock garden using their own hands use granite, sandstone or limestone, but it is advisable to choose one type of stone, maximum two. Basic Requiredqualities: durability, moisture resistance, durability and naturalness. It is important to remember that our goal is to recreate a miniature copy of the natural mountain landscape, so it’s better to discard artificial materials.
For the design of stone protrusions, granite is better suited, and if necessary, the construction of terraces or paths, pay attention to the layered sandstone slabs.
It is not necessary to supplement the mountain composition with ideally smooth boulders, if the construction of a landscape waterfall is not foreseen.
The “old” stones with traces of destruction, cracks and chips look very impressive, and in order to emphasize naturalness, they are selected in different sizes and colors.
Creating an attractive rocky flower garden with your own hands requires a long and painstaking preparatory work, including:
- ground preparation,
- creation of a drainage layer,
- selection and layout of large stones,
- cooking earth mixture
- planting vegetation,
- layout of small stones.
To proceed directly to the construction of an alpine slide, preferably at the end of spring or in the first half of summer, in this case, by the time the plants are planted in autumn, all the works will be guaranteed to be completed. Planning time, do not forget that for the natural shrinkage of the soil will take 3-4 weeks. Before the start of earthworks, it is recommended to draw the most detailed plan of the mountain composition with the exact indication of the location of large stones, terraces, paths and green spaces and their sizes.
The first step of practical work is excavation from the inside of the rock garden marked on the ground. It is enough to dig a ditch with a depth of 20 cm, while the roots of weeds are carefully removed from the removed fertile soil layer.
The second step - the device of the drainage layer. As a drainage, you can use crushed stone fraction 20x30 mm, expanded clay or broken brick, the thickness of the created layer is 15-20 cm. A planting mixture prepared from excavated soil, peat and broken stone mixed in equal parts is poured over the drainage cushion.
The next step is the most responsible - the installation of large stones and, if necessary, layered slabs on the part of the perimeter to create terraces. Depending on the height of the terraces being created, the plates can be held together with cement mortar or poured with earth with the addition of clay.
As a rule, when creating a simple alpine slide with your own hands, 2-3 drops in height are arranged - horizontal or inclined terraces of different levels. On them, besides planted plants, small stones are laid out in a chaotic manner, preferably of the same type as the main large ones. Free space between the stones is left as much as is necessary for planting groups of plants. Remember, it is important not to overdo the latter when creating a mountain composition. Try to avoid any symmetry and the same distances - a small man-made landscape should be as natural as possible. After filling the sites with a soil mixture and the completion of the construction of stone elevations, the finished structure gives time for shrinkage.
Selection and planting of plants
To create an original and spectacular mixed composition of stones and greenery, you have a fairly wide choice - perennials, annual flowers, shrubs and conifers. When choosing plants for an alpine slide, remember that you are creating exactly the mountain landscape, with vegetation characteristic of difficult climatic conditions. In this case, you are required to make a reasonable compromise between the desire to give the flower garden a colorful brightness and the need to preserve the naturalness and primitiveness.
Try to follow the suggested recommendations:
- the main selection criteria: compliance of plants with a mountain landscape, lack of care, decorative qualities or a long flowering period,
- number of species. Given the small size of the composition, it is advisable to choose 3-4 species of flowering plants, 1-2 shrubs and 1 species of coniferous or woody,
- size of plants. For the alpine and subalpine zones, stunted, compact plants and creeping ground cover are characteristic. It is preferable to decorate the top and upper tiers with drought-resistant low-growing perennials,
- frost resistance. Picking up stones for an alpine slide and leaving a space for planting between them, it was assumed that the planted plants are able to endure harsh winters without additional shelter or digging,
- slow growth The choice of coniferous or woody species is desirable to be carried out from representatives who add no more than 10–20 cm in height per year and grow no higher than 1.5–2 meters.
It is desirable to plant the selected plants starting from the top, gradually descending to the lower tiers and finish the foothills. After planting, the soil around the plants, it is desirable zamulchirovat fine rubble. This will not only protect against weeds, but will also keep the soil moist.
Having the necessary knowledge for the construction of a simple alpine slide with your own hands and following the recommendations outlined in the publication, you can always create a small, but original and attractive mountain landscape on your backyard.
Recommended time of year to create
The summer resident can work on a rock garden in any convenient season. However, experienced people recommend doing it in the early autumn, before the harvest comes. In addition, during the winter, a natural sediment of the flower garden usually occurs, and the gardener has a reserve of time to correct the detected defects before planting on the hill of plants.
Landscape designers have developed many schemes that help a summer resident to “see” the future structure, to orient in the choice of material and plants, to “tie” a flower garden to a location.
The stones in these schemes are the main actors, depending on their location, the rock gardens are:
- the rock (the slides are the steepest, the stones at their base are large, and at the top the structures are small),
- mountain slope (solid boulders - at the top, below - stone scree),
- terraced slope (arranged in the form of steps),
- "Czech rolling pin" (thin plates are recessed into the ground by the end part),
- valley in the mountains (the composition is built horizontally, the location of the stones is free),
- ravine (rock garden settles down in a sink-like depression, using boulders covered with moss).
Alpine classics is considered a pyramid shape. Its highest point is most often located in the center of the flower bed, but asymmetry can make the composition more original. The schemes provide for the height of such structures from 1 to 3 m. If the rock garden is small (the diameter of the base is 1 m), then the height is also small - 20 cm on average.
In the pyramidal center you can plant high varieties of coniferous trees.
What plants to choose
The rock garden scheme is usually supplemented with detailed recommendations on the selection of flowers and shrubs for its design.
You can go a more difficult way - choose the plants yourself, taking into account the design of the future slides, features of the local climate, the type of soil on your site, and, of course, your own preferences. For rock garden it is customary to use perennial crops that:
- undemanding to soil fertility and climatic conditions
- undersized and moderately growing
- not breeding "aggressively."
Since the focus is on slow growing crops, voids may appear in the composition of the “young rock garden”, which can be filled with annuals:
To fill the upper tier, slides pick the most resistant perennials, because they will get the least amount of water and they will suffer from the wind more than other inhabitants of the rock garden. The famous mountain edelweiss is well suited for this role. It blooms in the second year after planting, and in order to preserve its decorativeness, it requires regular transplants.
Next to edelweiss, you can place evergreen iberis, whose snow-white buds bloom from May to June, and various varieties of undersized carnations (grass, bluish carnations), they one after another delight in their flowering throughout the summer. Purple creeping thyme rugs that attract butterflies and bees with their fragrance look great in the upper part of the composition.
Record for endurance - young, original plant from fleshy, collected in a beautiful rosette of leaves. He, too, will find a place at the top of the composition. The plant has enough small cracks between the stones to gain a foothold in them for many years.
Rejuvenated can take root in the most unassuming places
To fill the middle tier zone, where representatives of flora get more moisture, and the sun's rays are less burning, there are a lot of applicants:
- styloid phlox - distinguished by a variety of colors, blooms in May,
- obrieta cultural - its buds bloom after phlox, in early summer, moreover, the plant can bloom again closer to the fall,
- The Carpathian bell - blooms beautifully and for a long time, but is somewhat aggressive in reproduction, is best suited for the western slope, where it behaves more restrained,
- woolly chistets - valued for their leaves, fluffy with silver color,
- sunflower monetchaty - evergreen dwarf shrub, white, pink and yellow flowers that bloom throughout the summer,
- астра альпийская — с красивыми крупными бутонами,
- кизильник — прекрасное почвопокровное растение,
- очиток (нескольких видов) – образует богатый, брусничной или жёлтой окраски ковёр.
В подножии альпинария, на его нижнем ярусе, располагаются растения, более требовательные к наличию влаги: дюшенея индийская (её плоды напоминают землянику), живучка ползучая, камнеломка.
The northern slope of the hill requires special attention, on which only plants that are absolutely not afraid of shade can feel comfortably. Experts offer to stop the choice on the bell Pozharsky, Caucasian rezuh, Haller crested.
From trees, the preference in rock gardens is given to undersized coniferous species:
- mountain pine,
- Canadian spruce.
Deciduous trees for alpine slides are practically not used, and experts recommend growing from shrubs:
- Thunberg barberry - its height does not exceed 30 cm, flowering continues throughout the summer, and in the fall red berries look very decorative,
- evergreen boxing - tolerates the winter well under the snow cover,
- Japanese spirea - spherical miniature bush with elegant foliage.
How to make an alpine hill with your own hands - step by step instructions
On the mistakes - learn. The most serious and, alas, common among beginners is that they were too lazy to make a reliable drainage system. As a result, the land subsided, and the slide was almost on par with the surrounding landscape. Water began to stagnate in the flower garden.
Here is what the procedure should be after the place for the rock garden is determined:
- Make a mark under the pit, outlining its future borders with pegs and "fencing" tapes. The area of the pit should correspond to the size of the proposed flower garden or slightly exceed them. It is necessary to go deep into the earth, also being guided by parameters of a rock garden. If, for example, its length and width are 2.5 m, it is necessary to dig to a depth of 1 m.
The minimum depth even for miniature rock gardens is 0.8 m.
- At the bottom, fill the drainage of rubble, pebbles, fragments of bricks and construction waste corresponding to the task. The layer (not less than 0.3 m thick) should be smooth, and not in the form of a slide. It is shed water. Then lay another layer of drainage, sand and gravel, its thickness - from 5 to 10 cm. It must also be leveled, spilled with water and tamped.
- On top of the drainage, empty the ground that you dug out while digging the pit. But first, clean it from debris, plant roots.
- Begin installing the stones in 2–3 weeks, waiting for the ground to shrink. The first to lay the largest copies, they must be reliably buried in the soil. Small stones are placed so that they can not "wash" from the composition of heavy rain.
- At the end of the formation of a hill with stones, start greening works. Plants need to be planted in accordance with seasonal terms.
Even a small slide looks decorative, and it will take quite a bit of space to decorate it. One-sided slide is placed near the fence or wall of the house, round - in the center of the lawn or plot.
A miniature rock garden can have a stepped construction. For its design will need stones of unusual shape and color, very accurately selected plants with a long flowering period.
A small rock garden will be appropriate in a decorative flowerpot, which is installed on the terrace or porch of the house
Landscape designers recommend including a pond in the composition - even a tiny one, in the form of a small bowl imitating a lake, it will make the hill more attractive. Creative ideas when creating mini-rock gardens are generally welcome - they can, for example, be arranged in an old sink or basin.
Rock garden with a waterfall
In a hill with a waterfall or fountain, everything should look very natural. The most common version of the composition - elevation, created from three combined tiers, complemented by a stream.
In the manufacture of such rock garden, it is important to consider a number of nuances:
- the place should not be too sunny, otherwise the water under the influence of bright rays will quickly begin to turn green,
- absolute shadow is also not good, it will negatively affect the growth and flowering of plants,
- close neighbors in the form of trees will not work either - their falling foliage will litter both runoff and water, and regular cleaning will be required.
Since water constantly flows down the hill, the structure must be made reliably. If the height of the rock garden is 0.5 m, the top layer of soil will first have to be removed, replacing it with crushed stone.
It is also advisable to use geotextiles - a modern, inexpensive material that protects against water erosion (in this case, heat-glued, with a density of 250-400 g / m2).
It is important not to overdo it with the choice of plants - if there are too many of them, they will cover the entire surface of the reservoir with leaves.
Under the waterfall height of 1 m prepare the foundation. Pit a hole dug to a depth of 20 cm with rubble half its volume, lay iron bars (the parameters of the “windows” are 20x20 cm). Pull off the intersection with clamps, then fill the contents of the pit with concrete - in 2 weeks the structure will turn into a monolith.
To create a waterfall effect, you need a pump (submersible model). Power is selected depending on the height of the waterfall.
A rock garden of this kind expands the choice of plants. It can be arrowhead, sedge, water chestnut, water lily.
Slide with decorative pond
The depth of the reservoir, equipped near the alpine slide, is on average from 0.8 to 1.5 m. The main tasks during the creation of the pond are to isolate its bottom and ensure the circulation of water.
So that the water in the pond does not stagnate, a pump is installed at the bottom of the reservoir.
In a dug trench, first pour a 5 cm layer of sand, pour it with water and tamp it down. Lay a special insulating film on the bottom of the pond or purchase and install the finished form, carefully sealing up all the gaps that form. Put the stones near such reservoirs in the form of beads (sometimes in 2 rows), which will strengthen the banks and hide the edges of the insulating material. Of the plants for the design of the coastal zone fit delphiniums, marsh irises, junipers, thujas.
One of the easiest ways to create a pond for an alpine slide is with an ordinary tire.
Such a pond will not take up much space, but will become a central element of landscape design.
A year after the arrangement of the rock garden, you may have to strengthen the stones on the hill. What is to be done without fail is to pour in the soil, which will be regularly washed out by rains and during watering, until after a year or two it is completely condensed.
Plants will also require care: treatment with Epin will be needed when planting seedlings (to relieve stress and better rooting), and later - pruning, removing old flowers and dried leaves and feeding (without the use of nitrogen fertilizers, provoking an active increase in green mass). Watering is carried out using sprayers to protect the soil from erosion. May require treatment from pests.
To rid yourself of excess weed, before planting plants do the treatment with any herbicide (for example, Glyphor) and repeat it after a few weeks.
If the plant is seriously ill, it will have to be removed so that the infection does not spread to other inhabitants of the rock garden.
Special care requires moss, often used in alpine compositions. It, by the way, is fixed on stones with the help of a mixture consisting of earth, kefir and sugar mixed in a blender. It is applied to the stones with a brush. To moss caught, the first 20 days it is watered.
In winter, plants, especially from the upper tier of the hill, need protection from the bright sun, so trees and shrubs in rock gardens are covered in advance with special agrofiber or ordinary sacking.
From frost and excessive moisture, ornamental crops are protected with drawers or structures such as tents. To prevent ground cover damage from decaying, in the fall, remove any fallen leaves from the hill. It does not hurt to install a shield near the alpine slide, which will protect it from piercing winds.
Spring is the time to evaluate the results of wintering and the necessary "repair": installing fallen stones in place, adding soil. In the spring, it may be discovered that rodents have chosen a rock garden; in this case, install traps or special ultrasonic repellent devices. At perennials, remove broken shoots, from shrubs - affected branches during the winter.
In order for the spring moisture to nourish the plants, multivate with peat or sawdust as long as possible.
The photo will help the summer resident to decide on ideas, will give important tips for arranging a rock garden on his own plot, but the result, of course, everyone will have his own, and no less interesting.
The owners of personal plots seek to create a beautiful landscape design around their homes. Today, the alpine slide is almost an obligatory attribute on the central flowerbed near the house. The name is associated with the European Alps, stretching across eight countries. At the foot of the mountains there are magnificent flowers and shrubs that look amazing against the background of stony heights. A unique structure with a combination of various plants and stones is a miniature replica of European hills.
Creating a composition is a long but pleasant process. It is necessary to properly conduct the preparatory work.
Before starting work, you should decide on the location of the flower bed, draw a diagram of the desired result, select plants, find stones of the required size and decide what other elements should be used to create a rock garden.
The recommended time of year for the arrangement of rock garden
An ideal rocky hill with plants does not form overnight. Sometimes dacha owners spend several seasons in order to create the rock garden of their dreams. During the arrangement of the flower beds there is no place in a hurry. Before you fix a stone or plant a plant, you need to put them in the planned place, move away into the distance and see how the resulting composition looks from the side.
Good weather is needed to get started. The best time is warm spring, when the sun has already warmed the earth sufficiently, and the heat has not dried the surrounding plants.
In summer or autumn, the creation of a roller coaster is also possible. The main thing is that you feel comfortable working. Laying stones can take several days or weeks. This means that even in the cold season you can engage in the initial stage of creating landscape design.
When planting plants should take into account their features. It is not necessary to plant flowers and shrubs in the ground, provided that the next night frosts can begin. In this case, seedlings can not withstand low temperatures and die.
Classic alpine slides are formed according to one of two schemes:
One-sided rock garden looks good against the wall or fence
The rock garden is located near the blank wall and can only be approached from one side. In this case, the mound is created, which is conditionally based on the barrier. All registrations are made taking into account that it will be possible to enjoy its view only from the front.
The main aspect of alpine slide design is the modeling of the natural landscape
The hill is located in the central place of the land plot. This determines the main part, which will be the main composition. The frontal zone occupies 2/3 of the total area of the finished flower bed. Thus, the front side of the conditionally obtained triangle should have an increased length.
All alpine slides have several tiers, usually three. Each of them is separated by boulders or small stones. Plants in rows may vary. It is important to maintain balance and place the flowers and shrubs in accordance with their size in adulthood.
People who have the ability to create beautiful forms and visualize the planned appearance of the designated territory can create their own rock garden scheme. It may be a few hills or other ideas. The main thing is that the end result delivers aesthetic pleasure and look natural.
Creating a small alpine slide implies all of the above steps.
In place of the classic flower beds came alpine slides
For the small size of the composition is better to choose medium-sized stones.
Miniature plants should look organically against the background of similar rocks. The highlight of the rock garden is a large number of colors and shades.
For miniature flowerbeds, it is better to choose plants with small buds or leaves. Ground cover plants that do not have a large root system feel good. They perfectly complete the composition anywhere.
Alpine slides design ideas
To create a flower bed of plants and stones, you must use fantasy. Each rock garden is unique. It is impossible to exactly repeat landscape compositions. Plants - living organisms, each of them will behave differently.
Nevertheless, in order to understand what design you want in your yard, you should consider other ready-made options. After that you can start creating your own work of art.
Stones emphasize the beauty and elegance of ornamental plants.
On the flowerbed should be provided access to each plant. Improvised steps made of flat stones look organic and make it possible to care for the upper shrubs.
Ferns and other low-growing plants can form the green base of the hill.
Along with large boulders, small pebbles are scattered over the entire surface, which creates a complete composition.
Small plants in the alpine slide are best planted in groups
On a low hill, small plants with small flowers look wonderful. In the center there are small spherical thujas.
For alpine slides with a pond fit arrowhead and sedge
In the presence of a large pond, you can experiment with aquatic plant species - duckweed, water lilies. In the upper part of the composition are visible thick impassable thickets, creating a beautiful exposure.
Alpine slide with a waterfall requires more attention
Garden figures, organically installed in rock gardens, will help to create the right mood.
Alpine slide on the background of trees fits well into the landscape
Plants range from the lowest to the highest. The forest behind the alpine slide seems to be a natural extension of the landscape design.
After planting in the rock garden, you can add a bit of garden decoration to the composition.
Large boulders are located in the distant part of the rock garden. In this case, the back side should also have a beautiful finished look.
Alpine slide loves the sun and is afraid of the winds
The place to create the European Alps in miniature should be sunny. This may be the southern or southwestern part of the courtyard.
It's hard to imagine an alpine slide without ground cover plants.
Ground-cover flowering plants grow beautifully and literally cover huge boulders. On top of a gracefully dwarf evergreen coniferous tree.
Spray perennials with dense root system and upright shoots are suitable for planting between alpine slide stones
For more alpine slide design options, see our collection: https://mydesigninfo.ru/alpiyskaya-gorka-foto/.
Fans of bright colors use a variety of colors of different colors. Plants with small rhizomes do not need a large amount of fertile soil. They can be planted in small shallow voids between the stones.
The Alpine hill with your own hands is not only an aesthetic pleasure, but also the joy of knowing that it was made independently. Every plant in it matters. Any stone or boulder should be placed so that the appearance of the overall composition looks favorable. For the creator of the composition is important every detail. If you comply with all the above conditions and stages of creating a rock garden will be the main asset of the infield and the central part of landscape design.
Planning the composition and design of the alpine slide
So, how to make a composition, how to choose and place plants and stones? The complete answers to these questions will not fit in one article, but if it is short, here are some of the main rules and principles to be followed:
- According to the canons, the alpine slide should consist not of boulders and run-in stones (with the exception of rock gardens near water bodies), but of coarse and broken ones. For example, it can be: tuff, sandstone, limestone, granite or slate.
- In one composition, it is desirable to combine no more than 2 species, otherwise the rock garden will look unnatural.
- As a rule, the height of an alpine slide is 3-5 tiers (it is better that the number of tiers is odd). It is better not to make country rock gardens too high - their optimum height is 50-80 cm.
In choosing the design of the alpine slide be guided by a sense of proportion - the composition should look naturally and organically fit into the landscape. Rocks and cliffs (see photo below) on suburban areas often seem to be foreign. But simple imitations of a slope or mountain valley without a pronounced peak are appropriate everywhere.
On a small dacha high types of rock gardens as in this photo are not very relevant
Теперь поговорим о выборе растений для альпийской горки. Если строить альпинарий строго по правилам, то флору для нее нужно подбирать строго альпийского происхождения: миниатюрные хвойники, кустарники, почвопокровные, луковичные и травянистые многолетники.
However, it is not so easy to find and grow real “Alpine” in the middle lane, so you can choose any plants that are characterized by squat (height up to 60 cm), unpretentiousness and, of course, decorative. On the northern slope it is better to plant shade-tolerant plants: zhivuchka, periwinkle, fern, bergenia and others. On the southern slope, respectively, light-loving plants grow better: lavender, barberry, adonis, iris, acene and others. Very harmoniously fit into the "mountain ensemble" evergreens, such as mountain pine, Canadian spruce, juniper and others.
It is desirable that the plants of your rock garden kept decorative all season, otherwise the withered leaves will spoil the entire composition, and hide them behind the blooming "neighbors" is unlikely to work. For this reason, in the design of the alpine slide well use years. Though they are not completely “canonical,” they will decorate a rocky garden for a long time.
Step by step instructions from 8 steps
Approximately imagining what our rock garden will be like, we can start creating an alpine slide with our own hands.
The technology of creating an alpine slide consists of the following steps:
- Choose a place, determine the size,
- Draw a scheme of rock garden,
- Denote the contour, remove the sod,
- We make a drainage layer,
- We are preparing fertile soil and falling asleep,
- We raise the core of the slide, pour the soil,
- Planting plants
- We put the final touches.
Now let's talk about each stage in more detail.
Step 1. We draw the plan of the alpine slide
The creation of even the simplest alpine slide is best to start with the development of the project. The simplest option is a schematic sketch with respect to the approximate size of stones and plants relative to each other. For example, it may be something like this.
1 - Mountain Pine, 2 - Creeping Thyme, 3 - Canadian Phlox, 4 - Evers Sedum, 5 - Sizy Fescue, 6 - Alyssum Rocky, 7 - Narrow-leaved Lavender, 8 - Sedum, 9 - Steller's wormwood. Note: Alpine slide scheme is shown without taking into account the time of flowering plants
Ideally, a slide, especially large and multi-tiered, should be designed to a scale of, say, 1:50 or 1:25 (1 cm on paper corresponds to 50 or 25 "natural" centimeters) and with a grid with 2 × 2 cm cells (i.e. grid transfer in nature, cells will correspond to cells of 50 × 50 cm at a scale of 1:25).
Step 2. Choose a place
Here are a few tips on choosing a place for an alpine slide:
- It is desirable that the rock garden was located on a sunny place, and the slope was oriented to the east and south. Of course, you can choose a shaded place, but then the choice of flora will be limited - you will have to plant only shade-tolerant plants.
- Well, if the composition was placed so that it could be seen from different sides.
- The device of the alpine slide near the house or other buildings is undesirable, because from the melting of snow or drops, the flower garden can subside and be damaged.
- A rock garden against the background of the fence is not the best idea, but if you don’t find another place, then shrubs planted along the fence or creepers like the photo below will help improve the background of the hill.
- You should not build an alpine hill and under the trees (deciduous and flowery), otherwise every autumn you will have to clear the stony garden from the fallen leaves.
- If the site is uneven terrain created by nature, then this is the best option for rock garden.
- Parade area of the site,
- Entrance area
- Recreation area (in the barbecue area, by the gazebo, pool, pond),
- In any stony retaining walls.
Rock garden at a shed for firewood
Step 3. Remove the sod
In accordance with the plan, we mark the contour of the future slide in the selected area: we drive in the pegs and draw the string through them.
Next, remove the turf to a depth of just over 30 cm and leave it aside for some time. Later, based on it, we will prepare a soil substrate. Being engaged in land works, do not forget to remove the rhizomes of weeds.
Step 4. Preparing the base
So, we have a "pit" rock garden. Now we need to fill it with a “sandwich” of drainage and soil. As the first layer of drainage, you can use broken bricks, pebbles, gravel or small gravel. We fill it with a thickness of 10-15 cm, depending on the size of the stones. Next, we fall asleep a layer of sand 5-10 cm thick, properly ram it and fill it with water in order to achieve maximum density.
- To prevent the destruction of the composition from raids of moles and shrews (if they are found in the vicinity of your dacha), a fine metal mesh should be laid at the bottom of the pit.
- If you arrange a rock garden on a slope with dry and loose sandy soil, then you can not drain.
Step 5. Preparing the soil
When the laying of the drainage layer is completed, you can begin to prepare fertile soil. We shall mix it from equal parts: the turf, peat, humus and sand dug earlier.
- Sod ground before preparing the soil substrate must be thoroughly cleaned of weeds and their rhizomes.
Step 6. Erect the slide
The construction of the alpine slide begins with the laying of the most beautiful and large boulders along the perimeter of the future rock garden.
Stones should lie as stable as possible. To do this, they must, firstly, lay on the ground with the largest side, and secondly, if necessary, place smaller supporting stones under them or pour gravel or soil. The bottom row of boulders must be completely dug into a third or two-thirds into the ground - so you will achieve not only stability, but also the desired effect of naturalness.
Having folded the first row of large stones, we lay asleep in the center of the composition the prepared soil and at the same time lay out the middle stones, forming the second tier.
Founding of a small alpine slide
Finally, small cobblestones are put on top of the hill and on the slopes where you need to fill the voids. At the top of the slide you can put one large or two medium-sized stones. Erecting an alpine slide, do not forget to check with your scheme and leave enough space for planting. At the end of the construction of the alpine slide, it should be poured abundantly and left for a couple of weeks for shrinkage.
- Try to lay stones so that the landing pockets are horizontal, not sloping, since the plantations on the slope are not very convenient to water.
- Before laying each new stone, the soil under it is pre-tamped.
- Remember that a rock garden should have as little geometrical and symmetry as possible, because it is rarely found in nature.
Some experts recommend forming the core of the hill not from fertile soil, but from sand mixed with a small amount of rubble (the soil is poured only into the planting pits, and then it covers the entire embankment to hide the light sand). So the hill will be more reliable and durable. High slides require a core of three layers: gravel (or another rocky placer), sand and soil (see the diagram below).
Step 7. Planting Plants
When a composition of stones suits you, proceed to the most enjoyable stage - planting flora. To do this, first arrange the pots with seedlings on the slopes according to your project, starting with large ones and ending with small ones. Planting plants need to start from the top, gradually going down. The depth of the planting pits depends on the size of the root systems of specific species. Finally, the ready slide must be poured with water, washing the ground from the stones.
Planting plants Ready alpine slide
- Do not overdo it with fertilizers to avoid unwanted growth of plants in height and height.
- The soil substrate (acidity and alkalinity) can be adjusted for each species.
Step 8. Add the finishing touches
Hurray, alpine slide is ready! Now you can supplement the hill with dumping (pebbles, gravel or rubble) where necessary, or install decorations (garden figures, lanterns, etc.)
Finally, we invite you to see a visual master class on how to make a simple alpine hill with your own hands.
See also the gallery of ideas of rock gardens in the country:
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