- When planting radishes in spring in open ground
- When and how to plant radishes in open ground
- Secrets of growing radish in early spring
Radish - culture cold-resistant, plant a vegetable can be quite early. Since the ripening of radish occurs rather quickly, it is not necessary to allocate a certain place in the garden to grow it, because after harvesting you can plant more thermophilic late-ripening vegetables in the garden, for example, onions, beans, beans, cucumbers, tomatoes, etc. . For many gardeners, ripening radish is a sign of planting seedlings in the ground.
When and how to plant radish in the spring in the open ground
For the cultivation of radish suitable slightly acidic sandy soils that are particularly friable. On such a ground grow larger and juicy vegetables, and all because the formation of root crops occurs very quickly, while this soil does not prevent the formation of fruits. It is better to prepare the soil for planting radish in the fall, for this you need to add humus, mineral fertilizers to the soil and dig up everything.
Top level bed rake. In the spring, you can start planting immediately after the snow melts, when the earth thaws to a depth of five to seven centimeters. It is worth noting that radishes tolerate night frosts to -5 degrees perfectly, but only at daytime temperatures from +15 degrees and above. For example, in the Moscow region the most favorable period for spring planting radish is considered to be from mid-April to mid-May, in Rostov –– from late March to late April, in Siberia –– from the second half of May to June.
When planting radishes in the spring in the open ground on the lunar calendar
In 2017, the most favorable days for planting are:
- March - 12-14, 22-26,
- April, 3, 7-9, 11, 12, 29,
- in May - 9 and 11 numbers.
- March 20, 23, 30 and 31,
- in April - 2, 3, 7-12, 19, 22,
- in May - 9-11, 22, 28 and 29.
Radish description, photo
Radishes belong to annuals or biennials representing the genus Radish Cabbage family. The root vegetable, loved by many, belongs to the edible group of plants and is cultivated as a vegetable. In Latin, the name sounds like "radix", and "root" - in translation.
Radish grows up to 2-3 in diameter, have a thin skin of dense structure of red, pink and white-pink flowers. Most often they have an acute taste typical for radish, which is explained by mustard oil, which is a part of it.
Varietal groups are of European, Chinese and Japanese origin. In most countries of the world, radish grows as a vegetable, both the fruits and the leaves of the plant are used. Radish is valued for its ripening, good yield. In addition to the inclusion in the diet, very often radish are used as a marker for the selection of onions or carrots.
Features of growing radish
Depending on the variety, time of sowing and weather conditions, the vegetable grows already in 15-35 days. In order to provide the ration with radish throughout the whole spring and summer, it can not only be sown at regular intervals, but it is advisable to acquire several varieties with different ripening periods.
Growing radish does not cause trouble, while presenting a good harvest. Plants are frost resistant, able to endure even short spring frosts to -5 ° C. Vegetable shows excellent results of growth at a temperature of + 10 + 12 ° С, but during the period of the formation of the fetus the temperature should be slightly higher than + 15 + 25 ° С.
A representative of the cabbage family is distinguished by a love of light, because the seedlings need mandatory thinning, otherwise the foliage will stretch to the detriment of the formation of the root crop. A frequent problem is premature flowering caused by the length of the daylight hours. Favorable conditions for the early ripening and the formation of large fruits will be the duration of the light period of 10-12 hours.
Depending on the growing region of the plant, it is necessary to cover with an opaque material after maximum exposure to light, which will contribute to obtaining large and juicy root crops.
Plants prefer good soil moisture, high humidity. A small aridity can make the radish taste bitter, dry the structure of the fruit, and also leads to early flowering. The consequences of drought will not be able to remedy even the subsequent abundant watering.
It is important to bear in mind that excessive watering will not benefit the vegetable. It is recommended to moisten the soil at intervals of 1 day, after which it is necessary to slightly loosen the ground. Daily moistening is permissible only on hot days on soils with a predominance of sandstone.
Root crops prefer light fertile land with good permeability, in opposite conditions show poor growth rates. Radish need potash fertilizer, which is necessary to make 300 grams per 10 m2 of soil. The soil for planting vegetables requires the introduction of superphosphate during the period of autumn digging at the rate of 450-500 grams per 10 m2.
To avoid blooming of plants, it is advisable to plant them in germinated form, and not by seeds, in a well-moistened soil at an optimal distance from each other, eliminating future thinning
Land for radish requires the application of mineral and organic fertilizers. Seed material is deepened by no more than 2.5 cm. Otherwise, the fruit is drawn out, the structure becomes fibrous. It is desirable to locate the beds from the east to the west, which will contribute to excellent illumination in the morning hours, provides less overheating in the daytime.
In the case of a cold, protracted spring, planting is carried out according to the usual terms, repeating the process a week later for guaranteed germination. Subsequently, providing a continuous stream of ripening root crops, crops are carried out at intervals of 15 days.
It is possible to orient the sowing according to the development of the plant: the appearance of the first pair of leaves serves as a signal for the next sowing.
It is preferable to choose the coated seed, since the shell of organic-mineral mixtures performs the function of protecting the seeds from germination ahead of time, enriches with nutrients and provides reliable protection against fungi.
Early spring sowing under the cover of film or in greenhouse conditions will bring high and fast yields.
Popular radish varieties
Most of the varieties are ideal for growing in greenhouses or open ground, always pleasing with high germination. Varieties of vegetables are in the tens, many of which show remarkable results, for which they are highly valued by experienced gardeners. The following varieties are especially popular:
- "16 days" - the name is derived from the maturity of the culture. The fruit is slightly bitter, protected from cracking and bolting. Suitable for crops with intervals of 2 weeks, has a high percentage of germination.
- "18 days" - the ripening period can last up to 24 days. Root crops have the shape of a cylinder, are painted in pink and red tones with a white tip, grow from 6 to 8 cm. A pleasant urine characterizes the taste. The variety does not undergo blooming, prefers plentiful drink, fertile land. Productivity reaches 3 kg.
- “Adel F1” - ripens in the period from 20 to 32 days, the radishes grow up to 4 cm in diameter. It is not subject to cracking and bolting, it is characterized by high germination.
- "Alex F1" - a hybrid early ripening variety ripening for 2.5 weeks. The taste is sweet, without bitterness. It tolerates light shade, suitable for growing in winter greenhouses. Prefers a light soil, rich drinking. Harvesting should not be delayed, because the fruits lose in taste.
- "Alyoshka F1" - maturation is laid in the period from 15 to 25 days, the shape of a slightly flattened form, painted in a rich dark red color. Characterized by long-term preservation of appearance and taste. It is cultivated in the open field, foliage is suitable for the preparation of salads, soups.
- “Polar Bear F1” is a hybrid variety of the mid-season group. Fruits of white color with spicy smack, keep a fresh look for a long time. Ideal for cultivation in northern latitudes. For the purpose of accelerated ripening, growth stimulants are recommended.
- "All-season" - characterized by early ripening, high yields. Plants are very resistant to flowering. Grow well in open areas, requiring shelter only in early spring and late autumn.
- "Gloriet F1" - a hybrid variety from Japanese breeders suitable for year-round cultivation. Vegetable with a delicate structure and a pleasant taste. Differs in high germination, long safety, not flabby.
- "Heat" - ripens for 20-25 days, the fruits are painted in red and crimson tones, dense structure of pink and milky color, spicy taste, contains a large amount of ascorbic acid. Suitable for early sowing in greenhouses and open beds. In the case of long-term illumination, the plants undergo planting.
- “Zarya” is a ripening variety, radishes are painted in dark red tones. The taste is pleasant, without bitterness. Suitable for greenhouses, open ground. In order to exclude blooming in conditions of long daylight, it is recommended to cover the bed in the period from 19 pm to 9 am.
- “Zlata” is a type of medium ripeness with yellow vegetables. Ripens within 30-35 days. The variety is resistant to insufficient watering, but the fruits form smaller sizes. Well stored and transported.
- "Carmelita" - ripens within 22-24 days. The structure of the snow-white color with the lack of bitterness. Under conditions of poor watering, the structure becomes coarse, acquires a bitter taste. Not prone to flowering ahead of time, protected from stitching. It prefers light, loose soil.
- "Poker" is a ripening variety with high yields, the fruits ripen for 16-19 days. Suitable for regular sowing during the season. Radishes grow quite large, retain their taste for a long time and are well kept. The structure is dense, juicy.
- "Presto" - the fruits of early maturity, ripen for 15-18 days. Vegetables grow up to 3 cm in diameter, differ juiciness, lack of bitterness. The variety is protected from cracking and bolting. For a good harvest, a temperature of at least + 16 ° C during the daytime and at least + 7 ° C at night is recommended.
The best varieties of yield and endurance
Radish is a versatile and unpretentious vegetable, showing high yields of almost all varieties. Root crops perfectly cope with the temperatures of early spring in greenhouse conditions, tolerate hot summer. There are some varieties that demonstrate high yield and endurance, depending on growing conditions.
For cultivation in greenhouses the following varieties are noted:
Hybrid varieties are especially adapted to the conditions of open areas. For example, a variety from Dutch breeders "Celeste", popular among gardeners and professional farms. It is characterized by medium early ripening and excellent yield. Favorably differs against other varieties with resistance to diseases, does not require constant lighting and watering, perfectly preserves the presentation for a long time, is pleasant to the taste. Remarkably grows both in the greenhouse, and on open beds.
Welcome among gardeners and radish "Champion", ripening for 25-30 days. It gives high yields, well growing in open areas.
When planted in the open ground on the lunar calendar
Adhering to the recommendations of the lunar cycle, you can get the maximum germination and the formation of strong fruits of radish. The following days will be favorable for sowing:
- February - from 3 to 4, from 13 to 15,
- March - from 13 to 14, 20, 22, 29 and 30 number,
- April - from 12 to 13,
- May is the 9th, 20th and 24th,
- August - the 5th and 6th,
- September - 1, 2, 18 and 19 numbers.
Favorable days for loosening and removing weeds will be days:
- in May - 9, 10, 12 and 13,
- in June - 28 and 29,
- in July - 1 and 2,
- in August - 8, 17, 18, 29 and 30.
For thinning radishes, moon cycles favor the following numbers:
- March - 8, 10 and 31,
- April - 9 and 10,
- May - 2 and 3,
- June - 21 and 22,
- July - 14.15 and 24,
- August - 11 and 12.
Moistening of the soil on the following days is not recommended:
- March - 4, 5, 13 and 14.
- April - 1, 9, 10 and 11.
- May - 7, 8, 16 and 17.
- June - 3, 4, 29 and 30.
- July - 1, 10, 11, 29 and 30.
- August - 6, 16, 25 and 26.
- September - 11 and 12.
Days not recommended for sowing:
- February - 11, 19, 23 and 26.
- March - 15, 16, 17, 21 and from 23 to 27.
- April - 11, 17, 18 and 26.
- May - 9, 10, 14 and 15.
- June - from 10 to 13, 24 and 25.
- July - from 8 to 11, 25 and 26.
- August - 20 and 21.
- September - 6, 20 and 29.
The time of planting radishes in the suburbs
Seeds of cabbage representatives can be sent to open areas in early spring as soon as the soil is ready for planting and the threat of frost has passed. Central Russia and the Moscow suburbs may be engaged in sowing radish from the 20th of March to the end of May inclusive. For regular harvesting, sowing radishes is recommended every 10 days. In the first spring months — March and April — greenhouse crops are produced, and since the third decade of April they have been sown in open areas.
Terms of planting radishes in the Kuban, in the Crimea
In the southern parts of the country, sowing begins in early February in greenhouse conditions, moving to open areas in the second decade of March. When sowing without shelter should focus on weather conditions, excluding possible lowering of air temperature. As a rule, this happens rarely, allowing the southerners to get a good yield by March-April.
When planted in open ground under film
Unpretentious vegetables begin to be planted in March, preparing the soil 14 days before sowing. The land is cleared of snow, the frame is installed and covered with a film, creating a reliable shelter. As the ground thaws on average up to 5 cm, you can safely sow radishes. The best option would be the autumn land preparation in the form of fertilization, digging and leveling the surface. An advance approach will reduce the time of spring preparation, speeding up the appearance of the crop.
Agricultural cultivation of radish: soil and composition
Despite the kinship with the Cabbage family, it is undesirable to sow roots in the place after cabbage of any variety, choosing other crops as precursors. Soils are recommended to choose light, with rich organic. Sandstone sands, light loamy and chernozem varieties, cultivated marsh are perfect.
Soil preparation for root crops is based on general principles: digging, fertilizer, subsequent loosening. The soil must be supplied with mineral fertilizer. In the case of low nitrogen rich land, humus or compost is introduced. As potash fertilizer, wood ash will be an ideal option.
How to sow seeds
The prepared ground moistens slightly and makes small grooves. The distance between the seeds is maintained at 2.5-3 cm. Preferably a uniform distribution of seeds, in order to avoid thinning in the future. Next, the grooves sprinkled with a layer of soil no more than 2 cm.
Strongly deepening of the seeds should not be, because the time for germination will increase significantly. At the end of the beds are abundantly moistened and, if necessary, covered with film materials.
How to plant radishes
Radish seeds do not cause difficulties when sowing, eliminating the likelihood of improper planting. They are very stable and almost always give excellent shoots. One can only recommend the selection of seed by size, since large specimens are less likely to undergo premature flowering.
The optimal size of the seed will be 2.5 mm in diameter and more. It is important to choose the right varieties depending on the climatic zones, to take into account the peculiarities of cultivation, since there are greenhouse and street varieties that demonstrate the best performance in optimal conditions for each.
Cultivation and care
Growing radishes, it is important to fight with the formation of soil crust after watering, regularly loosening the ground after moisture. Dense plantings must be thinned out in order to avoid foliage to the detriment of the formation of fruits. During the growing season of plants it is necessary to introduce organic matter and mineral fertilizers. As organic use, mullein is added by adding 15 grams of superphosphate, 10 grams of potassium salt to 10 liters of purified water. Mineral top dressing consists of 45 grams of potassium salt per 10 liters of pure water.
Plants require regular watering. Especially important to drink plenty of water after the formation of a pair of leaves, because during this period the formation of root crops. Moisturizing is recommended to combine with the introduction of feed.
Timely removal of weeds will contribute to the formation of large and juicy radishes.
Planting radishes before winter
The winter planting of the root crop will provide the gardener with high-quality shoots and a healthy harvest, since the seeds will be able to harden in winter conditions, marking the appearance of strong, strong plants. The first fruits ripen on average 2 weeks earlier in contrast to the spring plantings, delighting with high quality. Для успешного проведения посева необходимо руководствоваться технологией, поскольку небольшое отклонение способно уничтожить все огороднические труды.
Важным шагом в подготовке к зимней посадке выступает строгий отбор посевного материала. Varieties must have a high frost resistance, the ability to transfer shaded places, since most of the time the seeds will have to spend underground in pitch darkness. It is important that the variety is not subject to marksmanship, because often after a long winter and the subsequent thaw, flower stalks quickly form, excluding the development of fruits.
Well proven themselves for winter planting varieties "Heat" and "dawn", because they meet the necessary requirements for seed resistance, allowing you to collect high-quality crop of pleasant taste.
The second crucial step - the correct selection of landing time. Orientation here should be on the actual weather, despite the calendar numbers. It is important to have well-established frosty temperatures that do not rise above 0 ° C. The beds are prepared well in advance, as it will be hard to dig up the ground in cold weather.
A place for planting is chosen on a small elevation, avoiding low-lying areas, because the spring thawed water can flood the bed, adversely affecting the seeds. At best, they will demonstrate poor quality, at worst, they will die. Do not forget about the light-loving plants, picking up well-lit areas away from the shadows. It is advisable to plant radishes on the places where they grew tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers or legumes.
The place of the future garden bed should be carefully re-digged to the state of small lumps, well leveled and loosened. In such conditions, each seed will be provided with a close enveloping, which will exclude empty layers of soil. In the process of digging, the land is supplemented with phosphate and potash fertilizers. As an additional feed, compost or humus is added in the proportion of 2 kg of substance per 1 m2. The ground for the powder of future landings is gathered in a container and stored at room temperature.
It is impossible to use fresh manure for fertilizer, since radish will become unfit for human consumption.
The final stage - making the grooves. The optimal depth should not exceed 5 cm, the distance between the paths is about 10-15 cm. The prepared area must be covered with a film that protects the soil from autumn rains and the growth of weeds.
Immediately before planting, the seeds are calibrated by placing in small portions in a weak brine at the rate of 40 g of substance per 1 l of water. Seeds should be regularly stirred, keeping in the solution for about 20-30 minutes. Vigorous specimens will be at the bottom of the tank, empty ones will remain on the surface. High-quality seeds are additionally treated in the preparation "Formalin", well drying on the fabric before entering into the soil.
Sprouted seeds can not be sown because they can not survive the winter.
During winter planting, the land is not additionally watered, since in the autumn time it can be quite moist. Dry seeds are distributed along the grooves, sprinkled with a prepared soil layer of 1.5-2 cm. Above, spread a layer of mulch of 3 cm, which will protect the seeds from temperature changes and prevent the formation of a crust on the soil.
Warm plantings spruce branches or specialized material that is not permeable to moisture. It is not recommended to cover the seedlings with straw, because it does not protect against moisture and undergoes rotting processes. The layer of shelter should be 15-20 cm in height.
Pests and diseases of radishes
Most often, the first symptoms of disease appear on the foliage of plants, in rare cases, the stems are affected. Common radish infections include:
White rot is a fungal disease that is recognized by the faded color of the vegetable and the watery structure; radish is wrapped in a layer of mycelium resembling a cotton layer. The disease is a consequence of poor lighting or lack of heat, excessive moisture of the soil or air. In the fight against fungus will help spraying fungicide. Heavily affected plants are removed along with moldy primer.
Gray rot - occurs during storage of the crop due to low temperature and high humidity. The disease is transmitted from the fetus to the fetus rather quickly, so the treatment with a fungicide is not delayed.
Mealy dew - characterized by the formation of a raid of white shades on the upper part of the leaves and stalks. With the development of the fungus, the color changes to brown, the leaves suffer deformation and gradually dry up, the radish representative ceases to develop actively. For treatment, all affected leaves must be removed by treating the remaining plants with insecticidal preparations.
Black leg - the first signs are manifested by the formation of gray-blue spots on the root and flesh, with further progression of the root becomes wrinkled and rots. In this case, the radish representative is removed from the soil and destroyed. The land must be replaced, treated with copper sulfate.
In addition to diseases often radish can be exposed to unpleasant insects that can damage the crop. Among them:
- Cruciferous flea - small black beetles bite through the leaves, forming holes on them. Over time, the sheets are badly damaged, the plant stops growing and dies. Often, pests are active in hot, dry summers, eating exclusively young radishes. It is recommended to fight with bugs by sprinkling plants with ash or leafy ash, which penetrates into the respiratory tract of pests, making breathing difficult, leading to death.
- A white butterfly is a butterfly with white translucent wings laying eggs to the ground. Caterpillars eat leaves, holing tops. You can fight with a solution made from mustard, salt and black pepper.
- Cabbage fly - lays eggs in the ground, the emerging larvae eat the fruits of plants. An undetected pest is able to destroy the entire crop. For prevention and control, periodically pollinate tobacco dust mixed with ash.
Harvesting and storage
High-quality copies are easily stored for 5-10 days in the refrigerator. The main condition for preservation - the roots and foliage, if cut, the shelf life of radishes will be reduced to 10 hours. Before harvesting the bed must be watered. It is advisable to moisten the soil in the evening before the morning harvest. For subsequent storage, root crops are shaken off the ground (no need to wash it!), Cut off the foliage, leaving 3 cm to the fruit and sent for storage in a refrigerator. It is advisable to put the vegetables in polyethylene, then without loss of taste, it will be perfectly preserved for a week.
If the harvest is taken in the afternoon, then water the bed should be 2-3 hours before harvest.
Possible problems with growing
The problematic nature of the cultivation of radish is associated with the risk of early flowering of the plants, booting and poor development of the vegetable. Named reasons are directly related to the wrong growing conditions:
- lack of moisture and long droughts,
- prolonged freezing,
- young shoots were exposed to the hot sun
- late sowing of early ripe varieties,
- too frequent landing.
For a good harvest radish will need:
- regular weeding,
- obligatory loosening after watering,
- constant moistening
- introduction of feed,
- observance of sowing dates.
The rules for growing root crops are quite simple and do not create great difficulties for either experienced cultivators or beginners. It is important not to forget about the time when to plant radishes in the spring in an open or greenhouse soil, to provide abundant drinking to lovers of moisture and then excellent results are guaranteed to every gardener.
Radish - conditions for growing outdoors
Juicy and crispy radish is an early vitamin root crop, the taste of which pleasantly diversifies the spring menu, this crop grows better with a short light day, and prefers cool weather. If the sun is standing in the sky for a long time, and the air temperature is kept at high elevations, the radish often goes to the arrow, so the timing of sowing radish in the spring in the ground should not be postponed for later.
The temperature suitable for sowing radishes is from +10 degrees during the day, and if the air warms up to +13 + ... 15 ْ С during the day, the first seedlings will appear within a week after sowing. If the weather is happy with the spring heat (more than + 20 ْ С), shoots appear in 3-4 days. For normal growth of plants need a temperature in the range of +10… + ... 20 ْ C.
Under such conditions, spicy vegetable reaches technical ripeness after 3 weeks. But, even if the temperature falls below the specified limits, there is nothing terrible - the radish seedlings do not die, even if the weather gives a surprise in the form of frosts on the ground. Therefore, the timing of planting radish in the spring is so different from the time periods in which other vegetables can be planted.
Another difference in the period when planting radishes in the spring in open ground consists in the soil moisture index, in spring it is saturated with moisture from snow and, according to experienced gardeners, is a powerful natural biostimulator that promotes rapid germination of seeds, therefore with the onset of heat it is worth waiting for when the soil dries out in the scorching sun.
Another advantage of early sowing radishes is the absence of pests, because the earlier a vegetable is planted, the less risk of it being attacked by the cruciferous flea; and taste.
radish in a greenhouse - in the photo
Sowing radish in the spring in the ground - technology
To radish pleased good harvest, in addition to the timing of the need to pay attention to the choice of place and its preparation. It is desirable to do this in the fall, because it will be problematic to make nutritional supplements in only the thawed soil. Vegetables and greens of the cruciferous family should not grow on it in the previous year, therefore, the ideal predecessors for radishes are garlic, tomatoes, potatoes and onions.
In order to grow successfully, seed is also prepared, and to accelerate germination, radish seeds are soaked in various stimulants, for example, it can be:
- water with the addition of a spoon of honey
- heteroauxin (according to instructions)
- aloe juice diluted in half with water
It is recommended to keep radish seeds in solution for at least 30 minutes. Then they are dried on a tissue or paper napkin and sown - with such preparation radish rises earlier, and the risk of infection is reduced.
With the onset of time, when planting radishes in the spring in open ground, the beds are leveled and 1.5 cm deep grooves are made on them, the bottom is compacted so that the seeds do not fall deeper. The distance between the grooves make 10 cm, and the seeds are laid out in them 5 cm apart. Then the furrows are covered with loose soil and compact the surface of the bed. Then pour it with warm water, and if it is windy outside, cover the beds with a film or non-woven material to prevent the formation of a dry crust on their surface.
Watering beds with early vegetables need as they dry out. The radish planted according to the recommended pattern after emergence of shoots does not need thinning. If it is planted more densely, remove excess plants need to before the appearance of these leaves. Further care for radish consists of weeding and watering.
Weather conditions of the region
To choose the right time for sowing, you need to focus not on the month in the calendar, but on the air temperature in the region:
- it should be more than + 10 ° C during the day
- at night about + 5 ° C.
During this period, the soil is still wet, and light day is short. These are the most favorable conditions for seed germination, as they will grow in a week.
If you plant radishes at temperatures below + 10 ° C, the emergence of seedlings will be slightly delayed, although it will not affect their yield. Late landings will sprout in 3 days, but there is a possibility of an early appearance of arrows due to the heat and long daylight hours. This significantly reduce the amount of yield.
Depending on the region, radishes are planted:
- Moscow region and middle band. Here it is better to plant a vegetable from the third decade of March until the end of May.
- In the Leningrad region, the optimal dates will be the beginning of April - the third decade of May.
- In the European part and Siberia, the root crop is sown not earlier than the beginning of May. In the Urals, this period can be moved downward by 7–10 days.
- In the southern regions of Russia, in Krasnodar, the Rostov region or in the Kuban radish is planted in late March.
The planting time of varieties is calculated based on weather conditions and ripening terms. The period of active growth of the vegetable should fall on a warm time, but before the appearance of the summer heat. The optimal conditions for the growth of the root +20 ° C.
There are 3 types of radish:
From early varieties, you can begin to pick fruit 3 weeks after emergence of shoots, from medium ones - in a month, and late-ripening vegetables ripen about 40 days.
Recently, early-ripening varieties have appeared that give the first fruits within 18 days after germination. This is only possible when creating the necessary temperature conditions.
- 18 days
- Aleshka F1,
- Ultra Early Red.
Varieties with a white tail (18 days, French breakfast) can not be planted too early. With a long stay of their seeds in the cold ground, the fruits will be hollow.
To make yourself rich in vitamins and vegetables longer, it is better to sow several varieties. The beds are planted with a difference of a week, they warm one after another, extending the harvest period.
Early ripe radish
Of the early ripe varieties, they showed themselves well:
- Kitty Kitty,
- Cherry belle,
- French breakfast
- Early Red,
These varieties can be planted since the third decade of March and until April 5-6. The maximum landing period is April 10 (in bad weather conditions).
Can I plant radishes in summer and autumn?
Since radishes do not like long daylight hours and high temperatures, it should not be planted later in May and grown in summer. The exception is made by the separate grades which are specially deduced for this purpose. They do not give peduncles and tolerate heat well.
The varieties that can be planted in the summer include:
Podzimny sowing of radish seeds is very convenient for early harvest. For this, it is necessary to choose a radish resistant to lightning and low light.
Among the varieties that can be planted in the fall are known:
Recommendations for sowing radish in the fall and the benefits of podzimnii sowing in detail in the video from the channel "Did you know?".
Lunar Calendar Recommendations
Based on the lunar calendar when choosing the timing of planting radishes, you need to look not only at favorable and unfavorable days.
It is important to consider the following days:
- full moon,
- new moon,
- solar and lunar eclipses.
These periods are unsuitable for sowing this vegetable, but if, for example, the full moon falls on an auspicious day, then it is possible to sow radishes.
Root crops are always planted on a decreasing moon, i.e., at 3 and 4 quarters of the moon phase.
Such days of 2018 are not suitable for planting radish:
- in March - 2, 4, 13, 14, 16,
- April, 1, 14, 15, 19,
- in May - 1, 2, 6, 14, 21, 30, 31.
Details about when to plant radishes in the open ground in the spring look at the video from the channel "Visiting Slavik."
Early radish: cultivation
Radish (Raphanus sativus var. Radicula) or simply radish is a species of Radish sowing, a root plant from the Cabbage family (formerly cruciferous). Root crops of different shapes - from round to cone-shaped with a diameter of 2-5 cm on average, covered with a thin skin of red, pink or white. Radish has a tangy flavor due to the content of mustard oil in the pulp.
Radish quickly ripen: about a month after the start of sowing, you can harvest, especially when using early ripening varieties. Seeds are sown to a depth of no more than 2 cm, and if the seedlings are very thick, they will need to be thinned. Between plants leave 3-4 cm. But some varieties have spreading leaves, they are planted less often - at a distance of 10 cm.
In addition to open ground, radishes can be sown in the greenhouse in order to obtain several harvests per season. You can also plant it in small beds every 10 days. If there is no greenhouse, then it is possible to sow radishes in early spring and cover it with plastic wrap or agrofiber before the onset of heat. Today, there are many varieties and radish hybrids for sale, which differ significantly in the color and shape of the root crop: