Previously, it was grown mainly in greenhouses, now mimosa migrated to the window sills of apartments. It is difficult to find a more delicate and fragile flower than a bashful mimosa. Care at home can not be called simple. For growth and flowering need to create favorable conditions.
Low shrub. In nature - up to one and a half meters, mimosa in a pot grows to only 30-40 cm. Flowers are small, spherical in shape, delicate pink and lilac color. Flowering lasts up to 4 months (from June to September). The leaves are bipedalous, the stem is straight with a small number of thorns. The whole plant is completely pubescent with light short hairs.
In the wild nature is considered a perennial. As a houseplant, mimosa dies by winter or simply loses its decorative effect. Therefore, it is grown as a beautiful annual. Pollinated by insects and wind. The fruit is a pod with beans.
Caring for mimosa is complicated by the fact that the plant needs conditions close to the tropical microclimate.
- Lighting. With mimosa, they act according to the principle - the more light, the better. Prefers an abundance of light and sun. There is no need to prune - despite the tenderness, the leaves do not get sunburn. With a lack of light, it is quickly drawn out and loses its decorative effect. It is recommended to avoid drafts, tobacco smoke, and intoxication when cooking - frequent folded leaves deplete the plant.
- Temperature. From early spring to late autumn, prefers a stable regime of 20-24 ° C. When grown as a perennial winter contain at 16-18 ° C.
- Humidity. Maintained at 70%. Dry air for a flower is destructive. High humidity levels are achieved using special air humidifiers, frequent spraying. A pot with a flower put on a tray with wet pebbles or arrange a number of bowls with water. In winter, batteries are covered with a wet cloth, wetting it as it dries.
- Watering. To understand whether water is needed mimosa, touch the top layer of soil. Its drying indicates the need for watering. On average, at a temperature of 20-24 ° C watered at intervals of 2 days. Recommend morning watering with soft water.
- The soil. The main requirement is loose, well-drained, breathable soils. A simple and successful option - a mixture of sand, turf and peat. As the drainage is used expanded clay or large pebbles.
- Feeding. Every 15 days during the growing season. Use any mineral complexes for flowering pot crops. The concentration is reduced by half.
- Transfer. The flower is more often grown as an annual crop. Transplantation is performed in rare cases. For example, if the pot was used too small. When transplanting try not to violate the integrity of the earthy coma.
The reproduction of mimosa is practiced in only one way - growing from seeds. Fresh seeds are characterized by high germination, young seedlings grow quickly. For the first time, seeds are purchased in a specialty store, and in subsequent years they use planting material from their own plants.
Sowing starts in March. Seeds are pre-soaked in warm water for 30 minutes-1 hour. Soil watered with phytosporin or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. As a container for planting use a box or separate small pots. The bottom is filled with expanded clay, poured the soil, moisten it. Seeds close up to a depth of 1cm. Condense the land is not necessary!
The box or pots are wrapped in plastic. Hold at 25-30 ° C, occasionally airing greenhouse. Watered by spraying water with a spray. Seeds sprout in 3-4 weeks. Seedlings rearranged closer to the light, but protected from the sun. Pick on stage 3 of these leaves. Transplanted very carefully, try not to damage the delicate roots of mimosa. The grown flowers gradually accustom to the mode of care for adult plants.
Description of the species
Mimosa bashful at home is an annual, beautifully flowering grassy shrub. This is an evergreen plant 30-40 cm tall. Branched stems, very light. They are covered with spines, resembling thin hairs. Numerous leaves of light green double-feathery leaves are always twisted and lowered at night, and in the daytime - only when exposed to them. After a certain time, at rest, the leaves unfold.
Gentle plant is bashful mimosa. Flowers have a pink or lilac color. They are collected in small fluffy spherical heads. Bloom 2-3 days and fall. The fruits are formed on the ovaries during self-pollination of the plant and have the appearance of beans. They are not used for food, their poison can be poisoned. The flowering period is long in time: begins in summer and ends in autumn. Sometimes mimosa is confused with silver acacia, which represents the Mimoz family, but is not a plant with that name. The main difference is that its flowers are yellow.
Mimosa bashful at home prefers lit places. She does not like wind, drafts and odors, especially tobacco smoke. In a smoky room, its leaves roll up and fall off. The best temperature for it in the summer is 20-25 degrees, and in winter it is enough 16. The shrub loves moisture, but moderately. In the spring and summer periods, it should be watered regularly and plentifully, in strong heat it should be sprinkled. And in the winter, when the plant is resting, it is enough to monitor the condition of the soil and prevent its drying out. Water as needed. Waterlogging can lead to loss of decoration. On loose, fertilized soil grows better bashful mimosa. Growing out of seeds makes it possible to get many shrubs at the same time.
In order to make fruit, the plant must be pollinated. This process can be carried out by yourself. Enough with a brush or a soft swab to transfer the pollen. After that, the pod begins to form. When it is ripe and becomes dry, it is torn off and placed in a paper bag. In it the pod will be stored all winter, until the onset of spring. It is important to remember that this plant is difficult to preserve in winter, it dies.
Mimosa bashful at home is growing as an annual, do not need to transplant it. If necessary, this is done in the following cases:
- When the shrub is left for winter and grown as a perennial plant.
- If the "touchy" gets sick, or the soil begins to rot.
Transplanting should be done by transshipment. In a larger pot plant is placed along with a lump of earth. First, the bottom of the pot is covered with stones that will perform the drainage function. The soil is prepared in advance. The earth is mixed with sand, peat and rotten foliage. It is better to replant shrubs early in the morning or in the evening when the sun sets.
When and what to feed mimosa?
"Touchless", like any plant, requires nutrients. She gets them during feeding. It is carried out when the shrub is actively growing. In the spring and until the middle of summer, the modest mimosa is modestly fed with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. These fertilizers are mixed in equal proportions and applied to the soil twice a month. In the second half of summer and until the beginning of autumn, buds are formed. Therefore, phosphorus and potassium are needed in large quantities. To make the soil more nutritious, you should add bone meal to it. You can do top dressing complex mixtures for home flowers. Autumn stops the growth of shoots. At this time, the introduction of any fertilizer stops. If this is not done, it will not rest and shy mimosa may weaken. Growing indoor plants will not bring pleasure, as the shrub will lose decoration.
Impatiens is known for its beneficial properties. It has long been used in many European countries in medicine. Non-traditional methods of treatment can not do without the use of the healing properties of this plant.
- Tincture of leaves treats sore throat, lowers the temperature.
- A decoction of bark - dysentery and headache.
- Ointments treat burns and heal wounds.
- Mimosa preparations purify the blood.
- Help in the treatment of the heart and nervous system.
- Tidy the liver and gallbladder.
What hurts and who injures mimosa?
- If the shrub will experience an excess of moisture, its leaves will turn yellow and begin to curl during the day.
- When a plant grows in a room where tobacco smoke is always present, it drops foliage.
- Leaf fall is also associated with irregular watering.
- With a lack of lighting and low temperature, the mimosa feels uncomfortable shy. Flowers under such conditions of maintenance will never appear.
- If the "touchy" slowly grows and does not bloom, you need to pay attention to the soil: it is obviously depleted. In this case, an urgent need to feed the plant and create the necessary conditions for growth.
- If shy at home mimosa has become infected with a spider mite, its leaves begin to turn pale. After a while they turn yellow and dry up. Numerous green or yellow dots and cobwebs appear on them. This means that the room is too dry, and the air is hot.
- At the first signs of aphid infestation, the leaves of the plant curl and turn yellow. On the shoots appear small black or green bugs. This is aphid. It feeds on cell sap and inhibits growth.
To control pests, you need to collect them manually, and then wash them off with a soap solution or wipe the leaves on both sides. In case of severe damage, chemical spraying is applied. The most important thing for the plant to be comfortable in your home is to create favorable conditions for its growth. Then you can avoid many negative consequences.
The shy mimosa plant responds very quickly to any touch or mechanical vibrations. As a result of the experiments, it was revealed that the plant remembers stimuli and somehow adapts to them. If water is dripped onto the mimosa with the same frequency, it will stop rolling. After some time, we will again affect the plant in a similar way. The result will surpass all expectations: the "touchy" will behave quite calmly.
An interesting fact is the festival of mimosa in France. This holiday was first held in the province of Pierre-Risch in the early twentieth century. Currently it has not lost its meaning. Overgrown mimosa covered with numerous hills. Thousands of flowers make a pleasant rich aroma. The flowering of mimosa in France means the end of winter and the beginning of spring. In honor of the flower festival parades are held throughout the country.
The origin and description of mimosa bashful
Mimosa shy (lat. Mimosa pudica) - herbaceous (shrubs) plant of the genus Mimosa, which came to us from the tropical forests of South America and received worldwide as an exotic flower.
Shy-mimosa - herbaceous (semi-shrub) plant from South America
In nature, it reaches a height of up to one and a half meters; as an ornamental plant, it can grow up to 30–60 cm. causes genuine delight in people watching this effect. In fact, this flower behavior is caused by the saving of moisture and sunlight in the conditions of survival in the tropical forest.
So this plant looks in nature
Since this mimosa came to us from countries with a tropical climate, it needs to create conditions that are similar to the South American tropical nature: sufficient light, high humidity and, of course, warmth. Therefore, it can only be bred in greenhouses or at home.
Pinching and trimming
To prevent the plant from pulling out and releasing more new shoots, pinch the tips of the main branches regularly. The first pinching is in early April. Mimosa flowers appear on young shoots, so the more of them, the longer the flowering period. Just do not overdo it, pinch only the most stretched branches. Re-pinch after the plant has faded so that for the next season the plant can lay not one, but two shoots. Strongly cut the plant is not recommended, otherwise the mimosa may die. Better if necessary, put a wooden support and gently tie the trunk. In the rest period, the flower is not pinned.
In the event that the plant continues to grow after winter, but there is not enough space for it, you can transplant it into a more spacious pot, using the same soil as when planting. To do this, it is advisable to have a notebook where you need to record all the nuances of care and your observations. Do not destroy the old clod of earth. If you just bought your first mimozka, find out the composition of the soil in the store.
At home, carry out the transfer and lowering of the plant in a permanent pot with all the ground, press, add, recommended by the seller, soil, pour. In winter, the plant is not transplanted.
How to plant seeds shy flower
- For sowing seeds choose small pots with a diameter of about 9 cm.
- Fill them with a mixture of rotted leaves, humus, fertile soil, which is taken in equal parts, add about half of the sand. You can buy ready-mixed soil with a high content of peat substrate for indoor flowers.
- The soil is spilled with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate or heated in an oven for about an hour at 50 degrees for disinfection.
- The bottom of the pot is covered with expanded clay or small gravel. This will prevent the root system from rotting. Then pour a layer of fertile soil.
- Seeds do not need to be dipped into the ground or powdered. They can be simply pressed into the soil to a depth of 1–2 cm.
This is how ripe seeds-beans of mimosa are bashful
The first shoots appear together
The young plant is accustomed to the light gradually, observing that the leaves do not receive a sunburn.
So a healthy, young plant leaves look
The main pest of your shy beauty - spider mite. It can be recognized by small whitish dots on the leaves. Such leaves most often fall off, and with their great loss the plant cannot be saved anymore. A thin cobweb may appear on the flower: at first it covers only the leaves, and then the whole plant. When the first characteristic signs of infection, immediately treat the affected place with special preparations. The most popular are Aktellik, Sunmite and Omait. Be sure to follow safety precautions!
The plant may also be affected by a plant. In this case, insecticides are used for the treatment. These are special pest control products. They vary in toxicity class. Use funds with the fourth, lowest class, they are safe for you, your family and pets, for example, Argawertin, Fitoverm. Bred them according to the attached instructions, sprayed once. You will see the final result in 3-5 days. If there are still pests, repeat spraying.
Flower grower reviews
Propagated by seeds ... buy and sow seeds in the spring. Shoot up well. I grew the plant for fun - the leaves fold up when touched, the plant is nondescript, used as an annual. The genus mimosa includes more than 400 varieties represented by annual and perennial herbaceous plants, shrubs, and even small trees found throughout the globe. When touched or exposed to the flame, the mimosa folds its leaves. At night, the leaves also fold. For optimal growth, the plant requires medium illumination, moist and fertile soil, and an ambient temperature of 15.5 to 30 ° C. Carefully handle seedlings, as the roots of the plant are quite fragile. Mimoses are very sensitive to waterlogging, and sometimes they are very difficult to grow. Pink spherical inflorescences appear in the summer months. Mimosa bashful (Mimosa pudica) as one of the characteristic representatives of the genus is very much appreciated by enthusiasts of rare plants. By the way, it is still unknown how the plant folds leaves when touched. The plant is toxic, so be careful when growing it in a place accessible to pets or children.
Mimosa is an evergreen ornamental shrub from the subtropics of South America. Mimosa got its spread because of its bizarre ability to react to any touch, even a light wind. She immediately begins to fold her leaves. It seems that she is moving. In order to preserve the decorative properties often grown as an annual culture. Do not touch the leaves often.
She is African, which means that in winter she most likely needs 15 degrees, I now have below 10 degrees at night, although it is warm enough during the day, the temperature rises to 17, she seems to be feeling fine, but does not grow, October was growing well.
Take the seeds and put on a towel, cover with the same towel (I take a waffle kitchen) and pour boiling water from the kettle.Degrees 80–85, immediately remove from the towel and sow in the ground, I germinate 100%. And not one was bent.
https://otvet.mail.ru/search/kak%20grow up%20mimoze%20 shredded
For the development of seedlings bashful mimosa need and heat, and light, and humidity 75–85%. Mimosa develops relatively slowly, very weakly gaining height: when the plant grows 13 cm, the reddish stalk thickness is about 1 mm. Growing mimosa will be an interesting and exciting process in families with children. True, she can get great from them, even if we, adults, sometimes torment our mimosa for fun. But do not confuse mimosa bashful with mimosa, which is presented to us by March 8.
As you can see, growing tender, tremulous Mimosa is not more difficult than other indoor plants. The main thing - to treat her with attention and love. Another important point - you should not play with the touchy leaves too often. It loses its vitality, decreases resistance to pests and diseases.
Why beauty is ashamed
This fragile shrub got its unusual name due to the ability to instantly respond to rain, wind and the touch of living beings - including humans. This is the answer to the question why the leaves of mimosa are bashful. It is enough just to touch the plant, as it immediately twists its foliage, as if protecting itself from outside influence. After half an hour, the sheet straightens and restores its normal position.
As for the periodic change in the orientation of the foliage, in the course of the research it turned out that this phenomenon has nothing to do with the change of day and night. According to botanist scientists, the internal biorhythms of the plant itself are to blame.
Care for a shy house mimosa
Shy mimosa is a child of the tropics. This fact is the basis of plant care. In order for the bush to live in a cozy and comfortable apartment, the grower needs to create conditions that resemble a tropical climate. Here are the three pillars on which the care of mimosa shy in bloom is based:
- lack of cold and draft
- high humidity,
- minimum of external stimuli.
Where to put the pot
The cultivated tropical shrub is not at all afraid of the sun. And, on the contrary, he is ready to absorb the sun's rays with every cell of his leaves. He likes plentiful and bright lighting. If you do not know how to care for a shy and mimosa after purchase, first choose a place of deployment for it, based on the information in the table.
Table - Determination of the location of mimosa in the apartment
The optimum temperature for growing shy mimosa is different depending on the time of year. In the summer, the thermometer should show about 22-23 ° C. In winter - fluctuate around 15-17 ° С. By the way, in the period when there are creaky frosts outside the window, it is better to move the blooming beauty to the southern window-sill.
Gentle beauty-mimosa gladly breathes air, the humidity of which varies in the range from 75 to 85%. To achieve the desired level of humidity in three ways.
- Aquarium. If the house has an aquarium, you can put the pot next door. Humidity of air near the tank with water will be quite sufficient for the plant to calmly develop.
- Drip with water. The pot with mimosa can be installed next to a wide tray or a tray with water. Near but not into it! However, in the interior, this bulky design does not always look aesthetically pleasing.
- Spraying Periodic irrigation from the spray room of the room where the mimosa is bashful lives is another solution. It is important to ensure that no water drops fall on the plant itself.
How to water
When mimosa blooms (and it happens from mid-March to late October), watering should be moderate, but frequent. On average, water the bashful mimosa once every two days, using clean, settled water for irrigation. If you notice that the top layer of earth in the pot is completely dry, moisten the substrate.
Do I need to transplant
The question of how to transplant a bashful mimosa into another pot and whether it is necessary is particularly relevant. Professionals believe that the plant is a perennial. But this opinion is criticized, and modest mimosa is sometimes referred to as annuals - according to this logic, it does not need transplantation ... As a result, if desired, and at its discretion, flower growers just gently remove the pink princess with the turf from the pot, preventing it from spilling , and actually "rearranged" to another container. This method is also called transshipment. There is no need to change the substrate or supplement it with something.
How and what to fertilize
In fertilizer mimosa bashful needs exclusively during the growing season. That is, when the plant is actively growing in a pot and blooming. Fertilize mimosa need twice a month: at the beginning and at the end. Prepare a top dressing is a snap. We dilute the universal fertilizer for potted flowers in a 1: 1 ratio and use the resulting solution for watering.
Secrets of breeding "pink princess"
With how to care for shy mimosa, figured out. But how to plant this quivering shrub with inflorescences similar to pink fluffy pompons made of thin synthetic threads?
A flower grower who wants to get “offspring” from a shy plant will have to work a little bee. There are two ways to pollinate mimosa. Each of them can be easily applied in the conditions of an apartment or house.
- Direct contact. Carefully take two inflorescences of the bush and barely touch them together. We perform the action as carefully as possible so that the plant does not experience stress.
- With a brush. "Armed" the smallest brush for painting. With its help, we take pollen from one inflorescence and transfer it to another.
Seed preparation and planting
Theoretically, a shy plant can be propagated in two more ways - by cuttings or by planting seeds. However, grafting is an inefficient method. But to grow a bashful mimosa from seed is much easier. Seeds for planting can be bought or removed from the dried pod - the fruit of mimosa. "Harvest" in the middle of autumn. Therefore, removing the seeds, they must be sent to the refrigerator. They will need no earlier than in March. This spring month is considered the best time for sowing.
Reviews of experienced flower growers indicate that before sending the seeds to the substrate, they should be soaked in water for half an hour. A resident of the Brazilian tropics who migrated to our window sills appreciates light soil. In preparing the perfect substrate is nothing complicated. Take one part of the turf, peat soil and sand - ready. Do not forget to organize high-quality drainage and safely plant out, guided by the following instruction from four steps.
- We plant seeds. Sprinkle them with a small layer of earth and cover with polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect.
- We are waiting for germination. With periodic airing of the “flower bed” and spraying of the substrate, a month later we observe the first, weak results of our work.
- We remove the film. As soon as the sprouts hatch, remove the film from the pot.
- Seated. After the appearance of at least three leaves on the mimosa, the future beauty is deposited from the sisters in a separate container.
Causes of disease
It cannot be said that the capricious southerner is sick more often than the rest of the room flora representatives. However, from time to time misfortunes happen. Symptoms of some diseases appear on the foliage when the mimosa is bashful turns yellow. Other diseases prevent the plant from blooming or modifying the shrub stalks. The following table will help to recognize the signs and causes of plant deterioration.
Table - Common problems in growing mimosa and their causes
Features Aphid - a large parasite. And in order to rid the indoor plant from the expansion of this pest, it is necessary, first of all, to resort to mechanical cleaning.
- We liquidate the affected parts of mimosa with bashful (breaking leaves).
- Apply spraying means with the content of "Permethrin" - an insecticide and acaricide.
- In case of total defeat by aphids, we repeat the “chemical attack” in three or four days.
Getting rid of spider mites
Features If a pest is found to be infected at the initial stage, it is possible to do without treatment with chemical means. Higher than all the risk of shrub spider mite in the summer. These insects love heat and feel in hot, dry rooms, like fish in water.
- Using a sprinkle of soap and water, we treat the pest-affected leaves and stems.
- Spray the affected area with a solution of any insecticide.
Growing a shy mimosa at home is a very exciting process, especially for novice growers. The latest research in the field of botany proves the fact that has been hovering in the air for a long time: “shy beauty” possesses intelligence! It turns out that a tropical bush easily distinguishes sentient beings from inanimate objects and remembers the properties of those with whom it contacts. If a phenomenon, object, or living creature does not pose a threat to a flower, then next time it will not be possible to expend energy on curling a leaf.
Reviews: "Gentle and vulnerable lady"
My daughter and I grow Mimosa bashful for several years, just lovely and not a plant, bought the child from the fact that Anyuta wanted to grow something, the store salesman advised Mimosa, and what a miracle, the seeds went right away, 10 planted 10 and left, and then there are no problems when the daughter remembers and then pours, for the winter we grow off the stems and after a few days new shoots appear on them, and the mimosa is still growing for a year and makes us happy. And what a pleasure it gives the child to touch it and watch the leaves close and open, we even time noticed how much it closes and opens.
This is seemingly nondescript plant, but having touched its petals, you understand the opposite, it is so interesting and funny. When touched, it is offended! And folds its leaves. In order to grow it I bought seeds in an ordinary flower shop, for only 15 rubles. Seeds were scalded with boiling water (recommendation on the package) Planted in a recess in a peat tablet. After 4 days, shoots have already appeared :) Over time, the bush has expanded and decided to transplant it into a pot with soil.
When transplanting, I was surprised that it has a very small root system, and it could well exist even in a pill, probably half a year :) I recommend you not to overdry and not to flood the plant, because the leaves immediately fall. I grow it in ordinary land mixed with a peat tablet. Without drainage. At night, the bush closes its leaves. Morning opens and stretches to the sun. If you buy seeds once, when growing, you will never again need to buy seeds because it gives a lot of seeds when flowering. I consider annual plant. It is better to plant it every year in February, and it will delight you with fresh leaves until January :)
Hello. Recently, I caught the seeds of mimosa, and I decided to buy them, because I know that Mimosa is a very interesting plant. Of the 14 seeds (2 packs), only 8 mimosas rose. Mimosa is a very delicate plant, if you slightly touch it or the wind blows, it starts folding its leaves, and as if hides. It blooms in lush mug, for a child it will be very interesting to watch this flower. Also Mimosa grows well with a few things in a pot, you shouldn’t touch it as often, otherwise it can die. Mimosa has already been transplanted to the pot more, it can be said that it is also resistant to transplantation, but once again it is better not to transplant it, yet it is very gentle and vulnerable. If you want to interest your child in flowers, I think you should start with a bashful Mimosa.
Variety of mimosa species
At home bred three varieties of mimosa flower:
- Shy mimosa. This is an evergreen shrub or shrub that grows in tropical forests. The plant is characterized by long straight shoots. The height of the bush is one meter. Barrel with slight pubescence and small spines. The shy mimosa begins to bloom in summer. Small flowers have a purple-pink color.
- Rough mimosa. This species grows in tropical rain forests of South America. The height of the tree is over 20 meters. This species blooms with white flowers, which are collected in inflorescences-panicles.
- Mimosa is lazy. Decorative very beautiful plant. Stems branched or straight, reach a length of 50 centimeters. The shrub has the most sensitive leaves. Blossoms mimosa lazy white flowers, gathered in inflorescences of a spherical shape.
The special properties of the plant
An interesting feature is its ability to fold leaves even with a slight touch. After some time, if the bush is not disturbed, it again lifts the leaves. No matter what part of the plant was hurt, the whole the flower takes a withered look. The plant also reacts to the onset of darkness when it falls asleep. This reaction is associated with protective function from torrential tropical rains. When folded, the shrub protects its pubescent leaves from getting wet and damaged.
When keeping a mimosa flower at home, it is important that small children do not touch it with their hands, who can turn the folding of tender leaves into entertainment. The flower is harmed by frequent touching, since it spends a lot of strength and energy on unfolding the foliage. This can lead to its depletion and death.
Lighting and location
Mimosa bashful very well responds to direct sunlight and loves bright lighting. Southern and southeast windows are well suited for its cultivation. In the hot season at noon on the south side, the plant will need a little shading for 2-3 hours. After cloudy weather or lack of light, mimosa is gradually accustomed to bright light. This is necessary to avoid leaf burn.
The flower does not tolerate polluted air and tobacco smoke, so do not place it in household premises.
The period of active growth of the shrub lasts from early spring to mid-autumn. The optimum temperature in the room where the flower is located is 20-25 degrees. In winter, the temperature should be lowered to 18 degrees. At this temperature, the plant does not respond to touch. Airing should be carried out very carefully, especially in winter. Mimosa is very afraid of drafts and cold air. It is advisable to remove the plant from the window sill during ventilation.
Watering and moisture
In the period of growth and flowering plant needs frequent watering. It is carried out early in the morning or late in the evening. Watering is carried out as the top layer of soil dries. With the onset of winter, the amount of moisture is reduced. Do not allow excessive waterlogging or drying earthy coma.
For irrigation, soft, settled warm water is used that does not contain chlorine and other impurities.
Plant transplant and soil
The soil for the plant should be loose, good to pass moisture and air. For the plant, you can use the finished composition or prepare the soil mixture independently from equal parts of sand, peat, humus, sod and leaf earth. For looseness, it is recommended to add perlite.
At home, mimosa is grown as an annual plant, so it does not need to be transplanted. If you managed to keep the bush during the rest period, you need to transplant into a large pot.
To do this, transshipment is performed, in which it is necessary to preserve the earthen clod without damage, since the mimosa root system is very fragile. If the plant was purchased in a store, then transplantation should not be carried out.
To form the crown, to make it more dense and bushy, you need to pinch the tops of the upper branches. This procedure activates the growth of young shoots and side branches.
In order for the seeds to appear, it is necessary to conduct pollination. Under natural conditions, shy mimosa is pollinated by insects or wind. At home, you should use a wide brush that carries the pollen from one bush to another. For pollination, you can shake one plant over another.
At the end of flowering on the shrub, fruits are formed in the form of pods with pea seeds. The pods are harvested after they have completely dried and placed in a cold place. In the spring before planting, the pods reveal and take out the seeds.
The difficulties of growing mimosa
When growing mimosa at home, flower growers may face some difficulties associated with improper care of the plant.
- leaf rolling occurs in plants that are placed indoors with polluted air,
- yellowing and wilting of leaves is possible with insufficient air humidity or irregular watering,
- pulling stems and shoots occurs when there is insufficient light,
At home, the plant can be affected by spider mites, aphid and powdery mealybug. To control pests, the plant is treated with special insecticidal preparations.
Location and lighting
Mimosa needs plenty of light: the plant has an exotic, tropical origin. Притенение не требуется: даже если растение окажется под воздействием прямого полуденного солнца, ожогов оно не получит. Если света хватать не будет, мимоза может быстро утратить свою красоту, внешнюю привлекательность.
How to care
Выясним, какой уход требуется мимозе стыдливой при выращивании дома на подоконнике.
It should be watered without fanaticism, only when the topsoil is dry. In summer, the average frequency of moisturizing procedures - once every two days. It is best to water in the morning, using separated warm water.
During the rest period, the soil in the pot should also be wet, but moderately. Drought should not be allowed at this time, but it should be watered less frequently than in summer.
Fertilizers need to be every 15 days: if we are talking about the period of active vegetation. It is possible to use complexes of minerals intended for indoor plants: the concentration is recommended to be reduced by half.
The procedure is usually necessary only mimosa, growing not the first year. Pinching helps the bush to become more lush, branched, prevents ugly stretching. Pinching should be in the spring, around April - when the next growing season begins.
Shorten during the procedure should be over-extended apical shoots. When the plant stops flowering, it is recommended to re-pinch, necessary for the active formation of young lateral shoots in the next growing season. Strongly shorten the shoots are not worth it - if you overdo it, the plant may even die during the winter.
If mimosa is cultivated as an annual, pinching is also possible. In this case, the procedure is carried out at the seedling stage and is aimed at more active formation of lateral shoots, giving the bush a compact form.
The procedure is rarely carried out, since bashful mimosa is more often grown at home as an annual. But sometimes in a pot at home bashful mimosa is grown as a perennial flower. In this case, when sprouting from an old little pot, a transplant may be required. Perform this procedure carefully, trying to minimally touch an earthen clod with roots.
It is theoretically possible and such a variant of reproduction of mimosa, however, it is fraught with difficulties: the percentage of failure is higher than with the seed method. A breeding stalk is obtained only from the top of the main shoot. To root it costs a lot of work: experienced flower growers cope with the problem, but a beginner may fail.
Growing problems, pests
Shy mimosa - the flower is naughty and delicate. Often there are various problems in growing it, however, most of the difficulties are easily solved with proper maintenance and care. Next, we will get acquainted with the most common diseases of the plant, find out how to cope with them.
Since the mimosa is shy - a plant whose folded leaves are a natural process, it is necessary to minimize all possible external stimuli. Frequent folding of leaves weakens the flower, depletes it, so it is important to prevent this process. Pick up a secluded place for the plant, where it will not be disturbed by drafts, mechanical stimuli such as pets, curtains.
Most often does not want to bloom mimosa due to too low air temperature. Keep in mind that flowering will not occur if the plant is kept at a temperature of +16 degrees and below. How to cope with the problem in this case is understandable: you should simply move the plant to a warmer room.
Fortunately for flower growers, it is not so often affected by pests of mimosa at home. However, if infection does occur, the flower can die very quickly. To prevent the occurrence of pests, it is recommended to periodically conduct preventive spraying with a solution of insecticides and Fitosporin. You should also inspect other plants in the house, and destroy the pests that appeared immediately.
This pest most often attacks mimosa at home. But you should know that the mite appears usually only in dry air conditions. To understand that mimosa is affected, it is possible by its depression and small whitish spiderwebs on the leaves. If the defeat is strong, the foliage begins to fall, sometimes the flower even dies.
The treatment of mimosa must begin immediately, as soon as you find the first signs of a problem on it. If the mite did not have time to multiply strongly, treatment of the plant with soap and alcohol may help. Insecticide products will help to get rid of severe damage to the spider mite:
Tip: Whenever possible, use class 4 insecticides to control pests at home - these drugs are the safest for people and animals.
Rarely, but still happens the defeat of mimosa aphids. This small pest parasitizes on a flower, sucking juices from its leaves. You can detect aphids by turning the sheet upside down - usually insect colonies form there. The symptom of aphids is stickiness of the leaves, twisting the tops of the plant, stopping growth, development, drying out.
If there are few insects, treat the mimosa with a solution of soap. If the colony has managed to multiply, spraying with an insecticide containing permethrin will help.
So, we learned how to grow a bashful mimosa at home. Although the flower is quite capricious and fastidious, it is able to decorate any room with its unusual and exotic beauty. And with proper care and maintenance of special problems with it will not arise.
Peculiarities of shy mimosa growing
Mimosa pudica is a fairly unpretentious plant, despite its exotic origin. Caring for a flower at home is not so difficult as it may seem to an inexperienced florist at first glance.
The main feature in growing a flower is that it does not tolerate cigarette smoke at all, and can immediately shed its leaves.
The plant is very fond of heat and from early spring to late autumn it grows well only at a temperature of +24 ºС. In winter, the flower must lower the temperature to +16 ºС.
Optimal conditions for growing
A bashful mimosa flower very much loves bright light. Well, if the pot will stand on the south window, as this plant prefers direct sunlight. But on hot days, when the sun is too active, it is better to draw a flower in the afternoon. It is necessary to take into account the fact that in the winter this light-loving plant does not like artificial lighting up.
Culture absolutely does not tolerate drafts and wind, so you can not open a window in the room.
Watering and spraying
Mimosa bush loves moisture, but it must be watered carefully. In summer, the flower is plentifully watered, but it is necessary to drain the drained water from the pan. In cold weather, watering is reduced, but it should be ensured that the pot doesn’t dry out too hard. Due to the overmoistening of the soil in the cold season, the flower can get sick and lose its decorative effect.
In the summer, in the evening or in the morning, the flower is sprayed. You can not perform this procedure in direct sunlight.
For irrigation and spraying use only well-settled or distilled water.
It is quite enough in the summer to water the flower every other day. The growth period of mimosa begins in March, and watering increases at this time. Continue until October, until the plant begins to enter the resting phase, preparing for winter. Tip for watering - dry ground, which must be touched with your fingers.
Top dressing and fertilizer
The approach to the choice of nutrient composition for fertilizing mimosa bashful should be standard. Begin to fertilize the plant in the spring, adding feedings every two weeks. Continue the procedure in the same mode until late autumn. The fertilizer rate, which is specified in the instructions, for watering mimosa diluted with water twice.
As fertilizing use conventional fertilizer for flowering. Organo-mineral compositions are excellent. Search for any special fertilizer is not necessary.
Cropping and crown formation
This flower constantly need to be updated. The plant belongs to the fast-repelling, and it should be replaced annually by bushes that were grown from seeds. If the culture is grown as bonsai or they want to preserve it for the next year, then only radical pruning can help.
It is carried out immediately after wintering, although this procedure is allowed after flowering. All strongly stretched branches are cut to stumps, focusing on the desired shape of the crown. Old branches need to be shortened so that young shoots form a decorative “cap”.
When forming bonsai, such pruning is carried out several times a year, limited to lignified shoots. In fact, the formation of crown mimosa bashful - it is a constant haircut bush to the desired size.
A very important stage - pruning sanitary. When the shoots begin to dry out, they are removed, and this should be done as quickly as possible, until the plant has dropped leaves in protest.
Growing mimosa for several years implies that the plant will be transplanted. At least this applies to old flowers and bonsai. The procedure is carried out in early spring. But it is advisable, without the need to not touch the flowers growing in a permanent place.
For cultivation using conventional universal soil with neutral acidity and alkalinity. The main thing - it must be well permeable to air and water. Preparing a soil mixture for transplanting themselves, mix turf, leaf soil and peat in equal parts, and add some sand.
The plant is not even transplanted, and very carefully rolled over with a lump in another pot. Remove only the most polluted, the top layer of soil mixture. Be sure to have a sufficiently high drainage in the pot.
The rhizome of mimosa is very difficult to tolerate contacts, and trimming during transplantation is generally contraindicated for it.
Protection against diseases and pests
If you provide the right care for a mimosa with bashfulness and create suitable conditions for it, then the plant will not get sick. With good lighting and sufficient moisture, the flower can even be called persistent. But sometimes problems can still arise, as well as pests - aphids and spider mites. They begin to fight insects immediately, treating the flowers with insecticides and collecting pests by hand.
Problems with growing:
- Due to the high humidity the leaves can be constantly closed.
- At low temperatures, the plant will not bloom.
- With poor lighting mimosa also does not bloom.
- In the shade, mimosa can pull out shoots too much.
- In a polluted environment, the flower simply discards the leaves.
- The mimosa will react the same to the drying of the earth.
If a flower begins to lag sharply in growth, and its leaves take on the most bizarre forms, it means that the culture has struck a disease. Usually a shy mimosa plant gets sick due to insect pests. Therefore, the first thing you need to inspect it for the presence of uninvited guests.
- If the mimosa starts pulling the leaves too hard, this is the first signal that the pot is standing in a dimly lit place. A simple solution to the problem is to rearrange the pot on the south side window.
- Sometimes, mimosa leaves are not disclosed. If the plant constantly receives too much water, then it will necessarily affect its appearance. Also, this problem may occur if the room is too cold, which often happens in winter.
- The plant may become yellowish and sluggish leaves due to lack of water. It is very important to properly observe the regime of watering - the flower does not like any stagnant moisture or drying. It is possible to humidify the air around the pot in the heat, sprinkling it from the spray bottle.
Why bashful mimosa leaves roll up
This is an amazing fact, but the plant really folds the leaves at the slightest touch. Why it happens?
When contact leaves alternately fold inward - so the flower is protected from predators. After two or three minutes, they finish off again. This ability of the flower also helps him to dump pests - various insects.
However, a similar mechanism of self-defense exists in many plants, which are called seismmonastic. Leaf tissues lose turgor, and during contact, there is a sharp release of potassium, which causes the outflow of water from the cells. This leads to compression - the leaves are immediately folded, and the stem is lowered a little.
It is important to place the pot in such a way that small children cannot reach the mimosa. A flower that stirs leaves leaves often becomes an interesting toy, but a plant spends a lot of energy on such a movement, and when it is exhausted, it can even die.
Finally, I must say that people suffering from allergies, it is undesirable to keep this plant at home. Pollen mimosa can cause a very violent reaction prone to allergies of the body.
Although it may seem that growing bashful mimosa at home is very difficult and painstaking, in fact, it is not. Even a beginner florist can cope with growing this flower, with a certain amount of zeal and respect for this reverent creation of nature.