The vegetable garden is a wonderful place, thanks to which people get a wonderful harvest that they feed on for a whole year. Each garden is unique in its own way, as each person plants vegetable or berry crops that he likes. And it is very good when gardeners can exchange crops with each other, various tips on cultivation, and simply communicate on the development of their plots.
I also have a small farmland on which many different crops grow: raspberries, black currants, gooseberries, cucumbers, carrots, beets and many others. I work with the garden together with my grandmother, who recently brought from her trip to the north an unusual berry, which is called the “princess”.
We immediately planted this berry and began to care for it. Therefore, having little experience in cultivating this crop, this article will discuss the features of proper planting, care and cultivation of berries, as well as important points in the life of the plant, useful fertilizers and harmful diseases that may threaten the “princess”.
Description and general characteristics of the berries
The princess is a fairly common berry that grows in the swamps, around the lakes and in the glades, which are plentifully rained. Usually it grows in the northern regions, so it is very difficult to get it, and as for growing in its area, the situation is quite complicated, because the plant is demanding and capricious: it must constantly create certain climatic conditions.
In the people of the princess has a lot of names, as many still can not solve the riddle of this berry, because the smell and aroma are a combination of strawberry and pineapple. The princess has the following names: raspberry, Khokhlushka, Mamutka and many others.
Externally, the princess is a small bush, like a currant bush. Usually the height of the bush reaches 30-40 centimeters. The plant has amazing leaves, which consist of three parts. Usually the edges of these leaves are jagged. They are widely used in the preparation of tea, which has a positive effect on the human body. The flowering bushes of the princess begin at the end of May and usually lasts no more than a month. After this process begins the formation of fruits, which are usually ready by the end of summer.
A princess is a plant that is closely related to forest legends and appearances. It is very popular among gardeners, so breeders are trying to implant it to the southern regions of Russia for subsequent cultivation.
Features proper landing
Proper planting princes - a long and laborious process that takes a lot of effort, because the princess - a very demanding berry that will not tolerate improper planting. In order to grow the princely bushes on the site and not to destroy the plants, it is necessary to observe the following features of the correct planting:
- Planting dates (Planting dates for princes usually fall in mid-September or mid-May, since it is at this time that a certain air temperature and humidity are established, the necessary amount of precipitation falls and the necessary amount of sunlight is provided.)
- Place (Place for planting princes should be spacious, well lit and moist. It is also important to remember the protection of bushes from the wind, because they can die from strong and cold wind. Soils in the selected area should be wet, filled with all the necessary nutrients and minerals .),
- Soil preparation (It is necessary to prepare the soil for planting princely saplings beforehand by adding important fertilizers, including peat, humus, compost, sand and drainage. In addition, it is necessary to dig up the area and remove all weeds that will prevent the plant from developing.)
- Preparation of seedlings (princely saplings must be chosen neat and healthy. It is necessary to check their roots for diseases of rot and leaves that can be damaged by various insects.)
- Planting (Planting seedlings is necessary in rows, between which there is a distance of about 20 centimeters, and between each bush should be about 15 centimeters. Such parameters must be observed so that each seedling has enough space for growth and development of its root system.).
The main requirements for the care and cultivation of plants
Princess - very demanding plant. However, if you make the right landing, then care for it will not be difficult. It is only important to observe the following rules:
- Watering, loosening and weeding the soil (All these procedures are very much in love with the princess. If the outside temperature is above 25 degrees Celsius, then everyone needs to produce abundant watering, otherwise watering is carried out as needed. Moss will save the plant from sunburns and weeding the soil must be done constantly.),
- Fertilizers (All necessary fertilizers begin to be applied only when the plant is one year old. Any fertilizer can be applied, but the most beloved of the princess are nitrogenous and organic fertilizers.)
- Pruning (Pruning pruning is a sanitary procedure by which dried and damaged branches and leaves are removed from a plant. This procedure gives an impetus to the growth and development of new shoots. Usually, shrubs are pruned in late autumn and early spring.)
- Prevention of diseases and pests (The princess has a lot of “enemies”, including all sorts of diseases and pests that have a bad effect on the development of the plant. The princess must be abundantly sprayed with various fungicides and liquids so that the plant does not die.).
Necessary fertilizers, diseases and pests
- Necessary fertilizers: synthetic, drainage (broken brick, gravel, wood chips), organic (peat, compost, humus, manure), mineral (potash, phosphoric, nitrogen, boric).
- Malicious diseases: tobacco necrosis, striped raspberry curliness, Brazo mottling, anthracnose.
- Dangerous pests: ants, earthworms, various caterpillars and other insects.
The benefits and harm of princes, its use in various fields
The princess is an amazing berry that prefers to grow in various northern parts of Russia. Like all plants, the princess has its drawbacks and advantages, for which they appreciate or dislike this beautiful berry. However, it has more advantages than minuses, since the berry contains a large amount of nutrients that are beneficial to the human body.
In medicine, the princess is very popular, because thanks to her use, many patients treat all sorts of diseases, including urolithiasis, the common cold, flu, cardiovascular diseases, diseases associated with the respiratory tract and many, many others.
In everyday life, princes prepare many different sweets, including very sweet jam, which smells like a mixture of strawberries and pineapple, syrups, which are usually given to children for the prevention of various diseases, juices, compotes, which are usually stored in cellars, wine, liqueurs, which are particularly popular in the manufacture and sale of alcohol.
In pharmacy, princesses make various useful pills, syrups, tinctures that treat kidney failure, gout and many other diseases.
Minus princes is that not all people can use it, as for people with a weak body, it can cause the strongest allergic reaction.
Thus, the princess is a very useful and important berry in any area of society, since it mainly has a positive effect on the human body, heals all kinds of diseases and improves immunity.
The princess is a wonderful wild berry, which is appreciated by people for its wonderful sweet taste and unusual aroma, which by characteristic exceeds the smell of the most delicious berry - wild strawberry. Many experienced gardeners bring sprouts from the sulfur regions of the country and are trying to grow it in a warm climate, which is not particularly intended for the princess. Therefore, many complain that its cultivation is not suitable for areas with a temperate climate.
However, many people go specifically to the lands of Karelia or to the forests that surround Lake Baikal. According to many gardeners on the forums, it can be understood that the berry is very popular, but the peak of its popularity came at the end of the 80s of the 20th century. The princess attracts with its beauty, amazing color, a small number of varieties and a cross breeding method, which requires several subspecies. In general, according to people, the berry is very tasty and healthy, but its cultivation is very difficult for many, even experienced gardeners.
Landing dates and site selection
The time of landing of the princes: in the spring - the first decade of May, in the fall - the second decade of September. Under the landing of a glade, mamari or arctic raspberry, as it is also called, the best place will be a lighted, with a light shade a plot, characterized by well-drained, moistened soil. The culture develops well on loams, soils suited with humus and peat are suitable for it. In natural conditions, in places where the princess grows, well-moistened soil prevails: on the outskirts of marshes, in the tundra, coniferous forests. Therefore, when planting plants should be moistened as much as possible the soil, while avoiding stagnant moisture at the root system. As for the chosen site, it should be well sheltered from strong winds.
Preparatory work before landing
Before planting princes should prepare the ground in advance. If an autumn planting is planned, the soil is prepared in spring. When digging make a bucket of peat, humus and sand, adding to them 0.5 kg of wood ash. All plant residues should also be removed and weeds that have managed to grow. Just before planting, the soil in the garden bed is decontaminated by pouring a hot solution of potassium permanganate. Planting begin as soon as the soil dries.
Watering, loosening and weeding the soil
On hot days, at temperatures above + 25 ° C, watering is carried out daily, and so that the plant does not get sunburn, the soil between the rows is covered with moss. In other periods, water the plant is as needed, so that the soil was always wet. Tsar's berry does not tolerate the presence of weeds, therefore, loosening and weeding the soil is also a mandatory measure.
When to feed
Fertilizing begin with one year old plant, fertilizing it twice in the summer season. Wood ash is used as a fertilizer. Under each bush pour one tablespoon of fertilizer, combining this procedure with watering. Adult plants, after thawing of snow, are fertilized with nitrogenous fertilizers, enclosing them in the soil.
Pruning of the Arctic raspberry is mainly sanitary, as dried and broken shoots are removed from the bush. In the autumn, two-year-old shoots are also subject to removal, which helps stimulate the growth of the strongest young branches for the next season. With the arrival of spring pruned too young shoots of young shoots to prevent thickening of the bush.
Prevention and protection against diseases and pests
As a preventive measure against diseases, the bushes of the princes are treated with Bordeaux mixture, but not on the plant, but under the bush. The procedure is carried out before the formation of the kidneys. After harvesting, the soil and plants are sprayed with Nitrafen. In the summer, the treatment is carried out as needed.
A princess is not a capricious berry in growing, but sometimes problems are delivered by pests. Therefore, before the buds swell, spray the plant with Karbofos or Aktellik. Also, this procedure is carried out after harvest. Appropriate treatment, plus pruning unfit shoots or densely growing branches, will prevent insect attacks.
Harvesting and scope
Abundant harvest of berries can be harvested in the third year after planting. With 1m ² you can collect up to one and a half pounds of berries. All fruits are carefully cut off from the stalk as they mature. Already in July, the berry is ripe enough and has a blackberry coloring.
Berry berries are tasty not only fresh, they are harvested for the winter, make various drinks: fruit drinks, juices and compotes, wine and tinctures. Princely jam in all descriptions is unmatched, fragrant has the smell of pineapple and peach flavor. The fruits of the crop are dried and dried for the winter, and in addition to the berries, the leaves are harvested for tea. Fruit juice is used as a febrifuge, although the plant itself is often grown as an ornamental crop: as a border or a frame for flower beds.
A princess has no difficulty in reproduction, and it can be grown both with the help of seeds, and by dividing the bush.
By winter, seeds are sown in a box for seedlings, and sand and peat are taken as soil in equal parts. In the prepared soil, at a depth of 1 cm, seeds are embedded and left under the snow until spring. Having passed the natural stratification, with the arrival of heat, sprouts will appear from them, in August they can be transplanted to a permanent place. When planting princesses seed method, the first harvest will appear only after three years.
The division of the bush is the easiest breeding option. In April, princes gently break in the bush and separate the part with the roots (10 cm long) and several buds. The main requirement: the delenka must have strong shoots. Before planting the seedling, the princes water the soil with a solution of manganese, after which part of the plant is placed in it, covered with earth and then watered.
Knyazhenika is a useful and tasty berry, with the help of which many ailments are treated. It is useful to use the fruits of the plant and to strengthen the immune system, as it is rich in vitamin C. In addition, the berries of this plant will be useful for people with excess weight, because they are low-calorie foods.
Prince Berry: general characteristics
Knyazhenika grows in the form of a bush, the height of which does not exceed 50 cm. Flowering begins at the end of spring and lasts until the middle of summer. The leaves consist of three symmetrical parts, light green shade.
The leaves are often used for brewing tea, because they have many positive qualities.
Other names berries princely:
- a glade,
At the end of flowering fruits are formed, the collection of which is carried out in late August. Berries princes resemble blackberries, raspberries or cloudberries. The harvest is always small, about 150-250 grams per square meter.
Based on the fact that the plant is northern, in the cold regions of the princess ripens better than in the south.
Since ancient times, the princess was in demand among the northern peoples as a remedy for scurvy. In addition, the berries used to treat colds, rheumatism, as well as if there were problems with the liver.
When coughing, bronchitis and other diseases of the respiratory system, the most effective is a decoction of dried or fresh fruits of the princess. This tool is also used for rinsing the mouth and throat.
All parts of the plant are valuable. Leaves princes are used for making compresses. They are effective in combating allergies.
The princess found its use in cooking. It is part of the many desserts, as well as used to make drinks.
Soil for planting
An important event for the full cultivation of the princess is the choice of a place to plant. The site must be well heated by the sun, and also be dry, because the plant does not tolerate overwetting the soil.
Works are performed in the following sequence:
- make a groove for two bayonet shovels,
- put drainage on the bottom of dimples (mix crushed stone with sand),
- then put a small layer of soil and pour water on it
- after laying the drainage, place the seedling in a dimple and sprinkle with soil,
- then mulch with fallen leaves.
The composition of the soil should be loose, as well as rich in nutrients. For these purposes, garden soil is mixed with peat, sand, compost. It is also recommended to add some wood ash to saturate the substrate with potassium. This component is very important for this plant.
Time and landing scheme
The plant is best planted in a checkerboard pattern. Between specimens should be a distance of about 25 cm. As for the length of the bed, the optimal indicator is 50 cm.
It is best to plant several varieties of princesses on the same bed, so that they pereopylâlis.
The princes spend their landing both in spring and in autumn. But, before proceeding with this procedure, it should be remembered that the air temperature should not be below +5 0 С. Even with minimal frosts, seedlings will not take root.
Weeding the soil, its loosening and watering
Regular removal of weeds, weeding, watering and loosening the land is the key to a beautiful and healthy plant.
As for irrigation, it is necessary to carry it out regularly, especially in the hot season. Если же показатели градусника умерены, то полив осуществляется только тогда, когда верхний слой почвы хорошо высохнет. Прополку и рыхление следует производить раз в три дня.
Удобрять растение начинают только через год после посадки. As feedings use different compositions. Best of all this type of berries reacts to organic and nitrogen preparations.
Like any shrub, a princess needs pruning. Delete worth spoiled and dried branches. This procedure will help develop new shoots faster. It is best to perform pruning activities in early March or late November.
Preventive measures against pests and diseases
Diseases and pests often attack the prince. They adversely affect its development and growth. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor the appearance and condition of the bush. For the prevention of the attack of pests and the occurrence of diseases, the plant is sprayed with special formulations that are sold in any specialty store.
Berry picking is carried out when it becomes red. Often, this procedure is carried out in several stages. Gather fruit in the middle of summer and early September.
It is necessary to pick berries in the afternoon when it is warm and dry outside.
You can grow a young plant by dividing rhizomes or seeds. The second option is more complicated. However, if you know all the details, you can grow a beautiful and healthy bush.
- Grains are sown in winter in special containers. For their quick germination, the flowerpots should be kept warm for a while and then brought to a cold room. These actions are held during the month.
- Planting of grains is carried out in containers, which are buried in the ground under the trees. Thus, the seeds for the winter will pass a natural selection, and in the spring you will get smooth and high-quality shoots. The most important thing is to monitor the soil moisture.
To grow a young plant by dividing the root system, it is necessary to separate a part from the mother bush, and then plant it in a new hole.
The knightly or arctic raspberry is a very beautiful shrub that differs in its original coloring. The berries of this plant have a high taste, rich in various vitamins and trace elements. If you follow all the rules for growing and care, you can collect a bountiful and high-quality crop.
Description princess: varieties and varieties
Perennial plant up to 30 cm tall with trifoliate leaf plates. The fruits (in the photo) are complex drupes, ripe sweet with a delicate pineapple flavor. The root system is creeping, it grows in depth by 20–30 cm. The princess is blooming with single, bright pink flowers. It happens at the end of May and can last up to 35 days. Interestingly, in the bushes in the middle of summer there are not only ripe berries, but also just blooming flowers. Mamur fruits before the first autumn frosts.
As part of the stone farms are present:
- sugar (glucose and fructose),
- acids (citric, malic, ascorbic),
- essential oil,
In folk medicine, the fruits of the Arctic raspberry are used to relieve fever and general support of the body. It is good to add leaves of a plant to tea, such drink tones up, removes stress and fatigue. Compote, jams, fruit drinks, home-made wine and liqueurs are made from ripe berries. Fruits can be stored dried for use in winter.
Polyanica is considered to be one of the best berries of the north, along with cloudberries and blueberries. Breeders bred varieties and hybrid forms of arctic raspberries:
- Nectar raspberry (hybrid: princess + raspberry).
- Linda, Anna, Beata, Sofia (Swedish selection).
- Susanna, Elpee, Astra, Pima (Finnish selection).
Planting and feeding seedlings princes fertilizers
At the site choose a place with good moisture, but without the constant stagnation of water. Avoid heavy clay soils poor in composition. The plant will like a small penumbra with access to sunlight at certain hours. Some are planted to the princess in the garden under fruit trees.
The soil needs a nourishing, loose, rich in organic matter. The ph level is an acidic and weakly acid reaction (5.0–6.5). The bed is dug up in the fall, fertilizers are applied:
- superphosphate, potash salt (in the planting wells: 80 g and 20 g, respectively),
- rotted manure or compost (1 bucket per 1 sq. m),
- wood ash (0.5 l per 1 sq. m.).
Tip For disinfection, a bed is spilled with a hot solution of potassium permanganate. Planting starts after the ground dries out.
The prince is seated at a distance of 25 cm from each other, 0.8 m is left between the rows. Bushes are tucked, watered abundantly. The top layer of soil is mulched with sawdust, a layer of moss is laid to prevent overdrying of the soil on hot days.
In the open ground, the prince is fertilized starting from the next year. To do this, use wood ash, adding 1 tbsp. l in water for watering. Mineral substances are applied once a season. Shrubs, dvuhletki and older, fertilize in early spring immediately after melting snow. Use mineral complexes containing nitrogen. Supplements make money in the soil and dig up the bed.
Diseases and pests princes
The culture is sometimes exposed to viral diseases and infections affecting members of the genus Rubus. The most dangerous and common:
- Necrosis of tobacco. A fairly common virus of many plant species. Called and tolerated by the fungus Olpidium. It is diagnosed by necrotic spots on the leaves and plate deformation, growth retardation of the bush.
- Striped curly raspberries (tobacco curly virus). Transfer nematodes from other plants-carriers. The first signs: mosaic spotting of leaves and flowers, followed by deformation. An incurable disease. The affected bushes are removed along with the roots and burned.
- Mottled Brazo. Viral disease, transmitted to all garden rubus.
- Anthracnose. It affects all organs of the plant. On the foliage there are light spots with a white border, on the bark there are black dot formations. When running anthracnose bush dies.
With the initial signs of viral diseases, the affected parts are removed. Planting is treated with fungicides.
Tip After working with plants infected with viruses, metal garden tools are calcined or rubbed with alcohol.
They love the prince and insects – pests. To get rid of them will help the solution of the Bordeaux mixture. Processing is carried out before the appearance of the first leaves. Spray the soil under a bush, but not the plant directly. Insecticides used:
It is useful to carry out preventive spraying after the autumn harvest of berries. The princess is more resistant to disease than blackberries and raspberries.
Princess in combination with other garden crops
The prince is grown not only for the sake of juicy and fragrant berries. Bushes of the Arctic raspberry are often used in decorative garden compositions. In spring, the plants will be covered with many bright flowers, and attractive fruits will decorate the branches until late autumn. Look at the photo: the plant forms around itself young shoots, “creeping” along the prince’s section can become an excellent hedge or border for a garden path.
Planting bushes princes - this is not necessarily a traditional garden bed with pritmpanny inter-row. Build a wicker wall of wicker near the plants, add a few tall neighbors. For example, something with large, visible flowers, such plants will attract attention. Select crops that require similar soil composition, care and growing conditions. A little shading and moderately wet soil like the bell, the host, the irises, the lilies, the bonsai, the hydrangea of the tree.
For undersized plants near the princes make out flowerbeds in volumetric tubs or flowerpots. Particularly interesting will look multi-tier design. For this fit old buckets, baskets, construction baths. Knyazheniku combine with lupine, varietal goryanka and kamnelomkoy, snowdrops.
Due to the drainage of wetlands, the development of peatlands and deforestation, the natural population of this unique berry has significantly decreased. They try to keep the princess in several reserves. The plant has completely and irretrievably disappeared in many regions of the Russian Federation. Create a mini-reserve on your site for an extraordinary Arctic raspberry.
Herbaceous perennial plant of the princess ordinary is up to 20 centimeters high, a creeping long rhizome, slightly shriveled, trifoliate leaves, single pink flowers and stone berries. Similar to the berries of raspberry fruit consists of 25−50 stems. Their color may be dark purple., rich crimson, red, dark cherry, red and white.
Like the raspberry, every spring, new shoots grow from the buds of the princess's root buds, where flowers are formed by the end of June. Flowering continues for a month, after which the fruits begin to ripen, which can be collected in July or August.
The plant prefers well-lit semi-shady areas that are closed from strong winds. Bushes can be planted in the shade of large trees or buildings, but not in open sunny areas.
Since in nature arctic raspberry It grows on wet soils, in the garden it is necessary to choose a bed with well-moistened, drained, acidic soil.
In open ground, princely saplings are planted in early May or mid-September. The soil for planting is prepared in advance:
- The plant grows best and bears fruit on loam fertilized with peat and humus.
- During digging, weeds are removed.
- For every square meter of beds make a bucket of peat and humus.
- From fertilizers, wood ash, potassium salt, superphosphate are introduced into the soil.
- To disinfect the soil watered with a hot solution of potassium permanganate.
When the soil in the garden is dry, you can start planting seedlings.
Experienced gardeners recommend growing Swiss varieties princes:
Plants are planted in rows, the distance between which should be from eighty to one hundred centimeters. Seedlings from each other are planted at a distance of thirty centimeters. If delenki or seedlings are planted, then the distance between them is kept at fifteen centimeters.
After planting, the soil is well watered and mulched. Mulch will retain moisture in the soil, and inhibit the growth of weeds.
Features plant care
When caring for arctic raspberries, special attention should be paid to soil moisture. In hot and dry weather, plants are watered daily. If it rains regularly, then watering is done after the topsoil dries.
After watering or rain, weed should be regularly cleaned, as the princess does not tolerate weeds. The soil cleared of a weed grass necessarily accurately loosen.
The following year, after planting, young plants are fed with tree ash twice per season. To do this, under each bush pour a tablespoon of ash and water the plant. Adult plants are fed in the spring of water-soluble mineral and organic fertilizers.
In the spring at the bushes cut frozen and broken branches. To prevent thickening, it is necessary to remove the shoots of young shoots.
In the autumn, dried and biennial branches cut out. This procedure will be a good stimulus for the formation of new young shoots next year.
Pest and disease protection
Knyazhenika ordinary to pests and diseases resistant. However, under adverse weather conditions and errors in the care of the plant can be affected by various harmful insects and diseases. To avoid thisIn spring and autumn, simple preventive procedures should be carried out:
- Before the buds swell and after harvest, the bushes are recommended to be treated with Aktellik or Karbofos solution.
- Removal of diseased and thickening plant shoots will help prevent the appearance of pests.
- Before the formation of buds, the soil around the bushes is watered with Bordeaux mixture, which will protect the Arctic raspberry from many diseases.
- After harvesting, planting is recommended to be treated with one of the fungicidal agents that are designed to combat plant diseases.
If during the season the plants were still affected by pests, then they can be destroyed with the help of insecticidal preparations. Fungicides will help to get rid of diseases.
This method of reproduction is carried out in April. For its implementation, a bush with a shovel or fork is carefully dug and divided into parts. Each delenka should have several buds, part of the roots and strong shoots.
For delenok prepare bed, which must be shed with a solution of potassium permanganate. Landing holes are spaced fifteen centimeters apart.
Bushes are placed in a hole, sprinkled with prepared nutrient soil mixture and well watered. The soil around the plants is mulched.
The planting material must first be stratified, therefore in late autumn they sow seeds into a mixture of sand and peat (1: 1). Close up of seeds at a depth of one centimeter. Rows of crops remain on the site. In winter, under the snow, they will undergo a natural stratification.
In spring, shoots will appear that will need to be watered regularly during the summer. In August, grown and mature seedlings are planted on a previously prepared garden bed.
When propagated by seeds, the arctic raspberry will bear fruit in three years.
Useful properties of berries
Many useful substances have been found in the composition of the Arctic raspberry:
- large amounts of vitamin C,
- malic, ascorbic, citric acid,
- organic dyes
- essential oils.
Due to this composition, the fruits of the princess help to strengthen the immune system and have tonic, astringent, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties.
From berries prepare water tinctures, teas and decoctions, which are used in the following cases:
- For the prevention and treatment of anemia, scurvy and beriberi.
- With intestinal diseases, liver and rheumatism.
- Diuretic properties allow you to cope with gout and urolithiasis.
- For the treatment of cough, stomatitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, tonsillitis.
- A slurry of leaves will help to cure dermatitis, urticaria, diathesis and accelerate the healing of open wounds.
Tea with arctic raspberries will enrich the body with vitamin C, strengthen the immune system, raise vitality. With the help of juice from berries You can not only quench your thirst, but also reduce the temperature.
The most useful berries princes fresh. To preserve and feast on them in the winter, the fruits can be dried, they can be used to make jam, compotes or juices.
Not only tasty, but also useful berry to the princess can be grown on the country or personal plot. To do this, it is enough to follow all the simple rules of planting and caring for the plant. As a result, at the end of the summer it will be possible to gather up to one and a half kilograms of fragrant berries from each square meter.
Useful properties of the plant
The main value of the Arctic raspberry is that its berries contain a lot of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), so the locals have long used the northern berry. for the prevention of beriberi and colds. The most useful princess fresh, but its excessive use can cause allergies in people prone to allergic reactions.
The composition of berries princes:
- Ascorbic acid is a natural antioxidant, takes part in redox processes in the human body.
- Citric acid - a compound involved in cellular respiration, improves energy metabolism in tissues.
- Malic acid - salts of malic acid (malate) are necessary for a person for the normal functioning of internal organs.
- Tannins - have an antiseptic and astringent effect, beneficially affect the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.
- Essential oils - have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects.
- Glucose and fructose are carbohydrates involved in the transport of energy to cells.
Raspberries are made from jam, compotes, juices and jelly. The jelly from the princess turns out very tasty, thanks to the unusual aroma of the fruits, original liqueurs and liqueurs are made from them. Berries can be frozen and dried - in this form they fully retain their beneficial properties.
In folk medicine, the plant is used to treat such diseases:
- liver disease,
- reduced immunity
- flu, ARVI,
- bronchial asthma,
- kidney disease
- ulcers, wounds.
Infusions, decoctions and alcohol tinctures are made from the berries and leaves of the princess. Gruel of fresh leaves applied to wounds, sore joints, dry leaves in the winter brew and drink instead of tea.
Planting and care
Pleasant taste of berries princes forced breeders to work on the breeding of high-yielding varieties, so gardeners are available varieties of Arctic raspberries, as Heya, Pima, Heysa, Mespi, Yalamachin. When creating some varieties, the princess crossed with raspberries, so the hybrids got good yields and large berries from raspberries, and frost resistance and delicate taste came from the princes.
Princess - an unpretentious plant, so her easy to grow in the garden. Propagate the plant in two ways: seeds and root layering. Seed propagation can cause difficulties for novice gardeners, as seed stratification is needed. Стратификация — это выдерживание семенного материала при определенной температуре и влажности, чтобы ускорить прорастание семян.
In nature, after ripening of fruits, natural stratification occurs, at home, it is carried out in this way: seeds are sown in seedling tanks, which are dropped under a tree in the garden. The containers are covered with leaves from above, in winter it is necessary to ensure that the crops are covered with snow. In this way, the seeds undergo a natural stratification and give good shoots in the spring. It is much easier to propagate the raspberry root offspring - young rosettes are disconnected from the uterine bush and immediately planted in a new place.
In the area where the princess grows, the land should be prepared for planting young plants. The Arctic raspberry prefers lighted, but damp places with nutrient soil, therefore the ground should consist of equal parts of garden soil, peat, sand and compost. In the pits when planting add a little ash.
The prince is planted in beds, the distance between the plants is 15 cm, between the rows is 30 cm. The period of planting of root layers is spring or early autumn, so that young plants can take root.
Caring for a raspberry is not difficult: the plant is not affected by diseases and pests, therefore, in order to get a good harvest, it is enough to monitor the soil moisture. The berries are harvested as they ripen, the best time to harvest is in the afternoon.