Small white flowers of a low-growing Iberis groundcover is hard to forget: they are like stars, generously scattered on the green carpet, attract the eye and give a special tenderness and charm. The plant belongs to the cabbage family and is widespread from Europe and Asia Minor to the lower Don and the Caucasus. In the genus of Iberis, there are about forty species, among which there are both annual and perennial species.
Some varieties have good winter hardiness, which is what earned them love among gardeners. Both herbaceous and semi-shrub are cultivated, each type attractive in its own way. The variety of use of iberis is so diverse that one can only be surprised: they plant it as a border plant, use it in compositions to create rockeries and alpine slides, are widely used in floristics, and especially interesting - iberis is often included in the bouquet. Here is an amazing plant that you should definitely settle in your garden.
The plant has a taproot, which is why it is very painful for transplants, sometimes even dying. Iberis stems can be erect or creeping, depending on the variety. Small flowers and leaves densely cover the ground, causing real admiration for the amazing lightness of almost air clouds. The color of flowers is white, pink, red, purple, lilac. Flowers with a diameter of about a centimeter are collected in dense umbrella inflorescences. The leaves are rich green. Flowering falls on May or August and lasts about two months, and the annuals delight in flowers for much longer. The aroma of iberis is very pleasant, rich. After flowering, bivalve pods mature with seeds that remain viable for up to five years.
Sowing in open ground
Spring iberis start sowing in Apriloften with an interval of two to three weeks to get plants with different flowering intervals until September. Seeds are buried at a depth of 1-2 cm, the distance between the rows is 15-20 cm.
How to sow iberis in the ground photo
When the plants grow, the beds are weeded, and the seedlings break through, leaving a distance of 12-15 cm between them. The seeds germinate rather quickly, after a week or two, and the plants develop just as quickly. You just need to regularly water and feed about twice a month with complex fertilizers for flowering plants.
Autumn iberis sow with the onset of cold, in the month of October, waiting for the Indian summer to pass and the plants did not rise until spring.
How to plant iberis from seed to seedlings at home
Shoots iberis photo
To get seedlings as early as possible, you can sow the seeds already in late February - early March. The seeds are small, so most often they are planted in a common container, scattering on the surface of the soil and lightly sprinkling with earth on top. Moisturize everything from the pulveler and cover with a plastic bag. Seeds will take about a week or two, after which the bag is removed. And when will the first pair of these leaves, dive into separate cups.
How to dive iberis photo
Particularly patient growers prefer to plant one or two seeds in separate cups in order not to transplant seedlings. This saves time and energy: the seedlings are not sick after transplantation and will bloom a week or two earlier.
How, where and when to plant iberis seedlings in the ground
Blooming Iberis seedlings photo
With the onset of positive temperatures at night without the threat of frost, seedlings can be safely planted, this is the end of May - the beginning of June. Saplings before planting harden for 10-12 days, taking out in the shady place of the garden.
Planted at the same depth in the pre-prepared wells, without deepening the root neck. distance between bushes 15-20 cm.
Choose sunny areas, as Iberis loves good lighting. The soil should be well drained, without stagnant moisture. Sandy, sandy and rocky soils are perfect.
Reproduction of iberis cuttings
How to cut iberis cuttings photo
Perennial species of iberis successfully propagated by cuttings in the month of June. Cut cuttings 10-12 cm long and planted in a moistened soil. To stimulate root formation, it is possible to maintain cuttings before planting for 24 hours in a solution of epine, root, or heteroauxin. You can root and just in the water, planting then ready seedlings in pots for growing. In late summer, new bushes land in a permanent place. So they will have time to take root well before the onset of cold weather.
How to care for iberis
Iberis can easily cope with dry periods, but in order to fully reveal its decorative effect, it will still be good to water a flower bed at least once a week. Top dressing is not necessary, but if you do not be lazy and feed iberis with complex mineral fertilizer at least once or twice per season, the plant will respond with a lush flowering.
The fading flowers must be cut off so that the plants do not lose their strength in seed ripening. Plus, decorative plantings are so much higher, and flowering longer. At the end of the flowering period, the plant is cut to a third so that the flowerbed looks well-groomed.
After 4-5 years, the perennial Iberis thickens greatly and requires thinning with a transplant. Sharing the bushes and planting them, the florist rejuvenates the plants and gets a new planting material.
Diseases and pests of iberis
The eternal crucifixion of crucifers - aphid and cruciferous flea - love to settle and on iberis. Pollination with wood ash or insecticide treatment helps.
Sometimes you can see in the flowerbed and mealybug, which you need to fight with such drugs as Mospilan, Fitoverm, Aktara, repeating the treatment after a week three or four times.
if iberis is sick, then only root rot, which occurs only with regular stagnation of water. If the plants are sick, it is better to dig and burn the affected areas, and the remaining planting along with the ground to process fungicides.
How to collect iberis seeds
Wanting to propagate the variety that they like, the flowering inflorescences do not cut, but leave until the seeds ripen. Dried pods are removed from the plant until they have opened, and dried in a shady place. When the pods are cracked, the seeds are separated from the husk and stored until sowing time in a paper bag or canvas bag in a cool, dry place.
You can not collect the seeds, and allow them to wake up on the ground in the Spring will only plant seedlings from self-seeding.
Iberis in landscape design
Iberis and Euphorbia color combination in flowerbed photo
The compact curtains of blooming iberis look beautiful against the background of decorative stones in rock gardens. Monoplants are notable for their special ease, gentle romance of appearance.
Description and variety
In the wild, this plant prefers mountainous areas of Asia and southern Europe. Many varieties and types of iberis are suitable for gardening, but the most popular is the dilution of the following.
What are the types of iberis:
- Iberis umbrella. Differs in long flowering (up to two months), as well as spectacular umbrella inflorescences, for which he received the name. The height of the bush - up to 40 centimeters. Inflorescences are collected in round flat caps, tightly pressed to each other. The heyday varies from snow-white (for example, the Giant Hyacinth flowered variety) to carmine-red (Red Rush). And here is how the cultivation of seeds from the Hydrangea seeds of the oak-leaved snow-white domes can be seen in this video.
Perennials usually bloom more spectacularly, but this only happens in the second year of development. In this regard, annuals are simpler and more convenient. The lifespan of an adult Iberis is quite large, but usually in the third year it is advisable to “change” the bush in order to prevent the inflorescence of the inflorescences and the grinding of their configurations.
Planting and care for iberis (briefly)
- Landing: Sowing seeds in the ground - in April or before winter, sowing seeds for seedlings - in early March, transplanting seedlings into the garden - in the second half of May.
- Lighting: bright sunlight, diffused light, light partial shade.
- The soil: light loam, sandy and stony soils, in which water will not stagnate.
- Watering: moderate and only in drought.
- Top dressing: solution of complex mineral fertilizer 1-2 times before flowering, but this is not necessary.
- Trimming: after flowering shoots are shortened to a third length.
- Reproduction: seeds and division of the bush.
- Pests: ground fleas, aphids and mealybugs.
- Diseases: fungal, most often - root rot.
Iberis flower - description
Iberis has a pivotal root system, so it is highly undesirable to subject it to a transplant. Stems in Iberis, depending on the type of creeping or erect, the leaves are small, simple, most often dark green in color with a tint. Small flowers with a diameter of about one centimeter are umbrella-shaped inflorescences. Iberis bloom so abundantly that sometimes because of the mass of flowers can not see the leaves. The color of the inflorescences can be white, pink, lilac, purple or red. Iberis blooms in May or August, bloom lasts about two months, and the annual species bloom, as a rule, longer perennial. Flowers of almost all types of Iberis exude a pleasant aroma. Iberis - bivalve pod, round or oval, somewhat oblate, with a notch at the top. Iberis seeds remain viable for two to four years.
Iberis is grown in seed and vegetative ways. But since it is easy to collect or buy iberis seeds, most often they are grown from seeds. Many species of iberis are sown shallowly in open ground in April, and if you want to enjoy iberis bloom until the end of September, sow the seeds in two turns with an interval of two to three weeks. The seeds sprout after a week or two, after their appearance they are thinned in such a way that the distance between the specimens is 12-15 cm. Iberis is grown in the open ground and sown under winter.
Iberis seeds are sown in seedlings at the beginning of spring in loose soil to a depth of one millimeter, and seeds are “strewn” from above by river sand. The container with crops is covered with glass so that the air and the soil always remain in a moderately humid state. Contain crops in a bright warm place. Watering the soil is carried out exclusively by spraying and only as needed. Due to the peculiarity of the iberis root system, the seedlings are not picked.
When to plant Iberis.
Iberis is planted in open ground in May, when the last night frosts are left behind. Mostly Iberis is suitable sunny area with sandy, loamy or rocky soil, because the plant is dangerous stagnant moisture in the roots.
How to plant iberis.
Carefully, in order not to damage the fragile roots of the Iberis seedlings, they, together with a clod of earth, are removed from the seedling container and planted in open ground at a distance of 12-15 cm from each other. The land around the seedlings compacted and watered. If you are planting different types of plants, then maintain significant distances between species so that no pollination of plants occurs.
Iberis is also propagated by cutting and dividing the bush.
How to grow iberis.
Planting iberis and caring for it under the force even beginner florist. Watering iberis is only necessary in very dry weather, there is no need to feed the plants, but if you once again bring complex fertilizers to the soil on the site with iberis, its flowering will become even more abundant. Actually, the care for iberis consists in the timely removal of wilted flowers and in trimming the stems to one third of the length after flowering, so that the overgrown bushes look compact and neat. In addition, the perennial Iberis, when it reaches five years of age, requires seating, as its flowers begin to shrink and the plant loses its decorative effect.
Pests and diseases of iberis.
From insects bother Iberis mealybugs, cabbage aphid and ground flea. From the flea, leaving round leaves on the leaves, it is easy to get rid of the soil moistening around the Iberis. Cabbage aphid is destroyed by treating the plant with a solution of liquid potash soap at the rate of 300-400 g per 10 liters of water. If not all aphids die after the first spraying, the treatment can be repeated after a week. Mealybugs are struggling with iberis spraying with drugs such as aktar, mospilan or fitoverm, and it is unlikely that you will be able to cope with the worms at a time, so after a week or two the treatment must be repeated.
As for diseases, it is susceptible to fungal diseases because of the vulnerability of the root system of iberis. To prevent this from happening, before planting iberis, spill the area with a fungicide, but if the rot is still in the roots, immediately destroy the diseased plant, and disinfect the soil under it. In general, iberis is a very stable plant, and with proper watering, he is not afraid of even fungal diseases.
What does iberis look like
Culture has other names - stennik, raznopestka, pepper. It is a cruciferous plant. In total, more than forty plant varieties have been developed with properties that are necessary in certain climatic conditions.
Iberian in the wild
Iberis grows as a shrub with strong ramifications 10–50 cm high. It has dark green leaves, sometimes covered with gloss.
The flower bed in summer is dotted with red, white, lilac flowers with a diameter of 1-2 cm, gathered in an umbrella, which not only look elegant, but also emit a pleasant aroma. Greens under buds almost invisible.
Attention! Iberis are annual and perennial. The latter flowering period is shorter.
Table. Popular Iberis Types
Collecting and storing iberis seeds
Seeds for planting are sold in stores for summer residents and gardeners. But you can save if you collect them yourself. In addition, then the gardener will be sure that the variety of plants he liked will grow in the flowerbed.
Seeds placed in the fruit - bivalve pods. They are flattened on the sides, with keeled sash. Pods come in with a leathery wing. Each nest has one ovule. Ripening and fruit picking falls in August-September. After harvesting the seeds are husked, dried in a darkened place.
If the plant is already in the flower bed, then the seeds can not be collected. Then next year a new generation of plants will appear thanks to self-seeding.
Reference. Seeds have their own age, which is considered from the day of harvest. Well ripened seeds remain viable for up to 4 years. But the farther from the point of collection, the worse this indicator.
Germination is lost faster under adverse storage conditions, which include:
- high humidity, including when collecting seed,
- direct sunlight
- drazhirovanie (coating of seeds with different compositions to increase their size).
Refrigerator extends the shelf life of seeds
Lifetime is increased if vacuum foil packs are used for storage. At home, seeds are stored in paper or cloth bags, placed in a dry, cool, dark place at a temperature of 10 ... 15 ° C. If a sealed package is used, the seeds can be put in the fridge. Due to the low temperature, the ability to germinate lasts longer.
Seeds are sown on seedlings or already directly on the flower bed.
Seeds for seedlings are sown in March. Shallow boxes fill with sandy-peat soil. Prepare it according to this recipe:
- lowland peat - 5 parts,
- sawdust - 2 parts,
- coarse light sand - 3 parts.
Attention! Fine-grained ground sand can be used for seedlings only after thorough washing.
Seeds are sown in boxes with peat-sand mixture
For each kilogram of the finished mixture add:
- ammonium nitrate - 1.5–2 g,
- double superphosphate - 4–5 g,
- potassium sulphate - 3-4 g,
- ash - 1/20 cup.
The container intended for this purpose is filled with loose soil and divided into cells using cardboard partitions. Boxes can replace peat pots. The seeds are put on the ground, which are then easily pressed down with the palm of your hand. From above pour a thin layer of river sand.
To accelerate seed germination, create a greenhouse effect. The container with the planted material is covered with glass or film and placed in a warm, bright place.
Periodically, the glass is removed to remove condensate. At this time, check the soil moisture. If it is dry, then spend watering. Moisten the soil by spraying it with a spray bottle.
Iberis is a sun-loving plant. In nature, it lives on stony and sandy, breathable soils. Even with weak shading, it withers. Also, it is contraindicated areas with temporary and especially permanent stagnation of water.
Iberian great for alpine slides
Эта цветочная культура не переносит соседства с высокими кустарниками и деревьями, которые создают тень. При нехватке солнечного света цветение скудное или вовсе отсутствует. Вместе с тем эти кустарники отлично сочетаются со многими декоративными растениями.
Attention! Если хочется сохранить чистоту сорта, то групповые посадки лучше не делать. Смежные кусты быстро переопыляются.
In order for the plant to enjoy its color longer, sowing is carried out in several lines, with a difference of 14 days.
Two weeks before being transported to the soil, seedlings are gradually taught to new conditions. To do this, boxes are taken out into the open air and left for several hours. Cold-resistant plants "hardened" at 8 ° C, for others, the optimum temperature is not lower than 10 ° C. This is a procedure that largely determines the success of the landing.
The soil is also prepared properly. From it remove the rhizomes of weeds and dig.
Seedlings are placed in open ground, when the threat of frost has disappeared - usually mid-May. It is better to do this in cloudy weather or in the evening so that the sun does not burn the young shoots. Planting of cold-resistant varieties is carried out immediately after the earth warms up.
Soil readiness tested by compression
Reference. The readiness of the land for the adoption of seedlings is checked as follows: squeeze a lump of dry soil in the palm of your hand, and then rarely unclasp your hand. If the lump disintegrated, then landing is possible.
A plot of land allocated for a flower bed, fertilized with autumn compost or manure. Humus and mineral fertilizers contribute in the spring. You can learn more about fertilizing soil in the fall in our article.
Plants are located at a distance of 15 cm from each other. Open roots straighten well. Then they are sprinkled with earth and pressed tightly to squeeze out more air. When the seedlings began, new leaves appear on it. Quite wet soil is not additionally watered. If the seedlings are watered at the root, then the earth lump is not eliminated.
Fertilizer, fertilizing, watering
Iberian pretty unpretentious plant. For feeding use universal fertilizers. Bring them twice a season:
- the first time - as soon as the leaves appear on the stem,
- second time - when the flowering begins.
Culture does not need frequent watering. With too high humidity the rhizome rots and the bush dies. But on the other hand, Iberica tolerates even a dry summer well.
From abundant watering iberis may die
When the plant peppers, the shoots of perennials are shortened by 30%, before tearing dried flowers. Annual bushes are removed from the bed along with the root.
Perennials in 3-4 years update. If this is not done, then decorativeness is lost, the umbrellas become small and inconspicuous.
For feeding use ready-made drugs. It:
Fertilizers contribute to the formation of beautiful juicy greens and lush flowering.
Rules for feeding garden flowers
Important! Iberis does not tolerate transplants. Therefore, you should immediately consider where the flowerbed will be.
The most dangerous for Iberica is a mealybug. With the defeat of the plant looks drooping, losing turgor due to the fact that the pest eats juices.
Mealybug infestation is easily recognized by white bloom, resembling flour, as well as sticky mucus - honeydew. The parasite itself is a small insect with a white oval body.
Several home remedies are effective against mealybugs:
- Soap solution. For 1 liter of water take 15 g of soap, there you can also add 2 tablespoons of vodka. Means sprayed plants, and a day later they are washed with water. Repeat the procedure three times, with an interval of 7 days.
- Garlic infusion. 6 cloves of garlic pour boiling water and insist 4 hours. Infusion is filtered and treated with it the ground part of the shrub.
Of the finished insecticides on sale are Aktara, Aktellik, Bi-58, Aplaud. Destroy the pest can be in a harmless way - for example, populating the site with ladybirds, gold-eyed.
Mealybug - a dangerous pest
These pests occur at air temperatures above 15 ° C. They eat young greens, and the larvae damage the roots. With a massive attack, the plant dies in 2–3 days.
Dry spray will save from flea
Attention! Preventive measures should be taken immediately after the seedlings are planted in the ground.
Helps in the fight against insects dry spray. For this, wood ash and fluff lime mixed in equal parts, or ash and tobacco dust are poured into a bag of gauze. One of these mixtures is sprayed through gauze on a flower bed in the early morning, when there is still dew on the plants, as well as on the ground between the rows.
Iberis can be made on the windowsill
With proper care, the garden will always be blooming and fragrant thanks to iberis. But if you want the bush and pleased in the apartment, then one of the perennial varieties can be planted in a pot. Even in such “cramped” conditions, the plant feels great.
How to plant
Iberis umbrella - unpretentious and easy to care flower. Even a novice can easily figure out how to grow iberis. Planting and caring for him is primarily the right choice of soil. Sandy or stony is ideal for this plant.
Iberis can be grown in every corner of the garden, even in the most unsightly. The only thing that needs to be considered when choosing a seat is the absence of large dampness, sunlight.
Iberis is planted in the warm springtime. Since weather conditions may differ in different regions, the best time to plant is three spring months. After planting, you need to give the young ones to get stronger. At night, during the cold run I need to cover.
It is recommended to disinfect the soil before planting. To do this, use special solutions or potassium permanganate. When planting between plants, sufficient space should be left, at least 20 cm. After planting, the plant should be watered immediately. The next watering is done after the flower takes root.
With the help of seeds
Sow the seeds should be in the spring from April to May, then, when the soil is already warmed. The land should be compacted, perekapat, prepare the furrows for planting. Planting seeds to a depth of 1 cm. After a couple of weeks, you can already admire the first shoots. The first flowers will appear in one and a half to two months after landing.
Often, professionals plant an iberis umbrella in open ground in late autumn, before the frosts come. Thanks to the late sowing, a hardened, strong flower will grow from the seeds.
In addition, the plant will be protected from the cruciferous flea. Already in the second month of spring the first flowers will appear on such bushes.
Resistant plant can appear due to self-seeding. After the seeds have ripened, they crumble and grow in the spring.
Breeding iberis seedlings
Seed should be sown at home beforehand. Do it in the last month of winter - the first month of spring. It is possible to transfer saplings to the garden already in May, when the weather will be warm. It is worth knowing that iberis is a fragile flower and he does not like moving. It should be planted in the garden along with the container, cutting off the bottom of it, or by way of transshipment. Suitable for growing seedlings pots of peat.
In pre-prepared containers seed planted. After 2 weeks you can see the first shoots.
In case of cloudy weather, the plant should be given the backlight. When caring for seedlings, it is important to monitor the soil moisture level so that moisture does not accumulate in excess. Water the seedlings as needed.
How to care for the plant
Care for iberis is not difficult, it is important to follow a few recommendations:
- Watering. There should be no overmoistening of the soil. Experts advise watering the plant only in very dry weather.
- Fertilize The plant is optional, but you can use mineral complexes for flowering herbs. When the first leaves appear, you can add the first dressing, during the laying of the flowers - the second one.
- In a faded plant, shoots are shortened to a third length. Be sure to cut off all the dried buds. If Iberis is one-year-old, it should be uprooted with the root.
- Every 3 - 4 years, perennial varieties should be replanted.
Fight against diseases and pests
Iberis is most often exposed to fungal diseases, namely root rot. This is not surprising, because the rhizome is sensitive to moisture and vulnerable. To get rid of this scourge, annuals should remove damaged parts and disinfect the soil. For perennials use special drugs.
In addition to root rot, there may be such pests:
- cruciferous flea,
- mealy worms.
It is possible to determine the damage of a plant by pests by characteristic signs: the flower loses its decorative effect, the leaves turn yellow, fall off, the flowering is not as lush as it used to be. To combat the pests described above, you should use chemical preparations, traditional methods. The latter include spraying the plant with a solution of soap and ash. Such processing can be carried out several times.
Iberis - quite unpretentious plant, which can decorate the garden. Deal with the rules of care for this flower can even amateur gardener. It is important to adhere to the recommendations described in this article and, then, the plant will delight with its beautiful flowering.