Many herbs that have medicinal qualities or are used in cooking can be grown on their own private plots. This also applies to tarragon, a relative of the well-known wormwood. This herb is widely used by specialists of traditional medicine for the treatment of arthritis, rheumatism, cystitis and various skin pathologies. And the housewives use it in the kitchen as a seasoning for meat or fish, as well as for adding to various salads, pickles and pickles. So, let's talk about how to grow tarragon, how it is planted, and what kind of care is necessary for this plant in the open field, we will also discuss the cultivation of tarragon from seeds at home.
In order for this grass to grow well, it is best for readers of Popular Health to plant it in a brightly lit area. But in general, she can feel normal in partial shade. Soil for tarragon should be light, waterproof and breathable. An excellent choice will be sandy lands, and heavy soils should be diluted and enriched with sand, peat and humus. Also, this plant can not normally exist on acidic soils. To reduce the level of acidity can be using wood ash, ground chalk, etc. It is desirable that the place for growing tarragon was not raw, it is better to land it on a hill rich in organic and mineral substances. To feed the soil before planting such a grass, you can add manure or humus to it in the fall, as well as add superphosphate.
Planting tarragon in the open field
Tarragon in open ground can be grown from seed. The spring beds prepared from autumn should be dug up on the floor of the spade bayonet and well loosened. After the seeds are mixed with sand (because of their extremely small size) and sown simply on the ground in a row. Next, the planting material needs to be tipped above ground. Before the appearance of the first shoots, it takes three weeks, and the optimum temperature for germination is about twenty degrees. Some gardeners sow tarragon from the fall shortly before the snow falls. But more often it is grown through seedlings.
Also plant in the open ground tarragon can be cuttings. They are cut in the late spring - early summer, a length of fifteen centimeters. The cut can be held in the root formers. Next, the cuttings should be placed in a light soil, which contains sand, deepening three to four centimeters. The cuttings should be covered with polyethylene until rooting, and the soil is kept moist all this time. Rooting usually occurs in a month.
Experienced gardeners propagate tarragon by dividing rhizomes. This method is used to update the landings every three to four years. To this end, old plants are extracted from the ground and divide their roots into two parts, leaving three to five buds on each. The resulting delenki need to land on new places.
Care for open tar tarragon
Such a plant requires minimal care. It needs periodic loosening of the soil, removal of weeds, irrigation and dressing.
In the first year of his life, tarragon is only being formed; it will begin to blossom and bear fruit only in a year, or even later. Plants need moderate watering, excessive soil moisture is detrimental to them. Young shoots need to tie up to the pegs, it will help protect them from damage by strong winds.
In the second year of life, it is worthwhile to feed tarragon with liquid mullein and phosphorus-potassium mineral fertilizers (based on recommendations for use on the package).
Green mass should be cut off as it grows, leaving only twelve centimeters from the soil. Some gardeners recommend removing all the stems completely after the first harvest, then pour plenty of soil. This will help the green to grow again.
A rather unpleasant feature of tarragon is the tendency to grow. So you need to plant it in such a way that it has room for growth. With an interval of three to five years it is necessary to update the planting of this plant.
Mass cut green tarragon carried out twice in the summer. In that case, if such a need does not arise, you can cut the leaves and shoots periodically.
How to grow tarragon from seeds at home?
Typically, at home, tarragon is grown from seed to seedlings for further planting in open ground. To do this, in the second half of spring, it is necessary to soak the planting material with room temperature water for three days. In the landing box should pour a centimeter of medium-sized pebbles and universal soil. Water the earth and scatter the seeds over it. Cover the landing tank with glass or plastic wrap and send it to the window sill. The soil should be moistened periodically (as it dries), and for this you can use a spray bottle.
After the appearance of the first shoots it is necessary to remove the shelter (polyethylene or glass). And after some growth of seedlings should thin out them.
The optimum temperature for the germination of tarragon seeds at home will be twenty-two to twenty-four degrees, after the temperature it is desirable to reduce to twenty degrees.
After the appearance on the seedlings of three or four leaves, you need to pick them in separate containers. You should also do a gradual hardening of plants before transferring them to open ground.
Planting seedlings on the bed is closer to the summer, when the probability of night frosts will drop to zero.
The best varieties for growing at home
It is one of the most famous and fragrant varieties. A small plant in height, up to a meter will be pleasantly pleased with abundant and dense green part. This variety is good for use as a seasoning, as it has a piquant taste with a slight bitterness.
A detailed description of tarragon varieties Goodwin can be viewed on this video:
Also applies to undersized varieties of tarragon. Its height rarely exceeds 80 centimeters, so it can also be grown at home. It has a refreshing and invigorating aroma of foliage..
Individual plants may not exceed a height of 60 centimeters. The maximum height is 150 centimeters. The hostess really likes this variety, since the spicy-spicy flavor of the leaves of this tarragon is used for many dishes in the kitchen.
From the experience of those who like to grow tarkhun at home: pot plant height rarely exceeds 0.5 meter. At the same time, the choice of a variety does not play a special role, unless you deliberately choose the variety - “giants”.
Where and how to plant?
For tarragon lighting is extremely important. If the light is missed, the greens will lose both the color and the taste characteristics.
An ideal place for growing tarhuna will be the eastern sill. The plant needs sunlight, but direct rays are detrimental to foliage.
Land composition is suitable as a universal seedling, it can be purchased at a specialty store. You can also prepare a mixture of turf + coarse river sand + peat crumb in a ratio of 1: 1: 1.
The material for the pot is not basic, any one will do.. The size of the pots can be chosen small, since the root system of the tarragon is quite compact. The shape of the pot is also not strictly fixed, here you can choose according to your preferences. Someone wants to have a small compact bush on the window, and someone will like the whole balcony container.
A prerequisite for growing is the presence of drainage at the bottom of the selected pot. Suitable expanded clay, ceramic chips.
In order not to “buy a cat in a bag” and not to find wormwood instead of tarragon in a pot, you should buy seed only in specialized stores, and when choosing seeds, you should give preference to proven companies, “AU-selection”, “Aelita”, “Our garden” and so on.
Before planting, it is necessary to arrange a seed test: check for buoyancy.
- You must take a glass of water and fill half of it with warm water.
- Throw the seeds and wait about four hours.
- Quality seeds should drown. They must be selected for further work.
Before direct planting, the seeds must undergo pretreatment: you can soak in any disinfecting agent for 8 hours, for example, in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then put it in a “bath” with a means to accelerate growth for 3-4 hours. Next, you can follow this algorithm:
- Prepare a medium-sized pot if you want to plant immediately to a permanent place or a container of the size you need if you want to prepare seedlings. Ensure that there are tapped holes at the bottom of the tank.
- Put on the bottom of the selected tank for planting drainage layer of 2-2.5 centimeters.
- Pour soil. The soil composition is described above.
- Mix seeds with a little sand. This will give the best “grip” to the ground.
- Spread the seeds over the surface zamyl, slightly deepening them. Nebole than 1 to 2 cm.
- Cover the planted seeds with cling film, making small holes for air penetration.
- After the appearance of the first shoots (about 7-14 days), remove the film. Maintain a temperature of 15-18 degrees.
In order to grow the tarragon for seedlings, you can use peat pots or a large seedling box. Sowing is done in the first half of March.. When the seeds according to the described algorithm come up and separate two leaves, you need to make a dive. That is, leave only the strongest shoots at a distance of 5-6 centimeters from each other.
In the open ground, the permanent seedlings are planted in June. Allowed to plant 2 to 3 pieces per well. As a rule, seedlings are transferred to a moist and fertilized soil in a wide row pattern of 30x60-70 centimeters.
Cuttings are taken from a healthy plant.:
- In the third decade of May, a 15 centimeters long stalk is cut.
- The cut-off side is lowered into the root and every other day they are planted in a medium-sized container of any material, with suitable soil. Deep about 4-5 centimeters.
- The cuttings are covered with a film or an empty plastic can, thus simulating greenhouse conditions. The film must be regularly raised to the cutting "breathing". Moisturize the soil.
- Planted to a permanent place in a month. By this time, new leaflets appear on the handle.
- In order to carry out reproduction by division, you need a healthy plant older than three years.
- After the soil warms up, you need to dig a bush out of the ground and divide it to form several pieces with 2-3 growth buds.
- In this case, the root system must be separated manually, the knife or pruner can not be used.
- New parts are immediately planted in the ground and watered, but moderately.
- The first time, about 3 weeks protect from direct active sunlight.
For this method, you need a healthy plant older than 1.5 years:
- The stem of the plant is “pinned” in a pre-digged groove or groove with a v-shaped wooden stud.
- Sprinkle the pinned part with soil.
- At the bottom of the stem, the one facing the ground, make several notches.
- The soil is constantly kept hydrated.
- Next spring, the rooted stem is cut from the mother plant and transferred to a new location.
How to care for tarragon?
- Temperature. The best temperature will be 18-25 degrees.
- Watering should be moderate. It is necessary to spray every two days, but water it once or twice a month.
- Shine. Necessary, but without direct sunlight. Best of all the lighting from the east window.
- Loosening. Constant, so as not to form a "crust" on the surface of the earth.
- Weeding. Weeds, of course, do not often disturb owners of potted plants, but if they detect “foreign elements” in a pot, they should be removed.
- Feeding. Begin to enter from the second year of life of the plant. Use mineral fertilizers purchased in specialized stores.
Briefly about diseases and pests
Of the insects, tarragon is best suited to aphids, bedbugs and wireworms. The fight against them is made with the help of specialized insecticides.
Of the diseases most prone to rust. It appears due to too close planting or an excess of nitrogen in the soil. It is treated by thinning and changing the soil, respectively.
Summing up, I would like to say that such a beautiful plant as tarragon can really be easily grown even on a windowsill. We hope that the reader has found answers to many questions and filled in the gaps of his knowledge of tarragon.
Tarragon reaches a height of 30 to 150 cm in height. The stems of a plant in a young state of green color, over time, become yellowish-brown. They are straight.
Tarragon foliage does not have cuttings. The upper plates and those located closer to the roots differ significantly in shape. The lower foliage is slightly incised along the edge, and the upper one is slightly split. Depending on the type of plant, the plates have different shades: from dark emerald to grayish-silver.
In the foliage of tarragon contains many essential oils. They give the culture a taste that is a bit like anise. At the same time, the tarragon is completely devoid of bitterness, characteristic of his relative wormwood.
The buds of the tarragon are small. They may be green or pale yellow. Often the flowers are collected in narrow panicles that are located at the very top of a tall stem. The flowering period - the end of summer and September.
There are several types of tarragon:
- Tarragon ordinary. Representatives of this species have an unpleasant odor that scares away even insects. In addition, he expressed a bitter taste. The plant is large, with leaves of irregular shape.
- Russian tarragon. This variety is used in cooking, often use fresh grass because of its pleasant aroma. The plant is large, has large foliage, blooms with pale green panicles.
- French tarragon. This is a smaller variety of tarragon with miniature leaves. It has a piquant unobtrusive aroma, used to prepare dishes as seasoning.
Care for tarragon at home
Lighting. Tarragon is not too fastidious culture, it can be grown on any windowsill. East and south windows are preferable for more light. Otherwise, additional lighting will have to be included for the tarhuna. With a lack of sunlight, the plant slows growth, green foliage turns pale. At the same time, tarragon loses its taste.
You can not pour the tarragon, otherwise it will lead to rotting of the roots and the death of the plant.
Watering. Tarragon prefers moderate watering. If you provide him with regular spraying, once a day, or even better twice, you will have to irrigate only twice a month. It is important to water young sprouts very carefully so as not to erode the soil near the roots.
Top dressing. Fertilizer should be applied when the plant goes the second year. It is better to use mineral fertilizing complex composition. It takes a bit. It is necessary to systematically loosen the soil at the base so that a crust does not form on the soil.
Growing tarragon from the seeds of the house is easy. It is important to follow simple guidelines. Before you start the breeding procedure using this method, you should remember that the tarragon seeds are very small. To make them comfortable to plant, it is better to mix the grains with river sand. Then seeding tarragon seeds will be more uniform.
To sow 10 square meters of tarragon 0.5 g of its seeds is enough. After all, each gram includes about 5 thousand grains.
To begin with, a drainage layer is laid on the bottom of the pot. From above fall asleep soil mixture. At home, it is produced by mixing the three components (sod, humus, sand) in equal quantities.
Tarragon grows well on such soils as sandy loam. The clay soil is too poor for him, so it is necessary to enrich it with the introduction of humus, sand, peat mixture. The main condition - the earth should not be acidic, tarragon does not like it. In order to adjust the pH, lime, dolomite flour should be added. You can add ash or crushed chalk. Vermiculite or perlite, which can regulate soil moisture, will be good ingredients.
Planting material is sown, covering the top with a thin layer of soil. The earth is moistened. It is better to keep the tarragon seeds in the greenhouse, under a can or film. With a favorable temperature of + 18-20 °, the first sprouts will appear within 20 days.
Reproduction of tarragon cuttings
Separate the cuttings should be in the 20th of May. The height of each should be within 15 cm. They are kept for a day in a solution of a root or any drug that stimulates the formation of roots. Then sprigs of tarragon are planted in a mixture of earth, humus and sand, taken in a ratio of 1: 1: 1. Cuttings deepen to 5 cm, be sure to cover the film, they create greenhouse conditions. If you keep the soil mix in a moist state all the time, then in 3-4 weeks the cuttings will root well.
Tarragon reproduction by layering
Near the tarkhun bush in the ground, grooves of shallow depth are made. They bend and strengthen 1-2 summer shoots. They need to sprinkle with earth and constantly watered for rooting. На следующую весну черенки отделяют от материнского куста и высаживают отдельно.
Tarragon in the apartment will help the hostess to give even the most ordinary dish an incredible taste. With proper care, the plant will delight for a long time with its beautiful appearance.
Brief description of tarragon
Estragon, or tarragon - bush perennial herbs. In country farms are widely distributed in the wild and domesticated form.
Tarragon roots are hard with multiple lateral shoots. Over time, woody. For the bizarrely writhing form of the French called tarragon grassland grass.
Stems tarragon straight naked, yellowish-brown, young - greenish, 30-150 cm in height.
The type of leaves located at the base and in the upper part of the stems have a different marginal shape. Tarragon leaves without cuttings. The lower ones are slightly rugged along the edge of the leaf blade, cut at the top, as if forked, like a serpentine tongue. Upper stem - entire, lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, pointed at the end. The color scheme of the leaves of tarhuna is green, usually dark green, sometimes bluish-silver.
Tarragon leaves are rich in essential oils with a slight scent of anise. Pleasant to the taste, do not have wormwood bitterness.
The peduncle of the tarragon is located on the top of the stem, of a narrow paniculate form. The flowers are small light yellow, greenish. Bloom in August and September.
At the end of October, the fruits ripen - an oblong achene (the crest does not have). The seeds of the tarragon are very small dark brown or brown brown in color. Plants are able to multiply samorassevom.
Varieties of tarragon for growing in the country
Tarragon is divided into several varieties. In some breeding works, experts consider them as separate types:
- Russian tarragon - has a rich aroma. Used mainly in fresh food. A distinctive feature - the flowers are pale green in color, and the stem and leaves are large.
- French tarragon - used by cooks as spicy and flavoring greens for a light, savory aroma. Differs in a thin stalk and small leaves.
- Common Tarragon - has an unpleasant odor that scares insects. A large plant is characterized by the irregular shape of leaf blades. It has a bitter taste.
Tarragon requirements for the environment
Estragon belongs to the group of cold-resistant plants and easily tolerates cold temperatures of -30 ° C. Light-requiring But it can grow in partial shade. Does not take out the crude, low, darkened places. For normal growth and development, it is demanding of the moisture content in the soil, but without prolonged root system flooding. The optimum temperature during the growing season is +18 .. + 25 ° С. At one place tarragon grows up to 15 years, but for food use they grow 4-6 years as a separate curtain in 3-5 bushes.
For normal growth and development, tarragon prefers light soils, well drained, to a neutral reaction. The best is sandy soil, it grows very slowly on heavy ones. Acidic soils are neutralized with chalk or dolomite flour, and then a glass of ash is poured under a bush every year.
The plot for tarkhun should be freed from rhizomatous weeds. Dig up by 25-30 cm. Under the autumn digging make a 1 square. m 0.5 buckets of humus or compost and 30-35 g of phosphate and potash fertilizers. In the spring, before sowing seeds or seedlings, rooted vegetative parts of tarragon make up no more than 10-15 g of ammonium nitrate in the planting wells. More nitrogen fertilizers cause increased biomass growth, but with a loss of flavor.
Sowing Tarragon Seeds
In the open ground seeds of tarragon are sown in early spring. The plant is frost-resistant, so you can sow in the fall. For sowing, the soil is cut very carefully, as the seeds are small. To crop was not heap, the seeds are mixed with dry sand. Ordinary sowing scheme, on moist soil, followed by powder soil. Tarkhun shoots appear in 2-3 weeks. The optimum temperature for germination is +18 .. + 20 ° С. Seedlings in the phase of 2 leaves are thinned to a distance of 10 cm. Growing tarragon with seeds is a long period and this method is not good for all regions. Therefore, more often it is planted seedlings.
Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus). © unacg2014
Planting tarragon seedlings
Despite frost resistance, tarragon seeds do not sprout in the Nonchernozem zone. In these regions, tarragon is grown through seedlings.
For seedlings, sowing of tarragon seeds in the first half of March is carried out in prepared pots or plastic containers. The soil should be light, permeable, constantly wet, but not wet. Therefore, containers should be placed on trays and watered below. When watering from above it is more practical to use a spray.
Sowing containers are placed in a greenhouse or on cool window sills. In phase 2, the leaves break through thick seedlings, leaving the strongest seedlings at intervals of at least 6-8 cm. In June, tarragon seedlings are planted in open ground, 2 pieces each. in one hole. Seedlings are planted in moist fertilized soil in a wide-row pattern of 30x60-70 cm. For a family, 3-6 bushes are enough.
Care for tarragon
Estragon belongs to unpretentious plants and does not cause much trouble to the owners. The main care is cleaning the area before sowing / planting from weeds, especially the root shoots, with loosening to better provide the roots with air.
Watering moderate. Water the plants depending on weather conditions in 2-3 weeks. Tarhuna feeding is carried out once in the spring after the first weeding or before flowering. Feed the infusion of mullein, which is diluted before the introduction of a 5-6 fold ratio to the mass, or infusion of ash.
You can feed under watering with dry ash at the rate of 1-2 cups under a bush, depending on its age. Tarragon responds well to fertilizing with microelements or a mixture of fertilizers - a spoonful of superphosphate and potassium chloride is added to 10 liters of water. To this mixture, you can add a glass of ash, especially on depleted soils.
Green mass of tarragon is cleaned in different ways. It is possible to cut off the green mass during the growing season as it grows, leaving 12-15 cm of hemp. But it is more practical after the first selective harvesting of green mass, to cut off all the stems almost at the ground and water. Tarragon grows quickly and soon new young shoots with leaves that have retained their charming aroma are cut for use as food or for drying. Usually dried leaves.
If tarkhun bushes for unexplained reasons began to turn yellow and dry, it is necessary to cut off all the above-ground mass and remove it from the site. The place to process any soil biological product (from diseases and pests). With natural aging, the tarragon bushes lose their properties: the aroma of the leaves decreases, their taste deteriorates, and the foliage coarsens. Therefore, after 4-5 years, the bushes are renewed using cuttings, slips, and rhizome division for reproduction.
Greens of better quality are obtained by cutting tarhuna from the third decade of April to the third decade of June. You can complete a cut for drying before flowering. Cut greens are dried in the shade in order to preserve the green color inherent in the shoots. Dry leaves of tarragon are separated from the stems, rubbed between the palms and stored, like other spicy cultures. After a full cut bushes usually grow in 30-40-50 days.
Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
The reproduction of tarragon cuttings
In the third decade of May, cuttings of 15 cm length are cut. The lower side is immersed in a solution of a root or other root-forming agent. The next day, tarragon cuttings are planted in a mixture of sand with soil and humus 1: 1: 1, deepening them by 3-5 cm. Planted cuttings are covered with foil, imitating a mini-greenhouse. The film is regularly lifted for airing. The soil is kept constantly hydrated. A month later, rooted cuttings are planted in a permanent place.
Tarkhun reproduction by layouts
A well-developed 1-2 summer stalk of the tarragon is pinned in the spring, in a dug-out shallow groove or furrow, with a V-shaped wooden pin and sprinkled with soil. On the lower part of the stem facing the soil, make several shallow cuts. During the growing season, the soil is kept moist. In the spring of next year, cutting off the stem of the tarragon from the mother plant is transplanted to a permanent place.
The reproduction of tarragon rhizome
Estragon can grow in one place, as already noted, up to 15 years, but in practice the bush grows well and develops for the first 4-5 years, and then the rhizome grows with the roots and interferes with other plants, the leaves shrink and lose flavor. To free the site, a tarragon bush is dug up, pruned old, crooked, diseased roots. The rhizome is divided into several parts so that each has 2-4 vegetative buds. Delenki planted in a pre-cooked place.
Very quickly, you can propagate tarragon root suckers. At the maternal bush of the tarhuna in the spring or autumn, several shoots with roots are broken in. Carefully cut the root system and planted in a new place. When planting, the root neck is buried by 4-5 cm, watered and plentifully mulched. After landing, the above-ground part is shortened to 15-20 cm.
Application and useful properties of tarhuna
Crisp cucumbers, unusually fragrant tomatoes throughout the winter will be on the table desirable dishes, if you add to them during the winter harvesting fresh leaves of tarragon. As a spicy aromatic seasoning, tarragon is used in sauteing cabbage, making marinades, soaking apples. Weak-spicy aroma gives the salads an exquisite note of freshness. In Ukraine, Moldova, the Transcaucasus, Central Asia special tarhuna salad varieties are bred. In Germany, fresh leaves of tarragon rubbed meat from flies.
Properly dried (but not black branches and leaves) tarragon is constantly used for teas and drinks, refreshing and healthy. The leaves and young shoots of tarhun are rich in vitamins, microelements and other substances that are beneficial for the body, which have a beneficial effect on the work of the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, are used as an antihelminthic, with various salt-free diets and scurvy.
Varieties of tarragon for growing in the country
Breeders recommend for home cultivation in the open ground varieties tarhuna Monarch, Dobrynya, Aztec. All these varieties have different properties. Aztec is more suitable for use in cooking, and Dobrynya is suitable for preparing refreshing drinks.
Less grown, but rather interesting for home growing varieties:
- Tarkhun Gribovchanin (the freshness and juiciness of the leaves persists for a long time),
- Tarragon Travnevy (good ether)
- Tarkhun Tarkhun Gvozdichny (recommended for cooking and as a spice for winter preparations),
- Green dol (it is distinguished by a long period of leaf conservation without coarsening of the leaf blade),
- Tarhun Zhulebinsky Semko (cold resistant with a specific delicate flavor).
For certain regions of Russia and countries, their types and varieties of tarragon, which have distinctive features in the structure of the bush, its shape, green aroma, etc., are characteristic. Tarragon Transcaucasian, Georgian, Armenian, French, Gribovsky 31 (base - English varietal material) and others.
Protection of tarragon from pests and diseases
Tarragon is rarely, but still damaged, mainly by aphids, wireworm, bedbugs, and cobwebs. There are no epiphytotic damages, as tarragon itself is a good insecticide plant.
When growing tarragon in small quantities in the country, it is better to use bioinsecticides against pests that can treat the soil and plants (Actofit, Bicol, Bitoxibacillin, Nembact, Aversectin-C and others).
The infected plants are sprayed with infusions and decoctions of herbal insecticides (yarrow, chamomile, calendula). They can also be pollinated with a mixture of tobacco and ash, or simply with tansy powder. Chemical treatments are not recommended.
An interesting fact is that tarragon, or Artemisia dracunculus, is one of the many types of wormwood. Estragon is a unique subspecies of wormwood, which does not possess bitterness.
Summer residents and gardeners, as well as residents of the former Soviet Union, this spicy herb is known for its green drink, as well as for photographs in some books on botany. Homeland tarragon is Siberia and the Mongolian steppes. Mistresses of the middle lane adapted tarragon as a seasoning for the preparation of marinade, winter preparations, as well as drinks. Many grow tarragon in their own area, because for this it is enough to study the instructions for planting, as well as the rules of plant care.
Characteristics of tarragon varieties
Tarragon is completely unlike the classic wormwood, it grows to a height of one and a half meters and has a lush volume. The stem is straight and long, has many branches, on which olive-green leaflets grow. The shape of the leaves is like a shield with a pointed tip. At the end of summer, yellow flowers appear on the tarragon bush, inflorescences have from 8 to 10 buds and bloom throughout the month.
In the leaves and stalks of tarragon there is not only essential oil, but also many useful substances and minerals:
- Vitamin C.
There are 2 families in the wild: fragrant and odorless. Odorless is almost never used by humans, while odorous is used in medicine and cooking. The following are briefly described the most interesting varieties and information about them:
Goodwin: the taste is bitter, has a persistent aroma. Used for cooking fish, meat and vegetable dishes.
Monarch: the taste is very spicy, has a spicy aroma. Used in the preparation of beverages, which can act as an anti-sedative and invigorating agent.
Zhulebinsky - Semko: the most famous variety for domestic hostesses. It has a spicy taste and a spicy-pungent smell and is used for canning vegetables and meat.
Volkovsky: taste is sour, aroma is similar to mint. The most stable and unpretentious variety of tarragon. This variety is often used as a seasoning for meat, for the preparation of homemade cheeses and sausages, as well as in traditional medicine in conjunction with other plants.
French: the variety has a stunning aroma, is very fastidious in care and is prone to disease.
Dobrynya: spicy taste and spicy aroma. It is actively used in medicine and cooking, is a leader among the relatives in the number of nutrients and minerals in the composition.
Gribovsky: sour taste and mint flavor. The variety is frost-resistant and does not require maintenance, and therefore it is the most popular variety among gardeners and gardeners.
Now on the Internet you can easily find and see photos of all varieties, as well as find out information about planting and caring for each of them.
Council of gardeners: if you are still going to grow this beautiful plant in your area, pay attention to the Dobrynya and Gribovsky varieties. Representatives of these varieties do not require special care, and can also grow in one place without a transplant for more than 15 years.
Selection of landing site
Choosing a place for planting tarhuna should choose a sunny place because the plant is southern. Plants do not tolerate wet soils, as well as heavy and clay. Fine sandy and sandy loam, or loam diluted with sand and fertilizer. Soil acidity should be normal or slightly acidic.
Where the soil is acidic or slightly acidic, it is recommended to add wood ash to the soil to reduce acidity. Planting tarragon is made in autumn and spring. Duration of growth in one area is about 10 years. However, the landing site is recommended to be updated every 4-6 years. Changing the site of planting provides a fresh taste, as the leaves do not gain hardness.
Like many other shrub plants, there are several methods of reproduction: seeds, cuttings, division of the bush.
Generative The method of propagation of tarragon, includes the cultivation of seedlings using seeds. An interesting fact is that most gardeners prefer to breed tarragon with seeds.
To do this, at the end of March or beginning of April last year’s seeds, past the obligatory stratification, are soaked in room temperature water for 3–4 days. At this time, you should prepare a seating container. A pebble or crushed brick is laid at the bottom of the container to create good drainage. Should remember that tarragon does not like wet soil. At the bottom of the seating container, you can make several small holes to remove excess moisture. Soil can be bought in specialized stores or cook yourself. To do this, mix in equal quantities: compost, garden chernozem and calcined river sand.
The container is filled with prepared soil, then sprinkled soaked seeds onto the ground. The box is closed with food film or non-woven material and is sent to the window sill. We can not allow the grains to go deep into the soil. Therefore, they should be watered not from a watering can, but from a spray bottle. After a few weeks, the first shoots will appear, now you should remove the film and thin out too thick seedlings.
In late May or early June, tarragon can be planted in open ground. To do this, select a plot with fertile soil, loosen the ground, and add wood ash to reduce acidity. Следует помнить что эстрагон очень любит свет, поэтому высаживать его следует на участках, которые не затенены растениями и строениями. Рассаду высаживают в лунки на расстоянии 15 см. Первый год полив эстрагона осуществляется 2–4 раза за сезон.
Вегетативное размножение у тархуна ничем не отличается от других кустарников.
Размножение делением куста — процесс несложный. You should choose a well-formed plants, dig with the root. The root system should be divided so that in each division remained under two - three strong escape. All cuts on the root system should be treated with a weak solution of fungicides to prevent diseases.
If there is no possibility to deal with seedlings, and there is no desire to dig a bush, then in this case the cutting method is perfect. Reproduction cuttings are cut out in early May. To do this, cut the stems 15–20 cm long (oblique cut). The cut is processed by means of Fungicide or Kornevin. Stalk is planted in a greenhouse at an angle. The first roots appear after a few days, transplant the stalk in about a month.
How to care for tarragon
Caring for this unpretentious plant is very simple. Of all types of soil, only an acidic environment can harm. Special weeding do not require tarkhun, the exception may be only the first year of growth (after all, plants need sunlight in this way). Approximately 5 times in summer the young plant should be cut, then the crown is formed lush and large. Fertilizer is allowed only next year when the root gets stronger. Once every 5–7 years old, tarragon needs to be updated; for this, old plants are removed and a new one is planted.
Life expectancy and shrubs does not exceed 10 years with the exception of the Dobrynya and Gribovsky varieties. These two varieties can grow in one place and retain a bright aroma and taste for over 20 years. Abundant watering the plant is not needed. Autumn bushes should be dug, but very carefully, so as not to injure the root.
How to lure and fertilize tarragon
Before planting tarragon, the soil should be prepared in advance. To do this, you can apply the following fertilizers to the soil:
- Humus or compost.
- Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
Older plants lure in the spring, before the onset of leaflets. The following tools are commonly used:
- Wood ash.
- Nitrogen fertilizers.
Diseases and pests
Tarragon is a very unpretentious plant. and almost never undergo pest attacks. But still if there was such a nuisance, the gardener should know how to deal with it.
Rust - bloating on the leaves of brown color, appears due to an excess of nitrogen or thick planting. In this case, the bed should be thinned, and sick leaves should be removed.
Wireworm and heart-shaped rot - leads to wilting of the leaves and the further death of the plant. Removed by liming and loosening the soil.
Aphids - a rare phenomenon. If it appears, it is destroyed by onion peel tincture.
In the garden bed, tarragon goes well with stunted plants that do not obscure it and do not obscure the sunlight. Usually, planting is done next to herbs and greens, such as parsley or sorrel. Crop tarragon gardeners and gardeners collect three - four times per season.
Estragon has long been known as fragrant oriental spice.s Tarragon or tarragon is among the most popular seasonings in the kitchen. If you decide to grow it at home, it is enough to plant the seeds. Tarragon herbaceous plant, perennial, belongs to the family of wormwood. It is used in various states in canning, as a seasoning for fish, vegetable and meat dishes. Many add tarragon to tea, soft drinks, and also insist on balms, vodka and add it to wine.
Tarragon leaves and stalks are full of vitamins and minerals. In medicine, tarragon is used to increase appetite, with stomach cramps, as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent.
Tarragon: cultivation features
The main feature in the cultivation of tarragon is the choice of really high-quality planting material. Estragon is quite capricious and has the ability to rebirth with poor care, and since a distant relative of the spice is wormwood, you can get a lush-flowering branch of this plant together with cultural tarragon. So buy seeds better from proven suppliers.
Planting tarragon seeds in a pot
Only those plants that have enough light will have good germination, in the case of tarhun, additional lighting by phyto-illumination is obligatory!
Further, in order for the plant to develop properly, all the recommendations given below must be observed.
Preparation of tarragon seeds for planting
Germination of tarragon seeds occurs quite a long period, the least is the appearance of sprouts two weeks after planting. But for this you need to try.
- Seed is checked for buoyancy, and only seeds that are drowned are allowed to plant. For this, the glass is filled with water half warm water, the seeds are poured there and left for 3-4 hours at room temperature.
- Next, the seeds are dropped for 8 hours in a disinfecting solution.
- After that, seed for 4 hours immersed in a solution with growth stimulants.
After such active water treatments, the seeds are ready for planting.
It is important to ensure that the water was always warm! To do this, you can place the tank above the central heating battery, but you also can’t prevent overheating of the water.
Landing tarragon should occur under the following conditions:
- Tarragon planted in the spring.
- The soil should be loose, with the content of moisture-intensive impurities such as vermiculite.
- Since tarragon does not like stagnant water in the planting container, it is necessary to lay a sufficient layer of drainage and ensure that there is no water in the drain tray.
- Seeds are neatly distributed over the surface of the soil, sprinkle them on top should not be.
- Watering is done from the spray.
- Further, the landing box is covered with a film, and placed in the sunniest place or under a special lamp. Be sure to air for 10 minutes - 2 times a day.
- The temperature for germination should be at least +15 C.
- After the first sprouts appear, the film should be removed for 30 minutes, increasing the interval every day. After a week, the film should be left only for the night, and then removed altogether.
Optimum conditions for growing
The statement that tarragon feels great, like any wormwood in different conditions, is true. But there are nuances, because if tarragon will have to survive, then the taste will also be hardly distinguishable from wormwood.
Therefore, in order tarkhun grew well, you will need:
- a lot of light, because the main green mass grows in the light,
- water for irrigation should be soft,
- you can't create drafts
- periodically take out into the street and walk it in the penumbra, and even better if there is an opportunity to allow the plant to live on the street in the summer.
It is important not to leave it in the sun, otherwise the plant will burn.
Watering and feeding
If it is possible to plant organic fertilizers and compost into the soil, as well as garden soil, this will be a good starting point. If there is no garden plot, then you can use the purchased land for plants of this group.
It should be remembered that tarragon does not like acidic soil, it is possible to lower the acidity by adding ash or special preparations, and you can also make ground chalk.
Collecting and harvesting grass
Collect the greens by cutting just before use.
Planting tarragon is the only way to get fresh greens to the table, because to dry or freeze it is meaningless, because all the taste and useful qualities are lost. Sometimes it is also practiced to add tarragon to oil or acetic infusions.
In conclusion, I would like to give some tips on the use of tarragon in cooking.
- Leaves should not be heat treated, they lose their flavor. Add greens to ready meals before serving,
- if you add a bunch of fresh tarragon to vodka, then in a few weeks the taste of the drink will be original,
- To flavor oils, you need to pour a few fresh branches of the plant with warm oil and leave for a few weeks in a dark place,
- in order to make homemade lemonade it is necessary in a blender to whip lime, lemon, honey, mint and tarragon, strain the juice through a sieve, add sparkling water and ice,
- You can add tarragon to the marinade for fish to be especially delicious,
- when salting red varieties of fish, the addition of pre-chopped greens is also welcome,
- if you cook Dijon mustard at home, the tarragon will be useful.
So, given the taste characteristics of tarhuna, it is worthwhile to have such a spice in the home garden.
How to plant seeds
Put on the bottom of the pot or containers for planting drainage, we fall asleep the ground - this mixture is suitable even for growing seedlings. You can prepare the soil yourself: a mixture of sand, humus and sod (1: 1: 1).
Tarragon does not tolerate acidic soils. In such a soil, add wood ash, ground chalk, fluff lime or dolomite flour. Vermiculite and perlite take up excess moisture well, and when there is not enough moisture, they return it to the plant.
Sow the seeds, sprinkle with a thin layer of earth, moisten. You can make a home greenhouse, covering the pot or container with film or glass. But do not forget about periodic watering. The first shoots will appear on the 20th day.
Temperature range: 17-20 ° C.
Home location and lighting
Tarragon will grow on any window, but the most suitable for it will be the southern or eastern side. Lack of sun and light greatly affect growth, and in the event of deficiency, its taste qualities change. Greens lose their color intensity, pale. Accordingly, additional lighting is required.
Rules for watering tarragon grass
The first sprouts need to be watered very carefully so as not to break the shoots and not to erode the soil. It is best to do this with a spray.
For tarragon it is important to provide moderate watering. Spray a couple of times a day, water 1-2 times a month.
Feed tarragon you can already in the second year. To do this, it will be enough to make a small amount of complex mineral fertilizers. Constantly loosen the soil in order to prevent the appearance of a crust.
Homemade Tarragon Drink
There are many ways to make homemade tarragon drink. Someone cooks syrup with tarkhun, someone squeezes juice from tarragon leaves and adds to soda. You can cook in different ways.
- Carbonated water
Tarragon cocktail for losing weight
Green cocktails are particularly popular in the diet and among those who strive for the perfect figure. For the basis of such drinks take kefir and add to taste banana, kiwi and favorite spicy herbs. There are many recipes, you yourself can show imagination and create your own unique cocktail. We offer a recipe that will inspire you to your masterpiece.
- Ginger 1 tsp.
- Cinnamon - 1-2 g
- Tarragon leaves - 10-20 g
- Kefir 1% or nonfat sourdough - 1 tbsp.
Ginger to grate, and tarragon leaves finely chopped. Put in a blender, add cinnamon on the tip of a knife and pour a glass of yogurt. Beat 3-5 minutes. This cocktail contains only 39 calories.
Following our recommendations, you can easily grow on your tarragon windowsill and be able to use year-round to make healthy and nutritious meals and drinks all year round.