Deytsiya - perennial woody evergreen plant. His homeland - East Asia. There you can find many types of shrubs.
In Russian gardens, an exotic plant appeared not so long ago. A shrub was brought to Russia in the nineteenth century.
Deytsiya - an evergreen plant. There are bushes of erect shape, as well as sprawling. Their height can reach 4 m. Everything here depends on the species. If you ensure proper action and landing in the open field, it can live up to 25 years.
In the spring the shrub will please the eyes with greens, but a truly breathtaking view will open when the bush blooms. Openwork flowers with tassels of inflorescences densely cover the whole bush. Gardeners plant is valued precisely for the saturation of flowers, which creates the impression of white foam on the bush. There are flowers of pink or white. There is no smell.
Effective landing deytion will be only if it was carried out according to the rules. Here you can select the following components:
Choosing a place to land
Before planting and thinking about caring for the action in the open field, you should find a place for it. This is a light-loving shrub, but it will be negatively affected by direct sunlight, as well as drafts. The southern or western slope is perfect for landing.
Therefore, when choosing a place for action, it is best to stay a short distance from the tree, about 2 m. There should be no trees or buildings nearby.
To soil there are the following requirements. Best of all an exotic bush will grow in the ground:
- moderately hydrated,
- with weak alkaline reaction.
With self-preparation of the soil, you should take humus 2 parts, sand the same and peat compost 1 part. With increased acid reaction of the soil before planting, 300 g of slaked lime should be added to the ground.
We plant a bush in an open ground
Those who plant deytion in the open ground for the first time, do not know when to do it. So, it is best to land in the spring. Then there is a lot of time before frost and the seedling will have time to get stronger. But as for the Moscow region, landing in open ground and caring for the action has its own characteristics. Should choose the weather. The time will come when the earth will thaw, but the buds in the trees have not yet blossomed.
Since the Ural winters are harsh, any variety for planting in this region will not work. To grow an exotic bush, residents of this area should pick up winter-hardy varieties. Fit and hybrids, which are characterized by high winter hardiness.
Deytion will be better to grow and develop, if after planting the shoots pruned to 4-5 buds.
Sadim, adhering to the following algorithm:
- Prepare a pit, the depth of which should be 50 cm.
- We spread the layer of drainage.
- We pour a little on the drainage of the prepared soil, adding 100 grams of nitrophoska.
- The root is omitted. The root neck at the same time should remain on the surface.
- We cover it with earth by tamping it up, moisten the soil mixture.
- Around the seedling plot should be mulched. The ground is covered with peat 4-5 cm.
When the action has already been planted, one should not forget about caring for a young plant for a year, and in the winter it should be covered from the cold. Only then the bush will delight in the early spring with lush greenery, and then with thick flowers that will cover the branches.
In fact, planting and caring for action in the open field does not conceal anything difficult. The earth should be moderately moist. In a hot period, a bucket of water once a week is enough. After each wetting the land should be loosened, remove weeds. At the end of the summer, namely the second part of August, this plant does not require watering.
It is necessary to fertilize a bush once a month with liquid manure. 3 liters of it is diluted in water. This amount is enough to fertilize one bush.
It would be nice if complex mineral fertilizers are applied. They are used a couple of times per season up to 150 g per bush.
Deytsiya responds well to fertilizing both mineral and organic. But such procedures should be carried out exclusively during the flowering period.
When growing deatii an important point regarding care is pruning. It is held twice a year: in spring and autumn.
In the spring, when pruning, branches are removed, damaged or that did not normally overwinter. If only the root system survived the winter, the plant is pruned at the ground, leaving small hemp.
In the autumn, at the end of flowering, spend the second pruning. The first step is to remove the branches on which there were flowers. They are shortened to the first kidney. It also pruned old branches and ennobled the shape of the plant.
Preparing the bush for wintering
It is necessary to prepare for wintering the action in any region of Russia. Thus, the cultivation of the action in the Leningrad region, as well as planting and care, is slightly different from other regions of Russia. Winters here are characterized by a small amount of snow. It is enough just to bend the branches, to cover the branches with spruce, but it is necessary to throw snow on the bushes regularly.
The branches of bushes that have been growing on the site for several years are not so flexible, but still require shelter. They will need to be pulled down and covered with an air-tight material that will help keep the buds up to spring in good condition and transfer frosts up to 30 degrees.
In Siberia and the Urals, where the climate is colder, it is quite possible to grow deytion. If we are talking about a young bush, then the branches are bent to the ground, covered with leaves from above, then with spanbond and film. Multi-layer shelter will not contribute to the accumulation of moisture, and it is very important to save the kidneys.
Light cover will be enough for them, and the bushes will be able to endure the winter normally, and in the spring to please with their flowering.
When the plant blooms
It is difficult to compare with something when you see the flowering in the open ground. The flowering period depends on the variety, the duration depends on the care. The earliest flowering of some varieties is possible in the middle of May. The rest, mostly, please in June-July.
So, planting and caring for action in the open field does not conceal anything difficult. This plant is undemanding to the soil, will grow wherever water does not stagnate. Deytsiya, not cramped by other plants, richly covered with flowers, in the penumbra also grows well.
As we see, we need a little care and love for the plants, and in return - an incredible beauty of an exotic bush, which is hard to compare with anything.
Planting and care for action (in short)
- Landing: in the spring.
- Bloom: about three weeks, depending on the variety, from mid-May to the end of July.
- Lighting: in the morning - bright light, in the afternoon - diffused light or partial shade.
- The soil: nutritious, moderately moist and well drained, neutral.
- Watering: 1 bucket under the bush once a week, in the heat - two buckets. From mid-August, watering is stopped.
- Trimming: twice a year - in spring and autumn, in order to sanitary cleaning and for the formation of the crown.
- Top dressing: only during the flowering period of liquid manure: 3-4 liters under each bush. Complex mineral fertilizers are applied twice a season.
- Reproduction: seeds and vegetatively: layering, green and lignified cuttings, root suckers.
- Pests: bumblebee trunk.
- Diseases: is stable.
Shrub deytion - description
The bush is a sprawling or upright form with a height of 40 cm to 4 m. The leaves of the action are opposite. Until the flowers open, the action can be mistaken for a honeysuckle bush. Deytsiya blooms on the shoots of the past year: white or pink flowers without smell that are abundantly covering the bush are gathered in racemes of apical inflorescences. Shrub lives deitsiya about 25 years. The fruit of the action is a box.
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Deytion: preparation for winter pruning
In the fall, they bend down and pinch the shoots, since it is extremely necessary to cover the young deice for the winter. Cover the inclined bushes with non-woven material or spruce with leaf litter. The low action of a graceful for the reliability of wintering can additionally be covered with a wooden tall box, setting it on top of a soft cover.
In the south of Kazakhstan, shelter for the winter is also necessary for the bush to gain strength. And only from the third season the bushes are left without shelter. An annual shelter is recommended for the northern regions.
In the spring pruning deytsii mostly sanitary - clean frozen and dry twigs. And after flowering, cut off all withered branches to strong shoots, or to the base of a bush. Pruning for action is as important as for hydrangeas - a thickened shrub blooms extremely poorly and inflorescences shrink.
In adult bushes, pruning removes old trunks flush with the ground. And the rejuvenation of old bushes is done by pruning “on a stump” - in spring or late autumn, all shoots without exception are cut very low, in order to stimulate the growth of new shoots from renewal root buds.
Many types of action well propagated by cuttings, even without the use of root stimulants. Also, root shoots are dug up or when shaving are being divided. By the way, deytion perfectly transfers transplant.
And the surest way for amateur gardening - rooting cuttings. To do this, in the summer bend down a twig to the ground and fix it with a bracket. Then pour the earthen roller, and maintain the moisture of the earthen coma. In the spring, a young bush is cut off from the queen cell, and in the fall they are transplanted to a permanent place (with obligatory warming for the winter).
Deytsiya in landscape design
In group compositions deytion is combined with hydrangeas, Syrian hibiscus, weigels. From mixborders with deuterium and other ornamental shrubs, it turns out harmonious longline transitions from outdoor recreation areas to the fruit garden.
Deytsiya with white flowers in group plantings looks much more interesting than the pink action. From a distance, the pink color visually acquires an ashy tint, creating the illusion of haze, which ultimately makes the composition a bit dirty. Therefore, it is better for specimens with pink shades to pick up places closer to the point of view (for example, near the intersection of the tracks or under the windows).
Since the frost resistance of the shrub is low, it is unlikely that anyone will make a solitary planting or plantings in the form of a hedge from the action. Nevertheless, it is better to keep it in the mixborder. And if a harsh winter happens, it will be easier to wait for the bush to resume among other greenery than to look at the whole array of the frozen hedge. In general, the lush growth of this gorgeous flowering shrub is for the Crimea or Tashkent, but for us it is still a risky (but oh, very elegant) purchase for a garden.
shrub deytsiya in mixborder (photo 2015)
As you can see, not everything is so simple in planting and caring for outdoor activities. And although there is a lot of planting material on the market, surely not all owners of this bush have waited for flowering. Perhaps our recommendations on winterizing deuterium bushes and pruning them will partly eliminate disappointment in their cultivation, and they will delight you with their charming flowering. Let deytion be gentle, yet planting and caring for her in the open field is worth the energy expended.
Features of the action
The bush of such a plant can be upright or spreading. Its height varies from 0.4 to 4 meters. The sheet plates are opposite. Bush looks very similar to honeysuckle, until flowering begins. The flowers are revealed on last year's shoots. On the bush reveals a large number of pink or white flowers that do not have a scent. They are part of the apical inflorescences in the form of a brush. The life span of an action is about 25 years. The fruit is a box.
When to land
The action is recommended to land in the spring. At a time when the earth is already thawed, but the buds will not start to unfold yet. A seedling with a closed root system can be planted before the beginning of the summer period. Before you proceed to the direct landing, you need to choose the most suitable area for this. Best of all for this shrub open areas, while after lunch on the branches should not fall direct rays of the sun. Also note that the action reacts negatively to the cold wind. The land should not be dry, well drained and rich in nutrients. Best of all, a soil mixture consisting of peat compost, humus and sand, taken in a 1: 2: 2 ratio, is suitable for planting. In the event that the composition of the soil at the site of planting is very different from the necessary, then such a mixture should be poured into the prepared planting hole. Shrubs also need a slightly alkaline soil. In the event that it is excessively sour, then during planting it is necessary to make 300 grams of hydrated lime.
It is necessary to choose a seedling in a special store carefully enough. It is necessary to look, that on stalks there was no significant damages, signs of diseases, and also it is necessary to check in what condition the buds are. Saplings in containers are sold somewhat more expensive than those that have an open root system. But it should be noted that in saplings in containers it is impossible to assess the condition of the roots, so they can be damaged, rotted or dried out. It is necessary to acquire seedlings with an open root system immediately before planting, while the roots must be wrapped with a thick sheet of paper during transportation. Before planting a plant, it is necessary to cut the injured twigs, shorten the roots to 35-40 centimeters. In that case, if the root system is dry, then it is necessary to immerse it for 2–3 hours in a container filled with a clay mash, and you should pour a liter of pale-pink manganese potassium into it.
When disembarking the action should follow certain rules. So, when planting it is necessary to take into account that there must be a distance of at least 2.5 meters from this shrub to any other plant or structure. The fact is that the adult bush is quite wide. The depth of the landing pit should be from 0.4 to 0.5 meters, on its bottom it is necessary to place a drainage layer, which can be made of sand or broken brick. After that, you need to place the root system of the action in the pit, and then it should be filled with soil mixture, which is described in more detail above, and you need to pour from 100 to 125 grams of nitrophoska into it. After planting is complete, the plant's root neck should be flush with the ground or a couple of centimeters buried in the soil. The soil after planting must be compacted, and the bush must be watered. A shrub need to shorten all the stems to 3–5 buds, this will increase the bushiness of the plant. The trunk should be filled with a layer of mulch (peat) and its thickness should be 5 centimeters.
Caring for action
In the care of such a shrub is nothing complicated, while the layer of mulch will relieve part of the work. Deytsiya negatively reacts to waterlogging, so it should be watered infrequently. It will be enough to have 1 watering a week, while 10 liters of water should be spent on 1 bush. During the hot dry period, the amount of water should be increased to 20 liters per bush. From the second half of August, the plant ceases to be watered at all. When watering is finished, you need to loosen the soil to a depth of 20 to 25 centimeters, while removing all weeds. Top dressing is carried out 1 time in 4 weeks, for this purpose 3-4 liters of liquid manure are poured under each bush. During the season, it is necessary to feed the action with complex mineral fertilizer (per bush from 120 to 150 grams) only 2 times. Feed the plant only during flowering.
Replace this shrub can only be in the spring. The fact is that a copy transplanted at another time of year does not have time to settle down before the onset of winter. It is necessary to dig a plant carefully, and the clod of earth on the root system should not be destroyed. The bush should be laid around the perimeter of the projection of its crown, it is pulled out of the ground along with the roots and a clod of earth. Then it is moved to a new planting hole, which should be prepared in advance, while it is necessary to pour in it from 20 to 30 grams of complex mineral fertilizer. For backfilling the pit should use the same substrate as during planting, while it must be properly compacted, and the plant must be watered. It is recommended to remove all old branches from the transplanted specimen, and those that remain should be cut into 1/3 part. При этом приствольный круг надо присыпать слоем мульчи (торфом). Если кустик молодой, то переболеет он достаточно быстро, но взрослый куст будет болеть сравнительно долго.
Уход за таким растением включает в себя регулярную обрезку. Дейцию следует обрезать дважды за сезон — в весеннее и осеннее время. В осеннее время ветви, цветущие в нынешнем году, нужно срезать до основания либо до первой сильной почки. Также следует удалить старые ветки и те, из-за которых происходит загущение кроны. Вместе с санитарной обрезкой делают и формировку кроны. In the springtime, you need to shorten those branches that froze, as well as remove the injured. In the event that during the winter the bush is very badly damaged, and more than half of its branches are broken, then it is recommended to cut such a plant “to the stump”. Similarly, anti-aging pruning is done.
Deytion after flowering
During flowering, the deice looks just amazing, especially pleased that the flowers on the plant are kept for a very long time. However, the time comes, and it nevertheless ends, and here it is not far to winter. When planting shrubs should be noted that its resistance to cold is very low. Due to the fact that the flowers appear only on last year's shoots, they need to be protected from frost, as best you can. Otherwise, the plant will not bloom next year. In those areas where winters are mild and a large amount of snow falls, it is not necessary to cover the shrub, but its branches still need to be bent to the surface of the ground.
Deytsia Amur, or small-color (Deutzia amurensis)
This plant can be found in natural conditions in China, North Korea and the Far East. On the territory of Russia this plant is protected in several reserves. It prefers to grow in coniferous-deciduous and oak forests, while it can be found at an altitude of about 1.4 thousand meters above sea level. This plant is a deciduous shrub, the shape of the bush which is spreading. In height it can reach 200 centimeters. The branches are covered with brown bark, which eventually changes its color to gray. The length of the oppositely arranged leaf plates is about 6 centimeters; they have an elliptical shape. At the base they are wedge-shaped, and tapered to the apex, thin-serrated, with pubescence on their both sides. In spring and summer, they are rich green or green-ash color, and brown-yellow or ocher in the autumn months. Multi-flowered inflorescences of corymbiform shape in diameter reach 7 centimeters. They are composed of white flowers, odorless. The plant blooms for 20 days, with the beginning of flowering - in the last days of June. Fruits are rather inconspicuous and painted in a dirty-yellow color, they look like boxes of almost spherical shape. This species is characterized by moisture and light-loving, as well as resistance to drought, gas and smoke. The plant is fast-growing, begins to bloom relatively early.
Deytsia graceful (Deutzia gracilis)
Homeland plants are the mountains of Japan. Bush height can vary from 50 to 150 centimeters. Bush has a rounded shape, thin arched branches. It blooms very lush. The leaf plates are oblong-lanceolate, they are elongated and have a point toward the tip, the edge is unequal. They are about 6 centimeters long and are painted in pale green. The seamy surface of the leaflet is bare, and on the front side there are stellate-shaped hairs. The flowers are white, they are part of upright multi-flowered raceme, which are about 9 centimeters in length. Flowering begins in the second half of July, while its duration is 35 days.
Deytion rough or stellate (Deutzia scabra)
Originally from Japan and China. The height of the graceful bush about 250 centimeters. The color of the crust exfoliating over time is brown or light red. The length of the pale green leaf plates is 3–8 centimeters. On their surface there are small stellate hairs that give leaflets roughness. In this type of flowering begins later than all the others. The length of the brushes, consisting of white or pink flowers, is 12 centimeters. Dytion blooms from 15 to 20 days. Decorative shapes:
- Terry. The inside of the double flowers is white, and the outside is pink.
- Pure white. It has double flowers in white color.
- Vatherera. The flowers inside are white, and the outer part of them is carmine.
- Pink Terry. There are double pink flowers. The form is highly resistant to frost.
- White-cell. With small white dots on the leaf plates.
Deutzia magnificent, or lush (Deutzia magnifica)
This hybrid plant was born thanks to the crossing of the Vilmoren deformation and the rough deuterium. In height erect bush reaches about 250 centimeters. Leaf plates elongate, ovate. White terry flowers are part of large paniculate umbellate inflorescences, the length of which is about 10 centimeters. Blossoming is incredibly abundant, under the weight of inflorescences the twigs acquire an arched bend. The plant begins to bloom in July, with the duration of flowering about 20 days. This view is one of the most beautiful.
Deutzia longifolia (Deutzia longifolia)
The height of the shrub varies from 100 to 200 centimeters. On the surface of shoots there is pubescence. The length of the leaves is about 12 centimeters, they are finely toothed along the edge. They are dark green in color on the front side, and greenish-gray from the pile with the wrong side. The diameter of lilac-pink flowers is about 25 mm, in buds they are purple. Flowering begins in mid-July. There is a long-leaved variety of Veitch, her flowers have a darker color.
Deice Lemoine (Deutzia x lemoinei)
This hybrid appeared due to the crossing of the delicacy of the graceful and the action of the small-flowered. In height the bush reaches about 200 centimeters. It blooms early and magnificently. White flowers have a diameter of about 20 mm, while they are part of small inflorescences, the length of which is 10 centimeters. The flowering is beautiful, lush and long lasting, and the plant also has good resistance to frost. Highly decorative varieties:
- Belle de gentle. The height of the bush is about 150 centimeters. White flowers have a diameter of about 25 mm.
- Mont rose. In height the bush reaches 250 centimeters. Flowers are large, rich pink color. The edges of the petals are wrapped so that the yellow anthers become visible.
- Pink Pompon. Relatively new variety. The buds are carmine, and the flowers are rich pink terry. Part of the lush hemispherical inflorescences.
In addition to the described species in culture, there are purple, large-flowered deities, Wilson and Vilmoren.
Varieties and types
Deytion rough in wild form is represented in China and Japan. It owes its name to the rough foliage completely covered with small villi. The height of this species is up to 2.5 m, the exfoliating bark of the stems is colored red or gray-brown, the brushes of the inflorescences of white or pinkish shade grow up to 12 cm in length.
- Unusually spectacular garden forms with dimensional flowers, under the weight of which the plant bends in an arc, while they are considered among the most winter-hardy. These include the decorative form. Deutzia Terry with terry white flowers from the inside and pink flowers from the outside.
Deice the brightest
One of the most attractive hybrids, up to 2 m tall, blooming in the first half of summer. Snow-white double flowers up to 3 cm in diameter, gather in inflorescences up to 12 cm long. Under optimal conditions of growth and with proper care can live as much as 50 years!
Deytsiya landing and care in the open field
During the landing, the actions should be determined at a distance of 2.5 m from each other and 2 m between the rows. Preferred open or slightly shaded from the midday solstice of the place.
Planting is carried out at a depth of 40-50 cm, leaving the root collar flush with the ground. To stimulate flowering plants fertilized with liquid manure in the amount of 5-6 liters per one.
Soil for action
Detion prefers fertile neutral (with acidity index 5-8) soil. It may be loamy, but by no means drained moisture accumulating elements, because the stagnation of ground moisture affects the development of the plant.
The ideal substrate for adult activities is a mixture of river sand, humus and peat (or compost) in proportions of 2: 2: 1. For the reasons described above, it is also highly not recommended to locate the plant in places where groundwater flows close to the ground.
The root system of actions includes 1-2 large roots stretching in depth, and a multitude of small, fibrous roots. It is the latter that give the action to the ability to cope well with transplantation.
This procedure is carried out in the spring, for which the shrub is carefully excavated, preserving the structure of the earthen coma as far as possible (as a guide for the spade junction with the earth, the crown contour serves).
Before planting a plant with a lump in a new place, the soil of the planting pit is fertilized with complex mineral fertilizer (20-30 g).
It is especially important to consider the location of the root collar during transplantation, so that it is not too deep and, at the same time, does not rise above the level of the soil cover.
Fertilizers for action
Abundant fertilizing deytiyu need to perform only when planting, then it requires only 3-4 liters of liquid manure during flowering once a month. Additionally, it is recommended to feed it twice with a complex mineral fertilizer (100-150 g per bush) twice per season.
Deytion shelter for the winter
Taking into account the fact that the action is a rather winter-hardy plant, by winter it should be covered with a light dried leaf, forming a layer of 10-20 cm. It is not difficult to bend the shoots of low specimens to the ground, whereas with tall actions it is more complicated.
At the end of the autumn, the bushes are tightly tied with a suitable breathable material (for example, synthetics used in sugar bags), while the leaves that have not yet fallen off play the role of additional cover. This non-labor-intensive method achieves almost complete preservation of the bushes, even at temperatures as low as -30 C.
Propagation of the action of seeds
For reproduction of seeds, seeds are sown in the spring without preparatory treatment. When sowing, it is quite sufficient to press the seeds to the ground tightly, without closing them. After 3 weeks, shoots will occur, in the future germination can last for up to 3 years.
Seeds are kept in cool rooms, well corked in vessels or sealed in plastic bags. To avoid drying out of seeds and seedlings, it is recommended to use sowing boxes for sowing. 1-year-old seedlings, subject to the influence of low temperatures, need to organize a shelter, they should dive in the spring. In favorable conditions, flowering can occur in the 3rd year.
Detion reproduction cuttings
Green grafting is the most optimal method of propagation of actions, characterized by rooting 90-100% at an ambient temperature of 15-30 C and artificial fog (due to spraying from the nozzles).
8 - 10 cm from adult large stems are cut into cuttings in late spring or early summer. It is advisable to treat the cut with a root formation stimulator. Sand peat and river sand are equally suitable for soil mix.
You should deepen the cuttings by half a centimeter, maintaining a slight tilt, and sprinkle with a 3-cm layer of sand. After 2 years, seedlings can be planted in a stable place.
Lignified cuttings need to prepare in late autumn, when the plant is at rest. Cuttings 15–25 cm long, with 3-5 buds each, are tied together in bundles of 10–15 pieces and, in an upright position, are almost completely covered with moistened sand. So they should be stored until spring in the basement, and then can be grown by analogy with green cuttings.
Root system of mixed type: 1-2 stem processes are combined with fibrous roots located in the upper part. The shape of the bush is upright or sprawling. The branches are hollow inside, easily broken from the load. The stems are covered with smooth bark of a dark brown color, with time the old bark exfoliates and hangs with tatters - this is a natural process that is not a sign of any problems.
Deytsiya in landscape design photo
Numerous oblong leaves are attached on short petioles, arranged oppositely, are colored green - before the beginning of flowering deutium can be confused with honeysuckle. On the shoots of last year in the late spring brush-shaped inflorescences begin to appear. Abundant flowering. The diameter of the five-petaled corolla is 1-2 cm, the perianth is double.
Flowers bisexual, painted in white, crimson, pink, purple hue, there is a double color. Can be simple or terry. The core consists of the ovary and long stamens. Flowering lasts about 2 months and is accompanied by a subtle, subtle fragrance. After flowering, spherical seed boxes are tied.
Selection of seedlings and planting deytion in open ground
Deutzia Captivity Deutzia ‘Scabra Plena’
Choosing seedlings in the store, you must carefully inspect the bush for no damage, signs of disease, whether the buds are intact. You can choose a sapling with open roots, and not in a container, since you can inspect the root system well (the roots should not be over-dried, damaged) and the cost is more budget. Acquire such saplings immediately before planting, wrap the roots with thick paper during transportation.
But the best survival of seedlings with a closed root system, planted in a container. Here it is important to pay attention to the cleanliness of the leaves: so that there are no spots and various damages.
Preparation for planting and the distance between the bushes
If the roots of the seedling are dry and bare, you need to hold the plant for 2-3 hours in a container with a clay talker from a solution of potassium permanganate of a light pink color, cut the broken branches. Container plants are watered slightly and allowed to stand, so that you can gently take out the roots along with the earthy clod.
The bush grows strongly enough, therefore it is necessary to plant it at a distance of 2.5 m from other plants or any buildings. The soil requires loose, nourishing drained. If the soil in the garden does not meet these parameters, the landing holes can be filled with a mixture of humus, peat, sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 2. 300 grams of hydrated lime should be added to too acidic soil. The depth of the landing pit should be 40-50 cm. As a drainage, coarse sand can be placed on the bottom.
How to plant
The soil removed from the planting pit (if it is suitable for the plant) or the prepared ground mixture should be mixed with 100-125 g of nitrophoska. Place the seedling in the planting hole, cover it with earth, the root neck should be a couple of centimeters above the ground surface. Squeeze the ground a little, pour the bush. To stimulate tillering shoots should be shortened to 3-5 buds. Grate the ground with a layer of peat about 5 cm thick.
How to care for the action in the garden
Deytion elegant Deutzia gracilis ‘Nikko’ photo
Do not need watering often. Enough once a week to make 1 bucket of water, and in hot weather you will need 2 buckets of water at a time. From mid-August, stop watering.
After watering, loosen the soil to a depth of 20-25 cm. Regularly remove weeds.
Top dressing needs to be brought only during flowering. Once a month, fertilize with organic matter (3-4 liters of manure solution under each bush). Twice in a season, add 120-150 g of complex mineral fertilizers for each bush.
Pruning should be carried out in spring and autumn. In the spring, shorten frozen branches, cut completely broken. If practically all shoots have suffered from frost, it is best to carry out a cardinal pruning: cut them almost to the base, leaving only hemp. In the same way, the rejuvenation of the plant is carried out 1 time in 5-8 years.
After the end of flowering, it is necessary to shorten to the first strong bud or to the base the shoots faded this year. Old branches cut, thin the bush, give it the desired shape.
If there is a desire or need to transplant a bush, it should be done only in the spring, so that the action could take root in a new place before the onset of cold weather. Moisten the soil, carefully dig up the bush and roll it over with the earthy clod into new planting pits. Place a drainage layer and 20-30 g of complex mineral fertilizer on the bottom. Dump the ground, tamp, plenty of water. Old branches must be cut, and young shoots shortened by 1/3 of the length. Adult bushes after transplanting adapt for a long time, but young ones take root quickly.
Frost resistance and shelter for the winter
Frost resistance is low, so it is necessary to cover it for the winter. In areas with snowy winters, it is enough to bend the bush to the ground and cover it with snow. In severe winters with low temperatures, shelter is required. The safest thing is to build an air-dry shelter (suitable for young plants): lay the bush on the ground, make a frame, cover it with lutrasil or other nonwoven fabric, additionally cover it with lapnik. Adult bushes should be tied with twine or twine, wrapped with a breathable material (burlap, lutrasil, etc.) on top.
Winter-hardy species suitable for the Moscow region and the middle zone, which can withstand a decrease to -18 ° C, are the long-leaved deytia, the Lemoine deyta, the Amurskaya deiia, and the Pink deutia. However, shelter for the winter is still necessary. The rough deuterium (rough, terry) also winters in the Moscow region, but is more heat-loving and is often damaged by frost. Requires enhanced shelter. Frozen branches are pruned in the spring.
How to sow in the ground
- Можно высевать семена в открытый грунт под зиму (посевы необходимо укрыть на зиму нетканым материалом, который снимают с наступлением весеннего тепла).
- Грядку готовят заблаговременно, чтобы земля осела.
- Набивают неглубокие борозды на расстоянии 25-30 см, сеют семена на глубину 1-2 см, соблюдая дистанцию 8-10 см.
- Весной всходы пропалывают от сорняков, умеренно поливают в засушливый период.
- На зиму укрывают слоем опавшей листвы.
- На постоянное место сеянцы пересаживают через 2-3 года по достижении высоты 25-30 см.
Как посеять на рассаду
- Для посева семян дейции на рассаду используйте ящики с влажным питательным грунтом.
- Семена распределите по поверхности почвы, опрыскайте из пульвелизатора, накройте пленкой или стеклом.
- Air regularly, spray crops with water from a fine spray.
- Expect emergence of shoots about 3 weeks, then remove the shelter.
- Continue to provide the plants with moderate soil moisture and bright ambient light.
- Planted plants planted in the open ground in the spring of next season, and in the fall be sure to cover for the winter.
- The full development of the bush will take about 3 years.
How to propagate green cuttings
- In early July, cut the green cuttings with a length of 20-25 cm.
- Remove the lower leaves, hold the stalk day in a solution of growth accelerator.
- Rooting spend in a container with sand and peat soil, you can add humus.
- Place the twigs at an angle of 45 °, deepen into the soil by 5-10 cm. Cover with glass or cling film and take to the street. In the winter, bring it into the room, rearing the young seedlings until spring.
The division of the bush during transplantation is actively used. The bush must be dug, gently clean the roots from the ground, divided into parts. Every delenka should have growth buds. Immediately land in open ground.
The easiest way to propagate the root shoots, because the bushes quite actively form processes, then the mother plant does not need to bother. Young escape should be dug and planted separately.
Deytsia Amur or small-color Deutzia amurensis
Deutzia Amur or small-color Deutzia amurensis photo
Originally from the Far East, China, North Korea. A deciduous shrub reaches a height of about 2 m. Leafy plates of elliptical shape are 6 cm long, pubescent on both sides, bright green or ashy green color becomes yellow-brown by autumn. Shchitkovye inflorescences consist of white buds with a diameter of 7 cm. Flowering begins in June and lasts about a month.
Deytion elegant Deutzia gracilis
Deytion elegant Deutzia gracilis photo
Coming from Japan. The height of the rounded bush is 0.5-1.5 m. The stems are thin, bent by an arc. The color of the leaf plates is light green, the lower part is covered with hairs. Erect brushes about 9 cm long consist of many white flowers. Flowering lasts a little more than a month.
Deytion rough or stellate Deutzia scabra
Deutzia rough or star-shaped Deutzia scabra photo
Originally from China, Japan. The bush reaches a height of 2.5 m. Shoots are covered with brown or reddish bark. The leaves are elongated, pubescent, painted in a dull green color. Crusiform inflorescences about 12 cm long consist of white or pinkish flowers.
Deutzia Rough Captivity Deutzia Scabra Plena photo
- Terry - terry corolla inside white, and outside pink.
- pure white - has white terry flowers.
Deutzia rough grade Pride of Rochester Deutzia scabra ‘Pride of Rochester’ photo
- Vaterera - the whisk inside is white, the outer part is painted in burgundy.
- pink-terry - terry nimbus painted pink.
Deytion rough Belayyshaya Candidissima Deutzia scabra Candidissima photo
- white-flowered - green leaves are covered with whitish specks.
Deutzia magnificent or lush Deutzia magnifica
Deutzia magnificent or magnificent Deutzia magnifica photo
It is a shrub reaching a height of 2.5 m. The shape of the leaf plates is oblong-ovate. Flowering is abundant, shoots tend to the ground under the weight of large umbrella panicles 10 cm long. Flowers are double, white.
Deutzia longifolia Deutzia longifolia
Deutzia long-leaved photo Deutzia longifolia
The height of the bush is 1-2 m. Shoots and the underside of the leaf plates are pubescent. Leaf plates reach a length of 12 cm, the surface is dark green, the back side has a grayish tint.
Deice Lemoine Deutzia lemoinei
Deice Lemoine Deutzia x lemoinei photo
Shrub reaching a height of 2 m. Early flowering, abundant. The flowers are snow white, the diameter of the corolla is 2 cm.
- Boule de Neg - the height of the bush is 1.5 m. The flowers are white, about 2.5 cm in diameter.
- Mont Rose - flowers are large, painted in a bright pink shade.
- Pink Pompon - dense hemispherical inflorescences consist of bright pink colored terry flowers.
Other varieties are also popular: Wilmoren and Wilson deutzia, large-flowered, purple.
Deutzia Pink Hybrid Strawberry Fields Deutzia x Hybrida ‘Strawberry Fields’
Deutzia Pink Hybrid Strawberry Fields Deutzia x Hybrida ‘Strawberry Fields’ photo
One of the most popular hybrids based on the action of graceful and purple, with beautiful pink buds of large double flowers.
When to plant action.
The best time for planting deytion is spring, when the soil has already thawed, but the buds on the trees have not yet blossomed. A seedling with a closed root system can be planted until June. Before you plant the action, you must select a site with comfortable conditions for the plant. Deytion likes open spaces that are not in direct sunlight in the afternoon. Note that the action does not like cold winds. The soil needs nourishing, non-dry, well-drained. Ideal soil - humus, peat compost, sand in a proportion of 2: 1: 2 - with a mixture of such composition you need to fill a hole during planting, if the soil in the area is very different from the required for normal growth and development. If the land in the plot is too acidic, and deutzia prefers a slightly alkaline reaction, 300 g of slaked lime are added to the pit for planting.
Saplings of a deytion.
If you decide to grow deytion, listen to our advice. Choosing seedlings in the store, carefully inspect the shrub and determine if there is any damage on the shoots, due to which the seedling will hurt for a long time, whether the buds are whole, whether the symptoms of any disease are noticeable. Saplings with open roots are cheaper than planting material in containers, but this is not the only plus: it is very important what condition the roots of the seedling are in, whether they are too dry, and if the seedling is in the container, it is difficult to determine. It is necessary to buy seedlings immediately before planting, when transporting their roots, it is desirable to wrap them in thick paper. Before planting, cut the broken branches, shorten the roots to 35-40 cm, and if they are dry, soak them for 2-3 hours in a bucket of clay mash with the addition of one liter of light pink solution of potassium permanganate.
How to plant action.
Landing deytsii carried out according to certain rules. Deytsiya should grow no closer than 250 cm from any other object, whether it is a building or another plant, as an adult bush takes up a lot of space. Dig a hole 40-50 cm deep, place a drainage layer in the form of broken brick or sand, lower the roots of the seedling into the hole, then fill it with the soil mixture described in the previous section, to which you should also add 100-125 g of nitrophoska. The root neck of the seedling should be at the level of the soil surface or 1-2 cm below the ground. After planting, the soil is tamped and watered, and the branches of the seedling are shortened to 3-5 buds on each shoot to stimulate tillering. The site is mulched with a layer of peat 5 cm thick.
How to care for action.
Caring for action is simple, and if you mumble the trunk circle, then you will have even less work. Deytion does not like abundant and frequent watering, so one bucket of water once a week will be enough for it, at the hottest time the amount of water in the irrigation is increased to two buckets, and since mid-August the watering of the detion is stopped altogether. After watering, the ground around the bush is loosened to a depth of 20-25 cm. If weeds have appeared, they are removed. Feeding the action should be monthly, contributing 3-4 liters of liquid manure under each bush. Twice in a season, deutium is fed with complex mineral fertilizers - 120-150 g per each bush. Top dressing bring only during flowering.
On the question when they are transplanted, the answer is unequivocal: only in spring, since the transplant of autumn does not leave the plant time to settle down in a new place before the onset of cold weather. The bush should be carefully excavated without destroying the earthen clod on the roots: the plant is dug around the crown projection perimeter, taken out of the ground along with the root clod and transferred to a new pit, into which a drainage is previously placed and 20-30 g of complex mineral fertilizer are applied. The pit is filled with soil mixture of the same composition as during the initial planting, then the soil is carefully tamped and the transplanted shrub is plentifully watered. After transplantation, it is advisable to cut all the old branches, shorten the remaining shoots by a third, and shrink the stem near the trunk with peat. Adult deice bushes after transplantation can hurt for a long time, but young plants take root rather quickly.