Geuchera (Heuchera) - herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of stone-sawing. In the natural environment lives in the rocky areas of North America. The name is given in honor of the German doctor, botanist Johann Heinrich von Geicher.
Geicher is a compact shrub about 50 cm in height with exquisite, luxurious leaves that change their color during the growing season, more than once. No other plant can compare with a rich palette and various combinations of variegated colors.
Geicher in landscape design photo
Leaves are leathery, attached on long petioles, with jagged edges. They can be smooth, corrugated, curly. The leaves can be painted in bright red, almost black, maroon, amber, pink, purple, yellow, green, silver with stripes, specks, specks, patterns.
There are decorative leafy and decorative flowering geyhery. Small flowers of bell-shaped forms are painted white, cream, red, they are collected in paniculate inflorescences. Flowering will last all summer, can bloom until frost. The fruit is a box filled with small seeds (1 g contains about 20,000 seeds).
Growing geykher from seed When sow on seedlings
Geyhery seeds photo
Geyher propagated by seed and vegetative way.
In seed reproduction, species and varietal characteristics of the plant are lost if the seeds are collected from hybrid forms. Therefore, it is better to purchase seeds in specialized stores. Then your work will not be useless, and the result will please.
How and when to plant seeds for seedlings
Geicher from seed growing on seedlings photo shoots
You can sow seeds:
- in open ground (by the end of April)
- grow seedlings (in early March).
Seal the seeds not deeply, but it is best to scatter on the surface of the substrate, gently squeeze your palm into the ground and moisten it from the pulvelizer.
- For growing seedlings, use containers with loose, waterproof and breathable soil.
- Cover with crops a film, regularly air, moisten the soil.
- Seed germination will take about 1-1.5 months.
- Grown up seedlings are carefully seated in separate horses and continue gentle care: they water moderately, provide light and heat.
Geyser seedlings ready for planting photo
- As the time of landing in the ground approaches, the seedlings are hardened, bringing it outside to a place protected from the wind. Gradually increasing the duration of stay, accustom the plants to the open air and the sun. When the seedlings can be on the street for a full day, in the absence of night frosts, it is planted in a flower bed.
Young plants when planting in a permanent place deepen by 3-4 cm, keep a distance of 20 cm between them.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
When the plant reaches the age of 3-4 years, it is time to divide the bush. It is recommended to do in May or September.
How to split geyhery bush photo
- Each delenka should contain 2-3 leaf rosettes and a part of the root.
- It is necessary to cut the roots too long, remove the rotted areas and treat the cut sections with a fungicide.
- Dig a planting hole the size of 30 to 30, the depth is slightly larger than the size of the root system.
- Keep a distance of about 25 cm between bushes.
- Water, grumble plot.
Geyhery reproduction cuttings
How to cut a stalk geyhery photo
- Propagation by cuttings is carried out in June-July.
- The cutting should be a part of a bush without rhizome.
- Partially remove the leaves below, process the stalk with a growth stimulator: hold it daily for a day in a solution of heteroauxin or root.
Rooted geyhery stalk ready for planting photo
- Root in the sand-peat mixture, covered with a transparent cup or package.
- Ventilate daily, moderately moisturize the soil (it is better to water through the pan).
- Rooting cuttings geyhery take 3-4 weeks. Then transplant in open ground.
Care for geykhera in the garden
Geicher's grade Petite Pearl Fairy photo
- If you do not have a goal to collect seeds in the autumn, it is better to immediately remove the peduncle of the decorative-deciduous geyher, since it will rise above the bush and the plant will not look tidy.
- In ornamental flowering geyher flower, remove immediately after flowering.
- Falling of the lower leaves is a natural process. But the stem is bare, so before flowering the plant should be removed from the soil and pass into the hole in such a way that the trunk was sprinkled with earth.
- Young leaves are bright, but appear translucent, over time they thicken, become darker.
- In landscape design geyhera is perfectly combined with astilba, daylilies, primroses, bergenia, decorative cereals.
Where to plant geykheru
Geicher is shade-tolerant. It grows well in the shade of other plants. The best place will be the western or eastern side, where access of sunlight is possible only in the morning or evening hours. Varieties with red leaves grow well under the sun, variegated forms will also be brighter under the influence of direct sunlight.
When growing under the sun, it is necessary to water regularly, on dry hot days, do it twice a day: in the early morning and in the evening. Stagnant water will negatively affect the condition of the plant: water less often in the shade. Pour water under the shrub so that the drops do not fall on the leaves.
To the choice of soil the plant is picky. Only acidic soils are contraindicated. It can grow on rocky areas, but the bush will be more luxuriant on fertile, loose soil.
How to feed geyheru
In the first year after planting or transplanting, feeding will not be needed. Then apply universal complex fertilizers depending on the variety of the plant (decorative leafy or decorative flowering). Fertilizing make before and after flowering, reduce the dose by half the recommended manufacturer.
Types and varieties of geykhery with photo and names
The genus of geykhery has about 70 species. Conditionally, they are divided into Lems and mountain ones, since in the natural environment they occupy forests and light forests of mountainous regions of the United States and Mexico. Let's get acquainted with the most popular with gardeners species and varieties that are used in landscape design and for breeding new varieties.
Geyhera blood red Heuchera sanguinea
Geyhera blood red Heuchera sanguinea photo
It has green leaves and flowers of bright red color. It is also called the red bell. Peduncles stretched in length by 50 cm. In some varieties of leaves I have a krap cream, white shade. This cold-resistant species is popular in our latitudes. Famous varieties: Hercules, Monet, Variegata.
Heychera cylindrical Heuchera cylindrica
Geykhera cylindrical variety Greenfinch Heuchera cylindrica Green finch photo
Bush with spectacular leaves. They are round, heart-shaped, painted green with streaks of a darker shade and a silver-colored pattern. On a long peduncle (about 90 cm) a cloud of small flowers of white, greenish, pink, coral shade towers.
Geykhera cylindrical variety Hyperion Heuchera cylindrica Hyperion photo
- Hyperion - peduncle pulled out at 0.5 m, the flowers are red-pink.
- Greenfinch - flowers cream greenish.
Heychera small-flowered Heuchera micrantha
Geicher small flower Heuchera micrantha photo in the garden
She is considered the most spectacular. The form of a sheet plate is similar to a maple leaf, have silvery spots. Peduncle about 60 cm tall ends in a paniculate inflorescence, consisting of many flowers of creamy pink color.
Most popular varieties:
Geichera grade Bressingham Bronz Heuchera micrantha Bresslngham Bronze photo
- Bressingham Bronze - has leaves of red-brown color
Geichera Magenta Purple Castle Heuchera micrantha Palace Purple photo
- Palace Purple - dark purple leaves.
Geicher American Heuchera americana
Geicherra American variety green spice heuchera americana green spice photo
The leaf plates are rounded, attached on long petioles. The bottom side is painted in brown-purple, the upper - yellow-green hue. Flowers are yellow-green.
The most popular variety is Green Spice. Green leaves have silvery spots, the main shade is replaced with dark yellow, the spots become larger, and the streaks become purple.
Geychera hybrid Heuchera hybrida
Heychera hybrid Cascade down heuchera hybrida cascade dawn photo
The main background of the leaf plate is green, there is cream specks and contrasting veins. The flowers are painted white, coral, red or pink.
Geichera hybrid Ruby Vale Ruby Veil photo
- Ruby Vale
Heychera hybrid Beauty color heuchera beauty color photo
- Beauty Color.
Geicher Marmalade Heuchera Marmalade
Geicher Marmalade Heuchera ‘Marmalade’ photo
The greenish-marshy shade of the leaves turns into blood-red, the inflorescences are small and inexpressive, the whole decorativeness of the variety is in its bright showy leaves, creating a refreshing contrast against the background of green neighbors.
Geykhera midnight rose select Midnight rose Select
Geykhera midnight rose select Midnight rose Select photo
No less fascinating is the midnight rose selection of Midnight rose Select with a purple color of the leaves, dotted with chaotic specks of pale pink.
Geicher Zipper Heuchera ‘Zipper’
Geicher Zipper Heuchera ‘Zipper’ photo
The yellow-green leaves of the Zipper Heuchera ‘Zipper’ variety have a crimson color on the underside of the leaf plate, and the leaves themselves have a three-toed split with a large toothed wavy edge.
Geykhera Amethyst Mr. Heuchera ‘Amethyst Myst’
Geikhera amethyst Mr. Heuchera ‘Amethyst Myst’ photo
The delicate shade of purple-pink leaves of the Amethyst Mister Heuchera ‘Amethyst Myst’ variety looks luxurious against the background of neighboring Brunner; periwinkle and ayuga will be good companions.
Geichera Marvelos Marble Heuchera ‘Marvellous Marble’
Geichera Marvelos Marble Heuchera ‘Marvellous Marble’ photo
The fantastic color of the leaves of the Marvelos variety Marble Hebchera ‘Marvellous Marble’ collected shades of silver, purple, pink and green. Marble pattern, with a clear lining of expressive streaks, attracts the eye, even from afar.
Geicher varieties and types of photos with the name
In general, geykhery there are about seventy species. We will describe some of them.
Geykher blood red - has green leaves, and flowers of bright red color, for which she was called “red bell”, are on a high peduncle. This species is often grown with us, as it tolerates cold.
Geyhera hairy - this species has large velvety leaves, some of which reach twenty centimeters. The color of the flowers differs depending on the variety, for example, the Rachel variety has pink flowers.
Geykhera cylindrical - Plants of this species are larger than others, so they became a target for breeders who developed many varieties with different colors of flowers. The leaves are shaped like a heart, decorated with silver lines.
Geykhera small-flowered - The leaves of this flower are similar to maple, but covered with silvery specks. There are varieties with slightly purple leaves. Flowers are collected in a panicle, cream color.
Geykhera hybrid - this species includes varieties obtained by crossing the American, small-flowered and blood-red geicher. Flowers of different colors, more than the relatives. The leaves are green, but covered with cream dots and bright lines.
Geykhera Gooseberry - this species attracts by the fact that it easily withstands very low temperatures and does not lose leaves even at severe frosts.
In addition to these, there are many more varieties of geyher such as: purple castle, caramel, marmalade, Shanghai, tiramisu, electra, miracle and many others.
Geykhera planting and care in the open field
Planting and caring for the geyher is not particularly difficult, but this flower has features that are worth paying attention to. Deciduous geyher usually cut off flower stalks, as they look ugly. In flowering peduncle get rid of after flowering.
If the lower leaves on the plant have fallen, and this happens over time, then before flowering you need to perform a flower transplant to hide the untidy bottom of the plant. Young leaves of geykher are bright, but over time they darken and become denser. It is best to plant geyher with daylilies, primroses, and decorative cereals.
Planting of this flower is held closer to the middle of spring. The best site for the plant will be the shaded place so that it is illuminated by diffused light. In the case of planting in direct sunlight, geyhera will require intensive watering.
If you have a variety with bright decorative leaves, then in bright light, they will look even more beautiful. Geyheru with a red leaf, it is important to grow exclusively in the sun, as in the shaded area, it will turn green.
Geicher does not require any particular soil, the main thing is that it is not acidic. It is possible to grow a flower even on rocky soil, but in order for the plant to show itself in all its glory, it needs a fertile substrate with drainage. It is impossible that the water stagnated in the rhizome, because geyhera quickly rot.
Planting can be carried out with seeds and seedlings. Seeds need only be sown in loosened soil. But this method is not recommended, due to the fact that it does not preserve the varietal characteristics of the flower and you get a normal, unremarkable bush.
Geyser seedlings need to be planted in greenhouses, and then into the soil to a depth of four centimeters, the distance between the specimens is about 20 cm. It takes about 30-40 days to germinate and seed and seedlings.
Specifically, in terms of care geyhera completely unpretentious
In the first year of feeding, it does not require, and in the future fertilizer is carried out twice - before flowering and after it. We choose top dressing depending on whether it is decorative leafy geykher or blooming, respectively, for the first we choose a complex for deciduous, and for the second for flowering plants. The fertilizer concentration is two times less than indicated in the instructions.
Watering should be carried out once a couple of days, as the soil dries. But if the weather is too hot, then watering will need to be frequent, especially if the flower grows in the sun. Water should be carefully, so that water does not fall on the plant.
The soil should be loosened, but you can simply mulch the plot with peat plant in the spring.
Geyhery wintering takes place in the open field. Zavyavy parts of the plant can not be touched, as they serve as a heater for the flower. In addition to the winter bushes need to warm the leaves of trees. With the onset of spring, old leaves should be cut close to the ground.
Geicher reproduction by division
Three- or four-year geyher require transplantation, as they lose their attractiveness. Bush needs to be divided and seated. It is desirable to carry out this procedure in the late spring or early fall.
Separation is carried out so that each part has a pair of sockets. The roots are cleaned of decay, shortened and treated with crushed coal. Holes for parts of the bush are dug up to thirty by thirty in size and a little more than an old pit. The landing site is well watered and carried out mulching.
Geicher reproduction cuttings
Reproduction by cuttings carried out closer to the middle of summer. Shoots are cut close to the ground, but so that the roots do not touch. Parts should be about 5 cm.
The cuttings are treated with a means to improve the formation of roots and sown in peat mixed with sand. Growing seedlings in the greenhouse, which should be in the penumbra. Occasionally, ventilate and lightly water the soil with the cuttings. After 20-30 days rooting is completed.
Diseases and pests
- Among the diseases geyhera most often sick spotting and powdery mildew, as well as rot. Diseases usually occur due to excess moisture in the soil.
- Geyher leaves like to eat slugs and snails. Sometimes there is a defeat leaf nematodes.
- If your geyher dry and twist the leaves, then most likely this is a consequence of an excess of sunlight. If this option is excluded, then damage to the roots by pests is possible.
Planting geyhery, rules and methods of growing
Heuchera is a herbaceous perennial plant, belongs to the family of stone-sawing plants. Its homeland is considered the mountainous regions of North America.
During one growing season, the plant may change the color of the leaves several times. Bush geykhery dense, consists of toothed, leathery leaves of beautiful shape on long cuttings. The texture of the leaves can be corrugated, smooth, fleecy.
March and April are considered to be a good time for landing geyher in the ground.
The flower is not afraid of shading, and when there is a shortage of sunny places on the site, the crop is planted to the western or eastern side of the building, under a tree, in the shadow of a fence, etc.
From the correctness of the choice of place to place the bush, depends on its pomp, brightness of colors and leaf color. Optimal lighting is light penumbra.
Young plants should be protected from the wind, and the ground should be well drained, light and nutritious. With abundant moistening of the root system, it can be affected by rot.
Flowers from seeds
The easiest way of breeding, the result of which are beautiful young bushes. But in this case, you need to know that hybrid varieties may lose their original characteristics.
It is recommended to harvest the seed independently, but in this case there is a pitfall - the seeds remain viable for no more than six months.With the observance of the moisture regime of the soil and air temperature of 20-25 0 C, geyher shoots appear after three weeks.
When the sprouts grow, they are planted in separate pots and left in a warm weather until the root system becomes stronger. After this, seedlings are planted in a permanent place of residence.
Reproduction by dividing a plant
Many varieties of geykhery need to be periodically transplanted, because "with age" they lose an attractive exterior.
To keep the plant in shape, once every 2-3 years the geyher is cut and transplanted to a new place.
At the same time, the bush is divided into several parts. The process is as follows:
- At the end of flowering, the flower stalks are cut, and the areas of the stem are bare. This operation can be done before the start of flowering,
- The cuts are processed with compounds that activate rooting, for example, wood ash,
- The bush is divided, while leaving on each new plant received a minimum number of leaves,
- The resulting material is planted in the greenhouse, or in pots on the windowsill,
- In open ground, new geyher bushes are transferred, taking into account the calendar dates. In the event of a split bush in the fall, landing on permanent residence is postponed until March.
With this method of reproduction, the necessary fragment of geyher is taken from a flowering plant. In the lower part of the bush there is a branch with buds, it needs to be pinched off and moved to a suitable place - a greenhouse or protected from the sun.
The twig is treated with preparations containing potassium and ordered into the soil in such a way that the buds are above the ground surface. For rooting, geyhere need at least a month. If the plant feels comfortable, then after a month or two it can be transferred to a permanent place.
If such an operation was carried out in the fall and the cuttings did not have time to take root, they are left until March, protecting it from the cold weather.
There are more than 400 varieties of flower, and in turn, this set is represented by two main groups:
- Decorative - color,
- Decorative - deciduous.
The most popular among gardeners are:
- Blood red - Palace Puril, Berry Marmalad, George Peach,
- With "amber" leaves - Citronella, Lime Ricky, Amber Waves,
- White-green - Snow Storm and other variegated varieties,
- Pink - Cherry Splash, Coral Splash,
- Geichers with contrasting venation and mosaic pattern on the leaves.
Fertilizer, pests and diseases
Beautiful geyhera surprisingly unpretentious. It suits any soil, even sandy. However, the acidity should be monitored, it is desirable to lower it. The flower does not like wood ash, for it is better fertilizer with a minimum nitrogen content. The mineral fertilizers introduced in spring will provide bush density and rich leaf color.
Insects do not like geyher, but snails and slugs like to eat beautiful leaves. The marigolds planted nearby can divert the uninvited guests, snails love them more than geyher.
As for diseases, the most dangerous for the plant is the overwetting of the soil, which leads to the rotting of the roots. But if such a misfortune happened, you need to dig up the bush, remove the rot and root it again at a small distance from the old place.
Geicherra shows by her appearance whether she is well where she was put. If the leaves of the flower are small and pale, then the place is not very well chosen.
Features, advantages of geykhery
In conclusion, it should be noted that for our country the plant is considered exotic, but Russian flower growers have learned to grow it in flowerbeds and in a room. Cold-resistant varieties, appealing to the eye from early spring to frost, have been developed.
The advantages of geykhery include such qualities: Undemanding, simple, uncomplicated care,
- Shade tolerance
- Undemanding, simple, easy care,
- Frost resistance. With significant negative temperatures, it is enough to cover the plant with sawdust, film,
- Resistant to all major diseases of ornamental plants and besides, geyher do not like insects,
- Geicher - a real find for landscape design. Used to decorate rockeries, alpine slides, in flower arrangements.
Adding an article to a new collection
Geicherra decorates the garden from early spring to late autumn. And even for the winter she leaves with decorative leaves. How to grow such a beautiful woman in a flower garden?
Geicher is widely used in landscape design. Most often it is planted in rockeries, rock gardens, rabatkah and central flower beds near the entrance to the house. This plant is unpretentious, but with improper planting and poor care does not look very presentable.
Choosing a landing site for geyhery
The saturation of the color of the leaves of the geyher and the duration of the flowering of the plant largely depend on the place of growth. Most species prefer semi-shaded areas where the sun shines only in the morning or in the evening - the east or west side will do. However, young bushes develop better with more sunlight. It is important that they are protected from the wind.
Geichers with brightly colored leaves, especially red, look richer in the sun. But in such conditions, plants need abundant and frequent watering.
Red-leaved Geyhera Peach Crisp in the shadows loses its bright color
Geihra is unpretentious in the choice of soil, but grows best on light, fertile and well-drained slightly acidic soil with a pH of 5-6. The plant does not tolerate stagnant water: with excessive moisture its roots rot.
The most suitable time for planting - early spring. Geicher can be grown from seeds, but this is an unreliable method of reproduction, since a young plant often does not receive varietal signs of maternal and as a result grows with unremarkable green leaves. Therefore, geykheru most often grown from a sapling - a bush bought in a specialty store, or a bush delenka.
In a selected area, a hole is dug in a width and depth of 30 cm, ash and rotted compost are added to it, and mixed well with loose fertile soil.
In the bush, geyheris remove dry shoots, shorten long stems to young tissue, cut and damage damaged areas and sprinkle with pounded charcoal. After that, geyher is planted in the prepared hole, watered and pritenyayut.
When planting between plants maintain a distance of about 25 cm
After 4-6 weeks in young plants, the root system becomes strong and well developed - then they can be transplanted to a new place. In regions with an unstable climate in March-April, geyher is first planted in a greenhouse, and after stable, warm weather has been established, it is transplanted into open ground. Or planted young bushes no earlier than May.
When spring planting after irrigation, it is recommended to geulch with peat. This will help get rid of weeds and retain moisture in the soil.
Similarly, delenki with 2-3 sockets can be planted in September, but it should be noted that they take root for 1-1.5 months, and during this time it is important to protect the plants from a sudden decrease in air temperature.
The plant needs regular watering as the soil dries - usually every 2 days. But during a drought, more frequent watering may be necessary. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that moisture does not stagnate in the soil, and drops do not fall on the leaves. Otherwise, a bright sun may cause a burn.
If geykhery leaves become dull, small or sluggish, and the flowers do not bloom for a long time, then before and after flowering the plants are fed with complex mineral fertilizer. In this case, the dose recommended in the instructions for the drug, reduced by 2 times. After all, it is better to feed geyher than to overfeed.
Geicher usually blooms throughout the summer. Immediately after the end of this process, faded flower stalks are cut off so that the plant does not multiply into self-seeding.
At one place, the geyher grows well for no more than 5 years, then its bush begins to fall apart and in winter it can freeze, therefore, every 3-4 years, the plant is dug out, divided and planted.
Geicher tolerates transplant well and quickly takes root in a new place.
In the autumn with the onset of cold weather, some geyher yellow, but often snow covers bushes with bright foliage. The shoots are not cut: they winter well in this form and at the same time protect the root system from frost. In regions with a cold climate, geyher is additionally covered with dry leaves (preferably oak) or fir spruce.
In the spring, the shelter is removed and, with the help of a secateur, last-year geyher leaves are cut as close as possible to the soil surface.
This perennial, belonging to the family of stone-sawed stones, was named after the German physician and naturalist Geicher I.G. In total there are about 70 natural species of this plant, most of which grows in various areas of North America. Geicher is a rather low, about 30-50 cm, grassy perennial, whose dense and variously colored long leaf leaves are collected in a rosette. The flowering of this plant in the middle band can be observed in the middle of summer. If the place was chosen correctly and all the conditions were created, then in June-July each bush throws out flower stalks, reaching one meter in length and decorated with small flowers, gathered in paniculate inflorescences. They are red, pink, white, depending on the type and variety, which includes geykhera. Planting and care, the photo below shows how the flowering bush Heuchera villosa of the Autumn Bride variety looks spectacular.
After flowering, a fruit-box is formed, inside which there are a lot of very small seeds. The plant is quite hardy and shade tolerant.
At the very beginning of the XVII century, the botanist Carl Clusius described a plant - a mountain underbane - brought from North America. It was then that for the first time in the scientific literature the geyher flower was mentioned. Planting and caring for this plant were not described there, but it is known that by the middle of the same century it was cultivated in French gardens. John Tradescant Jr. was the first known gardener to grow geyher, and the year of their introduction into culture is 1656.
At the beginning of the 19th century, other members of the Heuchera genus were described, including the Heuchera sanguinea found in Mexico, a blood-red geicher. Planting and care which did not differ from the already known species.
At the beginning of the last century, geyhers were quite rare in gardens, and for the most part these were species plants and their natural forms. The situation changed after the famous French breeders of the time father and son Lemoine engaged in the hybridization of this perennial. The first hybrid form, obtained from crossing small-flowered and blood-red, was the coracoid geicher. Planting and care (photos of the modern plant of this type of variety Pluie de Feu are presented below) are exactly the same as those of its “ancestors”. In the future, breeding work was carried out both in France by the Lemoine family, and in Great Britain - by A. Blum. The latter received more than a dozen complex hybrid forms from crossing the hairy, small-flowered, American and cylindrical.
In modern gardening, most often there are not natural species themselves, but various hybrids and varieties of geyher:
- American (Heuchera Americana) - with long-stem leaves, heart-shaped, rounded, bordered along the edge. Different color options.
- Hairy (Heuchera villosa) - is distinguished by large leaf plates, painted in apricot-bronze, light green and various shades of purple color.
- Blood red (Heuchera Sanguinea) - also called the “red bell”, has more dense leaves than other species. This is the most unpretentious and stable geyhera. Planting and caring for her in the garden is minimal, the most important thing is not to plant her in sunny places, as she prefers to grow in partial shade and shadow.
- Small-flowered (Heuchera Micrantha) - one of the most spectacular species of geyher. On the leaves of plants of this species there is a silvery coloring in the form of spots and “blots” of various sizes, there are also varieties with a velvet-cherry, almost purple color.
- Cylindrical (H. Cilindrica) - the largest representative of the genus Heuchera. The name of the species was due to the cylindrical form of dense inflorescences, which are of reddish, pink and greenish-yellow color. The leaves of this species are usually green.
Just say how many geyher varieties exist today, hardly anyone can. Almost every year, breeders delight lovers with all the new interesting plants. Approximate number of modern varieties - about 200. Tell about everything does not work, but to highlight the interesting and popular - we will try.
- Low, only 25 cm, geykhera Amethyst Mist Coral Bells is distinguished by the glossy foliage of a rich purple color, covered as if with an ice pattern of thin silver veins.
- The leaves of the beauty variety Regina, whose height is about 30 cm, are painted in lavender with an ash-silver shade. On high - 50–60 cm - peduncles bloom in June pink inflorescences.
- Geykhera Authem Livz (AutomnLeaves) is practically a chameleon variety, as it changes the color of its leaves three times in a season. In the spring, they are “firefighters” - bright red, in the summer - gray-green, and in the fall they turn a crimson color. The preferred landing site is penumbra.
- The Beauty Color variety is distinguished by a two-color leaf color, a green border around the edge and bright streaks.
- Creamy yellow leaves, decorated with streaks of a reddish-brown color, will surprise Geicher of the variety Electra. The intensity of the yellow color varies during the season, and blooms with milky white bells. It is better not to plant in the sun.
If desired, all these varieties, as well as many others, can be grown as houseplants.
Geykhera: planting and care in the open field
When growing this perennial is quite important to choose the right place to place it. On this depends both the pomp of the bush and its flowering, the brightness of the color of the leaves, and the life of the plant. Considering where to land the geyher, it is better to opt for those areas where the sun is in the morning, or where there is light penumbra. Despite the fact that this plant is shade-tolerant, but only in the openwork partial shade, the geyher will reveal its beauty to the maximum. Planting and caring for young plants have their own characteristics: they should be located in places protected from strong wind and with well-drained, light and nutritious soil. This plant is unpretentious, but here in areas where water stagnates for a long time, for example after rain, it will die, since the root system will quickly begin to rot.
How to care for this flower?
We will not repeat how unpretentious the plant geyhera. Planting and caring for him are simple: the right place with good soil, timely watering, mulching and hilling. As noted, this perennial does not tolerate stagnant moisture, but it also does not like overdrying of the soil. The land around the plant should be constantly slightly wet, then the leaves will be large and beautiful, and the flowering will delight. In order to prevent excessive evaporation of moisture, especially on hot days, it is desirable to mulch, with humus, foliage, grass or straw, the soil around the shrub that formed the geyher. Planting and care in the fall, as well as mulching the plant, especially after the first frost, will prevent its death from spring extinction.
Feed or not?
Quite often you can read in various sources that geykher of any sort and type do not need feeding. This is partly true, but only when you have well-seasoned fertile soil. And in this case it should be remembered that all stocks ever come to an end. Many growers feed geyher with complex mineral fertilizers with a small amount of nitrogen twice a season: before flowering and after it. When feeding this plant, use only half of the dose recommended by the manufacturer, it is no longer worth it.
How to multiply?
Quite simply to get the seedlings of such a plant as geyhera. Planting and care in the open field for young plants are simple, but first you need to get seed in one of three ways:
- rooting lateral cuttings.
Consider in more detail each of them.
Divide the bush
The easiest way to get a few small geyher is to divide a three to four year old plant. For this you need:
- Carefully dig up the plant.
- Clean and sharp knife to divide it into several parts.
- Cut dry leaves down to the buds located in the axils of the old leaves.
- Damaged and long roots need to be cut, and the slice sprinkled with ash, pounded coal or a root formation stimulator.
- Before planting, it is necessary to dig a hole with a size of 0.3x0.3 m.
- Put a little of any complex fertilizer and well-rotten humus on the bottom.
- Straighten the roots, fill the pit with soil and seal it well.
- Water and shelter from sunlight.
Growing from seed
You can multiply a plant such as geyhera, seeds. Planting and care are easy. It is important to remember that germination of seeds of this plant is only six months after harvest. Pay attention to the packing date, if you buy them in the store. Если они упакованы в фольгированный пакет, то срок их годности может увеличиться до полутора лет. Высаживают на рассаду семена гейхеры в марте—апреле, в зависимости от уровня освещенности в доме. In the prepared soil, previously laid out in containers with a height of more than five centimeters and spilled with a weak warm solution of potassium permanganate, loosened and leveled, seeds are sown, previously mixed with clean river sand. To deepen them should not be enough to press a little into the ground. Then the containers are covered with glass or transparent film, after which they are put on a warm, well-lit window sill. Shoots will appear in 14-21 days, all this time it is necessary to air the plantings daily. When the first three leaves appear, the seedlings are diving. In May, seedlings can be taken out into the garden or moved to a greenhouse, and planted in open ground in early June. In the fall, young plants should be covered with straw or fir branches.
Description of geykhery: varieties and varieties
So, what is this miracle - geykhera? Evergreen perennial plant with a height of 40-60 cm. The leaves are medium in size, rounded, sit on long petioles and form a rosette at the root. Geyhera blooms from late May until autumn. The flowers form an inflorescence-panicle about 20 cm long. After flowering, fruit-boxes with seeds form.
The cultivated varieties of geyher can be divided into two categories:
Geichera is decorative with its foliage: no other plant has such a variety of palettes and textures of leaves. Geykhery flowers noticeably lose the leaves, but there are varieties that are valued precisely for the inflorescences, they create a magnificent color contrast with the foliage of the plant.
To date, about 400 varieties of geyher have been bred, their shades and varieties will satisfy the most refined taste and will find their place in any landscape design.
At the moment, cylindrical geyher varieties, American and blood-red, are very popular. Now let's look at these varieties in more detail with a photo.
- Geykher blood red. It has more dense leaves than other plants. This species is the most popular, on the basis of which other varieties of geicher were bred. The flowers are bell-shaped, ranging in color from red to pink. Blossoms from June to August. Easy to care, drought-resistant, but it requires landing in the shade. The most famous varieties: Monet, Hercules, Robusta.
Planting a plant
Before planting, you must choose a place and prepare the soil. Geykhera is well combined with other perennials and is not aggressive towards them, so it can be safely planted in company with other plant species or lay a flower bed of different varieties of geyher.
The plant prefers light and nutritious soil, where water does not stagnate. Sour soil does not suit her. Before planting, large river sand or pebbles need to be applied to the soil. Seedlings should be planted in May at a distance of 20-25 cm and should be watered regularly, but not overwetted, otherwise the plant may die. Plant geykheru in open ground can be seeds, cuttings or separating the socket of an adult bush.
As for the care, in this respect geykhera is very unpretentious. But there are some conditions, and these are:
- scattered shadow
- deep drainage
- permeable soil.
Geicher, planted in the shade of trees or in partial shade, will retain its decorative effect, since it needs the sun in the morning. On sunny areas it is worth planting varieties with red leaves, it is in the sun, they will become red, but in the shade they will remain green. But many varieties adapt to the sun - the silvery mosaic of their foliage acquires a more saturated color, and geyher with purple foliage darken.
The root system of the geyher is superficial, so it is important to protect the roots from drying out. It is best to apply mulching. The mulch will retain moisture, the soil under it breathes and is structured by soil inhabitants. As mulch you can use straw, sawdust, compost, tree bark, foliage, expanded clay screenings, gravel, peat.
The soil must be permeable - from stagnant water, the plant can become sick and die. Therefore, take care of the drainage should be even when planting plants.
Geyhery aging bushes lose their decorativeness - the middle of the bush is exposed. In this case, you need to rejuvenate the bush: dig up the plant, divide it into parts and plant it. This should be done at the end of summer after flowering or in spring before the leaves bloom. Geykara endures these manipulations painlessly and at once starts to grow.
Dried leaves are not removed in winter - it helps the plant to winter, covers the roots and retains heat. Remove only the inflorescences with seeds - after flowering, they spoil the decorative appearance. In the future, the collected seeds can be used for propagation and cultivation of geyher in open ground. Varieties with light foliage and young bushes for the winter should be additionally covered with foliage.
Tip Water the plants early in the morning or in the evening, water drops in the sun can cause burns on the leaves.
Fertilizer and feeding geyhera
Before the man was cultivated, the geyher grew up in the mountains, where the soil was rather poor. Modern varieties are still far from their wild relatives, so they do not complain about a small amount of nutrients in the soil. Apply mineral fertilizers rarely. It is better to limit one feeding in the spring in the first year after planting. If you did not do this in the spring, then feed the geicher with mineral complex fertilizer for deciduous plants at the end of the growing season. After fertilizing, be sure to water the bushes.
Propagation by dividing the bush is the easiest way to preserve the decorativeness of the variety This is done in early spring or autumn. Separate the rosette from the adult plant and transplant a little deeper than the mother plant was planted.
The second method is grafting. From the bush in the summer cuttings cut the size of 4-6 cm and rooted in the greenhouse. The process takes 3-4 weeks, after which you can plant the finished plant.
Geicher: combination with other plants
Due to the contrasting combination of leaves of geyher with leaves of other plants, it is possible to create unique compositions. Geyheru is planted with hosts, bathing, ferns, freezers, daylilies, combined with decorative cereals, Bruner, irises, barberries.
Well geykhera combined with tall conifers, acts as a supplement for low roses. In the spring it is good to place with tulips: after they have faded, the flowerbed is not empty.
Geicher in landscape design
Do not be afraid to experiment with planting geyhery on your site. As gems, geykher will decorate any flower garden, such a rich palette with an abundance of flowers and shades is not present in any other flower culture.
A great advantage of geykhery is its decorativeness during the whole growing season and ease of care. Geicher is grown in single plantings of the same species, as well as in mixed ones, used as a perennial groundcover. Having a compact shape of a bush, geykhera will be an ideal companion for combining with other plants. This is a real find for those cases when you need to fill the space in a flower garden or emphasize the merits of another plant, highlight the planting of conifers.
Geykhera does not lose its decorative form with age, so it will ideally fit into flower gardens of strict geometric shapes, and disguise unsightly areas. Geykhera suitable for creating alpine slides, rocky gardens, borders, decoration of terraces and gazebos. She can decorate garden sculptures, slides and fountains. Often used for planting on ceremonial beds.
In the first year after planting, the geyher will find it difficult to appreciate her dignity in landscape design - just planted, she will not become such a lush beauty yet, but next season you will be able to enjoy the density of colors.
Geicherus is a rounded shrub consisting of several sockets with bright long-peeled leathery leaves. Over time, the number of rosettes on a plant increases, and in a 3-5 year old flower their number reaches several dozen. The size of a patch in diameter reaches 60 centimeters. The height of the plant, depending on the variety, ranges from 20 to 100 centimeters.
The cuttings of the leaves are long. The leaves are rounded, of various colors, often greenish-red. The edges are jagged. Redness is most noticeable in young, unfolding foliage in the fall, after frost. During the season, the color and texture of leaves changes up to 10 times. On the surface of the plates can be patterns, shapeless spots, small dots, streaks. Winter leaves, replaced in late April - early May.
The plant blooms in early summer. Red-brown peduncles in height reach 60-100 centimeters. Openwork inflorescence-panicle is a large number of miniature bells. Coloring of flowers can be red, white, pink and white. Red-flowered species are most common, species with white flowers are less common.
Blood red (H.sanquinea Engelm) or coral (red) bell
This mountain view is distinguished by its endurance and is considered the ancestor of most varieties and geyher hybrids.
Leaves dense, rounded, serrated at the ends. Color green or spotted. Some of the varieties are distinguished by light green or cream marbling.
Peduncles reach half a meter in height. Red, white, pink or coral bud-bells are collected in a panicle.
Hairy (H. villosa)
The velvety leaves of this species have a triangular shape. They are large in size, reaching 20 centimeters. The ends of them are pointed. The leaves change color from green to bronze during the season, in some varieties they are chocolate colored. Leaf stalks and delicate pink peduncles pubescent.
The flowers are white, pink or creamy green.
Small-flowered (H. micrantha)
This species has wedge-shaped leaves. The colors are purple and bronze, some varieties have silvery specks. In winter, the leaves are rounded, in the summer razlapistye.
Inflorescence whisk in height of 60 centimeters. Flowers medium-sized, creamy pink shades. Anthers orange. The buds appear by the end of spring, the plant blooms for 2 months.
Hybrid (H. hybrida)
This is an interspecific hybrid, obtained by crossing the blood-red, American and small-flowered species. Plants are larger than blood red.
The leaves are often green, streaks of contrasting shades. You can also find speckled varieties with a beautiful cream pattern.
Peduncles high. The buds are white, coral or pink. Flowering lasts most of the summer.
This is a colorful hybrid with a variety of foliage colors. Leaves are voluminous.
Flowers are large. Color varies from white to red. Flowering lasts up to 2 months.
There are about 400 varieties of this beautiful plant, the most popular of which can be called, such as:
This variety is considered one of the most common. Dense leaves have carved texture. They are assembled in the lush rosette outlet. The upper part of the leaf is colored orange, yellow, bright red and red, and the inner side is purple.
Peduncle height 30 centimeters. The buds are greenish.
Purple geyhera forever purple
Violet bushes in height of 30 centimeters, in width of 55 centimeters. The leaves are framed openwork. Purple color does not change throughout the growing season.
Bell-shaped small buds are located on low peduncles. They are collected in panicles and painted in a light purple shade. Flowers among the leaves are barely noticeable.
Geyhera glitter silver
Bush in height reaches 25 centimeters. In the spring, pink foliage blooms on the bush; over time, they dress in silver. The leaves are silver with black veins. Wrong side of a leaf of a lavender shade.
Buds are large, similar to fuchsia. Bloom from June to early September.
The multi-colored geykher is distinguished by orange, golden and amber shades. Leaves change color over time. In the spring they are orange, in the summer - golden. The wrong side of the leaf is purple. Flowering begins in July. Buds bells cream or white.
Bush compact, low. Leaves are wavy, coffee and mustard. Jagged edges. Over time, the color of the leaves becomes green.
Peduncles 0.5 meters high. Flowers small, inconspicuous.
Fire geyhera Cajun Fire
The bush is fast-growing, 25 centimeters high.
This fiery beauty changes the coloring of large matte leaves. In early spring, they are bright red. In the summer, they are reddish-black, and in the fall they turn burgundy.
Flowers are white budons, towering above the bush. Flowering lasts from early June to late July.
The bush is compact, consists of the wavy leaves forming the rosette. In spring, the blooming leaves are purple-reddish. Over time, they darken and become brighter, more saturated color. The wrong side of the leaf is reddish.
Peduncle erect. The buds are small, openwork, snow-white, like miniature bells.
The bush is low, grows to 30 centimeters. Large leaves of golden orange color. In the spring they turn bright red. Over time, become yellow or amber. Scarlet shade remains on the wrong side.
Blossoming rare, but magnificent. Buds cream or pale pink.
Bushes reach a meter in height. Leaves wine shade with silver specks. Flowering lasts from late May to mid-July.
The height of the bush is 20 centimeters, width is 30 centimeters. The leaves change color from pink green to orange or bright red during the season.
Flowers white The period of flowering May - August.
This hybrid leaves on top of purple, bottom painted beet color. The form resembles the Norway Maple or Ivy. In the hot summer leaves become bronze.
Bell-shaped beige buds are gathered in panicles. Straight-resistant stalks.
It is a hybrid variety resistant to heat and cold. Serrated, rounded leaves with delicate edging. They go out from the rhizome and form a rosette.
Peduncle smooth, 40 centimeters high. Buds bells are small, red. Flowering lasts up to 3 months.
It is a hardy, small-flowered variety. Bush height 50 centimeters. The leaves are large, claret-purple with a silvery shade. Branched roots. White flowers.
For different varieties of geykhery you need to choose a suitable place for landing. Most often, a flower needs good illumination with a slight darkening.
Red and maroon varieties, on the contrary, prefer bright light, since in the shade their leaves turn green.
At the landing site should not accumulate water, otherwise the plant will die.
Land suitable for planting, and any neutral acidity, and slightly alkaline. It should pass water and air to the roots of plants well. To do this, drainage from coarse sand or small gravel is poured into the pit for planting.
When to plant
Plants in the ground are planted at the end of the last spring frosts. In warm regions, this procedure can be carried out in the fall. When planting in autumn, the soil must be mulched with ashes or bark. In the spring, after the snow melted, the mulch is removed.
Where and how to plant geykheru in the garden: video
The main features of care are dressing, watering and hilling.
Spud need bushes in the fall, during their preparation for the winter. In addition, Gerkher requires pruning of peduncles and foliage.
Plain flowers of some varieties spoil a beautiful view of flower beds. Therefore, the peduncles are removed immediately after the appearance. If the geyher has faded, the flowers are removed together with the stems.
Old, dead and dry leaves are cut off in the spring, after the beginning of the growth of young shoots.
During the dry period, the geyher needs to be watered once every 2 days as the soil dries. In very hot weather, watering is carried out 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening.
When watering, the water should not fall on the leaves, otherwise they will burn.
If in the spring the land around the flower is mulched with peat, in the summer it will not be necessary to often loosen the soil and remove weeds.
In the first year of growth, feeding is not needed by the geyher. Fertilize the flower can be a year after planting. Top dressing is carried out twice a season (before and after flowering). To do this, apply a small amount of complex mineral fertilizers.
This method is considered the most effective, as it allows you to fully preserve the decorative qualities of the flower.
The annual transplant is not required to the plant, it is carried out for reproduction and rejuvenation of the flower. After 3-5 years, the geykher loses his ornamental qualities and the bush falls apart. During this period, the plant and requires a transplant. It is held in early spring or autumn.
Bush neatly, without the use of sharp objects is divided into parts. The roots are checked for disease and rot, and are treated with root and pounded activated carbon or ash. After which the plants are planted in a new place.
For planting cuttings are taken shoots growing on the sides. They are cut off after the end of flowering geyhery. Cuttings are cut together with part of the outlet. The long processes are divided into parts, the length of which should be equal to 3-4 centimeters. The lower sections are processed by the root formation stimulator, and the upper sections by ash or activated carbon.
Cuttings that are rooted closer to September, planted on flower beds is not recommended. They winter in a greenhouse.
Preparing for the winter
Trim geyhera for the winter is strictly prohibited. Plants pile up. Почва вокруг покрывается слоем мульчи из компоста или перепревшей древесной коры с добавлением золы. Растения дополнительно укрываются слоем сухих листьев, опилок, хвои или лапником.
Весной укрытие и мульча убираются.