One of the most popular for cultivation is apricot tree. The sweet flesh of the fruit has conquered not only the inhabitants of China, the homeland of the tree, but also our compatriots. Many people are interested in the question of how to grow an apricot tree from a stone. We will tell about this and many other things in our article. It is designed for novice gardeners who decide to plant this tree in their garden. Some people plant it in order to enjoy the sweet taste of the pulp of the fruit, but not everyone knows about the beneficial properties of apricot. But there are so many of them that it is very difficult to underestimate this fruit.
Apricot, the description of which we present to you, is very common in the Caucasus. Even the translation of the name makes us understand that apricot is a Caucasian product. "Armenian apple" is the second name of this fruit. But, despite the fact that the tree prefers a warm climate, it really grow in other regions. Recently, apricots in the Moscow region - not uncommon. The main thing is to follow the recommendations for care that are not very difficult or impracticable.
There are many varieties of fruit. The main difference is the size of the fruit, its color and taste. Some varieties are sweeter, others are more fragrant, etc. The composition is also different, for example, the amount of sugar, and this is an important point, because not all sweet is useful. Apply apricot also in different forms. In addition to eating the fruit raw, it can be dried and make juice out of it.
Types of trees
Apricot trees are of two types, based on the mode of growth:
- Wild trees.
- Homemade apricots.
If we talk about wild variants, then most of these trees can be seen in places such as:
But at home, in the garden, apricot can be found in different parts of the world, except for very cold regions, where the tree cannot survive due to lack of heat. It should be noted that the appearance of the tree does not affect the taste of the fruit. Wild trees bring the same delicious apricots.
If we talk about the territory of Russia, then we know about fifty-four varieties of this tree. Each of them is good in its own way, and the gardener can choose an option for every taste. We will list the names of these varieties for review:
- East Siberian Apricot.
- East Soyan.
- Mountain Abakan.
- Red-cheeked apricot.
- Red-cheeked Nikolayevsky.
- Late Red-cheeked.
- Black Kuban.
- Jubilee Kuibyshev.
- Orlik Stavropol.
- Early Kuibyshev.
- Peter Komarov.
- Marusich early.
- Northern Lights.
- Siberian Baikalov.
- Youth Stavropol.
- Scion of Krasnoshcheky.
- Triumph of the North.
- Untsukulsky late.
- Early Chelyabinsk.
- Champion of the North.
- Black velvet.
- Volga amber.
As you can see, there are so many varieties that it is difficult not to choose among such a huge list just such a fruit that will appeal to you and your family.
What is useful in apricots?
Whatever the type of tree is, whether it is the Red-cheeked apricot, or Tsarsky, any of them has useful properties, because of which the fruit is becoming more and more popular. The composition of the apricot includes such useful elements as:
- Vitamin A, B, C.,
- Malic acid, citric, tartaric, salicylic,
- mineral salt,
- potassium, etc.
The combination of such components very well affects the functioning of the heart apparatus. It is also recommended to eat apricot for people suffering from amnesia. Apricot stone is used for cosmetic purposes.
Who can not eat apricot?
But you need to know that in addition to the useful properties of the apricot tree has contraindications. For example, you can not eat this fruit to those who are overweight or have diabetes. With a small caloric content (about 45 Kcal per hundred grams), the fruit has a lot of sugar. Another important point is that they do not recommend eating an apricot on an empty stomach due to the large amount and variety of acids. It irritates the walls of the stomach and can cause diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Options for using this fruit are quite diverse. In cooking, it is used in dried form, in the form of jam, in the raw version. And in every form the fruit is incomparable to the taste.
In medicine, apricot is used for both prevention and treatment of diseases. For example, it is recommended to eat for people with poor eyesight. Moreover, they talk about the ability of the fetus to prevent the development of cancer. Three hundred grams of fruit give a person the necessary daily amount of a very necessary element - beta-carotene. It is recommended for use by pregnant women.
The rules of planting a tree are simple, so do not cause difficulties. For a start - a few words about how to grow an apricot tree from a stone. You can grow as immediately in the ground, and in pots. If you plant immediately in the ground, then you need to take a ripe fruit, pull out a bone and soak it in water for a day. After that, you need to land bones at a distance of about ten centimeters, at a depth of six centimeters. It is recommended to plant about ten bones, since not all will ascend. Make sure that the place where you plant them, was protected from drafts.
You can also grow seedlings in a pot. Before you begin planting a seedling in the ground, you have to go through the following steps:
- selected stones should be washed in warm water and then soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for 24 hours,
- those that float to the surface should be thrown away,
- pull the bones out of the solution and just soak in water for another ten days,
- put the bones in a pot of river sand
- cover the pot with a film and put it in a place where the temperature will be about 3 degrees above zero,
- maintain the sand moisture for three months, after which you will get sprouted stones,
- then we take care of small trees up to planting in open ground, at the same time we water as needed, putting them in a place where there is no direct sunlight.
Now let's talk about landing in the ground. It is necessary to dig a hole in the chosen place, taking into account the growth of the future crown. Lay out the bottom of the pit gravel or rubble. Then comes a layer of fertilizer mixed with the ground. Then sprinkle it with clean earth, and put a seedling on top. Sprinkle the hole with earth and pour water over the new tree.
Pruning of apricot trees is mainly done at the initial stage. An adult tree does not like injuring the branches, so the main work on the formation of the crown must be done while it is young. The main task of the host is to ensure that all branches grow correctly, so that several main branches do not grow from one place in the trunk. If this happens, then you need to delete everything except one. The correct crown is needed for the uniform growth of the tree, as well as for sunlight to reach all the branches and leaves.
Apricot tree does not require special care. All that is needed is watering, periodically feeding and cutting the crown in time. Watering should occur in the morning or after sunset. Feed is recommended every three years, and better - annually. Most often, the soil is quite weakened, and there are few useful tree components. In this case, every autumn and spring you need to feed the root system of apricot. Do not forget to also form a crown, which facilitates harvesting, and also allows the tree to grow properly. So that the tree does not die from the attack of various diseases, you need to monitor its condition and respond in time to changes in the appearance of the leaves, the fruit or the trunk. And there are a lot of possible diseases:
- bacterial cancer,
- leaf curl
- ring pox,
- brown spot.
Each of these diseases can be defeated by numerous drugs that are sold in specialized stores. You can also not wait for the attack, and carry out preventive measures, spraying the trees in the spring. There are also insects that can be loved by your tree:
These pests can also be killed by treating the trees with appropriate preparations.
Description and photo of the tree apricot
Apricot tree is a rather high culture. Height varies from 3 to 12 m. Bushy varieties are found. However, they are also quite large due to the wide sprawling crown. The roots of the trees go far inland, which determines the agrotechnology.
Apricot crown may have a rounded, flat or slightly elongated shape. The diameter of the trunk is 30-60 cm. The color of the bark on perennial branches and on the trunk can vary from gray-brown to brown-brown. Characterized by large gray transverse lentils. The bark of young shoots has a red-brown or brownish-olive coloration. The root system is a powerful taproot with diverging side branches. The root system in diameter is 2 times the crown. This is worth considering when choosing a landing site.
Apricot - deciduous culture, the leaves of which have a characteristic ovoid shape. During the flowering period is covered with pink or white flowers with a specific aroma. Cup of flower accrete, small size. It has 5 grooves. Outside, a cup of red color, and inside - greenish-yellow. After fertilization and the beginning of the formation of the fetus, the calyx, together with the halo and stamens, falls. The corolla is represented by five petals of white. 20-30 stamens, located in several rows inside the flower, form androecium.
Apricot fruit is quite fleshy, is a rounded drupe, diameter 30-60 mm. Given the size of the varieties of apricots are divided into 4 main groups: small-fruited, medium-sized, large-fruited and maxi (very large). The shape of the fruit are ovate, round, spherical or ellipsoidal. Apricot has a thin, slightly dipped, velvety orange peel.
The apricot tree in the photo with the fruit perfectly demonstrates the color palette of the fruit. The shade of the skin varies depending on the variety: white, orange, yellow, orange-red, with and without a blush. Apricot pulp is very fleshy, sweet, juicy, with a pleasant sourness and aroma.
Most cultivated varieties are characterized by good separation of the bone from the pulp (at full maturity). Tree fructifies for the year 1 time, ripening from May to September, depending on the variety.
Growing apricot in the garden
Featuring intensive growth and longevity, this fruit crop can bear fruit for 30-40 years. But, as a rule, trees are replaced in the gardens before. This is due to strong growth, which complicates the process of care and harvesting. Therefore, it is better to grow varieties of dwarf forms on small lands. However, knowledge is also needed here, as with the wrong choice of seedlings, even a dwarf form can grow up to 2.5 m in height and up to 4.5 in width. With the right approach, choose a partially formed seedlings, preferably grafted on the plum. So they will be characterized by the smallest growth potency.
Apricot is a tree sensitive to frost. It is recommended to cover the roots for winter. Some gardeners protect the entire tree by wrapping it with plastic wrap. But only young saplings are afraid of frost, adult cultures are able to withstand a short-term frost down to -30C. And in the spring, even the smallest frost can ruin the buds and flowers.
Like any other fruit crops, this tree requires additional feeding, which is best done in spring. When growing apricots, the top dressing should consist of organic fertilizers. For this purpose, manure is used at the rate of 4 kg / m 2. Bring it once in 2-3 years. You can use compost. The application rate is 5-6 kg / m 2. Compost can be used with mineral fertilizers. If you plan to make chicken manure, then its rate is not more than 300 g / m 2. Litter containing a large amount of phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium is pre-mixed with peat or compost. When applying nitrogen fertilizers, it is necessary to remember that this element prolongs the period of growth of apricot shoots, which reduces their winter hardiness. Therefore, nitrogen-based fertilizers are better to be applied in early spring at the rate of 30-40 g / m 2 in 3 periods: before flowering, after flowering, and after the ovary has fallen.
Since the apricot’s homeland is China, the tree is highly resistant to drought. It is believed that it does not need to be watered for several years after planting. In no case is allowed the stagnation of water and the ingress of salt.
The average harvest from 1 tree of a cultivar is about 80-100 kg. For comparison: in Central Asia - up to 800 kg!
Apricot bone is quite large - about a quarter of the fruit. The form of pits is the most diverse and depends on the variety: flat, rough, smooth, ovoid with various deviations. On the dorsal seam of the bone there is a well-defined edge of a pointed form, 2 lateral ribs are slightly weaker. The abdominal suture is very weak. As a rule, the color of the stone is brown, but taking into account the variety of accessories, it may have some shade. It is noteworthy that such a shade from one side only. Inside the stone has 1, sometimes 2 seeds, covered with a dense skin of a yellow shade with brown splashes. Seed color is white. The taste of the seed can be both bitter and sweet. Sweet is very tasty and resembles almonds. Some baking recipes even recommend the use of sweet apricot kernels in the absence of almonds.
The most valuable are the seeds of wild apricot (fattide). They are characterized by a small stone with a very bitter seed. The more bitterness, the more vitamin B17 is contained in the seed. Larger apricot stones may have different tastes: bitter, without bitterness, with mild bitterness.
Industrial varietal fruit has a large bone, which is characterized by a sweet taste. Since it does not carry useful properties, such a stone is used only as a dessert nut.
The sweet kernel can contain up to 70% of sweetish edible oil and up to 20% of protein. The nutritional value of apricot kernels - 450 kcal.
However, not only the benefits contained in the apricot kernel. It contains hydrocyanic acid, which in large quantities is poison. Therefore, with the eating of the seed you need to be careful. The permissible limit for an adult is about 10-20 pieces.
Apricot fruit harvest
For eating, drying and processing, the fruit is completely ripe: evenly colored, juicy, slightly soft. Light yellow fruits are selected for transportation, the color of which has only recently been green.
For preservation, it is better to use unripe fruit, with sufficiently dense pulp. Harvesting is best done in the morning in dry weather, as soon as the dew descended. Collecting in hot or cold weather, you can break the quality of the fruit.
Apricot tree description
The apricot is a fairly tall tree with roots deep in the ground. Even the bushy apricot tree varieties are large, thanks to the spreading of the crown.
The diameter of the trunk can reach half a meter. Bark color varies from grayish to brownish-brown. Young shoots are colored reddish or brownish-olive. It is noteworthy that the root system is twice the crown of the tree.
The leaves are egg-shaped apricot, pink and white flowers. The calyx of the flower is red on the outside, and on the inside is green-yellow. The fruit of the apricot tree is juicy, fleshy, sweet and sour to taste, fragrant, round in shape, with a stone inside. The shape distinguishes ovoid, ellipsoidal, rounded and spherical apricots. The skin is thin, velvety. The color of the fruit may be white, yellow, reddish, orange, with a blush.
In cultivated varieties of apricot tree, there is a good separation of the pulp from the stone when the fruit reaches maturity. Apricot fruits once a year, fruit ripening lasts from May to September (depending on the variety, temperature and humidity).
How to grow apricot tree
Apricot fruits about 35 years, but more often gardeners change trees earlier. This is due to the fact that it is difficult to care for and harvest from an overgrown plant. On small plots, dwarf apricot varieties are preferable. But it is worth a responsible approach to the selection of dwarf saplings, as they can grow to three meters in height and five meters in width. Лучшим вариантом для посадки станут частично сформированные, привитые на сливовое дерево саженцы, что обеспечит небольшую ростковую способность.
Абрикосовое дерево чувствительно к заморозкам, поэтому на зимний период рекомендовано укрывать корни молодых растений, например, полиэтиленовой пленкой. An adult tree is able to withstand a short-term frost of about 30 degrees, but at the same time, small spring frosts can destroy flower buds and flowers.
In the spring you need to feed fruit trees and apricot is no exception. For it use organic fertilizers (manure and compost). Manure is applied once every two to three years, four kilograms per square meter. Compost is made at the rate of five to six kilograms per square meter, you can add mineral fertilizers. When using chicken manure, you can not exceed the dosage of 300 grams per square meter. If the fertilizer contains a lot of phosphorus, potassium or nitrogen, it is mixed before application with peat or compost.
Nitrogen fertilizers increase the growth period of shoots, and this reduces the resistance of the apricot tree to frost. To prevent the occurrence of reduced frost resistance, nitrogenous fertilizers are applied in the spring to 35 grams per square meter three times (before flowering, after it and after the fall of the ovary).
Apricot stone is about a quarter of the size of the fruit. Its shape varies depending on the variety. On the dorsal suture of the ossicles, there are three ribs - one pointed form central and two less pronounced lateral. The main color is brown, but there are shades that appear only on one side.
Inside the seed is a white seed (usually one, but there are two). It is covered with a dense yellow skin containing brown blotches. To taste, the seeds can be either bitter or sweet, which resembles an almond flavor. In cooking, almonds are sometimes substituted for such apricot seed.
Small bones with a bitter seed from wild apricot trees (zhirdeli) have the greatest value. The higher the bitterness, the greater the content of amygdalin, which is also called vitamin B17. The concentration of taste bitterness is different in large bones.
Apricot cultivars have a large core with a sweet taste. It has no useful properties, therefore, it is used as a dessert nut. A sweet seed may consist of two thirds of edible oil and a fifth of protein.
It is worth remembering that in addition to useful properties, apricot stone has a poisonous ability due to the content of poison (hydrocyanic acid). The maximum safe dosage of apricot kernels for an adult - 10-20 pieces.
Apricot tree: species description
The representative of deciduous fruit crops grows up to 5–8 meters in height, has a grayish-brown, cracking bark (on old shoots), as well as petiolate, alternate leaves, which slightly stretched at the top and have small cloves around the edge. The length of the leaves reaches 9 centimeters. During the flowering apricots are covered with single sedentary inflorescences of white color with pink veins, which turns them into an amazing composition for the garden. By the way, flowers are formed much earlier than the leaves.
Ripe fruit is a juicy odnokostianku, painted in yellow-orange flowers with a round, elliptical or obovate form. Inside the fetus is a thick-walled bone with a smooth or rough surface.
The life span of a crop reaches hundreds of years, and the period of fruiting begins at the age of three and lasts up to 40–50 years. Apricot tree is very popular in our regions due to good winter and drought tolerance. This property is due to the deep penetration of the roots into the soil, which allows you to withstand even 25 degrees of frost. Representatives of the most resistant varieties survive at -30 degrees Celsius. Apricot is considered a close relative of the following fruit crops:
- dog rose
Today we will deal with the main features of growing a tree at home, let's talk about the most popular varieties, and find out what illiterate care can lead to.
Sooner or later, beginning gardeners and gardeners are wondering about planting apricots. A tree attracts many people to itself and this is not surprising. In a short period of time with proper care culture can perfectly bear fruitgiving a ripe and productive harvest. However, in order not to face disappointments, it is important to responsibly treat all stages of tree cultivation, including:
- choosing a landing site
- selection of seedlings
- soil preparation
- further care (watering, feeding, trimming).
The best time for planting a sapling in the garden is early spring, in case the action takes place in northern latitudes. It is important to have time to do this until the buds begin to blossom on the trees. Residents of the southern regions should plant culture in the fallin early October. Here you need to not miss the right moment, otherwise the root system of the plant will not be able to properly take root and simply will not survive the winter.
It is known that the apricot tree is the most thermophilic and light-loving representative of stone crops, so when choosing a place to plant it is better to give preference to the areas well lit, covered from the penetrating winds. The soil composition should be light, but by no means sour. If the acidity of the soil is higher than normal, you will have to lower it by liming.
How to plant a culture in spring
Regardless of the time when the apricot is planted, the preparation of the planting pit is best done in the fall. The comfortable size of the pit is 80 x 80 x 80 centimeters, although the exact dimensions are determined by the size of the root system of the seedling. At the bottom of the recess should place a peg that he spoke above ground level at least 50 centimeters. After that, the pit is poured a good drainage layer on the basis of rubble. Peat, humus, ash and superphosphate are added to the soil composition that was removed from the pit. After thorough mixing, the composition is poured back into the pit, so that a hill is formed from above.
The best solution for planting are one-year-old apricot seedlings. They already have a fairly strong immune system, so rooting occurs much faster, and there are no difficulties in crown formation. When buying suitable planting material, ask for help. to verified nurseries or specialty stores. If you do not do this, you can simply buy a wild game. Saplings of cultivated varieties have thick annual branches without thorns. In addition, at the base of the vaccine is one spike. When choosing, pay attention to the state of the root system: if it is slightly frozen or dry, rooting is unlikely to be successful.
When spring comes, dig a hole in the settled ground of the pit that will fit the root system of the seedling. Before planting, be sure to get rid of damaged or dried roots, shortening healthy roots and dropping them into the clay mash, where the mullein is added. Then remains put planting material into the hole, leaving 5–6 centimeters of the root collar above the surface. Prikadav sapling, be sure to tamp the soil and pour there two or three buckets of water. If moisture is completely absorbed, the seedling should be tied to a peg.
Autumn planting is carried out in the same way as the spring. The pit is prepared two to three weeks before the event, and the density of the clay talker is less intense. It is important that the roots there was a layer of the mixture 3 millimeters thick. When planting a few seedlings, consider such a feature that an adult tree will require at least 5 square meters of space.
Features care for planted apricot tree
As mentioned above, there are no particular difficulties in caring for a home-grown culture. Enough to pay attention to these points:
- top dressing
- pruning and disease prevention.
In early spring, before the formation of buds and the beginning of sap flow, apricot formation and a number of sanitary measures are carried out, during which the gardener must remove damaged, frostbite or diseased branches. The strata of the trees and the bases of the skeletal branches are carefully treated with lime mortar.
Like other garden crops, apricot tree requires good feeding. Asking the question: “How to fertilize a plant correctly so that it has enough nutrients”, consider such things as age and condition. As for the first treatment, it is carried out using a solution of urea. Similar action not only saturate the soil invaluable nitrogen, but also will be a reliable protection against overwhelming pests, fungi and other pathogens overwintering in the crust and pristvolnomu circle. But before proceeding with the procedure, make sure that the kidneys do not begin to swell. Otherwise you can burn them.
If you have failed to realize the action before the start of sap flow, then for preventive purposes you will have to process the tree with ready-made preparations Agravertin, Iskra-bio, Akarin, or the Healthy Garden product produced domestically. Top dressing applied dry in the area of the circle of the trunk, in the proportion of 70 grams of nitrogen fertilizer and 50 grams of ammonium nitrate per crop. The second spring dressing is carried out with the help of organic fertilizers. If winter was snowless and spring is dry, be sure to water the tree.
Features of tree care in the summer
Summer apricot requires abundant watering, and especially if the weather is dry and high temperatures outside. If you did not have time to water the crop in spring, in May, then summer watering is a prerequisite for proper care.
It is in the summer that the active development of fruit branches begins, therefore it is impossible to do without formative and sanitary pruning. Otherwise, the crown will become too thick, and fruit ripening will begin much later. Besidesinstead of a beautiful, well-kept tree you will get an unaesthetic giant from which it will be difficult to get fruit. Also, seasonal apricot processing from various pests and diseases will not interfere.
Do not forget that harvesting and processing begins in the summer, in the second half. Consider such a feature that fruits are not able to ripen after harvest, so remove them at a suitable time, starting from the lower branches.
After a successful harvest in August, the apricot tree must be watered abundantly. The action is called podzimnym irrigation, which can saturate the soil with the optimal amount of moisture and give the culture the necessary supply of forces for a successful wintering.
Autumn care. Further processing
The main task of the gardener in the autumn period is to prepare the tree for the upcoming wintering. At this stage, you will have to carry out a full sanitary pruning, when you need to remove the branches damaged during harvest. Also here you should get rid of dried or damaged shoots.
Upon completion of the leaf fall, it is better to remove all plant residues from the territory by digging up the soil in tree trunks. And finally, in the fall all preventive measures are carried out against pathogens and pests capable of sheltering themselves in the thick crust of the trunk or the soil around the tree trunk.
Depending on the disease, methods of prevention and treatment are different. In any case, if the leaves of apricot or any other part of it is covered with strange spots, it begins to turn yellow and dry out, do not hesitate. Act quickly and radically. Even if the symptoms of any problems are absent, do not abandon the implementation of seasonal treatments in the spring and autumn, using special preparations.
The first treatment can be carried out in the period when the kidneys are not yet dissolved. It employs 700 grams of urea diluted with a 10-liter bucket of water. If the buds on the trees are normally swollen, apply urea Not recommended. Instead, it is better to give preference to treatment with copper sulfate, Bordeaux mixture, or other preparations.
If the average spring temperature is at around 18 degrees Celsius, you can begin to process the culture of ticks, getting rid of the larvae that are able to arrange their homes in the ground. The procedure is done using colloidal sulfur or Neonon. Gardeners will use Decis or Kinmiks to control weevils and leafworms. At the end of the flowering period, prophylactic treatment of the dangerous moniliosis disease can be performed.
During the period of productive growth of the fruit, the culture is protected with chorus and colloidal sulfur. This will allow get rid of coccomycosis and powdery mildew. It is important to have time to carry out the treatment no later than 2 weeks before harvest. In the autumn, after leaf fall, apricot is served with urea.
Fight against diseases. Conclusion
As has been said many times, apricot is considered to be quite a hardy culture with good immunity. If you compare it with other representatives of the genus Drain, the tree is much more effectively resists pests and diseases. However, sometimes the plant is exposed to dangerous diseases of fungal origin.
Often it is attacked by a cholesterol or so-called perforated spotting. The problem is accompanied by the appearance of reddish spots in early summer, which soon turn into holes. The affected tissue begins to crack, and sticky, viscous juice protrudes from the lesions, which begins to solidify in air.
To prevent similar effects, it is enough to provide the tree with competent care and all preventive measures. In this case, the culture will grow fully and productively.
Apricot ordinary is a small tree with a wide rounded tip. The shape of the leaves depends on the variety, most often they are round or ovate. Apricot flowers, blooming in spring, are pink and white.
The fruits are characterized by a yellowish-red color and contain within themselves one bone.
The most suitable places for growing fruit are countries with a temperate climate.
Characteristics of apricot varieties:
- The triumph of the north. The tree feels comfortable at any temperature, even in severe frosts. The variety is almost immune to the effects of pests and diseases. Due to the fact that it endures the effects of low temperatures, then every year you can collect a rich harvest from 3 years after planting the seedling. Mature tree brings more than 60 kg of apricots per year, the fruits are large and sweet.
- Iceberg. It can reach a height of 3.5 m, has dense foliage. Despite the abundant flowering, few fruits ripen. Fruits are yellow-orange with a barely noticeable blush. Ripening occurs in late July - early August.
- Bald apricot. Hybrid view of apricots. The peculiarity of a bald apricot is that it looks like a plum, it feels smooth to the touch, and the taste fully corresponds to the taste of apricot.
You should choose a place that is completely protected from the effects of wind. This is a heat-loving plant, so it should be planted in the illuminated area, but exposure to open sunlight should be avoided.
Apricot badly gets on in insufficiently moistened sandy soils, there it ages faster. Black soil should be excluded, because in such a soil apricot trees late bear fruit. The ideal soil for planting fruit is a mixture of clay, peat and sand, in a 1: 1: 1 ratio.
The most suitable period for planting apricot is the beginning of spring. If it is rainy, then the rate of survival of the seedling increases significantly.
A few weeks before planting the seedling pits are prepared with dimensions of 80x80x80 cm. They need to be filled 1/3 with a mixture of humus (2–3 buckets are taken), 0.5 kg of superphosphate, 2 kg of ash. In the center of the pit, you need to make a mound of the mixture used in order for the root neck of the seedling to be located 5–6 cm below the edges of the fossa. The apricot seedling is placed on the hill, and the pit is covered with earth, which then needs to be slightly compacted. It is recommended to make a small roller around the planting pit to prevent water from leaking out when watering the plant.
The scheme of planting apricot and the location of its root collar
When propagating apricots, gardeners use several methods: seed method and grafting. When using the first method, the procedure begins in mid-autumn or early spring. For this, seeds from the fruit are planted in the soil, the sowing depth is 5–6 cm.
If reproduction is carried out with the help of grafting, then you need to prepare a graft and stock. The young stalk of a plant about 10 cm long and already having 5–10 buds acts as the first. The stock is a plant to which the cuttings will be grafted. In most cases, it is 1-2 years old, but it is allowed to use more mature plants.
With the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to insulate the roots of a tree with a moisture-resistant material; this is necessary to protect the seedling from the effects of low temperatures, to which the young tree is still unstable. It is not necessary for an adult tree, since it is able to tolerate frosts down to -30 ° C.
Spring is obligatory dressing. Используются органические удобрения, в том числе навоз, компост, куриный помет, но при выборе последнего следует внимательно отнестись к дозировке. Если в удобрениях содержится много азота, калия или фосфора, то его обязательно нужно смешать с торфом или компостом. Удобрения с небольшим содержанием азота способны увеличить скорость роста побегов.It is noted that the ideal conditions for fertilizing is the period before the flowering of the tree, immediately after flowering and after the leaves fall.
Apricot tree should be watered regularly, especially immediately after planting or transplanting. In summer, the plant needs to be watered regularly, but not abundantly, because, due to excessive watering, it is possible to slow the growth of shoots, then in winter the plant will not be able to deal with the effects of low temperatures.
In early spring and late autumn, the roots of the tree and branches should be whitened, which will reduce the number of pests. In the solution of whitewash can add a little blue vitriol.
Manure - an excellent organic fertilizer for apricot
Pruning and transplanting a tree
Apricot tree should be pruned annually, mainly this action is performed in early spring. Pruning includes the complete removal of frozen and weak shoots and shortening too long branches. All cuts are processed with thickened paints.
If the seedling was planted on a temporary place, the plant should be transplanted in early spring or in early October, when the tree will be at least 2 years old.
Plant transplantation must begin with the creation of a deep hole in which you can place all the roots of the seedling. On average, the depth should be 20 cm more than the longest root of the plant.
If the earth is loamy, sandy or peaty, then a deeper and wider hole is dug out, drainage flooring is installed under the roots and a feeding solution is added.
Apricot pruning: a. pruning after planting, b. spring of the second year: spring of the third year, c. in the spring of the fourth or fifth year
One of the main conditions for obtaining a large number of crops - the absence of disease. Malicious bacteria, fungi and insects infect any part of the tree, so in the fall they collect all the leaves from the tree and loosen the top layer of soil. This reduces the chance of pests entering the tree.
One of the means of pest control is the application of mineral, organic and lime fertilizers. They will contribute to the improvement of the immune system of the tree, forming an unfavorable environment for diseases and pests.
The next stage is the removal of sprouts on the roots and cutting off the affected branches. After these manipulations, it is necessary to clean the trunk from rotten bark and cover up the injured areas with whitewash.
The plant louse brings significant harm to the apricot trees: the trees weaken, a fungus can appear on them, which worsens the condition of the fruit tree. One of the methods of dealing with aphids is spraying soap infusions of tobacco, ash, dandelion. In addition, aphids can be destroyed mechanically.
Dandelion solution fights aphids
The average yield of one tree is about 90 kg of fruit. A fully ripe fruit has a uniform yellow-orange color, it is soft and juicy. They can be consumed raw, processed or dried. If it is necessary to transport the fruit and store it, it is necessary to select slightly yellowed specimens.
For canning, use ripe but not overripe fruit.
Apricot tree is a plant from the Pink family of the Plum genus (Prinus). And also the fruit of this tree. It has other names: Morel, Yellowberry Or Zherdel. Scientists can identify 3-6 possible centers where wild apricot has been growing since ancient times. This is the Tien Shan region (China), Rome, Eastern Siberia, Mongolia, the North Caucasus. Another possible place of origin is Armenia (hence the name is Armenian apricot).
For sure, where is the apricot's birthplace, nobody knows. Some even believe that China, although it is not. Researchers agree that apricots came to Russia from somewhere in Central Asia in the Caucasus. After that, well settled down. Today, from the fruits of apricot ordinary, hostesses with pleasure prepare cakes, vodka, various tinctures, jelly. And also subject it to special processing to get dried apricots and dried apricots. These products are well suited for making compotes.
The apricot tree is of medium length, with leaves rounded and slightly drawn at the top. Apricot Fruit Flower - White or Pink. It appears before the formation of leaves. Hostesses sometimes ask, apricot is a berry or fruit. Indeed, it can be confused. Since apricot is clearly not related to vegetables, it is difficult for many to answer this berry or fruit. After all, all the fruits are small, ripen early, along with strawberries or cherries. However, it should be remembered that the Armenian plum, namely the so-called apricot fruit, is a fruit. And it is very rich in nutrients: vitamins and tannins.
Apricot ordinary as a tree can have a flatish, rounded or slightly elongated shape. The diameter of its trunk - 30-60 cm. The color of the bark - from gray-brown to almost brown. Root - powerful, with lateral branches. It is more than crown 2 times. This should be considered when choosing a landing site. It is better to grow apricot away from fences and shady trees. Since he loves the sun. Fruit tree once a year. It can happen from May to mid-September, depending on the variety. The size of the fruit is divided into 4 groups: small, medium, large and maxi. Fruits in color are orange, yellow, reddish, white, with a blush and without it.
People are interested in how many seeds are in the fruit of apricot. In fact, they are one or, much less often, two. Inside each fruit is a smooth bone with thick walls. If it is split, a nucleolus will fall out, which is slightly bitter in taste, but quite edible (not in large quantities). In addition, sometimes you can hear the question, zherdelya and apricot - what's the difference. But even at the beginning of the article we said that there were no differences between them. This is the name of the same fruit. It is worth noting that the best varieties of apricot today are:
Red-cheeked and his hybrid "son"
Polessky - frost-resistant variety
Honey - with sweet and tender flesh.
Fruiting home apricot starts at 3-4 year. The period of flowering and the time of gathering fruits - different (from May to September). Wild apricot is not grown at home. It is understandable. Dried apricot fruits are obtained when the fruit is fully ripe.
The nutritional value
The nutritional value of apricots is great. They are soft, juicy, with a characteristic aroma. So delicious that they want to eat constantly and in large quantities. However, this should not be done. Otherwise, instead of the benefits of these fruits, you can get one harm. And the first thing that can happen is a stomach ache. Proteins per 100 grams of fruit account for 0.9 grams, fat - 0.1 g., And carbohydrates - 9 grams.
Calorie fresh fruit - low. Therefore, they are easily absorbed by the human body. Can be used during different diets. Unlike dried, which contain a lot of carbohydrates. If you ask yourself what apricot calories are in exact figures, the answer will be as follows: 44 kcal per 100 grams of fruit. One thirty gram fresh fruit contains 13.2 kcal.
The chemical composition of the fruit is very rich. Apricot ordinary contains many useful substances: quercetin, isoquercetrin, lycopene, carotene (3.5 mg) and vitamins A, B and other groups. It also contains: potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, ascorbic acid (50 µg), retinol, folic acid, and iodine. Contains apricot and pectin, which removes metabolic products and excess cholesterol from the body. The color of the fruit is due to the presence of beta-carotene in the skins.
Apricot ordinary as a tree decorates a garden plot, attracts the attention of beautiful birds that can help in the extermination of pests, spreads around the perimeter of the wonderful aroma. The fruits are not inferior to him in their utility. They can saturate the human body with useful substances, help him get rid of some diseases. What is useful apricot, what is its benefits and harm to health, read on. In addition, just below you will find information about the diseases under which the fruits are not absorbed. As well as data about the useful properties of apricot.
Interestingly, dried apricots with higher viscosity than fresh ones are also beneficial for human health. A thick broth, which is based on them and is filled with medicinal substances, helps with constipation, hypertension, anemia and overweight.
Scientists have proven that only 100 grams contains as much iron as there are in 250 grams of liver. Apricot and dried apricots are recommended for eating to the cores. However, they are contraindicated for diabetics because of their high sugar content. This is the reason why fruits are absent in fruit diets.
Medicinal properties of apricot
The healing properties of apricot are due to the large amount of useful substances contained in it. People know about the benefits of this fruit in the treatment and prevention of various diseases for a long time. Avicenna also wrote about how it was used to prepare various potions. Many modern doctors recommend eating apricots in the presence of heart disease and kidney problems, problems with the thyroid gland. And also with anemia, low hemoglobin, weakened immunity.
In addition, the use of apricots is indicated for the prevention of oncological diseases and anemia, an increase in the level of hemoglobin, and an alleviation of the condition for heart and kidney problems. They can have a diuretic effect on the body, eliminate edema and inflammation (with proper preparation). It is interesting that not only fruits are useful, but also other parts of the apricot tree:
- The leaves - their healing properties are amazing. So, this part of the plant is used to fight worms, diarrhea and bruises, as a diuretic. They are chewed to clean their teeth from plaque and cure stomatitis.
- Kernels - can serve as a substitute for expensive almonds. Contain a large amount of dextrin and inulin. Used to treat the cardiovascular system and kidneys, colds, tracheitis, laryngitis, bronchial asthma. Very useful in the fight against cancer.
- Bark - it contains substances necessary for the proper functioning of the heart and brain. Contributes to the restoration of brain cells, if they were damaged by a stroke. As well as improving women's health after a difficult birth. Broth bark can be used to get rid of diseases of the oral cavity (stomatitis, for example).
- Fruit pits - use is indicated for patients with metabolic disorders. Infusions made from them are also indicated for heart disease. But they should be used in limited quantities.
They collect raw materials for making decoctions and infusions at different times: the leaves - at the beginning of summer, when they are very young, the bark - in the spring, the other parts of the tree - after the fruits ripen. The kernels of fruit are later used to create apricot oil, which is used to heal the skin from cracks and small wounds, to eliminate purulent pimples, eczema. This tool is used in medicine - as a full source of nutrients. According to the beliefs of many doctors, the oil helps with vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus, kidney and stomach disease, coughing.
Contraindications to the use of apricots
There are many positive reviews on the Internet about different varieties of apricots, but these fruits are not suitable for the treatment of some diseases. About the beneficial properties and contraindications for diabetes, we have already said. Due to the large amount of tannins that act as a laxative, they are also contraindicated for people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: ulcers, gastritis, and so on.
The greatest harm to the body can cause eating poisonous bones, which contain amygdalin or, in other words, mandelic acid. Excess doses in the body can lead to poisoning, and in especially severe cases - to death. To avoid this, it is recommended to use no more than 6 pits per day. With the cumulative appearance of symptoms such as dry mouth, nausea, stomach pain, vomiting, the smell of almonds in the air, a sharp headache, an urgent need to consult a doctor.
Application apricot finds varied. It is used in pharmacology to create various drugs - for example, for colds, heart disease and kidney problems.
Used for the manufacture of various cosmetics, perfumes. The stones go to the production of all kinds of ointments, creams, scrubs. In addition, they are often used by skilled needlewomen to create beautiful handicrafts: wreaths, palm trees, figurines and more.
Wood is a valuable material for the manufacture of furniture, caskets, pipes, cigarette cases, musical instruments and other household handicrafts.
The pulp of the fruit of apricot, which has the most valuable properties, is added to marmalade, marshmallow, fresh juices. Jam, syrups, etc. are prepared from it.
Leaves of trees can be used to decorate the interior. In short, each part of the apricot tree is able to find its application.
Interesting facts from history
In the Middle Ages, in Europe, apricots were often used after warming as aphrodisiacs to increase male libido. William Shakespeare mentioned this when creating his play Midsummer Night's Dream. But it is more curious that juicy yellow fruits cannot be carried to warships in the United States. For infantrymen, it is forbidden even to eat them while serving. This is due to the unexpected flooding of the vessel carrying preservatives created from them. The real cause of the incident has not been clarified.
Calorie content: 44 kcal.
Energy value of the product Apricots:
Protein: 0.9 g.
Fat: 0.1 g
Carbohydrates: 9 g.
Apricot - the sweet and fragrant fruit of the apricot tree, which is considered to be China’s birthplace, where it can be seen in mountainous areas in the wild and in our time. A little later, apricot was introduced to the Caucasus, where its modern history began. The name of the fruit is translated as “Armenian apple”, which is why it is so common in the Caucasus. Today, apricot can be seen in many countries, with a predominance of temperate and warm climate.
In the world there are many apricots of various varieties. All of them are different shades of skin, shape (see photo), as well as taste. Also, the difference may be in the sugar content and apricot flavor. It is possible to eat fruit both in a fresh, and dried look (dried apricots). Apricot produces a wonderful sweet juice, which contains a large amount of vitamins.
How to choose and store?
How to choose high-quality apricots? The question can often be heard from residents of those regions in which this fruit is imported. The main criteria that should guide each consumer are:
from yellow to orange (depending on the variety);
have a greenish tint or green blotches in the main color.
rough, thin and pleasant to the touch,
rough and dense.
smooth, without black spots and ulcerations, have no wrinkles and dark spots of internal rot,
pronounced, palpable at a distance,
not heard or has pronounced tartness.
delicate and juicy, the fibers are not noticeable,
dry and fibrous, may even crunch.
it separates easily from the stone, breaks into two approximately equal parts,
the stone fits snugly to the flesh, the fetus separates with effort.
The best time to buy apricots for eating or making canned food for the future is the second half of July or the beginning of August. It is at this time that the fruits reach technical maturity, and also have the best quality indicators.
At present, such a valuable product as apricots can be purchased at any time of the year, because it is grown not only in the northern hemisphere of the planet, but also in the southern hemisphere. The taste of imported apricots differ little from those grown here, but not worse than them. A significant difference is the cost of production. Imported apricots will definitely be more expensive.
Like any natural fruit, apricots are a perishable product. All this happens because they have the ability to ripen, having already been removed from the tree. This factor can be attributed to both positive and negative.
To be able to keep a fresh product for more than a week, gardeners recommend following these instructions:
- Apricots, which must be preserved, do not need to be washed before placing it in storage! Water easily removes the protective layer (such a kind of pollen), which protects the peel from moisture.
- Fruits must fit in one layer, and if there is not enough space, then there must be a layer of paper between them. Not very large apricots can be stored in a special bilateral plastic container for eggs. Just take precautions to maintain your health: before placing the fruit, rinse it thoroughly with baking soda, rinse and dry.
- Store apricots in the refrigerator on the bottom shelf. In such conditions, the product does not mature so quickly due to the low temperature and high humidity that the household unit allows to maintain.
Соблюдение условий хранения может продлить срок свежести продукта до десяти дней.
Если вы предполагаете использовать абрикосы в приготовлении блюд, а не кушать их в чистом виде, то можете заморозить этот ценный фрукт. В таком случае он сможет сохраниться до девяти месяцев. Главным условием получения качественной заготовки является зрелость фрукта. Apricot that fell to the ground in most cases will not be possible to save, so do not allow this if you have your own garden.
What to do to ripen apricots at home?
What to do to ripen apricots at home? This question can also be heard often, including from summer residents who are concerned about the processing of the harvest. Let's try to give advice. Perform it exactly - and you will be pleasantly surprised by the result.
Most often, the fruit is removed from the tree three days before commodity maturity. This allows with minimal losses to transport it over long distances. But to use such a product for the preparation of blanks is not worth it. Therefore, pack such apricots in paper bags, tuck the edges, limiting air access, and leave the fruit to ripen at room temperature in a place protected from the sun's rays. In this state, apricots reach the presentation in two or three days..
Since ancient times, the beneficial properties of apricot used for medicinal purposes. And this is no accident, because it contains a huge amount of vital substances. Apricot contains vitamins A, B and C, malic, citric, salicylic and tartaric acids, mineral salts, silver and insulin. With the help of all these substances, blood formation is improved, therefore apricot is considered indispensable for people who have diseases of the cardiovascular system.
The fruit of the apricot tree is useful not only the composition of vital substances. In cosmetology, pulp and oil are widely used, which are obtained from its seeds. Apricot masks refresh the skin and make it younger, prevent overdrying. Also, experts recommend using apricot for sunburn. Pulp relieve inflammation and soothe itching.
Use in cooking
Use in cooking apricots, you can find the most diverse. This sweet fruit goes well with various products. In some national cuisines, this fruit is used as a side dish for meat and dishes made from it. Apricots can be cooked very tasty delicacies, for example, jams (both with and without stones), marmalades, jams, as well as make various sauces. In the last version of the preparation should be noted that the sweet fruit goes well with tomatoes, tomato juice and sweet peppers. No less tasty are fruit salads. You can also make apricots:
Surprisingly tasty and useful are sterilized preparations for the winter, prepared from fruits in their own juice. Most often, the product canned halves, removing the bones, or slices. This preparation can be used to decorate and flavor ice cream and cottage cheese, and also to prepare vitamin drinks based on it. One of the simple recipes with pleasure to share.
To prepare a refreshing drink, equivalent to homemade yogurt, you need one cup of biokefir and three tablespoons of apricots harvested in their own juice or in the form of mashed potatoes. In summer, you can use two or three ripe fruits instead of this one. If you wish, you can add prunes to the list of products.
Beat the fruit component with a blender until smooth, and then repeat the operation, pouring in a portion of the fermented milk product. Do not store ready drink, and drink immediately. The use of such a mixture at night will improve motility and intestinal motility, therefore, a very useful drink will be people suffering from constipation. Those who diets for weight loss will appreciate it..
A wonderful dietary dish can be called oatmeal, seasoned with natural apricot puree.
Those who do not adhere to the restrictions in the diet, to taste probably have apricot in chocolate. In many national cuisines apricots eat salty and pickled.
- as a filling for pies and pies, muffins, muffins,
- layers of cakes and sandy cakes.
No less tasty are casseroles with apricots and charlotte, as well as pastry from puff pastry. Rolls and yeast pastries come with perfect apricots, as well as dumplings. You can add sweet fruit and cream.
By combining fruits, you can get delicious dessert drinks and sweets. Apricot goes well with:
- an apple
- sweet cherry
- an orange
- cherry plum.
Ripe apricot fruits can be dried in the form of dried apricots or cook from them candied fruits. In this simple case will help electric dryer for vegetables and fruits or the oven with convection function. In the last century, the product was successfully harvested in the sun or in a conventional gas oven. With the help of a slow cooker, you can make a delicious marshmallow or marmalade from apricots.
There was a place for a sunny fruit in home and industrial winemaking. On the basis of apricots prepare liqueurs and wines. On the apricot pits make various alcoholic tinctures, which have a unique and incomparable almond flavor. From the nucleoli they also extract a unique oil, and also add them to a unique nutritious paste called "Urbech".
Harm of apricot and contraindications
Apricot It is not recommended to include in your diet for people who suffer from diabetes or obesity. Although the caloric content of apricot is about 44 Kcal per 100 gr., But it contains a huge amount of sugar. In addition, fragrant fruit is undesirable to eat on an empty stomach, because the substances contained in it, can irritate the mucous membrane, so the apricot can provoke various diseases of the stomach.
Types and varieties
All existing apricots can be divided into two main types:
- cultivated by man.
As for the first species, the historical area of its growth is determined by the mountains of Kazakhstan and Central Asia, Northern China, and the Caucasus. By the way, they call this kind of apricot zherdela. In terms of taste, the fruits of wild trees are no worse than those of domesticated trees. Therefore, in cooking, they are used in the same way as ordinary apricots.
As for cultivated apricots, on the territory of the Russian Federation, they are divided into 54 varieties, which are officially listed in the State Register of Breeding Achievements. However, in other countries there may be other new varieties that are simply not yet known. So, in the table below we suggest you to get acquainted with the list of varieties of apricots and their brief characteristics.
Iceberg apricots are very juicy, have a very pleasant sweet taste, thanks to which they are used both independently and for making jams and compotes.
Fruits grow quite large, have a wonderful presentation (after harvesting, they retain their taste characteristics for a week and do not lose their shape). Such apricots have a pleasant sweet-sour taste, juicy and slightly crispy flesh.
These are not very large apricots with a pleasant sweet-sour taste. A distinctive feature of this variety is quite a large bone.
This variety is distinguished by small fruits, which, nevertheless, are quite juicy and somewhat crispy. The taste is tender and sweet, with a little bit of sourness.
The size of the berries in this variety is average, relative to other varieties. The taste is quite harmonious - sweet and sour. However, it should be borne in mind that such apricots are not stored for a long time, and therefore they need to be eaten either immediately after harvest, or allowed for processing (meaning the culinary use of berries).
These apricots stand out for their fairly large size, as well as a very pleasant taste. In addition, this variety is unique in that it ripens quite early. The fruits of East Siberian apricot can be collected in the second or third decade of July.
This variety of apricots is quite fruitful. In addition, it is allocated a fairly large size of the fruit. The taste of these apricots is pleasant. The flesh is dense and very juicy.
These apricots grow quite large (the weight of each fruit varies between 25-40 grams). The taste of the berries is sweet, average juiciness. Can be used to make dried apricots.
This variety is very capricious, susceptible to weather changes. The fruit of the plant is not too large. Taste possess sweet and very pleasant. The fruits are quite juicy.
The peculiarity of this variety is high yield. Apricots grow medium in size, their taste is quite pleasant - sweet and sour.
This variety has a consistently high yield. Fruits of medium size, have a rather juicy and sugary pulp, with a certain degree of sourness.
Fruits are small, have a sweet and sour taste. In its immature state, apricots can be stored for a week. In general, the fruits of this variety are universal, that is suitable both for easy consumption and for further technological processing.
The mass of such apricots can reach 40 grams. To taste, they are sweet and sour, flavors balanced harmoniously. The flesh is thick and crunchy, and also quite juicy. In accordance with the name, ideal for the manufacture of compotes, although it can be used and just fresh.
The size of the fruits of “red-cheeked” apricots is medium and large. The taste is rich sweet-sour, but the flavors are perfectly balanced. It has a characteristic apricot flavor. This variety is good for use, both fresh and processed, in the form of compotes, jams, etc.
Red-cheeked from Nikolaev
The fruits of this variety are quite large. They harmoniously combine sweetness and sourness. These apricots have excellent technological and table qualities.
These apricots are quite large, in weight can reach 60 grams. Possess light subtle aroma. Taste is pleasant - sweet-sour. The use of fruits is universal.
The peculiarity of these apricots in their dark purple color, which is somewhat unusual for this fruit. The flesh also has a familiar orange color. The fruits are very fragrant. Their taste is sweet and sour, the combination of sweetness and sourness is balanced. The flesh is juicy, its density is average. Such apricots are good for canning, but they can also be used fresh.
The fruits are quite fragrant and tasty. The mass of each of them varies on average around 22 grams. Use is universal.
These apricots are considered among the most delicious. The combination of sugar and acid in them is harmonious, balanced. The aroma of the fruit is quite pleasant. The disadvantages of this variety include small size and a rather large bone.
Monastic apricots are of medium and large size. In weight, each fruit can reach 50 grams. The taste is pleasant. The flesh is somewhat mealy, medium in density, rather juicy. The use of fruits is universal.
The peculiarity of these apricots is that they are quite sour to the taste. Their pulp is low-density, fibrous and medium in density. The mass of mousse can reach 40 g. This variety is good for making dried fruits.
The fruits of this variety are large and tasty enough, but have poor transportability (for this reason they are often used for canning, for example, for the manufacture of jam).
The flesh of such apricots mealy, the level of juiciness is average. The taste of the orlovchanin has a pleasant - sweet and sour. The size of the fruit is average.
Samara's Firstborn (Kuibyshevsky Early)
The fruits of this variety do not differ in large size, which, nevertheless, does not harm their taste characteristics at all (such fruits have a very tender sweet-sour taste). The flesh of such apricots is very juicy.
Fruits are medium-sized, have a pleasant sweet-sour taste, juicy.
The berries of this variety are small in size. On average, their weight reaches 16 grams. Fresh fruits have some piquant tartness, which, however, is completely invisible in processed products, for example, in jams. The use of the product is universal.
The fruits of this variety are medium in size. Taste balanced sweet-sour. Juiciness pulp average. Such apricots are universal in use.
Such apricots are quite large. Their flesh is of medium density, slightly fibrous. Even the fruits of this variety have a pronounced aroma and a characteristic sweet-sour taste. Such apricots are good for canning.
Samara apricots are small, have a pronounced sweet-sour taste. Their flesh is thick and quite juicy.
Such fruits have average sizes in comparison with other "fellows". The juiciness of their pulp is average, the taste of the berries is sweet and sour, but quite pleasant.
The fruits of such apricots are of medium size and stand out among other varieties characteristic red color. The juiciness of the fruit is high and the taste characteristics are on par with the visual ones.
Seraphim are medium sized berries, the creamy flesh of which can change color in the air. The flesh is very tender, somewhat mealy. The fragrance is average. The taste is balanced (sweet and sour).
Very fragrant and tasty sweet and sour fruit of medium size. The density of the pulp is average. The average of these apricots and juiciness.
Small fruits with tender and very tasty pulp.
These are large sweet fruits with implicitly pronounced sourness. The structure of their pulp is dense. Possess high juiciness.
Apricots "Son of Krasnoshcheky" are medium and large in size. Their taste is sweet with a barely perceptible bitterness and sourness. The pulp is dense, without mealy, rather juicy. Refers to the universal varieties.
The fruits of this variety are quite large, in weight, they can reach 45 grams. The taste is sour with an average sugar content. The disadvantages include the fact that they are rather dry. The advantages are, undoubtedly, their high transportable ability, as well as versatility in use.
Medium sized fruits of this variety have a sweet and sour taste. Their distinctive feature is high transportability. It is possible to store the picked fruits without deterioration in consumer properties of a product about eight days.
The peculiarity of these fruits in their size. It is quite large. The mass of fruits varies on average around 55 grams. Their flesh is sweet and tender (literally melting in the mouth). The peel of such apricots opposite sour. The fruits are quite juicy.
Medium-sized fruits have very juicy and sweet flesh. There is a slight sourness. A special feature is the characteristic aroma. It is also worth noting that during processing the fruits have high technological qualities.
Fruits of small and medium size have a very good taste (balanced sweet and sour). These apricots are considered universal in use.
Apricots of this variety can be called medium in size. Their flesh is thick and somewhat gristly. The taste is sweet and sour.
This variety has good taste characteristics, but the disadvantage is the small size of the berries. At the same time, the yield of the variety is very high. Such apricots are universal in use.
Like Lel, this variety can be called one of the most delicious. The flesh of the fruit is dense and gristly, and also quite juicy. The peculiarity of the variety is a high level of keeping quality of fruits.
Khabarovsk apricots you are likely to see large and medium size. They have excellent product characteristics. Taste excellent - sweet and sour. This variety is used mainly as a dessert option.
The fruits of this variety can be called large rather than medium. They have a pronounced aroma and pleasant taste - sweet with a certain degree of sourness. The juiciness of the berries is quite high.
The undoubted advantage of this variety is the high content of ascorbic acid in it, which fully compensates for their unsightly appearance. Such apricots have a rich aroma and quite pleasant taste. They are widely used for the manufacture of dried apricots.
Although apricots of this variety are small, they still have a very pleasant taste and aroma, as well as good juiciness, which determined the versatility of fruit use.
These apricots are small in size, but have a very pleasant taste. Such fruits are considered universal in use.
This is one of the largest apricots. The weight of one fruit can reach 65 grams. Among the shortcomings of the variety are some dryness and pronounced sourness in the peel.
This variety will surprise you with its appearance. The rind of the fruit is colored dark purple, and the flesh is yellow-orange. The taste of these apricots is very sweet, and the smell is simply amazing. Such fruits are good both fresh and canned.
These are medium-sized fruits with a pleasant taste (they harmoniously combine sweetness and acid).
This variety is good in taste characteristics. The berries are quite sweet with a small amount of acid, which harmoniously fits into the overall picture of taste. In size, the fruit is usually medium and large.
These apricots are not very large. The mass of each fruit can reach only 22 grams. Taste is sweet-sour, sour is expressed very brightly.
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Выращивание абрикосов: посадка, обрезка и уход
Вырастить абрикосовое дерево не составит особого труда, да и уход за ним не так сложен. Therefore, having mastered some of the nuances of planting, you will be able to acquire a fruit tree on your plot, which in the summer period will delight you with its tasty and healthy fruits.
So, we begin with the question of landing. Prepare for this process in advance. In order to plant a fruit tree in spring, a hole must be dug for it in the fall. The size of the landing pit - 70 * 70 * 70. Note that the distance between the trees should be at least five meters, since the root system of the tree is twice the size of the crown.
The soil in which you are going to plant a young tree must be prepared. It should not be too tight. The bottom of the landing pit must lay out the drainage. As such, you can use gravel or crushed stone. Then there should be a layer with fertilizers mixed with the earth (in this case it is a mixture of mineral fertilizers, ammonium nitrate, wood ash or lime, humus). Lime is necessarily added in advance, otherwise you can burn the roots. In addition, sprinkle a layer of fertilizer with earth. Roots should not come into contact with fertilizers.
Now, having seated the seedling on the prepared place, we fall asleep the landing hole flush with the ground, and then form a small mound of earth around the bottom of the trunk. Note that the root system is not exposed. After planting, water the plant with two buckets of water.
As for the place for planting apricot tree, it should be high and sunny. Lowlands, in which cold air tends to accumulate, are completely unsuitable for these purposes. In addition, the very southern slopes are not suitable either, since the vegetation of the plant will occur at the expense of frost resistance.
We draw your attention to the fact that when planting an apricot, it is necessary to take into account the climatic features of the area in which it is planned to land. It is the climate that influences the final selection of the tree species. For example, if you have severe winters in your area, then you should choose frost-resistant varieties, otherwise the apricot tree simply will not survive the winter.
After planting the apricot should be subjected to the trimming procedure. Pruned trunk itself and skeletal branches (they need to leave 5-6 pieces). Pay attention so that several skeletal branches do not grow from one place of the trunk. In addition, pruning is carried out to thin the crown, in order to improve the access of light to the rest of the branches.
Remember that mature trees do not really like pruning, and therefore such interventions should be kept to a minimum.
Planted on a "permanent place" is the seedlings. They can be bought in specialized stores. In addition, seedlings can be germinated from seed, planting them in the ground on your site. They will have to fertilize and water in a special way. However, the effort is worth it. Seedlings grown personally, as a rule, are more resistant to the climatic conditions of your area.
Trees planted with stones, yield only the fifth or sixth year after planting. Seedlings of them will have to grow at least two years. Only after this time will it be possible to determine the tree for "permanent residence".
You can also grow apricot trees by cuttings (but it should be borne in mind that cuttings have poor rooting), as well as grafting.
As for the care of apricots, it is very simple. It consists of committing only three simple actions:
- top dressing
- timely trimming of the crown.
Watering the tree is best in the early morning or late evening. The soil should be well moistened, but not saturated with moisture.
Feeding apricot tree should be made at least once every 3-5 years. If the soil is depleted, the procedure should be carried out annually, in spring and autumn.
Pruning of the crown is made mainly in young trees, so that the sun's rays penetrate well into the tree and reach every twig. With old trees, such a procedure should be carried out very carefully, removing only dried branches.
Summing up what was said before, we note that by following all the instructions given here regarding planting and caring for apricot trees, you will soon be able to please yourself with the fruits of your own, not only tasty, but also very healthy!