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Medicinal plants


Clover - This is a perennial culture with medicinal propertieswhich since ancient times was actively used for medical purposes.

It comes from the legume family (also called porridge, red clover, shamrock, bee bread), it has a huge stock nutrients and beneficial trace elements.

It is actively used during the treatment of tumors, as an antiseptic, and also often treats such a disease as sclerosis, is used to reduce the activity of cholesterol. It is necessary to study in more detail the treatment of such a culture, as well as its special medicinal properties and contraindications.

Medicinal qualities and features of use in treatment

This herb is very popular in the medical field, but not only in the popular treatment therapy, but also in the official one (included in many products). It is commonly used in the form of juices, ointments, lotions, shampoos and tinctures. Clover is used both inwardly and externally.

The flower has many healing effects, making clover the most commonly used herb against the development of various infections and diseases. Most often the plant is used to combat many diseases:

  1. Good cleansing human lymph system.
  2. Able to eliminate inflammation and reduce temperature.
  3. Removes fatigue and tension in the eyes.
  4. It is considered a good expectorant, eliminates cough in a short time.
  5. Encapsulates an analgesic effect.
  6. Able to quickly remove excess bile from the human body.
  7. Able to cure a disease such as a lesion of the foot with a fungus.
  8. Increases hemoglobin in the blood, and is able to tone the body as a whole.

You can use the tool in almost all areas, as it includes a large amount of nutrients: vitamins (of such groups as B, C, K, E and A), mineral substances (a large amount of iron, phosphorus, magnesium and calcium), tannins, includes juice, special essential molecules, salicylic and coumaronic acid. This culture is used entirely: from the flower, which includes medicinal seeds, ending with shoots and leaves. In different seasons, you can collect the roots, stems and seeds of plants.

Now it became clear where you can apply red clover. Do not forget that, in addition to its healing qualities, the plant has a number of contraindications. Use this perennial plant should be very carefully. Before using a flower, it is necessary to consult with a attending specialist.

Do not use plants with the following symptoms in a patient:

  1. If you are carrying a baby or breastfeeding.
  2. If a person has increased blood clotting.
  3. During varicose veins.
  4. In the presence of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and diarrhea.
  5. If the patient has recently suffered an attack of a heart attack or stroke.
  6. It is strictly forbidden to use red clover for those who have ovarian or breast cancer.
  7. In the presence of individual intolerance means, as well as allergies and rashes on the body.

Side effects after taking the drug include: rash, dizziness and headache, muscle soreness, vomiting, nausea, and vaginal bleeding.

The main characteristic of culture

Grassy clover includes a branched stem (in some cases it reaches up to 50 centimeters in height), as well as pink boxes - inflorescences. But not only the stem and the flower should be collected for later use, you can also find in the clover leaves a large set of minerals, vitamins, fats, proteins and fiber so valuable to the body. The red clover has rhizomes of the stalk type. It is considered the main plant from which bees are able to collect about 70% of all honey in the summer season.

Clover meadow fights cholesterol in the body

You can very long talk on the topic of what is useful meadow clover for the human body.

But in most cases it is used specifically in the treatment of cholesterol, as it can significantly reduce the overall level of cholesterol in the blood.

In order to clear the blood vessels of a large amount of cholesterol, it is necessary to independently create a tincture of dried culture, as well as vodka.

To do this, you should take several ingredients in equal proportions at once, then fill the can with them and cover with a lid. Next, leave the tincture for 14 days in the parietal place. Mix the contents of the jar once every two days.

How to use medicine against cholesterol? During the month it is worth to use the tincture about three times. It is worth taking a break for a period of one week. Drinking grass should begin half an hour before meals, one tablespoon once a day. The break between taking the money is worth six months.

There is another way to make clover tincture using boiling water instead of alcohol. So you should take one glass of boiling water and pour a jar over it, then fill it with 2 tablespoons of flowers and leaves (it is best to use the topmost leaves). This infusion is infused for one hour, and then filtered and you can start taking the remedy: two tablespoons before meals three times a day. The course of tincture treatment should continue for 20 days. It is worth remembering that it is very important not to overdo the treatment of treatment with red clover, as it carries a large number of contraindications.

Grass of a clover of meadow: curative effect

Meadow clover carries a large amount of minerals, as well as a complex of vitamins, includes antiseptic properties. The meadow clover has a good effect on both the woman’s body and the man’s body. But any treatment for clover treatment should be carried out very carefully, since it not only has beneficial properties, but with a long reception of this culture from the legume family, there can be special delays associated with the menstrual cycle, and men can have problems with potency.

Medicinal properties for women

The healing qualities of this culture are indispensable in the active fight against female diseases, for example, with irregular menstrual cycle, PMS, ZPP, elimination of hot flashes during menopause, as well as painful sensations in the mammary glands.

Meadow clover will not only have a positive effect on slowing the aging of the body, but also help qualitatively reduce pain during the menstrual cycle.

Also this herb is very helpful during menopause. An important property is the ability of clover to positively influence the process of milk production from the mother (for this, a special hour is brewed with a meadow clover). Accelerates metabolism, due to which the metabolism of fatty substances inside the body is normalized.

It is with the advent of menopause is to use this herb inside, as it carries a large amount of estrogen, which improves the condition of the woman's body as a whole. Also, it should be consumed during depression, poor emotional state and with long insomnia. It can also qualitatively affect the condition of a person’s hair and nails.

How can I make a decoction on my own and at home? To do this, take one cup of boiling water, 40 grams of medicinal flowers of clover and 30 grams of leaves. It is best to use them fresh, but you can make a replacement and dried inflorescences from the pharmacy, which can be bought everywhere. Infusion is infused for one hour, then filtered and ingested 50 grams per day.

Meadow clover and clover creeping: main features

Creeping and red clover are considered perennial herbal flowers, the flowering period of which lasts from the arrival of spring to late autumn.

These two plants pollinated by bees and bumblebees, possess reddish and dark pink flowers. They are considered very valuable not only in the form of forage grass, but also in the form of medicinal culture.

These plants have common properties, but also significantly differ from each other. Clover creeping morphological characteristic: it has compact and loose inflorescences, as well as a rim large in size, but the diameter of the calyx is significantly inferior to the meadow view. Red culture can not boast a height, like a meadow, and is well adapted to lower temperatures. In the photo on the Internet you can take a closer look at two types of plants.

Clover white culture features

White clover contains many beneficial properties and contains essential oils, vitamins from groups K, E, B and C, adenine, carbohydrates, alkaloids and steroids. White clover as well as red forms the core root system. Its structure is relatively different from shamrocks mainly because its total height does not exceed the mark of 30 centimeters, the herbal mass is more common, the heads of the plants have the shape of a ball.

Used plants in the following cases:

  1. To remove extra toxins from the body.
  2. As a healing drug.
  3. For the treatment of treatment against diseases that affect the oral cavity.
  4. Inflammatory processes in the glands.
  5. Tuberculosis.

It is necessary to prepare either a special decoction (20 grams of medicinal clover for one glass of boiling water, cook for 5 minutes, insist thirty), or tincture (10 grams of grass is poured with one glass of boiling water, and then allowed to brew for six hours) on vodka (take 50 grams of grass and pour 300 ml of vodka and leave in this condition for 10 days in a place protected from light rays.

When should the plant be assembled?

The grass of the meadow shamrock should be collected in the process of active flowering, so that all the healing properties that are in it could be preserved (do not forget about possible contraindications), and the plant does not lose all its healing qualities. Collect the boxes from the plant together with the top leaves of clover. It is worth drying in the open air and better in a dry place protected from light. After the drying process is over, the clover should be transferred to special cans, which are previously tightly closed with a lid. Such tincture is stored throughout the year.

At the same time, it is worthwhile to carefully follow all recommendations on the preparation of a medicinal product so that the healing herb does not lose all of its healing qualities. Meadow clover: plant seeds should be collected with the onset of autumn, when the main flowering period is already over.

Red clover in traditional medicine

To make high-quality harvesting of meadow clover for later use inside, it is necessary to cut the inflorescences, leaves and stems of the plant. Next comes the cutting of all parts of clover into smaller parts. The crushed parts of the flower should be left in a dark place to completely dry. Such leaves can be safely stored in a special jar or in a bag of linen or cotton.

Tincture of the drug on alcohol

Meadow clover is often used as a component in a tincture of vodka. This is another method for using clover (similar in composition to the first recipe): freshly picked clover flowers should be soaked, then rinsed well with water, dried for an hour. In a two-liter can is worth pouring vodka - 0.5 and add about half a jar with flowers. Use the tincture is inside for a month thirty minutes before the process of taking food 1 tablespoon once a day. The break between courses should be at least a week.

For complex cleaning of blood vessels in humans, it is worth preparing a mixture of 500 ml of water and 100 flowers. Boil for five minutes, and after that let the broth brew well for some time. Strain, and then drink for a day. Also, this tool can be sweetened with honey or sugar.

Meadow clover

Meadow clover
Tririfium pratense
Taxon: family Legumes (Fabaceae)
Other names: red clover, dyatlin
English: Beebread, Cow Clover, Cow Grass, Meadow. Clover, Purple Clover, Wild Clover, Red Clover

Generic name Tririfium - three-leaf, pratense - meadow.

Clover Botanical Description

The red clover is a perennial herb 20–50 cm tall. The root is branchy and branchy, often with nodules of nitrogen-absorbing bacteria. From the axils of the basal leaves come blooming stems with trifoliate leaves, folding at night. The leaves are trifoliate complex, lower on long, upper on short petioles, the leaves of the lower leaves are obovate, the upper leaves are oval or ovate, usually more pubescent below. Clover flowers of irregular shape, pink or red, 11-14 mm long, sessile, located in capitate inflorescences, at the base of the last two leaves close together. The fruit is a single-seeded ovoid bean with small, ovate, flattened seeds of yellow or brown color. Meadow clover blooms from May to September.

Clover growing places

Meadow clover grows throughout Europe, in North Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia), Western and Central Asia. On the territory of Russia it is found in the European part, Siberia, the Far East and Kamchatka.
Clover grows in moderately humid and dry meadows, glades, forest edges, in bushes, on the outskirts of fields throughout Russia.

Clover cultivation began in the 14th century. in Northern Italy, whence the culture penetrated to Holland, and then to Germany. In 1633, red clover came to England. In Russia, it was cultivated from the middle of the XVIII century.

Collecting and harvesting clover

Clover medicinal raw materials are inflorescences with apical leaves. Collect them during flowering. Rip off or cut with a knife the whole inflorescence with a wrapper, without peduncles, loosely placed in baskets, and quickly dried in the shade, under a canopy or in a dryer at a temperature of 60-70 ° C, making sure that the raw material does not dry up, since it loses its value. Stored inflorescences in a closed container for 2 years, the grass - 1 year. Sometimes clover roots are harvested as a medicinal raw material. Dried in the usual way.

Clover chemical composition

The green mass of clover contains essential and fatty oils, tannins, trifolin and isotrifoline glycosides, organic acids (p-coumaric, salicylic, ketoglutaric), sitosterols, isoflavones, resins, vitamins (ascorbic acid, thiamine, riboflavin, carotin, carotin, carotin, carotin, carotin, carotene, carotin, carotin. During the flowering period, the aboveground part contains protein (20–25%), fats (2.5–3.5%), carotene (up to 0.01%), ascorbic acid (up to 0.12%), free amino acids (up to 1.5%), fiber (24–26%), nitrogen-free extractives (more than 40%), calcium and phosphorus salts. In the grass and flowers, flavones and flavonols (kaempferol, quercetin, prattoletin, etc.), isoflavones (genistein, formononetin, etc.) were found.
Clover leaves contain makaiin - a flavonoid of the pterocarpan group, which has fungicidal properties.
Clover roots after mowing the aerial part accumulate up to 150 kg / ha of nitrogen.
The content of the essential oil in the flowers of clover reaches 0.03%, it consists of furfural and methyl sour coumarin.
Up to 12% of a semi-drying, fatty oil is found in clover seeds.

Clover pharmacological properties

Clover has expectorant, diuretic, choleretic, diaphoretic anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, anti-toxic, hemostatic, wound healing, analgesic and anti-tumor properties.

The use of clover in medicine

Meadow clover preparations are used internally for anemia, painful menstruation, inflammation of the bladder, heavy uterine bleeding, bronchitis, asthma and shortness of breath, with chronic cough, for the prevention of atherosclerosis, externally for baths with rickets in children.
Clover root decoction is indicated for inflammation of the ovaries and as an antitumor agent.
Fresh crushed clover leaves are used externally to stop bleeding, heal wounds, burns, abscesses and rheumatic pains.
Fresh juice of meadow clover is effective for suppuration of the nail bed and fingers, skin tuberculosis, inflammatory diseases of the ears and eyes.
Vitamin concentrates are obtained from clover leaves.
Since ancient times, clover has been an integral part of aromatic healing baths and medicinal teas.
Essence of fresh flowering plants used in homeopathy. Flower heads and leaves were used in national folk medicine: inwards - as an expectorant, diuretic and antiseptic for cystitis, astringent for gastrointestinal disorders, externally - for furunculosis and burns, as an emollient and painkiller for rheumatic and neuralgic pains. In folk medicine, various countries, decoction and infusion of flowers was used as an appetite-enhancing agent for tuberculosis, as antitussive for whooping cough, bronchial asthma, malaria, migraine, uterine bleeding, painful menstruation, pain. Juice fresh plants washed their eyes with allergies. The crushed leaves were applied to purulent wounds and ulcers.

Medicinal Clover Meal

Clover infusion decoction: заварит: 250 мл кипятка 20 г соцветий, варит: 15 мин, настаивать 30 мин, процедить. Пить по 50 мл 3—4 раза в день при мочекаменной болезни, хроническом кашле, бронхиальной астме, малокровии, золотухе. Наружно использовать для примочек при ожогах обморожениях, пролежнях, абсцессах промывать гноящиеся раны, язвы.
Настой травы клевера: заварить 200 м. boiling water 40 g of grass, insist 1 hour, strain. Drink 50 ml 3-4 times a day with a cough or cold.
Clover Inflorescence Infusion: brew 200 m boiling water 30 g of flower heads, leave for 1 hour in a warm place in a sealed container, then strain. Take 50 ml 4 times a day 30 minutes before meals for chronic cough, gastritis, skin diseases, colitis, cholecystitis, diathesis. Wash wounds, ulcers, make lotions on inflamed places, carbuncles, boils.
Tincture leafy tops clover: pour 500 ml of 40% alcohol or strong vodka 40 g of raw material, insist 14 days, strain. Take 20 ml before lunch or before bedtime for atherosclerosis with normal blood pressure, accompanied by headaches and tinnitus. The course of treatment is 3 months with a break of 10 days. After 6 months, the treatment can be repeated.

The use of clover in the household

Salad is made from the leaves, they are filled with green soup, botvinia. Dry, ground leaves in the past were added to flour when baking rye bread, and also used to make sauces and in cheese production. In the Caucasus, young unblown flower heads of kvass are like cabbage and added to green salads.
Clover is one of the most valuable forage grasses. By the nutritional value of hay, it is almost as good as alfalfa. The plant is widely used for green fodder, for harvesting hay, haylage and silage. After harvesting the seeds, the straw goes to feed. The nitrogen accumulated in the roots remains in the soil after plowing, which contributes to the improvement of the fertility of the fields. Widely cultivated as a fodder plant. Antifungal substance, trifolyrizin, was isolated from the roots.

Clover essential oil is used in aromatic compositions.

It is a valuable honey plant, but nectar is available only to bees with a long proboscis, therefore the honey productivity is only 6 kg of honey per hectare of crops. Honey is one of the best varieties, it does not sugar.

Photos and illustrations of meadow clover