Khosta - a popular plant with a dense rhizome. It can often be seen in shady courtyards and parks. This perennial with large foliage can be a highlight of a flower bed, to decorate a summer cottage or garden. The blue host is distinguished by the foliage of an unusual blue shade. Even florists use it to create unusual bouquets. Hosts like landscape designers and are often used to design flowerbeds.
Characteristics and description of the plant
The blue host is a ground cover plant and can serve as a protection for itself and neighboring cultivated plants from weeds. In a natural environment grows in the Far East, in Korea and China. For the Japanese, it is considered sacred and has been cultivated in gardens for a thousand years. Previously, the tradition did not allow residents of Eastern countries to import the host abroad, because in Europe they found out about this perennial only in the XVIIIth century.
It looks very unusual blue host. Her leaf is heart-shaped and large enough. An interesting blue-green color to the sheet plate is imparted to wax. It becomes less noticeable when exposed to sunlight. The plant blooms in September. In the photo of the host, a plant with bright foliage, in its flowering state, seems like a real garden queen. Inflorescence - collected in the brush bells purple, white or lilac. Flowering lasts from June to October. When all the buds wither, the flower should be removed.
Using Hosts in Landscape Design
Hosts are versatile plants for shady places. They get along well with most plants and are undemanding to care. The plant is picky to the soil and makes a great lack of light. Hosta is combined with ferns, aquilegia, lungwort, astilba and other colors. The composition of this perennial and coniferous plants, as well as group planting next to fountains, artificial waterfalls or around the pond, has a special charm. Thanks to the many varieties, you can apply your creative abilities and combine different plant forms with each other, inventing unusual combinations. Different sorts of blue host and low green shrubs look good together. On the curbs and paths often planted large bushes, combining them with tall plants. Beautiful flowering perennials beautifully set off the unusual coloring of the leaves of the blue host. You can grow the host as a container plant, moving it around the garden.
Blue host: planting and care in the open field
Landing hosts in the spring begins with the selection of places. When landing on a sunny site, the leaves lose their bluish tint and become just green. Therefore, you should choose a penumbra. Perennial prefers places under the crown of large plants or trees. Where to plant a blue host? On sandy and loamy soils, it develops poorly. The ideal soil is slightly acidic and wet, but a thick layer of drainage should be put in the landing pit. Place for the plant should be protected from drafts. When group planting, the distance between plants should be at least 80 cm. Water them only at the root, otherwise you can spoil the leaves.
Landing pit preparation
Before planting the hosts in the spring, the soil should be loosened 30 cm deep, then mixed with complex fertilizer to stimulate the growth of the root system. Then the soil is removed, dig a small hole, twice the width of the root system of the plant. Root neck when planting should be flush with the soil. Roots during planting straighten, and then fall asleep soil. The land is rolled in, the bark is mulched, and the blue host is watered abundantly.
The plant takes on its decorative appearance in the third year of life. The leaves turn blue in two years. In the fertile soil to feed perennials need not earlier than one year after planting. In the fall, it is enough to mulch the soil around the plant with compost. If the plant lacks nutrients or it grows on poor soil, fertilizer is used in fertilizer in granules, scattering it around the bush.
You can feed the blue host until mid-summer, otherwise it will only increase the green mass, and not bloom, and will not have time to stop growing before the start of frost. The soil around the plant is constantly moistened so that the foliage retains its decorativeness and does not begin to darken around the edges. Watering should be early in the morning, lifting the foliage. Then the ground is mulched - this will allow to retain moisture inside. To perennial look neat and not lost shape, young flower stalks are removed. Late autumn leaves are pruned: new ones will appear in the spring.
Grades blue host
In the photo of the host, the blue plant often stands out from other perennials. That's why landscape designers like to use it for their works. This perennial, there are many interesting varieties, and in the garden you can plant several different blue host.
Classical varieties include:
- Halcyon - a bush with relief heart-shaped leaves, up to 50 cm high. Flowers - lavender shade. Prefers partial shade, but maintains a solar location.
- Blue Angel is a large-sized plant, up to 90 cm in height, a leaf of 40x30 cm in size. It prefers partial shade. The leaves are corrugated, very large, with a bluish bloom. The flowers are similar to hyacinths, lavender, have a pleasant smell.
- Love Pat - slow-growing shrub with dense leaves of blue color. Height - 60 cm, lavender flowers.
- Blueberry Ala Mode - blue host with a white border on the edge of the sheet. The name translates as "blueberry ice cream". The shrub is medium in size, the leaves are rounded, corrugated.
- Queen Of The Seas - a plant up to 60 cm high, can grow on the sunny side, the flowers do not smell. The leaves are wavy, with denticles at the edges, dense and beautiful.
- Canadian Blue - Canadian Blue Host, compact variety. The dimensions of the bush are 30x40 cm.
- Parisian Silk - a low, but wide bush, prefers a shady location. Foliage of a round form, a silver-blue shade. Blooms continuously, pink bells.
- Smoke Signals - the bush is distinguished by pointed leaves stretched upwards. Can grow in direct sunlight.
- Blue Mammoth - a large plant with very beautiful broad leaves of rounded shape.
- Neptune is a variety with unusual pointed, corrugated foliage. Very loved by pests, especially slugs.
- Blue Dolphin - leaves in the shape of a heart, with deep veins.
- Pewterware is a bush with dense, bluish-green leaves of rounded shape.
- Big Daddy, or Big Daddy, is a sort of blue host, which can be seen in its description as one of the strongest and most enduring. The width can reach a meter, and in height - 60 cm. The leaves are rounded, wrinkled, very dense and dull. It develops slowly, prefers shady areas. At a sunny location, the leaves lose their color a little.
Reproduction of blue hosts by dividing the bush
Reproduction of blue hosts is possible by dividing the bush, cuttings and seeds. Shrubs are divided when transplanting in the fifth year of life of the plant. This allows you to keep their shape. The best period for separation is early spring or early fall. Host dig up and cut the rhizome, leaving on each plot one or two sockets. Cut the place sprinkled with crushed charcoal. Damaged and rotted roots are removed, and the plants are planted in a permanent place. Rooted hosts usually within two weeks. Therefore, it is desirable to have time to plant them before the temperature drops.
Propagation by cuttings allows you to save the plant variety. This method is used in the summer, from June to July. As the cuttings used shoots with leaves. Sheets should be shortened by a third to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the surface. Cuttings cover from direct sunlight and constantly moisten the soil around.
Seeds appear after the plant blooms. In place of the buds remains a box with which you can collect the seed. The disadvantage of this method of reproduction is the loss of variety. The seeds of the hosts do not differ in their strong germination; before sowing, they are soaked in growth stimulants and treated with a pink solution of potassium permanganate. The soil is also disinfected to destroy fungal spores and other pathogens of various diseases. You can do this by burning the soil in the oven or by treating with the same solution of potassium permanganate. Soil for sowing seeds are baking powder and peat. It should be breathable and light. The host is sown superficially in moist soil using disinfected containers. At the bottom put a thick layer of drainage. Seeds lightly sprinkled with substrate, covered with foil or placed in a greenhouse and put in a place protected from direct sun.
The optimum temperature for germination is + 20-25 ° C. The first seedlings appear after 2 weeks. Then the greenhouse is transferred to a well-lit place and begin to be periodically aired, accustoming the plants to open space. It is important to monitor the soil moisture and prevent overdrying. At the stage of the first pair of leaves, the seedlings are picked, placing them in different containers. Pots put in a large pan with water and watered through it. Topsoil covered with sand and continue to monitor the humidity. When young plants get stronger, they begin to harden, lowering the air temperature to +18 ° C. Hosts develop very slowly and almost always lose their varietal qualities during reproduction in this way.
The blue host is most often damaged by snails and slugs. They eat juicy leaves and spoil their appearance with their silvery footprints. The main means of dealing with them - traps and bait in the form of pellets. Small rodents can spoil rhizomes. To protect it, it is better to hold it in a tank with a net or scatter a poisonous bait around it. Especially often pests attack the host in winter. If in the spring the plant does not have fresh leaves, it may indicate that insects have damaged the root. To check it is dug and inspected.
The host does not need a special shelter for the winter, but some experienced gardeners try to protect themselves by mulching the soil around the plant. If the soil is damp, such places become ideal for breeding field mice. They dig holes around and spoil the root system of the plant. Another danger for blue hosts is the caterpillars. They can destroy the bush in one night. Against these insects use special chemical preparations - insecticides. A dangerous pest that destroys hosts is a nematode. These worms live in the ground, but can crawl onto plants and feed on leaves. Lesions look like brown stripes on leaf streaks. Aphids can also settle on a blue host. Then small spots appear on the sheet plate, similar to punctures with a pin.
Among the common diseases of these perennials in the first place are fungal. They are struggling with fungicides. Plants may be infected with viruses. The signs of a lesion are yellow spots and points on the leaf plate. It is useless to fight viruses, a diseased plant is dug out and destroyed, otherwise the virus will spread to neighboring trees and shrubs. A tool that has come into contact with a diseased plant must be sanitized.
Phylloxicosis is a disease caused by a fungal infection. It is often found in perennials weakened by hard wintering and when the tops freeze during return frosts. Lesions look like big merging brown spots with grayish bloom.
The blue host can also get sick with anthracnose. Infection affects plants weakened by a lack of nutrition and an excess of moisture in the soil. It is possible to cure the disease with the help of systemic fungicides.
Khosta is a perennial plant whose decorative effect lies in its large and relief foliage. Moreover, the size, color and color of foliage can vary. Flower growers know several varieties of this beautiful plant, among which there are examples of gray, colorful and green leaf.
The Blue Hosts are native lands of the Far East, Japan and Korea. For several centuries, the plant with gray-gray leaves was found in the cozy gardens of residents of eastern countries, and only a few decades ago it appeared at the local flower growers. Even florists do not bypass these beautiful flowers and use them as material to create compositions.
The leaf shape of the Blue Hosts resembles a heart, and the unusual gray-green shade is a visual illusion. It creates a special raid, called the "cuticle". Thanks to him, this kind of hosts became known as the Blue. If only the plant will remain under the sun for a long time, the plaque will become less noticeable. The flowering season of the Blue variety comes in September. Need to admit what is the beauty of plants enclosed in foliage. Flowering is not amazing. These are only modest bells, light lilac or white in color, forming a brush on a long peduncle.
Other varieties Khosta, for example, White, can bloom from June to October.
No less attractive and decorative is the white variety of the plant. The name received the name because of a dairy whiteness of young foliage. The white color on the leaves persists until they reach 15 cm length. Then green stripes appear on them, gradually covering the entire leaf area.
Adult White Host Plant does not differ in compactness, it strikes with its chic green mass, which often exceeds 50-60 cm in height. Not scanty, and the shape of the bush, striking in its pomp.
Care, methods of breeding and planting White and Blue Hosts are identical. It is only necessary to note that the varietal differences on the plant, subject to cultivation by the seed method, will be noticeable only after 4 years.
The white host prefers shade areas, otherwise dry leaves from sunburn will appear on the tender foliage. But Khost cannot completely exclude natural light when growing a white species, because it will thereby lose its decorative effect. There are many varieties. This amazing plant, whose beauty is hidden in the color of foliage. It can be milky white, cream, bronze, gray, gray, bluish and motley. White Fez, White Feathers, Albarginat, Rose Valley.
Ornamental shrubs with cute foliage are not particularly demanding to the conditions of life. Host can even be called an unpretentious plant.
As already mentioned, this plant prefers shady parts of the garden. Also, there are no special requirements for the ground and its neighbors. As neighbors Hosts You can consider partners such as Fern, Astilba, Juniper, Medunitsa or Aquilegia. Not bad combined dwarf shrubs in the neighborhood with many varieties of this representative flora.
Particularly charming Hosts look next to artificial ponds, streams or waterfalls. It is allowed to grow this plant in a container.
In the case of Khosta, it is important to choose the right place.so that the foliage is not exposed to the direct rays of the sun. If the ultraviolet rays dominate, then the color Blue Hosts instead of gray will become traditional green. Under the canopy of tall trees or large plants, the Blue variety is best planted. The optimal composition of the soil for this species is slightly acidic and moist. When landing, a drainage layer is placed in the landing pit. Often this plant is planted in groups, creating original compositions. In this case, be sure to maintain a distance between plants of 80-100 cm.
During moistening, it is recommended to arrange watering so that moisture falls at the root of the Hosts, and not by foliage.
All varieties of this plant respond well to complex and organic fertilizers.
Hosts are transplanted as follows:
- the landing pit is prepared 2 times more from the root system,
- a drainage layer is created at the bottom of the pit,
- the roots are straightened out
- powdered with soil to the level of the root collar,
- moistened with water.
In all its glory, the plant will unfold in the second year of life after transplantation. In the first year of planting it is not recommended to fertilize the soil. Only in the fall is allowed mulching with dry compost.
About the apparent lack of trace elements will indicate a lack of flowering. Fertilize this plant can be during the first half of the season. With excessive fertilizer, there will be a predominance of green mass to the detriment of flowering.
За сохранность декоративного эффекта листвы стоит побороться путём грамотной организации полива. Увлажнять растение рекомендуется в утренние или вечерние часы под корень. Также не стоит отказываться от мульчирования грунта вокруг стеблей, хотя это и необязательное условие выращивания. После того как цветоносы лишатся соцветий, от них стоит избавиться. It should also be cut flush with the ground level all the foliage in the fall, thus preparing the bush for wintering.
Popular varieties of Blue Hosts
There is no one variety of Blue Hosts. Among the common species I would like to note the following:
- Halcyon (heart-shaped, gray-gray, embossed leaves and lavender inflorescences),
- Blue Angel (large shrub with a wide relief leaf, with fragrant buds),
- Love Pat (low bush with a bluish dense leaf),
- Blueberry Ala Mode (bush with bluish leaves, bordered by a white stripe),
- Queen Of The Seas (a bush with a corrugated, dense wavy sheet, with a gear border, not being afraid of a sunlight),
- Canadian Blue (Canadian compact variety), etc.
Breeding Methods Host
Multiply this ornamental plant in several ways:
- root division.
It is worth dividing the mother plant into several parts only if he is 5 years old. It is necessary to start this process in the middle of autumn or in early spring, when the ground is warm enough. A solid bush is dug and cut with a sharp blade so that each outlet has a good root. It is recommended to sprinkle the cut areas with pounded charcoal on each delinka to prevent rotting of the roots. To root transplanted bushes takes about 14 days. Therefore, the bushes should not be separated on the eve of autumn frosts.
Cutting off this ornamental plant is recommended if you intend to maintain varietal differences. Start grafting hosts It is in the middle of summer. The material are young stems with leaves. The leaf is cut in half, and the stem is immersed in fertile soil, which is regularly moistened. Place for planting cutting should be hidden from the direct rays of the sun. It will be possible to judge the success of the enterprise by the healthy external state of the cutting. By the beginning of autumn, he must have time to form a root system for himself capable of surviving the winter.
Seeds for reproduction can be collected independently from the seed box after flowering. They must be mature and suitable for sowing. It is known that the seed breeding method Hosts is ineffective, since the varieties do not convey their characteristics, and seed germination is low. To increase seed germination, you need to keep it in a solution of stimulants (Kornevin).
The soil is prepared fertile and light. Seeds are spread over the surface of moist soil and sprinkled on top of a small layer of soil. Having created the greenhouse effect, the container is transferred to a warm room. After 14 days, the first shoots will appear, after which the capacity is transferred closer to the source of natural light. Periodically moistening and airing the seedlings, wait for the time when it is necessary to make a pick. This moment comes after the appearance of two leaves on the plant. All the individual pots with the seedlings disposed of are placed in a single pan, through which they will be watered in the future.
Growing Hosts in this way is a lengthy and time consuming process.
The main enemies of the Host are slugs. Lush foliage beckons to these pests. To deal with such garden snails is not easy. Most often, various lures are prepared for them. Sometimes small rodents can damage the root system of a plant. But this does not happen so often. To help in this case can poisonous granules scattered around the plant.
If in early spring fresh shoots did not appear on the surface of the soil; root insect damage can be suspected.
The foliage of the plant can also be affected by caterpillars, which insecticides will help to combat. No less dangerous enemy of this beautiful plant is nematodes.
Practical Care Tips
If the plant was originally planted in a light and fertile soil, then you can not feed it during the summer period.
If there is a need for fertilizer, it is recommended to use a granular form, which is scattered around the bush before watering or rain.
Fertilizing bushes is only until the end of July, after which the plant will need to rely on its own resources and stop actively, to increase the green mass.
The soil should be moistened as needed, otherwise the tips of the foliage will dry out due to lack of fluid. On a too young plant, it is recommended to remove the peduncle so as not to interfere with the bush to grow. By weeding the soil start at the beginning of the season. Moisturize the plant before the onset of the hottest time of day, at the root, avoiding the ingress of liquid on the foliage.
Features of cultivation and types of hosts
Another name for this crop is plantain lily. It is a groundcover with gorgeous thick broad leaves. The plant fits perfectly into most of the decorative concepts of the infield. In the warm season (from spring to the first frost), it grows into an emerald-colored carpet. Hosta is distinguished by such advantageous features:
- shade-loving, the ability to decorate without difficulties the well-lit and shaded areas of the garden,
- unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention and care,
- ability in just 2 years to form a fairly extensive green cover on the site.
Council The optimal light intensity for planting a host in the garden is partial shade. In such an environment, the color and texture of the sheet will be the most intense. Different varieties have different requirements for illumination, but in general, fluctuations are not too large.
The popularity of the hosts determined its varietal diversity. It is important to determine the view before planting. Your idea and realization of the idea may depend on it. Today there are hundreds of varieties and hybrids, plus new ones are annually displayed Choose the right photo will help you.
Among the most popular are such razovidnosti:
- Wavy. It has green leaves with white inserts and wavy veins. This perennial actively grows in large areas in a short period of time. Flowering varieties occurs in July and August. In September, it must be cut for the healing of greenery.
- Podorozhnikovaya. Larger view with heart-shaped leaves. The flowers are especially beautiful - white, delicate bells. It is one of the most undemanding varieties of light.
- White skinned. Neat, low bush. Green foliage has a white contour. It grows well near water bodies, loves clay soil.
- Numerous hybrid varieties. Their common feature is extreme endurance and unpretentiousness. Stronger than the classic varieties. Particularly interesting flower growers - 2-3-color hosts.
Decorative use of culture
The host in the garden is like a dress for a lady. It is possible to pick up a version and a style under any occasion. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, you need to adhere to a simple method, which is based on well-known design tenets. The shrub is placed in the composition, or it is emphasized in solo form. You can experiment with the shape, relief and texture of foliage, make the plant a main or a background element. In any of these cases, get a non-trivial landscape.
Solo landing of hosts is not so common. Most often in this case, designers assemble high and low varietal forms, play with the pattern and the shape of the leaves. It is not too easy to do, due to small differences in the care of varieties, different periods of their flowering. Monoclumbus looks good in a composition with boulder stones or near water.
The host is able to complement the landscape composition if:
- neighboring cultures have little foliage at the bottom,
- the plants in the flowerbed or in another composition withered and lost their ornamental properties.
Council The characteristic property of the hosts is to calm excessively bright and energetic combinations on the site.
The flower can also be a tonic background for groups of plants that are too pale. High varieties (60-90 cm) are used as the main decoration in the design of flower beds. They build a composition of stunted species of hosts or other cultures. The smallest members of the botanical genus (about 20 cm in height) are good materials for decorating rockeries, rock gardens, and the front of flower beds. Moderately tall varieties can be supplemented with plants with purple or white flowers.
Practical tips flower growers on placing the hosts in the garden
In planting a plant, you only need to take into account a few nuances:
- You should not place it in direct rays of the midday sun.
- Hosts with green and blue shades of leaves will show their qualities to the full only in the shade. For yellowish and pale green varieties still need ambient lighting. Only in this way you will achieve maximum decoration.
- Practically determine the optimal place for hosts in the garden by planting a couple of bushes in different parts of the garden.
Medium and low varieties get along well with their neighbors: peonies, ferns, roses, yasnotka, lavender, geyher, Volzhanka, Dicentra, astilba. You can choose the perfect combination of color and shape, based on the characteristics of different cultures. Low-growing hosts will also be the basis for flowering lilies, phloxes, etc., and will also look great next to sprawling cereals: miscanthus, lightning, and reed grass.
High varieties are often relegated to the role of the core of the flower bed composition. Planting is carried out without background plantings, but with low bulbous, cereals and coniferous plants. Designers' approach to decorating the site hosts is based on a combination of a flower with many decorative cultures.
Khosta in landscape design
Amazing in beauty and not whimsical in care, the plant will look harmonious in any flowerbed. Depending on the variety, the host feels great under the conditions of shadow and semi-shadowed areas. Less commonly, this culture is grown in the sun. Planted flowers around the perimeter of the flower beds in the foreground.
The host will fit into any garden composition
The advantages of the host are the freshness of the foliage throughout the season. Flowerbed will look great up to the winter. The decoration of the flower beds provides for the proximity of other plants. More often they are placed in damp places, by the pond, against the background of a stony landscape and instead of a curb.
Types and varieties of plants for growing in garden glades
The leaves, depending on the variety, may have a green, blue and yellow color. There are veins on the leaves. Also, the plant may differ in the form of leaves and their relief. This culture will decorate any landscape and is suitable for creating mono-beds. Against the background of variety varieties are considered the most popular:
- First Frost
- Captains Adventure (Captain Adventure)
- Blue Ivory (Blue Ivory)
- Pandoras Box (Pandora Box)
Application in landscape design and compatibility with other plants
Khosta loves shade, so garden flowers will grow most favorably nearby, and they love the same growing conditions. It is perfectly combined with rose bushes, lilies, juniper.. Feel good next to the fern, astilba, Dicterra, rhododendron. It looks particularly impressive in a clearing in combination with a geyher plant, rogers and Goryanka.
In landscape design next with the colors of the host should be planted - forget-me-nots, they perfectly highlight the blue varieties. Against the background of large leaves, the Iceland poppy will be advantageous. If thuja or other coniferous plants grow in your garden, the host will become a favorable neighbor. Hiding in the shade of the thuja, the bush will be provided with comfortable conditions.
Tricks of using the plant to create beautiful flower beds
Criteria for successful cultivation of hosts - are in optimal conditions, a permanent landing site and some other factors.:
- So that the bush grows well, it is necessary to pinch them when throwing the pedicels. Especially good to do with a young plant. Every year the bush will be lush and more beautiful.
- Can be planted both in the center and in the background. Neighborhood flowers are selected according to their color.. Blue representatives will look harmoniously with white flowers. A plant of yellow flowers will complement the flowers with a red tinge.
- No need to replant bushes until a lush outlet is formed. Otherwise, a bed of stunted bushes will not look aesthetically pleasing.
- Because culture loves moisture, you need to protect it from pests slugs. For this purpose, you can use proven tools - Thunderstorm, Anti-slug.
- In the winter the leaves are not removed from the beds, they retain their decorative effect until the onset of frosts. In the spring pruned, with the advent of warm days the bush sprouts.
Thanks to a lush outlet hosts, you can create on your site an incredible flower bed that will delight you throughout the summer season. Against the background of the material presented above, it can be concluded that host has a lot of advantages. Such a flower is always a place in the garden, especially where the sun-loving plants do not take root.
How to plant a host (video)
Caring for hosts includes:
- regular removal of faded old foliage,
- faded buds and stalks,
- loosening the soil and simultaneous removal of weeds,
Hosts have good frost resistance, but if the winter is cold and snowless, then the plants can be covered with coniferous branches or a light polyethylene coating.
It will not be difficult for a novice gardener to grow a host on his plot. The main thing is to properly plant these plants and create proper (not too complicated) care for them. And then these perennials will delight the eye with a high decorative of their foliage.
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