Among the indoor flowers, lilies with bright juicy greens, beautiful large flowers and delicate aroma occupy an honorable place. Of course, this is not about garden lilies, which can reach a height of one and a half meters or more. Houses in pots are grown compact room lily of various types and varieties.
Oriental, Asian hybrids, long-flowered lilies, golden, beautiful, dwarf, royal are used for home cultivation. In addition, indoor plants amaryllis and gippeastrum from the Amaryllis family the people also carry the name home lily, because their flowers are very similar to real lilies.
From the article you will learn how to properly plant a room lily in a pot, how to care for home lilies, to achieve abundant beautiful flowering, and what to do after the leaves fall. With proper care, the indoor lily flower is able to decorate the interior of your apartment for a long time, a balcony or a winter garden.Video about lily planting and breeding
Potted lilies: planting and caring for all the rules
Since lilies at home, as in the garden, usually bloom from June to August, it is recommended to plant them in the pot in early spring. You can put several onions in pots or tubs at once, and then you will have a beautiful magnificent composition of lilies of different varieties and colors. For one onion, a pot with a diameter of about twenty centimeters will be quite enough; a too large container may cause the lily to have no flowers.
A lily home flower will feel best in light, fertile land mixed with river sand. Lay a drainage on the bottom of the pot, then pour a layer of special soil mixture or soil enriched with nutrients, put a bulb in the middle, carefully straightening its roots to the sides. Pour onion with soil only to half, while the earth should reach the middle of the pot. It will be possible to fill the soil to the top after the stems outgrow the edge of the pot.
A lily flower at home will feel best in light fertile land.
Before the shoots appear, the lily in the pot should be in a cool dark place, and as soon as you see green shoots, transfer the plants to the window sill or balcony. With the onset of summer, the cultivation of lilies at home continues in a cold place where it is possible to provide the plants with fresh air.
Further care for home lilies is not much different from caring for garden representatives of this bulbous plant. Lily will develop properly and bloom profusely if you provide it with slightly moist soil and moist air. It is not necessary to replant a flower in a more spacious container.
How to care for room lily:
- water the plant regularly from the time the shoots appear until the leaves dry out in the fall so that the earth does not dry out, but it is not too wet,
- spraying lily leaves from time to time,
- loosen the soil, pouring peat, humus or leaf soil,
- remove weeds
- when the flowers appear, tie the stalks to the chopsticks.
In the future, you will need to remove the buds only from those plants that look weakened.
For such a capricious plant as lily, home care also includes liquid fertilizer fertilizer. The first dressing should be made before the growth of lilies, the second - when forming buds, the third - until mid-August, after flowering lilies. Houseplant lily will be stronger and larger if you periodically add wood ash to the ground.
An equally magnificent room lily, the photo of which is widely represented on the Internet, will most likely come out in your second year. In the first season, it is better to remove the buds at once, so that the plant gains strength and becomes stronger. In the future, you will need to remove the buds only from those plants that look weakened.
Now you know how to grow lilies at home, and to save them until next season is easy: in the fall, the plants cut off dead stems from the very onions, the bulbs are taken out of the ground and placed in a bag with wet moss in the winter or stored until spring in a moist layer sand in the basement.
The bulbs are taken out of the ground and placed in a bag of wet moss in a refrigerator for the winter.
How to care for home lily (amaryllis and hippeastrum)
Often, homemade lily flowers are confused, calling gippeastrum amaryllis and vice versa, although these indoor plants differ in flowering period and rest period. It is better to immediately determine exactly what kind of home growing lily you have — caring for amaryllis and having gippeastrum have some differences.
By appearance it is not always possible to determine which genus a home lily belongs to, the photo can only confuse even more. To find out the genus of plants can be as follows: if your home lily blooms from summer to autumn, and in winter is dormant, then it is Amaryllis. If the flowers appear from winter to spring, and in summer the plant rests, it is hippeastrum. Accordingly, it will be necessary to plant and transplant the bulbs during the rest period of the indoor flower.
Both hippeastrum and amaryllis feel good in warm, lighted places, but they are not very sensitive to direct sunlight and overheating. In the summer it is advisable to take the plants to fresh air, providing protection from precipitation. Twice a month, amaryllis feeds with mineral fertilizers, and for hippeastrum alternate organic and mineral fertilizers.Video about growing lilies in the country
Like many other indoor flowers, lily loves wet cleaning of leaves for hygiene purposes. Watering is necessary moderate, as the soil dries, just do not pour the plant, as amaryllisaceae are easily affected by rot when overwetting. During the flowering home lily watering increase, and in the period of rest - reduce.
If the lily comes to home care correctly, it is less likely to be affected by diseases and pests, the plant looks healthy and strong. With a lack of watering and overmoistening of the soil, the leaves of the lily become sluggish and pale, from the cold the flowers begin to darken, and from the excess of the sun - turn pale. Carefully watch what your lily room looks like in order to take the necessary measures in time, and then bright beautiful flowers will decorate your apartment for a long time!
Lily: home care and classification, home lily purchase, planting
Who said that lily can only be grown in the garden? Large bushes, such as Regale variety, will look spectacular in large tubs, while Hanson’s exquisite lilies will fit perfectly in medium-sized pots. By providing good conditions and decent care for the lily at home, you can get the same abundant and prolonged flowering, as in the garden.
Often, “room lilies” are called amaryllis and hippeastrum, although they belong to different families and are similar only to the shape of a flower and the presence of a bulb. Lily, like all bulbous plants, needs special care, because improper watering or non-compliance with the temperature regime in summer and winter can lead to the death of a flower.
Lily will feel comfortable in rooms with windows facing south-east or south-west. Well, if the tub with the plant will not stand on the windowsill, but rather on the stand near the window - the flower is preferred by a little diffused sunlight.
In spring and summer, care for lilies is quite simple. Given that this is a fairly seasoned plant, the bush will feel good at average room temperature, enduring both the heat and a slight cooling, but not freezing.
With the onset of spring, the tub can be taken out on the open-air veranda, balcony or placed in the garden. Fresh air will benefit the plant, so if the lily stays in the room, you need to air the room more often.
Types of home lilies
You can even understand the variety of this plant from the photo; it is only important to know the main features of their differences.
1. A group of cups of lilies.
In flowering plants such flowers appear in the shape of a bowl, which are revealed further in the future. Examples for this group can be lilies:
- Empress of China.
- Grand Commander (this variety is considered the best in the group under consideration).
2. A group of lilies with funnel-shaped petals combined into a tube.
Examples of tubular lilies include the following varieties:
3. Fescue lilies.
These are flowers in which the petals are strongly bent outward, and the stem is somewhat shorter than in other representatives.
How to plant indoor lily in a pot
Once a grade selection is made, you need to prepare everything you need. To begin with, the onion purchased in the store must be kept in the refrigerator for at least 15 days, after which it is kept for 2 hours in a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
It should be noted that the pot should correspond not only in beauty, but also in size. The best option is considered to be dishes with a diameter of about 20 cm. If you plant a lily in an overly large pots, its development will be directed not at flowering, but as a desire to occupy the available space by creating its daughter bulbs.
It is equally important to create suitable soil for flower growth. It can be bought ready-made in the store (especially for cultivated plants) or you can make it yourself by mixing loose garden soil with sand and mineral fertilizers.
Before you fill the pot in the pot, it is advisable to put small pebbles on the bottom, and only then fill the container with earth, leaving a small edge free.
Before the first shoots are formed, it is better to put the pot in a cool place, protected from light. But as soon as the home lily begins to emerge from the ground, it should be rearranged to where there is access for light and fresh, clean air.
Lily care in a pot
That the indoor plant intensively developedSome conditions must be met:
- regularly loosen the soil to a small depth in order to ensure constant access of oxygen to the root system,
- create a permanent food for a home plant by regular watering (it is important to ensure that the soil in the pot is not very dry, but not too wet, and watering should not be done with hard water to avoid scaling on the soil),
- save the lily in the pot from weeds,
- periodically sprinkle the leaves of the plant with water, preferably with diluted growth stimulants,
- as soon as the flowers begin to appear, it is better to tie the plant stalks to the chopsticks.
Conditions of the home lily after its flowering
Room lily blooms quite rarely, but to improve this phenomenon, you should take care of it properly.
If there is a desire to receive another beautiful bloom in a few months, it is necessary for some time. keep the plant calm.
As soon as the flowers begin to wither and fall off, and the stem to turn yellow, you need to reduce the flow of moisture. And when the stems and leaves dry up, stop watering completely. During this period, all the useful substances accumulated by the plant begin to turn into an onion and prepare the lily for a new flowering.
After that, the flower bulb is dug out and placed in a plastic bag filled with sawdust in a cool place.
For the next season, the lily will need to be transplanted into a new soil.
Home lily transplant
Before planting an onion, it should be prepared. If there are rotten spots on the surface, they should be cut off, and then treated with charcoal. It is advisable to disinfect the bulbs by immersion in the solution of potassium permanganate, and then dry on paper.
After all this, you can plant. In order to provide the plant with good care, it is necessary to use a new soil, rich in fertilizers and useful minerals, because the old earth is already depleted.
In the future, for the planted room lily and its “children” growing in separate pots, care is needed in the form of additional feeding and additional spraying. In this case, the plants will gain a lot of nutrients and will delight their bright flowering.
What are some reasons why a room lily may not bloom?
Sometimes it happens that lily does not give buds at all. There can be many different explanations for this.
- The plant suffers from an overabundance or lack of light.
- For planting was used too large pot, so the flower is aimed at the maximum development of available territory.
- Lily does not receive the required amount of nutrients, in this case, you need to increase the amount of fertilizer.
- The plant has a deficit in the amount of incoming air.
- For bud development, there is a lack of moisture (or too much of it, which prevents the plant from “breathing”).
How to prevent the occurrence of diseases and pests
If the conditions of the plant will be normal for his life and development, there will be no need to get rid of the disease - they will not appear. Well, if something during the care of the lily was not taken into account, then here is an analysis of the most popular problems encountered by the owners of room lily.
Probably the most popular of them - the appearance of red rot on the bulb. Most often occurs due to cold and humidity. You can get rid of it by cutting off the affected areas and processing it with activated carbon. It is important after this to reduce the intensity of irrigation.
The most common parasites on room flowers are spider mite and shieldthat can not only harm the plant, but also destroy it. They have to fight with special insecticides, which are sold in gardening shops.
What if the leaves turned yellow?
Unfortunately, in domestic lilies, you can often observe such an unpleasant picture as the yellowing of the leaves. Sometimes this is the norm, but sometimes it can talk about the wrong care of the plant.
So, The main reasons for the appearance of yellow leaves:
- If the leaves turned yellow in the fall, there is nothing to worry about.
- Sometimes the leaves may turn yellow as a result of improper watering, which causes sunburn. Therefore, it is possible to spray a flower only in the evening or in the early morning when it is protected from direct sunlight.
- Another reason for the yellowing of the leaves may be too dry indoor air.
- Lack of any mineral substances, most often it is potassium and iron, can lead to a similar phenomenon. In this situation, you need to apply top dressing with a suitable complex of minerals.
As a result of improper maintenance of a plant, such troubles can appear as pale leaves, sluggish stem or darkening of the flower. In these situations, it is important to notice the flaw in time and correct it.
In any case, the main thing is to take proper care of the plant, and then it will delight with its development and beautiful flowering.
In the spring and summer, you need to remember the basic rule - water more often, but with a small amount of water. It is known that onion plants quickly rot, so moisture should not be allowed. It is better to water a little early in the morning and if the top layer of the earth began to dry out - repeat the procedure in the late afternoon. Water the flower should be only soft water, warmed to room temperature.
Important! The flowers are heavy enough to pour, and so that she does not knock over the pot, it is recommended to tie the stems to the support.
The composition of the soil for growing lilies
In order for a strong and healthy lily to grow, planting and caring for it must be carefully thought out and you need to start by choosing a good substrate. It is better to prepare the mixture yourself, it should be light, loose and at the same time nutritious.
- sod land - 3 parts,
- leaf ground - 1 part,
- fresh humus - 1 part,
- coarse sand - 1 part.
Be sure to prepare the drainage: suitable large clay, ceramic shards and other materials. Drainage should take at least one third of the volume of the pot.
Too spacious capacity for lilies is not needed, otherwise it will affect flowering. But you can land several copies in one tub, in which case you will need a wider container.
After planting, the care of the lily must necessarily include regular fertilizing with complex mineral compounds and organic matter. It is better to choose fertilizers specially designed for bulbous plants, and feed them according to the attached instructions. It is necessary to take into account that in the phase of active growth the lily needs nitrogen, and with the appearance of the first flowers - in potassium and phosphorus.
The best organic fertilizer for the flower is considered to be slurry diluted in a ratio of 1:10;
Planting bulbs is best done in autumn, the most favorable time is October. Выбирать следует те луковицы, у которых достаточно хорошо развита корневая система и нет пятен гнили.
На дно горшка нужно насыпать дренаж и немного приготовленной почвы, затем, аккуратно разместить одну или несколько луковиц и присыпать их землей примерно на 2/3.
In this case, the pot should not be filled to the top with the substrate, after the leaves go to growth, the top of the bulb will need to fall asleep.
Before the appearance of young leaves, the flower should be in a cool and shaded place in a slightly damp substrate. After the shoots appear, the pot should be moved to the window-sill and gradually increase the watering. As you can see, planting and caring for a lily will not cause a lot of difficulties.
It is undesirable to replace lilies in more spacious containers, it is enough to replace the substrate.
Tip! To prevent the bulbs from rotting, experienced florists recommend planting it on a “pillow” of sand with a 3 cm layer previously baked in the oven.
In the autumn, the vital processes of bulbous plants are slowed down and they need to ensure the “rest” phase. At this time, the lily should be kept at a temperature of about +5 ° C, away from the sun. Watering should be reduced as much as possible and only slightly moisten the substrate. With the onset of spring, the container can be put on the windowsill and smoothly increase the frequency of irrigation.
If there is a need to separate the daughter bulbs, then it is best to do it in the late fall, so the mother plant is less injured, and the children can immediately be planted in separate containers.
Lily life expectancy is 5–6 years and at this age it blooms less and less, therefore it is better to plant a tub and re-grow a bush from young bulbs.
When caring for lilies at home, you need to carefully inspect the bush, because in the fight against diseases and pests it is important to detect the symptoms of a lesion as early as possible.
- The leaves are pale and lifeless - this indicates a wrong watering, you need to check the condition of the substrate.
- The flowers of the plant begin to darken - the room is too cool.
Lily can get gray rot from excessive dampness. This is an infectious disease that first infects the lower leaves, and then spreads throughout the bush.
No less dangerous disease - Fusarium, its causative agent is a fungus that falls into the bulb with mechanical damage, so it is important to sprinkle the cut sites with crushed charcoal.
The spread of the disease begins in the lower part of the bulb and gradually spreads to the entire surface. If the state of the flower is not running, then you can try to cure it with the help of modern antifungal drugs.
Like most indoor plants, in dry and hot weather, lily can become a victim of spider mites or thrips. The spider mite is characterized by a silvery bloom and yellowish spots on the inner surface of the leaves.
Thrips are small, light green insects that quickly spread throughout the bush.
You can begin treatment by washing the pests with a solution of household or potassium soap, and fix the result with reliable insecticides with a broad spectrum of action.
Decorating a room, a greenhouse or a winter garden with tub tubs is a snap. They will not only delight with large and bright flowers, but also fill the room with a delicious and delicate aroma.
House or home lily: care and cultivation (practical advice)
Among the indoor flowers, lilies with bright juicy greens, beautiful large flowers and delicate aroma occupy an honorable place. Of course, this is not about garden lilies, which can reach a height of one and a half meters or more. Houses in pots are grown compact room lily of various types and varieties.
Features of growing room lilies and care for her
One of the most beautiful flowers grown on the windowsill is the lily room. It has a pleasant aroma and lush greenery. For the plant to please the owners for a long time, you need to know how to properly care for him.
In the open ground, the lily does not always maintain wintering, and care at home ensures its comfortable growth. There are many varieties of plants, and each requires special conditions.
It is important to observe a certain temperature and humidity, the lily loves a lot of light. It grows well in the summer on the balcony, but the scorching sun rays burn its leaves.
For wintering provide a temperature not lower than 16 degrees.
The stem can reach from 40 cm to 1, 5 m in height. With a short light day, shoots develop to the period of bud formation. During the flowering of the lily house you need a lot of light. Planting and maintenance require certain knowledge. If everything is done correctly, the indoor plant will delight the owners with lush flowers and fragrance.
Room lily varieties
Many varieties suitable for growing at home have been developed. They differ in the height of the stem and the shape of the flowers.
The classification depending on the shape of the petals is as follows.
- Dwarf lily and Citronella are low-growing species. The height of the stem reaches 60 cm. Flowers with small petals are bent off; their diameter does not exceed 5 cm.
- Royal Gold, Lily Home, Long-flowered, Regal differ funnel-shaped petals, collected in a tube.
- Lilia Taiwanese and its hybrids look very nice on the windowsill. Compact bush does not exceed 40 cm in height. Dwarf species include Miss Rio and Garden Party, they have quite large flowers.
- Asian hybrids are odorless, but have very beautiful flowers with spots, stripes, specks.
- Grand Commander, the Empress of China, Lily the Beautiful, Gilded possess flowers that are shaped like a bowl.
Also, a lot of hybrids, perfectly adapted to growing at home, have been developed.
How to determine the type of lilies by bulb
Growing lilies at home requires compliance with the necessary conditions for the selected plant species. How to identify it? By the color of the bulb, you can determine what type of indoor house lilies are:
- white - in Asian and LA hybrids, they require weakly acidic soil, can be fertilized with ashes,
- multicolored friable with yellowish, pink, purple streaks - from oriental plants, they require sour soil, it is impossible to bring ash into the composition,
- purple and other dark shades - in tubular lilies, they need soil with lime,
- colored yellowish, pinkish - in OT-hybrids, adapted for outdoor cultivation.
Plant several bulbs of the same type in the pot. It is important. To all the plants bloomed at the same time, choose the bulbs of the same size.
Planting lilies in the pot is carried out in the fall. Sometimes they do it in winter. The most common onion planting method. Pot containers can be made of ceramic or plastic. A vessel is prepared in advance not more than 20 cm in diameter, and drainage in the form of expanded clay, broken brick, foam plastic or pebbles is poured to the bottom.
To grow a healthy, strong plant, you need to pay special attention to the choice of soil for a certain type of lily. Get ready-made soil in the store or do it yourself.
Plants will feel fine in a sod land mixed 1: 1 with humus or compost. 50 grams of mineral fertilizers are added per liter of soil: phosphorus, magnesium, potassium and nitrogen.
The prepared soil is disinfected by pouring boiling water with the addition of manganese. Calculate the height of the tank so that after planting the plant between the top layer of the earth and the edges of the pot remained about 7 cm of free space.
Step by step instructions on how to plant a lily in a pot:
- 10 cm of prepared soil is poured into a container with drainage,
- put the bulbs up tops, slightly push them into the ground,
- fall asleep by 15-20 cm in soil
- watered with warm water
- left to germinate in a cool dark place,
- after germination and the formation of an additional root system, it will be necessary to fill the pot in the pot so that it covers all the roots.
Peculiarities of care
It looks beautiful lily in a pot, but taking care of it requires care and patience. If everything is done correctly, soon the plant will delight with magnificent flowers and fill the room with a pleasant aroma.
The basic rules for caring for lilies to get a lush bloom are as follows.
- After planting the bulbs in the pot provide a low temperature. Watering is carried out as the land dries.
- After the appearance of the first shoots, the soil is fed with organic additives.
- After 7 days, fertilizers are applied containing potassium and phosphorus.
- For the rapid formation of buds, the plant is sprayed with growth-stimulating compositions every 3-4 days.
- When the shoots grow to 10 cm, fill the soil to the upper edge of the tank.
- Caring for a lily is not at all difficult. It is necessary to loosen the ground regularly to ensure oxygen access to the root system. Water the plant 1-3 times a day. The soil should be moderately wet. Feeding is carried out 1 time per week.
- A month later, begin to accustom lily to the open air. They take the pot to the balcony for 15-30 minutes, make sure that it does not fall into direct sunlight.
- Every day, the time spent on the air increases by half an hour. After the plant does not fade on the balcony for 4 hours, it can be left until evening and overnight.
You can grow lilies on the balcony for the whole summer. It should be borne in mind that when the temperature is below +10 degrees flower buds are poorly formed.
Before the budding period, leaves are sprayed every day, this stimulates the rapid growth and development of the lily. Until the moisture dries, the leaves protect from the sun. Water entering the buds shortens the flowering period.
After the end of the active phase, the plants are placed in a cool, dry place. At this time, you can replant the lily.
Breeders deduced over three hundred species of these flowers. All kinds of flower shape are divided into three main groups:
The names of the groups speak for themselves. Petals of cup-shaped lilies are widely disclosed.
Representatives cupped are varieties:
- Empress of China,
- Grand Commander.
A group of funnel-shaped lilies gives flowers, shaped like a trumpet gramophone. Lily Long-flowered, Regal, Royal Gold, Mid-Century - this is a small list of common varieties, the petals of which are collected in a tube.
Fescoe lilies differ shorter stem, flowers of smaller diameter.
A characteristic feature of the flowers of this group, which include Dwarf lily, L. Citronella, are curved petals.
The technology of growing tree peony is described in this article.
Hippeastrum and Amaryllis
Many amateur flower growers have at least one indoor lily on a windowsill, which they call gippeastrum or amaryllis. About the correctness of the name argue not only housewives, but also botanists.
Hippeastrum belongs to the Amaryllis family, but it differs from Amaryllis. And although there is much in common between them, let us consider the differences between them.
They were delivered to Europe from different continents. Amaryllis is home to South Africa, and gippeastrum was brought from the tropics of the Amazon.
After the appearance of hippeastrum and amaryllis in the botanical gardens of Europe, selection work began on their crossing, breeding new hybrid varieties. For several centuries, new varieties have been attributed to the Hippeastrum, the Amaryllis.
And only in the twentieth century, in 1954, at the congress of botanists from around the world it was decided:
- Amaryllis include one species from Africa - Amaryllis is beautiful,
- all other hybrids belong to hippeastrum.
Although many flower shops in Russia still offer amaryllis. What are their differences?
They differ from each other not only by their origin, but also by the features of development and appearance. Here are the differences that will help an amateur to distinguish them:
- Amaryllis in the rest period sheds leaves. Among hippeastrum there are species that remain evergreen. But some varieties also shed their leaves.
- Amaryllis blooms once in early autumn. In hippeastrum flowering time is determined by forcing. Depending on the conditions of detention and temperature, it may bloom twice a year. The traditional time of appearance of flowers - the end of winter, the beginning of spring.
- It is more accurate to determine which lily grows in your home, the peduncle will help. The main difference is that Amaryllis has a peduncle (arrow) not hollow. Peduncle hippeastrum inside hollow.
- Amaryllis flowers have a funnel-shaped structure, and their color varies from pinkish-red to white. Hyppeastrum hybrids are distinguished by a variety of flower shapes and colors.
- These two types of indoor lilies have different in shape bulbs. In Amaryllis - pear-shaped with grayish scales, pubescent on the inside. Hippeastrum bulbs due to the diversity of species can be both round and rounded-conical, with white flakes.
Features of growing hyacinths are described in this article.
Among the indoor flowers, ranked as amaryllis, one can find two species that differ from the usual gipempastrum. This euharis (Amazonian lily) and hymenocallis (spider lily).
The white flowers of the Amazon lily are shaped like a daffodil. Wide glossy leaves complement the appearance, creating an excellent composition. The plant blooms in the fall, at the end of September, and has a delicate aroma.
Gimenokallis blooms in summer or winter depending on the species. Its original white flowers are located on a high peduncle, have long narrow hanging petals. From here comes the second name - Spider Lily.
For abundant flowering room lily needs a certain temperature and light conditions. During the rest period, the plant must be provided with coolness and darkness, or at least a shadow. Watering is also limited.
After the rest period, the plant is transferred to a sunny window, preferably southeast or southwest, increasing irrigation. At the same time carry out fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. It is also necessary to provide airing, but without drafts. In the summer lily can be taken out on the balcony.
The process of preparing a plant for flowering is called forcing. The pot is placed in a cool place with a temperature not lower than six degrees Celsius. In the summer it can be a place in the fridge, in the fall - a loggia or a glazed balcony.
Periodically moisten the soil, avoiding flooding and drying. After sprouting, the plant is transferred to heat.
Features of growing tulips are described in this article.
Diseases and pests
Rot on lily bulb
The main problem in growing indoor lilies is the appearance of rot on the bulb. Most often this is due to improper over-irrigation. Indoor lilies are also subject to diseases such as anthracnose and fusarium. To combat rot and other diseases, fungicides are used, which can be purchased at a flower shop.
The pests of lilies include not only aphids, thrips, but also the lily fly, clicker beetle, amaryllite scarlet. For their destruction use insecticides, adhering to security measures.
Lily with a sprout
Replant room lily every three to four years. When transplanting, the children of the bulbs are separated, they are deposited in new small-sized pots.
During the first year should not expect flowering from young plants. When in the second year a number of new lateral processes appear, then we can hope for the emergence of a peduncle in the bulb-mother.
The best storage place will be a box for vegetables. The bulb is pre-wrapped in moss or put in a box with sawdust.
Take care when choosing a pot and planting a bulb. It is very important that the distance between it and the wall of the pot is at least two or three centimeters.
The earth mixture is chosen light, nutritious, with the addition of sand. It is better to buy ready-made land for lily in stores.
Landing is carried out according to this scheme:
- drainage is poured at the bottom of a 15–20 cm diameter pot,
- above the ground layer is about five centimeters,
- The onion is carefully placed in a pot, the ground is filled to half its height.
Growing indoor lilies does not require much hassle, and even inexperienced growers can afford it. They can begin with the planting of Asian hybrids of hippeastrum, which are more unpretentious and hardy. Long-flowered species are more demanding of conditions of detention, but have a wonderful aroma, unlike Asian lilies.
Watch the video where an experienced grower talks in detail about the technology of growing and caring for indoor lilies:
General description of the species
Lily (Latin Lílium) refers to the genus plant family lily. It is a perennial grass, supplied with bulbs, which consist of fleshy thick base leaves of yellow, pink, white shade. The stem is a continuation of the tip of the bulb, leafy, less branchy at the top. The leaves are located on the stem in a spiral, in the corner of the bottom sheet a bud is formed, which grows and becomes a young onion.
Flowers can be solitary or clustered in a group of umbrella inflorescences. Perianth funnel-shaped, consists of six parts. Flowers have different colors: there are red lilies, white, pink, yellow, orange, lilac, purple. Almost all of them have specks, specks or stripes on the inside.
Breeders bred hybrid varieties that can be grown in flower pots.
В условиях комнаты чаще всего разводят королевскую, карликовую красную, азиатскую и длинноцветковую лилию.
Посадка и пересадка растения
Перед тем как приступить к посадке растения комнатная лилия, необходимо определиться с сортом, выбрать луковицы, подготовить ёмкости и грунт. Луковички должны быть крепкими, здоровыми, вес каждой составляет примерно сорок граммов.
Before landing material stratification is carried out, that is, placing the onions in the refrigerator for twenty days. Immediately before planting, they should be soaked in a weak manganese solution for two hours (for disinfection). Suitable for planting pot of clay, plastic, ceramics. Several bulbs are usually planted in one container. Each of them should be about fifteen square centimeters. At the bottom of the pot is piled a drainage layer of small pebbles, expanded clay, broken bricks. As the soil, you can choose a ready-made soil mixture for bulbous.
- Pour ten centimeters of soil into a drainage pot.
- Lay the bulbs tops up, slightly push them into the soil and sprinkle with a layer of earth on the top twenty centimeters.
- Pour water at room temperature.
- Place the pot in a cool place until the first shoots.
- After the bulbs have sprouted, the pot can be rearranged to the light window-sill. If necessary, add an additional layer of soil so that all the roots are completely covered.
A decorative lily is transplanted every three years.
To start all dry flowers are cut off - This will allow the bulb not to weaken (during active flowering, the culture should not be transplanted). Then the plant is carefully dug and placed in a new pot with a drainage layer and nutritious soil. You need to tamp the earth a little. The first watering is carried out with warm settled water.
Watering, feeding and temperature
Care room lily at home is not too complicated.
Basic rules for plant maintenance:
- Temperature and lighting. Home flower lily feels good at 17-25 degrees in the summer and 10-15 degrees in winter. You can place the plant on the south or southeast windowsill. The pot lily loves light and heat very much, but from direct sunlight it is still better to cover it, creating a diffused illumination. In warm summer the plant can be taken out on a balcony, loggia or terrace, and in the winter it can be removed in the shade.
- Watering. In hot weather and with dry air in the room, plants need a lot of moisture. Watering is done about once every three days by settled water at room temperature. It is important to ensure that the earth does not dry out. To prevent the stagnation of moisture should also not be - it can lead to rotting of the roots and the stem. Once a week, the leaves can be wiped with a damp cotton swab, sprayed with a spray bottle, or bathed in a shower. In winter, the amount of watering is reduced to once every thirty days.
- Feeding. Feed a potted flower lily immediately after the emergence of the first shoots of the bulbs. You can use ready-made fertilizers for home flowers, or apply alternately organic and mineral supplements. Until the appearance of buds, fertilizers are applied every ten days, then once a month.
- Rest period. In the autumn months, after the lily has faded, it is necessary to minimize watering, wait for the leaves to dry out and cut off the aerial part of the plant. Then you can either remove the plant in the shade and cool, or dig up the bulbs and leave them in the refrigerator until next year.
That's all the basic rules for caring for room lily. Their observance will allow to receive a healthy, strong, beautifully blossoming ornamental plant.
Possible diseases of potted lilies
Room lilies usually do not cause any particular problems.
But to know about the dangers that may threaten these colors, it is still necessary:
- The leaves turn yellow if the air in the room is too dry.. In this case, you need to pour a layer of fine expanded clay into the pan and constantly moisten it, spray the leaves. You can put in an air humidifier.
- Sunburn cause yellow spots on the sheets (from the side of the window). In this case, you can stick a special film on the glass or remove the pot in penumbra.
- Due to lack of fertilizer leaves of the plant become brittle and thin, wither, fall off. Regular balanced feeding will save the flower.
- From excess moisture lily can hit rot. On the stem and leaves of the culture appear spots of gray mold. At the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to cut and dispose of the affected parts, and treat the remaining plant with copper sulfate.
- Susceptible to lily disease, which is called mosaic. At the same time, elongated spots appear on the buds and leaves, after which the flowers and leaves fall away. Sick plants are disposed of with a pot and a primer.
- Lcan be attacked by click beetles, mealy buckworm, aphid, scythe, spider mite. To control pests use special insecticides, which can be purchased in stores for gardeners.
If the plant receives good care, the disease is extremely rare.
You should closely monitor the health of your green pet and take the necessary measures in a timely manner, then the lily will long please the grower with its beauty.
Types and varieties of room lilies
The plant is classified according to the structure of their flower:
- The flowers are bowl-shaped, widely disclosed. These petals have varieties: Gilded Lily, Beautiful Lily, Empress of China Lily. Grade Grand Commander is considered one of the best.
- Petals funnel-shaped, collected in the tube. Similar flowers can be seen in varieties of which a more extensive number: Regal Lily, Long-flowered Lily, Royal Gold and others. Their flowers are color from pale yellow to bright orange. This species includes home lily.
- Flowers with folded petals. This group does not differ in a variety of varieties, as is observed in other species. The size of the plants is quite small - up to 60 cm, the flowers are also too small - only about 5 cm in diameter. Common varieties are L.Citronella and dwarf lily.
When to buy a home lily?
Indoor culture is bought in the form of bulbs, because it is a bulbous plant. The best season is autumn. Pay attention to the state of the tuber: if you find scales, spots, wrinkles, then it is unsuitable for planting. In the case of not finding such signs, disinfection is still carried out. Karbofos or manganese solution can act as an antiseptic.
The houseplant usually has shoots and leaves on sale, sometimes even selling flowering plants, so in order to prolong the flowering period it is fed with special fertilizers, it is important not to overdo it with watering.
Choose a pot, soil, do not forget about good drainage. To grow a house lily in the conditions of the house is rather simple. Planted in the substrate, which is made specifically for bulbous plants, suitable and light soil, enriched with nutrients and having good drainage characteristics.
The bulb should occupy a central position of the pot, the distance to the walls should be within 3 cm. Soil is covered to the middle of the bulb. After that, the health of the plant will depend on the time that is given for the rest period and air temperature.
With the proper cultivation of a bulbous plant, home culture can delight in flowering at different times of the year.
Home lily belongs to the genus hippeastrum and amaryllis, therefore, during the flowering period, it is very necessary for warmth and light, and during the rest time they prefer darkness and coolness. therefore the sunlit windowsill will be the best place. On hot days, it’s better to keep the windows open, because this home plant, like all amaryllis, needs a stream of fresh air, especially after sunset.
Watering should be reduced after the flowers fall off, the external conditions change radically: light replaces shadow, moist heat turns into dry cool. If you follow a similar pattern of growing room lilies, you can achieve repeated flowering.
Lily after flowering
Home lily refers to the flowers that are not so often and not for a long time to please the owners with its beauty. but it is possible to increase the flowering period and add its number. It all depends on the storage period of the plant when it is in a state of sleep.
So, after flowering, home lily is placed with a dry, cool place. Can be transplanted into a new soil with the addition of ash. It is necessary to pamper a bulb occasionally with top dressings and watering, then in a state of active growth there will be no problems with flowering.
Diseases and pests
Pests rarely affect indoor plants. But contributes to their appearance too dry air. Lilies can infect: spider mites, aphids, mealybugs. In this case, you can see insects on the foliage or stem, as well as learn about their appearance by the following features:
- yellowing, leaf fall,
- lethargy, slower growth.
It is necessary to purchase tools for the destruction of uninvited guests in a specialized shop and use them according to the instructions.
Room lily care, as already mentioned, suggests simple. In order to recognize a plant disease in time, one should pay attention to the following phenomena.
- Yellowing of the leaves is due to dry air. It is necessary to pour claydite into the pan and keep it constantly moistened, spray the foliage, use a humidifier.
- The leaves turn yellow in spots or on one side of sunburn. Need to rearrange the pot in the shade.
- Due to the lack of mineral and organic matter foliage fades and turns yellow. Carry out dressing 1-2 times a week.
- The leaves fall, become rare, thinned due to lack of light or lack of necessary organic substances.
- Gray and red rot affects the plant due to abundant watering and stagnant moisture.
- Fusarium affects the root system, the leaves turn yellow, fall off, the bulb is gradually destroyed. For the prevention of disease, the bulbs are kept for half an hour in a solution of foundationol before planting.
- The fungus develops when it is too warm and humid air. On the leaves, the stem formed yellow spots. The plant most often dies.
Growing lilies in pots without transplanting is permissible for 2-3 years. In order for the plant to enjoy the next spring in a lush color, it must hibernate in a cool dark place. Water enough once a month.
Home lilies, planting and care
To enjoy the flowering of beautiful lilies, it is not at all necessary to be the owner of a summer cottage or a private plot. These wonderful flowers can be grown at home, fortunately, many varieties of culture are quite compact. How to grow a home lily, we will discuss in this article.
There are many varieties of lilies that can be grown in pots. Oriental and Asian hybrids, golden, dwarf, royal and beautiful lilies are suitable for such purposes.
Plants from the Amaryllis family, whose flowers are very similar to lilies, amateur flower growers plant on their window sills most often.
One of the popular varieties is the so-called Amazonian home lily, which has excellent white buds and delicate aroma.
Successful cultivation of lilies depends largely on the choice of planting material. Culture bulbs should be purchased in the fall, and at the time of purchase should pay attention to their appearance.
A healthy bulb looks smooth and dense, has no brown scales. If you bought onions with brownish spots, before planting, immerse them in a 0.3% solution of karbofos for about half an hour.
Bear in mind that even healthy planting materials are usually disinfected with manganese solution.
Growing a lily as a home flower, plant it in a large and deep pot whose diameter will be at least 15 cm.
Culture does not like stagnant water and too wet soil, so do not forget to make for it high-quality drainage.
To do this, place small stones or expanded clay on the bottom of the tank, top them with a 5 cm layer of soil mixed with sand. It is desirable that the soil was nutritious and saturated with fertilizers.
Having deepened the onion into the ground, its roots gently straighten, after which they add more soil and slightly tamp it. The bulb should be dug about half its height.
After that, the container is placed in a cool, but well-lit place, for example, on a windowsill.
Growing Amazonian or any other lily at home, periodically monitor soil moisture, observing moderate watering.
When the bulb sprouts, and it should happen around March, the flower is rearranged to the most illuminated place of the room, preferably the window that faces the south-west side of the house. So that the plant does not suffer from lack of air, the vent is left constantly open. In summer, the pot is kept on the balcony, and the stem is tied to a support.
During the period of budding watering lilies increase, but try not to flood the soil too much, because the plant does not like excessive moisture.
With the end of flowering bulbs go into a dormant period, and the entire aboveground part of the plant dies. At this time, the container can be rearranged to a cool place, for example, in a cellar or pantry, and leave it until spring, only periodically checking the level of soil moisture.
How to care for a home lily during growth
So that the lily in the pot grows quickly and develops well, it needs regular fertilizing and proper watering. Fertilize the plant every week, using mineral complexes.
You can also alternate mineral formulations with organic supplements. Before the buds appear on the stems, the lilies are irrigated with a growth stimulator solution approximately every 2 weeks.
Thanks to this procedure, flower buds will develop faster.
One of the conditions for the care of home indoor lilies is the regular loosening of the soil around the stems, which allows for access of oxygen to the roots. Loosening is carried out to a depth of 6 cm, so as not to catch the roots and not damage them.
When the home lily in a pot reaches a height of about 10-12 cm, it is transferred to the open air, for example, to a veranda or balcony. But so that the flower does not die, before it needs to be hardened.
The first times the lily is left on the balcony for 30 minutes, each day extending this time by 15-20 minutes.
If at night the air temperature drops below 12 ° C, the plant must be entered in a warm room.
So that the foliage grew faster, the culture is irrigated from a spray bottle. Such a procedure can be carried out daily, but the plant should be hidden from sunlight. If too many buds form on one stalk, it is tied up to a support so that the branch does not break under its own weight.
Another of the mandatory conditions for the care of home lilies is their proper watering. It is important to ensure that the soil in the pots does not dry out, but also to prevent stagnant water. Watering is usually done every 3-4 days, while it is desirable to use soft water. It should be boiled or simply separated, rain or melt water is also suitable.
Lily care at home after flowering
After the end of the flowering period, the aboveground part of the plants gradually dies off, and the bulbs become dormant. Unlike the lilies grown in the garden, you do not need to cut off the yellowed stems from a home plant.
At this time, you should simply reduce the number of waterings and increase the intervals between them to 1 week. Stem irrigation should also be stopped. After that, all the nutrients from the green parts of the culture will be transferred to the bulb.
Once the stems have dried completely, watering should be stopped completely.
For the winter, the bulbs can be stored in a plastic bag filled with moss or wet sawdust. This package is placed in the cold, for example, in the refrigerator or in the basement. The main thing is that the temperature there was maintained at 4-6 ° C.
Transplanting room lilies
Lily at home can be grown from seed, but the bulbous method is considered the simplest and most acceptable. Each year, the bulbs need to be transplanted into a pot with new soil, because the old soil has time to greatly deplete.
An important step in planting lilies at home is the preparation of the bulbs. Dug out of the ground, they are cleaned from the soil and washed, then sorted and separated the smallest onion. They are planted in seedlings and germinated during the winter.
Large bulbs are carefully inspected for rot and damage. The rotted areas cut and disinfect these places with charcoal or ash. Then the planting material is soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour, removed and dried on a towel. Dried onions hide in a cold place.
Lilies are planted for the new season around the end of February or the beginning of March.
The reasons for the lack of flowering and yellowing foliage
Sometimes room lily does not release buds, and this may be several reasons:
- The flower does not receive enough nutrients. In this case, you need to increase the number of dressings.
- The plant does not have enough moisture for normal growth and bud formation.
- Lily lacks fresh air or not enough lighting in the room. In this case, the plant should be rearranged to a more illuminated sill and provide good ventilation.
- Culture may not give flowering due to the fact that it was planted in too large a pot. В подобной ситуации растение активно формирует новые луковички и не выпускает бутонов.
У комнатных лилий часто возникает такая проблема, как пожелтение листьев и стеблей. Наблюдать подобное явление можно в нескольких случаях:
- With the arrival of autumn, the green mass of the plant begins to fade and turn yellow, which is completely normal.
- Irregular watering, with sunburns on the foliage, causes it to yellow. You can irrigate lilies only in the evening or morning time, or you can transfer the pot to the shade.
- Too dry ambient air can also cause this phenomenon.
- A lack of nutrients can cause yellowing of leaves and stems, especially a lack of potassium and iron. In this case, the plant should be immediately fed with a suitable mineral complex.
Planting and caring for home lilies in a pot
One bulb is enough to get pot with a diameter of 16-18 cmIn a large container you can plant several lilies at once. If you place the bulb in a wide pots, instead of flowering, it will begin to actively explore the space, releasing many daughter bulbs. In addition, the pot must be high.
Before planting the bulbs for at least 16-19 days should lie in the refrigerator at a temperature of 3-6 °.
Then they are treated with potassium permanganate for about 1.5-2 hours, keeping in a medium-pink solution. And the last stage of the bulb is immersed in a solution of growth stimulants, for example, Zircon, Succinic acid, Appin with the addition of trace elements.
At the same time, prepare a good ground. It should be fertile and loose, you can buy ready for lilies or mix garden soil with compost, sand and humus.
For each liter of soil add 40-60 g of mineral fertilizers.
In their composition are required magnesium, iron, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. If desired, the soil is disinfected, thoroughly shedding fungicidal solutions and boiling water.
A drainage of pebbles is laid out on the bottom of the tank, a layer of soil is filled up about 8-10 cm, the bulbs are placed on it and filled up with an earth layer of about 17-19 cm. how will additional roots.
Before the formation of shoots, a pot of home lily should be placed in a cool shaded room. The container is then rearranged to the light, providing a constant supply of clean cool air.
Room lily care during active growth and flowering
How to care for lilies in a pot at home? Properly potted lily begins to develop rapidly. At this time, she needs to provide good nutrition and moisture.
Top-dressings are carried out regularly with an interval of 7-9 days with micronutrient complexes. They can be alternated with organic fertilizers.
Before flowering, young plants are sprayed twice a month with cool water, planting growth stimulants in it. This procedure facilitates the establishment of flower buds and subsequent flowering.
It is very important to regularly loosen the soil in the tank so that the air supply to the roots is continuous. You can loosen the top layer with a thickness of about 4-6 cm, not deeper, so as not to damage the root system.
When the stems grow to 9-12 cm in height, the home lily can be taken out onto the street or balcony. But first you need to temper it, gradually accustoming it. Start off recommended from 25-35 minutesby increasing the time spent by half an hour every day. If the night temperature drops below 12 °, you should not leave the flower outside so as not to prolong the budding period.
The development of leaves and flowers will go faster if you regularly spray the ground parts with soft water from a spray bottle. This can be done every day, removing the plant in the shade. Otherwise, you can get burns of the leaves under the influence of aggressive rays of the sun. Water should not fall on the opened inflorescences and buds, as it greatly reduces their lifespan.
In the presence of a large number of flowers, you must install support to support the stems.
Almost all types of lilies when growing at home requires a sufficiently large amount of moisture.
When the coma of the soil dries out, growth slows down, the plants start to wither. Therefore, watering should be plentiful and often - with an interval of no more than 3-4 days.
Only soft water is used - boiled and cooled or separated. You can also use rain or thawed. Watering with hard water forms a whitish coating on the surface of the earth in a pot that does not allow air to pass through. In addition, salts are deposited on the roots of plants.
Leaving after flowering
In nature and when grown outdoors, the ground parts of lilies gradually turn yellow and dry, and the bulbs become dormant. Houseplants do the same. To bloom next year, they must rest. Our task is to provide complete rest for several months.
In the home lily, the inflorescences first dry out and fall off, then the stems begin to turn yellow. Cut them do not need! At this stage, reduce the supply of moisture to the plant, increasing the interval between irrigation up to 6-8 days, and spraying is stopped. Thus, the transfer of all the useful substances accumulated by the ground part into the bulb is activated. Here is the basis for growth in the next season.
Having waited, when stalks with leaves dry up naturally, stop watering completely.
What to do next with a lily in a pot that has faded?
The bulbs should be dug and moved to a polyethylene bag filled with slightly damp sawdust or moss.
The package is cleaned in a cold place where the temperature is kept within 3-6 °. This may be a basement, cellar or refrigerator.
How to transplant room lilies? Transplantation should be done every year with a complete replacement of the soil. During the period of lily flowering, the earth has had time to deplete and lose most of the nutrients, so the full development of the bulb and high-quality flowering can not wait.
The most important thing is the correct preparation of the bulbs for the rest period and subsequent transplantation. After the ground parts die off, the bulbs are dug out and washed, clearing the soil. Small onions - kids immediately selected and planted in boxes for seedlings. They will actively grow all winter, gaining strength.
Large bulbs inspect, cut out spots of rot, treating cuts with crushed coal (wood or activated). If the stem has not fallen away yet, it must be cut, leaving a stump 4-6 cm long. The bulbs are disinfected by immersing in a solution of fungicides or potassium permanganate for 25-40 minutes. Then dried on paper or soft material and cleaned in the cold.
In late February - March, bulbs are taken out of the bag and planted in a pot with soil.
Why does not bloom room lily?
There may be several reasons and they all relate to the errors of maintenance and care. The plant receives insufficient nutrients, and it simply does not have enough strength to form buds.
Lily suffers from a lack of moisture in the soil and air.Causes are lack of fresh air and light.when the flower is placed in a poorly ventilated room away from the window.
The bulb is planted in a pot too wide. She is busy exploring the area, intensively increasing children.
Improper maintenance in the winter without a pronounced rest period - in warm or in the light. This is especially true for hippeastrum.
Why do the leaves of the room lily turn yellow?
This problem is the most frequent, because the yellowing of the leaf blades of the lily signals the wrong care for it. What can color change tell?
1. Autumn has come and the yellowing process is absolutely normal.
2. On the wet leaves fall the direct rays of the sun, causing a burn. Most often in this case only one side turns yellow - the one that is turned towards the sun. The plant must be moved to another place and spray in the evening.
3. Excessive air dryness. To increase the level of moisture, next to the lily, you can put an open container with water or place the pot on a tray filled with moistened stones (for example, expanded clay or pebbles). The purchase of a humidifier will also help.
4. Insufficient nutrition. The plant during the period of active vegetation consumes a large number of trace elements from the soil, especially potassium and iron.
If you do not fertilize in time, the leaves will turn yellow due to a violation of the photosynthesis process, chlorophyll will simply stop producing.
Urgently feed the lily using mineral complexes or a mixture of ferrous sulfate with citric acid (2 tsp acid and 7-9 g of vitriol stir in 3 l of cool water).
Home lilies in a pot: growing and care at home. When and how to plant a spring lily bulb in a pot, how to water, what to feed, how to transplant?
Proper care of home lily will allow you to get the original living decoration for living rooms or winter gardens.
Not the last place among home flowers is lily. The plant, with bright greens, beautiful volumetric flowers and delicate aroma, can not leave fans of indoor plants indifferent.
Despite the fact that the lily has a short period of flowering with pleasure, it is propagated at home.
Since it perfectly decorates the interior and is a collector's object for many gardeners.
: Lilies: sprouting bulbs in spring in pots
Watering pot lily
- We pour it very carefully: on the neck of the pots or using the method of bottom irrigation
- In the presence of water in the pan - pour.
Lilies do not tolerate overwetting
The earth must remain semi-dry
Lily care after flowering
Euharis rarely releases its flowers. But with proper storage of the plant, in the period of rest, you can increase the period and number of times of flowering.
- Lily send in a dry, cool place.
- Watering and dressing make minimal - with full drying of the top layer of the earth
- If the earth has not changed for a long time, change the soil, adding ash to it
How to feed lilies after flowering?
Feeding of euharis is carried out not only in the spring-summer period, but also in the autumn, when the plant does not bloom any more. During sleep, the flower is stored with useful substances for the future. The duration and frequency of flowering depends on the correct feeding.
Important: In the first month and a half of the rest of the flower fertilizing is not carried out. Only after the first offspring give food.
- Feed phosphorus-potassium fertilizers: potassium magnesia or superphosphate
- To do this, dissolve 1.5 tbsp. l Kalmagnezii or 2 tbsp. superphosphate in a bucket of water
: Eucharis. What causes the eucharis to die? How to care for the Amazon lily, that it bloomed?
The reasons for this problem may be several:
- Unsuccessful rest time. If the flower was watered abundantly for 1.5 months after flowering, it did not have a resting stage. He did not have time to rest and gain strength.
- Improper careconsisting in temperature changes, leads to decay of the onion material. This does not allow euharis to bloom.
- Poor planting density. A young plant to bloom, it will take 3-4 years to build kids. Accelerate flowering will help the joint planting of several bulbs in one pots. The less space in the pot, the more efficient the lily will bloom.
- Poor lighting, insufficient watering and fertilizing - after the appearance of the first shoots.
: Why does Euharis not bloom and how to make a flower bloom?
- Gray rot - The causative agent is Lat. Botridis. Promotes the development of increased moisture and non-compliance with the temperature regime of the airspace, waterlogged soil. The first signs are expressed in the loss of leaf elasticity. After acquiring softness, the green becomes brown along the hem.
Further, the gray mold covers the painful areas and they die. If you find a problem, hurry to remove the malicious places. Next, process Topsino-M, Fundazol, blue vitriol. Stagonsporosis - The second fungal disease. Red elongated spots appear on all parts of the plant. Severe infection leads to the death of the flower.
The cause of the development of the disease are: sudden temperature jumps and excessive moisture. The pledge of a healthy flower is healthy seeds. Process the bulbous material, before planting in the ground, with fungicidal constituents: Oxyh, Maxim, Abig-Peak, for about half an hour. Then dry for 2 days.
The following parasites cause damage and then death of the plant:
- Mushroom mosquito (sciarid) - appears in a very damp earth. His female produces offspring in the roots, which, when grown, eats the base of the roots. The flower begins to grow poorly, wither, does not form flowers. Watering will help destroy pests:
- Amaryllis Scales - get under bulbous scales. Bend the green crown, and subsequently bear the death of the plant. We fight it with insecticide spray:
- Spider mite envelops euharis when the air is too dry. With minimal damage - wash the herbs with soap. Severe infection - requires the help of acaricides:
Due attention will help prevent infection.
Home lily yellow leaves
Problems of the Amaryllis Family
Poor care is reflected in the healthy appearance of the plant. Natural yellowing and death of the green crown should not cause alarm. But numerous yellow and dried leaves say:
- About illiterate watering
- About not enough high air temperature (less than +10)
- About bright sunshine
We get onion material from the substrate and do a thorough inspection. Finding softness and color change, you must:
- Cut rotten places
- Sprinkle with charcoal
- Dry thoroughly
- Plant in fresh ground
How to transplant a home lily?
New pots for lily
Transplantation is allowed no more than once in a three-year period, but we change the upper soil surface annually. The time of the process - the rest of the flower
- You will need a high pots so that the width allows you to leave a space between the wall and the bulb - 3-4 cm
- Bottom we fall asleep any drainage
- You will need a special bulbous soil
- In the presence of 10 or less children do not tear them off from the main bulb. Sit a bunch, not sharing a soil com
- Priming depth - 4-5 cm