Cherry of any variety is a very useful berry.
To date, there are a very large number of species of such a tree as a cherry. Here we talk about the cherry variety Kharitonovskaya.
Beautiful and useful Kharitonovskaya cherry - a description of the variety, a photo of the fruit and the rules of planting and care are further in the article.
Breeding history and breeding region
This variety is the result of crossing Diamond and Zhukovskaya Cherries.
The advantages of this variety are: high-quality fruits of universal purpose, moderate growth, stable yield, increased resistance to coccomycosis.
Universal are also Vyanok, Novella and Volochaevka.
In 1998, this kind of cherry was introduced into the State Register for growing in Central Black Earth region.
Appearance of cherry Kharitonovskaya
Consider separately the appearance of the tree and fruit.
Trees can grow up to 2.5 m. The crown of the cherry grows more in width than in height, the tree turns out to be spreading, so by planting the whole garden, make a long distance between the trees.
The leaves of Kharitonovskaya have the standard form of a cherry leaf, they are slightly rounded to the base and are pointed closer to the edge. The edges of the leaves are ribbed, have a rich green color.
Kharitonovskaya has a little sharp brown kidney. The petioles are of medium thickness; they are not very long. This cherry blossoms with large white flowers.
Kidneys appear on last year's increments. Fruiting begins in the third or fourth year of growth.
Kharitonovskaya berries - largetheir shape is close to round. Near the root of the cherries are small funnels.
Lighthouse, Youth and Tsarevna Felt are also distinguished by large fruits.
In height one berry can reach 20 mm, across - more than 16 mm.
Regarding the weight of cherries of this variety, one cherry can weigh up to 5 grams. In ripe berries, soft-beige bone, easily separated from the pulp.
Cherry berries on maturing must acquire a rich red color, if you look closely, you will see subcutaneous points on the cherries.
The undoubted advantage of these berries is that they have fairly thin skinso that they are often used for jam “Quick cooking”, that is, when cherries are boiled with sugar for just a couple of minutes.
Eating them fresh is also very tasty and useful, the main thing is not to overdo it, because of the large amount of acid on the teeth, the bone marrow will appear, and you can also get rid of allergies.
The stem of this cherry has an average length, not very thick, it is easy to pick it from the branch, but it is more difficult to separate it from the stone without damaging the berry.
Juice, which is obtained from Kharitonovskaya, has a pleasant light red color.
Such sorts of cherries as Chernokorka, Zhivitsa and Fairy can boast of a special taste.
Cheryonovskaya Cherry belongs to the self-bearing varieties, so it does not need additional pollinators. The same sign is demonstrated by Tamaris, Ashinskaya Stepnaya and in memory of Yenikeev.
With the same purpose often used varieties Shubinka, Volochaevka and toys.
As for the shortcomings of this type of cherry, many believe that this big bone.
In fact, the benefits of such berries cover one single minus.
Plus these cherries is the versatility of their use.
Of these berries you can make jams, jams, compotes, bake pies and cakes with cherry filling, eat fresh, freeze for the winter.
Cherry trees unpretentious, they do not need extra care or a lot of attentionWith adequate watering and protection from cold and rodents, Kharitonovskaya will delight with abundant crops.
The same yield is provided by the varieties Zhivitsa, Black Large, Chocolate and Podbelskaya.
It is important to prepare the ground for planting. Planted young tree should in early autumn, before the onset of frost.
The first thing you need to decide on the landing site. Look for places at elevations where there is good lighting and some trees around.
If you want to plant such a tree in your yard, and there are no elevations there, you can attach Kharitonovskaya on the south side of the gardenwhere she will receive maximum sunlight.
Ideally, plant this cherry where groundwater passes at a depth of about 2 meters. Water should not flow too close to topsoil.
Groundwater is less than 1.5 m deep. So you need to artificially make an elevation of about 1 m.
Before you send a seedling to the soil, prepare it in a certain way.
Sandy soils with neutral acidity will do, but, of course, you are unlikely to change the composition of the soil in your yard because of the cherry tree.
If a soil acidity is greatly overestimated, it can be reduced with limeThis is the most popular method of lowering soil acidity. Be sure to improve the quality of the land - loosen it.
The choice of seedlings on the market is not easy. Wherever you go shopping for a sapling, you will see many small trees that proudly flaunt with the inscription "Kharitonovskaya cherry".
Buy seedlings that already 1-2 years, they must be grafted with a handle. Inspect the root system, if too many shoots are damaged or damage is generally observed on the main root, such a seedling is better left where you saw it.
So, let's proceed directly to the landing.
By the way, if you have noticed right before the landing procedure damaged roots, remove them and allow the remaining root system to dry slightly.
Then dip the roots in water for a few hoursbefore you send them to the ground.
Pits where the seedlings will go, you need to start digging 10-12 days before planting. Deepening should be near 60-80 cm in diameter, the depth of the pits - 50-60 cm.
In order to fertilize the land, the resulting groove needs to be filled. two or three buckets of humuswill also be great if you add there superphosphate, potassium sulfate and charcoal.
Now the process of planting cherries will take place. They put a tree in a hole, straightening its roots. Then they all fall asleep with earth and trample down properly.
To water a planted tree, you need to dig around several holes or a small ditch, where need to pour in water.
If the root collar remained at ground level after watering, it means that you planted the tree correctly and tamped it well.
Cherry does not belong to capricious trees, but still it needs some care. This concept includes regular watering, protection from bad weather conditions, protection from rodents and periodic feeding of trees.
After you planted Kharitonovskaya, the land should be constantly dig up a little, loosen.
You need to water the tree as the soil is dry, this cherry not a big fan of moisture.
If you notice the formation of unwanted shoots, in particular those that grow at a right angle to the branch, you also need to get rid of them.
Among the unpretentious varieties should pay attention to the Moscow Griot, Vyanok and Morozovka.
The following equally important point - pest protection.
Whatever one may say, but sometimes cherries are also attacked by the different nature of the disease, for the prevention of which it is necessary to process the tree with special means.
Do not plant conifers near cherriesEven if it is a small thuja, apple trees are also far from the best neighbors for Kharitonovskaya, like other fruit trees.
In autumn, cherries should be prepared for wintering. Cover the soil around the root system of the tree with sawdust or, for example, straw. It will be great if you fertilize the soil potash fertilizers.
In order to protect the cherry trunk from pests, you need to use a special the solution, which consists of clay, mullein and iron sulphate. This means sprayed trees in the fall.
Diseases and pests
No matter how remarkable the variety of cherries, it is still subject to various diseases.
Kharitonovskaya has increased resistance to coccomycosis.
Such varieties of cherries as The Felt Princess, Minx and Fairy are also resistant to this disease.
This sore often affects other varieties of cherries, but in the case of such a tree you should not be afraid of it.
The remaining fungal diseases may well occur, therefore it is necessary handle the tree trunk with special substances and do not forget to cover it with lime.
Grow Kharitonovskaya is not so difficult. With a minimum of care, the tree will delight you with juicy and tasty fruits in huge quantities. This is a tree from which you can begin to learn gardening.
If you decide to sell berries, Kharitonovskaya will also work fine Early autumn is an ideal time for planting cherries, but no matter what time of the year is outside the window, sooner or later Kharitonovskaya should still appear in your garden.
Description of the variety and its characteristics
Kharitonovskaya variety cherry is the brainchild of Russian breeders, created at the Michurin Russian Research Institute of Genetics at the very end of the last century. The author of this masterpiece is E. Kharitonov and O. Zhukov.
They crossed two varieties of culture - Almaz cherry and Zhukovskaya, as a result of which Kharitonovskaya turned out - elite cherry of high quality.
The tree of this variety is characterized by incredible beauty, especially during flowering:
- it does not grow large, which is very convenient when harvesting - the maximum tree height is 2.5 meters,
- its crown, wide and spreading, resembles a ball in form,
- branches are long, slightly drooping, covered with brown bark,
- leaves resembling a boat - medium size, rich dark green color,
- numerous white flowers, very large, form inflorescences,
- flowering begins in mid-May and lasts about 10 days,
- the main advantage of the variety is that its trees are self-bearing, that is, they have flowers of both female and male types of flowering, therefore, they do not need additional pollination,
- trees begin to bear fruit quite early - for 3-4 years you can harvest.
Kharitonovskaya berries are also no less beautiful:
- large, weighing up to 6.5 g each, they have the correct rounded or slightly elongated shape with a small funnel at the stem,
- fruit color - rich cherry with numerous small specks,
- tender juicy and aromatic flesh is covered with delicate thin skin,
- the color of the pulp is blood red,
- inside the berries there are large bones, freely separated from the pulp,
- fruit taste - harmonious, sweet, with a pleasant refreshing sourness.
100 g of pulp contains:
- sugar - about 7%,
- acid - 1.5%,
- vitamin C - 11 mg,
- dry ingredients - 15%.
In addition, the fruits of this variety contain almost all the vitamins found in nature, and numerous micro and macroelements that are good for health - K, Mg, Na, Ca, F, Fe, Zn, etc.
On a five-point scale, taste is rated very high - at 4.8 points.
The berries of this variety are incredibly tasty. They are happy to eat fresh. They make fragrant syrup, juice, jam and jam. Fruits are frozen, added to pastries and fruit salads. This cherry variety produces excellent alcoholic beverages - fruit wines, liqueurs and liqueurs.
Terms of ripening and harvesting
The first berries begin to ripen closer to the middle of July. Ripening is not friendly, therefore, the crop is harvested as needed. If the fruits are not collected on time, they spend some time on the branches, without falling off and without losing taste and presentation.
Pros and cons varieties
Kharitonovskaya cherry variety has many advantages:
- consistently high yields
- excellent quality of fruits (size, taste and presentation),
- resistance to a number of ailments, as well as the fall of berries,
- decorative trees
- unpretentiousness in cultivation and care.
The downside is the lack of winter hardiness of trees of this variety.
In order for the cherry to grow quickly and fruitfully, it is necessary to observe the following rules when planting:
- Kharitonovskaya cherry prefers a bright, dry and spacious place with fertile soil (sandy loam),
- groundwater should not be closer than 2 meters to the ground,
- The area for the cherry must be prepared in advance - dig the soil, remove weeds and roots, add organic and mineral fertilizers,
- if the tree is planted in the spring, the hole is prepared in the fall, if it is planned to plant the cherry in the fall, the hole for the seedling is made in early summer,
- the depth of the hole should not exceed 80 cm, and the width - 1 meter,
- In the hole to half poured a mixture of nutrient soil, taken from above, with humus, wood ash, superphosphate and potassium salt. This mixture is poured with a solution of hydrated lime (0.5 kg of lime is taken for 10 liters of water), covered with foil and left to sit,
- before planting, a mound is made on top of this mixture, a sapling is placed on it, the roots are well straightened, covered with earth, tamped and watered abundantly,
- The soil around the tree is covered with mulch - humus, peat or rotted manure.
It is easy to care for Kharitonovskaya:
- Cherry requires high-quality watering, which must be carried out 1 time in 14 days. 30 liters of water is enough for one tree
- culture responds well to fertilizing, conducted 3 times per season. The first time the trees are fed in the spring. To do this, use carbamide (urea) before flowering, and after flowering, a mixture of potassium salt, superphosphate and ammonium nitrate. In June, cherry trees are sprayed with a solution made from potash and phosphate fertilizers. At the end of September organic materials are used as fertilizers - rotted manure, chicken dung, wood ash and humus,
- the soil around the trees must be cleaned of weeds and organic debris, which may contain fungal spores, pest larvae and pathogens,
- it is necessary to loosen the soil under the cherry in order to oxygen to the roots unhindered,
- pruning of trees is also necessary, both sanitary and for thinning and crown formation,
- young trees are prepared for winter - they wrap the trunk with sacking or paper, the distance around the roots is covered with sawdust or humus, covered with hay.
Description of Kharitonovskaya cherry variety and reviews about it allow us to draw the following conclusions:
- This variety was loved by gardeners for the excellent quality of berries (taste, size and presentation),
- this type of crop has almost the highest yield,
- Kharitonovskaya cherry is considered to be one of the elite varieties.
Cheryonovskaya Cherry - a complex hybrid with genetic resistance to disease
Kharitonovskaya Vishnya was bred at the end of the 20th century by the breeders of the All-Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Geological Research and Development Michurin in the city of Michurinsk in the Tambov Region by crossing the popular variety Zhukovskaya with the cerapadus Almaz. She inherited large fruits and good taste from Zhukovskaya, and increased resistance to fungal diseases from Almaz. Variety Kharitonovskaya zoned since 1998 for the Central Black Earth region.
Cerapadusi - the result of a remote hybridization of cherry ordinary with Japanese bird cherry Maak. They are distinguished by genetically determined immunity to coccomycosis and transmit this feature to their descendants, which is widely used by breeders for the production of modern disease-resistant cherries.
Cheryonovskaya Cherry is resistant to coccomycosis
Kharitonovskaya is a medium-growth tree, reaching a height of 2–3 m, with a spherical crown of moderate thickness. Its fruits have an average ripening period, large, weighing up to 5 g, leveled, rounded, with dark red skin and light red juice. The taste is very good, sweet and sour. The variety is relatively winter-hardy and unpretentious.
Kharitonovskaya - medium growth tree
Advantages and disadvantages
The undoubted advantages of this class include:
- genetically determined high resistance to coccomycosis,
- partial self-fertility
- relative winter hardiness and unpretentiousness,
- stable high yields
- large and tasty fruit excellent presentation.
A minus can be considered too large sizes of seeds in the fruit.
When planting cherries do not bury the root neck of the seedling
Plant cherry in September - October (in the south) or in April (in more northern areas). Planting pits of 1 m width and depth prepare at least one month before planting. The wide spherical crown of Kharitonovskaya requires space, leave at least 3–4 m between the trees. Proactively sour soils.
- Set in the pit count for later tying up a seedling.
- Pour a mixture of extracted soil with well-reversed organic matter (compost, humus) to the bottom of the pit to form a mound.
- Place the seedling on a mound so that after planting is complete, its root neck is 2–3 cm above the ground level.
- Carefully straighten the roots.
- Cover the pit with the rest of the earth mixed with organic matter.
- Carefully compact the soil in the pit so that there are no voids near the roots.
- Give plenty of water (2–3 buckets of water for 1 seedling).
- Замульчируйте торфом или перегноем.
- Подвяжите саженец к колу.
Уход за растением
Харитоновская — некапризный сорт, но определённым уходом всё же не стоит пренебрегать.
The main molding pruning cherry spend in March and April (before the buds swell). The rest of the time allowed only sanitary (cutting dry branches).
For cherries, the main goal of pruning is to avoid thickening of the crown.. Every year in spring (starting from the first spring after planting), remove excess shoots on the trunk of a young tree, leaving the 3-4 strongest. Shortening the branches is not necessary so as not to provoke thickening. The spherical crown of an adult Kharitonovskaya cherry needs timely removal of drooping branches with downward growth. The stunted weak branches also cut out the inner parts of the crown. Spread slices with garden pitch. The entire crown should be evenly illuminated by the sun and be accessible to collect fruits.
Cut pruned and thickening crown branches when pruning
Kharitonovskaya needs watering only in arid summer, after flowering and after picking fruits. Water in a circle at the rate of 2–3 buckets of water per 1 m 2. After moistening the soil, humus with humus. If the autumn is hot and dry, in September-October, spend water irrigation in the same doses.
Cherry is demanding on soil fertility. Every year when spring digging (no deeper than 10–15 cm, in order not to damage the roots), add 1 bucket of humus to each square meter, and in the fall - 10–15 g of potassium salt and 30–40 g of superphosphate (you can replace the Kemira complex fertilizer , the dosage is calculated according to the instructions on the package).
Preparing for the winter
Cheryonovskaya Cherry is relatively winter-hardy and does not need to be wrapped.
In regions with possible winter thaws, shelter does more harm than good.
If you are afraid of over-wintering, buy and plant a cherry in spring. To protect against hares and mice, use a special mesh.
To protect the cherries from hares, use a special grid.
Cherry Kharitonovskaya: description
Cherry is a tree with a spherical sprawling crown and medium-sized foliage of dark green color. The tree blooms profusely with large white flowers gathered in umbrellas. Blossom cherry begins in late April or early May. During this period, a tree covered with fragrant flowers looks very beautiful.
Cherry leaves are smooth, dense, large, with notches. Reddish-brown buds located at the shoots, pointed. Fruits appear on last year's growth.
The height of the tree is average, it reaches 2.5–3.5 meters.
Dark red fruits are large, round shape (up to 1.8 cm in diameter), their weight is 5 grams. Experts estimate tasty dense pulp in 4,3 points from possible 5. The stone in this variety is quite large, occupying up to 10% of the volume of the fruit.
One tree can give up to 25 kilograms of fruit. As a rule, the berries ripen together and do not crumble for a long time. They are used fresh, and also harvested from them jams, preserves, liqueurs and juices.
A feature of the variety is that the cherry can not give a decent harvest, if other trees do not grow nearby. Partially self-fruited is Kharitonovskaya cherry. Pollinators are good for her - varieties of cherries Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya. In their absence, the harvest can be poor, and with small fruits.
On top of the cherry berries are rounded, with a shallow funnel and a middle hole, at the base there is a small depression. The stone is quite easily separated from the pulp.
The color of the berries is dark red with inconspicuous subcutaneous spots. Juicy orange pulp has a pronounced sweet-sour taste.
The fruits of the cherry are well transported, the quality of taste and presentation is perfectly preserved even with long-term transportation.
From other varieties of cherries, Kharitonovskaya is distinguished by the thin skin of fruits. The juice obtained from the berries has a light red color. Their composition includes acids (including ascorbic), sugar.
The variety is resistant to various fungal diseases.
What is another distinctive feature of the cherry variety? It is characterized by an average thickness and length of the stem, which is easily separated from the branch, but reliably and firmly attached to the bone itself. With all this, the bone is separated from the pulp quite easily. This cherry is partially self-fertile. As noted above, its pollination is well influenced by neighboring trees - cherries of Vladimirsky and Zhukovsky varieties.
The main attractive properties are stable yield, moderate growth, resistance to various diseases and pests (including coccomycosis). Mostly positive characteristics has Kharitonovskaya cherry.
There are different opinions about the cultivation of this variety.
Reviews of the most avid gardeners indicate that the cherry tree is rarely affected by coccomycosis when growing celandine at the base of the trunk. Thanks to this factor, you can expect to get a better, more abundant crop.
One of the minor drawbacks is not very good resistance to frost, as in some areas the tree of this variety freezes. Especially doubt the winter resistance of the flower buds. But the main disadvantage is that the fruit of this cherry have large bones.
Cherry seedlings are not the most capricious. Compliance with not very complicated planting rules and properly selected soil will provide the gardener with a wonderful harvest.
Cheryonovskaya Cherry grows well in areas illuminated by the sun. The soil is suitable for it sandy with neutral acidity.
It is not suitable for it ground with a very close occurrence of groundwater, and in the lowlands, where water lasts for a long time. Also, do not plant young cherries in the same place where a tree of the same species used to grow. This requires a break of at least 3 years.
The period of planting and reproduction of cherries depends on the climatic conditions of the regions. For example, in the southern parts of the country it is better to do it in the autumn, and in the regions of the central zone - in early April. Before, it is necessary to make sure that the buds do not have time to swell on the seedling, because this will greatly complicate the process of plant survival.
About when to plant the cherries and how, you can find out further in the article. First, a little about the choice of seedlings, which is important in the further cultivation of this plant.
Choosing between grafted and own-rooted tree, gardeners give preference to the first. This is due to the fact that they are more productive and tolerate better frosts.
The choice of seedlings is not a very simple matter. Kharitonovskaya cherry is sold everywhere. It is important to remember that it is better to buy seedlings, aged 1-2 years, and preferably grafted with a handle. It should be well inspected the entire root system. It is more important for growing than the trunk. The roots must be alive and at least 20 cm long. You can cut off the spine and see this (it should be light). In the presence of damaged shoots, and especially when damage is found on the main root, it is better not to buy a sapling.
Cherry seedlings with a closed root system take root more easily. You need to buy them only from trusted sellers. This may be specialized nurseries, shops or gardeners, known for many years of successful work in the market of fruit trees.
Typically, the cherry is planted in the fall before the onset of frosts (the optimal time is mid-October). If for some reason they could not do it, in the spring period it is important to have time before the start of the sap flow (awakening). You can save seedlings from autumn to spring by prikopen them in a trench up to 40 centimeters deep, with the crowns should be laid on the south side. Then ram the roots and pour.
Choosing a landing site
Any planting begins with the selection of appropriate place for the seedling. Good for this kind of place on a hill (gentle slopes). You can plant at the fence or near any outbuildings (where more snow accumulates over the winter). The main condition is the south side.
Unfavorable for Kharitonovskaya cherry is the presence of close groundwater levels. Laying them should be at a depth of at least 1.5 meters. If there is no such place, when planting a sapling you can make a mound, at least one meter high.
It is very important to prepare the ground for planting.
Suitable for cherry sandy soil with a neutral acidity. If the index is too high, lime can be added to the soil (the most popular and well-known method). To improve the quality of the soil, it is necessary to loosen it.
When digging up the soil, one should also add phosphate and potash fertilizers to it, accelerating the development of the plant and providing good nourishment. Help these fertilizers survive the cold and cold when planting a tree in the fall.
When to plant a cherry, and how to do it? If damaged roots were noticed just before planting, they should be removed and allowed to remain for a little dry. Then dip the roots for a few hours in the water before dropping them into the ground.
10-12 days before planting, seedlings should be dug 50-60 cm deep and 60-80 cm in diameter. Two or three buckets of humus mixed with superphosphate, potassium sulfate and charcoal should be poured into the depression. A seedling is installed in the pit and its roots are laid out. Then everything is filled up with earth and trampled down.
To water a tree around it, you need to dig a few holes or make a small ditch where the water flows. If, after watering, the root neck is exactly at ground level, the tree is planted and properly tamped.
Main advantages of the variety and disadvantages
Kharitonovskaya cherry, the description of which is presented above, is considered to be a variety abundantly fruiting, yielding a stable harvest.
Her berries are well transported. Even after a long carriage, they perfectly retain their taste and presentation.
All gardeners are known for resistance to fungal diseases in such varieties as Kharitonovskaya cherry. Testimonials from the same experienced gardeners indicate that when celandine grows at the base of a tree, it is much less likely to be affected by coccomycosis. And this important factor allows us to count on a consistently good harvest.
Resistance to frost, unfortunately, did not show this sort of cherry. Although Kharitonovskaya has positive reviews, those who planted it at home mention that the tree still freezes in some regions. Especially questioned is the winter hardiness of flower buds.
The main (and for the most part the only) disadvantage is the rather large size of the stone in the fetus.
Cherry is not the most whimsical tree, but properly selected soil and following simple rules for planting will provide every garden owner with an excellent crop.
Chery Kharitonovskaya (or rather, its seedlings) are planted in the autumn before the onset of frost. The optimal time for work will be mid-October. If you postpone planting in the spring, it is very important to have time to do it before the trees awaken and the sap flow begins.
If the seedlings were purchased in late autumn, then it is better to postpone the planting until spring. You can save them, prikopav in a trench 30-40 centimeters deep. In this case, the crowns should be laid on the south side. Roots in a trench should be tightly tamped and watered.
Best take root two-year seedlings grafted with a handle.
Landing: the choice of location
Planting cherries (Kharitonovskaya means) begins with the selection of a place. Gentle slopes, especially on a hill, will work well. Suitable for landing and a place near the fence or other outbuildings. The main thing is that it should be the south side, especially since in winter more snow accumulates there.
The close groundwater level is not very favorable for the landing of Kharitonovskaya. The minimum depth of their occurrence must be at least one and a half meters. If the water is very close to the surface of the soil, you can make a hill at planting, the height of which will be at least one meter.
Is this type of cherry demanding light? Kharitonovskaya loves sunny places. In this regard, it is more demanding than, for example, a pear or an apple tree. So on the site to hide it under the canopy of large trees is not worth it. In such places, the cherry will be pulled up, but the fruit will be bad.
Cheryonovskaya Cherry (photo below) prefers loose sandy, well-drained soil with a neutral reaction. Such substrate warms up well, is water-intensive and breathable. The soil should be pre-enriched with nutrients. In the process of digging it is necessary to make organic, potash and phosphate fertilizers. If the soil is acidic, sod-podzolic, then the procedure of its liming will be necessary. Otherwise, the seedling will not be able to settle down.
Before planting the seedling should inspect its roots for damage. All unhealthy fate required to be removed. Dry roots should be dipped into water for three or four hours.
Dig and prepare the pit for the seedling should be in advance, a few weeks before the intended landing. The pit should be at least 60 by 60 centimeters. In the process of digging, the upper fertile layer of soil is deposited in one direction, the lower - in the other. In the center of the landing pit is set a peg in a length of 1-1.5 meters.
Fertilize before planting should not only the soil, but also prepared pit. In the ground you want to add a few buckets of humus (it can be manure or compost), granulated superphosphate, calcium sulfate, and certainly wood ash. In no case in the planting pit should not be mineral fertilizers, lime.
In the pit, where a half-meter mound turned out from the fertilizer, we place a seedling. Spreading the root system. First, we fill the pit with fertilized topsoil, tamp it well, and then sprinkle it with the rest of the earth. On the perimeter of the seedling is a hole, it is watered. On one tree will need at least three buckets of water.
Root neck strongly bury is not worth it. After watering, it should remain at ground level.
Departure after landing
Kharitonovskaya cherry (description of the variety, reviews of which are given in the article above) requires good post-planting care, which consists in loosening the soil, watering, pruning shoots, protecting from pests, removing weeds.
Beneficially, cherry plants are affected by nearby plants. Strawberries, jasmine, rose, raspberry, gladiolus, grapes will be good "friends" for her. An apple tree, daffodil flowers, pansies, irises, lily, carrots will have a bad effect on a young cherry tree.
Caring for a tree in the fall
In autumn, the land on the plot and under the tree must be dug up, fertilized, and the plant prepared for wintering. Preparation consists in the formation of a comprehensive protection of the root system and the trunk from rodents and frost.
In the autumn phosphate and potash fertilizers are introduced into the soil. As organic substances suitable sawdust, compost, bird droppings, manure. After fertilizing the substrate it is necessary to dig it to a depth of 20-25 centimeters.
To protect against frost, the tree should be covered with snow, and mulch (sawdust, straw) should be poured on top.
A mixture of clay, mullein and iron sulfate will help protect the cherry from rodents.
Caring for a tree in spring begins with pruning, which is done for sanitary and aesthetic purposes. First, the procedure removes dried or damaged branches, which will save the plant strength. Secondly, it is an opportunity to form the correct beautiful crown. The process stops when the tree reaches a height of 2-2.5 meters.
Thirdly, circumcision rejuvenates the plant, which favorably affects the amount of the crop.
The procedure is carried out in early spring. It is worth starting with annual seedlings that are pruned an average of 60-70 centimeters.
The next step in the care of the tree will be his whitewash. Pre-cuts branches need to be treated with copper sulfate, and then paint. Whitewash can protect the trunk of the tree from various insect pests. Yes, and from an aesthetic point of view, the garden looks neater at the same time. Slaked lime is used for the procedure on fruit trees.
In addition, Kharitonovskaya cherry, like any other, requires the removal of dry grass and leaves from the ground. This should be done carefully so as not to damage the root system, located near the surface of the soil. Digging improves the condition of the upper layer of the soil, makes it looser, increases the access of oxygen.
For a good harvest Kharitonovskaya cherry needs fertilizer. This adds strength to the tree, allows it to grow. Feed should be several times per season. After the tree has faded, you can make manure mixed with ash and diluted in six buckets of water. After a few weeks the procedure is recommended to repeat. At the same time, nitrogen fertilizers can be applied.
It is possible to get rid of pests on cherries by spraying. The first procedure is carried out before the awakening of the tree. This will destroy the pests that have settled in the plant for the winter. You can use a solution of urea and water. But if you delay the procedure, the solution can burn the leaves.
Against shaggy tracks carried by the wind, copper-containing preparations are helpful. Пробу можно сделать на одной ветке, посмотреть, не будет ли ожога, а затем обработать всю крону.
Больше всего вишня подвержена таким грибковым заболеваниям, как коккомикоз и монилиоз. Для борьбы с ними используются бордосская смесь и «Азофос». Главное – успеть сделать это до появления первых цветов.
Поливать вишню следует несколько раз в году. Первые поливы осуществляются в середине июля месяца. You can repeat the procedure in thirty days. Winter preparations are completed with a third watering of the fruit tree for the season.
Application of cherry
This unique berry is used both fresh and dried, and in canned form. Its fruits are used to make compotes, syrups, jams, jams, extracts, liqueurs and liqueurs.
Cheryonovskaya Cherry (description, reviews and care for it are presented above) is a wonderful representative of fruit trees. The simplicity and simplicity of this variety make it a desirable inhabitant in any garden.