Fruit trees

How to properly prune the peach on the site

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One of the obligatory methods of tree care is cutting the peach in spring, summer and autumn. The tree needs maximum illumination, but it increases the ground part intensively. As a result, the crown is thickened due to branches without a crop; there is not enough light. Pruning regulates the shape of the tree and removes fattening undergrowth. The forces of the tree are sent to the formation of the harvest.

What caused the choice of the shape of the crown

A peach is a heat-loving tree. With the help of breeding achievements obtained varieties that have advanced in central Russia and the Urals. However, the tree is unable to withstand stable frosts without shelter - the twigs are frosting up, the roots are affected. If the tree is sheltered early, the bark is inflated. In moments of winter thaws, sap flow may begin in the middle of winter.

It depends on the climatic features, how to correctly trim the peach, what form of crown to choose:

  1. Cup-shaped longline crown is used in areas with warm climates and mild winters.
  2. The formation of the "fruit link" creates a creeping bole of two skeletal branches that bear fruit alternately. Planting thickened, called differently "meadow garden", is used in a cold climate under the shelter.
  3. The shape of the bush represents some of the most developed shoots from the ground, which are cut out after they have been otter-bearing. This form of peach is often used in the suburbs.

The climatic peculiarities of the region determine the timing of peach pruning in the spring. In cold winters, when there was a danger of frostbite, the first pruning from the spring is postponed to the time when the leaves bloom - it becomes clear how much the affected branches should be trimmed.

Tree forming tasks

Pruning is done to increase the yield of the tree and extend the productive life. Nutrients extracted from the roots of the soil are distributed evenly along the trunk. At the same time, branches without fruits grow faster, thickening the crown. The tree inside is bare, and the crop is minimal. If the young twigs will not grow, fruiting will cease.

Trimming is done in order to:

  • improve the light and ventilation of the tree,
  • facilitate harvesting
  • stimulate the formation of fruitful shoots
  • remove old branches, rejuvenating a tree,
  • give the desired shape to the crown.

There are several types of pruning, each of which is performed at a specific time. The ground part is formed from several types of growth: growth generative and annual bouquet branches. Mixed and spinners are also branches, but they cannot wait for a harvest.

Pruning peaches in the spring forms from a seedling shtamb desired shape, before fruiting and in subsequent years. During the entire growing season, sanitary pruning is carried out - removal of frost beaten or broken branches. Thinning of a peach tree, removal of the fattening branches also belong to this type. Spring pruning forms the crown of a young tree and shortens some of the fruitful twigs to develop new shoots. Such care is called a molding trim.

Pruning a peach in the spring for novice gardeners is the most crucial period. It is impossible to be late, with strong sap flow, the operation is not performed. It is necessary to form a tree according to the scheme, thinning, but leaving fruitful shoots with buds. Of course, it should be removed on the ring vertical branches that grow on skeletal branches at a distance of 1 meter from the trunk of the tree. It happens, when a very rarefied lower tier, such branches are gradually rejected on the external peephole. The effect is complemented by pulling the branch down with a rope.

If the old branches give little gain, they are removed with the help of anti-aging pruning. It is important that the rejuvenation lead for several years, gradually. At the same time cut a lot of wood can not be, the tree will die.

The sequence of the formation of different types of crown

Pruning lead to dry weather. Simultaneously removed radical growth.

The peach pruning scheme is characteristic for giving a sprawling shape, adjustable upward growth.

When planting a sapling, all the branches on the trunk are removed 50 cm from the ground. 3-4 branches are left, which will be skeletal for the lower tier. Pinch the top growth point. The next spring, the grown shoots are shortened by a third, forming branches of the second order on them. For the third year, all branches growing deep into or horizontally are removed on this tier.

As they grow, a second tier of 5 skeletal branches is formed, but the tip is constantly cropped to limit growth. But it leaves 2 kidneys. A properly formed tree in 5 years has 2 fruit tiers, rare branches and no more than 3 meters tall.

When forming a crown bush bush central conductor is missing. Making a bush lead from the 4 lower branches as soon as the seedling is placed in place. Such planting ensures quick recovery, even if part of the wood freezes. The bush has enough light, because there are few twigs. In the summer, such twigs pinch to 30-40 cm to create a new wave of growth of young shoots for next year's harvest.

The formation of the fruit link - creeping shape, twigs easy to cover for the winter. Peaches are planted thickly - 2x0.5 m. In order to get no more than 15 fruits from each tree. The first year give peach grow and gain strength. In spring, the seedling is pruned, leaving 2 branches close to the ground. One branch will give a crop, the second - safety. Every year they are changed.

In the summer, one branch is covered with young fruit sprigs, which will yield a harvest. On the second twig pruned. On each of the branches leave 2 branches closest to the trunk, to continue the development of the tree. After harvesting, the old branch is pruned. During this time, the substitution branches have grown. It turns creeping bush.

Forming peach care in summer

Summer is a period when weekly care with pinching, pinching or removal of 10 cm shoots can reduce injury by pruning in the fall and spring.

Pruning peach in summer is the most gentle operation. Only in summer you can see whether there are frostbitten branches on the tree. They need to be removed, the wood is no longer able to maintain sap flow. In the summer, young shoots that grow inside the crown are removed. When the fruit is poured up to 1 cm in cross section, it is necessary to remove excess ovaries. It is considered correct if the adult tree has 80 plentifully fruit-bearing branches or 200 small-fruited. The smaller the fruit on the tree, the larger and sweeter they will be. Summer peach pruning regulates the crop, prevents thickening of the tree.

Autumn tree pruning

After the harvest, the peach begins to cook for rest. Until November, the tree gradually reduces sap flow. After harvesting, it is necessary to remove the broken branches, shortening the part of the fruit-bearing branches. At this time, the movement of the juice is smaller, the wounds do not get wet, and the tree does not get much stress.

Pruning peach in autumn is from September to October 15. Tightening is not worth it, each pruning weakens the tree. He needs to go strong in the winter.

Only care for the peach during the growing season forms the correct crown with the least stress. Each pruning is a surgical operation associated with bringing diseases into the open wound.

Value and function

Peach is a capricious and whimsical culture that needs special climatic conditions and care. Pruning peach is not only to extend the period of fruiting and increase yields, but also increases its resistance to adverse climatic conditions.

The method of forming the crown of the tree directly affects the winter hardiness of the plant. Therefore, for different regions it is recommended to form the crown in different ways. "Spindle" is suitable for the mild climate of Cherkessk or Makhachkala, but for the Krasnodar Territory this method will not work, in this case it is better to cut the tree with a "bowl."

For climatic conditions of the middle band, the bushy form is the best option, and for even more severe and unfavorable conditions the plant is laid with stanza. In addition to forming the function, pruning performs the following functions: regulatory, restorative, rejuvenating and sanitary.

The time of year that is selected for the procedure depends on the purpose of pruning. Pruning peach start from the second year after planting, when the plant is fully opened, it has several side shoots. The formation of future skeletal branches begins from these shoots.

In spring and summer

Springtime is best suited for rejuvenating a tree, removing frozen and damaged shoots and forming a peach crown. In the summer season, dry branches are removed, unnoticed in spring, and weak fruitful branches are shortened. At the same time, sanitary pruning is carried out.

Spring pruning is done this way:

  1. Measure the height of the trunk and identify the main skeletal branches. The branches should grow at a large angle to the conductor and be directed in different directions.
  2. Shorten the branches of the skeleton into two buds.
  3. Cut the conductor above the top side branch and remove excess shoots on the ring.
  4. Remove frozen and broken branches.
  5. In order to rejuvenate, you can prune shoots older than 4 years.

Summer pruning is carried out according to this scheme:

  1. Inspect the peach for the presence of dead branches and remove them.
  2. They regulate new growths: vertically growing or turned inward are removed, the rest are pinned.
  3. Shorten weak fruitful shoots that tied a lot of fruit, and thin out the ovary.
  4. Remove diseased shoots.

Autumn pruning is used for sanitary purposes: diseased shoots and branches broken off by harvest are removed.

The procedure before hibernation is as follows:

  1. Remove dry, diseased and broken branches.
  2. Shorten long and thin branches that did not have time to mature.
  3. Cut radical growth.

Formative

If the crown of the tree is formed by natural means, then thickening and premature withering away of the shoots cannot be avoided. The branches begin to grow in the wrong direction, which can provoke various diseases and damage to the plant. That is why it is impossible to miss the time and you need to start forming the crown in the second year after disembarkation. The shape of the crown is selected according to several criteria: climatic conditions, place of cultivation and location features.

Rejuvenating

It is carried out when shoots, buds or color show clear signs of frostbite. Therefore, the process of removing old and frostbitten shoots of a tree does not hurt. Depending on growing conditions, anti-aging pruning begins at 6–8 years. Skeletal branches are cut into young (two- or three-year-old) wood with transfer to the outer branch. Trimming will provide good ventilation and light access. Later on, 10 years of age are chosen for rejuvenation.

Recovery

Due to various factors, the development of a tree can be impaired on one or several sides (suppression by another tree or building). First you need to eliminate the interference, if possible, otherwise the procedure will not make sense. Then you should correct or remove small, crossed, dead, improperly growing shoots. Low-growing long branches should be propped up or cut to prevent them from splitting the trunk. All this needs to be done intermittently so that the peach can recover.

Basic formation schemes

There are several patterns of formation: cupped, kolonovidnaya, bushy. Most often experienced gardeners choose the first two. The cupped shape is made by trimming from smaller to larger. The lower branches leave more, and from the middle to the top shorten and form a line. This aligns the length of the shoots and eliminates thickening. The columnar shape is formed as follows: at the base of the trunk, up to four shoots are left on each tier. If there is a need, shoots pinch.

Further care

It is important not only to properly trim the peach tree, but also to provide it with proper care after the procedure. To prevent the infection from getting to the cut-off sites, and they drag on faster, they need to be covered with garden pitch. It is recommended to do this a day after trimming to form a protective film. Next, you need to monitor the regular moistening of the tree and the appearance of parasites.

With parasites or infections should be fought immediately, so that they do not have time to significantly undermine the peach immunity.

Themed video tutorials from experienced gardeners will also help to understand the features of the trim.

Timing and purpose of pruning

The best time to trim It is considered the interval between the beginning of the swelling of buds and the beginning of flowering. This interval is approximately two to three weeks and depends on the variety. The most favorable period can be considered the appearance of pink buds and blooming, it is equal to one week. Right now fruit buds are clearly distinguished, and the risk of infection by cytosporosis, through open sections, at the tree becomes minimal.

Primary goalswhich are fraught with peach pruning are considered:

• Increase the interval of fruiting and the formation of a decorative type of the plant.

• Maintaining and preserving wood in a healthy state.

• Regulation of the balance between the tree crown and its roots.

• Pruning of the tree promotes early peach blossom and fruiting

Spring pruning, in the year of planting

That spring, when it was planted, during the shaping of the crown into a vase, the tree should shorten to a height of 60–70 centimeters (20 centimeters higher than the conventional bole length).

Growth, which is located at the top, should be with a wide angle of discharge. It is necessary to choose two more increments located below the top, with the same requirements. They are cut to 10 cm, on the outer kidneys. Beginning shoots on the trunk and near the shortening site at the trunk, they are removed immediately after bud break. Shoots that have begun to grow and develop into the inner part of the crown are removed in the summer.

Second year pruning

For peach trees growing for the second year, every effort is made to increase or maintain the optimal slope of the skeletal branches. Newly formed continuation increments, shortened to 60–70 cm. The gains are stronger, growing at the bottom, and at the top, you need to remove, and those that grow from the side - thin out, leaving at the same time every 15 cm, and remove in length by two buds. In the summer period it is advised get rid of fat shoots, which are located in the center of the crown, and regulate the coordination of the main branches of the peach.

Third year pruning

On the peach skeletal branch, at the top, choose two very powerful second order branches, they are cut to 60 cm from the place where the main branch began to split. And above the top branch, the main part of the conductor is removed. On the top and bottom of the skeletal branches remove powerful shoots.

If the length of annual growths reaches 80 cm, then they are thinned, pruned into two buds, to form the next fruit link. The rest of them are applied on unstable fruit branches, which, in turn, are shortened by 8 buds. For maximum prosperity of the lower shoot, which grows to pinnacle weak, escape at the top pruned to 50 cm.

On the twigs, which were shortened last year by two buds, the growth growing up is shortened for fruiting, and the lower growth by two buds. it the first step to the formation of the fruit linkwhich in the future will become the main constituent element of fruiting in the adult peach tree.

Fourth year pruning

The fourth, is considered the last year of peach growth, in which it is time to complete the formation of a vase-like crown near the skeleton of a tree. On the upper part of the second-order skeletal split, two good third-order ramifications should be selected, and shortened by 1/3 of the original length. Also clean and powerful growth growths of the upper and lower surfaces of the branching tree and fat, located at the base of the trunk.

On divisions of the second order the formation of fruit links ends, and in third-order divisions, the growths are thinned, some are pruned very shortly by 2 buds, the rest are left long by 7–8 groups of buds. They are used as non-permanent fruit bearing branches.

On the fruit links of the first order those parts that no longer bear fruit are removed from the peach. Also, the branches of the lower growth, which were cut short in the spring for the third year after planting, are cut into two buds, which are located below, and on the upper growths, 7–8 groups of buds are removed to start the formation of future fruiting.

Trimming scheme

Always believed that optimum crown for a peach tree is a cup-like crown shape. But such a crown of a tree takes up a lot of space in an orchard, four times more, it is very laborious, as it takes a lot of time and labor to form it. Suitable for country gardens, i.e. small, but completely unsuitable for large gardens.

Peach tree parameters can be considered: shtamb 50–60 cm, the lower tier is 20 cm between the base of 3-4 skeletal branches. On each branch leave two half-skeleton branches of the second order, at a distance of 30 cm from each other. Above the first tier is laid the second tier of semi-skeletal branches, in an amount of up to five. За 5 лет роста персикового дерева его высота должна равняться от 2,5 до 3 метров.

Особенности

Основными моментами обрезки можно считать:

• Обрезать персик рекомендуется весной. The branches are removed so that the tree takes the bowl-shaped crown.

• When cutting branches, attention should be paid to the number of fruit-bearing branches. With a sufficient number of skeletal branches begin to bare. They are shortened until two buds remain.

• After harvesting, autumn tree pruning is carried out.

• Because the peach tree bears fruit, the number of mixed branches is regulated. With abundant fruiting, 80 branches are left, and with an insufficient amount of fruits, it is desirable to leave them in an amount of about 200.

Features trim a young tree:

• The main peach shoot is pinned in the case when there are young shoots on the seedlings.

• When planting a peach in the ground, leave three or four shoots located at the bottom of the tree, all others are removed.

• In the spring, the second year after planting, the selected shoots are cut to 1 / 3–1 / 4 of the original length.

• The branches located in the center of the peach are cut as short as possible in the third year.

• Horizontal shoots necessarily pruned, as they do not bear fruit.

Instruments

When pruning such a delicate tree like a peach, you should always remember that it is very reacts painfully to cutsand therefore cropping is done carefully and every step is thought out. The tools that will be trimmed peach need must be disinfected in solution Bordeaux mixture. All wounds and cuts of the tree should be immediately covered with garden pitch. Tools used to trim the peach, must be serviceable, stored in a dry place and not rusty, they must be ground before work begins. When carrying out garden work, it is necessary to strictly observe the rules of technical safety.

When pruning a peach can be useful such garden accessories:

1) Pruner. It is used to remove thin branches that resemble scissors with a curved blade. There are two types of pruners: with a parallel blade (used for any type of pruning wood) and one-sided cutting (used for pruning shoots and thinning the crown).

2) Lopper. It looks like a secateurs with long handles. They remove the branches located at the top.

3) Garden saw. Its length is 35 cm, the teeth are hardened, and it has a crescent shape.

4) Chainsaw. It is convenient to make large volumes of work with it, trees can be cut without using stairs even at a five-meter height.

5) Garden knife they cut off one-year-old growths, remove green shoots of a young tree, smooth out scrap or saw-cutting sites.

6) Brush cutter pruned shrubs, hedges, great for forming crown. Brush cutters are distinguished by the type of engine. They are fuel, electric or battery.

7) Shredder used for recycling garden waste. It is very convenient for them to recycle cut branches, leaves, weeds. In the end, this garbage is used to mulch the trunk circle and the aisle. They are of two types: gasoline and electric.

Why do you need pruning peach?

This is one of the few trees that gradually grows its shoots. Sprouts grow perpendicularly and they do not bloom, which eventually they thicken the peach crown.

If you do not produce the desired circumcision, then the amount of the harvest at the end of the year significantly reduced.

In addition, this process has the following objectives:

  1. There is a need for trimming the peach crown for more light.
  2. The need to root or remove unsuitable for flowering branches, as well as dry or frozen branches
  3. Creating growth for new branches on the sides for more yield
  4. Inhibition of fruiting on the outer part of the crown
  5. The taste and size of the crop

On one average tree, the harvest reaches one thousand. In the case of low-quality cutting of the tree, the entire crop will be small and, in most cases, unripe. Also, from the abundant amount of fruiting, the tree can easily get sick or freeze, which will lead to the complete destruction of the entire tree.

Types of shoots

Total counted six types of shoots:

  1. Growth. Grow exclusively in young specimens. To cut off this type of shoots is necessary only in the spring, as they affect the proper development and growth.
  2. Mixed. It is on these types of shoots laid the main crop. They are powerful branches, which in no case can not be cut, because it is from them is your main crop for each season.
  3. Bouquet. They germinate from the very beginning of the ripening of the tree. Formed in young seedlings. The harvest from this type of shoots will not be very abundant, so it is important for the first few years to cut the branches with these shoots.
  4. Small branches. Harvest on such branches do not need to wait. Even if there is a harvest, it is minimal and the branches die after fruiting, so they need to be cut back in spring.
  5. Tops. Beautiful and powerful type of shoots. However, this type of shoots does not bear fruit, but they should not be cut, as they are needed to restore the tree after wintering.
  6. Summer Formed only by the end of August. Do not give a crop and dry up before winter. This type of shoots must be cut at the end of autumn.

Peach crown shape

Since the peach is thermophilic tree, the correct formation of the shape of the peach crown is an essential element in the formation of the tree.

Pruning the tree is necessary for increasing the harvest at the end of the season, and also for the tree to live as long as possible. Everything nutrientsthat come through the roots are distributed evenly throughout the peach. In this case, the germination of new young branches is very slow and this leads to a decrease in yield. In this case, you need to immediately trim the peach in the spring.

Main functions Peach Trim:

  1. Increase the arrival of light rays
  2. Improve the formation of shoots
  3. Convert the required crown shape
  4. Remove old branches that interfere with peach and take away nutrients that do not need
  5. Increase crop

At the same time there are several types of peach pruning, each of which is carried out at a certain time of the year and at the required temperatures.

Proper pruning in spring

Spring formation of the crown leads to the proper development of the tree. In most cases, forkings occur on it, which breaks in unfavorable weather and this leads to the decay of a certain part of the tree, and in winter such forks cause branches to freeze. To prevent this from happening, you need to cut the peach in spring.

The beginning of pruning should be done at the end of March or early April, since at this time the first buds form on the tree. The time for circumcision is perfect, when the first buds have already swelled and the flowering process has begun. The interval between these processes is from two to three weeks inclusive. It is during this period it is best to begin the process of pruning branches.

Also a good time for circumcision is the period when the first buds appear on the tree only pink and flowers bloom. This period lasts about one week and such a period is perfect for trimming a tree, since it is during this period that the smallest chances for a tree to pick up cytosporosis.

The main features of spring trimming are:

  1. Increase time for crop development on the branches
  2. Rooting from sprouting roots
  3. Deleting those branches, which last season perfectly fruited. For the next season, such branches must be cut, as they will not be able to produce more harvest.
  4. Maintain proper nutrient distribution throughout the tree. This is necessary because the tree often spreads nutrients through dead or frozen branches and as a result there is a lack of nutrients for the main branches that will bear fruit.
  5. Decorating wood.
  6. Provides early flowering of the tree, as well as rapid flowering and rooting the possibility of freezing it.

Before cutting the whole tool is necessary process, all circumcision must be carried out at a time. It should be borne in mind that any cut more than 1 centimeter must be processed. In addition, you need to use only a sharp device, because the tree is very painful cuts and very often the drying of the branches from the wrong pruning.

In the spring crown formation occurs. If earlier it was normal that a cup-shaped crown is ideal for a tree, now it has been proven that such an opinion was incorrect.

Wood trimming algorithm:

  1. In the lower tier, you must leave only four branches.
  2. At least two branches should be left on the second tier.
  3. When trimming branches, you need to consider that you need to leave 2/3 of the branch after trimming
  4. The height of the peach tree should be no more than three meters after five years after planting.
  5. Dried, frozen and diseased branches should be removed completely and immediately.

One of the main features of pruning in the spring is that you can determine how much the crop will germinate on one branch. That is why a novice gardener can accurately determine which branches are best cut to get maximum number of harvest.

Pruning peach in the summer for beginners

Peach tree can be cut off not only in spring, but also in summer. Summer cutting of trees is almost as good as cutting in spring. Pruning the tree should be started from the end of June to the beginning of July. At this point in time, the peach is being laid seed of fruit.

Peach trimming algorithm in summer:

  1. First of all, it is necessary to prune the dried branches, as they will not be able to yield
  2. Cut through the shoots that do not give fruit
  3. Trim branches that prevent the sun from entering the crown
  4. Root all incapable shoots

Also in summer it is necessary to ensure regrowth control:

  1. Long branches are pruned, as they gradually grow inside
  2. Long shoots need to be shortened by 1/3
  3. Small branches must be removed completely, because they can grow into the very center of the crown

Summer pruning of the peach will help to get the best harvest at the end of the year, as well as improve the quality of fruits.

Autumn trimming

Pruning need to be after fully harvested. Pruning the branches of the tree is necessary for a favorable wintering of the tree. Circumcision is necessary in the middle of autumn, since it is at this time that the tree tolerates cutting branches.

Peach Cutting Algorithm:

  • Each branch must be cut to a maximum of 1/3
  • Cut completely every broken or diseased branch
  • Leave no more than 85 branches on the tree

The peach tree is one of the most thermophilic, so it requires constant care and cutting branches. Thanks proper care You can get a great harvest, properly develop the crown of the tree at the stage of ripening of the tree, and also remove all unnecessary and weak branches that will only harm the tree. Also, each fall, it is necessary to prepare the tree for wintering, while cutting off unnecessary branches.

Pruning of an Adult Peach Tree

Peach becomes an adult only in the fifth year of its life. At this time it is necessary to prune the tree in order to rejuvenation. This contributes to:

  1. Proper form education
  2. Rooting weak branches
  3. Creation of new fruitful sprouts on the crown
  4. Stimulate new crop growth

After five years of peach life, annual pruning should be done. Before you begin the process of cutting the peach you need to understand: how it grows, how the crop is formed on it, and also to learn how to cut the peach.

Why pruning?

Peach differs from other fruit crops in the speed of development and passage of age cycles. The lifetime of the grafted plants is about 15 years, seedlings - 20-25 years. To avoid complications due to improper crown structure, wood formation begins in the first year.

Reason for pruning:

  1. The formation of sharp forks, which lead to fractures in winds and frostbite in harsh winters.
  2. Deficit of the sun during the thickening of the crown with young fast-growing shoots.
  3. The weakening of the tree with a large number of fruit buds, tops.
  4. Prevention of premature aging of the plant due to dried, diseased branches.
  5. Difficulties in processing the peach and collecting fruits due to overgrown crown.

From the first years of life, the annual pruning will make it possible to form a crown of the optimum appearance with an open middle or creeping bole, remove excess ovaries and ensure uniform ripening of fruits.

Regions with a cold climate

In the northern regions, peaches are pruned in April. The peculiarity of care for this crop is that seedlings are grown at an inclination of 45 °. A stem is created with two main branches that bear fruit alternately and take shelter for the winter; the rest is cut out.

In the cold spring, the first pruning procedure is transferred to a later date in order to determine the shoots killed by frost and remove them. The absence of blooming leaves indicates damaged areas.

General rules

The purpose of spring pruning peach - the formation of the crown of young trees, rejuvenation of adult plants, getting rid of dry, frostbite parts of the crown.

A few tips will help avoid unpleasant consequences:

  • tools are thoroughly disinfected, well sharpened,
  • do not prune with strong sap flow,
  • branches are cut in one motion,
  • for the procedure choose a sunny day, dry weather,
  • fruitful shoots grow at an angle of 45 °, and they are pruned in exactly this way,
  • do not allow sharp forks, which provoke fractures with strong winds or heavy harvest,
  • young excess shoots are cut only after base duster, so as not to reduce the angle of skeletal branches in relation to the trunk,
  • cuts are treated with garden barb.

Types of pruning

Gardeners apply several techniques at once or combine methods, optimally solving specific problems on each tree. Individual approach provides trees with healthy growth and a rich harvest.

Kinds:

  1. Recovery option. Pruned branches damaged by frost and ice, drained by a severe wind after the winter period.
  2. Restorative-forming pruning. The method is applied the next year after the anti-aging pruning. They form skeletal and overgrowing branches by shortening young conductors by 1 / 3-1 / 5 of the length.
  3. Detailed pruning. The variant, in which up to half of the old branches is removed, the crown is carefully thinned, all shoots are shortened.
  4. Differentiated method. This is the thinning of the upper part of the crown of the tree. The lower branches are shortened.
  5. Contour pruning. Option limiting the increase in crown in volume. External shoots are shortened.
  6. Anti-aging pruning. The branches are removed over 4 years old, the procedure is carried out over 3 years gradually, since a strong intervention is fraught with the death of the tree.

Adult peach

Sanitary pruning is a mandatory annual procedure. First of all, they calculate and remove all broken and dry branches; severely damaged trees are cut into 2-3-year-old wood. Young shoots are shortened by 2-3 buds.

Vertical shoots on skeletal branches within a radius of 1 m from the trunk are removed on the ring. Fruitful, deep-growing branches crown thin, growing down shortened to escape, which is directed upwards. The lower tier should be the strongest and strongest.

In the case when the last 2 years, the growth of the bush was less than 20 cm, and the fruits were crushed or completely absent, begin rejuvenation of the tree. The main skeletal branches are cut directly above the substitution base, which was chosen, these are branches no older than 2-4 years.

Strong pruning includes the removal of branches on 6-8-year-old wood, this option will save the adult tree that has suffered from frost from death. Do not be afraid of intensive interventions, peach tends to recover very quickly.

Pruning peach for substitution (1) and fruiting (2), 3 - the place of cutting the branch that otplodonosila

Young bush

The formation of the crown is carried out in stages, because excessive pruning will weaken the young tree, will stop growth. In the southern regions prefer bushes with a crown in the form of a bowl, in areas of temperate climate - low-stemming plants, and in the northern regions they form creeping bushes without trunk, which are covered for the winter.

Seedlings determined in a permanent place, taking from the nursery. In the crown leave 3-4 strongest shoots that are in the bottom. They are shortened to 3 buds from the base. All other branches are removed completely. The height of the trunk is determined to be 50–60 cm, and another 8–9 buds are added, above which the central conductor is cut.

Stimulate the development and strengthening of skeletal branches of the lower tier. The growths are shortened to 60-70 cm, lateral pruned 2 kidneys, lower and upper thin.

Choose two future skeletal branches for the second tier, at a distance of at least 35 cm from the lower ones, cut them 10 cm shorter than the lower ones. They should be located on opposite sides of the trunk, 10-15 cm apart. The center conductor is cut over the fourth side branch.

Period of laying the lower branches of the second tier. To do this, shorten the selected shoots on the skeletal branches of the lower tier to a length of 40 cm. The optimal location is 50 cm from the beginning of the main branch. К осени этого года куст полностью сформировывается, образует 6-8 основных плодоносных ветвей. Удаляют под кольцо жировики.

Формируют побеги второго порядка на скелетных ветках верхнего яруса. In the promising branches, located on the opposite side from those left last year, young shoots are selected at a distance of 10 cm, they are shortened to 5 flower buds. The height of the bush is regulated so that it does not exceed 3 m by the fifth year of life.

How to care after pruning?

Simple rules will allow bushes to recover quickly and easily.

Gardeners take into account such nuances during and after pruning:

  1. Cutting branches, especially on the center conductor, it is not recommended to leave hemp. This complicates the healing of wounds, hemp, drying out, contribute to the appearance of infections.
  2. It is important to disinfect tools when moving from old trees to young. Rubbing the cutting surface with ethyl alcohol avoids the risk of disease transmission.
  3. All sections more than 1 cm in diameter are cleaned with a knife and covered with garden pitch on the same day.
  4. Garden var plastic consistency will not drain in hot weather, if it is applied with a thick layer of at least 2-3 mm.
  5. For the prevention of diseases in the pitch add a little fungicide.
  6. To prevent scorching of the bark in thick branches, they are cut down by the method of two neat cuts from opposite sides.

Why is peach pruning done?

From gardeners you can hear that pruning peach in the spring is mandatory. But why? What is its feature? The fact is that this tree loves light and heat. At low temperatures, in the shade it will not bear fruit and will die quickly, but, in a sunny, warm place, it begins to ripen instantly. Buds are formed in a short time, as well as sprouts.

Peach Trimming Tools

After a successful wintering on the tree can ripen more than 1000 ovaries. If pruning is not carried out - it will be a big burden for the tree, will reduce its resistance to diseases and pests. But, besides, on such a peach there will be very small fruits of poor quality and taste.

When do spring pruning take place?

Branch formation using trimming

Spring pruning is not only mandatory, but also the main one. Additional make in the summer and autumn, if there is a need. Pruning peach spring is carried out in the period between the swelling of buds and flowering. During these 2-3 weeks, you need to have time to implement the procedure. This is the most favorable period, because the probability of infecting a tree through cuts is low, and at this time it is already possible to distinguish fruit buds.

What are the features of crown formation?

Peach Trimming Scheme

Even before planting a peach you need to think carefully about the place for it. For a tree, for the most part, they form a cup-like crown shape, and it can take up to 3 times more space than a free one from the same apple or pear tree.

How is a cup-like shape formed? Immediately after the young tree has taken root, or even before that, the main, straight branch is cut from above, so that shoots begin to form on its sides. Shtamb - 50-60 cm, the lower tier - no more than 4 skeletal branches, each of which has 2 semi-skeletal. On the second tier 5 half-skeletal branches are left. On all the remaining leaves are overgrown branches. After about 5 years, the tree will reach a height of 3 meters.

How to trim the peach?

After planting a young tree or a sapling, it is necessary to cut off its tip by about 5 cm (depending on the length of the sprout or the height of the small tree) in order for the side pagons to form. It is desirable to leave no more than 4 side pagons. This will be the basis of the crown.

Pruning peach for several years

In subsequent years, before the peach is pruned in the spring, the amount of work should be determined in advance. It is important to maintain a balance so that the fruit bearing branches are not very many, otherwise the skeletal pagons will be overloaded and the tree will bear few fruits. When cutting on each shoot leave 2-3 peepholes. In this case, those pagons that grow into the inner rather than the outer part of the crown and straight branches that grow horizontally upwards are cut first.

The cut should be smooth, sharp. If you cut for a long time or try to cut one branch several times, the tree will suffer. Immediately after the work, all sections are covered with garden pitch. Some gardeners recommend clay.

After a few years, when the tree begins to age, it is updated. For this, all branches that are more than 4 years old are cut off. If done correctly, the peach will again become fertile.

What should be considered when pruning?

What to consider when pruning a peach

  • Peach does not respond well to cuts. To minimize damage, very sharp garden shears, pruners or a knife are used for the procedure. Before use, they must be disinfected in a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture.
  • All fruit-bearing branches of a peach grow at an angle of 45 degrees. This is a great landmark for young gardeners who are still not well versed in them.
  • Not every peach variety produces many fruits. If fruiting is low, about 150 branches are left when pruning a peach in spring, and if it is high, not more than 80.
  • Removal of the center pagon at an early age allows the sun to illuminate the entire crown in the summer, including the middle itself. If you leave the center pagon, then most of the tree will be darkened.
  • In spring, not only young, but also frozen, as well as dry twigs are pruned. They are easy to distinguish, but if you still miss a couple, they can be removed during the summer pruning.

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