Author: Veronika Viktorova April 22, 2013 Category: Plant Reproduction
If you ask the owners of Monstera how to propagate this flower, you will probably be told that it is very easy to do this. In fact, there are many subtleties and nuances that you need to know about. If you decide to propagate Monstera without understanding the peculiarities of the process, you will certainly achieve the result, but spend more time and effort on this. And most importantly, the plant itself may suffer from this.
Monstera has a huge breeding advantage: this flower is fairly easy to root. In addition, for breeding, you can use almost any part of the plant, because Monstera, in fact, a tropical vine, which in nature tries to survive in any way.
How to root monstera using a sheet
Monstera breeding with leaves is less effective. It is usually resorted to if the leaf accidentally broke off. It should be put down the stem in a container with water and wait until the appendages appear. The leaf needs more roots to settle down in the ground, so use a voluminous can.
The complexity of this method of rooting:
- waiting for the formation of full roots will have no less than a month
- the leaf often fades before the roots grow back,
- jar of water should be opaque - the roots do not like light.
A much more effective method is to land a monstera with a leaf, near which aerial roots grow. This is a natural way of plant reproduction. The apartment is not a tropical forest, therefore, with the help of a film, moss should be attached to the roots. Leave holes for watering and root growth. Moisturize regularly. When the roots are large enough, they should be cut together with the leaflet and transplanted to a permanent place.
Optimal care for rooting monstera
A tropical guest does not always take root quickly and take root in the soil, but then grows quickly. Adult plant is quite large and sprawling. Consider this when choosing a pot for it. Small capacity should not be used even when planting short cuttings. The roots will grow and begin to look even out of the holes for drainage.
Temperature is an important decorative factor for monsteras. The warmer, the larger and more beautiful its leaves grow. Of course, heat must be accompanied by a high degree of humidity. After reproduction, the young plant should be put into the light, but protected from direct sunlight. This will help the bush to form the original pattern on the foliage and make its color a saturated green.
Council As they grow older, culture loses the need for an abundance of light. It can be moved to a more obscured place.
The simplest material for rooting Monstera are aerial roots. With their help, the plant multiplies in its native habitat. Cutting is also a fairly effective way. And to use for this purpose a sheet is better as a last resort.
Monstera is a large evergreen plant of the Aroid family. The natural habitat is Central, South America, found in Asia. In translation, the name of the plant means "fancy." This is a climber with a thick climbing stalk that is covered with air roots.
Plant height reaches 5 m. Large leaf plates are attached to the long petioles. The young leaves are solid, then holes appear on them, slits, they become dissected into several lobes. The inflorescence is an ear, surrounded by a veil.
Why you can: useful properties and signs
- Thanks to the large leaves, the Monstera plant actively produces oxygen, evaporates moisture, thereby improving the indoor climate.
- Monstera flower actively purifies the air (absorbs electromagnetic radiation, formaldehyde vapor).
- Monster recommended to place in offices, classrooms, libraries. This is due to the fact that the energy of the plant favorably affects the nervous system: it puts in order the thoughts, harmonizes the mental state, helps to concentrate, promotes the adoption of informed decisions.
- Also, the plant has a tonic effect on the body.
Where to put in the apartment
- Monstera does not like being moved from place to place, so it is advisable to immediately find a suitable location.
- Direct sunlight will leave burns on the leaves.
- In a deep shadow it grows poorly, it can die.
- Provide bright enough, but diffused lighting, only a slight shading is possible.
Monstera in winter
- The plant is desirable to reduce the temperature of the content to 14-18 ° C.
- No drafts (open air vents) are allowed.
- We reduce watering so that the soil has time to dry a little.
- Spraying stops, it is better to install next to a tank with wet moss or a humidifier, and wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.
- Feeding stop.
In the period March-August every 2 weeks, apply complex mineral fertilizers for decorative foliage plants. Adults lianas can be fed with organic matter: 1 time per season, cover the surface of the soil with humus or pour infusion of fermented mullein in a concentration of 1:20.
How to trim and transplant monster
With age, the vine is drawn, the leaves fall from the lower part of the trunk. The plant requires rejuvenation. It is necessary to completely cut off the upper part in spring, leaving about 30 cm. After some time, young shoots will appear. The top can be used for breeding: lower it into the water, and when the roots grow (preferably, they completely fill the tank), plant it in the soil.
- Replant young plants (up to the age of 4 years) annually, then transplantation takes about 1 time in 2-3 years.
- With each transplant, increase the size of the pot. The root system is powerful, it requires space. Choose a deep, wide pot.
- The thickness of the drainage layer should be 1/3 of the tank.
For planting, you can use a universal substrate, a mixture for palm trees, or prepare a soil mixture: sod and humus soil, peat, sand in equal proportions.
Why do monsteras turn yellow dry and leaves fall
Improper care affects the appearance of the plant:
- Leaves dry out due to lack of moisture or nutrients.
- If the soil is wetted, the leaves begin to turn yellow, the roots rot, an emergency transplant is necessary.
- The trunk of a young plant becomes bare, the growth rate slows down - the lighting is insufficient.
- The edges of the leaf plates become brown - the air is too dry or the root system is closely in the pot.
- When exposed to direct sunlight leaves are covered with yellow spots.
- Leaf plates remain whole - the plant lacks light or nutrients.
- From the increased air temperature, the leaves turn yellow, fall off (not to be confused with the natural gradual fall of the leaves from the lower part of the trunk).
Why do monsters blacken leaves
Monstera blackens due to stagnant moisture in the pot, which can be caused by insufficient drainage and / or excessively frequent, abundant watering. The root system begins to rot, rot spreads to the whole plant.
Requires an emergency transplant with the replacement of the soil and fungicide treatment. Loosen the roots of the plant from the ground, cut the rotted, and plant in a disinfected pot with fresh soil. Do not forget to lay one third of the pot drainage layer of small stones. After transplanting, pour a solution of phytosporine and treat the leaves with it.
- Tripsa (the surface of leaf plates is covered with white specks, and on the back side you can detect small insects),
- Shield (leaf plates dry, fall off, brownish plaques can be detected on their surface - the pests themselves),
- Spider mite (leaves become sluggish, small spider webs can be detected on their surface),
- Mealybug (leaves, young shoots bend, dry, fall off).
The first step is to remove pests mechanically. Moisten a cotton pad or sponge with soapy water, wipe the leaves. Then carry out the treatment with insecticide.
Monstera growing from seed
Monstera seeds photo
- For sowing seeds, fill the container with light, water- and breathable soil.
- Seal the seeds shallowly, at a distance of 4-5 cm, moisten the crops, cover with clear glass or film.
- Maintain air temperature at 25 ° C.
- Greenhouse regularly air, moisten the soil.
- Shoots will appear in about a month.
Monstera seed seedling photos
- Grown seedlings seedlings in separate pots.
- At first there will be only juvenile leaves not dissected, after 5-8 months of growth real dissected leaf plates will appear.
Propagation by side processes and division of rhizome
Monstera propagation by lateral processes
Lateral processes appear in the lower part of the stem - root them in the springtime. The shoot must have aerial roots and leaf. They can immediately be planted in separate pots.
During transplantation of adult plants can be divided rhizomes. Each delenka should contain part of the rhizome, a full-fledged rosette or growth bud. Seat on individual containers.
Monster adanson monstera adansonii
Monstera Adanson monstera adansonii variety swiss cheese vine photo
It can reach a height of about 8 m. The length of the leaf plate is 20-55 cm, width - 15-40 cm. They are egg-shaped in shape, covered with holes. Blossoming: the ear, surrounded with a cover of a yellowish shade.
Monstera delicacy or attractive Monstera deliciosa
Monstera delicacy or attractive Monstera deliciosa photo
Heart-shaped leaf plates, pinnatisect, covered with holes. The peculiarity is that this type of fruits. After flowering, a soft berry appears, taste like pineapple. Maturation of the fetus lasts about 10 months (at home).
Monstera oblique or uneven Monstera Obliqua
Monstera oblique or uneven Monstera Obliqua photo
Climbing Liana. Ellipsoid leaf plates are covered with large holes of oblong shape, the edges are solid. The leaf halves are slightly different in size: one is larger than the other, and the name is derived.
Types and features of the plant
Creepers have airy adventitious roots, a thickened long stem, small flowers gathered on the cob, which resembles a cylinder on a farm. Monstera has no “autumn season,” so it blooms and growing year roundremaining evergreen. There are several different types of indoor vines: Monstera Punched, Variegata, Borgisiana and Magnificent. The leaves of these species have a different shape and color.
At home, the vine should be given a vertical shape with the help of special supports. It is recommended that most of the aerial roots reach the ground. To turn this trick, it is necessary for each of these roots to attach a separate bag, which is a soil mixture.
Liana can predict rain. About a day before the weather on the leaves will begin to appear excess moisture, which flows from them very large drops, and sticky juice will appear on the edges of the leaves. For such an ability to "cry" monster also became known as "Plaksoy." A more scientific name for such a plant would be Philodendron.
Under room conditions, the flower moistens the air and enriches it with oxygen, but this is not all that this plant can boast. If you believe bioenergy, the vine can create harmony in the house, absorbing the negative energy that occurs as a result of quarrels.
Breeding conditions monsters
Monstera will multiply successfully only if all the necessary conditions have been created for this. The first step is to prepare the soil that will be used for planting cuttings or sowing seeds. At the bottom of the tank, the drainage must be laid down and only then a mixture of humus and peat is poured, as well as a layer of sand of 2–3 centimeters.
Cuttings can be planted immediately in the sand, but as soon as the first roots appear, they must be transplanted into the ground. The temperature for the comfortable maintenance of seedlings or crops should be in the range of 22-25 ° C.
Monstera is a fairly light-loving plant, so it is very important to choose a suitable place for the plant. It should be well lit, but without direct sunlight. If the place is chosen unsuccessfully, the cuttings will take root much more slowly.
Creating high humidity is the key to success. Young plants require daily spraying with water at room temperature, and twice a day: in the morning and in the evening. Proper fertilizer selection will also have a positive effect on rooting cuttings at home.
Those seedlings that are already rooted are fed with a weak solution from liquid complex fertilizers once a month. Thanks to this care, the growth of a young plant is accelerated to a significant extent.
We should not forget that the monstera is a poisonous plant, so all home reproduction manipulations should always be carried out in protective gloves.
How to propagate the monster stem handle
Perhaps the easiest and most convenient way to reproduce this plant at home. Monstera will best breed in this way in the spring and summer. First, the part of the stem that has at least two buds must be separated from the parent plant.
Later, the cutting is laid on the ground in such a way that at least one of the two buds touches the surface of the substrate.
It is not necessary to sprinkle with earth or deepen the stem piece. He can easily take root, if you provide regular watering, spraying and warm content. Also for breeding at home it is recommended to choose a light substrate or use a container with hydrogel.
Monstera will be rooted most quickly if you make a greenhouse or a mini-greenhouse for it. It is necessary to cover the container with a young sprout in a jar, polyethylene or glass so that a suitable microclimate is created inside. Such a "greenhouse" should be periodically ventilated, but it is impossible to allow drafts.
Stem stalk after rooting can be transplanted into an individual pot for permanent "residence". The first young leaves are heart-shaped and only after some time become dissected. Further care of the plant is the same as in the care of an adult plant.
Propagation by cuttings
The best period for such a procedure is spring and summer. First you need a sharp knife to cut off the top of the stem, which will be able to 2-3 leaves. In the event that the cutting will have an air root with itself, the process of rooting and growth will accelerate quite significantly.
The stalk must be put in water, the temperature of which should not be below + 25 ° C, and also place the container in a well-lit place, but direct sunlight should not be on it.
Until the stalk has at least 3 roots, it should be postponed. It is best to wait for more root processes, then the monstera will be able to root faster and soon will release young leaves.
When planting plants in the ground, you should put a ladder or support in the pot so that during the growth the flower does not break at the base.
With the help of leaves, experienced growers can propagate this amazing plant. However, this method is the most difficult, since in the process the sheet of monstera can start to wilt, and it is far from always taking root. It is best to try to propagate monster leaves, if one of them accidentally broke off from an adult plant.
In this case, the sheet is placed in a spacious, bulk container with water, for example, in a three-liter jar. After that, you should just wait for the formation of root processes in large numbers and only after that the leaf can be planted in the ground. The plant is recommended to fix on a prop. It is also necessary to maintain wet and warm conditions.
Reproduction by air roots
Monstera breeding using aerial roots, or, as they are usually called, cuttings, is a little more laborious process than reproduction by cuttings and requiring some additional effort.
However, this method is at the same time the most effective and reliable way to get a strong and healthy new plant, because it is in this way that monsters reproduce in natural habitats.
To carry out the procedure in the right way is the key to success. First you need to choose a good shoot for breeding, it must have the largest number of aerial roots. After that, for the formation of roots it is necessary to provide for the young process intensive moisturizing. To solve this problem, there are a couple of ways:
- We put wet moss on it- with a sphagnum aerial roots. Such moss should be constantly sprayed and watered. To ensure constant high humidity, it is necessary to wrap the roots with moss or use a plastic bag for this. Обмотка при этом не должна быть очень плотной, чтобы доступ воздуха не перекрывался и чтобы росту корней ничто не препятствовало.
- Помещаем в небольшую емкость из пластика воздушные корни, привязываем ее к стеблю и наливаем отстоянную воду комнатной температуры.
As soon as the true roots grow and become strong, it is necessary to make a cut with a sharp knife and separate the cuttings from the stem.
Place the cut to sprinkle with crushed charcoal, and then plant a process in an individual pot.
The method of propagation of monstera using seeds is time consuming and very long. For sowing, it is necessary to use only fresh seeds, as they quickly lose their germination over time.
Using plastic bags for germinating seeds is the best solution. Such bags should be filled with about 5% wet moss-sphagnum, and the rest of the space should be occupied by air.
Packages must be kept in a warm room with a temperature of 25–28 ° C and a good level of lighting (diffuse). The first shoots can be expected only in 35-50 days.
Strong seedlings should be transplanted into a mixture of turf and leaf land, as well as sand. The growth and development of young plants is at a very slow level. By about two years of its life, the plant has 5 juveniles (leaves without cuts) and 4 adult leaves.
Before you start breeding monster, you should familiarize yourself with some of the nuances:
Very long rooting. The peculiarity of the flower is that until it grows strong and large roots, the leaves will not grow normally. This should be taken into account when trying to root young cuttings in water. Do not rush to plant them in the substrate until the root processes appear on them.
It will be best to wait for the emergence of roots in large quantities, then it will be easier for the plant to take root in the soil and the first young leaves will appear much earlier.
You can also accelerate the growth of monstera, watering the rooted specimens with growth stimulants, which can be bought at any specialized store.
The stem of the plant does not grow in thickness. As it develops, the monstera can grow up to a greater height, but the thickness of the stem below will remain the same as that of the newly planted cutting. Due to this feature, the stem at the base can break under the large weight of the crown. What can be done to prevent this?
- For breeding should choose the stalk as thick as possible.
- Provide for a flower special ladder or prop.
- Deepen the bottom of the stemsprinkle it with earth, or transplant the monster into a pot deeper.
The state of the monstera’s health itself indicates: yellowing leaves indicate a lack of top dressing, and when spots appear on them should think about treatment. If the plant does not have enough light, then new sheets will appear without cuts, and if the flower is too hot, the leaves will begin to fall off.
Now you know about all the methods of breeding monster in room conditions and can get down to business! If you do it right, the tropical beauty will delight you for more than a decade.
Reproduction by cuttings
The cutting method of reproduction is the simplest; cuttings are cut from the top of the plant or even from the middle of the stem. It is important to remember that on the handle must have at least one kidney.
After cutting, they are planted in sand or peat, providing a soil temperature of at least twenty-eight degrees and sufficient moisture. Desirable mimic the climate of the tropicscovering the plant with film or glass.
To make the first roots and shoots, it should take some time, and, the more roots appear, the better, after which the ready escape is transplanted into a pot with soil.
This method has a small drawback: Monstera stalk grows up rather than in thickness, and can easily break at the base. To prevent this, the stalk should immediately be sufficiently thick, and put a support or a ladder in the escape pot.
Watch a video on how to propagate the monster by cuttings below, it is in English, but all the actions are clear:
Help, please, advice. In Monstera, the leaves began to curl into a tube (do not turn yellow) just curl .. The plant has the appearance of wilting, new leaves do not unwind. Already the soil changed, and the roots rinsed in manganese, and fed, and I spray the leaves (it's very hot now) ... I think. until it is completely gone, try cutting the cuttings? Who had a similar problem. share your advice. what is better to do? It was standing at the opposite wall (however, she stood there all winter and nothing), and now she moved closer to the window, but there are no results of recovery ... Thank you
Optimum terms for plant reproduction and transplantation
Monstera has the ability to grow quickly, so young specimens of this plant should be transplanted annually. The best time for a transplant is spring.. The roots of the plant are quite fragile, you need to act very carefully.
During interchange works, one should not forget about aerial roots. They are carefully refilled in the soil layer. When it reaches 5-6 years of age, the monstera becomes very large and does not transplant anymore. Instead, the pot is replaced by topsoil.
In the spring and summer, reproduction should also be planned. At this point, the plant has a fairly high growth energy. therefore rooting of cuttings and leaves occurs as soon as possible.
Gallery: Monstera (25 photos)
Reproduction technology cuttings
The easiest and Monstera's fastest breeding method is rooting stem cuttings. For this, the stem of the plant is cut into several parts, each of which must have at least 2 viable buds.
After harvesting the cuttings are planted in a loose, moisture-absorbing substrate. For example, you can use the soil for growing seedlings. Planting cuttings carried out obliquelyin such a way that one of his kidneys comes into contact with the soil. It is not necessary to fill up the cutting with earth, it is simply fastened with a bracket.
From above it is covered with a plastic bag or a can to create a greenhouse effect. Periodically shelter should be removed for airing. After the development of a new leaf stalk can be carefully transplanted to a permanent place.
Monstera's quick breeding method is rooting stem cuttings.
How to propagate and plant leaf monstera
Monster can be multiplied even one sheet. To do this, it is placed in a container with boiled water, at the bottom of which put a piece of charcoal. The process of rooting sheet may take from one month to two, or even completely fail. After the development of a sufficient number of roots, the leaf is planted in a nutrient and loose soil.
How to root monster apex
Very often, after pruning an overgrown plant, there remain apical cuttings, the so-called tops. They can be used quite successfully for breeding. For rooting the crown is placed in water or planted in a moisture-absorbing substrate. The process of formation of the roots of them usually takes about 2 weeks.
What you need to know about plant transplantation
Monstera is a fast-growing large plant. It develops especially intensively in the first 5-6 years. Therefore, during this period, the plant needs an annual transplant. All transplanting should be done with gloves.Monstera juice has an irritating effect.
The soil for this creeper is made up of peat, humus and sand, taken in equal proportions. At the bottom of the future pot, a drainage layer of expanded clay is equipped. Transplantation of plants is best done by transshipment. The fragile roots of the flower are damaged very easily, so you need to act very carefully.
Plant with delicate leaves
Monstera is a typical representative of the South American tropics. In the wild, this vine grows to 50 meters. And its carved leaves reach a meter wide. In order to climb trees, a vine grows strong aerial roots, they descend from the branches and reach the ground. If the monstera has lost contact with the soil, thanks to the air processes, it will be fixed on the trunk, where it lives, and will become an epiphyte (a plant without land).
Monstera - a typical representative of the South American tropics, the length of the vine can be 50 meters
Particularly noteworthy are the monstera leaves, big shiny and leathery. They are located on long petioles and are equipped with an amazing "carved" pattern. They have gracefully cut edges, and sometimes neat symmetrical holes are pierced. What is interesting is not only the appearance of monster foliage, but also its internal structure. The lateral veins of the plant are equipped with special organs - guides. When the humidity increases, they emit droplets of clear liquid. Monstera seems to cry. It has long been observed that crying begins before the rain. So Monstera is a natural barometer.
Monstera has gorgeous leaves with elegantly cut edges and neat holes.
In nature, the vine blooms. A large (30 cm) yellowish, creamy or lilac inflorescence is very similar to a corncob, covered with a petal like a veil.
Monstera inflorescence looks like a corncob
The monster fruit ripens for almost a year. In a variety of plants called delicacy matured cob edible, inside its juicy flesh, its taste resembles something between a banana and pineapple. But in captivity monsters rarely bloom and do not bear fruit.
In our area, you will not taste the monstera, and South Americans grow liana because of its juicy and fragrant fruits.
Monstera is often confused with a variety of philodendron with dissected leaves. These plants are close relatives, they are from the aroid family. But the leaves of philodendron are more elongated and pointed at the end. The most important difference between Monstera and Philodendron is juice. You want to make sure what plant is in front of you, break off or cut the escape or leaf. Monstera has clear juice, while philodendron has a milky one.
Monstera is one of the most undemanding, and therefore popular plants in indoor floriculture. They are loved for original greens and fast growth. At home, the vine is, of course, less than ten times in nature, but it can blow up to 4 meters. Not everyone can comfortably accommodate such a giant at home. But in public places Monstera - a frequent inhabitant. It copes well with vertical gardening, looks great in tubs or stylish pots, standing apart from other colors. It is believed that Monstera not only heals the atmosphere, but also absorbs negative energy.
Monstera heals the atmosphere in the room, absorbs negative energy and just pleases the eye
But the monster has a tracery and opponents. Some of them believe that the vine does not belong in the house. This superstition has a long history. In the XVIII century, when Europeans began to settle in Latin America, rumors appeared that giant killer plants inhabit the jungle. The pioneers found the remains of animals and people, permeated with stems and roots. They said that the plant allegedly attacks living beings. But the truth is that the plant has sprouted through the one who has already died, lost in the jungle.
Such fables did a disservice. An innocent liana called monstera - monstrum, which means in Latin monster. But according to other sources, the name of the plant comes from the word monstrosus - fancy or amazing. Such a definition is best suited exotic liana. Her foliage creates fancy patterns, and the plant, familiar to gardeners for more than three centuries, still surprises and pleases.
Lakoy, slanting, thin and other monsters
In nature, about 50 species of monsteras are described, but only a few of them migrated into the houses. Others stayed in greenhouses and winter gardens. We will get acquainted with some representatives of the domesticated monster.
- Monstera Delicatessen, whose name is still attractive and tasty, is the leader in popularity. At home, in equatorial America, it is grown for its tasty fruits. In the harsh climate, this vine decorates greenhouses and rooms. In greenhouse conditions, this monstera is pulled out to 12 meters, in rooming only 3. The lianas have fleshy dense stems. Heart-shaped leathery leaves are large (60 cm), strongly dissected, with lobes and holes. This variety can also bloom when kept in an apartment.
- Monstera delicacy has a variegated white-motley shape, it is also called Alba. It does not grow as fast as green and a little more capricious. But with these shortcomings can be reconciled because of the incredibly beautiful leaves. They are the same "lace", but also painted with white patterns, which can take half a sheet. And the older the plant becomes, the more white markings. In the variegated variety, the stem is also multicolored.
- Variegated marble monstera combines yellow and green color of leaves and stems.
- Bonsig Monstera bred on the basis of delicacy. But it is more miniature liana. The leaves are smaller, no more than 30 cm, thinner shoots. It grows well and quickly in indoor conditions.
- Monstera adansona (it is pierced or full of holes) comes from the Brazilian jungle. It is a creeper about 8 meters long with large (up to 50 cm) thin ovoid leaves. They are chaotically "pierced" many small holes. The plant blooms reluctantly. In indoor conditions, monster adansona successfully grown, but as long as she meets infrequently.
- Monstera is oblique or unequally derived from the tropics of Brazil and Guiana. This climbing liana has relatively small (20 cm) asymmetrical oval leaves on short (12 cm) petioles. The inflorescence is only 4 cm in length. The plant is cultivated as indoor, but specimens from the greenhouse look better and more effective.
- Monstera doubtful (dubia) - a rare species. In this delicate miniature liana young leaves are whole with silver ornaments along the veins. They resemble foliage. With age, they turn green and become perforated.
- Monstera pointed is a compact liana - 3 meters. Leaves are dense with a pointed end first whole. Small cuts appear only in the adult plant. Despite unpretentiousness, it is rarely grown in home gardening.
- Monstera thin - very rare vine. It is small with delicate openwork leaves. In young plants, they are heart-shaped, without cuts. In adults - pinnately dissected. The plant is undemanding, but grows very slowly.
Care for young plants
Caring for young plants Monstera is not particularly difficult. The main thing to comply with the following conditions:
For the successful growth and development of the monster, a bright but diffused light is required. Direct sunlight for the plant is disastrous. Even with a brief exposure to the sun, the leaves of the plant can be severely burned.
The best place for its placement are windows of east and west orientation. On the north side, the plant will lack light, and on the south side it will suffer from the scorching sun. The indicator of the correct selected lighting mode is the large, even leaves of the monstera with no signs of yellowness. With a lack of light, the leaves become much smaller and less carved.
Bright but diffused light is required for the successful growth and development of the Monstera.
When growing monstera in room conditions, it does not require any special temperature conditions. Simply should knowthat at higher temperatures, the plant develops more actively. The optimum temperature for it is in the range of 20-25 ° C. In winter, it can be reduced to 18-20 °, but below + 10 ° it should not fall. Also for monstera cold drafts are very dangerous.
Like most tropical plants, monster requires abundant watering. Especially a lot of moisture it needs in the period from March to September, at this time an earthen room in a pot with a plant should always be wet. In the fall, watering is significantly reduced, and in winter it is reduced to a minimum. Water used for irrigation must be separated and kept at room temperature. When watering a flower, you need to observe moderation, the bay for it is no less destructive than overdrying.
Monstere requires abundant watering.
Air roots care
In monstera, almost from each leaf grows aerial roots. They can never be cut off. Roots just gently sent to the soil, so they contribute to the additional nutrition of the plant. Pair roots are developing poorly at an inadequate level of humidity. In this case, they are recommended to be wrapped with wet moss or lowered into a container with water. You can also use a plastic tube wrapped in coconut fiber. Holes are made in it and filled with a moist soil substrate. Then the monstera roots are guided into these holes.
It is not so difficult to grow a monstera from a small cutting or even a leaf on your own, as it seems at first glance. The main thing is to create suitable conditions for rooting and then success will not keep you waiting.