The work at the dacha is very hard, but how much joy it brings when it becomes possible to harvest the whole crop with your own hands.
Unfortunately, there are cases when nothing grows on the beds. What is the reason? It turns out that there are certain days in which it is desirable to plant and care for crops. In addition, allocate time, not recommended for work on the dacha. This is due to the fact that different phases of the moon affect the development of plants.
Favorable days for planting onions on a feather in 2017 according to the lunar calendar
A good harvest of onions can be obtained if you listen to the advice of the lunar calendar. The most suitable period for planting onions on a feather in 2017 (and it can be done all year round) are the following dates:
- April: 3-6, 8, 9, 13, 14,
- May: 1, 6, 30,
- June: 2, 3, 30,
- July: 8-9,
- August: 5, 6, 31,
- September: 2, 3, 29, 30,
- October: 3, 26, 27,
- November: 4, 27, 30,
- December: 1, 5, 24, 25.
This time is not the best to carry out landing work:
- April: 12.28,
- May: 11, 26,
- June: 11, 25,
- July: 24,
- August: 9, 23,
- September: 7, 21,
- October: 6, 20,
- November: 5, 19,
- December: 4, 18.
How to plant a bow
Before you start planting onions, it is necessary to carry out preparatory activities.
- Growing temperature. Onions are able to withstand small spring frosts, seeds can germinate at a temperature of 5 degrees. Adult representatives can withstand temperatures up to minus 5 degrees. In addition, the culture grows well within the temperature range from 12 to 26 degrees Celsius. The growing season of onions is from 3 to 6 months.
- The choice of site for landing. Onions prefer to grow in a sunny place, shaded areas and lowlands should be avoided. The soil should be sandy or loamy, acidic soils are categorically not suitable.
- The order of rotation of crops in crop rotation is important. The best precursors for onions are the following crops: legumes, cucumbers, early cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes.
- Soil preparation. In order to carry out pre-sowing soil preparation, the ground should be dug to a depth of 20 centimeters. At the same time it is necessary to remove all the weeds from the site and make the necessary fertilizers. In early spring, the soil must be re-digged and processed with a rake.
- Fertilization. Under the bow you can make mineral and organic fertilizers. As organics are excellent cured manure, compost, ash. Mineral fertilizers are complex fertilizer formulations.
Culture can be sown in the spring and autumn periods. Which season will stop - an individual decision of each summer resident. However, to increase the yield, it is possible to plant onions twice.
Before sowing it is necessary to select the material for planting. Unsuitable or damaged bulbs should be removed immediately.
Onions are sown in rows, the distance between them is 25 centimeters. Seeds in the soil need to be embedded shallowly, only 2-3 centimeters. With a small seed planting, the probability of plant death appears, a deeper one can slow down the development and reduce the quality of the future crop.
Planting onions is to embed the bulbs in the ground. Then they need to lightly sprinkle with earth. After planting in the soil sprouts may already appear within a few weeks.
Landing in spring
The bulbs are planted in the soil, provided that the earth is already well warmed up. First you need to land small specimens, their length is only 1 centimeter. After 2 weeks, the remaining seed can be sown. Immediately before planting the bulbs should be treated with a special solution that will ensure a good harvest.
Landing in the fall
During this period, it is recommended to plant the smallest bow, its length is less than 1 centimeter. Seeding time: 2 weeks before the start of frost. Thus, the onion in the soil does not freeze, and grows large in the spring. This is achieved thanks to a large growing season.
- resistance to low temperatures
- early harvest,
- Onions can be harvested even on poor soil,
- onion root system is well developed, so the culture is able to develop even in adverse weather conditions,
- a culture can stand up to various weeds, it can suppress weeds,
- for the cultivation of onions requires a small cost.
Thanks to the lunar calendar, you can achieve high results when growing onions. The result is a high yield, which will delight the entire winter period.
Advantages and features
Onions - demanded in gardening culture. From the point of view, gardeners and gardeners There are a number of significant advantages:
- Resistance to low temperatures.
- High possibility of harvesting very early.
- Excellent root system, which is sufficiently developed, ensuring resistance to adverse weather conditions.
- High yield even on poor soil.
- Suppression of weeds in the garden beds.
- Minimal planting and maintenance costs for an excellent harvest.
All this makes culture today in demand. You should not forget about its unique composition, usefulness for the organism as a whole, as well as the ability to improve the taste of dishes. As a result, this culture is a must for every person.
Onion planting rules
Before planting onions, it should be remembered that planting them in the open field is a procedure that does not require much effort and cost. With the right choice of material for planting, you can expect a rich harvest, the main thing is to approach this case without haste, considering each stage of planting. A few simple tips will help. Enough to stick with them and a positive result does not take long. Among the main recommendations are the following:
- Before planting onions, you must do the preparation of planting soil.
- Be sure to check what the temperature of the soil in which you will sow onions.
- The depth of the beds should not be too large.
- Carefully select the bulbs before planting - they do not have to be rotten.
Landing does not involve any difficulties or problems, which is why you should not be afraid. Planting onions and getting a rich harvest, perhaps even for a beginner in gardening.
Soil preparation before sowing
The first step is to prepare the soil for sowing onions. This is a fairly important procedure, on which the process of crop growth, as well as yield. In order to obtain a sufficient amount of onion crops, the material for planting should be planted in loamy or sandy soil, which is moisture-permeable.
After the previous harvest, it is desirable to prepare the top layer of soil in advance and disinfect it. The algorithm is extremely simple:
- To do this, take a little solution of copper sulfate and water it beds.
- In order to grow onion bulbs larger and stronger, the soil must be prepared in advance and fertilized with superphosphate, peat or humus.
- It is advisable to dig up the beds treated by them so that fertilizers are better absorbed into the soil.
After you prepare the ground for planting onions, do not forget to remove all the weeds with the roots, if there are any, of course, and level the ground with a rake. After this, it is necessary to wait until the soil warms up under the sun to the optimum temperature. It should be remembered that when planting bulbs in cold or poorly heated soil, the seeds may die.
After the ground has warmed up, the prepared soil should be divided into the necessary number of planting beds. Choose bulbs for planting no larger than 3 centimeters - this will give good large fruits. Each bed should have a depth of at least two to three centimeters. Plant the beds so that the distance between them is not less than 25 sentiments. Planted bulbs need smooth rows so that they do not touch each other. The distance between the planted bulbs in prepared holes should be at least seven centimeters.
Watering wells for planting is performed constantly. To do this, you need to take water in advance, it should not be too cold. After the moisture is fully absorbed into the soil, the bulbs should be carefully lowered into the prepared wells and covered with the right amount of fertile soil. Seeds should be planted in such a way that the tops of the bulbs are visible above the soil surface.
Planting culture in the winter
Before planting the crop before the onset of cold weather, it should be remembered that onion-onion bulbs have less frost resistance than, for example, the same garlic. This implies the need for additional weatherization. Without this, onions can freeze in cold winters, which means there will be no harvest.
Because of this, after planting onion crops, they must be covered with a layer of humus, half-dead manure or sawdust, and the thickness of such layers should be at least 12 centimeters. Such a simple manipulation will help the bulbs easier to transfer a kind of stress from sudden temperature fluctuations.
But should rememberthat thaw such thick layers of insulation materials will be quite long. Usually, because of this, in the last days of March and the first days of April, the onions should be tightened with a thin plastic wrap, and the remnants of the mulch should be removed using a garden rake.
When the first frost occurs, the whole soil with planted bulbs is covered with a layer of dry leaves or coniferous branches. From above, you can also put a layer of wood bark - so you can keep the leaves from gusts of wind. If the winter is very snowy, it is possible and not at all to warm the planting of onion crops - with the help of abundant snow cover, the bulbs will be in the right microclimate and will not freeze.
Helpful advice: most experienced gardeners advise planting onions from September to November. In addition, according to the lunar calendar, these months are considered the most favorable for sowing onion crops. At the same time, you should not forget to follow the temperature regime with the help of an external thermometer and weather forecasts. If on the street a few days in a row the temperature does not keep below 5 degrees Celsius, it means that you can start sowing onions.
The best days to plant in the fall
In accordance with the lunar calendar of 2017, the best autumn days for landing include:
- September - 9, 13, 19.
- October - 6, 7, 16.
- November - 7, 12, 14.
Of course, this does not mean that landing is prohibited on other days. In addition to the lunar calendar, you can focus on other factors - weather conditions, terrain, climate. In general, it is believed that the best time for planting onions in 2017 is from late October to early November. Before the onset of stable cold and constant frosts should remain 30−35 days. This time should be enough to take the plant.
It is worth paying attention to the temperature outside the window. If it dropped to 5 degrees above zero and held for several days, then it’s time to plant onions in 2017.
What dates shouldn't you plant a bow
It should be understood that there are certain dates on which it is better to refrain from sowing onions. In particular, these are the days of the new moon and the full moon. In 2017, these are the following dates:
- October - 5, 6, 19, 20.
- November - 4, 17, 18.
Unfavorable days for planting can be called windy and rainy days. That is why you should pay attention to the weather forecast.
It is best to carry out planting onions in the ground in clear, calm weather. On which day each gardener must determine independently, taking into account weather information and personal requirements depending on the region. If the planting is done ahead of time, the onion will sprout back in 2017, and they will die at the first frost. If you hesitate to sow, the bulbs will not have time to take root, which will lead to their freezing and death.
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Planting onions on the Moon's gardener's sowing calendar 2017
In central Russia, in Siberia and the Far East onions are grown through sevok. In the first year, small bulbs are obtained from the seeds — seed sets; in the second year, large bulbs are grown from seed plantations.
In the south of Russia seed onions can be grown in just one year.
Onions are cold-resistant plants: onion seeds can germinate at a temperature of + 1 ... + 2 ° C, but shoots appear most quickly at + 18 ... + 20 ° С. Young onion plants can withstand frosts down to –6 ° С. The optimum temperature is +20 ... + 25 ° С.
In the Moscow region and in the whole of central Russia Onions in open ground are planted from April 25 to May 5. After planting, the onions are watered and covered with foil or lutrasil. When planting earlier, the bow may shoot. To the onions sprouted and rooted faster, it can be lost in the solutions of growth stimulants. At first, the onion grows slowly: up to a month before the emergence of shoots in adverse conditions, in favorable conditions - 2 weeks.
Landing on the national calendar: onions begin to be planted in open ground, when the leaves begin to unfold on the bird cherry.
In the greenhouse, onions can be planted in early greens at the beginning or middle of April.
Onions on a feather can be driven out during the whole season, up to September, planting it in spring and at the end of summer in greenhouses, in summer in open ground. On a green feather it is better to plant a turnip or samples. During growth, the onions are watered on the feathers once every 2-3 days and once fed with a solution of urea (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
Care for planting onions grown on a turnip
Onions should be planted in sunny places, while weeding. During the summer, the onions are weeded up to 5 times, since the onions like loose soil and weed-free soil. When sowing thickened, onions produce a weak crop.
Onion unpretentious in relation to moisture in the soil. At the beginning of growth, water is watered once a week, with the onset of the formation of the bulbs, water is watered once every 4-5 days, and since mid-July watering is completely stopped.
On well-filled soils with autumn compost and mineral fertilizers, top dressing is not needed. If plants grow poorly, you can feed a solution of mullein (1:10). The second dressing can be carried out 20 days after the first with the addition of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers and the third phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, at the moment of the active formation of the bulbs.
Usually the bow ripens by early August. When the onion leaves begin to fall down, and the dry scales acquire a characteristic color for the variety, it is time to start harvesting.
Planting shallots on the 2017 Lunar Sowing Calendar
Shallots are grown from seeds or bulbs: seeds are sown in the ground in autumn, bulbs - in spring.
In the middle lane and in the northern regions of Russia, the bulbs are planted in the spring in late April - early May. In the southern areas of the bulbs, as a rule, planted in the fall, in late October. Depth of landing - 4-6 cm.
Care for planting shallots standard: watering, weeding. At one place can grow up to 5 years.
Favorable days for planting onions and caring for them in the 2017 lunar sowing calendar:
planting onions April 22-23, 4-5, 12-13 May, 6, 16, 20-21 June, 12-13, 17-18, 21-22 July, 9-10, 13-14, 17-18 August,
most favorable for forcing a bow and feather January 6, February 3-4, March 2-3, March 13, 29, April 18, October 20-21, November 3, 15, December 1, 29 and 30,
watering on any day except 4-5, March 13-14, April 1-11, 7-8, May 16-17, 3-4, June 29-30, July 1, 10-11, July 29-30, 6, 16, 25-26 August.
introduction of complex feeding 12-15, 18-20, 23-25, February 27, 1–4, 6, 28–31 March, 1, 6, 24–30 April, 3-5, 22–26, 31 May, 4–5, 23–24, 27–28 June, 3–4, 20–21 July, 1, 2, 4, 21–31 August.
Top dressing dry fertilizer February 5-6, March 4-5, March 31, April 9-10, May 21-22, June 29-30, July 20-21, August 3-4.
Learn more about how to grow plants, you canfrom other articles of our site. Please also pay attention to the information block to the left of the text. Links located in it lead to articles related subjects.
The most favorable days for planting onions in 2018
Depending on the purpose for which the garden crop is grown, the timing of sowing may vary considerably. Today, along with onions, species such as shallots, leeks, and batuns are very popular, Forming not only tasty, but also extremely useful, vitamin products.
Planting onions on a turnip
Sowing onions on greens
3, 5, 15, 20, 24, 31
Sowing onion-batun, leek and shallot
Bow on the turnip
Onions in order to obtain large and high-quality turnips can be obtained by sowing seeds and planting seed. The first option involves growing in a two-year culture or seedling method. When sown by seeds in the first year after ripening, the same crop is obtained, which next year forms a good turnip crop. Onions need to be sown often enough, taking into account the risks of germination and favorable period of the lunar calendar. Good, but too thick shoots require thinning. На растениях, формирующих репку для продолжительного хранения, обрывать зеленое перо не рекомендуется.
Основные агротехнические мероприятия заключаются в подкормках и правильных оросительных мероприятиях. Луковые гряды должны поддерживаться в чистом от сорных растений состоянии, а почву нужно после поливов неглубоко, но достаточно часто рыхлить. Поливы лука должны быть особенно обильными и регулярными в июне. After the crop has moved to the stage of maturation, it is very important to first reduce and then completely stop watering, which will prevent rotting of the stored crop.
Bow on feather
You can grow onions to get a green feather not only from the bulbs, but also from seed. This method is more time consuming, but fairly cheap and affordable. The bulbs should not be too large, but The planting pattern assumes that the planting material is buried by about one tenth of the total weight of the bulb. In the process of sorting, the selected bulbs need to be rid of excessive husk, and in order to increase the yield, before planting, they must be heated for 24 hours at 40 ° C temperature indicators. After warming up with a garden pruner, the neck is trimmed on the bulb. This technique allows you to increase the access of oxygen to the bulb and accelerates the appearance of leaves.
When grown from seeds, their germination should be more than 80-85%. To determine the germination rates before sowing, seeds are tested by germination on a wet cloth. Before sowing, seeds need to soak for a day in water at room temperature.and then process it in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate and place it for 12 hours in a solution based on Epin. Treated seeds should be dried to a friable state and sown with a depth of one centimeter in the three- and four-line ribbon method with a distance between rows of 15-20 cm. For a uniform distribution along the furrows, the seeds should be mixed with sand.