Mordovnik (or Echinops) is a genus of perennial (sometimes annual) prickly herbaceous plants from the Astrovye family (or Compositae).
The plant got its name for the appearance of spherical heads with needles: for example, in Latin, Echinops means “hedgehog look” (or “similar to a hedgehog”).
This medicinal plant acquired its Russian name in honor of the Mordovian people. In addition, the name of the plant is associated with the word "mordaty", and all due to the round-headed form of the inflorescence of mordovnik.
Earlier in Russia, this plant was referred to under such names as the hedgehog of a hedgehog and a hedgehog, as well as Mordvinik, a shootout and a queen. But today these names either have completely lost their meaning, or are used to designate other plants. For example, Ezhovnik (or Echinochloa) is a grass from the family of cereals, whereas Tatarnik (Onopordum) belongs to the genus of closely related plants from the Compositae family.
What does mordovnik look like?
Echinops - a plant whose height varies from 30 cm to 2 m, forms bushes from fairly dense and hard stems, which are covered with gray-green lobed leaves, the ends of which have small thorns.
Straight and prickly stalks of a plant are most often solitary, although there are specimens in which there are several. The fleshy stem stem can be pubescent.
The leaves of Mordovnik are spiny (or rather jagged along the edge) and pinnately dissected (plants can be found with whole leaves). The leaves are arranged in a regular manner, with the leaves forming a dark green color at the top, and white-tomentose leaves below. Radical leaves are petiolate, while the rest are sessile.
The flower of the plant has a corolla of white color, dark blue anthers, and also light blue leaflets-wrappers (for the predominance of white and blue flowers, mordovnik is popularly called “white tarnik” or “blue-headed”).
The flowers of the plant are collected in spherical or oblong capitate inflorescences, the diameter of which is 3-5 cm.
It should be noted that Mordovnik differs from other representatives of the Compositae family by its inflorescence: thus, numerous single-flowered Mordovnik baskets are concentrated in a spherical basket of the second order, the wrapper of which is invisible and consists of small bristle-shaped leaves. Thus, each flower is “dressed” in a wrapper of many leaves and bristles, whereas the inflorescence itself, which is a spherical basket, does not have a common wrapper.
The fruits of mordovnik are achenes with a cupped tuft of a cylindrical shape, the length of which is 6 mm.
The seeds of the plant contain a large amount of fatty oil, characterized by a delicate pleasant aroma and lack of smell. Mordovnik oil is one of the best vegetable fats, it does not harden even at a temperature of –20 degrees.
Medicinal species of mordovnik
There are more than 60 species of mordovnik, only growing in Russia, and there are about 120 of them in total. In one degree or another, they all have healing properties, but official medicine recognized only some types of mordovnik:
- Sharogolovy or round-headed,
Mordovnik ordinary is a beautiful honey plant, large, fragrant flowers attract bees all summer, with the ability to excrete nectar, regardless of the weather.
Some plant species grow flower growers for decorative purposes: large, ideally-round blue balls of Echinops perfectly decorate any flower garden or flower bed.
Dried flowers of Mordovnik use florists to create compositions for murals and dry winter bouquets.
Properties of mordovnik and its application for medicinal purposes
In the grass of Mordovnik sharogolovogo contains several types of alkaloids: alpha - echinopsin, beta - echinopsin, echinopsin, 1-methylquinolone-4-imide, echinopsin - fluoroscein, a very fatty oil (26-28%). Alkaloid echinopsin according to the results of exposure is similar to strychnine. In contrast, it is easier, softer, has fewer contraindications.
The most widespread Mordovnik ordinary, therefore, for medical purposes often use it is the fruit. Echinopsin, which it contains, has the ability to increase the excitability of the reflexes of the spinal cord, tone the skeletal muscles, restores physical and nervous functions, improves mood, gives strength and vigor. It slightly increases the tone of blood vessels, in large doses has the opposite effect: lowers blood pressure.
Nitrate salt preparation (Echinopsine form) administered intramuscularly or in tablet form with muscle atrophy, peripheral paralysis, chondrosis, optic nerve atrophy, with vascular dystonia, plexitis. Especially well proven echinopsine drugs during the rehabilitation of patients after radiation therapy.
Due to its high fat content, seed oil has found its application in cosmetology and technology, as a lubricant, it is unique in that it does not freeze at very low temperatures.
Mordovnik treatment in folk medicine
In informal medicine preparations mordovnika take as a diaphoretic with colds and a diuretic, used for headaches, dystrophy, for skin diseases. Since Echinacea ordinary is more common, healers usually use it for their drugs.
In alternative medicine are used not only the fruits, but also the above-ground parts, the roots and rhizomes of Echinops.
In its own way, grass is unique and miraculous.. Where official medicine sets a sentence, Mordovnik patiently, slowly, but effectively helps to fight very complex diseases. This is not a panacea, but the reviews on the use of the plant speak for themselves. If there are no contraindications, you should heed the advice of experienced herbalists.
Folk healers to stimulate the nervous system and the treatment of parotitis, atherosclerosis, multiple sclerosis, paralysis, epilepsy, malaria, sexual weakness are recommended by the following recipes:
- infusion: 5 g of seeds pour 200 g of boiling water and insist on a steam bath for 10 minutes, then insist another 30 minutes, take 25 g. 20-30 minutes before meals three times a day. The course of treatment is 3-4 weeks, then a break for 10 days and you can repeat,
- decoction: 1 tsp seeds or 4 - 5g.g. Pour a 250-gram glass of water and boil for 2 minutes, then wrap and infuse for an hour. Method of administration in the same way as the infusion
- tincture: 50 g of seeds, this is approximately 2/3 cup, 0.5 liters of vodka or alcohol diluted with distilled water up to 45 degrees of alcohol are poured in, a month is infused in a dark place, it is necessary to shake it periodically. The tincture is taken in the morning on a lean stomach, 30 minutes before breakfast, one teaspoon for four months, then a ten-day break and repeat. For the treatment of multiple sclerosis, it is necessary to repeat the use of Mordnikov tincture constantly. The same tincture is used for paralysis rubbing of the spine and affected areas.
- tincture for external use: 200 g of vodka 1 tablespoon of seeds is poured, infused for 2 weeks. Lubricate the psoriasis affected skin with the prepared solution. In a week they will noticeably brighten, and the full effect will come in a month.
- compresses from steamed grass of mordovnik ordinary or sharogolovogo can be used together with a string for the treatment of psoriasis, boils and other skin diseases,
- decoction of the roots is used as an external remedy for skin diseases, and inside in the form of decoctions as a sedative for headaches and insomnia. To do this, pour a teaspoon of dried and ground roots and rhizomes with a glass of boiling water, wrap and soak under the fur coat for an hour. The resulting infusion is drunk throughout the day in equal portions,
- Honey, besides amazing taste and delicate aroma, also has healing properties, it is good for insomnia, catarrhal diseases, exhaustion, headaches, as a general tonic.
In Eastern folk medicine, Eupion Daurian is used internally in the form of a decoction as a hemostatic agent, and externally in the form of ointments and patches for skin diseases.
Contraindications to the use of mordovnik sharogolovogo
Mordovnik ordinary and sharogolovy toxic and any excess of the recommended dose is unacceptable. If the plant contains alkaloids, it will definitely have contraindications.. In this case, it is:
- pregnancy and lactation period
- thyroid dysfunction,
- asthma and other respiratory diseases,
In case of poisoning or overdose there is a headache, nausea, fever.
Collection and preparation of raw materials
Seeds of mordovnika sharogolovogo and ordinary harvested as ripening seed pods, that is, from mid summer to autumn. The roots are usually dug up after the end of the growing season and even later.
When collecting seeds, you must follow the simplest safety rules. The plant has small hairs that fall off in the fall and can cause irritation, so you need to collect them in rubber gloves. Seeds are scattered in the shade in a windless place, the roots can be dried in a dryer. Store medicinal raw materials are allowed up to 3 years.
Mordovnik ordinary propagated by seeds, unpretentious and well acclimatized on the garden plots, simultaneously performing two functions: decorative and healing.
Where does mordovnik grow?
Mordovnik is widespread in the Iberian Peninsula, in southern Europe, partly in Central and Asia Minor, in North Africa, in Ukraine, in Iran and Afghanistan.
On the territory of Russia, this plant can be found in the steppes of the European part of the country, in the Pre-Caucasus, as well as in the south of Western Siberia.
Mordovnik prefers to "settle" on the slopes of hills, in the steppe, along the banks of rivers, in wastelands, on the edges in the midst of shrubs and in ravines.
This drought-resistant and frost-resistant plant is not demanding on the soil.
Preparation and storage of mordovnik
Mordovnik harvesting can be carried out only in areas where it is widely distributed. So, every year residents of the Caucasian part of our country harvest up to several tens of kilograms. The number of places where it grows, is becoming less due to the use of flat surfaces for planting perennial forests. The collection should be blue flowers, which in diameter range from 3 to 5 cm, the fruit-seeds. Flowering period - from July to August, begins to bear fruit in late August - early September.
The greatest interest in terms of procurement is the round-headed Mordovnik, which can reach a height of up to 1.5 m. This species, as well as Russian Mordovnik, is often grown on plantations by pharmaceutical companies, and the harvest begins when the height of the plants reaches a height of 0.6 m After harvesting, all the extracted parts of the plant are dried in the open air at low humidity. As soon as the basket of mordovnik begins to disintegrate, the drying process ends. Baskets are destroyed with the help of special technical devices, called clover seedlings, while seeds are harvested in pure form with the help of blowers.
If you disassemble the components of the chemical composition of the plant, it is rich in fatty oils, triterpenoids and flavonoids. Also present are tannins, coumarins, rutin, steroids, vitamin C, rubber, saponins, higher aliphatic hydrocarbons.
In the seeds of the plant there is echinopsin, in the amount of two percent of the total mass. This substance is a valuable alkaloid.
Having such an impressive supply of useful chemicals, medicinal plant has such healing properties as:
- anti-inflammatory and hemostatic property,
- diaphoretic and diuretic,
- diuretic and wound healing,
- stimulating and tonic.
- detoxification of blood during intoxication,
- withdrawing a patient from a hypotonic crisis,
- return to the walls of the circulatory system of elasticity lost with age,
- recovery of wounds and mechanical damage to the skin,
- enhance weakened immunity
- withdrawal from depression,
- treatment of the mentally retarded,
- in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and myopathy.
The medicinal properties of mordovnik are not fully understood, but everything that is known to medicine about this herb makes us treat it with respect and seriousness.
Before embarking on such treatment, you need to consider that for this patient there may be contraindications. Therefore, it is imperative to consult a doctor. If you decide on the use of folk recipes without the approval of a doctor, the responsibility for the consequences of such self-treatment lies with you.
How to use:
- Typically, the healing tincture of the healing perennial is recommended to be taken orally. For external use gadgets are recommended. They are made with dermatological diseases.
- The infusion of mordovnik ordinary is taken orally for epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, muscular atrophy, hysteria, exhaustion, facial paralysis and atherosclerosis.
In folk medicine
Traditional medicine offers many recipes from the herb mordovnika with healing properties from various diseases.
Two teaspoons of seeds are poured into a container that does not allow light (you can take a bottle of dark glass), then pour 100 grams of undiluted medical alcohol into the seeds. The container is sealed tightly and set to infuse for 21 days.
When the alcohol tincture is ready, it is filtered through cheesecloth. You need to take the medicine twice a day, 20 drops at a time.
Two teaspoons of mordovnik seeds are poured into a thermos, poured there a glass of boiled water and, closing, insist night.
You can make an infusion without using a thermos, brew the seeds in a saucepan, cover it with a tight lid and wrap it until the morning. In the morning the infusion is ready. Before applying the water infusion for its intended purpose, it must be drained from herbal litter.
This portion is drunk in three doses, at approximately equal intervals throughout the day. You can enhance the effect of the infusion and in the preparation add two teaspoons of finely chopped steppe feather grass to the seeds of mordovnik.
To prepare measure out:
- a tablespoon of mordovnik seeds,
- three tablespoons of oregano,
- three tablespoons of peppermint,
- four tablespoons of lemon balm.
Herbs mix thoroughly. From the obtained herbal mixture, measure into the dishes, where the infusion will be infused, three tablespoons of the resulting herbal platter. Pour a glass of boiling water, wrap and insist for four hours. Next, filter the infusion. The liquid (infusion) cleared of a grass is mixed with a glass of spirit tincture from buds of a black poplar. Tincture is ready. Optionally, you can add shredded horseradish root (100 g) to the tincture.
Store in a cool, dark place. For treatment, moisten the folded tissue several times with tincture and attach it to the sore spot. Cold compresses from this tincture are applied to the skin for 10 minutes. Not more!
They are used for radiculitis, inflammation of the joints, plexitis, osteochondrosis, arthrosis, arthritis, inflammation of the facial nerves. Compressing frequency - up to three times a week.
For beekeepers, it is no secret that the juggerhead is a great honey plant, from which bees can collect honey bribes of 1 ton per hectare.
Beekeepers interested in good honey plants disperse this perennial by hand as soon as the opportunity presents itself. Nectar stands out from the blossoming mordovnik in any weather, and its outflow is not limited to the morning hours, the movement of nectar is equally intense throughout the daylight hours.
The diameter of the inflorescence of mordovnik reaches 4–6 cm. A well-developed perennial can have up to 20 peduncles. Sharogolovy mordovnik serves for bees as an inexhaustible source of flower pollen, it is abundantly covered with flowers. Bees are buzzing all day long over the plants.
Collection and storage of raw materials
All traditional perennial parts (roots, seeds, and aboveground herbal parts) are listed in traditional medicine recipes.
Harvesting of seeds begins in the fall, usually in September, when the testes of the plant mature well. Dried fruits with seeds, rhizomes (washed from the ground) and the stems of the plant in a shaded place where there is a draft.
From the grass parts and seed plants small brooms are tied, the roots are tied up to the dryer one by one. Often, improvised dryers arrange, tying bunches of grass under the canopy of a shed or porch.
You can dry the plant collection in the oven or oven, but you need to remember that the herbs are dried at an air temperature not higher than 50 degrees. Exceeding the thermal threshold deprives perennial medicinal properties. Immediately before use, the seeds of mordovnik medicinal shake out of the dried seed chambers. It is possible to use the collected herbs and seeds of mordovnik for two years, during this time they retain healing power.
Перед тем как собирать семена токсичного растения или делать лекарственные настои из него, следует вспомнить, что оно еще не до конца изучено.
И то, что многолетник является ядовитым растением, должно немного остановить горячих приверженцев народной медицины от необдуманных поступков. Only a doctor can prescribe treatment with such a dangerous herb, determine the method of treatment and the dose that will not cause the patient to become poisoned.
Types of mordovnik
There are more than 120 species of mordovnik, of which 60 in wild form grow on the territory of Russia.
For therapeutic purposes, the following types of mordovnik are equally used:
More about them and talk below.
Mordovnik sharogolovy (round-headed)
Echinops round-headed (E. sphaerocephalus) is a plant whose height reaches 120-150 cm. The stem, like the branches, ends in large, single-spaced inflorescences of spherical shape, the transverse length of which reaches a mark of 4-7 cm.
Leaves of mochahead are deeply cut into so-called "sharp" blades. The edges and top of the leaves are spiky. The upper leaves of the mordovnika Sharogolovogo are rough, while the lower ones are narrowed into a rather long petiole. Large inflorescences of the correct form are located on the top of the stem.
The rhizome of the plant is spindle-shaped.
Mordovnik fruits are achenes covered with bristles and enclosed in wrappers. Achenes are decorated with bristly tuft.
Mordovnik sharogolovy blooms from June to July.
In small dosages, this plant has a general tonic effect. In addition, drugs from mordovnika round-headed in small doses increase the pressure with hypotension. The alkaloid echinopsin, which is part of the plant, is used in medicine in the treatment of muscular atrophy, peripheral paralysis and paresis, and radiculitis.
Mordovnik ordinary (Russian)
Mordovnik ordinary (E. ritro) differs from the sharogolovogo in that it reaches a height of 40 - 60 cm, has smaller inflorescences, heads and corolla blue. The fruits of this plant ripen in September.
Previously, the concept of "ritro" was used as a generic epithet denoting various types of mordovnik that grew in the territory of southern Europe. Today, Echinops ritro is allocated to a separate species of mordovnik.
This perennial herb has a low branchy but thick taproot.
White-stem simple stem forks at the top.
The next leaves of the plant in length reach 6-20 cm (basal leaves are longer). On top of the dark green leaves are bare or slightly cobweb, and from the bottom - white-tomenteral and oblong. The leaves of mordovnik ordinary, as well as all other species, are prickly on the edge.
The length of the tubular flowers is 2 cm. The flowers of Mordovnik ordinary are collected in a single-flowered basket, having a multi-row wrapper, which consists of three types of leaves:
1. The outer leaves are bristle-shaped wrappers (they are somewhat shorter than the inner ones).
2. The middle leaves, located at the apex and almost equal in length to the outside, are characterized by a rhombic shape (they taper towards the base).
3. The inner leaves, having a lanceolate form, are bare and pointed along the keel, and ciliated along the edges.
Flowers of this species of mordovnika are collected in a rather large spherical and many-flowered (up to 200 flowers) head, which does not have a common wrapper. The heads are placed singly at the very ends of the stem and branches.
Preparations of mordovnik ordinary are used for diseases of the central nervous system, physical and mental fatigue, headaches. Also, this plant shortens the process of eliminating the effects of radiation damage.
Echinops latifolius (this is the official name of the broadleaf mordovnik) grows in the steppes of Eastern Siberia, China and Mongolia.
This perennial reaches a height of about 30 - 75 cm in height. Its loosely branchy simple stem is downy at the bottom, and practically felt from above.
The length of the leaves is 20 cm, and the width is 10 cm.
The blue flowers of the plant delight with their beauty in May, and this species of Echinops bears fruit in June.
Mordovnik broadleaf in its appearance and properties similar to Mordovnik ordinary and round-headed.
For therapeutic purposes, mainly used are the roots, rhizomes and inflorescences of the broadleaf mordovnik in the treatment of skin diseases, rheumatism, purulent tumors, diseases of the liver and bile ducts.
The inflorescences of the plant are part of the fees used in pneumonia.
Compresses for arthritis, osteoarthritis and osteochondrosis
Mordovnik fruits mixed with grass oregano and mint with lemon balm (1: 2: 4). Pour the mixture with boiling water for 1 tbsp. l in a ratio of 3: 1. Put on the fire and boil. After cool and add a glass of infusion from the buds of poplar (aspen) in a glass of infusion of mordovnik. Compresses of this tool do at night every two days.
Treatment of paralysis
- Mordovnik seeds - 1 tsp
- Wild rose berries - 2 tsp
- Melissa - 2 tsp
- Heather - 2 tsp
- Oregano - 4 tsp
- Hawthorn - 4 tsp
Pour 1 cup boiling water over 2 tbsp of collection and boil for 10 minutes over low heat. Remove and insist hour. Strain and squeeze. Add broth to a volume of 250 ml (water should be boiled). Take 1/4 cup 3 times a day, half an hour before meals. Duration of treatment is 2 months. After a week break.
Important! Many recipes of traditional medicine with mordovnik are taken only after consulting a doctor and only for certain diseases. For prevention, they are prohibited! With small doses of mordovnik drugs, the pressure increases, and with an increase - decreases. If you have problems with pressure, it is better to refrain from use.
The use of mordovnik in other areas
Mordovnik ordinary - profitable plant culture. It can be used as feed for livestock and silage. The collection is made in the first year after planting, when the spines are still not fully formed. For greater productivity plant annuals. And over the summer, you can collect about 700 centners from one hectare of finished feed.
Mordovnik - one of the best honey plants. And indeed it is. Echinops nectar contains about 70% of sugar, it stands out a lot. And on one bush about 10-16 inflorescences with several thousand flowers. The numbers are large, and honey is obtained up to 12 centners per hectare, which is quite a lot. And to taste it is not inferior to the rest of the plants - honey plants.
Mordovnik is an oil plant. It contains more than 50% fatty oil, reminiscent in taste almond. And from which the highest quality vegetable oil is obtained. With ha goes about 12 c. And at the same time the plant is unpretentious to weather conditions and soil - it doubles its profitability.
As mentioned earlier, mordovnik is popular among design projects. It can be combined with many plants, dried for decoration, decorate their paths (and unpretentious in flowerbeds). All that will allow the imagination! You can come up with this interesting and beautiful plant.
Application in everyday life
Oil is extracted from the seeds of mordovnik, which is widely used in engineering - to reduce friction, as well as to dilute grease and other viscous liquids.
Mordovnik ordinary is often grown on personal plots as an ornamental plant because of its bright colors. Otherwise, this plant is used as a therapeutic, including in traditional medicine.
Composition and therapeutic properties of mordovnik
- The greatest benefit is the substance echinopsin, used to restore the central nervous system after stress and other conditions bordering on mental breakdowns and psychosis.
- As a prophylactic, it relieves headaches, improves mood, and contributes to an increase in physical as well as mental performance.
- The remaining beneficial elements of mordovnik are widely used as a muscle stimulator. The main scope of application - at the following diseases: radiculitis, paralysis of various nature, hypotension, sclerosis.
- Another useful function is the removal of radiation from the body.
- Oil obtained from the fruit, is used as an anti-inflammatory agent, as well as, with heavy bleeding in the absence of appropriate medications and drugs.
Water tincture of mordovnik for the treatment of neuritis, paralysis and sexual weakness
Take one teaspoon of crushed seeds of this plant, fill them with 300 ml of water, then put on a slow fire. After the water starts to boil, you mark it for 15 minutes, then remove it from the stove. The smell will not be very pleasant, but this infusion helps very well. After that, the broth should be allowed to cool for 2 hours, then strain. Eat at any time (not tied to a meal) 3-4 times a day, 2 tablespoons.
Alcohol tincture with muscular atrophy
Take 100 ml of ethyl alcohol, add 1 teaspoon of mordovnik seeds there, and then insist for 2 weeks in a dark place. It requires periodic (every 3-4 days) shaking tincture for better preparation. After it is ready, it is necessary to use 15 drops 2 times a day half an hour before meals. The term for taking tincture of mordovnik is 3-4 weeks, after which a 1-month break is needed.
Alcohol tincture for psoriasis
Take 1 tablespoon of ground seeds of mordovnik and place them in 250 ml of alcohol (or 400 ml of vodka). Insist for 2 weeks, then abundantly wet with damaged cotton swabs or gauze bandages. The term for receiving such procedures is 4 weeks, after which a break for 4-6 weeks should be taken. The effect is observed after 2-3 months, but already in the first week the sensitivity of such areas damaged by psoriasis improves.
Mordovnik infusion for the treatment of hypotension
Take 50 grams of dried, shredded root of this plant and fill them with 100 ml of 70% alcohol. It is necessary to insist for 2 weeks, then eat every day. A single dose is 1/2 teaspoon, with the maximum amount of such use per day - 3 times half an hour before meals. The effect comes at the beginning of the 2nd week. There is also an improvement in well-being. Take this infusion before it ends (on average, this is 1 month), and then take a break for at least 6-8 weeks.
Mordovnik tincture for inflammation of the trigeminal nerve
Take 100 g of dried heads of flowers and fill them with 1000 ml of alcohol (96% is possible, but preferably 70%). Insist at room temperature protected from the rays of the sun for 1 month. Admission is as follows. In 50 ml of boiled cooled water add 20 drops of infusion with a pipette. Drink before meals 2-3 times a day. The effect comes only for 3-4 months of use, and do not forget to take breaks in the reception for 2-3 weeks every 3-4 weeks.
Mordovnik belongs to the perennial, less commonly found as an annual herb. In the genus, there are about 190 species that are distributed in Europe, Asia and Africa. In the vastness of Russia it grows mainly in the steppe zones, can also be found in the southern part of the country and Siberia. The following types of mordovnik are most common:
• white stalk,
In the wild form is more common Mordovnik ordinary. People gave him interesting names: cool Adam's head, blue ball, etc.
From mordovnik ordinary little differently mordovnik sharogolovy. Only by all useful indicators it is much higher. Tsvetonosy sharogolovogo mordovnik sometimes reach a height of 2 m. The heads of the inflorescences in diameter of about 6 cm, very decorative, bluish-silver.
Growing mordovnika from seeds
First you need to know how this plant can be grown. Given that this is a perennial grass, it is necessary to choose a landing site so that in subsequent years the beds with mordnikov will not interfere with other plantings. The plant already in the second year can grow to three or more meters in height.
One of the ways in which mordovnik ordinary reproduces is to grow from seed. Before sowing, they are stratified and sown in the fall in prepared boxes of soil. Leave under the snow for the entire winter. Upon the arrival of spring, taking the seeds from the boxes, sow them in the beds. It is better to do this when carrots are sown.
Sow the seeds in the grooves, which are apart from each other at a distance of up to 30 cm, to a depth of 2 cm. The crops can be covered with a film for better germination. During the emergence of sprouts to maintain soil moisture. Mordovnik ordinary bloom can under favorable conditions in the second year. Duration of flowering - about 45 days. But getting a beautiful ornamental plant when sowing seeds does not always work. Therefore, it is better to use the method of grafting.
Mordovnik in the economy is not particularly used. He is also not considered a malicious weed. In the villages of the Orenburg region there is a belief that if you hang a bouquet of mordovnik above the entrance door, no evil force will enter the house.
The aboveground part of the plant is widely used as an organic fertilizer, because the grass has many trace elements. Echinops purple is often used by florists to compose winter bouquets. Amateur gardeners plant this plant in gardens as an ornamental thanks to its attractive ball-shaped inflorescences.
Mordovnik seeds are widely used in engineering. Of them get the oil, which can be diluted with grease and viscous liquids. It is also used to reduce the friction of technical parts.
Mordovnik ordinary - honey grass
This very high perennial plant is endowed with impressive nectar productivity. Beekeeping textbooks in Soviet times wrote that it is 1100-1200 kg per hectare. This indicator remained stable every year, with the exception of periods of plant freezing.
The aroma of flowers strongly attracts bees with its fragrance. Nectar stands out even in adverse summer. Efficiency of mordovnika honey is about 300 kg per hectare.
Mordovnik ordinary and its medicinal properties
Traditional medicine has found the use of Mordovnik for medicinal purposes. It is used as a tonic and fortifying agent. People suffering from hypotension and hypertension, when taking drugs from this plant increases efficiency and well-being. Echinops is used to treat dermatitis and lung diseases.
The roots of the plant also have healing properties. They are used as a diuretic and diaphoretic. Drugs from Mordovnik root are effective in treating infectious hepatitis and intermittent fever. For pleurisy, respiratory infections and headaches, inflorescences are more commonly used. They also have a positive effect during the treatment of epilepsy, malaria and mental illness, as well as gastroenteritis.
Chinese medicine highly appreciated Mordovnik ordinary for its hemostatic and anti-inflammatory properties. During the study of the galenical form of the plant, a positive effect on the nervous system was proved. During the intake of the tincture, vasodilation occurs, the amplitude of heart contractions increases.
There is evidence that this simple plant has shown good results in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and facial nerve paralysis. In addition, it helps to quickly eliminate the effects of radiation damage.
Recipes of traditional medicine
Here are a few recipes, following which, you can prepare the drugs yourself, without special training, and without any special conditions:
1. Water tincture of mordovnik seeds. At the beginning of preparation, the seeds must be crushed. Then pour a teaspoon of raw materials with 300 ml of water and put on a quiet fire. After 15 minutes after boiling remove from the stove and leave to cool for two hours. After that, strain. The smell will be unpleasant, but the healing effect of the infusion is very good. Take, regardless of the meal, 3-4 times a day, 2 tbsp. spoons. This is a very effective treatment for sexual weakness, as well as paralysis and neuritis.
2. Alcohol tincture. For its preparation in 100 ml of ethyl alcohol you need to add a teaspoon of mordovnik seeds and leave in a dark place for two weeks. Every 3-4 days shake tincture. The finished drug to take 15 drops 2 times a day, always after meals. Duration of treatment tincture - about a month. If necessary, repeat after a month's break.
3. Special alcohol tincture for the treatment of psoriasis. To make it, you will need 400 ml of vodka or 250 ml of alcohol, in which you need to place a tablespoon of crushed mordovniki fruits. After 2 weeks of infusion with a cotton swab with a ready solution, wet skin areas affected by psoriasis. The effect of treatment will be noticeable after 2-3 months, and improvement occurs in the first week.
4. Description of prescription for the treatment of hypotension. 50 g of crushed dry plant root is added to 100 ml of pure alcohol. Infused 14 days. After this period, use every day for 0.5 tsp 3 times a day for half an hour before eating.
Taking into account the reviews of healers, doctors and those who have been healed thanks to the power of Echinops, it can be argued that this is a miraculous herb. The main thing is to use it correctly for the benefit of health. They say about mordovnika ordinary that he worked well during the treatment of the effects of stroke, atherosclerosis, and as an anesthetic.Некоторые люди смотрят на него с опасением, боятся рисковать. Рисковать и не нужно: консультация лечащего врача поможет вам узнать, можно ли применять в данном случае лечение мордовником. Человек, который борется со своей болезнью, применяя разные средства, обязательно выйдет победителем в этой нелегкой борьбе.
Сбор и хранение мордовника
For medicinal purposes, use seeds (fruits), the roots and rhizomes of Mordovnik (all of the above types).
Seeds are harvested from late August to early September. The inflorescences are cut with scissors, and then laid out in the shade in one - two layers to dry, which is carried out outdoors in windless places.
Dried heads of the mordovnik are frayed to extract peeled seeds. The end of drying is determined by the degree of decay of the baskets.
Properly dried fruits of mordovnika, covered with adherent hairs, have an oblate-fusiform shape, a yellow-gray outer color and a grayish-white inner. The smell of mordovnik fruit resembles the smell of sunflower seeds.
The roots of the plant, cleared from the ground, dried in the open air or in dryers at a temperature of 50 degrees.
Raw materials are stored in fabric bags in well ventilated places.
The shelf life of the fruit - one year, the roots - two years.
Important! In the process of collecting and cleaning the fruits of mordovnik should work in a gauze bandage, gloves and goggles, since getting hair from the seed to the mucous membranes and skin can cause itching and burning.
Seeds of all species of mordovnik contain fatty oil and echinopsin, which have a beneficial effect on the work of the central nervous system.
Preparations based on the seeds of the plant are used in folk medicine for hypotension, atherosclerosis, muscle weakness, heart failure and psoriasis (in the latter case, it is recommended to use mordovnik in conjunction with a string, airom, hunters and celandine).
In a small dose, the ripe fruits of mordovnik have a mild tonic effect without any side effects.
The use of mordovnik in folk medicine
When exhaustion, neuritis, muscle atrophy, as well as paresis, paralysis, sclerosis, the following decoction will help.
1 tsp the fruit of mordovnik is poured with a glass of water and boiled for one or two minutes. Next, the broth is infused for half an hour, and then filtered and taken three times a day, before the consumption of food, one tablespoon.
Outwardly decoction is used for lotions for various skin diseases.
The infusion of mordovnik is indicated for hysteria and sexual weakness, for mental and physical exhaustion and disorders of the central nervous system. For its preparation 3 tsp. seeds of the plant are poured 250 ml of boiling water, after which the agent is infused for 12 hours. Strained through a double layer of gauze, the infusion is taken a quarter of a glass per day.
Outwardly, this tool can be used in the treatment of eczema, purulent wounds, boils.
Echinops in the form of tincture is used in the treatment of paresis, atherosclerosis, mumps, joint pain.
50 g of mordovnik seeds are poured 500 ml of vodka and infused in glassware for two months (this is how long it takes for the seeds to “give” all their healing substances to the tincture).
Tincture is accepted according to the following scheme: 1 tsp. once a day in the morning, on an empty stomach (about half an hour before breakfast). Accepted means for four months without a break. After the specified time, a 10-day break is made, after which the treatment can be resumed.
Medonos mordovnik ordinary
Mordovnik is one of the favorite plants of bees, because it blooms for more than a month, while the nectar secreted by one hundred flowers (recall that in the inflorescence their number can reach up to two hundred) contains up to 10 mg of sugar. It is impossible not to say about the high honey productivity of the plant, which is about 340 - 500 kg per 1 hectare (when it comes to mordovnik ordinary) and 700 - 1200 kg per 1 hectare (when collecting honey from mordovnik sharogolovogo).
Interesting Facts! The productivity of nectar increases every year, while (regardless of weather conditions) nectar stands out constantly.
The honey obtained from mordovnik is distinguished by its delicate aroma, pleasant taste and light amber color. It should be noted that often mordovnik is a part of honey obtained from herbs.
Egg honey is not only tasty, but also very useful, as it contains valuable substances that have a beneficial effect on the body.
The benefits of honey from mordovnika:
1. Toning of the heart and blood vessels.
2. Increased pressure.
3. Headache removal.
4. Elimination of weakness after excessive mental or physical exertion, as well as past illness.
5. Normalization of sleep.
6. Increased appetite.
7. Stimulation of the nervous system.
Mordovnik herb with advanced sclerosis
Today, one of the most severe and practically incurable diseases is multiple sclerosis, which is a chronic autoimmune disease, in which there are disruptions in the immune system, resulting in damage to the special sheath of nerve fibers, and this leads to a slow, but almost irreversible dysfunction of the nervous system.
This serious disease is treated by means that act directly on the immune system (we are talking about immunomodulators and immunosuppressants, although recently stem cell transplantation has been used to treat advanced sclerosis).
Patients with this disease suffer from increased muscle tone (or spasticity), so it is extremely important for them to reduce the manifestations of spasticity and tremor (trembling of limbs, head). If the disease is not cured to the full extent, then at least it will help to stop its development by the herb Echinopsin.
The alkaloid echinopsin has a strong stimulating effect on the central nervous system (it acts like strychnine, which stimulates neuromuscular activity).
Echinopsin not only enhances the reflex excitability of the spinal cord, but also tones the skeletal muscles, not to mention accelerating the recovery processes in the peripheral nervous system. During clinical studies, the stimulating effect of echinopsine was established, both for people with asthenic conditions, and for those who had good health, but suffered intense physical and mental stress. In addition, a marked improvement in the health of patients with multiple sclerosis was noted, in which the tremor and muscle tone decreased, and also the motor functions recovered to some extent (and in general, the well-being improved).
For the preparation of drugs for the treatment of multiple sclerosis 1 tbsp. 200 ml of vodka is poured over the seeds of mordovnik, then the product is infused in a dark and cool place for three weeks, periodically stirring. Strained through a triple layer of gauze tincture taken 30 drops three times a day, 20 minutes before eating, it is recommended to dilute the drug in 50 ml of water. The specified single dose is not subject to increase, as the plant has a toxic effect and can harm the body.
After a two-month course of treatment with the described remedy, it is necessary to take a 10-day break, and then repeat the course.
This tincture can be used as a rubbing: for example, one teaspoon of tincture is rubbed into the spine immediately before bedtime. When applied externally, the tincture restores the conduction of the impulse precisely along the nerve.
More about sclerosis
Tincture with muscular atrophy, paralysis, paresis and neuritis
1 tsp crushed seeds of mordovnik pour 100 ml of alcohol, then send the mixture to infuse for 14 days (the agent should be shaken daily). Strained liqueur is drunk 10 to 15 drops three times a day, just before the consumption of food.
Important! With psoriasis, as well as some other skin diseases, mordovnik has an anti-inflammatory effect. So, to relieve inflammation, the affected skin area should be lubricated daily with a mixture of three to four vodka or alcoholic tinctures, the main ingredients of which will be herbs such as calamus, string, celandine and St. John's wort. The method of preparation of tinctures from the listed herbs is similar to the preparation of tincture from mordovnik.
20 g of seeds are poured with half a liter of 70% alcohol, and the agent is drawn at room temperature for 20 days (always in a dark place, but not in the refrigerator, it is important to shake the tincture every day).
At elevated pressure, the tincture is applied 20 drops, diluted in 50 ml of water, three times a day 20-30 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is two months.
Under reduced pressure, the tincture is applied 10 drops twice a day - in the morning and in the evening.
Collection with paralysis
- mordovnik seeds - 1 tsp,
- rosehips - 2 tsp,
- lemongrass grass - 2 tsp
- heather grass - 2 tsp
- oregano herb - 4 tsp,
- hawthorn fruits - 4 tsp.
2 tbsp. collecting pour a glass of boiling water and simmer for 10 minutes. Next, the agent is infused for an hour and filtered (the raw material should be well wrung out). The remaining broth is brought to 250 ml with boiled water. A means of a quarter cup three times a day is taken, half an hour before meals for two months. Then a week break is shown, after which the course is repeated.
The same tool can be taken after a stroke or injury, which will help speed up the process of recovery of the body.
Infusion with radiation sickness
3 tsp. crushed seeds of mordovnik pour a glass of boiling water, then insist means in a warm place for about 10 - 12 hours, stirring regularly. Strained through two to three layers of gauze (between layers it is recommended to place cotton) is drunk during the day in 3 to 4 doses.
This infusion is recommended to drink after radiation therapy, but only as an additional drug.
Collection for diseases affecting skeletal muscles
- mordovnik fruits - 1 part,
- Oregano grass - 3 parts
- peppermint herb - 3 parts
- Lemon balm - 4 parts.
3 tbsp. carefully chopped mixture poured a glass of boiling water, after which the mixture is brought to a boil and boil for one minute. The broth taken from the heat is infused for another 4 hours, filtered and pressed.
Next, a glass of the resulting infusion is mixed with a glass of alcohol tincture of poplar or aspen buds. For its preparation 2 tbsp. crushed buds are poured with a glass of vodka, then the remedy is infused weekly in a dark place, filtered and squeezed.
From mixed infusions, compresses are put on overnight in case of diseases such as sciatica, arthritis, arthrosis, osteochondrosis, facial neuritis, as well as the trigeminal nerves.
Important! Due to the fact that mordovnik belongs to the class of poisonous plants, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosages indicated in the recipes given above. It should be remembered that with prolonged use of drugs from mordovnik an increase in pressure may be observed, therefore, in case of hypertension one cannot use this plant for a long time.