Planting kislitsy garden on a bed will successfully complement the overall floral composition. This undersized plant is used in landscape design as a curb and groundcover. Often they also decorate the land in bulk pots, tubs and vases. At the same time, oxalis, or, as it is also called, oxalis, looks harmoniously with other colors. This is a modest and unobtrusive inhabitant of a flower bed, forming voluminous cushions of leaves, effectively covering the ground. The plant looks good on the alpine hills and rockeries.
From the botanical point of view, “garden orchard” is not an independent name. By this concept is meant a group of species of this plant, which is suitable for cultivation in open ground in the middle lane. Most often we are talking about common Kilber (Oxalis acetosella) and its varieties, which are sufficiently resistant to low temperatures and have pleasant flowers of various colors. At the height of summer, plant shoots create a dense flowering carpet.
The Latin name - oxalis - was given to this representative of the flora due to its sour taste (Latin Oxys - “sour”). It is known from many nations since ancient times. For example, in many European countries there is a sign that the plant brings happiness and success in all endeavors. There is an opinion that one of the symbols of Ireland is not at all the clover, but rather the red ox. True, to make sure of this is unlikely to succeed - the trefoils of both plants are painfully similar to each other. In Germany, this species is called “die Sauerklee”, which means “sour clover”.
Common Kisslitza is often found in the forests of the middle zone of the CIS and Europe. It has the popular name "hare cabbage" or "cuckoo clover". It has several interesting features:
- delicate petals are decorated with pretty pink streaks,
- after dark and in bad weather, the flowers close, and the leaves fold, dropping down (this is due to a change in their elasticity under the influence of external factors),
- ripened small seeds literally shoot out of the fruit, because the shell bursts at one moment due to a change in humidity.
Kislitsy species can be annuals, but most of them are flowering herbaceous perennials. Some of them are very thermophilic and suitable only for growing at home, while others feel great in the open field. Planting and care of oxalis largely depend on the characteristics of the species.
Necessary conditions for different types
The homeland of very many ornamental species of tartfish are hot countries, so these plants are suitable for growing on a windowsill, in a winter garden or a greenhouse. In the warm season, such oxalis can be brought out onto the street, thereby decorating flowerbeds and gardens from May to October. Competent care will help the plant to quickly increase the green mass. After the onset of cold weather, they dig up the bulbs and send them to storage, so that with the arrival of heat they plant these attractive plants again.
To heat-loving include the following types of acid.
- Triangular. It is easily recognizable by the leaves, painted in dark purple, purple and purple shades, and white flowers. This oxalis is grown mainly in room conditions, but in warm weather they can decorate the territory around the house.
- Regnell. It has dark purple leaves (their length is about 2 cm). Usually decorates the window sills, but in the summer is not against being carried out on the street. Poorly tolerates high temperatures, so in the heat it is better to put it in partial shade or a cool place. The ideal option would be decorating the soil around large garden trees that will protect the plant from the scorching sun. There are varieties of Regnella tart and with green leaves.
- Purple. Originally from South Africa. This kislitsa has large green dipped leaves (their diameter is 7 cm) and bright pink or snow-white flowers. It will be a great decoration for tracks and stony props. Looks great on the alpine hill.
But there are also frost-resistant types of Kyslitsy, which do not require special care. They easily tolerate cold in open ground.
- Rozhkovaya kislitsa, having brown-cherry leaves and obscure small flowers of yellow color. Many people know it as a weed, so flower growers, despite the decorative foliage of this species, are wary of it. Its growth must be carefully controlled. If you miss the breeding of the species, then this oxalis will soon fill the entire flower garden, and the beds in the neighborhood, and even penetrate into the territory to the neighbors.
- Iron leaf This rose tree looks very impressive in the garden. Her volume sheets have an unusual shape, because they consist of many oval lobes. No less cute and flowers that have a silver color with spots and edging.
- Common, and its popular variety var. Subpurpurascens, forming a thick carpet, decorated with pink flowers. It is cold-resistant, blossoms mainly in May and June.
Reproduction and planting
Oxygen multiplies without difficulty. In order for the plant to develop and blossom as quickly as possible, some rules must be followed and proper care must be taken after planting.
There are three main breeding methods:
- bulbs and tubers
Planting seeds can be carried out directly in the ground, but it is better to take care of this in early spring (late March - early April). In this case, the chances of germination of planting material increase markedly, and the plant can show itself in all its glory much faster. For this you need a container with fertile soil. The seeds are poured on it. You do not need to cover them with a layer of earth - they will germinate without it.
The only thing you need is polyethylene or glass, due to which it is necessary to create the effect of a greenhouse. The soil in the container should be moistened daily, but in no case with a water jet, but with a hand sprayer. It is recommended to use separated water at room temperature. If the right conditions were created and the necessary care was provided for planting, the first shoots may appear in a week, or maybe they will need a month. They are suitable diffused light and a cool temperature - about + 17 ° C. When sprouts get stronger, the seedlings can be planted in pots, flowerpots or open ground.
Vegetative reproduction is more popular. Oxalis has a root structure consisting of a main stem and bulbs (in other species, tubers are formed). That they need to be separated, and then used as planting material.
- Planting of bulbs (tubers) is carried out in 2–3 pots prepared in advance or directly into the soil at a distance of 10 cm from each other. It is better to pretreat them with a solution of manganese in order to kill possible pests and prevent the spread of the fungus.
- The bulbs or tubers are sprinkled with a thin layer of earth and watered, and then provide regular care.
- After a month and a half you can see lush bushes, already preparing to bloom.
Oxygen also breeds and cuttings. In some cases, it is possible to root even a single sheet. But it is better for this purpose to cut a leaf with a part of the stem and either put it in water (it must be changed regularly) or plant the soil. For this purpose, a mixture of turf and leaf land, garden soil and humus is best, which are recommended to be taken in equal parts each (1: 1: 1: 1). After rooting, you can plant a future flower in a permanent place.
Success depends not only on whether the procedure of reproduction and planting was carried out correctly. An important role is played by regular care. Although frost-resistant types of acid have no special requirements for conditions, truly beautiful specimens can be grown only by following certain rules.
Oxalis feels great on both shaded and sunny areas. But the degree of illumination may depend on the color of its leaves. Oxygen loves neutral and weakly acid fertile soils. This plant loves moisture, so a half-shaded place is perfect for it - so an earthy clot will dry out much slower.
Like any plant, oxalis gratefully responds to the careful care of it throughout the year.
Although this flower is a frost-resistant plant, it should be remembered that most of its species still love heat. To make wintering more comfortable, planting should be covered with mulch or simple coniferous branches. This will help the plant to overwinter without loss. If acid has tubers, then it is recommended to dig them up before the onset of frost and store in a cool place during the winter. Additionally, children can be separated from it to propagate the plant. With the onset of spring, when the soil is warmed by sunlight, the oxalis is planted again.
Oxygen growing in open ground needs moderate watering because it loves moisture. In the absence of natural precipitation and in hot weather, it is recommended to water it every 2 days, trying not to allow over-wetting of the earthy coma, since this can lead to the plant rotting and its subsequent death.
Proper care is also in regular dressings. For this, it is recommended to use complex mineral fertilizers. It is important to note that it is required to make a solution twice as weak for acidic than for other flower cultures (and this concentration can be found in the instructions for the preparation).
For the whole season, three feedings are enough:
- the first - with the beginning of the growth of green mass,
- the second is the budding time,
- the third - three weeks after the previous one (in the period of abundant flowering).
Another kind of fertilizer that this plant will surely like is organic. For example, a weak solution of mullein. Oxalis responds well to top dressing: its leaves become more lush, and they are decorated with asterisks of flowers.
Even if the care of a plant was high, it can rarely get sick. Although garden parasites do not often pay attention to acidic, all-such there is a risk of its infection with the whitefly, aphids, mites or thyroid. When the first signs are detected, the plantings (including those located nearby) should be immediately treated with a special insecticidal solution. Another danger lurks in excessive watering, which can cause rotting of the root system, the appearance of rot and fusarium.
Care for garden sour will not cause difficulties. But the garden will be decorated with a modest but attractive flower, which is beautiful, both independently and in combination with other plants in the territory.
Common oxygen can be pollinated in two ways.: using insects and independently. In the first case, the inflorescences appear in the middle of spring. In the center of the inflorescence are the pistil and stamen, attracting ants and bees. When self-pollinating flowers have a closed form. These varieties can form even in the forest zone. They provide themselves with 100% preservation of the genus, even in the most adverse climatic conditions. Small flowers ripen and emit seeds even when there is a shortage of sun rays.
In greenhouse conditions sour can also be propagated by dividing the rhizomes. Tubers are carefully separated and planted into the ground at a distance of 15 cm from each other. The rhizomes dug out in the fall should be planted only in spring.
Oxalis cuttings placed in flower pots with peat ground. During germination, they should be kept in a cool place with sufficient ventilation. Oxygen loves moist soil. It can be on a wall, shelf, or window sill. In any place where there is no direct sunlight, drying the plant and leaving burns on thin leaves.
In summer, the basis of plant care becomes abundant watering and spraying.
Potted rosemary requires one watering every four days. Excessive watering will lead to the accumulation of a large amount of water and rotting of the roots.
In the autumn should reduce the amount and amount of watering. up to once a week. In winter, the grass sour placed in the room. The optimum air temperature is 15 degrees. In frosty time, the plant goes into hibernation, stops flowering. Perhaps a slight omission of branches, the cessation of flower growth, leaf fall. Additional feeding is not required, in early spring, the willow will awaken on its own.
The berry needs a transplant every few years. Common prefers large pots in which several tubers can be placed simultaneously. Some of them will not grow, but the more shoots, the thicker the bush will turn out. The bottom of the tank is filled with stones for drainage. This will allow the rhizome not to be saturated with stagnant moisture. As a drainage, you can use a mixture of sand, peat and leaf humus.
Plant nutrition with mineral mixtures is useful twice a month.. Some gardeners stimulate the growth of stems and root systems with natural products used in everyday life.
So, sugar is an excellent building material for biological cellular processes. A teaspoon of sugar is dissolved in a glass of water at room temperature. Water the plant mixture is recommended in early spring.
Coffee grounds enrich with oxygen and loosen the soil. Dried natural coffee can be added to flower pots. Water tincture on citrus peel will support vitamin balance and increase the layer of nutrient humus. Will help in this and dung cocktail.
For kislitsy important timely and high-quality feeding. Both store mineral fertilizers and home-made organic mixtures are used.
Grass contains such beneficial substances.as: rutin, folic and ascorbic acid, carotene, vitamin A and other organic acids. The flower is used in various fields:
- As a drug for painful menstruation, heartburn and vitamin deficiency.
- Aqueous and alcoholic infusion used for jaundice, the initial inflammatory processes in the kidneys and liver. Tinctures have a positive effect on the human hormone system.
- Crushed fresh leaves are applied to some types of purulent lesions, tumors and ulcers.
- The antihelminthic and anti-toxic properties of acidic have been recorded.
- Against bad breath, diluted plant juice will help.
- In its raw form, the acidic is added to soups, salads and sauces. Dried leaves can be used as a seasoning for main dishes.
- Some varieties of acid have been used in dyeing.
- Berry is used in the design of garden alpine slides.
Attention: the use of Kislitsy is strictly dosed. Prolonged use of drugs based on it can provoke a serious allergic reaction, irritation of the liver and urinary system.
Oxygen has a self-seeding mechanism.that often makes life difficult for gardeners. With the appearance of a flower on the beds and on unwanted areas should begin an active struggle. Begin actions with the advent of the first shoots of weed. The ways to combat grass include:
- Chemicals Post-emergent herbicides are used in autumn or early spring.
- Frequent weeding site. Weed is easily removed from the root of wet soil. Dry soil can cause tearing of the root and stem, which provokes the emergence of new shoots.
- Mulching - agronomical reception, covering the soil with a material layer of nearby growing berry bushes, vegetables and melons.
- The introduction of lime will create unfavorable conditions for Kislitsa grass. The mixture rate varies by soil type. Proper dosage increases the alkalinity of the soil to two years, enough for a complete elimination.
- Removing the top layer of the earth - the most cardinal method. You can remove up to 5 cm from the garden plot. Not a single weed root should remain in the soil. The bare surface is covered with fertile soil.
In shady deciduous and coniferous forests with a wet soil forms a continuous integument oxillite. Herb plant widely known for its pharmacological properties. The grass which is not demanding special care can become decoration of office office or the seasonal dacha of the amateur gardener.
Grows in common shrub in shady forests. It doesn’t matter to her whether the trees around are coniferous, deciduous or mixed at all, just to be dark and wet. The plant keeps a little apart from the others. In general, the Kislich family (Oxalidaceae) has more than 800 species.
General description of the plant
These three-fingered leaves can not be confused with anything in the world! A bit like clover. Only the trefoil of the Kislitsy is formed by the obverse heart, thin leaves.
White flowers bloom in small white (1-2 cm) white flowers, if you look closely at them, purple veins are noticeable on all five petals.
These flowers are of two types.
Одни – опыляются насекомыми, другие (те, что всегда закрыты) – самоопыляющиеся.
На природу надейся, а сам не плошай!
Руководствуясь этим правилом, кислица способна самостоятельно размножается даже в очень тёмном, густом лесу.
Внутри «бутончиков», которые на самом деле являются вполне взрослыми, нормальными цветками, созревают семена. По мере созревания они выбрасываются наружу.
Листочки тоже причудливо складываются и опускаются книзу. The same thing happens every night before dark. So that with the first rays of the sun once again bloom in all its glory!
In general, the plant grows from 5 to 10 cm. Rhizome creeping. Tuber or bulb. The stem may be missing.
Feels equally good in the woods and at home.
The photo shows the plant “Kislitz Ordinary (Forest)”:
Actions after purchase
Leaving after purchase is simple, as the red rose is unpretentious in the forest. The main thing is to keep away from direct sunlight, water in time.
It is enough to pick a few leaves for an infusion or salad. Oxygen - a rather independent plant that does not require any additional care.
In hot weather requires watering. Especially if it grows in the sun. Do not forget that in the forest oyster prefers moisture! If we are talking about room spirit, then in winter the amount of water should be reduced.
In a pot, your acid will also feel great.
This is exactly the plant that is suitable for all hostesses.
From personal experience: Alesya Vereitinova - journalist. I have forgotten to pour acidic many times. Not to mention the fertilizers that I don’t understand at all, so I don’t use them. But she does not lose heart! On the contrary, in a constantly dark apartment feels great. Even better than my other plants.
Planting Kislitsu possible and seeds. This is done in early April in a greenhouse or in pots at home. Although some gardeners sow immediately in open ground. The best time for this is the end of April.
In the garden
Kislitsa fits perfectly into an alpine slide. It feels great on stony ground! Just choose her shadow area. It grows well under the trees. Soil it is with high acidity. To please her, it is enough to add peat or compost, this will slightly oxidize the soil.
Some gardeners in the fall dig up the tubers of Kislitsy in order to preserve the plant until spring. Immediately after - you need to wash them, separate the "kids" and dry well. Transplant the plant in spring when the temperature of the air at night will stay at around 10 degrees. The distance between the tubers should be about 10 cm, planting depth - about 4 cm.
Benefit and harm
Healing and taste properties of acid have been noted long before us.
Scientists still have not been able to comprehend the full power of this plant.
And while official medicine refuses to take acidic, as a medicine.
For centuries, people have been treating their stomach and intestinal ailments, liver and kidney diseases, women's periodic pain, purulent wounds and even tumors.
What just do not do it? Kislitsu ordinary insist in boiled water in raw and dried form, rubbed into the skin, eaten on certain days ...
But do not forget that biologists still attributed to the killer to poorly-poisonous plants! So, excessive use of it is not so safe. In veterinary medicine there have been cases of death of small ruminants from overeating of acidic.
As our grandmothers said, everything that knows no measure is harmful! But, nevertheless, nobody refused from acidic.
Diseases and pests
Like all other plants, our beauty has natural "enemies": these are spider red mites, aphid and scythe. They rarely appear for no reason. Basically, to blame for the inadequate care or lack thereof. All pests are easily removed by special means or soapy water.
And here we again remember about the "golden mean", the measure, which can not be violated. A gray rot or fusarium can live from the constant overflow on the soil around the Kislitsy. To prevent this from happening, you can reinsure yourself at the very beginning and place a drainage layer under the soil. From underfilling, it will fade very quickly.
“Ordinary Sour” is an unpretentious plant, grown by nature in Spartan conditions: on acidic soils, in the shadow of dense forests.
Taking her to his home, we must feel the responsibility.
As with all living things.
After all, plants also need our love and care!
She needs only minimal care, and then oxygen will thank you with the whole range of goodies and goodies, which she even has in abundance. And, if you accept these gifts, do not forget about the "golden mean".
Types of Kislitsy
Oxalis (Kislitza) - herbaceous plants, among which there are both perennial and annual varieties. The color of the foliage may be maroon, green or spotted. Flowers in different species also differ: white, yellow or pink. The name of the plant was obtained because its leaves have a sour taste due to the content of oxalic acid and vitamin C in them. The most popular species include the following:
- Common oxygen. This is a ten centimeter perennial plant. Trojanate leaves on long petioles look like clover. Propagated by plant with underground rhizomes. Small white flowers with pink veins are located on peduncles 10 cm long. The leaves of sour grass on an ordinary night fall and close in cloudy weather. The plant grows well in wet soil. This species of Kyslitsy blooms from May to June. The plant grows both in shading and in open areas. The leaves of this variety can be used for cooking.
- Glandular iron. It is a winter-hardy variety, which grows in spherical bushes about 10 cm high. The leaves consist of numerous oval slices and have a grayish tint. The flowers are silver with pink streaks. This variety blooms in early summer.
- Nine-leaved sour. Refers to perennial varieties. This type, in comparison with acidic, more demanding in the care. It develops well only in sunny areas. The soil should be slightly acidic and at the same time rich in humus. For the winter, this variety must be covered. The flowers are white and pink flowers. The leaves of Kislitsy unusual, nine or twenty-fold dlinnoplastnye, silver-green color. Buds bloom in late May.
- Kislitsa bovee. Perennial plant, quite high (bushes grow up to 25 cm). Leaves are leathery, have a pale green shade. Dark pink flowers bloom in May. This plant is quite thermophilic, therefore in the conditions of severe winters it needs shelter.
- Depp's Oxygen. Leaves about 4 cm long are heart-shaped. In the center they are brown in color and green at the edges. Crimson hue flowers are collected in umbellate inflorescences. They bloom in August-September. It is recommended to dig out this kind of shale for the winter.
Council The following types are suitable for cultivation in the garden: nisurica-like acidic acid, volcanic acidic acid, pink acidic acid, multi-colored acidic acid, triangular acidic acid, etc.
Planting and breeding acidic
Many species of Kislitsy grow well in sunny areas and in the shade. Suitable soil is neutral or slightly acidic, always with good drainage. It is recommended to add compost or peat to the soil. If the soil is heavy - you can dig it with sand.
Depending on the species, the plant propagates by cuttings, nodules or seeds. Some gardeners prefer to sow seedlings in early April in greenhouses or in special containers at home. Planted plant in the open ground immediately after the spring frosts. You can initially sow on the site in early May. If reproduction occurs by dividing rhizomes and tubers (for cold-resistant species), planting may be in the fall. Thermophilic varieties are planted in the spring after frost.
It is very simple to propagate acidic fruit by cutting. Part of the stem is cut together with the leaf and placed in water. As soon as the first roots appeared, they put the sour into the open ground. During the rooting period, it is necessary to protect the Asylum from the sun and regularly water it. It is important to know that this breeding method is not suitable for all varieties.
Particular attention should be paid to top dressing. Suitable mineral fertilizers for any flowering plants or mullein infusion. The first feeding must be in the period of foliage growth. After that, you need to wait for budding and fertilize the plant again. The third feeding - a couple of weeks. Fertilizer concentration should be half that of other garden plants.
In hot weather, acid field needs regular moderate watering. If you overdo it - the underground part begins to rot. This can trigger various diseases such as fusarium and gray mold. Damage to tiller can: aphid, red mites, whitefish, whitefly and other pests. At the first sign, the plant should be treated with insecticidal agents.
Non-wintering species must be dug out in the fall. These are such as: purple acid, Ragnell's acid, triangular acid, goat's acid. They can be transplanted for winter in pots and stored at home. The winter-hardy species includes: common mulberry and iron leaf alice. When frosts data varieties need to cover. To do this, use mulch or usual spruce branches.
The most unpretentious view is red pepper. It can be found even in the wild. Therefore, novice gardeners, as well as those who need a plant that is easy to care for, will be just like this variety.
Attention! Carob sour is a plant that spreads seeds at lightning speed and grows quickly, so it will not be easy to get rid of it.
Due to the diversity of species, oxlite is often used in landscape design. It is used to create alpine slides, in the form of carpet flower beds and as curbs.
This is a perennial herbal plant, which belongs to the family of kislichnyh. It has a sour taste. It is used in food for medicinal purposes. Sour taste due to the presence of sorrel and ascorbic acid in the composition. The main characteristics are presented in the table.
The color of the leaves depends on the species. It varies from dark green to silver green. The leaves fall late in the evening, and in the morning open. Garden form kislitsy ordinary differs from the forest. It is frost resistant and has pink flowers. Sour is used for medical and ornamental purposes, as the flowers are bright and tender.
There are several varieties that are suitable for growing in a pot on the windowsill or in the garden. In the world there are up to 800 species of plants of the Kislich family. There are annuals and perennials. Due to the ability to form tubers, sour oxygen is experiencing a winter in the middle lane and central part of Russia.
On the territory of Russia, there are 6 species, but in the middle lane only ordinary rose is growing. Despite the fact that the plant is self-pollinating, there are two types of flowers:
- Pollinated by insects. In the middle of the flower is a pistil and stamen. Inflorescences appear early.
- Self-pollinating. These flowers are closed, they can form even in the forest floor. Self-pollinating flowers appear when the plant blooms a second time. In this way, oxalis provides itself with 100% procreation, if for the first time the seed does not ripen. The flowers are small, pollinated even under adverse weather conditions and lack of sunlight. Seeds are thrown out 1.5 m around the place of germination, and they are spread by insects. The plant blooms a second time in summer, and by the middle of the period throws seeds.
Where does common redwood grow?
- coniferous and deciduous forest
- forest streams and ponds,
- the hills.
More rarely kislitza is found in garden plots. The plant prefers shade and moisture, so it grows more often in forests. Kislitsu can be found not only in central Russia, but also in Siberia and the Far East.
How does the plant reproduce?
Common oxygen is propagated by seeds. They ripen in boxes to the middle of summer. After ripening, the capsule cracks and the seeds spread to a great distance, especially in windy weather. The boxes can open with high humidity, temperature drop and pressure. In this case, untreated seeds are distributed, the similarity of which is less than 50%.
Propagate tart at home in several ways:
- By dividing the rhizome or tuber. Tubers are planted in the fall to a depth and distance of 10 cm from each other. If they dig out the rhizome in the fall, they plant it in the spring.
- Seeds. Sow seeds for decorative purposes in April in pots or in a greenhouse. They are sown in open ground only after the spring frosts have passed, although the seeds germinate better at cold temperatures than during warming.
Seeds after the second flowering are more valuable for reproduction, because the flowers are self-pollinating for the second time. In shaded and humid places, more self-pollinating large flowers form. MainAnts are the seed growers of Kislitsy. They spread seeds on their paws throughout the forest.
Medicinal properties of the plant
The plant is tasty and healthy. Elevated vegetative organs, namely the leaves and the stem are used in medicine. Prepare infusions and decoctions, as well as drink fresh juice. The plant contains a lot of nutrients:
- ascorbic acid
- folic acid
- vitamin A,
- organic acids (succinic, malic, citric, sorrel).
It is malic and succinic acid that make the taste not so sour. In addition to medicine kislitsu used in cooking for soups and salads. The plant removes toxins and toxic substances from the body, helps with mercury poisoning and arsenic.
Common sour is used for the following purposes:
- to stop bleeding,
- to heal wounds, including purulent ulcers, and to treat boils,
- to improve your appetite
- to normalize the process of digestion and normalize metabolism,
- for removing worms,
- to reduce body temperature.
Oxygen helps in cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis, as well as in diseases of the liver, stomach cancer, metabolic disorders and skin diseases. The plant eliminates signs of indigestion, namely, relieves heartburn and bad breath.
Tip # 1. For the treatment of skin diseases, wounds and ulcers, use powder from dried leaves of Kislitsa.
Despite the fact that the shoots of the plants do not have medicinal properties, they are used in cooking. They contain beneficial vitamins and trace elements. For acid, souring is added to the soup, and seasoning is prepared from the leaves. For therapeutic purposes, in avitaminosis and digestive disorders apply sour tea. Prepare it like this:
- Collect fresh leaves of the plant.
- Put in an enamel pot and pour boiling water.
- Insist 10-15 minutes. Drink a drink like tea hot or cold.
Kislitsu contraindicated in severe liver disease, kidney, with gout, blood clotting and kidney stones. Can not be used in large quantities.
- Remove the weed from the root before flowering, do not allow seeds to spill out. Even the immature seed germinates and multiplies, the seeds spread to 1-1.5 m.
- Do not throw weeded weeds on the beds. Seeds spill out and germinate.
- Weeds are not thrown into the compost pile, because then the fertilizers are used on the beds and spread the seeds throughout the site even faster than they spread on their own.
- If oxalis grows not on beds, but on a lawn or near a garden plot, the plant is regularly mown and as short as possible. Do not allow flowering, otherwise the weed will soon appear in the garden beds.
In the compost heap, the seeds remain viable for several years. Kislitsa does not tolerate mixed plots, but loves loose soil. When plowing the ridges without removing the weed, oxygen will spread throughout the site.
Oxygen - a creeping grass with a long, flexible rhizome, belongs to the family Oxalidaceae. Tiny trifoliate heart-shaped leaves, located on the petioles 5-15 cm long, partly resemble clover. Less often there are four- and five-loaflets. The shade is pale green, with a dark purple patch in the center. Flowers - with a yellow throat and five white petals, which reddish-purple streaks give a light pink tone. The fruits of the shale are represented by beige-brown boxes, when ripe, the shell bursts, scattering seeds at a distance of 1-2 meters. Ants also spread them.
The distinguishing characteristic of the plant is a reaction to physical impact, the beginning of bad weather and direct sunlight by rolling leaves and corolla, which is a protective mechanism. Folds their acid and after sunset.
The flowering period is in May and June. Two types of pollination are used - with the help of insects and closed kleistogamy inflorescences emitted by a plant in the middle of summer. When a pollen tube is formed and it reaches the ovary, fertilization occurs.
Collection and storage of dosage forms
For the preparation of medicinal raw materials used leaves, inflorescences and grassy part of the plant. The best time to collect is the flowering period from late April to early June, when the concentration of biologically active substances reaches a maximum. For the preparation of therapeutic compositions suitable fresh and dry grass. The sour is cut and laid out under a canopy with good ventilation or placed in special dryers. Готовая смесь пересыпается в картонные коробки или бумажные пакеты и сохраняет полезные качества на протяжении года.
Кислица богата витаминами и ценными природными веществами и служит основой ряда рецептов народной медицины. В листьях и надземных частях растения содержатся:
- флавоноиды (кверцетин, глюкозилизовитексин),
- vitamins A, C, K, B9 (folic acid), P (rutin),
- carotenoids (100 mg per 100 g of foliage),
- oxalic, succinic, citric, malic, fumaric acid,
The herb is not used in official pharmacology, but it is used in alternative medicine and homeopathy.
Due to the fact that these plants are undemanding in the care, they feel quite comfortable at normal room temperature. But you should pay attention to the fact that in winter the temperature in the room where oxygen is located should not fall below 16 degrees. In the warm season, oxalis is recommended to be transferred to the street or transplanted into flowerbeds.
Some special humidity is not required, it is quite normal.
The increased content of organic acids in the plant is a risk factor that must be taken into account using traditional medicine recipes. Application kislitsy necessarily consistent with your doctor. Restrictions on consumption are:
- arthritis, arthrosis, gout,
- acute and chronic kidney disease,
- liver failure, cirrhosis,
- urolithiasis disease,
- epilepsy, predisposition to convulsive activity,
- hemophilia and other bleeding disorders,
- pancreatic diseases.
A medicinal plant is considered to be slightly toxic, so treatment should not be carried out uncontrollably.
The presence of oxalic and other acids with prolonged use or violation of dosages carries the risk of developing pathologies of the kidneys and urinary tract. The grass will also have a negative effect on the organism when it is prone to diseases of the joints. Before use, therapist consultation is required
Use in traditional medicine
The plant in fresh and dried form is the basis for a mass of recipes intended for internal and external use. Common oxygen is a natural source of nutrients and vitamins that help to cope with a number of diseases and strengthen the body's immune defense.
For the preparation of infusion or decoction use dry or fresh sour. The leaves are crushed and poured boiling water, then allowed to infuse and filter. To make a decoction, the liquid is left for 5-10 minutes on low heat or kept in a water bath. For colds it is useful to cook it with milk. Used to treat diarrhea, heartburn, gastrointestinal diseases, gastritis, pathologies of the liver and gallbladder. Helps in removing helminths, is suitable for gargling the mouth and throat with tonsillitis, stomatitis. Concentrated decoction is used for healing wounds, bruises, boils.
500 g of dried leaves and flowers require 500 ml of alcohol or vodka. Insist for ten days in a dark place. After straining is used to treat ulcers, boils, make compresses and wiping. When diluted with water can be used for rinsing with stomatitis.
Preparations prepared from the juice and pulp of a fresh plant are used to normalize the metabolism, with diarrhea, as an external remedy - for scabies, dermatitis and non-healing wounds, useful for combating anorexia and hypovitaminosis. When adding honey, the remedies help to relieve inflammation.
Acid leaves are used to prepare interesting and healthy dishes. They are used to add spicy sour soups and green cabbage soup, added to egg dishes, salads. Cool vitamin drinks and teas with acidity are useful to those who watch the figure, they quench their thirst and reduce their appetite. The original taste will give the grass to cheesecakes and cottage cheese pancakes and will be a delicate filling for pies. In the wiped form, Kislitza will serve as a side dish or pasta for salad dressing. Dry leaves are used as seasoning for sauces and soups.
For the winter harvest salty sour. To do this, the plant is mixed with greens, chopped horseradish root and black currant leaves, add peas pepper and garlic cloves and pour brine.
Fresh, collected during the flowering period, the grass will retain its beneficial properties for a long time in a candied form. However, moderation is important when used as food: an overdose of acidic fish causes serious harm to health.
How to water
In summer, this plant needs to be watered quite plentifully. But after the autumn comes, watering is gradually reduced, and in winter it is only necessary to ensure that the soil is constantly a bit wet. At any time of the year, make sure that there is no stagnation of water in the ground, as this can have a rather negative effect on the root system of the plant.
A large number of acid species during the rest period, lasting a month or a half, do not lose foliage, but simply cease to grow. Water at this time the plant should be very rare. In the case when the plant loses foliage in the autumn, watering is significantly reduced, eventually ceasing to water the plant altogether. And best of all at this time to clean it in a cool and rather dry room.
Oxalis can bloom in any month, regardless of the season, if it is provided with sufficient coverage. To do this, after the period of normal flowering ends, watering significantly reduce and move the plant to a cool room (thus you will create an artificial rest period). After 4 weeks, the plant is transplanted into a fresh mix, begins to water abundantly, and also put in a well-lit place. Oxalis will bloom in about 30–40 days.
It is necessary to feed this plant only during flowering, as well as during the period of active growth once every two or three weeks. Complex mineral fertilizer is excellent for this (½ part of the recommended dose is used).
For the cultivation of Kislitsy almost any dredger is perfect. You can, for example, use the purchase of universal or mix in the same parts of the sand, leaf, turf, and peat soil. In that case, if the seed mixture is too nutritious, then the blooming of the red rose will be scarce, but the foliage is thick.
How to multiply
Most often, oxalis is propagated by bulbs or nodules that grow near the old rhizome or bulb. As a rule, they are planted with 5–10 onions (nodules) in one flowerpot and sprinkled with soil a little. Grows and develops a new plant quickly enough. So, after only a little more than 4 weeks from the moment of planting, a full-fledged plant grows. Due to this feature, flowering is regulated.
If desired, it is quite possible to grow acidic from seeds. Since the seeds are rather small in size, they are sown on the surface of the soil (they are not covered with a layer of earth on top). Moisten the earth mixture with a sprayer.
Oxalis four leaf (Oxalis tetraphylla) or Oxalis Depp (Oxalis deppei)
This acid is grown both in indoor conditions and in gardens. The leaves of this perennial bulbous plant, painted in a light green color, are four-long and have a brown-red center. Flowering continues for quite a long time, and the flowers collected in inflorescences are painted in red and crimson color. This plant has the English name, such as “lucky clover” or “iron cross”.
Oxalis vulgaris (Oxalis acetosella)
This plant in height reaches 8-10 centimeters and is rhizomatous. Its leaves are very similar to the leaves of clover and are located on fairly long petioles. Peduncles are also long and single flowers of white color are attached to them. Flowering lasts from May to June.
Oxalis multicolor (Oxalis versicolor)
This plant is non-frost resistant, and in the wild it can be found in South Africa. The flowers he has a very unusual and very showy color. So, on the snow-white buds there are bright red stripes. The flower itself, after opening, has a red outer edging, and inside it is pure white.
Oxalis triangular (Oxalis triangularis) or oxalis violet
This not very tall plant has dark purple foliage. These leaves, consisting of 3 lobes, are located on very flexible and rather long petioles, and are very similar to the wings of a butterfly, because this plant is also called “Madame Butterfly”. On the foliage there are pronounced and quite spectacular spots. Flowers of light pink, white or lilac color are rather small. For reproduction of this kislitsy use tuberous rhizomes, and in the wild it can be found in Brazil (that is why it is thermophilic).
This rather tender plant has leathery leaves of a pale green color. These leaves are attached to sufficiently long (20-25 centimeters) shoots. On very thin long peduncles there are flowers having a dark pink shade.
Oxalis glandular (Oxalis adenophylla)
This low plant (height up to 10 centimeters) also has a relatively small bush. Its leaflets are mnogozolnye and painted in green and gray. And he also has large pink-white flowers with streaks and spots. This species is winter hardy.
Oxalis Obtusa (Oxalis obtusa)
This rather miniature bulbous plant (up to 10 centimeters high) native to South Africa is very undemanding in its care. The leaves are slightly pubescent or smooth. There is a large number of varieties of this type of Kyslitsy. It can be planted in open ground in summer or used in the winter garden as a groundcover.