Ludizia is an interesting representative of the Orchid family. Her flowers are small, similar to pearls. Large leaves with fancy silver labyrinth patterns immediately conquer the hearts of flower growers.
Sometimes this plant is called hemarias. In the natural environment ludiziya chose the wet forests of East and Central Asia. This flower grows right on the ground or on the walls of moss-covered caves.
Description of ludizii - precious orchids
Orchid ludiziya discolor at home photo
The rhizome is short, but well-branched, copes with obtaining nutrients and fixing the plant, both on horizontal and vertical surfaces. Powerful winding stem with rosettes of sessile leaves represent the upper part of the plant. Ludysia can grow as much as 15 cm, but it actively produces lateral processes, spreading in width.
- The leaves are alternate, vaginal, oval or egg-shaped with a pointed tip. One outlet is about five leaves.
- The sheet reaches a maximum of 7 cm in length, 4 cm in width. A beautiful pattern is always spread on the surface of the sheet, the sheet plate is smooth or can be covered with a short nap, the sheet is painted in a bright green color.
- The reverse side of the sheet is always smooth, has a darker shade. The leaf can live as long as 7 years, and fading leaves a mark in the form of a ring on the stem.
Flowers ludiziyah quite elegant, but do not cause much enthusiasm. Each leaf rosette releases a direct peduncle about 25 cm long. It is covered with several whitish flowers with a bud diameter up to 2 cm. The petals are round, white, with bright yellow stamens in the middle. Ludysia is called precious due to flowers resembling pearl threads and leaves covered with silver patterns. Flowering occurs from November to January, can last about 5 weeks.
Reproduction of ludizii cuttings
Cuttings ludizii photo
Orchid is propagated by ludysia in a vegetative way. She does not have a clearly defined rest period, so reproduction can be carried out throughout the year. Cut the stems into cuttings with 2-3 internodes. Wield a sharp disinfected blade, cut the ends of the cut with crushed charcoal.
Planting is recommended in a mixture of chopped pine bark and peat moss. Spread the cuttings horizontally on the ground surface, slightly press it, do not sprinkle it on top of the ground Cover the container with film or glass. During 2-4 weeks rooting will occur. Along the edges of the cutting young roots will be clearly visible.
With the advent of the first leaves, gradually accustom the orchid to the lack of shelter, while the humidity should be high. If on young seedlings flower stalks appear, remove them immediately so as not to burden the plant during the rooting and growth stage.
In the care of such a beautiful plant will require some effort and reverent treatment. Adult orchids are planted in small transparent pots with large drainage holes. Be sure to place vermiculite or brick chips on the bottom and fill in the desired soil from above. What soil to plant? This may be a ready-made soil for orchids purchased at a flower shop.
A mixture prepared for ludisia on its own should contain:
- 4 pieces of crushed pine bark with added needles
- 4 pieces of sphagnum moss
- 1 part of charcoal, peat and leaf land.
For those who do not want to cook the land on their own, it is recommended to purchase ordinary soil for orchids and plant a plant in it.
The root is placed in the upper layers of the soil, growth buds do not need to be buried. No need for frequent repotting. This has to be done as the roots grow, about once every 3-4 years.
The temperature should be moderately warm. 20-23 ° C will be sufficient, and a cool night air of about 17-19 ° C will benefit, stimulate an abundance of flowering.
To create such conditions, it will be most convenient to place the pot on the balcony and terrace for the period May-September. Keep the flower from drafts.
Watering and humidity
Watering should be regular all year. It should always keep the soil moist, but without stagnant water. Remove excess liquid from the pan 30 minutes after watering.
Moist air required. Use these methods of moistening: you can put the plant near the fountain, aquarium, periodically placed in a pan with wet vermiculite and pebbles, use a humidifier.
Do not spray the precious orchid, so that there are no stains from the water.
Feedings, diseases and pests
If the transplant is regular, fertilizing the plant is not needed, it will receive all the necessary substances from the nutrient soil. Only at the flowering stage, it is recommended to bring in half a complex of orchid minerals twice a month.
Proper care will prevent the occurrence of disease. Juicy foliage attracts parasites - flaky insects, aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs. Treatment with insecticides will help to save the precious beauty immediately when the first signs of an invasion appear.
How to trim a ludizia precious orchid
Over time, the shoots of a precious orchid are drawn out, losing attractiveness and looking bare at the bottom. To return to the bush compact lush look, shoots are radically cut almost at the root, leaving 4-5 cm of hemp. Soon the plant will release new shoots with thick leaves, the crown will get an elegant look.
Transplanting and dividing a ludizia bush at home
How to split a bush of a precious orchid photo
It is necessary to replant precious orchid once in 2-3 years. During this time, the bush grows well and requires division. Such a procedure rejuvenates the plant and gives additional seedlings that will decorate the apartment.
To divide the bush, it is watered and allowed to dampen the ground. Then they carefully remove the pot from the earthen coma and try to separate the shoots with roots into pieces without damaging the small roots. The resulting delenki planted in a pot with a prepared primer and arranged at the bottom of the drainage.
How to transplant ludysia photo
The root system of the plant is underdeveloped, superficial, with powerful central roots. Trying to lay out the shoots as they grew before transplanting.
When does ludisia bloom?
How does ludysia bloom photo
The period of blooming precious orchids - the end of autumn - the beginning of winter. At the time when all the plants are sent to rest, the beauty presents the extraordinary beauty of its flowering, which you can admire for about a month.
At this time, you need to be especially careful so that the water does not get on the flower stalks, and make sure that the soil is damp but not too wet.
How to make ludysia blossom
In order for the precious orchid to blossom, you need to prepare it in the summer for laying the flower buds. Be sure to monitor the temperature of the air, not allowing increases above 29 ° C and decreases below 20 ° C - this is the day. At night, lower the temperature by 3-5 ° C compared to the daytime. Such drops cause the plant to plant flower buds.
When the precious orchid blooms, keep it cool around 18 ° C to prolong the flowering as long as possible.
Why do orchids redden leaves?
Orchid ludiziya redden leaves photo
If the lower leaves of the precious orchid are red and then dead, then you are watering it too generously. Need to reduce watering. Do not worry, after a while in the place of the fallen off sheet a new one will appear.
Sometimes the effect of redness of the leaves is observed in old bushes, which means that it is time to transplant and rejuvenate them.
Ludysia discolor Ludisia discolor
Nature created only ludiziya discolor (multicolor or it is colorless). The plant has a sinuous creeping stem. The rosette consists of leaves of dark green color, covered with silvery longitudinal veins. At the same time growing on an orchid 3-6 leaves. Erect peduncle 10–20 cm long, covered with a dozen small white flowers. The lower petals have a slightly sloping lip, a long yellow anther protrudes over it.
For variety, breeders bred several ornamental varieties:
Ludizia Dawson Ludisia discolor var. dawsoniana
Ludizia Dawson Ludisia discolor var. dawsoniana photo
The plant, reaching a height of 30 cm, has larger leaves, decorated with thin stripes of pinkish hue. The velvety surface of the leaves fascinates the look with a wealth of colors.
Ludiziya Odin - longitudinal silvery veins create a pattern, there are paired transverse strokes running along the entire length of the central band.
The flower is considered a herbaceous plant, not exceeding a height of fifteen centimeters. Miniature growth is compensated by sprouting in all directions. The thick creeping trunk has striped leaves, oval or ovoid in shape, with a pointed end.
Ludysia grows in the tropics Thailand, China, Sumatra, Malaysia.
On the stem of this flower are located on five leaves, delicate to the touch, olive or purple hue. Each sheet contains streaks. Inflorescences are white with a yellowish color.
Peduncle consists of 20−30 buds, the diameter of which is two centimeters.
Growing up on the windowsill
In order to grow this miracle at home, you need to know and follow the rules of caring for it. Ludysia does not like bright light, prefers a shadow, therefore, the following guidelines should be followed:
- From sunlight the orchid leaves can get burned. The length of daylight should be at least fourteen hours, therefore, additional lighting should be used.
- Excessive lighting is reflected on the orchid: it loses its decorative effect, dropping leaves, and when there is a shortage of lighting, the leaves are drawn out.
All year round in the room where the precious orchid grows, the air temperature should be about 22 degrees, and at night not below + 18 ° C. The difference between day and night temperatures should not exceed 4 ° C. Orchid can be grown in dry air, only It should be regularly sprayed with settled warm water. Hard water can cause ugly stains on the leaves.
Ludysia actively developing in spring and summer. At this time, she needs to arrange a semblance of natural tropical rain. The beautiful leaves of the flower are washed with warm streams of the soul, then rubbed with a napkin and set in the same place.
The flower needs to be fertilized with a special fertilizer, which should not be made often, it will be sufficient once every two months. The plant should not be fed in the rest period, when it does not bloom - autumn and early spring.
Breeding at home
The best method for breeding is cutting, which can be done at any time, but it is best to do this in spring or summer.
To conduct grafting, you need:
- Choose a stem that has several nodes.
- Cut the stalk.
- Treat the cut with activated charcoal or brilliant green.
- Insert the cutting into the moss - the leaves should remain on the surface.
In order to root Ludizia correctly, you need to cut off all the buds. Then the flower does not need to waste forces on flowering, they will go to the development of the root system.
For an orchid, it is better to take purchased soil specially prepared. The earth must be moisture permeable, soft, and airy. The usual mixture of soil will not work, because after a few days the plant will die in it.
To independently prepare the soil, you need to take: chopped pine bark, sphagnum moss, charcoal, peat, foam in a ratio of 4: 4: 1: 1: 1. The basis of the soil is pine bark, and the remaining ingredients can be replaced: peat - river sand, moss - leafy ground.
Ludiziya does not require special care at home. Watering it is best in the morning. The ground should always be wet, but excessive watering can cause decay and dying off of the root system. In the pot with a flower should be a hole to exit the excess water. Water from the pallet needs to be drained.
The orchid does not need a transplant every year, it is done as needed. Repot the plant every three years, when the roots will not fit in the pot.
Ludysia is moved to wide and not very high capacities. Before transplantation, the roots are washed and cleaned dry and rotten shoots. Replanting the flower, the root can be divided into several parts and transplanted into separate pots.
Flower care rules
Difficulties in caring for Ludisia orchid:
- With a shortage of daily illumination, the plant will be pulled out. In this case, install additional lighting or change place.
- When the soil is dry, the leaves dry out and their color fades.
- Temperature drops in a young plant cause active development and flowering, and this is for him a strong load. It is better to remove all the flowers on it.
- Excess moisture leads to the appearance of deadly mold. Orchid urgently need to transplant and change the entire soil.
Basic Orchid Information
Distant and beautiful homeland of this precious plant is East Asia as well as Sumatra. The bush itself reaches a height of only 15 cm, the stems are well adapted to grasp and hold on to various projections. They are fleshy in structure, have many leaves.
The leaves of this precious orchid are soft and velvety, the shape of the leaf is an oblong oval. The color of the leaf can be varied, from purple to rich green, the veins are just as pronounced. It is worth noting that the color of the leaves depends on the variety of orchids ludizii. When autumn comes to an end, the orchid ludisia begins to bloom, the flower stalks are completely different from the classical orchid, the flower is very small, its color can be whitish or whitish-yellow. Ludizia blooms for a short time - only a month.
In the wild, you can find only one type of this beautiful flower from the set - ludysia discolor, also called ludysia multicolor. The appearance of the plant - creeping stems, with leaves of dark green color. The bush has several leaves with streaks of silver color. Peduncle grows to 15 - 20 cm, a couple dozen of small flowers appear and unfold on it, their color is pale white. In order to make this variety more diverse, specialists have developed several interesting varieties of precious orchids.
- Ludysia Dawson has larger sheets, streaks are pale pink, the maximum height of the peduncle reaches 30 cm.
- Ludiziya Odin, as well as Ludizia discolor, has silvery streaks on sheets, but the key difference of this type is the arrangement of these streaks, the central stripes are arranged by pair strokes.
- Ludizia Alba - differs from her relatives by a lighter colored leaf, and she also lacks the standard maroon ebb. The leaf is dotted with white stripes that run along the longitudinal plane of the entire leaf.
- Ludisia Otletae, this orchid with very dark, saturated leaves, longitudinal strokes have a red - orange color.
- Tanlaniana - this variety of precious orchid has wider leaves with a grid of patterns of a lighter color.
- Velvet ludiziya - differs bright green leaves with a velvety coating, longitudinal strokes have a bright red color and form an interesting, intricate pattern.
Thanks to the hard work of botanists, every orchid lover can pick up exactly the one that most pleases him. It is worth noting that scientific experiments on the breeding of new varieties of this orchid continue to this day.
Ludizia - home care
Compared to other representatives of the orchid family, this less picky and demandingHowever, you should not relax, there are several special rules for the care of ludize at home. And with their observance, your flower will delight those around you for a very, very long period.
Light and temperature mode
Ludysia does not tolerate open sunlight, it is contraindicated to her! Owners of ludizii should learn the rule that the excessive light of the sun will reduce the decorativeness of the sheets, the orchid will gradually lose its uniqueness. It is for this reason that orchid pudding best feels on the northern or western windows in the apartment.
But you should not limit light intake at all, this flower feels the change of seasons very much and in overcast time, namely in autumn and winter it is worth increasing the percentage of lighting, this can be achieved with fitolamps. The ideal period of coverage will be 14 hours from the whole day, this will allow Ludize the best care!
How to water
Please note that this flower should not in any way suffer from insufficient soil moisture and air; the root system for a plant to feel good should be in a moist soil, based on this, watering should be regular and fairly abundant. Care at home behind this flower involves watering with soft, filtered water. Температура воды в идеале должна быть не ниже средней комнатной температуры.
Сухой воздух будет приносить непоправимый вред лудизии! Влажность должна быть не ниже 70%, опрыскивать её не нужно, это может сделать внешний вид листа непривлекательным. To ensure the required level of moisture, the flower is recommended to be placed in close proximity to open sources of moisture, for example, near a home fountain or with an aquarium.
It is important to know that the water remaining after watering must be cleaned, a lot of water is harmful.
Experts recommend the following irrigation option - put a pot of orchids in a prepared container with clean water for a few minutes, then remove the pot and clean it of any remaining water.
In the cold season, you should not place this orchid next to working batteries and heaters!
How to feed an orchid
It is necessary to add various top dressings and fertilizers to the active phases of growth of an orchid, namely In spring and summer. Stick to the next plan - every 3 watering feed your plant. Fertilizer has a special name - for orchids, it can easily be found in any household store. Top dressing can be both root and foliar. Extra root differs in less concentrated structure which should be diluted before watering.
Please note that most of the dressings contain potassium, phosphorus, these substances can accumulate and settle in the pot, so periodically it is washed under running water for 5 minutes.
For planting orchids Experts recommend to stay on light, well-transmissive and air-saturated soils. A prerequisite is the deoxidation of substrates using ash or lime, this rule is due to the fact that Ludisia does not like acid.
The periods between transplants are 2 years, the main guideline by which it is possible to determine whether it is time to make a transplant - the number of roots in a pot, if the flowers become cramped, then it starts to get out of the pot.
Mixes for orchids consist from peat, pine bark pieces, humus, moss, pine needles, charcoal and pieces of small foam can also be present in mixtures.
The best option for planting will be a wide and low pot. A drainage layer is placed at the bottom, the size of which should be at least 3 cm, but if you have a high pot, then the drainage layer should fill about half of the total volume.
When transplanting our flower, the soil in the new pot is moistened and the surface is covered with a small layer of moss, this is necessary in order to maintain the required level of soil moisture.
How ludysia breeds
Multiply ludysia can be a vegetative variant:
- Propagation by cuttings - in order for the orchid to take root precisely, you need to choose a cutting with three knots, the harvesting goes through the process of cutting, then it is sprinkled with charcoal from wood. This is followed by the stage of placing this cutting in wet moss, but if you don’t have it, you can place the cutting in a glass of water, while adding activated carbon in advance. Over time, the roots will begin to appear in the stalk and it is during this period that you need to plant it in a separate pot.
- Reproduction apical stem segments. In this type of breeding, the upper part of the stems with several nodes is cut and placed in water, before the appearance of the roots.
- The division of the bush, for the transplantation and reproduction of the bush is divided into several parts, pay attention, with this method you need to be very careful about the root system, it is easy to hurt and then all the work will go down the drain. The main condition for such a division is the presence of at least 3 stems on each separated part.
Experts recommend that in order to grow roots faster and strengthen, put the orchid in a small greenhouse.
Precious orchid in winter
Active growth this orchid occurs in the autumn and spring periods, but closer to winter growth is replaced by a state of rest, the flower freezes and seems to go into hibernation. However, in this case there are exceptions, it may happen that the orchid will continue to grow and bloom. In order for a flower to feel comfortable it is necessary to create favorable conditions for it, to show care and attention.
Orchid Ludiziya precious: description of the variety and care at home
Rod Ludizia - evergreen representative of the Orchid family. It includes one species - Ludizia two-color, represented by several varieties of leaf color.
The plant is considered to be "precious" because of the beauty of its leaves.because the magnificence of flowering is not different.
Orchid of small growth has fleshy, strong stems, sprawling in diameter for considerable distances and giving multiple vertical processes.
Stems soft and fleecy. The plant is attached to the ground or vertical supports by means of a short, with numerous branches of the rhizome.
The beauty of Ludizia is provided by its leaves.. On the stem, they are located in small outlets of 5 leaves. Leaves lanceolate or oval, alternately, on a flat petiole. Leaf length - up to 7 cm.
The colors are varied: dark green, olive, red, brown or black. The upper side of the sheet shimmers in sunlight due to the velvety patterned plaque, and the lower surface is smooth, brown or burgundy.
Ludizia's leaf life cycle - 7 years. And all this period the leaf does not lose its decorativeness and vitality. After the leaves die off, a ring scar remains on the stem.
Orchid bloom lasts about 5 weeks. The plant produces direct peduncle up to 30 cm in height from each rosette of leaves. It blooms with small flowers of white color with a rim of yellowish stamens, on each peduncle - up to 30 flowers. When flowering orchid emits a delicate aroma and looks like a pearl necklace.
- It has small, inconspicuous flowers and gorgeous, various shapes and colors of leaves.,
- Able to tolerate rather dry growing conditions and does not require a lot of sunlight,
- Suitable for breeding beginners and experienced growers,
- It usually blooms in autumn and winter,
- One of the few orchids leading terrestrial lifestyles. It grows on moss, rarely fixed on the walls,
- Does not tolerate bright sunlight and hot air,
- Requires fresh air, but is afraid of drafts,
- Humidity should be more than 70%.
Spread in nature
Habitat Ludozii is moisture-saturated bedding forests of the tropical belt of the Earth.
The orchid is distinguished by the fact that likes to settle on the ground under trees or in caves on mossy walls. In the twilight of a cleft, under the canopy of crowns, the plant prefers to hide from direct rays.
The geographical area of distribution of the species is quite large. Orchid species are found in many tropical countries.: in Malaysia, on the island of New Zealand, in Thailand, New Guinea, on Sumatra.
The Japanese islands, the Indian peninsula and China have chosen orchids loyally related to a cooler climate. In Brazil and Vietnam can be found deciduous representatives of this species. The simplest forms grow in the south of Russia.
Frequently found colors
The colors of Ludizia are determined by the color of the leaves, since all orchid varieties have white or slightly yellowish flowers. The most popular colors are:
- pink streaks on a black and green background,
- bronze surface with copper pattern
- bright green plate with a lighter pattern of lines,
- dark green sheet with silver coating,
- black with red stripes.
Coloring Ludizii determined by the leaves.
To maintain the humidity next to it, I hold a humidifier. The orchid feels good - the leaves are powerful, bright green with beautiful white and streaked. Great gift! I am very pleased!"
At first I was worried that I could not properly care. But my jewel was not picky and what a year makes me happy. Twice bloomed small flowers with a delicate aroma. I advise everyone to grow such beauty! ”
The height of an adult plant in its natural habitat is usually 15-20 cm, at home the orchid does not grow more than 15 cm. But it occupies a significant area in volume due to numerous branches.
Ludysia is considered a medium-sized, but rapidly growing culture.
The leaves are the main distinguishing feature of Ludizia, a factor because of which gardeners love to cultivate this orchid. On each stalk of adult specimens, there are up to 5 dense, brightly colored leaves shining in the sun.
In late autumn or winter, erect peduncles 25-30 cm long appear from the center of the top leaf rosette, on which a brush with a multitude of buds develops. So the plant is preparing for flowering, which can last for quite a long time, but does not cause admiration of flower growers.
Flowers in Ludizia are small, with a diameter of not more than 2 cm. The shape of the flowers resembles a little: a long pedicel, the upper petals are rounded, the lower ones are elongated, slightly slanted to the side. Long yellow stamens crown the white flower, exuding an exquisite scent. Blooming orchid brush resembles a bunch of pearls.
The main features of flowering
Orchids - representatives of tropical flora, like a hot and humid climate. therefore bloom in most species in the spring and summermost conducive to seed ripening.
When creating optimal conditions Ludiziya may bloom up to 5 weeks. To do this, the plant can not be kept near the heating devices and in direct sunlight. Shading is required on an open window.. When the plant is located far from the window, you need light, but not more than 12 hours a day.
Ludisia can bloom up to 5 weeks.
Re-bloom it is observed mainly in phalaenopsis, but sometimes other orchids also bloom - quite unexpectedly. In Ludizia, the peduncle dries out completely, possibly with one or two leaves. But the ranks are formed kids, who then will give flowers.
Stimulation of flowering Ludizii need to start in the summer. When the plant is 3 years old and this process does not hurt him, to lay the buds, the daytime temperature in summer must be maintained in the range of 20 to 29 degrees. Night temperature is reduced by 3-5 degrees. In the autumn, the main thing is to monitor the maintenance conditions so that the plant does not hibernate. When the flowers appear, the thermometer should not rise above the mark of 18 degrees to extend the flowering period.
Rules for growing at home
Orchid - shade flowertherefore, it is better to maintain it on those windows where little sunlight gets. Cultivation is possible far from the window - but with a twelve-hour highlight.
The temperature in summer is 20-29 degrees during the day and 17-24 degrees at night. Water it with settled water, it is better to drain into the pan, to drain the excess moisture, but not to bring the soil to dryness.
In winter, Ludizia should be protected from drafts. Do not overwet. Spraying the leaves in the usual way is impossible - the leaves will be damaged by water and spots will appear.
Next to the flower you can put a vessel with water. Peduncles appeared - we lower the degrees to 18 units.
You need to feed the plant only during flowering - twice a month. Subject to regular transplants all the nutrients Ludiziya get from the ground. Watering necessarily regular as the land dries.
Stimulate flowering can be a small temperature changes during the day and the drying of the soil in late autumn. Such stress will accelerate the formation of peduncles, if in the summer we had the correct tab of flower buds.
After the orchid has bloomed, you must wait until the flower spike acquires a straw color - it means it is completely dry. Can be cut. For this, take a disinfected pruner. Scissors or a knife are undesirable, they can leave burrs into which the infection gets. Pruned over sleeping kidney or at the base, which is preferable for resting plants. Cut disinfect coal. After the flower do not disturb.
After flowering, the dried peduncle is pruned.
To prevent disease, you must comply with the right conditions. The direct rays of the sun can burn the leaves - save shading. The root system rots from the abundant moisture - moderate watering and transplanting with the elimination of rot will help the flower. From pests on succulent leaves need treatment with insecticides.
For landing it is worth taking the already prepared soil. The soil should be loose, moisture-permeable, with good aeration. For self-preparation of the soil, particles of moss, peat mixture, crushed pine bark and charcoal in a ratio of 4: 1: 4: 1 are mixed.
Plant Ludiziyu need extended, low pots. First, they will certainly fold brick chips or other drainage material. The hole in the pot should be large enough so that the moisture does not linger long. Well, if the pot will be transparent - because the roots of orchids are capable of photosynthesis.
When planting an orchid, its roots are placed close to the surface, taking care not to deepen growth buds. Then gently sprinkle with soil and place moss-sphagnum on top, for less evaporation of moisture. If it is necessary to plant a process, it is rooted previously in sphagnum or water, adding charcoal for disinfection.
The roots of Ludizia during transplantation.
It is possible to replant Ludizia once in 3-4 years. as it grows out of the pot. The procedure is best done in the spring. Transfer the entire plant to a larger vessel, or cut it into pieces and sit on several flowerpots.
Pests and diseases and their treatment
Spider mite - the main enemy of the orchid, which sucks moisture from the plant. Its presence can be determined by the presence of cobweb on the leaves. A tick appears at elevated temperature and great dryness of the soil.
When a sticky liquid is found on an orchid, one can speak of parasitizing on it shield - an insect with a brown shell, which takes the nutrients from the flower. Mealy mite settles on Ludizia in the form of whitish lump.
With an abundance of bright sunlight, the flower receives burns, or its leaves lose brightness, brighten and look sick. The plant needs a blackout.
Lack of lighting causes shoots to stretch in search of a lighted area - long, bare stems appear. Additional illumination will help prevent this.
Bright lighting and a small amount of moisture threaten to wither orchids. Therefore, it is important to observe the correct conditions for the maintenance of Ludizia.
Reproduction: methods and technology
When transplanting an overgrown flower, the bush is divided into parts and planted like an ordinary orchid, having treated the cut sites.
Cuttings produce in spring and summer during the active growing season. Three buds are left on the handle, the cuts are treated with charcoal, and rooted in water or moss. After the appearance of the roots are planted in the ground and care, as an adult plant.
During the growing season, the stem is pressed to the ground and the apical part is fixed for rooting. Then carefully cut off from the parent plant and planted in the ground.
Opsiyaniye and the characteristic of room orchid Ludiziya
The plant is a terrestrial evergreen orchid of grassy appearance, its shoots that lie on the ground, fleshy and branching, produce young twigs, reaching 15 cm in length. The leaves are placed alternately on the vaginal handle. The sheets themselves are of the usual form, slightly pointed at the end. The upper side of the leaf is velvety, has a varied color (from maroon-green to almost black) and pronounced veins. The lower part is smooth brown-maroon.
The leaf life is about 7 years, after the expiration of this time it dies off and leaves a scar on the stalk. The buds are small flowers (1.5-2cm) of a bright color with a pleasant aroma, which bloom from autumn and continue to bloom until the end of winter.
Orchid Ludysia is home to Southeast Asia and Indonesia, or rather the tropical forests of these regions. In the natural environment, one representative of this species grows, in home species, many varieties are bred.
For the planting of a precious orchid, a mandatory requirement is the use of drainage, since souring of the soil has a very bad effect on the vital activity of the flower. For this you can use expanded clay and small parts of foam. It is possible to plant this plant in a universal soil, adding to it bark, moss and drainage, but it is better to use a special substrate for orchids or make the composition yourself.
Orchid pot pick up a wide, but not very high, at the bottom of which it is necessary to place the drainage of expanded clay or foam.
Pot for orchids Ludiziya
Ludysia is a representative of shady orchids. It is not recommended to place the flower in direct sunlight, it needs diffused light and shading. In the morning and evening, the orchid prefers soft sunlight.
Leaves lose their beauty and fall in case of excess light, otherwise they stretch out, changing their shape.
Ludysia need to pritenyat
Maximum allowable temperature day and nightaccordingly +25 - +20 degrees. To improve flowering, it is recommended that the temperature drops by 10 degrees. The plant loves airing, but drafts are contraindicated to it.
Цветок не прихотлив к показателям влажности, он без проблем может существовать в условиях сухого воздуха. Но предпочтение отдает регулярным опрыскиваниям листьев. Вода для этого используется мягкая комнатной температуры или немного теплее. In the period of active growth, it is possible to arrange for Ludizia an analogue of tropical rain, that is, washing the leaves with a warm shower. After that, excess moisture from the leaves must be removed with a napkin or soft cloth.
During the period active growth of the plant need to feed. Periodicity - with every third irrigation. The concentration indicated on the package must be significantly reduced.
Orchid repotting is necessary only if the pot is completely filled with roots. This happens about once every two years. Wherein the pot is chosen a little more than the previous one it should be low and wide with holes in the bottom. After transplanting a plant, he needs light, heat and moisture.
New pot for orchids Ludiziya select a size larger
Use two methods of breeding Ludizii - cutting and dividing the bush. The simplest way is to divide an adult bush. In this case, each part should have 2-3 processes that are planted in a new substrate.
Rooting cuttings orchids Ludiziya
The method of grafting is more complicated and takes longer. For this, the upper part of the stem with 2-3 knots and air roots is cut off with a sterile instrument, and the cut point is covered with coal or cinnamon. The stalk is placed in wet moss or water with charcoal for rooting. After the formation of small roots, the stalk is transplanted into a pot with a substrate and looked after as an adult plant.
Orchid Ludiziya does not need pruning, as its shape is created independently in the process of growth. The shoots of plants are short, not branched, so they do not need to be adjusted.
Only in one case pruning, - if a young spruce grows from a young plant that has not yet formed, it takes a lot of strength from it. In order to avoid the death of a flower, it is removed.
Diseases and pests
This representative of orchids is subject to a large number of diseases, especially often it is affected by rot. The reason for this is the constant waterlogging. Rot is both stem and root. Stem rot is almost impossible to determine in advance, because of which the flower in most cases dies. Root rot can be recognized, while the flower fades, its leaves turn yellow.
The leaves of Ludizia often attract insects with their brightness and richness. It may be spider mite, scale and mealybug. They are removed, like the rest of orchids, by spraying drugs.
Possible diseases and pests
This representative of beautiful orchids can be seriously affected by improper care! The main error is the overwetting of the soil, which eventually leads to the development of all kinds of rot and fungi, excessive sun also gradually destroys this fragile flower, it can burn. The most common pests that affect this flower are spider mites, mealybugs, scale insects, whiteflies.
Spider mite - begins to suck the juice from the orchid, to notice it is very difficult and for this reason it is not always possible to identify the problem and save the flower.
Shchitovka as well as the previous pest is a sucking parasite, it can be determined by the sticky secretion on the sheets. And also a sign that your flower is affected by this pest will be the presence of brown shell on the leaves.
Mealybug can be recognized by lumps from a substance similar to cotton.
To defeat these harmful insects can be with the help of insecticides and acaricides.
How to help ludizii in defeat?
- First you need to accurately determine all the symptoms and determine the type of disease,
- After that, you should protect other plants from the affected
- Start treatment for ludysia. In this procedure, you will be perfectly helped not only by chemical means, but also the settlement of all conditions of detention. An integrated approach will allow you to save and restore this orchid with a 100% chance.
And in order not to fight against all sorts of diseases, it is necessary to carry out flower prevention, it is much more efficient and easier than to cure.
Origin and appearance
Among the vast and diverse world of beautiful orchids, there is a group worthy of special attention — precious orchids. Why did they deserve such a significant epithet? Maybe they have extraordinary beauty flowers? Not at all. All the magnificence of plants in their unique leaves, for which they are so appreciated.
Precious Ludysia is called for the beauty of its leaves.
The precious orchid Ludizia, belonging to the Orchid family, represents a genus of evergreen land plants. And he is limited to only one species - Ludiziya bicolor.
Previously, Ludizia was called Hemaria. And today it is sometimes referred to as Ludicia.
Orchid Ludiziya is a miniature herbaceous plant, the height of which rarely exceeds 15 cm. But a small growth is more than compensated for by lateral processes spreading in different directions. Thick and juicy creeping stem carries collected leaves of ovoid or oval shape with a pointed tip.
Juicy stem Ludizii grows lateral processes
The leaves are a masterpiece on which the most prominent artist has worked - nature. The color palette of the leaf blade varies from emerald green to black. The surface of the sheet, smooth and sparkling or velvety, is decorated with a contrasting pattern in the form of silver stripes or strokes. The reverse side is colored purple. The leaves are able to maintain a decorative appearance for 7 years, then die off, leaving a mark on the stem in the form of a ring.
The blooming of Ludizia cannot be called very beautiful, but there is a certain charm in it. The long peduncle, crowning the escape, is covered with 20-30 small white (sometimes cream) flowers that look like pearls from afar. If flower stalks appear together, and not one by one, then you can really admire this spectacle.
The friendly flowering of Ludizia may cause a pleasant surprise.
The homeland of Ludizia is Indonesia and Southeast Asia. Orchid prefers to grow on the ground, located on the forest floor under the canopy of tropical forest, or clings to the moss covering the walls of caves. To keep on vertical and horizontal surfaces helps the rhizome through which Ludysia feeds.
Under natural conditions, Ludysia does not look so decorative. Leaves grow dull from dust and dirt. All the magnificence of a precious orchid reveals, being in special conditions of florarium.
In the indoor floriculture Ludiziya orchid is not very common. Therefore, it is not surprising that the plant is considered very capricious and problematic for cultivation. But this is far from the case. Ludysia is the most unpretentious of all precious orchids. Moreover, there are various zoned varieties that can adapt to the conditions of detention. But this does not mean that the care of an orchid can be treated lightly.
Precious Ludizia is not so capricious
Table: Seasonal growing conditions
If Ludizia is grown in the florarium or orchidarium, then during the year it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the range of 20–22 ° C (with a decrease at night to 18 ° C).
Water droplets on the leaves of Ludizia "width =" 1024 ″ height = "683 ″ />
Ludysia loves high humidity
Ludysia is transplanted not very often, about 1 time in 2-4 years. The signal to transplant will be overgrown plant roots, which, having mastered the entire volume of the old pot, will seem from the drainage holes. Also, the procedure will need to be carried out if the substrate cracks or begins to decompose. Transplantation is carried out in the spring.
Choosing a pot for planting Ludizia is a very important moment. Representatives of the Orchid family are best suited to containers with large drainage holes. In addition, the holes should be located on the sides of the pot. This will provide air access to the roots and the substrate. It should also be noted that the root system of Ludizia does not have a large volume, so it is advisable to choose a wide but shallow pot.
When planting Ludizia, it is imperative to use drainage, as the orchid painfully reacts to souring of the soil mixture. Suitable expanded clay, as well as small pieces of foam.
Some varieties of Ludizia can grow normally in a universal land with moss, bark pieces and a layer of drainage added to it. You can plant a flower only in sphagnum moss (in this case additional food is required). But, as practice shows, it is best to use the orchid substrate purchased in the store or to prepare a complex mixture with your own hands. The latter is made of the following components, taken in 4 parts: leafy ground, riding red peat, pine needles (preferably green) and chopped sphagnum moss. To the resulting composition should also be added to 1 part of birch coal and foam.