Spicy and medicinal herbs

Rosemary at home: growing and care

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Fans of pharmaceutical gardens and natural seasonings in cooking should pay attention to rosemary. Growing a house in a pot will require a knowledge of the characteristics of this plant, but as a result you will be provided with valuable spice greens all year round. Rosemary leaves, shoots and flowers contain an essential oil with unique beneficial properties. Infusion and decoction of rosemary is used for headaches, stomach problems, colds, women's diseases, as a tonic for loss of strength.

Fresh and dried leaves are widely used for flavoring confectionery, olive oil, vinegar, alcoholic beverages. The unique pine aroma of rosemary with bitter citrus notes will turn any dish of vegetables, meat or fish into a culinary masterpiece. And all this with ease will provide one bush of rosemary in a pot on your windowsill. It remains to learn more about this ancient culture.

Plant description

Rosemary comes from the arid mountain regions of North Africa and southern Europe. In Russia, it is not found in the wild; it is massively cultivated in the Crimea to produce valuable essential oil. Rosemary belongs to the long-lived shrubs of the family Luminous. Narrow evergreen leaves, similar to conifer needles, are located on tetrahedral twigs, the ends of which are topped with blue-violet flowers.

This plant does not belong to the indoor, so for the cultivation of rosemary at home in a pot is better to buy a young seedling in a specialized store.

What conditions rosemary needs

For successful cultivation of this culture you need to know the conditions of its growth and try to recreate them at home. It:

  • strong lighting
  • low temperature without sudden changes in temperature
  • fresh air,
  • lack of drafts,
  • moderate humidity.

Under central heating conditions, the plant needs regular spraying, as it begins to shed its leaves in dry air.

Rosemary planting

Rosemary has an extensive root system. For him, a large clay pot will do. Ceramics do not heat up in the sun and retain the optimum temperature of the root system. At the bottom of the pot stack drainage of small fractions of expanded clay, broken shards, pebbles. The height of the drainage can reach a quarter of the height of the pot. On top of it will be useful a small layer of vermiculite, which perfectly regulates the moisture of the earthy coma.

Soil for growing rosemary in a pot should be light, well structured and contain a large amount of coarse sand, fine gravel, neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. It is prepared from the following components:

  • 1 part of turf land,
  • 1 part peat,
  • 1 part of coarse sand or vermiculite.

Since peat is acidic, ash is added to alkalize the soil.

Above the drainage poured a little soil in such a way that the root of the neck was just below the sides. The plant is put on the ground, straighten the roots and gently sprinkled with earth on the edges of the tank. The soil is slightly compacted and watered so that it settles.

A few days after planting, some more ground should be added to prevent the roots from becoming bare.

Young plants are transplanted annually in early spring, then once every two years.

Rosemary care in a pot

In order for rosemary at home in a pot to bloom in the spring, it is important to provide him a period of rest. In winter, the most suitable temperature for it is 10-13 ° C. Bush moderately watered with settled water, do not forget to spray and keep on the sunny windowsill. In the spring, after transplantation, when the seedling begins to grow, the rate of irrigation is increased and every two weeks they begin to be fed with complex mineral fertilizers.

During the growing season, a pot of rosemary is carried out on the balcony, loggia, or transported to the cottage. In cold nights, it is desirable to bring it into the house, as rosemary does not like sudden temperature changes.

Rosemary Pests and Diseases

This plant is quite resistant to various diseases and pests. However, with high dry air on the stems and leaves may appear subtle cobwebs - a spider mite. With a small lesion will help the soapy water, which moisten the entire aerial part of the bush. If the tick has managed to multiply strongly, any insecticide - “Fitoverm” or “Aktellik” will help.

With insufficient watering of rosemary, lower leaves begin to turn yellow, and when they are excessive, they fall off. Bringing irrigation schedules back to normal will eliminate these symptoms.

If you follow these simple rules, growing rosemary at home in a pot will turn into a fascinating occupation, and a caring owner will be rewarded with a large number of fragrant spicy leaves for preparing delicious dishes and maintaining health without pills.

What it is

Rosemary (Rosmarinus), as well as sage, monard, lavender and coleus, belongs to the family Luminous (Lamiaceae). In a warm climate, it is an evergreen shrub that grows in a garden or on the street, the height of which can reach two meters. His bark is brownish-gray, and the tetrahedral branches are covered with needles, wrapped around the edges, shining on top and soft, fluffy leaves below. This plant is a good melliferous plant that blooms from March to May in small pale blue flowers that are gathered at the top of the branches. The root system is well developed and can go down to a depth of 3-4 meters, which should be taken into account during transplantation.

A bit of history

Even in ancient times, the ancient Greeks and Romans knew about the beneficial properties of rosemary and used it and oil from it in cooking and perfumery. In the XIII century, this plant was used as an element of medicines, for example, “Water of the Hungarian Queen” - The Queen of Hungary Water. According to surviving testimonies, Queen Elizabeth of Hungary, who took this remedy, at the age of 72 was able to capture the Polish king, who offered her hand and heart. The inhabitants of medieval Europe knew how to grow rosemary, and planted it in pastures and meadows, and also cultivated it in their homes and associated with it a variety of different signs and customs. The twigs of this plant were woven into the bouquets and hairstyles of brides, used in magical nimble rituals and to protect the dwellings from nightmares. Rosemary branches were thrown into the grave of the deceased as a token of his memory. Documentary evidence was preserved that the branches of this plant fumigated houses during the plague epidemic of the 14th-15th centuries.

Rosemary was used as a spice in the 16th century and was added not only when cooking meat and game dishes, but also in wine.

Where is it used

Today, rosemary is widely used in cooking, medicine and in the production of cosmetics and perfumes. Many European housewives not only know how to grow rosemary at home, but also keep pots with him in their kitchen. This spice is widely used in English, French, Italian, Indian and Chinese cuisines. As an independent seasoning, rosemary is used quite rarely, as a rule, it is a part of various flavored salts and spices, spice mixtures. Those who grow rosemary at home, add it when cooking various vegetable and meat soups, salads, season them with fish, meat, poultry and game when frying or baking. In the food industry, Rosmarinum is used in the production of semi-finished products from fish or meat, pasta, in a variety of preservatives and marinades. In addition, this spice is used to flavor alcoholic beverages and beer.

Rosemary has long been used in folk medicine for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and urinary systems, rheumatic lesions of the joints. Studies of modern scientists have confirmed most of the useful properties attributed to this plant. Today, rosemary is part of the drugs aimed at normalizing the work of the digestive organs, means to increase blood pressure and improve blood microcirculation.

How to grow rosemary

This plant, which came to us from the warm Mediterranean countries, is difficult to tolerate the conditions of our unpredictable winters. If you plant it in the garden and do not cover it before cooling, it will die. Experienced gardeners recommend growing rosemary at home in winter, in summer, if there is such an opportunity, transplant it for a warm period in a garden or a vegetable garden, and with the onset of cold weather, return it to a warm room again.

This spice plant is quite unpretentious and usually difficulties are associated with its germination from seeds. For normal growth and development of rosemary bush need poorly permeable poor soil and sun. Drought this plant endures quite tenaciously.

In order to grow rosemary at home, you can use one of the following methods:

  • buy rooted young saplings in specialized garden centers or shops
  • stock up on seeds and patience
  • in the cold time from a young plant to take air layouts for rooting,
  • take a few cuttings from a strong plant.

We try to grow from seeds

Rosemary seeds are recommended to be sown in late February - early March, simply by spreading them over the surface of a well-moistened soil and slightly pressing the palm into the ground.After that, it is necessary to cover the landing containers with glass or thick film and for two or three weeks to put it in a refrigerator or any room with a constant temperature of +5 0 C +7 0 C, and then transfer to a warm room. Approximately in two or three weeks shoots should appear, if even after a month this did not happen, it is better to repeat the seeding. It is important not to overwet the soil and try to maintain the temperature in the room around +10 0 С +12 0 С.

We propagated by cuttings

Someone is trying to grow rosemary at home from seeds, but the most common way is to propagate this plant with cuttings. For this, young shoots about 7-10 cm long are cut from an old rosemary bush in late autumn. The lower leaves are removed, and the cuttings are dipped with a “leg” into any powder or solution to stimulate root formation, and then they can be put into a dark glass container filled with water and wait until young roots form. After that, the seedlings are planted in separate pots and grow on a warm sunny window. Some gardeners skip the stage with the formation of roots and immediately root the freshly cut cuttings into the peat-sand mixture. After 10-14 days under the condition of quite frequent spraying of rooted layers from a spray bottle, they are transplanted into large-sized pots with loose soil.

Peculiarities of home content

In order for you to enjoy rosemary grown by you, care at home is as follows:

1. Since the plant is thermophilic, it needs a warm and well-lit place in your home. In the summer, this spice will gladly “live” on the southern window, but in the winter it is better to put it on a cool window sill, where the temperature will be in the range of +10 0 С + 15 0 С.

2. In order for the plant not to lose leaves in the autumn-winter period, it needs to artificially extend the daylight hours to 7-8 hours, using additional lighting.

3. Water this plant should be moderate in summer, and in winter only as the soil dries.

4. If you grow rosemary at home, in the warm season, twice a month you can feed it with complex fertilizers. In winter, you can fertilize the plant once every two months.

Rosemary: Cultivation

Rosemary (lat. Rosmarinus officinalis) Is a must for any garden. In warmer areas, this sharp evergreen can form chic hedges or become an elegant addition to a rock garden. In cooler areas, rosemary is an ideal candidate for growing in containers. It is important that he receive sunlight and be planted in well-drained soil, which he adores.

We recommend starting rosemary cultivation from a small plant, rather than from small shoots.

Rosemary is a very unpretentious herb, and almost unaffected by pest attacks. Your only concern may be powdery mildew. It can be avoided by not overmoistening the soil and providing sufficient space and air circulation among the neighboring plants.

If you want to start harvesting quickly, we recommend starting to grow rosemary from a small plant. This is due to the fact that in the first year rosemary grows very slowly.

Rosemary in a pot

How to collect rosemary

Collect rosemary every time you need it. Its pine needle-like leaves grow abundantly along the stem, so it is not necessary to choose the ideal place to cut them. Just do not cut the leaf to the very base of the plant, so you will encourage future growth. Again, if you live in a warmer area, your main concern is to contain this energetic producer.

Bonus: Rosemary Bonsai

Most people do not associate rosemary with the art of bonsai, but this savory plant can be used not only for seasoning. Tough, fast-growing nature, makes it a great choice for beginners bonsai. And the main bonus is that while pruning your bonsai, you will receive valuable fragrant leaves that can be used in cooking.

Share your rosemary growing experience. Since our rosemary grows in warm climates, it is very productive and shows good results. We are interested in how you grow rosemary in different regions?

Rosemary planting rules

Rosemary can be easily propagated in two ways: seeds and cuttings. Seeds traditionally a more complicated way. This is also due to the fact that rosemary seeds sprout very weakly. But this, however, is possible if you strictly follow the instructions.

  • Take a piece of cheesecloth, moisten it abundantly. Put rosemary seeds on wet gauze and leave for 2 days.
  • After that, the seeds are laid out on a moist soil, the container with it is tightened with cling film to retain heat and moisture. To get oxygen inside, you need to make several small punctures in the film using a toothpick.
  • As soon as shoots begin to appear, they should be periodically sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
  • For 2-4 weeks, seedlings should reach 7-9 cm in height and at least 3 leaflets should form on it. Then the seedlings can be transplanted into a permanent ground. It is very important not to damage the rosemary sprouts.

Attention! Germinating the seeds of this culture is recommended in early spring or autumn.

The second method of rosemary reproduction - using cuttings from an adult plant. To do this, cut a stiff escape from the top of the bush. The lower leaflets of the cutting are removed, and the cutting is placed in a moistened mixture of peat and sand (1: 1). If you get such a mixture is problematic, you can replace it with a vessel with water. As soon as the cuttings give the spine, they are transplanted into a permanent ground.

Care and cultivation in a pot on the windowsill

The main thing in the cultivation of rosemary, like any other plant - the soil. In this case, you need the most fertile soil rich in humus. Experienced growers recommend the following mixture: leaf earth, turf ground, humus, peat, sand (2: 2: 1: 1: 1).

But not only the soil is important, but also other aspects of plant care:

  1. Pot. Rosemary needs a lot of space, so the pot should be spacious. It is best to take a pot of clay. Be sure to provide drainage with expanded clay or pebbles.
  2. Temperature and humidity. Rosemary does not need heat, but loves the sun very much, so it is placed on the windows of the south side. In winter, the plant should be allowed to "hibernate" and maintain at a temperature of 10-13 ° C. Otherwise, rosemary will not give flowers. As for humidity, it is not very important. But, it is better to provide the plant with increased humidity.
  3. Watering. The flower can be damaged by both drought and excessive moisture. Therefore, rosemary should be watered regularly, but moderately. More importantly, what kind of water to water. It should not be tough. In winter, water for watering needs to be warmed up a bit.

Council In order to fully saturate the rosemary with the sun, in the summer pots with it can be taken out to the country. During the day, this plant is exposed to the open sun, and hidden in the house for the night.

Pest control

Rosemary is sufficiently resistant to diseases and pests. However, trouble may happen to him too. Such as spider mite. The main sign of its presence is an almost imperceptible thin web on the leaves and stem of the plant. If the tick has just appeared, you can cope with it with soapy water, which is carefully washed rosemary leaves. If the infection is running, you cannot do without insecticides.

At infringement of the mode of watering at rosemary the lower leaves can turn yellow. This is a signal that the plant lacks moisture. If rosemary sheds leaves - this indicates excessive watering. If small rust spots appear on the leaves of a plant, spraying preparations with copper will help to eliminate them.

Application and use

Выращивают розмарин не только для красоты. Его применяют в кулинарии и народной медицине.

  • Медицина. В листьях этого растения содержатся эфирные масла, смолы и камфора. Therefore, rosemary is used to relieve pain of a spastic nature, as well as to eliminate inflammation. It is also used as an expectorant and diuretic agent. Rosemary helps with diseases of the digestive tract, liver and gallbladder, diabetes, neurasthenia, insomnia.

  • Cooking This spice has a specific coniferous smell with sweet notes and spicy-spicy taste. They are seasoned with vegetable dishes made from eggplants, cabbage, mushrooms and beans. This spice gives an exquisite taste to soups, meat and even fruit. And drinks with him give a person cheerfulness. Rosemary is added to desserts, syrups and liqueurs for a specific fresh flavor.

Rosemary decorates the house, cleans the air, thanks to phytocidal properties and gives seasoning for the kitchen. Therefore, such a plant should be on the windows in every house.

Rosemary: the nuances of growing at home in a pot

If the plant is not created comfortable conditions, it begins to gradually lose its attractiveness and useful properties. Ideally grow a flower in the winter garden, but if it is not available, it can be done in an apartment. Rosemary in good conditions becomes a tree, which should be considered when choosing a plant.

It is also worth remembering that if the wrong care is carried out, it starts to hurt and may die. In summer, it is necessary to take out the flower to fresh air. This will improve the development of the bush, increase the content of nutrients in it.

Requirements for soil and pot

From the correct choice of the pot and soil depends on the result of growing the plant. Rosemary root is very branched, and it needs a spacious one. The roots have a high oxygen demand, and therefore the pot material must be porous. It is best to give preference to clay. Coated pots should not be used. A pot with an average diameter of about 20 cm is suitable for a young plant.

For the plant requires a special soil. In the flower shop you can buy a gravelly lime-based substrate, but it is better to prepare the soil for rosemary yourself.

Rosemary care at home

In addition to competent planting, the plant needs a complete care, in which fragrant grass will receive everything you need. By the attractive appearance of the plant, you can immediately understand that it is good and care about him is sufficient.

Temperature, humidity and lighting

During the growing season, the plant requires an air temperature of +23 to +25 degrees. In winter, rosemary goes to rest, and therefore it requires a decrease in temperature. It should be in the range of +6 to +15 degrees. In the conditions of an apartment it is rarely possible to create an optimum temperature. In order for rosemary growing in an apartment to not suffer from overheating, in winter it should be placed as close as possible to the window. Also for cooling, you can put a bowl with snow or ice next to it, which, by melting, will slightly reduce the temperature around the plant.

Humidity is an important indicator, as with its insufficiency the indoor flower begins to turn yellow and wither. In summer, in most cases, additional humidification of the air for the plant is not required. In winter, because of the heating, the air in the room becomes drier, and therefore it is necessary to increase the humidity. To do this, in a pan with a plant add expanded clay, which is abundantly moisturized. Water should not reach the drainage holes of the pot, so there is no risk that the plant will rot due to excessive soil moisture. At the same time, due to the evaporation of water, the air around the rosemary becomes moist enough for its normal state.

The plant is light-loving and requires intensive lighting for at least 6 hours a day. In order for the crown of the shrub to develop evenly, and not one-sided, it is necessary to rotate the pot 180 degrees every 2 days. In the summer heat, in order for the grass not to get sunburns, it is necessary to slightly light it. In winter, the lighting should be as intense as possible. It is good to use phytolamps for additional illumination of the flower, the light spectrum of which has a beneficial effect on the growth of indoor plants.

Watering plants

When growing rosemary at home, it should be remembered that it tolerates overdrying more easily than overwetting. However, despite this, water the flower should be regularly, using well-settled water at room temperature.

If the plant does not have enough water, its foliage begins to turn yellow. When it is too much, then rosemary begins to drop the leaves, which at the same time retain the green color.

The signal that it needs to be watered is the drying of the upper layer of the earth. But wait, when the ground is completely dry, is unacceptable. In the strong heat of the summer, it is useful to spray weed early in the morning or late in the evening, but not more often than once a day. To do this, use the same water as for irrigation.

Top dressing and fertilizer

Rosemary is fed during the growing season from spring to November 1 time per month, using complex fertilizer for indoor plants. It should be diluted in double the volume of water compared with the instructions of the instructions. It is also useful to pour 2 times per season with an aqueous solution of bird droppings prepared at the rate of 1:30.

In winter, it is extremely undesirable to feed rosemary. If he begins to weaken due to nutritional deficiencies, a one-time feeding with a complex composition is allowed. This phenomenon usually occurs when the plant has not been transplanted in a timely manner.

Up to 5 years, rosemary is very actively increasing the root system. For this reason, in the first years it must be replaced every April in a pot that will be 5-7 cm wider than the previous one. After 5 years, the flower is transplanted 1 time in 3 years, also in April. The pot in this case should be 10-12 cm wider than the previous one.

Rosemary reproduction

Dilution of a plant through seeds at home is problematic, and therefore the cutting method is mainly used. To obtain new plants, apical shoots of 7.5 cm in length are cut. They should be cut with sharp scissors at an angle of 45 degrees. Cuttings moistened in clean water and roll the place cut in the powder "roots". Then the extra powder is shaken off and the cuttings are planted in wet peat. The container with them is covered with a plastic bag, since greenhouse conditions are necessary for rooting. Roots appear in a month or a bit earlier. Further care is conducted according to the standard scheme.

The main problems with growing

The main problem that a florist can face is powdery mildew. She, because of the peculiar leaves of rosemary, does not appear in a familiar way. As a result, while remaining unnoticed, the disease progresses, and the plant dies from it. You can suspect a problem by browning leaves. Growing rosemary in an apartment can also be complicated by a higher temperature than it needs in winter, when the plant should be at rest.

Pests can occur:

  • scythe,
  • spider mite

On the flower, they fall in the summer months when it is on the street. To get rid of parasites need to wash the plant with the use of soap. Chemicals are required only with a large amount of pests.

Growing rosemary on your windowsill is not easy, but it is possible.

This shrub is known from biblical times and is popularly called:

  • rosemary pharmacy,
  • rosemary medicinal,
  • wedding color
  • incense grass.

The last name of rosemary is associated with a very pleasant aroma that comes from the bush, greatly intensified during the flowering period. The smell of rosemary not only flavors the air with a mixture of its essential oils, but is also an excellent medicine used in the state pharmacopoeia, in the cosmetic industry and in everyday life as a therapeutic and culinary one.

Rosemary - a home psychotherapist

Aromatherapists believe that rosemary essential oils have unique effects on the human psyche:

  • help people with loss of smell,
  • improve / sharpen / restore memory (in order to better memorize the oral lectures of mentors, students of ancient Greece wore rosemary wreaths),
  • affect the improvement of concentration, sharpness of thinking,
  • balance the nervous system
  • stop psychological problems.

Rosemary in medical practice

Rosemary Lotion

Medicinal Dried Rosemary

Chemical composition of rosemary leaves contains 2.5% essential oils, 7% camphor, flavonoids, tannins (8%), alkaloids (0.5%), choline, betulin, verbenone, nicotinamide and a number of organic acids, including :

  • ursolic,
  • glycolic
  • nicotine,
  • coffee,
  • Caprylic,
  • myristic,
  • palmitic
  • rosemary

A significant part of the listed acids has antifungal and antibacterial activity.

The composition of useful components of rosemary includes more than 9 vitamins and about 11 micro and macro elements.

Especially valuable for doctors are essential oils, which include:

  • Camphor component Part of the drugs that relieve muscle pain and muscle tension with enhanced sports training. Contributes to the elimination of seizures. Used as a rubbing with rheumatism. Good choleretic agent.
  • Zineol component It is an integral part of many inhalants for inhalation with catarrh. It has good antibacterial and antiseptic properties.
  • Verbenone component - Included in the antitussive drugs, as expectorant. Thins mucus well. It is used for sluggish and insufficient digestion. Regenerates liver cells, has a positive effect on sexual problems. One of the best oils in cosmetology.

Useful and healing properties are not considered. Rosemary is used in the formulation of medicines for the treatment of more than 80 diseases. The above properties of rosemary should affect your decision to be sure to supplement the room flower garden with a valuable plant.

Growing rosemary at home in a pot

  • Houses in a pot successfully grow only one type of rosemary, known as rosemary officinalis or fragrant.
  • Rosemary is not a houseplant, so initially it is better to buy a potted copy in a specialty store, rather than asking for a small cutting from neighbors and friends.

Environmental requirement

The plant belongs to the group of photophilous. For successful cultivation requires maximum lighting and the plant is better positioned on the south side. The more sun, the stronger the fragrance of the flower. With a lack of lighting, rosemary suspends growth, shoots become thin, easily broken, the foliage falls.

He is not picky about high temperatures, therefore, it can be placed on window sills, special supports near the windows, on the balcony, in the winter garden. Painlessly continues its development, and flowering with a decrease in temperature to + 12 ° C. Does not tolerate sudden temperature fluctuations.

Rosemary is a big fan of clean air. He needs frequent airing of the room, but without drafts.

In order to get abundant blooms for the next winter, rosemary should be spent in a cool, but very light (if necessary, illuminated) room.

In natural conditions, rosemary is a coastal plant, so at home it reacts sharply to the level of humidity in the room. To preserve the decorativeness of the plant when placed in hot batteries, you need a flower systematically spray, sometimes 2-3 times a day. Constantly refresh the air around the plant by spraying with a spray bottle and install humidifiers near the batteries.

Temperature requirements in the room

Rosemary grows well, develops, blooms and forms fruits with seeds at moderate temperatures. In the summer period +12 .. + 20 ° С, in winter more moderate temperature conditions are necessary.

With the onset of the cold period, the air temperature is maintained within +10 .. + 15 ° C. If during this period the plants are highlighted, they will begin to form young shoots, which will allow to harvest the crop all year round.

Rosemary Dishes

When planting a purchased bush of rosemary or transplanting grown, you must carefully select the appropriate capacity. It is best to use terracotta pots.

Rosemary feels fine in other pots made of natural materials - clay, ceramic. They do not heat up in the sun and keep the cool temperature well inside.

  • The pot must be high, as rosemary develops a large root system.
  • At the bottom lay drainage (1/4 of the height of the pot) of pebbles, expanded clay, other materials.
  • It is good to add agro vermiculite to the drainage layer, which will take away excess moisture and gradually give it to the plant.

Rosemary Care in Pot Culture

When growing rosemary at home in a pot, you must follow certain rules of care, which consist of watering, fertilizing, providing conditions for flowering and winter "holidays" and other concerns.

Translated into Russian, rosemary has several names “sea dew”, “freshness of the sea”, and “shrub balsam”. The largest natural plantings of rosemary grow on the seashore, constantly being washed by spray of sea foam.

The names of the flower associated with the sea, come to the ancient Greeks, who devoted rosemary, born of sea foam blue-eyed Aphrodite. And today people believe that rosemary brings happiness to the house, its fragrance relieves nightmares and evil dreams, preserves youth and health.

In pot culture, rosemary needs abundant watering, but without stagnant water. It quietly tolerates some aridity of the soil, but with a long drought it can perish irretrievably.

The main signs of a violation of the irrigation regime are:
  • yellowing of the leaves with a lack of moisture,
  • dropping leaves with excessive watering.

Regular watering is carried out if the top layer of the soil has dried on 2 phalanxes of the index finger. The soil should be normally wet (not wet and not dried). Watering is best done 3-4 times a month with moderate norms in the summer and once a month in winter.

For the formation of a large leaf mass and abundant flowering of soil reserves in the pot is not enough, therefore rosemary must be systematically fertilized, applying mineral and organic fertilizers. Fertilizers are applied in the form of solutions 2 times a month with irrigation. After water absorption the soil is mulched.

For dressings, it is best to buy ready-made solutions of complex fertilizers in the store and use them according to the recommendations.

  • Recommended doses should be halved. Perekorma rosemary not likes.
  • In winter, rosemary is not fed.

Rosemary needs a higher content of calcium in the soil, so baking soda at the rate of 1/3 teaspoon per 1 liter of water can be added to the water for watering once a month.

Since the leaves and young twigs are used in seasonings for meat, vegetables are added to salads, you do not need to fertilize mineral tukami, self-prepared mixtures. At home, it is more practical to fertilize rosemary with organic solutions, dissolving dessert spoon of bird droppings without top on 1 liter of water.

The result of the correct and timely feeding is the appearance in the spring and summer periods of blue, blue, purple, lilac, pale crimson, rarely white zygomorphic flowers.

  • During the flowering period, rosemary becomes very beautiful, reveals all its decorative charm, complemented by a magical scent.
  • If with the onset of spring and after dressing rosemary does not form flowers, it is best to transplant it into another substrate, which necessarily includes sod, leaf ground, humus and a little peat with sand.
  • In order not to guess whether it will bloom or not, a transplant is best done every spring in the fresh disinfected soil in compliance with all the requirements for transplantation.

Rules for the preparation and rooting of cuttings:

  • cuttings cut into a length of 8-10 cm
  • they must have 3 internodes,
  • the lower end of the cutting is cut obliquely at an angle of 45 degrees,
  • the stalk is disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Put in solution for 10-15 minutes,
  • after disinfection, the lower part, devoid of leaves, is treated with a root, dipping into powder by 3-4 mm. You can use a different stimulator of root development,
  • planted in a mixture of humus with perlite or agrovermiculite at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other at an angle of 10 degrees.
  • cuttings are sprayed 2-3 times a day,
  • soil soil should be constantly wet.

Rooting takes 3 weeks. A sign that rooting was successful, is the formation of young leaves. To prevent rosemary from forming a single-stem shoot, the upper bud is pinched. This technique contributes to the growth of lateral shoots. Over time, forms a decorative bush. Rooted stalk is planted in a prepared container as an adult plant.

Rosemary when grown at home almost does not get sick.

Rosemary varieties for growing at home in a pot

For pot culture usually use one type - rosemary officinalis. He is called fragrant or ordinary. In the sectional view of the popular domestic varieties can be recommended:

  • Tenderness,
  • Veshnyakovsky Semko,
  • Dewdrop,
  • Лавандовый,

Из зарубежной селекции хорошо растут в комнатных условиях:

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