Kolkvitsiya is charming - it is a beautifully flowering showy shrub that can be found on the territory of Western Europe. This plant is also grown in central Russia. Here the ring grows well if it is possible to create its optimal conditions.
Kolkvitsiya charming - this is a species that belongs to the family Linnaeva. Homeland plants are mountainous areas of China. Kolkvitsiya, whose photo can be seen above, received its name in honor of the botanist Richard Kolkwitz.
This branchy shrub looks like vygel. In height, the plant can reach two meters. Young shoots in kolkvitsy pubescent with small hairs.
On the old branches of the collar, the bark acquires a brown-red tint and exfoliates. Around the middle of April, young leaves begin to bloom, which have a wide ovoid shape and a pointed tip. Their length is on average about 8 centimeters. Leaflets are located opposite.
How does the flower flow?
Have you seen how pretty flowers bloom in Moscow region? A similar phenomenon can be observed around mid-summer. The plant blooms profusely: under a layer of pale pink petals practically no bright green is visible. The flowers themselves are small. Their length does not exceed 1.5 centimeters. The paired flowers have a fragrant aroma and are very similar to elegant cups.
After flowering fruits are formed - boxes covered with bristles. It happens in the fall. The length of such fruits is no more than 6 millimeters. At the same time the foliage of the plant is painted in bright colors.
Where is it better to plant a ring?
Kolkvitsiya charming - is a light-loving plant, which prefers a light, but fertile soil. Of course, the shrub needs reliable drainage, as well as regular soil moistening. When choosing a suitable place for a ring, it is worth paying attention to which winds prevail in the area not only in summer, but also in winter. It is very important. The plant does not tolerate cold winter winds. Therefore, the shrub should be carefully hidden, even if it exacerbates the light.
When and how best to plant a ring?
Kolkvitsiya, which landing is usually carried out in the spring, does not like the cold. Therefore, the shrub should be planted only after the soil warms up, and the buds may not yet be open. If there is a choice, then it is better to purchase a seedling with a closed root system in the store, in other words, in a pot.
In order for a carriage, the maintenance of which is simple enough, to grow well, it is necessary to properly prepare a place for landing. The pit should be dug a depth of half a meter, and the diameter of the recess should be at least 40 centimeters. At the bottom of the pit should lay out a mixture of sand and humus. Planting should be planted in the evening or in bad weather, and the roots of the plant should be trimmed slightly with a pruner. After planting the shrub must be carefully watered.
In spring or early summer, the plant can be fed. It is best to apply organic fertilizer to the soil.
Several times a year it is necessary to mulch the tree trunk. To do this, you can use the shell of pine nuts, sawdust, bark and wood chips. It should be noted that the mulch helps to protect the roots of the plant in the hot period from overheating, and in the cold - from extreme cold. In addition, this material allows you to keep the soil moist much longer.
Put mulch on the soil around the shrub. The thickness of the layer should be from 7 to 10 centimeters. If there are weeds near the plant stem, they should be removed. As for the diameter of the coating, it should be equal to the projection of the crown of the collar or be approximately 15 centimeters larger.
It is better to mulch the soil around the plant in late spring, when the soil has accumulated a lot of moisture, as well as in the autumn, when the first temperatures below zero appeared.
Is it worth to protect the colony from the cold?
Kolkvitsiya charming in the first year after landing needs additional protection from the cold. Crown plants can be wrapped with kraft paper. If this is not the case, then it is recommended to use covering nonwoven materials - spunbond and lutrasil.
Such a shelter can be removed only in late spring, when the air temperature will not fall below zero. Of course, the collar refers to frost-resistant plants, but young shoots can freeze in harsh winters.
In the spring should remove all dry twigs. But the rejuvenation of the crown should be carried out only after flowering. This will only positively affect the growth of the investment.
So how does a colony breed? Photos of this plant are striking in their beauty. Each housewife seeks to grow on such a plot such a lovely girl. However, not every store can find seedlings of colqution. In this case, you can use various methods of reproduction of the shrub. As planting material suitable cuttings, cuttings and seeds. In addition, the breed multiplies by dividing the bush. The best way is to use layouts.
Features of growing
Kolkvitsiya grows multi-lush bush with long sprawled branches, for which you need free space. Heights of 1.2-1.4 m, it reaches to 4 years.
Kolkvitsiya in bloom, photo site baumschule-horstmann.de
Relatively hardy, in the English reference books it is given the standard -15 ° C, in the domestic reviews there is information that it briefly endures -30 ° C. On YuBK winters without shelter. Kolkvitsiya light-requiring, but reconciles with penumbra. It grows well on treated fertile, well-drained soils. After flowering, the bushes are thinned, removing the oldest, weakest shoots growing inside the bush and, if no seeds are needed, carefully trim the ends of the annual shoots. Propagated by seeds and cuttings.
Recently, in the garden centers you can buy a colony seedling with a closed root system (in a container).
Kolkvitsiya seedling ready for planting, photo site 101dizain.com
At the summer cottage it is very important to choose a warm, windless place for this Chinese beauty! In central Russia, the beautiful ring is better planted in the spring, after the threat of recurrent frosts is over and the earth warms up.
It is good to fill the landing pit with a depth and width up to 60 cm with a mixture of garden soil, sand and humus in the ratio 2: 1: 1. The root collar is not buried. It is obligatory to provide free space for the development of a colktion. In the first year of planting, you should ensure maximum care: first, be sure to pritenit, water regularly, especially in hot and dry summers, loosen the ground around, mulch, and promptly weed out.
In winter, in the middle zone of Russia, the base of the collar should be mulched with humus, and even covered with a spruce branch or spanbond on the frame. If during planting the planting pit is well filled, then in the first year of feeding it is not needed, since 2 years it is fertilized by adding a complete mineral complex at the beginning of the growing season (according to the instructions).
Accommodation at the cottage
During the flowering period, when the flowers completely cover the shoots so that the leaves are not visible, the collar is so good that it is impossible to tear off the eyes from it. Undoubtedly, this is a soliter, especially interesting on the lawn.
Kolkvitsiya charming on the lawn, photo author
A beautiful woman in a single landing near a brick house will emphasize his individuality.
On the left kolkvitsiya as a soliter on the lawn, on the right as a soliter at home
She alone will solo at the fence, eclipsing everything around with her beauty.
Kolkvitsiya at the fence, photo site plantsgallery.blogspot.com
And how nice to spend a romantic date on a bench under a blossoming flower!
On the left, the collar is again in my lens, on the right is the collar above the bench, photo by shop.theplantattraction.com
In group monoplants and hedgerows, the beauty of multiplication, multiplied several times, becomes more luxurious.
Kolkvitsiya in a small group of the same type, photo site dic.academic.ru
In bloom, it will not get lost even in the densest landing, however, to show it, you need space. Kolkvitsiyu can be linked with other plants: it is harmonious with peonies and irises that bloom at the same time as it.
Kolkvitsiya in flowering does not get lost among the rest of the shrubs, photo author
It is harmonious in landing with wigela. And even despite the more pale flowers, she looks down on her neighbor.
Kolkvitsiya with Weigela, photo site flowrum.ru
The layout of the collar with other shrubs is not only forced, but even necessary, since it is luxurious in flowering, it becomes completely inconspicuous after it. A nice duet with roses (especially with remontant varieties that bloom all summer long): when flowering, it becomes a backdrop for them.
Kolkvitsiya with roses, photo site dachniiotvet.galaktikalife.ru
Absolutely worthy she looks and next to the conifers.
On the left there is a close-up in my lens, on the right there is a collar with conifers, bluebellnursery.com photo
The Chinese beauty at the time of flowering will attract attention even in a secluded corner of the garden reserved for meditation.
On the left there is a pretty collar in my lens, on the right a collar in combination with other plants, photo site infojardin.com
Kolkvicia can be grown in pots.
On the left there is a lens in my lens, on the right there is a variety of 'Maradco' in pot culture, photo by site vashsad.ua
In the fall, the colony is miraculously transformed again, putting on a golden foliage outfit. Here, very soon it will be the same as deer-horn soums.
Kolkvitsiya soon put on his golden outfit
In the meantime, it is still inconspicuous (in the photo on the right). Spring and autumn reincarnation allowed her to take a "grand" place in the garden in modern style.
It is interesting
Kolkvitsiya belongs to the monotypic genus - there is only 1 species in it.
Kolkvitsiya blooms, author photo
In Crimea, a beautiful colony appeared in the pre-war years: it has been grown in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden since 1940 (obtained by seeds from the Brooklyn Botanical Garden), old specimens are covered with brown-red bark flaking off the plates.
I hope the acquaintance with the Chinese beauty was interesting and useful. Are you ready to settle in your garden pretty gorgeous?
Kolkvitsiya charming in Russia
There is nothing difficult to grow this shrub in your garden. It takes quite a bit of knowledge, multiplied by attention and care, and the plant will quickly start growing. True, expect a lush flowering will have quite a long time. Planting a plant around the perimeter of the site, you get a beautiful, decorative fence.
Kolkvitsiya charming has one very important feature: the plant is resistant to even the most serious frosts. This is very pleasing to gardeners in most of our country. But that is not all. Kolkvitsiya charming is the most attractive of ornamental shrubs, not only according to the assessment of farmers, but also according to numerous reviews of gardeners. She owes this to her beautiful colors.
This is the closest relative of honeysuckle, so the plant has a similar structure of leaves and inflorescences. But, unlike honeysuckle, it is completely unpretentious. Kolkvitsiya adorable Pink Cloud is a beautiful shrub that is littered with lots of gorgeous flowers. If there is not enough space in the garden, then you need to think about the expediency of planting this plant, since it grows up to two meters. Split branches give a characteristic shape, so each instance will need at least 2.5 meters of space. The plant is deciduous, perennial, so choose a place very carefully.
It is difficult to recall other plants that would be as attractive to a gardener as Kolkvitsiya is charming. Shrub care is minimal. In the spring, leaves first appear, and in April they reach 8 cm in length. The upper plate is dark and covered with nap. Even the branches of the shrub are quite decorative. The youngest have a green color. Lower, older branches are covered with dark bark with reddish peeling plates. Branches grow straight, leaning down, which forms a special appearance of the shrub.
From spring to late autumn
Keeps decorative Kolkvitsiya charming. Landing is usually carried out in late March - early April. After a couple of weeks, the plant is covered with green foliage. Young shrubs usually do not bloom, that is, the first 3 years will have to be content with the view of the bush itself. Not the fourth year, the first flowering is observed, but still quite modest: there are separate inflorescences on the branches. A bush bush will be about 7-8 years after disembarkation.
In mid-summer, adult shrub densely covered with flowers. Because of them, it is difficult to consider even the foliage. The buds are quite large, reaching 1.5 cm in diameter. Their second advantage is a stunning aroma. Delicate bells are collected in inflorescences.
Today, there are three main varieties:
- Kolkwitzia amabilis Graebn, or pretty. It blooms with white flowers. It is a pleasure to view this flowering shrub!
- Kolkvitsiya adorable Pink Cloud. The frost resistance of this beautiful plant is truly admired. It is difficult to imagine that this beauty was so unpretentious. She especially likes lovers of bright colors. The color of the petals is very pleasant. Looking at her, it becomes clear why she is called the "pink cloud".
- Kolkvitsiya rozea - withdrawn relatively recently. The bush is covered with pink flowers, rather large.
In temperate climates, the plant may be slightly smaller than in the natural environment in its homeland. Usually does not exceed one or one and a half meters.
This procedure greatly simplifies the task of the grower. At the same time, grafting is an easier and faster way to get a young plant. To do this, in June, it will be necessary to cut selected twigs and soak it in the solution of the rotor. After this, the cuttings are planted in a greenhouse. Making it very simple: put a few arcs of wire and stretch the film. Until next spring, the cuttings will root perfectly. If you live in a region with severe winters, then planting cuttings is better to make at home, and with the onset of spring to plant in the garden. Approximately 45% of the landings are usually rooted and grow rapidly, so it does not make sense to plant 1-2 cuttings.
Some gardeners compare the flowers with sakura, as both shrubs bloom and fly around before the inflorescences wither. You can admire the beauty of the plant in spring or summer. It depends on the region where the flowers are grown: the warmer, the earlier the buds bloom.
Regardless of the flowering time in the fall, the bush will please the eyes with bright foliage. Their dark green color is replaced by a red-purple, golden yellow, orange, so the decorative ring is even without flowers. In winter, the bush sheds foliage.
The plant can reach 3.5-4 m, although in conditions of central Russia it rarely exceeds 1.5 m, including its width. Other features of the ring:
- branches - straight, grow up. After a few years they form arcs, leaning towards the ground,
- young shoots are green in color, covered with fluff. Adults - dark, scaly,
- leaves - wide, oval, with a sharp edge. The upper part of the plate is darker than the bottom,
- buds are paired, look like bells, grow on the ends of branches,
- the size of white-pink flowers - up to 1.5 cm in diameter,
- fruits - dark boxes with seed.
Attention! Perennial bloom lasts about 2 weeks.
There is only one type of ring - adorable, it is also pleasant, kind or loving. On the basis of the shrub breeders brought several varieties, but they are more demanding in the care. But very decorative in the photo and in the garden. For growing kolkvitsii in central Russia are suitable:
- Dreamcatcher - stands out with yellow foliage,
- Rosea - has rich pink petals,
- Pink Cloud - a large bush, thick pink flowers.
How to plant a ring on the plot
A spherical shrub formed approximately 7-8 years after the start of cultivation will become an original decoration of the garden. To do this, even when planting, you need to consider that there must be at least 2 meters of free space around the culture. The place is better to choose the sun to fully enjoy the abundant flowering. Penumbra is also acceptable. The main thing is that there should be no drafts and a constant sun.
The optimal time for rooting a young bush - spring. Plant the ring in a well-heated, nourishing, light, drained soil. It must be neutral, with no inclination to stagnate water. In the process of landing there is nothing difficult:
- 2 weeks before the scheduled day, dig a hole 40 cm deep. The length and width - 50-60 cm.
- Pour nutrient mixture into the pit. Its composition - 1 part of sand and 2 parts of compost and sod land. Prepare the soil with a reserve: it is useful during the rooting of the collar.
- В день высадки укоротите корешки саженца.
- В лунку добавьте ведро золы и 80-130 г комплексной минеральной подкормки.
- Установите кустик, засыпьте его приготовленной почвосмесью.
- Землю утрамбуйте, а кустик полейте. When the water is absorbed, grumble the plant.
Nuances of growing kolkvitsii
The plant boasts drought tolerance, but still it is better that the near-wellbore circle does not dry out, especially in the heat. Regularly water the shrub with separated, slightly warmed water. Do it in the evening. The mulch will help to keep moisture.
When growing kolkvitsii need to show moderation in the question of fertilizing. If you make too many microelements, the plant may lose its frost resistance. The bush is fertilized from spring to the end of flowering. Normal development will provide:
- nitroammophoska or, as an option, ammonium nitrate - for the first feeding,
- insulin mullein diluted in a ratio of 1:10,
- superphosphate solution (30-50 g per bucket of water).
After flowering, the colqution is no longer fertilized. Shrub pruned and prepared for winter. To do this, the shoots, which were flowers, shortened by a third, and those that did not have time to mature, removed. The remaining branches are bent to the ground and covered with spruce branches. In winter, you can pour a layer of snow on top. With age, the resistance of the culture to cold increases.
Tip Also, to protect the ring from frost, nonwoven fabric is used.
Shelter can be removed around mid-spring. At the same time, it is worthwhile to carry out sanitary pruning, remove old, dried shoots and branches, which have frozen out into the cold. It is undesirable to cut the bush too actively. Each time, only slightly correct the crown, gradually giving it the desired shape. If transplantation is required, do it calmly: the colony will tolerate a change in habitat well.
Ways to breed shrubs
You can go one of the 5 ways:
- Collect and then sow the seeds. The material must undergo a procedure of stratification (2-3 months) and scarification. In spring, the ring is grown for seedlings, sown right in the ground before winter.
- In the fall, divide the "parent" bush. Each fragment should have a good stem and curled root. Planting is similar to rooting purchased seedlings.
- Prepare cuttings kolkvitsii. In the summer it will be green shoots in the fall - lignified. The first option is good for a mild winter climate. Cuttings are planted in greenhouses. Lignified shoots are wrapped in polyethylene and stored in the basement or rooted in the garden, protecting it from frost.
- Use the resulting growth. Together with the roots it is separated from the bush and transferred to a permanent place.
- Multiply collocation layering. It is necessary to pin the lower shoots to the ground, sprinkling them with earth. After the appearance of new branches, you can separate the young specimens from the adult plant.
Well-groomed bush looks luxurious. Due to the abundance of flowers on it is even difficult to see the foliage. In the company to the perennial add peonies, irises, Japanese spiraeus, robinia. They will beautifully underline the originality of the charming ring.
Features of the ring
Kolkvitsiya is a deciduous shrub, which reaches a height of 2-3.5 meters. On the surface of young stems is pubescence consisting of short hairs, while the old shoots are covered with brown-red bark, it is exfoliated by plates, which is typical for all members of the honeysuckle family. If conditions are favorable for collocation, then dense root growth occurs. Opposite paired leaf plates of oval shape and saturated green color can be 3.5–8 centimeters in length. In autumn, the foliage turns yellow. Five-blade graceful flowers of bell-shaped form have a light yellow color of the inner surface and pink - outer. Unusually lush flowering lasts about half a month in spring and summer. There are so many flowers that it is impossible to see the foliage because of them. Bristly fruit dry.
What time to land
For planting kolkvtsii should choose the spring time, and the soil should be well warmed. Land for planting should be sunny and have protection from strong gusts of wind, if you wish, you can grow a bunch in a little shading. Remember that areas that are covered with melt water for a long time in the spring are not suitable for planting this shrub. The soil should be nutritious, light, neutral and well drained.
The landing pit should be prepared half a month before the scheduled landing day. It should be about 0.4 m deep, while its length and width can vary from 0.5 to 0.6 m. Then the pit should be filled with soil mixture, which should include sand, soddy soil and humus (1: 2 : 2). Within a fortnight, such a mixture will properly condense and settle.
Best for planting choose seedlings that are 1 or 2 years old. Immediately before planting the plant in open soil, it will be necessary to shorten too long roots. Then the seedling is placed in a prepared pit, which is filled with the same dough mixture, but one more bucket of wood ash must be poured into it or from 80 to 130 grams of complex mineral fertilizer. Do not forget to tamp the ground well. Planted plant needs abundant watering. After the liquid is fully absorbed into the ground, the surface of the circle should be covered with a layer of mulch.
When growing kolkvitsii it is important to consider that the soil in the near-circle wheel should not dry out in any case. For irrigation use distilled water, which should not be cold.
For the shrub to grow and grow normally, it needs to be fed in a timely manner. In the springtime, a mullein infusion (1:10) is used for this purpose, while in the first summer weeks a solution of double superphosphate is introduced (for 10 liters of water from 30 to 50 grams of substance). On 1 bush take 10 liters of nutrient mixture.
After the end of flowering, it is no longer possible to feed the plant, but it will be necessary to make formative pruning. At the very end of the season, it is necessary to remove all the young shoots that did not have time to mature by the beginning of the winter period. In the spring, you need to make sanitary pruning, for this you should cut out all the injured, dried, damaged by frost, pests or disease branches and stems, as well as those that thicken the bush. Throughout the summer period, it will be necessary to promptly remove the root growth, which grows extremely intensively in conditions favorable for closure.
Transplanting such a shrub tolerates very well. To do this, the bush must be carefully dug, trying not to injure its root system, and then it is carefully transferred to the prepared planting hole, which should be covered with a mixture of nutrients. The transplanted bush needs plenty of watering. After the liquid is completely absorbed into the soil, the surface of the circle should be covered with a layer of mulch.
Planting and care
Kolkvitsiya lovely loves sunny or slightly shaded places. The abundance of flowers on the bush will depend on the amount of sunlight received. The soil is practically not demanding, but neutral, fertile and lightweight are best suited. Periodically, the land will need to loosen and be sure to remove weeds. Planting bushes depends on the composition of your choice. Planted them singly and as a hedge. The distance between the bushes at least one and a half meters.
For a young plant you need to prepare a hole at least 60 cm deep. Fill it with a fertile mixture of sod and humus by adding sand. Top leading gardeners recommend adding ash and leafy compost, a little lime. Carefully evaluate the area for planting, if it has a pronounced relief, then you need to plant bushes at elevations, and not in lowlands, where cold air accumulates.
Cultivation of seeds from seeds takes a fairly long time and does not always end successfully. For stratification, seeds are placed in a fridge on a shelf for vegetables for 3 months. They are sown in April, using a long container filled with soil mixture, which includes peat, garden soil and sand. The container should be covered with a film and transferred to a warm place. The seedling should be grown in room conditions until the next spring period.
You can multiply the shrub by dividing the bush during transplantation. In the excavated plant, a thorough inspection of the roots should be carried out, and the dried and rotted roots should be removed. Then the bush is cut into several parts, it should be noted that each delenki must have powerful stems and developed roots. Places of cuts need to be powdered with crushed coal. To plant such delenki should be in prepared pits. This procedure is carried out in the same manner as the initial landing.
Rooting cuttings is the most effective breeding method. The selected young shoots must be bent to the surface of the soil and put into the prepared groove. In the place where the shoot is in contact with the soil, it is necessary to make an incision and treat it with a means of stimulating growth. The shoot is fixed in this position and covered with soil, while its upper part must remain free. During the summer period, do not forget to water the layers in a timely manner so that the soil around it is always a little wet. After a short time, the roots will grow from the buds that are underground. Separate such otvodok and put him in a new place, it will be possible only next spring.
Reproduction kolkvitsii cuttings
Propagation by cutting is performed in spring and autumn. So, in May, semi-lumbering cuttings should be cut, which are planted in a tub filled with soil mixture for seedlings. For winter, this container, if desired, is removed in the basement. Harvested in the autumn cuttings rooted better. To do this, cuttings cut in the autumn, must be wrapped in polyethylene and put into the basement, in spring they are treated with Kornevin and planted in a greenhouse, where they will stay until the next spring period. For planting in open ground such a seedling must be taken along with an earthy ball. After 1 or 2 years after planting in a permanent place, these shrubs will begin to bloom.
Diseases and pests
Such a plant is resistant to diseases and pests, but if the weather is hot, then spider mites, aphids or thrips can live on the shrub. In order to get rid of these pests, sucking the juice from the plant, use a solution of acaricide (Aktara or Aktellika), you will need 2 or 3 treatments, while the duration of the break between them is 7 days. Also on kolkvitsii can live caterpillars eating its leaves. With a small amount of them should make a manual collection. If there are a lot of caterpillars, then spray the bush with insecticide.
If, according to weather forecasts, the future winter will be snowless and very cold, it is imperative to cover the bridge. After the air temperature is established at a minus mark, it will be necessary to fall asleep a tree trunk the size of a crown projection with a layer of peat, wood chips or bark, the thickness of which should be from 10 to 12 centimeters. If the shrub is not yet 5 years old, then it will be bent to the soil, covered with spruce leaves, and in the winter time they throw a layer of snow on it. If desired, plants cover the crown with spunbond or lutrasil, it is removed only in the second half of April, after the air temperature is above zero degrees. If the winter is extremely frosty, then the ice may freeze, but in the spring time it recovers extremely quickly. At the same time, experienced gardeners note that the older the plant, the higher its frost resistance.
Growing in the suburbs
If kolkvitsiyu grow in regions with a cold climate, then its young shoots do not always have time to mature before winter, and therefore in the springtime on the bush you can often see dried ends. They should be cut before the plant blooms. In order for the shoots to ripen faster when the bush has faded, it is necessary to reduce watering, stop making top dressing, and cover the tree trunk with a layer of mulch (peat or compost connected with sawdust or foliage), which should be 5 to 10 centimeters thick. This will not only protect the roots of the plant from winter frosts, but also force it to accumulate nutrients. In late autumn, you need to cut off almost all young growths. At the same time on the bush should remain lignified stems with a small number of young growths.
Types and varieties with photos
There are only 2 varieties of lovely jewelry, namely:
- Rosea. The color of flowers is bright pink.
- Pink Cloud. The color of flowers is rich pink.
Description kolkvitsii charming
Kolkvitsiya represents a highly branchy perennial shrub with arching drooping shoots that grows to a height of two meters. The plant belongs to the family Honeysuckle. A shrub is monotypic, that is, in nature there is only one type of such a plant.
Homeland shrubs are mountainous areas of China. Its name is a luxurious bush in honor of the German botanist Richard Kolkvitsa. As a cultivated plant, it has been cultivated since 1901. The first flowering of it as a garden shrub was observed in 1910, so that kolkvitsiya pleases with itself lovers of gardens for more than a hundred years.
With the right care in 7–8 years, a new garden decoration can be formed from an overgrown bush - a sprawling tree in the shape of a ball. In this regard, before planting plants need to carefully select the place, given that in the future the bush will need a lot of free space. It is better for him to leave for growth a circle with a two-meter diameter.
Old and young shoots differ in appearance. Old shoots are covered with dark scaly bark, while the young are green and hairy. Initially, branches grow only upward, but as they grow, they begin to take the form of an arc leaning toward the ground.
Spring bush is covered with oval pointed to the edge of green leaves. The bottom of the leaves is covered with villi and is lighter in color than the top.
Shrub blossoms in mid-summer. At the ends of the branches grow buds coupled. Flowers have the form of bells tender pinkish-white color with pearlescent. The base of the petals cross the yellowish veins, forming a kind of mesh. All flowers and buds are located on individual pedicels, which are collected in small inflorescences.
The bush begins to bloom in the second year of life, but its decorative effect fully manifests itself in 7–8 years. The bloom is so abundant that because of the flowers and buds almost no leaves are visible. It is during this period that the owner of the ring will be able to enjoy this “floral cloud”.
From the beginning of autumn, the flowers on the bush are replaced by small seed boxes, about 0.6 cm. Shoots turn yellow. But the foliage becomes multicoloredthat enhances the decorativeness of the plant.
All varieties kolkvitsii charming impeccably beautiful. Gardeners most often use two of them in site design, these are:
- Lovely Pink Cloud, characterized by very large and bright inflorescences,
- Kolkvitsiya "Rosia", forming a lush bush, densely covered with paler than the previous variety, flowers.
Differences in varieties appear in the brightness of colors and the size of flowers of plants. But the height of both bushes does not exceed 1-1.2 m.
Kolkvitsiya: landing and care
For the cultivation of a beautiful healthy shrub of a colcqution, both a sunny, sun-protected place and a slightly shaded area will do. In addition, a place to grow shrubs should be protected from cold winds.
The plant does not like lowlands, as they accumulate cold air, slowing the growth of shrubs.
Soil shrub prefers fertile, alkaline or neutral. The land should be loose and free from weeds.
For planting a bush, they dig a half-meter hole, which is filled with fertile soil. In the land intended for planting, there must be humus, leaf earth, sand and compost. With acidic soil, it makes sense to add ash and lime to the fertile land.
Water in the evening separated water. The frequency of watering depends on how high the temperature is. At high temperatures, watering is more frequent.
Feed the plant 2-3 times per season with organic fertilizer. The first dressing is carried out in the spring before the bush blooms, then during flowering. The last dressing is done in autumn. For this, the plant is digged and mineral fertilizers are applied to the earth around it.
In spring, you can find dried branches near the colchwitz. This suggests that the bush wintered with young shoots who did not have time to stiffen. Such shoots freeze slightly, and therefore they are removed before flowering.
To the plant does not lose its decorative for this reason, the following measures should be taken:
- When the plant fades, it is necessary to reduce watering, and also stop feeding organic matter.
- The soil around the bush should be covered with a good layer of peat, compost or wood chips. The diameter of the mulching should be equal to the outlines of the bush itself or even exceed them by 10–15 cm. When the minus temperature becomes constant, the mulching of the bush should be repeated, using the foliage itself for this purpose.
Эти несложные действия позволят защитить корни растения от морозов, и, кроме того, не позволят ему образовать многочисленные молодые побеги.
Чтобы весной растение имело декоративный вид, после окончания цветения его обрезают, укорачивая закончившие цвести побеги. Кроме того, удаляют и часть молодых побегов. After such pruning, only stiff branches and a few of the most well-formed young shoots should remain on the bush.
In general, the collar is frost-resistant, and requires shelter only if the winter is frosty and snowless.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
Kolkvitsiya is highly resistant to various pests and diseases.
But still dry and hot summer can lead to the fact that the plant will become a victim of such pests as:
In addition, the bush leaves may occasionally suffer from aphids and caterpillars..
Possible problems in growing a crop can be the following:
- Bad flowering. Reasons: insufficient lighting, improper use of fertilizers, insufficiently nutritious soil.
- The death of young shoots. Reason: the bush was cold in winter.
- Rotting roots. Reason: stagnant water in the soil.
Planting this luxurious bush in his garden and providing him with proper care, you can count on his beautiful flowering and charming aroma in the summer, and the bright colored color of his foliage in the autumn.
Watering and feeding
Another important point, as all ornamental trees and shrubs require good nutrition. Kolkvitsiya charming is no exception. Every day, the plant requires good watering, for which it is better to use warm distilled water. Two or three times a season you need to make feeding. To do this, it is preferable to use organic, from animal or vegetable humus. Most importantly, they are in the period of flowering and active growth. In early spring you can “treat” the plant with superphosphate or mineral fertilizer. This procedure is performed once per season.
Bush does not need it, it is rather a necessary measure than a necessity. In the spring, be sure to inspect the landing and cut off damaged, broken or frozen frozen branches. We have already said that it is a very frost-resistant plant, but often in the conditions of Siberia and it does not have time to prepare for cold weather, which occurs very early and suddenly. Therefore, young shoots often freeze slightly and die. In the spring you will see dry tips of the branches. This means that it is time to take the pruner in hand and put the bush in order. And you need to do this before flowering, so that new shoots are formed.
In fact, only one thing is required of the gardener: to accelerate the ripening of the shoots so that they can adapt to changing weather conditions. To do this, follow simple rules. When flowering ends, the bush looks lush and green and very well adorns the garden. Therefore, many make the mistake of continuing to water it. At this time, watering is required only with very strong heat, and then in a small amount. Feeding is also required to complete. The second point is the mulching of the soil, which will allow you to perform the first rule painlessly for the plant. Therefore, to a depth of 10 cm the soil is mulched with the addition of peat, foliage or sawdust.
How do these preventive measures affect the plant? They change the program. Now, instead of active growth, it will accumulate useful elements and strengthen the root system. In addition, if the gardener sees that unripe shoots are leaving in the winter, he can cut them himself and form a compact crown. In principle, it is enough to leave the twigs in order to allow the bush to winter properly.
Biological description and varieties
Kolkvitsiya charming (kolkwitzia amabilis) - monoecious plant, deciduous shrub from the honeysuckle family. Height can reach 3 meters. Shoots initially grow straight, then take the form of arches. The leaves are dark green, oval, with pointed ends. The nature of the location on the stem is opposite. The length of the sheet plate is about 7 cm.
Light pink flowers with a lilac shade are shaped like bluebells. On the inside of the throat there is a pattern in the form of an orange mesh. Inflorescences are corymbose, have a light pleasant aroma. The shrub begins to bloom in late May - early June. In central Russia, the beginning of flowering may occur in the first days of July. The first inflorescences appear on the shrub at the age of 5−6 years.
The fruits are dry bristly boxes of oval shape, ripen in early autumn. Inside these boxes are filled with small light brown seeds. Seed germination is extremely low - no more than 25−30%.
For decorative purposes, two plant varieties are used:
- Kolkvitsiya adorable Pink Cloud. Planting and caring for shrubs with pink and cream flowers does not require significant effort, which makes this variety very popular among gardeners. In areas with a warm climate, it grows up to 2.5 meters high, in temperate latitudes the usual height of the variety is no more than 1.5 meters. The beginning of its flowering occurs at a time when other ornamental shrubs have faded. At this time, the plant fully justifies its name (Pink Cloud - Pink Cloud). For delicate pinkish brushes can not see the foliage. The variety is resistant to drought and frost, but requires shelter for the winter. Possible use in group plantings or in the form of a single decoration.
- Kolkvitsiya amabilis Rosea - a bush up to 2 meters high with white-pink inflorescences. At first, the flowers are painted a bright pink color, then gradually turn pale. With the onset of autumn the foliage of the plant acquires a bright orange color. The variety is thermophilic and does not like strong winds and drafts.
For those who decide to grow a colctium in their area, it is best to propagate the plant by cuttings or using layering. Propagation by seeds is used less frequently because of their low germination. You can also divide and plant an adult bush.
With the help of layering, you can grow an additional young plant, if the site already has an adult shrub. The sequence of steps in this case will be as follows:
- Young shoots of last year are chosen and in the spring they bend them down to the ground, prikopav soil.
- In order to make the branches rooted faster, it can be fixed with the help of a wire loop. In the place of fixing the wire leaves are removed at a distance of 10-15 cm.
- Additional watering otvodok not required, care for the plant is carried out as usual.
- When the cuttings take root, it will be seen by the appearance of young shoots. At this time, the bush is useful to feed fertilizer with nitrogen.
Young bushes need to cover for the winter, so that the roots do not die from frost. Dry foliage or straw is used as a covering material. With the onset of spring, the young bush is carefully separated and transplanted to a new place. You can divide the adult bush into 2 parts. To do this, break it in and cut off part of the root with 3-4 shoots. The cut off part is transplanted to a new place, and the rest is dropped back.
The method of propagation by cuttings is suitable for regions with mild, warm winters. Young roots have low frost resistance and can die in severe cold. Rooting of green cuttings carried out in the summer:
- Cut off the young shoots and soak them in the Kornevin solution for 12 hours.
- Then the stalk is planted in boxes with the substrate and placed in a greenhouse or a warm room with sufficient moisture.
- Rooting takes place until next spring. With the onset of heat, boxes are carried out into the garden and watered regularly.
Of all the planted shoots suitable for planting in open ground will be about half.
Reproduction using lignified cuttings is carried out in open ground. This should be done in late autumn. Mature shoots are cut and added to the ground in shaded areas. In winter, the cuttings are sprinkled with earth, and on top - with a thick layer of straw, hay, or dry leaves. In the spring, the layer of mulch is removed and the shoots begin to grow and take root. A year later, young bushes can be transferred to a permanent place.
Kolkktion seeds can be sown in the soil in late autumn or in spring for seedlings. When spring sowing seedlings are pre-prepared for 2 months. The first 2 weeks they are kept in the freezer, then another 6 weeks on the shelf in the refrigerator.
Prepared seeds are planted in pots or boxes for seedlings, immersing them in the substrate by 1 cm. You need to grow seedlings in a greenhouse. It is planted on the site next spring.
Landing in open ground
The next stage of breeding shrub colqution - planting and care in the open field. Best of all culture will feel in a well-lit area. Although it will survive in the shade, however, the flowering will not be so lush and bright. The place where the shrub is planted should be protected from wind and drafts. Such protection can give a fence, walls of buildings or tall trees.
The soil on the site should be nutritious, well drained. It is better not to plant the culture in the lowlands, where moisture stagnation is possible. The level of acidity of the soil for the ring is not important. Planting plants in the ground preferably in the spring, but when absolutely necessary, and allowed autumn planting. A pit is prepared in advance with a depth and width of 40-60 cm. For group planting, the distance between the pits must be at least 2 meters.
Before planting in the soil, the roots of seedlings are soaked for 12 hours in a solution of heteroauxin. Placing the bush in the pit, gently straighten the roots and sprinkle them with a mixture of sod, leaf humus and sand. Immediately upon planting they make mineral fertilizer and ash.
If the seedling is transferred from the container together with the earthy clod, the planting hole is pre-watered well, the plant roots are placed in it along with the soil, without disturbing the coma integrity. The level of the soil from the pot should coincide with the top level of the soil on the site. If there are voids, they are filled with fertile substrate and lightly tamped. After planting a bush watered and laid a layer of mulch.
Caring for shrubs in the garden
Kolkvitsiya differs in high resistance to diseases and wreckers. Caring for crops is reduced to regular watering, pruning crown, removing weeds and feeding. To water the ornamental shrub need not too often, but copiously. Water must be defended in advance and heated in the sun.
To ensure that the soil has sufficient and uniform moisture and to protect it from overgrowing with weeds, the area around the roots is mulched. As mulch is used sawdust and wood chips, peat, mown hay. Layer thickness can be from 3 to 8 cm.
Fertilizers need to be throughout the growing season. As soon as the plant stops blooming, the feeding is stopped and the frequency of watering is reduced. This contributes to the maturation of young shoots that have appeared this spring, and at the same time prevents the emergence of new ones that do not have time to get stronger before the cold weather.
Before applying the fertilizer bush necessarily watered. The first feeding consists of nitrogenous fertilizers - nitroammofoski or ammonium nitrate. In the future, the plant is fertilized with organic mixtures - bird droppings, mullein. You can buy in the store soluble mineral complexes for flowering plants.
Do not overfeed the ring. An excess of nitrogen will lead to an increase in green to the detriment of flowers. An excessive amount of mineral fertilizers contributes to the formation of a large number of shoots that will not survive during the winter frosts.
Trimming and preparation for winter
Pruning crowns are carried out throughout the season. This procedure is sanitary and rejuvenating. It is carried out in several stages:
- In the spring, before the budding begins, sanitary crown pruning is carried out. At this time, cut off all damaged, dried and weakened shoots.
- The second pruning is carried out when the shrub finishes blooming. Faded and young green shoots are shortened by one third of the length or slightly less. If these branches are not cut, they will not have time to woody before winter and will die of frost.
- Excessive young shoots are removed throughout the season.
- Old shrubs Kolkvitsy spend rejuvenating pruning. In early spring or after flowering, old stalks are cut to the ground. Soon after such a procedure, the plant will start new shoots, and next summer they will begin to bloom.
Kolkvitsiya pleasant - a culture characterized by high resistance to frost. But in order for the plant to survive the winter favorably, it needs snow cover and protection from the wind. Some varietal specimens and young twigs can withstand temperatures not lower than -25 degrees. They can suffer from frost even with good snow cover. If the root of the plant is not affected by the cold, in the spring the shrub will be able to recover, although its decorative qualities will be lower.
To protect varietal shrubs from freezing, they must be covered for the winter. In autumn, an additional layer of mulch is poured on the plot of land around the roots. The crown of the plant is protected by spandbond or other covering material. Young shoots can be bent to the ground and overlaid with fir branches, a snow shield is created on top. With the onset of the warm season, shelters are removed.
Possible problems with breeding
Kolkvitsiya extremely rarely attacked by pests. but in conditions of extreme heat and low humidity some parasites may be affected:
- Spider mite.
- Some types of caterpillars.
Of the other problems in the cultivation of shrubs can be noted weak flowering. The reason may be a lack of sunlight, depleted soil and unbalanced feeding. Young shoots may die from frost in winter. With the stagnation of water in the soil may rotting roots.
Use in landscape design
Kolkvitsiya charming can take a worthy place in the landscape of the garden or garden plots. It can be planted for different purposes.:
- For the formation of landscape compositions - usually planted in the center.
- As a single shrub on a green lawn.
- On the terrace.
- As a decorative ornament on the background of buildings and structures. The bush will look most impressive against the background of brown walls.
Next to the shrub, you can plant flowers - irises, peonies. It will look good in combination with weigela, deyie, barberry, Himalayan geraniums. You can use the ring as a hedge.