Maranta refers to the herbaceous perennials. The homeland of this plant is the marshy tropics of America. The name is associated with the name of the scientist B. Maranta.
In the wild, arrowroot is a small plant, about 20 cm tall, with straight or creeping shoots. Leaves, depending on the species, lanceolate, rounded or oblong. On a flat background (its color can be different - from very light to dark green) spots and veins stand out brightly.
On an even background of leaf arrowroot leaves and veins stand out brightly
Often maranta is confused with relative kalatey. However, these plants have obvious differences. Calathea is higher (from 60 cm to 1 m), with long gentle leaves. They, unlike the arrowroot leaves, are arranged on the stalks in two rows. In addition, arrowroot flowers are inconspicuous, and Calatheus flowers are spectacular and bright.
Leaves of arrowroot are so unusual and beautiful that they plant this plant precisely because of their decorative effect. The plant is unpretentious in care and adapts well to the conditions of home or office, in open and closed florariums.
A special feature of arrowroot is that when a plant feels good, it leaves the leaves horizontally, but under adverse conditions (especially in low light), the leaves fold and rise vertically. For this plant is called "praying grass."
Types of arrowroot
- Tricolor (tricolor). This is a plant with dark green leaves, bordered on the edge of a paler color. In the center are light green streaks. The streaks of dark red to the edge become darker. Tricolor maranth - the most unpretentious and common species of this plant.
- Belozhilchataya (Fascinator). The leaves are oval, reaching a length of 15 cm. Features: on the dark green leaves a silver band runs along the center. Along with a three-colored unpretentious.
- Maranta two-color. Quite a rare species with dark green leaves, on which scattered bright specks.
- Maranta reed. This plant can reach a height of 1 m. The leaves are oval, elongated, have a gray tint.
Home care for the plant
Caring for a plant consists in proper watering, timely feeding, proper formation of a bush and the fight against diseases and pests.
Flower growers note a great need for plants in the water. However, it is important to comply with the measure. In warm summer weather, you will need to water arrowroot 1 time in 2 days, making sure that the soil in the pot was always wet (but not excessively damp!). Water must be taken at room temperature, soft, separated.
During the rest period, watering is reduced to 1 time per week - in cool conditions, the soil should be allowed to dry for 1-2 cm.
For dressing, special formulations are used for decorative and deciduous indoor flowers (for example, Pokon, Agricola). During growth - in the summer and spring - fertilizer arrowroot must be 2 times a month. Fertilizers are prepared in low concentrations - 2 times less than indicated in the instructions.
For fertilizing arrowroot, you can use special formulations for decorative and hardwood indoor plants
If the arrowroot is placed in the conditions of the rest period in winter (the temperature of the room is reduced and watering is reduced), then additional feeding can be stopped. Otherwise, the plant should be fertilized 1 time per month.
Under favorable conditions, arrowroot produces a delicate peduncle, on which a small white, light pink or light yellow flower blooms. Since the flowers do not play a special decorative role and, moreover, weaken the plant, some growers prefer to cut flower stalks before the flowers open. If the marante is still allowed to bloom, after withering, it loses its leaves and retires, which lasts several months.
Arrowroot flowers are not as decorative as the leaves
Flowering may begin as early as the beginning of spring and continue for several months.
Forming a bush: trimming by the rules
In early spring, when the plant leaves the rest period, growers recommend pruning — remove all the leaves completely. Within 1–1.5 months, the arrowroot recovers due to a strong root system. New leaves are brighter.
After pruning, the arrowroot produces new, brighter leaves.
If arrowroot produces a lot of long shoots, they can be cut in order to obtain cuttings for reproduction. In addition, it will make the bush more neat.
Table: diseases and pests of arrowroot
- Maintain the necessary humidity.
- Ensure timely watering.
- Correctly select the substrate for the plant.
- 2-3 chopped garlic heads pour 1 liter of warm water, leave for 1 day, dilute in half with cold water, sprinkle for 1 week.
- Add 30 g of crushed dandelion roots to the medicinal tincture of dandelion, pour 1 l of hot water. Insist 2 hours, spray the plant for 3-5 days.
- Processing plants Aktar drug (according to the instructions).
- Processing plants soapy water (soap dissolve in water).
- Processing plants Actellic (according to the instructions).
- Periodically water with acidified water (add a few grains of citric acid to 1 water).
- To process with drugs Ferovit, Agricola (according to the instructions).
How to learn diseases and pests arrowroot: tips on the photo
An adult arrowroot is transplanted 1 time in 2–3 years in the spring, young plants (up to 3–4 years) can arrange this procedure annually.
After purchase, an arrow oil must be transplanted immediately. As a rule, plants are sold in the soil, which provides their transportation, but this land is not suitable for the proper development of arrowroot.
Since the root system of the plant is small, then the pot will need a small one (its diameter is 2–3 cm more than the previous one). It is better to stop the choice on plastic or glazed clay. Mandatory drainage at the bottom of the pot - pebbles or expanded clay.
A drainage layer of approximately 1/3 of the pot is required.
You can make the land yourself or buy ready-made soil for marandy. The soil should be well pass air and water, to be loose, light. For the mixture will need:
- leaf earth - 3 parts,
- peat - 1.5 parts,
- coniferous land - 1 part,
- dry mullein - 1 part,
- sand - 1 part,
- ash - 0.3 parts.
If reproduction of arrowroot is not planned by dividing a bush, then it is transplanted, overloading an earthen clod with roots. Before planting a flower in a new container, it is necessary to cut off the shoots, leaving only 1 internode on them. As a result, the new plant will have numerous shoots, forming a thick beautiful bush. In the first month after planting the plant does not need to fertilize. You can cover the pot with a package to preserve moisture and rooting quickly.
Also popular with florist growers. How to care for this plant can be found in the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/ktenanta-kak-uxazhivat-za-krasavicej-iz-brazilii-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html
Marantu transplanted by handling earthen coma
Propagation of arrowroot
The main methods of breeding arrowroot - the division of the bush or grafting.
- When transplanting, remove the plant and divide it into 2 or 3 parts.
When transplanting the bush is divided into 2 or 3 parts
Periodically, the greenhouse needs to be opened for airing and watering.
- Cuttings can be cut from May to September. These are the tops of shoots 10 cm long with 2-3 leaves and 2 internodes. The cut should go 2 cm below the node.
- Put in the water.
- After 5-6 weeks, the roots will appear.
Maranta gives roots after 5-6 weeks in water
After the roots appear, the cuttings can be planted in the ground.
Flower grower reviews
My maranth grows relatively recently, about 1.5 years, and I was convinced that this flower is very unusual. Especially when picking up leaves in the evening. She stands on my table in close proximity to spathiphyllum, chlorophytum and syngonium. All these flowers need to be sprayed, which I do, so a certain microclimate was created and my little flowers grow and bloom to my joy. And I forgot about dry tips of leaves at arrowroot!
For me, this is one of the few indoor plants that suit me, because my windows in the shade of the trees. White light I see only in winter, when there is no foliage. Therefore, most of the plants that I buy die from a lack of light. Maranta does not need bright light, and even the opposite, when the light is too bright, the leaves lose their color saturation. And maranth sucks water at a breakneck pace. When the rest of my plants have wet ground after watering, the arrowroot has a desert, i.e. flower needs abundant and frequent watering. Maranta very quickly grows its leaves and is easily propagated by division.
Maranta is relatively recent for me, but I have already discovered a lot of advantages! It grows quickly, multiplies well (if you break a twig and put it in water, then on the fifth day there will be a small root). Unpretentious, you just imagine, it is growing above my cutting table in the kitchen between the stove and the sink! And she has enough light, although she is two meters from the window, and she doesn’t be confused by the evaporation from the stove. From the arrowroot it becomes quieter in the apartment - it's true ... And I thought it was just a coincidence))) When I stand, I cook and some thoughts come to my mind, from which I want to flare up, I immediately calm down and ponder the situation.
This plant came to me in the most deplorable form. My daughter brought something dried from the street, said she felt sorry for him - it is still alive. Began to reanimate. For starters removed from the pot (it was a shipping container). Not watering, freed the roots from the ground. Yes, indeed, among the wad of dry roots were little white living ones. Drainage was poured into a small bowl, then the soil that turned out to be in the house was planted with what was left of the plant, watered, covered the bowl with the plant with a plastic bag and put this microchip on the window sill. After a while, sprouts appeared, and after a while the leaves began to unfold. Now it became clear that the saved plant - arrowroot. She loves moist air and wet soil, does not tolerate drought, drafts and direct sunlight. In general, the plant is very hardy and thankful.
I think this houseplant is quite whimsical in care. Maranta does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. Somehow, because of a sudden change in temperature, almost one of my arrowheads died. In the summer I try to shade from the too hot sun, does not tolerate overheating. My maranth lives in the penumbra, in bright light the leaves lose their bright color, become pale. I pour water at room temperature, quite plentifully. Spray the leaves regularly. This is a very moisture-loving plant.
Maranta, which is valued not at all for flowers, but for decorative bright leaves, adapts well to home and office conditions. The plant is unpretentious in care, but still will not allow itself to be left to the mercy of fate - it requires protection from drafts and proper watering.
Although this plant and feels good in the shade, after all, it can not be simply pushed into a dark corner. The fact is that it grows remarkably well and develops with diffused light, and also bright diffused light will not harm it. However, it is worth considering that the excess light can most negatively affect the decorativeness of arrowroot, namely, its leaves will begin to shrink, and also they will lose their bright and very effective coloring.
This flower is also called "praying grass." The thing is that in case of poor illumination, its leaves begin to rise up, assuming an almost vertical position (taking on the appearance of a closed outlet). If the light is enough, the leaves will be placed horizontally, thereby opening the outlet.
At normal room temperature, arrowroot normally grows and develops, as it is very thermophilic. So, in the summer, the most suitable temperature for the maintenance of this plant is from 22 to 25 degrees. This should take into account the fact that it is not necessary to allow it to overheat. And it is also necessary to monitor the temperature of the substrate, and it normally should not be less than 18 degrees.
Marantas have a rest period, and it lasts from October to February. However, lowering the temperature at this time, as more houseplants are not required at all. In the period of rest, this flower feels great at temperatures from 18 to 20 degrees.
It should also be remembered that a very negative effect on this plant is a draft, and also a sharp fluctuation in temperature.
Humidity and watering
Throughout the year, arrowroot needs moderate watering, but at the time when it begins to grow actively, the number of irrigations should be increased. At this time, ideally, the ground should be all the time wet, but not damp. It is necessary to water this flower a little less when it has a period of rest. However, the frequency of irrigation at this time is significantly influenced by the air temperature in the room. Water for irrigation should be used exceptionally warm and better if it is also soft.
And here, the appearance of the plant depends greatly on how correct the air humidity is. Thus, systematic spraying is not able to humidify the air to the required values. It is recommended to put a flower pot with arrowroot on a tray that is filled with sphagnum moistened with moss or not too large pebbles. At the same time it is necessary to constantly monitor that there is always water in the pan. However, even this is not enough to increase the humidity of the air to the required values. If the humidity is insufficient, the flower will begin to dry the tips of the leaves. If the above measures are not enough, then you will have to put the arrowroot in the mini-mat or florarium.
Top dressing of this beautiful plant is made only during its active growth. You need to feed it with organic and mineral fertilizers alternately 1 time in 2 weeks.
Experienced growers advise, when using organic fertilizers to take only ½ part of the recommended dose. In the same case, when the mullein is used, it is recommended to dilute it with water in the ratio of 1:10. Overly concentrated mineral fertilizers are also best not to use.
How to properly transplant
Marant must be transplanted annually. Before you go directly to the transplant, you need to necessarily carry out sanitary pruning. The roots of this plant do not differ in their massiveness, so a low and wide flower pot is quite suitable for transplanting. Best of all, if it is made of plastic or of glazed clay.
You can buy the earth mixture for this plant in any special store, but if you wish, you can also make it yourself. Ideally, such an earth mixture should have a weakly acid reaction, namely, equal to pH-6.
So, in order to compose the earth moss yourself, it is necessary to mix peat, dry mullein, wood ash, leaf and coniferous soil, as well as sand in the ratio 1.5: 1: 0.3: 3: 1: 1.
Also do not forget about good drainage.
You can grow this plant in hydroponics. And in this variant of cultivation there are a lot of advantages. So, water the arrowroot, feed it, and also need to replant less frequently. And besides, he will look more beautiful, strong and healthy.
During transplantation, you can divide the bush and thereby propagate the plant. And for its reproduction, the cutting method is used. This method is applicable only in the summer. To do this, cut off the stalk, which should be 3 or 4 leaves, and place it in the water for rooting. As a rule, roots appear after 4–6 weeks, after which the stalk is planted in a light peat substrate.
Marant is prone to spider mites. But if all the time to maintain high humidity, he is unlikely to settle on this plant.
Maranta: general description, types, photos
Homeland exotic flower is a tropical part of South and Central America and the West Indies. Miniature plant grows up to 30 cm tall and distinguished by tuberous roots, upright or creeping shoots and broad ovale growing on the petioles. Depending on the type, the leaf plate is decorated with brown oculate spots, double-row spots or bright stripes along the central vein.
On the upper side, the background of the leaves may be dark green, light green or even reddish. The underside of the top is very different in color. The color combination of spots and veins located on the leaves is very similar to the patterns of the leaves of the decorative codiaeum. The plant blooms with white and light lilac flowers in spring or summer.
The arrowroot flower is known to many that, under favorable growing conditions, its leaves are unrolled, and if the plant lacks light or moisture, the leaves fold into closed rosettes and stretch upwards. In this regard, the flower has a second name - "Praying grass". Благодаря этому существует поверье, что выращиваемый в доме молитвенный цветок способен защитить семью от конфликтов, создать благоприятную атмосферу и очистить от негативных эмоций.
Maranta: home care, photo
Maranta loves a diffused bright light, so it is desirable to place the flower on the windowsill or next to the windows facing the east or west side of the house. In summer, the plant must shading from direct midday sunlight. Otherwise, the lamina will decrease in size, the contrast pattern will fade, and the leaves will curl. In winter, the flower requires additional lighting, which can be provided with a photo lamp.
Humidity and temperature
From the end of May to October at home the arrowroot should be kept at an air temperature within + 21- + 26 degrees. In autumn and winter the temperature should be reduced to + 18- + 23 degrees Temperatures below +12 degrees on the plant affect destructively. To the death of a flower can cause temperature drops and drafts.
Marantans growing in the house retain their decorative effect with moderate air humidity. However, when caring for a plant, be sure to two or three times a day spray leaves with warm, settled water. To increase the humidity around the flower, you can take the following steps:
- Put the pot on a tray with wet pebbles, expanded clay or peat. It is necessary to ensure that the roots are not in contact with each other.
- Place a container filled with water or a humidifier near the flower.
- On hot days and in rooms with working radiators, arrowroot can be washed under the shower, having previously covered the soil in a pot with polyethylene.
If the air in the house is too dry, the pattern will no longer be distinct, the leaves will lose their tone, and their tips will begin to dry.
Watering and feeding
In spring and summer, plants are plentifully watered with settled water at room temperature. In autumn and winter, the plant is watered only after the topsoil has dried out. When caring for arrowroot must be monitoredso that there is no water left in the pan. Flowing water after irrigation must be immediately drained.
Are fed by arrowroot every two weeks. To do this, use mineral and organic fertilizers for decorative leafy plants, which should be alternated. Make solutions bait only after watering the flower.
Soil and arrowroot transplant
The soil for growing arrowroot can be prepared at home by mixing for this in equal parts:
Some coniferous earth and charcoal are added to the resulting earthy mixture.
The soil may be of a different composition. For its preparation use:
- garden land - 3 parts,
- coarse sand - 1 part,
- peat - 1.5 parts.
Very little charcoal is added to this earthy mixture.
When taking care of arrowroot at home, once every two years, the plant must be transplanted into larger pots. The flower grows slowlytherefore, it does not require frequent transplants. Transfer in March or April in new pots, which should be a couple of centimeters more than the previous ones. At the bottom of the pot must be poured drainage.
Reproduction by cuttings
To obtain cuttings in late spring or early summer, a part with two or three leaves is cut from the young shoot. The segment should be approximately 7–8 cm long. The handle is placed in a container with soft water at room temperature. About a month later he should take root, and then it can be planted in a pot with peat. To create a greenhouse effect and better survival, the stalks on top are covered with a transparent container or a plastic bag. Caring for them is to keep the soil moist.
Reproduction by division
When a plant is being transplanted, an adult bush can be divided into 2–3 parts. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots. Delenki are planted in individual pots filled with peat. The flower is watered, put together with a pot in a plastic bag and loosely tied. Such mini greenhouse should be kept in a warm room. The package is removed after the appearance of young leaves. Before they appear, caring for a plant consists in daily airing the soil and keeping it moist.
Possible problems in growing arrowroot
In cold rooms and with frequent abundant watering, the plants begin to rot the roots and stems. It urgently needs to be rearranged to a warm place without drafts and reduce watering.
Dried leaves with a sticky cobweb indicate that the flower is struck by a spider mite. If the plant is not treated, then over time the leaves will begin to fall off. From spider mite get rid of folk remedies or using special chemicals. As a folk remedy daily infusion of garlic, dandelion, yarrow or onion is used. If this does not help, then the plant is processed "Aktelikom."
Dry tips and yellowed foliage are likely to indicate that the flower needs moist air. In this case, the leaves should be sprayed more often and other methods of increasing the humidity of the air at home should be applied.
With plenty of sunshine, arrowroot leaves may turn white. So that they will get their decorative color again, the flower is placed in the shade. If this does not help, then during the growth period the plant must be fed.
Call maranta unpretentious indoor plants can not. To a tropical flower for a long time pleased the owners and decorated the house with its decorative leaves, he constant attention and care is required by all the rules.
Maranta is not a big plant in height, only some species exceed a height of 20 centimeters. The plant maranta attracts attention with its spectacular appearance and color of leaves. With bright light on the arrowroot horizontal streaks and spots are clearly visible. The color of the foliage of the plant, occurs from light to dark green. The shape of the leaves oblong resembles a large oval. Inflorescences at arrowroot are panicles.
In the leaves of arrowroot there is one interesting feature to change the direction of the leaves when the light rays change. At sunset, the leaves rise and close, and at sunrise, the leaves are directed to the side. In connection with such capabilities of the plant it is called "praying grass." Another nickname of the plant because of its 10 spots on some species, the British called it "10 commandments"
Care after purchase
Caring for arrowroot has features. When buying arrowroot preference should be given to strong young plants, it is not recommended to purchase strongly overgrown and old ones.
The best time to buy is considered april and may. At home, the arrow needs to be immediately sprayed with separated water, the procedure is recommended to be repeated for several days, during which the flower will get used to the room atmosphere.
Since the flower does not have a clear form, pruning as such is not needed.
For irrigation it is necessary to use soft distilled water of room temperature, it can be boiled or melted. Often, watering does not depend on the schedule, but on the condition of the soil; immediately before watering it should dry out a little.
In summer, the drying rate is somewhat higher, therefore, it is recommended to moisten the soil more often. In winter, the most optimal irrigation frequency is considered 2 times per weekIn cold weather, it is recommended to combine moisturizing with spraying the plant.
Humidity is considered the most important parameter, some spraying in some cases is indispensable.
To maintain the required level of moisture, a pot with a plant is recommended to be put on a tray with damp moss and pebbles; water treatments.
Flowering occurs in summer, flowers can be white, pale yellow and light pink shades. At home, this happens quite rarely, the plant does not have a decorative value, since the flowers are small and hidden most often behind large leaves.
Before planting arrowroot, it is necessary to prepare a pot, the size is chosen taking into account that the rhizome freely entered the container.
The soil is recommended to use slightly acid, it is necessary to lay on the bottom drainage (expanded clay, gravel)that will prevent the occurrence of fungus and water stagnation.
Transplantation is recommended after a year, the most optimal time is considered to be the spring period, when vegetation accelerates. The plant should be planted in wide tanks.
When transplanting, it is recommended to remove old diseased leaves, which will stimulate the development of new shoots.
The video shows how to transplant arrowroot and what kind of soil is needed:
Maranta is considered a tropical plant, so she loves heat very much, in summer the optimum temperature range varies between 20-25 degrees, in winter the temperature should not fall below 16-18 degrees.
The flower must be protected from drafts, which can lead to quick drying of the leaves, the pot should not be put on a cold floor. In summer, the plant can be left outside. protected from the sun and drafts spot.
Marantu not recommended to put on the sunny side, even when installing a flower on the windowsill, facing north, the leaves can fade and dry out from excess light.
The flower feels great in the depths of the room, after moving the flower will give new bright leaves, flowers may even appear.
The main conditions for good growth and development of arrowroot are considered to be loose substrate. When growing a plant in peat, dolomite flour is recommended to be added to the mixture, and store mixes are also suitable.
The substrate can be prepared independently, two main recipes are used:
- leaf earth, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1,
- leaf earth, peat, humus, sand in the proportion of 4: 2: 1: 1.
What to feed?
So how and what to feed arrowroot? Top dressing is carried out in the period from eternal to autumn at intervals once a week with the calculation of 1 gr. on 1 l. water. From April to the end of August, it is recommended to use a comprehensive set for ornamental plants.
Maranta is very sensitive to an excess of fertilizers, it is recommended that organic and mineral fertilizers be applied once every 2 weeks.
Benefit and harm
Useful properties are determined by its chemical compositiontuberiform thickening located on rhizomes are in demand in cooking.
They contain a large amount of starch, which determines the energy value of the plant, the tubers are used boiled and for the preparation of flour.
Flour is recommended for use with bowel anemia and anorexia, as it has a positive effect on the digestive processes. The composition of the flower also includes vitamins B9, PP, pantenoic acid.
Vitamin B9 is an integral part in ensuring the functioning of the immune and circulatory systems, it is also necessary for normal growth in childhood. D9 deficiency can lead to anemia and impaired bone marrow functioning.
Marant contains calcium, necessary for bone tissue and teeth, which also takes part in neural reactions, promotes the excretion of radionuclides, salts of heavy metals, and has an effect on insulin levels.
Many people ask whether it is possible to keep a flower at home? Need to! If you have trouble sleeping it is recommended to put a flower at the head of the bed, it is useful to keep the plant in the house for people prone to conflicts, it is believed that the ram absorbs aggression.
Maranta is a fairly beautiful indoor plant, characterized by a bright color, when you look at it, the leaves of an oblong form of contrasting color immediately rush to your eyes.
The plant has a decorative appearance throughout the year, which is considered the main reason for its popularity with gardeners. The flower feels great in shady places where most plants wither.
When growing it is recommended to follow certain rules, the flower is quite unpretentious, feels great at home. The plant has value not only from an aesthetic point of view, but also from a culinary one, its rhizomes are used boiled, and flour is also prepared from them.
The origin and characteristics of the species
The flower got its name in honor of the outstanding scientist Bartolomeo Maranta, who saved the lives of many people by curing them with herbs. In our latitudes, the plant was brought from the tropics of Brazil. It is unpretentious, care at home for arrowroot does not take a lot of energy.
Plant height does not exceed 40 cm. With proper handling, it quickly grows in breadth. In the evening, the leaves rise up to re-open in the morning, which is why the maranth is also called "praying grass."
It has small flowers, lilac, cream or white. Some gardeners believe that the flowers are inferior in beauty to the leaves, and cut the buds so that the arrowroot does not waste their strength on them.
The flower has several varieties, and each of them is in demand. Such a variety allows you to create interesting compositions and combinations. Most often on sale you can find the following varieties:
- Marant Kerchoven - a small plant up to 25 cm high. Outside, emerald green leaves with feather-like patterns. The back of a sheet of scarlet color. Inflorescences are small, collected in several pieces on one leg.
- Maranta belozhilkovaya - one of the most common varieties. It has a tuberous root system. The length of the shoots reaches 30 cm. The leaves are oval, slightly elongated, about 15 cm in length and 9 cm in width. Each leaf has a heart-shaped base, light streaks and a foot about 2 cm.
- Maranta reed imported from South America. The shape of the bush is neat, in the cold season the shoots die off. Root system in the form of tubers. Sheet plate 25 cm long, elongated, tapering to the ends. The inner side of the leaf is velvet, has a gray tint. Flowers beige.
- Maranta tricolor, or fascinator, stands out among other varieties for its colors. The surface of the leaves is decorated with a three-color pattern of reddish streaks and golden spots in the center.
Growing arrowroot at home
Some novice gardeners suggest that keeping tropical plants causes a lot of trouble. This statement does not apply to "praying grass." In order for the flower to please its beauty all year round, it is enough to provide it with acceptable conditions and follow simple rules of care:
- Light level. Despite the fact that the plant can grow in the shade, it is not necessary to keep it in a dark room, depriving sunlight. In case of poor light, the leaves of the “praying grass” rise up, taking up an almost vertical position, and lock themselves into a socket. If there is enough light, the plant expands. Maranta develops remarkably with ambient lighting. Direct sunlight can cause the beauty of the flower to fade.
- Humidity level. During the year, watering should be moderate, but during the period of active growth the need for moisture increases slightly. At this time, it should be ensured that the earth retains moisture, but was not damp. Water for irrigation should ideally be used at a mild, room temperature. Humidity of the environment has a direct impact on the appearance of the plant. Excessive dryness can cause the tips of the leaves to die. Create a comfortable environment will help regular spraying. It is recommended to place a flower pot on a tray filled with small pebbles or wet sphagnum moss. Ensure that the filler in the pan does not dry out. Because of the love for moisture, arrowroot feels great in florariums and mini-greenhouses.
- Temperature conditions. The plant is thermophilic, in summer the optimum temperature for its content is + 22 ... + 25 ° С. Maranth must not be allowed to overheat. Periodically it is necessary to check the temperature of the soil, it should not fall below + 18 ° C. Do not place the plant in a draft. From October to February, the flower is in a resting phase. Like most houseplants, she does not need a sharp decrease in temperature at this time. For the rest period, the optimum temperature is + 18 ... + 20 ° С.
- Top dressing. The soil in which arrowroot grows is fertilized twice a month, alternating organic and mineral complexes. Among organic supplements, chicken manure is best suited. It is prepared, having sustained the night in the fresh air, diluted with clean water in the ratio of 1:20. The mixture should be drawn on the street for more than a week. First, the plant is watered with ordinary water, then make feeding, without getting to the roots. When using mineral fertilizer, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions and not to exceed the permissible concentration.
You can use ready-made soil for marandy, adding to it charcoal powder. This will improve its structure and prevent the development of pathogenic microorganisms.
If you can not buy a special substrate, you can cook it yourself. To do this, take equal parts of washed sand, turf and garden soil. It is useful to add components such as humus, charcoal, sphagnum moss.
The prepared soil must be sufficiently nutritious and loose to provide a tropical plant with all the necessary nutrients.
Transplanting plants at home
A young plant up to 3-4 years old must be replanted every year, and a more mature plant needs to be replanted every 2-3 years. Лучшее время для пересадки — весна. Если на корневой системе нет повреждений и она не поражена инфекцией, трогать ее не нужно.But if during the inspection, rotten areas, soil pests or dry roots are found, it is necessary to immediately take measures:
- diseased roots are cut with a sharp knife
- cuts sprinkled with crushed coal
- transplant arrowroot in a new soil, at the bottom of the pot should be a drainage layer to drain moisture,
- For a speedy recovery, the transplanted flower can be placed on time in greenhouse conditions.
Most often, growers who know how to propagate arrowroot at home, divide for this purpose an adult bush. Each of the parts must have a root system and sprouts. If the roots are damaged during the division, sprinkle them with coal to avoid rotting.
Seedlings are transferred to individual pots filled with moist nutrient soil. Containers are placed in a greenhouse or covered with packages until final rooting. If acclimatization was successful, the flower will start to let new shoots and leaves.
Reproduction from a small bush
The plant is able to multiply cuttings taken from long shoots. Choose a part of a healthy stem with a node from which the plant can later take root. Make a cut, departing 2−3 cm down from the node. If it is not possible to immediately place arrowroot in water, harvest a longer stalk to refresh the cut before rooting.
The roots of the flower are formed in the water. In most cases, there are no problems with the breeding of arrowroot and the formation of the root system. But if you notice that the planting material began to wilt, it is covered with a film or package. After the formation of the roots of the seedlings are placed in pots.
Pest and disease control
The plant is susceptible to pests. Particularly high risk of thrips, spider mites, insects in a dry room. There are cases when a severely affected plant can no longer be saved, so treatment must be started immediately.
Insecticides will help to quickly get rid of parasites. Affected foliage can be washed with a weak extract of tobacco with the addition of soap. Sulfur treatment also helps. All manipulations should be done carefully so as not to inflict damage on perennials. After the procedure, you should wait 2−3 hours, then wash the plant under a cool shower. To completely get rid of the beetles will need to repeat the treatment event several times.
Types of maranth plants
The flower of arrowroot has more than 25 species, depending on the color and shape of the leaves. Here are some of the most common types:
- White-yielding maranth is most common. The leaves are dark green, central vein of silver color. On the sides are white stripes.
- Red-colored arrowroot. The color of the leaves varies all shades of green. On the edge of the leaves there is a red line that becomes burgundy or pink. Leaflets in the form of feathers.
- Maranta Kerhovina has oval leaves on short cuttings. The leaves are green with a white stripe in the center. On the reverse side leaves may be pink or bluish.
- Maranta reed. The color is similar to other varieties of arrowroot, but the edges of the leaves have a wavy shape. The reed maranth grows in dense shrubs.
- Maranta masanzha has a dark color of leaves - from black to olive.
How to care for arrowroot
In order for a person, a plant or an animal to feel good, to grow and multiply with pleasure, it is necessary to create comfortable living conditions for them. Here are some tips for creating a comfortable environment for growth arrowroot.
- Maranta is quite a water-loving plant. Land in the pot of this flower should always be wet. The frequency of watering depends on the time of year and the level of humidity in the room. Usually maranta is watered a couple of times a week, in hot summer months - every other day.
- It is best to place a tropical arrowroot in a claydite pallet with water.
- Marant must be sprayed with water from a spray bottle. From this, its leaves become alive and moist.
- Water for irrigation and spraying arrowroot should be at room temperature. It is not allowed to water the plant with hot or cold water. It is best to water the plants with settled water so that there are no impurities in it.
- Marant can not be watered with water containing chlorine or lime - it dies from it.
- The plant arrowroot - shade. Do not put a pot with a flower in direct sunlight, especially in the summer and spring months.
- The optimum temperature for growth of arrowroot is from 16 to 25 degrees. The flower does not tolerate frost and sudden changes in temperature. The humidity of the room in which the arrowroot grows is also important. In the winter months, when radiators and batteries dry the air, additional flower moistening is necessary.
- Maranta does not like drafts, so placing the plant on the windowsill is not entirely correct. Also near the pot with a flower should not be extraneous plants, at least at a distance of 20 cm. Maranta grows well, if it does not block anything.
How to transplant arrowroot
Every two years, this plant requires a transplant, because the roots become crowded in the previous pot. The new pot should not differ much from the previous one - in the large earthy space, the arrowroot grows worse.
Before transplanting the plant must be prepared. Cut off all the dull and wilted leaves and some shoots. A flower should spend its strength on new shoots, and not on the restoration of wilted leaves. If you want the arrowroot to grow in length, cut off the lateral young shoots. If you want to get a more spreading and lush plant, it is better to cut the flower at the tops.
Preparing a new pot, pour claydite to the bottom so that the roots of the plant do not rot in the remaining water from irrigation. The lower layer must be filled with soil with low acidity. To do this, mix one part of the sand, two parts of peat and three parts of the usual soil. Pour some crushed coal into the ground, and then plant a lump of earth with a plant. Cover the gaps between the roots of the plant and the walls of the pot with ordinary earth.
How to feed arrowroot
To maranth was beautiful, lush and spreading, it must be fertilized. Especially strongly the plant needs top dressing in the spring and in the summer, during active growth and blossoming. Fertilizer arrowroot can be special mineral complexes, which can be bought in the shop of decorative indoor plants.
Fertilize the plant should be every two weeks. Dissolve a piece of the mineral complex the size of a match head in a liter of pure water and pour it over the plant. After two weeks you can pour the same composition that remained in the bottle - not necessarily dilute a new batch. However, be careful - do not overdo it. An excess of mineral fertilizers can lead to the death of the plant.
Diseases and pests
The plant does not have any special pests and diseases. Marantas usually have two enemies - mealybugs and spider mites. The mealybug is localized on the plant stem. To get rid of it, you need to wipe the trunk of a flower with soapy water. After processing, thoroughly rinse the flower with clean water so that there are no soap residues on it.
The presence of spider mites can be determined by the thin web that forms on the wrong side of the plant leaves. At the same time the plant loses the lower leaves, becomes sluggish. Spider mite infects plants when the humidity in the room is too low. To get rid of this, you need to cut off all the infected leaves and process the maranth with a bacteriological composition, which can be bought at a specialized store. It is designed specifically for decorative indoor plants - merciless to pests and delicate with plants.
Questions for the care of arrowroot
Here are the main problems faced by flower growers in growing the arrowroot plant.
Why maranth dries? Maranta can dry for several reasons. One of the main ones is the lack of moisture. If you do not water the plant often enough, if you do not spray the leaves, the lower leaves may turn yellow and the upper leaves dry at the ends. Maranta may dry out due to an excessive amount of lime in the soil. Check it out is easy. Put some earth on a plate and pour vinegar over the soil. If the earth began to foam, it means a lot of lime in it. Maranta can become covered with brown spots, if in the room where the flower grows, low humidity.
Why does the arrowroot leaf curl? Virtually any changes in the flower are the cause of improper care. Maranta twists the leaves before each night, and in the morning again dismissed. If the leaves remain twisted throughout the day, then the plant is just cold. Place it in a room with a higher temperature so that it “comes to itself”.
Why maranth changes the color of the leaves? If the leaves of the plant become faded, dull or yellow, then something in the care is wrong. Try to move the plant to a warmer room, eliminate drafts, increase the frequency of watering. Perhaps the arrowroot changes the color of its leaves, because it lacks nutrients - remember how long ago you fed the plant.
Decorative indoor flowers - like children. They require attention, care, care and love. Create comfortable living conditions for your plants so that they will please you with active growth and lush flowering.