Fragrant Dracaena or Dracaena fratrans is an evergreen shrub belonging to the genus Dracaena. It is unpretentious and, in part, for this reason, so popular for growing not only in the house, but also in offices.
Fragrant Dracaena: plant features
Blooming fragrant dracaena has two types of flowers: either white or pale green, yellowish. They are located on the floral brush, reaching a meter in height. The inflorescences are beautiful, fluffy with a pleasant, fragrant aroma (which gave the name to the mind). This pronounced smell attracts insects and even several species of hummingbirds. Unfortunately, this plant, however, as well as other species of dracaena, for example, dracaena deremskaya, rarely blossoms at home.
Glossy green leaves with decorative stripes, the color of which varies from yellow to light green, are gathered into a rosette, have a curved shape, and in large plants they are often wavy. Can grow up to 1 m in length and 10 cm in width. In nature, dracaena reaches a height of 6 meters, and at home - a maximum of 2 meters. It grows extremely meleno, but lives long.
Some varieties, such as Massangeana, have an appearance similar to a palm tree.
Conditions for growing fragrant dracaena
It is better to place a homemade flower fragrant fragrant on the east or west window. The place should be bright, but without direct sunlight and no drafts.
Comfortable temperature for dracaena fragrant will be a gap of + 18 ° С- + 25 ° С. At higher temperatures, take care of additional watering. For deciduous and decorative varieties such a temperature regime is maintained for a year, and for others it is reduced to + 15 ° C- + 17 ° C (but not lower) for the winter.
Watering and spraying
In spring and summer, as soon as the top layer of the substrate dries out by 2–3 cm (about once every 2 days) - burn it and pour the dracaena abundantly. We also need regular (2-3 times a week) spraying or wiping with a damp cloth.
In winter, at low temperatures, watering and spraying is reduced, but when the plant is in a warm room, near the battery - it will need to be watered and sprayed as well as in the summer. Use warm filtered or distilled water.
The Basics of Fragrant Dracaena Trimming
Pruning preferably carried out in spring and summer. During this period, special substances are produced that help in the healing process. Fragrant dragon, like other home flowers, should not be pruned in winter. Exceptions may be emergencies, such as plant breakage. But it is not recommended to cut off the sick or weakened copies.
You need a sharp knife to trim. Choose at what height you want to get a branch (it is recommended to retreat 15-20 cm from the top) and in this place cut off the trunk. The upper part of the plant can be used to propagate it.When cutting, cut a fragrant fragrant cut with paraffin or crushed activated charcoal, wrap using sphagnum moss and a transparent bag, spray the stem several times a day. Place the plant in a warm (not below + 25 ° C) and dark place without drafts. Buds are formed in a month, then you can remove the moss and the package.
How and when to replant the plant
Transplanting fragrant dragon is recommended in the spring, but transplantation is allowed at other times of the year. Young plants are transplanted once every 2 years, mature ones - at 3. If the specimen is large, then you can do without transplantation, simply by replacing the top layer of the substrate.
In a new container, lay a 2-3 cm layer of drainage, then perlite or coarse sand, and then a special soil for ornamental deciduous plants. In the center, place the dracaena and gently pour it with the primer. Apply a little earth, water the plant and spray your tree of happiness. Put in a warm, shade. After the appearance of a new central leaflet, transplanted dracenum can be fertilized.
Light will need a lot and in large quantities, especially for variegated forms, it should be bright, but mostly diffused - as near windows facing south-west and south-east.
On the purely south side, on fine summer days, you need to take care that this dragon fruit did not burn direct sunlight.
The summer months are very helpful. "Holidays" in the open air, at the same time care should be taken to ensure that the plant is not in the sun and does not stand in a draft.
Optimum temperature range ranges from 18 to 25 degrees in summer. It should remain the same throughout the whole year for variegated dracenin fragrant. Wintering varieties with green leaves is preferable cooler, but the temperature should not fall below 15 degrees.
Fragrant dragon flower throughout the year should be sprayed frequentlyUsing soft water, wipe its shiny leaves, arrange a warm shower from time to time.
Can be used ready soil for palm trees and dratsen, or prepare a mixture, which includes nutrient components - leaf soil, sod land, compost, baking powder - coarse sand and fibrous acidifier - peat. All ingredients are added in equal amounts.
Landing tank choose a ceramic, porous, with a hole in the bottom.
At the bottom should certainly be placed drainage (expanded clay, small pebbles, brick fights with pieces of charcoal), then pour a layer of perlite or coarse-grained sand, then slide prepared soil, “straighten” the straightened root system of the drayenes on this slide and fill the soil to the desired level, gently compacting it.
Young home plants transplanted every 2 years, in the spring, adult specimens - Once in 3-4 years, and in respectable age dratsen, you can simply replace the top, five-centimeter, layer of earth with fresh, nutritious soil every year.
After buying a new copy held in quarantine for about two weeks, and then decide on transplanting: a young plant, which is closely in its capacity, can immediately get a new "apartment", and a more adult can wait with the transfer to a new container until spring.
During transplants, it is better to keep the old earthen room in order not to injure the sensitive root system.
If imported dracaena is purchased in the transport substrate, it must be transplanted immediately, completely freeing from the soil.
When watering it is important to preserve the moisture content of the earthy coma, and, at the same time, prevent overflow or moisture stagnation. The usual frequency of summer watering - twice a week, and winter - once in 10 or 12 days. Use soft, well-settled water.
For evaporation of excess moisture once a month it is useful to loosen the surface of the soil.
In spring and summer The period is a special complex for palm trees and dratsen, or alternating mineral and organic supplements are applied twice a month.
In winter feeding is carried out once a month, at half the dosage.
To limit growth and stimulate branching, pruning is used: during the period of active growthIn spring or summer, they cut off the top, leaving 4 to 5 leaves on the stem.
Cut point can be covered with polyethylene to form lateral shoots. They usually appear in about a month. Then the polyethylene is removed.
In room culture dracaena frantrans blooms quite rarely - a large vertical cluster of greenish, white, yellow, shaggy “balls” with the very smell of the freshest hay, which gave reason to call it fragrant.
In the spring the seeds are soaked for 24 hours in a warm growth stimulant solution, and then sown in palm soil, covered with plastic film and kept warm, airing the greenhouse and moderately moistening the soil. Germination time - from a month to two.
Seedlings need to be maintained with sufficient, but not excessive moisture, feed once a month and protect from excess sun. When dracaena grow to a height of 4-5 cm, they can be seated in small pots.
Propagation by cuttings
There are two ways to prepare such cuttings: abstraction and direct trimming.
In the first method on the trunk below the top, a T-shaped incision is made into which wet peat or sphagnum moss is placed, and then wrapped in polyethylene. For a month, peat (sphagnum) and high humidity stimulate root growth. Then the stem is trimmed slightly below the formed roots and the tip is planted in a separate pot.
Second way consists in a decisive pruning of the trunk with the tip. The injured places are sprinkled with crushed charcoal, and a cut of the apical cutting is additionally treated with a root formation stimulator.
Reproduction stem cuttings
Healthy young stalk with a sharp instrument cut into pieces soso that each part has at least two growth buds. Usually the length of such segments is 5-7 cm.
These cuttings are planted in prepared lightweight soil, kept warm, protected from intense sunlight and often sprayed. As a rule, within a month young shoots appear on them.
This video tells about the care of fragrant dragonza.
Diseases and pests
If the right conditions are ensured, the dracaeni practically don’t get sick.
When care errors plant may cause rot. This happens when a combination of low temperature and waterlogging. In such cases, you need to put dracaena fratrans in a warmer place and eliminate excess moisture. If the processes of rotting have spread widely, you will have to cut off the healthy cuttings and root them, and get rid of the rest of the plant.
Of pests spider mites, mealy worms and scale insects settle on the fragrant dracaena. The first remedy against them is the removal of insects with the help of a soap solution, but only the use of appropriate insecticides will finally eliminate pests.
In bright and warm rooms, with sufficient, but not excessive moisture, dracaena fragrant (fragrance) successfully develops, and if mysterious, ephemeral and subtle happiness is added to this, the plant blooms, fragrant with the aromas of summer haymaking.
Dracaena Fragrance: photo of the "tree of happiness."
Fragrant Dracaena: photo of a flowering plant.
Description and characteristics
Dracena Fragran has long green leaves with a wax shine. The sheet plate is bent by an arc. If we compare the “domesticated” plant with its “wild” counterpart, the flowers will differ only in size (fragrant dracaena grown under indoor conditions is a miniature copy of the original wild flora).
If you can provide for such an instance of complete care, get a plant that reaches a height of 1–1.5 m. As for the varieties that this house flower includes, they differ in the color of the leaf plate, but all the basic characteristics are similar.
The dracaena fragrant also has a popular name - “the tree of happiness”. It is customary to give this plant to friends and family as a sign of kindness to them. What is good about this flower is its absolute unpretentious care. This green copy can be purchased for a private house or apartment, as well as for an office or even a winter garden. The plant does not require much moisture or high temperature in the room. That is why such a shrub will grow in "Spartan" conditions.
Interestingly, the name "fragrant dracaena" appeared due to the fact that the leaf plate of the flower exudes a light and pleasant aroma. It blooms quite rarely. The buds that appear on the indoor tree, form inflorescences. Care at home to provide for such a flower is easy. The main thing is to remember the basic recommendations of experts and follow them.
Care and cultivation
The dracaena of the fragrance lemon lime variety, as well as other representatives of this group of indoor plants, is a true find for a novice or grower who is not able to give his home greenery enough attention. This flower can be placed in the penumbra. With regard to the composition of the soil mixture, there are also no special requirements.
However, something depends on the type of plant. For example, not all instances of dracaena have a rich dark green shade of foliage. Some flowers have light stripes on the leaves. Such home shrubs are recommended to put on a well-lit place.
Caring for a fragrant plant is not difficult. Remember that dracaena does not tolerate drafts. Another important requirement: in the summer, when the temperature in the street and in the room is rather high, it is recommended to maintain a high level of humidity in the room where the pot with shrubs is located. If desired, wipe dracaena leaves from time to time with a damp napkin or cloth.
If in the summer it is impossible to allow the soil to dry in a pot, then in the winter, an excess of moisture is considered to be much more dangerous.
From it can begin to rot the root system of the flower. Observe the following rule regarding watering dracaena: in the summer it is recommended to moisten the substrate at least twice a week, whereas in the winter - once every two weeks. Do not forget to loosen the soil after watering. Thus, the soil mixture is much better able to pass air, and salt will not accumulate in the ground, which is very important for this plant.
So that during the cultivation of fragrant fragrant to provide care for it correctly, you can not do without timely dressing. Nutritional formulations are best purchased in specialized stores. The best choice for feeding dratsy will be a complex fertilizer for palm trees.
In spring and summer, when all the vital processes of the flower are activated, it is recommended to feed it twice a month. In winter, nutrient formulations are twice as rare. Regarding transplantation, for the first time it will need to be carried out 2–3 years after the planting of a bush.
Pruning and breeding
Fragrant dracaena reproduces in two common ways. For example, flower growers often prefer to cut off the tops of a plant. They must be placed in a container of water so that they take root. What is interesting, if you want to speed up this process, you can add a little activated carbon to the water. There is another way of breeding dracaena - with the help of stem shoots. Remember: during the cultivation of fragrant fragrant to ensure reproduction is best in the spring.
As for pruning, it is necessary when the plant needs to be shaped or if the shrub becomes bulky and the branches do not look too aesthetically pleasing. Remember that it is recommended to undertake this kind of procedure in the spring-summer period, when the flower develops actively, and the slices left by you on the stems can heal quickly enough. Before pruning, be sure to stock the following tools:
- spray gun
- sphagnum moss.
Knowing how to prune the plant carefully, you can stimulate the development of your indoor tree.
Fight against diseases and pests
Fragrant dracaena can be subject to various diseases and pest invasion. If the shrub leaves turn yellow and then fall, the reason may be hiding in damage to the stem and root system. In this case, you will need to transfer. Occasionally, yellow spots appear on the leaf plate. Such yellowing indicates drying earthen coma. This houseplant can also suffer fungal diseases.
Pests can also cause a lot of damage: thrips, aphids, spider mites, scutes, and mealybugs. Get rid of insects or fungus with the help of professional insecticides, but before you purchase them, certainly consult with a specialist.
Variety of species
For keeping at home, plants growing in the wild were adapted. Except them, many hybrid varieties have been bred by breederswhich differ in various coloring of leaves and decorative qualities.
The most popular among lovers of indoor plants are the following species of dracaena fragrance:
- Massangeana. This is a tall plant that looks like a palm tree. In the center of the leaf plate and on the sides there are stripes of yellow color.
- Compact. This is a dwarf plant with leaves of bright green color. This type of plant does not need bright sunlight and grows well in the shade, so it can be placed deep in the premises.
- Victoria. The leaves of dracaena of this species are decorated with wide golden stripes.
- Linden On the leaves of this type there are strips of white.
- Dracaena Lemon Lime. The variety has a bright green leaf and a dark green stripe in the center of the leaf. Along the edge of the leaf plate are strips of cream color.
Diseases and growing problems
Dracaena is a low maintenance plant. However, if you violate the rules of home care, flower growers may face a number of problems:
- замедленный рост, появление пятен на листьях и загнивание корневой системы возникают при избыточном переувлажнении почвы,
- подсыхание кончиков листьев возникает при воздействии сквозняков и холодного воздуха,
- drying occurs with insufficient or rare watering,
- dry yellow spots on the leaves are formed when exposed to direct sunlight.
At home, the plant can be affected by such pests as aphids, mealybugs, spider mites. To combat insect pests should be treated with special insecticidal drugs.
Fragrant Dracaena has one of the widest leaves among potted dracenas. Most often grown from the rooted part of the trunk, from which grows several beautiful leaves. The height of plants grown at home depends primarily on the length of the stem, from which the leaf feathers grow. Therefore, plants can be from several tens of centimeters to several meters in height.
Like the other dracaenas, this species is also thermophilic. Therefore, the most suitable temperature in the range of 20-25 ° C, all year round. Fragrant dracaena grows no rest period in winter and therefore will grow poorly if during winter the temperature starts to fall below 16 ° C. The plant requires a well-lit place, especially color varieties. Despite this, we must remember that the dracaena does not like direct sunlight.
The flower should be watered regularly, without causing dryness or flooding of the soil. Like most houseplants, it also does not tolerate residual water at the bottom of the pot. Therefore, you should always remove from the stand its excess. The temperature of the water intended for irrigation is also important. Dracaeni do not like the so-called "cold feet", so you need to water them at room temperature. Also, ventilate the room in winter, it is necessary to keep the pot away from the direct blow of cold air.
The most suitable soil for the flower will be prepared soil on the basis of peat and sand. It prevents the retention of excess water in the area of the roots. If you are unable to prepare such a mixture on your own, ready-made soil for palm trees bought in a garden shop will also work well. To even better protect the plant from flooding, it is necessary to lay out the bottom of the pot expanded clay to absorb moisture.
The plant will also be grateful for regular spraying of leaves or planting near a pot, a humidifier.
Fragrant Dracaena: Features of a Houseplant
At home, this type of dracaena is no less impressive, only the size of the plant is much more modest. The crown of the tallest varieties in height does not exceed 1.5–2 meters. But the main decoration of the species is not the size, but the curved, glossy foliage of rich color. In the pot culture today, the brightest varieties of fragrant fragrant with leaves of 60 centimeters in length, combining dark and light green shades, creamy yellow and white, are extremely popular.
The photo of fragrant fragrantly illustrates the originality of culture. In nature, adult perennial dracaena bloom. From the top of the leaf rosette, a powerful peduncle appears, on which many small fluffy flowers of white-greenish color unfold. Unlike the related varieties, the flowers of the fragrant fragrant spread around the district a rather pleasant smell, thanks to which the decorative appearance was called.
In the conditions of the apartment dracaena bloom extremely rarely. The scented variety is no exception. But the green or motley copy fits perfectly into any interior and becomes the main decoration of the room.
The unusual beauty of the African guest is not the only virtue of the species. Due to the unpretentiousness draceni fragrant care for her does not take much time and effort.
Caring for fragrant fragrant at home: photos and description of work
All dracaena - ideal plants for indoor content. They are undemanding to the composition and nutritional value of the soil, easily tolerate placement in the penumbra. Do not need any specific care and draceni fragrant. It grows beautifully on the western and eastern windows, on the loggias and in the depths of the premises.
The varieties with green leaves are the most resistant to low light. If a dracaena with bright striped foliage appeared in the house, then it needs to find a lighter place, otherwise the pattern on the leaf plates will fade or disappear altogether.
Like other indoor cultures, dracaena fragrant, in the photo, does not like drafts:
- on summer days, the plant is comfortable at a temperature of 19 to 25 ° C,
- in winter, the room where the flower is located should be somewhat cooler, about 10–14 ° C.
To maintain the beauty of the foliage and its juiciness dragonze provide high humidity. This is especially important in the hot season, when the plant is not only actively developing, but also evaporates moisture. In the summer and in the remaining months of the year it is useful to wipe the foliage with a damp cloth. Such care for fragrant drapes will improve the appearance of dragon and help the plant to breathe.
With the change of season, the need for water changes. First of all it concerns the amount of irrigation water relying on culture:
- In the summer, the earthen clod under the plant should be slightly damp, and its drying can cause a change in the color of the foliage and its fading.
- In winter, at low temperatures, excess moisture is even more dangerous. Excessively moist soil causes root rot. An exception is the situation when a fragrant dracaena does not go for wintering. In warm, dry air, the culture must be watered and sprayed.
Usually watering is carried out twice a week in the summer and not more than 1 time in two weeks in the winter.
Loosening the surface layer of soil under the plant:
- beneficial effect on the state of the root system,
- regulates the moisture of the substrate
- increases the penetration of oxygen into it.
In the framework of year-round care for fragrant fragrant, at home, as in the photo, the plants must be fed:
- in the warm season, complex formulations for palm trees and dracaen are applied twice a month,
- in the winter months, the intervals between feedings doubled.
The first transplant is waiting for the fragrant young dragonza 2-3 years after planting. Next, adult specimens are transferred to larger pots every 3–4 years. Substrate for draceni of all kinds need loose, light. It is optimal to take a specialized mixture for palm trees and add a little sphagnum, pieces of red brick and crushed charcoal to it. At the bottom of the pot, a powerful drainage layer is required to remove excess moisture.
Major pests and plant diseases
Dracaena fragran is sufficiently resistant to pests. But still, it can affect the aphid, mealybug, spider mite, thrips and scale insects. Damaged leaves of the plant drops, and therefore loses its decorative effect. To combat all of the above pests, wiping the leaves with a soap solution (for spider mites, its temperature should be + 50 ° C) and spraying with insecticides is suitable.
Burns on the leaves may occur as a result of exposure to bright sun. To avoid this - shade the pot. With improper care (insufficient watering, moisture, drafts, or the soil is saturated with fluorine, soluble salts), the foliage will dry, become stained or the tips will turn yellow.
Infectious diseases, such as light brown spot, fillostosis, alternariosis, also occur. For the most part, old plants are ill, which are poorly cared for. Several times, at intervals of 10 days, spray the dragon fruit fungicides.
Dracaena leaves are durable, have a glossy surface and form a dense green ring around the trunk. They are placed on it on the principle of priority. Color can be all shades of green or yellow. There are varieties of dracaena in which double staining occurs on a leaf plate. White or dark green streaks will be clearly visible on them. In older plants, the lower layer of leaves is practically absent, so the trunk looks naked.
White or yellow flowers exude a pleasant scent. They are collected in spherical lush inflorescences and are located along an oblong peduncle, looking out of the rosette of leaves.
Fragrant Dracaena is popular with gardeners and is often grown in garden plots. In room conditions, it will not bloom. The plant is unpretentious in the care, different quiet growth. Due to the unique appearance and impressive size, the dracaena will be an excellent living decoration for offices and any other spacious premises no worse than palm plant varieties.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
In the spring and autumn, every two weeks, the plant should be fed with complex fertilizers, and in winter it should be done only once a month. Try to avoid fertilizers that contain phosphorus.
Young bushes fragrant dracaena transplanted in the spring every 2-3 years by way of transshipment. The soil in the pots of adult copies is important to update annually.
Conducting pruning is carried out in the event that shoots dracaena strongly stretched out and lost leaves. The tip is shortened so that there are 4 leaves at the bottom of the trunk. The cuts are wrapped in plastic to effectively form the lateral buds. When the first shoots appear, the protective material can be removed.
Duplication fragrant fragrant
Dracaena multiplies by grafting. To do this, cut the tops of the shoots with a length of 10-15 cm, which is dipped in wet sand or water to form roots, or use pieces of stems. The most favorable time for grafting is spring or autumn.
Certain varieties of this species prefer seed propagation.
Difficulties in growing
When improperly taking care of a dracaena plant, fragrant is exposed to a number of serious diseases, leading to the possible death of the entire shrub:
- Rotting of the stems, due to loss of turgor pressure in them, wilting of the leaves, the appearance of dark spots. In most cases, this is due to overmoistening of the soil due to frequent and abundant watering.
- If the plant is in the light for a long time, the foliage begins to turn yellow and dries. Conversely, in low light it becomes pale and dull.
- Low temperatures adversely affect plant development. Pots with dragonza can not be left for a long time in the cold. The tips of the leaves begin to turn black and then quickly fade. The characteristic symptoms of frostbite are dark brown spots, which are the beginning of the decay of the entire leaf blade.
- Lack of soil nutrition affects the growth of shrubs. New gains have signs of strain.
- Poor-quality and hard water can cause the formation of leaf spot, so it is required to defend or boil it.
The flower looks best in a pot, like a tapeworm. True, you can plant at the base of the trunk ground cover plants, for example, ivy, but then we will shield a truly attractive stem of the plant.
Fragrant Dracaena cleans the air from formaldehyde accumulated in it. Must be the first tenant in a newly renovated room, as this toxic substance can be released from adhesives, paints, new flooring or furniture.
Cut off the top of the plant 10–15 cm in length with a sharp blade and place it in a dark, opaque container with water (you can add activated charcoal) or in a pot with soil and sand. Cover with a cap to create a greenhouse effect.
Cut a 5-7 centimeter stem, on which there will be at least 2 buds, and place into a container filled with a layer of earth, and above it with sand. Cover with a bottle or jar and store in a warm place where direct sunlight does not fall. Spring is best for breeding, but it’s more a recommendation than a rule, just provide sprouts with a comfortable temperature. Water exclusively with warm water. Rooting usually takes 2-4 weeks.
If we talk about other decorative variegated species, such as dracaena deremskaya, Godsef, Reflex, then their reproduction is no different, unlike the green species, which also reproduce by seed.
As you can see, fragrant dracaena is a beautiful, fragrant and not at all difficult to care for plant. Stick to our advice, and for many years it will delight your eyes.