Stefanander is a perennial deciduous shrub. Popularly known as the "male wreath" - this is a literal translation from the Greek language. Stefanander is a graceful plant with dissected dentate foliage and small delicate greenish-white flowers. However, lovers of original cultures are attracted by the stefanander for their climbing ornamental shoots, which will be the highlight of any garden.
The plant belongs to the family of pink (Rosaceae). Homeland is the eastern countries. It can often be found in Japan.
Especially like gardeners, Stafanandra inflorescences and decorative foliage, which create a unique graceful image. The bush is very delicate, white small and fragrant flowers of 5 mm each, blooming in June-July, give it some lightness. White, pointed petals crowned with a spherical yellow core. The leaves are sharp, light green in color, wavy in cuts. By autumn, they acquire fiery red, yellow, orange, pink shades.
A wide bush reaches a height of 2.5 meters and is the maximum height for an adult plant. In fact, the shrub grows very slowly, in the year its growth is on average 30-50 cm. At the beginning of summer, the Staffanadra blooms and continues to delight with its flowering until the end of August. In the photo you can see clearly the beauty of the plant.
Stephanandra incisa - notched leaf. On the left - a general view of the plant, on the right - inflorescences and leaves.
There are two types of stefanandra:
- Stephanandra incisa - notched leaf,
- Tanakae - tanaki.
Notched leaf is a dwarf version of the bush up to one and a half meters in height. Moreover, they can approach the maximum growth only after thirty years. The leaves of this species are ovate, sharp to the top, located on several sides on a branch. The flowers are small, 5 mm in diameter.
Breeders have deduced a variety of notch-leaved shrub species - Crisp. It is even smaller than its subspecies, reaching a maximum height of 40-50cm. In the garden, among other plants, it looks exclusive, resembles a terry pillow. When the shoots touch the ground, new plants appear. Crispa has leaves, even more dissected in the middle, with an accordion structure. In the autumn leaves are stained. On one sheet you can see a combination of lemon, orange and red.
Tanaka It represents the species of Stefanandra, the bush of which is larger than the previous species. The height of the shrub is 2.5 meters. Foliage is much larger in size, and the shape is similar to the heart, pointed to the top. The inflorescences are also larger and reach ten centimeters.
The best time to land is April. Before the arrival of frost, the plant will take root and grow stronger. Stefanandra loves warmth, sunshine, and windless weather. The best place for landing is windless, warm places. Therefore, this fact must be taken into account. Before planting a bush, you should prepare the soil:
- loves fresh, mineral-rich soil,
- soil mixture includes: leaf soil, peat compost and sand 3: 2: 1,
- if the terrain is too clayy, drainage is needed,
- a layer of sand in the landing pit of 15 cm.
- Dig a hole 0.5 meters deep, 0.6 meters wide
- At the bottom of the pit pour gravel or ground brick
- Pour sand 20 cm
- Add primer
- Plant a bush in the soil
- Plenty of water
The bush loves moisture, so when watering, it is desirable to use rainwater. During the heat, the plant should be watered several times a week.
Caring for the plant is carried out in several stages:
- In early spring to the middle, after the frost discharge, the frozen branches are cut, they prepare the plant for the growth of young shoots.
- In the middle of autumn should insulate the bush with peat and leaves.
A shrub will please the owner with a lush crown if it is well fertilized with humus in the spring or infusion of manure. Humus is added to the trunk circle, and the infusion is watered at the root.
In the spring the plant needs sanitary pruning. Old, frozen, broken branches should be removed. It is necessary to water a plant on sunny places during a heat wave. Weeding from weeds is difficult, due to climbing branches, it is very difficult to get close to the roots. In order for Stefanander to bush, the ends of the branches should be trimmed.
Application in landscape design
Designers have attracted an ornamental plant and they are happy to dilute their gardens, alleys, parks, and others. What can be combined with Stefanander ?:
- decorate the foregrounds for tamping trees and shrubs,
- used to decorate the lawn,
- separate the banks of reservoirs, enclose the slopes,
- combine with plants such as Cossack juniper, mountain pine,
- planted surrounded by historic stones, stone statues,
- Borders, paths, stairs,
- planted along the fence in the suburban areas.
Bench, comfortably framed stefanandry bushes.
Stefanander along the track.
In the shadow of a deaf fence.
As a background for a standard wrinkled rose.
In spring, this area is enlivened by blooming irises, which look great next to the elegant appearance of the stephanandra.
Maplewood ан Alphen’s Globe ’, Stephenandr Krisp, Otto Laurel Cherry.
Reviews of plant gardeners are different, but as practice shows, it is important to just learn how to properly care for shrubs. For many, Stefanander makes you want to acquire an ornamental plant to add some zest to your garden.
Beautiful shrub: delicate foliage, white flowers, very attractive in autumn. Some are interested in whether to cut. You can, but why? Drop down branches look very nice. Tamara, Moscow region
How to use stefanandru in the garden
Stefanander is quite shade tolerant, suitable for growing under trees with a not very dense crown. An ideal background for medium-sized flowering perennials, good in rock arias and on retaining walls, a wonderful tapeworm. Stefanander Tanaka is suitable for creating compositions with other bushes in a pseudo-Japanese garden. Stefanandra can be planted near a garden pond, her weeping crown will look favorably against the background of water.
Types and varieties stefanandry
Stefanander notched leaf (S. incisa). Height 0.5 m, width 2 m. It blooms in June-July with small white flowers with inflorescences-panicles, abundantly and for quite a long time (up to a month). The shape of the crown is elegant, the branches are thin, arched and driven out.
Sorta. Crispa - compact variety, height 0.5 - 0.8 m, width 1.5 m, often used as an elegant ground cover plant. The flowers are white-green, fragrant, the leaves are light green, in the fall yellow or orange. Oro verde - hybrid variety Crispa and stefanandry Tanaka, height 1 m, cream flowers, leaves are larger than those of other varieties.
Stefanander Tanaka (S. tanakae). Height up to 2 m, width up to 3 m. Flowering time - July-August. The leaves are larger than that of s. notched, but more simple form. The flowers are small, greenish, blooming profusely. The leaves are green, in autumn - different shades of yellow, red and orange. Mainly species plants are grown.
Stefanander - landing and care
Landing. The place is sunny, protected from strong winds, possible landing in partial shade. The soil is light, fertile, well hydrated, with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. Superphosphate (40-60 g per bush) or complex mineral fertilizer is applied for planting: nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus - 50-70 g per bush. Mandatory drainage of broken brick or large crushed stone. The distance between plants for group planting is 1.5 - 2 m.
Care. The plant as a whole is unpretentious, well tolerates pollution, rarely affected by diseases and pests. Additional watering is needed only in dry time. Every spring in the spring for better development requires feeding: 0.5 - 1 bucket of humus per bush. During the summer - 1-2 dressing infusion of mullein (1:10). Soil mulching, weeding.
Preparing for the winter. It is desirable to bend young plants for the winter; in adults, the base is spud with peat or dry foliage.
Pruning. In the spring, the frozen branches are removed, the old ones are removed to the base after flowering.
Breeding. Stefanander is propagated by seeds (species plants), green and semi-lignified cuttings, layering, division of the bush. Cuttings and layering take root very easily.
In the wild, there are three main types of stefanands: nadrezolnolistnaya, Tanaki and Chinese. All these plants look quite impressive. However, only two first shrub varieties are suitable for decorating courtyards and gardens in Russia. Chinese stefan an dre, unfortunately, does not differ frost resistance. The notched-leaved and tanaki tolerate even the most severe winters relatively well. Yes, and in the care of these two species rather unpretentious.
Actually the stefanander itself is notched, in turn, also divided into two types. If desired, the garden can grow the usual form of this bush or dwarf. Outwardly, these two species are practically no different. But the dwarf stefan an dre, of course, is much lower than usual.
A typical stephan an anera can reach a height of 2 m. For the dwarf form (Crisp variety), this indicator is 0.5, maximum 1 meter. The main decorative value of both these varieties is their spreading fountain-shaped crown. In the usual form, the latter can reach 2. 5 m in diameter, in the stefanander variety, Crisp's notched leaf is 1. 5 m.
The leaves of both varieties have a dark green shade and an elongated shape. The tip of each strongly dissected plate is pointed. Due to this form of leaves, as well as their unusual arrangement on the branches of the crown of the plant, despite the density, it looks very light and delicate. In the garden, such a plant looks quite unusual and spectacular.
In the autumn, the leaves of the Stefan Andera become brown-red or yellow. As a result, the openwork crown takes on a completely luxurious look.
Stephanander the notched-leaved Crisp, as well as the ordinary, has very thin and flexible arcuate branches. In the dwarf form, because of the sprawling crown, the trunk is usually not even visible. Such a bush looks like a big green “pillow”. Some branches of the dwarf stefanandry spread along the ground. At the same time they can take root, forming new plants.
The main decorative value of this plant, as already mentioned, are the leaves. The flowers of Stefan Andera are small and rather ordinary-looking. However, on the bushes they are collected in inflorescences, so they also look quite impressive and unusual. The smell of the flowers of this decorative culture is quite pronounced and very pleasant. Buds bloom in late May or early June. Stefan anrae blooms for a month.
How to care
This decorative culture looks, thus, actually very effectively. You can be convinced of this by looking at the photos of stefanandry notched leafs presented on this page. In this case, and care for the plant is not too difficult. Like any other shrub, Stefanand needs:
weeding and loosening,
Of course, it is necessary to plant this decorative culture correctly.
How to choose a place
If you wish, plant a steeple grafted notch leaf can be both in a sunny place and in partial shade. However, in the first case, the shrub will develop better. In addition, Stefan en Draa blooms, planted in the sun, better. But at the same time in the bushes growing in the penumbra, the leaves usually have a darker and more saturated color.
In any case, stefan should be planted in a place well protected from drafts and cold winds. The best places for this plant are where the snow can linger. Winters this decorative culture tolerates well. However, in especially severe frosts, the tips of its branches may freeze slightly. The plant is restored after this fairly quickly. However, it is still worth it to be safe and not to expose the plant to icy winds in winter.
Almost any soil is suitable for stefan anadra nadrezannolistnoy. But best of all this decorative culture feels on light fertile land. In any case, the soil should be neutral in acidity.
Stefan an dru should be planted at a distance of at least one and a half meters from other shrubs and trees. Her crown is sprawling, therefore she does not like too close neighborhood.
Stefanander notch leaf: landing
The pit for this plant is prepared as standard: 50 x 50 or 60 x 60 cm. As a filler, a mixture of leafy soil with peat compost and sand is used in a proportion of 2: 1: 1. Install the seedling stefan andrah in the pit so that after filling it root neck remained on the surface. Under no circumstances should it be deepened. Otherwise, the plant will not develop well. Even with mulching, the root neck is supposed to be left outside.
It is possible to propagate this ornamental shrub not only by saplings, but also by summer petioles. Rooted last very well - almost 100%. If necessary, even 5-year-old stefan enry bushes can be replanted in the garden. However, in this case the plants will have to be watered vigorously for about a month until they adapt.
How to water
Ease of cultivation is the difference between stefanander and notched leaf. Planting and caring for her are relatively uncomplicated procedures. However, this plant still has one small drawback. Unfortunately, stefanandra - shrub very moisture-loving. Perhaps that is why this decorative culture has not gained much popularity among Russian gardeners. After all, for example, the same lilac, rowan or bird cherry is not necessary to be watered even in the driest years. The soil under stefanandra in the summer has to be moistened with no precipitation every other day. Too abundant with this plant is not necessary to water. On one bush will be enough two buckets of water. Closer to autumn, watering begins to gradually reduce to two, and then to once a week.
How to fertilize
To the composition of the soil culture, as already mentioned, is relatively undemanding. Practically does not need top dressing. Stefan an druse is usually fertilized with a notched leaf, usually only in spring. In this case, organic or long-acting mineral complex compositions are used.
In order for Stefan Anra to grow well, this procedure should be carried out necessarily. Loosen the shrub after each weeding. The roots of the stefan andry need a lot of air. To conduct loosening of the wheel circle is laid at a depth of at least 10 cm.
Types of Stefanandra
At home, bred two species of this unusual plant.
- Stephane. More than a hundred years ago, the shrub was introduced from Japan. This variety of stefanandra has a beautiful openwork crown. In the conditions of natural growth, the height of stefanandri nadrezanolistnoy is up to three meters, at home the bush grows up to one and a half meters. The plant is characterized by long, thin, almost weightless, openwork shoots, the bark of which is colored brown-red. The leaves of the stefanandre nadrezolnolistnoy elongated, oval, pointed to the tip and extended near the base. The leaves, located on the sterile shoots, have a slightly different structure. They are large in size, have a blade-like shape and serrate edges. From the bottom side the sheet plate is pubescent. Stefanander notch-leaved blooms in June with small white flowers with a greenish tinge, gathered in inflorescences-panicles, which are located at the ends of the branches. At the end of summer on the shrub fruits ripen, in which there are 2 round seeds.
- A variation of this variety is stefanandra crisp, which is a dwarf bush form. The height of an adult plant does not exceed 80 centimeters, and the width of a spreading crown can reach one and a half meters. Most often, this type of landscape designers use as a ground cover plant. The crown of the stefanandry of the notch-leaved crisp is very thick, formed as a result of a strong interweaving of the shoots. The leaves have a strongly dissected shape and wavy edges. The shrub is very beautiful in autumn when its foliage is painted in all shades of red.
- Stefanander Tanaka is a shrub with a height of two meters with a crown, the width of which can reach three meters. Stefanandra Tanaka flowers are small white, during flowering period they effectively cover the entire shrub. Stefanander Tanaka is widespread in Southeast Asia. In Japan, the plant is often planted around the house.
Home care for the plant
Plant care is uncomplicated, because the shrub is unpretentious and uncapulous. In order for Stefanandra to enjoy an attractive appearance, it is necessary to create conditions close to natural.
Lighting and location
Stefanandr responds very well to diffused lighting and loves penumbra. The western and southwestern sides of the garden plot are well suited for its cultivation. In the hot season at noon on the south side, the plant will need a little shade for 2-3 hours. After cloudy weather or lack of light, they gradually accustom themselves to bright light. This is necessary to avoid leaf burn.
Кустарник хорошо переносит загрязненный воздух и загазованность, поэтому его часто используют для озеленения территорий в крупных городах.
Период вегетации стефанандры длится с начала весны до середины осени. Оптимальная температура для активного роста и развития растения,является 20-25 градусов.
Watering plants and moisture
During the growing season, Stefanander needs frequent but moderate watering. It is carried out early in the morning or late in the evening. Watering is carried out as the top layer of soil dries. After that, the soil is mulched with sawdust or shavings. Mulch will help prevent moisture from evaporating. Do not allow excessive waterlogging or drying of the soil.
Soft, warm water is used for irrigation.
Plant transplant and soil
The plant is not demanding on the soil and can grow on poor lands. However, in order to maintain the decorative qualities and the normal growth and development of the shrub, it is necessary to provide a loose, nutritious soil, which is well permeable to moisture.
To form a crown, to make it more dense and bushy, you need to pinch the upper branches. This procedure activates the growth of young shoots and side branches.
Preparing for the winter
Stefanander does not tolerate low temperatures and cold winds in winter, and therefore needs additional shelter. The branches of a bush bend down and cover with spruce branches and sprinkled with earth. In the middle lane without additional protection, the ground part of the plant freezes out, but with the onset of spring it releases young shoots and quickly recovers.
The shrub is propagated in two ways: cuttings and seeds.
Seeds without prior preparation are sown in open ground. Sowing seeds is carried out in April. It is necessary to observe the distance between plantings so that the seedlings do not have to thin out.
Perhaps growing seedlings indoors. But in this case, the plant can be planted on the site only after 6 months. Before planting a plant in a permanent place, you should immediately create a drainage layer of gravel, pebbles and expanded clay. The soil should be light enough, nutritious and air flow well. The nutritional composition is prepared from peat, garden soil and sand.
The cuttings are cut from the mother plant at the beginning of summer and are planted for rooting at the site without prior treatment.
Some varieties of stefanandra have a small height and sprawling crown. Very often, in contact with the soil branches rooted independently. In this case, the rooted young plants are separated from the main bush with a pruner or a sharp knife and transplanted to a new place.
Description of Stefanandra
This deciduous perennial shrub belongs to the Rosaceae family. Originally from East Asia, especially common in Japan and Korea. Adult sprawling shrub reaches dimensions up to 2.5 m in width and height, but the annual growth is small. Decorative shoots, taking the form of an arc under its own weight, create an elegant crown.
Young branches are painted in a reddish-brown color. The leaves are carved, mounted on short stalks alternately. The shape of the leaf plate is ovoid or oval, the ends are pointed. The edges of the sheet can be smooth, with rare teeth or strongly dissected. The leaves are painted in bright light green color, and by the autumn they become yellow, orange.
When does stafanander bloom?
The flowering shrub starts at the beginning of summer and lasts until August. Small flowers with a diameter of up to 5 mm do not gather into inflorescences. Pointed white petals are arranged around a spherical yellow core. The aroma of flowers is pleasant, not intense. In September and October, small leaflets with small spherical seeds begin to ripen. One ovary contains a pair of seeds. When the fruit is ripe, it will open and the seeds will begin to fall.
Growing stefanandra from seed
Stefanandra seeds photo
Stefanander propagated by seeds and cuttings.
Seeds in pretreatment before planting do not need. They are best planted immediately in open ground from mid-spring. It can be sown on seedlings, but in order for the roots to grow strong enough, the transplantation can be done not earlier than 6 months by planting.
- Depth of seeding is 1-2 cm.
- It is better to plant in separate cups, tofy ones are better, so as not to disturb the roots when landing in the ground.
- Grow seedlings on a sunny window with good light.
- Water moderately, as the substrate dries. Discharge excess water from the pan.
- Six months after sowing, seedlings can be planted at a permanent place, pre-hardened within two weeks.
Landing in the ground
Before planting, well loosen and fertilize the soil, immediately lay down drainage with gravel, pebbles, brick chips or coarse sand. If the soil is clay, heavy, planting holes need to fall asleep sand-peat mixture. Maintain a distance between the bushes of at least 1.5 m, otherwise the plants will be crowded. Glue the upper layer with a foliar substrate. Water the bushes moderately so that the roots do not sprout.
Reproduction by layering
Sometimes the side branches bend and touch the ground, they may appear their own roots. You can deliberately prikopat a couple of branches in order to get new bushes. Even additional water is not required: the plant has enough natural rainfall. By the end of the season the branch will give a lot of roots and new shoots. In autumn or spring, separate the young bush from the mother plant and transplant.
Choose a sunny plot for the plant, only slight shading is allowed. The bush will grow well on fertile soils, light sand-peat mixtures are preferable, but can be planted on loams or clay soils, ensuring good drainage.
It is necessary to water often and plentifully. Under one bush, pour about two buckets every 1-2 days. During precipitation, watering is reduced. Keep the balance so that the rhizome does not start to rot, the soil should have time to dry between waterings. About the lack of moisture will say the appearance of the plant: the leaves will begin to wilck and dry.
For active growth and flowering requires regular feeding. Make complex mineral fertilizers and organic (sheet compost, humus, etc.). Mineral subcortex make according to the instructions for use. Humus make in pristvolny circle to a shallow depth (1 bucket of mixture for 1 bush). Leaves or litter compost is added to the root.
Preparation stefanandry for winter
Stefanander tolerates frost well, so no additional shelter is needed for the winter. Only soft stems of young plants recommend to bend down as much as possible to the ground and covered with snow or spruce branches in the case of a snowless winter. With a particularly harsh climate in spring, you can detect frozen ends - just cut them off.
For rejuvenation of the shrub and the formation of a beautiful crown need to be pruned. Thin out the shoots in the middle, because of the narrowness and lack of light, they will drop the leaves and spoil the view. Dig young shoots near the root, remove side shoots.
Stefanander ornamental shrub: planting and care, photo of compositions in the garden
Stephanandra (Stephanandra) in habit is a kind of cap, which consists of branched arcuate shoots of brown-red color, they are spread up to 2.5 meters in width, the same plant can reach in height. The leaves of the shrub have a shape similar to the shape of the leaves of currant, can have either a carved or smooth edge, depending on the variety.
The most common types are Tanaka and Nerreznolnistnaya.
The dwarf variety of notched-leaved stefanandra "Crisp" differs in creeping form of the crown and reaches a height of 0.6 m.
In general, stefanander well decorates a plot both in summer and in autumn, the main thing is for it to take root, and then to take proper care of the plant.
How to propagate stefanander
Everyone can plant stefanander on his plot, nothing complicated about it. This can be done either with the help of seeds or ready-made seedlings, or with the help of cuttings or cuttings - but this is if the shrub is already growing on the site, or is available with friends. Stefanander is considered quite an exotic plant, so its seeds are not so easy to get.
If the seeds of Stefanandra are acquired, the question of the method of cultivation should be solved - seedling or seedless. Many prefer the latter option. The time of planting seeds in open ground is spring, and it is better to plant at the moment when the threat of cold weather is completely gone. In this case, the seeds do not threaten to freeze, and before the winter they reliably take root in the soil. It is noteworthy that when planting seeds of stefanandra in open ground, no stratification is used.
If you choose a seedling method during planting, then it should be taken into account that growing seedlings should last at least six months, during this time the plant will strengthen the roots so that it can be transplanted to a permanent place without fear.
Cuttings are another great way to grow stefanander. In the spring for this use very green cuttings, and in the summer - half-refreshed. It is especially effective to propagate the shrub with summer cuttings, then the survival rate is 90-100%. Cuttings can be left when trimming shrubs. Usually take a one-year or two-year stalk, one edge should be beveled. It is simply dropped in the ground, without the use of any drugs. The main thing is that the soil meets all the requirements of stefanandra.
Although you can put the stalk before planting in any growth promoter that is purchased in the store, and follow the instructions on the package. And after the cutting is stuck in the ground, additionally create a mini-greenhouse for it, using a film or a plastic bottle. Transplant cutting to a permanent place is carried out only next spring.
Another shrub can take root and layering. Often too long shoots of the shrub, under their weight begin to lean to the ground and come into contact with the soil. Then rooting occurs, and absolutely independently. But you can initiate the process, simply prikopav escape and having carried out his watering. Then, this piece of branch is simply transplanted to another location.
Planting stefanandry on the site: choose the right place and prepare the soil
Great attention should be paid to the place and soil for planting Stefanandra. The bush loves light, therefore it is better to choose a place for its landing where the rays of the sun constantly fall. Of course, if there is a partial shade nearby, it does not matter either, but it should be at least diffused. Also, the place where the stefanander will be planted should not be blown by the winds - this is what the plant can die from. Therefore, shrub should be located in a protected part of the site.
As for the soil, fertility and lightness are its important conditions. In any case, before planting, it is necessary to loosen it well, and also add leafy soil and peat compost. If the soil is clayey, heavy, then sand and peat must be added to it. In general, the soil for a plant should have a neutral ph. A very important nuance - the shrub will not be able to settle down and give growth in the absence of drainage.
The first thing to do before planting a stefanandra is not important, this planting will be carried out by seeds, seedlings, saplings, cuttings - this is to arrange a drainage system. It should be at least 15 cm, and in heavy clay soils, and all 25. Arrange it with pebbles, gravel, broken bricks, sand. And only after that comes the layer of earth. The planting pit itself is approximately 50 cm. In addition to the previously prepared soil, 0.5 cups of wood ash should be added to each pit.
When planting stefanandry should maintain a distance between the seeds (bushes) in the 1.5 - 2 meters. Of course, it can be reduced, but in this case the shrub will have to be thinned in the future. After planting, the soil is mulched with a leafy substrate, and mandatory watering is carried out. In the future, crops are watered often, but moderately, neither stagnation nor prettiness should arise.
If a stefanandra seedling is planted, then before placing it in the pit, it must be removed with a clod of earth from the container. For this, the lump is well saturated with water, so that when removing it, the deformation of the roots does not occur. Bottom of the roots should definitely stir up, otherwise they will remain within the coma.
Comprehensive care of stefanandra
To stefanandra decorated the site from early spring to late autumn, you must carefully take care of it. Care consists of several areas:
- Watering. Stefanander is a moisture-loving plant, but in moderation. When excessive watering can rot the roots, which, accordingly, will lead to his death. But the lack of detrimental effect on the shrub, so it must be monitored. If its leaves are a little lowered, you should immediately hold an extraordinary watering. In general, each bush requires several buckets every day. But, depending on weather conditions, the procedure can be carried out once every 2 days. Before each irrigation, experienced gardeners inspect the ground at the root - it should have time to dry out from the previous time. If possible, watering is best done with rain or settled water in the evening. With particularly dry summers, spraying the crown is also carried out.
- Loosening the soil and removing weeds. As already mentioned, Stefanander loves loose soil. Therefore, if you do not pay attention to mulching with organic matter, then it is necessary to carry out regular loosening, to a depth of at least 10 cm, but so as not to damage the roots. Naturally, this also removes weeds that are quite actively attacking the plant. Until the plant has grown, weed should be monitored almost daily.
- Mulching. This method of care contributes to the preservation of moisture in the soil, and also prevents the active growth of weeds. Therefore, it is worthwhile to mulch the ground around the trunk, this is done with the help of peat to a height of 10 cm. If stefanander grows in sunny areas, then mulch is highly desirable.
- Crop. This procedure is carried out annually every spring after the snow melted and began gardening. But the first 3 years do not touch the shrub in this regard. Only for 4, or even 5 years, stefanandr requires sanitary pruning. Pruned pruned, broken, not survived winter shoots. They should be cut without fail and without regret - the shrub will restore its shape in record time.
- Shaping. Formative pruning is carried out not for sanitary purposes, but to give the bush the desired shape. At the same time, excessive thickening and dried rods inside the stephanands, which appear due to lack of light, are removed. Watch and for shoots, which is excessively formed from lateral shoots, spoiling the appearance of the shrub.
- Feeding. Most often, fertilizing plants start to use only in the 3rd year of its existence.
- Promotes active growth of shrubs and abundant flowering fertilizing complex organic fertilizers, but they are best used in the autumn.
- During the summer, it is necessary to carry out one additional feeding with a mullein, before it is diluted in water as 1/10. Can be used as watering.
- Once a season, Stefanander is fed with humus. It is enough 1 bucket, which is necessary to make the soil near the trunk. Make the best in the process of loosening, shallow.
- In early spring, for better growth of the plant, you can feed it with nitrogen-containing fertilizers - nettle infusion, a solution of bird droppings. Organic feeding is carried out no more than once a year. Infusion is prepared in advance: diluted chicken droppings in water as 1/10. The infusion is ready only after a week, it is poured directly under the root. Quantity: 1 root - 12 l. The plant needs such top dressing in early spring right the next year after planting.
- Once a month, the stefanander needs to be watered with the following solution: in a bucket of water we dilute 1 liter of mullein, 0.5 cups of wood ash.
Decorative shrub stefanandra in landscape design
The shrub is very decorative all season, but is especially good in the fall, when the foliage turns yellow, pink and even red. This game of colors looks favorably against the background of conifers and evergreen shrubs (such as boxwood, euonymus, hebe).
Creeping varieties look great on retaining walls and as ground covers.
Upright species and varieties are used to form a hedge.
If you follow all the suggested recommendations, carry out the correct planting and comprehensive care of the stephanandra, it will be a bright decoration of the household plot for a long time.
Stefanander notched leaves is an open shrub up to 1.5 m high and up to 2 m wide. In the wild, this species reaches a much larger size: up to 2 m high, up to 2.5 m wide. Such indicators can be achieved only in 20 -30 years of careful care for the bush. On the red-brown shoots of the plant, alternately opposite each other, there are rounded leaves on the elongated petioles. The species begins to bloom at the end of May, during this period small inflorescences appear on the plant with a light but pronounced odor. Despite the fact that the flowering of the special color does not give the view, in the garden creates a light festive atmosphere. The most colorful shrub looks in the fall. At this time, it changes the usual green color of foliage to dark red and yellowish shades.
Особой популярностью у садоводов пользуется сорт этого вида стефанандра надрезаннолистная crispa. Он известен благодаря своим миниатюрным размерам, что относит его к карликовым кустарникам. Разветвленный кус в высоту не достигает более чем 60 см, а в ширину больше 2 м. Здоровый и взрослый кустарник в саду напоминает своеобразное стелющееся покрывало или огромную подушку. The complex crown “crisp”, which is opaque to sunlight, often spreads horizontally to the soil, which leads to the rooting of young shoots, and as a result, the emergence of new plants. Leaf varieties are particularly aesthetically valuable. They are very cut and have a complex wavy structure.
In autumn, the variety looks particularly bright, because unlike the relatives, the foliage of the plant is colored unevenly, in brighter shades. Red, yellow and orange colors prevail among them.
Stefanander Tanaki has similar dimensions to their relatives. The height of an adult bush is close to 2 m, and the width is up to 2.5 m. The species is known for its large foliage, which is up to 10 cm long. The edges of the leaves are double-fingered, rounded or heart-shaped. In autumn, the leaves change their color to dark red or burgundy tones. Inflorescences have a special size and can reach up to 10 cm in diameter, but individual buds grow no more than 5 mm and have a greenish-cream shade. The bloom of the species begins later the kinsmen for a month. The first flowers appear in early July. A characteristic feature of tanaki is the maroon color of young shoots, which eventually changes to light brown or gray.
Planting and care
In order to cultivate the shrub special skills or conditions are not needed. It is worth noting that the cultivation of stefanandra, planting and caring for it in the open field does not require special knowledge. The plant feels great in any climate, but the winter cycle is important for it; without it, it will be almost impossible to grow a healthy shrub. In the care, the view is also unpretentious, but to grow a spectacular plant you need to know some nondescript but important secrets.
This shrub prefers fresh, nutrient-rich soil. The substrate should consist of 50% of leafy land, 25% of sand and 25% of peat or compost to choose from, but it is better to prepare a peat-compost mixture with equal parts. The soil substrate should not be acidic, the neutral soil is best suited for growing, as in other conditions the plant will develop more slowly. You should take care of the correct light mode, the shrub will feel great in the most lightened place, but the penumbra will not harm it.
The optimal time for planting stefanandry is spring. The best warm days are best for her with an average daily temperature of + 15 ° C. Planting plants in another period will not give results, Stefanander will not have time to take root before the onset of winter cold. Owners of heavy clay soils need to be prepared in advance and provide drainage, as there is no need for excess moisture for the shrub.
In order to properly prepare the future landing site is necessary:
- dig a hole about 50 cm in diameter, the depth should be no more than 60 cm,
- lay the bottom of the pit with brick chips, gravel or fine gravel,
- put a layer of sand about 15 cm above the stone flooring,
- to fill in in advance prepared nutritious substrate.
To do this, prepare a special liquid mixture: in 10 liters of water dissolve 1 kg of half-decomposed mullein, 15 g of ammonium nitrate and 10 g of urea. Liquid consumption for a young plant (up to 10 years old) is about 5 liters per 1 sapling, for an adult (over 10 years old) it is 10-12 liters.
To care for stefanandra even a novice in the field of growing ornamental plants. The main thing is to observe small subtleties in watering and feeding the plant, it is also important not to forget about the correct pruning and preparation of the shrub for the winter cold.
The plant needs frequent watering. The amount of atmospheric moisture that enters the soil to the bush in a natural way is not enough for its full growth. An adult plant needs to be watered with 10-20 liters, the frequency should be 1 time in 2 days. Additionally, stefanander should be watered only in exceptional cases: during the summer drought period, and also after planting or transplanting, during a pull of several days. At this time, it is also important to ensure that the plant is not flooded, as this can lead to rotten diseases, which further leads to the death of the shrub.
Top dressing Stefanandra is very important, because without it you will not achieve a lush and dense crown, as well as its longevity and healthy appearance. For this, it is best to choose the period of active cell division, which falls on the first spring months. In the hotter time, top dressing will not harm, but the plant will not see much advantage from it.
Fertilizing all representatives of the species is ordinary humus, and the plant perfectly responds to the top dressing with infusions. Humus is brought in close proximity to the trunk and lightly added dropwise. Litter infusion poured at the root. For its preparation it is necessary for 10 days in 1 standard bucket (10-12 liters) to insist 1 kg of chicken manure.
The trimming procedure for all stefanandry pass in two stages. The first begins in early spring. All shoots of the bush are diagnosed for frostbitten parts. After that, non-viable shoots are removed to the ground. For this it is best to use a special pruner for shrubs, it will provide an opportunity to carry out the procedure more aesthetically and quickly. To rejuvenate the plant, the old parts are removed closer to the fall. For this is best suited period after the completion of flowering bush. Old branches are removed to the base. Decorative pruning is best done in the spring.
Only young plants (up to 5 years) are suitable for transplantation, adult representatives have a highly developed root system, which cannot be transferred to a new place. Transplantation of young plants is practically no different from the planting of seedlings of shrubs described above. First prepare the well and its bottom, and then put the stephanandra there. The procedure is recommended to be carried out in early spring, no later than the second half of April, since a transplant later will not allow the plant to take root completely before frost.
Stefanadra is a winter-hardy plant, but for a successful and painless passage of this period, the shrub requires special training, especially with regard to Tanaki, since this variety often suffers from severe frosts in the middle climatic zone. In order to minimize the negative impact on the frost shrub, it must be covered.
Young plants cover completely, for this you can use a special cloth for wrapping from polypropylene fiber, leaves or branches of coniferous trees. It is possible to protect adult plants not so seriously, they will be saved from their winter frosts by enveloping the base with fallen leaves or coniferous branches. The best choice is the branches of pine or spruce. Since only they can not only effectively protect against freezing, but also to preserve the exchange of moisture with the environment.
Diseases and pests
Stefanandr refers to this type of shrubs, which are practically not damaged by diseases and pests. In order to ensure a plant a prosperous and healthy existence, it is enough just to adhere to the care guidelines described above. If the shrub shows signs of gray mold disease, it is recommended to treat the plant with any preparation of complex fungicidal action.
Stefanander in garden design
Stefanander notched leaf in landscape design photo
Lush waterfalls branches decorate the slopes, the shores of a small pond. Light foliage is perfectly combined with the darker color of other plants, in spring and summer it will be an excellent background for bright flowering letniki. In autumn, orange-red foliage contrasts well with coniferous and evergreen crops.
Stefanander in the fall gets a beautiful golden hue photo
Stefanander is good in central positions in a flower garden as a tapeworm. Low-growing bushes without tying up can effectively cover the lawn, like a ground-cover plant. Tall bushes are good as a hedge. Any variety is suitable for park, urban landscaping in mixborders.
Stephanadra notched leaf stephanandra incisa
Stephanandra incised leaf stephanandra incisa crispa photo
The shrub reaches a height of 1.5-2 m, and a width of 2-2.5 m, but grows slowly and can gain the specified dimensions by the age of 25-30 years. Casting openwork, deeply dissected, located on short petioles on both sides in the same plane from the branch as a fern, which increases the decorative effect. Particularly elegant bushes in the fall, when the foliage becomes brown-red tint. Since the end of May, the plant begins to be covered with small flowers, emitting a delicate aroma. The petals are greenish in color, the inflorescences do not have a particular decoration, but they give the bush some charm. Flowering lasts a month.
Crisp is a breed of stefanandra nadrezolnolistnoy derived from botanists Bush refers to the dwarf. On average, the height of the plant is 50-60 cm, and the width is about 2 m. The shoots intertwine, bend in an arc, forming an opaque solid crown, which creates the look of a thick pillow or pouf. The leaves are even more dissected with a wavy or folded structure. In autumn, the color becomes interesting, non-uniform in the form of red-brown, orange and yellow spots. Flowering is identical to the original form.
Stefanandra Tanaka or Tanake Stephanandra tanakae
Stefanand Tanaki or Tanake Stephanandra tanakae photo
The adult shrub reaches a width of 2.5 and a height of about 2 m. The leaves are much larger: they are fastened separately on petioles up to 1.5 cm long, and they themselves reach a length of about 10 cm. The shape of the leaves is heart-shaped, pointed, double-blade edges. Bottom veinlets are covered with rare down. In autumn, the leaves become brown, purple, burgundy shades. The inflorescence is also larger, with a diameter of up to 10 cm. Flowering lasts from July to August. Petals have a cream-green color, the middle is yellow with filamentous stamens. The branches of young plants are covered with burgundy-brown bark, and over the years it becomes light brown, gray.
Cut stefan an drua, of course, necessary. However, the crown of this ornamental shrub itself has a rather beautiful and neat shape. Therefore, cut incised stefan an another is usually not too strong. In early spring, they simply sanitize the bush. At the same time, all frozen or dried branches are removed. You can also remove incorrectly growing crown.
Setfanander in landscape design
Used in gardens, this ornamental shrub is usually used as a backdrop for flower beds with perennials. Particularly spectacularly, Stefan Enra looks close to lush flowers. For example, very often this shrub is planted next to peonies.
Also, sometimes stefanander in landscape design is used as a foreground plant in tree plantings. This shrub also looks very good in single plantings. The dwarf form of the stefanandra of the notched-leaved Crispa is sometimes also used as a groundcover in tree plantings or in large flower beds.