Aglaonema is a bright unpretentious flower, which is easy to care for in the home. There are many varieties and colors of this useful indoor plant, which perfectly purify the air from harmful elements. In this article, we will look at all the secrets to the successful cultivation of aglaonema, and the photos and names of the species will help you choose the “green friend” you like.
What does aglaonema look like
The appearance of the flower resembles a small shrub 0.25-1m tall with a short, straight stem and tight, long, fleshy leaves. They can be with different shades of green and less often - red (depending on the variety), with white, pink, silver, yellow veins and spots. The green pet blossoms in small cobs, which are covered with pale green, pink or white small rosettes. Fruits - ruby or orange oblong berries, sometimes white, having one seed inside, suitable for sowing.
Varieties of aglaonema
Due to the height of the bushes, the flower varieties are divided into three groups:
- Undersized. Size up to 25 cm, creeping or drooping stems,
- Sredneroslye. Their leaf plates grow to a length of 30 cm,
- High. Size 1 m and leaves up to 40 cm.
The most famous types of aglaonema with photo:
- Silver Queen. Flower up to 40 cm, which loves a lot of light, giving it a special diversity. He has a beautiful silver-blue leaf surface,
- "Crete" (sometimes called aglaonema red) is a plant with bright-colored foliage with pinkish, green, purple splashes. Variety demanding bright lighting. Reaches 30-40 cm in height,
- "Maria". It is a medium-sized culture with thick emerald green leaves. Such a “green resident” is shade-tolerant, even a room with artificial light will suit him,
- "Modest." Bright green plant reaches a height of 50 cm, has pointed leaves, rounded with visible veins that are extended to 20 cm,
- “Changeable” (another name is “changeable”). It is an upright shrub whose elongated dark green glossy foliage in the shape of an ellipse is up to 30 cm long. A room with diffused light is well suited for favorable growth.
Planting and growing a flower
A houseplant aglaonema purchased in a store is not recommended to replant immediately. Let adapts within 2-3 weeks.
- Put in the pot drainage - expanded clay, small pebbles, broken shards or walnut skarlupu,
- Pour the earth up to 1/2 volume,
- Place the flower in the center of the pot, spread the roots, add the substrate,
- If the plant is young, then you do not need to bury it, but an adult can be planted a little,
- Generously pour the culture with warm water.
What to do to the flower grew lush and beautiful? You need to know its features:
- The tropical bush loves places with diffused light, as well as a little shaded. Keep it away from direct sunlight and do not place it near radiators,
- In summer, the temperature regime should be + 20-25 degrees, in winter - slightly lower,
- The flower prefers warm and high humidity, so irrigate it twice a week, and especially take it into account in dry weather,
- Culture does not tolerate drafts and does not like to contact with tobacco and other smoke.
Soil and pot for plants
In order for a flower to grow healthy and attractive, it is necessary to have nutrient primer. The soil should pass well water and air, be loose. If you prepare your own soil, then the composition should consist of three parts of leafy soil, one share of peat, one of sand, and 1/2 of charcoal and 1/2 of humus. You can buy ready-made primer for heather, azalea or violets. This composition is great for our "green friend".
The root system of the plant is fibrous and superficial, so it does not need a deep pot. In a indoor flower, a wonderful growth of leaves and the best development is possible if its roots grow in a small vessel. The ideal option would be a wide (if there are young shoots) and a shallow pot, but do not forget that 1/4 of its height must be filled with drainage.
How to care for aglaonema
Home care for aglaonema involves regular watering, fertilizing, spraying and timely transplants. To keep the air humidity at the right level around the pot, it can be installed in a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay. The leaves of the plant must often be wiped or watered from the shower. Then they will not lose their brilliance and brightness. Consider the description of the rules of care in more detail.
Abundant watering of the plant must be made from April to November, when the top layer of soil dries. But we can not allow the moisture for a long time stood in the root system. The frequency and abundance of irrigation is selected based on the temperature of the room - when it is cool, the flower requires less water.
In winter, the amount of moisture is reduced, making watering two days later after the soil dries. In the summer it is necessary to water a bush every other day.
To make the flower bushy, you need to prevent it from blooming and cutting off the growing shoots with buds. This will lead to the emergence of new buds, and the bush will begin to grow, acquire pomp and beauty.
If during growth the stems become bare, and the shoot seems to be bald, then the top of the trunk, on which voids have appeared, is cut off. Shortly thereafter, young leaves and shoots will begin to grow in the place of the cut. A cut stalk can be installed in water or in the ground covered with foil. After some time, it will begin to take root.
Propagation of aglaonema
This plant can be propagated in three ways:
The first method is the easiest to implement. During the April or May transplantation, strong healthy shoots with 3-4 leaves and roots are gently plucked from the bush. In this part, which should be under the ground, neatly cut with a sharp knife. Child shoots are planted for rooting in a separate container with fertile soil. With regular watering and fertilization, it begins to grow rapidly.
The second method - cutting, involves cutting the stem with the apical part and separating the trunk into several segments of 9-12 cm, each of which must have leaves. The cuttings are dried for a couple of days, the cuts are covered with charcoal. Next comes the rooting stage:
- The cuttings are planted to a depth of 5 cm in a mixture of sand and peat,
- Rooting must be done at a temperature of + 22-25 degrees. This will help the roots to form more quickly within a month.
- When providing a flower heated bottom, rooting can be carried out in any period of the year. Otherwise it is better to wait for warm summer time
- After strengthening the bush, it can be relocated to a separate container filled with soil for young plants.
Propagation with the help of seeds, which appear from fruits of red color, is carried out in the summer. Keep seed material is not worth it, because it quickly undergoes damage and loses germination.
- Aglaonema seeds are washed and immediately sown in cups with sand-peat substrate,
- They need to be constantly watered and kept in a warm place,
- Shoots appear fairly quickly. When forming the leaves you need to plant flowers in separate pots,
- Full development of plants occurs in 3-4 years, but varietal characteristics are not always preserved.
You can buy an adult flower aglaonema in flower or in specialized online stores. The cost varies greatly depending on the type. It starts from about 600 rubles and can go up to 6000 rubles. You can purchase the plant and amateur florists, where the price will be significantly lower.
Such a bright tropical shrub can serve as an ornament to any home, and its main advantage - simplicity, is highly valued by lovers of floriculture.
Plant history and characteristics
The semishrub has upright stems that embrace the leaves up to 45 cm long and 20 wide. Blade elliptical, dense, with different shades and patterns of leaves. In nature, the plant is located in the shade of tall trees, in diffused light, moist tropical air. The first brought specimens got accustomed with difficulty, but breeders bred many hybrids with a special decorative effect, adapted for breeding at home.
Aglaonems came to Europe in 1885. The English name of the plant Chinesse evergreen translated means Chinese green, since it was delivered from there. It received its name translated from Greek as a bright thread. In culture, there are only hybrid forms.
After the case when one fan in the garden of dew tracks on the leaves turned out numbers, and the owner put them in a lottery ticket and won a large amount, it is considered, aglaonema brings good luck.
Aglonema at home divorced relatively recently. Only in the middle of the last century, the Silver queen hybrid in America was launched. Later found in the Philippines variety Emerald Beauty or Maria allowed to use in the selection of its relative resistance to low temperatures and small leaves. In 1974, the Abidjan variety was found on the Ivory Coast. All these varieties made it possible to get a lot of aglaonema hybrids, care at home is not difficult. The most widespread varieties are now Silver Bay, Siam Aurora, Pride of Sumatra, obtained at the very end of the last century.
In recent years, many new plant forms have been obtained. Most of them are registered in the catalog, but there are unstable, with loose signs. This mainly applies to Asiatic hybrids, which, when propagated, may lose their decorative effect.
Aglaonema home care
Indoor flower is characterized by amateurs as an unpretentious plant, due to:
- shade tolerance:
- comfortable environment for a person in terms of humidity and ambient temperature,
- rare transfers,
- small number of pests.
Aglaonema is dangerous for children and animals. It produces poisonous berries, and the juice of the plant is caustic, causing swelling of the mucous. Very dangerous juice in contact with eyes. But this plant fights streptococci, absorbs phenol and benzene impurities from the air, releasing aero ions into the atmosphere.
The flower grows slowly, adding 5-6 leaves per year. In the third year, the stems are drawn out and decorativeness decreases. Therefore, you should apply anti-aging trimming bush, forming it.
Caring for aglaonema at home is:
The ornamental plant is so shade-tolerant that it grows in the most shady corners of the apartment. She lives in nature in the lower tier of the rainforest and is used to the shadow. In the light, the leaves turn pale and thin. Grade with red leaves withstand great illumination, but direct rays and they can not stand.
Temperature conditions in the summer of 21-27. In winter, at least 15, but at the same time, the lower the temperature of the content, the poorer the winter watering is to avoid rotting of the roots.
Plant waterbald. The soil should always be moist, a layer of expanded clay in the pot is not required. The plant absorbs a lot of moisture. But if an excess happens, aglaonema will start to cry, and then watering should be temporarily stopped. More from the overflow may wilt foliage. The plant is rearranged to a warm place, the earth is dried.
Watering during the growing season should be combined with dressings that make liquid fertilizer for indoor ornamental plants. In winter, watering is reduced to once a week and does not add nutrition.
Planting is conducted in a pot with nutrient and loose soil for bulbous. Independently prepare the soil in the following proportions:
All parts are taken in equal amounts. For adult plants during transplantation, the amount of leaf humus and peat can be increased. The composition for transplantation should be acidic, which provides peat and leaf humus.
Transplant in the care of aglaonema in the photo is also a way of reproduction. Often examining the roots, divide the bushes and spend novosadki. They divide the plants in late spring. A prerequisite for survival is a temperature of at least 21. Rooting can be led by the tops of the stems. To do this, they pinch, dried day, rooted in wet sand at a temperature of 20-25. Can be propagated by seed, but hybrid varieties do not produce viable seeds.
The pot for the plant is chosen wide, with each transplant they take large dishes. A signal to transplant is the state of the plant. If new leaves grow in the middle, and they dry at the edges, water stagnates after watering, it is time to change the soil and dishes.
Home care for aglaonema involves a weekly leaf shower, rubbing leaves and spraying the plants to humidify the air. All water procedures should be carried out with soft warm water. Reception helps to moisten the air around the flower. In order for the plant to be always decorative, you should help him. How to make aglaonema more bushy?
To do this, from the very beginning of the development of the bush, they pinch the upper growth buds in order to organize the appearance of additional leaves. Signs of trouble are:
- gray spots on the leaves - the plant is cold,
- the leaves curl, blacken, become covered with an oily coating - all from the cold,
- the leaves are pale - strong lighting,
- dry spots on the leaves indicate a sunburn,
- dry tips of leaves - dry air,
- the leaves turn yellow - there is little nutrition, the moisture regime is disturbed, the plant is old, drafts or tobacco smoke.
When overwetting and cold, the appearance of rot is possible, you should pay attention to the presence of worm, aphids and insects. Pests and infectious diseases, the plant is almost not affected.
Types and varieties
Aglaonema is changeable - The stem can be of different lengths - from twenty centimeters to one and a half meters. The leaves are very large. Flowers weak green color, forms red fruits that make the plant only more beautiful.
Aglaonema humble - low view reaches a height of no more than 30 cm, the leaf blades are oblong, rounded, the edge is pointed. Leaves are monophonic, grow very slowly. The berries are red. Good for growing indoors.
Aglaonema is brilliant - grows to a meter tall, and the leaves reach almost half a meter in length. The inflorescences form groups, and then white berries appear in their place.
Aglaonema Maria - A variety that can withstand temperatures lower than the relatives, and also tolerates shade. The leaves are small. Grows slowly compared to other varieties.
Aglaonema Crete - changes its color with aging. Being young, has a red leaf color, which eventually fills with greenish spots. Red pierced in the middle of the sheet does not change color and remains so forever.
Aglaonema Silver Bay - This variety was bred only a couple of decades ago. It has large ovate leaves, which are painted in grayish color and reaching 40 cm.
Aglaonema Strips - the coloring of the leaves of this variety is similar to feathers, besides they are distinguished by brilliance.
Aglaonema Fers Diamond - a small variety that thrives well. Young leaves of white, covered with green dots that grow over time.
Aglaonema Pattaya Beauty - This is a hybrid aglaonema, which can be found most often. It has thin stems that bush little. With aging, it loses leaves and becomes like a palm tree. Also with age, the leaves change shade, gradually darkening.
Aglaonema breeding cuttings
When the aglaonema ends the rosette stage and the trunk becomes visible, it will be possible to proceed with its propagation by grafting. The stem should be cut off and let it dry for a day, and the places of the cuts be treated with coal.
If there is such an opportunity, then the stem is divided into pieces, so that each of them has sheets.
Stalk is planted in peat mixed with sand. The depth of planting is 5 cm. The temperature required for rooting is close to 25 ° С. If you can arrange a lower heating for a plant, then you can propagate a flower at any time of the year, and if not, then it is better to wait for the summer. When aglaonema takes root, it can be transplanted into a separate pot with soil for adult flowers.
Growing aglaonema from seed
If you are lucky and self-pollination of aglaonema flowers occurs, then after the berries ripen, you can try to propagate it in the seed way, but remember that in this case the varietal characteristics will be lost.
Immediately after ripening, the seeds are obtained from the berries, washed and placed in containers with a mixture of peat and sand in a one-to-one ratio. Save the seeds for the future is not worth it, as they quickly deteriorate and lose their germination.
Sown material should be kept warm and constantly watered. Aglaonema sprouts pretty quickly. With the advent of leaves, the plants dive into separate containers, and when they grow even more, you can transplant into a permanent pot. But plants will fully develop only in a few years.
Также во время пересадки можно выполнить размножение аглаонемы делением корневища, которое не требует особой сноровки и усилий.
Diseases and pests
- В случае промерзания, а также если аглаонему просквозило, ее листки начинают скручиваться и страдать от пятен коричневого цвета.
- Другой причиной образования коричневых пятен на листьях, а также сморщивания последних, является иссушенный воздух в помещении. Низкая влажность очень вредит этому растению.
- Желтые пятна на листьях аглаонемы свидетельствуют об солнечных ожогах.
- При поливе холодной водой аглаонема начинает медленнее расти и развиваться, а ее листья становятся бурыми. It also happens if the water is hard.
- If your flower leaves dry, it is often caused by aphid.
- In addition to this pest aglaonema amaze thrips, mealybug, whitefly.
Features of aglaonema
Aglaonema is an evergreen herb. Short and straight stem rather fleshy. There are species in which the trunk begins to branch at the base. Stalk is present only in adult plants, while its formation occurs due to the flying of the lower leaf plates. The color of foliage directly depends on the type and variety of this plant. The form of dense leathery to the touch leaf plates ovate or lanceolate. They are attached to the stem with petioles, which can be long or short. The edge of the leaves is solid, while the plate is patterned, and on its front surface there is a depressed midrib, while on the wrong side it is convex. At the top of the plant from the bosoms of the leaves grows from 1 to 3 cobs, having a greenish-white veil, they are aglaonema inflorescences. Depending on the type of plant, the cob is divided into 2 types:
- thick club-shaped - 10 mm in diameter, and their length is 40 mm,
- thin cylindrical - their length is about 60 mm, and in diameter they reach 5 mm.
The fruit is a juicy berry, inside which is 1 seed, which has a rich orange or white color. The berries ripen after 6-8 months.
In the wild, aglaonema prefers to grow in shady places. In this regard, and when grown at home, the plant needs partial shade. If the foliage gets direct sunlight, then burns can form on it. If a variegated form is grown, then it will need bright diffused sunlight, otherwise its decorative effect will be lost.
How to water
Aglaonema is poured over with extremely soft water. Abundant watering produced immediately after the top layer of substrate dries. Especially the plant needs timely watering in spring and summer, when it has a growing season. In winter, watering is done a couple of days after the top layer of the substrate dries out. It should be remembered that such a flower can destroy both the overdrying of the earthy coma and the stagnation of the liquid in the substrate.
This plant requires high humidity, which means that it needs to be systematically humidified from a sprayer and not only. If there is excessively low air humidity in the room where aglaonema is located, the development of its leaf plates will slow down and their deformation will occur, while the tips and edges of the plates will dry out. To increase the humidity of the air, experienced flower growers advise, pour pebbles or expanded clay into the pan and pour a small amount of water into it, and put a pot with a flower on top. Make sure that the liquid and the bottom of the pot are not in contact. In autumn and winter, if the room is cool, spraying should be done with great care.
In winter, aglaonema does not need additional feeding. Feed the plant should be from the first spring to the last summer days 1 time in 2 weeks, while you need to alternately use mineral fertilizers and organic matter. The concentration of the nutrient solution should be done as indicated on the package with fertilizer.
Transplantation of young plants is carried out once a year in spring. Adult bushes should be replanted in the spring, but much less frequently (1 time in 4 or 5 years). The substrate for planting such a flower should consist of humus and leaf soil, sand, charcoal and peat, which are taken in the ratio of 1: 6: 2: 2: 1. You can take a soil mixture consisting of leafy soil, peat and sand (2: 1: 1), you should pour a small amount of fine charcoal into it. To avoid stagnation of water in the ground, when planting at the bottom of the pot you need to make a good drainage layer. Such a flower can be grown hydroponically.
Growing from seed
If you take care of this plant correctly, then it is quite possible that it will have flowers in summer. It should be noted that the coverlet-inflorescence does not represent a special decorative value. It happens that such a plant self-pollination occurs, as a result, it forms ruby or orange berries. Wait until the fruits ripen directly on the bush, after which they can be used for planting. It should be noted that with this method of reproduction it is not always possible to preserve the varietal characteristics of aglaonema.
From the pulp of the fruit you need to remove the seeds, which are thoroughly washed under running water, and then produce them seeding in plates filled with a mixture of sand and peat (1: 1). Keep the seeds should not, because they quickly lose their germination.
Crops should be removed in a warm place and provide them with systematic watering. Seedlings seem relatively quickly. As soon as the first true leaf plates are formed, the plant should be unpacked into small separate pots. After the bushes grow up, they are transplanted into larger pots. After 3 or 4 years you will already have developed bushes.
This plant is also propagated by dividing the rhizome, which is produced during transplantation.
- Foliage shrinks and its tips turn brown. The air humidity in the room is extremely low, and because of this, various harmful insects may also settle on the flower. Do not forget to regularly moisten the bush with a spray gun, and also pour water into the pan, after having poured peat or expanded clay into it.
- Twisting foliage. This is observed with a sharp decrease in temperature or if the flower has been exposed to a draft. As a rule, besides curling on the plates, the edges turn brown.
- On the foliage formed white and yellow specks. They appear as a result of sunburn. Bush clean in partial shade and wait until it cools, and then moisten it with water at room temperature.
- Slow growth of the bush, foliage becomes brown. The plant was watered with cold or hard water. Water aglaonema only with well-settled water for at least 24 hours. To soften the water in a bucket pour 0.2 grams of oxalic acid, everything is well stirred and left for 24 hours. You can soften the water and citric acid.
Of the pests on the plant can live spider mites, mealy worms, aphids, whiteflies and thrips.
Description of aglaonema
Anglaonema is a herbaceous plant with fleshy, short, upright stems. Some species have a trunk that branches at the base. In young plants, the trunk is almost invisible, in adults it is short with traces of bases from previously growing leaves. Leaves are leathery, dense, whole, in shape vary from oblong lanceolate to broad ovate. The average sheet veinlet is pressed so that it protrudes from the bottom. Color depends on the type and variety of plants.
How aglaonema blooms
Blooming Aglaonema photo
1-3 inflorescences develop in the axils of the leaves, representing a cob enveloped in a greenish-white veil. The cob, depending on the species, may be thin, cylindrical (4-6 cm wide, 0.5 cm in diameter) or thick, club-shaped (3-4 cm and 1 cm respectively). After flowering, the fruit is formed as a juicy ruby berry, bright orange, sometimes white. They are oblong, contain one seed and ripen within 6-8 months.
Culturally aglaonema is grown as a leafy ornamental plant in indoor conditions and greenhouses.
Lighting and air temperature
In the natural environment, aglaonema grows in the lower tier of tropical rainforests, where a small amount of light penetrates, i.e. plant shade tolerant. Conditions of indoor cultivation must also meet this. Create a penumbra, avoid direct sunlight, damaging burns. Variegated forms to preserve the decorative pattern requires bright diffused lighting.
The optimum air temperature is 20–25 ° C. Sudden temperature changes and drafts should be avoided. By winter, gradually lower the air temperature to around 16-18 ° C.
Watering and spraying
Aglaonema loves water treatments as part of the care.
In spring and summer, water plentifully, only the top layer of the soil should dry out. In autumn and winter, watering is necessary moderate, water will have to be about every 2 days, also focusing on the drying of the top layer of soil. For irrigation, use soft distilled water at room temperature.
It is necessary to maintain high humidity. Spray the plant daily. You can place aglaonema on a pallet with wet peat, expanded clay or pebbles, but the bottom of the pot should not come into contact with water. With lower temperatures in the fall and winter, spray moderately. Occasionally bathe the plant under a warm shower. Water treatments not only increase the humidity, but also ensure the plant's respiration, protect it from pests.
When the air is dry, the leaves turn out badly, deform, the edges and tops dry up.
From March to August (the period of active growing season) it is necessary to feed the plant every 2 weeks. Alternate organic matter and mineral supplements of normal concentration. In the fall and winter, the plant has a dormant period - feeding is not needed.
Soil for planting
For successful growth, the plant requires a light substrate, well permeable to air and moisture. Soil compositions are suitable: 3 parts of leafy ground, 1 part of sand, peat, 0.5 parts of humus and charcoal, or 2 parts of leafy land, 1 part of sand and peat with the addition of a small amount of charcoal. It will grow well in hydroponics. Be sure to lay drainage at the bottom of the tank.
Young plants are transplanted annually, adult specimens require transplantation as they grow (approximately every 3-5 years). The root system is superficial, so the pot is needed not big. In too large a capacity, the roots will be braided for a long time by an earthy lump, which will delay flowering and fruiting.
Cutting stalk aglaonema photo
If the stem of the plant has become bare and the aglaonema is literally “falling off”, conduct the cutting in the following way. Choose the strongest stem and cut it at 2-3 cm above the ground. Escape divide into pieces with a length of about 5 cm. All leaves must be removed. Take a box for rooting, lay a drain on the bottom, fill it with a mixture of sand and peat.
How to root aglaonemu photo
- Soil abundantly water, deepen the cuttings into the soil at half their height. Cover the cuttings with a plastic cap. To prevent decay, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 22-26 ° C. Rooting will occur in 2-3 weeks. If the propagation had to be propagated during the winter period, the rooting process will take 4-6 weeks.
- You can root in the water, holding the first day in a solution of root or heteroauxin. Processing stimulator will be useful in the case of rooting in the soil.
Rooted young plants are planted in separate pots, using the soil, as during transplantation.
Cuttings lateral processes
Cutting of aglaonema lateral processes of the photo
During transplantation, lateral processes can be separated from the plant. Pre-water the soil, gently remove the plant from the pot, clean the roots from the ground, separate the daughter processes from the main plant. Seat in separate pots, water regularly, maintain air humidity. The soil is the same as for the transplant. Rooted plants will begin to produce new leaves.
If aglaonema leaves turn yellow, there is one of the problems:
- The plant was dried out, the roots suffered and the flower died. Requires urgent cuttings tops. Cuttings are kept in the root and planted in moist soil under a transparent cover.
- The flower is closely in the pot, all the nutrients from the soil have already been used and it is necessary to transplant into a larger pot, replace the soil and feed two weeks after transplanting.
Diseases of the plant is not exposed, but due to errors in the care may be some difficulties.
- Leaves shrivel, tips turn brown from dry air.
- Leaves curl from drafts.
- Sunburns cause yellow spots.
- Plant growth slows down and leaves turn brown at the edges. The cause is cold or hard water. To reduce the water hardness can be citric acid: 1-2 gr. per liter of water.
Aglaonema moderate or Aglaonema modest Aglaonema modestum
Aglaonema moderate or Aglaonema modest Aglaonema modestum photo
Under natural conditions, it is common in the tropical rainforests of Indochina and in the Malay Archipelago. The trunk is branched, the plant height is 40-50 cm. The leaves are oval, blunt at the base, pointed to the top, leaf length is 6-9 cm, width is 15-20 cm. On each side of the middle vein, 4-5 protruding veins . The color of the plant is evenly green.
Aglaonema changeable or Aglaonema changeable Aglaonema commutatum
Aglaonema changeable or changeable photo and care
The species is originally from the Philippines, Sulawesi. Plant 20-150 cm tall with upright stem. The sheet plate is 10 cm wide and 30 cm long. Green leaves are covered with spots of beige shade. Flower: slender ear about 6 cm long with a slightly larger cover of pale green color. The inflorescence consists of 3-6 flowers. The fruit is in the form of a red berry.
Aglaonema shiny Aglaonema nitidum
Aglaonema Shiny Aglaonema nitidum photo
It grows preferably in damp forests on the lowland plains of Thailand, Sumatra, Malaysia, Kalimantan. The plant is large. Reaches a height of 1 meter. The length of the sheet is 45 cm, width - 20 cm. The sheet plate is oblong, glossy, bright or dark green color. Flowers are collected on 2-5 pieces, the length of the cob and bedspread is almost the same. makes about 6 cm. a fruit - berry of white color.
Aglaonema ribbed Aglaonema costatum
Aglaonema ribbed Aglaonema costatum photo
Originally from the tropical forests of Southwest Malaysia. It is a short, grassy plant, branching at the base. The leaves are dense, ovate-egg-shaped, about 20 cm long and 10 cm wide. The color is green with strokes and white spots on the outside.
Aglaonema painted Aglaonema pictum
Aglaonema painted Aglaonema pictum photo
Occurs in the tropical rainforests of the Borneo and Sumatra Islands. It grows to a height of 60 cm. The trunk branches well from below. The shoots are densely covered with leaves of elongated elliptical shape. The length of the sheet is 10-20 cm, width - 5 cm. The color of the leaf plate is dark green with rather large spots of grayish tint. Some forms have spots of silver-white color. The berries are red.
Aglaonema oblong Aglaonema marantifolium
Aglaonema oblong leaves Aglaonema marantifolium photo
Originally from the wet forests of the Philippines, Singapore, the islands of Penang and Borneo. Lush bush with large leaves (up to 30 cm long) attached on long petioles (about 20 cm). Green leaves are covered with a silver-gray pattern.
Aglaonema King of Siam or King of Siam of Siam
Aglaonema King of Siam King of Siam photo
Powerful petioles are rather high, white in color, retain dense dark green leathery leaves with expressive white veins. Bush compact, densely leafy.
Aglaonema Maria Aglaonema Commutatum Maria
Aglaonema Maria Aglaonema Commutatum Maria photo
The variety Maria was fallen in love due to the very beautiful color of the leaves: on a dark green background, there are light spots-stripes with a symmetric herringbone pattern in the direction of the veins. The leaves are elongated, compact bush.
Aglaonema Silver Bay Aglaonema Silver Bay
Aglaonema Silver Bay Aglaonema Silver Bay photo
Almost white, with a silvery shade, with dark green outlines of strokes on the edge, the leaves of this plant look fascinating. Silver Bay simply does not take your eyes off.
Aglaonema Red Crete Aglaonema Crete
Aglaonema Crete Aglaonema Crete photo
The variety Crete is remarkable for a rare shade of crimson-red outlining stripes along the edge of the leaf and rare veins. The leaves are elongated, pointed, slightly sinuous, bent inward in the center.
Aglaonema Maria Cristina Aglaonema Commutatum Maria Christina
Aglaonema Maria Cristina Aglaonema Commutatum Maria Christina photo
An amazing bluish-silver shade with small dark green specks and stripes along the veins and along the edge of the sheet makes an indelible impression. Variety Maria Cristina effectively combined in compositions with dark green and red decorative leafy plants.
Aglaonema Pink Aglaonema Pink
Aglaonema Pink Aglaonema Pink Ruby photo
Pink varieties (pink) are very interesting for their unusual color with small or large dark green spots. The drawings are the most diverse, which opens up a wide scope for imagination in creating compositions that adorn the interior.
Aglaonema Diamond Bay Aglaonema Diamond Bay
Aglaonema Diamond Bay Aglaonema Diamond Bay photo
Grade Diamond Bay with long, pointed leaves, slightly curled, has a compact, densely leafy crown. Original and colors: dark green around the edges, in the center of the leaves of a greenish-silver shade.
Aglaonema anyamanee photo
Pink variety AnYaManee has earned itself a special popularity, having colorful shades of pink and green with a fancy marble pattern. Листья кожистые, плотные, с легким глянцем.
Аглаонема Грин Леди Aglaonema Green Lady
Аглаонема Грин Леди Aglaonema Green Lady фото
Сорт Грин Леди Aglaonema Green Lady очень эффектен благодаря красивой форме листьев с заостренными кончиками и пестрой окраске, смешивающей насыщенный зеленый и светло-салатовый с серебристым оттенком.
Аглаонема Кутласс Aglaonema Cutlass
Аглаонема Кутласс Aglaonema Cutlass фото
Особенностью сорта Кутласс Aglaonema Cutlass являются длинные узкие листики, собранные в густую прикорневую розетку, напоминающую верхушку пальмы. Gentle light green, almost silver color, shaded by dark green veins and sides on the edge of the leaves.
Aglaonema brilliant (Aglaonema nitidum)
This species comes from damp forests located in the plains of Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra and Kalimantan. The height of the trunk is about 100 cm. The length of saturated green or dark green leaf plates is about 45 centimeters, and the width is 20 centimeters. Their shape is oblong, and the front surface is shiny. Inflorescences consist of 2-5 flowers. The length of the cob is 60 mm, it is covered with a blanket of almost the same length. The berries are white.
Aglaonema changeable (Aglaonema commutatum) or aglaonema changeable
Originally from the Philippines and Sulawesi. The length of a straight stem can vary from 0.2 to 1.5 m. Long-leaf leaf plates reach 30 centimeters in length and 10 centimeters in width. Inflorescences consist of 3-6 flowers. The length of a thin cob is 60 mm; it is covered with a longer greenish cover. When red fruits are formed, the bush looks more impressive. Grades:
- warburgii - on a sheet plate along the side veins pass strips of white color,
- elegans - on the elongated-oval greenish leaf plates there is a pattern of light green color,
- maculatum - on the surface of dark green elongated-oval sheet plates there are smears of white color.
Aglaonema oblong (Aglaonema marantifolium)
Originally from the wet forests of the tropical regions of Singapore and the Philippines, as well as the Borneo and Penang islands. The length of large dark green leaf plates is about 0.3 m. They have petioles that are 0.2 m long. Some varieties have a gray-silver color on the surface of the foliage.
Aglaonema painted (Aglaonema pictum)
Hailing species from the wet forests on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. The height of the branching trunk is about 0.6 m. The shape of dark green large leaf plates is elongated-elliptical. The spots of gray color are unevenly located on their surface. In some varieties, these spots are colored silvery-white. The berries are red.
Aglaonema ribbed (Aglaonema costatum)
Originally from wet forests in the tropical part of southwest Malaysia. This herb has a trunk that branches at the base. The length of the sheet plates is about 20 centimeters, and the width is 10 centimeters. On the surface of dense green foliage are specks and touches of white color.
Aglaonema modest (Aglaonema modestum) or moderate aglaonema
Hailing species from wet forests located on the slopes of the mountains of the tropical part of Indochina and the Malay Archipelago. The height of the branching trunk is about 50 cm. Oval green leaves have a blunt base and a sharp top, they are 20 centimeters in length, and their width is 9 centimeters. On each side of the central vein there are several pieces of convex lateral veins. Red berries are similar to the fruits of dogwood.
Types of aglaonema
Aglaonema humble or moderate (Aglaonema modestum). Homeland - mountain slopes covered with tropical rainforests on the Indochina Peninsula and the Malay Archipelago. Plant height 40-50 cm. The stem is branched. The leaves are oval, 15–20 cm long and 6–9 cm wide, blunt at the base, pointed at the top, with 4–5 protruding veins on each side of the midrib, uniform green color. The fruits are red, reminiscent of the fruits of dogwood.
.Aglaonema treubii. The plant has leaves about 15 cm long, with a silvery-green pattern, and is the most unpretentious species in room culture among other aglaonem.
Aglaonema is changeable or changeable (Aglaonema commutatum). Homeland - Philippines, Sulawesi. Plant with upright stems, the length of which ranges from 20 to 150 cm. Leaves up to 30 cm long and 10 cm wide on long petioles. Flowers are collected in inflorescences of 3-6 flowers. The ear is thin, up to 6 cm long, the coverlet is pale green, longer than the ear. The fruit is a red berry. Emerging fruits increase the decorative qualities of this aglaonema.
Especially popular varieties with different shape and color of the leaves.
- Different warburgii (Aglaonema commutatum var. warburgii) - with whitish stripes along the lateral veins of the leaf.
- Different maculatum (Aglaonema commutatum var. maculatum) - with white strokes on dark green elongated-oval leaves
- Different elegans (Aglaonema commutatum var. elegans) - with light green elongated oval leaves with a whitish-greenish pattern.
Aglaonema brilliant (Aglaonema nitidum). Motherland - Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Kalimantan. In nature, it grows in damp forests, on lowland plains. Large plant with stems up to 1 m.
The leaves are bright or dark green, shiny on top, often oblong, up to 45 cm long, up to 20 cm wide. The flowers are gathered 2-5. The cob is approximately equal to the veil, its length is 6 cm. The fruits are white.
Aglaonema ribbed (Aglaonema costatum). Homeland - tropical rainforests of South-West Malaysia. Herbaceous low-growing plants, branched at the base. The leaves are ovate-ovate, about 20 cm long and 10 cm wide, dense, green, with white spots and strokes on the upper side.
Aglaonema painted (Aglaonema pictum). Homeland - tropical rainforests on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. Plant height is about 60 cm. The stem strongly branches down. Numerous shoots densely covered with leaves. The leaves are oblong-elliptical, 10–20 cm long and 5 cm wide, dark green, with uneven grayish spots on the surface, rather large. In some forms, the leaves have silvery-white spots, very beautiful. The fruit is red.
Aglaonema oblong (Aglaonema marantifolium). It grows in tropical rainforests of Singapore, the Philippines, on the islands of Borneo and Penang. The leaves are dark green, large, up to 30 cm long, located on long (up to 20 cm) petioles. Some varieties on the leaves have a silver-gray pattern.
Fallah Aglaonema or pseudopod (Aglaonema pseudobracteatum). It is one of the most attractive species; on a green background of leaves 20 cm long around the midrib there is a wavy border with a yellow, cream or pale green spot. Even more decorative is its variety. Aglaonema pseudobracteatum Silver Spear, with a predominance of light spots over the green background of the leaves.
Aglaonema curly (Aglaonema crispum) or Aglaonema Rebelina (Aglaonema roebelinii). This species has a blunt or semi-circular at the base oval leaf plate with a narrow edge, up to 30 cm long and 16 cm wide, with a frosted pattern on most of the leaf blade and a small (1-3 cm) cob always shorter than the bedspread.
Aglaonema Crete (Aglaonema Crete). Some gardeners refer this plant to the group "Red Aglaonem". In one sheet can be a rich combination of colors. Her leaf pattern impresses with a variety of shades of green and red colors, pale pink petioles form, as it were, the brightness of the plant from the inside. Some leaves grow completely red.
Aglaonema Crete requires good illumination, and you should definitely not put it in the shaded parts of the room, otherwise the leaves will lose their color saturation.
Modern breeders have received completely unique hybrid forms of aglaonema - SilverKing and SilverQueen, whose leaf color is almost completely silver.
Caring for aglaonema
All aglaonems grow in tropical rain forests. This determines their growing conditions. Under natural conditions, aglaonema grows in the lower tier of the forest, where little light penetrates.
Lighting. For aglaonem, the penumbra is preferable; they are shade-tolerant, do not tolerate direct sunlight, as this threatens to burn the leaves. But for variegated forms, in order not to lose the decorative pattern of the leaves, a bright diffused light is necessary.
Temperature. The optimum temperature for growth is 20-25 ° C. In winter, the temperature should not fall below + 16-18 ° C, it is desirable to avoid sudden changes in temperature. Draft should be avoided, as they are destructive to aglaonema. Watering. During the growing season (spring-summer), aglaonem is watered abundantly, as the top layer of the substrate dries. In the autumn-winter period, they are watered regularly, after a day or two, after the top layer of the substrate dries out. Watering produce well-settled soft and warm water. Overdrying earthen clod, as well as waterlogging (especially in winter), are dangerous for aglaonema.
Air humidity. Aglaonema requires high humidity. In dry air, the leaves are deformed, poorly unfolded, their tops and edges dry out. Therefore, aglaonema needs to be sprayed regularly. To increase the humidity, you can group the plants or put the plant on a pallet with wet pebbles, peat or expanded clay. At the same time the bottom of the pot should not touch the water. In the autumn-winter period, if the air temperature is low, then spraying should be carried out carefully.
Work with soil
Fertilizer. During the growing season (from March to August), every two weeks they feed up, alternating mineral and organic fertilizers of usual concentration, in winter the plant is not fed.
The soil. Aglaoneme is necessary for successful growth of a well-permeable substrate for moisture and air. The substrate should be fairly light, it consists of 3 parts of leaf, 0.5 parts of humus, 1 part of peat, 1 part of sand and 0.5 part of charcoal (3: 0.5: 1: 1: 0.5), or sheet ground, peat and sand (2: 1: 1) with crushed charcoal. Good drainage is required.
It grows well in hydroponics.
Transfer. Aglaonema is transplanted in the spring, young every year or as the roots of the earthy coma are woven over. Adult aglaonema transplanted once every 3-5 years.
Reproduction. Propagate Aglaonema in spring or summer, separating and planting processes with several leaves and roots. It can also be propagated by aerial layouts and divisions during transplantation
Aglaonema can be propagated either when the stem naturally branches (especially the modest one is prone to this), or when the rosette stage of growth ends and a noticeable trunk appears. It can be cut as an apical stalk, and can be further cut into parts of 8-10 cm in length. It is better if leaves remain on the cuttings. Using cuttings, their slices are powdered with charcoal, dried for 24 hours, and the tips are buried 4-6 cm in wet sand with peat, and the temperature is kept within 21-25 ° C, the roots are formed in a month. When using mini-greenhouses with bottom heating rooting occurs in 2-3 weeks. If you do not have a greenhouse with heating, the cutting of aglaonema should be carried out in the warm season. Rooted cuttings are planted in a substrate suitable for growing adult plants. Features In good conditions, aglaonema may bloom (usually in the summer). The coverlet of the inflorescence is of modest color, therefore it does not represent decorative value, but it is still very pleasant when the plant suddenly blooms. Sometimes from self-pollination, fruit of a ruby or orange color are tied. It is necessary to allow seeds to ripen on the plant itself.
Ripe seeds are suitable for planting. Unfortunately, varietal characteristics with this method of reproduction are not always resistant. Seeds are removed from the pulp, washed with water and immediately sown (during storage, they quickly lose their germination) in bowls with a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts. Crops are regularly watered, kept warm. The germ in the seed is well formed, so after sowing, friendly shoots quickly appear. Young plants with the first real leaves dive one by one into small pots. If necessary, transplanted to a larger dish. Well-developed specimens are obtained on the 3-4th year.
Shriveled leaves with brown tips. The reason is too dry air.
Twisted leaves with brown edges. The reason - too cold air or drafts.
On the leaves white and yellow spots. The reason - a burn from direct sunlight. Remove the plant in the shade, let it "cool" and then spray it with water at room temperature.
Slowed plant growth and brown leaves around the edges. The reason - too hard and cold water. It should be watered with settled water plants (defend water during the day). Water hardness can be reduced by removing calcium salts by adding 0.2 g of oxalic acid per 10 liters. water, after which the water should be settled to precipitate salts (for irrigation use the upper transparent part). Citric acid can be used to reduce the hardness of the water.
Useful properties of aglaonema
During its growth, aglaonema saturates the air with aero ions, cleaning it. In a room with aglaonema in humans, working capacity increases, resistance to stress increases, and also aglaonema is able to lower the benzene content in the room. Aglaonema modest, despite its name, kills streptococcal infection. flora.dobro-est.com/aglaonema-aglaonema-opisanie-vidyi-i-uhod-za-aglaonemoy.html
In aglaonema, as in all aroid acids, there is some amount of oxalic acid, toxic enzymes and proteins. This combination can cause severe irritation and even burns to the skin if mistreated.
Isolation of plant juice can cause swelling of the mucous membranesdifficulty breathing. In some cases, aglaonema may cause allergic reactions. Therefore, when carrying out any work with the plant, protective gloves should be used, and at the end you should wash your hands well with soap and water.
Aglaonem catalog: varieties and types
For all varieties of aglaonema accepted conditional division into several groups:
- These are low-growing varieties of aglaonema, with wilted or creeping stems, not more than twenty-five centimeters high,
- This group is the most numerous of all and consists of plants up to fifty centimeters high and leaves of medium size,
- This group consists of high varieties of aglaonem, which have rather large sheets up to forty centimeters in length.
From ready-made mixtures for planting aglaonema suitable special soil for aroid. For self-preparation of soil suitable the following options:
- the basis is to take loose leaf earth and supplement it with a small amount of moss, peat land and sand,
- two parts of leafy land, one part of peat and sand, one second part of crushed charcoal.
When planting requires a large amount of drainage. Good for planting aglaonema suitable hydroponics.
Young aglaonema (up to the age of three) is transplanted in the spring period annually. Adult bushes are transplanted as needed no more than once every three to five years.
Aglaonema is a moisture-loving plant. In summer, watering should be abundant up to three times a week, in winter it will be enough once every ten days.
From the beginning of spring to the beginning of autumn, regular feeding with the use of mineral fertilizers twice a month should be carried out. In their composition should be the presence of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements. Aglaonema responds positively to spraying with light nutrient solutions (foliar feeding). This should be done a day after irrigation and preferably in cloudy weather, to protect the plants from sunburn.
Seed propagation method
Seed propagation makes it possible to obtain a large amount of planting material in a short time. But, they will grow somewhat slower than those obtained by grafting. Seeds can be harvested from the berries of a home plant, they should be of a rich red color and easily separated from the cob. As a rule, they have a very high germination rate.
Seeds should be removed immediately after picking the berries. They are well washed and dried. It is advisable to plant them immediately after that, since their germination during storage is sharply reduced.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
The division of the aglaonema shrub is the simplest method of reproduction, which takes a minimum of time. This is best done during May. Young plants are separated from the mother plant. For planting you need to choose seedlings with a well-developed root system and healthy sheets. They are seated in individual pots with pre-prepared soil of the desired composition and covered with glass containers.
Indoors need to maintain a temperature regime of about twenty degrees. Rooted plants are cared for as well as adults.
Diseases, pests and ways to combat them
Aglaonemu can not be called a capricious plant, but some rules for caring for her will help to avoid small troubles arising during her breeding:
- Aglaonema leaves turn yellow mostly from excessive watering or low temperaturesfrom which the plant begins to freeze. However, it is not enough to know why they turn yellow, you need to figure out what to do to prevent this from happening. It is necessary to limit watering and rearrange the containers with plants in a room with a higher temperature,
- If yellow or white spots appear on the leaves, the plant may have sunburned. It is necessary to transfer it to a shaded room and after some time to conduct a plentiful spraying,
- Withering aglaonema also speaks of its hypothermia. It is necessary to raise the ambient temperature and eliminate the presence of drafts,
- The paleness of the foliage means that it lacks light or feeding,
- Leaves drying is associated with lack of watering or low humidity. Such plants require intensive moistening and ventilation of the room (without drafts),
- Деформация листьев и засыхание их краев указывает на сухость воздуха. Нужно увеличить количество опрыскиваний, разместить растения группами на большой поддон с галькой или керамзитом, которые нужно регулярно увлажнять,
- Если листва покрыта бурыми пятнами, а само растение затормозилось в росте, причиной этого могла стать hardness or low water temperature. To eliminate hard impurities, use oxalic or citric acid (0.2 grams per 10 liters of water). After the addition of the acid, the water is left to precipitate the salts. For irrigation, take the settled transparent part.
Of the pests for aglaonema dangerous spider mites, mealy worms, aphids, whiteflies and thrips. If the deformation of the leaves, they dry up and fall off, then you need to inspect the plants. When pests are detected, it is necessary to urgently use appropriate preparations for their destruction in order to prevent the final death of aglaonema. cvetolubam.ru/?razd=enciklopedia&st=aglaonema
Aglaonema prefers warm content all year round. In summer the temperature is normal, which depends on weather conditions, the optimum is 22-26 ° C. In winter, depending on the lighting. If the plant is standing on a bright sunny window, then the temperature is normal, indoor. If in winter the illumination is greatly reduced, a cooler temperature of about 18-20 ° C is desirable, otherwise, the plant will be strongly drawn out and lose its decorative appearance. Aglaonemas do not like cold drafts.
Bright ambient light, variegated varieties with some direct sun in the morning or evening. In spring and summer, aglaoneme requires shading from direct sunlight required from 11 to 16 hours. In winter, good lighting is also required; pots can even be placed on the south window.
Agloneme from spring to autumn requires abundant watering, moderate in winter. For irrigation use only soft, well-settled water at room temperature or warm. Aglaonema, despite its origin from tropical rainforests, suffers overdrying of the earthy coma, even completely dried earth for several days will not lead to loss of leaves. Therefore, the optimal mode of watering - after drying the earthy coma, the next day or every other day.
From March to September, every two weeks, aglaonema is fed with a special fertilizer for decorative leafy plants (Uniflor-growth, Uniflor-micro, Pocon, Criston, Agricola, Bona Forte).
Aglaonema growing problems
Brown edges of the leaves, leaves sluggish - too rare watering, too dry or cold air, or vice versa - excessive watering, long drying out of the ground. To understand the cause, dig the ground deeper, and determine if it dries enough for the next watering.
Yellowing of aglaonema leaves - when watering with hard chlorinated water, lack of light.
Dry, brown tips of the leaves - due to insufficiently humid air, still aglaonema is a plant of tropical rain forests. It is necessary to increase the humidity around the plant. The reason may be the lack of nutrients in the soil or their excess. Remember when you transplanted the plant, and in what ground.
The loss of color is too bright light, burns may appear from the midday sun: first the leaves turn pale, then gray or brown oblong spots appear. In the presence of stains does not interfere to check whether the pest is not wound up.
Spider mite: many years have passed since I wrote this article in the first edition, I have been living aglaonema for 15 years, during which time there were all sorts of pests, but strangely enough, the tick appeared on it only once, from close contact with fuchsia. It did not appear immediately, after the appearance of a pair of yellow leaves. I have a compact Aglaonema (I sit out every two years by dividing a bush), so I got rid of the tick very quickly: turning the pot down with leaves I watered them with a hot (45 ° C) shower for 1-2 minutes. Then I turn it over and water another 1-2 minutes from the top. Usually two such souls with an interval of 5 days are enough to do without acaricides - drugs against ticks.
Mealybugs: they can also affect aglaonema, they powerfully suck the juice, depleting the plant. The leaves bend, dry and fall off, the plant eventually dies. Signs - white shaggy, as if cotton balls in the base of the trunk and the axils of the leaves. You need to fight them with the help of the same insecticides - pouring a solution of aktar (1 g per 1-1.5 liters of water). You can spray aktellikom or karbofosom (not in the apartment), but first you need to remove pests with a cotton swab or a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. iplants.ru/aglaonema.htm
Most often, the problems of growing aglaonema arise when it is propagated by cuttings. Rooting cuttings can sometimes rot. In this case, you need to make a new cut above and process it with a fungicide. Also, the stem of the plant can rot with excessive watering and stagnant moisture. However, this happens quite rarely. Pests rarely infect aglaonema. Among the most common - the root scarlet, whose presence can be seen during transplantation. Aglaonema is affected by a mealybug. Rarely enough, the plant suffers from scutes, aphids and mites. Gray spots on the leaves indicate the effect of cold.
In addition, signs of hypothermia are dark, as if oily leaves. In the future, such leaves (first of all, old ones) will turn yellow, they should be removed. Sometimes the leaves curl and turn black from the cold. The pale color of the leaves, sometimes up to completely white tips, indicates excessive light. Light dry spots on the leaves - most likely a sunburn. You should not be worried if aglaonema grows slowly, this is natural in low light conditions. Slow growth or complete lack of growth in young plants may be due to the large size of the pot. Aglaonema growth will begin after the root system expands and the pot volume is filled with it. The brown tips of the leaves speak of dry air, for example, they appear when the plant is close to the battery. Dark spots on the leaves appear when waterlogging. When excessive watering in low temperature conditions can rot the base of the stems.
Yellowing of the lower leaves can be due to several reasons. Most often this is a normal phenomenon, manifested as the aging of the plant. However, sometimes a sharp yellowing of the leaves can be associated with insufficient watering, or vice versa, over-wetting of the soil and rotting of the root system. Sometimes the lower leaves quickly turn yellow due to a lack of nutrients in the soil.
Droplets of liquid on the tips of the leaves - a normal phenomenon, this is the so-called guttation, which occurs when high humidity or excessive watering.
If on vacation
Unfortunately, aglaonem should not be left without care for a long time, since It requires constant moisture. It is best to leave the neighbors to water the plants when leaving. If this is not possible, it is recommended to water the plant well, put the pot in a pan with expanded clay, which is filled with water, but so that the surface of the expanded clay remains dry. The top layer of soil in the pot should also be sprinkled with wet expanded clay. After that, the pot tray is best put on the floor. happyflora.ru/view_post3.php?latter=6
The origin and appearance of aglaonema
Aglaonema is a perennial plant from Southeast Asia, it belongs to the genus of evergreen grasses and dwarf shrubs of the aroid family. Aglaonema is widespread in India, China, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, and Malaysia.
The first description of aglaonema appeared in 1704. Made him a Jesuit priest who lived in the Philippines. The original name Dracunculus did not stick, and in 1829 the plant received the name by which it is still known - aglaonema - from the Greek words aglos - bright and nema - thread. The flower is obliged by this name to the Austrian botanist Heinrich Wilhelm Shott, who devoted a lot of time to studying the aroid ones.
In appearance, aglaonema is very similar to dieffenbachia, and this is not surprising, since they are close relatives.
Aglaonema is a small decorative leafy plant with a height of 30 to 80 cm with an erect stem. However, it becomes noticeable only in adult plants, as the leaves die. In some species, the trunk branches at the base. The leaves are on short or long petioles, dense, leathery, large. The shape of the leaves varies from elongated to wide oval. Medium vein depressed and clearly stands out on the bottom of the leaf. The leaves can be a variety of shades of green, depending on the variety, they are covered with silver, white, yellow and pink spots and veins. There are varieties with leaves of red shades..
Aglaonema inflorescence - the ear with a pale green veil. From 1 to 3 inflorescences develop in the axils of the upper leaves. Fruits - berries of bright red color, sometimes white, several pieces on the cob. They mature within 6–8 months.
Each aglaonema berry contains one seed
In nature, the habitat of aglaonema is tropical and deciduous forests, wet plains, river banks and swampy peat deposits. Aglaonema is very hardy, able to grow on poor soils, to tolerate a lack of lighting. Thanks to these qualities, aglaonema is considered an ideal plant for growing at home and in the office.
Aglaonema juice contains substances that irritate the skin. The seeds of the plant are also poisonous.
Popular varieties with different leaf color
In the greenhouses and homes of Europe, this plant appeared in 1885. Books on floriculture of those times described the complexity of plant maintenance - it required high humidity and regular spraying. But the interest in aglaoneme was so great that later a large number of unpretentious hybrid varieties were bred.
In nature, there are about 50 species of aglaonema. And the number of hybrids bred today approaches 500.
Silver queen. One of the most common hybrids of aglaonema, was bred in the 60s of the XX century. The length of the leaves reaches 15 cm, and the width is 8 cm. The color of the leaves is smoky silver with few green patches. Very unpretentious in the care, prefers penumbra. The bush usually reaches 70–80 cm in height.
Silver king. As unpretentious in the care, as described above grade, but more short. The color of the leaves and cuttings is silvery gray.
Crete. Variety belongs to the group of red aglaonem. The plant is slow growing. Leaf color changes with age. If young leaves are completely colored red, then as they grow, spots appear on them, ranging in color from saturated green to olive. This variety is very picky about lighting. In a darkened room, the leaves lose their bright color and glossy shine. In height reaches 30–40 cm.
Aglaonema humble. The variety has a good shade tolerance. The leaves are saturated green, about 20 cm long. The plant reaches a height of 50 cm.
Treyba. It is considered the most unpretentious variety. A low bush with narrow leaves about 15 cm in length, covered with silver-green pattern.
Maria. The most popular variety of aglaonema, which is over 50 years old. Very shade-tolerant plant, can grow even in rooms with artificial lighting. The lush bush reaches a height of 50 cm. The leaves are ellipsoid, green with silver spots.
Aglaonema curly. This is a large - up to 120 cm in height - plant with a vertical stem. The sheet plate is semicircular, up to 30 cm in length and 16 in width. The leaf color is silver-matte, with the exception of the middle and edge of the leaf plate.
Siam Aurora. Another representative of the red group. Unpretentious, growing fast. With additional lighting leaves brightly colored. It “fades” in the sun: the red colors darken, and the green ones turn yellow.
Photo Gallery: Crete, Maria, Treiba and other popular varieties of aglaonema
Do not place aglaonema in direct sunlight, as this may result in burns on the leaves. The partial shade is ideal. For varieties with a colorful leaf color, bright diffused light is preferred.
In winter, it is worthwhile to additionally highlight the plants, because aglaonema needs light during the day for 12–15 hours.
The place where aglaonema grows should be protected from drafts and tobacco smoke. The plant likes clean air. In the ventilated room, aglaonema will feel good, but it is better not to put it in the kitchen.
Watering and feeding
For a good development of aglaonema, the correct mode of watering and feeding is important. This plant is moisture-loving, therefore in the spring and in the summer we generously water our pet. But most importantly, do not transfuse. Do not allow stagnation of water in the pan. After watering, the water should be completely absorbed into the soil. The next watering is done when the topsoil is slightly dried.. You can understand when the moment of watering has come, by testing the soil to a depth of 5 cm. If the ground is dry, water it; if it is wet, put water off. In the autumn, before the onset of cold weather, we water abundantly, but with a decrease in temperature we reduce watering. In winter, watering is carried out after drying earthen coma.
Water used for irrigation is soft, room temperature, separated. In winter, it is better to heat the water slightly.
During the growing season from March to August, fertilizing is done once every two weeks. Mineral fertilizers alternate with organic. In the fall, the growth of aglaonema slows down and reduce the feeding. In winter, there is a period of rest - fertilizing in this period is not needed.
Aglaonema does not like lime fertilizers.
How to transplant a flower
Young aglaonema transplanted annually in the spring. An adult plant feels fine in a cramped pot when the root system is limited, so a transplant is done every 2–5 years, but as the need arises replace the top layer of soil with a new one. To do this, carefully remove about 2 centimeters of old earth and fill up the new one.
The ideal soil for planting will be a mixture of 3 parts of leafy ground, 2 parts of peat, 1 part of humus and 1 part of sand. Aglaonema prefers loose, unbroken soil, with good air and water permeability.
Particular attention is paid to the pot for planting. In aglaonema, the root system is superficial and fibrous, therefore a deep pot is undesirable. We give preference to a broad, given the emergence of new young plants, and shallow. Aglaonema grows better if its roots are limited to a small space. When choosing the size of the planting pot, keep in mind that about a quarter of its volume will be drained.
- Pour a layer of drainage into the selected pot: small pebbles, broken shards or expanded clay.
Drainage is necessary to avoid stagnant water in the root system.
Aglaonema purchased at the store is not immediately transplanted. She is given an adaptation for 2 to 3 weeks and then transplanted, observing all the rules listed above..
Aglaonema also grows well on nutrient solution without soil - hydroponics.
Table: Aglaonema diseases and pests
- Topaz or 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid (10 ml per 1 l of water) - spraying.
- With a very strong lesion, remove the affected roots and plant parts with a sharp knife and transplant.
- Aktellik, Aktara, Lannata - according to the instructions.
- Folk remedies for spraying: infusion of wormwood, garlic, onions, citrus peels.
- You can fight with hot (+45 degrees) soul. Wash the shower first with the lower parts of the leaves, and then the upper for 1-2 minutes.
- If the tick spreads, sprinkle the flower, pot and window sill with Aktar or Zolon.
- For prevention, use sticky tape for flies.
- To fight - Konfidor, Mospilan (1 treatment), Actellic (up to 4 treatments in 5-6 days).
Video: beautiful aglaonema
Aglaonem can rightly be called the decoration of any room, and a wide variety of varieties and colors can make up a whole collection. But the main advantage of this tropical plant is its unpretentiousness, which was highly appreciated by lovers of home flower growing.