Flowers appearing in spring are especially welcome and loved all over the world. Their bright beauty gives us a real holiday after the cold winter days. Among them, without any doubt, is lilac, a photo of which can be seen on greeting cards for the first spring holidays.
Lilac is widely used in landscaping urban squares and parks, gardeners and gardeners love it. In Lebanon, Greece, and Cyprus, its name is consonant with Easter. And in Rochester, Hamilton, Boston and other cities every year festivals are held, which are dedicated to this magnificent plant.
Today in the world there are more than 30 species of lilac. Thanks to the work of breeders, more and more new varieties of amazing plants appear. The theme of our article will be Meyer’s lilac - a refined, compact plant, very much loved in our country. This is a group of small shrubs, which unites the common name - “balcony series”.
Lilac Meier: Description
Compact bushes of this plant are not above 1.5 meters. Its branches are painted gray-brown, the bark with small cracks. Young shoots have a dark brown color. Leaves elliptical, wide, length from two to four centimeters. At the apex they narrow, the base is wedge-shaped, with tiny “cilia” along the edge. Their upper part is dark green, the lower one is slightly lighter, leaves are trimmed along two veins, which run parallel to the edges from the very base.
Meyer's lilac has an exquisite delicate aroma. The flowers are collected in erect inflorescences. Their length is up to 10 cm. The plant is undemanding to soils, successfully developing even on poor soils, tolerates moderate irrigation. Practically does not suffer from a frost.
Planting fragrant bushes better in groups, in the form of a hedge, although single planting in a flowerbed looks very impressive.
Lilac, a photo of which you can see in this article, is very responsive to feeding. For her, two such procedures per year are quite enough. In the spring, in the thawing snow, the bushes feed the first time and after the second flowering. If chemical analysis of the soil on the site was not carried out, it is better to use ready-made fertilizers (complex) for flowering shrubs. Today, they are in large numbers offered by specialized trading organizations.
Meyer's lilac is resistant to many diseases. Sometimes it can be affected by viruses. The first two years before hibernation, young bushes are covered with material, tree trunks should be mulched with foliage or peat.
Varietal plants, which include Meyer's lilac, propagate by cuttings, grafting or layering. Lilac seeds are usually harvested in early October. They can be sown in the fall or spring. If you want to sow them in the spring, they must first be stratified.
Lilac cuttings are carried out during active flowering. Cuttings are cut from the shoots of the same age, from the middle part. The substrate for them is a mixture of sand with vermiculite, perlite or river sand (purified). Vaccination is carried out by cuttings, or by a sleeping kidney. Hungarian lilac, common privet, common lilac are used for stock.
The grafted plants are grown in the form of half-tusts, bush or standard forms. Shtamb should be formed in the second year after vaccination. Booms should not exceed 1.5 meters in height. Standard lilac needs special care - it is necessary to ensure that the main shoot is not covered by shoots.
Syringa meyeri palibin
There are several varieties of this type of lilac. We will introduce you to them. The most popular and sought-after of them is Meyer Palibin's lilac. This is a deciduous shrub. The krone is very compact. The leaves are located opposite, broadly or ovate. Their length is about 4 cm, width - 2.5 cm, from the top they are completely smooth, dark green, the lower part is much lighter, sometimes pubescent along the veins, edges slightly wavy.
Flowers are located at the ends of the shoots, have a light purple color. There are always a lot of them, and they have a strong aroma. Erect inflorescences up to 10 centimeters in length. Blossoms at the end of May. Meyer's Lilac Palibin belongs to remontant varieties. This means that it blooms again. This usually happens at the end of the summer, but not as abundantly and magnificently as in the spring.
This type of lilac is frost-resistant, light-requiring, but it tolerates penumbra well. Very fond of fertile, slightly acidic or slightly alkaline moist soils, but does not tolerate flooding.
Planting pits are filled with compost or humus mixed with garden soil. Feeding is carried out twice a season. Adult bushes pruned, remove dead, old shoots that grow inside the crown. In grafted plants remove excess growth. Standard bushes are pruned more intensively.
Lilac saplings Palibin can be formed in the form of a ball, a bush or give them a standard form. This cute dwarf tree does not exceed 60 cm. In this form it can be used both for cultivation in the garden plot, and as a pot plant.
At least three or four times a season, it is necessary to loosen the soil (not too deep) - about five to six centimeters. Palibin Lilac is suitable for group and single plantings, to create fairly dense hedges.
Another great short and sturdy plant. Meyer's Red Pixie lilac blooms twice a year. The first time is at the end of May, the second at the end of July - the beginning of August. The bush is compact, rather dense. Its height can be from 100 to 170 centimeters, width is about 120 centimeters.
The buds are colored purplish red. The flowers initially have a rich pink hue, then acquire a light pink. Surprisingly, this plant begins to bloom very early. Very small bushes (25 cm) are covered with numerous buds, emitting a stunning aroma. This plant is ideal for a small garden.
Remontant variety, which is a complex hybrid of large-leaved, spreading lilac, Meyer and Juliana. The bush is compact, height is about 150 cm, width is no more than 160 cm. It blooms for the first time in May, the second - in August. But most importantly, the color is preserved until frost.
The flowers have a delicate lavender shade and rich aroma. This lilac is unusually good in bouquets - early in the morning you need to cut two thirds of the flowering branch, put it in the water, splitting the cuts at the ends. With repeated flowering inflorescences have a smaller size and a more saturated color. To improve secondary flowering, remove the faded panicles after the first wave. This type is used in small gardens as a decoration on lawns or to create original compositions.
Another wonderful representative of the "balcony series". Meier Jose's miniature lilac - remontant look. Small bush, spreading, 1.25 meters wide. The peculiarity of the variety is a very slow growth, therefore it is more often used for the design of mixborders.
The flowers are almost purple with a pink tinge, with a strong aroma. This is especially felt during group landing. The first time blooms in late May (sometimes in early June). The second time (at the end of August) flowering less active.
Like all lilac Meier, Jose prefers sunny, with light penumbra areas. Feels comfortable on well-drained loams with humus content. In additional watering needs only dry years.
General characteristics of the form
The luxurious shrub belongs to the Maslinov family and has about 40 natural and hybrid subspecies. The flowering period can be seen for 1.5-2 months, depending on the varietal characteristics of the individual. First blooming elements appear in early May, remaining on the tree until the end of the first summer month. The undersized variety of lilac Meier grows to 1.5 meters, while other varieties are able to have a 10-meter height and look like real giants. The life cycle of a plant can reach the age of 90 years.
Surely everyone ever came across a magical scent of lilac, during the flowering period. This smell is remembered for a long time and makes you once again approach the unique shrub. It is very contrasting and persistent, so it spreads quickly throughout the district. Because of this particular feature, Meyer’s lilac bushes are often beloved inhabitant of city parks, walking alleys, and public spaces. A very valuable feature of such a plant is its excellent stamina and unpretentious care.
Graceful inflorescences of low-growing varieties form peculiar panicles with different sizes, inside of which are miniature flowers, published by that same unforgettable scent. As for coloring, it is represented by bright white or cream tones, or contrasting violet and fiery red. In simple inflorescences is four petals, and sometimes more. The foliage of lilac is painted in dark green shades. In winter, it leaves the bush when the first night frosts appear.
Known varieties and varieties
Among the many hybrid varieties, the following are in great demand
- Dwarf persian lilac,
- Lilac meier
As mentioned above, Meyer's dwarf lilac It is considered one of the most popular due to its compact size, picky character and excellent flowering, which begins in late May or early June, depending on weather conditions. Incredibly valuable advantage of this variety is two-time flowering, so at the end of summer new blossoming elements appear on the bush, however, they are not expressed as abundantly as in the first period. In any case, everyone can once again enjoy the wonderful aroma of your favorite plant before the upcoming fall. For productive re-flowering, remove the faded panicles.
Also very popular is the Persian lilac variety, bred in the 17th century, which is a spectacular combination of Afghan and small-leaved. Representatives of the species are moderately undersized, because The maximum height of an adult individual rarely exceeds 2 meters. At the expense of graceful thin branches the bush looks very attractive. A 9-10 centimeter inflorescences and fragrant tiny flowers with whitish-purple, red or purple color gives the culture a more attractive appearance. In most cases, the Persian dwarf lilac blooms during the May holidays, and the flowering period lasts until the last days of June. Bouquets of this variety are often used at solemn parades.
The terry variety is represented by a wide variety of shades and shapes, which is why it is considered to be the most popular hybrids for home cultivation. The growth of an adult individual reaches almost 4 meters, and its chic and dense foliage with emerald color makes it truly amazing. Terry inflorescences are formed as a result of the growth of dual petals. Such plants are popular in China, as well as in the CIS countries.
In addition, in nature there are many other varieties that are found in the wild form. Often, in the forests are found whole thickets of fragrant bushesthat make you stay near them for a long time. Among those:
- Common lilac
If we consider the variety of common lilac, it served to create a variety of hybrids, which are widely distributed in different regions of the world. The view is characterized by excellent winter hardiness and ability grow freely in dry weather. Emerald leaves form elongated hearts that taper down. Panicle flowers cover the shrub practically with foliage. Their color can be very different, and the aroma is amazingly fragrant.
The widespread branching of the roots allows the plant to be used to protect unstable slopes from water erosion. Good growth is seen in the shadows, and in heavy light conditions. In the latter case, the flowering will be especially abundant. The view quietly transfers aggressive temperature differential.
Hungarian lilac is found in mixed forests, where it grows up to 4-5 meters in height. It has elongated broad leaves with a dark-green color on top, and gray shades from below, which are on small petioles up to 1.5 centimeters in size. Flowering begins in June and lasts until the end of the month, about three weeks. Paniculate inflorescences in the amount of 20 centimeters are painted in a soft purple or deep purple color. They produce a very intense and peculiar odor that is difficult to confuse with others.
Amur Lilac applies to tall, because its height is 10 meters. Such a giant is easier to call a tree than kus. The flowering is represented by beige and cream tones that make it look like a reticulated look. The duration of flowering rarely exceeds two weeks in the middle of summer.
Flowering shrubs are in great demand in Western countries. A special value for flower growers and landscape designers is Meyer’s low-growing lilac variety with dwarf size and irresistible appearance.
Features of care and cultivation at home
Every caring gardener repeatedly asks the question of proper care of the planted lilac in order to improve its decorative properties. To achieve this goal it is necessary to choose well. lighted seatswhere there is no stagnation of groundwater at the root system, which reacts poorly to waterlogging and may rot. When choosing a place, preference should be given to secluded places with good protection from piercing drafts and wind.
When choosing a soil composition, it is necessary to give preference to a neutral to acid soil with comfortable, but moderate humidity. Also, it should be fertilized with humus. At different stages of the life cycle in the period of growth from spring to autumn, the earth should be treated with mineral dressings, which can be used as urea, nitroammofoska, superphosphate other. Organic fertilizers, including diluted chicken or cow manure, also perform well.
Asking the question: “How to plant lilacs correctly?”, It is necessary to dig out a landing pit of cubic shape with dimensions of 50 x 50 x 50 centimeters. Regular fertilization, which can be used as compost, wood ash, mullein or manure, leads to the expansion of the deepening. Very often, such fertilizers are combined with each other, which significantly improves the growth productivity of the low-growing variety. The bottom of the pit should be laid drainage of medium pebbles, expanded clay or medium-sized rubble. Such an event will allow you to efficiently divert excess water. The roots gently spread on the surface and sprinkled with a layer of earth. Wherein radical system should be at the level of 3 centimeters above the ground.
Features reproduction of lilac
There are three main breeding varieties of lilac, which are suitable for all varieties and types of plants:
Many gardeners prefer breeding with the help of shoots, when in the process of active growth in different sides of the plant appear multiple layering. If they take root normally, lilac can be transferred to a permanent place for further growth.
No less popular breeding method bush is grafting. To carry out such a procedure, it is necessary to select young pagons with two or three kidneys. The bottom cut is made oblique, and above it all leaves are removed. In this case, the top remains straight. The cutting is pretreated with a good root system stimulator, where it is placed for 10-15 hours. Next, the sections are washed with clean water and planted in prepared containers. A sandy peat substrate mixed with perlite should be used as a soil. It is important that the cuttings do not touch each other. To do this, the box is transferred to a dark place and covered with foil. Periodically, the film is removed for irrigation and ventilation.
Lilac cuttings let the first roots in about 2 months. If this happens at the end of autumn, the landing individual needs to be moved to a warm room, without taking it out of the boxes.
Seed breeding method is used in the natural environment, and in nurseries. Its main disadvantage - too late flowering, because The bush will give floral elements only in 4-5 years.
Like many other ornamental plants, lilac needs regular and proper pruning. Juveniles up to three years old do not need such an event.
Concerning trimming adult bushesthen it is carried out at the beginning of spring, when the snow finally melts and the temperature becomes comfortable. При обрезке оставляется 7-8 здоровых почек, а все остальные аккуратно удаляются. Такое решение позволит растению направить все свои силы на развитие цветоносов и пышных листов. Также следует избавиться от больных или засохших веток, используя острый инструмент, который минимизирует возможные повреждения.
В период цветения не стоит бояться вырезать до половины душистые соцветия. Such an action will be useful for the future active growth of new flower stalks. Even if you cut more than half of the flowering elements, it does not harm the culture. However, it is better to leave some fragrant inflorescences so that a pleasant aroma is published for a long time.
Application for landscape design
Proper use of lilac bushes in the composition creates a very beautiful piece of greenhouse art. Delicate shades represented by lilac, purple or pink flowers cast a nostalgic memory of the light period of life. And the presence of contrasting purple inflorescences makes the plant memorable. The culture in single angular plantings or in the form of hedges that land next to each other looks graceful.
Meyer's dwarf lilac is a flowering and compact shrub whose height does not exceed 1.5 m. The growth rate is rather slow: the annual growth is 10 cm. The rounded crown is formed by brownish shoots covered with elliptical dark green foliage with pointed edges. Erect inflorescences can be painted in different colors and have a conical shape. Blooms profusely in late spring - early summer and can repeat flowering in 1.5 - 2 months.
Among the most popular varieties stand out:
- Meyer's lilac "Palibin". The variety is represented by miniature bushes with a height of up to 60 cm. Purple flowers are collected in fluffy inflorescences 10 cm long. The drought and frost-resistant representative of the type species is reparative due to repeated flowering at the end of the summer period.
- Red Pixie. On average, the height of the variety is 1 - 1.5 m. The shrub blooms twice per season in red, which brightens over time.
- "Jose". Pink-purple bushes with fragrant flowers, collected in inflorescences. The krone consists of sprawling graceful shoots.
- "Boomerang Ash". Lavender lilac, the bushes of which have a diameter and height of 1.5 m. It has a long twofold flowering.
Planting in open ground
To admire every year the lush flowering of a compact shrub, it is necessary to choose the right place, ground and plant quality planting materials according to all the rules at a certain time.
For lilac, a solar plot is provided, protected from drafts.
Despite the fact that floriferous bushes can grow on poor soils, preference should be given to loose, light soil with a neutral reaction, good fertile layer and drainage.
- Landing lilac carried out in the second half of the summer season.
- A planting pit with dimensions 50x50 cm is dug out in the selected territory.
- With a poor fertile layer, a mixture of compost, humus and wood ash is placed on the bottom.
- Saplings remove diseased roots and shorten healthy ones to a length of 30 cm.
- The lilac is placed in a hole and buried, after which the above-ground shoots are cut by 2 buds.
- Pristvolny circle compacted, poured and covered with a layer of mulch with a thickness of 7 cm.
Care lilac Meier
It is very simple to care for an undemanding plant, performing only simple agrotechnical measures.
- Watering. When the lilac blooms, it is worth watering to prolong the phase. The rest of the natural rainfall culture enough, because the lack of moisture lilac tolerates more easily than overflow and stagnant fluids. However, in conditions of prolonged drought, the bush should be moistened.
- Loosening and mulching. In order to maintain the required level of air permeability, the soil in the near-circle wheel is systematically sifted. Simultaneously with the loosening procedure, the soil is freed from weeds. To save time and effort, you can mulch the area around the trunk.
- Top dressing and fertilizers. The next spring after planting, the near-stem circle is enriched with nitrogen to stimulate the growth of the root mass. In the summer and autumn, additional fertilizing is carried out using superphosphate and potassium agrochemicals.
- Crop. Lilac bush pruning begin with the third year of growth after disembarkation. All weak branches are removed, and the powerful ones selected as skeletal are shortened. The formation of the crown can be in the form of a spherical bush or trunk.
A typical species can multiply both vegetatively and in seminal way. The seed method is a long and laborious process that can take several years and does not guarantee the preservation of varietal characteristics. Therefore, the technique is rarely used outside breeding institutions.
The cutting is carried out in the following way:
- Green cuttings 15 cm long with 3 internodes are harvested during flowering.
- Using sharp scissors, leaf plates are removed from the outermost buds.
- Slightly below the kidney is an oblique cut, which is processed by a growth stimulator.
- The remaining leaves are shortened by half the length.
- The cuttings are sunk into the substrate of peat and sand, after which they are covered with a film, which is periodically removed for ventilation and humidification.
- Rooting 50% cuttings observed after 45 days.
- In the autumn, the grown seedlings are planted at a permanent place of growth, while the weak remain to spend the winter in shelter.
Breeding root shoots is another effective method of breeding lilacs. With such a technique, a well-developed root scion is selected, which is separated from the maternal specimen with a sharp shovel rather carefully so as not to injure the fragile roots.
It is preferable to carry out reproduction in early autumn, when the intensity of self-movement decreases. The day is chosen overcast.
Advantages and disadvantages of undersized lilac
Among other mini-bushes, lilac dwarf stands out with a number of advantages. These include:
- High frost resistance. Some varieties are able to tolerate temperatures of at least -40 ° C without additional insulation.
- Unpretentious care. A single organic plant feed lasts for 2-3 years.
- Drought tolerance. A shrub in the heat can withstand up to 7 days without additional irrigation.
- Low growing season. Perennial dwarfs are characterized by slow growth, and therefore gardeners do not have to worry about the density of the crown.
- The crown's ability to absorb exhaust gases and toxic volatile compounds from the surrounding atmosphere.
Among the shortcomings worth noting the low rates of rooting. Most of the undersized varieties (except the type of Meier) after transplanting to a new place for a long time are ill. In the first 2 years after the manipulations, the plants need more thorough care.
Popular dwarf varieties
In the Russian park areas and suburban areas the following varieties are considered the most common:
Video from Igor Bilevich with a review of a low-growing variety.
Meyer’s species includes several popular undersized varieties: Palibin, Bluemerang Ash, Jose, Red Pixie. The novelty of the last decade is a series of Flowerfest with Pink varieties, snow-white White and purple Purple, not exceeding a meter height. Budding is possible at the beginning and end of summer.
Small-leaved species is represented by the only compact variety called “Superba”. It is a presentable shrub up to 1 m in height with beautiful inflorescences of a shade of magenta. It is frost-resistant, successfully tolerates transplanting and severe winters. Needs sufficient sunshine. In the shade and partial shade of the inflorescence become smaller and crumble faster. Duration of flowering is 20 days, blooming begins in early June.
The group of dwarf lilacs, referred to in everyday life as a balcony, is represented by several other popular varieties:
- The schoolgirl is a type of common lilac, distinguished by miniature crown sizes (up to 1.5 m) and large paniculate inflorescences up to 25 m in length. The flowers have an intense purple color and delicate, but lasting fragrance. Resistant to environmental influences and sudden temperature changes.
Is there a dwarf lilac with repeated flowering?
Science and selection do not stand still. Every year, breeders around the world are developing more and more new varieties of lilacs. Among them there are both classic and variations with repeated flowering.
Among the stunted varieties, it is customary to distinguish plants with the following names:
- Bluomerang Ash (Bloomerang Purple) is a hybrid from a Meyer species up to 1.5 m high. Primary bud formation occurs in May; a second wave can be expected in August. Violet inflorescences with a lavender shade and a memorable floral scent can hold on to the shoots until the first frost. In order to achieve abundant second flowering, previous faded panicles should be promptly removed. Perfectly withstands short frosts down to -32 ° C.
Practice for the care of dwarf shrubs
In the first years after transplantation, lilac needs special care, as it is most susceptible to garden pests and diseases due to its slow rooting rate. However, by complying with a number of planting and care requirements, gardeners can avoid most of the problems:
- Well, pot, pot before planting must be sprayed with a disinfecting solution. This may be potassium permanganate or a special drug purchased in a gardening shop.
- Root ball sprinkled or shed growth stimulant (Kornevin, Zircon).
- After a transplant during the month, the lilac at noon is lit up with canopies or homemade domes.
- Root shoots and lateral shoots are cut at the root to avoid the growth of seedlings. This measure is necessary to prevent the degeneration of hybrid bushes.
- Lilac, like any decorative deciduous plant, needs timely pruning. Removed faded panicles in time can save the strength and nutrients needed to set the next year's flower buds. This rule is worth considering when you have to cut the roses after flowering. But this does not mean that you can break off branches from the bush. Bare, deformed shoots are vulnerable to many diseases and pathogens.
- In addition to trimming the plant needs nutrition. To do this, 1 time in 2-3 years in the hole with lilac form a nutritional pillow, consisting of horse manure or humus. In mid-March, after the snow melts, organic fertilizer is poured into the garden bed with a bush. The height of the pillow should not exceed 6-7 cm.
- The first wintering of dwarf varieties should be gentle. Regardless of the frost resistance indicators of the shrub, the hole under it is insulated with straw, sawdust or spruce branches. Before sending plants to hibernation, you must make a photo with a description. This measure helps to remember the timing and location of each landing.
Video with tips on care from Andrei Tumanov.
The use of dwarf lilac bushes in landscape design
Miniature varieties of lilac are used in both group and soliter plantings. In the second case, gardeners recommend planting 2-3 seedlings in one well. During the growth and development of seedlings grow together, forming a single strong bush. Such tapeworms have a lush crown and an exotic look.
Of the dwarf type of Meyer most often form hedges. This is due to the fact that these shrubs are not prone to raising the crown, have compact dimensions of the root ball and cost a small amount of nutrients. Thanks to these features, shrubs tolerate dense plantings and frequent transplants.
Lilac bushes are combined with stunted spruces and other conifers. Gardeners may not worry about the preservation of this deciduous culture. Despite the fact that evergreen saplings have powerful stem-type rhizomes, they will not be able to pull the full amount of moisture and nutrients from the soil.
Under lonely bushes planted peonies in contrasting shades. This is due to the fact that the timing of flowering of these crops coincide. In early summer, the herbal composition pleases the owners of a compact garden with a lush color and persistent aroma.
The current trend of recent years - the decoration of alpine lilacs. Stubby compositions are often diluted with such stunted varieties like “Captain Bolt” and “Madame Charles Suchet”.
The highlight of the garden is considered to be a low bush of white lilac, planted in a large pot. This soliter composition not only adds sophistication to the local area, but also saves space and protects the plant from many soil diseases. For example, sensitive to the fungus "Madame Charles Suchet" is recommended to be placed in open areas exclusively in garden vases.
Dwarf lilacs are suitable for growing in gardens, on open terraces, in greenhouses and greenhouses. Some repair species are able to decorate the interiors of houses.
Features varietal group
Meyer's lilac - ornamental dwarf shrubs of the olive family, which are characterized by compactness. Also, this species is often called "balcony lilac". The maximum height of the bushes of some varieties can reach 150-180 cm. But over the course of a year, the plants are drawn upwards by no more than 10 cm. Bushes have a rounded shape.
In adult specimens, small cracks can be seen on the branches. The upper side of the leaves is colored in dark green, the undertone is paler. The inflorescences are erect, do not exceed 10 cm in length. They bloom profusely by early June, usually blooming at the end of summer.
The color of the flowers depends on the variety - it can be purple, red, pink, lilac, white. They are famous for drought resistance and frost resistance. Prefer drained soil, sunny places.
The best varieties and varieties
Meyer’s lilac species are not many, but they are all in demand and are popular with gardeners. Known varieties:
"Jose" - a hybrid variety that was bred when crossing 3 types of lilac: Meyer, open and small-leaved. Shrubs up to 150 cm wide and wide. Small leaves with a pointed end. Inflorescences are paniculate, lavender-pink flowers. In late summer, lilac blooms weakly a second time, re-flowering depends on the level of illumination and soil moistening. Flowering will be more intense if you remove dry inflorescences in time.
Red Pixie is a hardy remontant variety. Differs from other varieties in the purple color of flowers.
A series of varieties of "flowerfest" ("White", "pink", "purple"). The width of the bushes - 100 cm, height - from 80 to 120 cm. The leaves are small, dark green. The color of the flowers depends on the particular variety (white, pink or purple). The length of the inflorescences is standard for compact lilac - 10 cm. The period of the first flowering: from May to June. Blooms again in early August (sometimes at the end of July).
"Tinkerbell" - bushes have a spreading crown, can stretch up to 150 cm. They bloom with small fragrant flowers of pink shade twice: in early June and in early September.
“Bluemerang ash” is a hybrid remontant variety, the height of the bush can reach 150 cm, width - 180 cm. The first flowering occurs in May, and the second one - at the end of summer. Violet flowers are kept on the branches until the autumn frosts.
Meyer's dwarf lilac is represented by the palibin variety. The crown is rounded, the branches of a bush are gray-brown in color. The leaf shape is heart-shaped, the color is dark green. The leaves are small and shiny, densely cover the branches. The inflorescences are straight, elongated, their length reaches 8-10 cm. The flowers are lilac-pink, by the end of flowering they turn into pale purple. Bushes of this variety withstand the lack of moisture in the soil. Grow slowly. Their height usually reaches 60 cm. The flowering period begins at the end of May or in June, depending on weather conditions. The variety can be grown not only in the area, but also at home. It is adapted for planting in urban environments.
Meyer's lilac "flowerfest" - culture remontant. Depending on the color of flowers, it is divided into 3 varieties:
The height of the lilac “flowerfest” is about 100 cm, individual bushes can stretch up to 120 cm. If compared with other varieties, this species has the most abundant and long-lasting bloom - it re-blooms before frost. The leaves of the dwarf lilac are small, each inflorescence contains many flowers.
The culture is resistant to pests and diseases, root rot and powdery mildew. Withstands frost.
Suitable for growing in small areas. It prefers well-lit places, but will grow in slightly shaded areas.
The description of the Red Pixie remontant variety is as follows:
- bush height can reach 170 cm, width - up to 120 cm,
- bloom occurs twice per season - in May and in the second half of summer,
- red tubular flowers gradually turn pink,
- leaves are rounded, with a barely noticeable protruding tip, dark green and glossy surface,
- lasting scent.
Requires minimal maintenance. It grows well in illuminated areas, but does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the soil.
Pink and Purple
Remontant variety "Jose" refers to hybrids, characterized by fragrant purple-pink flowers. Its low bushes grow extremely slowly. During flowering tubular flowers spread a sweet aroma. The first time blooms by the end of May - the beginning of June. The second bloom begins in August. Хорошо растет на солнечных местах. В засушливые дни требует обильного полива. Сорт устойчив к мучнистой росе, морозоустойчив.
Еще один карликовый сорт сирени с розовыми цветками — «тинкербелл». После цветения нуждается в обязательной обрезке. Растёт на плодородных и увлажнённых почвах.
Сирень Мейера относится к нетребовательным и неприхотливым растениям, но при ее посадке следует выбирать солнечные места. It is not recommended to expose bushes to drafts. Culture feels good on poor soils. The ideal soil for it is slightly acidic or neutral.
Also, lilac prefers areas where there is no stagnation of moisture, so it is better to plant it on a plain or on small elevations. Lilac plant in the summer - from mid-July to early August, in the evening. Drainage, organic and mineral substances (if depleted soil is available): ash, phosphate fertilizer, humus are placed in a planting hole 50x50 cm in size.
After planting, the ground around the seedling is crushed and watered. Pristvolny circle immediately mulch using humus or peat. Reproduction of lilac is possible with the help of:
Seed breeding method is not too in demand because of its low efficiency. It is more convenient to plant using specially prepared cuttings. But the easiest way to buy seedlings, already ready to use.
Rules of growing and care
Lilac watered with care to prevent overwetting - it will cause the root system to rot. Shrubs especially need water during flowering. When it ends, the amount of watering is reduced. Land under the bushes periodically loosened.
Feed plants begin one year after planting. Spring is suitable for applying nitrogen fertilizers, autumn is for dressing with potassium and phosphorus. Pruned bushes in the third year after planting. The procedure is to remove weak shoots. In addition, in the future you will need to trim the branches to form a crown or to grow lilac on a trunk.
Lilac frost is different, to build a shelter for the winter is possible only for young fragile bushes.
Place in landscape design
Because of the compactness of the bushes and the picturesque bloom, Meyer’s lilac is widely used in landscape design. It is suitable for the formation of hedges, creating a variety of compositions in the alleys near the house. The site can be decorated with a single lilac bush, placing it among other plants.
Bushes are planted not only in open ground, but also in flowerpots, then to beautifully place on the site. Lilac will serve as an ornament for terraces and greenhouses. In decorative compositions, lilac coexists well with flowering crops: honeysuckle, hydrangea, barberry, tree peony. Possible landing next to the conifers.
When planting lilac bushes as a hedge, you can combine varieties with different shades of flowers. Positive feedback from gardeners about lilac Meier indicates the minimum number of probable problems that may arise when growing ornamental shrubs.
Description of the species
Meyer Palibin is compact, slow growing culture It differs from other species precisely in its small size. Lilac Meier even got the name "balcony".
As you can see, the size of the variety is not great
Culture grows no higher than 60 centimeters. The branches are dark brown in color. The leaves have an elliptical shape. The upper side is dark green, and the lower side is slightly lighter. The flowers are small, color - purple.
For planting, one should choose sunny, well-lit areas. In addition, you should pay attention to the composition of the soil. Meyer Palibin generally treats any soils well. But neutral or slightly acidic soil - This is what you need for shrubs.
It is better to select a neutral soil for the variety.
Too wetlands are not desirable for this variety, lilac is much better related to soils with a lack of moisture.
How to prepare Meyer's lilac for landing
The period of harvesting seedlings (they are green cuttings) may fall on the flowering period of the plant. Therefore, to choose such an escape, in which there are no buds or flower buds.
Length green cutting must be about 20 cm. On the handle there should be at least two buds and a pair of leaf plates.
Before planting the cuttings, it is recommended to hold them in a growth stimulant solution.
Then the cuttings are planted in open ground. As the soil is required to use a mixture of peat and sand. Top cuttings covered with plastic bottles or plant them in a greenhouse.
Cuttings recommended periodically moisturizeand also to control that the temperature in the greenhouse should be three degrees warmer.
You can replant to a permanent place next summer.
Planting seedlings is best next summer after planting.
If a soil is too poor, the well is recommended to do a little more and add the following ingredients to it:
- Wood ash,
- Phosphate fertilizers.
You should not choose the time of day when the sun is very hot. Better to do it in the evening. If seedlings have an open root system, it is recommended to prune the damaged roots. Too long and powerful roots are cut so that their length is about 30 cm.
Root system to completely close the soil and seal it.
Caring for seedlings after planting
After landing seedling is required to immediately pour plenty of water. Then the area around the trunk of the sapling must be mulched. The thickness of the mulch layer should be five centimeters.
During the first year after planting the seedling is required to loosen the soil. The depth should be about 5 cm. It is required to carry out this procedure about 4 times a year.
Loosening the soil - a procedure useful not only for lilac
Culture grows well on any soil. It is better if it grows on a neutral or slightly acidic soil. If the soil is excessively acidic, it is recommended to add limestone.
Too wetlands the plant does not like it, so it is undesirable to land in lowlands, however, it is possible if there is a good drainage layer.
Humidity and watering
Watering should be regular, but moderate. Much better a plant tolerates a lack of moisture than its excess. Since the stagnation of water is dangerous rotting root system.
Overflows are very dangerous rotting roots
Humidity is not significant for culture, therefore no additional procedures are required to increase air humidity.
Meyer's lilac was called dwarf, since the height of this species rarely exceeds 150 cm. The bark of the culture has a dark brown color. The length of green leaves does not exceed 4 cm.
Erect inflorescences in the form of panicles or scutes. have sizes up to 10 cm. Flowers have a pleasant, pronounced aroma.
The species is distinguished by red and bright purple flowers that form quite large inflorescences. This is a tall look - the height can reach 1, 7 meters.
it most compact variety lilac meyer. The height rarely exceeds 60 cm. Therefore, often this variety is grown in pots and containers. The leaves have a length of no more than 4 cm.
Apical inflorescences are up to 10 cm in size. The variety blooms at the end of May. The view has a distinct, very pleasant aroma.
Description and general characteristics
The Maslin family, to which this shrub is attributed, is very extensive, directly this species has about forty natural and hybrid subspecies in its arsenal. Lilac bloom lasts a half to two monthsIt all depends on the variety. Usually, it starts on the May holidays (remember, when you used to come to parades with a fragrant sprig of lilacs), and it lasted until the end of June.
The size of the dwarf lilac does not exceed 1.5 m, and other species can reach ten meters, just real giants. The lifespan of a bush can reach the turn of 90 years.
Lilac inflorescences are collected in the form of panicles of different sizes, with miniature flowers placed on them that emit an indescribable fragrance. The color varies from pure white or cream tones, to deep purple and fiery red. Simple inflorescences are usually four petals, sometimes more.
As a child, it was believed that if you find a flower with five or six petals, you can immediately make a wish and, whatever you think of, everything will come true. But if you meet three petal instance, it promises failure.
Lilac bush has beautiful foliage of green color, usually saturated or darker shade. For the winter period, it falls off, after the arrival of the first night frosts.
Varieties and varieties
There are many species and varieties of lilacs, primarily due to breeders who grow new varieties of hybrids. After all, the blooming lilac photo, which can be seen, is an unforgettable sight and therefore the demand is constantly growing. Their number can not be accurately named, because the emergence of new subspecies is a very frequent phenomenon. Among them are the most popular
Varieties of lilac hybrids
- Dwarf Persian Lilac
- Persian lilac
- Lilac meier
- Lilac Hyacinth
- Lilac hairy or hairy
- Lilac Preston
Hyacinth lilac - S.hyacinthiflora
It turned out through the crossing of an ordinary and broad-leaved lilac bush. They have leaves in the form of an elongated heart of green color, and by the end of summer, picking up purple shades, because of which the shrub appears brownish-purple. On its basis unique varieties were created: lilac Buffon (Buffon) and lilac Churchill (Churchill).
Lilac Meier - Syringa Meyeri
Dwarf variety growing in height and width up to one and a half meters. The flowering of this lilac can begin in late May or early June, depending on the vagaries of the weather.
The biggest plus is that it is repair hybrid and it will bloom a second time at the end of summer, but not as abundant as the first. But it's not scary, because all the same, the time of flowering is unusual. To re-bloom turned out the most active, the mandatory removal of faded panicles is welcomed.
There are also known subspecies:
- Meyer Palibin (Syringa Meyeri Palibin) - lilac-purple inflorescences, exuding an unsurpassed flavor.
- Meier Red Pixie (Syringa meyeri Red Pixie) - at the beginning of flowering is dark purple in color, and by the end is saturated with a red shade and become purple-red.
- Meyer Jose (Syringa meyeri Josee) - balcony version with pinkish-purple flowers.
- Meier Bluemerang Ash (Syringa Bloomerang Purple) - with dense-purple inflorescences-panicles, perfect for bouquets.
Persian Lilac - Syringa persica
Flowering lilac bush
They connected two naturally growing species of Afghan and small-leaved, and it turned out to be Persian, and this is in the middle of the 17th century. It is considered moderately dwarf, as it grows no higher than two meters. At the same time it looks elegant because of thin branches. The inflorescences are quite wide and long, up to 9-10 cm. Fragrant flowers from whitish-lilac to red and purple, depending on the variety, bloom from the well-known May holidays to the last June days.
It was the bouquets of Persian lilac that most often took with them to a solemn parade. Withstands severe frost and excessive heat. Since it is a hybrid, it does not occur in a wildly growing form.
Presented by a wide variety of colors, they grow tall, up to almost 4 meters. But due to the chic and dense foliage emerald green color look great. The flushiness of the inflorescences appears due to the duality of the petals. They are especially fond of the inhabitants of China. Among them it is worth noting those who especially liked.
- The beauty of Moscow is distinguished by its enormous size of inflorescences reaching almost 30 cm, with light pink petals, and at the time of full bloom, almost white.
- Katerina Haveameyer - is in special demand because of the huge inflorescences iridescent all shades of purple.
- The sky of Moscow is a unique variety, which begins to bloom pale mauve flowers, and over time, gradually change to sky blue, almost transparent under the sun's rays.
- Princess Clementine - cream buds with light green, with full bloom get pure white color. Late flowering variety, flowering occurs almost in the middle of summer.
Taras Bulba is an early variety with delicate violet inflorescences of not small sizes, each flower grows up to three centimeters in size.
Common- Syringa vulgaris
Most of the hybrid species have been bred from this lilac shrub, as it is the most cold and drought-resistant. The leaves are presented in the form of an elongated heart tapering down. Panicle flowers appear almost simultaneously with foliage, they come in many different colors and are incredibly fragrant.
Due to the wide branching of the roots, it is this lilac beauty that is used to protect unstable slopes from water erosion. It grows without problems in a large shade, although the flowering will not be so abundant. At the same time, and high temperature drops.
The most common varieties of common lilac, which are loved by the majority:
- Joan of Arc
- Madame Charles Suchet
- Sensation - Sensation
- Donbass Lights
- Marshal lannes
- In memory of Ludwig Shpet
- Monique lemoine
Hungarian - Syringa josikaea
This species is often found in the wild, mainly in mixed forests. Average height, according to her standards, is about 4-5 meters. The leaves are elongate broad with a dark-green color on top, and bottom gray-gray, placed on small petioles up to 1.5 cm.
It blooms in June days for about three weeks. Paniculate inflorescences reach 20 cm, color varies from delicate lilac to rich purple. The smell is strong and specific.
Broadleaf - Syringa oblata
This species is similar to ordinary lilac, only the leaf is much larger, and the flowering of pretty tiny flowers occurs a little earlier. But, despite such dimensions, fragrant does not go anywhere, and the shrub seems even more fragrant and attractive.
often found in countries of the Far East, it is one of the highest species. It grows to 10 meters. This giantess. It can be called a tree rather than a bush. Blossoms, most often, beige cream flowers, something similar to the lilac Mesh. The flowering period is not too long about 10-14 days in the second half of July.
How to grow and care
Many are concerned about how to make a well-grow and regularly bloom fragrant bush. When planting lilacs, it is necessary to choose a seat well illuminated by the sun, it is desirable that the ground waters do not come close to the ground there, since the root system does not like overmoistening and may start to rot. You also need a secluded place, protected from piercing drafts.
Lilac soil and fertilizer
Sandy soil with neutral pH. Humidity in the soil is also needed, but in a moderate form. And always fertilized with humus.
During the period of growth from spring to autumn, it is necessary to alternate mineral supplements (urea, nitroammofoska, superphosphate, etc.) and organic fertilizers (diluted chicken or cow manure).
How to plant
The landing hole is dug out in all directions by half a meter in depth and width. When fertilizing, it can be compost, wood ash, mullein, rotted manure, sand, the fossa expands. Often different components are combined with each other. At the very bottom of the bottom of the drainage layer (medium pebbles, expanded clay or medium gravel), to drain the excess water. Roots neatly spread over the surface and covered with earth. Radical neck remains 3 centimeters above ground level.
Young fully formed bushes up to three years old, do not need any pruning. It must be remembered.
How to prune the lilac? On the main healthy shoots, only snow will come off and warm weather will be established, primary pruning is made, while 7-8 healthy buds are left, the rest should be cut without flinching. So the bush will not waste vital forces in vain. You also need to remove all old, damaged, dried or diseased branches. Everything is done with a sharp tool to minimize damage.
At the time of blooming lilacs do not be afraid to cut fragrant inflorescences to half, it will only benefit them. Cut the fragrant inflorescences and put in a vase or make a gift to friends or relatives, you can more than half, it does not hurt in any way.
But still I recommend leaving some fragrant panicles on the bush, so that he continues to delight with a flowering view.
The combination of lilac flowers among themselves also brings visual pleasure. Overlapping delicate shades of purple, purple and pink flowers, evoke nostalgic memories of a romantic nature. And the contrasts of dark purple with burgundy-red stand for bright and memorable accents.
The blooming of lilac in spring is an amazing sight, and along with the fragrant aroma it has no equal. They are actively involved in creating your landscape design.
They look charmingly both in single angular landings and in hedges planted in rows.