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For allergy sufferers - the calendar of flowering plants

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A common problem - with the onset of flowering plants, more and more people complain of seasonal allergies, deterioration of health, weakness, nasal congestion. To prevent these ailments, we suggest studying the bloom calendar for allergy sufferers 2018. It will help you to get your bearings, when to wait for problems, to apply preventive measures in advance.

  • Symptoms of seasonal allergy in adults and children
  • When to wait for the arrival of allergies?
  • Why it is important to take into account the flowering schedule
  • Forecast of flowering in Moscow
  • Forecast of flowering in the Krasnodar Territory, in the Kuban
  • The forecast of flowering in St. Petersburg
  • Forecast of flowering in Siberia, Altai, Novosibirsk
  • Forecast of flowering in Krasnoyarsk
  • Forecast bloom in Irkutsk
  • The forecast of flowering in Rostov-on-Don
  • Forecast flowering in Saratov
  • Forecast of flowering in Vladivostok
  • Forecast of flowering in Volgograd
  • Forecast of flowering in the Crimea
  • How to determine seasonal allergies
  • How is allergy treated
  • 5 tips on how to protect yourself from pollinosis
  • Blossom Calendars
    • Blossom calendar for the south of Russia
    • Bloom calendar for the Volga region
    • Blossom calendar for central Russia
    • Blossom calendar for the Urals
    • Blossom calendar for Siberia
    • Bloom calendar for northwest Russia
    • Blossom calendar for Crimea

Symptoms of seasonal allergy in adults and children

The most common type of seasonal allergy is pollinosis (or hay fever). Its symptoms may be different:

  • there is a runny nose or nasal congestion (allergic rhinitis),
  • frequent sneezing, dry cough,
  • possible pain in the ears, throat,
  • frequent tearing, inflammation of the eyes, pain, itching (conjunctivitis).

Severe pollinosis is pollen asthma. In addition, seasonal flowering can provoke angioedema, urticaria in humans. Pollinosis can occur at any age, in children, adults, old people. Childrens pollinosis often turns into bronchial asthma, occurs with severe congestion of the ears, nose.

When to wait for the arrival of allergies?

It is very important to study the flowering schedule in advance so that the disease does not take them by surprise and does not violate the plans! And you need to consider that there are several types of seasonal allergies:

  • Spring (usually in April-May) - occurs when trees bloom,
  • Summer (June-August) - with the flowering of meadow grasses, iconic,
  • Summer-autumn (in August-September) - with the flowering of weeds.

In the spring, the first “wave” of deterioration in the health of allergy sufferers comes, as willow, cherry and willow begin to bloom in April, birch. Herb plants at this time are still beginning to grow, in May, clover, cornflower and chamomile bloom first. A little later, the flowering of lily, silverweed, lilac and bird cherry, wild rose and hawthorn begins.

The most difficult period for allergy sufferers is summer, when many plant species are blooming. It is a carnation, as well as St. John's wort, viburnum, and the cornflower, clover, and chestnuts continue to actively bloom. In July, ragweed blooms in the southern regions, and motherwort, sow, hemp, and wheatgrass flowering begin. Their heyday and growth continues in August. Plus, in August, fruits begin to ripen, sunflower, foxglove, thistle, quinoa, nettle are blooming.

With the advent of September, the allergy does not end, as ragweed, nettle, thistle and quinoa are still blooming. This continues until the end of the month (in some regions longer), and then for allergy sufferers there comes a time to alleviate the disease.

In addition to the plants mentioned above, other wind-pollinated flowers, trees, and herbs also cause allergies (see table).

What plants are allergenic?

Pollinosis is the most common allergic disease in the world. More than 1000 plants are known whose pollen can cause an immediate or delayed development of an allergic reaction.

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Symptoms of the disease develop when the concentration of pollen in the air reaches certain values.

It is believed that a health hazard occurs when there are between 10 and up to 20 pollen grains per 1 cubic meter of air. Naturally, the higher the concentration, the more pronounced the pollinosis is.

The allergenicity of plant pollen is explained by the special plant protein found in it, which is perceived by the human immune system as foreign.

Pollen of wind-pollinated plants is especially dangerous, as it is carried by air and easily gets on mucous membranes.

Plants pollinated by insects are not considered strong allergens for humans, since their pollen is practically not contained in the air. Such flowers can be recognized by the bright color and strong smell that attracts insects.

Plants allergens are divided into three groups.

They bloom in different periods of spring, summer, and even autumn, and therefore the exacerbation of seasonal rhinitis depends on which plant has an allergic reaction.

But some allergies react to several herbs, trees or flowers at once, and therefore their pollinosis may be disturbed for a long time or repeated over the summer several times.

Allergenic trees

All trees are divided into two groups - angiosperms and gymnosperms.

All types of coniferous breeds are related to gymnastics, their pollen has a low allergenicity index.

Most often, a hypersensitivity reaction occurs on pine and spruce.

Angiosperms have the maximum allergenic activity, most often pollinosis develops on pollen:

Cereals

Cereals, depending on their type, bloom almost all summer. The most allergenic culture of them is timothy, followed by meadow fescue, foxtail, meadow bluegrass, feather grass, chaff, hedgehog team, cane, bamboo.

From cereal crops allergies are most often caused by:

  1. Wheat is soft.
  2. Seed rice
  3. Oats
  4. Barley.
  5. Sorghum sowing campaign.

Weed grass

From weeds, a high degree of allergenicity has:

Pollen from wormwood and dandelion, coltsfoot, birch, and ragweed allergens have similar antigens; therefore, a cross-allergic reaction often develops on these plants.

Periods of exacerbation of allergy to flowering plants

Flowering plants occur in different periods of the warm season, it is customary to distinguish three time periods in which pollinosis is most pronounced.

  • The spring period lasts from April to May. Most trees bloom at this time.
  • Summer runs from June to August. Throughout the summer, the flowering of meadow grasses and cereals continues.
  • The summer-autumn period covers August, September and October. Most weeds bloom in early autumn.

Depending on the weather conditions, the flowering of any plants can move one or two weeks in one direction or another. In the southern regions, pollinosis begins to manifest itself earlier.

Calendar flowering plants

The calendar of flowering plants is necessary for people suffering from pollinosis in order to prevent another relapse of the disease.

Focusing on the calendar, you can choose the safest time for you to visit the forest, the river.

If possible, during the flowering period of the allergenic plant, you can plan a vacation in another geographic area.

The bloom calendar also helps to undergo a course of preventive treatment about two to three weeks before dusting, which allows to reduce the manifestations of pollinosis.

Calendar flowering plants for months in Moscow.

For central Russia.

Northwest region of Russia.

In the Krasnodar Territory.

  • Honeysuckle,
  • Spanish gorse,
  • Chestnut pink,
  • Oleander,
  • The Rose.

  • Geranium Park
  • Wisteria
  • the Rose
  • Oleander
  • Judah tree
  • Quinoa
  • Sagebrush
  • Fescue.

The main methods of treatment and prevention

In the treatment of allergies, the most important thing is to avoid contact with the main allergen. If this can be done, then the slightly pronounced symptoms of the disease disappear rather quickly.

Medications, such as antihistamines, immunomodulators, enterosorbents, are prescribed for the treatment of moderate and severe allergies.

To alleviate the manifestations of allergic rhinitis, nasal drops are prescribed, conjunctivitis - eye drops with an anti-inflammatory and antiallergic mechanism of action.

Prevention of pollinosis is to prevent the action of allergenic pollen on the human body.

To achieve this, you must follow several rules:

  • Close the respiratory tract respirators or special filters for the nose during the stay on the street.
  • Use indoor air purifiers and air conditioners with special filters.
  • After visiting the street, thoroughly flush the nasal passages and rinse the throat with water. Outdoor clothing should be stored separately.
  • Constantly carry out wet cleaning in the apartment.
  • It is often impossible to air a room during the flowering period.

Allergists also prescribe a prophylactic course of taking antihistamines and other drugs to people with pollinosis.
This course should be held about two to three weeks before flowering plants, it helps to endure seasonal allergies much easier.

Birch color and allergies

Spring heat, of course, happy, but very difficult to tolerate the flowering of plants, people with allergies. Moscow is replete with the presence of all sorts of plants, trees and herbs that cause allergies. Doctors ascertain the aggravation of allergic reactions:

  • in the period of the spring appearance of flowers on trees and plants,
  • during the flowering of wheat, barley,
  • in the period of appearance of pollen of ambrosia, quinoa and other field grasses.

Many allergy sufferers react painfully to the flowering of various plants. Pollen of trees not only causes a special reaction - pollinosis, but also becomes the reason for the abandonment of certain foods.

During an outbreak of the disease it is recommended to refuse to eat nuts, apples, plums, carrots, parsley. This will reduce the allergic reaction of the body in the period of abundant flowering.

Manifestation of pollinosis

When the birch begins to bloom, the pollen spreads freely in the air and gets on the mucous membranes of the eyeball, nose, respiratory tract. When exposed to pollen, the immune system begins to respond inadequately to the stimulus and secretes antibodies. The antibodies, in turn, bind to the allergen, and histamine is released. Excess of its level leads to well-known allergy symptoms.

The most common manifestations of allergic reactions are:

  • red eyes,
  • runny nose, sneezing,
  • with a more acute reaction to birch pollen - itching in the ears, skin rashes - urticaria and dermatitis.

Pollinosis is a seasonal disease.but stays with a person for life

Children suffer from allergic reactions to the flowering of birch at the age of 5-6 years. The propensity to allergies can be inherited. If there are those in the family who do not tolerate flowering plants, you should pay attention to the child to prevent possible exacerbations.

The flowering of birch involves not only medical treatment, but also compliance with certain rules of conduct.

Trees can not stop blooming, so you need to go through this period, maximally easing the body's response to natural phenomena. When an allergy has manifested itself, it is necessary to limit intimate contact with its cause. Birch is extremely rare on the streets of the city. Mostly their location is the countryside, the village. While birch continues to bloom, limit contact with the tree, refuse to travel to the forest, to nature. Sunglasses will significantly reduce the eye's response to pollen, they must be worn at every exit to the street.

During the flowering period of birch, drops based on sea salt are used to wash the nose. If the pharmacy did not find them, you can prepare the solution yourself, from boiled water and sea salt. Ratio: 1 teaspoon salt per 500 ml of warm boiled water. With more acute reactions of the body to the allergen solution is made from the calculation of 2 teaspoons of salt per 500 ml of water.

When birch blossoms, airing the room is problematic. If fresh air is needed, windows and windows should be left open at night when there is a minimum amount of pollen in the atmosphere. Wet gauze can be attached to the windows: pollen from trees will linger on it.

The room must be systematically carried out in the house wet cleaning. Birch begins to bloom in mid-April, and flowering continues for 1 month. In some cases, flowering begins earlier due to the climatic conditions of the region, early warming. Birch - a tree that begins to bloom before the rest of the plantings. Unlike other trees, in which after the appearance of green foliage, flowering ceases, with birch, with the appearance of leaves, flowering passes into the peak.

Fight against allergic manifestations

To reduce the signs of allergies it is necessary to protect yourself as much as possible from exposure to tree pollen. After returning from the street, you should take a shower, regularly use medication, clean the mucous membranes of allergens: gargling, rinsing the nose, eyes.

In Moscow, planted a sufficient number of various types of birch trees. Their flowering occurs gradually. The exception is a long spring. If warming does not occur for a long time, then the birches begin to bloom in the second half of April. But at the same time, the concentration of pollen in the air can increase significantly due to the riot of flowering trees.

In some cases, there is a peak concentration of pollen in the atmosphere during May-June. This is due to the fact that pollen grains continue to circulate in the air after the end of flowering of birch. In some cases, pollen drifts from the northern regions, where trees bloom later.

ALLERGEN TREES

All trees are divided into two groups - angiosperms and gymnosperms.

All types of coniferous breeds are related to gymnastics, their pollen has a low allergenicity index.

Most often, a hypersensitivity reaction occurs on pine and spruce.

Angiosperms have the maximum allergenic activity, most often pollinosis develops on pollen:

  1. Birch,
  2. Alder,
  3. Hazel,
  4. Maple,
  5. Lindens,
  6. Yew,
  7. Apple trees
  8. Ash,
  9. Oak,
  10. Olives.

Cereals, depending on their type, bloom almost all summer. The most allergenic culture of them is timothy, followed by meadow fescue, foxtail, meadow bluegrass, feather grass, chaff, hedgehog team, cane, bamboo.

From cereal crops allergies are most often caused by:

  1. Wheat is soft.
  2. Seed rice
  3. Oats
  4. Barley.
  5. Sorghum sowing campaign.


From weeds, a high degree of allergenicity has:

  1. Quinoa,
  2. Hemp,
  3. Sagebrush,
  4. Plantain,
  5. Dandelion,
  6. Sunflower,
  7. Coltsfoot,
  8. Chamomile,
  9. Sorrel,
  10. Nettle.

Pollen from wormwood and dandelion, coltsfoot, birch, and pollen allergens have similar antigens. ambrosiatherefore often on these plants develops cross allergic reaction.

PERIODS OF THE EXPOSURE OF ALLERGY FOR FLOWERING OF PLANTS

Flowering plants occur in different periods of the warm season, it is customary to distinguish three time periods in which pollinosis is most pronounced.

  • Spring period continues from April to May. At this time, blooms most trees.
  • Summer continues from June to August. Throughout the summer continues flowering meadow grasses and grasses.
  • Summer-autumn covers August, September and October. Early autumn flowering occurs most weeds.

Depending on the weather conditions, the flowering of any plants can move one or two weeks in one direction or another. In the southern regions, pollinosis begins to manifest itself earlier.

PLANT FLOWER CALENDAR

The calendar of flowering plants is necessary for people suffering from pollinosis in order to prevent another relapse of the disease.

Focusing on the calendar, you can choose the safest time for you to visit the forest, the river.

If possible, during the flowering period of the allergenic plant, you can plan a vacation in another geographic area.

The bloom calendar also helps to undergo a course of preventive treatment about two to three weeks before dusting, which allows to reduce the manifestations of pollinosis.

For Moscow.

Calendar flowering plants for months in Moscow.

  • Hazel,
  • Alder.

  • Poplar,
  • Willow.

  • Oak,
  • Birch tree,
  • Ash,
  • Elm,
  • Maple.

  • Sagebrush,
  • Quinoa,
  • Mar,
  • Spinach,
  • Beet,
  • Plantain.

  • Timothy,
  • Wheat,
  • Barley,
  • Pyrei,
  • Foxtail,
  • Bonfire,
  • Bluegrass,
  • Cane,
  • Bamboo,
  • Oats,
  • Nettle.

BASIC METHODS OF TREATMENT AND PREVENTION

AT treatmentallergies The most important thing is to avoid contact with the main allergen. If this can be done, then the slightly pronounced symptoms of the disease disappear rather quickly. Medications for the treatment of moderate and severe allergies - antihistamines, immunomodulators, enterosorbents.

To facilitate manifestations allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis use drops with anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic mechanism of action.

Prevention of pollinosis is to prevent the action of allergenic pollen on the human body.

To achieve this, you must follow several rules:

  • Close the respiratory tract respirators or special filters for the nose during the stay on the street.
  • Use indoor air purifiers and air conditioners with special filters.
  • After visiting the street, thoroughly flush the nasal passages and rinse the throat with water. Outdoor clothing should be stored separately.
  • Constantly carry out wet cleaning in the apartment.
  • It is often impossible to air a room during the flowering period.

If you are allergic to pollen, treatment should begin in advance. It is best a few months before the flowering of plant-allergen.

Allergen-specific immunotherapy - This is the only therapy that treats the cause of an allergic disease. The essence of the method lies in the introduction into the patient's body in increasing doses of the allergen that is the cause of the disease (pollen, house dust mites).

ASIT It has been successfully used for the treatment of allergic rhinitis / rhinoconjunctivitis, bronchial asthma (mild and moderate), allergies to tree pollen and grass, dust mites, mold fungi, animals, and poisonous insects.

What plants are more likely to cause allergies?

There are several hundred species that can cause adverse reactions. However, the most active provocateurs are:

  1. Among the trees - birch.
  2. From the list of cereals grown for human consumption is wheat.
  3. In the list of herbs - ambrosia.

Somewhat less often, however, sensitivity to wormwood, timothy, fescue, rye, oats, ash, poplar, alder is often observed. Pollen is capable of being transported over long distances with the wind, which means that with a large number of plants it fills every district of the city - even the one where there are few “green zones”.

Not only flowering shrubs are dangerous, but also inconspicuous grasses growing on roadsides and beyond the boundaries of parks and avenues. The researchers found out that in the conditions of worsening of the ecological situation allergens (antigens) increase their unfavorable properties, moreover, the dusting periods are prolonged, which maintains a stable concentration of provoking substances in the environment.

The region also matters. Crimea is characterized by a predominance of steppe zones and, accordingly, a variety of grasses. Also likely reaction to cypress, pine. People visiting the Caucasus and permanently residing there may suffer because of their sensitivity to coniferous trees, chestnuts, and oaks. There is a high probability of developing an allergy to the flowering of birch, willow, cereals and other plants in Moscow.

What is the bloom calendar

This is a graph based on the results of an estimate of the concentration of pollen in the air. It contains up-to-date information on the activity of release of provoking substances, which is preliminarily prepared for a year. If the city has its own research station, data is updated regularly - for example, every day (a unit of time depends on technical equipment and other factors).

The process of studying the dusting activity itself is called “aeropollinological monitoring,” performed with the help of special equipment that monitors plants dangerous to sensitive people. Allergy calendar is useful because:

  1. Allows you to warn people suffering from pollinosis about the upcoming "pollen wave".
  2. Gives you the opportunity to plan preventive measures, prepare for the crisis period.
  3. Narrows the range of diagnostic search for unclear causes of respiratory allergies.

If a patient plans to travel (to another city, region, or even a country), monitoring of flowering for allergy sufferers will help in choosing specific dates - after all, in a foreign region, dusting sometimes starts earlier or later than usual, and instead of solving important problems a person may have to face tireless struggle with the disease. In addition, at the point of arrival, the presence of those trees or grasses with which the patient has no contact in his native area is likely. Therefore, the pollen activity card in pollinosis should always be with you and be carefully studied.

Choose a flowering schedule for allergy sufferers in accordance with the region of their permanent residence, when evaluating the risk level of the reaction, compare it with your own list of provocative plants.

Laboratory tests and skin tests performed under the guidance of a qualified doctor will help determine which shrubs or cereals cause the symptoms. Having determined the range of threatening substances, you can compare the results with the schedule and decide how dangerous certain trees, flower varieties, types of grass are.

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