Many gardeners often do not see the difference between the vegetation period and the vegetation period. But they are significantly different. The first term refers to a specific period for all plants of a single climatic zone. The second term includes plants of a certain species or variety and the period of their activities.
This period will be different for certain species and varieties of plants. Purely biological term that characterizes each plant separately.
The vegetation period is a certain time period during which the plant goes through an active period of its growth. For example, for early ripe cucumbers, the growing season is 95-110 days.
If we are talking about perennial plants, such as an apple tree, pear, plum, etc., then their growing season begins as soon as the flower buds begin to swell, and this period ends with a fall of leaves in autumn. Further, in winter, the inactive phase of tree growth is going on - this is not a growing season. However, if you properly care for the plant in winter, you can speed up its growing season, we'll talk about it later.
The vegetation period in the trees of the tropical and equatorial climate zones is a little different scenario. For example, it is considered to be the vegetative period of a banana tree for such a time interval: from the beginning of flowering to the gathering of fruits. After that, although the tree remains green, it temporarily leaves the growing season.
This term covers all plants of a specific climatic zone. We will talk about all the plants for our zone, what is the growing season of fruit trees and how to define it, as well as about the growing season of some vegetable crops.
The annual life span of perennials can be divided into four periods:
- Vegetative growth,
- Transitional autumn,
- Period of relative rest
- Spring transition.
For the perennial plants of our climatic zone, these periods are repeated every year. The growing season covers only three items from this list: 1, 2 and 4. The winter period is not considered to be the growing season. The time interval of 4 points may begin with a slight delay, or, conversely, earlier than it should. It all depends on when the real spring heat begins, when the snow and night frosts leave.
The temperature, which is necessary for the start of normal vegetation in plants, is different for each species or variety. For example, the growing season for an apricot tree comes earlier than for a cherry or a pear. But it is considered that for the beginning of the growing season the air temperature should be at least +5 ºС. This concerns not only fruit trees, but also vegetable crops.
It is worth noting that the growing season of annual vegetable plants is still different. It is considered to be the beginning of this process, the rise of seeds, and the completion - the drying of plants. But some plants bear fruit several times over a warm period of time, then this period can be counted from the beginning of the emergence of flowers to the full ripening of the fruit.
Is it possible to determine the growing season
The growing season of different species and varieties of plants is very different and can not be enclosed in a certain framework. It is believed that this period can last from three days to three months. But plants are always influenced by various factors:
- soil condition
- heredity factor
- various diseases and pathologies.
How is the growing season in different cultures
For different crops, the growing season goes on in different ways (what it is and how this term differs from the growing season, we have already said at the beginning).
Vegetation period of some vegetable crops:
- Potato vegetation takes an average of 110 - 130 days. This is an average indicator, as there are early, middle and late potatoes. This period begins with the germination of the germ. Then comes the period of pollination and flowering. Then on the green bush appear small "green apples", which in no case can not be eaten. When the plant dries, the growing season ends and you can harvest.
- The vegetation of early ripe cucumbers takes 95-105 days, and late ripening - 106-120 days. Before the flowering of the cucumber bush, it may take 25-45 days, after which the bush begins to bear fruit. And the last two months of the growing season the plant continues to bloom and at the same time bear new fruits. After that, it dries out in early autumn, and this period ends.
- The growing season of tomatoes (many people say that, although it is correct to say: "the growing season of tomatoes") is very similar to the same period of cucumbers. Only the time frame is slightly different, since tomatoes are divided into the following types: early ripening - 55-75 days, early ripening - 76-95 days, middle ripening - 95-110 days, medium late - 111-120 days and late - 121-135 days.
- The growing season of cabbage lasts from 3 to 6 months, depending on the plant variety.
The growing season for fruit trees is slightly different from vegetable crops. Here is examples of the growing season of some perennial trees:
- Vegetation period in many early and middle-ripening apple varieties comes with the first heat, and we can say that this is the main indicator. When the temperature reaches +5 ºС and does not fall during the week, the tree starts to bud. This is the beginning of the growing season. This period ends in late autumn, when the leaves fall.
- Cherry and plum begin their growing season 10-20 April. The period from the appearance of buds to leaf blooming takes one and a half to two weeks. Then, in early May, the trees begin to bloom
- Pear vegetation begins when the temperature stabilizes and reaches an average of +6 ºС. With the beginning of this period, the root system of the tree begins to become active and calms down at average daily temperatures of 15–18 ºС.
What is the vegetation of vegetable crops and fruit trees, we figured out. A few words should be said about corn, because many people think that it is grown incorrectly in our climate zone. Sometimes the corn simply does not have time to finish its growing season, and it is harvested ahead of time, before the onset of solid cold. Expert advice on this issue: sow earlier and shorten the growing season, which we will discuss in the next section.
Is it possible to shorten the growing season and how to do it
Reduction of the growing season - this is when the plant goes through the entire vegetation stage faster than the generally accepted time frame. Many gardeners often ask such questions, because everyone goes to try fresh cucumbers and tomatoes earlier than it should be.
To do this, start sowing seedlings back in February. Many sow the seeds in small boxes and put on the windowsill, and some create special greenhouses. All of these methods are great if you want to grow vegetables, namely those that give fruit.
But if you figure out what the growing season is for cauliflower, Brussels and other varieties of cabbage, it becomes clear that it does not bring fruit, in fact, you eat the leaves. Here we need a slightly different approach to shorten the growing season. In this case, it is worth strengthening growth and slowing the flowering process. This can be done through special preparations and fertilizers.
There is a third type of shortening of the growing season. Not everyone understands what the process of reducing the growing season of fruit trees means. To do this, take care of the plant. Late autumn trees need to be watered properly with various mineral feeds. In winter, in extreme cold, you need to throw a lot of snow on the root system of the tree. Then in the spring it will begin to bloom earlier and more actively.
Now we have understood the process of growing season of various plants and understood what it is and how to manage this process. Finally I would like to say that every gardener can have a great harvest if he adopts this article.
Vegetation near the trees
Trees are much more complicated. They also go through a growing season, but the whole year is divided into 4 phases.
- The growing season.
- Transitional autumn period.
- Period of relative rest.
- Transitional spring period.
Let's analyze each period separately.
Transitional spring period
During the last period of the year, the roots are just beginning to grow again, but the aerial part is active. The crown of the tree receives nutrients and moisture, contributing to the better development of the tree and its fruits during the growing season.
Flowering fruit tree - a sign of spring
This is how it goes every year for any tree. These include fruit trees: apples, cherries, cherries. And such trees as birch, oak, maple, poplar, chestnut. And even such rare trees as baobab, eucalyptus, sakura in Japan.
There are a huge number of tree species, and it’s very long to list them. The essence is the same - the trees have the most difficult growing season, and it can be repeated for many, many years.
How to grow in the country a beautiful lawn, read the article.
The growing season is an important part in the life cycle of plants. It happens about the same for everyone, but the differences are due to the different life of plants, their structure, climate and the part of the world in which they live.
The easiest growing season in annual plants. It occurs only once and ends with the death of the plant itself.
Perennial plants are a bit more complicated. The growing season is repeated several times, but still ends with the death of the plant.
In trees, the growing season can be repeated many times. Sometimes it seems that trees are immortal if they are not cut down or if the roots are not ruined. Therefore, the growing season does not end with the death of the tree, but only gives way to new periods.
This term covers all plants of a specific climatic zone. We will talk about some plants in our area, about what is the vegetation of fruit trees, about the methods of its definition and about some vegetable crops. Life expectancy of perennial plants is divided into 4 stages:
- Vegetative growth.
- Autumn transition.
- Relative peace.
- Spring transition.
Perennial crops in our natural and climatic zone repeat these cycles year after year. The vegetation period covers only 3 points from this list: the first, second and fourth. The winter period is not considered vegetation time.. The interval of 4 points may begin with a slight delay, or, conversely, earlier than expected. It depends on when the spring heat comes, it will snow and night frosts will pass.
For each species or variety of plants, the temperature required for the start of the growing season is different. For example, in the apricot tree, the growing season comes earlier than in the cherry or pear. The temperature for the onset of the growing season should not be less than +5 degrees Celsius.
In annual crops, the growing season is still different. The beginning of the process is the seed shoot, and the end is the drying of the plant. Some crops produce fruit more than once in the warm season.. The beginning of the emergence of flowers and full ripening of the fruit will be a growing season.
How to determine the vegetation period in plants
In different species and varieties of plants, the growing season is different from each other, so it can not be enclosed in a specific framework. This period can vary from three days to three months. However, plants are affected by most factors, namely:
- The condition of the soil.
- Weather conditions.
- Various diseases and pathologies.
It is from these factors that the growing season can vary over time, and sometimes last up to 9 months. Different cultures of our natural and climatic zone do not have time to fully maturetherefore, they are harvested earlier, as there is not enough time for ripening. Then it should be said that the growing season ended incorrectly.
Yet there is a method for determining the growing season. For example, you bought a bag of seeds, and the growing season must be indicated on it from beginning to end. With regards to fruit trees, of which we have already spoken, the beginning-swelling of the buds, and the end-fall of the leaves. For example, in different varieties of potatoes, the growing season begins with the germination of the sprout and ends when the plant is completely dry and the potatoes can be dug.
Plant vegetation control
In order for trees, shrubs and other fruit crops to produce good fruits, it is important to control their vegetation. Her can both speed up and slow downdepending on what results are needed. In order for cucumbers and tomatoes to give a good harvest, it is better to slow down their activity at the very beginning. In root crops, it is better, on the contrary, to delay flowering, so as not to spoil the taste of the vegetable. Dry and hot summer inhibits the growth of garden crops, so you should water them more often.
With the onset of winter, the plant goes into hibernation. It maintains its vitality due to the fact that it has accumulated during the growing season. With the onset of spring stocks are already depleted. With the onset of a thaw in winter, the plant can wake up and be active. Such a picture can be seen in the cities during abnormally warm weather in December or January, the grass on the lawns begins to turn green again. Therefore it is important feed trees and shrubs in autumn, in order to have enough nutrients until the spring. In winter, the plant loses moisture. If the winter is very windy, it may even die. To avoid such a situation, it is recommended to water it in the autumn time so that it has enough moisture.
If the cultivation is intended to obtain greens, roots or stems, stimulate growth, while slowing down the fruiting. This the method is effective in growing potatoes, cabbage and other garden crops. This is explained by the fact that in these crops at the flowering stage, the fruits grow coarser and lose their taste. The same thing happens with perennial garden crops, in the cold season they should be stored in a cool room. This condition will help ensure an active flowering process, thereby inhibiting their growth. Suspension of growth allows you to save the harvest for a long time.
How is the growing season
The beginning of the period is characterized by active growth. Buds appear on the plants, sap flow starts in the trees. An shoot sprouts from the bud, a leaf is formed from it. Then flower buds are formed in the leaf axils.
Different trees and shrubs for the formation of buds will be different. It takes about 2.5 to 3 months for stone fruits.and, for example, apple trees, this process is longer. It should be noted that the emerging flower bud will swell only in a year. Flowering does not occur simultaneously and takes several days. This is necessary for the plant in order to improve the likelihood of pollination.
Plants use the nutrients accumulated over the past year. After flowering, growth slows, fruits ripen. At the same time, perennials begin to accumulate a supply of nutrients that they will need in the next year.
The end of the growing season is to stop growth, the trees and bushes begin to prepare for winter, shed their leaves.
Examples of the growing season of individual garden crops
Different fruit and berry crops differ so differently in the course of the growing season that it affects the timing of flowering and fruit ripening. This can be seen in a few examples:
In tomatoes and cucumbers, the growing season depends on the variety. Ripening tomatoes actively grow and develop from 60 to 75 days. At the same time, with late varieties of tomatoes, this period can reach up to 130 days. The same situation with cucumbers - early cucumbers live 95-100 days, and late varieties up to 115 days.
Gooseberry begins its growing season early, after three weeks he has flowers. This happens in mid-May.. A similar situation with currants. Her buds appear at the beginning of April, after 10 days the buds are already visible, although there are no leaves yet.
In apple trees, vegetation begins when the average air temperature begins to be 5 degrees above zero. При 10 градусах распускаются почки. Надо отметить, что плодовые почки распускаются на несколько дней раньше почек с листьями. При температуре 15-20 градусов выше нуля бутоны созревают. Само цветение длится 10 дней.
Что такое вегетация
Most gardeners confuse the growing season with the vegetation of plants. They believe that between them there is no difference. In fact, these terms are different. In the first case we are talking about the activity of growth of a certain type or variety of plant culture. The second concept means cyclicity for the vegetation of a particular climatic zone.
Vegetation is the growth and development of a plant organism. Each perennial or annual plant has its own development cycle. They are noticeably different. For perennial crops, the annual gap is divided into 4 periods:
- vegetative growth,
- autumn transitional
- relative rest phase
- spring transition.
In our climate zone for perennials, all these periods alternate every year in the same way. The growing season excludes only the time of relative rest, since in winter even the roots of trees are completely inactive. The time interval consisting of 4 main terms may shift, start earlier or later. It depends on the onset of spring heat, when the snow melts and the night frosts are avoided.
For each species and variety of plants requires its own temperature for the start of the growing season. If you take an apricot tree, then this period begins earlier in it than for cherries. It is believed that for the start of growth and development, the air temperature should not be below +5 o C, both for fruit and vegetable plants.
Periods and Dates
The growing season is the period of the year when vegetation grows and develops in certain climatic conditions. It is different for many species and varieties, has its own time and maximum for our climate. can reach 9 months. Not all cultures have time to ripen, so they are harvested ahead of time. Because of this, the cycle ends incorrectly, because it is influenced by weather conditions.
Favorable weather conditions help to give not even one harvest per year. They give the opportunity to grow plants, which increases the growing season. In addition to weather, it also affects the growth and reproduction of light day vegetation. The bigger it is, the more actively the development of fruit and berry and vegetable crops occurs.
With a lack of sunlight in some crops, the growing season increases by 2−3 times. The development and growth of plants is directly related to the growing season; therefore, they sometimes differ in intensity and speed of the process. Perennials after flowering begin to accumulate a supply of nutrients. They are not as active as the fruits ripen. Bushes and trees are now beginning to prepare for the winter and next season, gaining strength and necessary nutrition.
Each type of fruit and berry and vegetable crops has its own growing season, as well as features. They are reflected in the timing of flowering maturity of the crop. For example, in potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, it will depend on the cultivated variety.
The vegetation of cucumbers of early ripe varieties takes up to 100 days, and for late ripening it takes up to 115 days. From the time of sowing and the beginning of flowering of the vegetable can take 25−45 days.
Early tomatoes live, actively, grow and develop up to 75 days, and late tomato varieties can be active up to 130 days.
The vegetation of potatoes in terms of lasts an average of 110−130 days. This is influenced by the vegetable variety, which is early, middle and late. The vegetation period of the potato begins from the moment the sprouts appear and ends when the potato bush dries.
Features of the growing season
The growing season is the time of the year when a plant can grow and develop. In these terms, there is a revival and growth of vegetation. In cold climates, plants do not have time to completely go through this gap. The time interval will depend on various factors:
The duration of the growing season lasts from the beginning of seed germination to the end of ripening. In trees, it continues, starting from sap flow, swelling of vegetative buds and until the leaves fall.
Sometimes for some plants it is necessary to complete the growing season for at least 2 years. At the very beginning, they must reach the state of the onion or root, and a year later they will form under cultivation. To such a cycle can be attributed carrots, onions, radishes, cabbage.
Impact methods and control
If desired, each gardener can influence the ripening of planted vegetables and berries. Depending on the type of crop and obtaining the required yield results, there is an opportunity to speed up or slow down the vegetation period of the plants.
For example, to get a big crop of cucumbers or a tomato it means to slow down their development activity at the very beginning. At the root is done the opposite: blooming is delayed. The following factors influence vegetation most effectively:
- growth stimulation
To guarantee a good harvest and an increase in the fruiting of fruit and berry trees and shrubs nitrogen, organic fertilizers will help. To do this, they are made in spring or summer to provide nutrition to perennial crops. In the fall, they do not need such a composition, since nitrogen at this time will give a negative result.
Hot and dry weather adversely affects the growth and development of vegetation. She needs plenty of watering in the summer. An excess of moisture can be harmful, as it will stimulate further development. All plant nutrients must be stored before winter. This applies to perennial crops that remain to winter in the ground.
For a vegetation suit with respect to the maximum yield, it is desirable to strive for the rapid development of vegetation. Methods of exposure will also depend on the purpose of cultivation. To grow a large number of root crops, it is necessary to stimulate growth and inhibit fruiting. You need to choose the time for planting, given the type of plant and the time of planting. It is recommended to carefully read the instructions of drugs to stimulate growth and feeding. It is possible to achieve early harvests of many vegetables by sowing their seeds as early as February, after which they plant seedlings in a greenhouse.
With skillful use of various methods of exposure to plants, it is possible to achieve good yields and get them in different terms.