This is one of the most impressive garden plants with large purple-blue flowers and honey-sweet aroma. Since Kobeya grows quickly and forms many leaves in a short time, it is ideal for decorating the balcony and terrace. It can be so impressive that it often transforms the look of a garden. Kobeya grows up to 4 meters or so during the summer, and from summer to the first frost it produces very large and characteristic flowers.
Kobe's Garden plant
Kobeya will appeal to anyone who craves visual impact.. It is extremely attractive when it grows up through lattice fences, arches, over small buildings or old trees. It will also solve the problem of what to do with a bare wall, and fill the air with a very pleasant honey smell during the growing season.
Kobeya is a genus of flowering plants, comprising about 20 species of fast-growing ornamental vines from Mexico. The botanical name comes from the monk Bernab Cobo, a 19th century Spanish Jesuit, a naturalist and a resident of America. Leaves alternate with opposite pairs and antennae. Plants can become invasive in some areas and are common weeds in New Zealand.
In gardens and pots, as a rule, only one type is used for cultivation - Kobea climbing (Cobaea scandens).
These plants are very popular with garden owners, as this energetic vine grows a few meters in a short time and serves as a privacy screen on fences and fences from the prying eyes of neighbors. In addition, Kobeya grows equally well on facades and garage walls.
Description and characteristics
Cobaea scandens are commonly referred to as bell. The descriptive general name refers to its bell-shaped flowers (cups), each of which is connected to a saucer-shaped green cup. The flowers have a musky scent. Kobeya blooms in late summer to autumn. At home, flowers are pollinated by bats.
This plant grows very quickly, up to 4 m per season, and with an ideal location and good care it can grow up to 8 meters. The flowers are whitish-green at the beginning, later they turn into beautiful purple flowers. In addition to the Kobe variety, violet is a Kobe variety, white with white flowers. Flowers are large, hanging in the shape of a bell. Bright green feathery leaves. Pleasant aroma. Bright capsular fruits - from 5 to 9 cm long, contain many seeds.
Growing from seed
For planting Kobei and caring for her in the open field you need a sunny place, a good substrate, plenty of water and fertilizer. They grow quickly and vigorously. If the place is shady, the flowers often appear so late that they fail to bloom. Kobeya does not place high demands on the vegetable substrate.. The substrate must be:
- nutritious and permeable.
The cultivation of climbing Kobe from seeds in a pot should be started at the end of winter or in very early spring separately in small pots in composted soil. The seeds are large, flat and hard. If you soak them in water the night before planting, it will accelerate germination. It may be unstable, but sprouts should appear within 2-4 weeks. When planting, flat seeds deepen into the soil vertically with the longest edge down and barely cover with soil.
Pots are covered with a film to retain moisture. Germination takes from three weeks to a month. After germination, seedlings should be moved to larger pots with stands, so that young stems have something to cling to.
When the temperature in the street is consistently warm and the danger of frost passes, young plants can be planted in the garden, near a solid grate or close to the wall facing south. Young plants are placed in the ground. The pit for planting should be two times larger than the root ball.
Kobeya needs plenty of water in the summer. This is necessary especially during the growing season. But you should avoid constant moisture that the plant does not tolerate. At the beginning of its growth, kobeya needs nitrogen, and when the buds begin to appear, it needs potassium and phosphorus.
Kobe is pretty sensitive to cold. Temperatures below + 5 ° C can damage the plant. In winter, in a greenhouse or winter garden, temperatures between 10 and 15 ° C are ideal. The lower the temperature, the less water is required. In addition, the need to regularly check the plants for the presence of pests.
Diseases and pests
The bell is not particularly susceptible to diseases and pests, but there are two main types of pests: snails and spider mites. The big danger comes from snails. They eat young shoots and can destroy the whole plant. Indoors in winter often spider mites.
Snails love these plants, but you can successfully fight them. Ideal is the use of special nematodes. As well as useful traps, ground coffee, coffee grounds and other means to repel pests.. Natural enemies of snails:
- birds (unfortunately only a few)
- ground beetles.
Spider mites are difficult to recognize first. The best way to prevent it is to pollinate kobe with water. Small drops of water show the web that should be removed. In addition, these insects do not like high humidity.
Tips and tricks
If the plant does not bloom at all, this is often due to too much nutrients in the soil. They promote growth and leaf formation. Besides, the plant may not have enough water.
Varieties and types
Kobeya is climbing (she creeping or kobeya skandens) in its homeland - in Mexico - is a perennial, growing up to 4 meters in length, while we grow it as an annual. The stems of this species are covered with feathery leaves with branched tendrils at the end, due to which the plant clings to the support.
In their natural environment, bells with a diameter of up to 8 cm have a purple color, their oblong stamens and pistils are easily visible from the outside. Flowering begins in July and ends with the onset of frost.
It is this type of kobei that is cultivated, as a result of which among the numerous varieties there are also specimens with white flowers.
- Variety Kobeya Lady Hamilton.
Kobeya purple (can be specified as “lilac“If its flowers have a color close to this shade or mixed violet-lilac) is represented, for example, by the variety kobeya calando.
Kobeya perennial in the climate of the Russian Federation, far from that in the tropics, most often grown as a one-year liana. However, the preservation of a perennial trait is possible, although it requires special care and must be moved with the roots into containers for the winter period.
Kobeya planting and care in the open field
To make Kobe in the garden look like a full-fledged beautiful liana, it is necessary to plant in the first days of March (the maximum is in the middle). The seeds of the plant have sufficient dimensions for planting them one by one, and not a bunch.
The germination of Kobe seeds is directly proportional to their age, and therefore it is not recommended to take the seeds of last year. Instead, it is better to choose the planting material of the last crop.
It is necessary to water kobey regularly, especially in hot summertime. Here, in this case, it is important not to overdo it, since excessive amounts of moisture can provoke the emergence of root rot, in particular, if the plant is grown on the floor of a shaded area.
Kobeya loves fertile, arched soils, where she grows especially fast and massively. Warm, protected from wind, the area near the wall, fence or any other support on the loose, well-fertilized, drained soil is the best option.
In the area of pristvolnyh circles, the soil must be maintained in a slightly moist state, for which mulch is used with sawdust or peat. Mandatory measures of soil care in addition to wetting and fertilizing are loosening and removing weeds.
Top dressing kobei
Feed for Kobei in the initial stages of growth should be made every week. They must contain large amounts of nitrogen. With the beginning of the formation of buds comes time fertilizing based on phosphorus and potassium.
When the seedlings acquire their first leaves, it is recommended to fertilize them with humate, and then alternate mineral fertilizers (for example, Kemira) with organic fertilizers (mullein infusion) until flowering begins.
If, before planting in the open ground, the kobei is transplanted into individual tanks, you can help it gain strength even before it is in a permanent place. For this, foil cups, rolled up without a bottom, are well suited, which are placed in a large container and filled more than half with a nutrient substrate.
Each cup is placed on one seed and sprinkled with earth for 1-1.5 cm. After 10 days sprouts should appear, which require regular watering. Then, more tall kobeyu, transplanted into larger cups, and at this stage, just manifest the benefits of their design.
Since the foil easily unfolds without damaging the root system of the plant, which later, together with the earthy clod, is transplanted into the next container.
Another transplant before planting in the ground will be needed when, due to the intensive growth of the plant, the roots begin to occupy even more space.
As noted earlier, the cultivation of perennial kobey is possible in principle with us. The difficulty lies in the fact that the transplant does not tolerate the plant, which often does not allow it to survive the winter in more favorable conditions.
But Kobe, who was able to endure the winter hardships, will be characterized by an accelerated onset of flowering and increased its intensity. So, first you need to save the plant in the winter - in October it should be completely cut and carefully dug, avoiding the possibility of damage to the fragile root system.
After Kobeyu transferred into a container installed in a dark cool (about 10 ° C) room (cellar is perfect). As long as the winter period lasts, the plant does not need care, except for periodic soil moistening in order to avoid drying out the roots, and when spring comes, it should be moved to a sunny place and increase irrigation.
Landing in the ground in this case is usually carried out in late spring, when all return frosts are completed, and are treated in the same way as the one-year crop.
Kobeya seed growing
Some of the problems of growing kobei are associated with one of its natural features — the seeds have a strong peel, which is difficult for sprouts to cope with.
Therefore, before embarking on a landing, it is recommended to prepare them in a certain way:
- Put it on the bottom of a wide container, pour water at room temperature and close with a lid,
- After 24 hours, release from the softened crust, detaching only the easily peelable parts of it,
- Peeled seeds in the last step should be immersed in water until the skin peels off completely.
The resulting “clean” seeds germinate an order of magnitude faster, and, if it does, also use the methods of preliminary germination in foil, described above.
As a result, we will have an intensely growing, strongly elongated, bushy with a lush crown (subject to pinching) a very ornamental garden plant. We sow kobey in open ground in June, having youngsters or seeds at a mutual distance of 70-90 cm.
This plant is fast growing. In this regard, the branched root system is very strong and has many thin, fibrous roots. The length of the shoots can reach up to 6 meters and even in some cases much more. The composition of the alternately intricate spectacular leaf plates includes only 3 lobes. At the tips of the stems, the leaves change and become branched tendrils, which help the shrub up the support, clinging to it with the help of them. Large flowers have a bell-shaped form and reach a diameter of 8 centimeters, their pistil and stamens are prominent. The flowers have long pedicels and grow from the leaf sinuses in a group of 2 or 3 pieces or settling singly. When the flowers begin to open, they are painted in yellowish-green color. And after full disclosure, the flowers change their color to white or purple. The fruit is a leathery box that opens along the side seams. Inside it are large, flat, oval-shaped seeds.
Growing Kobe from seed
Growing kobeyu from seeds is not so simple, but it is quite realistic. The fact is that the shell of large seeds has a high density, which makes it difficult to produce sprouts. Therefore, before sowing, such a shell must be dissolved to such a state that it will look like mucus, and then remove it manually. To do this, you need to expand the seeds at the bottom of the container, which should be wide enough, while it is worth considering that they should not touch each other. Pour water into the container and close it very tightly with a lid to prevent evaporation of the liquid. From time to time it is necessary to check the seeds and at the same time remove the limp part of the shell, and then again lower them into the container. For complete purification of seeds from the shell, as a rule, it takes several days.
For seedlings, this plant should be sown in February or the first days of March. For sowing, it is recommended to use individual not very large cups, in which one seed is placed, thus you will not have to injure young seedlings during the pick. To sow the seeds, it is recommended to use a universal soil. A seed should be laid on the soil surface, while the flat side should be turned down, and then it should be sprinkled over it with a layer of the same mixture, the thickness of which should be 15 millimeters. Seedlings appear after a different amount of time. If you have properly prepared the seed and removed the entire shell completely, the seedlings may appear within a fortnight.
When the seedlings grow a little, and they have 2 true leaf plates, they should dive with a clod of earth in the tank, which should have a volume of about three liters. This will allow you to form a strong root system and get powerful stems. During transplantation, do not forget to put special ladders made of metal or plastic in the tank; in this case, the seedling will grow, using it as a support. At the same time should begin to produce hardening seedlings. To do this, the plant is transferred to the loggia or the balcony, which must be insulated or glazed in case of emergency. Here the seedlings will be located before the transplant, while slowly getting used to the cold air. As a rule, it takes enough three-week hardening, so that the plants are fully accustomed to the street climate. Then it will be possible to proceed with the planting of grown up and strengthened seedlings in open ground.
What time to land
In open soil, seedlings are transplanted in May or at the beginning of June, while they should be left behind the frost. And the night temperature should not be less than 5 degrees. However, it is impossible to take too long with a landing, because in this case the plant will outgrow, and transplanting to the garden will become much more complicated.
First, decide on the place where Kobei will grow. For them, it is recommended to choose a well-lit place with nutrient soil. However, this flower can be grown in a shaded place. It should be noted that this shrub must be protected from the cold wind. First you need to prepare the landing holes, the distance between which should be from 50 to 100 centimeters. They need to pour loose soil mixture consisting of humus, peat and turf land. They need to lower the plant together with a lump of earth, bury and thoroughly water. Immediately next to the bushes it is necessary to put a support (arch or fence), since a growing shrub must climb precisely along it, and not along the bushes or trees located nearby. In the event that the threat of frost still remains, the plant will need to be covered for some time with a nonwoven covering material folded in 2 layers.
Peculiarities of care
Kobei should be watered systematically, and the watering should be more abundant in the long dry period. But it must be borne in mind that if the liquid stagnates in the roots, this will provoke the development of rot. Especially careful in watering should be, if the shrub grows in a shaded place.
At the beginning of active growth, such a plant needs frequent feedings, which are carried out 1 time per week, and for this purpose it is recommended to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers. During budding Kobe will need potassium and phosphorus. Feed the plant begin almost immediately after the appearance of seedlings. Then when the plant has formed the first leaf, it will need to feed the humate. After that, Kobei is fed alternately with mineral fertilizers (for example, Kemira) and organic matter (mullein infusion) until the very beginning of flowering. In order for the vine to grow and grow normally, you need to systematically loosen the surface of the soil and pull up weeds.
How to multiply
Как уже говорилось выше, кобею можно вырастить из семени, а еще можно размножить черенкованием. Cuttings are taken from the mother bushes, which should be indoors all winter. When in spring time active growth of young shoots begins, some of them can be cut off and thrust into moistened sand for rooting. An ingrained cutting should be transplanted into the open soil in the last days of May or the first - in June. Such plants begin to bloom somewhat faster than those grown from seed, but their flowering is not dull and not so beautiful.
Pests and diseases
Aphids and ticks can live on the plant. To get rid of such insects, it is necessary to treat the plant with a solution consisting of a phytoverm and potassium green soap. Instead of green soap, you can take a flea shampoo for animals (it is also used to combat other pests).
Flowering begins in July, and ends with the onset of frost. In the middle latitudes such a shrub grow as an annual, which means that in the autumn it should be burned. Seeds in middle latitudes do not have time to ripen, so they will have to be re-purchased at the store for sowing next year. It should be noted that even if you buy famous brand seeds in a store, their germination rate will not be higher than 30 percent.
If you wish, you can grow a grown-up kobey and save it until next year. In October, you should cut off all the stems from the bush, carefully dig it and plant it in a large box or a pot. Store such a plant should be in a cool dark place, and the temperature should not exceed 12 degrees. So, for storage the basement or a cellar perfectly will approach. Make sure that the substrate does not dry out, for this you need to water 1 time in 20-30 days. In the last days of February, the first - March, the shrub should be rearranged to a bright and warm place and gradually increase the watering. In the garden, the bush is planted only after the threat of frost has completely passed.
Kobeya: planting and care in the open field
A kobeya flower is actively developing and spends most of its energy for being able to climb higher with the help of its antennae. It is logical to assume that for further growth liana requires special conditions of care: constant and abundant watering, as well as a certain amount of nutrients. When the summer was hot and dry, such needs become more urgent.
At the same time, it is necessary to constantly ensure that when irrigating water there is not too much, as stagnant water negatively affects the root system of the plant, provoking the active development of fungi.
After landing in the ground, Kobe grows pretty quickly, but flowering begins only after a while, after frequent bait. It is recommended to add fertilizer to the watering weekly starting from the moment of growing the seedlings from the seeds. Experienced gardeners are advised to alternate the bait, starting with the saturation of the soil, in which Kobe grows, with organic matter and eventually switching to mineral supplements.
At the very beginning of the growing season, Kobe needs nitrogen most of all, and in early July, before flowering, she needs potassium, phosphorus, and various useful trace elements. The grower should carefully dose the bait, because if you give the vine a lot of nitrogen, the plant will actively develop the foliage, the vastness of flowering will be reduced.
An interesting fact: the more acidic the soil is, the richer the red color of the inflorescences will be, and if you saturate the soil with lime, the flower petals will turn blue..
In order to control the degree of moisture around the plant, tree trunks need to be mulched with peat, sawdust or other organic material.
Liana is very fond of various garden pests, including aphids and spider mites, which is why Kobei should be constantly inspected and processed with necessary insect repellents when necessary. In order for the plant throughout the season to please its owners with lush blooms, it needs constant care.
Wintering lane Kobeya
A tropical plant is grown in conditions of bright seasonality of our edges as an annual plant, and it is very simple to grow a lush vine from even a small amount of seeds. Some experienced gardeners are trying their best to preserve the plant for the winter in order to have an adult plant on the site in the spring and many succeed.
In fact, this is a challenge to nature itself, since it is rather difficult to arrange a wintering for the next year and to reanimate it is quite a difficult task, since the vine is, first and foremost, a very large and capricious plant in winter conditions. Those gardeners who manage to preserve a live plant during the winter, Kobe gives early active and lush flowering.
How to save kobeyu winter
In late September, with the onset of coolness, you need to remove all foliagethen carefully dig it up. The most important thing here is not to damage the rhizome, since this system, although large, is very fragile. The plant itself should be stored in a container that can be placed in a cool place; a dark cellar is ideal, in which the temperature of 10–11 degrees will be maintained.
Winter Kobeya does not require care, as it is sleeping. Of course, you should not forget about the plant, so periodically it is necessary to control the normal level of soil moisture in which the roots of the vine are located. In the spring, Kobei should be carefully awakened, gradually increasing watering, light and warmth in the room. The liana is returned to its former place at the beginning of summer, when there will be a 100% guarantee that the frosts are gone until autumn. The rules of landing and further care for the overwintering Koba remain the same as for the young.
In plants that managed to winter, to commit vegetative breeding bush cut cuttings. When, under the influence of sunlight and heat, the plant begins to form young shoots. The grower identifies the most powerful of them and prepares him for reproduction. To do this, the shoot should be carefully cut, without deforming the uterine plant. Next, the process is recommended to dig into the wet sand until the appearance of its own root system.
Once the good weather has stabilized, young seedlings transplanted into the open ground. Gardeners who grow this kind of liana, note one particular feature of the plant: if a kobei is grown from a cutting, and not from seeds, flowering will delight the host much faster. At the same time, Kobe, which is grown from seeds, blooms more actively and brighter than grafts.
Kobeya in garden compositions
Flower growers love to grow a branchy beauty because of its lush, cheerful look. In addition, the vine grows on any surface to which it can reach.
Ideas for using vines on the plot:
- If the flower is grown near the fence, then soon it will be possible to notice how the plant has occupied the entire hinged area, hiding the plot and the house safely from prying eyes. Moreover, the huge purple bells look very impressive at the height of the fence. With the help of actively growing Kobey, you can easily hide the dull unsightly walls of old structures.
- If you plant a plant on the south side of the house or near the gazebo, it will firmly enclose the existing supports and columns, blocking the house from the outside world with its lush greenery.
- Liana, which can not stand in place and is constantly growing, is perfect for the development of a living arch. This decor will be a real decoration of any garden or cottage.
- For landscaping recreation at the summer cottage, the vine is planted in a steady deep container and powerful supports. Plant containers are installed around the garden perimeter.
- Kobeya combines perfectly with petunias, lobelia and verbena, making up a bright ensemble even in a gloomy summer cottage.
- With the help of long and pliable branches of vines, it is possible to zone a plot profitably.
Many gardeners consider kobey to be a rather naughty garden flower. However, people who decided to cultivate such a flower culture and created comfortable conditions for development for it, as a result, get a magnificent magnificent plant that becomes the pride of its owner and a real decoration of the flower garden, backyard or balcony.
Varieties and plant varieties
Kobeya is known for its rapid growth, development and powerful root system. It is characterized by hard-feathery leaves, branched at the ends in the antennae, and stems, sometimes reaching lengths of more than 6 m. In addition, Kobeya has large beautiful flowers in the form of bluebells with prominent stamens. Their delicate white or purple color does not leave anyone indifferent.
There are 9 species of Kobei. The most popular is Kobey Lazy, which is popularly called the monastery bells. Her long shoots cling with their mustaches to all existing barriers. The leaves of the plant are openwork, they are able to create an attractive green carpet. Its flowers reach 8 cm in diameter and have a divine scent. In just a couple of years, culture has time to secure a certain area for itself, and one-year-old can be planted annually in any place convenient for you.
Kobei, planting and caring for which does not seem difficult even for beginning gardeners, will decorate any yard with its presence, make it colorful, lively and attractive. In open ground, seedlings are usually started to be planted in May-June, when the weather is already warm outside. It is better to choose for her an open, non-shaded area with good, fertile soil. Poor gusty winds affect the plant badly.
For planting at a distance of 50-100 cm from each other, dig holes, cover them with a mixture of humus, peat and sod land. They put Kobey, drop in and watered a little.
Council Establish in advance support so that the plant could gradually climb over them and not spread to other plantations.
Nothing decorates fences and decorative buildings like a magnificent Kobei. Care of it is built on regular moderate watering, timely loosening of the soil and, of course, removal of harmful weeds.
At first, after landing, Kobei should be protected with two layers of non-woven insulation. If the tops of the plant are frozen - it is better to cut them, this will contribute to further branching Kobe. Kobe begins to bloom from July to late autumn.
It is very problematic to collect its seeds for further sowing, since they do not ripen in our climate zone. Germination is only 30%, so it is best to purchase them in a specialty store. To save the plant until next year, in October its shoots should be cut, dig up a bush and transplant it into a spacious box. The container is stored in a cool and dark room, occasionally watering the plant. After the end of frost, Kobe planted in open ground.
Fertilizer and dressing Kobei
Young plants should be fed with nitrogenous fertilizers every week. You can begin to make feeding from the first days of the culture. With the advent of buds, the plant will require phosphate and potash fertilizers. Also kobeyu can be fertilized with humate, and mineral supplements alternate with organic, for example, with a mullein solution.
Kobei seeds are sown in the period from February to March, after soaking them in a special growth stimulator. Each seed is recommended to sow in a separate cup. Top with sprinkled with a thin layer of soil. The first shoots appear in 2-3 weeks. This process can be seen in the following photo.
Council To get the first shoots as early as possible, simply germinate the seeds before naklevyvaniya.
Around April, the first leaflets will start to appear. Then seedlings should be watered well, carefully removed and dive into separate containers. This will ensure the plant normal development of rhizomes.
Before planting in open ground, seedlings need a certain hardening. For example, they can be periodically taken out onto the street, gradually increasing the time. In addition, propagation can be carried out by cuttings, planting them previously in the wet sand. Strengthened seedlings transplanted into the open ground with the advent of heat.
Kobeya: combination with other plants
Kobeya, both perennial and annual, will be a bright and unique decoration of any site, especially in a competent combination with other plants. For her perfect petunia, verbena, lobelia. If you creatively approach this issue and connect all your imagination, you can get a fantastic result.
Kobeya in landscape design
The beauty of Kobei did not disregard the modern landscape design. If you place it on the south side of the house, near the altanka, then, with the help of special tapestries, you can recreate a real green scene. Planted near the hedge, Kobe will quickly braid it and create a beautiful peculiar wall or arch. Well, it will look and planted in pots. Such a liana can quite effectively divide the yard into conventional zones, decorate flowerbeds and revive the exterior. Excellent use of Kobei you can see on the illustrative photos.
In the wild, most vines of this type are found in the tropical and subtropical forests of America. This is a strong perennial plant, ornamental varieties of which are suitable for growing in our climatic conditions.
Most often it is used for vertical landscaping of the site, so it needs a strong support. Usually for these purposes fences and fences are used, as well as the walls of gazebos and economic structures. Of the nine wild species of this creeper, selection was carried out on only one of them, the so-called Kobei climbing. In different sources, it can also be called kobei creeping, and among the people - “Mexican ivy” or “monastic bells”.
How and when to plant
In our conditions, various varieties of Kobei are grown exclusively from seeds or less often - processes. Make it quite simple, enough to buy a good planting material and follow the basic rules of care. More on this further information.
Rules for planting seeds and planting in open ground:
- For cultivation, you can use the seeds, pre-soaked in warm water.
- Planting material can be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate to protect against diseases.
- After the seeds swell, you can plant them in the soil mixture. To do this, use a universal soil for flowering crops, as well as self-prepared mixture. Equal parts of deciduous and sod land are used, flavored with humus and with a small addition of river sand.
- Seeds gently deepen, after which the soil is well moistened.
- The first shoots appear fairly quickly, as they grow, they need a support.
- Air conditioning and occasional “excursions” to a balcony or open air are used for hardening plants.
- After the risk of night frost has passed, you can transplant sprouts in open ground.
- Kobeya lands at a sufficient distance from each other near a wall or fence in a sunny place.
- The plant is afraid of drafts, so it is necessary to provide adequate shelter.
- After planting in open ground, it is desirable to pinch the tops of the plant a little. Thus, it is possible to achieve active growth of lateral shoots, which increases the area of coverage and will provide a high ornamental plantings. For those who want to learn more about how Kobe is grown from seed, follow the link.
On the video - Kobei sowing:
After landing in open ground, Kobe does not need any special conditions. Enough to provide abundant watering, regular loosening of the soil, as well as top-dressing with mineral complexes. The formation of buds occurs in early June, and after a week - two first flowers appear on the vine.
The flowering period lasts the whole summer until the first autumn frosts. In our conditions, you can try to collect the seeds for next year, but many ornamental hybrid varieties of vines are not capable of producing similar offspring for the next year.
How the seeds of an ornamental sunflower look, and how to plant a plant correctly, will help to understand this information.
But how this Penstemon is grown from seeds, and in which part of the garden such a plant should be planted, this information will help to understand.
You might also be interested to learn how to sow Balsam seeds.
How to care for a plant
Kobeya is distinguished by unpretentious care, so even inexperienced gardeners are able to successfully grow this vine. It will perfectly fit into the landscape design of your site and will help to hide it from prying eyes. It is usually not necessary to prune the shoots, but if such a design is planned in your design project, the plant will quite easily transfer such a “haircut”.
Faded buds fall off the plant on their own, so you can remove the boxes after that solely for aesthetic reasons.
Even a pair of such vines looks quite decent in the landscape, and whole walls from Kobe plantations can significantly transform your garden. In order to achieve long-term flowering and good growth, it is necessary to observe certain conditions, which, however, do not differ in complexity. А вот как поливать цветы с помощью дождевателя для полива огорода, поможет понять данная статья.
На видео – как ухаживать за цветами Кобея:
Основные секреты успеха:
- Обильный полив, причем желательно использовать только теплую воду.
- Обязательно организуйте растению подпорку. Creeping on the ground liana - not too attractive sight, and in wet weather it can destroy the plant.
- Loosening the soil is also highly desirable, as is the removal of nearby weeds.
- Top dressing takes place three to four times per season. During the period of bud formation and flowering, it is desirable to use nitrogen-free complexes in the composition. And from this article you can learn more about what you can feed the plants.
- If the leaves and buds of the plant are affected by aphids or mites, special insecticides are used. To prevent infection, you should regularly inspect the leaves and stem of the plant, as well as carry out preventive treatment.
- A common plant disease is root rot. In this case, it is also necessary to use medicinal preparations, reduce watering a little, and also regularly loosen the soil upper layer. In case of insufficient drainage, this problem will become permanent, therefore ensure adequate drainage during the preparation of the soil.
- The plant is very fond of spraying, especially in dry weather. It is necessary to do this with exceptionally warm water, avoiding the strong moisture of the buds and flowers.
- You can try to save the plant for next year by digging up the roots and placing it in a separate container. You can store such a pot in the cellar, periodically moistening the soil. And you can store everything in the cellar for storing vegetables.
On the video - how to sow the plant and care for it:
In the wild, the vine is able to multiply by self-height seeds, as well as processes from the mother plant. It is very difficult to provide such conditions in our climate, therefore usually Kobeya is grown as an annual. But how is the cultivation of Canarian lianas from Nasturtium seeds is described in great detail in this article.
The collected seeds can be used next year, but this rule does not apply to hybrid varieties of vines grown with the help of breeding.
We also recommend that you familiarize yourself with the Rose Gift - what kind of seeds, planting and caring for the plant are.
A kobeya flower is a tall, flowering shrub from Mexico and Peru that can curl and cling to vertical surfaces. His shoots can reach 6 m in height.
The plant is characterized by rapid growth, and the modified tendril leaves at the ends of the shoots help it to cling to the support. The plant nutrition is provided by the developed root system of the fibrous type. The leaves are alternate, complex and pinnate, the flowers are large - up to 8 cm in diameter, have the shape of a bell, the stamens and pistil stand out beyond the borders of the flower bowl.
Flowers can be placed alone or in small groups (2-3). The buds are yellowish-greenish, and the blooming flowers are white or purple, depending on the variety, and they also have a honey aroma. The plant begins to bloom in mid-July, flowering continues until the first frost.
Kobeya forms the fruit in the form of a leathery box. Seeds are flat, large, oval-shaped.
As an ornamental plant, only Kobey tenacious (climbing) is grown. Although in nature it is a perennial vine, cultivated as an annual.
The thick, dense seed coat prevents seed germination, so it must first be removed. For this purpose, the seeds are soaked. They are laid out on the bottom of flatware at some distance from each other, poured water, all covered with a lid. Gradually, the peel will soften, turn into mucus. It must be removed and the seeds re-placed in water until the shell is completely dissolved. This process usually takes 14-20 days. This preparation greatly facilitates the germination of seeds.
You can not remove the shell, but simply to germinate the seeds before the escaping shoot. To this end, a napkin, several layers of toilet paper or a thin cotton cloth moistened with water, a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or a growth stimulator are placed on the bottom of the plate. Spread the seeds on the wet layer so that they do not touch each other. The plate with the seeds is placed in a transparent plastic bag and put on the windowsill for access of sunlight. Germination temperature + 20ºС, term - from 15 to 20 days. If mold deposits appear on the seeds, they need to be washed and replaced with litter. The germination capacity of a good seed varies from 30 to 80%.
Sowing and seedling care
To obtain kobei growing from seeds at home is most effective. Seeds are sown from mid-February to mid-March. For a temperate climate, the ideal time for sowing is 2 decade of March, which is confirmed empirically.
Sprouting is best done in individual pots. For this purpose, also use disposable plastic cups, homemade foil cups or other containers of small volume. You can plant all the seed in one large capacity. But in this case, after the appearance of 1 of this leaflet, the plants will have to be subjected to the first pickling in individual pots. At this stage, and conduct the first top dressing flower humate. Shoots usually appear 8-10 days after sowing.
For breeding Kobe seeds use a universal soil substrate for flowering plants. You can make a soil independently. For this mixed in equal parts of deciduous and sod soil, humus. A small amount of coarse river sand is added to the mixture. Seeds are placed in the ground to a depth of 1-1.5 cm flat side down.
After 2-3 weeks, seedlings with at least 2 leaves are transplanted into 3 l pots. This allows you to create optimal conditions for the formation of the root system of the plant. After that, the flower is subjected to hardening at a temperature not lower than + 8 ° C. To this end, the pots with seedlings put on the balcony for 3 weeks. Already at this stage the plant forms tenacious tendrils and seeks support, as the last one they use sticks, ladders made of wood or plastic. It may be rope suspensions. It will take one more dressing by the humate after picking.
The most intensively bloom is kobei sown in 1 decade of July and overwintered at a temperature of + 8 ... + 10 ° С.
Planting and care
In open ground, seedlings are transferred from the 2nd half of May. It is important that during the period of planting the shoots there were no return frosts, and the temperature at the soil surface did not fall below + 5ºС. If there is a risk of cooling, the plants should be covered for some time with non-woven covering material.
The landing site for Kobey should be well lit, and the soil fertile. Permissible to grow a flower in the penumbra. It is necessary to protect the plant from drafts and immediately establish future support for the vine, so that it does not use neighboring trees and bushes in this quality. Allowing the plant to creep along the ground can cause its illness and death.
The distance between seedlings should be 70-100 cm. A mixture of peat, humus and sod is placed on the bottom of the hole. Also necessary drainage in the form of expanded clay or gravel. It is important not to overdo the potted plant and not to destroy the earthen clod around the roots. After transplanting, sprout should be watered immediately.
In the 1st decade of June, the kobeya begins to bloom: first, the first greenish buds appear, and after 1 week they open and acquire the characteristic coloring for the variety. The formation of new flowers occurs before the first frost. Some varieties allow you to collect seed for next year, but it rarely fully ripens. Hybrids don't do this at all.
An adult plant must be watered abundantly with warm water. Liana responds well to spraying the leaves with the same water, especially during a drought. Flowers and buds should not be moistened. It is worth noting that excessive watering can lead to the formation of root rot.
Feed the flower at the initial stage of growth 1 time per week with nitrogen fertilizers. At the stage of bud formation, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are used for top dressing, but nitrogen is not needed at this stage of development. Mineral and organic supplements alternate until Kobe will not bloom.
The soil at the roots of the flower must be regularly loosened and free from weeds. Liana does not require pruning of the shoots, but if necessary, cutting the stems of Kobe well tolerates such a procedure. After transplantation into the open ground, the stems can be slightly shortened to stimulate the growth of side branches, which will improve the thickness and decorative qualities of the composition. There is no need to specifically remove the flowers that have faded away - the plant can handle it on its own.
Often the plant is used as an annual, but there is an opportunity to extend its life. For this purpose, the shoots are cut short, the roots are dug out, placed in a suitable pot by volume, covered with soil and lowered into the cellar. The top layer of soil must be constantly moistened (at least once every 3-4 weeks). Storage temperature should not be higher than + 12 ° С. By the 2nd decade of March, the pot with the root is taken into a warm and bright room, increasing watering and waiting for the shoots to grow. Planting a flower in this case takes place at the same time and according to the same rules as planting seedlings.
Kobe leaflets and buds can damage aphids or garden mites. To combat them, it is best to use professional tools - insecticides. But you can also apply a solution of potassium green soap with the addition of Fitoverma. Used as an insecticide and a solution of animal shampoo from fleas. For the timely detection of pests shoots should be regularly inspected. Preventive treatment with insecticide will not be superfluous.
Often the plant has root rot. To combat it, it is necessary to reduce watering and more often loosen the top layer of soil at the roots until it is completely dry.
Kobeyu can be propagated not only by seed, but also vegetatively - cuttings. To do this, in the greenhouse or room grown uterine bushes. In early spring, the vine gives a large number of young shoots that can be used for grafting. The shoot is cut and placed in a container with wet sand until the roots appear. Rooted shoots are planted in the same way as sprouts, from the 3rd decade of May to the 2nd decade of June. Thus obtained plants begin to bloom much earlier, but not as abundantly as grown from seeds.
Kobey tenacious, or Kobey climbing, Kobey creeping (Cobaea scandens)
This species is the only one that is cultivated. At the same time, there are 9 species of Kobe in nature. This species is a perennial liana, which is cultivated as an annual. The homeland of this plant is Mexico. This creeper grows a large number of stems, reaching a length of 6 m. Circular leafy plates end in branched tendrils, with which the plant clings to a support. Flowering lasts from the second half of the summer to the frost. Flowers of purple color have a honey smell. The white Kobea (Cobea scandens alba) is a Kobey clingy species and has white flowers.