The use of peat pots for seedlings has been practiced in our country for more than 20 years. This tool has many advantages, its value is known not only to fans of gardening, but also to ordinary people from the countryside. Self-decaying pots extend the growing season of plants that make up the range of vegetation in gardens and gardens.
Peat pots for seedlings how to use
Content step by step instructions:
What is the meaning of the idea
In fact, the idea is extremely simple:
- after the plant reaches the desired age, the peat pot is placed in the open ground along with the contents.
The photo shows seedlings in a peat pot.
There, after some time, it breaks up into microparticles (disposable, without being able to reuse it),
- gardeners manage to grow young plants that do not need to be disturbed at the time of landing in the ground under an open sky or indoor street greenhouse. After all, some flowers and fruit crops often perish when transplanted. They do not like to be disturbed,
- while the sprouts in the walls of the pot are located, the root system is generously supplied with oxygen, because the material is porous — it passes oxygen molecules. In this way, the young plant is further strengthened in the first weeks of its life.
IMPORTANT. Do not seek to "dig" pots after the plant has stuck in the ground. You can damage the root system. There is no need to worry about the remains of peat - after several rains they will completely dissolve in the soil.
Natural materials for seedlings in such a situation - a fundamental decision. It is obvious that the inventors solved the problem of protecting the soil from harmful chemistry. They succeeded. Moreover, the material itself is beneficial for the surrounding soils, additionally fertilizes them.
The advantages of peat tanks include the following properties:
- moderate porosity of the material (thereby ensuring oxygen supply to the root system),
Peat Pot Photo
Are there any disadvantages? With all the desire, to find them is not so easy. Here are some reasons to think:
- in the peak season, these products can no longer be found in stores, because all of it is bought up very quickly. In order not to remain without pots, purchase them in advance. Or order in online stores that specialize in products from the category of "garden-garden",
- products are disposable, and you have to buy them again every year. But is this a disadvantage? After all, the disappearing object becomes part of the soil in your area, enriching and nourishing it with organic matter,
- there are frequent cases of bad faith on the part of manufacturers. To peat they add ordinary cardboard. As a result, the material does not completely disintegrate, and the next year, when digging up the ground, “paper remains” are found,
IMPORTANT. Avoid buying goods on dubious "collapse". Fakes appeared on the market. Use only the services of shops and specialized outlets. Prefer to reputable brands.
- peat creates an acidic environment. If plants do not tolerate it well, then to reduce the acidity you will have to add chalk, lime or special mineral supplements,
- there are low-quality products - the walls of pots are destroyed during the growth of seedlings, mold appears on the sides of the containers,
IMPORTANT. Buy products with wall thickness from 1 to 1.5 mm. It is optimal. Strong enough at the stage of cultivation, quickly disintegrates when placed in the ground.
How to use
Keep in mind that pro shops sell products that have two main features:
- different width (perimeter size),
Varieties of peat pots
Another version of peat pots
Round peat pots
What sizes to focus on? Here are recommendations from experienced gardeners and gardeners:
- 11x10 cm (volume 0.5 l) - ideal for seedlings of cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes, eggplants. It is recommended for flowers for fuchsias, gerberas, cyclamens,
- 9x9 cm (volume 0.350-0.4 l) - cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes are suitable. From flowers - all annuals, as well as gerberas, begonia, primrose, balsam,
- 8x8 cm (volume 0,250 l) - for zucchini, tomatoes, cucumbers, wild strawberries. From flower crops - cyclamen, coleus, primrose, hydrangea,
- 7x7 cm (volume 0.200 l) - for watermelon, melon, cabbage, garden strawberries and strawberries, for annual flowers,
- 6x6 cm (volume 0,100 l) - recommended for flowers of the same age (such as Levkoy, ageratum, aster, dahlia),
- 5x5 cm (volume 0,050 l) - for food greens (dill, lettuce, cilantro, parsley, basil, fennel.
IMPORTANT. The shape of the pots does not play a special role. There are products in the form of a truncated pyramid (ribbed sides), and there is in the form of a truncated cone (round smooth sides). Differences - no more than the difference of stamping forms in production.
- fill the pot not to the top, but leave a little space (7-15 mm from the edge to the level of the seedling ground). For what? When placing the seedlings in a protected ground to the base of the plant will need to fill up a certain amount of natural land. This will speed up the addictive sprout to local conditions,
- 1-3 seeds in one pot. This measure refers to untested seeds - if you do not know whether all the seeds will sprout. If each seed rises, the sprouts can be distributed into additional containers. Or select the strongest, and weaker to utilize,
- at the bottom of the pot lay a nutrient primer and all fertilizer mixtures that you use,
- planting seed should be in the ground at a depth of about 1 cm from the top level of the ground in the pot,
- All pots set tightly to each other in any tray. This will protect against the fall of individual pots when carelessly handling them (small objects tend to fall, since they have low weight and low resistance),
Planting seeds in peat pots
- It is advisable to spread it under peat pots with polyethylene film or to put some soil, gravel or sand. This will help preserve and reuse the water that flows from the bottom when watering the seedlings,
- the regularity of watering depends on the dryness of the room (water as the ground in the pots dries out).
IMPORTANT. When the plants grow stronger and increase in size, the pots should be moved apart. This way you improve aeration, give green foliage more light.
Landing in the ground
As soon as it is time to plant the plants in the ground, your actions:
- to prepare a bed,
- mark furrows based on the number of plants in the garden, the density of their placement,
- dig holes or grooves
IMPORTANT. The depth of the groove should not be less than the height of the peat pot. Ideal if it is 1.5-2 cm deeper.
- moisten the landing areas with water,
- Place each peat pot on its allotted place, gently sprinkle it with earth on all sides.
- for antibacterial purposes, sprinkle with a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate, pour some ash,
Video - how to plant seedlings from peat pots
The instructions given in this article are only generalized. In each case, there will be nuances that you have to fix, analyze and take into account. The use of peat pots is incomparably more profitable than unprofitable. Without risking anything, you have a chance to increase the results of your gardening work.
The composition of the peat pot
Before you buy a peat product for planting seedlings need to know the materials of manufacture. They use such devices from peat, to which wood is pre-added, as well as cardboard. Most gardeners prefer to use cups, in which there is a combination of the main substance in the amount of 70%, as well as additional additives 30%.
Should also be wary of buying low-quality productSometimes it happens that unscrupulous manufacturers start to increase the amount of impurities, and sometimes they use only cheap cardboard for making a pot. Before you buy an agricultural technician, you should carefully read what is written on its packaging.
Peat pots have plenty of positive qualities in front of their fellows from plastic, ceramics, and also paper. For crops, such a device will be a truly clean and fully eco-friendly home. There is no pathogenic microflora in the peat, which is used for the process of manufacturing plants for growing seedlings, there are no weeds and their seeds.
In such containers, the content of harmful toxic components, for example, heavy metals, as well as residues from benzopyrene and pesticides, is much less. The amount of concentration of such components will be several times less than the permissible standards in agriculture for the process of growing crops. Lightweight peat is considered to be completely safe for use, since there are no pathogens of various infections of both vegetable and flower plants.
Choosing peat products for growing seedlings, it is worthwhile to carefully look at their appearance. In high-quality and proper products, the thickness of the walls should not be more than one - one and a half millimeters. Such walls will be much stronger, and will also be able to serve throughout the entire period of culture development, but at the same time the root system of a plant will be able to form and freely form. After the process of planting the crop in the soil effective pot will begin to quickly disintegrate, while facilitating the process of harvesting fields. The decay time of good peat products will last for 27-32 days.
Peat products for seedlings. Advantages of use.
- Due to the porous walls in the pot, the best air-water regime occurs in the root zone. In the process of planting in the ground culture, she begins to freely develop their roots through the walls, as well as the bottom of the product.
- Such products do not carry pathogenic organisms, as well as other toxic substances, while they have high mechanical strength both in the wet state and completely dry.
- During planting of seedlings in such pots, the survival rate of the culture will reach almost 100 percent. After this, during the process of decomposing the pot, it will become a kind of fertilizer.
- Thanks to the process accelerated seedling survival you can collect an earlier harvest of fruits, mainly for this purpose, the transplanting of the seedlings to the pots occurs.
- Previously, the peat product should be filled with the help of a moist and nutritious soil, and after that it should be slightly applied. After that, you should start planting plants in a pot. It is necessary to start sowing seeds, cuttings or seedlings and plant the bulbs.
- After that, it is worthwhile to install prepared glasses on special pallets, pesos, plastic film, gravel or soil mixture.
- Seedlings should be watered regularly, while maintaining a moist state inside the soil.
- Also, do not allow the pots to dry out much. Each unit of the plant should be wrapped with a special film - this will help save the container from drying out. Otherwise, the salt that is in the soil may begin to crystallize and in a concentrated form will be an increased danger to only developing seedlings.
- After the plant begins to actively develop and grow, the pots should be arranged more freely in order to increase the light intensity, as well as aeration. Everything else if you start to have plants more freely, then root system weave close plants do not exactly happen.
- Growing seedlings inside peat pots ends with the process of planting in the soil mixture. Digging culture is not worth it, plant them right next to the old container.
Seedling growing process
Pumpkin seedlings, cucumbers, zucchini, squash and eggplant such bad reacts to the transplant process. In order for crops to take root, take peat pots to grow crops.
For seedlings of cucumbers that are intended for planting in the soil mixture, pots with a total diameter of 11 centimeters are well suited. Growing time in such pots should be about 30 days. One germinated seed is sown in one glass.
If after the planting of the crop in the open ground occurs, then for seedlings of cucumbers, squash, and squash it is worth using containers with a total diameter of 8 centimeters, for planting pumpkins it is best to use a capacity of 11 centimeters. The seeds begin to germinate and are planted in a single quantity in each pot. The depth of landing will be equal to one centimeter. Cucumbers can also be planted in several pieces in one pot.
On average, pumpkin seedlings will be ready after 20 days, and the rest of vegetables - in one month. In this case, you can independently calculate the optimal time for planting.
Finished pots should be placed on a pallet tightly to each other, then carefully watered and stored in a warm place, where the optimum temperature level of 25-30 degrees Celsius will be maintained until development of the first shoots. With the development of yellow-green sprouts, the temperature regime should be reduced to the level of 20-22 degrees. This temperature should be maintained for 2 to 3 days.
In March, the cabbage should be planted in special boxes. After the development of seedlings they should dive, and then begins the process of transplanting into peat pots. Glasses with a total diameter of about 7 centimeters will do. You can use round products or peat blocks, which will be located just six cells. In late April, you can make a plant in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
The roots of a large number of plants can pierce the bottom, as well as the walls in peat cups. At the same time a large number of gardeners do not expect this - they simply focus on the size of the above-ground part of the seedlings of the plant.
Experienced gardeners say that if before the process of planting a plant, peat pots should be immersed in warm water until the process of extracting air bubbles from the walls of the product is completed, in this case the sodden walls and the bottom will not create special obstacles and will easily process soil the inhabitants.
To prevent development of plant diseases after transplantation into the soil, they should be pre-hardened - 7-10 days before the planting process - they regularly ventilate the room, reduce the overall temperature in the room to 15 degrees Celsius, and sometimes the plants should be watered.
Planting in open ground
Prepared crops should be planted in open ground right in the pots. Sometimes gardeners break the glass before the process of planting or pull out seedlings together with a clod of earth. And so you can also do. But gardeners who used special peat pots for growing seedlings, leave the following feedback on planting - they say it will be best to make additional holes in the tank before planting. In the process of decomposition the glasses will feed the whole plant, while helping to get more yield.
The main disadvantages of peat pots
- Not all cultures are able to tolerate an acidic growing medium, which is necessarily peculiar to peat. Some pot manufacturers include specialized fertilizers, as well as chalk and lime, which reduce the overall acidity of plants.
- It is imperative to make regular watering of plants.
- Over time, evaporating from the surface of the pots, the water begins an increased process. cooling soil mixIn the end, the root system of plants begins to develop much worse.
- Some species of plants are not able to pierce the peat walls, so they have to be removed from the tank during plant transplantation.
- In most cases, low-quality peat pots begin to develop mold, so the walls begin to quickly deteriorate.
- The cost of peat products is quite high, especially during the cultivation of a large number of seedlings.
Unfortunately, a large number of unscrupulous manufacturers of peat pots, which are made of simple cardboard, give out for high-quality peat pots. Gardeners complain that in the fall, when they dig up a garden plot, they find undecomposed pots with remnants of the root system.
The main advantages
TO the advantages of peat pots These qualities include:
- Moderate porosity of the material (due to this, the rhizomes of plants are supplied with oxygen).
- The process of the natural circulation of moisture in the process of transplanting into the ground (water at this time begins to calmly overcome the peat walls - it passes both into the pot and back.
- Until such time as the product starts to disintegrate completely, the root system of the growing culture freely germinates through special material.
- Дополнительная подкормка грунта природным торфом после процесса разложения торфяного горшка (торф – это хорошая органика, которая входит в состав рецептов для приготовления современных типов удобрений).
- Прочность горшков соответствует реальным задачам. The containers start to retain their shape until it is needed (the developers were able to calculate the special density of the material, which is necessary for loading the contents of the pot).
- Environmental Safety (it was already mentioned above - peat is considered a perennial natural organic for plants).
- Creating a dormant condition for seedlings is the process of protecting the root system from possible damage during plant transplantation (seedlings should be placed in the ground in pots, without removing the plant from it, as happens during planting seedlings in plastic cups).
All ingenious is simple
The idea of peat production is very simple - the plant gets an environmentally friendly house, and the gardener has a minimum of care and maximum comfort. A disposable cup made of peat with the addition of natural impurities. As a rule, cardboard or wood is added to the peat. Peat is a natural organic material that only enriches the soil.
Gardener grows seedlings of vegetables in peat cups. After the plant has reached that size to be planted in open ground, it is placed on the garden bed together with the pot. Thus, there is no need to remove the seedlings from the container where it grew, and not to injure the root system.
The basis of the design is pressed cellulose, peat and mineral additives
In addition, the seedlings continue to grow in the same soil - this allows them to get used to the new habitat without serious consequences. After landing on the garden the container falls into microparticles for 27-32 days. Thus, the plants develop freely, and also receive a portion of fertilizer.
Until the container disintegrates, the roots of the vegetables easily grow through the walls of the peat product. Especially this capacity is effective in growing plants that have a naturally weak root system and painfully tolerate transplantation. For example, pepper, eggplant, cucumber, pumpkin, etc.
What you need to know about peat tanks
Glasses have a different composition. As we have already written, they are not made from 100% peat, but use its mixture with the addition of wood pulp, humus and pressed pulp. According to experienced gardeners, the most optimal ratio: 70% of the main substance and 30% of additives.
With a higher content of additives, the packaging does not fall apart well or does not have this ability at all. In addition, unscrupulous manufacturers use only cardboard, which is tinted to the color of peat. Naturally, such a fake does not have the properties of the original. And if at the early stage of growing the seedlings the principal difference is not noticeable, then when transplanted into the ground within a month, the plant may die - its roots will not penetrate beyond the cup.
The pots are available in various shapes and diameters.
Therefore, before buying cups, carefully read what is written on the package and ask the seller for details. It is preferable to buy peat-humus containers without adding cardboard. Do not seek to buy cheaper at spontaneous bazaars. There, as a rule, there you can buy products made from 100% colored cardboard.
Pay attention to the thickness of the walls. According to those who have repeatedly used such a container for growing seedlings, the walls of the glass should be one and a half millimeters. This thickness is sufficient for the cup to serve until the seedlings grow, and after planting it on the garden the roots will be able to germinate the wall without hindrance.
Benefits of using
Growing seedlings in peat pots has several advantages compared with plastic, ceramic, paper or other packaging:
- During the landing on the garden does not need to disturb the plant. It is planted with a pot. As it develops, culture will loose roots through the walls, as well as the bottom.
The plant is planted in the ground right in the pot
- Porous walls of the container allow the roots of plants to breathe freely. Thus, natural hardening of seedlings occurs.
- The remains of the vessel serve as a natural fertilizer of the soil.
- Products do not contain any harmful toxic substances or pathogens. Thus, they do not pose a threat to crops or the environment.
The survival rate of vegetables grown in such a container, reaches almost 100%. In addition, the rapid adaptation of seedlings to the bed contributes to obtaining an earlier harvest. Agree that for this gardeners grow seedlings.
How to use
Peat containers should be filled with a slightly moist nutrient soil. Before sowing seeds, soil should be applied, but not very much. After that, sow the grain and sprinkle them with soil. Glasses to be installed quite tightly to each other on special pallets or to use the available trays or plastic wrap.
Pour plentifully from a spray bottle or calico (for example, water will not deepen much). Cover the container with a film - so the effect of a greenhouse and the grain will ascend faster. As soon as the seedlings appear, the film is removed. Seedlings should be watered daily. This is done in order to maintain the wet state of the soil, as well as to prevent drying of the cups.
It is important to choose the size of the pot. For example, the ideal cultivation of pepper and tomato seedlings in a 0.5 liter tank and manufacturers offer such a container with a size of 11x10 cm. Gardeners share their experience in obtaining strong pepper seedlings in peat pots 9x9 cm in size (0.35-0.4 l) and tomatoes in 8x8 cm (volume 0.25 l).
Practical advice from experienced gardeners
Before using the peat container in its walls and bottom, holes must be made - this will help the roots to grow out painlessly and the cups to decompose faster. According to summer residents, it is very convenient to make holes with a clerical puncher or awl.
Film wrapped to remove salts and preserve soil moisture
Each pot should be wrapped with a film - this will help prevent drying, and also significantly improve the condition of crops. In addition, such preventive measures do not allow the salt that is contained in the ground to crystallize on the walls of the container. It should be remembered that a high concentration of such salt is a danger to tender seedlings.
For this it is very convenient to use cling film. But you can use old packages or wrapper cellophane. When the seedlings begin to grow, the cups must be moved apart from each other. This is done in order to increase the illumination of each plant. This should be considered when choosing a pallet.
To prevent mold, periodically wipe the outside with a solution of vinegar (1 tbsp per cup of water) or alcohol.
If the mold has already appeared, the treatment is not stopped, but additionally sprayed with chemicals against mold, remove the top layer of earth and replace it with a new one.
Why use pills
Tablet - pressed peat with humus and compost, is made in the form of a flat disk, which is soaked in water before use. Within 3-4 hours, the tablet increases in size several times, becomes loose and it is convenient to lower the seed into it. Next, the substrate is put in a plastic cup or a tetra pak with holes to drain excess water and take care as well as in all other devices.
Tablets for planting seeds must first be soaked in water until they increase in size by 4-5 times.
Unlike a pot, a tablet does not contain any impurities in the composition - cardboard, cellulose, etc. With the development of seedlings does not prevent the growth of the roots of weak cultures. When transplanted dissolves within 4-5 days. In addition, it nourishes the plant with mineral and organic fertilizers.
It does not start mold, there is no risk of "flooding" the root, this is the same substrate as the earth, but made in a convenient form.
For the cultivation of tomatoes, sweet peppers, eggplants, melons and some flowers, preference should be given to the tablet. In these species, the root is too weak to overcome the obstacle in the form of a wall, and it is also difficult to tolerate adaptation during transshipment to open ground.
Using the above recommendations, as well as practical experience of vegetable growers, you can successfully grow seedlings in peat pots. Good luck!
VIDEO: Capacities for seedlings: pros and cons
Peat pots. What are their benefits?
Peat has long proved its valuable qualities and indispensability in supporting green shoots.
Peat cups, cassettes, cells, pots - these are hollow containers, which include peat and cardboard. Peat pots are a great idea for plants with weak roots that get damaged during a pick. Seedlings transplanted into a greenhouse or into the ground directly in the peat "house". After some time, the container is dissolved, and the young growth receives the micronutrients necessary for development.
Advantages of peat cups:
- Biologically pure storage of minerals. Peat does not contain pathogens, weed seeds and heavy elements. It is natural and eco-friendly.
- The wall thickness of a quality pot is 1.5 mm. It retains its shape and can dissolve in the soil after 32 days.
- The manufacturer guarantees one hundred percent germination of seeds.
- Peat seedling rises 30% faster, which means early harvest.
- Glasses or pots are easy to transport, they have a long shelf life.
Instructions for the use of peat cups
Peat pots are perfect for germinating seeds of vegetable, flower, fruit and ornamental crops. How to use them correctly?
- Before sowing, new cups need to be soaked in a solution of humate fertilizers. This will serve to feed seedlings and safely decompose the glass at the right time.
- Fill up loose soil in pots or glasses at a distance of 1 cm to the top. Soil is better to disinfect.
- Put a seed, sprinkle it with soil. Mark the pot, indicating the type and date of sowing.
- You can cover the film and put it on the windowsill.
The principles of growing seedlings in a peat container are standard: timely watering, moist air, temperature for seeds is 22-24 ° C, for sprouts - 15-17 ° C. A light day lasting 15-17 hours.
Attention! Water the seedlings should be often, but gradually, carefully watching for possible drying out of the soil. Young shoots love humidification from a spray.
Cheap peat tanks - do not buy!
The worldwide network is filled with the disappointment of vegetable growers. The reason - drying, low germination, loss of seedlings. However, it is quite possible to turn the disadvantages of peat cups into advantages.
In practice, a good idea of peat pots has broken about the specifics of doing business in Russia. Ideally, high peat should be greater than 70% of the above peat products. In fact, even in high-quality peat cups - 50% peat and the same amount - pressed cardboard. And cheap options do consist of cardboard and cellulose. Hence the mass of negative reviews from practitioners and experts.
They complain that the seedlings in the peat pots die. Even if it grows up on the window, it languishes after transplantation into the ground. When digging such a weak bush, it turns out the reason he stayed in a peat prisoner. The pot does not dissolve not only in a month, but also in a season. It turns out that this is not the fault of peat, and pressed cardboard, which decomposes much longer.
The way out is the rejection of cheap peat pots. You should buy them only in specialized stores, in the presence of the original packaging and certificate of conformity.
Protection of pots against drying
Growers indicate problematic watering of seedlings in peat cups. The earth lump dries out quickly and you have to water too often, which leads to the formation of mold. What is the matter?
Peat is really a wateraholic. He has the ability to quickly and in large quantities to absorb water and give it to the environment. It turns out that the glass itself dehydrates the soil in which the plant develops. If the owner has watered the seedlings and went to work, then in the evening he can catch the withered plants.
You can neutralize this disadvantage with the help of available materials. For example, carefully wrap the peat pot in foil. Or put the pot in a plastic bag. Then all the moisture will remain inside, and the soil will not be so quickly dehydrated. And in order to avoid the appearance of mold, the containers with shoots need to be regularly aired.
Proper landing in the ground
The manufacturer indicates that seedlings can be transplanted in pots that decompose well in the ground. To implement the ideas of developers, peat pots need help:
- Before changing to the ground, moisten the well generously,
- pour the pot itself so that it is soothed
- after transplanting, pour over not only the landing site, but also the whole garden,
- then moisten the seedlings normally, because the process is already running.
So the pots perfectly fall apart for the promised 32 days and fertilize seedlings with minerals. If in doubt and afraid for seedlings, you can start planting plants with strong roots and see what happens. For example, the root system of pumpkin, watermelon, melon is able to overcome any obstacles. Some users advise a little to tear the pot, or pierce holes in it with an awl.
The "seedling killer" still can work effectively! Just care for the seedlings in peat pots requires knowledge, care, time and patience. But any obstacles are a great incentive to overcome them!
Growing seedlings in peat pots - video
For several generations of gardeners they have been using peat pots for growing seedlings of vegetables (which is especially important for the northern regions) and flowers (for example, petunias). Peat pots (and tablets) for seedlings are very convenient to use. Many prefer peat pots over other containers for seedlings.
Some craftsmen make similar products on their own. The raw material is a mixture of equal parts of well decomposed humus and peat. A liquid mullein is added to the mass (for viscosity and enrichment with nutrients), compressed using special molds, dried. But the majority of summer residents prefer to buy goods in stores.
What is a peat pot
It would seem that peat pots are not a simple product, but even here quality is paramount. Initially, such containers were conceived as peat-humus, and it was such that they left the conveyor. In pursuit of simplification and cheapening of production, they were replaced by simply peat ones. The advantages and disadvantages of such pots depend on the quality of the raw materials and their processing. Finally, analogues from cheap cardboard (from recycled materials) appeared, which still call “peat pots”, they require special treatment.
Tanks made of peat or cardboard:
- Environmentally friendly,
- not too expensive for the price
- opaque means that green algae do not grow on the inside from the walls,
- disposable - therefore do not require washing, disinfection, subsequent storage,
- when transplanting, an earthen clod with feeding roots is preserved.
The advantages of high quality
Not every gardener offhand distinguishes a good product from a paper-cardboard substitute. As a rule, high-quality peat cups are slightly more expensive in price, even, have a thicker wall, a darkish color and a slightly porous structure. They have a lot of merit.
1. Due to the porous structure of the material, the roots breathe and do not rot.
2. When watering excess water flow freely, without stagnation.
3. It is easy to water through the pallet (water is absorbed from the bottom up).
4. Do not form rot and mold on the walls of pots outside and inside.
5. After planting seedlings in the ground, its roots freely pass through the bottom and walls.
6. Tanks quickly decompose in the soil.
Features second-rate pot
Glasses made of cardboard or poorly processed peat are also suitable for seedlings, you just need to take into account some of the nuances. Paper can quickly soak and lose strength, distort the shape, become moldy. Walls that have a dense structure and a smooth surface do not allow air and water to pass through, and they also decompose in the ground for a long time. Therefore, if there are doubts about the quality of the proposed peat pots, take action:
- We do not purchase large tanks
- in the bottoms be sure to make good holes for the outflow of excess moisture,
- for filling, we use only a very loose substrate that passes water easily,
- when planting seedlings in the ground, cut the bottom or tear the walls of the pot.
Most of the negative feedback after using peat pots is due to the fact that the roots of the planted plants for a long time can not break out into the open, beyond the walls, and there is a delay in growth and development.
Variety of sizes and shapes
Seed pots are available as a traditional round shape, and square (which is convenient for a tighter arrangement and a small space saving). The largest, as a rule, have a diameter and height of about 10 cm, volume - half a liter. The smallest - 5 cm, 50 ml. In this range, a lot of containers of intermediate sizes are produced, you can choose the best option. Прямоугольные и квадратные посудинки иногда делают соединёнными в виде кассет (по принципу ячеек для транспортировки яиц). При необходимости их можно разделить, отрезав острым ножом или ножницами.
Предназначение торфяных горшочков для рассады любых растений
In small and medium-sized cups, seedlings of annual flowers are prepared, which have medium-sized seeds, form a compact, fibrous root system, develop slowly in the initial phase of growth. Agraftum, aster, bakopa, marigold, verbena, gazania, one-year dahlia, fragrant tobacco, iberis, gantry, lobelia, snapdragon, mesembrianthemma, mimulyus, nemesia, osteospermma, petunia, and gauge are applied. , zinnias, eustomas, etc. They act in a similar way with biennials and perennials - violas, carnations, geleniums, delphiniums, handbells, daisies, obrietami, primroses, daisies, enoters, etc.
Using pots of different sizes
In a small amount of land, room balsams, begonias, gloxinia, pelargoniums, and cyclamens successfully pass the initial stage of development. In small containers, it is possible to seedling strawberry from seeds - small-fruited, large-fruited, remontant. From vegetables in such dishes, the seedlings of root and stalked celery, fennel, basil, head of lettuce feels great.
Such dimensions are convenient for annuals with large seeds - for example, datur and nasturtiums. A relatively large amount of rassatnogo substrate needed amaranth, decorative cabbage, glue, kosmey, kokhiyam, scabiosa. This also applies to loaches - dolichos (hyacinthic beans), sweet peas, morning glory, kobei, tunbergia, one-year-old hop, decorative pumpkin and beans. Peat pots for growing seedlings of vegetable cabbage, watermelons and melons, potatoes (from botanical seeds) should not be too large or very small. Capacities for cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkins, Physalis berry are taken slightly larger.
Extremely good for the production of a powerful planting material of tomatoes. The same (or slightly smaller) volume requires peppers, eggplants, vegetable Physalis, edible steaks. A large clod of land is needed for edible and decorative varieties of sunflower and corn.
Peat pots not only sow seeds and dive seedlings, they are used for rooting and growing cuttings (for example, chrysanthemums, petunias, pelargoniums, roses, etc.), bulbous and rhizomatous cultures, shrubs.
Peat products operation
1. Peat pots must be installed on solid supports.
2. A small layer of sphagnum moss or coconut fiber can be placed on the bottom of the pallet (to prevent drying or rotting).
3. Rustic soil should be reliable, lightweight and at the same time moisture-intensive - quickly (without stagnation) pass excess water, but at the same time dry up slowly. Looseness gives sand (without admixture of cement and dust), small additives of hydrogel or chopped coconut fiber retain moisture.
4. The tanks are completely filled with a slightly moistened substrate, after watering the soil settles slightly (it is possible to pour if the plants are stretched).
5. Dust-like and very small seeds are scattered superficially, small ones are slightly sprinkled with light soil, medium and large seeds are placed in pits and covered with soil.
6. Peat bogs with seedlings are contraindicated for poor lighting and dampness (mold and rot can develop). For prophylaxis, the external walls of the pots can be sprinkled with fungicidal action solutions (HOM, manganese, phytosporin).
7. Wet cups continuously evaporate moisture and cool the root system; this is harmful when temperature drops or constant cold, therefore it is necessary to maintain moderate heat.
8. Sun and excess heat require frequent watering. This can provoke stretching of the seedlings, as with a lack of light. (Slowing the growth of the aerial parts and strengthen the root system are capable of special drugs - regulators Atlet, Stopprost, etc.)
9. On the eve of the day of planting on a permanent place should be carried out over-irrigation for a good softening of peat (cardboard).
Glasses with saplings are installed in soil pits of similar size without excessive root penetration. The stretched specimens are placed under the surface of the ridge obliquely, at an angle. Good watering is required for tight contact between the walls of the pot and wet ground.