Of course, many are familiar with this amazingly fabulous plant. Some people think that the flowers of the Chinese rose or hibiscus very much resemble the “Scarlet Flower” from the fairy tale, they seem to be some kind of magic. This flower is an inhabitant not only of our apartments, but also perfectly decorates various offices and childcare facilities. It looks great, and care is subject to even newcomers to floriculture.
From the article we learn how to care for a home rose (hibiscus). We will be able to get acquainted with the photo of room Chinese rose and important recommendations for caring for it at home.
Distinctive properties of indoor hibiscus
In principle, the care of this plant in the home does not include such a supernatural, but there are some peculiarities. Hibiscus needs a mandatory dormant period in winter (unlike many other flowers), if it is not organized, then there will be problems with flowering, the plant will not be able to lay flower buds.
See next photo of the plant:
- choosing a suitable place for a flower,
- landing in the required soil,
- organization of the desired mode of irrigation and fertilizing,
- creation of moisture by any available means,
- providing comfortable temperature and lighting,
- pruning and the formation of the bush.
- From the time of year.
- In spring and summer requires intensive watering, application of dressings, frequent spraying, temperature within 28 degrees, good illumination.
- In winter however, the hibiscus should have a rest period and, accordingly, it is necessary to lower the temperature of the content to 16 degrees, to water and spray less, not to fertilize.
- Before and during flowering Care should be taken to monitor watering and humidity, do not forget about dressing - otherwise flowering will be weak. If the temperature is low, the buds can fall off, the same goes for lighting - during this period you need bright light.
- After flowering the Chinese rose needs rest, therefore feeding is completely stopped, watering decreases and the temperature gradually decreases.
- First steps after purchase - When buying in a store, carefully look at the bush from all sides (and the reverse side of the leaves too), so as not to buy a plant with pests. After the plant has been brought home, you need to spray it with warm water with Epin (to relieve stress) and try to transplant it in another pot and a new soil for 2 weeks.
- Pot selection - when choosing a pot, we are guided by the size of the previous one, the new one should be 4 - 5 cm larger. As for the material, we choose a ceramic pot, it is best suited for the Chinese rose. Also wooden tubs (for more adult copies) are good for her.
- Substrate preparation - You can buy ready-made soil in the store - “For flowering plants” or prepare it yourself. To do this, mix 2 parts of sod land and one part of humus, peat and sand, you can add a little more charcoal, you should end up with a good loose substrate.
- Choosing a place - the place for the flower needs to be selected taking into account the need for lighting; for the Chinese rose, the western and eastern windows are wonderful. It is possible to place on the southern window, of course, if there are no other options, but then you will need to arrange a shadowing, so that there is protection from direct bright rays. The northern window does not fit at all, the bush will grow, but it will not want to bloom due to lack of light, unless you provide more light with the help of fitolamps.
How to take care of a home flower in a pot?
If you are interested in how to care for a flower in a pot at home, be sure to bear in mind that he is very responsive to the attention of the person. In order for the home Chinese rose to successfully grow and delight its wonderful flowering for a long time, without creating any prerequisites for the appearance of various harmful insects and the occurrence of diseases, the following are necessary:
Watering - during the period of enhanced development, that is, in spring and summer, watering is required good, the ground should not dry out, only the upper layer should dry up (3 cm). Here, a lot depends on the temperature, in the summer heat watering may be needed in a day, because the soil will dry out very quickly. In the autumn, naturally, the irrigation frequency will gradually decrease, and in winter (when the temperature will be about 16 degrees), water should be watered less often, about once a week.
Also, periodically (in the summer once a week, in the spring and in the autumn - once a month), a Chinese rose should be placed under a warm shower. Firstly, the dust is well removed from the leaves, and secondly, it is an excellent preventive measure against the appearance of the spider mite. In winter at low temperatures such humidity is not required.
Consequences of improper cultivation
For any plant, proper care is important, for Chinese roses as well.
Improper care means either there is almost no attention at all to the flower, it is sometimes forgotten to water, or when you leave you create completely inappropriate conditions for the flower to develop normally and please its flowering.
If the care is wrong, the consequences will soon appear, the plant will start to hurt. The Chinese rose can suffer from both extreme heat and too low temperatures, due to dry air, all buds can peel off. Due to improper care, our rose can stop completely blooming, as well as be attacked by harmful insects and the occurrence of diseases.
Diseases and pests
Improper care may cause illness.:
- leaves turn yellow or turn brown from lack or excess moisture,
- leaves wither and fall off - low humidity, insufficient spraying,
- buds fall - low temperature or dry air,
- the tips of the leaves may turn brown - there are not enough dressings,
Or insect pests, most common:
Read more about the diseases of hibiscus here.
So, we can conclude that the Chinese rose can be a welcome inhabitant in any home. Care for her is quite affordable, and the pleasure of it can get a lot. Some varieties of hibiscus can be used to brew tea, in addition, this tea has healing properties. And in some southern countries this flower is the most popular decoration of wedding ceremonies.
Conditions for growing at home
Indoors hibiscus chinese rose easy to growThis process does not take much time. With proper care for hibiscus to please with its lush buds, it will be you all year.
- Soil and capacity. The Chinese rose likes wet drained soil with a high content of organic materials. The soil should not be dry, since the probability of rotting of the roots is high. The soil periodically loosens, which helps to avoid drying of the roots due to heat. Landing is recommended to carry out in a wooden tub or a bright ceramic cache-pot. Dark pots are not suitable, because the roots in such a overheat and rot.
- Lighting and temperature. In order for the plant to feel well, it needs to provide good lighting. For the formation of buds need sunlight, and good lighting will provide long and abundant flowering. The optimum temperature is 26 ° C, but in winter it is better to lower it to 18 ° C, because at a low temperature, the kidneys form more successfully. If hibiscus is grown in winter at high temperatures in winter, it does not affect it, but the flowering will not be particularly lush.
In summer, the plant is taken out on the terrace, balcony or loggia. In the summer, do not allow direct sunlight to fall on the rose!
Basic rules of care
- The plant requires increased air humidity, therefore it is better to spray the leaves with water both in winter and in summer. You can use a wet pebble pan, although the pot is placed so that the bottom does not touch the water. Sometimes a warm shower is given to the flower, thanks to which the leaves are saturated with moisture and spider mite is eliminated. It is impossible for water drops to fall on the buds and flowers!
- Leaving means frequent fertilization of the soil and her wet in a pot. Watering a flower is at room temperature and separated. The frequency of irrigation depends on the drying of the top layer of soil to a depth of 3 cm. Amateur gardeners often ask how to fertilize indoor hibiscus. The flower is fertilized from April to September, once every 14 days with fertilizer for flowering plants. Mineral fertilizer is replaced by organic and vice versa. In winter, potassium phosphate fertilizer is used - - of the prescribed dose - during flowering of the plant.
Trimming and transplanting
Removal is done in the spring before transplanting, before the formation of buds. This is done to increase the number of shoots and forming lush crowns. Dried and bare shoots are removed completely, healthy ones can be cut in half. The cut sections are treated with garden pitch so that the wounds do not emit juice.
Cut off areas of healthy shoots are used as cuttings. Strong and healthy branches should remain on the bush.
In the summer, repeated pruning is carried out. Flower buds appear in early autumn, and until spring the plant pleases with beautiful flowers.
Transplantation is carried out every spring or autumn, which is combined with pruning. Adult plants are transplanted no more than once every three years. A special mix is prepared for transplantation:
- 1 part leaf soil,
- 1 part turf,
- 2 pieces of compost
- 1 part of sand.
Bone meal can be added which enriches the plant with phosphorus and calcium. Cache-pot for a few hours before planting soaked in boiling water. If a used pot is used, it is washed with running water without detergent use. Before planting, the plant is provided with growth stimulants and good drainage. For this suitable expanded clay at the bottom. If you just hibiscus transplanted, put the flower in a shaded place, and after a day return is not the previous place. Hibiscus can grow big and transplanting will be impossible. If so, the surface layer of the soil is replaced by nutrient soil.
- Cuttings. For rooting cuttings are used, remaining after spring pruning. The slices are processed with a growth stimulator and placed for growing roots in water. A mixture of peat and sand can be used, after which the plant is covered with a glass jar. Rooting occurs within three weeks. Then the stalk is planted in a suitable ground and pinched. With good lighting, spring cuttings will bloom in a couple of months.
- Seeds. Seeds are sown from January to March, before than 12 hours aged in a solution of epin. Fertilizer is a mixture of peat with sand. The pot in which the seeds are planted is covered with a piece of glass. During germination, the temperature should be 25 ° C. Produced regular spraying and airing processes. After the appearance of the first three leaves, the young home hibiscus spikes and sits in separate pots. After transplanting flowering wait three years.
The plant contains various organic acids, like phytosterols, anthocyanins, pectins and hibiscic acid. This explains the somewhat sour taste of the branches of the plant. By the way, the drink from it perfectly quenches thirst and has a mild laxative effect.
- Hibiscus has anti-inflammatory and hemostatic propertycures damp ulcers.
- The flower perfectly restores the metabolism, as it contains a lot of flavonoids.
- If you want to lose weight - add to the diet sweets containing hibiscus broth and jasmine. This measure will help to easily throw off a couple of extra pounds.
- Flowers and leaves improve metabolism and increase the production of bile. Fragrant Chinese rose teas have a hemostatic and choleretic effect on our body. Crushed leaves can help in the treatment of any malignant tumors. Tea normalizes blood pressure, fixes the nervous system, cleans kidneys from salts and toxins.
- Hibiscus is also used for infertility.
You can not drink hibiscus tea during pregnancy! It stimulates menstruation and increases the risk of complications.
Pests and diseases
Danger to a plant is represented by an aphid and thrips. They may appear due to improper care. More often the problem is caused by excessively dry air. To prevent this from happening at home, a houseplant is put on the pallet with wet pebbles and spray the leaves with distilled water. For the destruction of parasites, the plant is treated with bitter pepper extract and soap. If the infection is too high, the hibiscus is treated with Actellic's solution: 15 drops of the drug are diluted in a liter of water.
Thrips. Dry air and elevated temperature are suitable conditions for thrips. If the flowering buds pollen fall off, then the plant is affected by these parasites. Check their availability at home can be very simple - shake the pot over the dark paper. Pests fall out.
The leaves are also affected - a grayish tint appears on them. The leaves dry and curl: it looks like dirt and burns.
Plants are inspected and the most infected flower is isolated. Parasitic larvae are cleaned with cotton buds. Then the plant is transplanted. You can get rid of pests with the help of a solution of household soap, which is used to wipe the stems, leaves and pot. Before processing the plant is washed.
Aphid. The first signs of damage:
- The leaves stick together, turn yellow, the flowers do not bloom, fall.
- Hibiscus is covered with liquid sugary lumps.
- Ants are got.
It is also necessary to fight as with thrips. Still resort to spraying tinctures of wormwood or tobacco.
Yellowing hibiscus can cause excessive soil moisture for a long time. Here you need to reduce watering for a while and spray the leaves. If the plant turns yellow completely, it is transplanted to a new place, the roots are inspected, rotted is removed. The reason for the yellowing of foliage may be improper lighting. Because of this, almost all the foliage falls. Drafts and sudden changes in temperature are also among the causes of abscission.
When you change the place for the pot foliage can also dry out. The plant must be given time to take root in a new place. If the leaves wither, then watering is bad. It is recommended to check the roots. Carefully remove the soil and soak for half an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then the flower is transplanted into a pot with light soil.
So, in order for the hibiscus to bloom, you need to properly care for it, maintain the necessary lighting, produce high-quality watering, and prevent the appearance of pests and diseases.
Description of the Chinese rose
Hibiscus is a small shrub, more like a small tree. In the cultivation of the most popular Chinese hibiscus or, as it is often called, the Chinese rose. This plant is known in many countries as the "flower of passion" or "flower of love."
And, although there is no relationship with the common rose in hibiscus, the external similarity with it is determined by the dentate leaves of this plant, similar to slightly enlarged rose leaves, and charming flowers and buds, so resembling a blooming wild rose.
- Hibiscus flowers are large, are presented in different colors, and their distinguishing feature is that the accreted pistil and stamens, sitting among large delicate, wide-open petals, form a single long rod that is removed beyond the petals.
- The whole look of the plant attracts with its beauty and charm. The hibiscus bush itself also has a decorative effect. Glossy, dark green leaves cover the entire crown of the plant, and the woody trunk gives the hibiscus the look of a small bob tree.
In nature, this plant reaches 3-4 meters, and at home this figure is slightly lower. The maximum the plant can stretch out in an apartment is 1.5 meters. Однако широкие ветви гибискуса и хорошо развитые корни требуют много места, поэтому часто его выращивают в кадках, размещая на полу.
Этот цветок обычно требует хорошего дренажного грунта и стабильное снабжение органикой. To care for him at home, you need to competently, but without much difficulty. It is enough to maintain a certain moisture content in the soil, avoiding rotting of the roots in too moist soil.
- It is desirable that the composition of the substrate was clay, which in a high flowerbed will help the plant to grow and grow as efficiently as possible.
- It is desirable to mulch the soil for the prevention of diaper rash.
- Frequent watering should not lead to water stagnation in the pot.
- The method of drip irrigation will be effective. When watering, it is better to avoid water on the petals - they are too gentle and can deteriorate.
- The flower should be sprayed regularly enough to create a humid atmosphere.
In it, the Chinese rose "breathes" better, gets additional moisture. This factor is of great importance at home, when batteries and heaters are actively working near the rose.
Air circulation and lighting
The Chinese rose requires an intensive supply of air, so it will be uncomfortable in musty rooms. If several copies of hibiscus grow at home, do not put them together. It is better to avoid heat and direct sunlight.
If the plant lives in tropical and hot conditions, then in this case, the best option would be an episodic shadow. If the variety of Chinese roses is not flowering, then it will be able to grow quietly in a constant shade.
It is a loyal to any conditions flower, which easily and carelessly transfers any window sill, except, perhaps, southern and northern - these are extremes.
It is better to choose a place with variable or diffused light.. Southern sunlight can burn the leaves and flowers, and the northern corner, on the contrary, will lead to a lack of chlorophyll and badly affect the development - the flowers will no longer appear.
Caring for a Chinese rose on the street is simple, and at home the plant does not take much time and effort. Room hibiscus hails from the tropics, so in cold climates it can quickly fade. Some gardeners put a rose on the street and return to the house with the arrival of the cold season. The appearance of stains indicates improper care of the plant.
The Chinese rose (Hibiscus) is a bit like a small tree, although it is a perennial flowering shrub. In nature, it can reach a height of 4 meters, and has a lush crown. It occurs in Asia, America, Europe.
Hibiscus is not at all like an ordinary rose, and so it was called, obviously, simply because the hibiscus flowers are very beautiful. Perhaps they can be compared with a flowering dog rose or mallow. With proper care, the diameter of the flower can reach 15 cm.
The flowers of the Chinese rose are single, large, with rounded petals, and have very different colors, although red hibiscus is most common in the apartments (see photo).
There are about 300 species of hibiscus, it can be ordinary and terry, the types differ in height, in the shape of flowers, in the intensity of flowering.
At home, mainly Hibiscus hybrid is cultivated. This type of Chinese rose grows in the apartment up to one and a half meters, but you need to remember that this plant needs a large pot. With proper care, the Chinese rose will grow quickly, grow well and will delight you with blooms all year round.
More than 70 years ago, the hybrid hibiscus was bred by the Soviet breeder Fyodor Rusanov, who founded the Botanical Garden in Uzbekistan. This type is most appreciated by lovers of Chinese roses in our country. Chinese rose is called the "tree of passion and love"
During breeding at home, the Chinese rose is overgrown with a variety of signs and superstitions, which are the most controversial. Therefore, some growers are waiting for flowers of Chinese roses with delight, and others - with caution.
It is believed that the withering flower of the Chinese rose picks up the disease of its owners, and if this rose blooms profusely in the house of a young girl, she will soon meet the future husband. If hibiscus blooms in the house of a married couple, this is considered a sign of family well-being, and foreshadows joyful events - the birth of children, a successful vacation, new purchases. But if the plant develops poorly, languishes - households are waiting for the disease.
Site selection and conditions of detention
The Chinese rose loves the sun very much, so the pot with the plant should be placed near the window located on the southeast side of the apartment.
In the shadow of hibiscus may not bloom at all. However, direct sunlight is undesirable, so the Chinese rose should be set in such a way that it was illuminated by the rays of the morning sun. If you are the owner of a very sunny apartment, then your hibiscus should be lightly shaved so that the bright sun does not fall on it at lunchtime.
If it is possible to put a pot with a flower in the fresh air (on the balcony, veranda or terrace), then in the warm season it is extremely desirable to do it. Room Chinese rose loves such walks, but it must be protected from direct sunlight and from drafts.
The best temperature for hibiscus in the summer is 22-25 degrees (possible and higher), and in winter - not lower than 15 degrees. If the temperature drops further, the Chinese rose can lose foliage. If you can constantly arrange your hibiscus cool wintering, the Chinese rose can bloom for several decades.
Hibiscus loves humid air, so it should be sprayed with water from a spray bottle. Especially often this should be done in the winter months when the apartments include central heating and the air becomes very dry.
Periodically, you can put a Chinese rose under a warm shower, hibiscus will gratefully respond to this procedure. However, it is necessary to water the Chinese rose from the shower when it does not bloom - if water gets on the buds, they can crumble.
It is possible to put a flower pot on a tray with water or wet stones to moisturize and maintain the necessary hibiscus atmosphere.
The soil in the pot with the Chinese rose should always be loose and moist, it provides the plant during the flowering period the necessary nutrition. However, excessive moisture should be avoided - hibiscus roots with swampiness can rot. That is why drainage should be poured into the pot before planting a Chinese rose there.
If we talk about the composition of the soil for the Chinese rose, it should be noted that the soil should be light and neutral, the hibiscus does not like acidic soils and will not bloom in them. Ideal for hibiscus mixture of sod land, humus and sand in approximately equal amounts. You can add to the soil sheet soil, charcoal and peat.
Chinese rose requires abundant watering. In winter, it should be somewhat reduced, but completely stop watering is not necessary. Just make sure that the soil between the watering time to dry. Water the Chinese rose, like any other plant, should be settled water at room temperature.
Caring for a Chinese rose at home implies a high-quality feeding of your plant. Fertilize hibiscus should be only in the spring and summer, about once every two weeks. You can make fertilizer for flowering plants in the ground, which is sold in garden stores, or you can simply alternate between organic fertilizer and mineral fertilizer.
In winter, in the dormant period, it is not necessary to fertilize the Chinese rose. The only exception is flowering hibiscus - then you need to put in the soil a little potassium phosphate fertilizers during the entire flowering period. After the plant has faded, feeding should be stopped.
Despite the fact that the Chinese rose is considered quite unpretentious plant, it quickly responds to the wrong care for her. There are typical problems with this plant, knowledge of which will help you avoid difficulties in growing your Chinese rose. Knowing about them, you can easily adjust the care of hibiscus.
What problems are most often encountered when growing Chinese roses at home? There are several:
- in hibiscus, the leaves turn yellow and fall. This is the first sign that your plant lacks moisture. Increase watering, often spray a flower from a spray bottle and periodically arrange a warm shower for him. These measures should help
- the Chinese rose buds appear, but they do not bloom and fall. This feature also indicates that the plant lacks moisture. In case moisture is not enough, the Chinese rose will protect it primarily by stopping flowering. Measures need to be taken the same as in the case of falling leaves, with the exception of a warm shower - the buds do not like the jets of water falling on them,
- if watering is sufficient and the soil in the pot is wet, but the buds fall anyway, this may be due to insufficient or improper feeding. The nutrient medium is very important for a flowering plant, it requires a lot of strength to form a flower. Pay attention that at least once a month (and preferably more often) fertilizer for flowering plants is applied to the soil,
- Buds and flowers may also fall off in case of sudden changes in temperature. If you brought your Chinese rose to the balcony, without waiting for sustained heat, during the day it will bask in the spring sun, and suffer from frosts at night. The result of such differences and stress for the plant will be fallen leaves and buds. Therefore, the temperature of the room in which the Chinese rose is located must be carefully monitored,
- if your hibiscus has wrinkled leaves, has lost its glossy shine and has become sluggish, this is evidence that the air in the room is too dry. In addition to watering, you need as often as possible to spray the leaves of Chinese roses with water.
Young hibiscus, which grows at home, must be replanted once a year, in spring. The pot for each subsequent transplant should be slightly larger diameter than the previous one.
In the pot prepared for transplanting, it is imperative to pour drainage - the roots of the Chinese rose do not like excessive moisture, despite the fact that the plant requires frequent and abundant watering. If we neglect the drainage of the earth, the roots of the plant simply rot from moisture, which will accumulate at the bottom of the pot. Therefore, good drainage is a prerequisite for the proper care of the room Chinese rose.
On top of the drainage should be poured a little sand, and then fill it prepared as described above, the soil. The younger the plant that you transplant, the lighter and loose the soil should be.
After the plant is three years old, it will be possible to repot it once every two years. When the Chinese rose becomes even older, it will be possible to transplant once every three years, for an adult plant this is quite enough.
In order to ensure your Chinese rose abundant and long-term flowering at home, it must be cut. Decorative formative pruning is carried out in the spring, before hibiscus is transferred to a new pot, before the buds begin to appear on the plant.
Sharp shears or simply scissors should be completely cut dry and bare shoots, as well as shoots that grow inside the bush and parallel to the main trunk. Healthy stems just need to be shortened a little, about a third.
If you are cutting an old plant, which you need not just to slightly trim and form a beautiful bush, but to rejuvenate qualitatively, you will have to remove all the shoots about 15 to 20 cm from the base. It is necessary to ensure that the remaining shoots had healthy buds.
After pruning, the shoots will grow. It is better to remove weak and thin at once, then only strong, strong, healthy stems will remain on your plant.
In the summer, you should also slightly trim the tips of the shoots, this will give the bush the opportunity to form new buds. Similarly, you need to prune shoots after flowering. Pruning does not harm the Chinese rose at all, it can be done even all year round, it will only benefit the plant.
Hibiscus breeds easily and seeds, and cuttings. Cuttings for breeding Chinese roses, you can use those that remained after spring trimming of the bush. When breeding cuttings, the plant begins to bloom almost immediately, in the first year, in addition, the cutting will retain all the varietal characteristics of the mother plant, which is not the case with the seeds.
Features of this plant
The flower is a Chinese rose characterized by large petals, brightness, long stamens and sometimes even colored leaves. The color is usually red. There are others (white, purple, etc.). According to the structure, the flowers are divided into terry, semi-double and simple non-double. The leaves are mostly green, but they may have spots and lines (red or white).
Chinese rose grows in Southeast Asia. Durability and simplicity of the plant allow it to be planted even in the summer cottages in our country. From non-terry variety, you can get a whole tree. It will be easy to grow hibiscus in the house: for this purpose dwarf varieties are specially bred.
The most popular flowering species:
- "Florida" (red-orange non-double flowers),
- Hamburg (red terry)
- "San Remo" (white non-double edged),
- "Rose" (pink semi-double) and some others.
Growing Chinese roses at home does not take a lot of time and effort. The main thing is to provide her with enough light and regular watering. Then flower planting will delight long. Especially nice when they are grown by their labor.
The first question facing the future owner of hibiscus: how to plant it. For this you need to purchase cuttings or seeds. It will require claydite, river sand and several varieties of land - turf, leaf and humus. For growing the house is better to use cuttings. They can be cut from Chinese roses from friends or buy at a flower shop.
Before planting the cuttings, it is recommended to root:
- put claydite on the bottom of the container, on top of it - river sand and leafy ground (equally),
- pour this mixture
- plant the stalk, bury 1-1.5 cm,
- Cover with a glass jar, wait until it takes root.
Another option is to use activated carbon water.
After the roots appear, the Chinese rose should be planted in a pot:
- bottom covered with expanded clay,
- mix sod, leaf and humus soil with river sand (in proportion 4: 3: 3: 1),
- plant a germinated stalk,
- good watering (watering - one of the main factors for successful growth).
It is recommended to buy land in a special store and pre-steam it in order to sanitize it, thereby protecting the rose from diseases.
If you decide to grow a flower from seeds, then they should also be prepared before planting:
- soak in a little water overnight
- then put on a wet gauze and put in a plastic bag with holes for air.
In this capacity will be the greenhouse effect - warm and humid. It is in these conditions that the seeds will grow. When sprouts appear, they will need to be sprayed with warm water and aired.
The next stage after the appearance of leaves is planting plants in small pots with humus and turf. With proper care for the Chinese rose at home, it will bloom:
- for 3-4 year when grown from seed,
- the following year when grown from cuttings.
In order for the rose to grow and bloom successfully, it must be placed in a sufficiently lit place, but not under direct sunlight. Best suited rooms with windows to the east or west, in front of which there are no tall trees or houses. In summer, this plant is better to carry out on the balcony, but under a canopy so that the sun does not burn its leaves. Burns significantly reduce the resistance of hibiscus to diseases. Therefore, it must be kept in the fresh air, but under protection.
Proper home maintenance
It is equally important to know how to care for a Chinese rose. For her pruning, watering, spraying, pinching, dressing. Houseplants under 5 years old also need to be replanted every spring.
Watering this plant should be every 3 days in the summer and a little shorter in the winter. The main thing - do not give the ground to dry pot. Water must be defended and ensure that it is at room temperature. It is important not to pour hibiscus, so that its roots are not rotted. Also, to avoid this, there must be good drainage at the bottom of the pot. In the heat of summer and with dryness from heating in winter, the plant should be sprayed. You have to water every leaf. It is important to ensure that the water does not get on the flowers - from this they appear stains. Also next to the rose in a pot is to put the tank with distilled water or pieces of ice - it moisturizes the air.
For dressing you need to use mineral fertilizers, where there is more phosphorus and potassium than nitrogen. To a minimum, the latter should be reduced to the end of the summer. Feed should be done every 10 or 15 days in the morning or in the evening, fertilizers should be dissolved in warm water, strictly following the dosage. In winter, fertilize once every 1.5-2 months. To help hibiscus flower to bloom better, it is necessary to feed it with natural substances - for example, sugar solution.
- For the first fertilizer, you need to dissolve half a teaspoon of sugar (per cup) in water.
- Также можно подкармливать китайскую розу водой с галькой и активированным углём: обварить гальку кипятком для дезинфекции, положить в поддон, налить воду, подставить под горшок и оставить на 2-3 часа, пока растение не впитает её. Это хорошо дополняет полив.
Чтобы эти комнатные цветы не превратились в неаккуратно разросшиеся кусты, их необходимо формировать: срезать верхушку, оставить пенёк высотой 7-8 см.
- In general, pruning is carried out according to the rules in the spring after transplantation, as well as in the fall (by one third) or at the end of winter (by half).
- You should always cut off the shoots that grow parallel to the main trunk, and the branches that grow inside the crown.
The transfer itself is quite simple. Preparing the same mixture as for the first landing. It contains hibiscus with an earthy ball. Another option is to mix turf, sand and peat or humus (2: 1: 1). After 5 years, when this indoor beauty grows, it will be possible not to replant, but simply change the top layer of soil.
Also, hibiscus must be bathed in summer and winter. To do this, wind the flowers and buds with plastic film and hold for 10-15 minutes under a weak stream of cool (not cold) water. Then you need to leave in the bathroom until it dries.
One of the most undemanding plants is considered to be the Chinese rose, but caring for it at home requires punctuality and attention.
Asking the question of how to properly care for any planted plants, you need to remember to monitor their condition and take action immediately if something is amiss.
Disturbances in the flowering of hibiscus:
- bud fall due to lack of nutrients, cold or dry soil,
- lack of flowering - the reasons are usually a surplus of nitrogen in the soil or insufficient lighting,
- brown edges of the leaves - a burn from the use of nitrogenous fertilizers,
- yellowing and abscission of leaves due to excessive watering (roots rot), excess chlorine and calcium in the water for irrigation and a lack of nitrogen and iron in the soil,
- bright spots on the leaves are burns that appear when the plant is kept under direct sunlight,
- pest infestation.
Of the latter, the spider mite and the greenhouse whitefly cause the greatest damage. Because of the tick, the leaves are covered with yellow specks, a spider web appears on them. The whitefly bears various infections, and a black fungus develops at its feces (it looks like a black bloom), due to which the hibiscus dries out and can completely die.
Why leaves turn yellow is a question that asks almost every owner of a houseplant, including a Chinese rose. And if there is such a problem, you need to check:
- whether the flower is watered enough: the ground in the pot should not be either dry or too wet, like a swamp,
- whether the water is settled for irrigation: usually from the tap it goes too hard, its use leads to chlorosis of the soil,
- is it not right in the sun and at the same time is there enough light in the room,
- what is the indoor temperature: hibiscus is a tropical plant, so it is uncomfortable for him if the temperature around him is below + 18˚C, but above + 30˚C also should not be,
- Do not appear on the leaves dirty spots, cobwebs, small mites,
- is there too much nitrogen or high phosphate fertilizer applied?
Accordingly, if any irregularities in care have been identified, it is necessary to immediately address them: normalize watering, rearrange the hibiscus in a lighted area under the shed (but not leave in the draft), start spraying, bathing, add necessary fertilizers to the soil, reduce the amount of nitrogen .
If pests become the cause of yellowing, it is necessary to treat the flower with insecticides or soapy water. To make it better blossomed, you can add a little phosphate fertilizer to the water for irrigation, but you can follow the measure. If the hibiscus turns yellow with proper care, an early transplant is needed: most likely, the soil does not suit it at all.
The problem of how to grow a Chinese rose is quite amenable to solution: it is necessary to observe the light and temperature conditions, water it with settled water in time, apply the necessary fertilizers, cut, transplant and monitor whether pests have appeared.
Chinese rose: general description
Chinese rose, or Hibiscus - is one of the most beautiful indoor plants. It is represented by several forks - a grassy plant, a tree or a shrub that can reach a height of up to three meters. It will decorate each apartment or greenhouse.
One of the main advantages of hibiscus - unpretentious care. Chinese rose does not require supernatural conditions for the content. The main thing is to fertilize and water the bush correctly, then it will delight with long flowering. Most often, hybrids of a plant with a height of no more than 1-1.5 meters are used for home growing.
Hibiscus on the windowsill
The flowers are bright, large, resembling a rose or mallow.
The shape and color depends on the variety, of which there are more than two hundred.
The leaves are usually elongated, oval.
The color may be dark or light green.
The leaves are nasty, which additionally allows you to easily remove dust and keep the flower clean.
Hibiscus blooms predominantly in winter, but in flat conditions it can delight with bright velvety flowers for almost a whole year. In addition to beauty, this plant is widely used in medicine and cosmetology, thanks to its beneficial properties and rich chemical composition:
- Chinese rose flowers have a vasoconstrictor property. Due to this, they are used in traditional medicine as a styptic.
- In many countries, famous for hibiscus tea or decoction. It normalizes the gastrointestinal tract, cleans the intestines.
- A decoction of hibiscus washed wounds, washed to clean the skin, used to treat colds, hemorrhoids and other pathologies.
- During the diet or weight loss tea from Chinese rose drink, as a cleansing agent and burning subcutaneous fat.
- The foliage of the plant contains a large amount of flavonoids and antioxidants that bind the negative effects of free radicals.
Thus, we can conclude that this plant is not only beautiful, but also very useful. It speeds up the metabolism at the cellular level, normalizes the work of many organs and systems, helps strengthen and rejuvenate the skin.
Pruning, replanting, breeding - the basic rules
Hibiscus is considered an ideal plant for inexperienced florists. It does not require much attention and cost. Normally transfers temperature drops, draft and humidity. Of course, for comfortable growth and long-term flowering, it needs to provide some conditions:
- Lighting Chinese rose loves no less than other plants and needs natural sunlight. Choosing the location of the flower in an apartment or house, preference should be given to the window sill or the place next to it. You should not install a rose in the corner, where there is little natural light. Also in the summer, you need to pay attention to the fact that direct sunlight does not fall on the flower, it can lead to drying.
- It is recommended to plant a plant immediately in a large container, as it grows fast enough and does not like crowding, and it is not recommended to replant too often, only once a year so as not to disturb the microflora in the soil.
- Transplantation is best done in May. In order for the plant to feel comfortable, it shrinks into the ground with its ground.
- In order for the plant to bloom annually, it must be cut. After flowering shoots need to be cut only then new ones will appear, the ones that buds will grow and then flowers will appear. The pruning of the Chinese rose at home is done every year.
- The reproduction of Chinese roses is possible in several ways - by seeds or cuttings. The first way is long, and you need to create special conditions for the seeds to germinate. Therefore, growers prefer breeding cuttings.
When all the conditions are met, there is no doubt that the plant will get used to the housing environment and will delight constantly with velvety flowers.
The Chinese rose does not like too hot air, although it can withstand temporary temperature drops without damage.
In the summer, the best temperature is 20-22 degrees.
In winter, it is better to provide a temperature of 15 degrees.
But in a residential environment it is almost impossible to do.
This is not a reason for frustration, as hibiscus tolerates standard room modes.
In the winter, it can be rearranged to a balcony or loggia, if they are glazed and there the temperature is not lower than 15. Otherwise, this should not be done in order not to freeze the plant.
In addition, the rose needs high humidity. With strong dryness, it blooms poorly and begins to ache. If there is dry air in the apartment, it is necessary to spray it. For this you need clean water, without any impurities. And yet, it is important that water droplets do not fall on the flowers, only on the petals and stems. From moisture flowers can fall.
Top dressing and watering
Hibiscus loves moisture, therefore, requires abundant watering so that all the soil in the pot soaked. Of course, it is not necessary to allow the water to "stand" above the ground, but drought should not be allowed either.
Water should be at room temperature. Before watering it is boring to defend at least a day, no less. Then potential pathogens will die in it, but all the necessary vitamins and minerals will remain. Boil water for irrigation can not be - it is considered dead and does not carry any useful properties.
Too much fertilizer in the soil is not necessary. It is enough once a year, after the winter, to soak the soil with potash-phosphorus fertilizer. It can be purchased at any garden or flower shop.
In the period of active growth, you can use complex fertilizers for domestic plants. They can feed the soil every three to four weeks.
Problems in growing roses - pests and treatments
Like any living organism, the plant is prone to disease. In addition, it can affect the disease, arising from the negative effects of parasites.
Pruned chinese rose
Consider the main problems that may face a gardener, and ways to solve them:
- Fade, dry up or fall leaves. This symptom occurs only when the plant lacks moisture. This may indicate improper and rare watering, or too dry air in the room. In order to return the rose to its former appearance, it is necessary to adjust the watering and organize constant spraying with clean water. Thus, in a few days the plant will recover.
- The roots dry up most often when the soil is too cold. It should be at room temperature. If there is such a problem, then the flower must be rearranged to a warmer place and use water at room temperature for irrigation.
- Pink-colored spots appear on the foliage - a sign that the lighting is not enough. In this case, the plant must be moved to the place where there will be access to sunlight.
- The bud does not open and fall. More often this problem occurs as a result of insufficient watering of the soil. That is, in order for the bud to open, the plant needs to expend a certain amount of energy that is produced as a result of feeding from the soil. If there is no such power, then, accordingly, there is no energy.
In addition to diseases that may appear due to improper care, the Chinese rose can be affected by exposure to pathogens. Most often, this plant affects the spider mite. If this parasite wound up on a flower, you need to wash each piece gently with soapy water. It is important not to touch the flower. After that, the whole plant is treated with an antiseptic solution.
In summing up, it can be noted that the Chinese rose is of several types - a herbaceous, shrub or tree plant. Under natural conditions, trees can reach five mats. Room options are hybrids, no more than two meters high. This type of plant adapts to any conditions, although there are certain preferences. If possible, ensure normal lighting, temperature and humidity (this is very important). If the apartment is dry, you need to carry out spraying.
Caring for a Chinese rose at home - on video:
Noticed a mistake? Select it and click Ctrl + Enterto let us know.
By the way, before transferring hibiscus to a new planting container, it is necessary to check the status of its root system. It is important to carefully remove the plant from the previous planting capacity. If it is plastic, for a start, slightly remember its sides, or at least tap on them, so that the ground moves away from the walls of the flowerpot. Next, examine the root system. It should look healthy and dense, with no signs of decay or pest damage.
Next, arm yourself with a wooden stick or ordinary pencil and gently shake the remnants of the old soil from the root system of the plant. Do not be too zealous: only that which is easy to shake should fall away. If in the peat you notice whitish round blotches, do not be afraid: they are not pests, but only pieces of perlite, which are added to the soil to increase its water and air permeability. Be careful when cleaning the root system. We must do everything so as not to injure the roots. Although healthy hibiscus roots, as a rule, are quite powerful.
Completion of the transplant
So, the pot is prepared, the plant is prepared - it remains only to transplant it. Dip the plant in the pot and see how comfortable it will be. If the pot is still too deep for a Chinese rose, add some more soil to its bottom.
- Then again lower the plant into the pot and gently fill the space between the walls of the pot and the roots of the soil. In the process, the soil can and should be slightly compacted. It is advisable to place the hibiscus clearly in the center of the pot.
- When you are finished with planting, the distance between the ground surface and the edge of the pot should be at least 1.5 cm, otherwise the water will roll off the ground surface during the irrigation process.
Even if your hibiscus blooms, it can be transplanted, if you act carefully. After all, hibiscus transplantation is, in fact, a transshipment, that is, you do not harm the plant, as well as its root system. Hibiscus after transplantation, performed according to all the rules, will not suffer at all.
If you watered the soil before removing the plant from the old pot, after transplanting it should not be watered. With watering, you can wait until the next day. If you have done without watering, watering hibiscus after transplanting.
Formation and pruning of Chinese roses at home
Hibiscus is considered one of the most beautiful plants, but in order for the tree to have a neat and cultural look, it needs care, or more precisely, pruning. There are several types of pruning. One is designed to form a plant species, its crown, with its help stimulate the growth of the desired shoots. Other pruning is intended for thinning and removal of old, sick and weak branches. Depending on the desired result, tasks are set to trim. Cut hibiscus is necessary, it will stimulate the emergence of new twigs and abundant flowering.
Using the growth principles of the Chinese rose, it is possible to form a shrub, shtambovo tree and even a bonsai-style tree from home at home. pruned chinese rose
It is used in cases when there are diseased branches. With this method, you can adjust the type of plant. The damaged part is cut to the place of living wood. If at the cut it is white and solid, then such a branch is dead and will not grow.
This type of pruning is used when the plant is in a critical situation and neither good care of the rose nor treatment helps. The bush is affected by disease or most of the shoots have died. cropped hibiscus
Successful pruning rules
- First you need to decide what purpose pruning is carried out and how it will be done. The formation of flowers in Chinese roses occurs on the tops of the stems. When pruning branches, the tree begins to bush more and flowers are formed more. The plant is pruned in early spring, a little hibiscus can be cut in the fall.
- Cutting tools must be clean and very sharp. Poorly sharpened scissors and knives make the cut ragged, degrade the look of the plant, and the cut twigs will heal for a long time. Before each trimming procedure, the tools are not only washed, but also disinfected. Alcohol is best used for disinfection.
- Trimming hibiscus is best after transplanting, in spring or summer. After the procedures, rose care remains the same.
- Even before pruning, you need to decide what form is needed. All sections must be made at an angle of 45 degrees. Care of the rose immediately after pruning, in order to avoid contamination of the Chinese rose and for faster healing of wounds, includes sprinkling all the cuts with crushed coal. Wood or activated carbon can be used.
- The top of the plant is cut, departing from the place where the last upper branches grow. Secondary shoots are shortened when the plant ends flowering.
- The main rule of pruning Chinese roses - can be cut no more than 2/3 of all branches.
Thanks to these rules, the plant will receive minimal injuries that heal quickly.
How to cut hibiscus
The most popular form of hibiscus, which has a very effective appearance, is a bole. It is not so easy to form it at home, and after the plant has acquired the desired shape, regular maintenance is required to maintain the stem in order to maintain the standard crown shape. Но если следовать инструкции, то можно получить изумительное штамбовое дерево китайской розы.
- Для получения штамбовой формы выбирают молодой гибискус. Его центральный побег обязательно должен быть прямым. Затем этот побег привязывают к надежной опоре через одинаковое расстояние и не снимают её до того момента, пока ствол не станет крепким и устойчивым. The growing side shoots are periodically removed.
- When the plant reaches the height that is needed, the top of the plant is pinched. This is done to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots.
- After removing the top, hibiscus will begin to actively branch. Therefore, monthly hold shortening and pinching side branches. This measure will promote the growth of dormant buds and the growth of new shoots.
All lower shoots continue to remove, and the top does not touch. Through time, the plant will acquire the desired spherical shape.
To maintain a neat decorative shape at home, careful care is needed. Hibiscus mowed periodically, not giving, the crown grow. Haircut done once a year in the autumn months. If you do this at another time, then the hibiscus will not bloom.
Chinese rose in the form of bonsai
From hibiscus, you can try to grow a tree in the style of bonsai. But the formation of a Chinese rose for such a plant is very difficult and long. Professional florists can get beautiful trees decorated with many flowers. Such plants will look very impressive and unusual in the interior. The main problem with bonsai formation is that the branches of hibiscus quickly become thick and stiff.
- To form a bonsai, you need to take a young plant. Its branches are tied to supports and tension devices. It is necessary to direct their growth very carefully, it can be done with the help of a wire.
- When the branches reach a length of 10 - 20 cm, they need to be cut and leave no more than three leaves.
- When a young plant begins to form, it can affect flowering, but for the sake of a beautiful well-groomed shape, it is worth waiting with the appearance of flowers.
In trees that are already formed in the style of bonsai, shoots are shortened after flowering.
Chinese roses endure the procedure of pruning shoots and formation fairly well, so special care for them after the work done is not needed. All dressings and watering done in the usual way.
Do not be afraid to radically cut and thin out hibiscus, but on the contrary, eliminating old and unnecessary twigs, the plant gets more nutrition for the formation of flowers and the growth of new strong shoots. Proper formation of the crown of the plant will make hibiscus the main decoration of the house or greenhouse.
Presowing seed treatment
Seeds are preferably planted in late February - early March.
For this you will need:
- Soil mix.
- Growth stimulants - epin or zircon.
- Mini greenhouse.
Before sowing a house at night, you need to soak the seeds so that the solution barely covers them, because the germ needs oxygen. Next, put the seeds of hibiscus on a wet gauze. Gauze rolls put in a plastic bag (to make holes for air ventilation) or in a mini-hothouse for thermal effect. From time to time the greenhouse should be opened for airing. Such care is needed so that the seeds do not die and make it possible to propagate the Chinese rose.
Heat and moisture are important conditions for seed germination.
After a few days, the seeds will hatch and small shoots will appear. Mini-greenhouse need to be ventilated every day, and sprouts to spray with warm water. The temperature is maintained at 22–27 degrees. As soon as 2-3 leaves appear, the plants should be dived into small pots.
- Soil to take, consisting of humus and sod land in equal proportions.
- The purchased mixture for seedlings is also suitable, which consists of peat with the addition of sand and ash.
- Seedlings need to be shed with a solution of basezol in order to avoid a fungal disease - “black leg”.
- It is important to observe moderate watering and diffused light.
You need to know how the Chinese rose multiplies in order to get a healthy plant at home. Hibiscus, grown from seeds, will bloom for 3-4 years. Replant the plant is necessary every year until full maturity.
Vegetative propagation method of rosan
The best flowers are those that are hand-grown. Hibiscus can be propagated by cuttings almost all year round, but the spring-summer period is best.
Before transplanting an adult hibiscus at home, first pruning is done, where the cuttings are harvested. In order to propagate any hibiscus, it is necessary first to water the mother plant. Any indoor hibiscus care and transplant depends on the needs of the plant.
For grafting, you need to take branches with a strong green stem and leave 2-3 internodes on it, and remove all lower leaves.
To get a beautiful blooming hibiscus at home, propagation by cuttings can be done by rooting in two ways: in water and in soil.
New plant grown in soil
Planting hibiscus occurs after strong roots formed. For this process you will need:
- Capacity for planting flowers (cups, greenhouse).
- Soil (leafy ground - 2 parts, peat - 1, sand - 1).
- Heteroauxin powder (for better root formation).
You need to take the cups and fill the ground in a third. Before planting the stalk at home, dip the prepared stem into heteroauxin and, after making a hole in the soil, plant it. Tamp the soil around it and pour it with warm water. The soil should be loose, with the addition of peat. Root formation in the process lasts 25–30 days.
Remarkably rooted cuttings in a mini-greenhouse, home greenhouse, which can be done with improvised means (plastic container from under the products, plastic bag, glass jar).
Cups, where the cuttings take root, should be placed in a greenhouse or covered with a plastic bag. In order to plant a young plant favorably, it needs to get used to the changed conditions of life, so it is important to create high humidity and maintain the temperature at 22 - 25 ° С.
This is the first vegetative method of reproduction of hibiscus at home.
Rooting plants in water
You can get a decorative hibiscus breeding cuttings that have taken root. You just need to follow some tricks:
- The container should be of dark glass.
- The water is warm, defended.
- Add two tablets of activated carbon to the water.
- Add a few drops of fertilizer to feed the cutting.
- Put the vessel with spikes in a well-lit place, but not under direct sunlight.
- To care for the rose, to monitor the formation of roots and time to add water.
After taking 5–7 centimeters of roots, and when 1-2 new leaves appear, it must be transplanted into a pot with soil.
This is the second vegetative breeding method of rosan at home.
It is necessary to decide before rooting a flower, which method is more suitable.
When hibiscus is propagated or transplanted at home, common mistakes occur in florist:
- If a flower drops unopened buds, it means that it lacks nutrients or poor watering, or low air temperature. In the spring, hibiscus should be transferred to the nutrient soil or fertilized. Put in a warm place.
- New leaves bloom yellow, and the bottom fall - with chlorosis, lack of nitrogen and iron. You need to water for irrigation to defend or add iron chelate (according to the instructions). With dry air, you need to spray the Chinese rose more often.
This noble flower from Asia won the hearts of flower growers with its beauty and ease of care. And if you take care of it: fertilize, water, transplant, improve in time, then rose will be pleased with abundant flowering and not one year.
Major Hibiscus Diseases
The plant is quite unpretentious, so even serious mistakes, if they occur in a single amount, can not cause him significant harm. But the systematic violation of agrotechnical conditions precisely provokes trouble, the plant will begin to languish, feel bad, ill. All known hibiscus diseases can occur due to the following phenomena:
- Being in a hot, dry room.
- Lack of spraying, especially in the summer.
- Being under the wind, a draft, under direct sunlight.
- Dust content, hibiscus pollution.
- Excessive watering, which caused rotting roots.
- Watering a Chinese rose with bad water (not settled, containing a lot of harmful impurities).
- Pest infestation due to contact with diseased plants.
- The lack of transplants, fertilizing fertilizer.
- "Overfeeding" hibiscus nutrient fertilizers.
- Poor lighting, or the flip of the flower the other side to the sun.
If the living conditions of the Chinese rose are favorable, then it grows for a very long time, and it blooms from March to October and even longer. But the violations described above, subject to their regular influence, can provoke various diseases.
Separately, I would like to dwell on the problems and symptoms that arise during the impairment of life and flower development. Diseases of the leaves are in most cases triggered by chlorosis, a decrease in chlorophyll production in the green part of the plant. Below are the main symptoms of trouble in a state of hibiscus, as well as their possible causes:
- Yellowing of leaves - infection by pests, diseases of the plant roots, leaf chlorosis, weak air moistening in the room.
- Hibiscus leaves fall - low humidity, lack of spraying, sudden changes in lighting, drafts, and other types of stress to the flower.
- Yellowing, coupled with the fall of the leaves - the overmoistening of the root system in winter, stress, low humidity in the room.
- Curling of the leaves into tubules - the defeat of aphids or some other pests.
- Wilting of the tips of the leaves - lack of nitrogen, phosphorus, other nutrients, the complete absence of complementary foods of hibiscus.
- The overall wilting of the leaves and the whole flower - the excess temperature in the room above the norm, reducing humidity to low levels.
- Dropping leaves and buds with a plant is the absence of the required amount of potassium in the soil, damage to the leaves by midge glitz, high temperature in the room.
Most of the problems of the plant are solved by bringing it back to normal. For this it is important to provide the following conditions:
- Do not water the flower too often, but do not forget to do it regularly, without drying the earthy coma
- Remove the flower from the direct rays of the sun, put it in partial shade
- Feed hibiscus fertilizer once a week until about mid-August, then - once a month
- The number of waterings in autumn and winter should be reduced, and the plant itself should be located at a temperature of up to 15 degrees
- Spraying the flower should be daily regardless of the season
- Provide good drainage, transplant Chinese rose
Treatment of hibiscus diseases is carried out depending on the existing problems. In order to avoid sunburn, those plants that are grown in greenhouses should be brought out in the sun for an hour and a half a day, and only then begin to leave them for a longer period. The leaves, which have already become covered with burn spots, will disappear, they will be replaced by new ones.
Against non-infectious chlorosis, regular feeding of the plant with fertilizers, which can be found at any florist shop, is excellent. Before watering with iron deficiency, it is necessary to flavor iron chelate.
Timely transplantation, preventing contact with diseased plants, cleaning from dirt and dust, and fertilizer application will help prevent infectious chlorosis. Periodically, the flower should be washed in the shower, covering the ground with cellophane. For all new plants, a temporary quarantine is required.
It is very difficult to treat vascular wilt of hibiscus, it is not always possible to cure it. Many plants die quickly, sometimes they do not even have time to fall leaves. You can try to get rid of the problem in the following ways:
- Cut off all dried areas, slightly grabbing healthy parts of the flower
- Treat the whole plant with special antifungal drugs (Dezavid, Zircon, Thunder-2, Domotsvet, Tsitovit, Appin, Alirin-B, etc.)
- Sprinkle Chinese rose with Trichopol's solution (2 tablets per liter of water) - a popular method
Pests of the plant settle on it after contact with diseased flowers, or when transplanted into infected soil. Such pests are most often placed on the Chinese rose:
- Aphid. Small insect, settling on the buds, young shoots. It multiplies rapidly, creates colonies, destroying young leaves and unopened flowers, which initially become sticky.
- Spider mite (red spider). It is invisible without a magnifying glass, it lives from the bottom of the sheet, enveloping it with a shell similar to a web. It breeds best in warm, dry air.
- Hothouse whitefly. Causes yellowing of leaves, covering them with sticky secretions. The insects themselves or their yellow larvae can be seen from the bottom of the leaf.
- Cheesebone. They manifest themselves as waxy white secretions on the cuttings, in the axils of the leaves.
- Shchitovki, false shields. After their colonization, brown tubercles are observed on the stems.
- Galitsa This midge causes subsidence, yellowing of leaves and buds that do not have time to blossom. Inside the buds you can find small midge eggs, from which worms appear. They eat the buds from the inside, which with them fall to the ground.
What to handle
The question of how to treat hibiscus from diseases, in the presence of pests is very relevant. If the prevention of diseases caused by pests, was ineffective, then carry out such treatment methods:
- For aphids - flower treatment Anabazinom, Nicotine sulfate. It is recommended to change the drug more often - to Decis, Fitoverm, Intra-vir, Tobacco dust. With a single lesion of leaves with aphids, treatment with soapy water helps.
- From scale insects - spraying a solution of the drug Aktellik or other insecticides.
- From the bite - processing leaves with mineral oil, which is done only when the plant is in the shade.
- From the whitefly - treatment with drugs Aktara, Karbofos, Spark, Tanrek, Biotlin, Bison, applying potassium soap.
- From spider mite - washing the plant with soapy water, treatment with the preparations Lightning, Vertimek, Akarin, Fitoverm.
- From the gall midge - collection of affected buds, preventing them from falling to the ground. The soil itself must be treated with any medicine for soil pests.
From folk remedies that can deal with plant pests, such are popular:
- Dry red pepper pour water (1: 2), boil an hour, strain. 10 gr. the resulting solution diluted in a liter of soapy water, process the plant. This method well helps against mite, aphid
- Mustard dry (50 gr.) Boil in a liter of water for 15 minutes, let cool. Dilute the product in 20 liters of water, wash the leaves of the flower from aphids, flaps
If you comply with all the conditions of growing plants, it is unlikely to have problems in the form of disease and pest infestation. A healthy hibiscus will long bloom and delight its owner.
Chinese rose tea
Petals of hibiscus have truly miraculous properties. The power of the miraculous tea called "drink of the pharaohs", gourmets have long appreciated. In our time, hibiscus tea is known to us under the name "Karkade".
This ruby tea tastes like cranberry juice. And not only to taste - the healing properties of hibiscus and cranberry are almost equal in strength.
The brilliant scarlet flowers of the plant contain a large amount of organic acids - citric, malic, ascorbic. They are the assistants of immunity and defenders of our vessels.
How to make tea "Karkade"
Fill the teapot with 1 - 2 tbsp of dry hibiscus petals with two cups of boiling water and leave for 20 - 25 minutes, filter. For aroma, you can add a pinch of flowers of oregano, mint or lemon balm.
- Hot tea from hibiscus petals will bring the nervous system in order,
- cleans the liver and kidneys from salts,
- it has antispasmodic,
- anthelmintic action,
- significantly reduces the risk of cancer,
- has a tonic effect.
Pharaoh's cold drink is refreshing in the heat, and hot - will help to cope with colds in the winter. If you drink it regularly before bedtime - sleeplessness will recede.
Tea is good for allergies. as it effectively removes toxins, in addition, promotes the renewal of liver cells.
Planting and caring for a Chinese rose (in short)
- Bloom: from spring to autumn.
- Lighting: bright diffused light, partial shade.
- Temperature: In the summer - 18–20 ˚C, in the winter - no less than 15 ˚C.
- Watering: after drying the top layer of the substrate to a depth of 2-3 cm.
- Air humidity: increased. Recommended regular spraying of leaves in the hot season.
- Top dressing: from April to September twice a month with complex mineral fertilizers alternately with organic ones. In winter, if the rose blooms, a fourth part of the dose of potassium phosphate fertilizer is applied to the soil.
- Pruning: in spring, before the formation of buds.
- Rest period: not pronounced.
- Transfer: young plants are transplanted annually, and since the age of five - once in 3-4 years.
- Breeding: seeds and cuttings.
- Pests: thrips, aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs, spider mites.
- Diseases: chlorosis, root rot, bacterial blotch, brown rot, leaf bronze viruses and ring blotch.
Home Chinese Rose Description
Комнатная китайская роза (гибискус комнатный) представляет собой вечнозеленый кустарник или дерево высотой до трех метров, если выращивать его в оранжерее, и до двух метров в условиях обычного жилища. The leaves of the plant are similar to birch leaves - smooth, shiny, dark green, jagged along the edge, corrugated, elongated and oval in shape. Single flowers are very beautiful: narrow buds, opening, become like wide cups with a diameter of 8 to 14 cm, sometimes simple, sometimes double, depending on the type of white, yellow, red or pink color. Unfortunately, each flower blooms only one or two days, but if the care of the Chinese rose is carried out correctly, the flowering process can last from early spring to late autumn. Sometimes a Chinese rose is grown at home as a standard tree. The Chinese rose is not only an excellent ornamental plant: young shoots of the plant are eaten as a salad in places of its natural growth, flowers are dyed for hair and food, and the dried fruits of hibiscus are a component of well-known healing teas (Karkade, Sudan Rose). , "Hibiscus tea", etc.).
How to grow a Chinese rose from seed.
Amateur gardeners do not like to resort to seed reproduction of perennial plants, preferring a more reliable and faster way - vegetative, but the Chinese rose, which can be easily grown from both seeds and cuttings, makes seed, thanks to the excellent germination of seeds and the simplicity of the procedure. The breeding method is fascinating and quite productive. It must be said that the seeds of Chinese roses remain viable for six years. At the end of February, before sowing, they should be kept in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection for half an hour, then thoroughly rinsed, soak for a day in a growth stimulant solution (Appin, Zircon, Fumara) so that the liquid only slightly covers the seeds, otherwise the lack of oxygen will kill the germs . After that, the seeds are germinated in wet gauze, from time to time unfolding it for ventilation. Heat and moisture are the main conditions for the germination of seeds of Chinese roses, so put wet gauze with seeds in a plastic bag with perforations so that the seeds have access to air. When seedlings appear, and this can be expected in three days, they need to be seated in half-liter plastic cups with a mixture of sand, peat and ash: it is very important that the long main root of the plant grows freely, without curling and wriggling. On top of the seeds need to lightly sprinkle with earth, and then cover the cups with film or paper. In order for the seedlings not to get sick with the “black leg”, they need to be shed with a weak solution of foundationol and in the future observe moderation in watering. Seedlings for successful growth requires bright diffused light, but without direct sunlight.
How to care for a Chinese rose.
Find a bright place for the Chinese rose near the window, but protect it from direct sunlight. If you put it in the shade, it may refuse to bloom. In the warm season it is very desirable to take the plant to fresh air in a place protected from drafts and the scorching sun. In summer, a comfortable temperature for a Chinese rose is 18-25 ºC and higher, in winter - not lower than 15 ºC, lowering the temperature to 10 ºC can cause the plant to shed its leaves. Growing Chinese roses requires high humidity, so do not be lazy to spray its leaves in the summer heat and even in winter, if the room temperature is higher than necessary for the plant at this time of year. Sometimes a warm shower is useful, helping not only to feed the leaves with moisture, but also to rid the Chinese rose of spider mites, but avoid dropping flowers and buds - they can become stained and crumble off. Use a proven method for humidifying the air around the plant - a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay, but so that the bottom of the pot with a Chinese rose does not touch the water. Caring for a homemade Chinese rose also provides for a responsible attitude towards soil moistening and properly organized fertilization. Watering is carried out by settled water at room temperature, and the frequency is determined by drying the top layer of the soil 2-3 cm deep. Feed the Chinese rose should be only in the period from April to September, once every two weeks fertilizer for flowering plants or alternate the complex mineral fertilizer with organic. In winter, only potash-phosphorus dressings are made in a quarter of the indicated dose, and only if the rose blooms.
Pruning Chinese rose.
Many novice fans of growing hibiscus at home are asked when to trim a Chinese rose. Pruning is done in the spring before transplanting the plant and before the formation of buds on it. The purpose of pruning is to increase the number of flowering shoots, approximation of the onset of flowering and the formation of a lush bush. How to cut a Chinese rose? It is necessary to remove dried, stretched and bare shoots, and shorten healthy ones by half. Sections of cuts are treated with garden pitch so that the juice does not flow from the wounds. The cut parts of the shoots can be used as rooting for cuttings. If your goal is to rejuvenate an adult plant, cut all the shoots at a height of 15 cm from the base, provided that at least one bud remains on this segment. When young shoots go to growth, remove the weak ones so that only strong healthy branches remain on the bush. In the summer, make another pruning, and as a result, flower buds will appear on the regrown branches only at the beginning of autumn, and you will be able to enjoy the beautiful hibiscus flowers until spring.
Chinese rose in a pot.
The pot for the Chinese rose is chosen cramped, because in a spacious pot the Chinese rose will only intensively grow the foliage, but will not bloom. Each subsequent pot should be 2-3 cm larger than the previous one in diameter. Young plants are transplanted annually, and those who have reached the age of five - once in 3-4 years. Old but healthy plants are no longer transplanted, but each year they update the upper layer of the substrate with a thickness of 2-3 cm.
Transplant Chinese rose.
How to plant a Chinese rose? First, prepare a mixture of turf, leaf land (one part each), humus soil, and sand (in half), and it is advisable to add one more part of the peat land to the mixture for young plants. And, of course, it is necessary to place a layer of expanded clay, broken brick or clay shards on the bottom of the pot so that the moisture does not stagnate in the roots of the plant. How to transplant a Chinese rose, so as not to damage the root system of the plant? Of course, by transferring a plant from an old pot to a new one.
Chinese rose after flowering.
As such, the period of rest in the Chinese rose is not, in any case, pronounced. But if it becomes necessary to give the plant a rest, it is introduced into a state of rest, gradually reducing watering to the required minimum. As soon as the leaves fall off the plant, it is cut, leaving 15 cm of shoots from the root, and placed for wintering in partial shade and cool at a temperature of 10-12 ºC. From time to time the Chinese rose is watered, after which the top of the pot is covered with a mat or paper bag to keep the soil moisture longer. In the spring, the plant pot is exposed to bright diffused light and gradually increase the watering to the normal rate in order to stimulate the growth of young shoots.
Harmful insects and diseases of the Chinese rose.
Among the pests, thrips, aphids and spider mites are dangerous for the Chinese rose, and the invasion of these insects usually occurs as a result of your breaking the rules for caring for the plant, and most often the main cause is too dry air. Put the plant on a tray with a wet stone, start spraying the leaves with separated water at room temperature to eliminate the favorable conditions for the life of these insects, twice with an interval of two weeks, treat the plant with infusion of bitter pepper with soap that kills insects, and if the infection is too strong, you will have to in the same mode, apply treatment with a solution of actellica at the rate of 15 drops per liter of water.
Sometimes flower growers complain that the Chinese rose leaves turn yellow. The reason for this may be a disease such as chlorosis, which occurs due to the increased content in water used for irrigation, calcium and chlorine. Water must be defended and before pouring add iron chelate in the amount specified in the instructions.
Chinese rose turns yellow.
If you irrigate with settled water at the right temperature, but for some reason, the Chinese rose still has yellow leaves, the reason for this may be too much soil moisture for a long time. If there are few yellow leaves, simply reduce watering, you can even replace it with a spraying of leaves for a while. But if the leaves turn yellow massively, the plant will have to be transplanted into a new soil, examining the root system and removing the rotted roots. Another reason why the Chinese rose turns yellow may be in insufficient light for normal growth of the plant - in this case you can observe a true leaf fall. There are other reasons why yellow hibiscus.
The Chinese rose is falling.
The leaves of a Chinese rose are also falling from drafts and a sharp temperature drop. If you want to save the plant, immediately eliminate the shortcomings in the care, because it is not difficult at all. But do not be alarmed if the plant loses only a few leaves - for a deciduous plant this is quite normal.
Chinese rose dries.
If you water the plant correctly, and its leaves still dry, this may be a reaction of the plant to a change in location. Dry leaves and frostbitten plants. Give it time to recover and warm up.
Chinese rose withers.
This is due to poor watering of the plant. Or it has not yet come to life after transplantation. But worst of all, if the problem is in the roots: gently clean the roots of soil, soak for half an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and transplant into a small pot with light soil (add vermiculite to the usual soil for hibiscus) - maybe these measures will save your plant.
Chinese rose does not bloom.
There are several reasons why the Chinese rose does not bloom, but most often this is due to an excess of nitrogen fertilizers in the soil, especially if the plant is healthy and leafy. The plant does not bloom either:
- - when he has little light,
- - if you do not sufficiently moisturize it during the active growing season,
- - in the case of wintering in a too warm room.
In order for the Chinese rose to bloom, it is necessary to exclude the listed reasons and correct other possible mistakes in the care of the plant.
Chinese rose signs
The popularity of hibiscus sometimes serves him a disservice: various nonsense, often mutually exclusive, tell about this flower. For example, some sources claim that the Chinese rose attracts many admirers to the house where the woman lives, while others also persistently warn against the destructive influence of hibiscus on the relations between spouses and call the Chinese rose “husband.” Some believe that the Chinese rose is the flower of death, because its untimely flowering predicts a quick demise of a person close to the owners of the plant. And if the Chinese rose leaves fall, this is a forecast for the soon serious illness of one of the household members. It is noteworthy that all these negative opinions exist only in our country, and the rest of the world perceives the Chinese rose simply as an attractive and unassuming houseplant.
Where can I keep a Chinese rose in the house
According to Feng Shui, the only rose that cannot be kept at home is Chinese, because it has the ability to absorb energy. Believe it or not, you decide, but if you do not believe in signs and no matter what you want to grow a Chinese rose in your house, who can forbid it to you? Take precautions and do not keep the Chinese rose in the bedroom or in the nursery, but place this large plant in the living room, where it will not interfere, but, on the contrary, will serve as an excellent element of decor and purify the air in your house, absorbing harmful impurities from it. and filling with oxygen.