Amateur gardeners and professional gardeners pay special attention to such an important process as the reproduction of clematis with cuttings. This method makes it possible to get a few more copies of the favorite variety of plants. The process is quite easy and fast, given some important points and tips. When grafting is successful, beautiful young clematis grows.
Clematis cuttings in autumn
When pruning clematis in the autumn, well-matured and long shoots are selected (approximately one meter in length). They need to twist the ringlet and bury in loose, moist soil (about 10 centimeters). After a while this part of the soil will be crusted. Once this has happened, sprinkle the clematis with a layer of foliage.
By the end of the summer, a young bush of clematis will grow. It is important to ensure that the earth does not dry out.
It needs attention to the temperature regime for the plant to start well.
Clematis winter grafting
For winter grafting, the use of stiffened branches is characteristic. This is necessary in order to increase the chance of survival of cuttings in the cold winter period, when the sunlight contains less nutrients.
The handle should be small (less than twenty centimeters) in order to make it convenient to make a small greenhouse for it. This will provide the young plant with warmth and moderate moisture.
Cuttings are less likely to require more care.
Reproduction of clematis cuttings in the spring
To get the cuttings, you need to cut off the bush escape length of at least 70 centimeters. The upper part of the branch is not needed, since this is the underexposed part of the shoot, the buds in the leaf axils are not laid here.
It is best to take cuttings from the middle part, which do not have large green shoots.
When cutting the cuttings left somewhere 7 centimeters. After that, the cuttings are placed in a solution of heteroauxin or root for half an hour. This stimulates the emergence of the root system. This makes clematis reproduction by cuttings more efficient.
The earth can be loosened with a flat-cut, add humus, so that the earth is fertile and soft. It creates a groove, spills water. After the water is partially absorbed, the hole is partially covered with earth. There are inserted cuttings at the very shoots.
How to cut clematis cuttings:
- Use a sharp knife. Secateurs can crush and damage delicate, thin twigs. A sharp knife will not spoil the cuttings.
- Cut at a 45 degree angle. Cutting the escape should be diagonally, ideally, at a 45 degree angle. With this pruning, the area of appearance of the roots is increased.
- Pull back 1.5 centimeters. For a successful cutting of cuttings, you need to retreat 1.2 - 2 centimeters from the knot.
Cuttings are well received from both old and young bushes.
How clematis propagates by cuttings in summer
Reproduction of this plant is very easy. No need to use additional materials.
When cutting, half or a third of the leaf should be cut, since it is in the summer when the clematis blooms large leaves.
A video about clematis grafting in the summer will tell you many important points that you should listen to and see with your own eyes. In the video there are many tips for proper care of the plant. Especially a lot of nuances during the summer period. It is necessary to make sure that the cuttings do not dry out, as well as the ground in which they are located.
Cuttings go well. By the next season young and beautiful clematis grow.
Reproduction of clematis cuttings in water
This method follows a similar principle.
It is necessary to take into account several important factors that prevent possible errors (rotting cuttings):
- Clean tara. It is very important that the container in which the cuttings grow will be perfectly clean. This is the main mistake, after which the cuttings deteriorate and rot.
- High-quality cut. Smooth and neat cut - a pledge, well-developed root system. A bad cut can spoil the plant.
For work the sharp tool is used.
If you are interested in the question of how to grow clematis from a cutting, then there is one practical advice.
When rooting, plants secrete a liquid that contains natural substances of root formation. If the gardener has been growing cuttings in water before that, it is good to add liquid from previous cuttings to new plants. This reduces the formation of kalyus and the first grooves of the roots.
Once the root grooves have appeared, the plant can be transplanted into the ground, or you can wait for the full root to grow.
The graft is transplanted into a small container, which needs to be closed with something on top in order to create a hermetic package. You can take a bottle, cut it into two parts, put a cutting into one of them, and make small cuts on the second one (thanks to this, you can combine the bottles together). So is the reproduction of clematis cuttings in water.
A small depression is made in the ground (it is not necessary to thrust the cutting directly into the ground, so as not to damage the calus), where clematis is then placed.
It is desirable to keep the plant at a temperature of 22 ° C, since at a lower temperature the roots either do not grow at all or grow slowly.
Reproduction clematis layering
Among gardeners, the preferred way to increase the number of plants is the reproduction of clematis by layering. Unlike grafting, this method gives one hundred percent results, requires less effort.
A twig is taken, a part of which is buried in the ground (attached with a pin or other fastening so as not to fly away).
This method is good because the mother branch will feed the bush until it is strong enough to become independent. From the mother otvodok receives all the necessary nutrients, trace elements. But this does not mean that the bush itself does not need to be fertilized. He needs the same care as his fellows: sufficient watering and good feeding.
Only if all these recommendations are followed, will this method succeed.
Reproduction of clematis with green cuttings has several important features. This method is considered quite simple. Even a novice gardener will cope with it, but despite this, experienced gardeners also prefer to plant clematis with cuttings.
This method has several advantages:
- Timelessness With the help of cuttings you can grow a new plant for free. Seeing a beautiful clematis from a neighbor or friend, you can ask him for a cutting. Then you can grow exactly the same plant in your own. At the same time saving both time and money.
- Quantity and quality. Taking cuttings of good varieties, you grow a plant identical to those from which the fence was taken. With proper cultivation of cuttings, you can grow an entire garden without buying a single bush or flower.
The main methods of reproduction of clematis
The main methods of reproduction of clematis in general can be divided into two main groups
- reproduction by separating the part from the parent plant - the method of division and layering,
- rooting by reproduction is a method of grafting.
Each of these methods is effective and allows you to propagate the flower. Hybrid varieties do not transmit their qualities through the seeds, so they multiply only by cuttings, layering or dividing the bush.
The method of grafting and reproduction by layering are considered the most simple in terms of spending time and effort. The effectiveness of dividing the bush depends largely on the correctness of its implementation. It is worth considering that the old clematis bushes have strong and powerful roots. The process of separating parts from such bushes severely injures both the parent bush and the plots themselves. For better survival, it is recommended a year before the planned division of the clematis bush to fill it with the base of the layer of humus, which will contribute to a better education of young roots.
Reproduction of Clematis by Seeds
This method is not suitable for all varieties of clematis. Propagated by seeds can only be wild and small-flowered species. Depending on the size, The seeds fall into three main categories:
- from 1.5 to 3 cm - small,
- from 3 to 5 cm - medium,
- from 6 to 12 cm - large.
The larger the seed size, the more germinating it is. Small seeds sprout after 3-4 weeks, the germination of medium seeds can be expected from 1.5 to 6 months, large ones only after 6 months from the time of sowing. The ability to germinate depends not only on the size, but also on the shelf life. When buying planting material is to check its shelf life.
Seeds must be stratified before planting.. The procedure is as follows:
- for a few days the seeds are soaked,
- the seeds are covered with wet sand,
- for 2 months planting material is stored in the refrigerator.
Sowing is done at the end of April right into the soil. To improve seed germination and control capabilities, some growers carry out a preliminary planting in a container, followed by planting it along with the seeds in open ground. It is always possible to accurately determine the place of future shoots, if necessary, to dive seedlings.
Possible seed sowing in the fallIn this case, in spring, natural germination of sprouts can be expected. Some types of clematis are able to multiply by seeding. These species include Tankut clematis. Seed propagation can occur so actively that after a while the flower passes into the category of weed grass.
Reproduction by layering
Clematis reproduction by layering considered simple and reliable. To do this, throughout the summer, the escape of a flower is buried in the ground. At the same time a small bush grows from each internode.
Cleftis is recommended to be instilled in early spring. To do this, choose a strong escape, well wintered in winter. For rooting, the following actions are performed:
- a furrow of 7-8 centimeters deep is formed in the ground,
- escape fits into the ground,
- With the help of hooks, the stem is fixed and pressed to the ground.
The end of the shoot does not need to be completely buried in the ground; it must protrude from the ground by at least 20 centimeters. Furrow is recommended to completely fall asleep only after the appearance of the first young shoots that have grown by 10-15 centimeters. As a material for backfilling, humus or loose earth is used. It will be necessary to pinch the young shoots. During the summer, it is necessary to maintain a sufficient level of moisture for the growth of clematis. If you wish to propagate a large number of clematis, you need to drop in from 2 to 5 shoots of a plant.
In winter, young shoots sprinkle with leaves or needles. After hibernation of shoots on the maternal plant, transplanting of layers is performed. At the same time to dig up the young shoots of clematis need very carefully. It should be prepared that most of them will be without a root system. Each flower bush is interconnected by a stem, so when digging up and trying to pull a lot of one of the young bushes, the root of the next shoot will break. First you need to cut the shovel with a shovel in the ground, and only then you can start digging.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
Clematis reproduction by dividing a bush is considered to be an effective, but more labor-intensive method. Transplantation is recommended in the autumn or spring, after the onset of warm weather.
The division process depends on the age of the clematis bush.. The plant at the age of 5-6 years old is simply dug out of the ground and divided into parts with the help of a cutting tool. For dividing a small bush, you can use a pruner, if the plant has a large and strong root system, you should use an ax. The division must be carried out in such a way that each of the parts has a good bundle of roots and at least 1-2 shoots.
Adult clematis has a very powerful root system, so simply dig and divide such a flower does not work. Under such a clematis, a dig is made on one of the sides, and it is necessary to dig as deep a hole as possible. The root is washed with a stream of water until it becomes bare and it becomes clear where to chop. The rhizome is cut by a shovel or an ax, plots with good tufts of roots and shoots are formed. After transplantation into the ground, all the plots must cut off the shoots, leaving only two buds.
The following year, the digging can be carried out from the opposite side and a new breeding material can be obtained. With one clematis bush can be obtained per year 2-6 new seedlingswhich, with successful digging and engraftment in a new place, are able to bloom in the same year.
How to choose a landing site
For a good survival of young shoots of clematis, regardless of the chosen method of flower reproduction, it is necessary to choose the right landing site. For landing it is worth choosing open solar places protected from gusts of wind and drafts.
Clematis does not impose special requirements on the soil; the main thing is that she provided sufficient air access. Clay and heavy soil, high-traffic areas, periodically flooded areas are not suitable for planting. Before planting, it is recommended to pre-break the soil, add sand and peat.
How to multiply clematis
This king of vines is decorated with pergolas and arbors. Not picky and feels good in the garden and flowerbed. Some varieties are so decorative that up to two hundred flowers appear on one bush. The plant is at the peak of popularity. Luxurious flowering and noble appearance of foliage conquers at first sight. Growing garden handsome is not difficult. But buying seedlings is expensive. A large number of summer residents, already having the coveted bush on the site, are wondering how to multiply clematis on their own. The answer to this question is in this article.
Clematis description, photo
Another name for the plant is clematis. The perennial of the Buttercup family is a vine up to 10 m long. Its trunk becomes rigid after the third year of life. But it is possible to meet also copies with a grassy stalk. Their height is only about 40 centimeters. Another of the life forms is shrub. Its shoots rise to 140 cm. Different leaf shapes and even the type of root system is not the same. This may be a pivotal variant or a lush armful of roots, reaching 1.5 meters in diameter.
Know! Roots have an intense, specific smell.
The homeland of this amazing plant are subtropical regions. But the flower has successfully passed the process of acclimatization in Europe. And now more than 300 varieties of this liana adorn the gardens and parks of the Old World.
Flowers may have a different color. The hue of the petals depends on many factors:
- climatic features of the region,
- soil composition
- growing geography
- the degree of sunlight.
Early varieties bloom in June. In the later period, the decorative period is delayed towards the end of the summer. Flowers can form lush inflorescences or appear on the stems one by one. They can be simple or terry. The form is also diverse - from asterisk to bell. The pleasant aroma of almond or jasmine accompanies the abundant flowering of clematis. It lasts from one to three weeks.
Clematis Reproduction Methods
Increase the number of bushes on the site in various ways. You can propagate the plant with the help of seeds. But in this case, luxurious hybrid varieties with large flowers of bizarre shape and color will not give the progeny a set of their distinctive features. Then comes to the rescue vegetative method. Several breeding options are used:
- Cuttings. A simple way that does not require special skills.
- Layering. Also a convenient common method.
- The division of the bush. Combined with the procedure of rejuvenation garden handsome.
- In water.
- By vaccination. This method - the lot of professionals. The traditional format for breeders who are trying to bring a new variety, as well as affect any characteristics of the plant.
Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. It is important to choose the most suitable in each individual case.
All vegetative methods have a number of common advantages:
- the accelerated appearance of the buds,
- homogeneity in terms of genetics,
- the ability to rebirth,
- increase endurance and longevity of the plant,
- protection of young animals from diseases of various etiologies.
When better to clematis clematis
There is an opportunity to hold this event not only in spring and in autumn. Many gardeners are of the opinion that at the beginning of the growing season, the plant tolerates the procedure more easily, and the planting material takes root faster. There is also an opposite point of view - it is better to graft before the onset of cold weather. This will allow the mother bush to recover and rest before the next season.
Reproduction cuttings in the fall
Before the onset of the first frost, a clematis is pruned. This has a positive effect not only on the subsequent growth and development of shoots. Buds spring more quickly and easily enter a new growing season. Cuttings are usually harvested precisely from unnecessary pruned twigs. Лучше всего, чтобы они были одревесневшими.
На подготовленных побегах оставляют до двух узлов и несколько листиков. It is better that it was a fragment from the middle of the branch, and not its tip. The lower cut is performed obliquely for better survival. Experienced growers process the “babe” with special preparations that stimulate rooting (for example, “Kornevin” will do).
The process will accelerate the use of specially prepared substrate. It consists of a mixture of peat and sand in a 1: 2 ratio. It is preferable to use separate tanks for each shoot. It is required to moisten the earth well. The cuttings are immersed in the soil so that the first node is completely covered by the substrate.
The creation of special conditions is the key to the rapid development and rooting of the branches. The ideal temperature for planting material is 25⁰C. To maintain an optimal moisture balance - youngsters are regularly sprayed with water from a spray bottle. Irrigation procedure is carried out several times a day every day.
Attention! When autumn grafting, after rooting shoots, they must be stored in the basement until the arrival of spring.
We multiply clematis with the help of different types of layering
This is an even simpler method than cutting. But time for the implementation of the plan will take more. The main options for breeding clematis using this method:
- Rooting vertical otvodkov. This method does not adversely affect the flowering of the handsome garden.
- Horizontal Chinese slips. You can carry out this type of work in the spring and autumn. It is advisable to pre-fertilize under the mother bush.
- Air reproduction. Rarely encountered method. Suitable for breeding grassy or semi-shrub varieties.
The method of vertical cuttings makes it possible to get even more lush bush. Around the old plant young shoots are formed over two seasons. The soil saturated with nutrients is poured under the plant to its lower nodes. To preserve the substrate and prevent it from being washed out as a result of the effects of rains, the bush is enclosed with a low curb. The lower buds form roots over time. From this moment begins their independent development.
The method of reproduction using horizontal rations is more popular. Step-by-step plan of the procedure:
- Next to the maternal bush is necessary to dig a groove. Its depth should not exceed 10 centimeters. In such a trench is placed a twig. Garden shoots handsome enough fragile - it is important not to break them in the process of bending down to the ground.
- On the branch above you need to pour fertile soil and compact the pile.
- It is important to secure the directional escape in the ground.
- Regular irrigation promotes early rooting.
- Young sprouts appear in spring time. Hilling nutrient substrate is desirable to spend several times over the summer.
- Seed young bushes away from the parent plant can be a year later.
- The final formation of the bush will be completed within a three-year period.
The method of air layouts is a difficult task. You will need to pick a strong stalk with healthy large buds. Under them should be cut the escape to the middle. This place is treated with a root formation stimulator and wrapped in a moss moss pillow. The upper part of the branch is cut off. The rest is insulated with plastic film and attached to any support.
Attention! When the roots are seen through the moss, the plant can be planted separately.
Features of reproduction of clematis with green cuttings
This event can be combined with clematis pruning. A suitable period in the southern regions is May and June. Under the conditions of the middle band, the time for performing the procedure is delayed by a month. June and July is the right time for grafting in this climate zone.
To complete the task, you will need a pruner, a cutting board, a well-sharpened knife, any growth stimulant, container, soil, a small greenhouse, or just a plastic bag.
When planting the escape, it is necessary to make sure that the knot has sunk 1 cm into the ground. Roots will be formed from this node in the future. Young animals should be seated at a distance of at least 5 cm. It is important to take care of regular spraying of plants. Irrigation is done several times a day. Cuttings root well after 1.5 months after planting.
Procurement and processing of cuttings
As donors, it is preferable to choose plants older than three years of age. Pruning is carried out at the time of development of buds. It is advisable to use side shoots that have grown after trimming a bush. They should not be buds, and the maximum number of nodes should be no more than two.
Important! The lower cut is carried out at an angle of 45 degrees, and the top should be an even shoot.
The foliage is shortened by half. The billet is sprayed with a root formation stimulator. It may be Zircon, Appin, or any other drug. Then the branch is immersed in water and left in a dark place where the light does not penetrate.
Substrate for planting
The youngsters live well in the substrate consisting of a mixture of peat and sand. Ground moisture should not exceed 30%. To avoid stagnation of water, in the pot form a two-level soil layer. The lower part consists of humus, peat and sand in equal proportions. Above poured sand pillow. Its height is about eight centimeters.
Care for cuttings
Youngsters must be sprayed. This manipulation is required to be performed several times a day. The optimum temperature for the "kids" is in the range of 20-22 ° C. Sprigs covered with plastic bottles or cans to create a greenhouse effect. Periodically it is necessary to air the "kids". After two weeks, the shelter can be removed.
Important! Do not expose cuttings to direct sunlight. They may die.
Experienced Gardeners Tips
Recommendations flower growers with experience will allow to achieve good results:
- maternal plant age affects the success of grafting. Best of all, the vine is 3-4 years old,
- the time of procurement of planting material coincides with the period of swelling of the kidneys and tying the buds,
- the donor plant must be healthy. Then the "kids" will grow strong,
- Mandatory prior fertilization under the adult bush,
- no more than one third of the shoots can be cut. Otherwise, liana can cause serious harm.
How to multiply Clematis with a plastic bottle
The prepared container is cut in half. The bottom part will serve as a flowerpot. It is filled with a nutrient substrate and planted stalks prepared according to all the rules. The soil is thoroughly moisturized. Next, cover the top with the second half of the bottle. Fixation with scotch tape is required. In order to avoid excessive heating, the container is driven into the ground along the level of the ground poured into it. For irrigation and ventilation it is enough to unscrew the cap.
When growing at home sowing is carried out in the fall. All winter the young grow and develop. In the spring it can be planted in the garden.
Preparation begins with a stratification procedure. This allows you to increase immunity to disease and strengthen future seedlings. After the seeds have lain on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for three weeks, they can be sown in boxes. Sowing in such a container in the spring allows you to quickly and easily move the seedlings for hardening to a balcony or loggia.
The optimal composition of the substrate consists of ash, garden soil, humus and sand. The depth of embedment of seeds should be 2 times larger than their size. On top of the crops sprinkled with river sand and slightly compacted soil. This allows the seeds to germinate faster. Depending on the conditions of detention and variety, the period of appearance of the first shoots varies from three weeks to 3 months. It is important to keep the soil moist, but avoid stagnant water.
Attention! The easiest way to start your first crop with a Manchurian clematis. This is not very picky variety, giving friendly shoots.
In the open ground
When sowing seeds in early spring in the open field, it is important to carry out the stratification procedure beforehand. Seeds of large caliber must be kept in the refrigerator for at least three months. Small can be sown immediately in open ground, without special training. If possible, you can stratify them. In late April, medium-sized seeds are sown to a depth of one centimeter. After a month and a half, the first shoots will appear.
Large grains are soaked in warm water. There they must lie down for three days. Water is changed once a day. You can bubbling seeds. And yet they can be pre-winter, sow in boxes. After the appearance of the first leaf, the youngsters swoop on a bed with a light, airy ground. With the appearance of two or more pairs of leaves, seedlings can be moved to the usual garden soil. After that, young bushes pinch slightly higher than the second pair of leaves to accelerate development.
Know! Saplings grown after spring sowing will be suitable for transplanting to a permanent place only by autumn.
Therefore, many growers prefer to plant seeds in the fall in order to enjoy the first flowering of the wards next season. In this case, for the winter, be sure to provide a safe shelter for landings. This can be a combination of straw and tape or other reliable options.
Most of the small seed varieties bloom in the second year. Krupnoseyannye - only the third or even fourth. After the first period of decoration is completed, plants can be transplanted to a permanent place.
The method of dividing the bush
An adult bush can be divided in spring or autumn. The plant is carefully dug. It is necessary to handle the root system as carefully as possible. Sharpened rhizome with a pointed bayonet of a shovel.
A big bush is difficult to dig out of the ground completely. Therefore, they expose one third of its underground part and separate it with a shovel. After that, fill the hole with earth and shed the soil with Kornevin's solution. Separated parts are planted immediately to a permanent place. With this method of breeding bushes bloom quickly.
Clematis Propagation Pros and Cons
Ready for planting bushes can be purchased at specialized garden centers and shops. Do not have to spend their own time and energy. In the open ground they can be moved immediately after purchase.
But much nicer to grow their own seedlings. And the purchase copy can be ill and not take root. Self-procuring cuttings, you can know exactly what characteristics will be endowed with "baby." After all, she inherits all the signs of the mother plant. These will be zoned, acclimatized plants that are not afraid of frost and winds. Such seedlings do not require careful and complex care.
After examining all the possibilities presented, any novice gardener will know how to propagate clematis independently and correctly.
When is it best to reproduce clematis?
Most gardeners agree that reproduction of clematis by cuttings is the best way. Indeed, it is a priority when breeding many perennial flowers. This method allows you to save during reproduction all varietal characteristics of plants. In addition, the biological material for planting can be harvested not only in spring, but also in summer and autumn, when clematis can be propagated with green cuttings.
Reproduction of clematis cuttings in the spring
In spring, clematis bushes with a minimum age of 2 years can be used for grafting. As a material for cuttings, you can use long elastic vines. The average length of one cut branch is usually 0.8-1m.
Reproduction of clematis cuttings in the summer
Clematis clematisation in the summer is usually carried out in the last decade of June or early July. Many flower growers consider this period a good breeding time. Procurement and cutting of clematis cuttings during this period does not differ from spring works. In the summer they are allowed to land in open ground, but it must be borne in mind that rooting takes place better in partial shade. Therefore, the cuttings must be pritenit.
How to root clematis from cuttings
The easiest way to use for cutting cuttings is a sharp knife and a cutting board. This procedure is performed according to the following scheme:
- The escape fits on the board.
- A sharp knife makes cuts 1 cm above and 5 cm below the internode.
- Of the two leaves growing from the internode, you must leave one, the second can be cut off.
In this way you can get several cuttings from a single shoot.
Rooting of clematis cuttings in water
Root clematis can root in ordinary water. To do this, it is placed in a container with water so that only the lower parts are immersed. To reduce moisture evaporation, the sheet plate is cut in half. It is very important that the water level is always on the same value, this should be monitored and regularly refilled. In one bank can be several cuttings at the same time.
Light in the room in which there are banks with cuttings, must be extinguished. In 1.5-2 months, the length of the roots will reach 4-5 cm. After this, the cuttings need to be transplanted into the soil, containers or a greenhouse. It is categorically not recommended to keep them further in the water, as this may lead to their death.
Rooting in the ground
For planting cuttings it is better to use special containers that can be closed from above with a transparent material. They are filled with soil mixture or nutrient soil purchased in the store.
For disinfection, the soil can be scalded with hot water or sprayed with potassium permanganate solution diluted to a dark pink color.
Harvested cuttings are treated with a root growth stimulator, keeping cuttings in it for 10-12 hours, and then they are planted in the soil to a depth of about 0.5 cm. The interval between adjacent cuttings should be at least 5 cm. then the container is closed with a plastic bag or film.
The necessary conditions for normal survival of clematis are the following:
- Air temperature is + 18-20 ° C.
- Humidity 90%.
- Soil moisture 30%.
Excessive humidity, like elevated temperature, can lead to the death of cuttings.
For good rooting cuttings need appropriate conditions. They need to be watered regularly, and the ambient air temperature must be within + 20-22 ° C. Containers with cuttings must be regularly ventilated; for this, plastic wrap is temporarily removed.
After 1-2 months, the cuttings will have their own root system. At this time, they are seated in separate containers and placed on growing. In the fall, young clematis are cleaned in a cellar, and in spring they are planted in a permanent place.
How to multiply clematis, which way to use - this decision should be made by the grower on the basis of his knowledge and experience. Many consider this perennial to be a rather capricious plant requiring increased care, but this is not so. Even a beginner grower can remove clematis from cuttings at home, since the existing breeding methods listed in this article are simple and accessible.
How to multiply clematis?
This ornamental plant can be propagated by all known methods. The difference is only in the amount of time and materials available. Therefore, considering the question of how to multiply clematis, you need to push off from the presence of this ornamental shrub in your area. If you already have clematis, you can propagate by layering or cuttings. Another option - the division of the bush. And if you do not have these plants, you will need to purchase them or collect the seeds. Before you do landing, you need to choose a place for clematis. This flower, though unpretentious, but still has its preferences. A place for him to choose windless and moderately sunny. You can plant clematis next to higher plants that will create moderate shade.
We multiply clematis by cuttings
The answer to the question of whether it is possible to multiply clematis by cuttings is positive. Moreover, such a method as cutting, makes it possible to obtain a large number of seedlings. The grafting process can be performed at any time of the year, except for the fall. Consider the question of how to propagate clematis by cuttings, more. It is possible to use both woody and green cuttings. Reproduction by green cuttings is different from reproduction by woody lumbering. The process itself is not radically different from cuttings of other shrubs. The cutting should be cut at an angle of 45 degrees, and it should be 2 knots. And it is necessary to take it from the middle of the shoot. It will be better for the plant if the cutting process is carried out in the autumn.
In order to achieve a better effect, before propagating clematis by cuttings, one can acquire growth stimulants. They are sold in specialized stores. When reproducing clematis cuttings need to adhere to a certain temperature regime. The temperature can vary from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius. Such destructive phenomena as high humidity, drying and overheating are destructive for cuttings. Также нужно не допускать попадания прямых солнечных лучей. Размножая клематис черенками, вы получите в конечном счёте саженцы, которые имеют сильную корневую систему. Это является неоспоримым преимуществом черенкования перед другими способами размножения.
Размножаем клематисы отводками
Теперь разберёмся в том, как размножить клематис отводками. The first step is to prepare the grooves, the depth of which should be 10 centimeters. Then the process is very simple. In these grooves need to put young shoots. They should be 6 knots.
It remains to fill the earth escape. The soil can be additionally fed or promulcated. The top of the shoot should peek out of the ground. It is advisable to tie it to a wooden stick. In order to take root, you need to water in a timely manner. The land should not dry out. Further, as the tops grow, the process repeats. And in the spring you can separate the young clematis from the mother bush and transplant to the place prepared for them.
We multiply clematis seeds
This is probably the most troublesome way to get clematis. From seeds, a plant may not be the same as its parent. If you buy clematis seeds, there is no need to do anything with them. You can immediately start sowing. If the seeds you collect, you need to select only large samples. There are 2 options for planting: in pots or open ground. Consider both.
Sowing in open ground
It is possible to sow this ornamental shrub both in autumn and spring. Before sowing, you need to stock up on a certain amount of sand. Since the seeds will need to sprinkle them. If clematis sowed you thought up in the spring, then you first need to sustain the seeds for 3 months at a temperature of 0 to 5 degrees Celsius. Such measures will accelerate the germination and germination of the plant. Seeds are poured on the surface of the earth, and sprinkled on top of them with a layer of sand. It is desirable that the air temperature in the period of seed germination ranged from 25 to 30 degrees Celsius.
Sowing in pots
If sowing is done in pots or special boxes, then it is necessary that the soil is half composed of sand. Pour the soil into the container, then the seeds, sprinkle with sand. The temperature regime should be, as when planted in open ground, from 25 to 30 degrees Celsius.
After the seeds have been planted, it is necessary to ensure timely watering. In case of landing in open ground, weeding is also required. If all the conditions have been met, then soon there will be sprouts that need a lot of light, humidity and a certain thermal regime. At the same time they should not be exposed to direct sunlight.
After the appearance of the first leaves clematis need to dive. And after the shrub begins to give shoots, they need to pinch. It should be remembered that if there are several clematis, then the distance between them should be at least 20 centimeters. If the planting and maintenance were done properly, then you will get an ornamental shrub with a strong root system and a gorgeous crown.
So that in winter the root system of clematis does not suffer, the plant should be planted in a trench with an average depth of 6 centimeters. Shoots before the shelter are cut so that 2-3 knots remain. Although here a large role is played by the peculiarities of the type of clematis - there are varieties that are not pruned.
Clematis reproduction by bush division
Before considering the question of how to multiply clematis by dividing a bush, you need to make a reservation that this can only be done with a plant that is at least 3 years old. Due to the large size of the ornamental shrub, this method cannot be called very convenient. Although it gives the opportunity to get an already formed healthy bush. It is desirable to do this in the fall, and with the utmost care, trying not to damage the root system. You can divide into several parts. The main thing - to remember that each resulting plant must have at least 4 shoots.
Advantages and disadvantages of clematis breeding methods
We looked at several ways to propagate this ornamental shrub. Clematis can be obtained from seeds by the process of cutting, dividing a bush or layering. The simplest and most reliable is the multiplication by layering and dividing the bush. In the second place you can put the cuttings of the shrub, but getting a plant from the seeds is quite troublesome. Although if we talk about efficiency, then the first place should still be put grafting. Growing a shrub of seeds, you can not get what you expected. What is also difficult to attribute to the merits of this method.
How to multiply clematis was described above. However, I want to emphasize that you can get a strong plant only by adhering to the temperature regime and the rules of care.
With how to multiply clematis, we figured out. I would like to say a few words about the care of this wonderful plant. In order for it to feel comfortable, it is necessary to loosen the soil and feed the bushes. Clematis does not like acidic soil and does not tolerate stagnant water. Therefore, watering should be moderate, but the presence of peat or manure can destroy ornamental shrubs. Also, do not forget about fertilizers, which need clematis. After all, in order to bloom, the plant needs a lot of strength.
In parallel with the planting, it is necessary to take care of the supports, since clematis are shrub vines. Before you multiply clematis, you need to build arches. These ornamental shrubs can perfectly act as a hedge or decorate the walls of a house. However, in the second case it should be remembered that at least 40 centimeters of free space should be left between the wall of the house and clematis. And between the bushes themselves, if there are several, you need to leave at least 30 centimeters of free space. You also need to make sure that the clematis will not get water flowing from the roofs.
Well, a few words about how clematis endures winter. It belongs to frost-resistant plants. If all the rules of planting are observed, then frost is not terrible for the root system. But the Achilles heel of the plant is the root neck. It is on it that the flower buds are located, which will empty the vines in spring. To protect it from frost, clematis after pruning is poured with ash and sand and covered with spruce leaves. For most varieties of such a cover is enough, and owners of naughty clematis can still additionally build a roof of scrap materials. For this fit boards, plywood or slate. But do not take shelter before the onset of frost. Clematis not only feels great during a decrease in temperature, but also heals itself, because the plant is hardening and freezing of diseases.
Reproduction of Clematis by Seeds
Only wild-growing or species clematis can be obtained from seeds, since the varieties obtained by breeding almost do not retain their ability to bear fruit. Clematis is divided into three groups by seed size. Species with small seeds are characterized by rapid germination - from 15 days to 3 months. With medium (in size) seeds, the emergence of clematis sprouts takes from 1.5 months to six months, with large seeds - from 2 to 8 months. Sowing lines directly depend on seed size. Small seeds of clematis are always sown in spring, in March-April, and medium and large - after harvest, either before winter or with stratification.
Sowing of clematis seeds is carried out immediately into the soil, on seedlings. If desired, they can be sown in boxes or containers, followed by a dive on the ridge (but the plants grow worse and slower compared to those grown in open soil).
There are two strategies for sowing seeds of clematis:
- Autumn (subwinter) sowing - applies only to large and medium-sized clematis seeds. A sowing ground is prepared, when needed, by improving and loosening the soil. Seeds are sown rarely, in small holes or grooves, buried 4-5 cm in the soil.
- Spring sowing. This option for medium and large clematis seeds requires preliminary stratification: they are kept in cool temperatures (not lower than 0 and not higher than 5 degrees Celsius) for 12-14 weeks. Most often, the seeds are stored in the refrigerator for up to 3 months, after mixing them with wet sand. Small seeds do not need to be processed. The sowing technique is similar.
Diving is carried out at the stage of the first or second pair of sheets, mulching between rows to protect young plants from overheating. Before the appearance of the third pair of leaves, seedlings are preferably pritenyat. Young clematis provide regular watering, loosening and weeding.
Planting of clematis seeds obtained from seeds to a permanent place is always carried out in a year, in autumn or in spring. In winter, the plants are preserved by hilling, pruning shoots. Young plants are planted in such a way that the root neck is 3-4 cm deep. Plants regularly nip their shoots over the second pair of leaves to thicken.
Rooting clematis layers
This is a simple and very effective way that allows you to get strong seedlings, quickly reaching decorative and flowering, without a traumatic separation of the main bush. In fact, the method of rooting cuttings from clematis is similar to the standard method of reproduction of any lianas. Carry the addition of the layers in the late spring or early summer.
In order to multiply clematis by layering according to the classical method:
- At the base of the bush to make a deep, up to 7-10 cm groove.
- Put one of the strong young shoots into the groove. You can create both a vertical otvodok, deepening only one node, and horizontal, putting almost the entire escape, except the top.
- Gently sprinkle the nodes on the shoot with soil, leaving the leaves outside.
- Secure shoots in the ground in any convenient way (special brackets or wire "studs").
- Abundantly water the places of future rooting and maintain constant soil moisture throughout the summer.
- 2-3 times in the summer to feed a full mineral fertilizer or growth stimulant solution.
Despite the fact that the rooting of clematis escape nodes will occur by the fall, the daughter plants obtained from cuttings cannot be deposited until next year. In the spring, new shoots will start developing from the nodes, in the summer they will receive watering and 1-2 additional feeding, and separation from the mother bush and transplantation will be done only in late August - early autumn or next spring. Of course, if desired, the planting can be carried out in the spring next year, but it is better to let the plants form a good root system and get independent vines that do not need to grow. The plant is carefully digged and planted in a new place, in the prepared landing pits, following the general rules of planting.
In the first year after planting the plants should not give bloom. Usually clematis in the first year form buds, but it is better to pinch them to improve rooting and aging for the winter.
Alternative way of rooting clematis layers:
- To ground the base of the bush with humus or peat to the second or third from the bottom of a pair of leaves on the shoots.
- After one or two years, the shoots rooted in the nodes are free from hilling, they can be cut off from the mother bush and transplanted.
Clematis Bush Separation
Clematis older than 5-6 years of age, if they have formed a large number of shoots, can be divided into several parts. This is a fairly simple method that allows you to quickly achieve active growth and not wait for several years until the maximum decorative effect is reached (plants will bloom in the year of separation). But it should be remembered that clematis - Spiderman is not so simple. The plant is afraid of injuries of the roots, it is difficult to tolerate transplants, and even the separation - even more so. It is better to resort to division when the plant itself needs it, only in two cases:
- if necessary, transfer the vine to a new place or needs for transplantation due to other objective factors,
- with a strong proliferation of clematis with a visible need for rejuvenation and loss of decorativeness (usually characteristic of varieties with tillering).
Place for planting need to prepare in advance, improving the soil and preparing planting pits.
The separation procedure is carried out even in the middle lane either in autumn or in early spring. The latter option, although less dangerous in terms of preparing for winter, is fraught with great difficulties. The thing is that the separation should be carried out as soon as the weather allows, the snow melts and thaws the soil, but the shoots should not start growing until separation, the buds can only be slightly swollen. The timing of a possible separation in this case is very limited, clematis is lagging behind in development, so the autumn division is considered simpler and less risky.
The clematis separation procedure is quite complicated:
- Prepared planting pits are abundantly watered, soaking the soil with moisture. If possible, add growth stimulant to the water for irrigation.
- If the plant is divided in autumn, the above-ground part is cut, leaving 2-3 pairs of buds. Clematis bushes very carefully dug, keeping a large supply of soil around the roots and trying not to harm the long "laces." The earth is gently shaken off and washed, so that you can see the structure of the plant.
- After inspection, the bush is divided in any convenient way into large delenki containing a large tuft of roots, at least 2 - 3 shoots with visible lower buds of renewal. If you have the experience of clematis separation, you can separate one escape, but the larger the delenka, the better. The best option is not to divide even overgrown clematis into more than 2-3 parts.
- Roots inspect, shorten, remove damaged and dry parts. Delenki soaked in a solution of fungicide or potassium permanganate.
- Clematis gently planted in a new place, following the general rules of planting, be sure to bury the root neck by 10 cm.
There is an alternative way of clematis separation - without digging. Shrubs on one side are excavated, creating a trench or pit up to 70 cm deep, trying not to damage the roots and moving in a circle. On the dug-out side, gently bare the base of the bush by hand and cut off the shoots with roots with a sharp sheath or knife, drop the rest of the bush back and pour it over. Separated parts are treated in the same way as normal parts.
Watering after planting is not carried out: the water supply, poured into the landing hole, is enough for adapting plants. The first watering is carried out only a week after planting delenok. Growth stimulants can also be added to the water for irrigation.
Reproduction of clematis division of the bush. © hummingbirdfarm
Grafting on clematis
The most laborious of clematis breeding methods allows reproduction throughout the year, receiving a large number of seedlings. For grafting on clematis use young tops of the shoots remaining after cutting cuttings from the middle part, less often - woody cuttings. As rootstock, individual roots of varietal clematis or seedlings of species clematis rooted in advance are used. Inoculation of clematis can be carried out and rotated, and copulation, and on the wedge. Growth takes up to 1 month. It is best to carry out the vaccination in the greenhouse, then transplant the grafted plants in pots and containers, on seed beds.