Siberian cedar or as it is also called - Siberian pine is a large noble tree with a powerful evergreen crown. Geographically, this tree grows in Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Urals, is found in northern China and Mongolia. Siberian pine perfectly tolerates the absence of light, so it is considered a shade-tolerant tree. Prefers soil with good drainage, so that it is light in composition, moist sandy and loamy.
During the drought period, the Siberian cedar likes strong watering and spraying young crowns with water. In general, this amazing tree is considered to be a long-lived, interesting is the fact that up to 80 years old Siberian cedar actively feeds on moisture from the soil, after 80 years the reverse process occurs, it gives it away. The height of the Siberian cedar can reach forty-five meters. As for longevity, the tree can live up to eight hundred years. Siberian pines are usually planted with seedlings, sowing of seeds is also very popular.
Siberian cedar belongs to the evergreen trees of the pine family. The diameter of the trunk of this amazing tree can reach two meters, there are specimens with a large diameter.
Siberian cedar is a happy owner of a thick beautiful crown, and sometimes a few tops. On the trunk of a tree with a gray-brown color are thick knots. Trees of more advanced age are covered with cracked bark, which has the appearance of coarse scales. Cedar needles are soft, dark green and covered with a patina of gray color. The length of the needles can reach 15 centimeters, they are in a bundle of five pieces.
Siberian cedar can be safely attributed to the slow-growing tree species. Its growing season is very short, not more than 50 days a year. As for the cedar root system, it is very interesting and consists of the following: a short taproot (40-50 cm) with lateral roots crawling away from it, at the tips of which tiny root hairs are located. On these hairs can grow fungi or mycorrhiza. If the soil conditions are favorable, that is, it is light with a good drainage system, then at the taproot all the most powerful anchor roots, which are three meters in depth, receive all that is necessary for development. It is they and the hind legs that are responsible for the stability of the whole tree.
Cones and seeds of Siberian cedar
Siberian cedar or Siberian pine are famous for their “cedar nuts”, in other words, seeds. About this in more detail. Siberian cedar refers to dioecious monoecious plants. Male and female cones of this tree get along perfectly on the same living space. Male concentrated at the base of the shoot, female at the tips of growth shoots, near the apical bud. Shoots are pollinated by the wind. The shape of the kidneys is conical.
Ripened cones have a very large size of up to fifteen centimeters, while in width they can grow to eight centimeters. Young lumps have a purple hue, gradually become brown with age, and the shape initially resembles an egg, and later becomes a diamond shape. Pine cones are strongly compressed, in order to fully mature they need about fifteen months.
The seeds of the Siberian cedar themselves have an ovoid shape and a rather large size: one and a half centimeters in length and a centimeter in width, their color is dark, closer to brown. These giants begin to bear fruit at about the age of 60, surprisingly, especially when compared with the life cycle of a person or animal.
Planting and maintenance of Siberian pine cedar
Growing Siberian cedar is possible. This plant needs a strong feed with potassium. But nitrogen in the soil is bad for the development of the root. Compared with its coniferous and deciduous brethren, Siberian cedar being young is not distinguished by active growth. Often planting cedar overgrown with aspen, birch, spruce. Therefore it is necessary to do “weeding” in time. Planting cedars is best in the open and far away from the firs, which they like to settle in the shadow of the spreading crowns of the cedar.
In aesthetic terms, cedars look great with birch trees, but here it is important to take into account the harmful influence of the latter on the growth of any of its neighbors. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a distance when planting these trees in a general ensemble.
Before planting Siberian cedars, it is important to prepare and calculate everything in advance. It is better to pre-mark the territory in order to provide the trees with the necessary space, experts recommend maintaining a distance of at least 9 meters.
Siberian cedars breed very well with saplings, and it is best to purchase those that were grown in containers. These seedlings are distinguished by a complete, undisturbed root system, they take excellent root and begin to grow actively from the next year after planting.
When transplanting from a container, it is important to pay attention to the roots. Often they are very twisted, they must be carefully straightened and with special care placed in the landing pit so as to avoid twisting or bending. If the ground is too heavy in composition, you need to add sand there. Saplings do not need litter, since parasites can live in them, who are not averse to spoiling the root mycorrhiza.
Siberian cedar needs soil mulching in order to maintain a high level of tree fertility and to ensure natural ventilation and oxygenation of the upper layer. Mulch saves the tree from freezing in the period with low temperatures (in winter), retains moisture when growing cedar in light sandy loams. Mulch is added every year to activate the growth of adventitious roots, due to which the tree grows.
Diseases of the Siberian cedar and pests
Like many types of trees, Siberian cedar is not immune from parasites and pests. Bark beetle beetles, especially chalcographs, are the main source of danger for young cedar saplings. As soon as the spring warmth comes, these unbearable pests fly along with it. Chalcographs find the weakest and most painful Siberian cedar tree by scent and proceed to gnawing the passages under the bark. Where later females lay eggs from which the larvae hatch. As a result, the bark tissues of the tree die, which can lead to the death of the entire tree. Thus, for the plant breeder it is important not to miss the moment when these insects begin their raids. It is easy to learn that a pest has settled in a tree: holes are formed on the trunk of a tree with resin drops, like a cedar is crying. It is not easy to protect a tree from these pests, it is better to entrust this work to specialists.
Mighty cedars are endangered and from the side - Hermes Siberian. This pest sucks the sap from the tree, slows growth and negatively affects the decorative qualities. This parasite is dangerous not only for seedlings, but also for mature trees. Externally, Hermes resembles a down covering the needles and bark of the tree. Hermes's white hair growths create a major difficulty in dealing with it. They prevent drugs from reaching the goal - the body of the insect, are its natural protection. An interesting fact is that not only insects themselves are covered with these fluffy growths, but also eggs laid by females. Thus, to fight these reptiles, drugs acting through the sap of the tree itself are needed.
In addition to insect pests, poor cedars are prone to diseases that greatly complicate the life of the plant and can lead to its death. The most common disease is needle rust. It appears in warm, wet seasons. This disease catches the eye immediately, its distinguishing features are orange-yellow bubbles on the needles, resembling rust in color. As the ripening bubbles turn into a powder, which in fact is the spores of fungi affecting the needles. As a result of such a negative action, the needles become stained with rusty color and die off, fall down. For the prevention of the occurrence of this disease, it is recommended to arrange weeding the nearby neighborhood from thistles and coltsfoot, as well as other representatives of the flora on which part of the life cycle of coniferous rust develops and passes.
One more dangerous infection for Siberian pine is blistering rust and shoot cancer. A harmful parasitic fungus causes these sores, and they are very poorly treated. To save a tree in a situation of infection is possible only at the initial stage. Therefore, in order to prevent diseases in Siberian pine, it is necessary to use medicines designed to strengthen the root system and anti-stress drugs in a timely manner.
Thus, this mighty beautiful tree, in essence, is a small child, for whom you need an eye and an eye. With proper care and care, this tree can please the family for many generations, but it's worth it. Siberian cedars are mighty long-living giants created by nature to amaze people with their beauty, the article and the beneficial properties of the prisoners in the air next to them, the oil extracted from its fruits, and the fruits themselves carrying a whole pantry of useful important properties.
Description of Siberian cedar and photos
Siberian cedar (lat. Pinus sibirica), sometimes referred to as Siberian pine, is an evergreen tree of the Pine family, widely known at the turn of the XVII — XVIII centuries. With a height of 35-45 m, the diameter of an even, straight trunk reaches 2 m, the life span of trees varies from 500 to 800 years.
The Siberian cedar, as seen in the photo, is distinguished by a dense crown, often has several peaks. On the brown-gray trunk are thick boughs. The bark of old trees crack and forms coarse scales. Young shoots mostly dark brown, with long red hairs. Dark green, soft needles, reaching from 6 to 14 cm in length, covered with a bluish gray. In the section, the needles are triangular, with small notches, growing in bunches of 5 needles each.
Siberian Cedar Root System
The root system of Siberian cedar consists of a short taproot with lateral roots extending in different directions, at the ends of which there are small root hairs. Mycorrhiza (fungus root) develops on these hairs. If the tree grows on well-drained soil, light in texture, on a short taproot (up to 40-50 centimeters) powerful anchor roots develop, which penetrate to the ground to a depth of 2-3 meters.
It is the anchor roots, as well as the hind legs, that ensure the high stability of the trunk and crown. Due to a very short growing season (40-45 days a year), Siberian cedar (see photo gallery in photo gallery) belongs to slow-growing species.
Description of cedar pine
Siberian Cedar is an evergreen giant of the pine family, reaching a height of 35–40 meters. The diameter of its trunk is about two meters, but in nature there are trees with large volumes. The bark has a dark gray tint, it is smoother in young trees, cracked in old trees and located on the trunk in small plates. Fresh shoots are brown and covered with light and long hairs. Cedar is a long-liver, its lifespan can range from 400 to 800 years.
The crown of a tree is thick and spreading, may consist of several peaks. Conifer needles have a length of 12–15 cm, they are painted in dark green with a blue tint and are located in small bunches of 5 each. Cedar needles contain many useful components: amino acids, iron, essential oils, vitamins and minerals. Thanks to them, specific substances are emitted into the air - phytoncides with bactericidal action.
Cedar root system is very unusual in its appearance and functioning. It consists of a root stem, which has a small length (about 45–55 cm), from which lateral roots, covered at the ends with small and very thin roots, similar to hairs, branch off. Mycorrhiza or fungus can grow on these processes. If the cedar pine fully fits the soil composition, then a large root system begins to develop on the rod, which grows deep into the ground and ensures the stability of the Cedar.
The seeds of the tree are pine nuts with a pleasant taste and high nutritional value. They ripen in cones, which are divided into male and female, as the Siberian pine belongs to monoecious dioecious plants. On the upper shoots of the crown are usually located female cones, and in its middle part - male. Young bumps are painted in a light purple color, over time, they get brown color and oval shape with tightly pressed scales on the surface. Pollination occurs while the wind is blowing. Fruits are able to ripen within 13-15 months.
Mature cones have a large size, conical shape and dense scales, they can be 10–15 cm long, and about 5–8 cm wide. The cedar grains contained in them are rather large, dark brown in color, 12–1 15 mm and 5–10 mm in diameter. At the end of the summer, after full maturation, the buds begin to fall to the ground. One tree can produce about 1300 cones, each of which will contain from 50 to 100 seeds. Cedar fruiting usually begins when it turns 50-60 years old.
Cedar Cultivation Rules
In our country, this tree grows in the natural conditions of Siberia. Cedar pine feels great in regions with a temperate climate, so many gardeners successfully grow coniferous giant in the central part of Russia, Moscow region, Altai, Ural. Planted in suitable soil and receiving good care, Cedars are able to produce crops several times faster than trees that grow in the wild. In the Siberian pine forest, the fruits begin to ripen when it reaches the age of 45–50 years, with a frequency of 5–7 years, and artificially grown trees are capable of producing crops every 3–4 years already 15 years after planting.
For full growth and proper development of the root system, Cedar needs a nutrient soil rich in potassium. The soil should not contain nitrogen, as it adversely affects the health of the tree. The tree grows very slowly and often other plantations begin to appear near it, therefore it is necessary to periodically clear the space around it so that Cedar is spacious. It is best to plant it as far as possible from birch spruce and various shrubs. The distance between the Siberian pine and the neighboring trees should be not less than 9–10 meters.
Cedar multiplies well with the help of seedlings and it is preferable to choose those that were grown in special containers. This planting material full root system, so that small trees will begin to grow fully a year after planting. Before diving into the landing pit, carefully straighten all the roots so that they are not woven or folded. The soil for a young plant should be light in composition, so you can add some sand to it.
To cedar pine gave a rich harvest, the soil around it must be periodically mulched. Thanks to this procedure, the roots of the tree are enriched with oxygen, become protected from severe frosts, are nourished with useful substances and develop faster. Mulch must be added into the soil each year, as it stimulates the growth of additional roots needed to feed the tree.
Planting Siberian pine
Cedar is usually propagated in two ways - with the help of seedlings and seeds. Most gardeners use for this seedlings coniferous culture. Their age should be no more than five years, height about 100 cm, and trunk diameter - 1-3 cm. It is necessary to choose seedlings very carefully, the trunk should be without damage, with a large and moist earthy ball on the roots. It is best to purchase seedlings that are in a spacious container. A young tree should be planted in early March.
Choosing the right place
To coniferous giant was comfortable and cozy on your site, first of all you need to choose the right place for planting. To do this, pay attention to the following aspects:
- Lighting. It is necessary to replant a tree in a place where there is a lot of daylight. Despite the fact that Cedar can grow perfectly in the shade, good lighting is necessary for the full ripening of the future crop. And also it is necessary to take into account the fact that the air with the content of harmful gases is very harmful to it, therefore, it is necessary to plant cedar pine away from industrial factories and large highways.
- Priming. It should be wet, with the presence of sand and clay. The earth is light and loose so that oxygen can freely penetrate to the roots. Too acidic soil is not suitable for wood and if you encounter this problem, you can add a little lime to it. To neutralize the acid, you need to place 300-400 grams of lime in the landing pit and mix well. Then you can land a young Cedar.
- Location Siberian pine grows into a very large tree with a strong root system and this should be taken into account when planting. Если на вашем садовом участке произрастают другие деревья, необходимо посадить Кедр на расстоянии 8–9 метров от них, чтобы они не мешали друг другу.
Посадка кедровой сосны:
Высаживать хвойную культуру нужно таким образом:
- Выбранную территорию для посадки рекомендуется полностью освободить от сорных насаждений и хорошо взрыхлить.
- Теперь нужно выкопать посадочную яму. Размер её будет зависеть от величины корневой системы саженца. The diameter of the hole should be 20 cm wider than the root itself.
- It is necessary to put a drainage layer in the pit, about 15–20 cm thick. For this, small stones, crushed stone, pieces of ceramic material are suitable.
- After that, the Siberian pine need to gently straighten all the roots and put it in the hole. Then fill it with earth mixed with peat and rotten vegetation.
- After the landing, take 4–5 liters of warm water and pour the Cedar well.
- Do not forget to stick a stake near the sapling, to subsequently tie a sapling to it.
How to care for Siberian Cedar
In order for the pine to grow healthy and beautiful, form an aromatic crown and in the future gladden you with a generous harvest, it needs the right care, which includes:
- Loosening the soil and watering. The tree loves the wet earth, but it should be watered as the soil dries. In the summer, this should be done more often, especially on hot days, and in winter, before watering, you must make sure that the soil is completely dry, since stagnant water can cause root rot. It is necessary to loosen the earth in its upper layer and very carefully, because the roots of Cedar are located near the surface of the soil.
- Fertilization. Too often to feed the pine is not recommended. It is best to apply nitrogen fertilizers in the summer. Feeding the tree should begin one year after planting.
- Mulching. The ground near the base of the trunk should be regularly sprinkled with sawdust, pine needles or rotten leaves - this is an indispensable point in the care of the tree. The presence of mulch contributes to the penetration of air to the root system and allows you to save the required percentage of moisture in the soil.
- Formation of the crown. For the first 12–15 years, the lower branches should be cut so that they are two meters from the base of the trunk. All cuts must be treated with garden pitch, in order to avoid infection. Pruning should be carried out in the winter while the tree is at rest, or at the very beginning of spring.
Unfortunately, the mighty Cedar is attacked by harmful insects, such as:
- Bark beetle. Especially dangerous for young cedars. With the onset of spring days, beetles by smell determine the most weakened pine and begin to gnaw its bark, forming holes and passages in it, in which females lay eggs, turning into larvae over time. There are so many pests that they can penetrate almost to the middle of the tree and then it will be impossible to save it. Small holes in the bark with resin released from them can indicate the presence of a beetle. If insects are present in small quantities, special preparations are used to combat them, and the affected bark is removed.
- Hermes Siberian. This pest parasitizes both on young saplings and on mature trees, piercing the bark of pines and feeding on their sap. Because of this, Cedar growth may stop, and the stem coating becomes painful. Signs of the presence of the parasite - growths from down on the needles, trunk and branches. They protect Hermes from external influences and therefore it is very difficult to get rid of him. Therefore, to combat insects use chemicals that poison Cedar juice.
Diseases of the Siberian pine
Cedar tree can affect the following diseases:
- Rust needles. The disease most often manifests itself in the warm season, with prolonged exposure to humid air. On the needles, a yellow-orange bloom appears in the form of bubbles, which after a certain time are transformed into a powder, which is a fungus that infects conifer needles. As a result, the needles are covered with dark-red spots, begins to die off and crumble. Most often, the fungus occurs due to the presence of high humidity in the air. It is very difficult to get rid of it; in the initial stage of the disease, clearing the tree from the infected areas can help.
- Escaping cancer. This fungal disease is almost not treatable. Shoot cancer greatly weakens the immune system of Cedar, deforms the bark, which subsequently crumbles and the tree dies. Treatment with special drugs can only help at the first signs of the disease.
To prevent diseases in cedar pine, you need to competently care for it, promptly identify possible pathologies and, if necessary, use medical preparations, after consulting with experts in the cultivation of conifers.
Requirements for planting material
You can grow pine in two ways - by germinating seeds and planting seedlings. The second method is preferable. The ideal age of a seedling for transplantation is 5 years. At the same time, the growth is no more than 1 m, and the circumference of the trunk is not more than 2 cm. Siberian cedar seedlings are considered very vulnerable, and they are easily damaged during the landing in the ground. When choosing seedlings should pay attention to what is stored in the future giant. Since the root system is easy to dry out, it is considered optimal to purchase seedlings in a large container or with a large and moist clod of earth. The period of planting seedlings - early spring.
Choosing a landing site
Properly choosing saplings of Siberian cedar, you must also take a responsible approach to the choice of a place for planting. This tree has been growing for decades, which means we need to think about creating favorable conditions for the successful cultivation of this plant.
Plant a tree should be in a well-lit place. Although the young grow well in penumbra, Siberian cedar is sensitive to the pollution of air, this should also be taken into account when planting.
It grows well in sandy and loamy wet areas. However, if your site is clay and loamy soil, then additional soil drainage is necessary. In the case of increased acidity of the soil will help lime. It is necessary to throw 300 g of lime into the well and mix it with the ground. This will help make the soil more neutral.
Stepwise landing process
So, you have found on the site an ideal place for cedar pine. Now proceed directly to the landing of this plant. For this you need:
- Thoroughly clean the area intended for planting, from weeds.
- Dig a hole for the future of the tree. Take a look at the rhizome of the sapling together with the earthy clod and add about half more - this will be the ideal size of the hole.
- Lay on the bottom of the hole drainage. The drainage layer should be thick, about 10-20 cm. Ceramic splinters, bottle caps or crushed stone can be used.
- Insert the seedling in the hole and gently cover with soil. It is best to use a mixture of soil with peat or rotten leaves. Before falling asleep with soil, you should straighten the tangled roots of the tree.
- As the final stage of the landing - abundant watering cedar (at least 5 liters of water).
- Next to the trunk should drive a peg, to which the seedling will be tied.
One of the basic rules for the successful cultivation of Siberian cedar pine is to keep at least 6 m between the planted trees.
Watering and loosening
Despite the fact that cedar loves moisture, watering should be done as the soil dries. In the summer a little more, but in winter, when the tree is at rest, you should make sure that the ground is completely dry and requires watering. Once too much of the pine, you can damage the root system and cause it to rot. Loosen the soil gently. The root system is close to the surface, so only the top layer is loosened.
Pine does not need frequent feeding. It will be optimal to feed the plant during the hot months - from May to July. Fertilize the soil fertilizer nitrogen type - no earlier than one year.
Mulching is a mandatory item in the care of pine Siberian cedar. This will allow for longer retain moisture after watering and improve air penetration into the upper soil layers. Ideal mulch for Siberian cedar - sawdust, needles and rotten leaves.
Pest and disease control
Bark beetle (engraver) is the most frequent lover of the conifer tree. It is easy to identify this pest - small holes appear on the bark, these bugs gnaw through them. Mass invasion begins at the end of May. In the case of penetration of a bark beetle deep into the tree, it will be almost impossible to save the forest beauty. To combat them, use injections into the trunk with active substances, as well as timely cleansing of the affected bark.
It can often be noted that at first glance a healthy tree has yellow needles. This suggests that the tree is attacking the pine Hermes. These parasites drink all the juice from young plants, and the tree slowly dies. In the presence of such a pest, the first thing to do is to clear the bark and branches of the damaged areas. Further it is necessary to spray the tree with insecticide, for example “Mospilan”, “Konfidor”, “Komandor”.
Consider the diseases of cedar pine and their treatment. Among the diseases in coniferous trees, pine needle rust and cancer cancer lead. In the first case, the tree first turns yellow, and then white marks begin to appear. This is a sign that the tree is attacking the fungus. Most often this disease occurs in the presence of excessive moisture in the air. Will help get rid of rust needles cleansing wood from damaged areas. Resin cancer weakens the immunity of the tree, promotes cracking and falling off of the bark. To avoid the destruction of cedar pine by this fungus, it is necessary to break off damaged and dry branches in a timely manner.
Combination with other plants
Siberian Cedar Pine - unpretentious tree however there are a few plants that undesirable as neighbors. Do not recommend planting seedlings near the birch trees. Birch takes almost all the moisture from the soil, which is detrimental to the development of pine. The distance between them for a safe neighborhood should be at least 6-8 m. Often, currants or gooseberries are planted under the pine tree. Also not the best coniferous neighbors. They are the distributors of seryanka spores (resin cancer).
Now you know how to grow this long-lived tree, which will delight not only you, but also your children and grandchildren.
Trees and shrubs - Pine root system: features, tree growing
The root system of pine: features, growing a tree - Trees and shrubs
Pine is a unique conifer, which stands out attractiveness. In addition, the pine root system is quite interesting. Often these trees are planted near the houses, as they are a pretty decoration of the yard. But it is worth knowing the rules of growing this tree, taking into account the peculiarities of the rhizome.
Root system features
The rhizome of the pine plastic. Today, the root system of this tree is divided into 4 types, each of which has differences in shape and structure. Namely:
- Powerful root system. It is characterized by a rod rhizome, from which the lateral roots grow. Often this can be found in places with fresh soil that is well drained. A powerful root system, in which the main stem is not well developed, which cannot be said about the lateral roots. They grow and are characterized by a parallel arrangement to the surface of the earth. Such a rhizome can be found where there is dry ground and the groundwater is hidden deep underground.
- Poor root system. It is a short roots, which branch out in different directions. The ideal habitat of a pine tree with such a rhizome is a marsh and semi-bog land, where the soil is too moist.
- Shallow root system. Despite the fact that it does not go deep into the ground, it is rather thick. Her appearance resembles a brush. This species grows on dense ground, where groundwater is located deep.
From this we can conclude that the type of pine root system is directly related to the structure of the soil on which it grows and develops. This tree is especially appreciated for the plasticity of the rhizome. After all, pines are used for planting even on poor and marsh soils. In this way, you can plant such areas.
The root system will develop only when the temperature indices exceed 3 degrees. Other conifers are more frost-resistant and can grow at low temperatures. The rhizome pivotal, so the tree is not afraid of strong winds. It penetrates deep into the ground by 2.2-2.5 m. But in the sides the roots expand by 8-10 m.
How to plant a pine?
When the seedling is selected, it is worthwhile to inspect the rhizome, as well as on the earthen room. The age of a young tree should be no more than 5 years. If the seedling is already old enough, then it is better to place it in a permanent place in the winter when the clod is still frozen.
Experienced gardeners allocate 2 periods when it is possible to plant coniferous trees:
- In the spring. Landing is carried out in April or May.
- Autumn period. Sapling planted in August and September.
Initially, a pit is digging, the depth of which should be about 80-100 cm. For heavy soil, drainage is necessary. Gravel or sand is laid on the bottom of the excavated pit. It is recommended to dig in a sapling with a combination of fertile soil, sand and sod land.
If the earth is acidic, then it is necessary to lime. For this, it adds 200 grams of hydrated lime. During all manipulations it is worth paying attention to the root neck to be placed at ground level. If a group planting is carried out, then it is worth leaving room for the development of the root system and the tree itself. Between seedlings should be 1.5-4 meters.
Video about pine root system:
If you adhere to all the rules of planting, then the pine easily adapts to a new place, without suffering from diseases. Often young seedlings tolerate transplant well. But the older the tree, the harder it is to get used to a new place, so you should take into account the age of the pine.
Pines are an unpretentious tree, so they do not need careful maintenance. But still, some attention should be paid to them. After planting for 2 years, it is necessary to feed. For this mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil. After that, you can not feed the tree.
Experienced gardeners are advised not to touch the needles, which fall from the pine. It forms an excellent bedding, where the accumulation of organic nutrients. This will accelerate the growth of the tree, improve development. Pines can easily tolerate drought, so watering them is not necessary. Watering is carried out after planting and during the growth of a young tree.
But the stagnation of water for pine does not like, even varieties that love moisture, need rare watering, which is carried out several times a season.
When the plant has developed well, it will easily endure the winter. But for young saplings of a decorative variety it is worth creating protection against the scorching sun, as it leaves burns. For this purpose, the needles are covered with spruce leaves or planted near other trees that will create a shadow. Such protective shelters clean in the middle of spring.
Often the pines do not need a haircut. But with this procedure you can slow down the development of the tree. As a result, the density of the crown will increase. To do this, do not need special materials, it is enough to break off a third of the young growth.
But using simple tricks, you can transform an ordinary pine tree into a bonsai or a small tree. For this, an umbrella-like haircut is used. In order to maintain the form and decorativeness of bonsai, it is necessary to pay attention to the tree and care for it. Shoots are pruned once a year.
So, pine - an interesting tree, which has its own characteristics. Each part of it is unique, up to the root system, which is different from other plants. To grow a pine tree, it is enough to know some rules.