Tomatoes are vegetables that have long been loved by almost all summer residents and gardeners, and therefore this crop can be found today on the beds of any land plot. This state of affairs does not cause much surprise, since the independent cultivation of this vegetable is a rather interesting process, and with the right approach, one can harvest a plentiful harvest of tasty fruits even from one small bed. There are many varieties of tomatoes, bred by professional breeders and amateurs, among these varieties are low-growing and tall plants.
In our climate zone, it is the plants of the tall type that are planted for the most part, since it is they that produce large-sized tomatoes. Of course, the cultivation of such tomatoes will require certain costs of both labor and time. In order to really harvest a good crop of tomatoes, farmers agree to tie them up. For what exactly it is necessary to do it, and how to tie up plants correctly, we will consider further in the article.
What is needed?
Many tomato varieties have a fairly strong stem, but despite this fact, experienced farmers insist that the garter is necessary. It is especially important to carry out this procedure with tall tomatoes, since in some cases the height of such plants can reach two meters. Low-growing tomatoes are almost never tied up, but now they are planted not so often, because it is simply unprofitable to do this - in order to effectively use the available space on the plot, it is better to plant tall plants.
Garter tomatoes is an extremely important event, because it performs a number of useful functions. First of all, this is done, of course, so that the plant stems do not break and do not bend down as they grow due to the weight of the fruit filled with juice. Thus, the vitality of the vegetable is spent not on surviving, but on giving the maximum amount of fruit. In addition, the garter helps to properly arrange the bush, that is, vertically - so it will be completely open to the sun and fresh wind, which contribute to the rapid growth and development of the vegetable.
If you tie up tomatoes that grow in open space, then the likelihood that precipitation can harm the bushes is reduced to a minimum. When the bush grows vertically, its green part and the developing tomatoes will not rot in the ground with excess moisture.
No less important is the fact that the tied bush is easier to handle, easier to spray, spud and mulch. When watering this crop, it is impossible to allow water to fall on the leaves of the bush, and due to the garter to comply with such a rule will be much easier. And also at the tied-up tomato the fruits will be located quite far from the ground, which will protect them from all sorts of pests.
Thus, we can conclude that tall tomatoes still need to be tied up. The sophisticated gardeners and gardeners begin to use the garter devices about two to three weeks after planting the seedlings. There are many ways to tie up tomatoes that grow in the open air, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages.
To begin with, it should be noted that in different climatic zones, everything is different. So, agrotechnologists are arguing about whether it is advisable, in general, to tie up tomatoes in southern latitudes. In the south, tomatoes growing on plantations get enough ultraviolet radiation, and they can only be tied up so that the fruits that lie on the ground do not attack pests. And you can also tie up the highest bushes.
In areas where climatic conditions are not so favorable, garter becomes necessary. Frequent rains and low temperatures, especially at night, can not only cause trouble, but also completely destroy the crop. In order for tall bushes of tomatoes not to touch the ground, it is necessary to carry out a number of works, in particular, to tie them up correctly.
One of the most important moments is the correct choice of material for plant garters. It should be remembered that these vegetables do not like when something hits a stalk, and therefore hard materials such as wire or fishing line will have to be eliminated. In no case can you use the garter left over from last season, because there are often pathogens and various pathogens that can greatly harm the crop. A bad idea would be to use natural fabrics because they rot, serve as a haven for bacteria, pests and insects.
Thus, in order to tie up the tomatoes, some synthetic material with a low coefficient of rigidity will suit. It can be cords of caprone, twine or any rope, as long as they are wide and thick. What grapes tied up with will fit, most often it is old stockings or knee-high socks.
Before proceeding to the garter, the material should be processed, that is, disinfected by washing or boiling. It is important to remember that regardless of the chosen method of plant garter, the material should not compress the stems of a growing vegetable tightly. The main rule with a garter is to leave a small distance between the peg and the plant itself, taking into account future growth. Depending on the type of tomato in the process of growth, it will need to be tied up two to four times.
Garter is needed for the following reasons:
- Without it, there is a great chance that the stem of the plant will break, especially after the appearance of juicy fruits.
- Tied tomatoes are much easier to spray and handle in another way: weed around them soil, spud or mulch.
- Tied up plants get much more sunlight, and they are better ventilated. It increases fertility and promotes development.
- Lying high above the ground protects the leaves and fruits from mice, slugs and other pests.
- It is easier to water the tied-up plants, because it is possible to avoid unwanted ingress of large amounts of moisture to the leafy part.
- It minimizes the likelihood that precipitation will harm your crop.
You can not tie only low-growing varieties of tomatoes, but often for them it will not be superfluous. Well, if we are talking about those varieties that can reach two meters or more, it is absolutely impossible to do without this procedure.
Usually garter variants are divided depending on which base is used to fix the trunk:
- wire frame (cage),
- horizontal / vertical trellis,
The choice of basis may depend on what sort of business you are dealing with, how much free space is available on the site and so on, therefore we will consider each option separately.
Perhaps the easiest option basics for garter plants. Used when you want to minimize your efforts. but still keep the health of the tomatoes. Reliability pegs are relatively lower than other options.
A peg is driven in next to the plant, which is about 20 centimeters taller than the plant (it is important to leave room for growth). Then, using synthetic fabric, the trunk is tied to a peg. Garter is carried out as high as possible and not very tight, otherwise the tomato may die.
It is not recommended to use natural fabric, as it will rot. Also, do not use a wire or a hard rope, it cuts into the trunk and can severely damage it. A possible alternative to synthetic fabric will be special clamps, sold in stores dedicated to gardening.
When the trunk begins to grow, periodically move the garter a little higher, and if you move it no longer leaves, re-tie the trunk.
The method is more complicated, but you get an excellent and very reliable device that will last for many seasons. It is necessary to take a hard and dense wire, fold the same circles out of it and, making small equal indents between these circles, fasten them with vertical pieces of wire. There will be a mesh cylinder, something like a round cage.
Of course, you can simply buy such devices in finished form.
Then everything is simple - the cell is put on the plant, the trunk is tied up in a convenient place and, if necessary, is tied up again.
It is possible to make similar structures from wood, then they will already be in the form of a parallelepiped, and not a cylinder.
A variety of cells, but only this time in the form of a pyramid, tapering upwards. You can make from wire, and you can from a rod. Usually installed not when the plant has grown, and at the stage of planting seedlings. Caps cover several seedlings at once.
Between them, the distance is maintained so that in the future there is no crowding of plants. The rest of the principle is exactly the same as that of cells.
For especially high grades caps are not suitable (unless, of course, you are not ready to make two-meter or even higher caps).
The methods described above are good when there are not very many plants. And what if you have a large area of the plot and the beds are very long? Then the so-called trellis will help. The principle is as follows:
- At some distance from each other (meter or more) stakes are driven in.
- Between these stakes several levels of twine are stretched.
- Between them are fixed trunks of plants.
There are also vertical trellis, when tomatoes are tied only from above to the highly stretched twine or horizontal beam. But in the open field such an approach is rarely used, more often it is suitable for a greenhouse, where the binding is performed directly to the ceiling.
However, you can also use it - how to do this is shown in this video.
You will need not just a grid, but a two-meter wire fence. Such hedges are located between the rows of plants. The trunk is tied with a string to the crossbar of the fence that corresponds to its growth. As the plant develops, it can simply be tied to the next grid bar.
This is a slightly more expensive option than a trellis, but more reliable and durable. It is also great for large areas.
Some valuable recommendations that are important to remember with any method of tying:
- Take your time and be careful. One careless movement - and you can, for example, strongly pull the stems or damage the trunk. In the end, trying to protect the plant, you will do everything exactly the opposite.
- Change each year the material with which you tie the stems to the base. If you leave the old, then it can provoke various diseases.
- If you use any inventory in the binding process, it is strongly recommended to disinfect it. Even ropes should be boiled, as they will touch the plants - and any harmful substances on them can also lead to diseases.
Do everything correctly - and you will have a great harvest.
Why do you need a tying procedure?
Despite the fact that the stems of plants can be strong, experienced gardeners recommend still tying shrubs. In this procedure, as a rule, need many varieties of tomatoes. An important point is tying tall plants that can reach heights of up to 2 m.
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If we are talking about undersized varieties of tomatoes, they do not need tying. However, such varieties are less commonly used by summer residents, as each gardener tries to make rational use of the territory of the site. A tall culture saves territory, as they occupy less space.
Tying up tomatoes is an important agricultural procedure. Performs the following functions:
- During the growth of the fruit stalks are not damaged by the weight of ripe tomatoes. Culture does not expend forces on survival, but directs them to ensure high yields,
- As the shrub grows vertically, access to light and fresh air from plants increases. Shrubs start to grow and develop better,
- Rainfall is not terrible for tomatoes. If the plant grows vertically, the stems, shoots and fruits will not rot,
- A tied bush makes spraying easy,
- In addition, other nursing procedures such as mulching, hilling, weeding,
- During the watering of tomatoes should avoid water on the foliage of the plant. The tying process makes it easier
- Since in the process of tying the fruits are located high above the ground, this allows you to protect them from damage by mice and slugs.
Based on the above arguments, it can be concluded that tying bushes is a necessary and useful procedure. To begin the process of tying up the plants need 15-20 days after the seedlings are planted in a permanent place of growth. How to tie up tomatoes in the greenhouse read in other article.
Do I need to tie up tomatoes?
Not all varieties need to be fixed to the support, so early and low plants can do without garters. Many gardeners argue about the importance of such a procedure, so before you figure out how to tie up tomatoes in open ground, you should indicate its existing advantages:
- One of the mandatory procedures to prevent the growth of the bush is its pasynkovanie. It is more convenient to hold it when the plant is fixed.
- By raising the branches above the ground, damage to the crop can be avoided, because the tomatoes will not rot and be attacked by pests.
- When watering it is important that the moisture does not fall on the leaves and ovaries, and if the bush is on the ground, then it will be difficult to implement.
- Garter high tomato in the open field is important to prevent the stalk fracture due to the weight of the fruit.
- Due to the vertical location of the bush, it becomes open to the sun and air, which contributes to a better development. Spraying in this case is also easier, and the procedure will be more efficient.
How to tie tomatoes in the open field - fixtures
It is a mistake to assume that different materials can be used for the procedure, since they must be safe and reliable. In most cases, the support is made of wood or metal rods, rope, mesh, and so on. A special tomato garter loop is sold in stores, which is reusable. Note that when using fixing materials in the next season, it is imperative that disinfection be carried out. For this purpose, you can use boiling water or chlorine solution.
Most gardeners use for fixing shrubs stakes of wood, which should be approximately the same length. Still it is possible to use pipes from metal and plastic, and still thick rods. Tomato garter sticks are placed next to the bushes, and they should be 25-30 cm above the plants, because they are deepened at this distance. They need to be placed at a distance of 10-15 cm from the trunk, so as not to damage the root system.
Garter Rope Tomato
To fix the bushes to the support, they often use a rope, but it is important to pay attention to its thickness. It is not recommended to take thin ropes, as they can cut the stems. In garden stores, you can buy a special garter string tomato, which is easy to use and safe. It is best to cut it into identical pieces so that during the garter the rope does not get tangled.
Garter Racks Tomato
For fixing vegetable crops, different designs are used, which can be bought in the store already in finished form or made with your own hands. It is important that it is compact and does not take up much space, but it was easy to tie tomatoes to it. A tomato garter design may be as straight as a wall, in the shape of a circle or a triangle. There are racks designed for each bush separately and large supports for the entire series.
Garter wire tomato
Often people use scrap materials for fixing bushes, for example, different wire variants. All tomato garter methods exclude the use of wire, which often leads to damage to the soft stem and twigs. Because of this, it is not recommended to use threads, fishing line and other thin suspenders. If there is nothing else, then it is better to take cotton fabric and cut it into strips 4-5 cm wide. Another available option is old pantyhose or stockings that are soft and stretch well.
How to tie tall tomatoes on the net?
A common option, thanks to which you can hold a garter at once several bushes. It is necessary to drive in supports at the end and the beginning of a row, for example, wooden bars or iron pipes. Between them, the mesh is made of metal or plastic. Such methods of dressing tomatoes in the open field are also suitable for other vegetable crops, for example, cucumbers.
Опытные огородники рекомендуют использовать сеть с крупными ячейками, чтобы было легче прикрепить стебли и ветки растения. Describing how to tie up tomatoes in an open ground on the grid, it is worth noting an important advantage - as the tomatoes grow, you can fix branches at a more convenient level. When using a metal mesh, you can not remove it for the winter, and plastic options are preferable to twist before the onset of cold weather.
Garter tomato on horizontal trellis
One of the most convenient options, thanks to which you can tie up the whole row of bushes at once. There are recommendations on how best to tie tomatoes on a horizontal trellis:
- It is necessary to prepare two powerful logs or pipes and dig them into the ground at the beginning and end of the row.
- Between the prepared supports the twine is stretched in one or several rows, considering that the frequency should be 30-40 cm.
- For horizontal stretch, buy steel U-shaped studs that will hold the trellis.
- For those who are interested in how to tie up tomatoes in open ground to a horizontal trellis, it is important to indicate that there are two options for fixing the bushes. If several rows of twine are stretched, then the chosen garter should be attached to the central stem to the horizontal trellis. You can fix the stem, using several parallel stretch, directing the plants on one side of the trellis, then on the other, creating interweaving.
Garter tomato on a vertical trellis
Novice gardeners are confident that the presented method of fixation can only be used when growing vegetables in a greenhouse.
- Garter tomato in the open ground on the vertical trellis is possible with the construction of high supports, because the bushes are attached to the horizontal crossbar.
- The garter is chosen so that its length is equal to the height from the ground to the transverse twine plus 30 cm.
- Tie it in the lower part of the plant under the bottom leaf, but note that the stem will thicken, so there must be a reserve.
- After that, use a garter to spiral around the plant and secure it by the transverse twine.
Garter Tomato Eight
This method involves the use of conventional stakes, and it is considered the most simple and affordable. To drive a support should be at a depth of 25-3 cm. Proper garter of tomatoes in open ground indicates the need to use individual stakes for each bush. The trunk of the plant is wrapped with the chosen garter and its ends must be crossed with a figure eight, twisted and tied to a support. The instructions on how to properly tie tomatoes in open ground to the support, indicated that such manipulations are carried out with heavy brushes.
Garter a tomato in an open ground on a framework from a wire
In this case, the use of blanks in the form of circles made of thick wire is implied. Describing how to tie up tomatoes in an open ground, it is worth pointing out that the circles must be attached to several metal supports at different levels in order to get a strong cage in the form of a cylinder. In garden shops you can buy ready-made designs.
Such methods of garter cucumbers and tomatoes imply an individual fixation of each bush, which for many is a costly action. Ready cells are dug in to a depth of 15-20 cm, and then, the seedling is tied to it. Instead of a wire frame, you can make it from wooden beams, but then they will have a square shape.
Why do this?
No matter how strong the stalk of this plant may be, experienced gardeners still strongly recommend tying up tomatoes. Almost all tomato varieties require such manipulations, and garter for tall tomatoes is especially importantwhich often reach a height of 2 m.
As for low-growing tomato varieties, they don’t need a garter, by and large. But such varieties are used by gardeners less and less, because everyone tries to use the area of his plot as efficiently as possible, and tall tomatoes are more cost-effective compared to low varieties.
Tomato garter is an extremely important procedure. It performs many useful functions:
- Tomato stalks do not break during the growth period, as well as under the weight of juicy fruits. Culture forces are spent not on survival, but on ensuring good yields.
- The bush, which is located vertically, is open to the sun and fresh air, which favorably affects its development and fecundity.
- Rain will not be able to harm the culture that is planted in the open. If the tomato plant is positioned vertically, then the green part and the fruits will not rot in the overwetted soil.
- A plant that has passed the garter is easier to spray.
- It is also easier to conduct other procedures for the care, in particular, to mulch and spud plants, weed the soil.
- It is known that when watering tomatoes it is recommended to avoid moisture on the deciduous part of the plant. Thanks to the garter to fulfill such a requirement will not be difficult.
- Thanks to the garter, the fruits are placed high enough above the ground, which will protect them from being hit by slugs and mice.
Based on all of the above, there should be no doubt about the need for a garter of tomatoes. It is recommended to build garters for about 15–20 days after the seedlings are planted in the place of permanent growth. Methods of garters tomatoes planted in the open field, are different. Next, we consider the most common of them.
The development of gardening does not stand still. Breeders regularly submit to the general attention of all new varieties of vegetable crops. Also, farmers know many ways of tying tomatoes at the site. The effectiveness of many has been confirmed by practice, so that a novice gardener can choose almost any of them.
This is the most popular way to help maintain the vertical position of the stems of a tomato culture. To implement it, you should drive a peg next to the plant into the soil, and then carefully attach the stem to it. If necessary, the garter should be made in several places. Stake height should be about 20 cm above the tomato stem. Tie the stem to the peg can be any pieces of fabric. But it is better to choose a synthetic material, since natural fabric will rot and thereby damage the plant.
The garter itself should be made as high as possible, while the harness should not be tightly tightened, as tomatoes can simply die. As the tomato crop grows, the garter can be gradually moved up or removed and tied up again.
On the trellis
If there are a lot of tomatoes planted in the open field, then the garter using the peg method can be inconvenient to use. It is better in this case to tie up the plants on the trellis.
You need strong stakes and a thin long bar. Pegs will need to drive in the opposite sides of the beds, and between the stakes to stretch and secure the wire. Bind plants should be directly to the wire. This method can be used in several variations:
- Stretch a strong wire between high bars at a height of about 2 m and use long strings that will reach both the stem and the wire. The stalks of tomatoes will grow and twist these twines as they develop.
- Stretch a few wire rows, also securing them on the pegs. At the same time, each individual tomato bush will need to be tied several times to the stretch, or else the lashes as they grow through the horizontal strips, forming a kind of tomato wicker.
Cages for vegetables
Also, gardeners can build cells for their tomatoes. Such designs will fold more than one season. It will be necessary to make cages separately for each bush of tomatoes.
Using a dense and rigid wire, you need to form several of the same size circles. Then they should be fastened together, keeping distance, using a vertical rack, which can also be made of wire. The result should be some kind of cylindrical cells. Such constructions need to be placed on a bed over tomato bushes and, as the plant grows, make a garter.
If it is not possible to find the required wire density, then the cage can be made of wood. You can also make the structure wider, then it will be able to cover not one bush, but several at once. This adaptation will be much more reliable than ordinary pegs.
To carry out the garter of tomatoes planted in open ground, you can also use a kind of caps. This method, by the way, is suitable for garters and other plant crops.
For the manufacture of such a device will need branches of the rod or wire. You need to make a kind of pyramid with the base and cross-viscous in shape of the cell. Such caps should be installed on the bed during planting, at a distance of about 1 m from each other. If the plot allows, the distance may be even greater, this will avoid unnecessary crowding of tomatoes.
Tips and tricks
Even an aspiring gardener will be able to carry out the garter, because this procedure does not cause any particular difficulties:
- Experienced farmers recommend annually using new material to tie the stems to the base, as old tissue patches can provoke various kinds of diseases.
- It is also recommended to pre-disinfect all inventory that will be used. It is necessary at least to boil the twine that will be in direct contact with the plants.
- It is extremely important to conduct all manipulations without haste and with care so as not to damage the tomatoes. You can not overtighten the stems too much, otherwise the plant may begin to die.
Why tie up tomatoes?
Not all varieties of tomatoes are able to "keep themselves" in the process of growth and even more so the development of fruits. Under the mass of tomatoes poured in, bushes begin to lean toward the ground and may even break. If the injury does not happen, then the future harvest is unlikely to benefit from lying on the ground - slugs and worms will enjoy a surprise gift with pleasure.
There is one more circumstance - it is necessary to water the tomatoes at the root, and when they are in a supine position, this cannot be done. It is undesirable to water the tomato tops, as well as to fill with water the fruits lying on the ground. And in general, the path to the tops of the plant for any disease in this case is significantly reduced.
To avoid unpleasant moments that can adversely affect the final result of all your labors, tomatoes must be tied up. And now let's figure out exactly how.
In conditions other than those in southern latitudes, the garter of tomatoes becomes a necessity
In different climatic conditions, things are different. For example, in southern latitudes, where tomatoes are grown on large plantations in the rays of the bright sun, it is impractical to tie them up. The fruits lie on the ground, and the whole plant receives much more nutrients from the ground than in the case of the garter.
Residents of cooler regions hardly think about a similar method of cultivation. Periodic rains in combination with not the highest temperatures (especially at night) can destroy all the efforts of gardeners with hands of phytophthora or any other evils like rot. That is why here you will definitely have to tie up tomato bushes, even undersized ones. It is necessary to completely eliminate contact of the fruit with the ground.
Thanks to the garter eliminates the contact of the fruit with the ground and their rotting
An important condition is to exclude wires, fishing lines and thin ropes from among garters for tomato bushes. For this purpose it is necessary to use nylon tights and stockings. But this is the ideal. Various straps and powerful ropes will also work, if only the garter is really strong, but gently holding the bush, without pressing the stem.
In order not to put tomatoes at risk of infection with last year’s diseases, do not use old garter.
The easiest of the known methods is a garter to a wooden or metal peg driven into the ground. For each bush, a peg is driven in next to it, and a variety of materials are used as a material for the garter - nylon stockings, cord from household appliances, ribbons and straps. The bush is tied around the top of the stem.
The advantage of this method is that the suspenders can be used every year. Minus, as already mentioned, in the possible infection of plants with diseases that remain on the garters from last year. But here there is a way out - disinfection of all materials before new use.
The important point is not to overstretch the stem with the garters, in order not to damage it and not to subject the plant to death. As the bush will grow further, it is necessary to equip it with new garters or to pick up the old one as it grows.
Slightly complicate the garter, using trellis. Put them at some distance from each other and stretch the wire between them horizontally. Between the rows of wire make a distance of 45cm. Actually, the rows of bushes will be tied to these wires.
The metal mesh can serve as a good guide for the bushes of tomato, only its cells should be large
The third method is called linear. In the middle between the stakes they pull the wire, then a rope stretches to it over each tomato, one of its ends is fastened on the stem of a bush.
The fourth way - we make a cage for each bush. The cage is made of wire or metal. Bend the circles, which will be connected by rods. We plant a tomato bush, we drop a cage to a depth of 15 cm and tie it with a rope.
The next method is the use of pyramidal caps, created from four rods each. Each cap accommodates four bushes and when planting, it digs in by 25 cm, and the tops of the rods are connected with wire.
The sixth method involves the use of hooks and wire. On both sides of the tomato row, stakes are dug, between which a cable is pulled. After 30 cm from it, the fishing line or twine is pulled, to which rings and hooks are attached. Hooks and stalks of tomato bushes will be hooked.
The advantages of growing tomatoes with a garter to the support
Any experienced gardener will say that in order to obtain a full-fledged tomato crop, the plant must be tied to a support, this is especially true for medium-tall and tall varieties.
This simple technique achieves several goals at once:
- the weight of the fruit is partially moved to the support, which relieves the stem of the bush,
- the tomatoes themselves do not touch the ground, so the risk of putrid diseases becomes minimal,
- the open surface of the bed is convenient for irrigating tomatoes under the root, for mulching and weeding, there is little chance for her to get slugs, snails and other pests,
- the bed is more open to the sun and air, it accelerates the ripening of tomatoes,
- convenient to shoot ripe fruit.
Video: using metal tubes as a support
Pegs made of any material (the length of which should not be less than the estimated height of the plant) are driven in next to the bush to a depth of 20–30 cm. Usually, a bush is tied up 2–3 weeks after it is planted in open ground. For garter better to use synthetic material. Unlike cotton, the one is more durable, and there is less chance to bring any infection through it to the hive.
The knot on the stem can not be tightened tightly, it should be free to leave space for the growth of the plant. The knot called “free loop” is very convenient in operation.
Video: How to make a “free loop” for tomatoes
Well, who does not want to mess with knots and strings, can use special reusable clips. Clips are comfortable, but expensive compared to twine
Tapestries are the most suitable way for warm regions.
It is simpler for owners of greenhouses and hotbeds: their very construction can be easily adapted for gartering tomatoes. For open ground, there are several options for the organization of tapestries, but at least two supports remain unchanged, located at the ends of the tomato bed. Their design may be different, as the material itself. The main condition is a hard embedding into the ground. If the bed is long, intermediate supports are organized, usually with a pitch of about two meters.
Trellis is more convenient to use on beds in regions with a warm climate, where it is not required to close tomatoes for the night.
Основная идея этого способа — в подвязке помидоров к верёвкам, которые свисают над каждым кустом, а крепятся вверху к жёстким или гибким горизонтальным элементам, расположенным между опорами. Это может быть, например, деревянный брусок или натянутая между опорами верёвка. For a vertical trellis with a rigid support for the ropes, a horizontal bar is used, and for a trellis with a flexible support, the ropes are tied to a stretched cord for tying
Tying does not necessarily imply knotted attachment of the stem to the support. For vertical trellises, simply twisting the rope around the main stem of a tomato is often used.
Video: tying tomatoes to vertical trellis
In the 80s of the last century, amateur gardener near Moscow, IM Maslov, proposed a new method of growing tomatoes, including an original way of attaching them to a trellis. Its essence is that loops are arranged on a vertical flexible support, to which tomatoes are tied up through rubber rings and metal loops as they grow.
With this method it is convenient to cope with a large crop, when clusters of fruits can be fastened to the same hinges through mesh bags. A hook with a rubber ring is attached to the vertical support (rope), to which the tomatoes are tied
In order for the branches of tomatoes not to break off under the weight of the crop, they need support - for low-growing tomatoes, this may be a rod stand for a bunch. In the case of the garter of fruits to the trellis, it is necessary to provide under the branch with fruits a sufficient supporting surface of the garter so that it does not hit the stem - for this purpose old nylon stockings are often used.
Their feature is a horizontally stretched rope between the supports of the trellis. These cords in height can be somewhat depending on the dimensions of the bushes, the stalks of tomatoes are tied to them. Tomatoes are tied to ropes running horizontally.
A large variety of modern materials for the construction and arrangement of the suburban area has brought to life new variants of garter tomatoes, among them - rather exotic cells and caps for tomatoes. Here we mention the more practical trellis from the grid.
It can be just a metal mesh, or with a polymer coating, or purely polymer with cells of at least 50 × 50 mm. The mesh is located between the supports and attached to them, and the tomatoes are already tied to it.
Photo Gallery: garter of tomatoes to the net
The coarse mesh is also convenient because the actual garter can be replaced by passing the top of the tomato and its stepsons through the cells of the net. Then the trellis and the plant become a single rigid structure capable of withstanding the abundant harvest of tomatoes.
Considered examples of the design of supports for garter tomatoes are not exhausted, but these are the most common and they are quite enough to make a choice for your garden.
To some, it would seem troublesome to engage in tying up a tomato on a trellis, well, there is a simpler option - on stakes. And rest assured: the time spent is sure to be reimbursed by a good harvest.