Hortensia is a wonderful flower with unique decorative features. It is possible to grow up hydrangea in an open ground - breeders deduced a set of the grades suitable for our uneasy climate. However, in order for the plant to settle down, take root and please with lush flowering, it is necessary to know how to plant it properly and how to take care of it. These moments and consider the article.
About the plant
Hortensia belongs to the family of hydrangia, which includes about a hundred different botanical specimens. There are both evergreen and deciduous hydrangeas, both thermophilic and cold-resistant, both tremendous treelike and dwarf pot plants. Everyone will find a flower to their liking.
Gardeners in our country prefer to plant deciduous varieties of hydrangeas, as they are the most decorative. In addition, the flowers in this case can be of any shades - from white to dark maroon, often blue, pink, yellow, lilac. The plant has one curious feature - depending on the quality of the soil (acidity), it can change the shade of its petals.
Many gardeners use such varieties as hydrangea paniculata (the most common) and hybrid (quite thermophilic, but very decorative) to decorate their plot.
What are the main requirements of the hydrangea to the place of their permanent habitat in the garden.
Hortensia likes well-lit areas, however, it is better to protect it from direct sunlight. In addition, gentle hydrangea and strong winds, drafts are not needed - it will feel much better if it is planted in a quiet place. If you plant a plant in a half-shade area, its flowering will be less decorative, since less inflorescences will form.
Hortensia will delight in lush flowering and good health if it grows in fertile soil. The best option - clay soil, abundantly fertilized with humus. Krasnozems are not very suitable, and sandy soils are absolutely contraindicated.
Acidity of the soil should slightly exceed the neutral level. The fact is that the acidic soil contributes to the formation of brighter inflorescences in this plant. If you plant a hydrangea in neutral soil, or, especially - alkaline - the flowers will turn out pale, inconspicuous, low decorating. Moreover, in alkaline soil, hydrangea often suffers from chlorosis.
If you think - when to plant, then the best time to plant this ornamental plant is spring. This period is suitable for rooting in open ground hydrangeas in the southern and northern climates. The best month is May. However, if you live in warm regions, you can plant a flower in this case in the fall - September is perfect.
Where to get seedlings
Hydrangea is a perennial, and propagated by cuttings, layering, or dividing the bush. Seed method in amateur floriculture is used extremely rarely, since the growing process in this case becomes rather dreary, long, and the result is unpredictable.
Most often, hydrangea is propagated by cuttings - this is the most convenient and easy way. The division of a bush is used less often - a method is used when the mother bush is already old.
Let us consider in detail how the hydrangea is planted in open ground.
The first step is to dig a hole: its depth should be about 60 cm, its length and width should be half a meter. If you plan to plant several hydrangea bushes (and this happens most often), do not forget to leave a distance of one and a half meters between the holes. It seems that a lot - however, when the hydrangea grows, it will take a fairly extensive space. It is better to initially take care that subsequently the flowers do not interfere with each other.
The pit must be filled with the following nutrient mixture:
- humus - 2 parts
- turf ground - 2 parts,
- river sand - 1 part,
- peat - 1 part.
- urea - 20 grams
- sulfur potassium - 10 gr,
- superphosphate - 60 gr,
- humus or rotted humus - 10 kg.
Important: It is impossible to add lime to the soil mixture for hydrangea, as this substance is capable of ruining the flower.
When placing the cutting in the ground, keep in mind that its root neck should be located not in the ground, but above its surface, just above the ground level.
Putting the stalk, sprinkle it with earth, compact the soil a little, clap.
Zamulchuyte radical circle with sawdust or peat, so that less weeds grow, and the moisture evaporated more slowly. Then you need to water the plant - very plentiful. This measure will help the plant settle down faster.
Consider the important points regarding the care of growing hydrangea in the open field.
Since a large amount of fertilizer is laid in the pit when planted, the plant can then not be fed the first two years of life.
In the third year, you need to start making extra food. In the spring after awakening a flower, a complex composition of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus is introduced. When the formation of buds begins, fertilize again. In this case, superphosphate and potassium sulphate are used.
And before the end of the current growing season, then feed the plant twice more, but only with organic matter. Use manure or chicken manure diluted in plenty of water.
Important: Be careful when applying fertilizer. If you overdo it in the spring with nitrogen, it can lead to the fact that the flower petals turn out green, and it will be difficult to winter.
Hortensia loves well-moistened land, so watering is a mandatory procedure for her. It is especially important to water a flower abundantly and regularly if the weather is arid. Well, if the weather is rainy, it is better to skip the next watering.
The optimum frequency of watering - once a week, in the heat - twice. For one standard procedure, it is recommended to consume 30 liters of water per 1m2 garden beds with flowers. Add potassium permanganate to the water for irrigation to disinfect the soil and kill small pests.
Optimum landing time
Planting in the spring for hydrangea is preferred in the northern regions of Russia, that is, the Moscow region, the Urals and Siberia are suitable for this. Planting in the autumn is carried out on the territory of the southern regions, as due to higher temperatures, the seedlings have time to take root, which means they can survive in the winter.
If the seedling selected for planting has already developed a root system, then it will be possible to plant it in open ground in the fall in the northern regions.
In spring, it is best to plant the hydrangea in April-May.
How to choose a place to land
Choosing the right place for growing is not so easy. It is important that this place in the morning or evening be exposed to sunlight, and the rest of the time hydrangea should be in light shade.
For hydrangea, a well-hydrated soil is important, because this shrub drinks a lot of water, always.
If you decide to plant a hydrangea next to the garden paths, then this should be done at a distance of 1 m from them, since due to the strong flowering the spreading branches of the bush will block your path.
Landing pit and soil
When choosing the size of the pit, it is necessary to take into account the size of the seedling, and whether additional components will be added to improve the composition of the soil. If additional components are introduced anyway, the pit should be made larger.
Young saplings aged 1-2 years should be planted in a planting hole of 30 × 30 cm. Large and adults (4-5 years old) are planted in a hole 50 × 50 cm.
For hydrangea is ideal soil with an acidity of 4.5-5 pH. To increase the acidity of the soil will help making high peat or rotted sawdust of coniferous trees.
- First you need to find a suitable place for landing.
- Then it is necessary to carry out the preparation of the planting pit, making the necessary fertilizers.
- In the case of an open root system, an elevation must be made of a small-sized soil mixture. In the case of a closed root system, this is not necessary.
- Then you should install the seedling on the previously prepared mound of soil mixture (in the case of an open root system) and carefully straighten the hydrangea roots.
- The seedling is filled with soil along the root collar + 3-4 cm of the soil (in case of excessive penetration of the horse's neck, it may begin to rot) and then it is necessary to tamp the soil slightly.
- Liberally and evenly pour directly on the center of the bush, as well as around the edge.
- If the earth begins to settle, fill it up again. Watering and adding soil should be performed several times (at least 2), since this process will eliminate the air between the roots and the ground.
- Mulching pristvolnogo circle pine bark, sawdust or peat. This contributes to the acidification of the soil.
- Then trimming the top of the bush. It should be cut as short as possible for better engraftment and large inflorescences.
- Remaining after trimming hemp sprinkled with remnants of the mixture after mulching.
In case of planting several seedlings, observe a distance of 1 m between them.
You will be able to get the most detail about planting one of the types of hydrangea, namely tree hydrangeas, after watching the training video6
The main care is watering, feeding, pest control, pruning (spring-autumn) and shelter for the winter. Also, do not forget about loosening the soil 3 times a year (minimum), which is produced to a depth of 10 cm.
Hortense loves moisture, so in the summer season she especially needs watering so that the soil under the plant does not dry out. It requires good soil mulching and at least weekly watering. In the case of a particularly hot season, watering should be carried out 2 times a week.
If the planting was made in fertile and sour soil, then during the first 2-3 years she does not need top dressing. If the conditions are not so much suitable, then it will become clear for medium-sized flowers and yellow leaves.
Top dressing of hydrangea passes in 4 stages:
- In early spring fertilizing is done under the hydrangea. Nitrogen fertilizers are suitable for planting green mass and planting good buds. The solution is prepared at the rate of 1 tablespoon of fertilizer per 10 liters of water. Organic fertilizers are also possible.
- The following dressing is needed when forming buds. Feeding with potassium and phosphorus will do.
- Top dressing in the formation of the first flowers. Here again suitable fertilizers with potassium and phosphorus.
- Last feeding is needed when the plant begins to fade. As a rule, these are the last days of August - the first days of September. It is necessary to introduce superphosphate and potassium sulfate (the proportions are the same as in the first feeding).
Good feeding hydrangea potassium permanganate.
Tree hydrangea is quite massive, with tall and long shoots, so it needs a garter to avoid breaking the shoots.
Trimming and shelter for the winter
If you want the shrub to look neat, then it should be periodically cut. After 2-3 years, you can begin to form a bush.
For treelike and paniculate hydrangea, you do not need shelter for the winter, it will be good enough to mulch the soil. The large-leaved leaf needs shelter for the winter because of its sensitivity.
Preparing for planting hydrangeas in open ground
Hydrangeas in suburban areas are planted as tapeworms in flowerbeds or as a hedge. For the light-loving plants are suitable sunny or located in the penumbra, protected from the wind places. Getting into the shade of trees or buildings, hydrangea forms fewer buds. But under direct sunlight shrub requires protection. The summer sun quickly dries inflorescences, inhibits the growth of shrubs.
The location of planting pits is planned at a distance of 120-240 cm from the nearest shrubs and trees. For a hedge, planting of a hydrangea paniculata in open ground is carried out in a trench, while between bushes leave 70–80 cm of free space.
In hydrangeas, the root system expands in breadth, so the pits for shrubs are 40–50 cm deep, and their width should be 10–20 cm larger.
In areas with flooding or stagnation of moisture, the wells are deepened to make a powerful drainage from sand, expanded clay or broken brick.
Planting hydrangeas in the open ground
Whatever the soil on the site, for planting hydrangeas in open ground in the Moscow region or another zone provide the most nutritious loose substrate that is able to retain moisture well. Soil mixture for hydrangeas includes:
- 2 pieces of humus,
- 2 pieces of garden land,
- 1 part of sand,
- 1 part peat.
The optimum level of soil acidity is pH 5.2–6.0, therefore, peat or rotted needles are mixed into the soil. If this is neglected, the plants cease to absorb iron, it becomes pale, the growth and flowering rates fall.
In the substrate add:
- 25 grams of urea,
- 25 grams of potassium salts,
- about 70 grams of superphosphate.
Pre-prepared soil cone poured on the drainage layer. A shrub with an open root system is placed on the soil so that the roots of the plant are flattened, and its root collar is at a level or a couple of centimeters below the level of backfill. Caring for hydrangea in the open ground after planting in the spring begins in soil compaction and watering. For each seedling should be 8-10 liters of distilled water. And then pristvolny circles thickly mulch with peat or sawdust.
Before full rooting and the emergence of new shoots, hydrangea needs protection from the wind and direct sunlight.
When planting hydrangea in open ground
Ornamental and fruit bushes are planted in early spring or autumn. In the first case, the plants are acclimatized and once come into growth. In the second, hydrangea should have time to take root, and the growing season begins only in spring.
When to plant hydrangea in open ground? Specific dates depend on the climatic characteristics of the region. In the spring the shrub is transferred to the garden, when the time of frost has passed, the soil will thaw out and warm up completely. In the middle lane, the best moment comes in early May. Autumn landing is carried out in September. But the north, the hydrangea has less time for autumn acclimatization. Therefore, in Siberia, planting hydrangeas in the ground in spring gives better results than in the fall.
Care for garden hydrangea in the open field
Large shrubs for the accumulation of strength and growth takes time. Therefore, in the first two years after planting hydrangeas in the open ground, in the spring in the care of the plant include the removal of buds. Inflorescences pinch until their size does not exceed the size of the ruble coin.
In addition, hydrangea needs regular entry, including:
- loosening and cleaning pristvolny circles of weeds,
- top dressing
- sanitary and formative pruning,
- preparing for the winter.
In spring, shrub care begins with the renewal of mulch under hydrangea. A layer of peat, sawdust or wood chips with a thickness of up to 8 cm will protect the planting from the spread of weeds and save soil moisture.
Caring for hydrangea in the open field necessarily includes summer watering. A plant that does not tolerate dry soil in the heat and in the absence of natural precipitation is watered at least 1 time per week. If the summer is wet, 4–5 waterings from the spring to the closing of the plant for the winter are sufficient. For one watering, which is best done in the morning or in the evening, each bush should receive 15–20 liters of water.
As a prophylaxis of rots, phytosporin, potassium permanganate or other similar preparations are periodically added to irrigation water. Wet soil loosened to a depth of 5 cm.
If the soil was fertilized in spring, when planting hydrangeas in open ground, do not include top dressing for two years. Then they become regular:
- until July, plants are fertilized with nitrogen and potassium compounds that stimulate the formation of greenery, the root system and the strengthening of the shrub,
- From the second half of summer to autumn, hydrangea should receive potassium-phosphorus mixtures.
Fertilizers are applied every two weeks until October. The first spring dressing is carried out with nitrogen fertilizers, then this element is introduced very carefully. Its excess causes the growth of young shoots and does not allow the plant to prepare well for winter.
To maintain the increased acidity of the soil during fertilizing, you can use ready-made mixtures for azaleas, lemons and rhododendrons. And from the wood ash, gently deoxidizing soil, it is better to give up.
Preparing for the cold: care for hydrangea in the open ground
When flowering ends, the bushes are pruned, removing unnecessary inflorescences anymore. Then the plants should be prepared for winter. Even with proper planting in open ground and the care of hydrangeas in the Yaroslavl region, in the Moscow region and other regions of the central zone suffer from winter frosts.
Most of the large-leaved species of the plant freezes over, which in the fall is better not to cover, but to be transported under the roof. The rest of the shrubs, especially young ones, must be protected with mulching or shelters.
Until the cold, all leaves are carefully removed from the shrub. Plant residues are carefully removed, and the trunk circle is covered with a thick layer of mulch, sprinkling the center of the bush. The branches of the shrub, depending on the type and size of the plant:
- they bow to the ground and cover with spruce branches,
- связывают, чтобы было проще поставить над кустом каркасное укрытие и засыпать его хвоей или листвой.
Связывать побеги нужно эластичным материалом, который за несколько месяцев не повредит крону. Чтобы зимой упругие ветви не поднялись, их прижимают к грунту металлическими скобами. Sheeting film is used carefully because of the risk of rotting and rotting of wood.
In the middle lane shelter removed in the second decade of March. After 1-2 weeks, spruce branches are removed and the leaves are raked off. In Siberia, in the North-West, in the Urals, hydrangea in the open field is often affected by the spring cold. If this happens, the bush over the summer can compensate for the damage, but will not bloom. You can protect the hydrangea by holding on hand a dense non-woven material that can withstand small subzero temperatures, burlap or film.
Loosening and mulching
After the next watering necessarily loosen the soil around the plant. This measure will help make the soil lighter and more breathable. And so that the moisture evaporates more slowly after watering, it is recommended to mulch the root circle in early summer (and immediately after planting).
Use clean sawdust or peat as mulch. It is possible to mulch the soil under hydrangea also with needles: it increases the acidity of the soil, which will be enjoyed by hydrangeas.
In general, hydrangea is a plant that is quite resistant to various pests and diseases. It is prone to flower chlorosis, affected by downy powdery mildew, from pests the danger is represented by a spider mite. Sometimes also in the dense foliage of hydrangea aphids live.
Treatment for chlorosis consists of watering the hydrangea with a solution of potassium nitrate and copper sulphate. Watering these substances must be carried out not immediately, but after three days.
If hydrangea is ill with excessive powdery mildew from excessive moisture, it is recommended to treat (spray) its foliage with copper sulfate soap solution. Well, to get rid of spider mites and aphids, sprinkle a flower with garlic infusion: it is environmentally friendly and effective.
A delicate flower should be protected from winds and drafts. Therefore, initially it is necessary to plant a plant in such a part of the garden where it is quiet and there is no wind. If there is no such site, and the garden is blown from all sides, fence the flowerbed with a homemade shield.
Transplanting, trimming, forming a bush
Since hydrangea is a perennial and rather massive plant, pruning cannot be avoided. It is recommended to carry out the procedure in spring, but before the active vegetative processes in the flower begin.
Old shoots, dried or frozen for the winter must be removed, young, strong and strong - to leave. But at the same time, young shoots in any case are also shortened by 3-5 buds. If the bush is already old, it should be cut in the spring under a stump. Then, with the right care from the resulting hemp, new shoots will develop.
Care during the year and wintering
How to carry out summer care, we have already written. In the autumn after flowering, plants can be pruned, thereby preparing them for winter. In the spring, after taking shelters, another pruning follows to remove old and sick shoots.
Only certain varieties of hydrangea, gentle, hybrid, need shelter for the winter. However, in the northern regions it is right to cover the entire population of hydrangeas in general so that they do not freeze out. After the autumn pruning, the plants bend down slightly to the ground, covered with spruce leaves, fallen leaves. If there is a risk to break the shoots, it is better not to bend the hydrangea, but to build a kind of shelter made of cardboard, plywood or other building materials over it. If the hydrangea belongs to a tree variety, it is insulated for the winter by densely mulching the root circle.
In order for the plant's root system to become strong and powerful, it is recommended that the first two years of the life of a hydrangea not allow it to bloom - just tear off the inflorescences. Thanks to this measure, in the future you will have a powerful bush, richly and very luxuriantly blooming.
If there is a desire to dry the flowers for the winter, it is necessary to cut the inflorescences immediately after they bloom. Branches with flowers must be tied in bunches, hang in a dark place for drying.
Do not forget that hydrangea may well grow at home in a pot. Therefore, if you do not have a garden, grow this beautiful plant on a windowsill. In summer, you can make a pot on the balcony, loggia.
In order not to deal with diseases and pests after infection has occurred, take preventive measures in advance. Spray hydrangea with copper sulfate, biofungicides - this will help avoid infection.
Growing hydrangeas in the open field requires considerable knowledge and skills from the gardener. However, not everything is as difficult as it seems. In fact, the hydrangea is quite tenacious, strong and not capricious. Observing the simple rules of planting and care, you can grow a powerful plant, annually pleasing with magnificent flowering.
How to plant Hydrangea and what is needed for this?
- Moderate sunshine
- Abundant cyclical watering
To choose a place for such an ornamental plant you should take care of a good place in relation to the sunlight. Hortensia does not like open solar fields, long exposure to the sun's rays contributes to the inhibition of plant growth, with the result that we do not achieve the desired result, lush inflorescences will lose their effectiveness. All success in cultivation depends on it. These shrub flowers like a darkened place.but not too much. A place devoid of through winds will be very helpful. Observance of such important rules will allow to extend the time until the beginning of the first signs of fading colors.
How to plant Hydrangea
In order to choose the right site for planting, it is necessary to take into account the size of the plant, since they reach very impressive dimensions in height and width: three and a half and a half meters respectively. The choice of soil is definitely the most important role. Data shrub prefers a large amount of moisture, this means that the soil should be moisture-absorbing. In advance, you can take care of the enrichment of the soil, making rich nutrient mixtures in the form of:
- peat rocks
- foliar composition
From the chemical ingredients for nutrition, you can use superphosphate and potassium fertilizers, urea. The greater the variety in nutrition, the better.
When to plant Hydrangea
Nevertheless, there are types of Hortensia, which, contrary to the traditional principle, can be grown in sunny conditions. With this choice, it will simply be necessary to provide bright colorful colors with an increased level of watering on hot days. The soil should be well drained. The combination of leaves, humus, peat, rich river sand, in the ratio to each other, respectively, 2: 2: 1: 1. It is worth remembering that the presence of lime in the soil during planting will adversely affect the further growth and development of plants. The pH should be within 5.0.
Landing of Hortensia in open ground in the north of the country, preferably in spring. In the southern regions this can be done in the fall. Proper construction of the pit for planting is determined by its size. Need to focus on the root systemWhen planting in depth, as Hortensia has an extensive root system. Half a meter in diameter and half a meter in depth - the best option. You can buy varieties of planting material in specialized stores, as well as learn about the reproduction of flowers from the seller from the first mouth for independent cultivation in the future. To plant Hortensia in any particular way you need to know what they are.
At reproduction the certain type is used. For a better rooting, not too hard or too soft shoots are suitable. Side shoots are present on any plant. Rooting occurs in the nutrient substrate. It creates a favorable soil environment with good water-holding capacity, for this purpose you can use the addition of sphagnum. The drug Kornevin perfect for processing cuttings before planting, which will allow them to take root better and faster.
The landing process is as follows. The cuttings are planted into the ground to a depth of several centimeters, the distance between the individuals is 5 cm. The process of starting rooting cuttings in the ground takes less than 1 month, in favorable conditions a little more than 2 weeks. The optimum temperature for this is about 20 degrees. Adult individuals can be propagated by splitting the cluster system into several parts. Each individual must have kidneys to replace.
You can make an extraordinarily beautiful standard plant. In this way, an absolutely extraordinary effect is achieved. A shrub plant will grow like a tree, with a thick crown-cap, falling branches. Growing shtaby mainly specialists, but you can do it at the amateur level. To get a beautiful stem inflorescence you need to know the nuances of this process. You can create shtamb manwho does not have extensive professional ideas in the horticultural business, and use for this method of forming.
In short, it looks like this: form the trunk, cut off the crown. The most important thing in this method is to pick a good sapling. It should have, preferably, a perfectly even trunk. Escape in the process of landing, attached to the support. This may be a wooden or metal rod driven near the seedling.
As the sapling grows, it is tied up to a support higher, and the growing shoots are removed with scissors. This procedure is carried out until the seedling has the desired height. Apical escape then is subject to pinching., to start the formation of crown growth. Immediately, pinching together will begin to form sprouts and, as they grow, they will also need to be pinched. With this approach, the crown will form a fluffy and thick, like a real tree.
The simplest and simplest way is used very rarely because of the more labor-intensive process. Seeds of Hortensia have a small structure. They are planted in boxes, on a soil substrate, and covered with glass to create greenhouse conditions. The temperature regime with this method should be stable and be from +15 to +20 degrees.
Hardness breeding seed method is diving plants. This process is at the germination stage.repeated twice. For the first time, a dive occurs under greenhouse conditions in the winter season in the form of cotyledon leaves. The second time the process is repeated in May, when the warm weather outside the window is established, it is needed in order to make pots with sprouts for the day, the process of hardening or habituation of plants to future conditions. At night, they are taken back. Before planting seedlings in open ground should take 2 years. When the first buds appear, they are cut off. This allows the root system to develop, to provide them with good access to nutrients.
In the process of planting seedlings, a prepared soil mixture is brought into the pit and a small undulating elevation is made. A sapling is placed on it, the roots are carefully smoothed out and the plant is covered with soil to the level of the root collar. It should be flush with the ground, this will prevent its possible rotting in the future. Permissible deviations of several centimeters in the direction of deepening. The ground near the trunk must be compacted. Mulch land is also recommended. To do this, take peat, sawdust or chopped bark to choose from, and mulch the 5-centimeter layer.
These actions will prevent dehydration of plants in the hot period or in the absence of regular watering. Plants best watered in the near-stem area, so the water will disperse as the roots are located and reach them at a depth of 30-40 cm. It is enough to pour out about 15 liters of water and this amount will be enough to maintain the normal moisture of the soil.
Garden hydrangea is grown in open ground. In the first couple of cuttings should not be planted in garden conditions. The plant is decorative and with early planting may not cope with the winter cold. We'll have to wait, use a 2 or 3-year cycle of growing flowers indoors. Materials for pots fit absolutely any, you should only take care of the required height of the tank, it should be equal to the diameter. Diameter fit about 10 cm.
To plant Hydrangea in a pot use a weakly acid cooked soil mixture. If the earth is not sour enough, a little coniferous forest can be added to the hole for planting, its sawdust. In equal parts mix the ingredients of sand, leaves and peat. Perfectly purchased pokvosmesi for this. A small layer of expanded clay is placed on the bottom of the pot., it will promote the removal of excess moisture in the pan. On the other hand, the moisture remaining on the upper layers of expanded clay will help to maintain the level of humidity of the earth. A small layer of soil is sprinkled on the clay, plants are planted on it, straighten the roots in favorable conditions and sprinkle it completely with soil, followed by compaction. Stalk should be watered well.
In such conditions, Hydrangea grows up to 3 years. After 1 year, Hydrangea is transplanted into a new pot of larger diameter. Upon reaching a certain age and the growth of flowers, in spring, with the May warm sun, they are transplanted into open soil conditions, flower beds or a garden.
This controversial plant loves a weakly acidic soil, does not accept excessive, but feels favorable in an environment of abundant moisture. The sun should dip the flowers in the morning and evening. It is worth knowing that the heavily overgrown Hortensia bushes are leaning low to the ground. In the garden paths, it is necessary to indent a meter distance in order not to touch them, otherwise you will have to say goodbye to beauty. The use of props is not recommended., because it does not look very aesthetic. Planting plants is best in the spring, far from large trees. It is known that they will pull the moisture needed for the flowers.
In Japan, this flower is sometimes called "yearning for water." It is no wonder that Hortense loves watering so much, infrequent, but plentiful. From here comes the second name of this flower - Hydragea.
Varieties and varieties
The shrub, which deserves great respect among experienced gardeners and common lovers, has many varieties and varieties.
Imagine some of them:
- Grandiflora. A distinctive feature - large (up to 30 cm) pyramidal crystal-white inflorescences-panicles, which delight with their beauty up to 4 months.
- Annabel. The fastest growing representative with so large inflorescences that the branches descend from gravity almost to the ground itself. The color changes depending on the time: at the beginning of summer - green, by the end - milky.
- Invincibel Spirit. Relatively recent variety, but already managed to conquer a lot of hearts. Provided with extreme resistance to cold and many parasites. A distinctive feature - huge spherical inflorescences, diameters up to 20 cm, having a charming bright pink color. Extremely demanding on soil, fertilizing and sunlight.
- Vanilla fraiz. It has huge clusters resembling lilac bushes and painted in snow-white and crimson colors at the same time.
- Sterilis. A tree shrub with whitish-green buds that bloom the longest in a season. Extremely unpretentious and easily tolerates wintering.
- Matilda. It has a rich cream color, which during the season changes first to pink and then greenish-red shades. A distinctive feature - the love of darkened terrain. Under the influence of sunlight the flowers become small, and growth slows down.
The main "technical" characteristics of the described varieties are presented in the table:
Video review of hydrangea varieties
Planting, as well as caring for shrubs in the open field is not a difficult task, even for novice gardeners. Hortensia is a thermophilic and fast-growing plant. Loves a fertile, moist soil. She needs to be given an open place, always under the warm rays of the sun (especially until noon). Ideal for the east side. However, you should avoid direct sunlight on hot days, hydrangea loves diffused light. You can grow in light penumbra, but the flowering period will be delayed and the number of buds will be reduced. It also needs wind protection.
Before planting should prepare a pit, a depth of about 60 cm, and diameters up to half a meter. Roots grow in breadth far beyond the original habitat. The distance between the nearest flowers - 1.2-1.4 meters. The distance to large trees and bushes is more than 2-3 meters.
Hortensia likes fertile soil rich in humus. Less preferred for red earths. On the sand - does not grow. She loves acidic soil (pH from 5.3 to 6), it is on her that there is a large number of brightly colored inflorescences.
For filling the pit, a special mixture composition consisting of humus, peat, sand and earth in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 2 is used, as well as fertilizer represented by urea and potassium sulphate (20 g each), superphosphate in granules (60g) and humus (about 10kg).
Lime and chalk cannot be added to the soil, under the influence of which the leaves turn yellow and fall, and the flowers do not bloom.
The most noble period for planting in a cool climate is spring, preferably the beginning of May. Only in the southern regions are allowed to make planting both in spring and autumn.
Этапность можно представить следующим образом:
- Сделать яму за 15-30 дней до даты предполагаемого заселения.
- Приготовить смесь и засыпать в яму.
- Раскопать яму, установить на нужной глубине саженец, ровно по центру. Затем, постепенно расправляя корни, засыпать и слегка уплотнить грунт.
- Затем нужно полить ведром воды (8-14 литров) и присыпать опилками, торфом или корой на высоту до 6-8 сантиметров.
In order for the plant to enjoy high-quality flowering, it must first direct all its capabilities to the development of the root system and strengthening in the ground, so it is necessary to cut the inflorescences in the first years at the bud stage.
The first 2 years you can not feed or fertilize. He has enough resources for independent survival. After this period, care is needed.
- In the spring (preferably at the end of May) a complex top dressing is applied, since the shrub needs a lot of macro and microelements to ensure rapid growth and powerful flowering. The composition of the mixture: 30g. mineral fertilizer per 10 liters of water. Instead of fertilizer, you can take 15 g of urea, 30 g of superphosphate and a tablespoon of potassium sulfate. In addition, a mullein or bird droppings infusion is used at a ratio of 1:10. After 15 days, the procedure should be repeated. Specialized fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium can be purchased.
- 2 bait for the season is introduced 2 weeks before the expected flowering (first half of June). Must be dissolved in half a bucket of water 45 g of potassium sulfate and 70 g of superphosphate and pour this mixture.
- In the period of mass flowering to extend and ensure the formation of new flowers, it is necessary to repeat past feeding.
Excess fertilizer is always more dangerous than lack!
Do not use wood ash when feeding!
To prevent decay and reduce resistance in the winter, carefully monitor the amount of added nitrogen!
Hortense loves water. To prevent disruption of the normal development of the flower, you need to comply with the watering regime. Every 15 days, water 15-20 liters of water. In the period of drought, the interval between waterings should not exceed a week. If the summer is rainy, it will be enough for 5-6 waterings for the entire season. To prevent infection and decay, add 2-4 g of ordinary potassium permanganate.
Watering is done in the morning or in the evening when there are no bright rays of the sun. After, for better absorption of moisture, you should loosen the mail to a depth of several centimeters.
The shrub needs pruning for intensive opening of the buds and the formation of a beautiful flower. If it is not produced, flowering decreases on the eyes, and the bushes themselves look untidy and sloppy.
Pruning is carried out after 3-4 years from the moment of landing. The pruning mechanism for different species, widely distributed in our area, differ significantly and are divided into 2 groups.
Perennial shrubs, flowering on old shoots belong to group 1. It includes such species: large-leaf, serrate, Sargent, prickly and petiolate. These representatives need only cosmetic and sanitization, and formative trimming is not required. Last year's inflorescences are cut to the buds, then dried and frozen shoots are removed to the root. The condition can be adequately assessed only in the spring period (when the buds swell), so pruning is recommended at this time.
Paniculata and tree form inflorescences on fresh shoots, therefore, pruning is carried out immediately after the disappearance of snow. Each shoot is shortened to 1-3 buds, strong - to one. After the procedure, beautiful inflorescences appear on each shoot that has grown from the remaining buds.
It is also necessary to cut off the shoots growing inside. Due to the concentration of flowers, the volume of flowers is significantly reduced and the aesthetic appearance is lost.
After this procedure, you need to conduct dressing and mulching to a height of 5 cm. Compost, peat and humus are perfect for it.
Before winter, all faded inflorescences must be removed so that the branches do not break under the weight of the snow.
Hydrangea is a perennial long flowering shrub, so it can be propagated in the following ways:
In the first method of reproduction in mid-summer rooting is made in the coarse sand and peat of the cuts of young shoots. The soil is needed wet due to the addition of sphagnum moss. The ideal temperature for cuttings is about 20 degrees, and the distance between them is 5 cm. In a month, you can repot it in open ground.
Increasing the population by dividing a bush is the simplest method. Part of the plant is separated (the main thing is to have at least 2-3 buds on it) and immediately put on a new place.
The method of withdrawal is more complicated:
- Rpoison make the pit, a depth of 2 tens of centimeters.
- One young stalk is tilted to the ground and instilled in a hole, after making several cuts, on the part immersed in the ground.
- From above make statement of the fixing brackets.
- Regularly produce watering, mulch.
- After the appearance of the root system, it is transplanted to its habitat.
Preparing for the winter
Some species quickly die under the influence of cold, so it is necessary to carry out their preparation for the winter and cover in the fall, before the appearance of snow.
The action plan is as follows:
- Shrub mulch with manure, peat or pine needles.
- Young sprouts bow and fall asleep with sawdust. If the shoot is very large, it is necessary to build a shelter for it, the height of which is 5-15 cm higher, and to fill it with dry leaves.
- In April, they are raked from defenses and proceed to pruning.
- For any short-term frosts, the plant must be covered. You can use: lutrasil or two layers of film.
Young plants for the winter, for confidence in their safety, it is better to transplant in pots and put in the house.
Of course, for such a beautiful creation there was a place in landscape design. Hydrangeas can be planted with both single and group plantings, as long as there is enough free space around it. Neighbors should have similar environmental requirements (according to the degree of soil moisture and pH, the level of illumination).
For more beauty you can combine 3 or more types.
Pests and diseases
Despite the magnificent beauty and amazing resistance, hydrangea is subject to many diseases and effects of parasites, which include:
- Leaf aphid. Insect colonies very quickly form huge colonies. By sucking the cell sap, they leave a lot of sugary overlays, contributing to the development of soot fungus. The flower slows its growth and begins to die. Use of insecticides is necessary, for example Fitoverma or Acarida.
- Spider mite. Quickly (in less than a week) the whole plant is enveloped, forming a thin layer of cobweb, preventing normal growth and development. If the pest has not yet managed to enslave the entire bush, and is found in the form of small clusters of yellow spots with a marble pattern, then you can remove it with ordinary soapy water. At a later date will help such means as Tiofos or Lightning.
- Slug. The leaves serve as food for this parasite. The main reason for the appearance - a very dense planting and lack of timely pruning. To fight used molluscicides. The tool is scattered over the ground on which the slugs were seen.
A lack of iron in the soil can lead to chlorosis. Leaves first become clarified, then turn yellow, streaks become dark in color. Buds become deformed and dry up. At the first signs of chlorosis, it is necessary to use iron-containing drugs - Antichlorosis or Ferovit. You can prepare the medicine yourself: 4 g of citric acid and 2 g of ferrous sulfate dissolve in 1 liter of water. The composition is sprayed and watered at the root.
A flowering plant is prone to fungal diseases. The most common types are presented in the table:
Site selection and soil preparation
When to plant a hydrangea? Best time to land - spring, the moment when the earth thaws, the buds are not yet dissolved, and autumn - in the month of September. When choosing a place for an ornamental deciduous plant, consider that it is better to plant the hydrangea in the shade or partial shade, as the bright sun causes slow growth, as a result of which the inflorescences shrink.
Some types of hydrangea can be grown in open solar spaces, but this requires abundant watering. Young shrubs should be protected from bright the sun and big winds. It is not recommended to place under trees that strongly absorb water.
The soil for hydrangea should be well drained and hydrated, consist of a balanced mixture of humus, leaf soil, peat chips, river sand (2: 2: 1: 1). Regardless of the type and variety of hydrangea, remember, lime in the soil adversely affects development. Ground must be level Ph about 5,0 .
Top dressing and mulching as basis of leaving
To preserve moisture after planting in a permanent place, mulch hydrangea is made in the near-stem circle. Mulch also inhibits the growth of weeds, and protects the roots from overheating. As a mulching material used peat chips, wood chips or bark, having a uniform layer of 8-10 cm.
Over time, mulch will decompose and become part of the soil, slightly acidifying it. Mulch is best laid in late spring, at a time when the earth is already well warmed, but still wet.
For strong and flexible shoots the ornamental shrub is poured over with a solution of potassium permanganate of a weak pink color. In addition, in garden stores special fertilizers are sold for hydrangeas, which include magnesium and iron, which are necessary for the plant.
mulching of hydrangea wood chips - in the photo
Banded hydrangea, large-leaved and groundcover mainly have a pinkish, cream color, which can be changed if desired. The color of the hydrangea is directly determined by the acidity of the soil. If the soil is weakly alkaline, the flowering will be pink and crimson color, on acidic soils, the hydrangea blooms with blue flowers.
To obtain blue flowers in alkaline soil, the shrub is watered with solutions of iron salts. To get a more intense blue color under the hydrangea should bury rusty metal cans.
Adding an article to a new collection
Huge greenish-white, pink, purple, mauve and even blue hydrangea bushes today can grow even novice gardeners. In our detailed master class, we show step by step how to plant hydrangea in open ground.
Lush bushes of hydrangea today can be seen in almost every front garden, and after all, scientists did a serious selection of this plant only at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, more than 100 varieties have been bred, including winter-hardy, which feel great in the middle lane.
It is best to plant hydrangea in the spring, when the snow melted, and the soil has already warmed up a bit, but the buds in the trees and shrubs have not yet had time to blossom. Experienced gardeners sometimes plant a hydrangea in the fall, but this is quite risky and unreliable, because an immature sapling can freeze and die without having time to settle down. In the fall, you can plant hydrangea only if you live in the southern regions with a mild winter.
Step 1 - Prepare the soil for planting.
Hydrangea is a capricious plant that is demanding on the composition of the soil and sunlight, therefore, before planting, carry out a pH-analysis of the soil and, if necessary, apply the necessary fertilizers.
Best of all, the plant feels in weakly acidic and even acidic soil with a high content of nutrients. Poor soil before planting hydrangeas need to be improved and acidified by adding leaf humus or well-rotted garden compost at the rate of 1-1.5 buckets per 1 sq. M. Heavy clay soil should be lightened by adding coarse sand or peat (1-1.5 buckets per 1 square meter).
The composition of the soil affects not only the growth and development of large-leaved hydrangeas, but also the color of the inflorescences. The more acidic the soil and the more aluminum and iron it contains, the bluer the flowers become.
Pink and red flowers can be obtained by growing hydrangea on a neutral or alkaline soil with a high phosphorus content.
The place where hydrangea will grow should be well lit, preferably in the afternoon. Too long shading can lead to wilting and even death of the plant.
Step 2 - Dig a Landing Hole
The depth and diameter of the planting pit depends on the size of the seedling and soil fertility. If you plan to additionally apply sand, humus and other fertilizers, make the pit deeper and wider.
For a 4-5-year-old sapling, the depth of the planting pit should be 40-45 cm, and the width - 50-70 cm. Young 1-2-year-old saplings are planted in a 30x30 cm pit.
If you want to plant several hydrangea bushes close by to get a hedge, the distance between the seedlings should be 2-3 m. which in a few years will need to thin out.
Step 3 - Plant Hydrangea
Carefully remove the hydrangea sapling from the pot along with a lump of earth and place it in the middle of the pit.
The roots of the plant should be well moistened, so pour about one bucket of water in the hole and let it soak.
Fill the pit with fertile soil and well tamp so that there is no void around the roots, and the earth does not dry out.
Step 6 - Feed the Hydrangea
To hydrangea developed well and bloomed abundantly, it must be regularly fed. Organic and mineral fertilizers with a high content of magnesium and iron in liquid form are suitable for this. Today in the garden centers you can find special fertilizers for hydrangeas, which must be applied according to the instructions. If special fertilizer could not be found, you can feed the hydrangea with a fermented solution of bird droppings diluted in water in the ratio of 1:15. Under each bush you need to make about 300 g of this fertilizer.
The best time to apply fertilizer is from April to July with an interval of two weeks.
Observing the rules of planting and sequence of actions, next year you will admire a beautifully flowering hydrangea bush.