Uncomplicated and affordable care for Zamiokulkas at home for even beginner growers will allow you to grow a spectacular and powerful bush - a real pride of the collection and interior decoration. This tropical handsome man with brilliant leaves and strong stems looks great both at home and in the office, delighting florist not only with his appearance, but also with unpretentiousness.
Origin and closest relatives
Zamioculkas came to us thanks to the restless Dutch growers, who, in order to please the lovers of the exotic, brought it to Europe from eastern Africa. If we are to be completely accurate, then Kenya is the birthplace of Zamiokulkas - a country with an amazing climate, where, despite proximity to the equator and at an appropriate air temperature, snow melts all year round on the mountain of the same name. Perhaps this fact makes the plant so flexible in terms of care.
The closest relatives of this tropical plant have long settled on the windowsills of our growers and are recorded in the general favorites. These are dieffenbachia, monstera, anthurium, spathiphyllum - all belonging to the aroid family. All these species are united by the presence of tubers or rhizomes, which are designed to accumulate and retain moisture, which is necessary for the plant to survive in conditions of high air temperature and arid climate.
Like many other plants popular among flower growers, zamiokulkas also has a popular name - the dollar tree. What it is connected with now is not exactly right: maybe by analogy and some similarity with Crassula, which everyone knows is like a money tree, and maybe because someone started buying a period of financial stability with someone buying this plant. In any case, Zamiokulkas will be a good symbolic gift with a special meaning.
The leaves of the Zamiokulkas houseplant are long, developed, dissected and grow straight from the ground. Its trunk is under the surface of the soil, so many people mistakenly consider the leaves as stems. They grow tightly to each other, forming an outlet. An adult plant that receives proper care can reach 1 meter in height, thanks to which phytodesigners, who design offices and all kinds of institutions with large premises, love it very much.
Most often in the collections of flower growers you can find zamiokulkas zamielistny. So he was called nerds for the external resemblance to zamiey - American evergreen. The leaves of this variety are saturated green, uniform, glossy. Large adult plants may have dark green-purple spots closer to the base.
A far more rare, and therefore much more expensive, species is the variegulum variokulkas. The leaves of this plant have a heterogeneous color, transitions from intense green to very light and even white. This effect is due to the presence of mutated cells incapable of synthesizing chlorophyll, which makes them discolored. The word "variegated" in translation from English means "variegated", "multicolored", therefore, often such plant species are also called "variegated".
Not so long ago, for lovers of wonders, a dwarf zamiokulkas, differing from the ordinary zamielist, was bred only in a small size - up to 60 cm in height.
Zamioculkas is a perennial plant, but it does not live that long, from 5 to 10 years. In addition, it is not too generous to new leaves. To grow a new shoot, it will take at least six months and create the most favorable conditions. Often, growers resort to using fertilizers if they want to quickly get a lush and bulky shrub.
Slow growth and a relatively short lifespan of zamiokulkas is compensated by trouble-free reproduction. To obtain a new plant in two available ways:
- Reproduction tuber.
- Sprouting leaf.
Dividing the rhizomes into individual tubers is the easiest method that is best used during plant transplantation. As a rule, zamiokulkas itself breaks down into the necessary number of parts after the ground has been shaken off from the tubers. After that, each part is transplanted into its own pot.
Leaf propagation is a little more time consuming method, but you can use it at any time. To do this, it is not necessary to cut the entire leaf from an adult plant. A small part of it will suffice. Zamiokulkasa leaf does not need to be germinated in water. The slice is sprinkled with wood or crushed activated charcoal and then immediately placed in a prepared moist substrate to a depth of 1-2 cm. You can cover the planted sheet with a glass jar or glass to protect it and create the necessary microclimate. Rooting occurs fairly quickly - in 4-6 weeks.
The flowering of zamiokulkas can be called both unusual and nondescript. A flower that looks like a light yellow miniature corn cob, covered with a light green veil. As a rule, they appear closer to the base of the sheets, and it is rather difficult to notice them. In order for the zamiokulkas to blossom, experienced flower growers advise not to rush and try to create ideal conditions for it. Flowers appear most often on adults, strong plants, which are provided with favorable temperature conditions, proper lighting and sufficient watering. However, if zamiokulkas bloom at home does not occur, do not despair, because in nature it is quite a rare phenomenon.
As a subtropical plant, zamiokulkas prefers heat. The optimum air temperature for it is around + 23 ° C, but a few units upward or downward will not be critical. However, below the air temperature of + 16 ° C is not worth lowering.
As already mentioned, Zamiokulkas tubers well accumulate and retain moisture, so that the plant tolerates the absence of watering. Therefore, this is the case when less is better. Watering zamiokulkas need lukewarm water, quite abundant, but only when the soil in the pot is completely dry. Otherwise, the tuber may rot and even die. As for spraying, it is not at all necessary. Much more zamiokulkasu like wiping leaves with a damp cloth.
A dollar tree grows well in the usual universal soil, but you can make your own mixture of peat, sand, turf and leafy land, mixed in equal parts. The main conditions are soil friability and good drainage, which will not allow water to stagnate.
Zamioculkas feels great on any windows, but it is best to choose a place with good lighting for it - this will provide the plant with a rich green color and developed, thick leaves. In the summer, a flower pot can be taken outside by choosing a place without direct sunlight.
It is necessary to feed zamiokulkas to accelerate its growth, since by its nature it belongs to slowly growing. For him, suitable universal fertilizer for succulents. Feed optimally 2 times a year.
The younger zamiokulkas, the more pronounced its growth. In the first three years, it is usually transplanted every spring. Then growth slows down and transplantation is required no more than once every 3-4 years. During transplantation, you should examine the rhizome for the presence of soft, rotting fragments and remove them, sprinkling the affected area with charcoal.
If zamiokulkas yellow leaves - this is the main symptom of rotting tubers, which happens due to excessive soil moisture at low air temperature. Identify this problem is necessary at an early stage, otherwise the flower can not be saved. If the plant has yellow leaves, you need to remove it from the pot and inspect the tubers. If rot is detected, it must be cut off, sprinkled with cut charcoal and treated with rhizome fungicide. Soil and drainage should be completely replaced.
If, on examination of the tubers, it was found that the process of rotting has gone too far, the best way is to throw out the rhizome, and to use the leaves of the plant for reproduction.
If the lower leaves of zamiokulkas dry and fall off - this is a natural process that should not cause concern.
Any action on this tropical plant should be worn with gloves, since the zamiokulkas are poisonous. You should not be afraid to start it at home, because it does not emit any substances. The poison is contained only in the juice of zamiokulkas, so the transplantation, cut of the leaves, and cleaning of the rhizome should be carried out with care. Of course, the plant does not carry a mortal danger, but it can cause severe irritation or allergies.
According to rumors, as soon as a new leaf appears, quite unexpectedly, a certain amount of money appears (for example, they returned your old debt, gave a bonus, received a percentage of the deposit, and much more).
But if a piece of paper falls, then this is a warning about material problems (for example, you should not invest money in some new business - it can burn out, or the car breaks down and you need to spend money on repairs, etc.). Maybe for this reason, many people like this plant, and it can be found both in apartments and in offices.
It is also widely believed that the money tree is a bluff, which serves to increase the wealth in the houses where it grows.
There is another sign associated with another name of this flower - “female happiness”. When the zamiokulkas bloom, this indicates that the hostess has found her betrothed, but flowering occurs very rarely and only if the rules of care are observed.
Because of such a protracted period, many blame the plant and call it the "flower of celibacy." Everyone believes in different options, but the fact that this is a beautiful and unpretentious plant - this is not the case.
The flower is not very expressive. An arrow is produced from a tuber, and an inflorescence begins to ripen on it, which is a white or cream ear, wrapped in a green “veil”.
Those who believe and follow the rules of Feng Shui, should be aware that in order to increase their savings, the flower should be placed in the southeast part of the room or house. If the flower was presented to you, then it must be a kind person with good intentions.
Zamiokulkas, a genus of plants of the aroid family, is represented by a single species: Zamioculcas zamielist (Zamioculcas zamiifolia), originating from tropical Africa.
Zamioculkas home care
For healthy growth, zamiokulkas should be planted in a well-drained and “poor” substrate consisting of turf and leaf soil, peat and sand (1: 1: 1: 1), you can also add small pebbles, because in natural conditions the plant is in stony soils .
If you buy a ready mix, then the soil for cacti will do. The main thing is that the roots get free oxygen and the earth dries out on time, otherwise, for example, in soils with a high content of humus, the water is retained for a long time at the roots, which leads to rapid decay and the plant gradually dies.
Zamiokulkasa transplant at home
As for transplantation, this procedure is carried out as the rhizome grows, when the plant becomes crowded to the plant — it is transplanted into a more spacious pot.
When choosing a container, give preference to clay, since the root system is very powerful and there have been cases that the pot was cracking.
Zamioculkas is a heat-loving plant, therefore it is quite easy to tolerate heat, just enough to increase the humidity (frequent spraying). A comfortable temperature is considered to be 18-26 ° С, it is better not to allow falling below 15 ° С.
It is resistant to dry periods, but it is better not to force the plant to starve, otherwise it begins to absorb its own reserves, which is fraught with exhaustion, the leaves and trunk become thinner and pale.
Therefore, while regular watering is observed with interruptions to dry the soil, Zamiokulkas will be able to stock up with enough water. In winter, watering should be reduced to a minimum, just slightly moisten the soil so that it does not dry out.
The plant is adapted to the existence even in a dimly lit room or in the depths of the room. This does not mean that he does not like the light, on the contrary, with good lighting and, accordingly, good watering, he will grow much faster.
It is not afraid even of direct sunlight, but in this case additional moistening is necessary, since the moisture will evaporate faster.
Zamiokulkas reproduction by cuttings
To do this, select any sheet or even part of it and planted in wet sand, or a mixture of sand and peat. Cut the cutter means to accelerate rooting (for example, Kornevin). The soil must be sterile.
Top cover with a transparent cut plastic bottle or glass jar to create greenhouse conditions, and put in a warm, well-lit place. Rooting occurs within one month to six months. The process is long. You must be patient and do not forget to air the plant (remove the jar) and moisten the soil, if necessary.
Zamiokulkas breeding tubers
Only an adult plant with large tubers can be propagated in this way.
The tuber is cut in such a way that each part has at least one growth point. Planted in the prepared substrate, not much burying his head tuber. A new plant grows very slowly.
Diseases and pests
The most common problem when caring for zamiokulkas is yellowing leaves.
There are two reasons: if old leaves turn yellowthen this is a natural replacement process for young leaves, and if new leaves begin to turn yellow, the reason may be the constant waterlogging of the soil, which led to the rotting of the roots.
In some cases, if the process is not too started, the plant can still be saved, for this it is necessary to pull it out of the pot, gently shake the ground, inspect the root system and cut off the rotten parts. Process the cut areas with charcoal and spray the whole plant, for example, with Fundazol, let it dry for a bit and plant in a new soil and pot.
- With prolonged periods of drought, leaves begin to fall off, but as the rhizome continues to develop, then, having resumed watering, new leaves will appear.
- Zamiokulkas parasites are rarely infested; this is most likely due to the fact that they do not like the thick skin that protects the leaves. If a leaves become discolored and curled - These are signs of defeat by aphids. You can destroy aphids by any means of parasites for plants, if possible, after cleaning the leaves and stem with a damp sponge from aphids.
- If a dark spots appeared on the leaves - means the temperature in the room is too low (below 15 ° C), drafts or frequent watering.
- Dark streaks and spots on the stem This is a normal feature of the plant, only if at the same time there are no soft, wet areas - these are signs of rot.
- Dark spots on the leaves and stem can also be evidence of damage to the shield.
Zamioculkas belongs to the same genus and is its only species. For the first time its botanical description was compiled by a collector of tropical plants K. Loddijes. Now Zamiokulkas zamielistny, named so for the similarity of the form of leaves with leaves of zamie, can be found under the name Loddizhesa and lanceolate.
Homeland plants - Zanzibar, East Africa and Madagascar. It is a representative of the lower tier, which explains its high resistance to shading. What is Zamioculcas? How to care, photos, tips and advice - all of this will be discussed below.
So, we have an herbaceous perennial plant with a characteristic tuber-like rhizome. The leaves are complex-leaved, glossy, rich dark green in color, can reach a height of 1 m. Although the plant is considered evergreen, in the case of drought, it can shed its leaves.
Zamiokulkas has an inconspicuous inflorescence, which does not differ in special beauty and charm. It represents the ear of a light cream shade, which is formed on a thin peduncle. The modest light green cover reliably masks it among leaves. Under room conditions, flowering occurs extremely rarely and only in very old specimens. It would be logical to start a conversation about how to properly care for the Zamiokulkas. How should it be located in an apartment, house or office? The choice of location depends on two main factors: lighting and air temperature.
Telling about how to take care of Zamiokulkas at home, one cannot help but dwell on the theme of fertilizing plants (organic and / or mineral) with a plant. Note that this species grows slowly, and this is its physiological feature. Do not expect to get a powerful bush zamiokulkasa for a couple of months or even a year. The annual increase is 1-2 sheets. Trying to greatly accelerate the development of a flower is not only a useless task, but also a dangerous one.
Подкормка удобрениями должна проводиться очень аккуратно. Органику использовать не нужно. Выбирайте комплексные минеральные препараты, предназначенные для кактусов и суккулентов. Strictly observe the dosage indicated on the package, otherwise you risk burning the roots of the plant. The feeding frequency is once in two weeks during the period of active growth (in summer).
Not every representative of the flora loves frequent transplantation, including the home flower of zamiokulkas. How to care for him, we will look further. This plant is one of those species that grow a very powerful root system. Young specimens are recommended to repot every 1-2 years, gradually increasing the size of the pot by a small volume (4-5 cm more than the former in diameter). Adult plants can not bother for 3-5 years, but it should be guided by the speed of their growth.
Zamiokulkas roots are so strong that they can easily deform a plastic container or even break it. In addition, the abundant and heavy foliage of a plant can simply outweigh, and the flower will fall. Therefore, preference is given to heavy and strong clay pots. Transfer of large specimens and transplantation of young people is one of the important aspects of the question of how to care for zamiokulkas at home.
Before you begin this process, do not water the plant. Carefully remove it along with a lump of earth from the old pot. Remove the old soil, remove the dried or diseased roots, let the wounds dry, and only then put the zamiokulkas in a new pot. The level of deepening of tubers at the same time should remain the same. Ideally, the rhizome should protrude only 1-1.5 cm above the surface.
Having learned more about the Zamiokulkas plant (how to care, what is required, etc.) and admiring its effectiveness and unpretentiousness, many will probably want to have several copies of this species to decorate their home or share with friends. At home, only vegetative reproduction is possible. In order to get a new young plant, you can use any part of the parent specimen: rhizome, whole leaf or its separate part.
Zamioculcas is a plant with high resistance to both fungal and bacterial diseases, and to various pests. However, problems still exist, and they are mainly related to errors in care.
Consider the main ones:
- Incorrect placement. If the plant is in the open sun, then by all means wait for the burns on the leaves.
- Irregular irrigation is the most common and major cause of the lion's share of misfortunes that overtake zamiokulkas in the process of growth. How to care? The leaves turn yellow at the plant often enough, but few know the main reason for this. And the reason, as a rule, is simple - frequent watering of zamiokulkas in combination with low air temperature. All this causes rotting of the roots and, as a result, yellowing of the leaves. Save the plant can be at an early stage. Remove it from the pots, remove the damaged roots, powder them with activated carbon powder, process completely (leaves and rhizome) with the Oxyhoma solution and replace the primer.
- Excess fertilizer. Do not try to “accelerate” the growth of the plant with the help of special preparations. The strengthened top dressings cause death of roots.
Insect pests are susceptible to all plants to varying degrees, including indoor flowers. Zamioculcas (how to care, breeding methods mentioned above) is highly resistant. Its dense leaves are reliably protected by a leathery shell. However, sometimes as a result of a weakened plant immunity, aphids or scutes may appear. If the air in the room is too dry, a spider mite may start. If traces of the presence of these insects are detected, the zamiokulkas must be urgently processed. For a start, you can use traditional methods: washing the leaves with a mild soap solution, spraying them with tincture of tobacco. If this does not help, then use insecticides, for example, drugs "Intavir", "Fitoverm", etc.
Features of cultivation of zamiokulkas
Temperature: Moderate, in winter preferably 16..18 ° C, but not lower than 12 ° C.
Lighting: Bright spot with diffused light. In summer, it prefers outdoor accommodation - on the balcony, in the garden, etc. In winter, you will have to rearrange the zamiokulkas closer to the window.
Watering: Moderate from spring to autumn, but water should not remain on the pallet; in winter, watering is rare, the soil should dry well until the next watering. Zamioculcas tolerates some dryness more easily than stagnant water in the soil - this can lead to rotting of the roots and formation of stem rot.
Fertilizer: From April to August, every two weeks fertilizers are fertilized, because the fertilizer quickly consumes nutrients. You can use fertilizers for cacti and succulents.
Air humidity: Zamioculcas does not require spraying of the leaves, but sometimes it is necessary to arrange washing, so that the plant does not become dusty and does not lose its attractiveness. In the summer, there is enough rain shower.
Transfer: Every year in spring. The soil should be quite nutritious. For young plants - 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leafy land, 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand. You can add a little well to the rotten humus earth. Transplantation of old specimens of zamiokulkas is carried out every two years in spring. A pot for zamiokulkas should be proportionate to the root system. Good drainage is required.
Breeding: By dividing the bush, leaf, cuttings. Leaf before planting is better to dry a little. Rooting cuttings or leaf, preferably with soil heating and using phytohormones, for better root formation. Rooting can take up to 2 months.
Zamiokulkas care at home
As a houseplant, zamiokulkas is cultivated here relatively recently. This plant is very suitable for our apartments, where the central heating creates in the apartments dry air close to the deserts. In addition, the indoor plant zamiokulkas very unpretentious. It can be forgotten to be watered, it tolerates bright sun and slight shading, a fairly wide range of temperatures (from +12 ° C in winter to +30 ° C and higher in summer). Zamiakulkas do not need to be sprayed, although spraying does not cause any harm to Zamiokulkas. The answer to the question: “How to care for Zamiokulkas?” Is simple - Zamiokulkas loves warmth, bright light, very moderate watering. He does not like dampness, especially at low temperatures, so watering the Zamiokulkas in the summer is necessary as the earthen coma is completely dry, and in the winter no more than 1-2 times a month.
The best place in the apartment for Zamiokulkas is the window sill of the south window, but it will not wither on the north side. However, with this arrangement, the leaves of the plant will be somewhat smaller, and water in this case it should be much less. In summer, the zamiokulkas flower is well tolerated on the balcony.
To the soil at the dollar tree, too, there are no special requirements. The land in the pot can be any, but not clay (you can take ready earthen mixture for cacti), but good drainage is required.
Zamiokulkas grows slowly, so often it is not necessary to transplant it, but still, when filling the entire space of the pot with roots, for zamiokulkas, transplanting to a larger volume is very desirable. When transplanting pay attention - the tubers do not need to go deep into the ground. They should be slightly visible on the surface.
It is necessary to feed zamiakulkas with fertilizers for cacti and succulents very carefully, only during the growing season once a month. It is better not to feed at all than to overfeed. It is not necessary to feed at all during the rest period in winter.
Description of Zamiokulkas
Zamioculcas zamielistny (Zamioculcas zamiifolia), synonym - Zamioculcas Loddigeza (Zamioculcas loddigesii).
The birthplace of the species is East Africa. From the tuberous rhizome, the plant develops leaves 40-60 cm long, which - very rarely for members of the aroid family - are divided into 8-12 individual leaflets-feathers. The leaf axis (rachis) is thick, juicy and serves as a plant for the storage of moisture. Leathery feathers, dense. The entire leaf resembles a leaf of plants of the kind of zamie living in the Americas, which is reflected in the name of the plant.
In arid time, zamiokulkas can shed the upper part of the leaf with fragments of feathers, which prevents excessive evaporation, while the lower part of the petiole serves as a reservoir for water and remains on the plant. Zamiokulkas stores a reserve of water in a powerful underground root. Over time, the plant can stretch out and reach a height of 1 m.
Types and varieties
This plant is originally from tropical Africa. It grows on a mountain plateau, where there is little soil. Its modified tuber stem is underground. And long shoots, like branches with oblong small leaves, are actually large leaves.
Zamioculcas is a monotypic genus of plant that is represented by only one species. It belongs to the family of Aroids.
Synonyms are several names:
- zamiokulkas lanceolate,
- Caladium, mystical,
- Zamiokulkas Loddidzhesa.
In 2007, the first Zamiokulkas variety, called miniature, was presented at the international flower exhibition. His bush has a more compact appearance and leaves of small size. The height of the miniature variety does not exceed 60 cm.
Zamioculcas: growing features
The indoor flower Zamiokulkas is a succulent, which is difficult to guess from its appearance.
But in the ground it forms a tuber, which accumulates a supply of water and nutrients, so he does not like too much moisture.
- Zamiokulkas grows slowly, usually reaches 1 meter in adulthood.
- The plant is transplanted as it grows into a large container, replacing the old soil with fresh soil.
- Zamiokulkas leaves strongly attract dust, so once a month they give a shower. During this procedure, cover the ground with polyethylene so that the roots do not get excess moisture to the roots.
The plant is very unpretentious. Loves warmth, bright light and very moderate watering. Dampness does not tolerate, therefore, it is watered only after the topsoil has dried out.
There are nuances of cultivation, without knowing which, the plant can be easily ruined. Zamiokulkas is better not to be drunk than to be poured - it grows in nature on mountainous African plateaus where there is no moist soil.
Temperature features, lighting, humidity
The air temperature in the room where Zamiokulkas stands in winter should not be below 12 ° C.
The flower does not like the increased humidity, the roots may rot from excessive watering. Spraying water on the leaf has a beneficial effect on the appearance and development of the plant.
As the best place for growth suitable places with diffused light. In summer, the flower prefers outdoor seating - on the balcony, in the garden. In winter, the plant is placed closer to the window, because it will not have enough light.
In case of insufficient illumination, leaves of the zamiokulkas are drooping, the aesthetic appearance is lost.
To the soil the flower is undemanding. It should be light enough to let the water flow well. You can buy ready-made earthen mixture for succulents, which is sold in the store.
If you take the fertile soil from the garden, mixed with sand, it must first be decontaminated in the oven.
Watering and feeding
In winter, watering is reduced to a minimum, it will be enough once or twice a month. The soil should dry well until the next watering.
- Zamioculcas can not be fertilized after planting in fertile soil.
- For 2 years of cultivation, it is advisable to feed 2 or 4 times a month with fertilizers for cacti or decorative leafy plants.
- It is not necessary to feed in winter.
- The foliar top dressings are useful for the plant, which are carried out in the summer of 1 time in two weeks. Fertilizer is added to the water for spraying the leaves, diluting 10 times weaker than for watering.
In summer, zamiokulkas are watered 1 time in 10 days, when the ground dries out completely, to the very bottom. The plant can stand for more than a month without watering, but if it is too dry, drops the leaves.
Cropping and crown formation
The plant does not need pruning and crown formation. In the absence of moisture, the leaves die off, but the tuber remains viable and can give new shoots.
Care should be taken when working with a plant, because all its parts contain poisonous juice, which can cause allergies and redness on the skin.
Therefore, if there are children or pets in the house, it is better to put a flower in a place inaccessible to them.
How does a dollar tree bloom?
Flowers of a dollar tree are hardly noticeable and do not differ in special beauty. The plant blossoms at home very rarely, like most succulents.
From the base of the leaf, a flower arrow is shown, which opens, forming a cream cob with a greenish veil. Peduncle short and thick, among the leaves of the flower a little noticeable.
An adult Zamiokulkas, well-shaped, that regularly receives top-dressing, can stand in bloom and stand in a well-lit place.
Pests and diseases of zamiokulkas
The flower is rarely affected by various pests. Its thick leathery leaves attract little insects. But sometimes a spider mite, aphid, or scythe is settled on the leaves. For the treatment of pests using the drug "Fitoverm" or other insecticides.
A common problem is yellowing of the leaves, which can be caused by various reasons. If old leaves turn yellow and die, and new ones grow safely, this is a natural process and you don’t need to worry. When the leaf is completely dry, it is carefully cut.
If young leaves begin to turn yellow and the plant stops growing, there are reasons for alarm.
This phenomenon can be caused by care errors and unfavorable growing conditions:
- a sharp change in air temperature
- poor watering
- insect pests
- rotting roots.
Most often, the plant suffers from over-irrigation, leading to root disease.
This is easily determined by removing the flower from the pot. Inspection of the tubers will show that they have become soft, lost elasticity. From the roots will come an unpleasant smell. The problem can be fixed if it is not too running.
- To save the flower, all rotted roots cut off with sharp scissors.
- Roots washed with warm water.
- Sections sprinkled with charcoal or treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- During the day, the plant is dried, and then planted in a new pot.
- The first week is left without watering. Then it is watered once every two weeks, adding a growth stimulator to the water and, by foliar top dressing on the leaves, so that the plant will settle down better.
To prevent decay, you can pour Zamiokulkas systemic fungicide.
Zamioculkas with glossy juicy leaves, looks very attractive in the office and apartment. It is convenient to grow flower growers who forget to water indoor flowers on time. The dollar tree will respond to competent care with a quick set of green mass and, perhaps, will even please the owner with unusual flowering.
Features of Zamiokulkas
The dollar tree, which is most often found in East Africa, belongs to the aroid family. However, it stands out from the background of its congeners that is unpretentious.
Under natural conditions of growth zamiokulkasu not afraid of drought, nor the hot scorching sun. Therefore, this exotic flower is beautiful taking root in our climate.
In zamiokulkas, decorative properties are pronounced, which is manifested in its spectacular appearance and unusual structure. Unique plant makes it a lack of branches. That part of the plant, which many seem to be stems, in fact, are complex leaves that begin to form immediately from the tuber.
When growing zamiokulkasa tubers under the ground, play an important role for the plant, because they accumulate moisture. In this flower, in the process of development, upright, feathery large leaves are formed, on the surface of which there is a wax coating. All leaves grow on thickened petioles, which originate at the base. Adaptability to periods of drought due to the fact that any part of the plant, if possible, accumulates moisture.
For the season, a dollar tree demonstrates small increase in height. Another feature is an extremely rare bloom - a similar event is observed only in very adult specimens. Because of this, zamiokulkas, which are grown at home, rarely can please the owner with flowers.
In many ways, Zamioculcas corresponds to its family. It looks like a small ear of corn that circles around a pale green veil. Zamioculcas is not a very durable plant, usually after 5-10 years it is necessary to look for a replacement for it. Throughout his life, he does not grow above one meter.
It should be borne in mind that Zamiokulkas is a poisonous plant, and any part of it is dangerous. For this reason, it is recommended to grow it in places where neither small children, nor pets can reach it.
Especially need to be careful with poisonous juice, because when it gets into the eyes, it can worsen. Therefore, it is necessary to take precautions while caring for zamiokulkas.
Уход за комнатным растением замиокулькас
Хотя замиокулькас может себя комфортно чувствовать при любых условиях выращивания, однако на отсутствие ухода он реагирует соответствующим образом. Bringing home a purchased plant, do not rush to the landing. First you need to let it stand for two to three weeks in order to adapt to new conditions. Further, assessing the current time of the year and the characteristics of the plant, the decision is made to conduct a transplant of zamiokulkas.
Caring for this plant allows delays between watering, it will not lead to a slowdown in its growth or other negative phenomena. Not dangerous for him and drafts. With the onset of summer, you can move the flower pot to the balcony, veranda or open terrace, where the zamiokulkas will feel even better.
It is advisable to place this exotic plant on the windowsill, located on the south side, where it will be provided with plenty of sunshine. Best of all, a dollar tree grows if it gets diffuse lighting. Moreover, if the leaves reached the rare direct sunlight, it will not harm him.
It is allowed to keep this houseplant on the north side, however, in this case you will not see as stable growth as on the south side. Moreover, as experience shows, in this part of the room the leaves will have a not so saturated shade, since the plant will receive less of the necessary amount of light.
It is not recommended to grow zamiokulkas under conditions of full or partial shading. If a there will be a lack of lightingthen it will make its leaves reach for the light, besides, they will turn out thin, weak, with rarely located leaf plates. Therefore, the lack of solar lighting can hurt the plant, which is primarily reflected in its decorative qualities.
Given that the natural environment for the plant is a hot climate, the flower feels quite comfortable in dry and hot weather. In summer, zamiokulkas can grow at a temperature of + 21 ... + 29 degrees. In winter, the optimum temperature for it is + 15 ... + 18 degrees. Much less harm is caused to this exotic flower by lowering the temperature in winter, if rare irrigations are carried out at this time of year.
Zamiokulkas may experience severe stress. with sharp temperature fluctuations. If the temperature drops below + 12 degrees, in some cases it can lead to his death.
Along with the lighting is no less important for the normal development of zamiokulkas and watering. If, at the time of leaving, to neglect this event, then at a certain moment the dollar tree will begin to weaken and wither. It should be remembered that this flower can withstand long periods of drought, so it does not so much upset the rhythm of his life, as an excess of moisture.
Although the dollar tree is among the drought-tolerant crops, it is imperative that watering be done. Otherwise it is lead to leaf fall. This is an additional hint to the grower that the plant does not have enough moisture, and it disposes of parts to reduce its consumption. Usually, if the root is in a viable state, when watering is resumed, the plant begins to feel better and is gradually restored.
- it is undesirable to carry out frequent abundant watering, as this may be even more harmful to the plant. In the absence of the possibility of withdrawal of excess moisture in a short time, the roots will begin to rot and die off. In the summer, it is important to conduct moderate watering, their frequency is determined by the condition of the earthy coma: optimally, when between the next watering only the top layer has time to dry,
- in the case when it is difficult to understand whether the plant needs moisture, it is recommended to postpone this event for a day. In winter, watering should be further reduced. It is enough to water the zamiokulkas once every 3-4 weeks using distilled warm water,
- Considering that the leaves of the plant have a natural wax coating on the surface, they quickly accumulate dust. For this reason, it is necessary to regularly carry out water procedures. During a warm shower, it is important to protect the soil from moisture so as not to violate the conditions for growing zamiokulkas.
Home-grown plants, especially need feeding. And Zamiokulkas is no exception.
- it is possible to provide this houseplant with necessary nutrients during care by applying universal fertilizers, which are used in half the dose. During the growth period, fertilizers are applied to the soil every two weeks,
- excellent results provide a feed on the sheet. They should be carried out at least 1-2 times a month, choosing the time between waterings. The essence of the method consists in spraying Zamiokulkas leaves with a previously prepared solution of a complex fertilizer or urea.
Transplantation and reproduction
Given that zamioculcas grows rather slowly, transplants can be performed quite rarely. Usually the need for this arises at a time when there is no space left for the roots for further growth in the pot. Adult plants must be replanted every five years, and young - every two years. It is necessary to carry out this operation with great care, trying not to injure the rhizomes, since after that they take a long time to recover.
- the safest transhipment method is the safest one To do this, use the old soil, which only add the missing amount of the new. It is necessary to use a new soil only in cases when there is an urgent need for this: for example, reproduction is carried out by dividing a bush,
- it is best to grow a dollar tree in clay pots, because moisture is absorbed into them faster, and therefore the likelihood of water stagnation decreases,
- In the process of growth in the zamiokulkas, each new leaf is larger than the previous one. Therefore, in order to grow this plant, it is necessary to select a stable pot.
Among exotic plants there are many interesting representatives who can be grown without any problems in our latitudes at home. The indoor flower zamiokulkas is not uncommon today for most flower growers, because for the first time it began to be offered in our country back in the 90s. Therefore, during this time, experienced florists were able to get enough information about the features of growing zamiokulkas: how to care, how often to repot, etc. Although zamiokulkas is an unpretentious plant, it still needs provide some carewhich guarantees not only rapid growth, but also resistance to diseases.
- Plant sap contains toxic substances that can cause an eating disorder or allergies. In this regard, care must be taken when transplanting zamiokulkas and pruning. Be sure to use gloves. Also, try to keep the plant away from small children and pets.
- Zamioculkas has been introduced into indoor floriculture relatively recently and is an exceptionally natural species. However, in 2007, breeders presented the first hybrid of this plant - the Zamicro variety, which is characterized by its miniature size (not more than 60 cm in height) and more elegant leaves.
If you are looking for a spectacular, unusual and at the same time unpretentious plant for your apartment or office, then choose a flower zamiokulkas. How to care for him at home, you now know. It is enough to remember a few basic tenets, and then growing zamiokulkasa will turn into an easy task for you.
This method is suitable for a small plant. The main thing is that there are several large leaves. The more the cutting is taken, the faster the plant will take root. Here is a detailed description with a photo:
- the sheet is cut with a sterile knife
- a shank to podvyalit 5-6 hours
- put in water with activated carbon, put the vessel in a warm and bright place,
- when the roots appear, the stalk should be planted in a transparent cup with light soil mixed with sand,
- make a greenhouse, covering it with a bag or glass, air regularly,
- Carefully watering, so that the moisture does not fall on the plant, you can sometimes use a solution of a fungicide so that rot does not appear,
- the plant can be considered rooted when the first shoots appeared,
- give strength and transplant in ordinary land.
A very young plant can be propagated by leaf plates. True, they often die, and can take root up to 6 months. Therefore, you should stock up planting stock.
- Dry the feathers for 5-6 hours, dip the tips in the root powder.
- Prepare the soil from 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand,
- Put the leaves there, deepening to 1/6 part,
- Condense the land around the leaves and make a greenhouse, covered with a transparent bag,
- Moderately watered and constantly aired,
- You can use a growth promoter solution (for example, heteroaxin) to accelerate root formation,
- Seed leaf cuttings in separate containers after the appearance of tubers.