Today, ginger root without problems can be purchased. And how to grow ginger from the root at home? Have you never had this question in your mind? It turns out you can. You can on the windowsill, and you can in the garden.
Due to its medicinal qualities and fat burning effect, this healthy spicy tuber has become incredibly popular, by the way, deservedly so.
At home, ginger is planted in winter or early spring. Planting ground should be soft and loose, so that sprouts freely make their way through it. At the initial stage of cultivation, you can feed the soil with potash fertilizers.
Pot for ginger should have a wide bottom, because the growth of the tuber is produced mainly in breadth. At the bottom of the tank you need to pour expanded clay drainage (4-5 cm), and then the soil. You can pre-purchase a special soil for growing vegetables, or you can mix the ground, turf, deciduous humus and sand in equal parts.
How to plant ginger root?
First you need to choose high-quality planting material - smooth and healthy, not over-dried root. Since ginger multiplies by dividing the tuber, the planting root must have a lot of sprouting buds ("eyes") on its surface. These sprouts somewhat resemble potato "eyes" and perform a similar function.
Choose for planting plump roots, without wrinkles, with several "fingers", with visible eyes at the end of the "fingers". It would be ideal for these eyes to turn green, but, in general, it is not necessary.
Before you buy ginger root for planting, make sure that it has not been in the freezer.
In order for the kidneys to “wake up” and become more active, you can soak the root in warm water for 3–4 hours and then cut (cut into bridges) into separate fragments. Some gardeners recommend soaking tubers in a not very strong solution of potassium permanganate. The cut area can be powdered with crushed coal (activated pharmacy or ash).
As mentioned above, the ginger root is planted in early spring.
Ginger prefers penumbra or areas where the sun is from morning to noon. Landing should be protected from wind, the soil is wet and warm - somewhere from 22 ° to 25 ° C.
In the tropics in their homeland, ginger grows in full shade, but, for example, in the middle zone, a shady place may be too cold for him.
Ginger grows slowly, especially outside the tropics. If you are lucky, a sprout may appear in a few days. But usually it takes at least two weeks.
For full maturity, 8-10 months should pass, so by the onset of winter you can already reap the fruits of your own harvest. In natural growth conditions, ginger is a perennial plant, but in the domesticated variant it will be one-year.
Ginger root should be deepened by about 3 cm, while the germs (eyes) should look up. After planting, sprinkle the tubers with soil and pour water over it. It is better to place the pot itself where it will be cool, not more than + 15 ° C, where it will be dry, there will be no access to direct sunlight.
The first shoots appear usually after 12-14 days, before this time you should not overly fill the soil with water (so that the roots do not rot) - it should be a bit damp.
How to grow ginger from the root - care
Caring for the ginger root while growing is regular but moderate watering. It should not be allowed to dry out the soil, as well as too much moisture. During the growing season, ginger can be fertilized with mullein, diluted in water (1 in 10), about 1 time in 3 weeks. After each watering, it is recommended to loosen the top layer of soil, and if you irrigate the stem from the sprayer every day, the ginger will tell you “thank you”.
Around the end of September, when the stalks and leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow, dry out, reduce the frequency of watering to a minimum, and stop irrigation altogether. By the time the ground part of the ginger is completely dry, you can dig up the tubers. After extraction from the ground, ginger is cleaned from the remnants of the soil, the adventitious roots are removed, dried in an open sunny place for several days.
If you have the opportunity to make pots of ginger on the street (cottage, courtyard of a private house), then the best place for the plant will be a shaded area, for example, the shadow of a tree or sprawling bush. Ginger is a light-loving plant, but at the same time, the direct rays of the sun are destructive for it.
When growing ginger in the manner described above, you will not see it blooming. It blooms in the second year, if at least part of the root was left in the ground for the winter. It is unlikely that he will survive in mid-latitudes. I think that only residents of the southern regions, for example, the Black Sea coast, can see the flowering ginger. But even they should cover the roots of ginger, left for the winter, mulch.
Below you can see a video with a photo of blooming ginger.
The special difficulties of growing this culture will not bring you. Like any plant, ginger needs care and attention. Therefore, any grower can grow ginger from the root, both beginner and experienced. If you love this spicy and healing tuber, do not miss this opportunity.
Video: How to plant and care for ginger.
How to choose a root and prepare it for planting
Choose rhizome should be on certain grounds. It looks like pieces that are divided like fingers or figures and should be:
- light brown
- dense, smooth,
- free from stains, rot and mold,
- peel - with a slight sheen.
It is advisable to choose the root crops, which have live kidneys - “eyes” (like potatoes). You can see them in the photo below:
To start, the rhizome must be germinated. There are several ways to do this.
Soak the rhizomes overnight in warm water.
- First, it will help remove any chemicals that might have been applied to them previously.
- Secondly, the procedure will give impetus to the growth of shoots.
Longer and correct way:
Place the root in a closed container or cellophane bag and leave it for germination in a warm, lit place.
Do not open the container unnecessarily so as not to destroy the greenhouse effect.
In order to get more green mass in the future, it is necessary to wait until all visible buds sprout. As soon as sprouts with a height of 2-3 cm appear, you can start planting.
The root can be cut into pieces, leaving at least one kidney on each. Treat the cut points with activated carbon powder or a pink solution of potassium permanganate so that the root does not rot.
Soil and capacity for growing ginger
The soil is selected loose, medium heavy, rich in humus. Any soil suitable for vegetable crops - "Universal", "For seedlings", etc.
Drainage must be laid out on the bottom of the pot, as the root may rot from an excess of moisture.
The capacity for planting ginger is better to use a wide and not very high, as the rhizome tends to grow in breadth. You can use round pots with a diameter of 20-25 cm.
Planting ginger in a pot
So, we have prepared the soil and the pot. Now you can proceed to the landing of ginger root.
Place the rhizome horizontally and deepen no more than 1 cm. With the subsequent growth of shoots fill the ground by 1-2 cm.
Watering is carried out once a day. In case of cloudy and cold weather - once every two days. The plant is succulent, well absorbs water, but does not tolerate overflow.
Therefore, the pot should have drain holes for draining excess water.
With proper care, green shoots will appear in 30-40 days. As it grows, the plant can be fed with potash fertilizers.
At this stage, you can transplant ginger in open ground or continue to grow at home.
How to grow ginger at home
You can continue to grow ginger in a wide pot at home, putting on a balcony or window sill.
The pot should be wide enough.
Place to accommodate the tank should be sunny and free from tall plants. Shoots grow up to 1-1.5 meters in height, and the leaves reach a length of 30 cm and require a lot of free space. Ginger prefers to take sunbaths, but does not tolerate dryness and direct sunlight.
Shoot growth has seasonality:
- When planting rhizomes in March - in April, green shoots of the plant begin to form, by October-November they dry up.
- If you need to harvest, then ginger dig.
- If the plant is grown exclusively for decorative purposes, then the root is left in the ground, and the pot is removed in a dark room. The earth is kept slightly moist.
- By next spring, the plant is transferred to a sunny place. When shoots appear, they are fed with fertilizers containing potassium.
A little bit about the ginger bloom at home
If you follow a number of conditions, you can achieve flowering of ginger (not earlier than 2 years).
- It is necessary to regulate the humidity and bring it to the conditions of subtropics, regularly watering and spraying the plant, avoiding drafts.
- At least once a month to feed fertilizers for indoor plants, it is better to use the mixture for beautifully flowering herbs.
And then ginger will delight with spike-shaped inflorescence with small flowers on the top of the shoot. The color of the inflorescence can vary from yellow to brown, there are also purple colors.
How to grow ginger in the country
When planting ginger in the open ground, it is necessary to consider that the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight and drafts. Best place in the shade of a tree. In addition, he loves moisture, so you need to choose rich in trace elements and moist soil for planting.
The best time to grow ginger is early spring, when the sun is not very active and there is no risk of flooding.
Planting ginger in the ground
Before planting ginger in the ground in the country is recommended to germinate the root at home (described above). Repot the roots after the warm weather has settled.
Rhizomes are planted at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other to a depth of 5-8 cm.
If you are planting a non-germinated plant - make sure that the buds are directed upwards. Otherwise it will not germinate.
First planted ginger will sprout longer than all subsequent times. As soon as the plant starts to grow several roots, you will have a stable harvest all your life!
Ginger grows poorly in cold climates and in too sunny places.
The plant likes a warm humid climate, it is important to prevent drying and transfusion of the soil.
If the soil where you planted the root is not sufficiently moistened - try spraying the plant every few days. Also spraying necessarily on hot days!
For better root formation, 1-2 times a week, loosen the soil. In addition, it is recommended to mulch the soil - as this is a slow growing plant and weeds can be very difficult.
Decorative targets or harvest
Ginger has tall stems with bright green leaves, can be grown as a decorative flowering plant. No flowering required for harvest.
Harvesting is the most important and useful part of the growing process. The first crop can be harvested no earlier than four months, but if you start picking ginger too early, it will not be ripe. And immature ginger - that is still disgusting!
The most suitable time for a good harvest is 6-8 months later. This is somewhere late September-October.
If you are in doubt about the time of harvest, just know - ginger, as a rule, becomes ripe when its leaves turn yellow and fall.
- Watering should stop.
- After 7-10 days, you can start harvesting.
Dug up root crops must be cleaned from the remnants of the earth and dried in the sun for several days. Save those with good quality kidneys for the next year. You can plant rhizomes, even immediately after collection.
If the root can be more than you need - you can store it in the cellar or refrigerator.
Storage in the freezer:
Cut the root into 2.5-5 cm thick slices, put them in a storage container and put the supplies in the freezer. Thus, ginger will always be at hand.