Decorating the window sill, it is worth thinking not only about design and beauty of an interior, but also about safety. When I chose the next “green pet” for my flower collection, a friend advised me to start euphorbia. She said that this is the most unpretentious flower that she knows.
Euphorbia (Euphorbia) is a very numerous plant species. The family to which it belongs is the milkweed, one of the most numerous in the world. This plant lives on many windowsills. Providing the right care, spurge will be glad for many years with its blooming appearance.
Euphorbia is a poisonous plant, therefore it is important to be careful when growing and any manipulations with it:
- Wear gloves when handling
- To put in the places inaccessible for children and pets,
- Do not put in the kitchen.
With caution and proper care, spurge will not harm, and the interior will be beautifully decorated.
To grow and multiply euphorbia there are no difficulties. Sometimes the plant grows in the shape of a tree, but more often as a shrub or grass. Externally, it may look like a cactus and have a stem with prickles.
Some species have a fleshy stem with many leaves, which contain white milky juice. Euphorbia bloom is very attractive. Flowers can be different in shape and color.
The most popular types of milkweed that give birth at home are:
Euphorbia euphorbia - spectacular and beautiful perennial columnar shape. Outwardly, a bit like a palm tree.
Large oval-shaped leaves with elongated petioles are located on a green, ribbed stem. Against the background of bright saturated green flowering looks pretty nondescript. After flowering seeds are formed.
Euphorbia triangular - succulent, perennial shrub with thick triangular stems. The branches are dark green with white lines, well branched. On the stems of red-brown thorns. The leaves of milkweed are fleshy in the shape of scapula.
Spurge tirukalli - perennial shrub, succulent. It has neither leaves nor prickles, but consists of rod-shaped stems. They are fleshy, and they grow quite a lot. With proper care, tirukalli blooms with small yellow flowers.
Brilliant Euphorbia is a beautiful and popular look. It is a low shrub with prickles, fleshy and dense stem, small green leaves.
Euphorbia cypress - perennial grass, growing in a height of 15-30 cm. Its stem is bare, erect, gray-green shade. The root of the plant is branched, cylindrical, creeping. This euphorbia blooms in late spring - early summer, although there are also autumn blooms.
The Euphorbia Head of Medusa is a perennial with a large number of long and narrow shoots that look like tentacles. Grown mainly in hanging pots.
Euphorbia armored - a flower belonging to the succulent plant. On young shoots leaves grow perpendicular to the trunk. All upper leaves are long, lower ones are short. In adult specimens, they reach 5 cm.
Spurge mile - perennial shrub with a strong branching, gray ribbed stem. The leaves grow mainly on the top of the plant. They are elliptical, green shade.
Inflorescences are several grouped flowers. Near the flowers bright bracts red, yellow or orange hue.
Spurge fat - perennial succulent cylindrical shape. It has weak ribs with small tubercles. An adult specimen grows 8 cm in diameter and 10 cm in height.
Euphorbia poinsettia (beautiful) - another perennial shrub that is beautiful not only in name. This euphorbia has large, bare, branching stems and bright, oblong leaves.
Recognition of flower growers, he received a beautiful bright red bracts, which form a small rosette, resembling a Christmas star.
For home breeding, spurge is an unpretentious plant. Even a beginner grower can handle the care of him, as well as seedlings, transplantation and reproduction. To maintain its good condition, for this indoor flower you must comply with certain conditions of detention.
Spurge likes friable soil with neutral acidity and good breathability. If you make a substrate at home, you will need:
- Leafy ground
- Turf ground,
- Brick chips
- Large river sand.
All ingredients mix in equal proportions. You can also use ready-made soil mixture for cacti. At the bottom must be drainage. Good for expanded clay.
Almost all types of milkweed are light-requiring and feel great in direct sunlight. Only some euphorbia, mainly large-leaved, need protection from the sun. This may be fraught with burns. In winter, all milkweeds need to provide bright light, for example, using a fluorescent lamp.
Temperature and humidity
In summer, the temperature of the room can reach 30 o C. This will not harm the plants in the least. However, 21-26 ° C are considered ideal temperature indicators. In winter, when the plant is resting, the air should be no lower than 12-16 ° C.
Euphorbia does not like spraying, even in dry weather, because it is naturally well adapted to drought and heat. Increased moisture levels can lead to rotting of the roots and stems.
During the period of active vegetative growth can be watered abundant than usual. But we must remember that some species of plants go into a state of rest, not in winter or autumn, but only in spring.
Be sure to keep in mind that spurge is very picky about water quality. It should be soft, stand at room temperature.
For many species, feeding is carried out during the active growing season 1 time per month. Apply complex universal fertilizer in liquid form. Use the solution should be only after watering with ordinary water.
The pruning process is carried out to form a beautiful plant shape and remove dry and damaged branches. To do this, it is recommended to use a sharp and clean knife, and you should wear rubber gloves on your hands.
It is needed only when the roots become cramped in their old pot, as well as after purchase in the shipping container. The ideal time for transplanting is spring, when the plant is just beginning to move from a dormant period to an active growing season.
Seeds are sown in October or March. A few hours before planting, they must be soaked in warm water. Next, plant the seeds in separate containers, making there drainage holes and pouring nutrient mixture. Deepen them by 2-5 mm.
Then cover each pot with a film and put in a cool place. It is also necessary to regularly air the soil and its moisture. The first shoots hatch only in 2-3 weeks. Some species can breed by self-sowing.
In late spring or early summer, milkweed can be propagated by cuttings. They should be about 10-15 cm long. The lower leaves of the cutting are cut off, and the milky juice in the sections is washed off with warm water.
Process these sections with activated charcoal powdered and dried for 1 day. Plant the cutting in a prepared container with wet soil and a layer of drainage.
Diseases and pests
Euphorbia is sufficiently resistant to diseases and pests, but improper care can lead to some problems. A lot of yellowed leaves may indicate stagnant moisture in the ground or improper temperature conditions.
To solve the problem put a pot with a flower in the sun and reduce watering. You can also dry the roots. Insects can also harm, for example, a spider mite, whitefly or scythe. Insecticides should be used to control them.
Growing spurge at home, be sure to follow the precautions and rules of care. Only under such conditions there will be no harm from the plant, and your room will be profitably and effectively decorated.
Euphorbia: Varieties and Varieties
According to various sources, the euphorbia family has 900–2500 varieties. Few can be grown only in open field. But most often, an euphorbia flower develops well as a home plant. Let's get acquainted with the most interesting representatives of this type:
- Euphorbia sprouts (white-leaved) is a common home plant. Under natural conditions it can grow up to 1.5 m. It dissolves the inconspicuous small flowers. It has a ribbed thick barrel. The long oval leaves of dark green color with white veins, which are updated in the upper part of the trunk, and the lower ones die off in time,
- Euphorbia bordered - one-year-old species that reaches a height of up to 80 cm. Under natural conditions it is common on mountain slopes, creating dense thickets. Obligated by its name light border on large leaves of light green color,
- Euphorbia triangular (triangular) is a perennial plant that can grow up to 3 m at home. It has a fleshy characteristic triangular stem 6-7 cm wide. The jagged ribs are covered with spines and oval leaves. It reproduces mainly by cuttings, rarely blooms,
- Euphorbia multicolor - perennial garden plant. The height is about 80 cm. It dissolves green-yellow flowers in May. The stem is covered with thick foliage oval elongated bright green color. The bush has a hemispherical shape,
- Euphorbia mile - also called the crown of thorns. Spiny plant with thin ellipsoid bright green leaves. The flowers are small, yellow, milky, white color,
- Euphorbia comb - an evergreen plant with a ribbed thick stalk. Leaves of an elongated oval shape approximately up to 25 cm long are collected at the top of the bush on a red-brown root. Dissolves pink and white flowers on a small peduncle.
Very often amateur florist certain varieties of milkweed called cacti. This is due to significant external similarity. But the Euphorbian family or euphorbia, does not belong botanically to cacti, and it is wrong to call them that.
Transplant after purchase
For transplanting plants The general rule is to choose the desired time of year. For these bushes is spring time. If a flower appeared in your house at another time, the transplant is made only if it was purchased in a transport container. In this case, it is desirable to transplant it immediately into a pot with drainage and suitable soil.
The soil must be permeable and loose. If a special land for succulent crops was not found, then suitable soil for cacti. The composition can be made by hand. What will be needed for:
- sand, turf in equal parts,
- sand, humus, leaf earth in a ratio of 2: 3: 2.
At the bottom of the pot certainly lay a layer of drainage of expanded clay or pebbles.
It is necessary to moisten the soil according to this scheme:
- at a temperature of less than + 12C, watering is completed,
- in winter, watering is reduced to once a month,
- in the summer, watered once a week.
The moistened soil begins to moisturize gradually in small portions of water. In very hot time the bush is sprayed.
Temperature for growing plants at home
Room spurge must be maintained at a temperature of + 18-25C. In the summer, the plant pot is recommended to be taken out to the open air. If the temperature drops to + 15C, the bush must be brought into the room.
Certain species can withstand the temperature mode + 5-6C. In these conditions, the plant should be kept in a well-lit room.
The main number of species is sun-loving and develops well when illuminated under direct sunlight. Certain species require diffused lighting. Among them is the most beautiful spurge and poinsettia.
The plant can grow in the shade. However, the foliage loses contrast and brightness.. Under these conditions, variegated varieties lose their original color.
Anti-aging pruning produced in July after flowering:
- young shoots should be left at the flowering plant species, they will bloom next year,
- pruned long shoots
- remove dried stems.
Formative pruning is not only about adjusting the crown. If you need a room spurge to grow into a dense bush, then in February all shoots are removed. In the year of pruning will not bloom, but later it will double.
Euphorbia white-toed (Euphorbia leuconeura)
He hails from the island of Madagascar. This herbaceous perennial plant in natural conditions can reach a height of 1.5 meters. Taproot deeply buried in the ground. A young stalk is solitary, and a more adult one is weakly branching. The lower cylindrical part of the stem is woody. Above, it acquires a pronounced five-rib form, with rough rough scars clearly visible on its surface, which remain from fallen leaves. They are distinguished by oval-shaped brown pockies on the dark green glossy surface of the stem. On the tops of the ribs there is a coating consisting of a thick, short (about 0.4 centimeter), fibrous brownish fringe. The petiolate alternate leaves grow spirally on the stem. They gradually die off and remain only in the apical part. The petioles are greenish-red. Leathery thick leaves have an obovate shape and reach a length of 15–20 centimeters, and in width - 5–8 centimeters. The front side of the leaf plate is painted green and there are clearly visible whitish veins on it, and the back side has a pale green color. On small inflorescences whitish bracts are located, which have a tubular base and a flat wide open limb, the diameter of which is equal to 8 millimeters.
This is a fast growing plant that has a tendency to self-seeding. Seeds in large quantities fall on the surface of the substrate in the pot and young seedlings appear rather quickly. In the event that these seedlings are not removed, they will soon fill the entire free surface of the soil in the pot.
Spurge ridge or comb (Euphorbia lophogona)
The homeland of this succulent shrub is Mexico. Both externally and in magnitude of the bush, this species is similar to euphorbia. But in such a plant, even the veins on the leaf plate are well distinguishable, but they have a green color. And the growths on the edges of the stem are more like a flat, prickly ridge. Color bracts whitish-pink.
Types and varieties
Euphorbia belongs to the thrush family - the most diverse in the plant world. There are about 2 thousand varieties of milkweed. These are succulents, annual grasses and shrubs, some are considered weeds. Many species are popular among gardeners and are actively grown at home. The most popular options:
- Whitechildren Euphorbia come from Madagascar. This perennial plant can grow up to one and a half meters. The name got its due to the distinct white veins on the outside of the leaves. It is a fast-growing flower with self-seeding capacity. Seeds that have fallen into the ground, quickly go to growth, and if they are not removed in time, they will soon completely fill all the free space around the mother bush.
- Ribbed euphorbia - a native of Mexico. It is sometimes confused with the white-faced view. The differences in the veins are green. Galls on the stem of a cribriform form, bracts of a white-pinkish shade.
- Euphorbia Mila, or beautiful euphorbiain natural conditions, it reaches a height of up to 2 meters, on a windowsill it grows up to 30-50 cm. The stem is hilly with a grayish tinge, covered with a large number of long needles. Blossoms small flowers scarlet, white or yellow.
- Triangular Euphorbia occurs in southwestern Africa, grows to two meters in height. It is named so for the thick stalk, which has three pronounced flat edges, on which in a row are located claw-shaped thorns, alternating with small dense leaves. The most popular variety with a dark green stem and red leaves.
- Variety "Head jellyfish" - The plant's birthplace is the Cape Town area in South Africa. This euphorbia, a perennial flower that produces thick, serpentine shoots, blooms with small, nondescript white flowers.
- Poinsettia, or spurge beautiful. The variety is common in Central America and Mexico. Nicknamed "Christmas Star" because the plant blooms in late December. In nature, it grows to a four-meter height. In the main species, the bracts are red, there are also varieties with orange, white-green, yellow, and pink-colored bracts.
- Fat euphorbia - looks like a cactus. At a young age has the shape of a ball, over time, drawn out and becomes like a ball for baseball.
- Euphorbia enopla - also has similarities with the cactus. Height varies from 30 cm to 1 meter. The shoots are cylindrical, saturated green with thick reddish spikes. Соцветия формируются в верхней части стебля. Молодые цветоносы с трудом можно отличить от находящихся рядом шипов. Со временем их верхушка раскрывается чашечкой красного цвета.
All room flowers of euphorbia are poisonous, therefore, when growing, some features of plant care are taken into account. It is unacceptable that the plant was:
- on the kitchen,
- easily accessible to children
- on the floor (if there are pets in the house).
It is the milky juice that is burning, tasting and odorless. This juice is called euphorbia. Skin contact causes burns and allergies. When ingested, problems with the gastrointestinal tract begin. In severe cases, coma is possible. It is advisable to touch the plant during processing with rubber gloves and after washing the flower you should wash your hands with soap and water. With proper adherence to safety methods, harm from euphorbia will not.
Euphorbia is included in the composition of medicines, but it acquires its medicinal properties only after proper treatment. Independently prepare medicines from the plant is strictly prohibited.
Transplanting, soil requirements, dressing
Replace spurge spring. But if the plant was purchased in a shipping container, the transplant is carried out immediately, otherwise the flower will die. To do this, acquire a special soil for succulents. But you can prepare the substrate, independently using the following components:
- two pieces of leafy ground
At the bottom of the pot must be piled drainage of expanded clay or large pebbles. They also transplant euphorbia in a larger pot when the roots no longer fit in the old pot.
Feed the plant only during the growing season. Potassium fertilizers are applied once a month, it is not recommended to feed with organic matter. During the period of rest (autumn-winter), the soil is not fertilized, it will harm the plant.
Humidity and temperature
The best option for good growth and development of the flower is the usual room temperature. In the summer, spurges are carried to a balcony or to a well-ventilated room. If the temperature drops below 15 degrees Celsius, the plant will be brought into the apartment.
Some varieties tolerate a temperature drop of up to +5 degrees, but in the housing maintenance they are rare, usually growers grow up thermophilic varieties. Humidity is of no particular importance, the flower equally well tolerates both dry air and high humidity.
Cactus euphony multiply in children, leafy varieties - seeds or cuttings. The stalk before planting is thoroughly washed from the milky juice, well dried. Then planted in peat soil or sand, covered with film and maintain the necessary humidity. Twice a week the film is opened for airing. After rooting, the cuttings are transplanted into pots and looked after as usual.
Diseases and pests
All varieties of milkweed are highly resistant to diseases, but with improper care the following problems may arise:
- Yellowing leaves - increasing soil moisture or drafts.
- Lower leaves turn yellow - a natural process, do not worry.
- Brown dry spots on the leaves - sunburn.
- On the leaves of many small brownish specks - began the process of decay due to stagnant water in the pot.
Of the pests, the plant is often attacked by a spider mite, whitefly, aphid, and scale insects. Insecticidal preparations help to fight them.
The variety of euphorbia is limitless, and gardeners have enough opportunities to choose a favorite flower according to their taste.
The origin and botanical description of the plant
Euphorbia (the biological name of the culture) belongs to the family Euphorbia. Presented by more than 800 varieties of grass, shrubs and trees. About 160 species have become widespread in Russia. Some varieties of milkweed on the description resemble cacti (due to the numerous spines on the fleshy shoots). Some varieties have soft, smooth leaves. The peculiarity that unites the genus is the milky sap secreted when the shoots are damaged.
Euphorbia blooms annually in spring and summer. The original form of umbellate inflorescences do not have sepals. Color depends on the variety. After flowering, a fruit is formed - a box with 3 “nuts”. The root system is vertical, the stems are straight or ascending with weak branching.
A large family includes annual and perennial varieties of milkweed. Among them are succulents resembling cactus, shrubs with large leaves, tree-like palm trees with fleshy leaves. In room floriculture several types of euphorbia are common.
- Mile - shrub with densely intertwined trihedral branches covered with single spines. The leaves are shiny, smooth, grow up to 3 cm in length. Small nondescript flowers appear in the summer months. An attractive look is given to the plant by euphorbia bracts, the color of which depends on the light of the room.
- Belozhilkovy - in a form reminds a room palm tree. The fleshy trunk of gray-brown color is covered with scales of dead shoots. At the top are collected oppositely located leaves of a dark green color with white stripes of veins.
- Tirukalli - euphorbia with ornamental shoots similar in structure to corals. Thin stems of plants at a young age have a green color, produce small leaves that quickly fall down. In adult condition, shoots are painted dark gray, no foliage.
- Akalifa (Foxtail) - low branchy shrub with small oval leaves. Appreciated for the original flowers, collected in spike-shaped inflorescences, bright color and fluffy structure resembling a fluffy tail of a fox.
- Canarian - shrub with large stems with multiple faces. The surface of the shoots is covered with numerous tubercles and double spines. In room conditions, reaches 1.5-2 m in height.
- Poantessia (Euphorbia Beautiful) - shrub with thin, broken stems. Large, pointed leaves grow to 15 cm. Red star-shaped bracts adorn the houseplant during the winter months. One of the most popular decorative indoor flowers.
- Multicolor (Euphorbia Polychroma) - A plant with straight stems, forming a neat ball. It grows up to 50 cm in height. Shrub is covered with dark green oppositely spaced leaves. Bright golden bracts of yellow, orange and green color give a decorative appearance to golden flowers.
Despite the large number of external differences, the representatives of the family of Euphorbia impose similar requirements on the growing conditions and care activities.
Location and lighting
Most varieties of milkweed prefer bright sunlight throughout the year. Plants with the plant, it is desirable to place on the illuminated window sill. In the summer months it is, if possible, carried to a balcony, loggia or garden plot. The exceptions are varieties with large leaves, it is preferable for them to choose places with diffused light.
When choosing a place for euphorbia, one should take into account that the milky sap has toxic properties. Do not place indoor flower in the open access for children and pets.
Euphorbia is a drought tolerant plant. Succulent varieties do not need an artificial increase in air humidity. Fleshy shoots accumulate a sufficient amount of moisture to maintain plant life. Spraying the leaves leads to the appearance of rot and fungal diseases.
Species with thin leaves are recommended to be placed away from the heating system. Too dry air affects the appearance of euphorbia - dry parts are formed on the tips of the shoots.
For the normal development of the root system and the ground part of perennial soil is important, which meets the following characteristics:
- loose structure
- neutral alkaline environment
To ensure these conditions, the flower is planted in a special ground for succulents. It consists of river sand, turf land, special clay. At the bottom of the bowl necessarily organize drainage. Loose soil provides air access to the roots and protects against stagnant water. Garden soil, as well as the soil for indoor flowers, is not suitable for growing euphorbia.
The need for watering
The soil in the pot with a perennial plant should dry completely between 1-2 cm in watering. In warm weather, water should be watered about once a week. Excess water must be drained from the pan to avoid root rot. With decreasing air temperature, reduce the number of irrigations up to 2 times a month. It is necessary to focus on the state of the flower and the soil in the pot.
If the ground is completely dry, it is advisable to resume watering gradually, since during a drought most of the suction roots die. Gradual moisturizing with warm water helps to restore the functions of the root system.
Under room conditions, spurge grows well in moderately fertile soil. Top dressing is carried out only in the period of active growth of shoots. For her, do not use organics and nitrogen fertilizers.
Mostly fed beautiful flowering varieties. To do this, in specialized stores purchase products for succulents. Bring strictly according to instructions after watering. Spurge poorly tolerates excess minerals.
Euphorbia (Euphorbia) is a representative of the euphorbia family. The genus of euphorbia is extensive: according to some data, it numbers over 800, and according to others, about 2,000 species. These are mainly succulent or cactus-like grasses and shrubs, perennial and annual. There are even small trees. In nature, most species inhabit the subtropics. In the tropical and continental zones, only a few of them live. For example, only 160 species inhabit the territory of Russia.
The appearance of euphorbia varied. Stems may be fleshy or lignified, leafy or covered with spines. Also different color, shape of leaves, their location on the stem, the structure of the root system.
Euphorbia blooms in the warm season. Originally look "flowers", devoid of petals, and often sepals. They consist of tsiatiy, private symmetric bell-shaped inflorescences, formed from accrete leaves. The flower itself is located inside the “wrapper” on a long stalk.
With all the diversity, there is a common trait for all members of the family by which an euphorbia flower can be distinguished: its tissues are permeated with branchy vessels filled with white milky juice.
Popular varieties and varieties
In room floriculture such types of euphoria have spread:
- Triangular (triangular, trigon). The bush about 50 cm high consists of numerous trihedral fleshy stems of green color. On edges alternate leaves and brownish spines.
- Fat. Differs in slow growth. The stem is spherical, ribbed, with small teeth on the ribs. Flower stalks are also formed there. No spines.
- Spurge Mile (brilliant) - compact shrub with densely intertwined thorny branches. On their tops throughout the year, small flowers of red, pink, yellow or white, depending on the variety, color. Leaves are light green, ovoid.
- The euphorbia white-stalked (white-veined) resembles a palm tree: the trunk is woody at the base, fleshy and ribbed at the growth point. Scales are visible on the ribs - traces of fallen leaves. The latter are stored only at the top: elongated-ovate, dark green, with contrasting white veins.
- Euphorbia tirukalli is a tree-like succulent that can grow up to 6 m even in indoor conditions. This spurge must be regularly cut. The stem is smooth, erect, with an abundance of fleshy branches. Leaves linear, up to 12 cm in length. They do not participate in the process of photosynthesis, they are stored only at the top. The plant is decorative only due to the "branches", which are responsible for its nutrition.
- Euphorbia comb (ribbed, comb-rib) - succulent-stem high shrub. The stem is fleshy, ribbed, covered with thorns and scars from fallen leaves. The foliage is glossy, bright green above and olive-white below, oval, with prominent central veins.
- Canary euphorbia possesses strong branching shoots. Branches are faceted, with 4 or 6 ribs covered with short brown spikes. No leaves, flowers are located at the top.
Each of the varieties is attractive in its own way: if you decide to acquire euphorbia, you can easily choose a plant to your taste.
How to care at home
Care for euphorbia is reduced to the choice of a suitable place for it and moderate watering. Euphorbia refers to plants that excessive attention can only harm. Even floriferous varieties, such as euphorbia mile, do not require specific home care.
It is important to remember that this plant is poisonous: if it gets on the skin, its juice causes burning and itching, and food poisoning with euphorbia leads to severe toxic gastroenteritis and damage to the central nervous system. Acutely react to ingestion of mucous juice. With the defeat of the oral cavity occurs hyperemia, numbness and swelling. The eyes react with swelling, active tearing, which are accompanied by pain and burning. The development of blindness is possible.
When ingested juice enterosorbents take and go to the hospital. After contact, the skin is washed and smeared with a burn remedy, antihistamines are taken. If damaged, wash with plenty of water and immediately go to the nearest ophthalmology department.
Different types of euphorbia differ in their need for lighting. The variegated varieties require an abundance of diffused light; in the summer, monotonous or devoid of leaves can be placed in partial shade on the northern windows. Direct sunlight will only harm them.
In winter, there is not enough light for this plant even on the southern windowsills, which leads to an intense loss of leaves. You can provide him with additional illumination for 10 hours or put up with temporary “baldness”. In spring, spurge will quickly restore appearance. Species, devoid of foliage, to the lack or excess of light are more indifferent.
Temperature and humidity
Euphorbia feels great with a wide range of temperatures - from 15 to 25 degrees. Do not harm him and sudden changes in temperature, but from the cold drafts plant is better to take care. The summer heat is better tolerated by all varieties in the open air - they are brought to the balconies, verandas or placed in the garden under the protection of larger plants.
The flowering euphorbia is provided with a cold (15 degrees) wintering, otherwise they will not lay buds. Other types of room temperature is quite suitable. Bushes wintering on window sills must protect from hot air streams coming from central heating radiators. Spraying euphoria do not need.
How to water and how to fertilize
It is important to remember that with the external similarity of euphorbia cacti are not - they need more moisture. Each species has its own need for water. It can be determined based on the appearance: the more euphorbia resembles a succulent, the less it "drinks." To determine for sure whether the plant needs water, you can “feel” the soil - it should dry for a few centimeters. Sprinkle water over the watered water, which is exclusively separated and warmed to room temperature.
Feed euphorbia every two weeks in the summer and once a month in the winter. Use mineral fertilizer for cacti or universal. In the latter case, the dosage from the one indicated on the package is reduced by half.
Milkweed breeding depends on its shape. From plants with shoots, you can remove the cuttings. Cactus euphorbia multiply by children or vaccinations. Some species produce seeds.
Easily propagated by cuttings Mila euphorbia, triangular and tirukalli. Material for planting is cut from the top of the stems. Roots can be germinated in warm water or in a mixture of peat and sand. It is important to provide the cuttings with a temperature not lower than 25 degrees and to keep them away from direct sunlight. Roots develop quickly - in a month a young plant can be transplanted from “seedling” cups into pots with a diameter of 8-9 cm.
In order to successfully root euphorbia, it is important to quickly wash off the milky juice that has protruded on the cut - it contains rubber, which, when cured, forms a dense film that prevents the formation of roots.
Euphorbia comb, belozhilkovy and others, having a "palm" shape, multiply mainly by seeds. Theoretically, they can be grafted, but after pruning, these species branch out badly. Seeds they give actively. By the end of the first year of life, an abundance of inconspicuous yellowish inflorescences appears in the leaf axils. After ripening, seeds are scattered to a distance of 1 m. Therefore, if you do not want to weed out euphorbia from neighboring pots, collect the boxes with greens or cover with gauze.
Ideal for germination environment will be a mixture of peat and sand. Planting material is sown superficially, in a thoroughly moistened substrate. Capacity cover glass before germination. После появления второго листа пикируют, добавляя к посадочной смеси 1 часть листовой земли. Через две недели после пересадки начинают подкармливать. Сеянцы развиваются быстро – уже через год они вырастают до 15 см и зацветают.
Молочай тучный, как и другие, не имеющие ветвей виды, может размножаться исключительно семенами. Высевают их сразу после сбора в смесь торфа и песка. Greenhouse conditions for germination are not needed. Moisturize the soil only when drying, using a spray gun.
Fortunately, lovers of bizarre exotic forms, all types of euphorbia with a non-lignified stem grow together perfectly when inoculated. This method is suitable if you want to propagate a rare desert species or create an original composition. On the stock, an incision is made so that it is convenient to combine it with a graft. Both cuts are thoroughly washed with boiled water warmed to 40 degrees. If the milky juice has managed to harden and is not washed off, it is scraped off and washed again.
After the juice ceases to stand out and the flesh is clear, without any traces of it, the slices are processed with crushed charcoal. Then the stock and graft are combined, tightly pressed, and fixed with a pressure bandage. Take care of the plant as usual, trying not to disturb the place of vaccination. If the tissue splicing is successful, the graft will begin to grow. After that, the bandage can be carefully removed.
Young, intensively growing euphorbia, transplanted annually. Mature plants need to replace the soil every 2-3 years. All work on the transplant spend in gloves. Avoid swallowing parts of the plant, protect yourself from getting into the eyes of the milky juice.
Choosing the right pot and soil
Soil for milkweed must be loose and well conduct water. The mixture should contain 3 parts of leafy ground, 2 parts of peat and 1 part of sand. If you do not have the ability to make a substrate, you can purchase a cactus primer in a specialized shop - it contains all the necessary components.
The pot is chosen in accordance with the type of milkweed. Plants with a powerful core root system fit deep containers. Deprived milkweed trunks with a superficial location of the roots will feel better in wide low bowls. The optimum distance from the trunk to the sides is 7 cm. In the pots, you must always drain the drainage holes to drain out excess moisture.
Incremental transplant process
The signal to the fact that your euphorbia needs a transplant, are the roots peeping from the drainage holes.
It is easy to transplant spurge:
- The plant is taken from the old container along with an earthy ball.
- Shake off part of the earth, trying not to damage the roots.
- A layer of drainage is placed in a new pot, and fresh soil is poured on top.
- It is important not to use used claydite - in its pores spores of fungi and harmful microorganisms can accumulate.
- The plant is set so that the trunk does not have to be buried.
- Dump the ground, slightly tamping.
After transplantation, spurge needs no greenhouse conditions.
Euphorbia may be affected by a mealybug, shield, spider mite, occasionally aphids. It is rather difficult to cope with the first two pests: a cycle of 5-6 treatments with a systemic insecticide, such as Aktar or Fufanon, will be needed. Aphids can be picked up by euphorbia only with street maintenance. Recognizing this pest is easy, as well as getting rid of it. Enough two treatments with any insecticide. If the infection is not severe, wash the leaves and stems with soap and water.
When the growth points are inhibited and the web appears, the plant is sprayed with acaricides, Kleschevit, Neoron or others. In order for the treatments to have an effect, it is important not to disturb the interval of 7 days, to observe the dosage indicated on the package. Each leaf and stems are uniformly moistened with a solution on all sides: live parasites will remain on the uncovered areas.
Euphorbia is quite sensitive to fungal diseases. They appear when waterlogging: the leaves and stems begin to wilt, become covered with stained rot. To save the plant, remove it from the soil, cut off all damaged parts of the root system and stem, remove the rotted leaves and plant in a fresh earthy mixture. With minor damages, it is enough to treat the soil and the aerial part with a fungicide and reduce watering.
The decorative qualities of a plant can also affect improper care.
Growing from seed
Seeds can be collected independently. For what purpose the pods are insulated with a fabric bag, so that ripened seeds do not scatter from the opened box. You can store them in a paper bag no more than one year. But it is desirable to produce sowing with fresh seeds.
Germination soil can be made from a mixture of sand and peat. For disinfection, pre-primer is calcined in the oven. For a day, the seeds are soaked in water and then buried wet in the ground. Crops are closed with film and rearranged to a warm room.
Pests and diseases of room euphorbia, plant care and treatment
Inadequate care leads to diseases and loss of the decorative appearance of the bush. If the leaves fall or turn yellow, then there are signs of rotting of the roots and the stem, the reason may be hiding in temperature drops and drafts, lack of nutrients or lighting, improper watering. Brown and black spots indicate a fungal infection. To combat the plant must be treated with fungicides.
Often this flower becomes a haven for pests. Determining and fighting parasites is very simple:
- pale yellow and silver stripes leave thrips. Round spots of brown, orange and white colors indicate the vital activity of the scale. They are fought with the help of insecticide fitoverma, aktar,
- the mealybug leaves a patina of white color on shoots and leaves. Bugs need to be collected by hand, and the bush once a week should be treated with soap and water mixed with engine oil. The bug also does not like infusions of calendula, tobacco, garlic,
- You can detect the rootworm during transplantation. Bugs are removed with hot water at a temperature of approximately + 50 ° C. Fresh transplanted substrate once a week for a month is watered with aktar,
- spider mite on the back of the leaves leaves a whitish bloom. The pest appearance areas are wiped with soap and alcohol,
- the presence of small black and green bugs speaks of infestation by aphids. Hogweed, mustard, chilli, onion, garlic, and alder extracts can help get rid of it.
What are the benefits, harm and danger?
Euphorbia is poisonous, because it must be used very carefully. If there are children in the house, the plant should be kept away from them - it can be harmful to health.
What is the danger? All varieties of room milkweed can produce milky sap, which is very dangerous and poisonous. This juice is in the first lines of all poisons that secrete plant crops. It is dangerous for both children and adults, as well as pets and people with allergies.
Burn skin cover
The poisonous milky juice on the skin can cause inflammation and severe burns. You may experience an allergic reaction and rashes.
If the juice gets on the skin, it is necessary to thoroughly wash the burnt area with water and apply ice. It is also advised to take antiallergic (antihistamine) agent.
Contact with juice is quite dangerous permanent or temporary blindness. If this happens, then you need to urgently consult a doctor. You need to wash your eyes before going to a specialist and drip antiallergic drops.
What can you use "Kromgeksal". These drops are effective for redness.. It is useful to drip "Albucid" to prevent infection. You can also lubricate the eyelids with erythromycin ointment. One way or another, one must be very careful with the plant.
Ingestion or into the oral cavity
In these cases, the milky juice is quite dangerous.. Possible symptoms include:
- Vomiting and nausea
- Decreased body temperature
- Impaired breathing
- Development of seizures
- Swelling of the tongue.
During the first symptoms of poisoning, an urgent need to call a doctor.
Before visiting a specialist, it is recommended:
- If vomiting occurs, it is necessary to ingest pieces of ice,
- Take activated carbon. It can be dissolved in sodium bicarbonate for high-quality intestinal lavage,
- Make an enema
- Inside to take magnesium or sodium based laxatives,
- If allergies are observed, then an antihistamine should be taken.
This plant has a number of beneficial properties. Because of this, spurge is often used in traditional medicine.
Euphorbia can have a stimulating and tonic effect. It is also a great tool for cleaning blood vessels.
Euphorbia will benefit duringI have diseases of the digestive tract and is effective for constipation. It also has an antitumor effect. Milky juice is often used to remove calluses and warts. Effective for cleaning skin stains on the face. The lotions are effective during the treatment of boils and burns.
In the composition of milkweed are the following elements:
- Vitamin C,
- Resins and glycosides,
Milkweed tincture is used to treat metastatic tumors during cancer, effective in cancer of the blood. Tincture is also extremely effective for improving immunity.
To prepare the tincture will be necessary:
- 0.5 liters of vodka
- 10 grams of milled roots.
Take the tincture is necessary 3 times a day, 20 drops.
Also, this recipe is effective for uterine myomas, impotence, whooping cough, fungal infections, diseases of the stomach. Small doses of milkweed juice are effective for rejuvenating and strengthening the body.
The juice is very poisonous, so you do not need to take it inside, without knowledge of cooking recipes. For medical purposes, milkweed seeds are not used.
Roots must be harvested when the ground part of the plant fades. After washing and drying the roots can be used for making tinctures, decoctions. Root decoctions are good for diarrhea and vomiting.
Milkweed honey is an amazing composition.which is a brown syrup. Brown color due to the increased content of iodine. It is used to treat gastritis, thyroid diseases, varicose veins and insomnia.
Euphorbia is a unique plant whose specific diversity will enable perennials to decorate any room, be it a bedroom in a high-tech city apartment, a cozy living room in a private house or an office in a business style.
Trimming and molding
There are 2 types of trim houseplants: sanitary and formative. The need to adjust the crown is determined by the appearance of the flower. Before the procedure, wear gloves to avoid contact with poisonous juice. It is necessary to trim the spurge in the event that:
- dried, damaged leaves and shoots appeared on the shrub,
- during the winter the stems were very long
- bush forms few lateral shoots, ceases to bloom.
Cut off spurge should be protected from direct sunlight and an excess of moisture for 5-7 days. You can not expose the procedure flowering shrubs.
Pests and diseases
Competent care for euphorbia at home allows you to avoid problems with diseases. The most common mistake of gardeners is over-wetting of the ground, especially during a dormant period. The indoor flower reacts by rotting the root system and the appearance of black spots on the stems and foliage. Root rot requires shrub replanting after removal of all affected areas.
Pests that pose a danger to room euphorbia are characteristic of most houseplants:
- mealybug. Manifested in the form of white bloom on the shoots. The method of struggle - spraying with soapy water,
- schitovka. Leaves round brown spots on the leaves. Patients shoots are removed, the ground part is treated with insecticide,
- aphid and spider mite. Young leaves curl, turn yellow and die. Pest control is carried out by spraying with soap or garlic solution.
In the event of mass destruction by insects or fungal diseases, the spurges are transplanted into a new, decontaminated soil.
Terms and technology of transplantation
Replanting room spurge should be in proportion to the growth of the root system and the ground part of the shrub. The procedure is carried out in the spring, after they began to grow new shoots. Young specimens need new capacity once a year, older adults once every 2 years.
Replant spurge should be in a pot 2-3 cm wider than the previous diameter. A healthy flower moves along with an earthy ball. If the roots of the plant are affected by rot, they are washed, cut off the diseased part, treated with antiseptic and placed in a new soil. Recuperative milkweed transplant is carried out as needed, regardless of the time of year.
If it is necessary to plant an overgrown shrub in several new pots, try to divide the roots as accurately as possible, without using cutting objects. Places that have undergone separation, powdered with activated carbon or copper sulphate.
An euphorbia purchased in the store is transplanted 2 weeks after the purchase, as soon as the flower adapts to room conditions. Flowering specimens can be transplanted a little later, when they stop tying new buds.
- Euphorbia stop watering a week before transplantation,
- carefully removed from the transport ground,
- a drainage layer is laid on the bottom of the bowl,
- on top of the substrate poured in a heap, straighten the roots, sprinkle it with earth, lightly tamp the ground.
The root neck after transplantation should be at the same level. Moisten the soil should be no earlier than 2 days.
Possible difficulties in growing
Mistakes in care affect the appearance of room milkweed. As a rule, problems are caused by improper watering and lack of lighting:
- the rotting of the lower part of the stem, yellowing and dropping of the foliage indicates the overmoistening of the soil,
- pale leaves, sprouting shoots are the result of a lack of sunlight,
- dropping young leaves is a reaction to drafts and sudden changes in temperature,
- yellow-brown single spots on the shoots caused by sunburn,
- dry tips of the leaves, loss of turgor appear due to watering with cold, hard water.
In general, growing under room conditions of different varieties of euphorbia is not difficult. For successful development, the culture needs a properly organized irrigation, a lighted area and rare dressings. When dealing with shrubs should be aware of the poisonous properties of the milky juice.
Euphorbia - growing nuances
Due to the fact that the plant is poisonous, when growing it you need to take into account certain nuances. So, when caring for euphorbia, you must wear rubber gloves. It is also unacceptable that the plant is available for young children who are eager to try everything for a tooth. If you have pets, they should also be protected from the flower. Do not forget that the euphorbia is not a place in the kitchen, like all other poisonous cultures.
Plant care is very simple, because of what it is one of the most common indoor flowers. If you follow the safety rules, you can not be afraid that spurting will cause harm.
With all its outward decorativeness, this flower is so easy to care that even an aspiring grower, who has absolutely no experience in growing indoor plants, will cope with it. To light euphorbia is not demanding. With good lighting, the flower grows much better, but it does not wither away in the shade, it continues to grow, albeit somewhat slower. Care at home for a plant is worth considering in detail.
Transplant after purchase
Euphorbia transplanted in the spring. If the plant is purchased in a container intended for transportation, then it is required to move it to a quality pot as soon as possible, regardless of the season. This condition is obligatory, since in such a pot, euphorbia cannot remain for a long time and, for all its unpretentiousness, may die.
The substrate is of great importance for the qualitative development of the plant. Choose for it should be loose soil that is well permeable to water and does not violate the root respiration. You need to buy a special ground for succulents or cacti. If necessary, the soil can be prepared independently.
Top dressing and fertilizers
Feed spurge is required only during the active growing season, which falls on the warm season. Fertilizers are applied 1 time in 30 days after watering euphorbia. Feed the plant only need potash fertilizers. Organics contribute to the culture should not be. In autumn and winter, the flower is at rest, and fertilizing it is not only not required, but also harmful. Like most succulents, spurge can grow on fairly poor soil.
It is necessary to water the plant according to certain rules, since overmoistening of the soil is extremely dangerous and can lead to death.
In the heat, spurge must be sprayed once a day with a spray gun with warm, settled water. Watering in the spring and summer months is carried out once a week. After the plant goes to rest, the soil is moistened only once a month.
Если температура в помещении, где зимует молочай, опускается ниже +12 градусов, поливы надо полностью прекратить, так как растение может просто сгнить в мокром грунте.
После того как цветок в течение длительного времени не поливался, и почва сильно пересохла, возобновлять увлажнение надо постепенно. В течение нескольких дней в горшок выливают понемногу тёплой отстоянной воды, каждый раз увеличивая порцию в 2 раза. After the soil is qualitatively saturated, you can begin to carry out watering, as usual. If you immediately pour a lot of water, the roots can choke, because after a long period of rest and lack of water, they are not able to immediately begin to properly absorb the liquid and restore high-quality breathing in the wet layer.
Optimum temperature and humidity
For a flower, the standard room temperature is optimal. In the warm period it is very useful to take the plant to fresh air. It is necessary to return the flower to the room as soon as the air temperature on the street drops below +15 degrees.
Some types of milkweed can tolerate a decrease in temperature up to +5 degrees, but they are not very common. Among the fans of indoor plants, mainly thermophilic varieties are grown in apartments. The flower tolerates dry air.
Pruning euphoria requires only anti-aging and for plants that are already quite old. They spend it in the middle of summer after the euphorbia has faded.
During this trimming, which is necessarily performed with gloves, the following actions are carried out:
- cutting of dried stalks
- shortening overly long stems.
If the plant belongs to a flowering species, then all young shoots must be left intact in order for the spurge to bloom for the next season. If the plant is not flowering, then young shoots can also be shortened.
The next year after pruning, the plant blooms 2 times more abundantly and actively gains a lot of young shoots, from which the flower looks very decorative.
It is possible to plant a flower in three ways:
- cuttings (these include leaves),
- by division.
The easiest way to grow plants from seed, because this method is of interest when breeding culture.
Seeds are harvested using a tissue bag. The pods are isolated so that the seeds do not spill out on the soil from which it will be impossible to collect them. They can be stored in a paper bag for a maximum of 12 months.
They are sown in moist soil for milkweed and, having covered the dishes with them with a package, are left to germinate, regularly moistening the soil.
When breeding cuttings use leaves or shoots that are cut at an angle. After they are immersed for a few minutes in warm water in order to stop the release of the milky juice, and, sprinkling the cut with powdered coal, are planted in wet soil. Until rooting, the plant is kept under a plastic bag.
The division of the bush is carried out only when the plant is very large. During the rest period, it is removed from the pot and the rhizome is divided into several parts, which are planted in separate pots. The method is quite risky, and therefore not recommended for use.
What is dangerous poisonous flower euphorbia?
The danger of the plant lies in its milky juice. Milky juice of milkweed ranks first among all plant poisons, which should not be forgotten when growing plants in the house.
What is dangerous poisonous flower Euphorbia, every florist should know.
In the event of contact with the skin, a severe burn occurs, which is accompanied by severe inflammation, and in case of allergies, ulcers are also formed. Juice, if it gets on the skin, it is necessary to immediately rinse with cold water, and then apply ice to the affected place. Do not be amiss to take antiallergic agent.
When the juice gets into the eyes, the cornea is damaged. Because of this, even with timely treatment, the risk of irreversible blindness is high.
If the juice gets into the mouth and is swallowed up, a severe intoxication of the body will develop. When it requires an urgent appeal for medical help.
Can I keep at home?
Keep spurgeon in the house can be, but only if you remember about its features, and follow the safety rules. Violation threatens the most serious consequences. If it is not possible to ensure the unavailability of milkweed for children and pets, it is better to refuse to buy the plant.
Before you start euphorbia in the house, you need to think about it so as not to risk it. Whether it is possible to keep euphorbia in the house, including belozhilchaty (most poisonous), depends on the specific conditions.
Euphorbia Mile (Euphorbia milii)
Which is also called euphorbia beautiful or brilliant (Euphorbia splendens) - the homeland of this succulent fly-bush is the island of Madagascar. In nature, such euphorbia can grow up to 200 centimeters in height. The surface of the stem is bumpy and has a distinct grayish tinge. It has a huge number of needles of thick conical spikes, which can be up to 3 centimeters in length. Short leaflets have an elliptical or obovoid shape, with a width of 15 centimeters and a length of 3.5 centimeters. Over time, the lower leaves die off and remain only on the upper part of the stem. The shape of the bracts is similar to the one that has the previous form, but they have a larger diameter of the limb, which is equal to 12 millimeters. Their color can be different, for example, saturated scarlet, white, orange, yellow or pink.
Euphorbia triangular or trihedral (Euphorbia trigona)
In nature, it can be found in the arid regions of South West Africa. This succulent branched shrub in height can reach 200 centimeters. Its stems are tightly pressed to each other and grow upward exclusively vertically. Juicy pronounced-ribbed stems have 3 flat faces, and their diameter is 6 centimeters. At the tops of the ribs there is a huge amount of brownish-red claw-shaped thorns, which can be up to 5 millimeters long. In the axils of the thorns of the upper part of the stems, small, fleshy leaves with a spatulate shape are preserved, which in length reach from 3 to 5 centimeters.
In some sources there is information that this type of flowering is completely absent, and reproduction occurs breaking off cuttings.
In flower growers, the most popular is the variety with shoots of dark green color, and the foliage - red.
Euphorbia beautiful or poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima)
Its birthplace is Central America and tropical Mexico. This species is considered one of the most beautiful of the entire family of euphorbia and is also called the “Christmas Star”. This is due to the fact that such euphorbia blooms in December. The plant is a high (up to 4 meters) strongly branching shrub with thin, as if broken, angular stems. Short-leaflets have an oval-pointed or broadly lanceolate form with a large dentate edge. The surface of the leaves is leathery and rough and there are prominent veins on it. The length of the sheet plate is up to 16 centimeters, and the width is up to 7 centimeters. Such a spurge is grateful to its spectacular appearance for very bright large bracts, which are abundant. In size and shape, they are very similar to foliage. In this regard, many people believe that this plant has foliage of an incredibly beautiful color. The original species has red bracts. At the same time there are a large number of varieties, the bracts which are painted in orange, whitish-green, yellow, pink or another color.
Euphorbia "Head of Medusa" (Euphorbia caput-medusae)
The birthplace of such a plant is South Africa's Cape Town area. Such a herbaceous, highly branching plant at the base is a perennial. It produces a lot of lodging thick horizontal shoots. On their greenish-gray surface there is a huge number of layered conical tubercles, and therefore these stems are very similar to the many snakes that are woven into a ball. Narrow-worm-like small leaves with time remain only on the tops of the shoots. In the same place white small flowers flourish, not representing any decorative value.
In this milkweed a gradual formation of a central thick caudex occurs, with a large number of scars on the surface.
Euphorbia obese (Euphorbia obesa)
Originally from South Africa, from the Caspian province. This succulent, which is a perennial, looks very similar to a cactus. The octahedral stem does not branch. The young specimen has a spherical shape, and with age the stem is drawn out and becomes like a baseball. It reaches a height of 20 to 30 centimeters, and in the transverse diameter - from 9 to 10 centimeters. On the tops of the low wide ribs there are many tubercles with brownish specks of scarring that remain from previously fallen inflorescences. Dense small inflorescences are similar to blooming leaf buds or green small buds, and differ from them only by protruding large pistils.
Euphorbia enopla (Euphorbia enopla)
Also come from South Africa. He looks very much like a cactus. This succulent base is very branched, and its height varies from 30 to 100 centimeters. Cylindrical shoots of saturated green color have from 6 to 8 sharp edges and a diameter of 3 centimeters. On the tops of the ribs is a huge amount of solid, thick reddish-brown cones of conical shape, the length of which varies from 1 to 6 centimeters. The formation of inflorescence occurs on the upper part of the shoot. Young peduncles are very similar in appearance to the spikes lying next to each other, but over time their tip reveals a small (5 mm diameter) cup of bracts of a dark red color.
Care for room spurge at home
Since there are a lot of euphorrhoea species and most of them differ in peculiarities of care, there are no general rules. Below will be considered the peculiarities of growing euphorbia-succulents, because it is them that are most often grown at home.
Such a plant throughout the year in need of very intense light and direct sunlight. The most suitable windows are south-west, south, and south-east orientation. If the lighting is scanty, then spurge grow, there will be slow, new growths are very painful, and in some cases this leads to the death of the whole plant. To avoid this, you need to use phytolamps for illumination, while it should be remembered that the duration of the light throughout the year should be about 10 hours.
How to water
There is one rule - the smaller the plant looks similar to the cactus, the more often it needs to be watered. You also need to look at the condition of the soil. Abundant watering is made only after the soil dries into the depth of ¼ part. We can not allow the water to stagnate in the substrate, as well as its souring. This is especially true of those euphorbia, which have a thick, fleshy stem, which can rot very quickly. But do not forget that some species extremely negatively react to overdrying the earthy coma, for example, Milkweed Mil. They can respond by dropping foliage.
In the winter, when the content is cool, it is necessary to water much less, because during this period there is an even greater risk of rot on the root system and root collar.
It is quite suitable low humidity of urban apartments.
Adequate soil should be loose, neutral and have good air flow. For planting, you can buy ready-made dredger for cacti or do it yourself. To do this, connect the sheet, turf and peat ground, brick chips and coarse river sand, which should be taken in equal shares.
At the bottom of the pot do not forget to make a good drainage layer of expanded clay.
Such a plant usually grows on poor soils, therefore it should not be fertilized too often. This procedure is carried out 1 time per week. To do this, use fertilizer for cacti and take the dose indicated on the package. If there is a dormant period in winter, then it is not necessary to apply fertilizer to the soil.