When arranging their summer cottage or garden plots, many gardeners are faced with the question of how to plant a pear correctly so that the plant gives a good harvest and does not hurt? For this it is important to know a lot of nuances - when is it better and where to plant. Today we will reveal some basic secrets.
What season to plant?
Before planting a pear, it is important to determine the most favorable time for this. When grown in the southern regions of our country, spring is the best season. The plant, like the chapel, cherry tree and cerapadus, has time to settle down and adapt to a new place, thanks to which it successfully survives wintering.
In the northern regions, spring is considered to be the most successful time, because if the frost quickly sets in after planting, the seedling simply does not take root. But if the plant is grown in the middle lane, the gardener will have to weigh all the advantages and disadvantages, and then choose the appropriate option when it is better to plant the plant.
Before planting a pear, it is important to determine the most favorable time for this.
Spring planting pears, like apples, has the following strengths:
- over the summer period the tree becomes stronger and stronger
- easier transfers the subsequent wintering.
At the same time, the main advantage of the autumn planting is that in August and September there is a very good selection of various seedlings in local nurseries. Therefore, the gardener will be able to choose strong and good shoots, but in the spring there remain only weak and less viable, which are more difficult to replant. When planting in the fall, winter hardiness of pears will be much higher.
That is why to choose when it is better to plant a plant, the gardener must decide for himself, taking into account all the advantages and disadvantages. Most young and inexperienced gardeners make a choice in favor of planting in the spring, because it is associated with less risk, and the more experienced when choosing when to stop, they stop in the fall.Video tips on how to plant a tree
In this case, when using any of these options, it is important to comply with the recommendations of experts. To plant a plant should:
- spring is the best period from April 20 to April 30,
- autumn - no later than mid-October.
Site selection and preparation of the landing pit
Planting pears should be respected in accordance with the basic requirements that will allow for good plant growth and a good wintering. They are similar to planting an apple tree. The pear is quite thermophilic, so when choosing a landing site one should pick up sunny areas well lit and covered from strong gusts of wind.
Groundwater should ideally flow at a depth of about three meters. Pear does not tolerate moisture, so it is better to plant it on higher ground.
Also, it will not grow on dense clay soils and close to rowan, since these two crops have the same pests. With the defeat of one tree, they quickly move on to another. Optimally plant a pear near the apple tree.
The pear is quite thermophilic, therefore, when choosing a landing site, you should select sunny areas
Want to know how to plant a pear? For this it is important to prepare a place for further planting. All work is best done in the autumn, even when the landing itself will be held in the spring. In this case, the soil will sit in the pit, so you can not be afraid of her "subsidence".
Such a deepening is harmful to the plant, since the closure of the root collar can lead to the death of the pear, like the apple. When digging a hole, you need to choose the depth, which should correspond to the root system. Reproduction of raspberries is carried out in the same way. The optimal dimensions are:
- depth - 45-55 cm
- width - 100 cm.
In the fall, you can dig a planting pit deeper near the apple tree and add two or three buckets of fertile land, combined with humus and peat. Ash and superphosphate work well for fertilizer. In this case, it is better to avoid nitrogen, since it adversely affects the pear.
Ash and superphosphate are well suited for fertilizer.
At the same time, it is better to hammer in a wooden peg in the central part, because without a garter a young seedling can be easily deformed. Before transplanting the plant, the bottom of the pit should be thoroughly loosened, and small incisions should be made on the side walls. This will help improve air circulation and improve root growth.
Landing - step by step instructions
How to plant a pear? For this it is important to observe the many subtleties and aspects, since the pear is a rather demanding plant. If you plant it according to the rules, you can achieve a good result.
There are various ways in which you can replant any plant, on a mound or with grooves. But today we will introduce you to the more popular and simple to implement:
- Before planting, you must first prepare a sapling. To do this, he needs to cut off all thick and powerful roots by 10-12 cm, and also cut off the top. Planting material should look like a stick without branches and leaves, whose height is about 75-85 cm. Before planting a plant, it is placed for an hour in a bucket of water.
- The soil dug out of the pit is mixed with wood ash in equal proportions and mixed with water to obtain a dense creamy consistency. In this substance, the roots of the seedling are thoroughly moistened.
- The bottom of the landing pit must first be prepared - loosen the ground and lay out 10 whole raw eggs, after it is filled with a diluted mixture of soil and wood ash, sprinkled with dry earth on top. After the pear is planted, a strong dimple should be avoided. It is very important that the root neck is located just above the ground level.
- After the hole is filled with the remaining earth, about 10 more eggs are laid around the perimeter, which will provide food for the root system for a long time. The barrel is tied to a wooden peg, the sapling is watered with plenty of water. When all actions are completed, an additional circle of the earth around the trunk should be mulched with needles, compost, peat, sawdust and paper.
The soil excavated from the pit is mixed with wood ash in equal proportions.
With this method of planting pear, like blueberries, will be able to successfully overwinter and give a good harvest.
Departure after landing
In any garden, one of the most popular plants is this pear, the planting and care of which should be carried out in compliance with all the above recommendations. Only in this case, the plant will be able to settle down.Video on how to grow a pear in the middle lane
Planting pears implies the need to cut the top, so the cut should be further treated with garden pitch. This will prevent infection by fungus and pests. Pear care is carried out like an apple tree, and it is important to observe the basic requirements:
- moderate watering, which simulates sprinkling,
- fertilization, starting from the second year after the landing,
- protection against drying and frost.
Pear transplanting is a rather complicated and time-consuming process, but with the proper implementation of all actions, the seedling will be able to settle down and spend the winter well, and later give a big harvest.
The choice of landing site and its preparation
Before planting a pear sapling, it is necessary to carefully select the area on which the future tree will grow. The main thing is that it should be smooth, and the soil should be quite dry. The place should be well lit by the sun, otherwise the fruit of the pear will not have time to ripen in time, and the yield may at the same time slightly reduced. It is advisable to avoid planting pears in windy areas, because the tree can withstand even frost, but only in the absence of strong winds.
Tip In addition to the site, it is extremely important to carefully choose also the variety for planting in the garden plot, especially if pear cultivation is planned in a fairly harsh climate. For example, summer pear varieties require about 90 sunny days with an air temperature of at least +15, autumn - about 100 sunny days, and winter - about 110-115 days.
The pear loves light, loose soils with a low groundwater level, since the presence of moisture in the soil can negatively affect the root system of the tree (it will simply rot).
It is also desirable to observe a certain distance between fruit trees and any household constructions (it must be at least 3 m).
If you want to grow not just a healthy tree, but also a bountiful harvest, it is important to use several pear varieties for planting, which is extremely important for high-quality pollination of trees.
So, proceed to the preparation of planting pits for pears. Its depth should be about 1 m, and its width - not less than 0.8 m. It is in such a well that the root system of the pear will have enough space. The size of the planting pit can fluctuate depending on the size of the rhizome of the pear: it should freely pass into the pit.
The first thing you need to pour into the pit feeding (for example, humus or manure) in the amount of 3-5 buckets. Additionally, you should prepare a nutritional mixture consisting of sand with the addition of superphosphate (250 g), potassium sulfate (120 g). The resulting mixture must be mixed with the excavated soil and then pour all the soil into the pit. After that, the pit should be filled with water (20 liters will be enough) and a solution of dolomite flour.
The best way to plant pears
The ideal period for planting pears in the garden is the end of March - the beginning of May. It all depends on the particular climate of a particular region. The main condition is stable warm weather. Make sure that at the time of planting the tree has not yet blossomed leaves. Let us consider in detail the process of planting young seedlings in open ground:
- A wooden peg should be driven into the center of a previously prepared pit so that it rises on the surface of the soil at a height of about 0.5 m.
- Add a bit of soil to the pit so that a kind of knoll forms along its center.
- Put a young tree in the hole (its root system should be exactly on the mound).
- Fill the pit with soil in such a way that the root neck peeks out from the ground at a height of about 6-7 cm. While planting the seedling, gently shake it a couple of times (this will help avoid dips in the ground).
- The soil should be carefully tamped, after watering. Above you can pour a little humus: it will help keep moisture longer.
- Tie up the seedling to the peg.
Tree care tips
Here are some useful tips on pear care from professional gardeners:
- It is important to monitor the state of the tree trunk: weeds should not grow there. Remove plants from underground regularly. In addition, the soil should be carefully loosened so that oxygen can freely penetrate the soil. By the way, after each watering, the soil should also be slightly raised, so that it does not harden.
- Watering should be regular and abundant (in hot weather), otherwise the tree will slow down its growth and throw off all the foliage.
- With the onset of the cold period, it is important to protect the bark and lower branches of the tree, tying the entire lower part of the trunk with fir branches. This will prevent the occurrence of rodents.
- Do not forget to prune wood every year: this is done to rejuvenate and lighten the crown of the tree.
The timely removal of the fruit is just as important as the care of the tree. The maturity of the fruit is determined by their size (different for each variety) and certain external signs: the skin on the stem begins to turn yellow. Do not worry if the fruit will be slightly greenish: they are sure to ripen and become fragrant. Fruits should be removed in a timely manner: from summer varieties - one week before ripening, from autumn varieties - in September (they will become fully ripe and gain enough flavor only after a month).
This concludes consideration of the features of planting pears in the open ground in spring. As you can see, this process is rather laborious, but simple. Good luck!
How to choose the time for landing
So, the first question arises from a gardener who wants to plant a tree: when is it better to plant a pear in the spring? For the southern regions, this issue is resolved easier - it is more profitable to plant in the autumn, since it is more difficult to take root in a seedling in a hot summer period. For the northern regions, everything is also unequivocal: springtime is chosen for planting, otherwise in winter the sapling will freeze and die.
What do summer residents who live in the middle lane do? Here we need to properly weigh the pros and cons. Plus, spring planting is that there is no need to worry about possible frosts. During summer and autumn, the plant is gaining strength, it becomes strong, and it is easier for him to survive the winter under a special shelter. However, the autumn period can boast of another advantage: at this time a large selection of seedlings is offered, and autumn plants are further distinguished by increased resistance to frost.
In the spring, it is better to plant a future tree in the middle of the season - from April 20 to 30.
The importance of lighting
Most often for planting pears is chosen the most illuminated place with dry and flat soil. This is very important for the future development of trees. To pollination was full, it is necessary to plant on the sunny area several varieties that bloom at one time. Suitable for good metabolic processes and development of pear loose substrate which does not allow excess water and air, retains moisture in the root zone.
Fruits develop better on the soil that is rich in nutrients. Do not plant pears in the lowlands. In such areas, usually the groundwater level is high, and this after the winter period has a negative effect on the plant.
The pear does not like dark places very much, therefore, planting a young tree, you should try to select a place so that the distance from the country house is about 3 meters.
Land for seedlings prepared in advance in September and October. Up to 6 kilograms of organic fertilizer is used per 1 square meter of soil, up to 60 grams of ordinary superphosphate, 15 grams of potassium sulfate. Fertilizer is evenly distributed throughout the site, and then dug over with a shovel.
Before you put a seedling in the prepared mound, you need to evenly distribute the roots of the tree and top it with soil, so that the upper part of the roots was 5 centimeters above ground level. Seedlings shake a couple of times so that there are no voids between the root and the soil.
For the speedy survival of the seedling, nutrient soil is added to the hole along with humus, potassium sulfate and superphosphate. In areas with dense soil in the middle of the fossa, you can additionally add river coarse sand.
How to prepare the pit
The pit is dug out with such dimensions: 80 centimeters wide and 70 centimeters deep. Digging with sheer walls is carried out: the fertile layer is thrown back in one direction and the clay in the other. Humus, sod with the upper ground, fertilizer are poured into the pit, and a mound is created. Humus and peat will fill the soil with nutrients and increase the coefficient of looseness.
How to plant a pear in the spring
Planting a fruit tree is not a difficult process, if you follow the correct sequence. There is a brief step by step instruction on how to plant a pear in the spring:
- Dig a hole that fits the size of the seedling.
- The hole must be filled with fertilizer and humus, mixing them with the ground.
- Next should drive a hole in the hole.
- Spread the roots, plant a tree in a hole.
- Cover the ground, well trampled, so as not to pass the air.
- Snap a tree to a peg.
- After the end of the main work, a hole is created for irrigation, and peat is poured.
It is necessary to retreat from the center of the prepared pit 30 cm, to drive a wooden stake. The stake should be driven from the south side to protect the seedling from burns on a sunny day. In addition, the peg maintains the stability of the still fragile tree with strong gusts of wind. Its height is up to the lower sprig of a sapling, about 50 cm. A mound is made around it. A seedling is planted near the stake on the north side, all roots are carefully spread. Fall asleep with fertilized soil, well tamping. When pouring the earth, you need to shake the seedling so that it is firmly established, so that it is very difficult to pull it out using force.
Next, the stem of the plant must be slightly tied to a support. Make a special circular hole, generously watering it with water. Finally, you need to mulch the circle. It is necessary to ensure that the mulch surrounds the whole season. You can apply additional manure, mowed grass and humus.
After planting a sapling around a young tree, they create a small hole with a diameter of about 25 centimeters, which is necessary for watering. And after watering, the hole is covered with peat or humus in order to maintain soil moisture.
The scheme of planting pear seedlings
The distance between the trees directly depends on the stock on which the pear is grafted. If the tree is grafted on a strong-growing stock, then the planting is as follows: 5 meters between the trees in a row and 6 meters between the rows. Если привита на полукарликовом — схема рассчитана 4 на 5 метров, на карликовом — 3 на 4 метра. Большинство садоводов осуществляет достаточно густую посадку деревьев, чтобы было больше сортов, но когда груша разрастается, это плохо сказывается на развитии, и приходится удалять лишнее.
Последующий уход в саду
Virtually all care for a young tree comes down to regular watering and crown formation. You need to watch carefully so that weeds do not germinate, and for this it is necessary to loosen the soil. Weeds are a breeding plant for aphids, which loves to eat the juice of young seedlings. Therefore, it is important to constantly weed the soil after watering.
The best time to plant a pear
The best time for planting pear seedlings is largely the envy of the region of residence. The easiest way is for residents of the northern regions - they have no alternative. Plants planted in the fall in the harsh climate will not have time to get accustomed before the frost and die, so they can be planted only in the spring.
The inhabitants of the southern regions, where winters are relatively warm and mild, and the summer months are often hot and arid, nature also did not leave much choice. Planted in the spring of seedlings, hitting a summer drought, most of them will die. Therefore, the only acceptable option for planting seedlings is autumn.
But residents of the central regions need to weigh the pros and cons. On the one hand, the seedlings planted in spring have time to take root until the cold weather and enter the winter well developed and able to withstand the icy cold.
But there is a downside. Pear trees planted in autumn, having successfully overwintering, acquire a frost resistance that their spring “colleagues” can only envy.
There is one more important moment in favor of the autumn planting: in the fall, specialized nurseries literally burst with excess seedlings, and it is relatively cheap to buy good seedlings of promising varieties, while simply finding a good seedling of the desired variety in the spring is a great success, but it is better to keep silent about its price.
Therefore, to decide when it is better for him to plant a pear: in winter or in autumn - everyone should himself. Recommendations of experts about this are simple: if you are an experienced gardener, you can plant a pear in the fall, but be sure to October 15.
Those who take the first steps in gardening should take into account that a pear seedling planted from April 20 to April 30 is an order of magnitude more likely to root and grow than its autumn sibling.
When choosing a place to plant, be sure to consider the thermophilicity of the pear. In the shaded areas, as well as on the northern slope of the hill, unprotected from the cold northern wind, pear seedlings take root and develop poorly, and most of them die before the next spring.
Does not like a pear and low-lying areas with a high level of under-ground water. In such areas, from constant contact with water, the roots of the tree rot, and the pear, although it will grow and turn green, will be very rare to please the fruits of its owners.
Pear grows and bears fruit poorly on heavy clay soils, and this also needs to be taken into account when choosing a site for planting. It is best for its growth and development of the soil - loose, rich in organic and mineral substances, but capable of good moisture retention at the roots.
Place for landing should be on a hill, well lit by the sun, protected by cold northerly winds. It is desirable that the groundwater in this area lies at a depth of 3-3.5 m. At a distance of 5-6 m from the place of pear planting there should be no buildings or other trees.
When planting a sapling, please note that the pear will grow in this place to 100 years, and if you plan on some kind of construction on this site in 10-20-30 years, then it is better for the pear to find another place - or to refuse building.
If possible, it is better to plant not one, but at least 2-3 seedlings of pears of different varieties in the selected area - in the future they will be better pollinated, therefore, there will be more harvest. Also, for a better harvest of pears on the site, you can plant apples.
Although the planting itself will be done in the spring, it is better to dig a hole for the future tree in the fall — then in the spring its bottom will be compacted and well saturated with moisture from melted snow.
If you plant a seedling in a freshly dug hole, then the loosened soil in it will inevitably settle down over time, pulling the sazhes and planting the root collar on it, which will almost certainly lead to its death. In addition, the winter frost, by freezing the sides and bottom of the excavated pit, as well as the excavated earth, will destroy most of the harmful microorganisms and insects hiding in them.
In different sources, the dimensions of the pit differ, but it all comes down to the fact that you need to dig a decent hole for a seedling. I am preparing pits 1 m wide and 70-80 cm deep for planting pear seedlings. Such dimensions are needed so that the root system of the planted tree in the first year can grow relatively freely in loose soil.
Digging the pit, you need to take care of the separation of the soil. The top 30-35 cm of soil, the most fertile and saturated with microelements, are carefully dug out, covered with foil for the winter and stored until planting, and the rest of the soil can be removed - it is not useful for planting.
For 1-1.5 weeks before planting, 3-4 buckets of rotted manure should be poured into the excavated pit, and 3-4 buckets mixed in a 1: 1 ratio of light fertile soil, best brought from deciduous forest, should be poured. This mixture can be additionally enriched with superphosphate (I add 1 cup to 3 buckets of the mixture) and potash fertilizers (they can be replaced by wood ash). Nitrogen fertilizers should not be added to the mixture - pear does not like an excess of nitrogen in the soil.
But before pouring the soil mixture into it, the pit should be properly filled with water. To do this, a glass of 2-3 glasses of lime is diluted in a bucket of water and poured into a hole, then another 2 buckets of pure water are added to it. When water is absorbed, the pit can be filled with soil mixture.
It is impossible to water over a mixture of soil - the lime that has accumulated in it can burn the roots of a young seedling. For better rooting just before planting, you can additionally pour a bucket of water into it with a root-forming drug dissolved in it, for example, Kornerost (3 tablets per 10 liters of water).
Pear planting scheme:
In spring, the seedling must be planted before its buds swell. When planting in autumn, you need to wait until all the leaves fall off the seedling.
Despite the fact that the pear loves the sun, it is better to plant it in cloudy weather. In this weather, the loose soil after planting retains moisture better, so it is easier for transplanted seedlings to transfer the transplant and take root in a new place.
Before planting in the center of the planting wheel, you need to firmly drive a wooden peg in such a way that it rises 50–70 cm above the surface of the covered pit. It will be needed to fix the planted tree, otherwise the seedling may break from the wind. Then, in order to improve the air access to the roots of the planted tree, the soil at the bottom of the pit and along its sides is slightly loosened.
Pear should be planted so that its root neck 4-5 cm remained above the ground. Usually, covered humus and soil mixture is enough to meet this condition without any problems. But, if the need arises, you can pour the bottom of the excavated fertile soil, or slightly deepen it by selecting a small layer of the ground mixture poured in advance.
First, a small hillock is carefully poured on the bottom of the pit, and the ground is carefully laid on it in the fall, the pear is put on the top in a hole, gently straightening and placing its roots on the sides, after which the pit is covered with earth, slightly plowed down with a 2-3 buckets water. A few hours later, when the ground absorbs the bulk of the water, the planting circle is mulched, covering the ground near the seedling with a layer of peat or humus 8-10 cm thick.
When the seedling to take root and begin to develop, it must be tied to a peg.
It is necessary to tie up simultaneously and very reliably, and very carefully, so as not to overdo it and not break the sapling. So that the seedling does not injure the young bark with a peg, it is better to put on a protective layer of rubber at the points of contact.
The best time to plant a tree
When choosing the time for planting a pear, one should take into account the particular climate in the region in which the site is located. In the south of Russia, where the weather is warm and sunny for a long time, it is good to choose the autumn period for planting fruit trees, because in summer the seedlings can simply die under the scorching sun. The best period in the north for rooting plants - spring. In April-May, warm weather sets in, the ground warms up sufficiently for sowing.
The most difficult choice is facing the residents of the central part of Russia. Therefore, they need to evaluate all the pros and cons of planting a pear at one time or another. Spring landing is safer, the probability of frost returning is much lower. In the summer, the tree can take root, get enough nutrition and prepare for the upcoming winter. The best time to plant a pear is from early to mid-April.
In the autumn planting, too, has its advantages: at this time of year it is easier to choose a suitable sapling in special places, their choice is simply huge. Those trees that overwinter after autumn rooting, quickly get used to the climate and easier to tolerate temperature extremes. Some experienced gardeners combine two ways of planting and buy the best seedlings in the fall, store them and plant them with the onset of spring heat. It is best to plant them until mid-autumn.This is the right time.
Choosing the best site for spring planting pear
The pear tree is very fond of heat, so the landing area should be on a plain, well lit and dry. Lowland places with poor lighting are absolutely not suitable for this, they are usually too wet due to groundwater. When frost occurs, it can cause frostbite of the roots of the tree and its death.
The site must be bright throughout the growth of pears, so next to him should not plan the construction of buildings and high structures. You should also protect the pear from other tall plants that can create shading with their foliage. The distance to other trees should be at least 2 meters. Remember that a pear tree grows long, its life expectancy reaches 90 years, and over the years it can grow up to 35 meters in height.
At the site of landing should be the highest quality land. The most suitable soil for a pear is well-ventilated soil, fertilized with mineral supplements and capable of stopping and holding excess moisture at the roots of the tree. Pear is not recommended to replant during the entire period of fruiting, therefore the place for its planting should be chosen carefully and once.
Selection of seedlings for planting pears
It is possible to choose a sapling for planting in any season, the most important thing is that it be healthy, strong and subsequently become a tree with high yield. The sapling age most suitable for rooting is 1-2 years. If he is older, it will be harder for him to adapt after landing. Such seedlings often die before they reach the first frost. An annual tree is an excellent choice for the southern regions of our country, in the center you can choose a healthy sapling aged about 2 years.
When choosing a pear sapling external characteristics must be considered:
- The elastic body of the trunk and branches in the crown,
- The number of root processes
- Healthy appearance, no scratches, wounds and other damage.
Before planting pears on the site you need to prepare it. Dry twigs are cut with a garden knife and the root system is examined. It is better to first place the roots in a bucket of water so that they are saturated with moisture, and leave them there for 24 hours.. Can add to bucket with water some honey, nutrients in its composition will accelerate the process of formation of roots. Just one tablespoon of honey per bucket of water is enough. All this will help the plant to settle down faster in the open field.
The hole for the pear must be dug to such a depth that the root neck is not completely covered with soil (this can lead to the death of the plant). The neck at the root of the tree is in the place where the roots begin and the trunk ends. It is slightly different in color from the rest of the bark: the right place is darker than the entire root system.
How to prepare a pit for planting pears
Site preparation should begin in advance. If it is decided to plant a pear in the spring, then the pit can be prepared for it even in the fall. So the soil is better soaked with water during melting snow.
It is necessary to have time to prepare a place for landing before the onset of the first autumn frosts. In the central part of Russia, it is better to have time to finish all the preparations before the beginning of November. So the pit for the seedling is soaked with all the vitamins and minerals necessary for rooting the plant, and the earth will acquire the necessary softness. There is one more advantage at early site preparation: during the wintering period all harmful bacteria and infections will die in the pit, the place will be safe for the young tree. It is important to bear in mind that during the wintering season, the soil in the pit will drop by about a quarter of the original volume.
Digging a hole for the pear, you need to remove the top layer from the ground and temporarily remove it nearby. The soil of this layer will be the basis for planting. The bottom layer, which is about half a meter deep, should not be used.. It has few useful substances.and he is considered infertile. The ideal planting depth of seedlings - from 55 to 80 centimeters.
Rotate layers when rooting need as follows:
- clean river sand
- any phosphate fertilizer,
- a layer of potassium nutrient fertilizer.
Before placing the last layer with mineral fertilizers in the pit, the pit should be poured abundantly. This is done in the following order: a bucket of water is poured in with diluted limestone, then they are filled with clean, settled water.
Cover the pit before wintering.
Step by step instructions for planting pears in spring
- In the spring, you need to have time to plant a pear sapling before the onset of the growing season, that is, before the first leaves or buds grow on it. The most suitable time for this is from April 20 to May 10. The weather is more suitable for planting cloudy, you need to protect the young plant from direct sunlight.
- In the hole prepared in advance, a hole is dug, into which the root system of the plant will be placed. Therefore, its size should be suitable for the roots to fit completely into it.
- Next to the hole you need to drive a stick up to 50 centimeters high. A sapling will subsequently need to be tied to it.
- Fertile soil is poured into the pit into which the pear root is placed. From above they are covered with the rest of the earth and they knock lightly on it to compact it. It is important to remember that the neck of the root is not placed in the ground; it must be above the ground.
Rooted tree is recommended to be watered 2 times a month. When it stably stands in the ground, it will be possible to tie it with a nylon rope to a stick prepared in advance. In order not to injure the young and thin bark of the seedling, in the place where the rope will be tied, you need to fix a piece of rubber.
As you see to plant a pear in the spring is easy. There are many advantages in spring planting. If you follow all the rules of care for a young seedling, the tree will grow healthy and will bear fruit for many years.
Pear: positive properties
Like any tree, it has its advantages:
- durability. A healthy one can produce a good fruit harvest for 100 years,
- the crown of a tree has a pyramidal shape. That is, its thickening does not occur as the tree develops,
- pear has tremendous precocity. After planting a tree in the ground in spring or autumn already in the fifth year, the gardener can get the first harvest.
Planting pears in spring
Many gardeners who decide to grow a pear in their garden, most often choose the spring period for planting it in the ground.
The first task that needs to be solved is to decide on the pear variety. Preference should be given zoned varieties. At the same time, the ripening period can be chosen based on your preferences. Another important point is to choose the right landing site. It is also necessary to take care of the preparation of the pit. If you decide that the tree will be planted in the spring, then in the autumn you need to carry out the necessary work.
Planting pears: the choice of location
That the tree grew well and pleased with a big harvest, it is necessary to choose the right place for landing fruit tree. The best option is the illuminated part of the site, which has a flat terrain and at the same time is quite dry. In order for the tree to grow its full pollination, it is necessary to plant several varieties at once that bloom at the same time.
The optimal substrate for planting pears into the ground is loose, water-and breathable, which is able to retain sufficient moisture in the root zone. In order to achieve high results in terms of pear fruit, seedlings should be planted in the spring in the soil, which is rich in nutrients. In the lowlands of this tree is better not to plant, because there is usually a high level of groundwater in such places. In combination with the cold that prevails there in the winter, planting pears in the lowlands can lead to the fact that its development will be extremely slow. Подбирая место для высадки дерева весной, необходимо обращать внимание на то, чтобы не было затенения.
Как посадить грушу правильно: когда сажать
Специалисты рекомендуют сажать в открытый грунт двухлетние саженцы. Заниматься этим можно не только весной, но и в осенний период. If the gardener has decided to plant the seedlings in the spring, it is best that all work be completed before the beginning of May, when the trees have buds. Gardeners who live in the southern regions should not forget that spring in this part of our country comes very early, so it’s best to plant a pear in the open ground in the fall.
How to plant a pear in the spring: instructions
Before you plant a tree in the open ground, you need to take care of the creation of a planting pit. When digging, they are guided by the size of the root system of seedlings. Usually the pit for planting this tree has the following dimensions:
- width - 60-70 cm,
- height - 70-80 cm.
Doing earthworks, it is necessary to leave steep walls, while in one direction it is necessary to throw off the fertile layer, and clay and sand in the other. In the pit should be poured:
- fertilizer. They should be mixed with the ground.
Before planting a pear in a landing hole, it is necessary to drive a wooden peg about half a meter high. It should be located on the south side. This will prevent overheating of the sapling in the summer and eliminate sunburn that the sapling can get in early spring. In addition, the peg will ensure the stability of the seedling, which in the first two years of development is not able to withstand strong gusts of wind.
A fertilizer mixture is poured into the pit and a small mound forms. Then it is necessary to put a pear sapling on it, while its root system should be straightened. Pour the soil in such a way that the root neck is located 6 cm above the soil level, and the upper roots must be at ground level. In order to avoid emptiness between roots saplings when planting should be held by the barrel and occasionally shake, piling the soil in pristvolny circle.
In order to ensure quick survival of the tree in a new place, it is necessary to add a small amount of nutritive soil under the seedling, to which are added:
If the soil in your area is quite dense, then coarse river sand can be laid at the bottom of the planting pit.
Pear care in the garden
Having planted a young sapling in an open ground, further care of it consists mainly in its regular watering and the formation of the crown of the future tree. Particular attention should be paid to the weeds that should not grow next to the young seedlings. In order for this not to happen, it is necessary to regularly engage in such a procedure as loosening the soil.
Beware of weeds should for the reason that they are a good breeding ground for aphids. And she loves to eat the juice of young saplings. Therefore, weeding the soil around young trees after irrigation is of great importance. Pear is prone to pest attacks. Therefore, after planting a tree on your site should learn how to deal with them.
In the first two years of life to feed a sapling just needBecause the nutrients in the soil are not enough. In order to avoid the state of drying of the soil and prevent slowing down of the development of young pears, it is necessary to provide additional seedling to the seedling in hot weather. If it lacks moisture, ripening starts faster, and very small fruits are formed. Therefore, it is necessary to provide the tree with the necessary care and follow all the recommendations given by experienced gardeners. In this case, the tree will develop normally, delighting you with a good harvest.
The owners of garden plots grow saplings of various crops on their land plots in order to have a harvest of fragrant fruits in the fall. Most people grow apple trees. However, many are not limited to them and grow a pear. Beginners who want to plant this fruit tree on their site, there are many questions. One of them is how to choose the right grade. Many are interested in how to plant a pear properly and when to do it.
Those owners of sites who have a desire to plant this tree should be aware that the pear is compared with the apple tree is a more thermophilic planttherefore, an attempt to grow a tree in the northern regions will turn out to be a failure. Before planting, it is necessary to choose the right landing site.
The best periods for planting this tree are spring or autumn. If you live in the southern regions of our country, then the best time to disembark is the autumn months. Sapling should be planted in a well-lit area. The pit for seedlings should be prepared in advance. Its depth should be no more than 80 cm. After excavation, a mixture consisting of top soil, humus and mineral fertilizers should be brought to the bottom. This will ensure the normal development of the plant. Be sure to drive a peg into the mound. It will protect the seedling from strong gusts of wind, as well as eliminate the burns of a young tree during periods of intense heat in the summer.
Before planting a pear it will be useful to familiarize yourself with the recommendations of experienced gardeners in order to properly plant this fruit tree. In this case, the plant will develop normally and will please you with a good harvest of fruits subject to regular care.
General recommendations for both spring and autumn planting
A pear is more capricious than an apple tree, and the neglect of the tips below can not only deprive the future of the harvest, but also contribute to the death of the seedling
- Pear does not tolerate the proximity of groundwater. Therefore, if these waters are located at a depth of less than 3 meters, there will be problems with good growth and yield.
- Plot of soil should be chosen with a dry top layer, well permeable to water during irrigation, but at the same time, preventing the rapid evaporation of water.
- Such a site should be located at least 3 meters from the buildings so that the plant does not end up in their shadow for a considerable time of day.
- At the seedling should be done picking rod (main) root. Leave only the side ("fan" roots)
- At the bottom of the dug planting hole poured a cone of soil up to half the depth of this hole. Roots should cover this cone. Why is this done - see drawing
- When foraging organic and mineral fertilizers, it should be remembered that pear fertilization in the first year, when the roots are not yet strong, does not need, and may even die from their introduction. Nitrogen fertilizer, these roots will just burn!
- The root neck of the seedling should be 4-5 centimeters above the soil level after shrinking and tamping.
- After planting the seedlings around it make a recess in the form of wells for watering. After watering, the hole is mulched with a mixture of earth with husks of seeds or nutshell, or with slept, well-washed tea to preserve soil moisture and prevent development of the weed stem - pear to their presence is more sensitive than apple trees. In addition, the bark of a pear sapling is tender, and on the weeds aphids nest almost always, which can elementarily drink all the juices of the pear.
- Pear can not be planted near the growing mountain ash - they have common pests and diseases that can spread from mountain ash to seedlings. To the places where cherry, cherry, plum used to grow - you can.
The site for planting pear seedlings is prepared ahead of time, in late September - early October. This will help the formation of the first adventitious roots, and, as a result, the best survival rate.
- Dig a hole about 80 cm in diameter and 70 cm deep.
- Mix the soil for a mound at the bottom of the fossa of turf land, humus, potassium sulfate, superphosphate and peat. If the soil is clay, heavy - add coarse sand or fine crushed stone to the base of the hill. If the soil is in the area of increased acidity, marble chips can be used instead of rubble - its alkaline base neutralizes excess acid.
- The folded soil should be folded: the upper fertile layer separately, which then goes down, to form a knoll, and separately a heavy lower one — it is used for the top for final backfilling. At the same time, the upper layer of heavy soil is mulched, making it lighter and more fertile.
- The survival rate of seedlings is best for two-year-olds.
- After planting, the seedling is tied to a peg at a height of about 1/3 of its growth, before the skeletal branches of the crown begin. Scotch not primatyvat! The garter should be woven and breathable. In addition, do not pull the trunk to the peg tightly to avoid injury to the seed bark.
Remember! Spring planting is done before bud break!
This time is different for different regions, so accurate recommendations cannot be given. Just follow the vegetation of the tree. If you are offered to take saplings with leaves that started to bloom, you should not take it - survival rate is doubtful.
- Specify the medium-term weather forecast, whether frosts are expected.
- If cooling is expected, but time does not tolerate - to prepare covering material in the form of a dense polyethylene film, with which the plant will be rolled up on the night of a cold snap.
- The peg, to which the tree will be tied, is placed on the south side so that in the summer at noon the tender bark of the seedling does not get sunburn.
Video of the process of planting pear:
If the tree was protected from sunburn, winds, weeds, then pear begins to bear fruit in the fifth year after planting.
The harvest of the first year is usually characterized by large fruits and their small amount. But as the tree grows, in subsequent years each planted tree can produce up to 100 kilograms of pears.
True, they will be sick smaller. In order to prevent this, the crown of the pear should be clarified and rejuvenated, leaving only the skeletal, forming the crown, branches, and decisively cutting off the branches of the young undergrowth, as shown in the figure.
Then the yields will be stable, the branches of the tree will not break off from the excess fruit mass, and the fruits themselves will not shrink from year to year.