Sudan Rose, Venetian Mallow, Pharaohs Flower, Rosella - Popular Names Hibiscus Sabdariffwhich is also called carcade.
More recently, the red, dried petals of this beautiful plant have been imported into our country. Drink from karkade known since ancient times in many countries.
In Sudan, Mexico, India, China, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Sudanese rose is grown on an industrial scale.
In Egypt, flavored tea from it is considered a traditional drink. How to grow and care for this exotic flower at home, consider next.
Characteristic and description of Sudanese rose
For the first time Sudanese rose is mentioned in the times of ancient Egypt, when healers began to apply its healing properties in the treatment. In those ancient times it was believed that this magnificent flower can cure any ailment. Many centuries have passed, and some still endow the plant with healing and magical properties. So, Muslims worship the plant and associate five rose petals with religious precepts.
Most people know about this plant only that from its dried petals they brew a sweet-sour drink. In countries where the rose is cultivated everywhere, it is used much more widely. Delicious jams and jellies, fragrant drinks are prepared from the flower, and the young plant's stems are added to main dishes and salads.
This is a grassy shrub that can grow up to 3–3.5 meters in natural conditions. The root system is quite long and deep, and the crown is branched. Stems young plant green, with a reddish color. As they grow older, the stem becomes covered with the finest gray bark. The leaves are serrated on the edges and rough. In the upper part of the plant the leaves are pointed, in the lower part - oval. The flowers of a rose are large (up to 6 cm in diameter), of a bright, dark red color, located on the stem and attached to it with the help of a small pedicle. The flower petals are thick, the flower cup is fleshy and juicy. It is concentrated in it a large number of nutrients.
Growing from seed
It is believed that it is much easier to grow such a rose from seed. Firstly, this method is less time consuming, and secondly, flower seeds have good germination even after 5 years. Seeds are bought in a special store, but you can also get them from Karkade tea bags.
Planting seeds in greenhouses or pots as follows:
- Before planting, you need to decontaminate planting material. For this, seeds are soaked for 30–60 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- After the time, the seeds should be well washed in running water. Further, for germination, they are soaked in a growth stimulator (in the fabric soaked in a solution, planting material is placed).
- In 3-4 weeks young sprouts will appear, seeds with sprouts are sown in prepared individual pots. If the seedlings are planted in a greenhouse or soil, then it is better to sow in a disposable container.
Rose pretty demanding of soil composition. For her, it is better to choose a special soil mixture, which has a good drainage effect and at the same time fertile. The best option is purchase of ready ground. But you can also make a soil mix yourself. Sand is taken as a basis and humus, peat, and horse earth are added to it. It is recommended to apply wood ash as a fertilizer.
Growing Sudanese rose from cuttings contributes to the preservation of the decorative features of the flower. It is easy to grow a flower by this method, you only need to follow certain agrotechnical rules, which include the following points:
- Cuttings should be used only with young (annual) shoots. Allowed to use the upper shoots that remained after pruning.
- The best period for rooting is spring or the second decade of summer. It is important that the shoots take root before the first cold weather.
- If cuttings are harvested directly from the bush, then the lower cut should be 0.5–1 cm below the bud.
- The best length of the cutting is 10-15 cm. It should grow 3-4 viable buds.
- 24 hours before planting, the cuttings descend in the lower part to a stimulating solution for root growth.
- Next, the cuttings are planted in a moist soil mixture, which consists of peat and sand with the addition of humus and leaf soil.
- To create the greenhouse effect, planted planting material is covered with a transparent plastic bottle.
Fully rooting rooted in 1–1.5 months. All this period they should provide proper care and create optimal conditions for growth:
- depending on the season, the temperature should be maintained at 19-25 degrees,
- it is necessary to monitor the state of the substrate, to prevent it from drying out and to moisten in time,
- planting material should be regularly inspected; rotten and diseased cuttings should be removed.
After the cuttings root well and the buds begin to grow, you should pinch off the tops. This is necessary for good branching seedlings.
Home care for hibiscus
Plant loves abundant watering and good lightbut does not tolerate direct sunlight and drafts. With a sharp temperature drop or draft, the flower can throw off its wonderful flowers. It should be noted that they appear only 5 years after landing.
The optimum temperature for a plant is 20 degrees. And in the winter it should be above the mark of 15 degrees, and in the summer - not higher than 25 degrees.
Often due to lack of air humidity, the tips of the leaves of the flower dry. To avoid this, the leaves should be sprayed with water. In a more mature, already stiffened plant, you can trim the crown. After trimming the wounds are covered with garden pitch.
During the period of active growth Sudanese rose needs feeding. Fertilize the plant better bacterial liquid fertilizer. They must be used strictly according to the instructions on the package.
This flower is prone to certain diseases and pests. Common diseases are anthracnose and bacterial carcinoma; pests are spider mites and aphids. To combat them use only spraying and processing drugs. But you can also handle insects manually. In more severe and neglected cases, the flower dies.
The use of hibiscus in cooking and medicine
In the view of many, only fragrant and tasty tea is made from flower petals. But where this plant grows in nature, desserts, preserves, compote, cocktails and a special tincture are made from it. The stems of a young flower are used as vegetables.
The petals that remained after tea must be eaten, as they contain a lot of antioxidants, vitamins and antiseptic substances.
Tea gives the body energy, normalizes blood pressure, has a beneficial effect on the walls of blood vessels, improves vision. And in the East, hibiscus tea is considered the main healing drink. It has been proven that tea has a healing effect for the following problems and illnesses:
- tea, which is prepared according to the rules, is able to soothe heartburn,
- with regular use of tea, constipation is eliminated, and the digestive tract improves,
- tea contains a large amount of microelements and vitamins, therefore it is recommended to use it to people with low immunity,
- but it also contributes to lowering cholesterol in the blood,
- in case of diabetes, hibiscus tea facilitates the course of the disease,
- use infusion and in dermatology for the treatment of eczema and psoriasis,
- tea has a diuretic effect and relieves swelling,
- marked ability to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, this is especially important for those who suffer from cardiovascular diseases,
- tea lowers a slight increase in temperature for colds.
And for good reason this plant is also called the “flower of the pharaohs”. According to legend, the queen Cleopatra not only used the inside of flower tea, but also regularly took healing baths from it. It was believed that the Sudanese rose gave silkiness and a copper shade to her skin. But it is important that the miraculous effect of the flower is still used in cosmetology:
- steamed flower petals are applied to the face in case of inflamed and problem skin,
- in case of puffiness of eyes, they use hibiscus tea leaves, applying it to problem areas,
- Rose flowers can also solve the problem of oily hair; rubbing them in them is rubbed into the hair roots, thus, sebum production can be reduced.
The origin of the Sudanese rose
People from ancient times know about such a plant as a Sudanese rose. Healers of Ancient Egypt prepared from hibiscus medicinal preparations and vitamins, and firmly believed that they are able to save a person from any diseases. For the first time, tea from this culture was prepared in ancient India, after which the inhabitants of Egypt and Sudan adopted this tradition.
Among residents of Muslim countries, hibiscus or Sudanese rose is popular to this day. This is due to the fact that the flower of the plant is formed from 5 petals, which, on the basis of the faith of the Muslims, coincide with the five religious precepts.
Today, foliage and buds of Sudanese rose are actively used both in the preparation of beneficial tea and a variety of desserts. Young rose stalks are added to salads and main dishes.
Description and characteristics of the plant
Sudanese rose is a grassy shrub, the height in its natural habitat is 3.5 m. The root system is very extensive and long, which is why the planting hole needs to be dug deep enough when planting. The stems of young plants are green, but on top of them covers a light reddish tint.
As the hibiscus matures, its stem will gradually cover the thin gray bark. The edges of the sheet plates are slightly rough and jagged. The upper part of the culture has a pointed shape, and the lower part is oval. The diameter of the flowers of Sudanese rose can reach 6 cm, inflorescences have a bright dark red color. As a fastening of each bud to the stem, a small pedicle appears.
Attention! The flower cup of a rose has a juicy and fleshy structure, and its petals are rather wide. It is worth noting that it is the flower cup that accumulates the useful substances necessary for the growth and development of hibiscus.
Features planting Sudanese roses
Most flower growers who grow plants both at home and in the open field, sooner or later will be interested in how to grow the Sudanese rose karkade. So, the cultivation of this crop is possible in several ways - reproduction by cuttings and seed method.
Experts consider the cultivation of seed carcass from the most simple. This method does not require large expenditures. Resorted to him due to the fact that good germination of seeds lasts for 5 years. Seed can be purchased at a flower shop, and the planting must be carried out by following a certain algorithm:
- Before sowing seeds in a greenhouse or pot, they need to be disinfected using a weak solution of manganese. It is necessary to keep the seeds in the prepared substance for at least an hour.
- After disinfecting the planting material, it must be thoroughly rinsed under running water. In order for the seeds to sprout quickly, you need to take a growth stimulator and soak planting material in it (soak a small piece of cloth with the solution and put the plant seeds there).
- After 4 weeks, you can notice the appearance of young sprouts - this suggests that the seeds can be sown in separate containers that you must first prepare.
Rose Chinese hibiscus has high requirements in relation to what will be the composition of the soil. For planting it is recommended to give preference to a special soil mixture, the advantages of which are good drainage and fertility. The best option is to purchase finished land in a special store.
Important! If you can not buy ready-made soil, the soil mixture can be prepared on its own. To do this, you need a small amount of sand, to which you need to add horse earth, peat and humus. In order to fertilize experienced growers advise to make wood ash.
In order to preserve the decorative properties of the flower, you should resort to growing hibiscus from cuttings. This method is also not difficult, but requires compliance with some agrotechnical rules.
Features planting Sudanese roses
Use cuttings need only those plants whose age does not exceed one year. It is worth remembering that the optimal period for fast rooting is the spring season or the second half of summer.
If you plan to harvest the cuttings straight from the bush, then the distance from the lower section of the bud should be at least 1 cm. The length of the cut cutting usually ranges from 10-15 cm, while there should be viable buds in the amount of 3-4 pieces.
Attention! A day before the planned landing, the lower part of the cuttings must be immersed in a solution that stimulates the growth of the root system.
For planting cuttings need a soil mixture of sand, leaf soil, humus and peat, which must first be moistened. In order to create a greenhouse effect, planted cuttings should be covered using transparent plastic bottles. Full rooting of the landed planting material occurs after 1.5 months. Throughout this period, the plants need to properly care for, creating the conditions for active development and growth.
Major diseases and pests of culture
In the care of any plant must necessarily include the fight against diseases and parasites that can cause significant harm to the culture or lead to its death. In order to achieve abundant flowering of Sudan rose of medium size, you need to take care that it does not hit dangerous pests and diseases.
Common pests that feed on hibiscus, not allowing it to grow, include:
- spider mite,
- hothouse greenhouse.
The easiest task is to control greenhouse aphids. At the first detection of this parasite, it is necessary to spray a rose using Actellic. It is worth noting that it is much more difficult to deal with such pests as spider mites and shchitovka. Without the slightest delay, they should be washed off the hibiscus with a soap solution, and then treated with Actellic.
The only dangerous disease of Sudanese rose is vascular wilting, which is almost impossible to get rid of. This disease is provoked by fungi called Verticillium and Fusarium. It is possible to increase the life expectancy of a diseased plant by cutting off its diseased shoots, but it is impossible to stop the development of vascular wilt completely.
If, in the process of planting and caring for Sudanese rose, you follow simple requirements and follow the advice of experienced flower growers, you can create a real paradise in your backyard or in your home. The rose of the hibiscus will please with its lush flowering as much as the growing season will last, and the prepared drink from its dried petals will warm the household on cold autumn evenings.
Description of Hibiscus Scarlet Cocktail
Sudanese Rose (Hibiscus sabdariffa, Scarlet Cocktail) - Perennial herbaceous plant of the Malvaceae family. In natural conditions - sprawling shrub with a strong root system, reaching 3 m 50 cm in height.
Young shoots the plants are of a reddish-green color; lignified ones look gray-green due to the numerous cracks with which the bark is covered.
Leaves - rough, oval, on young shoots - with a pointed apex.
Flowers medium-sized, 6-7 cm in diameter, solitary, sitting on short pedicels. Petals - a rich red hue, at least - pink, cream, purple. Perianth - dense, fleshy, dark red.
However, if a person has acidity, a stomach ulcer, urolithiasis, he cannot use such tea.
What you need to know about carcade:
Growing up in an apartment
Plant prefers flowerpots by size of root system. In close, it will develop poorly and look depressed, and in too spacious roots can rot.
For the cultivation of Sudanese roses at home you need to prepare a nutrient mixture from equal parts of leaf and sod land, rotted humus and river sand.
Before planting the plant in the prepared soil mixture, it must be calcined in the oven for 30-45 minutes. This will destroy most pests and pathogenic bacteria. This treatment will not affect the quality of the soil.
As drainage coarse river sand or medium fraction expanded clay may be used. The drainage layer must be at least 4 cm.
Tip: if there is no purchased drainage at hand, you can put rubble washed and baked in the oven at the bottom of the pot.
The plant can be grown in the apartment, in a pot
In the first two or three years, the Sudanese rose needs an annual transplant., затем пересаживают раз в два или три года. Adult specimens who are more than 8-10 years old, only replace the top layer of soil by 5 cm.
Pinch tops of young shoots regularly. This contributes to a better branching of the bush and the tab of flower buds, which are formed only on the shoots of the current year.
Hibiscus feels equally good both in bright sun and in partial shade. However, the lack of sunlight can negatively affect its flowering.
At midday the plant should be pritenyat.
Sudanese rose is watered after the top layer of soil dries out. Water for irrigation should be separated, warm. In summer, water is plentiful, in winter - moderately.
For abundant flowering Sudan rose fed with fertilizers for flowering plants or special designed for hibiscus.
Sudanese rose or hibiscus:
In the open ground
Sudan rose can be grown in a flower bed as an annual. The rooted cuttings are planted in open ground in spring or early summer, when the air temperature at night will not fall below + 15 ° C.
Planting material is harvested in advance: in July-August, during the planned trim.
To do this, with a sharp knife or pruning shears, cuttings with four to five internodes are cut off and kept for 1 hour in a solution of any root formation stimulator.
Thereafter put in plastic cups filled with light primer with the addition of perlite or vermiculite, moisturize and place under a plastic bag.
After that, without washing off the juice, land in the prepared soil mixture.
In a month, the regrown roots will be visible through the transparent walls of the glasses. After this cuttings transplanted into small pots and take care of them, as described above.
The plant can be grown in open ground as an annual
The plant in the flowerbed quickly turns into a beautiful bushstrewn with bright colors. It is undemanding to watering, it withstands direct sunlight, is satisfied with one or two dressings.
In the open ground this plant will bloom before the onset of cool weather.
After that, it can be transplanted into a pot and moved to the room for wintering. With the advent of spring shoots are shortened and planted in a flower bed.
Sudanese rose quite unpretentious. The main thing that she needs when growing on the windowsill, - regular watering and air humidity.
If the soil in the flowerpot is dry, the plant will immediately discard the buds. To avoid this, you need to check the soil moisture with a toothpick.
To cope with the dry air will help daily spraying or indoor fountain.
To grow a flower in the apartment requires regular watering and humidity
Preparing for the winter
Plants grown in open ground can be left to winter in a flower bed. For this overhead part is cut off.
The roots are covered with a cardboard box, and spruce branches are thrown on top. You can additionally cover the roots with sawdust.
If the plant is not frozen, in the spring it will grow and will please with especially lush flowering.
Protection against diseases and pests
Spider mite. In winter, when the air in the apartment is dry, the Sudanese rose is often struck by a spider mite. A thin spider web, entangling the internodes, and small holes on the lower part of the leaves are signs of the appearance of this pest.
The best prevention of spider mite is regular spraying.
Chlorosis. Lack of iron, zinc or magnesium in the soil can cause chlorosis. This disease is characterized by gradual yellowing of the leaves. However, they do not fall.
Effective against spraying chlorosis and watering a solution of iron chelate. If the damage was small, the leaves turn green again. In more advanced cases, the natural color returns unevenly.
Advice: so that the hibiscus sabdariff does not suffer from chlorosis, you can water and spray it with onion peel instead of water.
Spider mite and chlorosis most often affect the Sudanese rose
Due to certain maintenance and care difficulties Sabdariff hibiscus is grown much less often than Chinese rose. This is only possible for an experienced florist.
Appearance and main characteristics
The plant, which makes it possible not only to diversify the diet of the inhabitants of countries in tropical regions, but also supplying food and cosmetic dyes, raw materials for ropes and medicines, should be of impressive size. At home, Sudanese hibiscus can reach a height of up to five meters. At home, the most grateful copies of the representative of the Malvies are added up to two meters in height. Special attention deserve:
- Root system rosella, which is a mixed version in which the main and secondary rods are present, and there is also a well developed lobe. Provided that the plants are treated with respect to the roots during transplantation, as well as timely prevention of damage by pests, it is the root system that allows the hibiscus to endure unfavorable conditions.
- Leaves Sudanese roses attract the attention of a dark green color. The shape of the leaves is shamrock. The sheet plate itself is serrate, mostly bare and shiny. The location of petioles is regular, and the length often reaches fifteen centimeters.
- Flowers - the main pride of rosella. Bright and large, with protruding tubes formed above the surface of the petals. The peculiarity of flowers of any variety of Sudanese roses can be seen by looking at the edges of the petals. They are distinguished by a ragged toothed edge structure. The original shape of the flower makes it surprisingly beautiful, regardless of whether the surface is smooth on the petals or terry.
- Hibiscus stem - smooth. Villi are absent, and the color of the bark varies from gray to brown, or even black, on the old stiffened parts of the trunk. The high strength of the Sudan rose stem is achieved with the help of a fibrous substance that is part of the bark.
How to care?
Hibiscus Sudanese rose is considered one of the most unpretentious in the care of domestic plants. For its cultivation is not required to make special efforts, but it is necessary to follow certain rules.
Only in this case, Rosella will delight shiny bright leaves and large flowers.
- Landing. Purchased in the store, or grown from cuttings or seeds of a plant, planted in a specially prepared earthen mixture. You can buy it ready, but experienced growers prefer to prepare the soil on their own. For the earthy mix you will need leaf and turfy ground, peat, sand. At the bottom of the spacious dishes fit a layer of drainage of river pebbles or small stones.
- Priming for Sudanese rose should be, first of all, nutritious. In addition to the above composition of the earth mixture, a mixture consisting of sod and leaf earth in one part, half of the part of the earth with humus with the addition of a small amount of sand is also used. Peat is added only for young plants. It is necessary to take it as much as it was taken sod or leafy land. Drainage can be made not only from stones, but also from expanded clay, pieces of red brick or clay shards.
Transfer Sudanese hibiscus requires special attention. First of all it concerns the root system. The plant is transplanted transshipment methodso as not to damage the roots.
The best time of year for transfers is Spring. The containers are chosen so that the diameter of the new pot is two or three centimeters greater than the diameter of the previous one. Preliminary preparation of a plant for transplantation consists in cutting off branches about one third of their current length.
Frequency of transplants of young hibiscusunder the age of five years - once a year. Adult plants from five years transplanted no more than once every three or four years.
- Like many moisture-loving plants, the Sudanese rose needs not only proper watering, but also regular spraying. In winter, due to functioning central heating, it is possible to increase the humidity with the help of humidifiers. In summer, or at high air temperatures in winter, the plant must be abundant and often sprayed.
- Fertilization carried out regularly after abundant watering. The plant is fed every week, using organic and mineral fertilizers. To increase the intensity of flowering suitable phosphate compounds. The rest period provides dressing no more than once a month.
- Rosella is best placed on a bright windowsill, because the plant loves bright light. In winter it is necessary to arrange additional lighting.
- Air temperature in the room where the Sudanese hibiscus is located, it should be within 25 degrees in summer, provided that there is frequent ventilation, and not less than 12 degrees in winter.
In order for the Sudanese rose to live for a period of twenty years or more, apart from the special irrigation regime and regular fertilizing, you should definitely pinching and trimming.
Pruning is carried out every year and stimulates abundant flowering. The reason - the flowers appear only on young shoots. Pinching and pruning not only form the desired shape of the bush, but also cause the active growth of young shoots, which later bloom.
In order to enjoy large, up to 16 cm in diameter flowers, it is worth parting with old and sick shoots. Hibiscus blooms mostly summer. But, if desired, the flowering period can be shifted, providing the plant with an unplanned rest period and a decrease in the intensity of irrigation. The reward will be exotic flowers of various shades. Flowers, mostly odorless, although some varieties have a pleasant aroma, bloom in the early morning and fade after sunset. The fragility of flowering is compensated by a large number of blooming buds.
Diseases and pests
To get at least twenty flowers a day on a hibiscus bush of medium size, you must also take care of protecting the plant from pests and diseases. Most often hibiscus are attacked greenhouse aphids, scutes and spider mites. Fighting greenhouse aphids is the simplest task. Enough to apply spraying with aktellika. With a shield and a spider mite it is more difficult to fight. Pest need wash off the plantby applying a soap solution for this purpose. Then, just as in the case of the greenhouse aphids, sprinkle with aktellika solution.
Disease known as vascular wilting, leaves almost no chance of a diseased plant. Called vascular wilting fungi Fusarium and Verticillium. The name of the genus of fungi gave the name of the disease - Fusarium and Verticillis. It is possible to prolong the life of a plant that has fallen vascular wilt by trimming diseased branches. But, unfortunately, it will not be possible to significantly affect the process of the death of hibiscus.
You can give life to a new plant in one of three ways:
Seed propagation. You can get the seeds yourself, conducting pollination with a brush at an optimal humidity of 80-100%. The best period for pollination begins in mid-autumn and lasts until early spring. Seeds ripen within two and a half months. Seeds intended for planting undergo scarification - special mechanical damage to the shell. Next, the seeds must be soaked overnight and then planted in a mixture of two parts of leaf humus and one part of perlite to a depth of no more than six millimeters.
The first shoots will appear in a couple of weeks. The plant grown from seed will start blooming in about a year.
Regularly following simple tips on the care and reproduction of Sudan hibiscus, even a novice grower can create a piece of tropical paradise on his window sill. The main thing - to perform all necessary actions regularly.
More photos of Sudanese rose see below:
Description of Sudanese Rose
Sudanese rose or Rosella (scientific name Hibiscus Sabdariffa) refers to the Malvaceae family plants. In Europe, the flower came from Egypt and Sudan. This type of Hibiscus peculiar to abundant bloom. Flowers plants have a bright color and rich aroma. As a rule, the cup consists of five petals of saturated pink or red color. But there are other shades, depending on the place of growth. Sudanese rose is a lush bush with small curly leaves.
Hibiscus - a plant quite unpretentious and grateful, possessing a large number of nutrients, vitamins, trace elements and organic acids. When petals wither, cups form. After the cups have collected juice and increased in size, they are collected and dried. As a result, from the Sudanese rose, we get a great drink - karkade.
Known for its healing properties and unique vitamin set, it has a lot of advantages, but it should be used very carefully. In the distant past, people considered drink a source of vitality and even immortality.
Place of growth
Egypt is considered the birthplace of the plant, but nowadays it also grows in China, India, Mexico, Ceylon and Java. In countries with hot climates, Sudanese rose is grown for industrial purposes, for food production and for the manufacture of medicines and additives. Under natural conditions in African countries, in Asia and Latin America, the Sudanese rose grows one or two years.
At home, the flower can be grown as a perennial. Of course, it will be much smaller in size, and the number of fruits will be small, but from time to time you will be able to make a healing drink for yourself and guests.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Another Sudanese rose is called the Venetian Mallow, the flower of the pharaohs and the Hibiscus Sabdariff. From this plant they make tea, called karkade. Dried petals of the plant have come to us relatively recently, and meanwhile all over the world have been enjoying the unique taste of the healing drink throughout the world.
On an industrial scale, the plant is grown in Mexico, Sudan, China, India, Thailand and other countries. In Egypt, hibiscus tea is a traditional drink.
The plant is a shrub that in nature can reach 3.5 meters in height. The root system of Sudanese roses is deep enough for the plant to survive the drought. The crown of the bush is strongly branched, the stems have a reddish tint.
The main value of hibiscus in flowers, the petals of which are thick. It is in the flowers of the plant and many useful substances are concentrated.
Growing at home
Despite the unpretentiousness of the Sudanese rose, not all flower growers have the opportunity to enjoy its colorful flowering at home. The fact is that for the cultivation of this flower should create certain conditions. But this problem is completely solved.
The main condition for the rapid growth and flowering of hibiscus - is regular watering. In no case should not allow the earthen coma to dry out, as the plant can shed its leaves. Especially you need to be careful in the summer, as the plant in the heat needs frequent watering.
The humidity in the room is also of great importance. Hibiscus likes high humidity, and therefore the leaves and the air around the bush should be regularly sprayed with settled water.
Experienced growers recommend growing a Sudanese rose on a bright windowsill, as it is very light-loving. Without a bright sun-colored shrub simply does not bloom. Moreover, it is necessary to provide good illumination in the winter, lighting up the plant with lamps.
In the wild, hibiscus grows in warm regions, so the temperature in the room should not be below +24 degrees. In winter, it is acceptable to lower the temperature to +12. At lower temperatures, the Sudanese rose may die.
When planting plants should take into account his preferences for the soil. Rose loves nutrient soil with a neutral environment.
Hibiscus can be grown in soil mixture, which is composed independently of:
- 4 pieces of leafy ground
- 3 pieces of turf,
- 1 pieces of humus,
- 1 part sand.
It is useful to add a little ash and peat to the soil mixture so that the soil becomes more saturated.
Be sure to have a pot in a good drainage. In conditions of abundant irrigation there is a danger of rotting of the roots, therefore it is impossible to allow water to stagnate in the pot.
Care for Sudanese Rose
In addition to regular watering and spraying, rose hibiscus needs annual transplants and dressings. Цветовод также по своему желанию может проводить формирование кроны кустарника, придавая ему с помощью обрезки нужную форму.
Суданская роза в домашних условиях в весенний период нуждается во внесении подкормок. They are necessary for lush and prolonged flowering. Fertilizers are applied under the flower, which contain a lot of potassium and phosphorus. In summer, complex mineral mixtures for flowering plants are added to plants.
When making fertilizer you need to be careful not to overfeed the flower with nitrogen.
High nitrogen content in the feed will stimulate the growth of green mass by the bush and will have a negative effect on flowering.
The first four years of life hibiscus should be replanted annually in a more spacious pot. Then the flower is transplanted only once every three years.
Growing a flower at home is a very exciting activity, because he thanks for his lush flowering. But after flowering, the florist needs to be able to correctly trim the flowers.
Faded flowers are removed immediately, as soon as they begin to wither. When the plant is completely faded, you can begin forming pruning.
The formation of a bush is one of the stages of caring for a Sudanese rose. Pruning is carried out in two steps, so that during a break the plant can recover. The first time pruned thin and weak branches immediately after flowering. Then, after a couple of weeks, shoots that grow inside the bush are removed. All cuts should be made at an angle, the bevel edge should be directed upwards.
You can prune flowers with ordinary home scissors. The branches of the plant are quite thin, so pruners can damage them very much. It is possible to carry out formative pruning not only after flowering in the autumn, but also in the springtime, as soon as the dormant period ends. It does not harm flowering, because hibiscus blooms only on young branches.
Never pruning hibiscus is not carried out in the summer. The fact is that the plant after the procedure can not bloom.
You can propagate the Sudanese rose by the seed method and grafting. During reproduction, the seeds of a plant may not inherit the varietal qualities of the maternal ones; therefore, this breeding is mainly used by breeders. It is much easier for an amateur flower grower to dissolve a plant by cutting.
Apical shoots are suitable for cutting. You can take and the branches that remain after trimming a bush, but they are much slower give roots.
Cuttings are cut to about 8 cm. Treating slices with growth stimulant. For these purposes, "Kornevin" is perfect. Then the cuttings are rooted in water. You can plant the branches and immediately into the ground. To do this, the cuttings are buried in a nutritious and well-moistened soil mixture, covered with a jar and put in a bright place. After the appearance of the first signs of growth, the jar is removed. Landings regularly moistened. The roots of young plants should appear within a month. After three or four months, the first flowers are already blooming on the young roses.
The benefits and harm of plants
Many do not know what the benefits and harm of the plant. From the petals of hibiscus can brew tea, which helps maintain blood pressure in normal. Also, the drink is good for the heart and blood vessels, tones, refreshes in the heat.
But fragrant drink can be harmful. Do not drink hibiscus tea for people with high acidity, as well as during the exacerbation of gallstone disease. It is also contraindicated for allergies.
Growing hibiscus at home is a challenge even for the most inexperienced growers. Despite its exotic origin, the plant is surprisingly unpretentious.
Application of sudanese rose
In the usual for us representation of the red petals of this plant prepare aromatic sweet-sour tea, which can be drunk both hot and cold. Few people know that they use the Sudanese rose not only in the form of tea and decoctions, you can make jam, jelly, compote, jam, tincture or cocktails from its petals. Stems, young shoots, leaves and flower petals are added to salads, first and second courses as vegetables. The soggy petals left over after drinking tea will be useful to eat, as they contain many vitamins, antioxidants and antiseptic substances. This plant gives the body energy, regulates pressure, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, improves eyesight, and indeed in the East is considered a "cure for all diseases."
And not without reason karkade wears the epithet “flower of the pharaohs”. According to legend, the Egyptian queen Cleopatra not only saw the hibiscus tea, but also regularly took baths from it. Allegedly, it was he who gave her skin a unique copper hue. It was so or not, we no longer know, but our contemporaries began to use the magical properties of this flower in cosmetology:
- in case of problem skin, soaked petals are used in the form of a cleansing mask,
- for edema around the eyes, they use tea leaves of a Sudanese rose, wrapped in gauze bags,
- The problem of oily hair can be solved by periodically rubbing a slurry of petals, which reduces sebum secretion.
Growing Sudanese rose at home
Lovers of home plants, as well as a pleasant and healthy drink and natural cosmetics can grow this wonderful flower at home. In the garden nurseries and in the garden center shops you can hardly find rooted cuttings or young hibiscus saplings. Therefore, it is necessary to engage in the cultivation of Sudanese roses alone. Subsequently, cuttings can be harvested from a lignified plant, rooting them in the usual way, i.e. soaking in growth stimulator and planting in the ground or sand under a glass jar.
Seeds can be written on the Internet or, even easier, to look for them in the purchased package with karkade. Soak them, and after the appearance of a tender sprout, plant them in a small pot, which, as the plant grows, will need to be replaced with a larger container (tub of up to 100 liters). The soil for the young shoots need to cook light. The easiest way to buy a package of ready-made soil substrate for ornamental shrubs, which includes leaf and horse earth, peat, sand and humus. As the plant weights and grows (up to two meters in height), it is transplanted into a pot with heavier soil, and if the pot volume allows, and it is not possible to repot the flower, then just pour new soil.
Care for a homemade Sudanese rose
Sprout hibiscus loves watering and light, but not direct sunlight, and does not tolerate drafts. When changing temperature or draft, a capricious plant drops flowers, which, by the way, will appear 5 years after planting. Comfortably feels at a temperature of about + 20 ° C (above + 15 ° in winter and up to 25 ° in summer). With a lack of moisture, the tips of the leaves dry up, and this can be avoided by spraying with water. In an adult lignified shrub, if necessary, you can trim the crown, smearing the wounds with garden pitch. Care for the Sudanese rose is also in the plant nutrition, especially during growth, with liquid bacterial fertilizers. They should be applied in accordance with the instructions on the package.
Sudan rose is susceptible to certain diseases (bacterial cancer, anthracnose) and suffers from pests (aphids, spider mites). In some cases, spraying and processing with special preparations or physical destruction of insects helps, but in particularly difficult cases the plant dies.