Calla is a herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the aroid family. There are other names: calla and arlie. The homeland of this plant is the African continent. Under conditions of such a climate, calla can grow up to two and a half meters in height. The plant has rather large, heart-shaped, arrow-shaped leaves. Calla blooms with small flowers, neatly wrapped in a large "blanket" that creates something like a funnel. This makes the flower attractive to many gardeners.
Homemade calla in a pot, care for which is within the power of everyone, usually does not smell. But those plants that grow in the garden in warm weather exude a pleasant and delicate aroma, reminiscent of pineapple in combination with vanilla. So, callas in pots: how to care?
Is it easy to grow calla lilies?
Many believe that it is very difficult to grow these plants at home, as they require careful maintenance. However, this is not the case. According to experts, callas in a pot, whose photos prove their beauty, are unpretentious, and special tricks are not needed for their cultivation. The main thing - to create optimal conditions that will be as close as possible to the natural for this plant. In fact, growing calla is not so hard. In order for the plant to feel comfortable, you just need to follow a few rules.
So, calla in a pot, care at home for which does not require much effort, is very demanding of light. Moreover, it is a heat-loving plant. These two facts should be considered when choosing a place. This is one of the basic rules of success. Callas grow well in places where there is scattered sunlight or partial shade. There is another feature. Callas in the evening need a small portion of the direct rays of the sun. For the formation of peduncles, these plants need a light day lasting more than 12 hours. This is one of the important conditions. After flowering, daylight should be at least 8 hours and not more than 10.
Watering and humidity
Calla is a moisture-loving plant. Do not forget about it. This is especially important when growing Ethiopian calla. After all, this plant grows almost in a swamp, where there is a very high humidity not only of air, but also of soil.
Calla flowers in pots may have a veil of different tones. This makes them popular among flower growers. Plants with colored veils are not so demanding on moisture. However, do not forget about regular watering. The amount of water depends on the period. For example, during flowering, watering should be more abundant, and during rest - moderate. To overdry at the same time soil in a pot is not recommended.
The room should be high humidity. Of course, to achieve this is very difficult. To make the plant feel comfortable, you can spray it more often.
Growing callae in a pot is an uncomplicated process. Of course, if you follow certain rules. Do not forget that the callas usually grow in southern latitudes, where there are constantly high temperatures. These plants are very difficult to tolerate when this figure drops to 8 ° C. Therefore, to keep the calla on the balcony is only in warm weather. In winter, the plant should be moved to the room where the heating devices are installed. The most favorable temperature for calla growth is from 20 to 25 ° C.
The pot must be chosen correctly
Not the last role in growing is played by the capacity in which callas will grow. For Ethiopian it is best to use a pot or a container of sufficiently large size. If the container is small in volume, the calla simply will not bloom. Even with fertilizer application, only the green part of the plant will develop and new leaves will appear. But the calla will not blossom in a pot. Care at home for this plant is not only timely watering, but also in the proper selection of temperature regimes, capacity for planting and soil. It is worth noting that Ethiopian calla prefers to grow in splendid isolation.
For one plant, you should choose a pot whose diameter is more than 20 centimeters. As for the material from which the container is made, it is better to give preference to porous. This will allow the plant to breathe, and excess moisture will quickly go away.
To grow red callas in a pot, you do not need to be an inventor. In terms of free space, these plants are not particularly capricious. For them is quite suitable capacity of three liters.
How is calla grown in a pot? Home care for this plant should be carried out throughout the year. Do not plant callas in ordinary soil. Best of all, they grow in a mixture that consists of sand, rotted manure, peat, and garden soil. It should be noted that the acidity of the soil should not exceed 6.
Planting calla in the pot is another crucial point. Do not replant a weak plant or damaged sprouts. In order for callah to get used to its new place more quickly, it is necessary to use not ordinary ground, but soil, which is as close as possible to the natural one.
Rinse the roots before transplanting the plant. This should be done very carefully. Otherwise, it is possible to infect a flower with a new disease or to add bacteria to the wounds. As a result, in the new place, the calla will suffer from a new malady.
After that, pour some soil into the pot and place the plant. The transfer is not over yet. Roots should be gently sprinkled with soil, and then - pour. Calla is a plant that requires a lot of water. Therefore, watering transplanted sprouts should be plentiful. Of course, you should not be too zealous in this regard.
Let's figure out how to plant the calla in a pot and grow it from a bulb. First of all, the use of such material is the easiest method of growing such plants. Callas are very easy to breed roots and bulbs. The main thing is to create optimal conditions for their growth.
For those who do not know what the bulb is: this is where the new plant begins to grow. This is not exactly the root. But in its structure, a calla bulb resembles it very much. To be more precise, this is a thick and rather large process of the main root, from which young shoots later emerge.
As soon as the calla bulb accumulates a sufficient amount of moisture and beneficial components, it begins to produce new shoots. In the process of photosynthesis, the bulb will supply all the necessary substances to the plant.
Planting calla lilies in the pot is an easy process. To prevent the bulb from starting to deteriorate in the pot, it is recommended to make holes for drainage. After this, a well is made in the tank with a depth of at least 10 centimeters. In the resulting hole you can plant an onion. It is necessary to place it so that germinated tips looked up and placed strictly horizontally. After that, you can sprinkle the roots with earth and pour the calla.
How to feed?
So, how is calla properly grown in a pot? Care at home for this plant is not only in the timely watering, but also in high-quality feeding.
If the climate in your country is mild and the temperature never drops below zero, then you have the opportunity to have flowering callas in your garden throughout the year. Of course, this requires a lot of time and effort. Feed the plant should be required once a year. However, this is not enough to calla bloomed all year round. To achieve the desired, fertilizer costs more often. It should be done regularly, about twice a month. Fertilizer can be added to the compost in the soil or to mix the liquid solution with water intended for irrigation. Even a beginner can take care of potted potas. Resorting to various tricks, you can grow charming flowers that will please not only the eyes, but also the soul.
However, when applying fertilizer should be careful. After all, the plant can be overfed. In this case, the calla may die. Signs of an excessive amount of fertilizer applied are the burnt edges of the leaflets. This indicates that the plant received a lot of nitrogen.
In addition, there is another rule, without which the cultivation of calla lilies in a pot is not possible. So, the smaller the plant gets the sun's heat and light, the more fertilizer you need to apply to the soil. This has a positive effect on calla flowering. Therefore, it is very important to correctly place the pot with the plant and calculate the required amount of fertilizer.
Calla is an elegant and very beautiful flower. Caring for this plant is not so difficult. The main thing - to comply with all the rules and carefully care for calla. This is the only way to achieve abundant flowering that will delight any gardener. It should be noted that callas can be grown not only in pots, but also in the garden. These plants will perfectly decorate the plot and the house. In addition, they just look amazing in bouquets.
Calla potted: home care
Despite the fact that the birthplace of a graceful plant is a sultry Africa, it is often used as a decoration for many interiors around the world. In European countries, this flower is grown exclusively indoors, where all the necessary conditions are created for this. Even if you do not have the appropriate experience to grow calla, home care can be quite simple.
Home copies are pretty unpretentious, they require minimal care. For calla to enjoy a pleasant appearance, it is enough to provide it with light, warmth, and a suitable pot in size. Watering should be abundant only during the growing season. The rest of the time Calla room prefers moderate watering. However, this does not mean that the plant does not like spraying. They should be regular so that the flower can get enough moisture.
When the flowering period is over, watering should be reduced to once a week. Some experts recommend the following technique: stop watering from August, and then resume after 1.5 months.
Culla growing at home
For beginners, it is advisable to adhere to the classic irrigation scheme. In summer, it is recommended to water the callah once a week, and from the end of August the procedure should be made more frequent. In general, the plant is shade-tolerant, so the pot can be placed in almost any part of the apartment. The only thing that should be considered is that Calla does not like a lot of sunshine.
When growing callas, home care is simplified by the fact that this plant easily tolerates the standard (not higher than 20 ° C) temperature in the room. If the air temperature in the room is very high, the flower should be sprayed from a spray bottle. From time to time it can be carried out to fresh air, while avoiding the scorching sun.
To bloom was abundant, it is necessary to remove the young root of the neck, which appear in the process of growth.
Why does not calla bloom at home?
You should not expect that in the room environment, it will bloom often enough. This happens usually twice a year, and more specifically, in such months as May and October. However, if the bloom is completely absent or proceeds rather passively during the indicated periods, then there may be serious reasons for this.
Adverse factors affecting flowering include:
- frequent change of flower arrangement,
- sprouting tubers
- frequent transplanting
- insufficient lighting in the room
- poor plant nutrition,
- violation of the rules on care during the growing season.
Top-dressing plant is better to carry out in the period from January to March. This should be done no more than once a week with the help of special tools.
When growing kalla at home, it is very important to keep it free from drafts. In the spring, you should gradually adapt the flower to natural light. The leaves, which appeared yellow, subject to cutting. If you take care of this plant incorrectly, some diseases can appear, including gray mold, as well as anthracnose and others.
General description of the plant
In nature, there are two varieties of floral shrub calla:
- rhizomatous mostly hybrid varieties (Ethiopian calla),
- tuberouswhich includes species varieties (Remann, Eliotta).
Stems of a bush grow to a height of 0.3 to 1.5 m, this indicator is different for each variety.
Large single leaves are located on the vegetative shoots-shoots, they are up to 14 cm in length, and 10–11 cm in width. The shiny and smooth leaves in the shape of a heart are, along with flowers, a decoration of the plant and are equal in size to the stem.
White blankets with a pointed tip can be mistaken for a flower of a plant, but in fact it is plain and fixed on a cylindrical base wrapped with a decorative leaf and exudes vanilla aroma. Spat on the feces is white, pink-red, yellow and burgundy with a lilac shade, flowering lasts from May and lasts about three months. After that, in place of flowers, fruits are formed in the form of red berries.
In the nation, kallu is used as a kind of herald of rain - lag drops appear on the bedspread before the weather. In the design of the flower garden, the ability of callas to spread over the surface with a beautiful carpet and create original patterns and drawings plays a role.
Breeding options callas
Each gardener chooses an acceptable and convenient method for himself at home to obtain additional shrubs, of which there are several:
- increasing the number of plants by germinating seeds,
- method of rhizome division,
- reproduction by separation of tubers.
With the help of seeds breeders grow new varieties, but on your site or in the room you can try to do this procedure yourself. To collect the seeds leave one flower cob on a well-developed strong specimen until the time of the withering away of the leaves.
After that, the surface becomes hilly, which indicates ripening, leaving involves removing the cob from the bush and disassembling it into separate parts, revealing the seeds located inside.
Seeds are soaked for 5–6.5 hours in a growth stimulant solution, and potassium humate is often used. Placing the seeds between two wet wipes in a warm place will enable them to germinate. During the week, wipes should be moistened from time to time, to avoid drying out. Seedlings are planted in a mixture of sand and sheet soil.
The box is placed in a warm room, waiting for shoots and strengthening of sprouts, then they are planted in a pot or on a home open flower bed.
Rhizome division into parts
This method is applicable to callas varieties in which the underground part is formed as roots. The division procedure is carried out in the fall. Separate the root neck of the bush from the knot of horses, while ensuring that a lot of soil remains on the root bundle. Do this neatly and place the necks for storage in a spacious drawer or box. The container is located during the winter in a humid room at an ambient temperature of about 15 ° C in the dark.
During the winter, additional roots appear on the root system, which at the end of spring, and in cold areas at the beginning of summer, begin to divide and prepare for planting in beds.
Tubers are planted two ways:
They are bought in flower markets or obtained on their own, if the site already flaunts calla. The separation of root tubers under the terms of care carried out in the fall. Finished tubers after treatment in a weak solution of manganese-acid potassium are put in a cold place, where the constant temperature is 5 ° C. If the volume of tubers is small, then use the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator. The material is constantly turned over when airing from time to time.
Tubers are planted in May immediately into an open garden bed, for this purpose they dig a hole and place tubers in it up a tubercle. With this method, the flowering of callas is late. The second option is to plant the prepared tubers of tubers in the middle of spring. The pots are placed in the conditions of the selected temperature regime (above 20˚С) and lightly watered so that the planting material does not dry out, but does not rot.
At the end of the spring period, the sprouts of callas start to hatch, and during June they can be seated permanently - in a garden bed or a decorative pot for growing in indoor conditions.
Calla flowers will give much earlier than when planting tubers immediately to the ground.
Determination of the landing area
The owners want to create habitual wet soil conditions for growing plants in their gardens. Ideally fit places around water or artificially moistened areas on a normal garden bed. Для того чтобы сохранить яркий цвет покрывала вокруг цветка и не потерять цветность со временем, нужно не слишком затенять выбранное место другими высокими растениями или деревьями.
Выбор участка для посадки определяется и композицией, задуманной дизайнером, в которой каллам отводится заслуженное место. Чтобы получить после ухода красивый плотный ковер, сажают несколько растений рядом.
Полив и увлажнение воздуха
Правильный полив - This is one of the main stages in the collection of potted plants. Callas need regular watering and moist soil. Colored callas, unlike whites, are not so capricious and easily tolerate short droughts. The amount of moisture needed for plants depends on the growth period.
The air in the room where the pots of plants are located must be very humid. Indoors it is very difficult to maintain a humidity of 80-90%, however, it is possible to spray callas twice a day. In addition, you want to wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.
Top dressing and fertilizer
With the growth of plants quickly absorb nutrients from the soil, so they need to be fed in a timely manner. It should also be remembered that the less callas receive light and heat, the more they need additional nutrition with mineral fertilizers.
For fertilizing, you should use complex fertilizers that need to be applied to the soil once every ten days. The most commonly used is urea or egg shell infusion.
Fertilization is carried out during flowering. This should be done very carefully, as the plant is very easy to overfeed, which will lead to their death. Signs of excess fertilizer is the appearance of yellowness and drying of the leaf edges. Excess nitrogen fertilizer inhibits flowering. In the case of a lack of nitrogen in the soil, the leaves of plants lose their luster, become sluggish and drooping. The plant may stop growing.
Diseases and pests
The most dangerous pests for the flower are spider mites and aphids.
- On the stem and leaves of the affected plant louse, sticky secretions are visible, the leaves and buds turn yellow and curl. The pest can appear if the air in the room is too dry. To combat aphids, use special preparations Commodore, Spark, Bison and at the initial stage of the disease the plant can be treated with a mild soap solution.
- With the defeat of spider mites on the leaves of plants, small specks of yellow color appear, which develop into large whitish dried areas. For processing use drugs such as Lightning, Vertimek, Fitoverm.
- Gray rot can infect any part of the plant. The presence of the disease is characterized by the appearance of light gray bloom. As a rule, infection of the plant occurs through the soil or water.
- At infection of a plant root rot drying of leaves and flowers occurs. On the rhizome raid appears. The disease results from an excessive amount of moisture in the soil, high air temperature and an excess of nitrogen fertilizer in the soil. In this case, it is necessary to partially replace the wet soil with a dry one, for a while, stop watering and treat the plant with fungicides.
Calla care during the rest period
After the purchase of calla should determine whether it is at rest. It usually begins in October and lasts all winter until March, which ranges from two to six months.
It is not recommended to introduce the plant into a state of rest too early. You can not sharply limit watering and cut the leaves. It is necessary to give the tubers to develop and mature.
The dormant period implies a certain temperature regime, watering, feeding, which help the plant to recover and gain strength after a long flowering. In cold weather, white callas grow very slowly. The period of flowering in them comes in winter and spring, and the period of rest falls on summer time. Colored callas completely stop growing, shed their leaves and hibernate.
How to transplant callas
Experienced growers do not recommend replanting flowers with a damaged or weakened root system. To plant quickly adapted to new conditions, it is necessary to use the soil close to natural.
Before planting a flower in fresh soil, it is necessary gently wash the roots. This will help to see all the damage. To disinfect the roots of a plant, it is necessary to immerse it in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. Galls and dry rot should be carefully cleaned with a knife and disinfected place processing green paint.
For transplantation, you can use the prepared soil mixture or prepare it yourself on the basis of one part of sand, peat and leaf humus, and two parts of sod land.
After transplant callas need more water.
Not the last role is played by the capacity in which the calla will grow. Ethiopian calla prefers large pots with a diameter of more than 20 cm. It will not bloom in a small container. The material from which the pot is made must be porous. This will ensure the access of oxygen to the roots and allow excess moisture to leave faster.
For colored callas, large pots are not required. These plants are undemanding to space. For their cultivation is quite suitable capacity of three liters.
At home, callas are propagated by dividing rhizomes or seeds. Seed propagation is the most time-consuming and lengthy process, therefore, it is used only by breeders or experienced growers.
Rhizome division is the easiest and most convenient way to grow a flower. The roots are usually divided in the fall. It should take a dense and healthy rhizomes. Separation is carried out with a sharp knife or spatula.
Each part should contain a sufficient number of roots and a small earthen room. Each separated rhizome is planted in a small but spacious pot. Landing should be carried out in a moist soil to a depth of no more than 5 centimeters.
The division of the rhizome in the autumn time will allow the plant to spend the winter in a sleeping state. At first, calla water is not required. After 7–10 days it should be monitored to keep the soil wet. Watering should be increased gradually and periodically spray the plant. Pots with new plants should not be placed on windowsills with bright, direct sunlight.
Plant propagation by seeds is quite laborious, time consuming and does not guarantee a positive result. Before planting, the seeds of callas should be prepared in advance, soaking them for several hours in a solution of a growth biostimulator, since the plants have a very low germination rate and short shelf life.
Then you should prepare a small container in which the wet wipe is laid with the seeds laid out on it. Top seeds should be covered with another damp cloth. Capacity is placed in a warm place. for 7 - 10 days for germination. When the seeds germinate, they are sown in a container with the ground and kept in a warm place until shoots appear. After that, young plants can be planted in the ground.
Possible problems and difficulties
- With improper care, beginning flower growers may face some difficulties in growing this flower. Insufficient lighting and dry air in the room leads to the stretching of the stems. When certain rules and recommendations are followed, it is very easy to care for a flower.
- With a lack of nutrients in the soil of the plant are fragile leaf stalks.
- Improper care of the plant in winter and the absence of a rest period inhibits the flowering of callas.
Can I keep calla at home
There are so many legends and beliefs associated with calla. In some countries, it is called the "flower of death." This is due to the fact that the white cover of the flower resembles a shroud that covers a yellow ear, resembling a candle. Until now, in many European countries at the funeral you can see white callas.
Nowadays, few people remember these tricks, but there are people whom they stop from acquiring and maintaining the house of this beautiful plant.
Origin and appearance
Calla (Cálla –lat.) Belongs to the genus of perennial coastal and wetland plants. Translated from the Greek, the name "calla" means "beautiful." The area of growth is the swampy shores and swamps of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. It is found in regions with a subtropical, temperate, and subarctic climate. This plant can be seen in its natural environment and in Russia, and in Europe, and in Canada, and in South Africa.
- In various literary sources, "callas" refer to similar varieties from the family of Aroids. Among them: calla, arum, zandeksiya.
- Until recently, only Zantedeschia aethiopica - lat. Was grown in Russia. It is a tall plant with thin buds of yellow color wrapped in snow-white bracts-curtains.
- Today, at the disposal of flower growers, except white, such varieties as: golden-yellow Calla Elliot, pink-lilac and red-maroon Calla Remman.
- Growing conditions for plants with multi-colored bracts are often fundamentally different from the usual agrotechnical methods of care for white callas.
The flower has a hollow thick rhizome that spreads over the soil surface. In species with white bracts, the root system has no bulbs or tubers. Calla with multi-colored bedspreads are tuberous plants.
The shape of leaves, flowers and fruits
The leaves of the calla are solitary, oval-heart-shaped. They have a brilliant thick plate, the length of which reaches from 6 to 14 cm, and the width - from 5 to 12 cm. The top of the sheet plate is pointed, resembling arrowheads. The color of the leaves is green, very saturated. On the sheet plate may be interspersed in the form of specks of white.
Small, same-sex flowers that form high ears, are located on a thick upright stem. The flowers are surrounded by a spectacular veil - a large funnel-shaped bract that has in nature a white color of the inner side. The outer side of the coverlet is light green. The natural flowering period begins at the end of May and ends in mid-August.
Fruits are bright red berries that form a head in the shape of a cylinder. Mature thirty days after flowering. Under natural conditions, ripening occurs in late summer or early fall.
Kalla is one of the most popular plants among landscape designers, florists and flower growers. It is not surprising that the breeders derived its numerous varieties, which are successfully used both to compose romantic bouquets, and to decorate personal plots, and to be placed in interiors.
Rules for the care of potted potas
In order for Calla to have a gorgeous look, you need to follow a couple of rules:
- Domestic callas are not whimsical, it is a pleasure to look after them. To make her feel comfortable, she needs light, heat and a small pot - that will be enough for her to grow and please her with flowering.
- Potted rooms need a sufficient amount of water. It is very important that the humidity is maintained during the growing season. When the flower reaches maturity, it is necessary to water moderately, only after the top layer dries, it will be possible to water. It is better to water when the soil is completely dry. If the water in the pot stagnates a little, it will cause rotting, drying the roots is irreversible.
- At home, this plant should be fed from January to March. Fertilize it once a week. You can buy a special fertilizer, and if you do not find it, you can safely buy fertilizers to stimulate flowering.
- One of the most important moments is indoor air. If the temperature is above 20 ° C, spray the plant daily with a spray bottle.
- After purchase, you should transplant the flower into a larger pot. She loves a slightly acidic earth. Mix a little sand, hardwood and peat. Change transplant once a year in November.
- In summer, ensure a temperature of 23 ° C; in winter, a normal temperature will be 14 ° C. A flower should never stand in a draft. In the spring, accustom the flower to the light gradually. Cut off yellowed or wilted leaves.
- This plant can have such diseases: anthracnose, gray rot, bacterial or root rot. All these diseases manifest themselves only if you improperly cared. Avoid direct sunlight, drafts, drying out or over-wetting the soil, and then your feces will be healthy.
Tips for successful cultivation
If you decide to start yourself such a “miracle”, then you should prepare for its appearance:
- For growing the window sill is ideal, which is illuminated only at the end of the day.
- Pick a pot. The correct choice would be a pot with a height of at least 60 centimeters, and the radius from the growth point of the flower should not be less than 20 centimeters. The fact is that growth occurs quite rapidly, if properly fed. This can be done not only by ready-made fertilizers. You can dig a small groove along the edge of a large pot, then put a little peel from the fruit, husks from the seeds, and sprinkle it all with the soil. Water it at room temperature and periodically add brew.
- Periodically it is necessary to remove the top layer and change it to a nutrient substrate. Do this carefully so as not to damage the roots. In this way, you can achieve long-term growth without a transplant.
Remember that a different approach to white and colored callas is needed. White needs more moisture. They do not shed their leaves during the rest period, and their growth continues. Colored, in turn, are not so demanding of moisture. They need a bright light, and in the period of rest they throw off all the foliage. So, if your flower has thrown off all the leaves, it should not be thrown away - it is just to prepare for winter.
Landing is carried out before the beginning of the period of active growth - in April. Tubers are planted in separate containers. At the bottom of the pot should be placed a thick, at least five centimeters, layer of drainage material - expanded clay, gravel, or broken brick. Plants need a lot of space, so the pot should be chosen wide, but not too deep. Capacity by volume must be at least three liters.
For the beauty of callah to delight you for many years, it is important to know how to transplant it correctly. First of all, it should be remembered that transplantation must be performed every year - after the end of the rest period. This is especially important for young specimens. Repot should be in pots, the diameter of which should be several centimeters larger than the same size of previous containers. Sprinkle the rhizomes or tubers with a layer of earth, which should not exceed 2-3 cm. The hole must be dug out to a depth equal to the diameter of the tuber increased three times.
If calla trees pinch lateral shoots in time, and also replace the top layer of soil in the tank, the adult plant can be left without a transplant for two years. After a vegetative period, be sure to cut the leaves on plants with colored bracts. The flower is poisonous, so it is necessary to replant it with gloves!
Features care room calla
Following the features of the structure of this culture and its origin, the care for it has its differences from the care of other indoor flowers.
The plant feels comfortable at a humidity of 70-80%, so it needs to be sprayed twice a day. Wipe the leaves with a damp cloth and put wet clay or moss on the tray.
When the plant fades, the regularity of watering is reduced (for all species). After a month or two, colored callas should stop watering altogether. Immediately transfer the culture to the rest phase is not possible, stopping watering or cutting the leaves. It is necessary that the tubers are fully ripened. The rest period usually falls from October-November to the end of February. But this time may shift depending on the conditions of maintenance of the flower.
Kalle also needs good lighting all year round. Better that it was indirect sunlight. In winter, there is a lack of it. With a lack of light, the culture may not bloom, letting only the stems grow. White callas should be illuminated even during the rest period. Colored species may lose their characteristic shade due to lack of lighting.
A dormant period begins after the end of flowering. Callas with rhizome put in a cooler room, stop feeding, reduce the frequency of watering. Leave in a similar condition for 2-3 months.
Calla with tubers left alone, completely stopping watering, fertilizing and waiting for the natural drying of the ground parts of the plant. The tuber is then taken out of the ground and placed in a container with sand - dry!
Capacity with tubers put in a fairly cold place for the winter. In the first half of March rested tubers removed from the sand, planted in a pot with soil and begin to be watered intensively.
For both white and colored callas, high temperatures combined with low humidity are detrimental - they are often affected by pests. Sudden temperature changes cause the cessation of flowering.
- During the vegetative period, white varieties must be maintained at + 18-20 degrees. When flowering is over, gradually reduce the temperature to 10-12 degrees. The rest period should last at least 2 months.
- Colored callas feel comfortable at + 20-24 degrees. Slight fluctuations in temperature during the day and night have a good effect on the formation of tubers and leaves.
- После цветения для дозревания клубни 1 месяц содержат без полива при +25-27 градусов. Когда они дозреют, их без листьев укладывают на сухую зимовку при +3-5 градусов, посыпав опилками.
Проветривать комнату, где находится цветок, нужно осторожно, поскольку он не переносит сквозняков.
Калла хорошо себя чувствует при высокой влажности воздуха. Чтобы обеспечить ей нужные условия, можно высаживать ее в горшочки с поддонами. The pallet is then used as a water tank. Evaporating from it, moisture saturates the air, increasing the level of humidity in the room.
During the period of active growth, the flower needs good lighting, which is necessary for it to form inflorescences. The plant should be on the windowsills with a bright but diffused light. To accommodate callas, the south side of the apartment is optimal. Daylight should be at least twelve hours, so in case of insufficient natural light, fluorescent lamps should be used. Poor lighting is the main reason why callas do not bloom even with good care.
In winter, the flower needs rest. In plants with white bracts, growth is stopped, and colored callas in the rest period, which lasts from two months to six months, completely lose their leaves and are a sleeping tuber.
The air temperature in the apartment should not be too high. Flowers develop well at +22 - + 24 ° С. In winter, the temperature should be reduced to +15 - + 18 ° С.
The natural qualities of callas predetermine their love for wet soil, so the watering regime must be followed very strictly. The clod of land in which the indoor plant is located must always be wet.
- To provide the necessary moisture, the flower should be placed in a pallet with sphagnum, pebbles or expanded clay, which must be constantly moistened.
- White calla leaves are sprayed daily with water at room temperature. Plants with colorful bracts need only be wiped with a damp cloth, since excessive moisture can lead to rotting of their tubers.
- Top dressing during the active growing season should be carried out regularly, alternating between mineral and organic fertilizers. To avoid increasing the mass of leaves and stems to the detriment of the formation of buds, before flowering should not be fed fertilizers containing nitrogen.
Only after the formation of inflorescences can urea be added to the composition of the feed, and also use prepared infusion from eggshell. Feed the indoor flower in the summer should be every two weeks.
Homemade callas: care and maintenance
In order for a flower to enjoy its beauty and refinement for a long time, you need to follow a few simple rules:
- Calla care begins with choosing the right pot, a bright cozy place and creating the necessary temperature conditions. This coquette loves a lot of light without direct rays of the sun falling on it. It is desirable that the temperature in the room was kept at 22-25 ° C.
- Callas need plenty of water. The main thing is that the soil is always wet throughout the growing season. When seed ripening begins, watering can be reduced, sufficiently moistened after the topsoil dries out. It is impossible, of course, to prevent the stagnation of water, this will lead to rotting of the roots, but overdrying is unacceptable.
- From mid-winter to March, homemade callas should be fed every 10 days.
- Air humidity is an equally important criterion. At temperatures above 20 ° C heat the plant must be sprayed. This procedure should be carried out carefully so that water gets onto the flower covers.
- After purchasing these tender creations, you need to transplant them into a larger pot. For planting, slightly acidic soil is used, consisting of peat, sand and a small amount of hardwood. Transplanted once a year in the month of November.
These gentle coquette fear drafts. The optimum temperature in summer is 23 ° C, in winter lower - up to + 14 ° C. After a rest period, pots of plants should be gradually exposed to the light. Always cut off the yellowed or wilted leaves.
Caring for a strict flirt does not do without incidents. The flower is prone to diseases such as bacterial or root rot, anthracnose and gray rot. These diseases are caused by improper care and maintenance.
Transplantation and reproduction
Proper transplantation is considered the key to good growth and flowering. When buying tubers, you need to pay attention to their appearance. They must be elastic with live apical buds and light yellow skin. Tubers are sold from January to April. Before planting, it is recommended to hold them in a solution of potassium permanganate for 20-30 minutes in order to further protect against various diseases. This procedure allows you to identify previously visible defects on tubers. Scratch the damaged areas with a knife, and then treat with green paint.
How to plant tubers? To begin with, a 5 cm hole is made, then a tuber is planted in it to a depth of 10 cm. If the plant is planted to a smaller depth, this will cause lodging of the leaves. Watering the soil at the time of planting should be in moderation. Excessive moisture will cause the bulb to rot. Then the pot must be covered with a film in order to retain moisture and heat.
Transplant required kalam with rhizomes.
Every year they are transplanted into a larger tank, completely replacing the soil. A mixture of:
- sod land (2 parts),
- peat land (part 1),
- peat (1 part),
- humus (1 part).
Transplantation is carried out in the spring, immediately after the rest period.
Reproduction in the conditions of an apartment
Of course, callas can be propagated by seed. However, this method should not be used in an apartment, as seed germination is low.
The easiest way to reproduce through division of rhizomes. This procedure should be carried out in the fall, gently breaking off part of the roots from the parent bush and placing them in separate containers with the ground until spring. Storage temperature is +12 - +15 ° С.
In the room where rhizomes will be stored, there should be high humidity. The same should be done with tubers, which are formed on the root system in some species of callas. In the spring of new instances appear shoots.
Reproduction is possible by dividing the tubers. Child bulbs are easily separated from the parent. Propagated by seeds of a plant is more problematic, but fascinating. Since you will have to pollinate the flowers yourself, you will never know what happens in the end. New flowers may not have common features with parents. You may get a new variety, becoming a sort of breeder.
Increase in the number of plants
The reproduction of callas is possible by seeds, division of rhizomes or tubers.
- With seed multiplication use only freshly picked. Suitable containers are filled with optimal soil, some wood shavings fall asleep, seeds are planted and watered well. Capacity kept warm, regularly watering. Sprouts are planted in individual pots.
- Division of rhizome. With a well-sharpened knife, cut off side shoots and plant in separate containers. In this case, keep in mind that the neck of the rhizome should be located on the soil surface.
- Tubers are planted in suitable size containers, deepening by 5-10cm. Tubers are placed upwards with sprouts and wait about two weeks, periodically watering.
The emergence of new bulbs and calla reproduction
Calla rhizome has the appearance of bulbs. They divide, they become larger, they grow and occupy an increasing area. Excess need to regularly dig and replant or throw away. The bulb is transplanted into well-drained soil. Choose for planting need a sunny place.
Plant the bulb horizontally. The hole should be approximately 10 cm deep. Abundantly water the soil so that the tuber begins to grow well. Separate the bulbs need hands. Each must have at least one kidney.
Replanting homemade callas
- When the rest period is over, the calla is transplanted into fresh soil. With regular pinching of fresh shoots and replacement of the upper layer of the earth in the pot, the calla can not be replanted for 2 years.
- White flowers should be planted in pots, suitable for tubers (not less than 15 cm in diameter), but not very deep. A drainage layer of 5 cm is placed in it, the substrate. You can purchase a universal substrate for flowering indoor crops.
- Deeply place the rhizome of callas is not necessary, but too shallow too. To calculate the correct depth, the diameter of the rhizome must be multiplied by three. When the plant is transplanted, the temperature should be gradually raised. When it begins to grow actively (after 2-3 weeks), you can begin active watering and feeding.
Once a year after flowering blooming sissy needs a transplant. To do this, you must have a large pot with new nutrient soil. When transplanting, reproduction can be done by separating the babies from the parent tuber. This action is considered necessary, because due to this the plants will bloom every year. Before transplanting, do not forget about abundant watering. During the transplant earthen room can not be destroyed. The same rule applies to palm trees, whose root system is no less demanding.
From pot to flower bed
If there is a desire to plant a whole flower bed, the tubers are planted somewhere at a distance of 12 cm from each other. A smaller gap will not allow flowers to grow beautifully. This rule should not be neglected if you want to achieve excellent flowering. Planting bulbs is a quick and easy way to get a beautiful flowering plant.
Experienced growers grow calla lilies and from seeds. In stores you can always find them. To begin with, seeds are germinated in a damp paper towel, placing them in a dark, cool place. After 2 days, the seeds should show signs of growth, after which you can proceed to the next stage of planting. The usual soil for seedlings is suitable for sowing.
It is recommended to place no more than two seeds in each pot. To save them from rotting, at this stage watering should be done through the bottom of the pot. When the soil dries, you can spray some water on top. After the first shoots have appeared, the callas can be planted already in nice large pots or in the garden. Before planting in the new soil, the roots must be carefully and thoroughly rinsed. The care of a strict flirt is further organized according to the general rules.
Selection of planting material
When choosing a variety of garden callas, it is necessary to consider several different variants of plants and decide on one of the most appropriate species that will appeal most of all in appearance and fit the growing conditions. The most popular and common varieties among flower growers in our country are Calla Ethiopian and Rehmanni. These varieties are considered very capricious, but have all the decorative qualities. Large, eye-catching flowers rise on a stalk at a height of about one meter and bloom for a long time.
If possible, it is recommended to purchase only tubers of “local” origin, because they take root faster and start flowering earlier, unlike those brought from other climatic conditions. High-quality tubers should not look sluggish or shriveled and should be large in size. When buying, you must carefully inspect each unit of planting material.
On the garden plot, it is recommended to choose only sunny spots for callas for planting or, in extreme cases, penumbraes. Flowers like heat and abundant light, and even in a slight shade their growth and development slightly changes in a negative direction. Although these capricious flowers can get burns from the scorching sun in the midday hours and their leaves are better at this period of time pritenyat. Landing place should not be in drafts.
It is desirable that the soil was fertile and with low acidity. Callas can also be planted on clay soils, if you pre-dig a plot and make equal parts of sand and peat during digging. Since the flowering of the culture of the excess nitrogen in the soil affects negatively, the organic nitrogen-containing feed needed in a minimum amount.
The ideal time for planting garden callas is the month of May. But the favorable period is determined by the stable air temperature above zero and the absence of nighttime spring frosts.
Selection of material for planting
Care is made according to the characteristics of the variety, taking into account local climatic and soil conditions. When buying tubers pay attention to the surface so that there is no damage, and painful manifestations.
Tubers are cheaper than seedlings, but you need to choose strong and elastic specimens with live apical parts.
Shops and nurseries often plant tubers in a tank to speed the beginning of flowering.
Such specimens go on sale in pots, then they have to be planted in a garden bed or transplanted for indoor cultivation. It is not recommended to buy seedlings and tubers on spontaneous sales or from strangers.
Pay attention to the picture when care on the packaging should be relatively, because almost never such a bright color will not work, after pollination by insects covered around the flower in any case will turn green. Pay attention to the height of the bush, as it is important to create a composition.
For plants need nutritious and fertile soil, well absorbing moisture. Lands with high organic content slow down the growth of the bush. The most acceptable is the purchase of soil with appropriate characteristics in the store. Independently prepare the soil for the plant from peat, sheet soil, sand and sod land. Before planting, digging up the earth is required to enrich it with oxygen.
Open bed transplant technology
The time of placement of the planting material in the ground is the beginning of May, during this period there is a threat of sudden frosts that the bushes can not bear. Landing holes make to a depth of 10 cm.
Plants before planting are treated with a growth stimulator after stratification. Additionally, the hardening of seedlings within 7 days.
A thin layer of drainage is put on the bottom so that the roots do not have water in the root system, small stones or gravel are usually used, the tubers have a tubercle upwards. Callas have fragile roots, so care is required when extracting them from the preplant capacity. In the case of adjacent placement of bushes, the distance between them is kept from 35 to 45 cm.
Mineral fertilizers bring at the rate of 3 g per square of a bed. If this is done during the planting period, then during the entire growth of the bush, there is no need to add more dressing or fertilize the soil with special types of dressings for plants with a tuberous system. After placing the seedling or tuber in the hole sprinkle with soil, lightly powder without tamping. For the first time, the tubers are watered after the first leaves sprout, and the seedlings are moistened after planting.
Watering and tillage
Watering is carried out carefully, while water should not fall on the tubers, the frequency is once every seven days. If the season is dry, the intervals between irrigation reduce to 5 days. Loosening the soil to increase the oxygen content is done carefully, trying not to cut or tear the rhizomes. Experienced gardeners produce loosening the launch of worms under a bush. The plant does not suffer from various diseases, pests also show no interest in it.
Harvesting tubers for winter storage
Before winter frosts, the plant is removed from the garden as a whole, doing it carefully so as not to damage the roots. Then the root system is freed from the soil and washed with water. Store plants in a well-ventilated room. After some time, when the plant dries, the roots are cut from it, the leaves are removed. If there are small shoots and buds, they are not cut, but left until spring. In winter, during storage, they grow up and are used in the spring for propagation by cuttings.
If you need to store the tubers, they are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, dried and put in a bag of soaked material, such as paper. When damage is found on root tubers and smeared with brilliant green.
The bush grows in height to 1 m, sometimes higher, its flowers differ in snow-white. This is a plant with a developed rhizomatous system. Even at rest, the bush retains flowers and leaves, actively blooms from late spring to early autumn. This species grows in nature on wet shores, shaded by trees. The plant is distinguished by varieties:
- Nikolai - grows up to one and a half meters, peduncles and leaves of the same length in the form of arrows, dark green and smooth are arranged on elongated cuttings. The cover around the flower has a green outer halo and its diameter is about 12 cm.
- Pearls belongs to the low bushes and grows up to 0.5 m. Suitable for cultivation in room conditions and planted in pots.
The green goddess has a height of about 0.9 m, the bedspreads on the bush ripen in a bright green color.
Low shrubs up to 70 cm tall belong to the tuberous varieties, have dark green leaves, elongated to 0.3 m. The coverlet around the red-burgundy or pink melliferous tree with a red tint, shades bright and juicy. This view of the winter drops foliage and colorful bedspreads, which develop in the spring again. Remanna grows best on dry soils. Common varieties are:
- Хамелеон относится к низким декоративным растениям, его отлично выращивают в саду в комнате, цвет покрывала необычайно нежного цвета – золотистые оттенки переливаются на персиковом цвете.
- Вечерок имеет экстравагантную внешность, около цветное покрывало глубокого лилового и лилово-черного цвета имеет атласную гладь.
- Indian summer is distinguished by a garnet-colored bedspread, sometimes it has reddish hues.
It is a tuberous variety of low varieties, having large leaves in the form of a heart in a white dot on long cuttings. The callas are yellow inside, and outside they turn into a greenish shade, large bedspreads reach 15 cm in diameter. The normal conditions for growth and development are considered to be a penumbra in the heat and open places in cloudy weather.
Popular varieties: Yellow Corner, Black-eyed beauty with bright colors. In Russia, sometimes there are varieties of Calla White-Spotted, Joyful, Powerful.
Calla diseases and care during this period
Most plant diseases are caused by bacteria or fungi, including:
- Gray rot can spread to all parts of the plant. There is a gray patina caused by the fungus. A flower can get infected in different ways: through the soil, water, wind. With excessive humidity of the air and soil, the risk of fungus increases. The diseased plant is treated with Vitarox, Rovral and other fungicides. Before this, you need to make the room airing.
- Calla anthracnose is characterized by the presence of brown spots on the leaves. Leaves dry up and crack with time. They need to be removed, and the plant treated with a fungicide.
- Root rot is manifested in the form of callah wilt. If you dig up the plant, you can see dry rot on the tubers. This disease occurs due to waterlogging. It is necessary to suspend watering the flower, or replace the soil with a less moist one. Treatment with fungicide is also needed.
- Bacterial rot is caused by the destruction of a culture by bacteria. There is no means of dealing with it, so it is advisable to dispose of the flower.
Little about the plant
Calla - a flower found in nature on the banks of reservoirs. Translated from ancient Greek, its name means "beautiful, beauty." The native habitats are the coasts of rivers and swamps in countries of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
Externally, the plants are very beautiful: originality and exoticism is different and the leaves of calla, and its flowers. The leaves are bright green dense, smooth, arrow-shaped. At the base, the leaves expand, acquiring a heart-shaped form. The flowers are unisexual, arranged on a thick vertical stem. The bract surrounding them gives a special decorative effect to the flowers - a dense, enveloping flowers with a kind of collar.
Calla is the most common in indoor floriculture; however, the colored plant varieties are now in vogue. Especially popular is Elliot's decorative calla with orange-golden flowers and Remman's calla with petals of pink, lilac, burgundy shades.
Note that colored calla and white are grown differently: both those and other flowers have distinctive features, requirements for care. Different from them and periods of rest. It is important to consider therefore this nuance when buying a plant. It should be noted that white callas are not tuberous plants, while colored ones are just like that. White breeds onion.
The best habitat for room calla will be a pot with a height of at least 60 cm with a radius of at least 20 cm. Calla grows quite quickly, so there will be enough space for free development of the roots.
The tank should be quite wide: so if in doubt, choose a narrower or wider pot diameter, consider the second option. The volume of the selected pot should not be less than 3 liters, including for young calla.
Calla loves a wet substrate, so initially place the pot on a pallet with peat moss, expanded clay or pebbles moistened with water. From time to time, moisten the pallet so that the plant is always in the most favorable conditions.
At the bottom of the pot is placed a layer of drainage, a layer of not less than 5 cm. The material for the drainage layer are suitable:
Requirements for conditions of detention
Let's get acquainted with the most important nuances of the content of room calla.
Calla makes high demands on the level of illumination. Perhaps this is the most important point when choosing the location of the flower house.
Sunlight should be abundant, but indirect. Kallu is well kept in partial shade under the condition of sparse illumination. In the summer, it is better to place the plant near the window, but not forgetting to protect the delicate flower from direct sunlight.
In the winter dark time, the calla feels acutely the lack of sun. And even in the dormant period, the plants should be sufficiently illuminated - otherwise a delay in development, flowering, and other negative consequences is possible.
In general, for normal development and growth, calla should be lit at least 12 hours a day in summer and 8 hours in winter. If your climate and the location of the apartment cannot provide such conditions, you will have to illuminate the callas in an artificial way.
In nature, callas grow in a warm climate, so they cannot tolerate low temperatures. The optimal year-round temperature is + 15-25 degrees: in the summer + 22-25, in the winter + 15-18.
White callas like cooler temperature - during the growing season they should be kept at + 18-20 degrees, in winter - at + 10-12 degrees. It is necessary to move from summer to winter temperature gradually, without sudden changes.
Do not allow sudden temperature changes, as such shakes are detrimental to the plant. In the easiest case the calla will stop flowering. Too much heat is unacceptable, especially in combination with dry air: such a microclimate can cause calla damage by pests.
On the balcony, it is permissible to grow a flower only in summer, in the winter it is imperative to move the plant to a heated room.
This parameter should be high - dry air Calla is not suitable. Humidity ideal for a plant - 70-80%.
And if in the summer there is an opportunity to provide the flower with normal living conditions, then when winter comes, working batteries often make the air dry in the apartment. To avoid problems, spray air around the plant with a spray bottle. You can also put the pot on a tray with expanded clay stones moistened with water. Use the same measures in the summer if the weather is dry.
We learn how to plant calla at home.
Selection and preparation of planting material
At home, callae are usually propagated by dividing the rhizomes - this is the easiest and fastest option. In order for the calla to settle down safely, the tubers of the mother plant must be healthy and dense, without any damage.
Kallu needs to get out of the pot, and clean its roots from the ground. Then the sharp disinfected knife or scalpel plant is divided into parts. It is important to ensure that each division has some healthy roots.
To minimize the risk of rotting of the rhizomes in the soil before germination, before planting they are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate (weak). This procedure disinfects the plant and makes visible all defects and damage. You can simply cut off with a knife growths, rot, other affected areas. But if you had to cut something, be sure to treat the cut points with green paint.
A hole is dug, exceeding the volume of tubers about three times. Each delenka should be planted in a separate spacious container. The degree of penetration of the rhizome is 5-8 cm. The soil around the plant is compacted so that there are no air pockets left in the pot.
The first days after planting the callas do not water, but it is important to ensure that the soil does not dry out. If the top layer is dry, spray the soil with a spray bottle.
It is impossible for the first week or two after planting to expose the calla under bright sunlight, it is better to keep the plant at first in a muted shaded place. This will help the flower to quickly adapt to new conditions.
Important: do not forget that calla is a poisonous plant. Plant and produce all other work with this flower only in gloves.
We learn how to care for calla, growing at home in a pot.
This is one of the most important aspects of room callah care. If you do not ensure regular and sufficient soil moisture, the calla will stop its growth and flowering. White callas are particularly sensitive to watering. An earthen ball in a flower pot should always be wet.
In addition to irrigation, it is also important to ensure sufficient humidity in the room. The optimum level of air humidity is 70-80% - it is clear that to achieve such conditions in an ordinary apartment is quite difficult.
To ensure optimum conditions for the plant, spray it more often - at least twice a day, paying particular attention to the procedure on dry days. It will be correct to moisten the leaves from time to time with a napkin soaked in water.
The plant grows quickly, and soon after planting, the roots of the callah fill the pot almost completely. At the same time, they suck out all useful substances from the soil. It is obvious that without additional fertilization the flower will not last long.
Attention: than in cooler and dimly lit conditions, calla growing occurs, more flower needs to be fed.
The flower responds favorably to complex mineral compounds, which are introduced every 10-14 days during the active growing season. Before flowering, calla is fed with urea, infusion of egg shells, then with potassium and phosphorus.
Inadmissible “overfeeding” of calla - such a careless approach can even lead to the death of the plant. The first symptom of an excess amount of fertilizer is yellowing and drying of the edges of the leaves. At this stage, you need to urgently transplant the calla into another soil, until the plant has died.
If you overdo it with nitrogen, calla will actively grow foliage and forget about the need for flowering. Lack of nitrogen can lead to wilting of foliage, loss of luster, reduction of the size of individual leaves.
Kallu is not cut off - the procedure is permissible only for dried leaves. Pruned foliage during dormant Calla, that is, in summer. During the period of active growing season and flowering about any pruning can be no question.
The procedure is carried out when the roots of the plant have already completely filled the volume of the pot and there is no maneuver for further development. It is necessary - after the purchase, in addition, a transplant is needed and when fertilizing the plant with fertilizer, sometimes with diseases and pest infestation.
Usually transplantation is carried out annually - after the end of the next period of rest. Of particular importance is the annual transplant for young callas, as they grow surprisingly quickly.
Each subsequent pot, choose the diameter of a little more than the previous, literally by how many centimeters. If the calla is transplanted into a pot that is too large compared to the old pot, the plant will direct all its forces to the formation of green mass, and you can not wait for flowering this season.
It is undesirable to replace the flowers with weak or damaged shoots - the calla procedure may not be tolerated. Initially, it is desirable to treat the plant, let it grow stronger. The land in the new pot should be close in composition to the old soil - this will facilitate the adaptation of the flower.
Before transplantation, the roots of the plant should be freed from the old earth as much as possible - for this, the roots are usually washed. It is especially important not to ignore this measure during transplantation due to infection of old soil with pests, pathogens. If the roots are not rinsed, the infection will go into a new pot.
Autumn is usually chosen for transplantation, because at this time the mother plant has faded, and you can safely perform the procedure for dividing the tuber.
Some flower growers go to the trick, so as not to conduct the next transplant. To do this, they pinch the side shoots of the plant and simply change the top layer of soil to a new one. It is impossible to do this all the time, but as a one-time way out of the situation, it is perfectly acceptable.
Care during the rest period
When purchasing a young plant in a store, you should immediately determine when it will have a period of activity, and when it will rest. As a rule, callas sleep from October-November and wake up in February-March. Depending on the type of flower, conditions, other reasons, the rest period can last from two months to six months.
It is not necessary to immerse the plant artificially in the resting period too early. It is not worth early to trim the leaves, reduce watering - this may adversely affect the overall development and growth of callas. Negative consequences are connected with the fact that when entering too early in the dormant period, the tubers do not have time to ripen.
Care at this time should include the following measures:
- maintaining the required temperature,
- regular, but not too abundant watering,
- moderate lighting, the exclusion of direct sunlight on the flower,
- maintaining sufficient air humidity by spraying and using a wet sump,
- top dressing - rare, but full-fledged.
When it’s time to go to sleep, the pot is placed in a cooler room. Frequent feeding at this time is not needed, as well as frequent watering. It's about white callas.
Colored varieties in the dormant period do not need watering and feeding in principle. With these plants do the following: stop watering, waiting for the natural drying of the foliage and tuber. Then the leaves are cut, and the tuber is removed from the pot, placed in the sand. Thus, the flower winters until the next growing season.
The container with sand and tuber during the rest period should be kept in a cool room. And around mid-March, a tuber from the sand is taken out, planted in the ground, they begin to be watered, and then fed. Soon the flower wakes up, starts to gain green mass.
During the rest period, callas grow, too, but at a slower pace. Interestingly, the white varieties bloom in spring and winter, but in summer they do not. Colored callas bloom in summer, and hibernate in winter. And most often flower growers try to grow exactly white callas, as it allows you to enjoy flowering in winter.
Growing seeds for seedlings
Usually breeders are engaged in such reproduction of callas. But if it is grown at home, the seeds are pre-soaked for 6 hours in a natural plant biostimulator, potassium humate. Then they are laid out on a tray with a wet towel. Cover with the same towel and place in a warm place for a week. Ensure that the seeds do not dry out. The towel should be just wet, not wet. When the seeds germinate, they need to be sown in trays with the ground, and left in a warm place until shoots appear. Not sprouted seeds discarded. Then you can transplant seedlings in a pot.
Vegetation Cycle Completion
Culture continues to grow while it is in wet ground. The growing season ends in September - October. The leaves begin to die off gradually. With the onset of yellowing, watering should be reduced. After 2-3 weeks it should stop completely. The leaves should dry themselves, allowing the remaining trace elements to get into the tubers.
If calla grows in a pot, you can not dig. Move the plant to a cool place (balcony, veranda). It is important that the rest period lasts at least 3 months. Otherwise, the calla runs the risk of not blooming.
To flower growers
Why does not calla bloom - this question cannot always be answered with confidence. There may be several factors that can cause such a problem. The presence of many bulbs that have not been transplanted for a long time, frequent transplants, changing pot locations, improper care. All this weakens the mother plant, and calla does not bloom.
Why do calla leaves turn yellow and dry?
There are many reasons for yellowing and drying of calla leaves:
- freezing of tubers,
- lack or, conversely, excess irrigation,
- deficiency of important trace elements
- not enough humid air in the room.
Why callou called "flower of death"
There are many legends associated with this flower. It looks like a bedspread that wraps a yellow cob, similar to a candle. Apparently, therefore, Kalla is called the flower of death. Indeed, in some European countries, death is associated with white. There at the funeral you can often see callas.
Now this superstition, few people remember. The myth of why callas are the flowers of death has not been confirmed, although some continue to be deterred by the purchase of this flower.
Care for calla lilies at home is quite affordable and not very time consuming. Observing simple rules of cultivation, you can achieve regular flowering, healthy greenery, and as a result, additional decoration of any interior. And in the end we recommend to watch the video on this flower, we wish you a pleasant viewing.
This fungal disease can also hit a flower. The symptom of the disease is white foliage. If you notice this warning sign, you should urgently treat the plant with a solution of potassium permanganate (0.3 g per liter of water) or with a solution of colloidal sulfur. Topaz, Scor, Vectra, and a salt solution calcined with laundry soap can also help.
This is a serious, dangerous disease that can lead to the rapid death of a plant. Болезнь передается через грунт, поэтому при самостоятельном составлении почвосмеси ингредиенты необходимо обязательно обдавать кипятком. Привести к корневой гнили может также чрезмерное увлажнение грунта.
Симптомом заболевания является внезапное и практически полное сбрасывание листьев и цветов. In order to get rid of the disease, watering is stopped, the soil is replaced with a new one, the plant and its roots are treated with Ridomil or Previkur. Areas affected by rot need to be cut.
So, we figured out how to properly plant calla at home. Also learned how to care for this wonderful plant. There is a lot of wisdom, however, and the flower of calla is unusual, exotic. Using the recommendations from the article you can grow a beautiful healthy calla at home to enjoy its unique flowering for a long time.