S tachis is a perennial plant with webbed or oblong leaves having an ordinary linear pattern. The surface is silver tint, felt fluffy and slightly rough. Tsvetonosy marshy artichoke-initial letters mimic the spike, consisting of dense rows of multi-flowered whorls. They are neatly gathered at the top of the base and beautifully branched in its lower part. The tubular monocotyled calyx, at the edges of which the teeth are in the shape of a triangle, blooms from May to August.
Types and distribution
Chistets woolly in the wild is found in mixed and coniferous forests, sometimes it grows in the steppe territory. Ziebold's ornamental varieties of garden stakhis are impressive by the variety of shapes and lengths of gray leaves, the color of flowers and other botanical features:
- "Marvel" - the type of tall letter of the color of the plant reaches 50 cm
- "Striped Phantom" - a variety with brightly colored leaves,
- "Sheep ears" - a stalk 30 cm long, lilac-pink dicotyledonous spikelets,
- Silky Fleece is a 25 cm tall shrub. It has a pubescent light green crown and purple whorls, honey plants,
- "Big Ears" (Big Irz) - a variety with huge elongated leaves of 25 cm,
- "Sheila Macqueen" - a squat shrub that does not form flower stalks,
- "Cotton Ball" - Chistek forms rounded spikelets of a silvery shade,
- “Primrose Heron” - pink flowers appear in the spring against the background of yellow leaves,
- "Silver Carpet" - a stunted plant up to 15 cm high, forms a solid silver carpet. It is used for decorating flowerbeds in the area adjacent to the house.
Botanical description and classification
Spread high or creeping bush with a stem from 20 cm to 60 cm - this is stahis woolly, planting and care are required in spring, summer and autumn. The roots are in the surface layers of the soil, well developed. The plant loves loose drained soil with fertilizer applied. It survives well in partial shade, in open sunny areas. The shrub endures winter frost and is ready for pruning old leaves and stem in spring.
In Russia, gardeners grow creeping shrubs for decorating flowerbeds, rockeries. Translated from Latin, Stachys byzantina is a Byzantine name: it belongs to the family Lamiaceae, the genus Stachys. Yaskolka felt in nature has up to four hundred species. The geography of distribution looks like this:
- Stachis settled in southern Russia (Siberia, Altai),
- is found on the Crimean peninsula, Ukraine, in the Caucasus,
- perfectly acclimatized in Turkey, Iran, Morocco, Armenia,
- grows in the Mediterranean countries.
A representative of the Lamiaceae family can be tall or squat: the creeping species grows up to 15-20 cm, and the perennial with long flowering cups reaches 50-60 cm. It develops leaves of dark green color surrounded by a white edge (silver-white fibers). Since June, it forms light pink whorls, lilac-lilac melliferous tops, and in some varieties there are yellow dense spikelets about 20 cm long. It is pleasing to the end of “Indian summer” with bright multicolored hues. In warm climatic zones, stahis propagate by seeds. The name from the Latin word Stachys literally meaning "ear" was fixed because of the elongated inflorescence. And thanks to the lush leaves, resembling the oval shape of the ears of a small lamb, the plant received the name "Sheep ears."
Gardeners and designers appreciate the perennial monkey "Humello" for the noble outer sheet, iridescent light silver shades. He adds a sophisticated look to the flowerbed, performing the function of curb bushes. It is successfully mixed in rockeries with other popular plants. There is a woolly larch tree and on flower beds near children's playgrounds, recreation areas. The structure of the sheet is extremely calming emotions, cheerful mood.
A pothole or black gill in the composition contains:
- tannins and organic acids,
- keratinoids and pectins,
- essential oils and sugars
- traces of alkaloids (stachydrin) and flavonoids.
The biological composition of the Kolutnik seed impresses with a 0.13% content of ascorbic acid, the presence of up to 44% vegetable fat. Essential oils, iridoids, vitamins (K, C) suggest an extremely active antimicrobial activity, detrimental effect on the parasitic colonies of staphylococcus. Its feature is the rapid development in the absence of immunity in the human body.
The antimicrobial composition and the vitamin formula is represented by a bell bug, a sheep's ears. The so-called black gill is actively used in medicine - preparations are used to treat:
- hypertension, stuttering, neurosis and insomnia,
- heart failure, poor cerebral circulation,
- diseases of the female genital organs, heavy bleeding.
Byzantine (woolly) Chistets: description and characteristics
Chistez Byzantine is a perennial plant. Its leaves are large and beautiful, covered with white fuzz, as if wool. This woolen plant can be planted safely in your garden, not only for medicinal purposes, but also just for decoration.
The flower of the Byzantine stakhis is small, combined with many other garden plants. The flower can be both pink and lilac. Bloom bloom begins in early June, and ends flowering only in late September.
Planting and care, as well as breeding methods
Chisetz Byzantine is a light-loving plant, so it should be planted in sunny areas. The soil should be light and fertilized with manure or any other vegetable fertilizer. Moisture this plant can not stand, may die. The Byzantine Stachys easily tolerate severe frosts, so it can be left in the soil for the winter.
Planted hare ears can be either seedlings or cuttings. This should be done in the middle of summer. The soil before sediment must be fertilized. Add superphosphate, potassium sulfate and organic fertilizers to it, and then dig the prepared soil. If there are weeds, then they need to be removed. The distance between the bushes of Chistac must be at least thirty centimeters.
Care and cultivation.
Hare ears is an unpretentious plant, so care for him needs a minimum. It should rarely be watered so that no water stagnates. Watering should be done very carefully at the root, water should not fall on the leaves. This can lead to their death. Byzantine Chistek perfectly tolerate not only frost, but also drought.
As soon as the flower blooms, flower stalks should be cut. Together with him you need to remove the bad leaves. This is necessary in order to grow new leaves.
In early spring, woolly chistits must be fed. For this fit chicken droppings, saltpeter and mullein. These three ingredients need to be mixed and dressing is ready. Feed Chistere need twice.
If you plant new seedlings in the spring, they must also be fed with mineral and organic fertilizers. This should be done at least once every two weeks. If there is no organic fertilizer, you can make the following extract: take nettle, soak it for several days in water. The resulting solution must be watered plant.
Woolly chistits can be propagated in three ways:
Consider in more detail each of the ways.
Reproduction of Byzantine stakhis by cuttings.
This method of reproduction is suitable only in warm weather. To do this, cut a few shoots with leaves. Plant them in specially prepared soil: peat and sand. Plant cuttings there, pour. Make sure that they do not rot. In a few weeks new shoots should appear. They can be transplanted to a permanent place. The distance between the bushes should be at least 20 centimeters.
Sheep's ear can be grown from seed. They can be planted directly into the soil or at home in a special box.
If you decide to plant the plant seeds immediately in the soil, then it should be done in the spring. Seeds will germinate only in fifteen days, and the leaves will not have white fluff. It will appear over time.
If you want to plant seeds at home. Then it should be done in early spring in special boxes with fertilized soil. When there are several leaves, the Chisel can already be planted in a permanent place. This should not be done before May. The distance between the seedlings should not be less than twenty centimeters.
Reproduction of the Byzantine stakhis by dividing the bush.
This method is the easiest. To do this, the plant must be dug, and then the root system must be divided into roots with his hands. The resulting seedlings can be planted in the ground. The distance between plants should not be less than twenty centimeters and no more than forty centimeters.
Chistets woolly - medicinal plant, which took our ancestors. Flowers, leaves, roots and stems went to make the medicine. But now also stachis is used too. Let's look at its healing properties:
- This plant perfectly stops bleeding, so it is actively used in gynecology.
- Increases immunity.
- It manages scrofula and gout.
- Helps with diathesis.
- Treats nervous disorders.
- Helps with skin diseases.
- Lowers blood pressure.
- Normalizes the menstrual cycle.
- Relieves inflammation.
- Helps with heart failure and poor cerebral circulation.
- It is an analgesic.
- Helps to cope with dandruff.
But the plant has contraindications:
- Pregnant and lactating women can not take it.
- Chisty is contraindicated in children.
- Cannot be taken by people prone to allergies.
How to prepare the drug?
Woolly Chistitsa Infusion.
Crush dried leaves, flowers and plant stems. One tablespoon of this mixture pour a glass of boiling water. Let it brew for two hours, then strain it. This infusion helps with uterine bleeding and increased pressure. Take one tablespoon twice a day.
Tincture of the roots.
A tablespoon of roots pour 300 milligrams of boiling water. Roots before this must be crushed. The solution should be boiled for about four minutes. After this, the infusion should be left for two hours in the chambers, so that he infused. Before use, it must be filtered. This tool is great for intestinal colic, pain in the stomach and gastritis. Take the drug should be three times a day for half a cup after a meal.
This plant is perfect for growing at home. as a decoration for a hill or garden in a fairly warm climate. Externally, the "sheep ears" look very beautiful due to the fact that the whole plant seems to be covered with white bloom, which is why it has a light color.
If you touch this culture, and even better to join her foot, you can feel in paradise - so silky, soft and pleasant to the touch plant is quite difficult to find. Planting and caring for the woolly Chiscuit is quite uncomplicated., but in order for this culture, in general, to appear in your garden, it must be properly propagated. This can be done by seed, since they have a good percentage of germination. The most suitable months for sowing are February or March.
Planting seeds Byzantine cleaner carried out in a prepared soil, which is additionally fertilized with minerals or organic matter and must be watered.
Now it only remains build a small greenhouse of transparent oilcloth or old glass. After about 30 days, young plants will begin to spill out of the seeds and the greenhouse can be removed.
Stakhis woolly, like other plants, does not differ in the pattern of planting seeds and growing seedlings. Approximately one month later, the plant is diving, that is, it is planted in larger pots at a distance of 10 cm from each other, so that each young organism has more area and the opportunity to release the root system.
Now the culture is completely ready for transplanting into a garden or a vegetable garden, into an open ground. But first you need to know how to carry out the procedure for transplantation Byzantine cleaner, how to choose the optimal place for a plant and when it is best to transplant stakhis.
Choosing a place
Stakhis - quite unpretentious in the care of the plant. Culture will feel great in the open sun and at the same time, will not fade. It tolerates drought quite well. If you put Chisty in the penumbra - he also will not mind.
With constant sun illumination, the stakhis grow very large distinctive leaves, the color of which is slightly whiter than that of the “brethren” living in the shade.
However, to think that this culture will be able to live in complete drought, like a cactus, would be a fatal mistake. It threatens to bush will simply throw off all its leaves, in order to survive, because it can not saturate them with trace elements and water.
Therefore, if the summer is too hot and dry, then the soil should be moistened from time to time. However, flooding the plant with more water will be no less a mistake than not watering it at all. More severe drought culture loves only stagnant moisture.
What kind of primer should pick up our woolly friend? In this case, most of the known compositions of the soil will do:
Ornamental plant does not take its roots too deep. Basically, the root system is superficial, which makes the culture so universal when choosing a soil.
In addition, you do not have to replant the stakhis from place to place every year. He will feel great in one place for several years. However, in the fifth or sixth year of the growing season, the middle of the flowerbed of the plant may begin to thin. Chistets will help to save the additional cultivation of new seedlings in other places, complete transplanting of flowerbeds to a place that is more saturated with useful minerals or fertilizer of the soil.
Stakhis will be ready to move to another "place of residence" as soon as the spring night frosts end, but it will be best to wait until May. When transplanting a whole flower bed, it is necessary to take into account that each seedling should be at a distance of about 20 cm from its neighbor. Before planting, it is recommended to apply fertilizer to the soil; this can be done with the help of manure, humus or just add chalk to it.
If you transplant the stachis, which for five years lived a carefree life, then under it it is necessary to dig up a part of the earth and pour a new, rich in trace elements into its place. After that it remains only to plant our seedlings on a fertile place.
As a single plant, stahis are planted quite rarely, although even in this case it will look advantageous. Usually, it is supplemented on an alpine hill or in a garden with other plants or used as a fence for flower beds. Therefore, it is important to know with whom he will compete and with whom he will be friends. Among the most preferred companions:
- pink rose bushes
- lung sugar,
- silver wormwood.
Loosening the soil, weeding and watering
As noted earlier, the stakhis himself feels great in dry soil and does not tolerate stagnant water. Water culture should be only in the case of a hot and very dry summer. In ordinary spring and autumn days, the plant is not recommended to be watered.
The lack of moisture in the summer days can be seen on the foliage. Water culture is necessary in the evening, when the sun shines at a sufficiently large distance. Several young saplings can be planted in the soil in the spring, since the old specimens can be pulled up, discarding the young leaves, and because of this, in the flowerbed, voids will be formed, which for decorative purposes are best closed.
If the leaves and stems are too long or completely dried, it is recommended to cut them. Do the same with the rhizome throughout the summer, which will occasionally get out.
Coma watering in the summer, stahis requires careful maintenance of the soil. From time to time it is necessary to loosen it, even though the culture does not give deeply growing roots. This procedure is recommended every two weeks.
The plant can be tucked at its discretion, but this can be done no more than 3 times per season, because, in this way, you give the stachis space for development, and this can lead to excessive growth. Hurry loosen the soil is not worth it. Do this only when the leaves grow to about 20 cm in length.
As for fertilizers, the culture does not need frequent dressing. It will be enough for her to get a portion of the compost once a season. In the spring, young saplings can be planted in such a soil.
As you have already noticed from the description of the culture, stachis is an ornamental plant. Он считается идеальным вариантом для того, чтобы оформить бордюры, газоны или ручьи. Конечно же, лиственная часть растения ценится намного больше, чем его тонкие стебли, на которых располагается шапка неприглядных и мелких цветов.It is difficult to imagine how much power the stakhis gives in order to release such an arrow.
Naturally, this is all offset by new arrows, which die or if new leaves do not develop. But for decoration we need everything to be the other way around, how to be?
In order to leaf folded velvet was saved Inflorescence arrows must be constantly cut.. The shorter the pruning is done, the better it will affect the development of the leaves. The optimal time for such a procedure is the period immediately after the first flowering.
If you have not managed to cut the plant before this, then next year it is necessary to closely monitor the formation of new shoots from the end of April or the beginning of May - immediately cut them off without regret. As soon as warm sunny days come, the plant will give all its strength to the foliage in the period of active growth, which over time will cover the ground and delight the gardening eye with its luxurious look up to the first frost.
If a winter was pretty snowy and frosty, then it is not recommended to replant the plant to a new location. Stakhis will hide himself with a snow blanket and calmly spend the winter, and in the spring he will once again delight his master with velvet shoots.
In the event that the winter is dry but frosty, it is recommended to cover the plants for the winter season under a thick film, and protect the root system with a layer of mulch.
Sowing seeds in open ground
The plant can be propagated by planting seeds in the open ground in spring, when the threat of night frosts or in the fall, immediately before the onset of winter frosts, passes. A slightly frozen ground may also be suitable for planting, but it will need to be heated well.
It is very important to ensure that the air temperature outside is not lower than 8 ° C, but not higher than 20 ° C. Approximately 10 days after planting the seeds, the plant will give the first shoots. The percentage of germination, as in the germination of planting material in room conditions, is very high. After that, it will be possible to plant young crops, observing the standard distance between seedlings of 15-20 cm.
Quite often used method of breeding stakhis. From the developed bush it is necessary to separate part of the foliage together with the root system. This method will allow in a fairly short time to get a new plant, so for the propagation of the culture, it is preferable to use this method. It is possible to plant and divide a bush at any time of the year, except for winter, which is another advantage of dividing the bushes. The most important thing is that there is no scorching sun outside. Therefore, the best time for breeding stakhis by dividing the bushes is the end of August, since the weather is still quite warm, but not the same as with the scorching July sun.
As noted earlier, the plant has rather shallow roots, so reproduction by cuttings will also provide you with a quality result. Stachis cuttings are capable of adapting to a new land in a fairly short time.
- Select the appropriate material for planting from the bottom of the stem of an adult plant.
- Cut the cuttings with a sharp disinfected knife at a right angle.
- We plant material not too deep into the ground, keeping a distance of 15-20 cm between the specimens.
The most preferable task with this method of reproduction is to spy on the adaptation period of young plants. It is also necessary to closely monitor the level of moisture in the soil, so that the roots of the stacks are not damaged by rot. At the same time, too dry soil is also undesirable, since it can dry the roots of a young plant.
It is possible to conduct grafting in early spring. In the event that the soil has not had time to warm up - cover it with a film for a couple of days. For such a breeding method, a warm, but not too hot time of summer, autumn or spring will suit.