Daffodils are popular garden flowers, while every summer resident, engaged in their cultivation, sooner or later is faced with the need to implement their transplant to a new location. This process usually does not cause much difficulty, if you know its main features. All the nuances associated with this issue will be analyzed in detail in the proposed article.
When to replant daffodils
Below are considered the various periods that are considered most favorable for transplanting daffodils:
- The summer period is a good option for the implementation of this procedure, but it can be implemented only during August. This is due to the fact that at this time there is a laying of the roots, while it is not even necessary to wait until the flowering is complete, since the plant is unpretentious to the conditions and does not require complicated maintenance. This is the main difference and the main advantage over the main rival of daffodils in terms of popularity - tulips.
- Sometimes for some reason you may not have time to make a transplant in the summer period, then you can implement this process in the fall, but you need to have time to do it in the first half of September. It is necessary to wait for the yellowing of the sheets, after which it is not necessary to delay the process, since the transfer to a later period in the current season will be unacceptable. In case of urgent need, you can save the dug bulbs and wait for the most favorable time for their landing on a new place, but it should be borne in mind that their storage is not always easy. This is due to the tendency of tubers to dry out, which leads to the death of planting material. Rooting usually occurs when the earth warms up to at least + 5-7 ° C, as an additional measure, it is recommended to move the planting material to the refrigerator for several weeks, and then plant it in a new place. This hardens the bulbs, accelerating their adaptation in the open field, and will have a positive effect on survival. However, it is not allowed to keep them in the freezer, since such a low temperature can lead to the death of planting material.
- Spring transplanting is usually an exceptional measure if this procedure could not be implemented before winter. The most important feature and complexity is to make the right choice of a specific period: the bulbs should be transplanted immediately after the snow melts and should not be delayed with this process, since the formation and development of the root system usually takes about a month. Also, transplanting in spring requires additional fertilization and fertilizer mixtures in the ground at a new location; it is recommended that this preparation process be started in the autumn. At the same time, there is a high probability that in the current and next season the daffodils will not have a flowering period.
When not to transplant daffodils
There are also certain periods when the implementation of this procedure is completely contraindicated, they are all listed and discussed below:
- Spring transplant during the onset of the flowering period. Usually it is very bad for the state of the plant and can cause the death of the bulbs. Flowering plants can be transferred to a new place, but this should be done only in August.
- Transplant in June or July. The August transplant is demanded because of the coincidence with the root-laying period, but the violation of this period results in the beginning of the winter of daffodils being found at an inappropriate stage of development, which may lead to their death.
- Transplant at the end of September or a later autumn period. Some gardeners practice a similar procedure, pre-keeping the bulbs in the refrigerator, but most professionals still have a negative attitude to this technique. In fact, daffodils will not have time to take root in a new place and adapt to it, which is why they may not survive the winter, especially if it is frosty and long.
- Transplant, for obvious reasons, also does not take place. and throughout the winter period.
Most varieties of daffodils require prophylactic transplants every 4 years. However, there are some varieties that differ too active and fast reproduction process, as well as unpretentious care, they are recommended to be planted in a new place after 1-2 years.
The implementation of this procedure, regardless of the timing and periodicity, usually has the following objectives:
- Seating in different places of plants that have grown over the past years, because of what they felt cramped on one site.
- Thinning too thick thicketsformed after long-term cultivation in one place.
- The fight against excessive growth, because of which plants violate the boundaries of flower beds or occupy an area that exceeds the space originally assigned to them.
- Stimulation of floweringespecially if it becomes unstable or too scarce.
- Reproduction of existing bushes.
- Preventive measures, as long-term cultivation in one area may cause frequent outbreaks of flower diseases., and in the ground there are various parasites and pests that destroy tubers.
Step by step transplant instructions
In the process of transplanting, there is nothing complicated; even beginning flower growers can carry out this procedure. The action algorithm is detailed below:
- Initially, it is necessary to finalize the date., choosing the most optimal period for this.
- The bulbs are carefully dug. Daffodils are not afraid of losing root shoots, and this does not affect their viability, but you should try to avoid damaging the tubers themselves, as this can lead to diseases, rotting and other processes leading to death. To increase safety, the bulb must be dug around the perimeter, and then removed along with a clod of soil. It is best to use for these purposes not a shovel, but a garden fork.
- Dug onions should be manually cleaned of adhering soil and carefully examined. If traces of any diseases, injuries, as well as the activity of rodents or insects are found, such specimens should be destroyed, it is recommended to immediately burn them.
- Selected bulbs are washed with warm and clean water., then for 30 minutes soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- Processed planting material must be folded into containers and placed in a fairly dark place with good ventilation.The most optimal temperature index for aging is + 17 ° C.
- After drying the tubers soon, you can proceed to disembark them in a new place. It is recommended to plant asymmetrical groups, but if it is planned to cut the flowering plants in the future, then a more rational solution will be to plant in even rows.
- The degree of penetration usually depends on the dimensions of the planting material, it is usually about 12 cm., but when transplanting to light soil, the depth can be increased to 17 cm. When planting children, the depth should be 10 cm, regardless of other factors.
- The holes for placing bulbs in them are made in advance, it is necessary to maintain a distance of at least 10-12 cm between them. Compliance with this indicator allows for a sufficiently dense planting, which will have a positive effect on the development of tubers and the natural increase in their diameter. However, if you need a large number of babies, the distance between the pits will need to be increased to 15-20 cm.
- Placed in the correct position of the bulbs fall asleep on top of garden soil. If the weather is dry, then the first watering at a new location is required.
Choosing a site for transplanting and preparing the soil
Before carrying out the transfer of daffodils to a new place it will be necessary to evaluate it according to a number of criteria, since it must meet the following requirements:
- Daffodils are very demanding of lighting, so you need to choose open spaces, near which there are no large buildings, buildings, trees, tall shrubs and other objects that can limit the access of sunlight. If it is impossible to provide such conditions, it is possible to transplant into penumbra, some varieties favorably relate to such places, and they have an increase in the degree of brightness of the inflorescences and extension of the flowering period.
- The landing site must be drained. and pre-aligned.
- Daffodils prefer to grow in places with wet soil, and like frequent watering, but you need to be careful about their planting in the soilwhich has a clay structure, as this can lead to accumulation of excess moisture and rotting of the root system. It is also not recommended to choose places with shallow groundwater.
- The chemical composition, acidity level and soil type of these plants are undemanding. However, they grow a little worse if light soil with a sandy structure prevails in the chosen place, since it actually does not retain heat in winter.
- When planting in places with a predominance of heavy clay soil, it is recommended to improve its composition. and structure by adding humus of plant origin, peat or coarse sand.
- Growing in peat soil can be successful only with a neutral acidity index, if pH = 6 or below this index, then preliming is required. For these purposes, carbonate is used, the introduction of 350-400 grams into the ground. able to change the rate by one on each square meter.
- Before planting, the chosen place must be loosened and dredged to a depth of about 35-40 cmup to 15–20 kg of vegetable humus per square meter can be applied to the soil.
- 2-2.5 weeks before planting in a new place, superphosphate or potassium salt can be added to the soil.The recommended volume is 50 grams. and 30 grams. per square meter, respectively.
Aftercare after transplant
Subsequent care must be given special attention, because daffodils are perennial plants, therefore, the quality of this process will affect the flowering features in subsequent years.
All care steps are listed below:
- Initially, in spring you need to get rid of daffodils in a timely manner from a temporary winter shelterbecause exposure to too high temperatures can also have negative consequences.
- Any suitable bait mixes are added to the soil, but no manure is allowed. In early spring, ammonium nitrate is best suited for these purposes, a little later it will be possible to use mixtures containing a large amount of phosphorus and potassium. It is periodically allowed to use mineral fertilizers, but it is necessary to observe the dosage and other rules specified in the attached instructions.
- Watering should be regular, the land should never be dry. For every square meter there should be at least 2-3 buckets of water, this volume will be enough to quench the thirst of root processes along their entire length.
- After each watering or precipitation requires good soil loosening near the plants.
- After the flowering stops, you can increase the frequency and volume of watering., since nutrients will accumulate in the green foliage for another 1.5-2 months.
- In late June or early July, watering can be completely stopped.As the daffodils begin to fade, giving away all the accumulated nutrients to the tubers.
- Weeds must be removed on time throughout the season., while not only from the surface of the earth: their root processes must also be dug out and eliminated.
Preparing for the winter
Some varieties of daffodils need a mandatory organization for them temporary shelter for the winter period, first of all it concerns the following plants:
- All daffodils that have been transported from other localities and regionscharacterized by milder climatic conditions.
- All taccent and terry varieties.
- Individual varieties, characterized by reduced level of frost resistance.
The process consists of the following steps:
- Transplanted daffodils are covered with dry grass or foliage, the layer can be from 5 to 10 cm depending on the expected conditions during the winter.
- Top stretched plastic film, which fixes the position of the insulating layers, and will also be protected from the accumulation of excess moisture.
- In the spring it is very important to timely dismantle the shelter., because perederzhivaniya daffodils under the film in warm weather conditions can lead to their full vyplevaniya.
The following are the most common mistakes that are often made when transplanting or growing these flowers:
- The use of fresh manure to fertilize the soil. Daffodils can not tolerate it in the same way as all other species of bulbous plants. Direct contact of the bulbs with such fertilizer can lead to their death.
- Too early installation of insulation cover after transplanting. This can lead to the death or damage of daffodils if a period of prolonged thaw occurs. For this reason, an important task is to correctly determine the period when the frosts that have occurred are the first sign of the imminent coming of winter.
- Lack of periodic seating. Plants that are not transplanted to new places at least every 3-4 years, are subject to a depletion of inflorescences and a reduction in the size of tubers.
- Too frequent transplanting. First of all, it concerns young daffodils, which are not recommended to be disturbed in this way in the first 3 years after disembarking at a new place, until their first children form.
Flower Grower Tips
Summing up, we can bring the following recommendations, which will be useful to all flower growers entertaining the cultivation of daffodils:
- After yellowing and drying of daffodils, it is better not to overdo them in this form.and timely transplant, since delays at this stage adversely affect the quality of the bulbs.
- Even in the presence of minor injuries or damage by any disease, it is best to get rid of such damaged planting material., because later it can cause the emergence and spread of a whole epidemic and destroy all healthy plants.
- The presence of lawn grass is not an obstacle to the flowering, growth and natural development of daffodils. Moreover, it is not recommended to mow it together with the remains of plants, since it will be harder for them to accumulate solar energy and accumulate nutrients.
Choosing a landing site
A good place for a future garden is sunny and windless. These flowers are afraid of drafts.
The soil should be neutral in acidity. If you have acid soil in your garden, then its acidity level can be lowered by adding lime, chalk or ash to the soil.
The soil can be loamy. In order to loosen, peat can be added to the soil. Ideally, if on a future flower bed for daffodils, there were earlier cereals or legumes.
It is impossible to plant daffodils after tulips or lilies, these plants extract the same nutrients from the soil.
How to choose a good daffodil bulbs
Many gardeners buy bulbs for planting in the winter or spring season, but this is not entirely correct. The best bulbs can be selected in the autumn, three months after the daffodils bloom. Such bulbs will be strong. From the choice of planting material and its quality depends on the further development of the plant, its flowering and growth.
- The bulb should be integral, it should be free from traces of mechanical damage, as well as traces of insects and diseases.
- On the bulb should not be rotting areas - such material is unsuitable for planting.
- The bulb should not be small. Its diameter should start from 5 centimeters. Otherwise, it will have to be further grown, which will delay the germination process for an indefinite period.
- The bulb should not be soft. Its hardness is a sign of the quality of the planting material.
Time for planting daffodils
As a rule, daffodils are planted in early autumn, but you can plant these flowers in the spring.
The most important thing is that the ground has a temperature of about 10 degrees for several weeks. Its temperature should not decrease sharply or increase during the landing period.
If you decide to plant daffodils in the spring, then they should first be kept in the fridge for about a couple of months. В этот период луковицы получают закалку, после весенней посадки они пустят корни и расцветут в открытом грунте.
Поэтапный процесс высадки луковиц в открытый грунт
- В грунте делаются лунки глубиной 15 – 20 сантиметров.
- На дно лунки насыпается около 2-х сантиметров песка, чтобы луковица не соприкасалась с грунтом.
- The bulb is put in the hole on the sand and lightly sprinkled with sand.
- Ground is poured on top. Planted onions watered with warm water.
- The soil over the onion is mulched with straw or sawdust, the thickness of the mulch layer can reach 5 centimeters.
Planting daffodil seeds in open ground
Daffodils can be planted in open ground not only bulbs, but also seeds. This method is used less frequently due to the fact that it requires a lot of time.
- Seeds are sown in the soil either in the middle of summer or at the end of the autumn season.
- Seeds are sown in the soil to a depth of about 1 - 2 centimeters.
- The first couple of years, the seeds should not be disturbed, at this moment of them appear bulbs, which become immune.
- After a couple of years, the bulbs are transplanted to their permanent growth place.
Care of flowers in the open field
Since May, daffodils require regular soil moisture in the dry season. Watering contributes to a better accumulation of nutrients in the bulb.
Mulching is desirable for daffodils, otherwise, you will have to regularly loosen the soil and remove weeds. Also, mulching allows you to maintain a stable soil temperature.
In the period of budding daffodils should be fed with a complex of mineral fertilizers. Ideal for feeding superphosphate, urea and potassium sulfate.
Spraying is carried out in order to prevent fusarium, and also protects daffodils from harmful insects. As a rule, it is carried out after flowering, the plant is processed by copper sulphate.
When the gardener sees that his daffodils have become smaller, have ceased their development, this means that the flowers require transplantation, it is done by dividing the bulb.
Dates of narcissus transplantation
The average reproduction rate of daffodils is 1: 4. This means that one bulb in a year can give 4 or more flower stalks. Since daffodils are extremely fertile, grow rapidly and strongly, it is better to transplant them as often as possible, for example, in a year or two. On what grounds can you determine that there is a need for a transplant? If the plants formed dense thickets and began to spread to neighboring areas, the flowering of daffodils became less abundant and long, and the flowers are not so large, then it is time to divide the bulbs of daffodils and transplant them to another place.
Many experts argue that the best time for the procedure is the time period from the beginning of August to the second decade of September, since the roots are laid at the bulbs at this time. Let's call this transplant autumn. But if for some reason you did not have time to transplant the bulbs of daffodils in late summer, then you can do it in the spring. The difficulty of spring planting is to catch the period immediately after the snow melts: the daffodils need about a month to form the root system, and if you are late with the planting, the daffodils will not bloom this year.
Narcissus Transplantation in the Fall
Dig the bulbs of daffodils at the end of June or at the beginning of July, immediately after the leaves turn almost completely yellow, but it is not necessary to wait for the leaves to fall. By this time the bulbs will have time to recover after flowering. The planting material extracted from the earth is dried, the sick and damaged specimens are removed, separated from the nests of the children and sorted by the bulb size and varieties. Suitable for planting material 30 minutes disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. If you are not ready to plant the bulbs immediately, store them in a paper bag in a dark, cool (about 17 C), well-ventilated room.
Find a plot for daffodils where they will receive at least three hours of sun per day and where water will not stagnate. A month before planting, dig the soil to the depth of a spade bayonet with compost or rotted manure and mineral fertilizers, and add sand to the clay soil to improve drainage. For each m² plot should be 20 kg of organic matter, 30 g of potassium salt and 50 g of superphosphate. In the soil with high acidity, 300-400 g of lime are added to the same unit of area to neutralize. At the end of summer or early autumn, choose a fine dry day and start planting daffodils.
Narcissus bulb is immersed in the soil to a depth equal to its three diameters: if the bulb is 3 cm in diameter, the depth of the hole for it should be at least 9 cm. In heavy soil, the hole can be made a little smaller, in too light - a little deeper. As for the distance between the bulbs in the row, it depends on your goal: if you want to get as many babies as possible, plant the bulbs 15-20 cm apart from each other, but if you need to grow large bulbs of elite varieties, then plant narcissuses with interval of not more than 12 cm. After sealing the wells, the area is watered.
Spring Daffodil Transplant
Daffodils take at least 25 days to form the root system, so the spring planting of the bulbs takes place as early as possible, and you need to prepare the site in the fall. How to bring the soil into line with the tastes of the flower culture, we described in the previous section. The rest of the spring planting is no different from the autumn.
Transplanting blooming daffodils
We are often asked whether it is possible to replant daffodils during flowering. If you remove the bulb with a large earthen clod and immediately transplant it to a new location, then the worst that awaits you is premature wilting, yellowing and lodging of the ground part of the plant. However, in the next season or as a last resort after a year, the specimen transplanted during flowering will not be any different from other daffodils.
How to divide and transplant daffodil bulbs
The necessary tool is a big shovel. The bush should be dug around, then carefully removed from the ground. It is important not to damage the bulbs, it can cause damage to the planting material rot and mold. The family extracted from the ground can be slightly shaken, cleaned of the remnants of the earth with a soft brush.
It is necessary to separate those bulbs that are easy to part with relatives. Babies, firmly attached to the mother bulb, must mature and naturally separate, no need to separate them. When working with this plant, you need to abandon any painful or damaging manipulations.
As long as the leaves remain green and elastic, it is better not to touch the plant, let it absorb and store solar energy. Dead leaves after digging the bulbs are cut with shears. Split planting material can be immediately planted in the ground or saved until autumn.
Narcissus Transplant Tips
- Work with bulb plants should be planned in advance. When the flowering thickened bush ceases to please, you need to decide on the transplant. The preparation requires a storage place for material extracted from the ground. It is necessary to prepare the ground for the autumn planting.
- Follow the calendar. After flowering, plants need six weeks to accumulate energy for growth in the coming year. At this time, there is a bookmark bud, which will bloom in the coming year. Even the thickest bush itself needs to be given these six weeks.
- When daffodils have accumulated enough energy to grow next season and are ready to transplant, their leaves turn yellow and fade. Sometimes they retain a bright green color; the calendar will help determine the moment to start work.
- Being engaged in transplanting, you need to carefully divide the roots of the plant. In the thickened bush, the roots are intertwined, they are difficult to separate without damage. With such a root, the narcissus will be difficult to survive because of the loss of the ability of the bulb to absorb a sufficient amount of moisture and nutrients.
In a crowded family, the bulbs compete for moisture and nutrients in the soil. The leaves overlap each other, not allowing the entire surface to receive beneficial sunlight. This prevents the plant from accumulating enough energy for the next season.
Overlapping leaves are easy to see, and competition at the roots occurs unnoticed. A sign of the need for transplantation is a decrease in leaves in size.
Planting daffodils in the fall
Excellent result - abundant, long flowering - get gardeners who do not delay the planting of bulbs before the onset of cold weather. It is best to do this in early September.
Rules for planting daffodils:
- the landing may take the form of even rows, symmetrical or asymmetrical groups,
- in a loose, light soil for each onion, a 17-cm deep pit is prepared; if the ground is heavy, the planting material is buried no more than 12 cm,
- after planting the bulbs, the area is covered with peat, pine needles, leaves, shelter is removed in the spring.
Why transplant daffodils
These flowers are multiplied by the vegetative method - the transfer of bulbs and children to a new place. If the process is carried out correctly, after every 12 months from each transplanted bush, 4 delenki appear.
Daffodil transplant is carried out in the following cases:
- when flowering time is significantly reduced,
- there is no space left on the site for the landing of new copies,
- the daffodils have bad buds,
- there are too many plants, and this leads to the appearance of dense thickets,
- flowers are trying to capture the area of more space allocated to them.
Important! No need to repot the bulbs every year. Depending on the variety of daffodils, this event is held 1 time in 2 or 5 years.
When can be transplanted daffodils to another place
Experts recommend to transfer flowers to another bed at a time when they begin to appear first roots. Narcissus bulbs do not require special care, so some gardeners tolerate flowers when buds appear. And the period when you can transplant daffodils from one place to another, begins in mid-August.
Note! In order for the flowers to tolerate the procedure normally, it is recommended to carefully monitor the soil moisture at the place of planting the bulbs.
But it is not always possible to carry out the event within the specified period. If the florist missed the summer period, the transplantation of children and bulbs can be transferred to the autumn, and it cannot be carried out later than September 10th. In this case, the success of the event depends on the observance of the sequence of manipulations.
To transplant was normal, it is recommended to dig the onion at the moment when the leaves began to turn yellow and fall off. Tubers removed from the soil are rinsed in a solution of potassium permanganate and then transplanted to a new location.
Transplant to a more suitable place
Beginning growers are interested in when to plant daffodils, whether it can be done at the beginning of the year. Breeders do not recommend to transfer flowering specimens during this period because of their possible death. If the spring is chosen for transplanting, then you need to take into account that plants will only begin to bloom in a year.
Daffodil transplant in summer
Tubers should be planted in well-dug up soil enriched with mineral and organic mixtures. To do this, make pits with a depth of 12-17 cm. How to transplant daffodils in the summer, if children are used instead of bulbs? In this case, the depth of the hole is selected to be no more than 10 cm. A distance of 30-50 cm is maintained between the individual pits on the bed.
Daffodil transplantation in the summer is as follows:
- They select specimens that have already fallen down and turned yellow, as they have high quality bulbs. The plant has finished flowering, so the right amount of mineral components has gathered in the tuber.
- The bulbs are quickly dug out of the ground, cleaned and disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate.
- In the summer, the planting material is planted directly on the prepared beds. Experts recommend grouping flowers or set them asymmetrically. If the soil is heavy, then the depth of the pit should not exceed 9-10 cm.
- Planted bulbs should be watered with warm, defended water in the sun. This operation is carried out only on a dry summer day. In rainy weather, no irrigation is required.
Important! Different varieties of daffodils root best in a new place at the end of summer. When transferring them to other beds in the fall or spring, losses of up to 20% of the total number of transplanted flowers are possible.
For the normal development of plants they need watering, feeding, treatment of diseases and insects.
Fertilizers give flowers 4 times per season:
- The first time they do this when shoots appear. For every 1 m² of crop area add 100 g of nitrophoska.
- The second and third times feed daffodils with the appearance of buds and flowering. Then for 1 m² of beds 50-70 g of nitrophoska are used.
- Last time fertilizers are given at the end of the season. Plants give 60 g nitrophoska per 1 m² plot.
Note! All these operations are combined with loosening and irrigation. Then the soil under the plants mulch.
Irrigation of landings must be carried out only in dry weather. For every 1 m² of beds it takes up to 20 liters of warm water settled under the sunlight. Watering daffodils is recommended 2 times a week.
Loosening the soil helps eliminate weeds and destroy some garden pests. If this is not done, the flowers may be infected with fungi or underground bacteria. Manipulations are carried out 1 time in 15 days.
So that the plants do not get sick, they are treated with special preparations that eliminate the possibility of injury. Spraying is carried out 3 times per season. Initially, this is done with the appearance of buds, then with flowering and the last time after the leaves fall. Bordeaux liquid, soap solution, copper sulfate are well suited for this.
If the flowers are attacked by insects, plantings are treated with drugs that destroy pests. If you plan to transplant daffodils, then when it is better to carry out this operation, the gardener decides on the basis of their capabilities. By accurately following the recommendations of the experts described above, any summer resident can freely grow and then plant flowers in another place.
The flower has a pungent odor, which is also called an intoxicating. The name of the flower from the Greek language is translated as "stupefy." Despite the bright smell, the flower is very beautiful and refined. Its yellow heart is framed by delicate white petals. Narcissus is a perennial plant that is also herbaceous. The leaves resemble long ribbons: they are linear and basal.
The flower of the plant is on a round peduncle, which reaches 40–50 cm. The white petals of the narcissus resemble wrappers, and the yellow petals resemble a lid. The yellow part is a bit like a bell. Flowers are large, beautiful, delicate, have a small angle of inclination. Daffodils tend to lean toward the ground. Petals velvet plants or terry, pleasant to the touch. White petals are very thin and delicate.
Plant quite capricious and requires constant care. Reproduction is carried out by bulbs or children. If you notice that the flowering shoots have decreased in quantity, you should transplant the daffodil. If the foliage of the plant began to dry, it must be removed and the bulbs to dig. Seeds need to be processed and cleaned in the shade, so that they dry out and “rest”. Such bulbs must be stored in a dark place. It should not be too late to dig out the bulbs, because it can adversely affect their quality.
How to plant
It is best to plant flowers in August - early September. Planting depth is about 10-20 cm. The distance between the holes should be 10-15 cm. Some varieties of daffodils are frost-resistant and easily tolerate cold. However, the best solution would be to cover the plant in the fall. Before the first snow falls, you need to mulch the plants with peat and cover. After the snow melts, you can remove the shelter.
To properly plant, you need:
- Prepare the right soil. The best option is a light and loose drained soil. It is important to remember that daffodils love moist soil, so you should stop the choice on loamy soil. Sandy soil is not suitable for a bulbous plant, especially narcissus. The soil should be quite fertile and enriched with nutrients. If the soil contains a lot of sand, it is worth adding humus. If the ground is too heavy, loosen it and then add some river sand. Sand should be carefully distributed over the surface along with nutrients.
- Fertilize the soil when planting, filling each well with a nutrient fertilizer bulb. Wood ash can be added to the soil, which has a positive effect on plant growth.
- Once the holes are dug, you must carefully make them one bulb. It is important to observe both the depth of the well and the distance between the bulbs.
- After planting, you can loosen the soil around the bulbs.
If the rain does not moisturize the bulbs, you need to water the plants during flowering. Also, watering is necessary in the period of 4-5 weeks after flowering. A very important condition is the removal of dried and diseased leaves.
The quality of the bulbs can be improved by weeding and cutting off withered flowers. You can not be afraid to remove the yellow leaves and withered parts of the plant, because it will help him to bloom and delight you with beautiful large flowers. In the first years after planting the bulbs, the plant must be thoroughly fed, nutrient fertilizers and substances needed by the bulbs.
Первая подкормка должна быть произведена в весеннее время. Важно не переборщить с удобрением, так как избыток азотосодержащей подкормки может вызвать ряд болезней. Первый признак серьёзного заболевания нарцисса – это рост слишком высоких, жёлтых и жухлых листьев. The second fertilizing should be done with nitrogen and potassium fertilizers. The third feeding is fertilization with a high content of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. Fourth - enrichment of the plant with potassium and phosphorus. This dressing is carried out during the flowering of daffodil. Proper care will ensure the beauty and health of the plant.
The flower attracts the narcissus fly. This insect is the most common pest of narcissus. The narcissus fly attracts a large amount of fresh manure, which fertilizes the soil. That is why enriching the soil with fresh manure is strictly prohibited! Among the diseases of narcissus, fusarium, mosaic disease and sclerotinia are also known.
Varieties of daffodils
There are a huge number of different varieties., each of which has its own characteristics. The list below presents some of them.
- Jetfire (Jetfire) - a type of culture Narcissus cyclamenoid. This variety reaches a height of 25 cm, and the flower - 8-10 cm in diameter. The flowers of this plant are very large and beautiful. Petals are rounded, the stem is slightly tilted. The flowers have a bright yellow color, and the cap has a corrugated orange edge. This variety is considered to be frost resistant. Flowering begins in May.
- Baby Dole (Baby Dole) - this is another variety that belongs to the culture of the Narcissus cyclamen-like. It has small flowers, peduncle up to 20 cm. Color - bright yellow, petals - rounded and bent. The edge of the inner cap is wavy.
- Terry daffodil is a very beautiful variety. Flowers have a white or yellow color. Less often - two-color. Flowers are quite large. The variety is frost resistant. This variety is called so because the petals of narcissus have a pleasant velvet texture.
- Tatssetnye or many-flowered - the earliest variety. It differs from others in that on one flower stalk can grow a whole family of flowers. The number of flowers on one peduncle can reach 20 pieces. Medium-sized flowers frame a long peduncle, reaching 45 cm. The colors of flowers can be yellow or white, the crown or cap can be orange or white.
How to transplant daffodil
When to replant daffodils? An important process that needs to be done in the presence of diseases or pests is a narcissus transplant. In autumn or late summer, you can do transplant. The plant requires a transplant, and the first signs of a desired transplant are the appearance of yellow leaves, dried flowers and bloom. When you notice the first signs of illness, you need to take action immediately. Narcissus can become seriously ill, and you must immediately remove the affected areas and dig up the bulbs until they are damaged. If the disease still got to the bulbs through the soil, it is necessary to process them or throw them away (depending on the degree of damage).
- Do I need to dig daffodils after flowering? When flowering is over, you need to check the plant for diseases. If the flower began to grow badly and dead leaves appeared on it, the plant should be transplanted. To do this, as soon as possible to dig up the bulbs.
- The bulbs need to be cleaned from the soil and sorted. Damaged seeds must be thrown out and burned, and healthy ones left. You can also use a solution of potassium permanganate by placing the bulbs in it for half an hour to remove the lesion.
- Bulbs placed in boxes, and then placed in the shade. Seeds need air, so you can not close the boxes in a confined space. Try to keep the temperature around 17 degrees.
- When can I transplant daffodils? The end of summer and the beginning of autumn are the best period for transplanting daffodils after flowering. Control the depth of planting, focusing on the size of the bulb. The depth should be about 15-20 cm. If the onions are small, then you need to dig a hole 10-12 cm deep. You should do the transplant carefully so as not to damage the bulbs.
- We must not forget about the right care, especially about abundant watering of the plant. In the fall, you need to cover the flowers with peat, and when frost occurs, cover them tightly with leaves.
Narcissus is an incredibly beautiful plantwhich pleases the eye. A large selection of varieties of daffodil allows you to decorate the terrace, courtyard and flower bed. This flower is used in landscape design. Proper care of daffodil will ensure the health of flowers and the beauty of flowering.
When can I start a transplant?
On average, daffodils are transplanted once every 5 years, but in some cases it may be more often.
How to understand that the plant needs a transplant? Evidence of this are the following signs:
- daffodils gradually "creep out" for the plot allotted to them and occupy most of the flower beds,
- neat bushes become thick and overgrown
- the duration of flowering is reduced,
- on bushes less peduncles are formed.
Transplantation of daffodils after flowering can be done when the long leaves turn yellow and lose their elasticity, that is, lay down on the ground (approximately in June). Wait until they are completely dry, do not need.
How to transplant flowers?
After the bulbs have been dug, they must be cleaned from the ground and allowed to dry slightly in the shade. Then rinse in a solution of pink potassium permanganate (for the prevention of diseases) and can immediately be planted in a new place.
If for some reason the planting immediately after digging out the bulbs did not work, they can be planted in early autumn. Until this time, the bulbs should be stored in a cool dry place.
How to plant the bulbs depends only on the desire of the grower. It can be both continuous rows, and group landings. Regardless of the method of location of planting material on the garden should pay attention to such moments:
- Landing depth. On average for an adult bulb it is up to 15 cm, for a child it is up to 10 cm. If the ground is very heavy, you need to plant the daffodils closer to the soil surface.
- The distance between the bushes. Bulbs should be placed every 10 cm. You can leave a larger gap, but not thicker, otherwise plantings will grow quickly and thicken, which will lead to a lack of flowering and degeneration of daffodils.
Planted bulbs must be watered abundantly. In the future, watering can be carried out only in dry weather. When autumn comes, cover the beds with mulch, for example, leaves or peat.