Vegetables

The best variety of Siberian selection of tomato - grandee, description, characteristics, recommendations

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Not one summer resident represents his garden without tomatoes in the garden beds. But among a huge variety of varieties and types, I want to find my own. That tomato, which will delight with its yield and simplicity and, of course, its taste.

One of these varieties is the nobleman, or, in common, Budenovka. Summer residents and gardeners appreciate its remarkable characteristics. The main use of this variety of tomatoes, thanks to their sweetish taste, is tomato paste, sauces and salads. It is impossible to preserve them whole because of the large size of the fruit.

Let's look at the characteristics of a tomato nobleman in more detail.

History of

Tomatoes Grandee were registered in 2004. Their scientists from the Siberian Research Institute of Plant Growing and Breeding brought it out through hybridization. Initially, the main region for growing “Grandee” was the middle zone of Russia, but after a while it became very popular among the people, and is rightfully considered one of the best hybrids.

Botanical description

The height of the bushes tomato varietal Velmozha can reach 70 cm. The growing season averages 110 days. Due to the rapid ripening of fruits, this species does not need greenhouse conditions. Very unpretentious in the care. It is recommended to plant no more than 3 bushes per 1 square. meter. Differs in high productivity - up to 700 centners from hectare.

Varietal characteristic

  • hybrid with high resistance to diseases and low temperatures,
  • mid-season ripening. From sowing to harvest - 110 days,
  • bush plants determinant, does not form a trunk,
  • the height of the bush is small, but in greenhouse conditions it can grow up to one and a half meters,
  • unpretentious and high-yielding,
  • the fruit has a pronounced tomato aroma and a pleasant taste,
  • requires a garter,
  • the grade demands top dressing and regular watering,
  • perhaps staving,
  • Bushes require support, because the fruits reach a mass of 0.5 kg. To increase the weight of the tomato, it is recommended to leave no more than 5 inflorescences on a branch,
  • the fruit is heart-shaped. Taste sweetish
  • the variety is profitable for commerce due to its ease of transportation and good storage.

Description of the appearance and taste of the fruit

  • fruits of tomatoes of the “Velmozhma” variety are fleshy and rather large,
  • the color of the ripe fruit can range from a rich pink to raspberry,
  • in shape tomatoes are slightly elongated, heart-shaped,
  • the weight of one fruit, with proper care, reaches 500 grams,
  • amount of dry substances in the fetus no more than 5%
  • number of cameras from 6 to 9,
  • with proper feeding has a high sugar content.

Lack of variety

No matter how unpretentious this variety may be, its main disadvantages should be described:

If you like large tomatoes, but do not particularly like to look after them, then the grandee tomato was bred for you!

  • planting seeds begins later varieties with smaller fruits,
  • requires a garter, despite the thickness of the stem,
  • unsuitable for wholegrain clogging.

Peculiarities of Tomato Growing

Although the Nobleman's tomatoes were bred taking into account the peculiarities of the climate in the middle zone and Siberia, this does not prevent their cultivation in the southern regions. They retain high yields in hot climates.

  • Sowing seeds for seedlings produced moderately rammed soil. Top need to sprinkle them with a centimeter layer of soft soil or peat and gently pour. Then put the seed containers in a warm place and cover with a film. Periodically, future seedlings need to be watered.
  • After sunrises appear, you need to remove the film and transfer the containers to a cooler room (with a constant temperature of 14 to 17 degrees). it will strengthen seedling roots and temper it. A week later, the air temperature in the room with seedlings can be slightly increased.
  • Once on the bushes formed on several leaves of the seedlings need to dive. That is to transplant the bushes in a spacious container at a distance from each other.
  • I plant seedlings in open ground after the last frosts have passed.

After planting tomatoes in open ground, the “Grandee” requires maintenance. Here is a description of the main rules:

  • watering as the soil dries. Care must be taken that the soil is not dry or wet. Perfect condition - slightly wet ground,
  • removal of weeds and loosening of soil near the root,
  • respecting the distance of the neighborhood of bushes,
  • potassium phosphorus fertilizer. Fertilize tomatoes every two weeks,
  • keep track of the number of inflorescences on the branches.

Pests and diseases

One of the reasons why tomatoes of the “Grandee” variety fell in love with many gardeners is their high resistance to weather, pests and diseases.

  • Very rarely a variety can be affected by late blight.
  • Under greenhouse growth conditions brown spotting may occur. In order to get rid of it is necessary increase lighting and reduce dampness.
  • Plants that grow in open ground are susceptible to spider mites. You can get rid of it by wiping the damaged areas with soapy water.

Due to the fact that the tomato “Grandee” was produced for regions with unstable weather conditions, you can be calm over the harvest.

Tomato "Nobleman": description of the variety and photos

This variety since 2004 is included in the state register of varieties for breeding. The variety is well suited for growing in open beds and in greenhouse conditions. The variety is not standard. The plant forms a low shrub cm deterministic type height from 55-60 cm and up to one and a half meters.

It is recommended to plant no more than three or four plants per 1 square meter. The grandee belongs to the mid-early varieties of maturation, the growing season to the best maturation is about 105-120 days.

"The nobleman" has a good yield. With proper and regular feeding in the regions of the Urals and Western Siberia, up to 300-500 centners per hectare can be collected. The highest yield in the Omsk region - up to 600-700 c / ha.

The advantages of this type include:

  • Wonderful taste of fruit,
  • high yield,
  • unpretentiousness and frost resistance,
  • resistance to diseases.

Fruit characteristics

  • Tomatoes varieties "Grandee" large and fleshy,
  • The color ranges from reddish crimson to deep pink.
  • The shape of the fruit is heart-shaped, slightly elongated,
  • weight can reach 300-400 grams. To increase the weight of the fruit should be left on the branches no more than 4-5 flowers.
  • Forms 6-9 chambers, the amount of dry matter is 3-5%.
  • With a good top dressing, this variety gives a high sugar content and bright, interesting fruit flavor.

This variety is a classic "salad" variety, ideal for the production of juices and tomato paste.

Due to the large weight of the fruit, the variety is not very suitable for canning in general.

Photo tomato varietal "Grande:

Features of growing and storage

The variety is very good for growing in the middle belt areas, Eastern and Western Siberia, and is also well suited for the Ural and Far East regions. In the south, with good regular watering and fertilizing also shows a good result.

This plant needs regular loosening, at the stage of formation of ovaries need abundant regular watering and protection from weeds.

Diseases and pests

The plant has good immunity, but sometimes in greenhouses is affected by brown spot. To combat it, you need to eliminate excess moisture and observe the correct light mode. Good use of garlic infusion helps.

On the open ground, a spider mite attacks the plant, it is easy to get rid of it: to do this, prepare a soap solution and carefully wipe the affected areas on the leaves and stalks.

Conclusion

The “nobleman” is a wonderful hybrid that has already gained popularity among amateur vegetable gardens due to its characteristics described above. It requires some effort in growing, but all the work pays off a large abundant harvest.

We wish you to get a good result in your garden!

A small video review of the tomato variety “Grandee” you can see below:

Description and characteristics of tomato varieties

The shape of the plant, fruit, foliage and taste of the Budenovka Tomato is almost indistinguishable from the well-known Bull-Heart Tomatoes. Although the variety comes from Siberia, it is successfully cultivated in almost all climatic zones of the country. In the south, this variety is grown in open ground, and if the climate is more temperate, then in greenhouses. The results do not suffer from this, but remain approximately comparable.

Tomato varieties "Budyonovka" and its modified twin "Grandee" belong to mid-seasoned self-pollinated species. Gestation period makes 105–110 days. The height of the stem from 1.2 meters to 1.5 meters. Exceptional specimens can stretch up to 2 meters.

Fruits reach a weight of 250–300 grams. Recorded unique weight gain of 800 grams, but this is extremely rare. Tomatoes are large, rounded shape. Downward, the fruit narrows, resembling a heart in cross section. Tomatoes have a characteristic crimson-pink color.. The flesh is dense and fleshy red-pink in color, the taste is sweet and sour.

The root system has the property to grow, capturing a circle up to half a meter in diameter. Thus, it is provided powerful recharge plant moisture. Abundance of foliage variety can not please. The leaf is medium in size in dark green. The number of brushes of simple type is from six to eight pieces. The first is located above the 9–11 leaf, followed by 3 leaves. The number of tomatoes on the brush varies from 3 to 7 pieces.

The fruit load of one bush reaches 5–7 kg, so it’s really possible to collect 15–20 kg of tomatoes on one square meter.

Varieties "Budenovka" and the "Grandee" can boast a high resistance to the disease of late blight and other infectious diseases of the nightshade. But this does not negate the duties of gardeners, to carry out preventive treatments with preparations of a general spectrum of action.

Gallery: tomatoes Budenovka and nobleman (25 photos)

Virtues of varieties

Over 15 years experience growing these varieties vegetable growers throughout the country, allows you to confirm the success of the breeders of Russia and note the main advantages of these tomatoes:

  • large fruit size
  • exceptional taste
  • early ripeness
  • high disease resistance
  • resistance to extreme weather changes.

Features of sowing and growing seedlings

In order to obtain the characteristics that the manufacturer claims, it is necessary to carry out the cycle of growing the variety with your own hands, in accordance with with the description and recommendations of breeders.

First you need to prepare the seeds of tomato "Budyonovka":

  1. Sort the seeds in appearance. Reject those with deviations of form, physical damage, affected by fungus or mold.
  2. Pour seeds with 1.5% salt solution. Float - reject.
  3. Disinfect remaining seeds in potassium permanganate solution.

Sowing is done in boxes, filled with earth mixed with humus, in early March. The depth of penetration is 3 cm with a distance between the holes of not more than 3 cm. After sowing the seeds, the boxes are covered with a cover glass or polyethylene, in order to create an atmosphere of high humidity and eliminate drafts.

Waiting for the emergence of seedlings, the cover elements are removed. The first watering is done to moisten the soil. Upon reaching the seedling growth phase corresponding to the presence of 3-4 leaves, the planting of the seedlings is performed, that is, transplanted into another more spacious container. As which pots or cups with a volume of at least 400 ml can be used. Large volume is needed for the full development of the root system.. A pick is recommended. make paper cups that allow them not to be removed during subsequent planting seedlings on the garden bed. Thus, the root system avoids injury from transplanting.

The timing of the movement of seedlings in open ground is determined by nature itself. With sufficient warming up of the earth, the seedlings are transferred to the garden bed. When seated, one should adhere to a distance of 30–35 cm between plants and 0.6 m between their rows.

History of tomato cultivation Budyonovka

As well as about the Bullish heart, about Budenovka you can find different versions concerning the origin. Authorship is attributed to the State Agricultural Institute of Vegetable Crops, and the Research Institute of Siberia. I tried to find organizations under such names, but, alas, they did not show up in Google’s search results. Also, confusion occurs when buying seeds: Budenovki from different companies differ from each other. At one of the forums, the gardener posted such a photo.

Riddle: Is this a tomato seed Nobleman or Budenovka?

And she is sure that it is Budyonovka that grows from such seeds, and the Grandee is her second name. Meanwhile, these are two completely different varieties that are not very similar to each other. This is one of the reasons for the negative reviews: it is unclear to us what seeds are sold to us, what varieties, it is not clear under what names, respectively, and it does not grow that you understand.

According to the official source, namely: the State Register of Breeding Achievements, the originator and copyright holder of tomato varieties Budenovka is the breeding and seed company Gisok. The application to the commission for testing was submitted in 2001, and in 2002 the variety was officially recognized and allowed to grow in all Russian regions. However, Budyonovka appeared in private gardens much earlier, but state certification passed only in 2002.

Now there is an official description of Budyonovka from experts who tested this variety. And in order not to grow twins and various fakes, it is better to buy seeds from the author or originator, in this case with the marking on the “Gisok” package. Budenovka is not a hybrid, so it’s enough to buy seeds once, and then collect them from self-grown fruits every year.

Buy Budenovka seeds from the originator - the company "Gisok"

Variety description

Tomato is recommended to grow under film cover, and in the south - in open ground. The bush is indeterminate, that is, it has unlimited growth. In the greenhouse it grows to a height of 1.5–1.8 m. Leaves are ordinary, green, medium size. From the emergence of seedlings to the beginning of ripening, about 111 days pass. The first floral brush is laid over a 9–11 leaf. This suggests that Budyonovka cannot be called early; in early ripe tomatoes, fruit formation begins after 6–7 leaves. Important advantages over many varieties: Tomatoes do not crack and are not affected by late blight.

Stems Budyonovki grow in length more than a meter, need a garter

Growing tomato seedlings Budyonovka

In the climatic conditions of most of Russia, seeds of this variety are sown in mid-March, seedlings in summer greenhouses and greenhouses are planted in mid-May, in open ground - in early June, that is, when the threat of frost is over. Soil mixture for planting can be bought in the store or made by mixing the ground from your garden with 1: 1 humus.

The previous two years, sowed seeds in the purchase of the land, and everything grew beautifully. I was even sure that ready-mix soil from the store is better than the one that I can collect in my area. This year, everything turned out the opposite. The seedlings in the purchased land grew 5–7 cm in height and froze: 1.5 months did not grow and did not die. What she did not change her mind and did not alter: she changed irrigation regimes, fed them, loosened them, even sprayed Karbofos - suddenly pests. I thought of the soil last, when nothing else was left. I transplanted all the tomatoes from the purchased land to my own garden, and they immediately began to grow both up and out. Although we have a very dense soil, in the pots immediately took a lump, however, the tomatoes in it are clearly better than in the shop. Now, when gardening and horticulture has become a fashionable trend, many new brands have appeared in the stores. I bought soil from an unknown firm at the lowest price, and here is the result. Now I decided to plant my land for seedlings.

Terra Vita - one of the most popular brands of finished soil, has already collected a lot of positive feedback

Budenovka is resistant to fungal diseases, therefore, it is not necessary to disinfect the soil and seeds. But it is possible to irrigate the soil during planting with Fitosporin (1 tbsp per 10 liters of water) for prophylaxis. Shoots from dry seeds will appear in 5–7 days, from germinated in 3–5 days. Keep the seedlings on a bright windowsill at a temperature of 20… 22 ⁰C during the day, at night - about 18 ⁰C.

Seedlings Budenovki high, will take a lot of space on the windowsill

Budyonovka grows a high bush, so it can outrun other varieties with growth rates. Her seedlings need roomy pots and more space on the windowsill, and supports will be needed at the end of the seedling period. Without them, long stems will fall and break. This is another argument in favor of growing a variety in a greenhouse. Under cover, tomatoes are planted earlier, when they are not too stretched.

Video: detailed instructions for growing tomato seedlings

60–70 days pass from sowing to planting tomatoes. During this time it may take 2-3 transplants in a larger container. Каждые 2 недели нужны подкормки комплексными смесями: Агрикола, Фертика Люкс и др. Если планируете высаживать помидоры в открытый грунт, то за 7–10 дней начинайте закалку. Постепенно приучайте рассаду к открытому небу. Растения без закалки, попав под солнце на целый день, сгорят, то есть листья получат солнечные ожоги, целиком пожелтеют и засохнут.

Высадка на постоянное место

Схема посадки томатов Будёновка: 60х50 см. Лучшие предшественники: бобовые, капуста, огурцы, нельзя сажать после физалиса, картофеля, перцев, баклажанов и других паслёновых. When growing in a greenhouse to maintain crop rotation in early spring, in front of the tomatoes, sow the bed with cold-resistant and fast-growing siderats: mustard, phacelia, vetch, peas, etc. Mow them before flowering and lay as mulch.

In order not to change the land in the greenhouse every year, ensure crop rotation with the help of sideratov

When planting tomatoes in each well, add handfuls of humus or compost and 1 tbsp. l wood ash. You can use complex mixes for tomatoes from the store (Gumi-Omi, Clean Sheet, Red Giant, etc.). Stir the soil with fertilizer, fill the wells with warm, settled water. When it is absorbed, you can start landing. Bring out stretched tomatoes to the first true leaf. Planted plants immediately tie to the pegs.

Tomato care Budenovka

The variety does not require any special care, it is grown according to the classical scheme. In the greenhouse, water 2 times a week, at the root, and not on the leaves. At the same time, the ground should be soaked to a depth of 30 cm. In the open ground, be guided by the weather, after a shower, of course, you do not need to water it. But the drizzling rain does not exempt from irrigation, since the moisture remains on the surface, it does not reach the roots.

Water the tomatoes under the root, spending 2-3 liters per bush

As in the seedling season, continue feeding every 14 days. But now use fertilizers not for seedlings, but for tomatoes or universal for vegetables. The composition should be: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements.

Video: feeding tomatoes without chemistry

Supports for Budenovka need high, one garter during planting will not be enough. Stalk as it grows will have to tie up several times during the season. Particular emphasis should be placed on the formation. There are recommendations to grow this tomato in one stem, that is, to remove absolutely all stepchildren. Then the fruits will be larger, they will have time to ripen on the bush. On two or three stems of inflorescences, of course, more will be laid, but small tomatoes will grow, weighing about 100 g.

Different schemes of the formation of tomatoes

Throughout the growing season, remove the lower, yellowing leaves. In early August, pinch the top of the stem. Fruits, which began later than this period, will not have time to grow. To increase the yield will help the collection in the phase of blanket ripeness. The remaining fruits will get more juice for further development.

Harvest and Destination

Large tomatoes Budenovki have table appointments, they make salads, juices and tomato paste. Slices are frozen, added to soups, sauces, main dishes. Small tomatoes are suitable for whole-canning.

Appointment of a table cake, i.e. fresh consumption

In order to keep Budyonovka fresh, collect unripe fruits, place them in boxes upwards with a stem. It is desirable to isolate each from the adjacent paper or chips. Store at temperature + 2 ... +4 ⁰C. Once a week, check and remove the rotted.

Reviews gardeners

Last year, the tomatoes Budenovka impressed. and the father-in-law came, was delighted and the neighbors will also plant her now. very sweet, large, fleshy, and there was a lot on the bush.

Krasata

https://www.nn.ru/community/dom/dacha/podskazhite_pozhaluysta_sort_pomidory_nizkorosloy.html

Loved the variety. Soot his second year. The fruits are delicious, beautiful. Resistant to diseases. Yield.

Yurij

http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/forum/katalog-sortov/%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82-%D0%B1%D1%83 B4% D1% 91% D0% BD% D0% BE% D0% B2% D0% BA% D0% B0–1 /

I planted Budyonovka from Aelita. The bush itself is not very powerful, medium, at the moment-1.5 m, tied two brushes, blooms. But what beautiful and large fruits. in the brush there are 5-6 tomatoes, but my form is not brightly expressed, heart-shaped, but most likely heart-shaped, without a nose, blunt. I don’t touch the bushes, I’m afraid they will break from the severity of the fruits !! The lower brush itself lies on the ground / I put dry leaves under it, I’m afraid the worms or the bear will gnaw my tomatoes / I wait for ripe and admiring. This variety was one of the first to start blooming and tying tomatoes. Then try to taste. I think that I will definitely plant next year.

Valichka

http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/forum/katalog-sortov/%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82-%D0%B1%D1%83 B4% D1% 91% D0% BD% D0% BE% D0% B2% D0% BA% D0% B0–1 /

I have been growing for many years (and I will certainly plant this year!) Two favorite varieties are Budenovka and the Black Prince. Budenovka is a very productive variety (it is necessary to tie it up!), And for salting and preservation it is simply irreplaceable: dense, fleshy and does not crack.

klodi

https://www.ogorod.ru/forum/topic/229-kto-kakie-sorta-tomatov-budet-vyirashhivat-v-2016-g/

Budyonovka - one of the few varieties that are difficult to find flaws. And to be convinced of its advantages, you need to buy real seeds, and not a re-grader. Tomatoes grow large, fleshy and sweet. The maximum yield can be obtained in the greenhouse when forming a single stem.

Characteristic hybrid

"Budenovka" and its improved analogue "Velzhmozh" - mid-season varieties with large fruits. Tomatoes ripen in 107-110 days. Plant height reaches 150 cm. Fruits do not crack, although they grow very large. Description of the variety may be of interest to any vegetable grower, because the tomato is suitable for cultivation in both open and protected ground. True, the rapid maturation is provided only in the southern regions, and in the middle zone will need a greenhouse for growing seedlings.

The average weight of the fetus - 300 g The tomato grows fleshy, its color can vary from pink to red. This variety is easy to recognize among others by the shape of a fruit that resembles a heart. Fruiting plants actively and together. With one bush, on average, you can collect about 6 kg of tomato. Tomatoes are eaten fresh and also used for preservation. Tomatoes are simply irreplaceable in salads.

Plant seeds

In order to significantly increase the yield, it is necessary to sort through all the seeds and separate only good and large ones with no obvious signs of illness. Or put them in brine (1.5%). The seeds that have settled on the bottom should be selected for planting. Be sure to wash them after the procedure and treat with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

The variety of tomato "Budenovka" is better to plant seedlings. Therefore, at the end of March (provided that the soil is warmed up), seeds can be planted to a depth of 50 mm.

Before this, it is recommended to add 10 g of humus or superphosphate to each well. Grow seedlings should be before the first brush with color. Landmark - 10-11 leaves on the plant. This sort of tomato is transplanted into the ground only after the frosts have passed.

Tomatoes “Budenovka” are planted according to the scheme 60 by 30 cm. When the plant grows a little, it will definitely have to be tied to pegs. This will significantly increase the yield of tomatoes. Indeed, under the weight of the fruit, the stem can easily break or lie on the ground.

Plant is plentifully watered at the following stages of its development:

  • bloom,
  • the formation of ovaries,
  • increased fetal growth.

After watering, the soil should be loosened, and the lower unwanted leaves to tear off. If there is a desire to get an early harvest, you should timely remove the stepchildren who grow in the leaf axils.

Tomatoes are very non-standard. Somewhere in the middle of summer the green fruit begins to ripen from the inside. The process of fruiting occurs within 2.5 months, sometimes 3. To get a friendly and bountiful harvest, tomatoes need to be plucked at the stage of brown ripening. After 3 days, these tomatoes will turn red, but only if the picked fruit is stored in a bright place.

Vegetable evaluation by gardeners

Summer residents are very fond of this variety for its unpretentiousness and good returns, so all the reviews are positive.

Valentine, 55 years old, art. Tbilisskaya, Krasnodar Territory. “I planted tomatoes for the first time. Bush "Budenovki" grew tall, but not very powerful. In total, 2 brushes were formed, each with 5-6 fruits. The shape of the tomato is a heart, but without a pronounced nose. The fruits are huge and juicy. Next year I will plant more territory. ”

Nadezhda, 48 years old, Krasnoyarsk. “I love tomatoes very much, and even more I like to try to plant 2-3 new varieties every year. If you like, leave the seeds and grow for the next year. Variety "Budenovka" just hit. With all the fragility of the stem, the plants survived in bad weather and kept their entire crop. And this is 6.5 kg from the bush. This type of tomato will be on my list of favorites for a long time. ”

High yield and friendly shoots are signs of the Budenovka variety. Its seeds are passed from hand to hand, because it is the most unpretentious and disease-resistant variety.

Plant care after landing in the ground

After landing in the ground, it is necessary to tie the trunks to the pegs. Stalk fragility obliges to keep this issue under control throughout the season. As the plant grows, the procedure is performed regularly, depending on the length of the stem.

Watering tomatoes produced at least 2 times a week. After the tomatoes are ready and strong, the frequency of watering is reduced to 3 times a month. Humidification should be a radical and, if possible, prevent water from entering the foliage. To preserve moisture, soil loosening is applied with mulching with suitable materials, such as hay, last year's foliage, sawdust.

On guaranteed receipt large fruits strongly influenced by the proper formation of the bush. This variety assumes the presence of one stem, and in extreme cases, if the bush is strong, then two trunks are allowed to form. Growth of stepsons takes a lot of power from the plant to build up the green mass to the detriment of fruit ripening. After reaching a stem height of 40 cm, they begin to regularly remove their stepchildren from the axils of the leaves, leaving hemp at least 2 cm in size.

During the season, plants require feeding with organic and mineral fertilizers in the amount of 3-4 times. As mineral suitable nitrogen, potash and phosphate drugs. A variety of organic fertilizing options, from herbal infusions to the use of peated aqueous manure solutions, will help to keep the necessary balance of trace elements in plants.

To prevent the appearance of diseases on the bushes, you need to regularly, after 10-15 days, process tomatoes with protective agents. Suitable as branded drugs, and folk remedies, for example, water tincture 300 grams of garlic per liter. Mixing 50 grams of tincture and laundry soap in a bucket of water, systematically treat the plants. This is an effective remedy for phytophtoras, scab, ticks, aphids, etc.

Harvesting

Tomatoes ripen from early July. The peculiarity of the variety is that ripening occurs from the middle of the fruit. If tomatoes are removed from the bushes in a brown state, then after 3-4 days they will reach the condition, acquiring their natural color. Having unloaded the bush, we will direct its forces to the ripening of the next batch of fruits. Regular fruiting persists for 2.5–3 months until early autumn.

Origin, growing region

Variety Velmozhva bred in Novosibirsk, in the famous Institute SIBNIIRS, and is designed for harsh climatic conditions. Some gardeners sincerely consider the grandee a type of tomato Budenovka, since they are really similar in appearance. However, the creators of the variety are convinced that in this assumption there is not a drop of truth.

The variety was entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2005 and recommended for such cold climatic regions as the Ural, West Siberian, East Siberian and Far Eastern. However, this does not mean that it can not be grown in other areas. Amateur gardeners successfully cultivate the Grandee in the central regions of Russia and in the Volga region, but in the very south of the country the variety really feels uncomfortable.

The main purpose of this tomato, judging by the official document, is the cultivation in the unprotected soil of various homestead, dacha and other small farms. Apparently, there are reasons why it is unprofitable to use a variety for industrial production. Although, based on the description of the tomato, such reasons are not explicitly visible. Growing up in a greenhouse, of course, is also possible, but unprofitable: tall tomatoes are trying to be planted in greenhouses in order to make the most of the entire useful volume of the structure.

General characteristics of the variety

Tomato Velmozhmoha is intended for the fresh use, in salads. Of course, it turns out and a great thick juice, but whole-canning is impossible. This is a very tasty variety of tomatoes, which is even a pity to translate into juices, canned foods, etc. In addition, the fruits are very beautiful and appetizing look.

The shrubs of the Grandee are not high, just over half a meter tall, the variety is one of the determinants. However, unlike many determinant varieties that do not require tying up, this option does not suit with the Grandees: the stem is not strong enough, and the fruits are too heavy. Therefore, the variety requires both formation and binding to the supports. Since the harvest at the grandee is heavy, one cannot manage without supports

The leaves of the grandee of the usual green and medium size, complex inflorescences. The first inflorescences are formed after 7 or 8 leaves, and then, after every 1-2 leaves, the following are laid. Readiness of tomatoes for harvesting occurs within 103–117 days after the emergence of shoots, that is, the variety refers to medium early.

Since the nobleman does not belong to hybrids, it is possible to collect seeds from his crop: it is not at all difficult to get them from ripe tomatoes.

Fruits of an interesting heart-shaped form, crimson color: there are not so many varieties with such fruits, but there are only a few large-fruited ones. The mass of most tomatoes is in the range of 150-250 g, but half-kilogram specimens are also frequent, even record-breakers weighing up to a kilogram are described. The number of seed nests - 4 or more. The taste of the fruit various tasters describe as excellent or good: the flesh is fleshy and sweet.

Productivity - at the level of the best determinant varieties. A rather limited number of fruits can be grown on each bush (usually 7–8), but at the expense of the mass of each of them the total yield is quite good: up to 7 kg / m 2. Some record lovers specifically ration the crop, removing some flowers to get especially large fruits.

Unfortunately, the fruits do not differ in transportability and long-term storage: apparently, this is one of the reasons that the variety is grown mainly in amateur gardens.

Appearance

The grandee has an interesting shape, and in combination with the size and color of the fruit this tomato looks almost like no other, it is not difficult to recognize it among many others. The fruits of the grandees are large, beautiful, but prone to cracking

Since the stems of the Grandees are rather weak, one cannot say that the “tree” with the fruits looks elegant: it is clear how hard it is for it to withstand the harvest, even being firmly tied to a support. Though the grandees have small bushes, they cannot be kept without a garter

Advantages and disadvantages, features, differences from other varieties

Tomato Velzhmozha is not without flaws, but the combination of advantages and relative disadvantages makes it very popular among gardeners in most parts of our country. The obvious advantages of a variety include:

  • high cold resistance, and therefore the variety can be grown in almost any region,
  • increased resistance to most diseases and, in particular, to late blight, which mows most varieties upon the onset of the cold end of summer,
  • large-fruited together with a spectacular appearance,
  • excellent fruit taste
  • good overall yield.

Perhaps it is cold resistance that should be considered the most important advantage of the variety. While the content of this article was being pondered, on the night of June 1-2, unprecedented and unexpected frosts came to central Russia. With heavy feeling went to the country. Yes, it turned out to be scary to see ... But among the two hundred dead bushes of tomatoes there were two dozen greens. And it turned out to be a nobleman.

Not all shortcomings of a grade are easily eliminated even with careful care, unfortunately, they are. For example:

  • poor transportability and short term preservation of fresh tomatoes,
  • the need for strong supports for the bushes, which for many determinant varieties is not mandatory,
  • increased capriciousness to the composition of the soil: the nobleman consumes a lot of nutrients and feels bad in heavy soil,
  • the need to form a shrub, which is rare for undersized tomatoes.

In fact, the last three deficiencies are an unpleasant feature of the variety, distinguishing it from most other determinant varieties. However, after all, a stunted tomato with such spectacular, large and tasty fruits is difficult to recall. Raspberry tomatoes are generally found infrequently, and large-fruited heart-shaped varieties are counted on the fingers.

For example, an early ripe lettuce variety with large heart-shaped Altai honey appeared quite recently. However, the color of his fruit is orange, and the main purpose of the variety is greenhouse cultivation. The well-known Siberian variety Batyana with heart-shaped raspberry fruits, but it is distinguished by inteminment. The long-grown variety Bullish heart with red heart-shaped fruits ripen later Grandee. Bullish heart resembles the Grandee in shape and size, but the main characteristics of the varieties vary considerably.

Таким образом, по всей совокупности положительных свойств и относительных недостатков томат Вельможа можно считать очень хорошим выбором для регионов с холодным климатом, но его выращивание требует наличия хотя бы минимальных знаний и умений.

Особенности выращивания и посадки томата Вельможа

Как и абсолютное большинство сортов помидоров, Вельможу выращивают только через рассаду. Поэтому к началу весны надо подготовить всё для того, чтобы заняться этим интересным делом. Конечно, в городской квартире для этого нужно выделить немаленькую площадь: требуется хорошо освещённый большой подоконник.

Выращивание рассады томата Вельможа не отличается от такового для большинства сортов. The whole process consists of several mandatory activities.

  1. Seed preparation. Seeds of the Grandees can be taken from their crops, but they must be prepared for sowing. After the selection of full-weighted seeds, they are necessarily disinfected (20–30 minutes in a dark-violet solution of potassium permanganate), and after peeking in a damp cloth they are quenched (2–3 days in the refrigerator). Seed dressing can be combined with calibration: those that are not drowned, it is better to throw
  2. Preparation of the soil (you can buy it in the store, but if you make it yourself, you should also disinfect it, watering it well with a weak solution of potassium permanganate). The soil should be air- and water-permeable, which is achieved using peat, humus and sod land. Store soil purchased is usually perfectly balanced for certain vegetables.
  3. Sowing seeds in any small box or box. At the same time, the soil layer should be at least 5 cm, and the seeds should be sown to a depth of about 2 cm, with a distance of 2–3 cm from each other. For sowing a small amount of seeds any unnecessary box will do.
  4. Attentive tracking of temperature. Before the emergence of shoots, it can be room, but immediately after the appearance of “loops” it is reduced to 16–18 ° C for several days. Then - again room, and the lighting is always the maximum possible. If the window sill is facing south, additional lighting is not required.
  5. Picks (seating in a larger box or in separate cups), performed at the age of 10–12 days. The best package for picking - peat pots
  6. Moderate watering (the soil should not dry out, but in no case should there be stagnation of water), as well as 1–2 fertilizing. If the soil is fertile, you can do without top dressings: the seedlings should grow “in difficulties”. If you need to feed the seedlings, it is convenient to do this azofoskoy
  7. Hardening, which is carried out a week before planting the seedlings in the garden.

"Correct" seedlings before planting in the garden usually grows to 20-25 cm, no longer necessary, but the stem should be thick. Landing into unprotected soil is possible when the soil reaches a temperature of about 14 ° C, which is observed in the middle zone at the very end of May, and in Siberia, 1-2 weeks later. If you need to do this earlier, you will have to take care of temporary film cover, and pre-heat the bed in advance by watering with hot water and covering it with a film for a couple of days.

Despite the stability of the grandee to low temperatures, for planting pick up the site, protected from the northern winds. The grandee requires higher, compared with many varieties, doses of fertilizers, but it should not be fresh manure. Phosphorus is especially required for tomatoes, therefore, digging up a plot for tomatoes in the fall, bring a bucket of humus or compost and 50–60 g of superphosphate per square meter. Not interfere with wood ash, up to a liter jar.

In the spring, the bed is slightly loosened, and in the places planned according to the chosen scheme, small holes are dug up, where the seedlings are planted, and the cotyledon leaves are buried. Since nobleman's seedlings are not prone to stretching, they usually plant it without tilting. Despite the determinism of the bush, too tight fit is undesirable. The distance between the bushes is kept in the range of 45–50 cm, and between the rows - 50–60 cm. When planting seedlings, hands gently squeeze the roots so that there are no voids between the soil particles.

To seedlings quickly got accustomed, we must try to remove it from the box or cups without destroying the earthy coma. After planting in the wells, the tomatoes are carefully watered with water at a temperature not lower than 25 ° C and the soil is mulched with humus or peat. At the same time, they also drive durable pegs, although they will come in handy a little later for tying bushes with tomatoes.

When caring for Tomato Velmozha, well-known operations are required: watering followed by loosening and killing weeds, rare feeding, forming and tying bushes. Water should be heated with water in the sun, so they do it in the evening. Watering A grandee requires abundant, especially during the growth of the fruit, but as soon as they begin to redden, watering sharply reduces, otherwise cracking tomatoes is possible. Watering should be at the root, trying once again not to wet the leaves.

The first dressing is given 2–3 weeks after transplanting, further - approximately in the same time. At first, it is better to use mullein infusions, and after setting fruits, it is undesirable to give nitrogen, therefore they make up a recipe of 25 g of superphosphate and half a liter of ash per 10 liters of water.

Fortunately, the grandee is highly resistant to diseases. If some sort of sores catch up with the variety, then it is only in the greenhouse, and even then it is no worse than brown spot, from which you can save yourself with garlic infusion. Outdoors, diseases are so rare that amateur gardeners, as a rule, do not even carry out preventive spraying.

A grandee tomato is grown in one or two stems, removing all the stepchildren below the first flower brush. In this case, the double-stem option is more often chosen in the greenhouse, and in the open field they form a plant in one stem. The variety does not differ by unrestrained stepson formation, however, the excess shoots are systematically broken out. If too many flowers form in the inflorescence, extra pluck out, leaving no more than four. Tomato Velhozhma rarely grown in 3 shoots (c), choose options (a) or (b)

As soon as the ovaries appear, the stems are firmly tied to the stakes using soft twines. After all, if the fruits grow a little, the bush without a garter can not stand firmly. However, instead of individual stakes, you can equip a common trellis, each gardener has his own preferences. With proper care, the Grandee will be pleased with large tasty fruits, which ripen at the same time, so that the pleasure stretches for a long time.

Video: the formation of bushes undersized tomatoes

The Grandees indicate the crimson fruit, in Budennovka - who gives the red, who the crimson. But, in any case, both tomatoes are worthy to grow in their area. I do that, although I don’t see the difference between them.

"Quail"

https://www.forumhouse.ru/threads/178517/page-27

The grandee is not an early variety, the height of the bush is up to 150 cm. Diseases are moderately affected. But the taste of the fruit is high. I liked the taste. The first fruits are large, pink to 300-400 grams.

"Charlie 83"

http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?t=6966&start=30

The grandee is not bad. Yielding, large, aligned in size, not cracked. But the taste, too, does not reach such “heart-shaped” - Bull's heart, Mazarin, Fatima ...

Vika

http://dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=38141&hl=%C3%EE%EB%E4%20%EA%F0%EE%ED%E5&st=500

Wonderful variety, very large fruits and tasty.

Vera Malysheva

https://www.syl.ru/article/70688/tomat-velmoja-osobennosti-sorta

The grandee is an excellent lettuce variety of tomatoes for a cold climate. Its fruits are not suitable for whole-canning, because they simply do not fit in a standard jar. But for fresh use or cooking various sauces is a very good option. With some gardening experience, growing a good crop of these tomatoes is not at all difficult.

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