The natural habitat of the "mountain pine mugo" species is the slopes of the mountain ranges. It grows in the alpine belt of the mountains of Central and Southern Europe. It is also found in the foothills. At home, the plant reaches a height of ten meters, but mostly shrub forms with branches that rise or crawl along the ground.
Pine Mugo Mugo is a tall shrub. Depending on the variety, the shrub acquires a pyramidal or spherical shape as it grows. The trunk has a gray-brown color, which is smooth in a young plant, and only with age becomes covered with scales in the upper part of the trunk. Dark green short needles, not more than two and a half centimeters, very hard and dull, has a slightly twisted shape around the axis. New shoots eventually change the greenish color to gray-brown. After six years, the pine tree mugo begins to bloom, and small buds grow on short legs, which ripen in the second year after flowering.
Application in gardening
Due to its unpretentiousness, mountain pine has become very popular and is used for landscaping cities and private properties, decorating alleys and alpine slides. It does not require fertile soil and an abundance of moisture in it, it grows in places unsuitable for agriculture. In addition, pine is resistant to frost, does not suffer from pests and air pollution. It is used to fix the soil on rocky slopes, where other trees do not grow. Due to its slow growth, it retains its decorative form for a long time. Many new varieties with different shapes and sizes have been developed.
Varieties of mountain pine
Very popular dwarf species of mountain pine.
- Pine Pinus Mugo belongs to the shrub species of mountain pine, its diameter reaches three meters with age.
- Variety "Pug" has a spherical shape with short shoots. The maximum height of the plant reaches one and a half meters, but differs in bush density and slow growth. Dark green needles reach a length of 2-4.5 cm with a width of two millimeters.
- "Mini Pug" is small in size. With a crown diameter of one meter, its height does not exceed sixty centimeters. Dense and sharp needles growing in bundles. The bush for the year grows two centimeters in height and three in width. It is recommended for a single landing or creating a group composition on a roller coaster. The grade is unpretentious to the soil, it is frost-resistant.
- Mugus pine, the photo of which is given below, is widespread in nature in the Balkans, the foothills of the Alps. At a height of one and a half to two meters, the shrub is spread over the ground and belongs to the group of creeping ones. At the same time, young shoots raised up. Yellow-brown cones have the same size, sessile. The crown is friable and needs pinching of young shoots.
Pine Mugo: planting and care
Planting of mountain pine seedlings is carried out in the spring, when frosts on the ground are unlikely, or in early autumn. It is advisable to choose plants under the age of five, because young seedlings take root better. The place is better to choose a well-lit, although the plant tolerates partial shade. The roots of the mountain pine are long, so it is necessary to prepare a pit with a depth of at least one meter and with a width exceeding the diameter of the coma of the ground at the seedling. If the soil is clayey, or the groundwaters run close to it, the pit is further deepened, drainage from expanded clay is poured to the bottom, and peat or sand is added to the soil when backfilling the roots. This is necessary to prevent stagnation of water and rotting of the roots of mountain pine. Add lime to acidic soils.
When planting around the root system with a lump of earth, they fill in a planting mixture consisting of sand, compost and mineral fertilizers. The application of mineral fertilizers improves the survival rate of seedlings. It is necessary to plant seedlings at a sufficient distance from each other. Depending on the variety, it should be between two and four meters. When planting it is recommended to pay close attention to the root neck. It can not be deepened, it should be at ground level.
Care of seedlings
Pines differ from deciduous trees by the vulnerability of the root system, so they take root for a long time and can die if left untouched. The pine Mugo Mugo the first two or three years after planting needs attention and care. In summer, seedlings should be watered regularly. In order to prevent soil compaction, the soil around the shrub is loosened and mulched, which allows it to retain moisture in the soil. Although the plant loves lit areas, young seedlings are recommended on hot days to cover from the sun.
For winter, mountain pine seedlings need protection from frost and cold wind. A suitable material for harboring bushes is burlap or spruce branches (lapnik), straw. Strengthened pines do not need additional shelters. Young seedlings of the first years should be fed with mineral fertilizers. To do this, use complex fertilizers for conifers or other universal feeding at the rate of 40 grams per square meter. In order for the plant to have a beautiful crown, shoots are cut each year by the amount of growth.
Features of the cultivation of mountain pine Mugus
Pine Mugo Mugus, the planting of which has some nuances, is one of the most popular species suitable for cultivation in summer cottages. Consider the features of planting and care.
Like other types of mountain pine, seedlings should be planted in deep holes with drainage and the addition of a soil mixture of soil, sand and mineral fertilizers.
Pine Mugo Mugus does not survive in the shade, so it can be planted in well-lit areas. It is undemanding to the composition of the soil, but does not tolerate stagnant water and soil compaction. It is also not recommended to plant it in the fall, otherwise the seedling may die from sudden frosts.
Due to the slow growth of pine Mugo Mugus does not need annual pruning. A feature of this variety is the splendor of the branches, which are located along the entire length of the trunk. Especially beautiful are raised up the tips of the branches, giving the plant a spherical shape.
Reproduction is carried out by cuttings and seeds. Planting the seeds of mountain pine in a pot with drainage and putting a little attention and effort, you can independently grow a tree. Such a seedling is more endurance and survival.
In order to decorate your site with mountain beauties-pines, we recommend buying seedlings in special nurseries, where they are grown already acclimatized to a specific area.
Planting and care
Mugus is a rather unpretentious plant that tolerates urban conditions well. It has a strongly branched root system. Resistant to severe frosts.
Mugus can grow on sandy and sandy, dry and wet soil, even if it is scarce for nutrients. The soil may also be acidic or alkaline, preferably acidic. If sand prevails in it, then it is recommended to dilute its content with clay. The ratio of components in the soil should be 2: 1 - turf, sand or clay, respectively. On heavy soils, drainage is important (20 cm layer).
The optimal time for planting Mugus: in the spring - the last days of April, in the autumn - from the last days of August to mid-September. When planting, it is important to observe the distance between the plants; for large varieties, the distance should be at least 4 m, and for undersized - about 1.5 m.
The root neck is at the same level with the soil level; for this, it is better to place the neck of large varieties a little higher above the ground so that it can land at the level of the soil. Then, the area around the trunk is recommended to be mulched, and then water it abundantly.
Mugus is not susceptible to diseases and pests. When a thick litter is formed, humus will accumulate and moisture will be better preserved.
It is easy to form a crown, so annual shoots are cut and reduced in order to get a thicker and more dense crown and slow its growth.
The needles of a young pine "Mugus" may suffer from sunburn due to tender needles. For protection, it is better to use a lapnik, which is removed by mid-April.
Reproduction can be done in two ways - cuttings and seeds. Seeds can be planted 2 years after pollination.
Propagation by cuttings occurs in the greenhouse. It is better to use cuttings from an adult plant (5-9 years) during the swelling of buds on it. The cutting is immersed in water, after which it is treated with anti-rot agents. In the autumn the root system will develop.
For more information about the nuances of planting mountain pine can be found in the training video:
Mugus in landscape design
To make your landscape play with new colors, sometimes it is enough just to decorate it with a small tree. Thanks to him, even the most ordinary garden will become more comfortable and beautiful. Especially popular for such purposes are coniferous trees, in particular, the mugus.
It is unpretentious and pleases with its ever-green needles of emerald hue all year round, and there is a well-known pleasant pine aroma.
Due to its miniature nature, the mugus looks even more advantageous compared to its coniferous “brethren”. Its dense crown covers the entire trunk, dark green needles successfully shade all that riot of colors of the plants present on the site.
Mugus is a long-lived, therefore, choosing it as a site decoration, be sure that it will please the eye for many years.
It grows slowly and in height can reach a maximum of 3 m, and the crown can grow up to 4 m. It is widespread everywhere.
This bright green accent in the form of a mugus is a must for lifeless rocky gardens, alpine hills and slopes. Can be used as a curb, hedge, longline compositions, etc.
Planted as a curb along the tracks, and its unpretentious, decorative and long-lived will make the path more refined.
Mugus is ideal for imitating mountain peaks, thanks to the creeping crown framing the stones. If you do not always have time to take care of the garden, do not worry - the mugus is able to survive even in adverse conditions, without losing its attractiveness.
To give a delicate composition of rigidity should be planted mugus next to fragrant roses and other flowering plants.
This plant, among other things, is perfect for group ensemble with other plants. Mugus can be combined with other types of conifers with a blue and golden crown, with larch.
In longline compositions, the mugus is usually used as the upper layer, where the lower level is moss, heather, lichen.
Pine is a remarkable plant in terms of its absence of any effect on the crops growing nearby. Good composition with ornamental herbs and cereals, flowering shrubs, dwarf maple, heather. One of the few reasons why Mugus cannot grow with a particular plant is the different demands of the species on the ground.
Mugus is often planted near water bodies, where it creates an original composition with weeping willows.
Description: mountain pine mugus - shrub or low tree with one or more trunks with a height of not more than 3 meters. Krone spherical or creeping, with a diameter of 2 meters. Pine Mugus grows very slowly, the annual growth is 10 cm in height, and 15 cm in width.
Bark scaly, exfoliated, gray-brown color. The bark of young shoots is light green, with time it becomes bare, dark brown. The branches are strong, do not bend or break under the weight of snow. The needles are collected in bundles of 4-5 pieces.
The buds are elongated, oval, 5-6 mm long, resinous, brown color. The needles are dense, twisted, sometimes wavy, dark green color scheme, 3-4 cm long and 1.5-2 mm wide.
Cones appear in plants aged 6-8 years, grow singly or 2-3 pieces, sit on short petioles, cone diameter 5 cm, length 8 cm, ripen in the third year in spring. Cones contain small and dark seeds, in 1 kg there are up to 180 thousand pieces. The seeds are edible, rich in thick and oily oil, which dries quickly in the air.
Pine is resistant to low temperatures, winds, drought, quietly tolerates industrial pollution and polluted urban air.
In the landscape design, mugo pine is used to create rocky Japanese gardens, for landscaping slopes and slopes, as well as for protective plantings.
Mountain pine has a strong and resilient wood, suitable for the manufacture of joinery, it is resinous, with a brown-red core.
Pine Mugus is not demanding on soils, it grows well on stony soil, on wet and sour loam, and even on sand, but does not like salt marsh. The plant loves light, so you need to plant it in a bright place.
Planting and maintenance are not particularly difficult. At the site they choose a place and prepare a hole in advance if the ground is heavy and loamy, at the bottom they arrange a drainage layer of broken clay brick or crushed stone covered with sand.
The depth of the pit should be such that the roots do not touch the drainage, between them there should be 15-20 cm of soil, in general, the pit should be 1.5 times the lump of earth and a depth of 1 meter. On sandy and sandy soil drainage is not needed, the depth of the pit may be no more than 80 cm.
1 bucket of water is poured into the prepared pit, some soil mixture is poured in, a plant is set, the roots are spread and the soil remains are poured, until the pit is completely filled.
The root neck when planted is not buried, otherwise the bark on it will die off, the plant will cease to receive nutrients and will dry out.
If the roots are in the burlap, it is not removed, and planted along with the burlap - it will decompose with time and will not prevent the development of the root system. If the seedling is purchased in a container, the container must be removed. Under the sacking and under the clod of earth from the sides there should be no voids, the ground should be compacted.
Pristvolny circle need to mulch sawdust, shavings or sand.
When planting, the seedling is turned to the sun by the side that had previously turned to the light source in the nursery on the street or in the greenhouse.
Soil mixture for planting pine can be prepared in several types: from equal parts of black soil and sand, from two parts of black soil, one part of pine sawdust and one part of sand, from equal parts of sandy soil and black soil.
After planting, plant care consists of watering and fertilizing the soil. The first year after planting the pine is watered in the summer 2 times a week, in the spring and in the autumn - once a week. The volume of water depends on the height of the plant: at a height of 1 meter, 10 liters of water are poured out for one irrigation, at a height of up to 1.5 meters - 15-20 liters, from 1.5 to 2.5 meters - 20-30 liters, more than 2, 5 meters - 35 liters.
Plants older than 2–3 years are transplanted only with a clod of earth in order to preserve the root system and mycorrhiza - fungi, vital for conifers.
For the first week, a pine tree is watered with a root formation stimulant, good foliar feeding gives good results - spraying the branches and needles with Appin or Zircon solution prepared in accordance with the instructions. It is necessary to spray plentifully, so that the solution flows down the needles. In addition to feeding, Appin protects the needles from ultraviolet rays in the spring and summer.
In February, a young pine tree is covered with a sunshade or small mesh construction grid. This is necessary in order to protect the plant from sunburn, which is especially important in spring, when the ground around the roots has not yet thawed, and they are not able to saturate the needles with moisture in the required volumes. When the earth thaws completely, the needles will receive moisture and evaporate it under the rays of the sun, not drying out and not getting burns, the grid can be removed.
To speed up the process of soil melting under the pine, from mid-March it can be watered with warm water, after removing the snow around the trunk.
At the same time, you can begin feeding plants, but in any case not to use humus, urea and manure - because of them, the pine will die. They fertilize pine not only in spring, but also after pruning, for this it is better to buy ready-made complexes for coniferous plants.
Pine, like other conifers, does not need fertilizer as much as deciduous plants. They have no fruits, the leaves do not change so often, so they need less nutrients, but additional feeding will increase the annual growth of shoots, make the needles even more healthy and shiny, increase the resistance of pine to aggressive external influences. And diseases are not harmful to pests of the pine.
Magnificent crown of a mountain pine - fertile material for cutting and creation of the most various figures and forms. Сосна не только украсит участок, но и будет очищать и освежать воздух, вырабатывать фитонциды, уничтожающие болезнетворные бактерии, благотворно воздействовать на нервную и дыхательную системы. Сама сосна – долгожитель, в благоприятных условиях она может прожить более 500 лет.
Горная сосна Мугус: описание, характеристика интересных сортов и разновидностей
Горная сосна Мугус — кустарниковая культура, хотя в природных условиях чаще всего выглядит как дерево. The shrub is distinguished by its tallness — it can reach 4–5 m in height, and the trees, on the contrary, are not very high, the tops stretch toward the sky at a height of 7–8 m.
The shoots of the shrub are rather short, spread along the ground, the direction of growth is up. The root system is significantly ramified and is always close to the ground surface. The color of the needles is presented in a dark green range, the length of the needles can reach 3-4 cm. The life of the needles is about 6-8 years. After the shrub has reached this age, a small cone-shaped cones appear on it, reaching a length of 4-5 cm.
Pine Mugus is considered the birthplace of the Center and South of Europe, namely: their mountainous areas. Over time, the plant has spread widely as a garden crop throughout the world.
Pine Mugus is incredibly popular among gardeners due to certain of its features:
- the plant is not afraid of frost,
- pine is not afraid of the wind thanks to a powerful root system,
- the plant is not afraid of lack of moisture
- the plant is not affected by disease,
- unpretentious to the soil on which the cultivation is carried out,
- tolerates pruning,
- Pine is considered a long-lived - the plant is able to live to 1000 years.
The shrub variety of pine (mugus) is one of the most common, represented by a huge variety of varieties, among which the following ones can be particularly emphasized (see below for photos of dwarf and soil varieties):
- Pug. Representatives of the variety are considered dwarf shrubs. The height can reach no more than 1.5 m. The diameter of the crown and its height are often identical. The shape of the crown is spherical. Thick needles have a dark green color. The plant is most often grown primarily as a tapeworm, but can sometimes be used in group compositions when creating a rocky garden.
- Mini Pug. Reduced version of the previous grade. The height of the shrub rarely exceeds 0.5-0.6 m. But the crown is characterized by incredible pomp and large size - it reaches about 1 m in diameter. It is suitable for cultivation in both single and group plantings. Loves a little shade.
- Winter Gold. Variety dwarf with a spherical crown. The needles can change their shade depending on the season: in the summer it has a pale green color, and in the fall it is golden. The height rarely exceeds 0.5 m.
- Columnaris. The variety can reach a height of 2.5 m. Crohn has a narrowly conical shape. Needles - dark color. Suitable for growing soliter and as a group ornamental plants.
- Dwarf. Shrub reaches 2 m in height. The crown is spherical. Suitable for growing not only on lawns, but also on roofs, in containers.
- Ophir. Unusual dwarf variety, different miniature growth: in height rarely reaches half a meter. The shape of the crown is very similar to the pin.
Planting plants: basic rules
For the active growth of pine and its long life in the garden, the site for planting in the open field should be chosen very carefully. For the successful cultivation of pine Mugus it is important to have a large amount of sunlight. Therefore, the site should be properly lit and warmed by the sun.
The pine is not very demanding on the soil: it will grow well both on fertile soil and on soil devoid of nutrients. Not particularly important for plants and acidity. However, if there is too much sand in the soil, it is better to add some clay to the soil to make it stronger.
Council The best option for planting pine is sandstone with a weakly acidic environment. It is in this soil that the pine can achieve an incredibly beautiful decorative effect and the maximum possible development of the root system.
The best time for planting is spring (throughout the entire period). But in the autumn, it is better not to plant a pine tree on the plot, since it will have too little time to sufficiently strengthen its root system.
Immediately before planting, a pit should be prepared: its depth should be about 1 m, and the width should be several centimeters larger than the earthen coma of the plant. A drainage layer (about 20 cm) of expanded clay, gravel, etc. is laid out at the bottom of the pit. The top is filled with a prepared soil substrate consisting of 2/3 of the soddy soil and 1/3 of the sand.
Now carefully place the seedling in the pit and fill it with the rest of the soil mixture, which needs to be slightly compacted, and then watered abundantly. Pristvolny circle necessarily mulch immediately after planting. If there are several pines, be sure to keep a certain distance between them - at least 1.5 m.
Reproduction of culture
Mugus pine multiplication is theoretically possible in 3 ways: seeds, grafting and grafting. In practice, only the first two are embodied.
The seed method is optimal: in this case, you can grow a full-fledged, healthy and very beautiful shrub. Within a month before planting, the seeds should preferably be stratified. While this process is taking place, prepare containers with nutrient, light soil (there must be drainage holes in them). From above it is desirable to sprinkle the soil with a small layer of peat, then disinfect it in the oven at a low temperature.
Seeds should be held in a disinfecting solution before sowing, then sown in a container with the ground at a distance of about 5 cm from each other. Cover containers with film. Within 20-30 days should appear sprouts. In the open ground planting grown seedlings carried out in a couple of years.
Reproduction by vaccination is a process so complex and rarely applicable in practice that a separate article would be required to describe it. We can only say that if you succeed, the young plant will be as beautiful and healthy as the mother plant.
Irrigation and dressing mode
Watering is not what pine needs for full development. Almost all its varieties live well without moisture. In addition, the intermittent needles play the role of a water-retaining layer. Unless the young plants planted in the spring, will need additional moistening in the fall (after a leaf fall). Watering will be necessary in order to protect the needles in the spring after the awakening of the shrub, because wet soil will not freeze so much as dry.
As for the dressings, they are necessary for the pine only in the first two years of its life. Preference is better to give mineral supplements with a predominance of nitrogen. In the future, the pine will not need any additional food: it is enough of the organic matter that it receives from the coniferous bedding under the tree.
Pine Mugus (Pinus mugo var. Mughus) is a coniferous shrub from the pine family, but in the wild it usually resembles a tree.
The bush is quite high, its height reaches 5 m. The tree is notable for its height, its tip rises above the ground to a height of about 8 m.
Short branches of the bush creeping, but always grow up. The root system of the plant is branched. It is located close to the surface of the earth. The length of the dark green needles of needles can reach from 3 to 4 cm. The needles live for about 6−8 years. At the same age, small cones in the form of a cone appear on the shrub, the length of which does not exceed 5 cm. These cones give the pine additional decorative effect.
Homeland bush consider mountainous areas of Central and Southern Europe. Gradually, the plant gained popularity around the world as a wonderful garden culture.
Such popularity pine Mugus provides not only a spectacular appearance, but also some features of cultivation:
- the bush is frost-resistant,
- a strong root system allows the plant not to be afraid of the wind,
- pine has good drought tolerance,
- the bush is extremely rarely ill
- the plant can successfully develop in almost any soil,
- remarkably tolerates the pruning procedure, which is important for a garden bush,
- pine is able to live up to a thousand years.
Types of shrubs
Mountain pine Mugus has several varieties. In landscape design, the most popular are the following types:
- Pug. This plant is a dwarf shrub, as it does not exceed 1.5 m in height. Its dense spherical crown has a dark green color. Most often, the pine of this variety is planted separately from other plants, in order to emphasize its spectacularity and beauty.
- Mini Pug. This variety is another representative of dwarf pines. Its height reaches only 0.5 m, but the diameter of the crown can reach 1 m. The plant is shade tolerant. Grow it in single plantings, and in compositions.
- Winter Gold. Low-growing plant with a luxurious spherical crown. Variety changes the shade of its needles, depending on the change of season. So, in the fall, the crown changes the summer green color to yellow.
- Columnaris. The dark green crown of this bush has the shape of a cone. It rises to a height of about 2.5 m.
- Dwarf. Plant height reaches 2 m. Crohn reminds ball. The variety is grown in open ground and under the roof. In addition, it is suitable for growing in a container.
- Ophir. This variety is a real dwarf among the mountain pines. Nevertheless, it differs not only in its miniature size, only 0.5 m, but also in the unusual shape of the crown. She is very much like a pin.
This method is considered the most effective, as it allows you to get a beautiful and healthy plant.
Seeds of pine necessarily need to undergo the procedure of stratification. To do this, they are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and sown in light soil, leaving a distance of 5 cm between them. Then the capacity with the seeds is placed on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, leaving there for a month. After stratification, the seeds are transferred to a warm room, covered with a thin layer of peat. Then the crops are covered with polyethylene, in which holes are made. After a month you can expect the appearance of the first leaves, but it will be possible to carry out planting in open ground only after two years.
Growing from cuttings
The undoubted advantage of this method is that it can be used in the winter period at home. At the end of winter, all coniferous plants begin a period of active sap flow, and therefore this is the best time to conduct the rooting procedure for cuttings.
To begin with, it is necessary to cut the cuttings from the shoots of the mountain pine, the length of which should be from 7 to 15 cm. Cut off the shoots are placed for twelve hours in the growth biostimulator. Sphagnum moss should be slightly moistened and spread on gauze. Then each end of the cutting is treated with a dry root formation stimulator, after which they are laid out on the moss, covering with gauze on top.
Gauze with cuttings gently rolled into a roll and put in a plastic bag. The resulting bundle can be hung on the window frame. By the beginning of the spring period, the cuttings in gauze will take root, after which they can be transplanted into a container with fertile soil. In the open ground young seedlings can be planted in two months.
Before planting a mountain pine, you need to choose the best place for it on the site. This requires to take into account that this plant is very fond of the sun. It will suit an open space, which is not obscured by buildings or other plants. The quality of the soil does not matter, as this pine is completely unpretentious. It is able to successfully grow on a variety of soil types. The best option would be sandy soil with a low level of acidity.
To plant a plant is best in the spring. This will allow the seedling to develop a strong root system.
By choosing a suitable place, you can start landing. To do this, dig a planting pit, the depth of which should be about 1 m, and the width should slightly exceed the diameter of the root system of the plant. At the bottom of the pit is placed a layer of drainage of broken brick, slate or small stones with a thickness of about 20 cm. Drainage is covered with a mixture of earth and sand. After that, a sapling is placed in a pit and its roots are covered with remnants of soil.
The plant must be plentifully watered, and then mulch his tree trunk circle.
If you plan to plant several pines, then between them you should maintain a distance of 1.5 m. It is optimal for group planting.
Watering and feeding
This plant does not need regular watering for normal growth and development. Almost all varieties of mountain pine Mugus feel great without water. As well as moisture from the roots of the bush keeps intermittent needles.
Only young pine trees planted in spring need watering. Watering should be in the autumn, after the leaf fall. Autumn watering will give protection to the needles after the spring bush wakes up. In addition, wet soil does not freeze through as hard as dry, which means that the roots will not suffer during the winter frosts.
Feeding pine needed only during the first two years of life. It is best suited for her fertilizers, in which nitrogen predominates. All subsequent growth time pine will not require any additional feeding, as the fallen needles will provide it with everything necessary.
Pruning a bush
The crown of representatives of the Pine family by nature has a magnificent appearance, and therefore it does not need pruning. But if the gardener still wants to give the plant greater aesthetics, then the shoots can be cut to about one third of the length. It should be borne in mind that as a result of pruning, the pine crown will become lush, and its branches will grow more slowly.
In the spring, be sure to remove all dried and diseased shoots.
In terms of neighborhood, pine is simply a wonderful plant. It has absolutely no effect on the cultures growing alongside it. This allows planting grass, ornamental grasses, flowering bushes, stunted maple trees and heather in the vicinity of the shrub. The list of possible neighbors of pine is limited only by plants that can grow in the same soil in which coniferous shrubs are planted.
Very often, dwarf pine is planted on the shores of various reservoirs., as it is perfect for weeping varieties of larch, creating very interesting compositions. In addition, cereal plants, beautiful grasses and even mosses can complement such a composition. Proper selection of crops will allow you to create a real corner of wildlife on the site.
Very beautiful pine Mugus looks next to a rose. Complicating such a neighborhood can only the intolerance of the rose bushes to the acidic soil, while any soil around the pine becomes acidic due to the needles. But gardeners have found a way to overcome this incompatibility of plants. Near the mountain beauty place roses growing in containers. This allows you to save for a beautiful flower comfortable conditions.
Incompatible pine Mugus with birches, golden rain, spruce, maple and forsythia.
Best as neighbors to the shrub are the same lovers of acidic soil, like him, for example:
Diseases and their treatment
Coniferous shrub is considered a plant very resistant to various diseases, but still it can suffer from infections. Pathogenic microorganisms can get on the pine with planting material, rainwater and wind, or through insects and birds, as well as humans. Particularly at risk are weakened bushes.
At the end of the winter period, needles of red-brown color with black dots may appear on the crown of young plants. This is a fungal disease called schutte. Sometimes a diseased pine can be identified by staying, resembling a web, and drying up branches.
Most often, the plant becomes ill due to the fact that it grows in adverse conditions. These include drought and lack of nutrients. And also the chance of infection increases if the summer is warm and humid.
Such factors as late planting of plants or too close placement of plants can contribute to the development of schutte. This again speaks of the importance of respecting the distance when planting seedlings.
In case of a disease, the needles of a plant fall off, which inevitably leads to a complete loss of ornamental shrubs. In addition, the weakened shyutte pine becomes very vulnerable to other pathogenic fungi.
To prevent the spread of the disease, the injured shrub is treated with drugs containing copper. All sick shoots, as well as needles that have fallen off, are burned. This will prevent the spread of the disease. If the cause of the disease is a warm and humid summer season, the shrub must be sprayed several times with colloidal sulfur, zineb, bordeaux fluid or rotor.
Garden members of the family of conifers often suffer from sclerosis or "umbrella disease." When it dies, the apical buds of the plant die, after which the infestation of the needles begins, and in the end, the shoot dies off completely. To stop the disease will allow sanitary pruning pine.
Pine Mugo Mugus is a great representative of the flora. Possessing remarkable decorative effect, this plant is completely unpretentious, which makes it very popular among gardeners. Pine is an excellent choice for someone who wants to create a corner of wildlife on his plot.
Types of mountain pine
Currently, several varieties of mountain pine are known.
- Pug. Относится к разряду карликовых кустарников, достигая в высоту не более 1,5 м. Крона растения представляет собой шар из тёмно-зелёных иголок густой хвои. Выращивают это растение на своих участках в качестве солитера.
- Мини Мопс. Разновидность вышеописанного сорта, ещё меньших размеров. Высота этого экземпляра не превышает 0,5 м, а вот в ширину крона доходит до одного метра.Grown both alone and in compositions. Well tolerated shadow.
- Winter gold. Low-growing variety with a crown in the form of a ball. The advantages of this plant, can be attributed to the color change of the crown, depending on the time of year. In summer, the needles have a delicate green color, and in the fall it becomes yellow.
- Columnaris. This plant has a cone-shaped crown of dark green color. It reaches a height of 2.5 m.
Planting mountain pine
Before embarking on planting mugo pines, one should carefully select a place in the garden plot. It should be assumed that the mountain pine Mugus is a very light-loving plant. This means that the place must be open and not obscured by buildings or other plants. The quality of the soil at the planting site does not matter much. Pine is an unpretentious plant and grows on almost any type of soil. However, the most acceptable option would be to plant a shrub on a sandy soil with low acidity.
Planting is best done in the spring so that the pine has time to strengthen the root system. Having decided on the place, we dig a hole there with a depth of about one meter, and a little wider than the root system of the seedling. At the bottom of the hole we make a drainage layer of small stones. The thickness of the layer is about 20 cm. Next, pour a mixture of earth and sand. Then, put the seedling and fall asleep with the rest of the soil. Do not forget to pour plenty of water and fall asleep around the barrel mulch. During collective planting, we maintain 1.5 m between saplings.
Methods of breeding Mugus
There are three methods of reproduction - this is seeds, cuttings and grafting. Usually use the first two methods.
- Growing pine from seed. It is considered the most effective way to grow a beautiful and healthy shrub. Before planting the seeds should be hardened. This is usually done on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for a month. Advance should prepare capacity for landing. Soil can be used the same as for seedlings. On top you can add a little peat. Seeds before planting process a weak solution of potassium permanganate. When everything is ready, the seeds are placed at a shallow depth in the capacity for seedlings. We maintain a distance of 5 cm between the seeds. Then, we cover our crops with a film with holes. In a month the first leaflets will appear, and we will be landing in the ground in two years.
- Reproduction by cuttings. This method is good because it can be carried out in the winter at home. In February, the coniferous plants begin active movement of the juice, so this time is just suitable for rooting cuttings. First, cut the cuttings from 7 to 15 cm long. Then, put them for 12 hours in Appin solution. While they are soaked, slightly sprinkled sphagnum is laid on gauze. We process each end of the cutting with a dry “Kornovin” and spread it on a sphagnum, and close it with gauze on top. Having rolled our gauze together with the cuttings into a roll, we place it in a plastic bag and can be hung on the window frame. Until spring, the cuttings take root and are transplanted in containers with fertile soil. After two months, our seedlings can be planted in open ground.
- Reproduction by vaccination. This method is the most time consuming and long, so not very popular with gardeners. The only advantage of vaccination is that, as a result, the plant adopts all the qualities of the mother bush.
Mugus pine care
For the good development of pine enough rain moisture during the season. Therefore, watering should pay attention only after planting young seedlings. It is also recommended to conduct watering in the fall to protect the plant from severe frosts, as the wet earth will freeze less than dry. But it should be remembered that Mugus does not tolerate stagnant water, so it is recommended to do drainage channels from the bush.
Feeding should be carried out during the first two years after planting, but very carefully. Exaggerating the dosage of fertilizers, there is a danger to give stimulation to the pine tree to gigantism. Feed the already mature seedlings with a good root system. And yet, do not fertilize the pine for the winter. This will lead to the formation of new shoots that do not have time to get stronger and die in the winter.
Since this is an ornamental plant, the crown of her and so it looks attractive, so pruning can not be carried out. The only thing in the spring are removed missing twigs.
Fight against diseases and pests
During a very rainy summer, a pine can strike a fungus. With this disease, the color of the needles becomes brown. In this case, the damaged branches of the bush are removed, and the plant is treated with a preparation containing copper. Another disease that can strike a plant is Scleroderriosis or Umbrella Disease. Symptoms of this disease - at the ends of the branches, the needles became brown and sagged. For treatment, it is necessary to cut and burn the affected areas. Then the plant is treated with a solution of "Fundazol."
Of the pests that can affect the pine tree, some species of aphids and butterflies can be noted. To prevent them, the bushes are treated with the drug "Lepidocide".
Pruning plants, pest control
The crown of pine trees by its nature has an attractive appearance, so it does not require pruning as such. If desired, you can add more aesthetics to the plant, slightly cutting off its shoots by about 1/3. In this case, the crown will become more lush, and the shoots will slow growth. In the spring, all dried and frozen twigs are necessarily removed.
Pine, like any other coniferous tree, is rarely sick, but the planting material may well be sick. The cause of the disease most often becomes the person himself, or rather, the measures he takes to take care of the plant, climatic conditions, birds, etc.
Sometimes after a too rainy summer or a harsh winter, a weakened plant can be affected by schütte (fungus). The needles change color to brown, and the branches dry out a lot. In some cases, conifer needles fall off. To prevent the spread of infection, you should immediately treat the plant with a preparation containing copper, and remove the damaged parts of the shrub and destroy it.
Scleroleriosis is another disease that destroys the apical branches. This happens most often due to improper pruning or lack of it. The affected branches are immediately removed, and sanitary pruning is immediately carried out.
Combination with other plants
Pine Mugus is actively used both as a main and as an auxiliary decorative element in landscape design. With the help of mountain pine often strengthen and green the slopes. Also, shrubs are often used in combination with birch, larch and other coniferous trees for landscaping plots, creating hedges and strengthening the soil.
Different varieties of pine Mugus are excellent for planting containers. You can use it in combination with small bush-like flowers when creating rocky gardens.
That's all, in fact, what you should know in order to successfully grow a decent representative of conifers in the garden plot. Good luck!