Planting cucumbers in open ground


  • When planting cucumbers in open ground with seeds
  • When to plant cucumbers in open ground in 2018 according to the lunar calendar
  • When to plant cucumbers in a greenhouse

Generally, the cultivation of cucumbers is not at all laborious, but there are some nuances that every vegetable gardener who has decided to plant this vegetable in his area simply needs to know. It is possible to plant cucumbers both in the greenhouse and in the open field, both by planting seedlings and simple sowing with seeds. Since cucumbers are not very well perceive the transplant, it is preferable to seed the seed culture immediately to a permanent place. In this case, it is more likely that all the seedlings will take root, and there will be no hassle with transplanting.

When to plant cucumbers in open ground with seeds in the Moscow region, in Siberia, in the Urals

Cucumber - a culture that is very demanding of heat, so planting it in open ground too early is impossible. Seeds germinate at a soil temperature of 15-17 degrees; planting material simply rots in cooler soil. Check whether the time of sowing, it's easy, just put a conventional thermometer to a depth of 10 centimeters of the soil and wait 15 minutes. As for the specific dates of planting cucumbers, it is impossible to answer with accuracy here, because everything depends on the weather. For example, in the suburbs it is usually possible to sow seeds in the mid-late May, but as far as the north of Siberia and the Urals is concerned, planting cucumbers in the open ground is not worth it in these regions, it’s better to choose the greenhouse method and grow crops better than seedlings ( that short, cool summer, which happens in these regions, will not allow plants to form normally, and the harvest can be forgotten altogether, since cucumbers stop growing at temperatures below 15 degrees Celsius).

Most gardeners prefer to plant many crops by signs. It is believed that the time of flowering of mountain ash is the best period of sowing seeds of cucumbers in open ground.

When to sow cucumber seeds in open ground on the lunar calendar

It is worth noting that when growing cucumber seedlings, seedlings should be planted in the open ground preferably also on the days listed above. The work carried out on these days will have a favorable effect on crop growth, crop yield and its quality.

In general, many gardeners when planting plants do not use the lunar calendar and at the same time annually collect the excellent harvest of certain crops. From this we can conclude that competent care is much more important than landing in accordance with similar calendars.

When to plant cucumbers in open ground?

To say for sure when planting cucumbers in open ground is difficult. In different regions and with different climates of the month and date will differ significantly. This culture belongs to the heat-loving, so planting cucumbers in open ground is carried out after the earth warms up well. In the middle lane this time is in the middle - the end of May, in the southern regions - the middle of April. As for the northern regions, it is recommended to grow cucumber varieties only in the greenhouse, in order to increase the chance of sprouting and the number of crops.

How to cook and cultivate the soil?

Processing and preparation of soil for planting cucumbers

A place for cucumbers to pick up the sun, so that after planting, the seeds did not begin to rot in the ground. The sun will provide them with warmth and incentive to germinate. Best of all, the crop takes root in the place where tomatoes, cabbage or pepper were previously grown. But melon and watermelon greatly deplete the land, in their place it is better not to plant cucumbers.

It is recommended for convenience to make the rack, which will stretch the grid. Thanks to this approach, the plant will curl up and not climb along the ground. This will simplify harvesting, save space and provide the plant with maximum sunlight.

Having picked up a plot, it needs to be dug up and fertilized with copper sulphate, ash and superphosphate. Do it in the fall. Spring plot only loosened. If desired, in order to speed up planting or improve seed establishment, it is possible to warm up the soil by watering it with boiling water and covering it with a film, but this is an optional procedure.

How to prepare the seeds for planting?

Many summer residents themselves collect seeds from cucumbers, sow them next year and are surprised at the poor harvest. Yes, the self-harvesting of seeds allows you to verify the quality of the product, its resistance to the local climate, and the variety will be known for sure. But, the best shoots give the seeds collected a few years ago, and not fresh ones - this is important to consider!

If the seeds are collected on their own, you must take those that are collected more than 2 years ago. If - are bought, it is worth checking the time of their preparation. On some packages this is indicated.

Preparation of cucumber seeds for planting

Having defined the age, you can start to sort. It is selected in accordance with the climate, planting place (greenhouse or open area), and when you need to get a crop (early, mid-season, late-ripening). Cucumber seeds are divided into two types: varieties for greenhouses and varieties for open ground, each type of fruit is well in its environment.

It is imperative that before planting it is necessary to identify and remove empty, damaged and very small seeds. You can feel them or put them in water for half an hour - the hollows will float, and small, torn and so noticeable when viewed.

As for processing, it is not always needed, but it is recommended to get the seedlings at about the same time. To begin with, seeds are dipped in warm water (40 degrees) for 2 hours. Then they take it out, put it in a wet cloth, wrap it up and set it in a warm place for a few days. It is advisable to put a rag in a bag and sometimes get it - to air and wet it with fresh water. Before planting rag deployed. All good seeds by this time will have to come.

How to plant cucumber seeds in open ground?

Planting cucumbers in open ground is carried out according to certain rules. Departure from them can lead to crop loss.

  1. To start preparing the beds. You can make several rows, but between them leaves 50-70 cm, so that it is convenient to walk and cultivate the land.
  2. In the beds holes are made at a distance of 50 cm from each other. If trellis is used for growing, the distance can be 20 cm. The depth of the hole is 2 cm.
  3. 1, 2 or even 5 seeds are planted in the holes - many gardeners are reinsured in order to get seedlings for sure.
  4. After shoots appear, they are thinned. You can not throw away the sprouts, and transplant them to new places.
  5. In case of frosts (if the temperature drops below 10 degrees), plants are covered with a film. Otherwise they will die.

Lanes for cucumbers

Should I make seedlings?

For some truckers, growing cucumbers is not difficult; others cannot “tame” a thermophilic culture. It is for those who can not grow cucumbers, planting them in the open soil in the form of seeds - it is recommended to grow seedlings. The cause of failure can lie in the type of soil or very cold soil, the lack of dressings, nutrients in the soil, poor seeds, and so on. But, unlike seeds, seedlings have more resistant and strong qualities, and sometimes take root in extreme conditions.

Another positive quality of seedlings is that it can give an earlier harvest. Planting cucumber seedlings in open ground can be carried out in mid-April. True, under the film cover, but the shoots take root well. And if the frost suddenly hits, the plant over the film is additionally warmed with any thermal insulation material. When warm days come, the film is removed and the culture is tended as usual.

How and when to plant cucumbers

Planting cucumbers in open ground should be accompanied by the observance of some key nuances. First of all, you need to decide on a suitable place for planting, given the biological preferences of the culture. It is also important to consider the recommendations in terms of planting dates, as well as responsibly respond to the need for thorough preparation of the soil for planting. Today, gardeners grow cucumbers in two ways:

Consider the second method of landing, because. It has a more productive result and the absence of many difficulties.

Before preparing the planting material and placing it in the substrate, need to choose a planting method. There are two of them:

It is not a secret that cucumbers are extremely heat-loving plants, therefore, when choosing a suitable site for planting, preference should be given to places that are sufficiently lit, warm and closed from all kinds of external influences. It is known that the culture reacts poorly to contact with cold northerly winds and drafts, so it is impossible to plant them in such places.

If you want to plant seeds in open ground, must adhere to the rules of crop rotation. Good germination is seen in places where other garden crops have been processed before, including:

Poor growth occurs when planting after beans, zucchini and carrots, as these plants are subject to similar diseases and pests that can survive the winter in the soil.

Soil preparation

Vegetable shows a lot of requirements for soil composition. High yields - the merit of the content in the fertile and loose land with medium acidity.

The preparation of suitable soil should be started in advance - first of all, in the autumn period, and then in spring, before sowing seeds in open ground. In the autumn, it is enough to dig a trench with a depth of 20 to 25 centimeters and a width of 70 centimeters, making a ditch in the center 30 to 35 centimeters in depth. At the bottom is a drainage layer with a diameter of 15 centimeters. Leaves, peat, sawdust, grass and straw are used for drainage.

Immediately before sowing seeds, the ground should be fed with a good organic fertilizer, in which quality rotted manure, bird droppings or mullein manifests itself well. The method of placing a 25 cm layer of manure in a trench dug in autumn is characterized by excellent efficiency. It is better to implement such an action in early May.

The soil composition is thoroughly disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganatediluted in boiling water. The next layer is fertilized with 5 - 6 kilograms of humus per 1 running meter, one liter jar of ash and 20 grams of superphosphate and 10 grams of potash salt. After thorough mixing, the ground should be poured over the previously prepared solution of potassium permanganate and tightly covered with film. It is important that the soil has time to warm up to a comfortable temperature for planting seeds.

As for the preparation of planting material, it consists in a simple action: for 10 to 12 hours the seeds are placed in warm water with a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees, which changes periodically. Also, the variant of warming up of seeds two months prior to planting, with temperature indicators above 20 degrees, manifests itself quite well. For the purpose of disinfection, they can be placed in a manganese solution and succumb to a good growth stimulator.

Immediately before landing, in the prepared recess you need to pour enough water. Even if watering is repeated, it will give good results. The next step is to lay out the seeds at a distance of 25 - 30 centimeters from each other. The distance between the rows is at least half a meter.

When to plant cucumbers in open ground

Asking the question: "when to plant cucumbers in open ground?" - you need a lot of important points and features of the upcoming event. The exact date of planting is determined by climatic factors and the varietal preferences of a particular cucumber variety.

If we talk about early wateringthen it should be implemented, provided that the night temperature readings do not fall below 15 degrees above zero. The best temperature for a successful landing is +18 ... + 26 degrees Celsius. Many dacha residents living in mid-latitudes do not begin the event until the fifth of June. Naturally, the exact dates may vary depending on the regional characteristics. If the soil manages to warm up to high temperatures much earlier, and the probability of night frosts completely disappears, you can start sowing from May 15 to 25.

An important factor in the successful planting of seeds is light day. It is known that the culture belongs to the light-loving plants, so planting in early June is the best solution. For growth and development to take place fully, it is enough to provide cucumbers from 10 to 12 hours of full coverage. When disembarking at the end of June, they may suffer from unwanted exposure to direct sunlight for a long time.

If you intend to harvest earlierthan expected, try planting a crop with carefully prepared seedlings, or start growing in greenhouse conditions. It is possible to place seedlings in open soil only at the beginning of summer, although the ripening period of vegetables will begin 2-4 weeks earlier (the first ripe fruits will appear in the middle of the second summer month).

When choosing high-performance varieties for growing in mid-latitudes, you should opt for proven copies of the type “Competitor”, “Cascade”, “Universal” and others. Summer planting eliminates the possibility of using pickling species. They take root very badly, and the yield indicators leave much to be desired. Therefore, the best solution - it is the above varieties.

Middle and late sowing

The second wave of sowing begins in June too. Here you can use almost all varieties. If the June planting was carried out in accordance with the established rules, the first harvest will appear in early August. Naturally, the exact time of harvesting depends on the varietal characteristics.

As for the late planting of cucumbers, then, in this case, it is much more sensible to opt for special varieties - pickling. Early ripening varieties with a growing season of 45 to 50 days are also excellent. Fruiting of such crops coincides with tomatoes. The main advantage of the late landing is the opportunity to enjoy the wonderful gifts of nature right up to the winter.

Asking the question: “When exactly to plant?”, Be prepared to study the climatic and geographical features of the region, as well as seasonal moments. If you live in cold terrain, it is best to practice the option of planting from seedlings in a greenhouse setting. If, on the contrary, in hot weather, the soil will have to be shaded in the heat of the day, protecting it from the damaging effects of direct sunlight, which can simply destroy the culture.

The main features of care culture

Planting cucumbers at home can every summer resident. It is only important to take into account the recommendations of experienced colleagues and avoid fatal errors. After planting seeds or seedlings in open soil, cucumbers need to provide proper care, which consists of:

  • regular watering
  • cleaning beds from weeds,
  • loosening the soil
  • mulching
  • hilling,

Also in seasonal dressing.

It is known that the culture has high demands on soil moisture. If it is in wet conditions for too long, it can cause the development of dangerous fungal diseases. However, a long stay in arid soil is also a very unpleasant phenomenon, due to which the leaves of plants begin to darken and break. If there is no balance between rainy and dry weather, this can adversely affect the fruiting crop. The best indicators of air humidity are 80%. If the level is kept at around 30%, this is a direct path to the death of the plant.

Watering cucumbers in hot weather, you need to apply warm, separated water with a temperature not lower than 18 degrees Celsius. Otherwise, fruit development may be at risk. When watering, it is better to apply a watering can, holding the event in the evening or early morning, while the air temperature is not too high. Try not to let the liquid fall on the leaves.

If you do not have time to feed the soil before planting seeds or seedlings, be sure to do it all season. The first feeding arrangements will be useful at the moment when 2 - 3 true leaves appear on the bush. In the future, the interval of fertilizing is 10 - 15 days. Nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers or ready-made complexes based on them should be applied in the process. Not bad manifests itself regular alternation of organic dressings with mineral.

An indispensable effect for the successful growth of cucumbers is the careful loosening of the soil. It is known that the root system of bushes penetrates 40 centimeters deep into the soil, although a significant part of it is held at 5 centimeters from the top level. Because of this feature, the loosening of the upper layers must be careful.


In addition to loosening, many gardeners spend thorough soil mulching or hilling, contributing to the development of strong immunity to combat all sorts of fungal diseases.

That lateral escapes could be definitively formed, the plant needs to be pinched. The procedure is carried out on the main stem over the fifth or sixth leaf. Подобные действия положительно скажутся на показателях плодоношения.

При вертикальной посадке 30-сантиметровые плети лучше подвязывать к широким полоскам ткани.

Если культура начнёт плодоносить, собирайте урожай через каждый день, ну или максимум, через два дня. The more frequent the collection, the more fruits you will be able to get in the end. Any uncleaned cucumber removes the formation of new ovaries. It is better to start harvesting in the morning time, because in the evening period, the vegetables quickly wither.

Growing cucumbers is a very interesting and profitable occupation. With the right approach to all the features of the plant in your garden, you can get very good yields at minimal cost. The main thing to remember is that properly spent efforts will surely turn you into a good and productive fruiting and allow you to enjoy the priceless gifts of nature before the first frost.

That's all, now you know what are the features of proper planting of cucumbers in the garden. It remains to introduce them into reality and get your result.

Landing time

First you need to decide when you can plant seeds. The term of sowing cucumbers depends on the climatic features. Residents of the southern regions are recommended to engage in planting in late winter or early March, so that the time of planting cucumbers in open ground falls in the middle of May. Residents of the northern regions need to plant them a little later, so that the dates for planting cucumbers in open ground will be in June, when the temperature at night will be above zero.

When planting cucumbers with seeds in open ground, sowing time is completely different. In this case, they will have to plant only when the night temperature outside will not fall below 10-15 degrees Celsius.

Seed preparation

Before sowing cucumbers in open ground, you should do the preliminary preparation of seeds for planting. First you have to do the calibration of planting material so that you can choose the most suitable seeds. During calibration, you only need to select large seeds with a perfectly flat surface. After that, they are placed in saline solution and soaked in it for about 5-10 minutes.

During this time, all defective seeds will float to the surface. They should be disposed of immediately, as they will not germinate.

Quite often, cucumbers die from various diseases. In order to somehow protect them from this, it is necessary to deal with their disinfection. To do this, the entire planting material is placed for half an hour in a weak solution prepared from manganese. The next day, the procedure is repeated again.

Soil preparation

When the time of sowing seeds, it is recommended to do the preparation of the soil. For planting cucumbers you need to use specially prepared soil mixture, which should contain a considerable amount of nutrients. To prepare it, you need in equal quantities to mix the humus with sod land. If there is no turf soil, then you can use compost instead. Some gardeners add a little oven ash to the ground.

Also, do not forget that the soil has an optimal temperature for growing cucumbers. Before planting, heat treatment of the soil must be carried out. Especially if he spent a long time on the street or in a room with a low temperature. Seeds can be planted in the ground, the temperature of which is not lower than 15 degrees.

Tank preparation

Planting cucumbers should be carried out in special containers, where cucumbers could grow as comfortably as possible.

The best type of containers for growing young seedlings is peat pots. Their main advantage is that they are very easy to use. To do this, it is enough to fill them with a small amount of soil mixture and place them on pallets. Also the advantages of peat pots include the material from which they are made. Indeed, thanks to it, in tanks there is an optimum water-air regime, which has a very positive effect on the planted seeds.

It is recommended to plant seeds before the deadline for planting cucumbers. During sowing, all containers are filled with cooked soil and special holes are made in them for planting. No more than one seed is sown in each pot. If you plant too many seeds in one container, then because of this they will grow much slower.

The next day after planting, all containers with cucumbers are transferred to a warm room. The minimum temperature for cucumbers should not be less than 15 degrees and therefore, you should choose a room in which to maintain this temperature.

Planting seedlings

When all the seeds that have been planted, sprout well, it will be possible to plant cucumbers in open ground. However, before this, it is recommended to decide how many you can plant them and how to do it correctly.

Selection and cleaning of the site

For sowing cucumbers in open ground, you must choose the most suitable site. It is recommended to search for cucumbers only the most illuminated places with good protection from strong gusts of wind. However, it is not always possible to choose a windless area. In order to somehow protect cucumber bushes from wind rushes, it is necessary to plant some tall crops around them.

Preparation of the site for cucumbers is recommended to engage in the middle of autumn. At this time, the territory is completely cleared of plant residues. They are recommended to burn or bury in the ground. If you do not clear the site of plant residues, then over time they will become a source of diseases that cucumbers can get.

Key recommendations for sowing time

To determine the optimal or the last term of planting cucumbers in open ground, many growers are guided by the lunar calendar. It is worth noting that it is not always possible to determine the best day for planting cucumbers in the ground with it. Therefore, the following recommendations should be considered:

  1. The average daily temperature for the growth of cucumbers should not be below 15 degrees. If there is a possibility of a serious decrease in night temperature, then transplanting seedlings is better to move. When growing cucumbers in the greenhouse, you can not follow the street temperature, as in the greenhouse you can independently manage the climate.
  2. Soil temperature should also be more than 15 degrees. This is the most favorable temperature for growing this vegetable.
  3. It is better to plant cucumbers in the last month of spring, when most of the time on the street is dominated by westerly and southern winds. In such weather, the probability of frost is extremely small.

Types of planting dates

For planting cucumbers, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the varieties of planting dates:

  • Early. Planting cucumbers in the early stages should be carried out in early May. Early sowing is most often used by residents of the southern regions, since at that time they no longer have night temperature differences. However, residents of the northern regions can plant cucumbers later. Only they will have to plant cucumbers in the greenhouse to create optimal conditions for greenhouse cucumbers.

  • Average. Many people do not like early sowing, and therefore they decide to plant cucumbers later. In this case, the cucumbers are planted in mid-June. Almost all varieties of cucumbers are suitable for this. If you grow bushes in June, the harvest will need to be collected in early August. However, the collection of ripened fruits depends not only on the planting period, but also on the planted varieties.
  • Late. The latest date for planting cucumbers is recommended to use only during the planting of early cucumbers, which will be able to ripen on the 40th day after planting. Thus, the planted vegetable will ripen along with the tomatoes. The last term of sowing has its advantages. For example, if you plant seedlings at the end of summer, then fresh fruits can be harvested before the first frost. However, you should not plant cucumbers too late, since frosts can begin even in the fall and because of this the plant dies before fruiting. Therefore, the last landing should be carried out in late July or early August.

Planted on the garden is recommended only good seedlings. It must be hardened and have a good stalk with several developed leaves. For hardening young bushes it is recommended to take them out in the afternoon. At the same time, it is necessary to monitor what temperature is kept outside. If it is more than 15-17 degrees, then the seedlings can be taken out for the whole day. The duration of hardening should gradually increase. Therefore, a few days before transplanting, the plants should be on the street, not only during the day, but at night.

Before planting cucumbers, should be engaged in the creation of planting beds. To prevent the plants from shading each other, the distance between the holes should be at least 50 cm. Between the rows, the gap should be a little more - 60-70 cm. When all the holes have been prepared, you can start the transplant.

Carefully remove all seedlings from the peat pots and plant them upright in the beds. Then they should be sprinkled with soil, pour water and rammed a little. The next day after planting, all bushes should be watered with warm water.

Seedling preparation

Preparation of seedlings should begin to engage in 3-4 weeks before transplanting into the ground. It is necessary to lay out the flat bottom of a suitable vessel with wet napkins or rags, on which the cucumber seeds should be spread. When work on unfolding seeds will be done, the vessels intended for germinating seeds are covered with a film or glass, and must be in this position for a certain time.

The term of emergence of sprouts in the first seeds, 2-4 days. As sprouts appear in the seeds, they should be taken out of the vessel neatly and planted in small pots or cups. Preliminary doing in them for each of the germinated seeds of a lune depth of about 2 cm.

As soon as the first shoots appear, the seedlings are transferred from a warm, darkened place to a lighter and cooler place, where they should be stored at room temperature. When, before planting the seedlings on the open ground, there remains a period of 5-7 days, the seedlings must be started to be accustomed to the conditions of growth on the open ground, periodically bringing it to the street. For the first time take out for 2-3 hours, then gradually increasing the duration of exposure to the air every day for 2-3 hours. The period between the sprouting of the seedlings and their landing on the ground is 3-4 weeks.

Cucumber sprout appears 2-4 days after planting


It is possible to plant on the open ground shoots grown from seedlings when they acquire two “three leaves”. This method of planting, in contrast to planting seeds, reduces the time for the appearance of the fruits of the first cucumbers for 2 weeks. With rapid warming, it is best to plant in the late afternoon, when the heat subsides. And with the average temperature regimes, it must be remembered that the return of night spring frosts can adversely affect the planted shoots of the crop. Planting is necessary during May, depending on the geographical latitude of the location of your plot for sowing, when the May night frosts in your geographical latitude are already behind. Plant on beds 1-1.3 m wide, depending on the type of cucumber.

Between the shoots planted into the ground, it is customary to observe the following distances:

  • for early ripening varieties - 20-25 cm,
  • mid-ripening varieties - 30-35 cm
  • late ripening varieties - 40 cm
  • hybrid varieties - 45-50 cm

Germinated seeds need to be planted in the wells with a depth of 2-4 cm, then pour abundantly, cover with earth and lightly pogrambovat.

Cucumbers are planted in open ground, when they have 2-3 leaves

Seed preparation

If you are going to plant seeds without sprouting, then before subsidence they should be sufficiently dried and heated to 60 ° C for two hours. Then it is advisable to do half of the seed germination test. Seeds are soaked in warm, at 20-25 ° C water, for a period of 15 to 18 hours. After this, we perform the same procedure as with seeds for germination on seedlings - we spread the seeds on a damp cloth to the bottom of a suitable vessel.

After some time the seeds begin to germinate, it is possible to determine the viability of the seeds being prepared for sowing.

What is not sprouted to the landing is not good. Viable seeds, after appropriate treatment against bacteria and fungi, are ready for planting. Before planting, the seeds must be dried. The soaked seeds are planted interspersed with those that did not succumb to this procedure, in a 1: 1 ratio. Intertwined with each other before lowering into the recess for landing.

Hybrid seeds do not need to be heated, processed and sprouted.

Hybrid cucumber seeds can be planted without additional processing

Planting seeds

Sowing seeds in open ground is optimal when the average daily temperature is 15-17 ° C, which provides the necessary conditions for sufficient heating of the soil. A bed is prepared for planting seeds. Before planting the seeds, the bed should be planted to a depth of 5-10 cm. Then we lower 4-5 seeds into the grooves made in 3-5 cm. After that, you need to fill the grooves with earth, podtrambovat them and pour abundantly from small-cell watering can.

The term of the first watering is a controversial issue between a certain part of summer residents - some argue that the crust formed after watering prevents air from reaching the seeds.

The distance between the grooves for planting do the same as given in the description for planting seedlings - we make indents between the grooves depending on the variety of the cucumbers planted.

Sowing care

As soon as the first shoots appear, it is necessary to provide weekly watering with warm water at 20-25 ° C, at the rate of 4-5 liters per 1 m². When the flowering period begins, watering is carried out every 2-3 days with a volume of water of 8-12 liters per 1 m², with water of the same temperature as during the growing season. This crop, in its maturation, depends entirely on water and reacts sharply to its shortage or excess. In the first case, the leaves of the culture become dark and brittle, in the second pale-green and sluggish. Therefore, the timing of irrigation of this culture must be adjusted depending on the response of the leaves to the water regime, collectively imposed by man and nature. In order to avoid the development of root rot by the end of summer, the frequency of irrigation should be reduced.

Cucumbers love regular watering

Top-dressing of cucumber shoots is carried out only on sunny days, because when the weather is cloudy, the growth of cucumbers slows down, and top dressing does not contribute to favorable growth, but only aggravates it. When feeding, you should be careful with the leaves of the feed culture. In order to avoid burns of leaves of culture, nutrients need to be poured directly on the ground around the sprouts. During the season it is recommended to hold 4-5 root dressings. In every 12-16 days after the start of flowering. Organic fertilizers are bred in proportions: 1:25 bird droppings and water, or 1:10 mullein and water. Watering the solution should be carried out at the rate of 5 liters per 1 m².

Care should be taken when feeding organic matter. It should be noted that organic substances are often carriers of viruses and pathogens of various diseases.

When using chemical fertilizers for fertilizing, try to follow the instructions of the suppliers of the designated products.

Feed cucumbers should be in sunny weather

Thinning beds and weeding

In the process of aging culture, the soil on which it grows, you need to periodically, once a week, weed, and thin out the rows of cucumbers. What is usually combined and carried out overnight, as soon as the next weeding period comes. Thinning out only empty leaves of plants, do not immediately remove many shoots, because over time, some of the plants remaining after thinning may die, leaving empty spaces on the beds. A more thorough thinning can be carried out when the culture is briskly growing, and the shoots interfering with one another become noticeable. Weed should be treated with caution. The root system of this culture is located close to the surface of the earth, and requires attention when basing the depth of weeding.

Weak cucumbers need to be careful not to damage the roots


Harvest can begin to collect as soon as the appropriate time comes, and the fruits will have the appearance of a ready-to-eat product. The more to pick only ripening fruits, the more room for growth remains only in ripening or rearing fruits. Tearing off the fruit should be carefully and carefully placed in a container.

Fruits of cucumbers are susceptible to damage, which at high ambient temperatures leads to rapid decay at the sites of damage.

The best time to pick cucumbers is in the morning when cucumbers are soaked with moisture. In the sun and in the course of evaporation from the soil, the picked fruits quickly begin to wither. Collected fruits should be immediately moved to a cool place, and there they should be saved until they are needed.

Poultry farming

Here are materials on chickens, ducks, geese, pigeons and other birds. The section is constantly updated and expanded. You will receive detailed and accurate information on the main and private issues:

  • общая характеристика вида: внешний вид, повадки, образ жизни,
  • породы: история выведения и формирования,
  • с чего начать: сравнение и преимущества каждой породы, для мяса или для яиц и так далее,
  • правила выбора, покупки и верный количественный расчет,
  • как организовать помещение для птиц (материалы, чертежи, расчет площади и освещение),
  • рекомендации по содержанию, кормлению, разведению,
  • особенности ухода в холодное время года,
  • diseases, their treatment and prevention,
  • care for the young,
  • disposal of waste and dead birds.


This part consists of materials about cows, goats, sheep and other large and small domestic animals. Each section addresses the following issues in detail:

  • description: zoological characteristic,
  • The basis of ethology: the behavioral characteristics of each species, the nature of how to handle them,
  • breeds and the history of their selection,
  • what breed and quantity to choose (farm objectives),
  • conditions and advice when purchasing,
  • adaptation and content
  • feeding and breeding, winter care,
  • diseases, their treatment and prevention,
  • organization of slaughter or haircuts.

In both sections, ecological options are considered, how to make the content more humane: provide sufficient space, use feeds that are not treated with chemicals and pesticides, and so on. In this case, additional information is also given on the subject of diseases and their treatment (rejection of antibiotics, the use of alternative methods for foreign technologies).

Both “Poultry” and “Livestock” offer business ideas and profitable business plans concerning the financial organization of life in the countryside.

Our approach

When creating each article on the site we are guided by:

  1. advice and recommendations from experienced livestock and poultry farmers,
  2. the achievements of the old Russian agricultural tradition,
  3. results of the latest scientific research from laboratories of Russia and the world
  4. fresh publications in Russian and foreign thematic journals.

All materials combine a scientific approach with clarity and simplicity of presentation.

On our site you will also find an archive of unique video and photography. For work we offer you high-quality schemes, master classes with step-by-step tutorials and photos and detailed instructions.

The site contains a catalog of useful links. Our experts are always online, will help and advise.